Ireland Old News

Ballina, Co. Mayo
Wednesday, September 4, 1850


     At the meeting of the Guardians of this Union on next Saturday the reduction of the medical officer's salary will be re-considered, agreeable to a notice of motion to that effect. The Poor Law Commissioners have as yet, we believe, expressed their opinion only in reference to the schoolmaster, whose salary they do not consider too high for the office he holds, and the chaplains, who are appointed under their zeal, and the reduction of whose salary must have the sanction of the Commissioners, which they are not yet prepared to give. We have already given our opinion of the wholesale reductions made by the Guardians on last Saturday week. We shall now confine ourselves to a few observations in reference to the Doctor's salary. Here we have a gentleman, whose profession and duties entitle him to the highest salary given to a Workhouse staff, placed below at least two other officers in the scale of remuneration; for it cannot be denied that 80 per annum, without rations and apartments, is comparatively small. We do not mean by this to insinuate that the salaries of other officers are too high. On the contrary, we believe they are not sufficiently paid for their arduous and responsible duties. But the Doctor's salary being the first to be re-considered by the Board, we wish to lay before the Guardians what they appear to have hastily overlooked in their economizing zeal. With some of the members of the Ballina Board, talent, a liberal education, and the expense and assiduity required in a preparation for the medical profession are of no weight; they rather appear to compare these things with the callings of the trader or working mechanic, and accordingly set a value upon them. However, the portion of the Ballina Board, we are happy to think, is in the minority, and a second deliberation on the subject of reduction of salaries will be more favourable than the first gone through in haste. Furthermore, it must be taken into consideration that Doctor Devlin has been attending daily, for the last six months, an average number of patients in the Workhouse Infirmary of upwards of 550, and latterly he has the care of more than 70 fever patients. In justice his salary should have been raised and not brought down to the paltry sum of 80 a year; and we trust that the Guardians will at their next meeting adopt a proper remuneration for their medical officer, whose entire time, to the exclusion of his private practice, is occupied in their service.


     It is with unfeigned regret that we have this day to record the demise of this truly amiable, benevolent, and deeply lamented lady. The melancholy event, caused by an attack of fever, took place on Friday last at Owenmore, the residence of her husband, William Orme, Esq. Mrs. Orme was in the prime of life, being in her 35th year She has left a large and highly respected circle of relatives and acquaintances to deplore her early removal from this world of troubles and disappointments. Her remains were conveyed to the family burying ground, Moygownagh, on Monday, attended by a vast concourse of the respectability of this neighbourhood.


     With unfeigned regret we have to announce the death of this gentleman, which melancholy event took place at Westport on Saturday last. The deceased was remarkable for his urbanity of manner, gentlemanlike demeanour and an absence of bigotry, which in too many instances distinguishes his contemporaries. He devoted his time in Christian efforts to sow peace and good will amongst his parishioners.-- Mayo Constitution.


CURIOUS DISCOVERY - An ancient mill has within a few days been discovered on the townland of Shannacashel, parish of Kilmichael, about five miles north east of Dunmanway. The massive frame of work of solid oak is in good preservation. It bears the marks of having been consumed by fire. The remains of the upper and lower milstones are to be seen, one not much injured and the other greatly fractured by the action of fire. A curious spade or shovel was found composed entirely of wood, but it was destroyed by an ignorant countryman. The old men in the neighbourhood state that from eight to ten feet of that have been cut over its present position. It is well worthy the attention of the society of Antiquarians.


    BALLINA UNION - This usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of this Union was held on Saturday in the Board Room of the Workhouse, F. Howley, Esq., in the chair. The other Guardians present were - Captain John Knox, Mr. Paget, Mr. A. Knox, Mr. J. Gore, Mr. H. Joynt, Mr. Malley, Major J.F. Knox, Mr. Jones, Captain Atkinson, Mr. M'Culloch, Mr. J. Knox, and Mr. Wills.- Captain Hamilton, Inspector, was in attendance.
     A letter was read from the Poor Law Commissioners stating that they were not prepared to sanction the reduction of the schoolmaster's salary, which they did not consider too high for that officer; and that the salaries of the chaplains, who were appointed under their sealed order, would have their consideration.
     The Guardians were anxious that some arrangement should be entered into to prevent the removal of the articles of furniture and clothing which had been sold in the Ardnaree Auxiliary workhouse on Friday, at the suit of Mr. George Smyth Malley, who also had an execution on the furniture of the Union Workhouse, and proposed that Captain Hamilton, on getting a receipt in full from Mr. Malley, would pay to him the 338 he had on hands for the purpose of discharging that gentleman's amount to the 29th of September last, exclusive of costs and interest, and that they (the Guardians) should give a guarantee for the balance of his claim.
     Captain Hamilton said that his hands were so tied up by the Commissioners; who were prevented by the Treasury order from paying law costs and interest out of the money advanced to Distressed Unions, that he feared he could not take a receipt in full unless it was a bona fide transaction; but he requested the Guardians not to suppose he had any wish to throw any difficulty in the way of settling with Mr. Malley.
     Captain Atkinson thought that the conversation on the subject should be strictly private.
     The Chairman requested the reporters not to take note of that part of their proceedings.
     The reporters then stood up to retire, when the Chairman remarked that it was not necessary for them to leave the Board room.
     The reporter from the CHRONICLE said that what to report and what to omit reporting should have been left to their option and that he considered it better for them to withdraw, as the request of the Guardians through their Chairman interfered too much with the liberty of the Press in such matters.
     On the return of our reporter to the Board room the following resolution was proposed by Mr. Jones and seconded by Captain Atkinson:-
     "Resolved - That our Clerk do make out lists of the different paupers on our Workhouse properly chargeable to the Killala Union, distinguishing the townlands and electoral divisions, and that such lists be handed to the different relieving officers of Killala Union, with an intimation that on this day week the different paupers on our Workhouse will be sent out from it. Our Board have reluctantly come to this resolution in consequence of our repeated applications to the Killala Board for funds and their refusal or inability to pay same. The Board, without at present going into the question of the liabilities of the Killala Union at the time of separation, have made calculations of the monies expended by this Board since then on the current account and fined that the monies received from the Killala Board fall very far short of the expenditure."
     Mr. Gore proposed and Mr. Paget seconded, as an amendment,' that the considerations of Mr. Jones' resolution be postponed until the 29th of September next, and that, if a total separation have not then taken place between the Killala and this Union that paupers belonging to the former be forthwith discharged."
     The movers and seconded being the only Guardians who voted for the amendment the original resolution was consequently carried.
     Mr. Gore them moved that his amendment be placed on the minutes.
     This was not agreed to, the majority of the Guardians being of opinion that a rejected resolution would not be placed on the minutes.
     The following report of the Committee appointed at the previous meeting to enter into arrangements relative to the renting of land for the training of young pauper inmates of the Workhouses to agricultural pursuits was laid before the Board:-
     "We beg to state to the Board that having this day examined the different fields in the neighbourhood of the Ardnaree Auxiliary Workhouse, we consider the field adjoining Mr. Joynt's and lying between the Bunree and Mill roads, is the most advantageously situated and the one which for many reasons we most strongly recommend. Having agreed on the land arranged about the term and rent. The former could be had at twenty-one or thirty-one years' lease if desired, and the latter at 1 16s. 6d. per acre for the twenty-five acres required. This rent, taking into consideration the quality of the soil and its contiguity to the town, is a very fair and moderate one. We would most strongly urge that this farm, under the superintendence of an active and intelligent agriculturist, with the cordial cooperation of this Board promises to be productive of most important benefit not only to the paupers but to the ratepayers themselves as well as an ornament to the town of Ballina. We beg to suggest that should the proposed site be agreed on that the arrangements commence from the 29th of September next.
     It was then ordered that this report be inserted on the minutes, and that the attention of the Commissioners be requested to the memorial of the Guardians on the 7th of December last on this matter.
     State of Workhouse, Week ending August 24.
No. in Workhouse as per last return:          2970
Admitted                                                       17
Discharged:                                                 258
Died                                                             15
Remaining on above date                           2614


- Patrick Healy, a carpenter, was killed at Cork on Sunday in a wrestling match.

- We regret to learn that a horrid murder was perpetrated in one of the streets of our city yesterday morning. A man named Martin Regan, about 22 years of age, a native of Limerick county, Ireland, and who had worked as a labourer in and about this city during the past 12 months, was stabbed in the breast so as to cause his death in a few minutes.-- Washington Republic.

- The landed property of the late Mr. Dillon Browne, M.P. for Mayo, is to be sold under the Encumbered Estates court in November term.

     THE IRISH LANDLORD - The Duke of Devonshire is the present proprietor of nearly the whole town of Bandon, county of Cork, and of an immense tract of the county adjoining. His grace is, on the whole, one of the best specimens of the class of absentee landlords. An incident, illustrating his disposition to do justice, where he really sees his way in his dealing with his tenantry, was related to us by a person residing in the neighbourhood: - "A tenant of the duke's named Wilson, received notice from one of the duke's agents to quit at the approaching expiry of his lease. Wilson, who had always paid his rent with punctuality, solicited a renewal, at whatever rent could be fairly expected from a stranger. The agent, however, had obtained the farm either for himself, or for some favourite of his. Wilson's entreaties were fruitless, and when he found it was impossible to soften the obduracy of the man in office, he said to him: - 'Well, sir, as I can't have my farm, will your honor have the goodness, at any rate, to give me a character that may help me to get a farm somewhere else.' To this the agent assented with alacrity, as an easy mode of getting rid of Wilson's importunities. He gave him a flourishing character for honesty and agricultural intelligence. Wilson no sooner got hold of the document than he asked for London where, with great difficulty, he succeeded at last in getting access to the Duke. He stated his own past merits as a tenant, his claim to a preference at the same rent any solvent stranger would be willing to pay. The Duke readily admitted the justice of the claim.' Now, my lord duke,' continued Wilson, tendering to his grace the writing certificate of character Mr. ____ had given him, 'will you just look at what your agent himself says about me, and see whether I am the sort of man he ought to dispossess.' The Duke read the paper and expressed the great surprise that his agent should contemplate the courting of such a valuable tenant. ' I'll tell you how we will meet him,' continued his grace; ' he expects you to give up possession on the next term day, now; when he comes to receive it, instead of giving him your farm, give him a letter I shall put into your hands, strictly commanding him to give you a renewal. Meanwhile be quite silent on the subject, in order that Mr. _____ may enjoy all the pleasure of surprise.' Wilson kept his council until farm day, and we may easily imagine the chagrin of the discomfited agent when, instead of the coveted farm he received the duke's letter confirming the possession of the tenant."- Burke's Anecdotes of the Aristocracy.


     The following communication from the Poor Law Commissioners was read t the meeting of the Guardians of this Union, on Saturday and affords a gratifying proof of the beneficial effects of the judicious training of young minds. It is to be regretted that so many intelligent young persons as there are at present in our Workhouses cannot be rendered more useful members of society than caged up in those places, where after a certain age, they will lose their energies, and become permanently indisposed and unfitted for a better change:
          "Poor Law Commission Office, Dublin,
               "24th August, 1850.
"SIR - I am directed by the Commissioners for administering the Laws for Relief of the Poor in Ireland, to state, for the information of the Board of Guardians of the Ballina Union, that they have received a communication  from the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, enclosing extracts from a report of the Surgeon Superintendent of the shop "Panama" in which some orphan girls were sent out as emigrants from the workhouse of Ballina Union, and from other Unions in Ireland to Sydney, in New South Wales, in September last:
     "In this report the Surgeon Superintendent speaks highly of the conduct of the emigrants generally and I am o enclose for the information of the Guardians an extract from the report referred to.
     "The number of orphan girls sent out from Ballina Union by the ship "Panama" was 40."
     "At the same time, the Surgeon Superintendent states that one of the girls sent out form the above Union, named Mary Barnes, is afflicted with fits, which, he is convinced, she has been subject to for years, if not from her birth, and he observes that he feels assured that she will never be able to obtain a living.
     "The Commissioners have addressed the Medical Officer of the Workhouse on the subject, in reference to his examination and certificate as to this girl.
               "By order of the Commissioners,
                        "W. STANLEY, Secretary.
     "To the Clerk of the Guardians,
     "Ballina Union."
     "Of the conduct of the emigrants generally I cannot speak too highly, and considering that most of them had been brought up in unions, and thrown as strangers together, it was wonderful how soon they became obedient to whatever orders were given them, and with what avidity they entered into each others amusements."


     At Birch Grove, Roscrea, on the 27th inst., the Lady of George Birch, Esq., of a son and heir.
     At Saggart House, the Lady of John James Verschoyle, Esq., of a daughter.


     On Thursday last, in the parish Church, Ardnaree, by the Rev. Arthur Moore, Mr. James Mathews to Miss Margaret Shannon, both of this town.


     On Sunday, the Rev. Mr. Fitzpatrick, P.P., of Montrath, took occasion to denounce from the altar at mass, the diabolical and fiendish attempt made by the murdering villain who threw the stone from one of the bridges upon the steam-coach. He said he had not language to depict the atrocity of the act- that the curse of God would be upon such a wretch, and implored of any of his flock who should come to the knowledge of the perpetrator, to have him at once given up to the authorities, as they were strictly bound to do.

     Mr. Ousley Higgins, M.P. for Mayo, has subscribed 3 to the Tenant League council, which now proposes to raise a capital of 10,000 by voluntary assessment of one penny in the pound by poor law rating.

     Hobart Town journals to the 20th, April advise the arrival of the convict ship Neptune, with John Mitchell, and convicts, rejected by the Cape settlers. A demonstration was about to be made against convict importings. Mr. Smith O'Brien's health was not very favourable, and his medical attendant had suggested a change. He is consequently removed from Maria Island to Port Arthur to the visits of Dr. Brock, the visiting magistrate, the superintendent, officer, and sergeant of the guard.

     The Isle of Man fishermen have beat off the Scotch boats which went in quest of herrings.

     Patrick Forbes was hanged at Newcastle on Saturday, for the murder of his wife.

     The tenantry of W. Sharman Crawford, M.P., have ordered a breakfast service of plate at Belfast to present his son, in testimony of their satisfaction of his conduct as land agent for his father.

     The merchants and other inhabitants of Galway have presented a handsome gold watch to Mr. Samuel Woods, one of the guards of the Dublin and Galway mail, as a testimonial of his long tried services.

     At Roscrea petty sessions, Captain Bernard, of Castle Bernard, on behalf of a tenant of his, ably defended him against a charge for poor rates, exposing the negligence and partiality of a collector who was ordered to attend before the board of Guardians, with a view to his removal or to pay the arrear claimed.


     The Poor Law Commissioners are erecting the following union workhouses, according to drawings furnished by their architect, Mr. George Wilkinson, viz., Killedysart, county Clare, to cost 5000; Clonakilty, 5000; also one at Dromore West, cost 4,500; and at Newport, Mayo, 5,100. The Museum of Irish Industry, Stephen's-green, Dublin, is nearly finished; it has been erected on the site of the late Lord Manner's mansion and embraces the two adjacent houses; Mr. George Papworth is the architect. The Board of Superintendence, Kilkenny, are erecting large additions to their gaol, for the accommodation of an increased number of inmates. The Board of Superintendence, Newry, are adding considerably to their bridewell. The cost will be 1,300. The Board of Public Works are erecting a wing building and adding an additional story to part of the Lunatic Asylum, Granggorgeman-lane, for reception of a large number of inmates. There is a new courthouse meeting in Newtownards, from the designs of Mr. Caldbeck, to whom the premium of 25l. was awarded for same. The cost will be 2,000l.


     Our harvest prospects in this neighbourhood are at present rather cheering, so far as the state of the crops is concerned. The potato crop on which the greater share of thought is now bestowed, is in a better condition generally than our fears a few weeks ago had apprehended. It was not to be supposed that the entire crop would have escaped the blight of former years, but farmers were not prepared for so many instances of total failure as have occurred in different localities. The disease, however, appears to have received a check, and there does not exist much alarm as to the safety of that portion of the crop now in a sound state. Should the blight not progress much further, the supply will be, at least, an average of former years, though some individuals have suffered a considerable loss. Should the blight be in an equal proportion to that of 1846-'47, the consequence must be three-fold more disastrous than in those years, the substance of the people being gradually wasting away through the past years of great distress. The cereal crop, so far as they have been cultivated, are luxuriant, and the reapers are now busily at work in all directions. The late rains and cold weather have done but little damage beyond retarding the ripening. The turnips, planted more extensively and with a better system of culture than in former years, are likewise doing well. The flax crop, we may say, is now entirely pulled, and has not been so extensive since the days of the linen trade in this country. This is the result of the flax-mill erected in the neighbourhood of this town by the enterprising Messrs. Hay.
     We have said that the harvest prospects were cheering so far as the state of the crops was concerned; but not so as in the remuneration calculated upon. Here there is despondency; and we have reason to fear that the prices to which free trade has reduced grain will bring many to poverty and force others to a foreign country. What avail is it then to have good crops when they will not defray the expenses? We dread they will be a practical proof of the ruin the removal of the corn duty will entail on Ireland, and that when too late it will be felt how completely the British Legislature has sacrificed the resources of the portion of the United Kingdom to the aagrandisement of the English manufacturers.


     The Rev. Thomas Rooks has resigned the curacy of Carnteel, patron the Archdeacon of Armagh; and has been appointed to the curacy of Monkstown-patron, the Archdeacon of Kildare.
     The Lord Bishop of Tuam will hold an ordination at St. Mary's, Tuam on Thursday the 22d of September.
     His Grace, the Lord Primate returned to the Palace, from London, on Thursday last. During the evening, as is usual on such occasions, the joy bells rang out merry peals. We are happy to state that his lordship is in the enjoyment of good health.-- Armagh Guardian.
     The Lord Lieutenant has appointed the Rev. Dr. Townsend, Dean of Lismore, and Rector of Burn-church, to the Deanery of Waterford.


     The Rev. Daniel M'Coy, P.P., Glin, acquires 100 a year by the death of his predecessor, Rev. D. O'Sullivan, to whom the above retired allowance was made upon superannuation.
     The Rt Rev. Dr. Delany is to consecrate Father Mathew's new Chapel of the Holy Trinity at Cork, the 10th October, when the Rev. Mr. Newman of the Oratory, London, is to preach there.
     The Rev. Daniel O'Sullivan, many years P.P. of Glen, who died on Sunday last, at a patriarchial age, had received orders in the church, before any one of all the priests now living in the diocese of Limerick were born!
     The Roman Catholic Dean of Residence at Queen's College, Cork, is to be withdrawn.
     It is remarked as a lusus nature, that a heiffer calf, not more than a yearling; is milched daily for the table of the Rev. Michael Comyn, P.P. of Killaloe.


     Lord Vaux of Harrowden has been for some time residing on his estate in the county of Kilkenny, where, it appears, he has been extending employment, in an improved system of farm labour and exerting himself to better the condition of the humbler classes. By one of the local journals the noble lord has been landed; by another, his lordship has been taken to task for certain alleged proceedings, having a tendency to reform the habits of the peasantry. In consequence of an attack of this latter character, Lord Vaux has addressed the following remarkable letter to the Kilkenny Journal:- 
               "Ballyconra House, August 26
     "Sir,- I find by hour journal of Saturday last that some person has thought it worth his while to make up the subject of an attack in the Kilkenny Moderator.
     "I have inquired what were the charges preferred against me in that paper, and I find that I was accused - first, of remonstrating with an old man for preparing to shoot an old house upon the high road; secondly, with having objected to a blacksmith lighting a fire on the roadside for the purpose of ringing a cart wheel; and thirdly, with scolding a boy for riding his jackass upon the footpath.
     "I plead guilty of all these charges, although two of them are pure inventions. I certainly object to an old man, or young man or any man, shooting a horse or other beast upon the public road, for the obvious reason, that in shooting the horse he might by some error in aim, shoot a man or woman passing by.
     "2. I object, when I go to walk out for fresh air, to being smoke dried as I go along the road.
     "3. I have an objection to being ridden down, even by a jackass.
     "These may be peculiar fancies of mine, and I by no means wish to enforce them on other people.
     "I can stand fire; and smoke, and jackasses, as well as other people. 'If we must endure them '- so be it.
     "I am told that I am also accused in general terms, of proposing to civilize and teach manners to the wild Irish. Bless the man! whatever could have put that into his head? I have come not to teach the people manners, I come to teach them how to drain their lands. I did not come to civilise them, I came to feed them. If the Moderator correspondent had only gone up to Phyrhoda, any time during the summer, he would have found no bowing and scraping, but digging and scraping the bottoms of the drains.
     "I wish that this gentleman, wherever he is, would ask to see my accounts, and he would find, that men who at first could only earn 3s. or 4s. a week, have now learned to earn 8s. or 9s. or even 10s. a week. These are the manners that I have been teaching. If the people will only learn them, which they have been willing to do. They may shoot old horses, ring wheels or pig's noses, or ride jackasses up to Dublin castle for anything that I care.
     "But I hear that it is also said that I am preparing to take out the commissions of the peace, in order the more surely to put down knackering on the high road, smoke drying and jackass riding. I have refused the commission of the peace, so that these charms of liberty may still be enjoyed and the Moderator correspondent may still shoot his old horse when he finds that he can no longer kick him along, or tinker up the wheel of the old car by the road side if it won't turn round, or mount his jackass as formerly. I would not for all California deprive people of such enjoyments, now that I understand their value. I ignorantly supposed such things to be public nuisances, but we live and learn.-- Your obedient servant,
          "VAUX OF HARROWDEN".



Ballina, Co. Mayo
Wednesday, September 11, 1850


     Wm. Francis Ryan, Esq., of Montefarrell, Edgworthstown, is appointed to the commission of the peace for county of Longford.
     An inquiry was held at the Club House of Carlow, by James Drought, Surveyor of the district, relative to charges by Mrs. Tate against Mr. Wm. H. Carter, postmaster of that town. Mr. Mulhall appeared for the complainant, and after hearing a few witnesses the charges fell to the ground, no evidence being adduced sufficient to eke out even a colourable charge against the management of the post office.
     A large quantity of adulterated snuff and imitation tobacco, seized in Cork by the Excise, was burned this week by the collector, Mr. Ayrton. The snuff belonged to two Cork traders, and who were fined 50l. each for the offence.
     John Devitt, Esq., Manager of the National Bank, Nenagh, offers to advance 200 at 5 per cent interest to the new Borrisokane poor law union.
     The Brickfields Ship Building Yard, Cork, has been purchased by Mr. Anthony Robinson, of London.
     Sir John Ripton, Bart., has made further abatements in his rental at Killura.
     Captain Watson's tenantry in the county Kilkenny completely exculpate that gentleman from the aspersions heaped upon him relative to the affray at Butler's grove.
     The Sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church, including marriage and baptism, are only henceforth to be administered in the body of the Church itself. Various other rules are to be laid down by the Synod of Thurles.
     The present convent property in Ireland is stated to be worth 700,000.
     In Queen's College, Belfast, Charles Macdonald, Esq, professor of Latin, is transferred to the chair of Greek; vacant by Sir Ringwood's acceptance to the head Mastership of Dungannon Royal School and the Rev. C.P. Refchek, curate of St. Mary's Dublin, is appointed to the Latin chair.

     SUICIDE OF A POLICEMAN - We deeply regret to have to announce another melancholy case of suicide occurring in this town. The unfortunate individual was a sub-constable of police, named Patrick Joseph John Walsh, a native of Birr, in the King's County, and for some time past a member of the constabulary force, stationed in Durham street. It appears that the rash act was committed in the barracks, about twelve o'clock, yesterday, the deceased discharging into his breast the contents of a gun loaded with ball. Drs. Read and Aickin were promptly in attendance, and extracted the ball, but otherwise their services were unavailing as the wretched man survived not more than half an hour. The deceased, who was about twenty years of age, entered the force in April, 1849. It was stated by Head Constable Henderson, and Sub-Inspector Wray, at an inquest held on the body, that he was frequently found by his companions in a desponding state of mind, and that when lately in the North Queen-street barracks, he had more than once threatened to destroy himself. The jury returned their verdict, "Suicide during temporary insanity." - Banner of Ulster.


     The number of paupers in Newcastle workhouse is 3,300 and only 6 on outdoor relief. The guardians ordered the able-bodied women to be employed at the capstain mill, there not being sufficient men in the house for that purpose. Average weekly cost of each inmate, 10d.
     Eight acres of flax have been grown and are now saved on the workhouse land of Tralee Union.
     A poor farmer named Sutton, at Ballyclamy, Westmeath, unable to pay poor rate, was driven to suicide last week when threatened with distraint by the collector.
     BOYLE UNION - A pauper named James Irwin was introduced to the board room. The unfortunate man ran through a great deal of money, he was married to a gentleman's daughter, and got 1,500 fortune, but so fond was he of old port, that when going out to dine, if he thought the house would not support it, he would order his servant to bring some of the best wine that could be had. The pauper was received.

     DEATH OF JAMES WATSON, ESQ., of BROOKHILL - We deeply regret to state that this esteemed and respected gentleman died on Tuesday afternoon, at his residence, Brookhill. A more worthy and estimable individual than Mr. Watson we have seldom met, -  as a good landlord,  a kindly friend, a sterling and conscientious upholder of constitutional authority - his life is not often to be met with "in these degenerate days" and let people talk as they may of patriotism, we believe that, a truer or more disinterested, more thoroughly devoted to the real interests of Ireland, has rarely been seen. Mr. Watson departed this life, full of years and honour, being at the time of his decease, in the 87th year of his age.--Belfast Chronicle.



     Mary Maume, of Sunday's Well (formerly of Ballinoe, County Limerick,) plaintiff; Edmond de Cantillion, and Elizabeth, his wife, defendants.

     This was a suit for the diet and lodging of Mrs. De Cantillion before her marriage. - Defendant Elizabeth was plaintiff's daughter, and married the defendant Edmond a short time ago without her mother's consent. Plaintiff's son and daughter proved that Elizabeth resided for eleven months with plaintiff.
     Mr. Scannell for defendants, argued that there was no proof of agreement, and that the action would never have been brought had the defendants not been married, and relied on two letters of invitation from the plaintiff to her daughter the defendant to come and live with her, and on the receipt of which she did so.
     Mr. Walsh replied on behalf of the plaintiff, and the jury found a verdict for 27 10s. damages being eleven months diet and lodging with costs.


     The Royal Society for the Promotion and Improvement of the Growth of Flax monthly meeting was held at Belfast on Wednesday. A letter was read from Mr. Trench, agent of the Lansdowne estates in the County Kerry, in which he stated that he was not decided as to the propriety of erecting flax-scutching machinery, in consequence of the fresh failure of the potato crop, and also, that he thought flax should first be extensively cultivated there before machinery would be erected in its preparation. The committee considered Mr. Trench's views erroneous, as the reported failure of the potato crop afforded the strongest possible reason for attention being turned to other crops whose money value would replace that which was now as precarious, and the  sale of which would provide for the purchase of a larger quantity of food than could be raised directly from the same breadth of land. The secretary mentioned that of late several individuals had come to Belfast from different parts of the south and west of Ireland to make inquiries into the details of flax culture and preparation.

     EMIGRATION - On Friday morning upwards of fifty persons from the county Fermanagh, consisting of farmers and their families, all Protestants, with scarcely and exception, proceeded from this city by the early train to Belfast, on their way to the "land of the west." They were all in high spirits, and expressed the greatest satisfaction at exchanging a country where they are already looked upon as aliens, for one in which they will not be frowned upon on account of their religion, or the political opinions they conscientiously entertain.--Armagh Guardian.

     Mr. Joliffe Tufnell, of the Royal College of Surgeons, and surgeon to the military prison, is selected surgeon of the city of Dublin Hospital.

     The pastorship of the Presbyterian congregation at Fethard is vacant by the sudden death of the Rev. Robert Ferris, 25 years minister there.

     Mr. Eneas M'Donnell, brother to M. M'Donnell, Esq. of Westport, has suggested to the Synod at Thurles the propriety of entering upon a full consideration and final settlement of the two principal controversies for several years past, namely, the participation of Irish Roman Catholic ecclastistics in political agitation, and the obligations to the Roman Catholic oath.


     In Dublin, September 7, at 48 Upper Sackville-street, the lady of James Malley, Esq., of a son.


     In Dublin, September 7, at Upper Baggot-street, aged 63 years, the Rev. Joseph Seymour, son of the late Rev. Charles Seymour, and vicar of Kilmovee, in this county. The deceased has left behind him a widow and long family to mourn over the loss of an affectionate father and good husband.

     - Mr. Timothy O'Connor, mail guard, employed between Limerick and Galway, is ordered to England, and will be replaced by Mr. M. Fogarty; Mr. Edward Connell, mail guard between Dublin and Wexford, is removed to England and will be replaced by Mr. John Hatchell.


     BALLINA UNION - The usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of this Union was held in the Boardroom of the Workhouse on Saturday, Edw Howley, Esq., in the chair. Among the guardians present were - Captain Atkinson, Mr. Gardiner, Mr. A. Knox, Mr. Malley, Mr. Jones, Mr. H. Joynt, Mr. J. Knox, Mr. Crofton, Major J.F. Knox, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. Cunningham, Mr. Merrick, and Mr. Beaty. Captain Hamilton, Inspector, was also present.
     There being a difference of opinion as to the rent and situation of the last recommended to be taken by the committee appointed for the purpose for the training of the workhouse boys in agricultural pursuits, the Clerk was directed to call a full meeting of the Board for that day fortnight to take the matter into consideration and come to a final decision on it.
     The reduction of the salary of the Medical Officer having been re-considered it was agreed that his salary should remain at the original sum, 100l. per annum.
     Mr. Jones gave notice that he would on that day, fortnight move that the Master's salary; and Mr. Merrick will likewise propose that the Rev. Mr. Madden's salary be raised to its original amount.
     It being the opinion of the Guardians that employment could be had for the able-bodied men in the Workhouse in the reaping and securing of the harvest, Mr. Jones proposed, and Mr. Malley seconded, that all able-bodied male paupers above the age of 16 years, and certified by the Doctor to be free from disease, be discharged from the Workhouse.
     There were three candidates for the office of Rate Collector in the Ardnaree District. - Mr. N.W. Winters, Mr. James Clifford, and Mr. John Irwin, collector in Attymass. Mr. Clifford's tender was at 5d. in the pound, and the other two at 6d. The Board divided, when Mr. Clifford's tender was accepted by a majority of one, the chairman giving his casting vote in his favour.
     A letter having been read, from the Dromore West Board of Guardians, enclosing a copy of a resolution passed by them in reference to the late sale of the Sheriff of the county of Sligo, of the clothing on the backs of upwards of 1000 children in the Ardnaree Auxiliary, it was received to call the attention of the Commissioner to the circumstance before the Guardians take any steps toward ascertaining the legality of the act.


Ballina, Co. Mayo
Wednesday, September 18, 1850


- Captain M'Manus, formerly military secretary in Ireland, whose prosecution for seduction and taking money from a lady he patronized made such noise in Dublin last year, died on Saturday last.
- Mr. Smith, Castlefergus, and two others, who had been committed as accomplices, on the 1st charge, for conspiring to shoot his mother, are admitted to bail by order of Judge Perrin. Mr. Smith in 1000; and Mathew Blood Smith and John Dooner, Esqrs., in 500 each; also on second charge of conspiring to poison Michael M'Cormac who had been engaged in the previous conspiracy.
- Farms in Inverness, which hitherto grew potatoes, are now planted with tobacco.
- Messrs. Gilroy's concerns at Dumfries were burned down on Tuesday night and the loss is 10,000.
- Hewitt Bridgeman, Esq., late of Tiernee, and formerly M.P. for Ennis, emigrated to New York this season, with his lady and a young family.
- The Royal Alice steamer left Cork on Wednesday calling at Passage, Monkstown, and Queenstown, returning to Cork in the evening with excursionists in search of the great sea serpent.
- Mr. Philip Attridge, of Castletownsend, Cork, was fined 6l. and costs on Friday, for having altered a poor law voting paper.
- Mr. Ralph Smith of Tullamore, is so obnoxious to his Carlow tenantry, because he served ejectments for non-payment of rent, that they will not suffer him to cut down and save his crops which are rotting in the fields. The ears were cut off the horses of three persons who volunteered their assistance, and the horse of another was shot.
- Twenty-six houses were levelled, after the occupants were ejected by the sheriff, on the lands of Lixnaw, near Tralee, the estate of Lord Lansdowne, last week, for non-payment or rent by the middle-man. One person was killed by the fall of his own house, which he was directed to pull down.
- Mr. Duggan, of Waterford, was fined 20s. by the local magistrates, for allowing a dog fight in his yard.
- Bridget Broderick, a poor woman, crossing a field near Dunsandle, last week, was violently assaulted by a ram, and killed.
- Mr. Carleton has 600 girls employed in muslin embroidery at Waterford, Cappoquin and Carrkck-on-Suir, who earn from 2s. to 5s. each per week.


     On Wednesday last, in the Church of Mountrath, by the Rev. Mr. Rogers, Mr. John Prescott, of this town, to Miss Elizabeth Bates of Mountrath.


At Ballinrobe petty sessions on Monday, Mary Connelly and Nappy Durkan were fined, the former 20s., the other 50s. for assault on a scripture reader. Rev. Mr. Conway, R.C. Priest, paid the penalties and the offenders were discharged.

     MAYOR OF SLIGO - We understand it is the intention of E.H. Verdon, Esq., proprietor of the Sligo Champion, to offer himself as a candidate for the civic chair for  the Borough of Sligo for the ensuing year. We believe Mr. Verdon possesses the confidence of a large portion of his brother aldermen and councillors. Mr. Verdon is an active member of the Sligo board of guardians and his success is said to be almost certain.

From the Limerick Chronicle)

     By the regretted death of Captain Moore, 1st, or King's Dragoon Guards, Dublin, the son of Stephen Moore, Esq., of Barne, Tipperary, and recently stationed in this district, Lieut. Briggs succeeds to the vacant troop, and Cornet Nisbet to the Lieutenancy.
     Lieut. Maunselle of the 32d Regt. succeeds to a company by the death of Brevet Major Balfour.
     Captain Burrows shortly retires from the 13th Light Dragoons.
     Private M'Namara, 60th Rifles, Templemore, is sentenced to 7 years transportation by court martial.
     Lieut. Gwyn, 15th Hussars, and Ensign Robbins, 51st, retire  from the army.
     Captain Thomas Tydd, 76th, was tried by general court martial on the 15th July, at Cork, on three charges, viz., falsehood, disrespect and insubordination, preferred against him by Lieutenant Col. Clarke, on the whole of which he was fully and honourably acquitted.
     Surgeon Isidore Blake, M.B., 20th Regt., destroyed himself on the 22d August at Montreal, by incision of the throat with a razor.
     Lieutenant and Adjutant the Hon. J.W. Monk, 84th, died of fever on the 12th of June at Trichinopoly.
     Lieutenant O'Malony, 70th Rifles, who had leave to Bombay, for England, for the purpose of retiring from the service, and died at Meerut, served the campaign on the Sutlej (Medal) with the 50th, including the battles of Moodkee, Ferezesbah, Aliwal, and Sobraon.
     Major-General Sir Joseph Thackwell will succeed to the command of the Bombay forum, on Sir Wm. Gomm assuming the office of Commander in Chief of the Queen's and Company's troops in India.
    Lt. Col. Poole, 1st Bombay Cavalry, has been induced to retire from the service by the payment of 60,000 rupees. Major Delemain, late acting Town Major of Bombay, succeeds to the Lieutenant Colonelcy.


     The Lords of the Admiralty, on their official visit to Portsmouth, boarded the Thetis frigate, Capt. Cooper, C.B., at Spithead, and in handsome terms noticed the conduct of Lieut. Partridge, R.N., son-in-law of John Croker, Esq., Ballinegards, for the admirable manner in which he has completed the fitting out and manning of that splendid vessel for active service.
     Rear Admiral Lock, on promotion, resigns the appointment of Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queens and the vacancy brings Sir James Stirling within the list of paid Aid-de-Camp.
     Captain Sir Richard O'Connor, K.C.H., son of the late Sir Patrick O'Connor, of Cork, is promoted a Rear Admiral on the retired list.


     A gentleman yesterday presented the following for publication - "The true area of the Circle by geometrical solution without reference to its periphery, has been discovered by Garrett Rodney Fitzgerald, Esq., of Ballyneety, near this city. The result is very interesting, and a great desideratum to the scientific world.-- Limerick Chronicle.

To the Editor of the Southern Reporter,

     SIR - A few friends accompanied me on a boating excursion this day, whose names are William Silk, John Hunt, George Williams, Henry Seymour, and Edward Barry, and being off the Southern Islands, our attention was directed by one of the party to an extraordinary appearance ahead of the boat. Immediately all eyes were turned to see what it was, when to our astonishment and fright the above monster of the deep was bearing down on us. We were at once thrown into an awful fright, and thought it best to retreat for shore. On our landing, Mr. W. Silk, who was armed with a double-barreled gun, discharged both barrels at the monster, but without effect. I need not describe his appearance as you are aware of it before; but from inquiries from various boatmen, I am told he is off the harbour the last three days.- I remain, Sir, yours,
          JOHN GOOD,
Long Quay, Kinsale, Sept. 9, 1850



     CAVAN, Sept. 10, 1850 - This town and neighbourhood were thrown into the highest state of excitement and alarm at an early hour yesterday, being the arrival of several persons from the vicinity of Ballinagh, who rushed into Cavan with the frightful intelligence that Dr. Creighton, lately come to reside near Ballinagh, had just murdered one of the ladies of his house, and immediately after put an end to his own existence. This information was but too true. Doctor Creighton was a native of this county; he resided near Cavan up to the period of his entering Trinity College, where he graduated and took out the degree of Bachelor of Medicine. He commenced his professional career in Townsend-street, Dublin, where he practiced with considerable success; he subsequently changed his residence to either No. 24 or 25 Great Brunswick-street.
     Some short time ago his manner became very eccentric, his mind was evidently weakened and warped, and he became full of the idea that the members of his own household were deeply engaged in this plot. This deranged state of intellect became so palpable, that his friends were advised to withdraw him from practice altogether, and remove him to the country. Accordingly, he and his family returned to this locality about two months ago, where, it was hoped, that by turning his attention to agricultural pursuits, his mind might be diverted from those miserable hallucinations by which it had been preyed on; arrangements were made for that purpose, and he was settled on a farm of some extent, Heath Lodge, the estate of William Humphreys, Esq., of Ballyhaise, on which an excellent house and suitable offices have lately been erected.
     Dr. Creighton's monomania was a conviction that his friends were endeavouring to poison him in his food, and accordingly he refused food for several days. He would frequently lay down on the lawn, or in the fields, to eat grass, in order, as he said, to prevent the execution of the plans of those around him. On all other subjects he was perfectly clear and collected, and conversed in the most rational manner. He was not placed under restraint, and walked about the grounds and roads at pleasure.- his family consisted of an aunt, Miss Creighton, advanced in life, and infirm, a young lady named Faris, a near relative of his own; and a servant man. On the morning of yesterday (Tuesday), at about nine o'clock, Dr. Creighton went to his aunt's room, and told her that the servant was waiting to shave him, and begged of her to give him the razors for that purpose - they had been purposely kept out of his reach; but seeing how calm and collected he was, and hearing from him that the servant was in attendance, she did not hesitate to give them to him. Miss Creighton, it appears, was still in bed, for he said to her, on leaving the room, "Aunt, you need not get up; I'll send your breakfast up, when it is ready." He then went down stairs, and nothing further was heard or seen of him until about a quarter of an hour after, when Miss Creighton, on going down to the parlour, and finding it empty, proceeded to the kitchen. Her horror may be imagined on reaching this spot, to find Miss Faris lying dead on the floor, a pool of blood around her, and her head nearly severed from her body. A broad mark of blood, commencing near the dead body, next attracted her attention. She surmised, and that correctly, that it was the blood of her unfortunate nephew, who, she thought, had wounded himself, and then fled from the house into the plantation adjacent to it. She tracked this second stream of blood to the closed door of a pantry adjoining the kitchen, but not opening into it. On pushing open the door, which was merely closed to, but not fastened, she found him bathed in blood and just expiring. She immediately fled to the house of a magistrate residing in the neighbourhood, William Smith, Esq., and gave the alarm.
     An inquest was held on the bodies of these unfortunate remains by William Pollock, Esq., coroner, and a highly respectable jury, and a verdict returned in accordance with the too well known state of mind of this unhappy gentleman.
     Dr. C. was one not much over 36 years of age, his victim was several years younger. She was an agreeable, well-educated person, and she just arrived on a visit to his aunt, as she was preparing to emigrate to America, where her friends are now residing. Nothing is known of the proceedings of Dr. Creighton after his leaving his aunt's room, beyond what the position of the bodies indicated. There was no witness to it, the servant man having gone for milk for breakfast. From the situation and position of Miss Faris's body, it is supposed that when the murderer entered the kitchen, she was in the act of stopping to take up the teapot that stood before the fire; that he seized her by her hair, and dragged her head forcibly backward, and then inflicted the wound that all but separated her head from the trunk. The second stream of blood indicates that he inflicted the fatal wound on his own throat whilst standing beside her body, and then walked out of the kitchen and into the pantry, where his body was found.
     They will both be buried in the one grave, at an early hour to-morrow morning.


Ballina, Co. Mayo
Wednesday, September 25, 1850


- A special market for the sale of flax is about to be established in Portadown, the centre of one of the best flax growing districts in the North of Ireland.
- Lord Monteagle and the Rt. Hon. Thomas Wyse, are appointed members of the senate of the Queen's University in Ireland.
- Sir John Cam Hobhouse, late Secretary-at-War, with his daughter, arrived at Mallow on way to Killarney, and was heard to say that the once gay but now deserted Mallow was the best country town he had seen in Ireland.
- The 'Black Nymph', from Limerick, with 180 passengers, arrived at Quebec, the 30th August, and the 'Jane Howard', with 103 do. on the same day. The 'Bon Accord' arrived on the 20th with 111 passengers.
- James Murphy, Esq., of Kenturk, Dr. Batwell of Charlesville, and Sir Kenna, of Castlemarty, sailed in the 'Republic' from Cork, on Satuday, with 370 emigrants for New York.
- An Inspector of National Schools in the Limerick district was last week given in charge to the police of Thomondgate, at the instance of John Hannan, for indecent conduct with a female named Catherine Madden, on the public road at Cratloe. The girl had travelled with the inspector in his gig. Hannan was not forthcoming subsequently to substantiate the charge before the magistrate, and the accused was liberated.
- Jeremiah Brien, of Ulla, for some time labouring under occasional fits of derangement, killed his wife on Monday morning by cutting her throat and breaking her skull, while the family were out of his house at work in the fields.
- Moore's statue of Sir Michael O'Loghlin has been received in Dublin and is now being erected in the splendid room of the solicitors, at the Four Courts. It is a seated figure, life size, and clothed in the judicial robes.
- In Wexford harbour 2,000 acres of mud has just been converted into excellent land, under the management of John E. Redmond, Esq., J.P.
- On Saturday morning the temporary workhouse at Outerard, county Galway, was burnt to the ground, together with a quantity of the furniture.
- Report states that this monster of the deep, the sea serpent, was on Tuesday seen outside the heads of the Shannon, west of Kilerdene light house, and numbers have gone down to Carrigaholt to test the accuracy of this statement. A fisherman first descried the monster gliding over the waters, and for sometime imagined it was the hull of a vessel, apparently 60 feet long, keel upwards, and covered with barnacles.


     In this town, on Wednesday, the 18th inst., the lady of J.C.O. Urquhart, Esq., Provincial Bank, of a son.
     September 17, at Mount Druid, county Roscommon, the lady of Denis O'Connor, Esq., of a daughter.
     September 9, at Castlebar, the lady of the Rev. Hamilton Townsend, of a daughter.


     September 3 in Desert-Martin Church, county Derry, by the Rev. J.S. Knox, rector of Maghera, and brother of the bride, the Rev. W.A. Ormsby, incumbent of St. Martin's, Norwich, to Helen Adelaide, youngest daughter of the late Hon. and Right Rev. William Knox, Lord Bishop of Derry.


     September 17, at Bellaghy Glebe, county Londonderry, Maria, daughter of the late Wm. Sterne Noy, Esq.



     Brevet-Major, J. Ward, 81st, has retired upon Captain's full pay, after 27 years serving.
     Lieut. Harvey, 34th, senior subaltern of the Regt. and upon the staff of Lieut-General Sir John Harvey at Halifax, has sold out of the service.
     Lieut. Mellor, 2d Lifeguards; Capt. Lord Manderville, Grenadier Guards; Leiut. Harvey, 34th; and Ensign Mackenzie, 93d, sold out of the service on Tuesday.
     Brevet Major Longworth, 31st, was obliged to retire from active service this week, in consequence of ill health, the result of his wounds in the late Sikh campaigns.
     Sir Harry Smith will be the last Military Governor at the Cape Good Hope.


On Saturday last, Meredith Thompson, Esq., Coroner in the County of Sligo, held an inquest at Ardnaree, on the body of a man named Laurence Gibbons. From the evidence adduced it appeared the deceased went to bed on Thursday night last in his usual good health. The following morning the persons with whom he lodged went to call him to breakfast. On knocking at his door, which was bolted on the inside, they received no answer, and then sent for Sergeant Phibbs and his party; who came and forced the door open, when they found Gibbons quite dead. Dr. Whittaker made a post mortem examination on the body, and ascertained that death was caused by disease of the heart. The jury unanimously found a verdict in accordance with the Doctor's evidence.


     The erection of flax mills in the vicinity of this town, about two years since, by the enterprising Messrs. Hay, have considerably increased the cultivation of flax, while a great number of hands have been employed in its manufacture. Mr. Halliday is now busily engaged in preparing similar mills; and although the Messrs. Hay may be somewhat injured by this competition, yet, looking at it in a public light, it must be gratifying to find that such establishments are springing up as must ultimately prove beneficial to a country hitherto neglected and at present much in need of every little help that can be given it.


     After the rains which fell on Wednesday and Thursday the harvest operations were briskly resumed and continued to the present under very favourable weather. Not a moment is to be lost, there being yet a large portion of grain standing, and plenty of work ready for the reapers. A few small parcels of new oats have been sold in this market at from 12s. to 13s. per barrel of 24 stone. We hear still fewer complaints about the potatoes, and there appears to be no great disposition to bringing them into town for sale, which would be the case were the disease progressing.

     Mr. Scully, brother of F. Scully, Esq., M.P., for Tipperary, is appointed a Stipendary Magistrate. The M.P. has been a thick and thin Government voter this last session, and is now compensated. A great patriot entirely is Mr. Scully, M.P.--Mail.

     CAPTURE OF JOSEPH ADY - Yesterday afternoon James Bradley, a most active officer connected with the Mansion-house, succeeded by stratagem,  in capturing the notorious Joseph Ady. Bradley lodged his prisoner in the Giltspur-street Compter, on a warrant for 19l. 3s. for postage on upwards of 2,000 "returned" letters, the "property of the Postmaster General."

     It is with regret that we announce the death of the Rt. Rev. Dr. Stopford, Lord Bishop of Meath. The melancholy event took place suddenly on Thursday last at Ardbraccan, his lordship's residence. The deceased prelate was elevated from the Archdeaconry of Armagh to the see of Meath, during the Viceroyalty of Earl de Grey. Dr. Stopford had been long labouring under disease of the heart. - His lordship was a member of the Privy Council in Ireland.


     This notorious character has been trying his hand in the wilds of Erris. A gentleman residing in Belmullet has kindly forwarded to us the "something to advantage" circular which Joseph is in the habit of transmitting to those whom he intends to select as his victim. The public cannot be too guarded against the specious schemes of this prince of impostors, who, it may be well to remark, never post-pays his letters.


Submitted by cml


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