Ireland Old News




BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 1, 1850

CITY POLICE COURT

     THE FAIRIES - At the city Limerick Police court on Thursday, a lad named Cornelius Hennessey, arrested as a vagrant, told the presiding Magistrate he had been for some time with the fairies!
     Magistrate - Who are the fairies?
     Prisoner - The "good people," whose souls the Almighty lets live upon earth, though their bodies are buried - they took me away from my father's house, and in a hurling match they broke my leg. - (laughter)
     A Policeman - Though young that lad is, your worship, he is most incorrigible - breaks window glass and plunders bread-shops - he has a name for every day of the week.
     Magistrate - If I let you off will you go back to your father?
     How can I, sir? sure there is a fairy at home at my place, and my father thinks he is his son; as he says he don't know me (great laughter).
     Magistrate - I'll send you back to the "good people" so (a laugh).
     Prisoner - I wouldn't know where to find them now, sir (much laughter).
     Magistrate - I believe not, but you shan't put a finger in my eye. You are a regular juvenile trickster, and I'll punish you.
     Prisoner - I am satisfied if it is by giving me enough to eat, your honour (roars of laughter).
     Magistrate - I sentence you to 21 days imprisonment, at hard labour on the treadmill.
     Prisoner - Very will, sir, I used to practice a little that way with the fairies (loud laughter) - When you go to them that you may break your shins on the treadmill (immoderate laughter).
     The delinquent was then committed.

     Cornelius O'Donnell and Wm. Craven were sentenced to 21 days' imprisonment and to be whipped, for stealing lead; Partrick Gleeson and Patrick Downy, for stealing hay, like rule.---Limerick Chronicle.

BIRTHS

     On Thursday last, at Westport House, the Marchioness of Sligo of a daughter. Her Majesty and infant are progressing favourably.
     In this town on Saturday last, the lady of the Rev. John H. Atkins, of a son.

MARRIED

     On Thursday last, by license, at the Cathedral Church, Killala, by the Very Rev. the Dean Mr. John Simms, Master of Killala School, to Miss E. Ford, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Edward Ford, Land Surveyor.

DEATHS

     On Friday morning last, at Webster-place, Dublin, Anne, the beloved and affectionate wife of Adam Campbell, Esq. The deceased is much regretted by a numerous circle of friends and relatives.
    At Phibsborough, Frances, eldest daughter of the late Joseph Bourke, Esq., of Carrowkeel, in this county.

SALE OF INCUMBERED ESTATE
In Ireland

NOTICE TO CLAIMANTS AND 
INCUMBRANCES

In the Matter of the Estate,     }WHEREAS, by
the Right Honorable Do -       } an absolute order
minick Lord Oranmore           } bearing date the 
and Browne, Owner.              }TWELFTH day of De
      Experts                            }cember, 1849 it was
Sir Moses Montefiore            }Ordered that the Lands
Bart, and Samuel Gur-           }of Rawmore, Gurteenacre,
ney, Petitioners.                     }Kingsland, Knockglass,
______________________} Poulacopple, situate in the Barony of Athenry and County of Galway; Coolarn, Lackagh, Lackmore, Carronlee, Caherteenmore, Carroulee North, Lisarulla, Ruanemore, Lough George, Lerry and Derry, situate in the Barony of Clare, and same County; Ardnageehee, Ashford, Cloonanamarra, situate in the Half Barony of Ross, same County; Coonmullinane, Creeve, Renebracken, situate in the Half Barony of Ballymoe, and County of Roscommon; Carrabrowne, Casltequarter, Sylane, Galway Houses, Galway Mills, Clonagour, Knocknecarra, Blakehill, Meneloon, Shangort, Salthill, Clyhane, situate in the County of the Town of Galway, and the residue of a Term of Ninety-nine Years from the First of November, 1840, ALL THAT AND THOSE, the Lands of Castlecarra and Dromore, situate in the Barony of Carra, and County of Mayo, shall be Sold for the purpose of discharging the Incumbrances thereon.
     Now, all the persons claiming Estates or Interests on the said Premises, who may object to such Order, are hereby informed that the Commissioners will hear any application which any such Persons may desire to bring before them, on Notice, to be served at the Office, 14, Henrietta-street, Dublin, within One Calendar Month from the date hereof.
     And all persons claiming Charges or Incumbrances on the said Premises or any part thereof, excepting those Persons mentioned in the Master's Report made in the Cause of Gurney and Others against Lord Oranmore and Others, and bearing date the 20th day of June, 1849, are required to lodge a brief Statement of the Particulars thereof at the said Office, within Two Calender Months from the date hereof, and also to send their respective Addresses in order that they may receive notice at what time and in what manner their claims should be established.
     Dated the 6th day of April, 1850.
     S. WOULFE FLANAGAN,
                                         Secretary.
     Sir Mathew Barrington, Son, and Jeffries, Attorneys for Petitioners, having the Carriage of the proceedings, 10, Ely Place, Dublin.

BIANCONI'S CAR

     The car which Mr. Bianconi placed on the road between Ballina and Mullingar, and which is now principally supported by passengers from this town, has lately become a bye-car to that a short time since put on the road between Castlebar and Swinford, the Castlebar car running the entire way to Mullingar, while the passengers from here are obliged to undergo the inconveniences of a change at Swinford. - We cannot think of dictating to Mr. Bianconi, who is the best judge of his own affairs, but it appears strange to us that this gentleman, who has effected such an improvement in travelling in Ireland, and has at all times shown so great a disposition to meet the wishes of the people when his cars are running, should make the alteration of which we complain without any appearance of reason. The car was first started from this town to Loughrea and Mullingar, and the proprietor found it advantageous to continue it. A year or two afterwards he placed a car between Swinford and Castlebar to meet the car from this town, but now a change is made and the car from Ballina has become a mere auxiliary to the other. Travellers from here claim the continuance of the same car all the [sentence blotted by ink]...We are confident that it is only necessary to direct Mr. Bianconi's attention to this subject to secure an equitable arrangement.

FEVER HOSPITAL REPORT

Remaining in hospital on previous Saturday...................... 149
Admitted during the week................................................  10
Total treated during the week.......................................... 177
Discharged cured during the week..................................    22
Died..............................................................................      5
Remaining in Hospital Sat. April 27, 1850......................  150
                   WM. KEARNEY, Steward

STATE OF WORKHOUSE

Remaining in Workhouse as per last return..................... 1230
Admitted during the week.............................................   103
Discharged....................................................................    12
Remaining on above date............................................... 1310
Cost of out-door Relief.................................0  9  3
In door.........................................................19 18 8

POOR LAW ECONOMY

     A committee consisting of Mr. Jones, Mr. Paget, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. Wills, Mr. Beaty, and Mr. Gallagher, was appointed at the meeting of the Guardians of this Union on Saturday to take into consideration the reduction of the salary of the Workhouse and Fever Hospital staff. Some members of the committee met on Monday, but a sufficient number not being present, they adjourned to a future day. This committee has an important duty to perform, but we are confident that it will be faithfully and efficiently fulfilled, a due regard being had to economizing the funds of the union, and at the same time to the amount of business to be gone through by each officer, remembering that too great a clipping off frequently proves the opposite of economy.

 

MISCELLANEOUS

     There are 520 prisoners in Tralee gaol, three times more that it was built to accommodate.
     Eight vessels laden with Indian corn, wheat and oats, arrived at Galway last week.
     No dividend is expected at the next meeting of the City of Dublin steam packet company.
     Carlisle fort, on the Cork river, is preparing for the reception of 200 convicts from Spike Island.
     All the emigrants embarking at Galway this season sail for the United States.
     The damage done to Dublin by the hurricane, is estimated at 27,000l.
     At Kilrush there are 7,700 persons in receipt of out door relief, and 3,656 in the workhouse.
     There are 18 Irish bred horses entered for the Chester Cup.
     Mr. Donovan, of Cork, ship carpenter, fell into the docks of Galway on Sunday night, and was drowned.
     Upwards of 400 persons left Waterford on Friday by the Liverpool steamer on their way to America.
     The Lord Chancellor has appointed John Francis Brown, Esq., of Tuam, to the Commission of the Peace for the county Galway.
     Mr. Joseph Robbins, whose estate of Firgrove was sold for eighteen years purchase, under the Encumbered Estates Commission, is the Governor of the Kilkenny gaol.
     On Friday at Parsonstown, John Slevin, Michael Meary, and Patrick Burke, were sentenced to 14 years transportation for the abduction of Miss Kate Scully.
     On Tuesday, the rev. Mr. Phillips, P.P., was riding in the vicinity of Clogher, when his horse threw him, and the rev. gentleman falling on his head was killed on the spot.
     Friday night the office of Mr. Hughes's flour mill Galway, was entered by miscreants who broke open the desk, and took therefrom three packages of silver, containing 10l. each, two 1l. notes and 6l. in copper.
     A number of unfortunate tenants have been evicted during the last week, and their houses thrown down on the property of Lord Oranmore, in the neighbourhood of Turloghmore, Clare and Galway.- The proceedings were under the Chancery Court.
     The Killarney guardians have resolved that no system of tenure requires amendment more than that of Trinity College, who held 88,000 acres in Kerry, yet their land is the most impoverished, by the principle of short lease, and heavy fines, thus retarding improvements and deterring industry.
     Thomas N. Bagot, Esq., is chairman, Richard D'Arcy, Esq., vice chairman, Roderick J. Kealy, Esq, deputy vice chairman of the new union of Glenmaddy, Galway.
     Dr. Porter reports four hopeless cases of cholera in Carlow union hospital.

     EXECUTION OF THE CONVICT MURPHY - At one o'clock this day the execution of the unfortunate man, William Murphy, convicted at the last assizes of murder, took place in front of the county jail. As usual on the occasion of such edifying spectacles, immense crowds of people thronged the roads near the jail. The Sub-Sheriff, Mr. Johnson, and a number of the police, with a body of the hussars and infantry, were in attendance. The unfortunate convict, when brought out and pinioned, appeared quite firm, although weak from sickness and walked with perfect steadiness. He was attended to the drop by the Very Rev. Thomas Barry, the Rev. J. O'Brien, Rev. J. Begley and Rev. Thomas Walsh, and the culprit appeared to listen to the prayers with the most profound attention. He made a declaration in Irish, which was interpreted by  the Very Rev. Thomas Barry, amounting to a full confession of the murder, and expression of the deepest penitence. The rev. gentleman remained by the prisoner until after he had been placed on the drop and the cap adjusted. Scarcely a moment then intervened before the drop fell, and after a few short struggles the unhappy criminal ceased to live. After the usual time had elapsed the body was cut down.--Cork Examiner.

     SUICIDE OF TWO SOLDIERS - A tragedy of a most revolting nature took place in the military barracks of this town on Monday evening last, the particulars of which are as follows: - A private soldier of the 74th Highlanders, stationed here, named William Williams, a native of the county of Sligo, while labouring under a bit of temporary insanity, put a period to his existence by shooting himself through the head, the ball going in at the temple and passed quite through the skull and out the other side. The horror of this occurrence had scarce subsided, when on the following morning, about a quarter past seven o'clock, whilst the men were on parade, a repetition of the same dreadful deed took place, the unfortunate suicide in this instance being another private of the same regiment, a Scotchman, named Durcan Lovejoy, made a tailor, who also drove a musket ball through his skull, entering one side and passing out the other. Two such melancholy occurrences taking place in the same regiment, in space of a few hours, is, we believe, without parallel; and what makes the matter strange is the fact that the two unfortunate men had no acquaintance with each other. We understand that one of them was a man particularly characterised for sobriety, good conduct and military discipline.--Clonmel Chronicle.

     A BOY CONSUMED IN  A LIME KILN - Last week an inquest was held near Thomastown, by T. Izod, Esq., coroner, on a few burned bones, all that remained of the body of a young lad, twelve years old, named John Ryan, who it appeared, came by his death under the following horrible circumstances: - Some little boys were roasting potatoes on Mrs. Ryan's lime kiln in Newtown, near Thomastown. As it was intended to "let the kiln out" no fresh layers of lime stone had been put on, and the lime was about two feet from the top of the kiln. The boys were afraid to venture on the kiln to get their potatoes, when John Ryan, who was in the habit of throwing a large stone one the centre of the kiln, and sitting on it, volunteered to get them for them. He threw in a large flag which remained on the centre of the kiln, and then jumped on the flag. Immediately the flag and he were swallowed up in the burning lime which closed on him-no part, but one hand, as the children stated, remaining above the lime. The workmen, alarmed by the children's cries, ran up and saw a cloud of dark smoke accompanied by a most intolerable stench continuing to issue from the kiln for more than half an hour; and when all the lime was drawn from the kiln, about a handful of bones, principally ribs and one heel bone, was all that remained of the little sufferer. By the heel bone, Dr. Stirling, who examined on the inquest, identified the remains to be those of a young person. A verdict of "Accidental death" was returned.-- Kilkenny Moderator.

     DISTRESSING OCCURRENCE IN CONNECTION WITH THE LOSS OF THE ROYAL ADELAIDE - One of the unfortunate victims in the wreck of the above-named steamer was a poor man named Canavan, who had been a servant in a gentleman's family, near Passage; his loss was rendered still more bitter to his unfortunate family from the circumstances which caused him to be in the vessel on the night she was lost. An officer who belonged to a regiment lately ordered off from this, having seen this poor man's daughter, who was a very pretty looking girl, set about his base purposes with regard to her, and eventually persuaded her to go off with him. The poor father, immediately on hearing she had left where he had placed her in Cork, understanding where she went, set off in pursuit of her, and lost his life in endeavouring to save her. Thus the conduct of a gentleman has plunged a poor family in ruin and disgrace. It is mournful to think on the fate of the unhappy girl herself.--Cork Examiner.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 8, 1850

MISCELLANEOUS

     There were 200 cork life savers on board the lost "Adelaide" steam ship.
     Mr. James Wall is appointed Practical agriculturist Inspector to Tuam and Castlebar Unions.
     Captain Gavin has allowed his tenantry at Cloncannon, near Moneygall, 30 per cent on last year's rent, together with the whole of the poor and labour rates.
     The Western World sailed from Liverpool on Friday for New York, with 700 emigrants; comprised principally of Irish families.
     Lord Gough is to visit his relatives and friends in Derry this month, where a splendid reception awaits the noble and gallant peer.
     Sub-Constable Edmond Blake from Kenmare, shot himself at Tralee on Saturday night after being reported for intoxication.
     Captain Wynne has commenced actions for libel against the Marquis of Westmeath and the Guardians of Carrick-on-Suir.
     In Boyle Union there are nine relieving officers paid 355l. a year for distributing 1l. 14s. 1d. weekly in out-door relief.
     There are 17 turnkeys in Clonmel gaol, which is about double the number in Limerick county gaol, and with a more numerous charge.
     Monday night three thatched houses, at Knockalibade, Killarney, the property of James W. Agar, Esq., were maliciously set on fire and reduced to ashes.
     We regret to learn that there were three cases of cholera in the neighbourhood of Castlecomer on Sunday and Monday last, of these three resulted in death.
     Mr. DeLacy Nash was last week refused a conditional order for libel against the Times, in connection with an article about his part in the Waterford, Wexford and Wicklow railway.
     Mr. Dunne, of Tully, the occupier of several extensive farms in the Queen's county and Kildare, with his family, sailed by the Forest Queen, from Liverpool on Saturday last, for the United States.
     The guardians of Dungarvan Union, Lord Stuart de Decles in the chair, have agreed to defray the expenses of sending out to Quebec, the first week in June next, three hundred girls.
     Lord Mountcashel's estate in the County Antrim, which yields a well-paid rental of 11,600 a year, is to be sold for payment of 275,000l. incumbrances on his landed property in the south. The Commercial Bank of London is a large creditor.
     At the City Police Court, Limerick, the presiding magistrate announced that all improper females arrested for use of obscene language in the streets would, in addition to imprisonment, be deprived of their ornamental head gear.
     On Sunday, as a respectable farmer, M. M'Ganey, was proceeding to the Presbyterian church, at Ballymena, and had stepped to the side of the road, he was attacked by a cow, which forced one of her horns into the right side abdomen, and gored him to death.
     For the convicts on board the "Neptune" with John Mitchell 100l. was subscribed at Capetown before the vessel sailed for Van Dieman's Land. - The 8th March was fixed for the "General Public Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the deliverance of the colony from the dreadful calamity."

PARLIAMENTARY BIOGRAPHIES
WM. KEOGH, ESQ., M.P. FOR ATHLONE

     The subject of our memoir is the eldest son of Wm. Keogh, Clerk of the Crown, for the county and city of Kilkenny, by the only daughter of the late Austin Ffrench, Esq. of Galway. The family is one of the most ancient in the county Roscommon, and has for several generations held property in the neighbourhood of Athlone, where Mr. Keogh was also known as one of the most distinguished members of the western circuit. He was born at Galway, in 1817; was educated at the school of the Reverend Thomas Huddart, the largest in Dublin at that time, and the most celebrated for the scholarship of pupils. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, in October 1832, being then but fourteen years of age, and obtained, after a severe examination in classics, the fourth place out of 175 candidates, being the largest entrance ever known at the University. The next day he was awarded the Hebrew prize, and throughout his whole college career, was one of the most distinguished students of his class.
     At his first examination in 1873, he took a high position in classics; but, being dissatisfied with his answering in science, he resolved to master all difficulties in that portion of his course, and, at the following April and July examination he obtained the science premiums, and in October, the certificate, being the highest science honor of the year, for which five honor men of  the same class were his competitors. During the subsequent year of his course he not only maintained his early character as a classical scholar, but continued to obtain first class honors. He was also, a successful competitor for the Vice-Chancellor's prize for the best essay in English;and as a member of the College Historical Society, then, as of old, distinguished as a school of oratory, and for the spirit of its debates, and excellence of its speakers, he carried off the medals both for debate and English competition. His contemporaries in the society were - amongst others who have since obtained more or less of professional distinction - Isaac Butt, Q.C.; W. Torrens M'Cullagh, M.P. for Dundalk; the late Thomas M'Nevin, author of the "Life and Speeches of Sheil," the "State of Trials in Ireland," the "History of the Irish Volunteers," and many other works, and the late Thomas Davis, whom men of all parties and ranks loved to call their friend- the originator of the Young Ireland party (who caught his fervor but let his sense die with him).
     In 1838 Mr. Keogh entered Lincoln's Inn, as a student for the Irish bar, to which he was called in 1849, being then just of age. In the same year he published the "Practice of the Court of Chancery," and which continues to be the text book of the court. He joined the Western Circuit, and at the bar, as in the college, soon distinguished himself- so much so, that during the last year, although but a stuff-gown, he has had by far the most leading business on the circuit, both on the civil and crown sides. Until the period of his entering parliament he had an extensive practice in the Rolls and Court of Chancery. He married, in 1841, Kate, eldest daughter of the late Thomas Rowney, an eminent surgeon; and at the general election of 1847 came forward as a candiate for Athlone; and for which, after a severe contest he was returned.
     He first spoke in Parliament upon the exclusion of Roman Catholics from the jury struck for the first trials of Smith O'Brien and others, for sedition, dwelling upon the practice as in itself unconstitutional, unjust, and calculated to perpetuate and increase the religious and piety animosities of Ireland. It was felt that he understood the subject; he was listened to with marked attention, and established for himself the certainty of being well heard on all occasions where, with knowledge of the matter in hand, he might choose to take part in the debate. He has since gained additional credit by sharp and telling replies made on the spur of the moment, to Mr. Roebuck's attacks on Irish members, and especially to Mr. John Stuart, Chancellor in expectancy, or law reform, and which the Times, in a leading article, commented upon, as a speech conferring infinite credit upon the learned member. Exempt the Hon. George Smythe, he is the only supporter of Sir Robert Peel, who voted with the House for extension of the franchise.
     Mr. Keogh is a free-trader, voted with the Government for the repeal of Navigation Laws, and against Mr. Disreli's motion. He is in favor of retrenchment and reduction of taxation; has spoken in support of the Irish Encumbered Bill and Sir John Romily's Chancery Reform, and is in favor of such as system of tenant right both for Ireland and England as shall ensure the tenant compensation for improvement without interfering with the last proprietary rights of the landlord. During the past week in an able reply to Sir John Hobhouse, he supported Mr. Sadler's motion upon the subject of the omission during a long period of members of the Irish bar from all appointment to the Indian Bench, and again afforded evidence that he has fully established for himself the good hearing of the House.-- Illustrated London News.


     In Cork there were 50 drunkards committed to bridewell on Saturday night, and 31 on Sunday night, besides 29 charged with robbery, vagrancy and rioting, making a total of 116 within 36 hours.

    Captain Dyas, stipendiary magistrate, died at Ballymena on Saturday last. He served throughout the Peninsula and with the 51st at Waterloo.

     Constable Odium and party, of the Cregbrien station, arrested Michl. Cleary, charged with the murder of Michael Cleary, of Crossderry on the 18th of September.

    The Great Midland and Western Railway Company have subscribed 500 for a steam-packet to make experimental trips between Halifax and Galway. It was resolved to engage the Viceroy, which recently made the passage from Dublin to Glasgow in fourteen hours and twelve minutes. The Viceroy, Captain Ewing, is announced to sail from Galway, the 1st of June, for Halifax direct.

     On Thursday last Sir John M'Neil was elected junior Warden, of the grand lodge of Freemasons in Ireland, in room of R. Cooper, Esq., deceased. There were 130 of the craft present at their rooms in Dublin.

     Richard Kinealy, caretaker, was murdered at Lismatigue, Kilkenny, on Monday, while in charge of an evicted farm.

     According to a return recently made, the total number of gallons of proof spirit distilled during the year ending January 5, 1850, was - in Ireland, 8,355,038 gallons.

     There remains little doubt that the loss of the Royal Adelaide steamer was occasioned by the bursting of the boilers and blowing up of the vessel.

     Mr. H. Hill's Pitsford won the two thousand guinea stakes at Newmarket on Tuesday, beating Lord B. Lennox's Beehunter, the favourite, by a neck.

     The Cushla Machree, emigrant vessel or New York, belonging to Evans and Son, of an from Galway, on the 30th of March, when 1600 miles from Cape Clear, was struck by a heavy sea, and thrown on her beam ends, when the three masts were cut away, and other measures taken to keep the ship afloat. They hoisted signals of distress and the Infants, Captain Purdy of New York, stood to, and ultimately 159 of the passengers and crew were taken on the Infants, and arrived in Liverpool. All the passengers, with the exception of a family of eight, in the cabin, were destitute.- The poor creatures were all from the neighbourhoods of Galway, and were conveyed to the Liverpool workhouse for relief.

     Two farmers residing near Roscrea, were served with threatening notices on Thursday night, cautioning them on pain of death to have nothing to do with the land in which Michael Moran sold his interest - the party then broke several panes of glass in the dwelling houses and fired shot through the bedroom window.

BIRTHS

     April 29, at Pembroke-place, Dublin, Lady Kilmaine, of a son.
     April 27, at Moyoda Castle, Lady Claremorris, of a daughter.
     April 27, at Kilrush Glebe, the lady of the Rev. J.F. Robbins, of a daughter.

MARRIAGES

     May 1, in Lurgan Church, the Rev. Robert Sewell, Methodist minister of Cork, to Jane, eldest daughter of the Rev. Wm. Herbert of Lurgan.
     April 20, in Rathlin Church, R.H. Wallace Dunlop, Esq. of the Bengal Civil Services, to Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. R. Gage, of Rathlin.

DIED

     In Castlebar, on Friday last, after a short illness, John Symes, Esq., of this town, aged 54 years. The deceased gentleman had been in that town on the Earl of Arran's business, and died at hte residence of his friend Charles Malley, Esq.

DEATH OF JOHN SYMES, ESQ.

     It has not fallen to our lot since we entered on our present career to record a more melancholy event than the death of John Symes, Esq., which appears in our obituary of this date.
     It is only eight years since, in his capacity of Agent to the Earl of Arran, he became a resident in this town. Previous to that time he was a total stranger, but such was his constant and punctual attention to his duties, and such his honest devotion to their discharge that, notwithstanding the post which he filled, rendered so especially arduous during the late trying years, he gained the good-will and respect of both landlord and tenant. In his magisterial duties he - by his strict impartiality and genuine integrity - won the approbation and esteem of his colleagues; and in the circle of his acquaintances his kindliness of heart and tried benevolence, joined to his sterling honesty of character, rendered him the true friend and faithful counsellor of all who had the happiness and honor of knowing him.
     On Monday morning his remains were conveyed to this town from Castlebar, and interred in the churchyard of Ardnaree, accompanied by an immense number of all classes, parties and creeds - each anxious to pay the last token of respect to one whom in his life time they would have delighted to honor.

 

     We regret to communicate the death of the Right Rev. Lord Robert Ponsonby Tottenham Loftus, Lord Bishop of Clogher, which took place on Sunday last. His lordship was in his 77th year and 47th of his Episcopate. The diocese of Clogher is the last which has been abolished by the Church Temperalities Act. Its reserves, which amount to 12,000 per year, go to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and the diocese will extend from Ballyshannon on the West coast, across to the neighbourhood of Newry, and down to Drogheda, embracing the counties of Fermanagh, Tyrone, Armagh, Monaghan and Louth. There are 45 benefices in the diocese of Clogher, including perpetual curacies.- Lord Tottenham was created Bishop of Killaloe in 1804, Ferns in 1820, Clogher, 1822. He was uncle to the Marquis of Eli, and brother-in-law to Lord Hawarden.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 15, 1850

EMIGRATION

Numbers of the more independent of the farming class and of our artisans are daily seen wending their way alongside a baggage cart in the seaport from whence the emigrant ship is about to sail, leaving their homesteads and their friends, to seek in a foreign clime that which they despaired of finding in their native land. These are the class of people we want at home. They possess industry and capital, which we can badly spare, and they leave behind them the idle and indigent. Their departure is not alone the withdrawal of the resources of a country's stronghold, but is the infliction of a positive evil upon those who remain and have to endure the burden of the poor rates. We do not now allude to the landlords, through they must suffer from the loss of a good tenant, and the payment of rates for waste lands, but to the rate-payer generally. It is a well known fact that the small comfortable farmers so assist hundreds of poor family connections in some way or other that they are not forced by object poverty to seek workhouse relief. When those are gone their dependents have none to look to but the Relieving Officers. However, how much this or any other injury a country must sustain by the emigration of the most valued of its inhabitants may be regretted, no remedy remains for the evil but a legislation that will afford the inducements sufficient to counter balance those which now draw them off to a foreign land.

ENCUMBERED ESTATES COMMISSION
SATURDAY.

     Dr. Longfield and Mr. Hargrave took their seats on the bench shortly after 12 o'clock.

In the matter of the estate of John Balfe.

     In this case an absolute order had been made for the sale of certain lands in the county Roscommon on the petition of Mr. and Mrs. Connell, to raise the sum of 2,000l. claimed by Mr. Connell under her father's will, and under a power contained in a marriage settlement.
     Mr. Lloyd now came in on the part of two judgment creditors, to move that the order be rescinded. He agreed that according to the will of Mrs. Connell's father, in case she married without the consent of the trustees appointed, she was not entitled to the 2,000l., but only to a life interest in it; and she had married without them and as the limitation to the children was void, he submitted that she had no power to raise the 2,000l. or to sell the estate in question for the surplus. The object of his clients was to prevent a sale for the present, as they thought it would be more advantageous for the creditors to do so; and they were willing to pay the arrears of interest due to the petitioners.
     Messrs. Rollestone, Q.C., and Lawless opposed the motion on the part of the petitioners, and submitted at as the trustees had not come forward to disclaim the proceedings, it should be taken for granted that they concurred in it; at all events whether they concurred or not the petitioners had a right to have the estate sold to satisfy their claim.
     The court refused the motion with costs.
     Several other motions on the list were postponed till next court day.

In the matter of the Estate of Denis Bowes Daly, of Amien-street, in the city of Dublin, Esq.

     The property offered for sale in this matter consisted of the fee and inheritance of and in all that and those, the lands of Kilcooley and Poliny, situate in the barony of Leitrim, county Galway, consisting by survey, 217a 1r 1p of pasture, Irish plantation measure, equal to 351a 0r 10p statute measure; and 31s 2r 27p of bog, equal to 51s 1r 8p statute measure-yearly rent, 382 10s 5d; rent charge 10 1s.
     The lands of Kilcooley and Poliny are fee simple, and are subject to a lease for three lives still in being, made to Burton Persse, who now holds the rent of 380 10s 5d a year, together with the tithe rent charges, and a lease for three lives (two of whom are now living) made to Patrick Craughwell, at the rent of 2 yearly.
     The lands will be subject to an annuity of 100 for the life of Mrs. Hendria Daly, now aged about sixty-two years; to 18s 61/2d quit rent, and their proportion of poor rates.
     The lands are at present under grass, and their peculiar quality for fattening and finishing off sheep is too well known in the county to require any commendations.
     The following were the biddings: - 
     Mr. Robert Power 4090l.; Sir Patrick Nolan 4100; Mr. Power 4500l.; Mr. B.R. Persse 5000l.; Mr. Nolan 5100l.; Mr. Frederick Sutton 5200l.; Mr. Persse 5700l.; Mr. Power 6000l.; Mr. Persse 6100l.; Mr. John Graham 6200l.; Mr. Persse 6300l.; Mr. Sutton 6400l.; Mr. Persse 6500l.; Mrs. Nolan 6550l.; Mr. Persse 6600l.; Mr. Sutton 6650l.; Mr. Persse 6700l.; Mr. Sutton 6750l.; Mr. Persse 6800l.; Mr. Nolan 6850l.; Mr. Persse 6900l.; Mr. Nolan 7000l.; Mr. Sutton 7050l.; Mr. Nolan 7100l.; Mr. Sutton 7150l.; Mr. Nolan 7200l.; Mr. Sutton 7250l.; Mr. Nolan 7300l.; Mr. Power 7350l.; Mr. Nolan 7400l.; Mr. Sutton 7450l.
     No further advance having been made, Mr. Frederick Sutton was declared the purchaser in trust for Mr. James Smith, of Mason-brook, Loughrea, for the sum of 7450l.

INSOLVENT DEBTORS' COURT
In the matter of John Clancy

     This insolvent, a Lieutenant on full pay, in the 15th Hussars, was opposed on the part of Mr. Joseph Joel, a jeweller, and bill discounter. It appeared that, the insolvent, who had been about nine years in the army, owed 7,234 and there was nothing tangible for his creditors. He went to India in 1847 to join his regiment and returned last year. His commission was wor5th 1,190 and if sold, his regimental debts would have to be paid, amounting to about 1,000. His pay was 14 a month. When he went to India in 1847, he took out from this country five race horses, which had since been sold; they were taken out as a racing speculation. He had jewellery and money of Joel. He remembered two diamond rings Joel brought him, one of which he wanted for a lady. He took the rings and asked the lady to make her choice of one as a present, but she took the two and refused to return one as she liked them both so much (a laugh.) One of the rings was priced at forty, and the other at fifty guineas,  for neither of which had he paid Joel. He had no property for his creditors, and if he rejoined his regiment, he should be willing to set aside a portion of his pay, but if his commission was sold the money would be first, applied to pay his regimental debts.- Before he left India he had sent his papers to the commander-in-chief to sell out, but since his return to this country he had been allowed to withdraw them.
     The Chief Commissioner required some amendment to be made to the schedule, and the further hearing of the case was adjourned.

   


    

 

MISCELLANEOUS

-A cricket club was formed at Ballinasloe on Saturday, under the patronage of Lord Clancarty.
- Dr. West has resigned his situation in the Longford Infirmary.
- Two young women of the name of Ashe, sisters, were drowned on Friday near Lack, Dingle.
- Several bottle-nose whales have gone ashore at Glanders, county Kerry.
- There are four screw steamers now laid on between Waterford, Dublin, Belfast and London.
- Tuesday night a cow, the property of William Fisher, Esq., of Charleville, was cut across the throat with a knife on the lands of that gentleman.
- The Professors of the Queen's College, Galway, have contributed 25 toward the Packet Station there.
- The City Dublin Steam Packet Company have a fleet of 27 steamers exceeding 100 tons each, beside several smaller vessels, on the Upper Shannon.
- Wednesday last a man named John Coughlin, of Esker, near Banagher, died at the great age of 100 years.
- Three thousand crates of window glass were imported to Dublin last week, to reduce the market price of that article, which had risen enormously since the late hurricane.
- The Portadown Orangemen have dissolved their lodge, and agreed to burn their banners, conceiving themselves relieved from all obligation to the Crown and government.
- Mrs. Eliza Byrne, of Camden-street, Dublin, died on Monday of fright and exhaustion from what she saw and suffered at Whitefriars-st. chapel, on Sunday, when the lunatic attacked the officiating priests.
-The total number of petitions presented to the Commissioners for sale of Encumbered Estates, from the opening of the commission to the 3d May inst., was 668, and the number of sales to the 3d. inst. being 24. Aggregate amount of sales 70,085.
- The largest vessel ever built in Ireland will be launched this month, from the building yard of the Cork Steam Ship Company, on the Glanmire road. She is to be called the "Pelican" and is to be propelled by the screw. She is over 800 tons burden.
- Many Poor Law Boards of Guardians in many parts of Ireland have sown flax on part of the lands attached to the workhouse. Among others flax seed had been procured from Belfast for the Galway, Roscrea, Longford and Ennis unions, and the printed instructions of the society, for the management of the crop, had been sent to each.
- The South Dublin Union Guardians have passed a resolution "That Mr. Byrne, a member of this Board, having said of the Rev. Thomas Kingston, Protestant Chaplain, that if he could he would kick out of the house the Roman Catholic members of this board - that Mr. Byrne be required to adduce evidence of his assertion, in order, if proved, to ulterior proceedings."
- In the Galway division of Annadown, the Sub-Sheriff had cattle seized for rent due to Horace Rochford, Esq. by Captain Burke, and the day of sale was fixed on Saturday, when it was adjourned, and the stock sent to grass in Annadown. They were not there many minutes when the poor-rate collector had them re-seized, and advertised for 12 poor rates, due by Mr. Rochford, which sum the Sheriff had to pay.

     A Woodford correspondent states that awful deaths by starvation occurred on the 21st of April. The Widow M'Namara and her son, a boy of 15 years of age, both died of hunger, and having no friends to bury them, they were left for nine days in a miserable hut where they lived. They were paupers, and some people demanded a coffin for the relieving officer, which he refused, and in consequence they had to bury them in their old garments on the top of a hill, in the wild mountains of Derrigoolan, in the Portumna union, where there is a place marked out for burying such people as can get no coffins, and where members lie interred that died of destitution.--Limerick Reporter.

     REMITTANCES FROM AMERICA - We have been favoured says the Advocate, with a list of the persons to whom remittances have been sent from America within the last eighteen months in the parish of Ballinahill, county of Galway; and we find that from forty-eight persons no less a sum, than 686 has been transmitted to this country during that period, two-thirds of them also being labourers or servants. These remittances have been chiefly to the mothers and sisters of emigrants, and sometimes to their wives and families to bear the expense of outfit and passage to the New World.

INTERESTING TO EMIGRANTS

     The arrival of each American mail conduces more to stimulate the farming classes of this country to emigrate by the cheering accounts of prosperity and contentment, with numerous money orders from friends abroad, encouraging their relatives to quit their native country. A letter from a settler in Wisconsin, only 12  months out out, states - "I am exceedingly well pleased at coming to this land of plenty- on arrival I purchased 120 acres of land at 51 dollars an acre, there being 20 acres of it clear, and a beautiful home, with spring well, on the farm. Since then I cleared 30 acres more, and should God spare me life, in another 12 month I will have it all cleared. You must bear in mind that I purchased the land out and it is to me as mine an "estate for ever"- without a landlord, an agent, or tax gatherer to bother me. I would advise all my friends to quit Ireland- the country most dear to me- as long as they remain in it, they will be in bondage and misery. Here every man is his own master- what you labour for is sweetened by contentment and happiness- there is no failure in the potato crop, and you can grow Indian corn, and every crop you wish, without measuring the land during life! You need not mind feeding pigs, but let them into the woods and they will feed themselves until you want to make bacon of them. I shudder when  I think that starvation prevails to such an extent in poor Ireland. After supplying the entire population of America, there would still be as much corn and provisions left, as would supply the world, for there is no limit to cultivation, or end to land. Here the meanest labourer has beef and mutton, with bread, bacon, tea, coffee, sugar, and even pies, the whole year round- every day here is as good as Christmas day in Ireland.

     Mr. Meagher, M.P. for Waterford (father to Mr. Thomas F. Meagher) has received a letter from his son, in which he gives a description of how he is circumstanced, and his treatment, in his new penal home. His health was never better- his spirits good, and his general treatment is not to be faulted. He has, to a certain extent, his freedom- his "castle", or hut to live in- and his books to read. Many of these comforts have been denied to Smith O'Brien in consequence of his obstinacy, for which he himself is the sufferer.

LETTER FROM T.F. MEAGHER
Van Dieman's Land, 1st Dec. 1849

     After a very wearisome and somewhat stormy passage across the Indian Ocean, we sighted the extreme southern point of this island about one o'clock on Saturday, October 28th. The day was extremely beautiful, and this was all the more delightful to us, not alone that we had been sickened, for many days previous with wet and boisterous weather, and required a soft and sunny change to cheer us up, for that we were thereby afforded an opportunity of enjoying to the best advantage the charming, noble scenery which lines the shores of the bay, at the mouth of the river Durvant. I skip over six weeks' sailing from the Cape, for a very good reason indeed, for the best of all reasons- that I have nothing to say about it. Not a sail was seen the whole way across. I must not omit, however, to mention what occurred at the Cape on our arrival there. About eight o'clock in the evening on the 11th Sept., we cast anchor in Simmond's Bay, a fine, deep, spacious basin, lying somewhere near 20 miles from Cape Town, the capital of the colony, and the seat of government. In less than five minutes after we were boarded by a lieutenant, who came direct from the commodore in command of the station, bearing instructions of a very startling nature. These instructions forbade any one on board the "Swift" to land; forbade, in the next place, any communication between the "Swift" and the shore; and, finally, they conveyed the desire of the commodore that we should make sail, and be out of the harbour by 12 o'clock the next day. This was delightful intelligence, surely! considering that we had nothing but salt provisions on board. The captain, however, could see the commodore on board his ship, the "Castor;" and, as far as she was able, the latter would supply the "Swift" with fresh provisions. Next morning before sir, I was on deck, staring most inquisitively at the 30 or 40 houses which constituted the little town of Simmond's Bay. It is situated at the base of the long high table lands, which spring up almost abruptly on three sides of the Bay. Bleak, sterile heights they are; variegated in their entire extent with alternate patches of sand and brown grass, and having nothing in the least inviting about their look or nature. At this early hour, the water-tank- the hulk of an old Brazilian slaver, by the by- was moored alongside, and out of it a party of Marines from the "Castor" were pumping a supply of fresh water into the poor thirsty little "Swift." Then further on in the morning we had boats putting off from this benevolent old "Castor" loaded with joints of Cape beef, and eggs, and potatoes, and a head or two of sheep, and rolls of butter, and pints of milk, and loaves of bread. By and by, odd spars and timbers, and spare canvas, along with some pound of tobacco, and the requisite quantities of rum and Hollands, were stowed away on board, and by 12 o'clock we were standing out to sea with a stout breeze behind us, and a wild black sea sweeping down upon our bows. In a few hours we found ourselves companionless once more among the waters. And so continued, until as I have said, we sighted the extreme southern point of Van Dieman's Land upon Saturday, the 28th October. Yet a delightful compensation was afforded us by the scenery, through which, from Storm Bay, we glided up to Hobart Town. Bold cliffs, springing up fully eighty feet above the blue water, and bearing on them summits, the forest of the gum tree- a tree tall and beautiful, as the cedar of Lebanon, and, like the palm tree of the desert, throwing out the richest foliage from the capital of its bare, but stately shaft; a wide cleft next, from which, as from some delicious valley of our green isle, a farm house, with its garden in front and stout hay ricks behind, peeped out so quietly; by and bye a signal tower, with the red flag, waving above the tallest tree; then again a fishing boat, sparkling all over with the silver light that flashed from the spangled waters; and, after a little, Mount Wellington in all its glory! This is a noble mountain which rises to the height of 4,000 feet, immediately behind the town. Yet, all this while, twilight was effacing the bright colouring of the scene and blending rock and tree, the signal tower, the sky and mountain, into one deep mass of purple shadow. Night had set in when our anchor dropped. Captain Aldham shortly after went ashore and having returned in an hour or so, informed us we were not to be removed for a day or two. Next day we amused ourselves looking through the glasses, prying into gardens, streets, stores and buildings of every description - scanning, too, the features of soldiers, sailors and civilians and following to the uttermost point of observation, the horses, carriages and cabs, which turned out one street and then dashed up another, and flying past some open spaces disappeared at length, within a labyrinth of red bricks, or the foliage of the park. Hobart Town, you must know, boasts of such a resource, and a first rate one it is too.
     This day we had the Swift, I must say, all to ourselves; the officers, and towards evening, most of the men, being away through the town enjoying themselves every direction as well as they might, poor fellows! after the hard quarter's work they went through. During the day, several boats decked out in the gayest colouring and swept along with brick and flashing oars, playing round us in the most lively spirit; and as they neared the gang-way, or speeding by us crossed our stern, we saw many an inspiring glance thrown up towards the quarter deck, where the prisoners were supposed to be. Sometimes a hat was raised, a parasol thrown back and a handkerchief waved; at other times, despite the order of a marine on guard "to keep off" a little craft, more zealous and intrepid than the rest, pulled in close to the gangway, and a friendly voice bidding defiance to the bayonet which gleamed above, and the ball cartridge it betokened inquired "how the gentlemen were, and when they would come ashore." In all these incidents, slight and feeling as they were, we saw at once the evidence of a kindly feeling towards us; and somehow we felt as though a few warm whispers of the old Irish heart at home were floating through the air.  How were we wrong in this, for later still, we heard in its full broad tone, the true expression of that old, but faithful, and enduring heart. About 7 o'clock O'B and I were waling up and down the quarter deck together when a boat rowed by, a fine young lad, and having two women in it, stole quietly along side. The sentry, however, was wide awake, and was not long in bidding them "be off." "Ah! then, why would you be tellin' us to be off, sentry, my darlin', when you're the best of the country abroad?" The accent and the sentiment were not to be mistaken as O'B and I moved forward to have a nearer view of the visitors. The moment they saw us the eldest of th4e women- for one of them was rather old, and the other was both young and handsome- clapping the hands, with the pocket handkerchief between them, exclaimed, "Oh! you're welcome to us! though its a quare home you're coming to." Here the sentry conceived it his duty to be a degree or two more peremptory, and pitching his voice to a level with the conception ordered the boat to "be off" and "not to be a minute about it." Upon which our poor countrywoman renewed her welcome, and adding, "shure it was a hard case not to get a sight of the gentlemen at all," wished us good night.  Next morning, along with a number of other women, who had come for the officers linen, she was found on board. She had a long talk with- about Limerick and Clare, and the gentry on both sides of the Shannon from Tarbert to 
Doonas; for she knew them all well, "that she did. and why not when she was born, bred, and reared in Newmarket-on-Fergus, where she had seen many a bright May-day and many a harvest home, and cheerful Holy eve." To continue her story, her husband had been in the "troubles" some years ago, a Whiteboy, or something of that sort, and after he got his liberty, she came out to him, and brought "that slip of a boy we saw in the boat, and his sister beside him, long with her," all the way from the Cove of Cork, out here; but she heard it was a beautiful climate, and money in plenty and mutton for nothing. So they took a farm, but the bad times came - there are bad times here as well as at home, says she - and they had to come into town; and her husband was working for Mr. Somebody over the way, and she did a little in the mangling line; but that wouldn't have brought her here on deck if Mister O'Brien wasn't there for his country, and her starving poor- God help the crathurs!"
     So much for a morning visit; now for one in the evening. Between three and four o'clock in the afternoon, two gentlemen sent a message to the captain, upon which the sentry was directed to allow on board the assistant-comptroller of convicts and his clerk. The marine who had been specially assigned us during the voyage, informed us "The captain wished to see us in our saloon." Down we went, and, shutting the door, were, one by one, formally introduced, as an indispensable part of the lugubrious ceremony of transportation, to the assistant-comptroller of convicts, Mr. Wm. E. Nairn, who had received directions from his Excellency the Governor to communicate to us that he had received from the Secretary of State for the Home Department instructions to grant us "tickets of leave," provided that, in the first place, the captain under whose charge we were, reported favourably on our conduct during the voyage; and, in the second place, that, previous to our receiving the tickets of leave we pledged ourselves as men of honour, not t o make use of the limited freedom so conferred, to escape from the island. The captain having reported favourably, it now remained for him (Mr. Nairn) to receive the pledge. Having taken a few minutes to consider the proposition and conceiving the condition upon which we were to receive it to be fair and honourable, I determined upon keeping the ticket of leave. Mr. Nairn afterwards informed us, that each of us was to be assigned separate districts of the colony- no two being allowed to reside together, or within the same district even, that Campbelltown had been assigned to me, Hobarttown to O'Donohoe, and New Norfolk to M'Manus. Mr. O'Brien having declined to accept the ticket of leave, Maria Island was assigned to him.
     The next day several gentlemen came on-board to visit us; among them the Very Rev. Dr. Ball and the Rev. Mr. Duane, both Catholic Clergymen, the former Vicar-General of the diocese; the latter a missionary at Richmond. Their manner towards us was most warm and affectionate, and their offers of kind services unbounded.
     The following morning, at half-past three, the guard boat came alongside; for once in my life  I was up to time and ready to start. Having shaken hands with O'Brien, M'Manus and O'Donohoe, I went on deck. There I found the captain, the surgeon and two or three of the officers, waiting to wish me good by. This I looked upon as particularly kind of them. But it was "part and parcel" to us a very poor and awkward phrase- of the amiable, generous, gallant kindness we had experienced from them during the entire voyage. With the best manners of the educated gentleman, they combined the honest heart and genial spirit of a sailor. Our intercourses with them was slight indeed; owing, of course, to the instructions imposed by the Home office. But, for all that, not a day passed over without our receiving some new and gratifying proof that we were in the company of gentlemen, from whim, despite the duty they were performing, and the prejudices with which they must first have met us, we had won a sincere esteem, and I might say with perfect truth, the warmest and most anxious friendship. As for Captain Aldham, I am inclined to believe there could not have been a better man selected out of the navy list. It is not for me to speak of the skill, judgment, and discipline with which he conducted a voyage, so long, so arduous and wearying. Of such matter- of the qualifications of a sailor- it is not for me to speak knowing little of them. But if the amiable qualities of his heart, his gentle but dignified demeanour, his willingness to concede any little privilege we asked for, whenever his instructions conferred the power, or left it in his discretion to grant such; his pramptitude in attending to whatever representations were made, and the generous sincerity with which he had any inconvenience removed, or want supplied; of all this I can speak, for I have been made sensible of it, and, with the help of a good heart I trust, have learned to appreciate it to its full extent. From what I have just written, you will easily conceive the feeling with which I left the "Swift" on that day Wednesday morning, the 4th November. It is not too much to say, I left it within as deep a regret as if I had been an old messmate of the gun-room for many years. One circumstance, however, lightened my heart a bit as I took my seat in the  boat that was to bring me ashore. Two of the officers had permission to go up the country for a few days and they agreed to accompany me this morning.
     Five or six minutes brought me to the wharf, and five or six minutes more brought me to the coach, which was on the point of starting when I arrived. The morning had not yet dawned, and hence, all I saw of Hobart Town, in my rapid transit through it, was an oil lamp or two, the sentry box and a soldier at the gate of the Government House, the coach-office and an editor of a paper, who, like a right zealous servant of the public, was at his post to ascertain, the interesting particulars of my departure. I found my fellow travellers from the "Swift" already seated, behind the coachman, and a vacant corner for myself alongside them. Away then we dashed! As the morning advanced, the features of the country, gradually disclosed, became more and more distinct; and after a little we found ourselves travelling through a continuous scene of wood and hill, which required in many parts of all events, only a little water to render it enchanting. Water is the soul, the vitality of all scenery. This scantiness of water spoils the beauty of this island; renders it a tame and sleeping beauty. Nor can the scenic beauty of Van Dieman's Land afford to be thus so sadly spelled, in as much as the foliage and grass being of a rather dull brown hue, require considerable relief. Rough business it was too, for some miles of the road; or, where there is no road at all. Between Oatland and Ross, just half way from Hobart Town to Launceston, these being the two extreme points of the main road, a large plain occurs. It is called the "Salt Pass Plain," includes several thousand acres of grass land, and is chiefly used as a sheep walk. At three o'clock in the afternoon we pulled up at Mrs. Kean's hotel, Campbelltown, and here I parted with my friends of the "Swift," who went on to Launceston. After dinner, I strolled out to ascertain the features, the eyesores and beauties of the town. It consists of one large street in the first place; but this street has only one side to it-that is, only one row of houses; the other side, for the most part, being done up with several yards of wooden palling, a post-office, three cottages, and the Established Church. Having seen so much, I returned to the hotel, went to bed, and slept soundly until next morning. After breakfast, I took a seat upon the coach for Ross, a little village seven miles from Campbelltown, but within the district. Here I met _____, an Irish gentleman, who has since proved himself to be, in my regard, a sincere and warm friend. This visit satisfied me that Ross would be a preferable place to Campbelltown; it seemed to be much be much quieter, much more secluded, and I decided upon returning in a day or two, and there taking up my quarters, my friend having promised to look for a cottage, or part of one, for me. Accordingly, in a day or two, I returned and here I have remained. At present I am stopping at an hotel; but, towards the end of the week I expect to move to a pretty little cottage, a quarter of a mile from this, which I have engaged at a very moderate rent. I am in excellent health, and right good spirits. I spend four or five hours every morning and two or three hours every evening, with my books; during the interval take a gallop through the "bush" in search of a kangaroo; or stroll on foot along the banks of the Macquarie, on the qui vive for snakes - which reptiles, by-the-bye, are very numerous in this colony.

 

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 22, 1850

MISCELLANEOUS

     Mr. John Barton, of Fairford, last week killed a pure Cotswood sheep, which weighed 80 lbs per quarter, and produced 37 lbs of loose fat, the caul alone weighing 28 lbs.
     The ship Perseverance, of Westport, from Cork to Glasgow, with flour, is burnt to the water's edge at Warrenpoint.
     The Board of Works have allowed the Harbour Commissioners of Galway to subscribe 25l. to the trip of the "Viceroy" from that port to Halifax, and to remit the harbour dues on her.
     The site of the Roman Catholic Cathedral at Derry has cost 385l.
     On Monday, at York, Kate, daughter of John Griffin, Esq., of Tuam, was received into the Convent of Samauro? by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Briggs.
     Richard Barrett, clerk in the Cove Postoffice is committed on a charge of embezzling of ship letters.
     Mr. Talbot, of New Ross, has sown 250 acres with flax seed during the last month.
     The captain who took O'Gorman and his friends Doyle and O'Donnell on board at Kilrush, and conveyed them to Constantinople, in the autumn of 1848, is now at Passage, Cork. His name is Taylor and he is a native of Northumberland. On his return he told the story to the Collector of Customs in London, and he lost the command of the ship in which he then served.
     The Ballinasloe Guardians have taken the late barrack premises in that town for an auxiliary workhouse.
     The Ballinasloe Guardians intend to apply to the directors of the National bank for a loan of 2,000l. on the security of the rates, for the purpose of sending out emigrants from the workhouse to South Australia in the summer.
     Sir Joseph Burke is elected chairman of the new union of Glenmada, Galway, Richard D'Arcy Esq., vice-chairman and Mr. John D'Arcy clerk.
     Saturday was the anniversary of the death of Daniel O'Connell, at Genoa, in 1847.
     Mr. Cockburn presented to the House of Commons on Tuesday a petition from the Roman Catholics of the city of Kilkenny, who stated that the population of that place was 24,000, of which number 19,000 were Roman Catholics and the remainder Protestants. They stated, further, that there were in Kilkenny two Protestant churches, affording ample church accommodations for the Protestant portion of the population; whereas there was only church accommodation for four thousand of the Roman Catholic inhabitants. They stated that the cathedral Church of St. Conice seldom had a congregation of more than 200 persons, and they prayed that it might be given up to the Roman Catholics for whose spiritual wants it was most admirably adapted!!!
     Referring to the sales of the Portarlington and D'Arcy estates on Tuesday last, the Mail observes: "Land to the value of 54,000 was disposed of; and, we are bound to say, at prices that must, all things considered, be regarded as satisfactory. The biddings varied from eighteen to twenty-five years purchase, and in one or two instances rose to high at twenty-six. In every case the purchasers were Irishmen, and in some the names would seem to indicate that they were tenant farmers, the occupiers of the lot."
     The Society of Friends Lugger, Vivid, has returned to Galway from the Fishng Cauks, after a stay of six weeks, with seven ling and eight cod fish and a cost of about 50!!
     Three Danish vessels are discharging Indian corn in Galway. Great progress is made in removing the rocky Bar at the entrance of the new dock. Divers are daily at work, blasting under water.
     A gang of fellows is lodged in Kilrush gaol for cutting off the hair of cattle in that district.
     The corporation of Waterford have passed a resolution to encourage the culture of flax on their estates.
     At the instance of John Bolton Massey, Esq., the Kilmallock guardians have resolved to send 1,000 able bodied paupers to America.
     The house of Mr. Allen, master of the Society of Friends school, Upper Newtown, Waterford, was entered on Wednesday night by robbers, who stole the plate and other articles.

DIED

     On the 13th inst., at her residence, Union-street, Sligo, Anne, the beloved wife of James Davison, Esq.
     We have to record the death, by drowning, of a son of Mr. John Bodkin Joynt, officer on board the "Drumahair", emigrant vessel of Sligo, and eldest son of Robert Joynt, Esq., Tide Surveyor of Her Majesty's Customs at the port of Belfast. Mr. Joynt was swept from on board during a storm encountered by the vessel on her last trip to New York. He was in his 25th year and beloved and esteemed by all who knew him. We deeply sympathize with his bereaved parents and family in the heavy and hard-to-be-borne affliction which they have sustained by the loss of a good, estimable son.
     In Dublin, on Tuesday last, of consumption, Mary, only daughter of the late St. Clair O'Malley, Esq., at the early age of 18. The deceased was a young lady of much amiability and attraction.- She is deeply deplored by an afflicted mother and a large circle of friends. Her remains were removed on yesterday to Murrisk Abbey, the family cemetery.

     WHOLESALE ROBBERY - Wednesday night last, sixteen cows and a bull, the property of Mr. Thomas B. Givins, were stolen off the lands of Rathmile, within three miles of Tipperary. The person who perpetrated this offense is, it seems more than suspected. We, however, refrain from certain reasons, publishing his name. There is a reward of 43l. 10s. offered for positive evidence against him.--Clonmel Chronicle

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 29, 1850

THE CONSTABULARY

     It affords us much pleasure to have to state that Willoughby G. Fox, Esq., the very efficient officer in charge of the police force in this district, has been raised to the rank of Second Class Sub-Inspector.

ACCIDENT

     On Monday last in this town a dispute arose between two men, Pat Naughton and Pat Melody, about some land, but after having been separated by the police Naughton made  charge against Melody, when a crowd of the market people rushed forward to witness the scene, and in doing so knocked down an unfortunate man named Thornton, who coming in contact with a stone had his thigh bone broken. Naughton was arrested and obliged to find bail for his appearance at the next sessions.

OUTRAGES

     On the night of Saturday last a fine sheep the property of the Rev. Joseph Verschoyle, was maliciously killed in a field adjoining the Glebe house, and the carcass removed with the exception of the head, fleece and feet.
     Several robberies have been lately effected in and about this town, notwithstanding the vigilance of the constabulary who are keeping up a constant nightly patrol, but they are closely watched by the accomplices of the many idle and plundering persons of all ages both male and female who are for ever prowling about the streets, so that it is impossible to entirely prevent outrages and robberies, there are so many engaged in them. Private individuals must keep a better look out for the protection of their property, for which there is now double cause, all the paupers from the rural districts being let loose upon the town by the country poor-law guardians.

BALLINA UNION
A Return of Defaulting Rate-payers owing 5l. and upwards in the following Collection Districts for Rate made 11th Dec. 1849, with names of defaulters, residence, amount due, observations.

NEW RATE

     No. 1 District- Electoral Divisions of Ardagh, Ballina, Carrowmore,  Mount Falcon, Sraheen.
     ROBERT McANDREW, Collector.

Capt. Atkinson, Rehins (under the courts)...66.5.4
Capt. Atkinson, do, (occupier)...18.1.3
Thomas Paget, Knockglass...32.0.0
John Orme...15.0.2
Colonel Knox, Castle Lacken...25.6.84
Wm. Gardiner...10.14.0
James Anderson (dead)...10.2.10
John F. Knox, Mount Falcon...18.8.1 1/4
A.P. Stewart...11.14.10
Henry W. Knox, Nelly...13.11.8
Mrs. Jackson, Carramore...8.18.7
Owen Cannon & Co...12.7.9
James V. Jackson...6.6.4
George Rogers...7.19.4 1/2
Robert Moore, Ballina...6.9.0
John Hendry, (dead)...6.9.6
Oliver C. Jackson...6.7.0
Mangan and Reily...5.10.6
Representatives of H. Kerins...6.5.45
                         Total.....284.18.10

     No. 2 District- Electoral Divisions of Crossmolina North, Crossmolina South, Deel, Derry, Bunnaveels and Letterbrick.
     HENRY CHARLTON, Collector.

Wm. Knox Orme...18.8.4 1/2
Francis Knox Orme, Glenmore...17.0.4
Wm. Orme, Owenmore...12.11.1
Minors Ormsby...11.13.9 1/2
Mrs. Atkinson, Sallymount...10.16.11
John Walsh, Castlehill...14.2.11
Charles & B. Coyne, Heath Lodge, Erris...18.4.10
Charles O'Donnell, Ross...13.9.2
Minors Pugh...10.15.6 1/2
Manus L. O'Donel, Castlebar...8.1.1
Doctor M'Nair, Crossmolina...5.2.8
Thomas M'Nulty, do...6.7.6
Wm. Corcoran, do. 5.17.10
Robert Kirkwood, do. 11.15.0
Sir Roger Palmer, Dublin...29.6.8
Walter Bourke...15.12.4 1/2
Thomas Bourke, Carrowkeel...5.6.3
Hugh Galt, Ballyscanlon...7.8.9
John Nolan, Crossmolina...8.5.4
Pat Fergus, Curcullen...8.17.4
Wm. Joynt, Crossmolina...5.6.1
Thomas Paget, Knockglass...5.3.10 1/2
                         Total.....318.9.1

     No. 3 District - Electoral Divisions of Ballisokeery, Fortland and Rathoma.
     PALMER KIRKWOOD, Collector.

Captain Knox and Henry W. Knox, J.H. Jackson
               , receiver... 59.10.0
Sir R. Palmer, Kenure Park...10.1.7
Richard C. Green, Rosserk...37.18.7
Proprietors of the Moy Fishery...55.6.9 1/2
Captain Richard Knox...27.1.2
Thomas Waldron, Ferragh...10.13.1 1/2
                      Total...200.11.3

     No. 4 District- Electoral Division of Attymass East, Attymass West, Kilgarven and Sallymount.
     JOHN IRWIN, Collector.

Thaddeus O'Dowd, Bunnyconlon...63.10.4
Mrs. Atkinson, Ellaghbeg...9.19.3
George H. Moore, M.P., Moorshall...28.12.0
P.C. Howley, R.M., Duckspool, Dungarvan...17.3.3
Mrs. Curtis, Dublin...8.14.5
Colonel Browne, Browne Hall...5.15.0
Edward Jones, Dublin...10.8.3
Mrs. Lyndsey, Do...6.19.8
Immediate Lessor for Carrowkerbly...18.12.4
William Orme, Owenmore...16.5.3
                      Total.....185.19.9 1/2

     No. 5 District- Electoral Division of Ardnaree North and Ardnaree South
     G.S. FENTON, Collector.

Mrs. Custis, Dublin...11.18.6 1/2
James and John Browne, Castleconnor...22.6.7
Representatives of Wm. Ormsby...51.10.11
Patrick Culkin...6.5.11
Thomas Howley...8.19.8
Robert Jones, Fortland...43.6.1 1/2
Representatives of Charles Atkinson...7.9.2 1/2
Minor Smith...11.4.8 1/2
George Smith...7.5.11
Arthur Ormsby...8.3.11
Robert Jones, Ballina...5.1.10
                       Total.....183.13.4
                 Gross Total of the 5 Districts.....1173.12.3
                         P. McNULTY, Clerk of the Union

EMIGRATION

     The annual report of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners will surprise those who have paid little attention to the growing spirit of emigration which has marked the few last years. The total emigration of the last year from the United Kingdom amounted to 299,498 persons. This number is far in excess of the emigration of any pervious year. But if we confine our view to the Irish emigration, the proportion is still more remarkable.- The number of emigrants from Ireland during the last three years has been 601,448, giving an average 200,482 a year. And in this estimate the Irish emigrants shipped from the Clyde, no inconsiderable number, are not included. The whole amount expended on emigration in 1849, exclusive of cabin passengers, was 1,748,500, and of this sum only 228,300 was paid out of public funds. The large emigration cannot be said to be the result of bounties upon emigrating. In England and Scotland the emigration is not in excess. The proportion of males to females among the emigrants appears to be nearly equal as could be wished or expected. Among 284,770 steerage passengers who emigrated in 1849, there were 156,108 males and 128,602 females. Of the 299,498 who emigrated in 1849, no less than 219,450 proceeded to the United States, leaving only 80,048 emigrants to the whole of the British colonies. The change of destination has been most remarkable in the last two years in which, of 480,116 persons who emigrated to North America, there went 72,432 to the British colonies, and to the United States 407,683.

MISCELLANEOUS

- Codd and Brennan is the Dublin corn firm which has failed for 25,000l.
- Mr. Reid, rope-maker, Thomas-street, has got 700l. damages  from four days' trial against the Patriotic Insurance Company, for the fire of his premises. Mr. Flynn, the actuary, is the most prosperous of the company, and received 250 guineas from the Drogheda railway for writing nine letters.
- John W. Leyden, Esq., formerly of Kilrush, is appointed Magistrate and Puisne Judge at Jamaica.
- The Rev. Samuel M'Cutcheon of Longford is chosen Moderator of the Dublin Presbyterian Synod.
- Mortality and emigration have so reduced the number of Priests in the diocese of Limerick that the Right Rev. Dr. Ryan has not a clergyman to fill the vacant curacy at Bruff.
- The eldest son of Francis Stephen Dillon, who enlisted as a private and went with his regiment to North America, is said to be the next heir to the Earldom of Roscommon.
- The present great depression in the Irish butter trade is caused by the very7 low samples of good bread to be had in the market. Of 1,390 firkins brought up at Cork weighhouse on Thursday, only seventeen were found worthy of first quality mark!
- Joseph W. Lindsay, Esq., Janesville, is appointed a magistrate of the county Cork.
- A fracas which unfortunately ended in the loss of one life, took place Tuesday evening at Grannagh, Knock, county Kilkenny, between two cousins named Walsh, about that fertile contention- land.
- On Wednesday 240 paupers, left the Baltinglass workhouse, Wicklow, en route for America. Among them was a man who for the greater part of his life enjoyed an income of 300 a year.

THE EARLDOM OF ROSCOMMON

     Head Constable Patrick H. Dillon, at present stationed here, is a claimant to the title of Earl of Roscommon, his father, Henry Dillon, deceased, having been a cousin in the male line and nephew in the female line to Patrick Dillon, the former Earl.

PLUNDER OF MEAL

     At two carts laden with Indian meal, belonging to Messrs. Hugh Gallagher & Co., were proceeding last week to the Belmullet Workhouse they were attacked by several men and six bags of meal forcibly taken away. The carmen then hurried on to the police station, about a mile and a half distant, where they reported the circumstances, and a party of the police having gone with them to the neighbourhood of the outrage, nine men were arrested in the act of cooking part of the plundered meal.

RETIREMENT OF COLONEL JACKSON OF THE CARBINEERS.

     Colonel Jackson, commanding the Carbineers in the Limerick district, has retired upon half-pay, after 44 years service. The gallant veteran entered the Army 9th Oct., 1806 and purchased his troop, Majority and Lieut.- Colonecy. Major Hay, also an old officer, has purchased the Lieut.-Colonecy, after 42 years service. Colonel Jackson served in the Peninsula, from April, 1809, to the end of the war in 1814, including the battles of Oporto, Talavera, d'Onor, first siege of Badajoz, action at El Bodon, siege and capture of Ciudad Rodrigo, siege and capture of Badajoz, battles of Salamanca, Vittoria, Maya Pass, Pampeluna, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Bayonne. Present at Waterloo, and with the army of occupation in France. Served in India and Arabia from 1819 to 1826, including the battle of Beni-Boo All, as military secretary to Sir Lionel Smith, and for which service, he was recommended by the Marquis of Hastings for the rank of Lieut.-Colonel. He has received the War Medal, with six clasps for Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle and Nive.

     Colonel Sir Duncan M'Gregor, Inspector General of Constabulary, has awarded one chevron each to Sub-Constables Wm. Corbett and Robert Hilton, of Six-Mile-Bridge station, for their determined conduct in arresting Tomas and Wm. Carroll, men of notorious character, on the 20th ult., and who assaulted and inflicted injuries on the police at the time. His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant has also expressed his appreciation of the conduct of the Sub Constables.

     A Roman Catholic Priest, connected with the county of Limerick, and who is good authority upon the subject, stated in this city on Wednesday that at least one-half the Roman Catholic population had diminished in Ireland within the last six years, while the Protestants have increased in number.-- Limerick Chronicle.

 

     DARING ATTEMPT AT ASSASSINATION - On Tuesday last, as Joseph Barry, nephew to the late Rev. Mr. Downes, was building a fence of his at Newtown, a fellow walked unobserved into the field, coolly presented a pistol and deliberately fired at him. The shot providentially missed Barry, who became so alarmed from the report that he fell on his face and hands on a stone wall by which he was cut and slightly injured. The ruffian made off, believing, from having seen his intended victim fall, that he had accomplished his murderous object.-- Nenagh Guardian.

DREADFUL OCCURRENCE

     An awful occurrence took place in this town about half-past four o'clock this (Saturday) morning, terminating in the deaths of seven human beings who were speedily hurried into the presence of their Maker, without note or preparation. A fire broke out in the shop of Mr. James Kelvin, Main-street, early in the morning, but was not discovered until about four o'clock a.m. when Mr. Kelvin was disturbed by the smell of smoke and  burning wood, and upon awakening his wife, they both proceeded toward the shop to ascertain the cause, and upon opening the door communicating between the house and shop an immense volume of flame and smoke issued out, showing that the shop was on fire. Mrs. Kelvin hurried up to the top room where her children slept for the purpose of devising means for their preservation, but the shop, which was their only egress, being on fire, prevented any thought being turned in that direction, whilst the banisters and stairs being now on fire cut off all chance of flight in that quarter. Mr. Kelvin then entered into the front room, over the shop, and raising  the window called for help, but the flames advancing behind him hemmed him in and prevented any return into the body of the house, upon which he escaped through the window and was caught by the people, who broke the fall. The unhappy mother was discovered surrounded by her shrieking children in the upper window; the lower part of which was secured by three stout iron bars which prevented their escape as well and rendered it impossible that help could be given them; ladders were placed to the several windows and one courageous fellow, whose name is Slattery, dashed up the ladder through the flames, to the top window, where the poor victims were, but, in consequence the bars, could afford no help and the flames threatening to burn the ladder, he had to return. Others attempted the same task but failed , in consequence the flames which were playing around and through the rungs of the ladder; after the lapse of a few minutes the family were seen to retire from the window and from that time all is conjecture; it is thought that the blaze which extended from the shop front to the top window drove them from the place of refuge and the thick smoke inside soon suffocated them. An opening was forced through the partition which divided the house of Mr. Skehan and upon entering the room seven dead bodies were discovered in the room in different positions and aspects; some were clothed and found stretched on the floor where they had fallen when overtaken by death, others were only half clad, whist the poor children had merely their night dresses on them. Amongst the victims were Mrs. Kelvin and her three children, Maryanne M'Gawly, the young woman who attended the shop, and two servants; there were scarce any marks of burn on them -none certainly sufficient to cause death; and we see no reason to doubt that they were suffocated by smoke and met their deaths in consequence.--Clonmel Chronicle.

 


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