Ireland Old News
Wednesday, May 1, 1850
CITY POLICE COURT
THE FAIRIES - At the city
Limerick Police court on Thursday, a lad named Cornelius Hennessey,
arrested as a vagrant, told the presiding Magistrate he had been for
some time with the fairies!
Cornelius O'Donnell and Wm. Craven were sentenced to 21 days' imprisonment and to be whipped, for stealing lead; Partrick Gleeson and Patrick Downy, for stealing hay, like rule.---Limerick Chronicle.
On Thursday last, at Westport House, the Marchioness of Sligo of a
daughter. Her Majesty and infant are progressing favourably.
On Thursday last, by license, at the Cathedral Church, Killala, by the Very Rev. the Dean Mr. John Simms, Master of Killala School, to Miss E. Ford, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Edward Ford, Land Surveyor.
On Friday morning last, at Webster-place, Dublin, Anne, the beloved and
affectionate wife of Adam Campbell, Esq. The deceased is much regretted
by a numerous circle of friends and relatives.
OF INCUMBERED ESTATE
NOTICE TO CLAIMANTS AND
In the Matter of the
Estate, }WHEREAS, by
The car which Mr. Bianconi placed on the road between Ballina and Mullingar, and which is now principally supported by passengers from this town, has lately become a bye-car to that a short time since put on the road between Castlebar and Swinford, the Castlebar car running the entire way to Mullingar, while the passengers from here are obliged to undergo the inconveniences of a change at Swinford. - We cannot think of dictating to Mr. Bianconi, who is the best judge of his own affairs, but it appears strange to us that this gentleman, who has effected such an improvement in travelling in Ireland, and has at all times shown so great a disposition to meet the wishes of the people when his cars are running, should make the alteration of which we complain without any appearance of reason. The car was first started from this town to Loughrea and Mullingar, and the proprietor found it advantageous to continue it. A year or two afterwards he placed a car between Swinford and Castlebar to meet the car from this town, but now a change is made and the car from Ballina has become a mere auxiliary to the other. Travellers from here claim the continuance of the same car all the [sentence blotted by ink]...We are confident that it is only necessary to direct Mr. Bianconi's attention to this subject to secure an equitable arrangement.
FEVER HOSPITAL REPORT
in hospital on previous Saturday...................... 149
STATE OF WORKHOUSE
in Workhouse as per last return..................... 1230
POOR LAW ECONOMY
consisting of Mr. Jones, Mr. Paget, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. Wills, Mr. Beaty,
and Mr. Gallagher, was appointed at the meeting of the Guardians of this
Union on Saturday to take into consideration the reduction of the salary
of the Workhouse and Fever Hospital staff. Some members of the committee
met on Monday, but a sufficient number not being present, they adjourned
to a future day. This committee has an important duty to perform, but we
are confident that it will be faithfully and efficiently fulfilled, a
due regard being had to economizing the funds of the union, and at the
same time to the amount of business to be gone through by each officer,
remembering that too great a clipping off frequently proves the opposite
There are 520 prisoners in
Tralee gaol, three times more that it was built to accommodate.
EXECUTION OF THE CONVICT MURPHY - At one o'clock this day the execution of the unfortunate man, William Murphy, convicted at the last assizes of murder, took place in front of the county jail. As usual on the occasion of such edifying spectacles, immense crowds of people thronged the roads near the jail. The Sub-Sheriff, Mr. Johnson, and a number of the police, with a body of the hussars and infantry, were in attendance. The unfortunate convict, when brought out and pinioned, appeared quite firm, although weak from sickness and walked with perfect steadiness. He was attended to the drop by the Very Rev. Thomas Barry, the Rev. J. O'Brien, Rev. J. Begley and Rev. Thomas Walsh, and the culprit appeared to listen to the prayers with the most profound attention. He made a declaration in Irish, which was interpreted by the Very Rev. Thomas Barry, amounting to a full confession of the murder, and expression of the deepest penitence. The rev. gentleman remained by the prisoner until after he had been placed on the drop and the cap adjusted. Scarcely a moment then intervened before the drop fell, and after a few short struggles the unhappy criminal ceased to live. After the usual time had elapsed the body was cut down.--Cork Examiner.
SUICIDE OF TWO SOLDIERS - A tragedy of a most revolting nature took place in the military barracks of this town on Monday evening last, the particulars of which are as follows: - A private soldier of the 74th Highlanders, stationed here, named William Williams, a native of the county of Sligo, while labouring under a bit of temporary insanity, put a period to his existence by shooting himself through the head, the ball going in at the temple and passed quite through the skull and out the other side. The horror of this occurrence had scarce subsided, when on the following morning, about a quarter past seven o'clock, whilst the men were on parade, a repetition of the same dreadful deed took place, the unfortunate suicide in this instance being another private of the same regiment, a Scotchman, named Durcan Lovejoy, made a tailor, who also drove a musket ball through his skull, entering one side and passing out the other. Two such melancholy occurrences taking place in the same regiment, in space of a few hours, is, we believe, without parallel; and what makes the matter strange is the fact that the two unfortunate men had no acquaintance with each other. We understand that one of them was a man particularly characterised for sobriety, good conduct and military discipline.--Clonmel Chronicle.
A BOY CONSUMED IN A LIME KILN - Last week an inquest was held near Thomastown, by T. Izod, Esq., coroner, on a few burned bones, all that remained of the body of a young lad, twelve years old, named John Ryan, who it appeared, came by his death under the following horrible circumstances: - Some little boys were roasting potatoes on Mrs. Ryan's lime kiln in Newtown, near Thomastown. As it was intended to "let the kiln out" no fresh layers of lime stone had been put on, and the lime was about two feet from the top of the kiln. The boys were afraid to venture on the kiln to get their potatoes, when John Ryan, who was in the habit of throwing a large stone one the centre of the kiln, and sitting on it, volunteered to get them for them. He threw in a large flag which remained on the centre of the kiln, and then jumped on the flag. Immediately the flag and he were swallowed up in the burning lime which closed on him-no part, but one hand, as the children stated, remaining above the lime. The workmen, alarmed by the children's cries, ran up and saw a cloud of dark smoke accompanied by a most intolerable stench continuing to issue from the kiln for more than half an hour; and when all the lime was drawn from the kiln, about a handful of bones, principally ribs and one heel bone, was all that remained of the little sufferer. By the heel bone, Dr. Stirling, who examined on the inquest, identified the remains to be those of a young person. A verdict of "Accidental death" was returned.-- Kilkenny Moderator.
DISTRESSING OCCURRENCE IN CONNECTION WITH THE LOSS OF THE ROYAL ADELAIDE - One of the unfortunate victims in the wreck of the above-named steamer was a poor man named Canavan, who had been a servant in a gentleman's family, near Passage; his loss was rendered still more bitter to his unfortunate family from the circumstances which caused him to be in the vessel on the night she was lost. An officer who belonged to a regiment lately ordered off from this, having seen this poor man's daughter, who was a very pretty looking girl, set about his base purposes with regard to her, and eventually persuaded her to go off with him. The poor father, immediately on hearing she had left where he had placed her in Cork, understanding where she went, set off in pursuit of her, and lost his life in endeavouring to save her. Thus the conduct of a gentleman has plunged a poor family in ruin and disgrace. It is mournful to think on the fate of the unhappy girl herself.--Cork Examiner.
Wednesday, May 8, 1850
There were 200 cork life savers
on board the lost "Adelaide" steam ship.
The subject of our memoir is the eldest son of Wm. Keogh, Clerk of the
Crown, for the county and city of Kilkenny, by the only daughter of the
late Austin Ffrench, Esq. of Galway. The family is one of the most ancient
in the county Roscommon, and has for several generations held property in
the neighbourhood of Athlone, where Mr. Keogh was also known as one of the
most distinguished members of the western circuit. He was born at Galway,
in 1817; was educated at the school of the Reverend Thomas Huddart, the
largest in Dublin at that time, and the most celebrated for the
scholarship of pupils. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, in October
1832, being then but fourteen years of age, and obtained, after a severe
examination in classics, the fourth place out of 175 candidates, being the
largest entrance ever known at the University. The next day he was awarded
the Hebrew prize, and throughout his whole college career, was one of the
most distinguished students of his class.
| In Cork there were 50
drunkards committed to bridewell on Saturday night, and 31 on Sunday
night, besides 29 charged with robbery, vagrancy and rioting, making a
total of 116 within 36 hours.
Captain Dyas, stipendiary magistrate, died at Ballymena on Saturday last. He served throughout the Peninsula and with the 51st at Waterloo.
Constable Odium and party, of the Cregbrien station, arrested Michl. Cleary, charged with the murder of Michael Cleary, of Crossderry on the 18th of September.
The Great Midland and Western Railway Company have subscribed £500 for a steam-packet to make experimental trips between Halifax and Galway. It was resolved to engage the Viceroy, which recently made the passage from Dublin to Glasgow in fourteen hours and twelve minutes. The Viceroy, Captain Ewing, is announced to sail from Galway, the 1st of June, for Halifax direct.
On Thursday last Sir John M'Neil was elected junior Warden, of the grand lodge of Freemasons in Ireland, in room of R. Cooper, Esq., deceased. There were 130 of the craft present at their rooms in Dublin.
Richard Kinealy, caretaker, was murdered at Lismatigue, Kilkenny, on Monday, while in charge of an evicted farm.
According to a return recently made, the total number of gallons of proof spirit distilled during the year ending January 5, 1850, was - in Ireland, 8,355,038 gallons.
There remains little doubt that the loss of the Royal Adelaide steamer was occasioned by the bursting of the boilers and blowing up of the vessel.
Mr. H. Hill's Pitsford won the two thousand guinea stakes at Newmarket on Tuesday, beating Lord B. Lennox's Beehunter, the favourite, by a neck.
The Cushla Machree, emigrant vessel or New York, belonging to Evans and Son, of an from Galway, on the 30th of March, when 1600 miles from Cape Clear, was struck by a heavy sea, and thrown on her beam ends, when the three masts were cut away, and other measures taken to keep the ship afloat. They hoisted signals of distress and the Infants, Captain Purdy of New York, stood to, and ultimately 159 of the passengers and crew were taken on the Infants, and arrived in Liverpool. All the passengers, with the exception of a family of eight, in the cabin, were destitute.- The poor creatures were all from the neighbourhoods of Galway, and were conveyed to the Liverpool workhouse for relief.
Two farmers residing near Roscrea, were served with threatening notices on Thursday night, cautioning them on pain of death to have nothing to do with the land in which Michael Moran sold his interest - the party then broke several panes of glass in the dwelling houses and fired shot through the bedroom window.
April 29, at Pembroke-place,
Dublin, Lady Kilmaine, of a son.
May 1, in Lurgan Church, the Rev.
Robert Sewell, Methodist minister of Cork, to Jane, eldest daughter of the
Rev. Wm. Herbert of Lurgan.
In Castlebar, on Friday last, after a short illness, John Symes, Esq., of this town, aged 54 years. The deceased gentleman had been in that town on the Earl of Arran's business, and died at hte residence of his friend Charles Malley, Esq.
DEATH OF JOHN SYMES, ESQ.
It has not fallen to our lot
since we entered on our present career to record a more melancholy event
than the death of John Symes, Esq., which appears in our obituary of this
We regret to communicate the death of the Right Rev. Lord Robert Ponsonby Tottenham Loftus, Lord Bishop of Clogher, which took place on Sunday last. His lordship was in his 77th year and 47th of his Episcopate. The diocese of Clogher is the last which has been abolished by the Church Temperalities Act. Its reserves, which amount to £12,000 per year, go to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and the diocese will extend from Ballyshannon on the West coast, across to the neighbourhood of Newry, and down to Drogheda, embracing the counties of Fermanagh, Tyrone, Armagh, Monaghan and Louth. There are 45 benefices in the diocese of Clogher, including perpetual curacies.- Lord Tottenham was created Bishop of Killaloe in 1804, Ferns in 1820, Clogher, 1822. He was uncle to the Marquis of Eli, and brother-in-law to Lord Hawarden.
Wednesday, May 15, 1850
Numbers of the more independent of the farming class and of our artisans are daily seen wending their way alongside a baggage cart in the seaport from whence the emigrant ship is about to sail, leaving their homesteads and their friends, to seek in a foreign clime that which they despaired of finding in their native land. These are the class of people we want at home. They possess industry and capital, which we can badly spare, and they leave behind them the idle and indigent. Their departure is not alone the withdrawal of the resources of a country's stronghold, but is the infliction of a positive evil upon those who remain and have to endure the burden of the poor rates. We do not now allude to the landlords, through they must suffer from the loss of a good tenant, and the payment of rates for waste lands, but to the rate-payer generally. It is a well known fact that the small comfortable farmers so assist hundreds of poor family connections in some way or other that they are not forced by object poverty to seek workhouse relief. When those are gone their dependents have none to look to but the Relieving Officers. However, how much this or any other injury a country must sustain by the emigration of the most valued of its inhabitants may be regretted, no remedy remains for the evil but a legislation that will afford the inducements sufficient to counter balance those which now draw them off to a foreign land.
ENCUMBERED ESTATES COMMISSION
Dr. Longfield and Mr. Hargrave took their seats on the bench shortly after 12 o'clock.
In the matter of the estate of John Balfe.
In this case an absolute order had been made for the sale of certain lands
in the county Roscommon on the petition of Mr. and Mrs. Connell, to raise
the sum of 2,000l. claimed by Mr. Connell under her father's will, and
under a power contained in a marriage settlement.
In the matter of the Estate of Denis Bowes Daly, of Amien-street, in the city of Dublin, Esq.
The property offered for sale in this matter consisted of the fee and
inheritance of and in all that and those, the lands of Kilcooley and
Poliny, situate in the barony of Leitrim, county Galway, consisting by
survey, 217a 1r 1p of pasture, Irish plantation measure, equal to 351a 0r
10p statute measure; and 31s 2r 27p of bog, equal to 51s 1r 8p statute
measure-yearly rent, £382 10s 5d; rent charge £10 1s.
insolvent, a Lieutenant on full pay, in the 15th Hussars, was opposed on
the part of Mr. Joseph Joel, a jeweller, and bill discounter. It appeared
that, the insolvent, who had been about nine years in the army, owed
£7,234 and there was nothing tangible for his creditors. He went to India
in 1847 to join his regiment and returned last year. His commission was
wor5th £1,190 and if sold, his regimental debts would have to be paid,
amounting to about £1,000. His pay was £14 a month. When he went to
India in 1847, he took out from this country five race horses, which had
since been sold; they were taken out as a racing speculation. He had
jewellery and money of Joel. He remembered two diamond rings Joel brought
him, one of which he wanted for a lady. He took the rings and asked the
lady to make her choice of one as a present, but she took the two and
refused to return one as she liked them both so much (a laugh.) One of the
rings was priced at forty, and the other at fifty guineas, for
neither of which had he paid Joel. He had no property for his creditors,
and if he rejoined his regiment, he should be willing to set aside a
portion of his pay, but if his commission was sold the money would be
first, applied to pay his regimental debts.- Before he left India he had
sent his papers to the commander-in-chief to sell out, but since his
return to this country he had been allowed to withdraw them.
-A cricket club was formed at Ballinasloe on Saturday, under
the patronage of Lord Clancarty.
A Woodford correspondent states that awful deaths by starvation occurred on the 21st of April. The Widow M'Namara and her son, a boy of 15 years of age, both died of hunger, and having no friends to bury them, they were left for nine days in a miserable hut where they lived. They were paupers, and some people demanded a coffin for the relieving officer, which he refused, and in consequence they had to bury them in their old garments on the top of a hill, in the wild mountains of Derrigoolan, in the Portumna union, where there is a place marked out for burying such people as can get no coffins, and where members lie interred that died of destitution.--Limerick Reporter.
REMITTANCES FROM AMERICA - We have been favoured says the Advocate, with a list of the persons to whom remittances have been sent from America within the last eighteen months in the parish of Ballinahill, county of Galway; and we find that from forty-eight persons no less a sum, than £686 has been transmitted to this country during that period, two-thirds of them also being labourers or servants. These remittances have been chiefly to the mothers and sisters of emigrants, and sometimes to their wives and families to bear the expense of outfit and passage to the New World.
INTERESTING TO EMIGRANTS
The arrival of each American mail conduces more to stimulate the farming classes of this country to emigrate by the cheering accounts of prosperity and contentment, with numerous money orders from friends abroad, encouraging their relatives to quit their native country. A letter from a settler in Wisconsin, only 12 months out out, states - "I am exceedingly well pleased at coming to this land of plenty- on arrival I purchased 120 acres of land at 51 dollars an acre, there being 20 acres of it clear, and a beautiful home, with spring well, on the farm. Since then I cleared 30 acres more, and should God spare me life, in another 12 month I will have it all cleared. You must bear in mind that I purchased the land out and it is to me as mine an "estate for ever"- without a landlord, an agent, or tax gatherer to bother me. I would advise all my friends to quit Ireland- the country most dear to me- as long as they remain in it, they will be in bondage and misery. Here every man is his own master- what you labour for is sweetened by contentment and happiness- there is no failure in the potato crop, and you can grow Indian corn, and every crop you wish, without measuring the land during life! You need not mind feeding pigs, but let them into the woods and they will feed themselves until you want to make bacon of them. I shudder when I think that starvation prevails to such an extent in poor Ireland. After supplying the entire population of America, there would still be as much corn and provisions left, as would supply the world, for there is no limit to cultivation, or end to land. Here the meanest labourer has beef and mutton, with bread, bacon, tea, coffee, sugar, and even pies, the whole year round- every day here is as good as Christmas day in Ireland.
Mr. Meagher, M.P. for Waterford (father to Mr. Thomas F. Meagher) has received a letter from his son, in which he gives a description of how he is circumstanced, and his treatment, in his new penal home. His health was never better- his spirits good, and his general treatment is not to be faulted. He has, to a certain extent, his freedom- his "castle", or hut to live in- and his books to read. Many of these comforts have been denied to Smith O'Brien in consequence of his obstinacy, for which he himself is the sufferer.
FROM T.F. MEAGHER
After a very wearisome and somewhat stormy passage across the Indian Ocean,
we sighted the extreme southern point of this island about one o'clock on
Saturday, October 28th. The day was extremely beautiful, and this was all
the more delightful to us, not alone that we had been sickened, for many
days previous with wet and boisterous weather, and required a soft and sunny
change to cheer us up, for that we were thereby afforded an opportunity of
enjoying to the best advantage the charming, noble scenery which lines the
shores of the bay, at the mouth of the river Durvant. I skip over six weeks'
sailing from the Cape, for a very good reason indeed, for the best of all
reasons- that I have nothing to say about it. Not a sail was seen the whole
way across. I must not omit, however, to mention what occurred at the Cape
on our arrival there. About eight o'clock in the evening on the 11th Sept.,
we cast anchor in Simmond's Bay, a fine, deep, spacious basin, lying
somewhere near 20 miles from Cape Town, the capital of the colony, and the
seat of government. In less than five minutes after we were boarded by a
lieutenant, who came direct from the commodore in command of the station,
bearing instructions of a very startling nature. These instructions forbade
any one on board the "Swift" to land; forbade, in the next place,
any communication between the "Swift" and the shore; and, finally,
they conveyed the desire of the commodore that we should make sail, and be
out of the harbour by 12 o'clock the next day. This was delightful
intelligence, surely! considering that we had nothing but salt provisions on
board. The captain, however, could see the commodore on board his ship, the
"Castor;" and, as far as she was able, the latter would supply the
"Swift" with fresh provisions. Next morning before sir, I was on
deck, staring most inquisitively at the 30 or 40 houses which constituted
the little town of Simmond's Bay. It is situated at the base of the long
high table lands, which spring up almost abruptly on three sides of the Bay.
Bleak, sterile heights they are; variegated in their entire extent with
alternate patches of sand and brown grass, and having nothing in the least
inviting about their look or nature. At this early hour, the water-tank- the
hulk of an old Brazilian slaver, by the by- was moored alongside, and out of
it a party of Marines from the "Castor" were pumping a supply of
fresh water into the poor thirsty little "Swift." Then further on
in the morning we had boats putting off from this benevolent old
"Castor" loaded with joints of Cape beef, and eggs, and potatoes,
and a head or two of sheep, and rolls of butter, and pints of milk, and
loaves of bread. By and by, odd spars and timbers, and spare canvas, along
with some pound of tobacco, and the requisite quantities of rum and Hollands,
were stowed away on board, and by 12 o'clock we were standing out to sea
with a stout breeze behind us, and a wild black sea sweeping down upon our
bows. In a few hours we found ourselves companionless once more among the
waters. And so continued, until as I have said, we sighted the extreme
southern point of Van Dieman's Land upon Saturday, the 28th October. Yet a
delightful compensation was afforded us by the scenery, through which, from
Storm Bay, we glided up to Hobart Town. Bold cliffs, springing up fully
eighty feet above the blue water, and bearing on them summits, the forest of
the gum tree- a tree tall and beautiful, as the cedar of Lebanon, and, like
the palm tree of the desert, throwing out the richest foliage from the
capital of its bare, but stately shaft; a wide cleft next, from which, as
from some delicious valley of our green isle, a farm house, with its garden
in front and stout hay ricks behind, peeped out so quietly; by and bye a
signal tower, with the red flag, waving above the tallest tree; then again a
fishing boat, sparkling all over with the silver light that flashed from the
spangled waters; and, after a little, Mount Wellington in all its glory!
This is a noble mountain which rises to the height of 4,000 feet,
immediately behind the town. Yet, all this while, twilight was effacing the
bright colouring of the scene and blending rock and tree, the signal tower,
the sky and mountain, into one deep mass of purple shadow. Night had set in
when our anchor dropped. Captain Aldham shortly after went ashore and having
returned in an hour or so, informed us we were not to be removed for a day
or two. Next day we amused ourselves looking through the glasses, prying
into gardens, streets, stores and buildings of every description - scanning,
too, the features of soldiers, sailors and civilians and following to the
uttermost point of observation, the horses, carriages and cabs, which turned
out one street and then dashed up another, and flying past some open spaces
disappeared at length, within a labyrinth of red bricks, or the foliage of
the park. Hobart Town, you must know, boasts of such a resource, and a first
rate one it is too.
Wednesday, May 22, 1850
Mr. John Barton, of Fairford,
last week killed a pure Cotswood sheep, which weighed 80 lbs per quarter,
and produced 37 lbs of loose fat, the caul alone weighing 28 lbs.
On the 13th inst., at her
residence, Union-street, Sligo, Anne, the beloved wife of James Davison,
WHOLESALE ROBBERY - Wednesday night last, sixteen cows and a bull, the property of Mr. Thomas B. Givins, were stolen off the lands of Rathmile, within three miles of Tipperary. The person who perpetrated this offense is, it seems more than suspected. We, however, refrain from certain reasons, publishing his name. There is a reward of 43l. 10s. offered for positive evidence against him.--Clonmel Chronicle
Wednesday, May 29, 1850
It affords us much pleasure to have to state that Willoughby G. Fox, Esq., the very efficient officer in charge of the police force in this district, has been raised to the rank of Second Class Sub-Inspector.
On Monday last in this town a dispute arose between two men, Pat Naughton and Pat Melody, about some land, but after having been separated by the police Naughton made charge against Melody, when a crowd of the market people rushed forward to witness the scene, and in doing so knocked down an unfortunate man named Thornton, who coming in contact with a stone had his thigh bone broken. Naughton was arrested and obliged to find bail for his appearance at the next sessions.
On the night of Saturday last a
fine sheep the property of the Rev. Joseph Verschoyle, was maliciously
killed in a field adjoining the Glebe house, and the carcass removed
with the exception of the head, fleece and feet.
No. 1 District-
Electoral Divisions of Ardagh, Ballina, Carrowmore, Mount Falcon,
Atkinson, Rehins (under the courts)...66.5.4
District- Electoral Divisions of Crossmolina North, Crossmolina South,
Deel, Derry, Bunnaveels and Letterbrick.
Knox Orme...18.8.4 1/2
District - Electoral Divisions of Ballisokeery, Fortland and Rathoma.
Knox and Henry W. Knox, J.H. Jackson
District- Electoral Division of Attymass East, Attymass West, Kilgarven
District- Electoral Division of Ardnaree North and Ardnaree South
Custis, Dublin...11.18.6 1/2
The annual report of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners will surprise those who have paid little attention to the growing spirit of emigration which has marked the few last years. The total emigration of the last year from the United Kingdom amounted to 299,498 persons. This number is far in excess of the emigration of any pervious year. But if we confine our view to the Irish emigration, the proportion is still more remarkable.- The number of emigrants from Ireland during the last three years has been 601,448, giving an average 200,482 a year. And in this estimate the Irish emigrants shipped from the Clyde, no inconsiderable number, are not included. The whole amount expended on emigration in 1849, exclusive of cabin passengers, was £1,748,500, and of this sum only £228,300 was paid out of public funds. The large emigration cannot be said to be the result of bounties upon emigrating. In England and Scotland the emigration is not in excess. The proportion of males to females among the emigrants appears to be nearly equal as could be wished or expected. Among 284,770 steerage passengers who emigrated in 1849, there were 156,108 males and 128,602 females. Of the 299,498 who emigrated in 1849, no less than 219,450 proceeded to the United States, leaving only 80,048 emigrants to the whole of the British colonies. The change of destination has been most remarkable in the last two years in which, of 480,116 persons who emigrated to North America, there went 72,432 to the British colonies, and to the United States 407,683.
- Codd and Brennan is the Dublin corn firm which has
failed for 25,000l.
THE EARLDOM OF ROSCOMMON
Head Constable Patrick H. Dillon, at present stationed here, is a claimant to the title of Earl of Roscommon, his father, Henry Dillon, deceased, having been a cousin in the male line and nephew in the female line to Patrick Dillon, the former Earl.
PLUNDER OF MEAL
At two carts laden with Indian meal, belonging to Messrs. Hugh Gallagher & Co., were proceeding last week to the Belmullet Workhouse they were attacked by several men and six bags of meal forcibly taken away. The carmen then hurried on to the police station, about a mile and a half distant, where they reported the circumstances, and a party of the police having gone with them to the neighbourhood of the outrage, nine men were arrested in the act of cooking part of the plundered meal.
RETIREMENT OF COLONEL JACKSON OF THE CARBINEERS.
Colonel Jackson, commanding the Carbineers in the Limerick district, has retired upon half-pay, after 44 years service. The gallant veteran entered the Army 9th Oct., 1806 and purchased his troop, Majority and Lieut.- Colonecy. Major Hay, also an old officer, has purchased the Lieut.-Colonecy, after 42 years service. Colonel Jackson served in the Peninsula, from April, 1809, to the end of the war in 1814, including the battles of Oporto, Talavera, d'Onor, first siege of Badajoz, action at El Bodon, siege and capture of Ciudad Rodrigo, siege and capture of Badajoz, battles of Salamanca, Vittoria, Maya Pass, Pampeluna, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Bayonne. Present at Waterloo, and with the army of occupation in France. Served in India and Arabia from 1819 to 1826, including the battle of Beni-Boo All, as military secretary to Sir Lionel Smith, and for which service, he was recommended by the Marquis of Hastings for the rank of Lieut.-Colonel. He has received the War Medal, with six clasps for Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle and Nive.
Colonel Sir Duncan M'Gregor, Inspector General of Constabulary, has awarded one chevron each to Sub-Constables Wm. Corbett and Robert Hilton, of Six-Mile-Bridge station, for their determined conduct in arresting Tomas and Wm. Carroll, men of notorious character, on the 20th ult., and who assaulted and inflicted injuries on the police at the time. His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant has also expressed his appreciation of the conduct of the Sub Constables.
A Roman Catholic Priest, connected with the county of Limerick, and who is good authority upon the subject, stated in this city on Wednesday that at least one-half the Roman Catholic population had diminished in Ireland within the last six years, while the Protestants have increased in number.-- Limerick Chronicle.
DARING ATTEMPT AT ASSASSINATION - On Tuesday last, as Joseph Barry, nephew to the late Rev. Mr. Downes, was building a fence of his at Newtown, a fellow walked unobserved into the field, coolly presented a pistol and deliberately fired at him. The shot providentially missed Barry, who became so alarmed from the report that he fell on his face and hands on a stone wall by which he was cut and slightly injured. The ruffian made off, believing, from having seen his intended victim fall, that he had accomplished his murderous object.-- Nenagh Guardian.
An awful occurrence took place in this town about half-past four o'clock this (Saturday) morning, terminating in the deaths of seven human beings who were speedily hurried into the presence of their Maker, without note or preparation. A fire broke out in the shop of Mr. James Kelvin, Main-street, early in the morning, but was not discovered until about four o'clock a.m. when Mr. Kelvin was disturbed by the smell of smoke and burning wood, and upon awakening his wife, they both proceeded toward the shop to ascertain the cause, and upon opening the door communicating between the house and shop an immense volume of flame and smoke issued out, showing that the shop was on fire. Mrs. Kelvin hurried up to the top room where her children slept for the purpose of devising means for their preservation, but the shop, which was their only egress, being on fire, prevented any thought being turned in that direction, whilst the banisters and stairs being now on fire cut off all chance of flight in that quarter. Mr. Kelvin then entered into the front room, over the shop, and raising the window called for help, but the flames advancing behind him hemmed him in and prevented any return into the body of the house, upon which he escaped through the window and was caught by the people, who broke the fall. The unhappy mother was discovered surrounded by her shrieking children in the upper window; the lower part of which was secured by three stout iron bars which prevented their escape as well and rendered it impossible that help could be given them; ladders were placed to the several windows and one courageous fellow, whose name is Slattery, dashed up the ladder through the flames, to the top window, where the poor victims were, but, in consequence the bars, could afford no help and the flames threatening to burn the ladder, he had to return. Others attempted the same task but failed , in consequence the flames which were playing around and through the rungs of the ladder; after the lapse of a few minutes the family were seen to retire from the window and from that time all is conjecture; it is thought that the blaze which extended from the shop front to the top window drove them from the place of refuge and the thick smoke inside soon suffocated them. An opening was forced through the partition which divided the house of Mr. Skehan and upon entering the room seven dead bodies were discovered in the room in different positions and aspects; some were clothed and found stretched on the floor where they had fallen when overtaken by death, others were only half clad, whist the poor children had merely their night dresses on them. Amongst the victims were Mrs. Kelvin and her three children, Maryanne M'Gawly, the young woman who attended the shop, and two servants; there were scarce any marks of burn on them -none certainly sufficient to cause death; and we see no reason to doubt that they were suffocated by smoke and met their deaths in consequence.--Clonmel Chronicle.
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