Ireland Old News




BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, March 6, 1850

ASSIZES INTELLIGENCE

     COUNTY ROSCOMMON - Bridget Mann, a most miserable looking woman, quite emaciated in appearance, was placed at the bar on Wednesday, charged with the wilful murder of her male child on the 6th ult. The prisoner was undefended and the court requested Mr. Burke to undertake her defence. Bridget Scanlon examined - The prisoner was living in the latter end of January in French-park; she was confined of a child; I assisted her in her labour; she is not a married woman; the child was born alive; her nephew Denis Mann was there; he was called Denis Higgins; at the time of the birth, when the child began to roar, she told her nephew to put his hand to its mouth and stop hte cry; he did not do it; she told me to do it, and I would not; she got down her hand herself and stopped the cry; I took away her hand and let the child cry; she said I wanted to hang her, and I told her I would hang as well as she if anything happened the child; the child appeared strong and healthy; it was born on Wednesday, and lived until that day week, after the child was born it did not get anything for two days; but then she gave it suck; about Wednesday after the child was born Denis Higgins was at the house; she told him to go over to Roger Berne in French-park and bring her a ha'porth of sugar of lead; he went and brought back a paper with white powder; he gave it to her; she took it and put it down in a saucepan with water; she took it out in a spoon and gave the infant some; it was choking the child,  but it was so hungry it must have swallowed it; the child began to vomit in a few moments and in about half an hour it began to purge him; the child got rest towards evening; it passed the night easy; the next morning Higgins was sent to Berne's for another ha'porth of sugar of lead; he brought it back; she wet it, in the same manner and gave it to the child; it was not able from the second dose to stir and was very weak until it departed that day; the prisoner was in the habit of using sugar of lead as a wash for some disease. Denis Higgins corroborated the last witness. The chain of evidence having been completed by the examination of other witnesses, Mr. Burke addressed the jury for the defence, after which Baron Lefroy charged the jury, who found a verdict of guilty. The prisoner was sentenced to be executed.
     On Thursday James Logue, Peter Logue, Thomas Gannon, and Patrick Gannon were indicted for the manslaughter of Henry Warren in a faction riot. The jury convicted James Logue, and acquitted the others.
     Edward Brennan was indicted for stabbing James Leyden with a knife. It appeared an argument arose between the prisoner and the prosecutor relative to a game of football; words became so high that blows were resorted to, and the prosecutor having been separated from the prisoner, took up a shoemaker's last, which he was about to fling at prisoner when the latter stabbed him with a knife in the side. One witness named Wm. Kelly, a young boy, who deposed to the foregoing facts, being asked by the judge if a blow of a last would knock a man down, answered - "Faix, your worship, if you got a clip of it you wouldn't be long on your legs."

     COUNTY MEATH - At Trim on Wednesday, Charles Coyle was given in charge for the murder of Catherine Gaffney, in her own house, on the 19th of June, 1849. The prisoner was undefended. John Gaffney, a boy not more than twelve years old, examined - On the morning of the 19th of June went to the bog of Ross to work; he left his grandmother (the deceased) in the house; there was no one with her; he returned about one o'clock to his dinner; saw the prisoner then in the house; his grandmother was giving him stirabout; returned to the bog with his father's dinner, but before he went Coyle had left the house; came home about five o'clock and found his grandmother lying on the floor; went to the bog for his father; saw his grandmother's trunk broken and the lock hanging on the staple of the door; his grandmother kept her clothes in that trunk; saw a pole and pitchfork lying beside the trunk; they belonged to his brother who lived in the same house; when Coyle was leaving the house his grandmother told him to go to the other houses at dinner time and he would get something. James Briordy examined- Lived about ten perches from deceased; saw her the day of the murder at about three o'clock standing at her own door; she spoke to witness; did not see her afterwards; about an hour and a half from that time he heard she was murdered; about half-past one o'clock on that day he saw the prisoner in witness's house; he got some bread and cabbage; witness went to the bog of Ross; came back about two o'clock and saw the prisoner coming out of the yard at the house where deceased lived; was him walk a short distance; he then turned towards the cross roads at Ross. William M'Neminy, head constable of police, examined- Arrested the prisoner in the county Cavan; found him concealed in a field of oats with his face down in the furrow; when witness took hold of him the prisoner said, " Sure I won't be hung; " brought him before a magistrate, when he made a full confession of the murder. There were several other witnesses examined, and the lord chief justice charged the jury, who handed in a verdict of guilty. His Lordship, after a very feeling address, passed sentence of death on the prisoner.

ASSIZES INTELLIGENCE
MEATH, Trim, Tuesday, Feb. 26
Crown Court

     Patrick Tuite, a savage looking young lad, was placed at the bar, charged with having entered the house of Eleanor Kelly, at Clonmellon, and after committing a violent assault on the said Eleanor Kelly, robbed her of two watches, the property of her sons.
     Eleanor Kelly, a very old and feeble woman, was placed on the table, she presented a shocking appearance, having been nearly beaten to death by the prisoner. On being examined by Mr. Griffith, she stated that early on the morning of the 6th of this month (February,) the prisoner entered her dwelling house, at Clonmellon, in this county; she was sitting in her kitchen when she heard a noise behind her, and on turning round she received a blow on the forehead from the prisoner, which knocked her down; whilst she lay on the ground he continued to beat her with great violence about the head, inflicting several severe wounds. That on attempting to get up the prisoner seized a pitchfork and stabbed at her head with it, cutting her in the forehead, and at length he seized her in his arms, and dashed her against the wall, when she became insensible. The wall was covered with blood.
     The prisoner, who was undefended by counsel, cross-examined the old woman with great coolness and self-possession but she did not vary from her direct statement.
     The jury, after a brief charge from his lordship, found the prisoner guilty.
     The Lord Chief Justice, after addressing the prisoner upon the inhuman outrage he was guilty of, and regretting that so much depravity could be found in one so young, sentenced the prisoner to be transported for ten years.

TO BE LET
For such terms as may be agreed upon, from the 25th Instant,
THE GRASS FARM OF RABBITHILL,
Containing about 50 Acres
SITUATED IN THE BARONY OF GALLEN, AND WITHING THREE MILES OF BALLINA.

     The Lands are in prime ?eart, of the best quality, and enclosed and divided by six feet high made-walls, with a good Slated Farm House.
     Application to be made to Patrick C. Howley, Esq., Dungarvan, county of Waterford; or to Edward Atkinson, Esq., Ballina.
     Ballina, March 1, 1850

-------------

NOTICE
OF SALE OF BANKRUPTCY
OF
Ironmongers, Stationery, Seeds, Spices, Dye Stuffs, Woollens, Tweeds, Vestings, Merinos, Hats, &c.
ALSO
Two modern well-built DWELLING HOUSES, and Premises, together with a spacious Yard and Store, producing a rent of 84 per annum.

In the Matter of                } TENDERS will be
Benjamin Wilson, of         }received from parties
Ballina, a Bankrupt.          }desirous of Purchasing
____________________} the entire property of the Bankrupt in Lots, Separate Tenders for each Lot to be addressed to Hugh Moore, Esq., Trade Asignee, 57, Capel-street, or to Michael Murphy, Esq., Official Asignee, 10, Mountrath street, Dublin, up to Thursday, the 14th inst. The Stock may be viewed by applying at the premises at Ballina, wherein the Bankrupt carried on his trade.

MEETING OF THE GUARDIANS

     BALLINA UNION - The usual weekly meeting of this union was held in the Board Room on Saturday, Col. Knox Gore in the chair. Among the other Guardians present were - Captain J. Knox, Captain Atkinson, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Crofton, Mr. J.V. Jackson, and Mr. Gardiner. Capt. Hamilton, Inspector, attended.
     The Rev. Arthur Moore brought before the notion of the Board the case of three children, named Goodwin, who were a short time in the Workhouse, but their religious denomination had not been registered. The eldest of the three was nine years of age.
     The eldest girl being brought before the Board said that she used to go to the chapel, and was brought there by her aunt. Her mother, she said, was in England, had lived in the parish of Backs, and was not a Protestant.
     Mr. Moore said that the father's brother and Mr. Samuel Strogen could prove that the mother of the children expressed a wish that they should be brought up as Protestants.
     Mr. Goodwin, brother to the children's father, said that he knew nothing of the children previous to their father's death, but that he heard that they were baptised by a Protestant minister, and that it was his brother's wish that hey should be brought up Protestants. He believed the mother to be a Protestant.
     Mr. S. Strogen said that he was aware of the mother stating that the father before his death expressed a wish that his children should be brought up Protestants.
     One of the aunts then stated that she knew the children and their mother, Sarah Ormsby, who wished them to be Protestants. Before and after their father died  she expressed this wish, and she (the aunt) knew that one of them was baptised in Easky by the Protestant minister, and another in Ballina by a Protestant minister. The mother, she said, is a Protestant.
     Mr. Paget Strogen, a Guardian, said that the mother of the children and all her family were Protestants.
     It was then declared that they should be registered as Protestants.
     Mr. Madden [ Rev. Dominick Madden] withdrew, but then afterwards appeared to inquire about the children who were registered as Protestants. He said that the mother was a Catholic, and complained that the matter was got over in a hurry, and that there should have been notices given of their change of registry.
     Colonel Gore then repeated to Mr. Madden the evidence which had been given, and stated that in the face of the testimony of such respectable witnesses the Board could come to no other decision and that there was no change made as the children were not registered before.
     Mr. Madden expressed his determination of getting the registry changed and Mr. P. Gallagher then gave notice that he would, on that day fortnight, move that the resolution for having the children registered as Protestants be rescinded.

BALLINA UNION
STATE OF THE HOUSE

Remaining on the 16th Feb ......................... 3540
Admitted during the week...........................   148
Discharged.................................................     48
Died .........................................................        8
Remaining on 23d .....................................  3632

STATE OF FUNDS

Received during week........................ 418 10 1
Paid ..................................................   124  6  8
On hands ..........................................   191  2 11

_____________

BELLMULLET UNION
State of Workhouse ended 2d March

Remaining at Workhouse as per last return... 1172
Admitted during week.................................     66
Discharged ................................................     32
Died ..........................................................       2
Remaining on above date............................. 1204

_____________

FEVER HOSPITAL REPORT

Remaining in hospital on previous Saturday..... 145
Admitted during the week...............................  16
Total treated during the week......................... 161
Discharged cured during the week...................  11
Died...............................................................    2
Remaining in Hospital Sat. March 2, 1850 ..... 148
                               WM. KEARNEY, Steward

STATE OF THE COUNTRY

     At the petty sessions in this town on Thursday, one of the late incendiary fires was investigated.- It occurred at Audley's-town, near Strangford.- An under-tenant, named Hinds, had evicted a cottier, and the latter was charged with setting fire to an office belonging to Hinds. The evidence was not sufficient to substantiate the charge, but the accused was committed for using threatening language to the prosecutor. This act of incendiarism was probably suggested by the other that have recently taken place. We have also heard with regret that the three most respectable tenants on Mr. Ker's Clough estate have been served with notices to pay no rent. Some other threatening notices nearer home have been circulated which we shall not mention for the present.

MARRIED

     At Knockerchery Church, George Cibson of Stone Hall, co. Westmeath, Esq. to Mary, daughter of the late Godfrey Knight, Chequer-hill, county Galway, Esq.
     On the 23d ult, in St. Anne's Church, Belfast, by the Rev. William M'Ilwaine, John Egleston Thacker, Esq., Proprietor of the SLIGO GUARDIAN, to Essey, second daughter of Robert Joynt, Esq., Tide Surveyors of H.M.C. of the above place.


    
 

 

    DEATH OF A REBEL CHIEF - We have to record the demise of Mr. Thomas Cloney, of Graigue, in this county, better known to the public as "General Cloney," which event took place on Friday last, in the 76th year of his age. The General was born in 1774, and was in his twenty-fourth year when the insurrection of 1798 broke out, in which he took an active part, commanding a brigade of the insurgent army in most of their southern engagements, and leaving behind him in his well-known "Personal Narrative" an interesting account of his adventures "by flood and field" at that eventful period. Since '98 the Rebel Chief remained in the bosom of private life, except that he occasionally emerged to lead a body of "Graigue hurlers" at the monster gatherings of the "Liberators." The last occasion of his marshaling his forces for the "pride, pomp, and circumstances" of a Repeal procession and dinner, being the banquet given the "the martyrs" in this city, 1845. Mr. Cloney was generally esteemed during a long life, for many amiable and social qualities, and his remains were deposited on Sunday last in the cemetery of St. Mullins, by a large following of friends, compatriots, and sympthasizers. -- Kilkenny Moderator.

     INCENDIARISM - On Monday se'ennight, the 18th of February, a poor woman named Mary Armstrong, who lives near Castledargan, was aroused from her sleep at about 8 o'clock in the morning by seeing a strong light in her cabin, and finding it full of smoke on getting up she found that the house had been set on fire by some diabolical wretches who had quietly walked away, having first fastened the door on the out-side to prevent the escape of the inmates who consisted of four persons.- Their escape was almost miraculous, for had they not succeeded in breaking open the door, pent up in so confined a space, they must have inevitably perished in a short time. Our correspondent states, that this poor woman - who is a widow- is of the most inoffensive habits, and could have in now way provoked so cruel an attempt on the lives of her and her family. -- Sligo Guardian.
    
DETECTION OF A GANG OF ROBBERS - On Saturday night or early on Sunday morning last, the sergeant of the night watch, Mr. P. M'Clean, received private information of such a nature as led him to suppose that a gang of robbers were committing depredations in the suburbs of the town, and immediately he proceeded in pursuit of them accompanied by one of the watch. He subsequently succeeded in arresting two notorious characters concealed in a hay loft at Larkhill house, one of whom had a candle and matches secreted on his person. On searching the place the sergeant discovered a quantity of lead and brass concealed which has been since identified by Mr. Wm Egan, as stolen from the Soup-house at Finisklin. They were brought before T. Kelly, Esq., Mayor, and the above facts being deposed to, informations were lodged, and he fully committed them to take their trial at the ensuing assizes.--Ibid.

THE RIBBONMEN AGAIN.

     BALLINAMORE, CO. LEITRIM - On Monday night, the 25th February, while a number of those secret conspirators were busily engaged at their unlawful work in a public-house in this town, kept by a man named Peter Heran, they were disagreeably surprised by the entre of S.J. Lodge, of the constabulary, ( a most active and efficient officer), and a party of his men, who after a hard struggle succeeded in arresting every one of the Ribbon party, to the number of twelve. One of them, in particular, made a desperate resistance, and rather than give up some of their treasonable papers which he had about his person he swallowed them besides almost biting off three of the policeman's fingers who grappled with him. The police, however, succeeded in gaining possession of a number of the papers and passwords connected with this atrocious system, which will, I hope, furnish the government with sufficient evidence to convict the whole party. It would be unjust to pass over in silence the praiseworthy conduct of the police on the occasion; their whole party consisted of three men, viz. Head constable Devine, and Constable Brennan and Wilson and yet with such fearful odds against them they succeeded in making prisoners of the whole clique of Ribbonmen. Too much cannot be said on behalf of the exertions of that valuable officer, Head Constable Devins [as spelled differently from above in newspaper]; if it was solely owing to him that this conspiracy was discovered and the conspirators seized. He has for a long time been known as one of the most active and intelligent men in the police force, and one who has done valuable service in this country by crushing illegal associations. -- Correspondent Evening Herald.

MISCELLANEOUS

     Saturday was the anniversary of the death of the pious and good John Wesley in 1791.
     The number of registered voters in the County Cork is reduced to 1812 and probably half this number is not bona fide in the event of an election.
     There are 110 barristers on the Munster circuit; the Leinster 32; the Home 92; North East 36; North West 59; Connaught 91.
     Several youngsters from the south of Ireland, with broken down fortunes, and now, perhaps, too late adopting industrial habits, have left for California.
     From the 1st of March the price of forage for army horses on billet is fixed at ninepence per horse per night.
     Peter Connelly and Michael Comerford, claiming 250 salvage on brig Fanny, of Glasgow, are committed to Galway gaol for boarding that vessel by force, the penalty being 50l. each.
     The Tralee Guardians have applied to the Poor Law Commissioners for 10,000l. to pay off the creditors of that union, by whom they complain of being insulted and threatened.
     The magistrates of Tralee have taken informations of Thomas Cantillon against his nephew of the same name, for robbing him of 120 on his sick bed; after Cantillon, who then believed he was dying, had given Father M'Carthy 100, to say masses for him.
     Andrew Cody, late a candidate for the mastership of the Dungarvan workhouse, is said to have absconded with several sums of money, the property of Messrs. Usher and Roberts, to whom he was under agent. It is reported that he got some rents from tenants to the amount of about 300, and sailed for America from Liverpool on Thursday.---Tipperary Free Press.
    
On Wednesday a meeting of the medical practitioners of the county of Clare was held at the board room of the County Infirmary, Ennis, at which Dr. O'Brien, County Surgeon, presided. A petition to Parliament was adopted by the meeting, praying for more satisfactory legislation for their more efficient supervision. It was recommended that Hospitals and Dispensaries should not be made dependent for their support upon voluntary subscriptions.
     Monday morning's rockite notice was found posted on the door of the house of Mr. Mulvany, of Bakertown mills, near Thurles, reminding him that Mr. O'Keefe, who was shot dead in Thurles "fell by giving ear to bad advisers, and that Mr. Mulvany might lose all he had gained by a shot, if he had any thing to do with the land of the Thurles people." The cause of this notice is that Mr. Mulvany is taking land from which tenants had been evicted.---Limerick Chronicle.

ROSCOMMON

     GRAND JURY - Fitzstephen Ffrench, Esq., M.P., foreman; John Irwin, Thomas G. Wills Sanford, Edward H. Naghten, Nicholas Balffe, Denis B. Kelly, Denis O'Connor, Arthur J. French, Charles Ffrench, Rode??el O'Connor, Richard Irwin, Henry M. Smyth, John Ross Mahon, John Flanagan, Patrick O'Connor, J. Duckworth, Arthur O'Conner, James Bennet Little, John D'Arcy, Arthur Browne, Richard Kelly, George Digby, and Wm. Pigeon, Esqrs.

SLIGO

     On Friday at 12 o'clock the following Grand Jury were sworn - Edward J. Cooper, Esq, foreman; Sir R.G. Booth, Bart., J.W. King, J. Dune, William R. Ormsby Gore, John Wynne, J. Ffolliot, William Phibbs and Thomas Jones, Esqrs; Sir William Parks, Charles Cooper, Edward Howley, Jams Wood, George Armstrong, Richard Neynoe, Richard Gethin, H. Griffith, J. Ffolliott, Charles G. Jones, Richard Nerschoyle, Richard Brinkleyh, Knox Garrett and J. Jones, Esqrs.

THE BALLINA WORKHOUSE

     There are a few things in which the public at present take greater interest than in the workings of the Poor Laws; at least such is the case in this county, where these laws confessedly have been the cause of most important changes, not for the better we regret to say. The rate payers being compelled to pay a large item out of their yearly income towards the support of this system must naturally be anxious to know how things are progressing.  But yet it is no less true that the generality of the rate payers are extremely ignorant of how matters are going on within the walls of the workhouse, except what is made known to them through the medium of the press. The poor rate and the poor laws are all the cry, but we would venture to assert that there are not a dozen of the rate payers, not even excluding the guardians, who are sufficiently acquainted with the indoor system of this Union, and in this respect the guardians are culpable. In other respects a more efficient board could not be found as we have often had occasion to notice. Lately a certain individual has made a great noise about the clothing of the inmates of this workhouse and auxiliaries, but if he had made himself better acquainted with the financial affairs of the Union and the exertions that were making to render the unfortunate poor comfortable, he might have saved himself the trouble of his discourteous communications to the Poor Law Commissioners. We visited the house the other day, and can now give the rate payers a little information of which almost all, we believe, are ignorant. We have found that since the first of January last the following articles of clothing have been made in the workhouse, viz:-
Women's Petticoats....................524
Women's Gowns........................299
Women's Chemises....................827
Women's Caps..........................551
Girls' Frocks..............................398
Girls' Chemises.......................... 803
Girls' Petticoats...........................265
Men's Trousers...........................  27
Men's Shirts................................340
Boys' Suits..................................107
Boys' Shirts.................................256
     Besides these many more articles of clothing are in course of being made, and a large quantity of material is in course of delivery which has been a long time ordered. Two hundred pairs of blankets, two hundred rugs, and one hundred and fifty bed-ticks have also been purchased since the first of January. One hundred stones of wool are contracted for, and in a day or two four or five hundred wheels will be at work spinning this and flax. Two hundred wheels and six looms are ready to commence work; so that in a short time it is expected, the greater portion of clothing required can be manufactured in the house from the raw material. These facts speak for themselves and form an indisputable proof of the very effective exertions of the present board of guardians under the difficulties against which they had to contend. These facts, also, together with the regularity and cleanliness observed in the house, are more to the credit of the master and matron than anything we could say in their favour.

ALARMING FIRE

     On the night of Thursday last, about the hour of 12 o'clock, a fire broke out in one of the stores of Mr. Arthur O'Malley, now used as an auxiliary workhouse, the inmates of which number about 2,000. It appears that part of two beds were burned, and that the accident is attributed to smoking. The flames were so rapidly spreading as to cause the greatest terror and confusion throughout the whole house - the paupers rushed against each other in every direction to save themselves, some stumbling and falling in their efforts to escape, whilst the shrieking was so loud as to attract some of the respectable inhabitants of the immediate locality to the place of threatened destruction, who, with the aid of the constabulary then on duty, succeeded in getting under the devouring element. Had not this timely aid been afforded, it is supposed, that the consequence would have been similar to that of Limerick. Fortunately, however, not an individual was injured owing to the praise worthy exertions of those men. -- Westport Correspondent of the Mayo Constitution.

RECORDS FOR TRIAL AT MAYO SPRING ASSIZES, 1850

     Robert Bowan v. John Lyndsay, Bucknall - attorney, Neal Davis.
     Myles Walsh v. Robert Fair and John Bourke- attorney, William Thomas Kelly.
     Winifred Gill v. James Thomas Roark - attorney, William Thomas Kelly.
     Same v. Edward Browne- attorney, Wm. Thos. Kelly.
     Same v. Richard Hayes - attorney, Wm. Thos. Kelly.
     John Jack v. Thos. O'Dowd- attorney, M'Causland and Fetherston.
     Lord Sligo v. George Clendining- attorney, Frederick Sutton.
     Sir Wm. H.R. Palmer v. Valentine O'Connor Blake - attorney, Daniel Bastable.
     William Lavelle v. Anthony Ormsby - attorney Thomas O'Dowd.
     Neal O'Donel Browne v. James Hillas - attorney Neal Davis.
     Palmer Bourke and Wm. Bourke v. Oliver Jackson - attorney, William Thomas Kelly ---Mayo Constitution.

THE ARMY
(From the Limerick Chronicle of Saturday)

     The 3d Buffs and 74th Highlanders move from this garrison next month.
     Color Sergeant Pilbin is promoted to be Sergeant Major of the Buffs, in this garrison, vice Power, reduced to the ranks.
     The service companion of the 26th, or Cameronians, under command of Lt. Col. Hemphill, embarked yesterday at Cork, on board the Bombay transport, for Gibraltar, to replace the 34th on that station, which embark for the West Indies, to relieve the 88th.
     The 7th Depot arrived in Cork from Youghal, to embark for Winchester.
     The 41st take up the detachment of the 7th Fusiliers at Youghal and Charlesfort.
     The 23rd and 41st Welsh regiments, yesterday wore the national leek on the festival of St. David, the patron of Principality, a day dear to all Britons.
     Sergeant Michael Connell, 55th, shot himself on Thursday at the Linen-hall barracks, Dublin, in a state of mental disturbance. His wife had been jealous of his attention to another woman.
     Capt. Knox, 85th, has joined at Waterford, and Lieut. Maunsell at Pilltown.
     The 85th Light Infantry move from Waterford in April.
     10,000 men are to be located within the Meernt division, under the command of Major-General Sir Joseph Thackwell, G.C.B. to check the Mepauleese.
     The 75th regiment were splendidly entertained on their arrival at Umballa by the 18th Royal Irish.

 

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, March 13, 1850

ENNIS ASSIZES

     John Sheedy M'Namara was charged with a highway robbery, on the 11th of last month. The prisoner, with other men, had stopped the bread cart of the Scariff Union workhouse, and had taken from the driver with violence some bread. The poor man had been very destitute, pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to 14 days' imprisonment.
     Patrick Reynolds was indicted for the wilful murder of Michael Cleary, a bailiff in charge of distress, by striking him with a stone, on the 18th September, 1849, at Laminish. An excellent character was given to the prisoner by Mr. Marcus Keane, his landlord, and Mr. Whitehouse, one of the county coroners, and the jury acquitted him.
     John Skeahan, an approver, deposed that he had been a servant in the employ of James Maloney, father to the prisoner, John Moloney; and that on the evening in question, John Maloney came to him in the haggard, and desired him to go up to an iron gate at some distance, and wait for him there. He did as he was told, and Maloney came to him accompanied by Skeahan the prisoner. They said they only wanted to frighten Martin Kealey, and that they would shoot Skeahan if he did not go along with them. Accordingly, he accompanied them to within a short distance of Kealey's house, when Skeahan and he stopped, and Malony went in, and in  a short time came out, and told Skeahan "all was right." He then returned to the house, and witness and John Skeahan approached the window near the hall door, Skeahan looked in, and fired off the gun, which had been loaded by him and Moloney with four or five balls, through the window, at a man who was inside, after which he changed caps with the witness and ran away towards Killaloe, and witness went home and threw the cap Skeahan gave him over a wall on his way; Malony remained inside Kealy's house.
     Mr. O'Hea cross examined the witness at considerable length as to his credit.
     Martin Kealy, brother to the deceased proved that he was sitting at his supper with his brother upon the night in question, when he observed the face of a man at the window, and before he had time to lay down the mug a shot was fired through the window which passed close to him, and shot his brother. Witness jumped up, took a reaping hook off a shelf with him and ran out to the kitchen where he found John Malony fastening the door to prevent anyone from going out; he got out however, and rode off towards O'Brien's-bridge for the priest; when he had got a short way he heard a man running though some water and having rode up to him, he at once recognized him as the person whom he saw at the window, and whom he believed to be the murderer; the moment he saw him he jumped off the horse, and caught him, but after a severe struggle the man was enabled to effect his escape; that man was the prisoner John Skehan.
     Mr. O'Hea addressed the jury for the defence, and contended that although a strong case of suspicion might have been made, there was not enough proved to satisfy a jury as to the prisoner's guilt.
     Judge Jackson charged the jury, who in about half an hour returned a verdict of acquittal.

     The Poor Law Commissioners, by circular  to the Guardians of Unions in Ireland, recommend Buenos Ayres as a field for emigration. The price of all labour of all kinds is excessive, and there is an especial demand for that sort of labour which the Irishman is peculiarly adapted to supply, such as hedging, ditching, and all other agricultural work, cattle keeping, farming, and the driving of flocks from district to district. Many proprietors have stated their willingness to enter into engagements to receive any number of Irish emigrants, and to employ them permanently from the day of their landing, at 4 per month, maintaining them at the same time as well as contributing to the expense of the voyage.

MAYO SPRING ASSIZES

     On Wednesday last, at one o'clock, Charles Geo. Mahon, Esq, the High Sheriff, entered the Crown Court, when the following long Panel was called over. Those gentlemen having figures prefixed to their names having answered, were sworn in the order in which they are placed. -

  1 - Sir Robert Lynch Blosse, Bart., Athervallie, Foreman; Charles Lionel Kirwan, Esq., Dalgan Park.
  2 - Colonel Charles Knox. Castle Lackan
  3 - Sir Wm O'Malley, Knt., Kilboyne House.
  4 - Sir Richard A. O'Donnel, Bart, Newport House.
  5 - Andrew Crean Lynch, Esq., Clogher House.
  6 - Robert Rutledge, Esq., Blo??field; Denis Bingham, Esq, Bi????? Castle.
  7 - Joseph Myles M'Donnell, Esq., Doo Castle; Robert Dillon Browne, Esq., M.P., Glencorrib; George H. Moore, Esq., M.P., Moore Hall; Lord James Browne, Westport House; Hon. Geoffrey Browne, Castlemacgarrett; Hon. Theobald Dillon, Loughglynn House; Hon. T.B. Yelverton, Hazlebrook; Sir Roger Palmer, Bart., Palmerstown; Sir Compton Domville, Bart, Prison; Thomas S. Lyndsey, Esq, Holymount House.
  8 - Colonel Arthur Knox Gore, Beleek Manor
  9 - James H. Browne, Esq, Claremount; Annesley Knox, Esq; Rappa Castle; James A. Browne, Esq; Browne-hall.
  10 - Valentine O'Connor Blake, Esq, Tower Hill.
  11 - John Knox, Esq, Castlerea.
  12 - Mark Blake, Esq, Ballinafad; Mervyn Pratt, Esq, Ennicooe; James Knox Gildea, Esq, Clooncormac; Oliver V. Jackson, Esq, Carramore; Colonel James M'Alpine, Windsor House; Colonel T.G. Fitzgerald, Turlough Park; St. George Cuffe, Esq, Deel Castle; General Sir R. Arbuthnot, Bart, Farm Hill.
  13 - Henry Wm Knox, Esq, Netley Park; John Denis Browne, Esq, Mount Browne.
  14 - Bernard M'Manus, Esq, Barley Bill.
  15 - James Cuffe, Esq, Creagh.
  16 - Captain Fitzgerald Higgins, Westport.
  17 - Parsons Persse, Esq, Newbrook; Edmond H. Taaffe, Esq, Woodfield; John L. Bucknally, Esq, Turin Castle
  18 - Thomas Jones, Esq, Castletown
  19 - George O'Malley, Esq, Newcastle
  20 - John Christopher Garvey, Esq, Murrisk Abbey; Charles Blake, Esq, Spring Hill; F.B. Knox, Esq, Spring Hill; Alexander Clendining, Esq, Westport; Dominick Browne, Esq, Breaffey; Edmond G. Bell, Esq, Streamstown; John Cheevers, Esq, Carnacon; Thomas Carter, Esq, Shean Lodge; Hercules S. Brabazon, Esq, Brabazon's Park; F. Bourke, Esq, Carralea
  21 - George Ormsby, Esq, Rochlands; William M. Fitzmaurice, Esq, Lagaturn; John C. Walsh, Esq, Castlehill
  22 - Charles Strickland, Esq, Loughglynn
  23 - Major John Gardiner, Farm Hill; David Watson Rutledge, Esq, Annefield; William Orme, Esq, Owenmore; John Knox, Esq, Greenwood; Austin F. Crean, Esq, Ballinvilla; Robert Fair, Esq, Bushfield; Geoffrey Martyn, Esq, Curramore; Charles O'Donnel, Esq, Ross; John Symes, Esq, Ballina; William Kearney, Esq, Ballinvilla; Thomas Paget, Esq, Knockglass; George Rutledge, Esq, Togher, H.J.H. Browne, Esq, Rehins; Fohn [sic John?] F. Knox, Esq, Mount Falcon; Thomas Phillips, Esq, Clonmore House; Anthony Ormsby, Esq, Ballinamore; Thomas Ormsby, Esq, Knockmore; Charles Lynch, Esq, Ballycurran Castle; Edward Howely, Esq, Beleek Castle; Courtney Kenny, Esq, Ballinrobe; William B. Orme, Esq, Abbeytown; Benjamin Jennings, Esq, Mount Jennings; Thomas Palmer, Esq, Summerhill; Edward Orme, Esq, Ballycorroen; Martin D'Arcy, Esq, Houndswood; John Lynch, Esq, Partry; William Atkinson, Esq, Carramore; Thomas Elwood, Esq,Strand Hill; Thomas Palmer, Esq, Palmerstown; F.R. O'Grady, Esq, Tavrane; Charles Coyne, Esq, Massbrock; Robert Kirkwood, Esq, Greenpark Lodge; William Malley, Esq, Ballina; Edward Nolan, Esq, Logboy; Peter Tuohy, Esq, Oxford; John Bollingbroke, Esq, Oldcastle; H.M. Blake, Esq, The Heath; J. Garvey, Esq, Tully.

ASSIZES INTELLIGENCE
Westmeath - March 5

     William Vize, Esq., was placed at the bar, charged with having, on the 20th day of October last, at Dysart, in this county, discharged a gun loaded with two slugs, at one Thomas Flynn, which slugs entered the left breast of the said Thomas Flynn, inflicting a wound of which he then and there instantly died.
     The traverser pleaded not guilty.
     Messrs. Corballis, Q.C., Plunket, Q.C., and Griffith, conducted the prosecution.
     The prisoner was defended by Mr. O'Driscoll.
     Mr. Corballis stated the case for the Crown. He said the transaction out of which the homicide arose was connected with the right to some property possessed by the late Capt. Ogle, in this county. The traverser was married to the niece of that gentleman, and went with his wife in November, 1849, to reside with Captain Ogle, at Dysart, where they remained with him up to his death, which took place on the 5th of October last. Mr. Vize apprised the Messrs. Ogle (who were nephews of the deceased) that Captain Ogle had died and told them of the time and place when the funeral was to take place. Henry and George Ogle, with other members of the family, attended the funeral. Mr. Vize was asked by them if there was a will. He answered that there was and that by it he was left every acre in the world of the testator's property - but he did not produce the will. Under these circumstances, and Mr. Ogle being the heir at law of the testator, proceeded from his residence in the adjoining county to Dysart, on the morning of the 20th of October to take possession of the mansion house and property. He was accompanied by about ten persons, but was joined by others on the road - they found the hall-door open and entered the house, when a shot was fired by Mr. Vize, by which a person named Fox was wounded. Mr. Corballis referred to the last edition of Roscoe, [ink blot over two words] where trespass committed without a fe[inkblot over one word] intent, the party is not justified. He also cited Meade's case in 1st Lewis's Crown case, page [inkblot]
     Patrick Fox examined by Mr. Griffith - Remembers going to Dysart on the morning of the 20th of October. Arrived there about [ink blot] three quarters of an hour before day. There were some men pushing at the door, and heard a bustle inside. The first man that went in was Patrick M'Cabe. Saw Potterson, the steward, and Flynn, the deceased.- He was in before witness, it was dark at the time. Potterton and witness went up stairs; they put their backs to the wall. Flynn, who was shot, stood opposite where witness saw the muzzles of two guns coming out through the door-way. Mr. Vize and Doctor Lewis came from the room; Mr. Vize presented his gun at witness, who jumped aside; he then presented it at Flynn, and fired at his breast; Flynn fell dead; the smoke of the powder enabled witness to retreat back; as he was going down stairs he received a shot in the left shoulder; two shots more were fired; no person said a word or offered any violence; they were told not to do so; saw no arms except with Mr. Vize and Lewis.
     Some other witnesses having been examined, the Lord Chief Justice then proceeded to charge the jury. He said the learned counsel had told them very properly that it was the bounden duty of the Crown when a homicide was committed to inquire into the circumstances of the case, and ascertain whether it was a murder or whether it was based on such facts as to render the act one which could be justified - that was what the jury had now to try. What were the facts? A body of thirty men, by what may be called an insurrectionary movement, make a sudden irruption into this gentleman's house at a period of the morning when there was scarcely light enough inside to distinguish whether they had arms or not, and but one minute afterwards the shots were fired. Mr. Vize was up stairs, without any means of knowing anything of the intention of this party; the first thing he sees is a body of men rushing tumultuously up stairs. - Gentlemen, said his lordship, I cannot forbear to say that the proceeding had a character of the most decided illegality. It matters not whether they had arms or not; what was wanting in that respect was abundantly made up by their numbers. You have two questions to decide - the first is, did Mr. Vize actually fire the shot which caused the death of the deceased; and if you are satisfied of that, it will be for you next to consider whether the circumstances under which the act was done amounted to a justification.
     The jury, without leaving the box handed down a verdict of acquittal.
     Doctor John Alward Lewis was then placed at the bar.
     Messrs. Ball and O'Driscoll appeared for the traverser.
     Mr. Ball asked the counsel for the Crown if, after the circumstances which were elicited on the trial of Mr. Vize, they would persist in putting Dr. Lewis on trial?
   The counsel for the Crown having conferred together, Mr. Corballis stated that they had no desire to press on the prosecution of Mr. Lewis after intimation of his lordship's opinion of the subject.
     The Lord Chief Justice - I think the transaction was most disgraceful. I have called it by the proper name- a species of insurrectionary movement.
     Mr. O'Driscoll said he was instructed by Mr. Vize to state that, with reference to the parties now about to be placed on their trial for the riot, he was not anxious that they should be punished; he believed that they acted under mistaken views, and that the verdict of the jury having vindicated the part taken by Mr. Vize, he would be satisfied if it were arranged that the parties should stand out on their recognizances.
     Mr. Vize said he was obliged to have two policemen constantly protecting his house.
     The Chief Justice said that being so, the best course was to postpone the trial of these persons to the next assizes, and to permit them to remain out on their own recognizances.
     The counsel for the Crown having conferred together, assented to that course.

LIMERICK ASSIZES
Interesting Forgery Case

     John Graham, alias Henry Dickson, was indicted for that he not being an officer of the Bank of Ireland, had in his possession a plate or piece of metal on which were impressed the words, &c. used by the company in their notes. The indictment contained 23 counts and the presentation was conducted by Sergeant O'Brien and Mr. Brereton.
     The prisoner, a shrewd, intelligent man, well dressed, and of a mild demeanour, evinced a determination to act as his own counsel, having arranged before him in the dock several manuscript documents.
     The first witness examined was James Keogh.- He deposed that he met the prisoner in this city in the month of November, 1848; never knew him before; Thady Molony was with him when he met Graham in Brunswick-street; he invited them into a public house and asked them to buy a pound note; witness gave him 7s. for it; they drank three dandies of punch each; when parting Graham appointed a place of meeting should they want to buy any more notes; on the morning after witness bought six more from him for 30s.; bought four more in a fortnight after; saw the prisoner printing notes in a house in Augustinian land; saw the plate with him; he rubbed something dry on the plate, and then sprinkled water on the paper which he laid over it, and got the impression; Graham told him he should fly form the town - that the police were after him, and that he would give him (Keogh) the plate which he did.
     Prisoner - My lord, I request you will order the other witnesses out of court. I am labouring under debility, having been imprisoned for the last 15 months without being brought to trial, and as I have to defend my own case, it would make it the more embarrassing to me were they present, for one would swear to what he heard the other say.
     The witnesses were ordered out of the court.
     Prisoner (to Keogh)- Were not many members of your family suspected, or, I shall say, convicted for passing forged notes?
     Witness - 'Twas a sorry day to me I ever saw you - my uncle was transported for it, and my mother is under sentence of transportation.
     Prisoner - And to save yourself you have sworn a false information against me - may the blood of Jesus-
     Sergeant O'Brien - You said, Keogh, that he gave you the plate; what did you do with it?
     Witness - I was afraid to take it home, and deposited it in a hole in the well at the dock-yard, north strand; it was rolled in paper; I put a stone in the opening to prevent it being seen; I afterwards gave information to Mr. O'Brien, the stipendiary magistrate, of where the plate was.
     Prisoner - I never saw you until I was arrested.
     Witness- You are a danger; you said you were in Clonmel gaol for forgery in 1832.
     Prisoner - I stand here and am prepared to go before the governor in every gaol in Ireland for identification; I dare say the Bank of Ireland will defray the expenses.
     Witness- You told me you were a deserter.
     Prisoner - You swore I was a deserter.
     Witness - Oh, you are too great a grammarian for me (laughter.)
     Prisoner - You are here on your oath, and must answer me as soon as you would his lordship.
     Witness- (astonished) faith you have too many crans for me (renewed laughter) I got enough of you.
     Prisoner - You say I told you I was a deserter. Now if I said I was an Antedeluvian would you swear to it? (laughter)
     Witness appeared much surprised and looked his lordship sternly in the face, who laughed heartily.
     Judge- Can you answer him that question?
     Witness - Why, then, my lord, (immoderate laughter)
     Judge - Do you know what an Antedeluvian is?
     Witness - Indeed, faith. I don't; may be he is one, by gor - (renewed laughter)
     Prisoner then took up the sworn information of the witness, and with a degree of tact that would do credit to a practised lawyer, cross-examined him at length.
     Thadeus Molony corroborated the testimony of Keogh, and was also cross-examined by the prisoner.
     John O'Brien, Esq, R.M. proved having found the plate in the wall at the dock-yard; Mr. Williams, Sub-Inspector, was with him; also Molony.
     Prisoner then told Mr. O'Brien he held him in too high esteem to offer him the slightest offence, and hoped he would excuse him if the questions he was about to put afforded him any annoyance. He then cross-examined Mr. O'Brien as to the construction of the wall, the aperture where the plate was deposited, and the condition of the metal when found.
     Mr. Michael O'Brien, son to the former witness, deposed that he exhibited the plate at the office of the Bank of Ireland, in Dublin, where it was pronounced a counterfeit. (The plate here produced was remarkably well executed.)
     Michael Ryan, of Trough, proved that he purchased a piece of copper, similar to the plate, for the prisoner who lodged in his house; saw him pencil the form and figures of a bank note on it; saw an engraving press with him, which was removed without witness's knowledge.
     The arrest of the prisoner, and particulars connected with the passing of forged notes at fairs and markets were then given in evidence.
     James Quinn, sworn- I am a turnkey in Ennis gaol; the prisoner was there in '43 while he was in gaol I saw him engraving his name; he was then called Mullins. I often saw his wife come with words to him.
     Prisoner - How do you know she was my wife? - Did you ever see her in bed with me? (laughter)
     Witness- This is all I have to say, my lord.
     Charles Turner, examined - I live about twenty miles from Limerick, in the county Clare; the prisoner lodged at my house one night; he gave me a pound not to change; I went to change it; John Page brought it to the police.
     His lordship then asked the prisoner if he would address the court or the jury?
     The Prisoner addressed the Court at some length in a very able and ingenious manner.
     The Judge then charged the jury, who were about to retire, when
     The Prisoner said- My lord, I submit there was no evidence to go before the jury that the offense was committed in the city of Limerick.
     The Jury having retired for a few minutes, returned a verdict of Guilty.
     His Lordship, in passing sentence on the prisoner, said he had displayed extraordinary natural ability by the ingenious arguments he had used for his defence and able cross-examination of witnesses.- During his experience he had never met so clever a person, and it was to be regretted he had not directed his abilities to better use. The sentence was that he be transported for life.
     Prisoner - As I am to be transported for life I must say that the jurors who tried me have put themselves on an equilibrium with the presecutors who swore against me.
     The convict was formerly a householder in Sackville-street, Dublin, and worked in this city as an engraver.-- Limerick Chronicle.

 


     

ELECTION OF GUARDIANS

     The following are those nominated to fill the offices of Guardian in this Union for the half year ensuing the 25th inst. Two Guardians are to be returned for the Ballina electoral division and one for each of the remaining.- There are no nominations for Ardnaree South and Fortland -

Ardagh, John Cawley
Ardnaree North, Michael Howley
Ardnaree North, John M'Culloch
Attymass East, Henry Wils
Attymass East, George Moore
Attymass West, Henry Wills
Ballina, Henry B. Crofton
Balllisokeery, Charles M'Donagh
Ballisokeery, Arthur Foster
Bunnaveela, William Joynt
Carramore, James V. Jackson
Crossmolina North, George Orme
Crossmolina South, Pat Gallagher, sen.
Crossmolina South, Pat Gallagher, jun.
Crossmolina South, Wm. Joynt
Crossmolina South, John C. Walsh
Deel, Wm. M'Kenzie
Derry, Wm. Joynt
Derry, Anthony Carolin
Kilgarvin, Jarret Beaty
Letterbrick, Walter Quinn
Letterbrick, Henry Joynt, jun.
Mount Falcon, Pat Quigley
Rathoma, Thomas Kelly
Sallymount, John Farrel
Sallymount, James Higgins
Shraheen, Mathew Flynn

MISCELLANEOUS

     Another company of enrolled pensioners will embark for Hudson Bay territory in June next.
     There were ten deaths of cholera at Cahirciveen Workhouse on Monday.
     Sub-Inspector T. Rennison, Carrick-on-suir, was thrown from his horse on Monday, and killed, while riding to the Waterford station.
     In re Sampson, a lunatic, the Chancellor has ordered 200 out of 600 in bank to credit, to stock the lunatic's estate in Scariff union.
     James M'Carthy a pugilist, is sentenced to six weeks of imprisonment at Plymouth for a foreclosure assault upon two soldiers of the 29th.
     Rathronan House, the family residence, in the vicinity of Clonmel, is being prepared for the reception of Lord and Lady Gough.
     Professor Barker is about to mark the advent of his Jubilee of fifty years occupation of the Chair of Chemistry in Trinity College by retirement into private life.
     The Meath, Longford, Kildare, Kilkenny and Queen's county estates of the Earl of Portarlington are consigned to the hammer on the 7th of May next by the Incumbered Estates court.
     William Gibson, an old man, and his grandson, died on Tuesday in Damestreet, Dublin, of starvation, having had no food but turnips for several days.
     Among the trials that will occupy the approaching Armagh Assizes that of Mrs. Bleazby, for the alleged murder of her husband, is looked forward to with unusual interest.
     The Galway Guardians report their inability to pay conractors the promised instalment of 2s. in the pound. The clerk laid before the board an insolvency notice from Sir Thomas E. Blake, Bart.
     Walter Thomas Meyler, of Limerick, who was imprisoned under the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act, to sustain the Irishman as an honest exponent of the cause for which Mr. Meyler suffered, has paid twenty years subscription in advance.
     Francis Boyle, a member of the Roman Catholic Church, was sentenced to pay a fine of 40s. and costs or to be imprisoned three months, for abusive language, and throwing stones at Dr. Denvir, Roman Catholic Bishop.--Belfast News Letter.
     The Rt. Rev. Dr. Murphy of Cloyne, on Monday last addressed a pastoral to the clergy and people of his diocese, condemnatory of the Queen's Colleges as being "dangerous to faith and morals, in the words of the Pope's rescript.
     The amount borrowed from the Exchequer by the county Galway, under the Acts of Parliament, for carrying on public works in the years 1846 and 1847 was 213,366. For the re-payment of that sum the county now have forty years.
     The Killarney Guardians refused the application of Bishop Egan, for compensation for the loss of his college, burned lately while being used as an auxiliary workhouse. The Poor Law Commissioners decided that Dr Egan had no legal claim on the guardians.
     Mr. Sergeant Stock's congratulatory address to the County Grand Jury at the opening of the commission yesterday, upon the progressive "improvement and prosperity" of the county Limerick, came with no less surprise to those gentlemen than to every other man in court. Would that it were in our power to sustain the soft impeachment! -- Limerick Chronicle.
    
As Mrs. Chatterton, wife of the member for Cork, was driving on Monday in Hyde Park, one of the horses suddenly commenced kicking in a violent manner, demolished the dashboard and driving seat and hurled both servants to the ground. Luckily the lady (who behaved with great presence of mind) was extricated from her perilous situation without injury.
     The men of Ulster are publishing their tenant right agitation with vigour. The denunciations of Marquis of Londonderry against the Presbyterian clergymen for joining their people, and the menace of the withdrawal of the regium donum, seems to have had very little effect. At a recent meeting at Killinchy, county Down, three Presbyterian clergymen, Rev. Messrs. Fisher, Rodger, and Anderson, were among the speakers, and one of them had to defend himself before his people for having held back too long.
     A merchant in Belfast writing to Sir John Gladstone, an eminent Liverpool merchant, thus described certain frauds committed on the Irish butter and provisions trade - "Our butter firkins and casks we send over to Liverpool empty, they are filled with bad American butter, and then sold as Irish. Large quantities of American pork and beef are sent home, and then washed and dressed up and sold much cheaper than we can sell Irish."

SLIGO ASSIZES
Murder

     Abraham Lawson, Archibald Lawson, and John Lawson, were indicted that they on the 18th of June in the 12th year of reign of her Majesty the Queen, at Ballymote, feloniously, willfully and of their malice aforethought, did kill and murder one James Callaghan; the said Abraham Lawson having given him upon the left side of the breast, a mortal wound, the said Archibald Lawson and John Lawson having then and there hiding and assisting against the peace and statute.
     The prisoners who are brothers and occupy a respectable position in life, appeared in front of the dock calm and collected. The manner of each was grave, cool and thoughtful; there was no bravado or daring got up for the occasion, and not a shade of fear could be detected in the countenance or bearing of any of them. When called upon by the clerk of the court to plead to the indictment, each of them replied in a firm voice, "Not Guilty."
     Mr. French, Q.C., Mr. Close, Q.C., and Mr. Walker, Q.C., appeared for the prosecution.
     For  the prisoners Mr. Keogh and Mr. Blakeney - agent Mr. Pollock.
     Mr. Close wished to have all the witnesses put out of court, with the exception of magistrates or professorial men- which was acceded to.
     Michael Shannon swore and examined by Mr. French, Q.C.: - Knew a man named James Callaghan; he is dead; saw him last alive at the fair of Ballymote, in this county, on the 18th of June last; met him at the fair and went with him into Gurneen's public house; deceased went into the yard and witness turned into the kitchen to light his pipe; when witness had lighted his pipe he came into the hall and heard an argument; Lawson and Morrison had hold of the deceased; witness went to separate them and was struck by Lawson; saw Morrison and Lawson strike the deceased; Abraham Lawson them came in and struck witness with a whip when he was endeavouring to make peace; the third man then came in, Archibald Lawson [identifies him] and struck witness and deceased; the Lawsons struck them with sticks and stones; the young fellow in particular, struck witness repeatedly; Callaghan thought to make out of the yard, when Abraham Lawson pulled a knife or a dagger out of his pocket and followed deceased down with it; witness was going to the assistance of the deceased when young Lawson knocked him down; Callaghan then shouted out that he was stuck and murdered; a man named Morrison then called out to the Lawson's come away, that there was one man dead, and there was enough done, for the police were coming; witness did not see any other persons in the yard during the whole time.
     Cross-examined by Mr. Keogh- Knows where the Lawsons live now; they live about five miles from Ballymote; did not know them before the day Callaghan was killed, neither did the deceased know them; the house they went into on that day was full of people; doesn't know if people go to fairs in this country upon unlawful business; never knew the business of Captain of Ribbonmen; never met a Ribbonman to know him.
     Mr. Keogh - Now, on your oath, were you ever tried?
     Witness - I tell you I know nothing at all about it.
     Mr. Keogh - Are you one?
     Witness - I don't know.
     Mr. Keogh - You don't know whether you are a Ribbonman or not?
     Witness went up to take a glass of ale, but does not know if he was there six or seven minutes or half-an-hour; thinks he was something about half-an-hour; when he went out he saw John Lawson and a chap named Morrison striking at Callaghan; Morrison had nothing in his hand; neither had witness; saw Abraham Lawton pull out a knife or dagger and run after Callaghan and stab him with it; never called it by any other name; knows what a poker is, saw a poker; on his oath, he never swore it was a poker; sore it was a knife or dagger; knew it was because he saw the blade shining in his fist; would swear it was a dagger and not a poker; is certain of that (Here Mr. Keogh read witness's informations, in which it appeared that he swore distinctly that it was a knife or poker, and in which the "shining blade" was not all mentioned.)
     Mr. Keogh - There is nothing in that information about the "shining blade." The shining blade was get up for this occasion.
     Witness - There were not many blows struck until Callaghan was struck; witness was struck with a tone about a pound weight; went to Ballymote fair to sell a pig that day; did sell it to his brother, his brother might explain the question of "frying a man."
     Michael Brennan swore and examined by Mr. Walker, Q.C. - Recollects the June fair of Ballymote; was in the house of a man named James Curneen on that day; on coming out saw a row at the back door; saw Archibald Lawson and the deceased fighting; the deceased had a stick with which he struck Lawson, and kicked him out into the yard; saw the last witness (Shannon) knocked down by John Lawson; Lawson had a knife in his hand, and he gave Callaghan two stabs of it in the side; thinks it was in the left side; Callaghan said, "Oh! I'm stabbed;" he then walked out into the hall and in passing through it he dropped either a stick or a handkerchief; witness could not say which; on Callaghan's stooping to lift it the blood gushed out; witness then said to himself  "your done" and immediately ran for Mr. Tighe to annoint him.
     Cross-examined by Mr. Blackeney - Is a chimney sweep, and used to sweep chimneys for the Rev. Mr. Tighe; saw Mr. Tighe in the town of Sligo on last Monday; can't say what he was talking about, but is quite certain it was not about cleaning the chimneys; is in the habit of going to mass; goes very often, but did not hear of any collection being made to pay witnesses to prosecute the Lawsons; never heard it from any of the boys; swears he does not know what counsel means by the "boys."
     Michael Kelly, Constable, examined by Mr. Close - Was on duty at Ballymote on that day; in consequence of a statement made to him by Shannon arrested Abraham Lawson; searched him and got a pistol on his person but no knife.
     Cross-examined by Mr. Keogh - Knows the Rev. Mr. O'Connor; is one of his congregation.
     John Cummisky examined by Mr. French - Was at the fair that day; did not know Callaghan previously; saw him that day; it was about five o'clock in the evening; saw Abraham Lawson with Callaghan; to the best of his opinion it was with a knife.
     Cross-examined by Mr. Keogh - Was examined on the inquest; saw Lawson afterwards in Sligo gaol; was brought by Mr. Kelly, police constable, to identify Lawson; had no conversation with Kelly after leaving gaol; but told him he knew the man; does not recollect any conversation only he was told that Mr. Kelly gave orders unless Lawson wore the same clothes he had on the fair day, witness could not identify him; it was after he heard that he identified Lawson.
     Dr. Lougheed was then called and gave testimony as to the nature of the wounds inflicted upon them; they were of a nature to cause death.
     Mr. Keogh then rose and addressed the jury at considerable length and with great force, after which he examined Bernard Owen Cogan, Esq., High Sheriff, Rev. Mr. Guinness, and E.J. Cooper, Esq., Markree Castle, who gave the prisoners excellent character.
     The learned Baron charged the jury, and went through the whole evidence, which he examined very minutely, pointing out the various discrepancies which appeared in it.
     The jury then retired and after a consultation of about two hours returned into court with a verdict of Not Guilty.

SUICIDE

     On Monday morning last at Easky, Francis Hale, a young man about twenty-five years of age, committed a most determined act of self-destruction by inflicting three fearful gashes in his throat with a razor. It appears that since his return from America about three weeks ago, he has not bee on good terms with his father, Edward Hale, a man in very independent circumstances, and who very seldom allowed him into his house. On Sunday evening young Hale effected an entrance into one of the upper rooms in his father's house, where there were some bags of meal, which he placed against the door, and intimated to those who endeavoured to get in that he would put an end to himself if they forced the door. Fearing he would execute his threat they left the place; but on coming to the door the next morning they heard the noise as if of blood issuing from a wound and falling on the floor. They then forced the door open and found the unfortunate young man standing near it, with his hands resting on his knees, the blood pouring from his throat, and a razor thrown on the floor some yards from him. The exertions which were instantly made failed to save his life; the dreadful act was too effectually accomplished.

----------

     The owners of the ship Earl Grey, from Belfast to Sydney, with emigrants, were fined 500l. for the misconduct of their officers to the female passengers.

----------

     At Ennis assizes, Sergeant Stock reversed the decrees of the Assistant Barrister, and then decided that graziers were not responsible for the loss of stock sent upon their lands.

----------

     The prisoners in Cork county gaol mutinied on Thursday, breaking the tables and forms, which the police and military were called in to subdue the revolt, and the leaders were placed in irons.

----------

     Patrick Maher, for the violation of Alice Kelly, was sentenced at Waterford assizes to transportation for life.

----------

     SLIGO UNION. - There are only four paupers receiving out-door relief in this union.

----------

     At Limerick Market last week 292 load of potatoes, selling at 6d. to 7d. per stone, and the largest supply of any week this year. - Half the quantity was bought up for spring sowing.

 

INCENDIARY FIRES IN THE NORTH OF IRELAND. - On Thursday morning last three dwelling houses, with their offices, were burned to the ground in the townland of Four-score acres, Cairncastle, the property of James Agnew, Esq. It appears that the previous occupiers of these houses had been ejected for non-payment of rent, two of them being behind three years, and one two years' rent. In one of the houses three men sleeping in it had a narrow escape from being burned to death. Mr. Agnew is spoken of as a kind and considerate landlord; and we are informed that he had not only drained the land of the ejected tenants, but, that finding they were unable to pay him his rent, had, also allowed them to take away last year's crops. On Wednesday night a house was fired and burned in Killead, on the property of General Pakenham. On the morning of that day, Gr. Cunningham, who had occupied the premises for many years, and had been struggling for some time past to pay his rent, was ejected from the house.-- Coleraine Chronicle.

 


    

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, March 20, 1850

MISCELLANEOUS

     Mr. Gibbons, at Killaloe, was robbed of his silver watch in the Court-house of Limerick.
     The County Surgeon of the gaol is dispensed with by the Grand Jury.
     Mr. Ellis, steward to Mr. Trant, of Doven, was fired at on Sunday returning from Nenagh church.
     Six police are ordered to Downshire and Armagh on temporary duty.
     Mr. M'Cleland's Tipperary Boy won the Chichester hunt steeple chase, near Belfast, on Thursday.
     The 3s rate in Nenagh union is to be collected by two equal instalments.
     At Armagh Assizes, Mrs. Bleazby, charged with the murder of her husband, has been admitted to bail in 1,400; Gordon, the steward, also.
     The Waterford Grand Jury have granted to Sub-Constable Owen's Mother 105. Owen was killed at Cappoquin barrack by the insurgents.
     At Athlone meeting Cornet Rontine (Scot's Greys) Zerina, won the military race, and Mr. Lawson's Nameless the Handicap.
     The Tralee Guardians have taken 12 acres of land near the Workhouse, from Mr. Jerome Quill, at 4l. per Irish acre.
     The Newtownards Mining Company have presented their agent, Captain Silas Evans, with a service of plate, value 100.
     Mr. Stewart Erskine Rolland, late of the 39th Regiment, is with Captain Layard, assisting to bring to light the hidden antiquarian treasures of Nineveh.
     Luke Lennon, John Lennon, John Donohoe and Mathew Joy are the persons found guilty at Waterford assizes of having attacked the Police Barrack at Cappoquin, on the 16th of Sept. last, when Constable Ownes was killed by the insurgents. Pat Downing, sen, and Pat Downing, jun, were convicted of the murder of Michael Hogan, a bailiff, who went to execute a decree at Eagle-hall.
     At Liverpool Police Court, Thomas Gorman was brought up on a charge of stealing 45l. belonging to Michael Hogan, of Killokennedy, county of Clare. It appears that the prisoner was in the employment of Mr. Hogan, his uncle, and that the money which was in Limerick bank notes, was taken from a chest. The prisoner was sent over to Limerick in charge of Head Constable M'Hale, who had arrested him.

BIRTHS

     At Avilly, county Leitrim, the Lady of W.A. O'Brien, Esq, of a son.
     In London, the wife of John Philpot Curran, Esq, Barrister, of a son.

MARRIAGES.

     Edward, son of John Walsh, Esq, Castle-hill, in this county, to Anne, daughter of Edmond Coyne, of Farm-hill, county Roscommon, Esq, deceased.
     At Outerard Church, Wm. Callwell, of Glenburn, county Antrim, Esq, to Elizabeth daughter of James Martin,of Ross, county Galway, Esq., D.L.
     Travers Crofton, Esq, 52d Madras Native Infantry, son of the late Duke Crofton, Esq. of Lakefield, county Leitrim, to Anne Edwards Singer, eldest daughter of the late James Henderson Singer, M.D.

DIED

     At his residence, Westport, on Sunday last, Richard Levingston, Esq, at the advanced and unusual age of 100 years. The venerable and respected centenarian closed his long career with a full reliance in the all-atoning blood of his Redeemer. Throughout life he bore the unsullied reputation of a man of the strictest honour and principle, having been distinguished in his vast mercantile transactions by the most straightforward and gentlemanlike demeanor, and earning in truth the good reputation of all ranks and classes. He died esteemed and revered by all who were privileged with his acquaintance.

LIMERICK ASSIZES
COUNTY CRIMINAL COURT - Saturday
TRIAL AND MURDER

     Matthew and William Gavin were indicted for assaulting John Ryan at Cappamore on the 8th Sept. last; and in a second count that they did kill and murder him with reaping hooks. The prisoners appeared to be aged 20 to 23 years, severally.
     Mr. Sergeant O'Brien stated the case for the prosecution.
     Denis Murphy examined - Recollects the night of Ryan's murder; met Garrett and Ryan on the road that night; was going from Gavin's house to the widow Ryan, to accompany the son home; went along with young Ryan into a haggard and left John Ryan there, and went towards the widow Ryan's house; saw the prisoners in a field on  his way; they had reaping hooks; when in the widow Ryan's house young John Ryan called him (witness) out; went towards home, and on the way heard a voice call out "mercy, mercy, Mat, don't, don't"; heard the voice from the direction he parted John Ryan; then went into a house belonging to Fitzgerald, who came out with his two sisters; he then went towards the widow Gavan's house; when witness came up to William he asked him did he hear any noise on the path  and William said not; they then asked him where was Mat, and he said he went to William Murphy's for his horse; witness went back to widow Ryan's house; did not see the dead body next day; then went home to Gavin's and did not see Mat Gavin all that night; he was at home the night before the murder; did not see Mat Gavin the day after the murder; heard him saying he would be up to John Ryan for canting his cow;" before the death of the deceased saw the lace where John Ryan was murdered, it was towards that spot that he saw the Gavins.
     John Ryan (son of the deceased) was next examined - Recollects when his father was killed; was getting turnips that evening; heard a cry from the direction where the body was found of 'Denny, Denny, Murphy;' went then to his brother's house and told Denis Murphy he was called; Murphy's son was working with witness that day; Murphy then ran to Fitzgerald's house.
     To Mr. O'Hea - Did not hear the cry of 'Mat, Mat.'
     Honora Fitzgerald sworn - Saw Denis Murphy going towards the Widow Ryan's house; is sister of John Fitzgerald; heard a cry from the direction of where the deceased was found of "Denny, Denny Murphy;" went into her house; Denis Murphy came in a short time after; and her brother John went with him out; when Denis Murphy came in he said "there is something over the way;" they went two or three fields and saw nothing.
     Cross-examined - Did not hear the call "mercy, Mat, Mat;" it was a fine night but darkish.
     John Fitzgerald examined - Corroborated the evidence of Murphy - and in addition said he saw the two prisoners standing near their own house, which is not far from where the body was found; when witness and Murphy went to Garvin's house, William Gavin asked did witness see his brother Mat? - witness said he did not; witness asked was it not his brother Mat that was with him, that he (witness) saw on the field? William Gavin said it was not.
     Bridget Fitzgerald corroborated the testimony of her sister, Honoria and her brother John Fitzgerald.
     Patrick Cormack deposed to having been working for Wm. Murphy the day of the evening John Ryan was murdered; was walking home after super and met the prisoners with reaping hooks going towards where the body was found; heard a cry of "Denny, Denny" coming from the place; after going home to Wm. Murphy's, Wm. Gavin came to demand Mat's wages; that was a quarter of an hour after he saw the two Gavins.
     Cross-examined - Often saw the prisoners before with reaping hooks; when witness saw them they were going home; never heard the cry "Mat, Mat, mercy;" heard the cry of "Denny, Denny;" was in the army; deserted once but was arrested; was discharged in consequence of a burnt leg; was married; witness deserted from his wife; was not married but once, but would get married to 14 if he could; knows Judy Connors; her husband is gone to America; when leaving the table he said to counsel, "Mr. O'Hea, you're done tea."
    Judith Connors examined - Knew John Ryan; recollects well the night he was killed; was out that evening minding a piece of land and heard a shout; there was one garden between her and where the body was found; heard persons calling, "Denny, Denny;" went towards where the shout came from and saw the two prisoners beating John Ryan with reaping hooks, and she then hid herself in a stook of oats, being a little afraid; knew the prisoners since they were boys; the stook was not far from where the body was found, and saw them throw Ryan into a dyke; before she saw him fall, heard deceased crying, "Denny, Denny;" heard one of the prisoners say "come away, we have revenge enough;" it was Mat said it, because she heard "Billy, come away, &c;" when the prisoners went away witness went home, and in the morning told John Hayes of the murder, and he told witness to hold her tongue.
     Cross-examined - Her husband is dead, Lord have mercy on him; told a little of what happened to her employer, Michael Gleeson; told him there were four men killing John Ryan; has three children in America; did not hear the cry "Mat, Mat;" don't know how far she was from the murder; the surveyor knows the distance; will go to America; heard persons would be sent to America for giving evidence. [ Mr. O'Hea read witness's informations by which discrepancies with her present evidence were apparent.]
     Michael Connell, aged about 14 years, sworn - Lived with his aunt, widow Ryan; the morning after the murder was sent of a message and saw blood on the road, and then saw John Ryan dead in a ditch; ran home and told about it.
     Bridget Ryan, wife of deceased, deposed to her business going out with John Garrett the night he was murdered, and to having found her husband dead in the ditch the next day.
     Thomas Bartley, deposed to having found deceased in a ditch, and brought him home with Bridget Ryan.
     Head Constable Sunderson sworn - Thomas Bartley called and told him about the murder; arrested Wm .Gavin the same day reaping in a field; he wore a clean shirt; thee were marks of blood on his trowsers and coat, and a little blood on his hands; searched Gavin's house, and found a spirt steeped in dirty water, which had marks of blood on the breast and sleeves; deceased's throat and hands were cut; Mat Gavin was arrested in Cashel in three days after examined his shoes and saw marks of blood on them.
     John Lyons, police constable, deposed to having arrested Mathew Gavin; the trowsers he wore appeared washed from the knees down recently.
     Michael Gleeson deposed to having employed Judy Connors as a herdswoman.
     Cross-examined - Judy Connors told him she saw four men killing John Ryan; said she knew two of them; did not tell her not to disclose the murder - partly guessed herself would tell it.
     Dr. Patrick Arthur deposed to having examined the body of deceased; there were several wounds; one up on the neck, which cut the windpipe; the hands were cut and a mark under the left eye; the cuts appeared to have been inflicted with a reaping hook.
     Dr. James Heffernan corroborated Dr. Arthur's evidence; the wounds on the hands appeared as if a reaping hook had been drawn through them.
     The crown closed at a quarter to six o'clock, and Mr. O'Hea proceeded to address the jury for the defence. He said that a very strong case was entered on his lordship's notes against the two prisoners at bar, but taking the discrepancies of the witnesses produced into consideration he hoped the jury would bear in mind that the lives of the unfortunate men rested on their verdict.
     His lordship summed up the evidence, pointing out the several links of corroborative testimony which clearly substantiated the case against the prisoners, and it was with the jury to say whether they would believe the evidence of Judith Connor, who swore she saw the prisoners actually killing the deceased John Ryan, and which was circumstantially borne out by the other witnesses produced by the crown.
     The Jury retired and in half an hour returned with a verdict of GUILTY.
     The Foreman and the Jury recommended the prisoners to mercy on account of their youth.
     His Lordship said it was impossible to take the recommendation.
     The Court adjourned at 7 o'clock.

MEETING OF GUARDIANS

     BALLINA UNION - The usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of this Union was held in the Boardroom on Saturday, Colonel Knox Gore in the chair. The other Guardians present were Capt. Atkinson, Mr. Pratt, Mr. Crofton, Mr. Gore, Mr. Howley, Mr. A. Knox, Mr. G. Orme, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. Jones, Mr. Gardiner, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Malley, and Mr. Strogen, Richard Burke, Esq., Assistant Commissioner, and Captain Hamilton, Inspector, were also present.
     The Clark having read the minutes of the proceedings of the last day of meeting and several communications from the Poor Law Commissioners of no public importance, Mr. Burke laid before the Guardians the substance of the investigation founded upon the charges brought against the master by the Rev. Richard St. George in the case of Anne Nealee, of Crossmolina. Mr. Burke only noticed that particularly that portion of the investigation in which it appeared that the Master had gone beyond his duty. Anne Nealee (he said) was in charge of a ward on the 5th of January last, when she appropriated a blanket, the property of the Union. For this offence the Master got her placed in the black hole, where he caused her to remain five hours with insufficiency of clothes and in extremely severe weather. The duty of the Master was to take down her name and report the circumstance to the Board and that he could confine only in cases of repeated refractory conduct. The conduct of the Master in this case he (Mr. Burke) attributed to ignorance of the order, as also the approval of the punishment by the Chairman. He found nothing in the evidence to prove that any partiality or sectarian motives influenced the Master, especially as it appeared that this woman, who was a Protestant, was so far confided in as to be appointed a Wardswoman. He (Mr. Burke) was confident the Board was most anxious for religious harmony, and it was his opinion they should deal with the matter as lightly as possible, and merely reprimand the master for having exceeded his duty.
    In reply to a question from the Rev. Mr. St. George, Mr. Burke said that it did not at all appear that he (Mr. St. George) brought forward the mater in a sectarian spirit.
     The Master was afterwards called before the Board and the Chairman explained to him how he had exceeded his duty; but at the same time he had the pleasure to state to him that Mr. Burke and all the Guardians, from what they heard, were satisfied that he had acted through ignorance and not from any religious or sectarian motives. He (the Chairman) had sanctioned the punishment through ignorance of the Commissioners' order on that subject, and, moreover, as there appeared at that time to be much insubordination in the house.
     Tenders from Valuators were then opened. The following are the names and the sums proposed:-
     Messrs. O'Donaghoe and Cunningham, 90l. The same with maps, 180. Mr. John Cunningham 120.  Mr. Mark M'Garry 85, same with maps, 110. Mr. Henry Joynt 100. Mr. John Henderson, 100, and Mr. J.G. Barrett, 100 guineas.
     Mr. Pratt moved that Mr. Joynt's tender be accepted, which was seconded by Mr. Annesley Knox. Mr. Crofton proposed, and Captain Atkinson seconded, the appointment of Mr. Henderson, and Mr. Cunningham was proposed by Mr. Walsh, and seconded by Mr. Quigley.
     The votes for each were as following:-
     For Mr. Joynt - Mr. Gardiner, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. Cawley, Mr. Gallagher, of Keeleen, Mr. Carolin, Mr. Joynt, Mr. John Knox, Mr. G. Orme, Mr. Strogen, Mr. A. Knox, Mr. J. Gore, Mr. Paget, Mr. Pratt.
     For Mr. Cunningham - Mr. Quinn, Mr. Kelly, Mr. Gallagher of Crossmolina, Mr. Foster, Mr. Quigley, Mr. Farrel, Mr. Howley, Mr. Walsh.
     For Mr. Henderson - Mr. Jackson, Mr. Jones, Mr. Crofton, Captain Atkinson.
     Mr. Henderson having the fewest votes, Mr. Jackson and Captain Atkinson voted for Mr. Joynt, and Mr. Crofton for Mr. Cunningham. Mr. Joynt's tender was then accepted.
     Mr. Gallagher's notice of motion to have the registry of children named Goodwin changed being brought forward, Mr. Burke said that the chief point at issue was what religion the mother wished them to be.
     The Rev. Mr. Moore and Mr. St. George were present, as were also the Revs. Messrs. Madden, Eagan and Malone.
     Col. Gore stated that the evidence upon which, on that day fortnight, the Board decided the the children should be registered as Protestants, when,
     Widow O'Donnell was examined by Mr. Burke - She lives in Ardnaree; knows Mrs. Ormsby the mother of the children, since she came to lodge with her; Mrs. Ormsby lodged with her for the last six months; left her for a few weeks ago; she used to go to chapel every Sunday.
     To Mr. Moore - Mr. Madden sent for me to come here.
     To Mr. Burke - Witness has no trade except doing a little needle work; lives near the police barrack in her own house; used to let lodgings, but has no lodgers now.
     To Mr. Burke - Witness saw the children go to mass generally; can't say if they went on holidays and Christmas day.
     To Mr. Paget - The mother used to go to mass by herself, but the children generally accompanied witness there.
     Mr. Moore then read the following letter: - 
                                          14 March 1850
To Captain Strogen,
     SIR - I have to return you my sincere thanks for the trouble you and the Rev. Mr. Moore has taken about my unfortunate children.
     I understand that the Roman Catholic Priest is exerting his influence to have them registered Roman Catholics, contrary to their late father's wish and mine, which was to have them reared as Protestants, and I hope the Guardians will do so.
     If I find that I can support them and myself by my service in England I will not leave them a burden on the Union.
     I am, sir, your grateful and obedient servant.
                           SARAH ORMSBY

     Mr. Samuel Strogen then stated  that he saw Sarah Ormsby write and believed the signature to the letter to be in her writing. He also stated that before she went away she came to his house to tell him she was going to try and do something for herself, but that she was not able to support her children, and that they must go into the Poorhouse, and expressly said that she wished them to be registered as Protestants.
     Mr. Moore said that he looked over the registry of baptisms in the parish church and found in it the name of Rebecca Ann Goodwin, daughter of Sarah Ormsby. The entry was made by the late Rev. Mr. Kinkead, and being a remarkable name it must evidently be that of one of the children.
     Mr. Madden then got in the children, and one of their aunts, about 14 years of age, whom he wished to be examined.
     Mr. Moore said that was not the aunt who was examined the last day, whom he would have there had he thought it necessary.
     The aunt being then questioned said that she lived some time with Sarah Ormsby in Ardnaree, and that she saw her at Chapel on Sundays and Christmas and other holidays.
     Mr. Madden asked leave to examine the children, whom he had all the time by his side, but Mr. Burke objected to his as they were too young.
     Mr. Madden then said he could prove them to be Catholics, and made one of the m bless herself after the form of the Catholic church.
     Mr. Burke and several of the guardians expressed their disapprobation of such conduct, as the circumstance of going through the form of any church could not be admissable evidence.
     Mr. Strogen said he would go to Sligo where the mother lived and take her signature, and then be able to swear to it.
     Mr. Madden asked Mr. Strogen how it was that the former day he said the mother was in England and now to say she was in Sligo.
     Mr. Strogen denied  having said she was in England.
     Mr. Madden. - I have only the authority of the public papers that you stated she was in England.
     Mr. Paget Strogen told Mr. Madden that it was not so stated in the papers. [ In this Mr. Strogen was perfectly correct.]
     It was then agreed, upon the suggestion of Mr. Burke, to have a warrant issued for the apprehension of Sarah Ormsby, and the following resolution was adopted: - 
     "Resolved - That with reference to the cases of two illegitimate children named Goodwin, relative to whose registry as to religious denomination a difficulty has been experienced  by the Board, it is ordered that a warrant be issued against the mother of the children, it having been stated that she is now in the county of Sligo. The Board has spent much time in hearing secondary evidence on the subject, but as it now appears that this mother's evidence can be obtained, the Board considers it most important that she should be examined to enable them to arrive at a correct judgment of the case."

THE ARMY

     Captain Scott, Kings Dragoon Guards, senior of his rank, is gezetted by purchase to the Majority of the Regiment, and the next senior, Lieutenant O'Callaghan to the command of a troop.
     The Coloneley of the 43d Light Infantry is vacant by the death of Lieutenant-General the Hon. Sir Hercules R. Packenham, who entered the army as Ensign in July 1803.
     Lord George Paget, Lieut. Col. 4th Dragoons, is shortly to be married to the daughter of Lord Castlemaine.
     Wednesday was the anniversary of the defeat of the French before Alexandria, in 1801, by the late General Sir Ralph Abercromby.
     The command of the 5th Light Dragoons, Athlone, in the absence of the held officers, has devolved upon Capt,. Halkett.
     Major De Salis and Captain Lord Killeen, 8th Hussars, rejoin from leave  on the 31st, when the Regiment embarks at Dublin en route to Brighton.
     Captain and Brevet Lt. Col. Gough, 3d Light Dragoons, is to exchange with Captain Napier, to enable the former to resume his appointment of Quarter Master General to the Queen's troops in India.
     Lieutenant Nolan, Riding Master to the 15th Hussars, has purchased his troop in the Regt.
     Lieut. Cookes, 3d Light Dragoons, on the Recruiting staff in London, is nominated to an unattached company by purchase.
     Capt. Sharp, 72d, who served in the war in China, with the 26th, has purchased his Majority in the 72d. Captain Robinson, 72d held that rank seven years before Major Sharp entered the army as Ensign!
     The Depot Paymaster 72d is vacant by the promotion of Lieut. Rocke to a company.
     A Troop Sergeant Major of the 4th Dragoon Guards has purchased his Ensigncy in the 2d West.
     The 21st Fusiliers move from Edinburgh to Glasgow on the 5th April.
     Captain Scott, 51st Light Infantry, sold out of the service on Friday.
     Ensign Baillie, 51st, has purchased his Lieutenancy after twelve months, over half a dozen senior officers.
     Lord Lurgan has held the commission of Ensign in three Regiments in three months, 43d, 76th and 16th.
     Major-General James Ferguson gets one of the two vacant regiments.
     Lieut. Ashworth, 19th, has arrived from Canada, to succeed Ensign Lidwell as Depot Adjutant.
     Lt. Col. Orange, 67th, is about to retire by the sale of his commission.
     Drafts of the 5th, 20th, 45th, 97th, and 2nd Rifle Brigade, are under orders to join their service companions.
     

     At Clonmel assizes, David Slattery and William Quinlan were tried before Judge Ball, for the wilful murder of James Hennesy, at Graffon, on the 23d November, '48, William Quinlan (Cud) committing the murder the prisoners aiding and abetting. Mr. Johnston addressed the jury on behalf of the prisoners. His Lordship charged the jury, who after an absence of half an hour, returned a verdict of not guilty. The prisoners appeared quite astounded at the verdict, and bowed repeatedly to the jury. The same men were tried before Sergeant Stock last assizes for the same murder, when the jury were locked up all night, and discharged without agreeing. Mr. Francis Cormack charged with the abduction of Miss Mary Ross Amelia Fogarty, since married, pleaded guilty, and was ordered to find security to come up for sentence when required.

     On Tuesday, as a man named Daniel Leary was being conveyed in a car to the Nenagh workhouse, he died from exhaustion caused by want of food.

     Mr. Agar, the coast guard officer of Morrisford, Wexford, has received from Fielden Brothers and Co. Liverpool, 50 for himself and party for having saved Mr. Burnsely, from the "Hottingeur."

     A stable, the property of Martin Cleary, was maliciously set on fire at Borrisokane on Sunday night and consumed.

     In the amateur exhibition of paintings at the Royal Dublin Society gallery this month is a painting of "French Hussars," by Colonel John Vandeleur, a masterly effort by one familiar with the subject.

     Wm. Kilpatrick, retired collector of Excise, late of Dundalk, was proclaimed under a writ of outlawry at Guildhall.

     INTEMPERANCE - Gluttony is the source of our infirmities, and the fountain of all our diseases. As a lamp is choked by a superabundance of oil, a fire extinguished by excess of fuel, so is the natural heat of the body destroyed by intemperate diet.

     DARING ATTEMPT AT MURDER - A most daring attempt at assassination was committed in the village of Lorhs, and within 200 yards of the police barrack, on the evening of the 7th last. The particulars of the case appear to be these: - About the hour of 11 o'clock, as James Loughnane, a comfortable farmer, residing in the village, came out of his house, and while crossing the road to where he had corn in stack, he was fired at from behind an opposite wall. A large grain of the shot entered the corner of the left eye, passed between the skin and the bone, and lodged convenient to the nose. Another grain perforated his hat. Loughnane's escape from murder was most miraculous, as the intended assassin was not more than four yards distant when he fired at him, and the charge must have been very heavy as the report of the gun was loud and heard by the barrack orderly of the police. The police were at once on the spot and remained the whole night patrolling the country and searching suspected places but without success. Loughnane is a remarkably industrious and inoffensive young man and was always well liked in the neighbourhood. No possible cause can be assigned for the commission of this daring attempt on life. -- Nenagh Guardian.

     ATTEMPT AT ASSASSINATION - As Mr. Ellis, steward to John Trant, Esq., Doves, was returning from church, accompanied by his wife, child and Wm. Bell, a ploughman to Mr. Trant, he was fired at by a ruffian, who was standing on a ditch by the road side, at Leigh. The car on which Mr. Ellis was seated happened to have been going rapidly at the time the shot was fired, and, providentially, none of the party received the least injury. The police were immediately at the scene of the outrage, but did not succeed in arresting the villain. Mr. Ellis suspects that he has become obnoxious from having cultivated, tilled, and farmed a large tract of ground for Mr. Trant, who resides within a mile of the place where Mr. Ellis was fired at. -- Nenagh Guardian.

LIMERICK ASSIZES

     John O'Grady for the murder of his wife and servant girl, was called up to the bar, upon whom all eyes were intently fixed. The prisoner, a tall, clever man, of a mild aspect and demeanor, past the middle age, was attired in a blue pilot cloth coat, dark vest and white cravat.
     The prisoner was first arraigned on two counts of the indictment - the first charged with the wilful murder of his wife, Anne O'Grady, at Martinstown, on the 1st of November, 1846; and the second for the wilful murder of his servant girl, Ellen Walsh, at the same place, on the above date.
     Mr. Sergeant O'Brien, in stating the case, said the facts of the murder were so clear that the jury would have no difficulty whatever in coming to the conclusion that they were perpetrated by the hands of the prisoner. He then detailed the particulars as they subsequently appeared in evidence. The only question to be decided was, whether, at the time the prisoner committed these brutal atrocities, he was within the meaning of the law, insane, or a person of unsound mind - an irresponsible agent, in the eyes of God and man, for the final deed which had been committed on the melancholy occasion of the 1st November, 1846.
     John Foley, sworn and examined by Mr. Henn - Recollects the 1st November, 1846; was in the service of John O'Grady, at Martinstown; knew Ellen Walsh; O'Grady told me to go out and feed the horse, that he would be going from home; I went to the stable for the purpose; I wasn't more than ten minutes feeding the horses, when he sent me to the field to look at a horse, and when I came back I met John O'Grady in the yard with a bayonet on his left arm upon a short stick; he asked me where the sheep were; I told him they were in the turnip field but that I hunted them out of it into the paddock - he asked me if I knew where the men used to be digging the potatoes every day,  I said I did and he desired me to drive the sheep there. I did so. I was not doing so more than 15  minutes and when I came back to the house I couldn't get in as the door was fastened; I went from that into the stable where the horse was; I cleaned the horse and when I was shaking the litter I observed a spot of blood on the ground above where the horse was; when I raised the straw I observed the body of Ellen Walsh; she was in a shocking state under the manger, with her head and face covered with blood and her hair hanging about her; I went for and returned with the Police in half an hour; when I first met O'Grady with the bayonet he was coming from the direction of the stable.
     William Hurly corroborated Foley's evidence.
     Head Constable Corry sworn - Went to O'Grady's house when called on; enquired for the prisoner but did not see him; the windows of O'Grady's house were all darkened and strongly bolted; searched every room in the house except one, which I couldn't get the key of; searched the out-offices for O'Grady; but did not find him; found the body of Ellen Walsh in the stable, made up in straw except the head; there was a great deal of blood on the straw; I then went into prisoner's room; on entering I found the ramrod of a pistol, and in the bed was the body of O'Grady's wife; she was on her left side, in the centre of the bed, and the clothes in a sort of bundle over her; she had blood on her neck; I felt her pulse and found she was dead; I arrested O'Grady next morning in the house of a man named Hennigan, who lives only about an English mile form where the murder was committed; I found him lying in bed with his clothes on, except hat and shoes; He was rolled up in a sheet as if to keep the down of the bed from his clothing; I found a case of pistols, loaded, and capped in his pocket; also a powder flask and memorandum book.
     Mr. James Russell, J.P., sworn - Was at the Inquest on the 2d November in the barn of the prisoner's house; on the jury retiring to consider their verdict, O'Grady turned to witness and said he had one request to make of me; I told him I was there as a magistrate and to say nothing that would hereafter be given against him; he then said - as I know that the verdict that will be returned against me by the Jury will be that of murder, will you send for my attorney, until I get him to draw up a deed of assignment of my property, in order that the crown cannot confiscate on my family. Struck with such a request  I communicated with Mr. Coote, and Mr. Keays, solicitor, was sent for; Mr. Keays took down instructions in writing;  when the jury returned a verdict of murder, I called on the police to handcuff the prisoner he said, "Good God, Mr. Russell, will you march me through the country with these handcuffs like a murderer?" I told him that as I had command of the police, I would give him a seat in my own gig; he felt much hurt abut being handcuffed, and said, how can I hide them; I  got the apron of the gig, threw it over his shoulder, and covered his hands; when we were going out the gat the crowds shouted, and I ordered the police to lead; O'Grady said to them, "boys, 'tis with my own wish I am going along with Mr. Russell and do nothing;" on our way we met Mr. Michael O'Riordan, a relative of the prisoner; O'Grady asked me to stop the gig 'till he'd speak to him;  I again told him that he ought to say nothing as he knew I should prove it against him; he said that he knew that; he said to Mr. Riordan, "Good God, very little did you think a few days ago that you would see my father's son marched through the country this way as a murderer;" they shook hands and parted; when we went on  I said I was astonished at his going on in such a way, as he knew I should prove all he said; he replied, "I know my only fate is to be hanged, and I wished to "God the gallows were erected on that field, as it is the only atonement I can make in this world for the two dreadful murders I committed yesterday; " on our way he detailed the particulars of the murders to me; he said that on Saturday evening, after returning from Kilfinane in his car with his wife late, he took dinner; that some time after dinner his wife made tea or coffee and put by the side of the fireplace and left the room; he was reading the newspaper and after some time he told his sister to call Mrs. O'Grady down to tea; that she didn't go; that after some time he again asked why she didn't go; that she made answer that Ellen Walshe was there and she wouldn't go; that he then went up stairs and found his wife undressed, and in bed; Ellen Walshe was lying outside her; he said to Ellen Walshe, "you b___h of a w___e is it there you are?" - that he dragged her up and pushed her down stairs; that shortly after his wife came down dressed, filled out the tea, and never spoke to him; that he took the candle, and went up to bed; that about 11 o'clock his wife went up, undressed and went to bed without speaking to him, that he slept little all night; that he got up early next morning to let out the servants; that he saw Ellen Walshe coming out of the parlour; that he said to her you b___h of a devil is it there you are" - that he went to send Foley with the sheep, and then walked in the garden opposite the house; that he saw Ellen Walshe peeping, as if watching him, from the corner of the house; that he saw her run towards the stable; that he pursued her; seized a pitchfork which was at the door, rushed at her and struck her; when I saw that she was killed I didn't like to put my hands to her, and with the pitchfork piked her over under the manger, and covered her with straw; I then returned to the house, locked the door after me, went up stairs to my room and on opening the door said to my wife I had killed Ellen Walshe. "Have you, said she?", " I have, said I;" "I'll be the first to inform against you, said she," "Will you, said I;" " I will, said she, and be the first to prosecute you, upon which I fired one of them danmable pistols at her, and hit her; when I saw her struggling in  the bed,  I leaped upon her, caught her by the neck with my left hand and drove the contents of the other pistol through her; I then re-loaded the pistols to shoot myself, but saw the Devil at the gates of hell ready to receive my soul, and I cowed at it;  I then sat down, and wrote the paper found in my room, determining to drown my self as it required less nerve than to shoot myself; I then reflected that as my friend, Walsh, would be suspected of the murder, it was better to have only one suffer for the crime; I was determined to send for the police, to surrender myself, but changed my mind, and resolved to take my chance, as I had only given the b___s and w___s what they deserved." he said he looked upon Ellen Walsh as a go-between his wife and a young man in Tipperary, and that on that account he had made up his mind to make away with her (Ellen Walsh); he added that he had intended to do it some time before, but could not devise a plan whereby he would escape detection; he spoke of her as a go-between with letters and messages with the young man in Tipperary; with the exception of a conversation in the bridewell of Kilfinan, relative to dietary, &c., nothing else particular transpired; he requested to be left his prayer book, which was done; often before him at fairs and markets in Limerick; never noticed anything particular about him.
     To the Court - I did not observe anything about him that day to suppose he was insane.
     Dr. W.D. Murphy sworn - Saw the body of Ellen Walsh; she had several contused wounds on the forehead, which gave the face a livid appearance; also wounds on the neck - all puncture wounds, close to each other; she died from hemorrage, her hair was matted with blood.
     Mr. John Peate Quinlan, sworn - The deceased, Mr. O'Grady, was my sister; she was married in spring, 1846; was then a medical student, and is now a medical man; never noticed symptoms of insanity about O'Grady; knew Ellen Walsh; her father was herdsman to my father; after my sister's marriage Ellen Walsh went to live with her; I remember O'Grady having charged Ellen Walsh with setting poison for him and his family; he charged Ellen Walsh with having had criminal intercourse with his youngest brother, and said she wanted to poison him to get possession of the place.
     Dr. Wm. Murphy sworn - Knows the prisoner since his (witness's) childhood; always thought him a very sensible, proper, steady man, and even told the deceased's relatives that he was calculated to make a very good kind husband.
     Dr. Robert Gelston sworn - Saw the prisoner a morning or two after he was committed to the county gaol; i am surgeon to the County Infirmary, and having heard that he was committed walked across the street and saw him; he was pointed out to me in the day room; when he observed me, he went behind a pillar as if to avoid being seen, and I therefore retired from the place; I saw him after he made the attempt to cut his throat; I saw it stitched up; when I first spoke to him he made no answer; he appeared dejected and thoughtful, like one who would feel remorse; I had a lengthened interview for an hour with him, in the Lunatic Asylum, after his transmission from the gaol to that institution in '47; I considered him sane and rational in his conversation.
     Dr. J. Wilkinson deposed that he had had sufficient intercourse with prisoner to enable him to form an opinion that he was insane in November, 1846; saw him after he cut his throat; the wound was very serious; have seen many insane persons; was twelve months attending such patients in the old house of industry.
     To Mr. O'Hea- I gave the same opinion on the trial in 1847.
     Dr. Joseph Parker sworn - Is attending physician to the county gaol for the last three years, went to see O'Grady in a few days after his committal to prison; saw him frequently after, up to summer assizes, 1847; examined him on the first occasion, but resolved not to come to any conclusion or form any opinion one way or the other, until I had given his case full deliberation; when first I saw him he exhibited a silent, silly manner, and spoke in a mattering muttering under tone, chiefly in monosyllable; I inquired particularly as to his previous habits and found they were quite of an opposite character; I remember a friend of his coming to see him in the gaol - a Mr. Brown, who he pretended not to know when introduced; a friend or relative, then present said to O'Grady, "John, don't you know your friend, Mr. Brown?" He replied, in rather broken accent, "Mr. Brown, Mr. Brown, oh dear, yes, yes, oh, yes;" this was when he was pressed and about the 11th Feb. '47; there was a strong conviction on my mind contrasting his former state with the state he was then in, I found it impossible he could have become so in so short a time; the rest of my observations, up to the time he cut his throat, led me the more strongly to conclude he was acting; I was sent for, by the governor of the gaol to see a man who had cut his throat shortly previous to spring assizes '47; I went into his cell, and saw O'Grady, who was not bleeding but cut in the neck, the man had bled about ten ounces; I sewed up the wound, applied the necessary restorative, and he was all right again; to test further the accuracy of the opinion, I had formed as to O'Grady's feigning I looked about, and observed that the bed on which he lay had been removed by him from the bedstead in the corner of the room to the centre of the floor, and placed before a looking glass; I then bethought of the time selected by O'Grady to commit the act, which was at the very moment he heard the officers of the gaol coming into the chapel, and as the turnkey had unlocked the door of his cell; this I deemed a remarkable coincidence, and was forcibly struck wit hit, as O'Grady had the razor in the cell with him for a week previous; the wound was not a dangerous one and did not penetrate the carotid artery; it was upwards towards the chin; my impression was that he brought the bed to the center of the room that he might fall more easy; stood before the glass, and with the razor cut his throat so as not to endanger life; as a further proof of his insanity, from the period he inflicted the wound a great change took place, he refused to take food, kept his teeth clenched, his limbs right, his eyes permanently closed, and his hands also clenched; he kept his eyes shut, so that when the lid was raised you could not see the pupil, for he turned up the white; we endeavoured to open his teeth, but he resisted, and lay motionless; he continued so for several days; there was nothing at all on my mind to induce me to think such a change was consequent upon insanity, nor could I refer it to mental disease. After adverting to a few unimportant matters, Dr. Parker said it was laid down by authors as a theory, that if insanity was feigned, the best way to find it out was by taking the impostor suddenly off his guard, and by so doing he could be made to perform any act, no matter how inconsistent with insanity provided he thought the performance of it would induce the observer to think he was insane.
     Judge - Let me understand you on this point.
     Dr. Parker. - My Lord, it is this, that all the efforts of an impostor able to prove that he is mad. For instance, if you tell a man who is not insane that he is mad, he will hear you say so with satisfaction, whereas, if you were to tell a man who is really mad that he is so, he would knock you down. I therefore had recourse to stratagem, and on on going to see O'Grady one day while in bed, I said, in such a way as that he could hear me, it is quite evident this unfortunate man is mad, and therefore we can talk freely of the awful crime, laid to his charge, as he can know nothing of what we are saying but there are some points in the case which may lead to an opposite conclusion, for instance - his mouth is closed and teeth clenched; now that is not the act of a madman, but if, when I place my finger to his mouth he opens his teeth, that will be a convincing proof of his madness.
     Judge - While you had arrived at quite an opposite conclusion?
     Dr. Parker - Yes, my lord, I accordingly placed my finger on his lip, and he opened his mouth and teeth! I then said were he to open his eyes when I put my finger on the lids it would be another proof of insanity; I did so, and he opened his eyes which were closed for days before!! Dr. Parker then applied the same test to his hands; on touching the little finger O'Grady opened them at once, also applied the test as to the rigidity of his limbs, and they became as flexible as ever they were!!
     Dr. Parker was ably cross-examined by Mr. O'Hea, but his direct testimony was not disturbed.
     Dr. Francis White and Dr. John Nugent, Inspectors General of Lunatic Asylums in Ireland, were each examined, but their testimony as to the prisoner being sane had only reference to personal observations of his manner in prison and at the Lunatic asylum. They came to the conclusion that O'Grady was sane in '47, when a jury found to the contrary.
     Mr. O'Hea addressed the jury for the defence.
     The witnesses examined in proof the prisoner's insanity were Dr. Samuel Bennett, of Bruff; Dr. John Peppard, of Bushy Park; Dr. J. Russell, Thomas Cleary, Henry Gilbertson, Rev. Mr. Roche, R.C.C., Mr. J. Murphy, Mr. Wm. Keays, and Rev. Wm. Burke, gaol chaplain.
     Mr. Henn spoke to evidence, and at nine o'clock the jury were allowed to retire for half an hour to partake of refreshment.
     At half-past nine his Lordship proceeded to deliver his charge, which occupied an hour and twenty minutes, and was most favourable to the prisoner.
     The jury then retired for twenty minutes and at half-past eleven o'clock returned a verdict of GUILTY, with a recommendation to mercy.
     The wretched man heard the result with perfect indifference, and quite unmoved. His Lordship directed him to be brought up next morning for sentence.
     The Court, which was densely thronged throughout the day, was then cleared.

ASSIZES INTELLIGENCE

     KING'S COUNTY, Tullamore, March 12.
     The trial of John Keys, for the wilful murder of Police constable Gleeson, at Killoughey, concluded last evening at five o'clock; and the jury having retired, it was shortly afterwards announced to the Court that there was not any chance of their agreeing.
     The Crown, in this case, exercised the right of desiring certain parties who were called on the jury panel to "stand by;" but it was admitted by every person that the right was not capriciously exercised, and the objections to those who were set aside had not any reference to the religion of the parties.
     The prisoner had the right of challenging twenty, and it was fully availed of, seventeen gentlemen having been peremptorily challenged before a single juror was sworn.
     At nine o'clock there was not the slightest chance of the jury agreeing, and they were consequently locked up for the night.
     This morning, the jury still being unable to agree, the Lord Chief Justice declared his intention of not discharging them until the latter part of the day.- They were still locked up when the post was leaving.
     
     In the case of the prisoner who were tried for the savage attack on Thomas Dunn, at Rathure, in this county, the jury found Mulrooney, Kelly, and Casey, guilty, and acquitted Nowlan.
     His Lordship sentenced the three first to transportation for life.

THE CHURCH

     The Bishop of Down has appointed the Rev. Robert Parke of the living held by the late Rev. Mr. Archer of Hilltown.
     The Rev. Robert Vance is nominated by the Earl of Meath to the living of St. Catherine, Dublin.
     The Rev. Robert Charles Barclay, A.B., is licensed to the curacy of Kilbroney, diocese of Dromore.
     The Rev. Anthony Lefroy Courtenay has been appointed domestic chaplain to the Earl of Hardwicke.


     
     

    

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, March 27, 1850

ASSIZES INTELLIGENCE

GALWAY
Murder in Connemara.

     Daniel Flaherty, a person of proper appearance, was placed at the bar, charged with the wilful murder of Patrick King (Murk.) at Goula, on the 3d of April, 1849, by pressing his hands round the neck of deceased, and so choking him; and in a second count for pressing his knees upon his breast until he was dead, and then casting him into a stream of water. The prisoner pleaded not guilty, and was defended by Mr. Concannon.
     Mr. Close, Q.C., stated the case for the Crown. - It appears that on Palm Sunday, last year, the deceased was living at service with a person named King; was sent by him a distance of eight or nine miles to his brother for the loan of 2; the road which he had to take crossed a desolate mountainous district of Connemara, near Kilkerrin bay, the population of which is very scattered; he reached his destination towards night and slept there; the prisoner, who was a sort of vagrant, came also to the same house, where he was known, and he too spent the night; next morning the money was given to the boy in the form of a 2 bank note, which was sowed [sic] up in his waistcoat pocket; the prisoner was cognizant of this, being present when the money was given; the boy desired that the prisoner should accompany him home, as they lived in the same locality, but the people of the house not wishing it he went away alone; the prisoner left the  house about twenty minutes afterwards, stating his intention of going in another direction; the shortest road which the boy could take home, being by the head of Kilkerrin bay, which, at high tide, was flooded and impassable; another and a much longer route lay across the mountain, and this the boy took on his return; accordingly, if the prisoner followed him, he would have arrived at the mountain of Goula before him, and it will appear from the evidence that he was seen crossing the country in the course of the day followed not long after by the boy. They then struck off the road into a lonely part of the country, and there some days afterwards the boy was found dead, lying in a stream, his face downwards, and marks of violence on his person - the waistcoat in which his money had been put was gone. On the same evening the prisoner called at a small shop in the country, and having purchased some food, offered a 2 bank note as payment, which, however, he got back next day. The waistcoat of the deceased was also seen upon his person the same night.  The prisoner after this wandered through the country as far as Westport, and here he presented the note which could not be traded further.
     A number of witnesses were examined, and as no proof of the murder could be given, the prisoner was acquitted.

KILKENNY
County Court

     The Hon. Mr. Justice Torrens entered the court at nine o'clock precisely, and ordered a jury to be called immediately. The hour being somewhat earlier than had been generally expected, many jurors were fined for non-attendance.

MURDER OF MRS. FITZPATRICK

     Thomas Cullenan and Philip Dullard were placed at the bar and arraigned for the murder of Catherine Fitzpatrick, committed on the 1st of February in the 12th year of the Queen (1849). The indictment recited that the said Catherine Fitzpatrick had been choked and suffocated by some person or persons unknown, and that such person or persons unknown was or were incited, moved, procured, caused and commanded to the murder by the prisoners at the bar. Another count charged the murder to have been committed by drowning.
     The pri9soner Cullenan was rather a good looking person, dressed as a comfortable farmer, and apparently between forty and fifty years of age. Dullard, is a younger man, and apparently, from his dress, of the labouring class. The expression of his countenance is forbidding in the extreme.
     Messrs. Scott, Q.C., Sausse, Q.C., and Rollestone, Q.C., appeared for the Crown.
     Messrs. Armstrong and Maher appeared for the defence; Mr. Delany as agent.
     Mr. Scott, Q.C., proceeded to state the circumstances of the case to the jury. He mentioned that the murder had been committed on the first of February, 1849, the unfortunate lady, who was very old, having been found dead with her head sunk in a well of her residence. She was found in a position that would clearly demonstrate, he believed, to their full satisfaction, that she could not place herself in, as she lay, on her back with her head sunk under water, and her feet resting on the stone steps. Her boots, in particular, were quite clean, although it was swampy and miry all round, and they must have been dirtied had she walked to the well. She had been living for a long time at the house of Coolcashin, and there farmed 150 acres of land, being a person of some wealth and respectability. Her farm servant was named Kavanagh, but she  was in the habit of receiving advice and assistance in all her farm arrangements and  business transactions from a neighbouring farmer, Thomas Cullenan, one of the prisoners at the bar. The learned counsel then went into a detail of the evidence which would be produced to bring the case home to the prisoners; mentioning that several witnesses would prove that they saw the parties lurking in the neighbourhood  about the time of the commission of the murder, and one man would depose that Cullenan had previously endeavoured to bribe him to commit this murder. - The motive for the deed he referred to the circumstances that Cullenan had a short time previously effected an insurance for 450, on the life of the old lady, which sum he would be entitled to receive if she was put out of the way; and it was a very suspicious fact that a day or two before the murder Cullenan had gone to the agent of the Assurance Company, paid up a balance of a few shillings which he had been in arrear, and ascertained that the entire transaction was securely perfected. The case was purely circumstantial, but they would see how strong the circumstances were against Cullenan, and in addition it would appear that he (Cullenan) had endeavoured after his own arrest to fasten the crime on innocent individuals, the servants of Mrs. Fitzpatrick.
     After the examination of a great number of witnesses,
     Mr. Armstrong addressed the jury for the defence in a very able and highly argumentative speech.
     At eight o'clock the jury retired to their room, and were scarcely ten minutes in consultation when they returned, and handed in the issue paper, finding prisoners Not Guilty, amidst the most intense interest.
     The spectators had been prepared by the tenor of the judge's charge for the acquittal of Dullard, but the fate of Cullenan held them in doubtful suspense, and on the announcement of a verdict a low murmur of many voices sounded through the court, but no other indication of feeling was expressed.
     Cullenan, upon having his acquittal pronounced, slapped the front of the dock smartly with his hand, producing a loud noise; and soon after, addressing the governor, he observed, with rather a triumphant air, "Well, I didn't behave bad." Dullard said nothing, and did not appear much moved by the nature of the verdict.  

NENAGH ASSIZES - Thursday
Trial of Dr. Langley for the murder of his Wife.

     The Right Hon. Judge Ball took his seat on the bench in the Crown Court, at ten o'clock. A few minutes after the prisoner, Dr. Langley, came into the dock, and advancing to the front bowed to his Lordship. He was dressed in black, his long black hair was parted on his forehead, and fell down over his shoulders. The moustaches which he wore last assizes were shaved off on the present occasion. - There was nothing in his appearance that could betray the forty days' fast, which he averred he had undergone.
     Mr. Scott, for the Crown, consented to quash one indictment, and entered a nolle prosequi on that preferred at last assizes.
     The Clerk of the Crown then proceeded to call over the panel and the following are the names of the jury sworn, 26 of the panel having been previously set aside or challenged - John Bennett, John Crawford, Samuel Cooke, James Willington, Solomon B. Cambie, John Hemsworth, John Phillips, Ralph Smith, Thomas Dolan, Richard Short, Richard Nash, Dudley Byrne.
     The jury having been sworn, the prisoner was given in charge for that he before and on the 5th December, in the year 1848, not having the fear of God before his eyes, and contriving and intending wilfully and feloniously on his malice prepense to kill and murder Eleanor Langley, his wife, on the 5th December, 1848, or on the 1st May 1849, did so kill and murder her, by confining here against her will in a certain cold, unwholesome, and unhealthy lodging, and by declining to give her sufficient medicine and proper food for the support of her body. Another count stated that death was caused by his providing her with food injurious to her body and health.
     Clerk of the Crown - How say you, Charles Langley, guilty or not guilty?
     Prisoner (in a loud voice) - Not Guilty.
     Mr. Scott, Q.C., then addressed the court and jury for the prosecution.
     The following witnesses were examined for the prosecution, in support of the indictment and counsel's statement: - Eliza Rohan, who lived in Dr. Langley's house as servant; Mary Cleary, Gabriel Prior, clerk to Dr. Langley; Margaret Meara, landlady of the house in which Mr. Langley lodged; Thomas Pound, the servant whose evidence on the inquest created such horror when he said he was instigated to improper intimacy with Mrs. Langley while on her sick bed; Dr. Francis Cahalen, James M'Grath, groom to Dr. Langley, Dr. O'Neill Quin, Dr. Edward Kitson, who attended the post mortem examination on the body of Eleanor Langley, and found it in a state of great emaciation and attenuation, and remembered Mrs. Langley to come to his house on several occasions for something to eat; Dr. Finucane, Dr. Frith, Rev. Benjamin F. Bewley, and Mary Clanchy. This witness's evidence showed the case for the prosecution.

FRIDAY.

     Judge Ball entered court this morning at 9 o'clock. The court was densely crowded.
     Mr. Martley, Q.C., proceeded in an able address to speak to the defense for the prisoner.
     THE RESULT. - The jury, at 9 o'clock at night, returned a verdict of "Not Guilty."
     

 

MISCELLANEOUS

     The amount of presentments applied for in the county Galway this assizes was 19,000.
     There was no breach of the peace or disturbance in any part of Ulster on St. Patrick's day.
    Guy Burton, superanuated Excise Officer, threw himself out of a window at Plymouth, on Monday in a fit of delirium tremens and was killed.
     The trial of 18 Ribbonmen and five Orangemen for riotous assembly at Dolly's Brae, is postponed to the summer assizes at Downpatrick.
     William Escott, for forging a bill of exchange for 20, was sentenced to twelve months imprisonment by Mr. Sergeant Murphy at Cork on Thursday.
     The steam-packets of the City Dublin Company, on the Upper and Lower Shannon, hoisted their colours, and fired a salute, for the Government mail contract taken by this popular Company.
     Mr. Christopher Farrelly, provision dealer, late of Phibsborough, was found drowned at the North Wall, Dublin, on Wednesday. Mr. Farrelly had left home on Tuesday morning for the purpose of going to market.
     In March, 1849, there were 14,367 persons receiving in door and outdoor relief in the Limerick Union, at a weekly expenditure of 698, and in March, 1850, the number is reducted to 7,700, at a cost of 380 weekly including hospital attendance, &c. This is an agreeable contract.
     Tuam Meeting of Guardians, Major Burke handed in notice of motion "that all horses employed in the cultivation of the soil, as also all ploughs and harrows, will not be interfered with by the collectors, as any such distress is contrary to law, independent of the hardship to the poor."
     The tide of emigration again has set in at Liverpool, six vessels for New York alone lay in the Mersey on Tuesday awaiting for the tide. The aggregate number of their passengers were 3,000. Meanwhile hundreds are awaiting to depart by other ships.
     All the market towns in Clare, Tipperary, and Galway are full of potatoes, and the puzzle is where they could have been hid since last year, when the article was so scarce. Manifestly the produce would not keep longer, and it was concealed by many who last year threw their families on outdoor relief.
     BAD COMPANY! - John Fogarty was hanged last August at the county gaol for the murder of his neighbor, Daniel Dillon, in Cappamore, at the instigation of Dillon's wife, also executed at the same time. Now it is a remarkable illustration of the old adage, that Mathew and William Gavan, brothers, and very young men, under sentence this assizes for the murder of John Ryan, also at Cappamore, were next door neighbours of that same John Fogarty, who died an ignominious death on the scaffold last year--Limerick Chronicle.
     David Fitzgerald, a crown witness, at last summer assizes for this county, when John Hennessy, Michael Culhane, Patrick Dempsey, and Michael Nash, were convicted of a violent attack upon Mr. Loughlin Sharpe, steward to Lord Monteagle, so as to endanger life, at South Cappa, on the 6th of May, and who was sentenced to transportation for life, was found drowned in a bog hole, near the Roman Catholic chapel of Stonehall, on Saturday, with the sinews of both arms cut through, across the elbow joint, and his throat also desperately lacerated.--Ibid.
    
Emigration is amazingly on the increase, not, however, so much to Canada as to the United States, and the train from Limerick to Dublin is daily crowded with intending emigrants, mostly all agricultural, and who embark for their destination at Liverpool. The banks in Limerick are hourly paying out money upon the orders remitted by the friends of those people in America, who emigrated the last and preceding years. There are nine vessels at the quays taking passengers- three for New York and six for Quebec.
     The question of the power of the Kilkenny grand jury to reduce the salaries of their officers five per cent, having been brought before Judge Torrens, his lordship stated that a similar matter had arisen in Cavan, and that the officers whose salaries were there reduced have taken steps for bringing the question into the Queen's Bench. Under these circumstances he recommended the grand jury to reconsider the resolution.
     James Devereaux and John M'Carthy, tried at Clonmel assizes, for the homicide of private Joshua Scovell, 43d, at Tipperary, were acquitted.
     On Wednesday, at Fermoy, Thomas Pingleton, and English hatter on the tramp, hung himself out of the bedstead, in which he had been sleeping.
     John Glynn, for the murder of Anne Clayton, near Kinevara, was tried and acquitted at Galway assizes.
      A meeting of the friends of the society for instructing the Irish speaking population in the Holy Scriptures, through their own language, was held on Friday evening, in the school house Derry. The Lord Bishop of Derry, the Dean of Derry, the Rev. Dr. Singer, Regius Professor Trinity College, and a large number of the clergy attended. The Bishop of  Derry was moved to the chair, and addressed the meeting on behalf of the society. The Rev. Daniel Foley, of Clonmel, then delivered an address, which occupied two hours, in which he set before his audience the strong claims which the Irish society had upon them.

THE ARMY
(From the Limerick Chronicle)

     The eldest son of Col. the Hon. Richard Fitzgibbon has entered the army, with the commission of Cornet, in the 8th Royal Irish Hussars, ordered to Brighton.
     Captain Blair's company 2d Buffs left Limerick on Monday for Gort.
     The 1st division of the 2d Battalion Royals arrive in this city from Dublin on the 1st April.
     The 68th Light Infantry are on their march from Galway to take up the station of the 74th at Clare Castle and Kilrush.
     The 7th Dragoon Guards embark at Liverpool for Dublin on the 3d April.
     Capt. Sulivan's troop Scot's Greys has left Castlebar for Longford.
     Sergeant Fenton, 13th Light Infantry, Belfast, author of "military lays," is reduced to the ranks for disrespect to a Color Sergeant.
     Field Marshal Lord Beresford is entitled to the medal for Egypt, having been Lt. Col. of the 88th.
     The 13th Light Dragoon Guards will embark at Belfast for Glasgow on the 4th April.
     Capt. Webber-Smith, late 40th Regt., is appointed Barrackmaster in North America.
     Sergeant Rex, 12th Regt., was accidentally shot dead by private Wright, at Weedon, on Wednesday.
     Capt. Blake, and draft of the 12th, are ordered to the Mauritus.
     A corps of 300 men is to be formed for service on the Gold coast.
     The Sergeant Major 1st West India Regiment has been brought to Court Martial on a charge of defrauding the recruits, to whom he acted as Pay Sergeant.
     Captain Lord Ribblesdale, of the Blues, Major Fane, 4th Light Dragoons, Captain Flemming, 17th Lancers, Captain Lord Cochrane, 2d Foot, Lieutenant Taylor, 25th, Ensign Pierce, 41st, Captain and Brevet Major Matson, 58th, sold out of the service on Friday.
     Major James Anderson, of Clifton, who attended at the banquet given to Lord Gough by the Oriental club, London, died suddenly the next day.
     Assistant-Surgeon May, 58th, has resigned his commission.

THE LATE RICHARD LEVINGSTON, ESQ.

     To the Mayo Constitution of yesterday we are indebted for the following memoir of this lamented gentleman, whose death it was our painful duty to announce on our last number:- 
     Had Mr. Levingston been a private individual, the very just tribute paid by you to his memory would have rendered another line superfluous; but, considering that, as a merchant, he was  to some extent a public character, a short notice of his life may not be deemed out of place in the columns of a newspaper. As a younger member of his family, Mr. Levingston was left at an early age to climb the hill of life almost unaided. He was, however, born to be a merchant. Nature had endowed him with more than the usual share of common sense allotted to man, and this, united with the faculty of quickly arriving at a right conclusion, enabled him to follow with decision and certainty the road to wealth, whilst others proceeded with hesitation and doubt. His honesty was proverbial, and he never, during his long life, departed from the golden rule of doing unto others as he would be done by. Independently of that success which a natural talent for business contributed to ensure, he was especially fortunate; and it might have been said of hi8m as of Joseph in the house of Potaphar, "that all he did was made to prosper in his hand." To the linen trade, then our only native manufacture, Mr. Levingston first turned his attention, and for many years he was one of the leading and most successful buyers in the market. The corn trade, then in its infancy in Westport, next engaged his attention, and in this latter business it is believed the bulk of his large fortune was accumulated. It was then in the hands of a few persons, and during the war prices profits were made which could hardly be credited now, and certainly not realised. Some idea of this may be gathered from an admission of Mr. Levingston, which one of his contemporaries, (now also no more) used to relate. Riding one day along the quays, with the then Marquis of Sligo, the conversation turned on the corn trade, which had closed for the season. - "Dick (said Lord Sligo), this has been a good year; you made 100 per cent of oats." "Oh, no my lord," was the reply, "80 is nearer the mark," - With such profits as these it is not to be wondered at that money should have accumulated, and he continued to amass wealth until his sons (equally honest as himself), arriving at maturity, enabled him to retire from business. In any of the political and religious excitement which have so frequently disturbed the quiet of society for the last 40 years, he never took a part - he "kept the even tenor of his way." Would that many of the present time, in lower grades and humbler circumstances, would follow an example so worthy of imitation. There was, however, one instance in which he deviated from a fixed rule, namely - "The rising of '98," when, as a member of the "Murrisk Yeomanry, Cavalry," he did the state such service as corps of that description usually performed; but the troubles once over, he retired again to avocations much more profitable and congenial to him. For many years of the latter part of his life he had retired into the bosom of his family; and though it is not intended to follow him there, there is no doubt that his private virtues fully equalled his public conduct. Too few men have been granted his length of days, approaching a century. To the end he retained his faculties unclouded; and when the last scenes of life had closed, the solemn funeral, attended by men of all ranks, literally, from the peer to the peasant, bore ample testimony of his departed worth. Long will his name be remembered with regret. The sculptured flag ??? bear silent testimony to his virtues; but, more truthfully descriptive of his character is the fervent prayer of the peasant, as, leaning on his spade, and looking at the deeply-laden vessel entering the harbour he ejaculates - "May the Lord be good to his soul - (maus coir a rau lesh) - he was never the first to raise the food on the poor." To live such a life should be the aim - to die such a death as Richard Levingston should be the desire of us all. Truly, in the words of the Pope, he was "an honest man, the noblest work of God."

 


     

ELECTION OF GUARDIANS

     The following are the Guardians elected for the several Divisions of this Union for the ensuing half year:
     Ardagh - John Cawley Grange
     Ardnaree North - John M'Culloch, Ballina
     Attymass East - John Cunningham, Ballina
     Attymass West - Henry Wills, Andrass
     Ballina - Henry R. Crofton, Ardnaree; Wm Merrick, Ballina
     Ballysokeery - Charles M'Donagh, Coonale
     Bunaveela - Wm Joynt, Crossmolina
     Carrowmore - J.V. Jackson, Carramore
     Crossmolina North - G. Orme, Abbeytown
     Crossmolina South - P. Gallagher, Crossmolina
     Derry - Anthony Carolin, Crossmolina
     Deel - William M'kenzie, Dervin
     Kilgarvin - Jarrett Beatty, Ardnaree
     Mount Falcon - Pat Quigly, Lisdague
     Letterbrick - Walter Quinn, Calra
     Rathoma - Thomas Kelly, Rathoma
     Sallymount - James Higgins, Ellaghmore
     Sraheen - Mathew Flynn, Lissadrone
     Ardnaree South and Fortland Electoral Divisions are vacant.

 

CASTLEBAR UNION - NOMINATION OF GUARDIANS

     Balla Electoral Division 1 Guardian - William Nally, Martin Barrett. Ballybean 1 - Edward Cannon, John C. Garvey, James Toohy, James Foy, Myles Jordan. Ballinafad 1 - Martin Burke. Ballivary 1 - John Vahy. Breaghy 1 - Thomas Moran. Castlebar 2 - Wm. Young, John Malley, John C. Larminie, Geoffrey Lavelle, the Hon. F. Cavendish, W. Walsh, Thomas Quin and W. Clanville. Clonakeen 1 - John Tuohy. Killawalla 1 - James Tuohy. Manulla 1 - William Walsh, Martin Barrett. Turlogh 1 - Thos. Quin, Thos. Moran, Hon. F. Cavendish, Edward M'Donnell, James Foy. Tannynagry 1 - Malachy Tuohy. Clogher 1 - Ignatius Kelly. Strade 1 - Pat Jennings. Adergoole and Ballina garraher 1 - J.C. Garvey, J Malley, Thomas Quin, james Hughes. Burren and Pontoon 1 - Wm. Young. Croughmoyle and Glenbest 1 - Col. C. Knox. Six contests. -- Mayo Constitution.

 

BRUTAL MURDER

     As a bailiff named Jennings was returning home from the market of Killala, on Saturday week, he was waylaid and inhumanly beaten by two men, brothers, named Mulheran, aided by their mother, from the effects of which he died in a few days after. Dr. Whittaker, assisted by Dr. Smith, held a post mortem examination on the body of the unfortunate man and a verdict in accordance with the above facts was returned. Jennings had become obnoxious in consequence of his having lately served notices on the tenants of a property in that neighbourhood not to burn land. The old woman has been apprehended, but her sons have absconded.

POTATO PLANTING

     The preparations which are making in every part of this portion of the province are on a scale far more extensive than on any former year within our recollection. Cattle are sold and even several articles of household furniture and wearing apparel at tremendous sacrifice by the poor landholders to purchase seed potatoes. The chief cause of this is obvious, and it affords a practical proof of the ruinous policy of Free Trade in this country. The small farmers, who allowed themselves to be led into the conviction that "Protection," was a curse by those who hated the aristocracy and exulted in anything that might injure the landed proprietors are now sadly convinced that the export trade of Ireland is ruined - that there is no longer a market for any description of grain. The potato always found a ready market at home and remunerated the grower, so much so that 5 or 6 was willingly given for what was called con-acre. Potatoes are even now fetching a higher price though they are by no means scarce and have to compete with Indian meal. The price of former years is confidently expected and the success of the crop last year is an encouragement to its very extensive cultivation this year. Should there be such a failure this year as we had in 1846 and '47, the consequence must be fearful, but this there is no reason to dread. In any case, however, it is to be regretted that the people are compelled in self defence to occupy the land they are in a position to cultivate with a crop which if successful can only bring temporary relief.

 

IRISH BOROUGH FRANCHISE

     Mr. French has given notice of the following important motion, which the government have agreed to consider during the recess. It is generally supposed they will agree to something of the sort: - 
     "And be it enacted that each of the places named in the second column of the Schedule (D) to this act annexed, shall have a share in the election of a member or members to serve in all future parliaments for the city, town or borough, which is mentioned in conjunction therewith, and named in the first column of the said Schedule (D) and that the provisions in this act contained for regulating the qualification of persons to vote in the election of members to serve in parliament in Ireland and the registration of all persons so entitled to vote, shall apply to such places respectively in like manner to all intents and purposes as to any city, town or borough mentioned in conjunction herewith, and named in the same Schedule.

SCHEDULE D
Borough                                              Towns to Be Added

Armagh                                                  Lurgan, Portadown
Athlone                                                  Mullingar, Roscommon
Bandon                                                  Skibbereen, Clonakilty
Carlow                                                   Tullow, Bagnelstown
Carrickfergus                                          Ballymena, Antrim
Cashel                                                    Thurles, Tipperary
Clonmel                                                  Ck. on Suir, Clogheen
Coleraine                                                L.T. Limvady, Ballymony
Downpatrick                                           Portaferry, N.Townards
Drogheda                                                Kells
Dundalk                                                  C. Blaney, Crk.macross
Dungannon                                              Strabane, Omagh
Ennis                                                       Kilrush, Killaloe
Enniskillen                                               Monaghan, Ballyshannon
Kinsale                                                    Ennishannon, Macroom
Lisburn                                                    Hillsborough, Dromore
Londonderry                                            Letterkenny
Mallow                                                    Mitchelstown, Fermoy
Newry                                                     Banbridge, Rathfriland
New Ross                                             Thomastown, N.townbary
Portarlington                                             Mt Mellick, Maryboro'
Sligo                                                         Ballina
Tralee                                                       Killarney, Listowel
Wexford                                                   Enniscorthy, Wicklow
Youghal                                                    Middleton, Lismore

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     Mr. Denis Brennan's proposal to transmit to Canada 150 paupers from Cork, finding provisions, &c. according to the passengers act, for adults, 3 5s. each; under 14 years of age, 1 12s., and infants free, has been accepted by the Cork guardians.

     Dr. Petrie has presented to the Royal Irish Academy the crooked head of the "bachal" or pastoral staff of St. Feeben, who died in 664.5 according to annals of Clonmacnoise; also the crozier or staff of St. Brerach, founder of the seven Churches of Termonbarry, Roscommon.

     On Thursday evening last, the Slieve Guillan mountain, about midway between Dundalk and Newry, was observed to be on fire, and the flames spread to a great extent consuming the heather and furge. By nine o'clock the devouring element had spread over tend acres, and continued burning till Friday.

     Miss Hayes' benefit at the Cork Theatre produced 170. Her concert at the Town hall, Waterford, was attended by 1,000 persons!

     A rate of 7s. 8d. in the pound is struck upon Ballylanders district of the Kilmallock union.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

BIRTHS

     March 22, at ????? House, Rostrevor, the lady of James Jones, Esq. of Mount Edward, county Sligo, of a son.

MARRIAGES.

     March 20, in St. John's Church, Sligo, M.R. Eyre, Esq. so nof John Eyre, Esq, of Eyrescourt Castle, county Galway, to Elizabeth Jane, youngest daughter of the late A.D. Johnston, Esq. of Friarstown House, county Leitrim.
     March 21, in Monkstown Church, R.B. Burges, Esq., son of the late Rev. W. Clare Burges, of Limortagh, county Tipperary and Osmortherly, Yorkshire, to Francis Anna Julia, eldest daughter of ??? L'Estrange, Esq. of a Sion House, Dalkey.

DEATHS.

     At Ohill House, county Sligo, Anne, sister of teh late Robert Armstrong, Esq., age 82.
     March 22, in Limerick, Nichs. Bindon Scott, Esq., M.D.
     Dinagh, relict of Chas. Atkinson, Esq., of Ballintain, county Sligo.

GENERAL CONVICT PRISON FOR IRELAND

     The new building near Phibsborough, on the North Circular-road, intended as a general convict depot, was on Tuesday declared ready for the reception of inmates, and persons under sentence of seven or ten years' transportation will be drafted there forthwith from the several gaols through Ireland. The building is intended to contain 650 male convicts, and will be conducted somewhat upon the plan of the model prison at Pentonville. The convicts will be taught different branches of trade, and if by their good conduct and industry, after a probation of twelve months, they entitle themselves to a certificate of good character, they will be sent abroad at the public expense and entitled to tickets of leave on landing, whereby they may enter into employment or become settlers. For those not conforming to the rules, the discipline is said to be very severe, solitary confinement and the silent system being among the rigours they will be subject to. The building is spacious and well ventilated and remarkably commodious. On passing from the front entrance through the great hall, where the apartment of turnkeys and minor officers are, you enter a wide area, from the floor of which a distinct view of the whole interior is obtained at one glance. This is effected by means of a spiral staircase of iron, in bars and railings, rising from the centre, and leading to corridors of the same material which traverse the building in every direction in front of the cells. - These extend three stories high from the floor to the top, so that a person standing in the hall could see every movement in the galleries, staircases, or elsewhere beyond the cell doors. The cells are fitted up each end with a low hammock, mattress, blankets, and counterpane, and are supplied with every requisite for the accommodation of one prisoner, in the most simple and plain manner. They are each furnished with an alarm or night bell, by means of which the inmate in case of sudden illness or other cause, may summon the turnkeys. The doors are of heavy cast iron, shutting with a spring which fastens from the outside, and are provided with a circular spy hole guarded with iron wire, by means of which the officer on duty can at all times watch the movement of the inmate, while he cannot see anything outside the walls of his cell. The cells are spacious, scrupulously clean, and ventilated on an effective principle, which affords a thorough current of fine air. There are numerous other buildings within the walls- the governor's and deputy governor's residences, places of worship, by which, while the prisoners can see the clergyman and assist at divine service, they cannot hold any communication with each other, being perfectly isolated. There are, besides, workshops for the various trades, an hospital, exercise yard, cooking-house, laundries, &c. Indeed the utmost attention seems to have been paid to all arrangements requisite for securing the health of the convicts, and for their useful occupation and safe custody. -- Freeman.

     DREADFUL OCCURRENCE IN THE COUNTY OF ARMAGH - The peaceful town and neighbourhood of Portadown have been horrified to an unprecedented extent, by an act of deliberate assassination, committed in the vicinity on the night of Tuesday, the 19th, when Mr. John G. Woolsey, of Clounagh, about three quarters of a mile from the town was shot in his room while preparing to go to bed. From the evidence taken before the magistrates and coroner, the facts appear to be these - Mr. Woolsey, who had quitted the house after tea returned about half-past nine, and, after stopping a short time in the kitchen, took his candle and proceeded up stairs to his chamber. He had not long been there - not more than ten minutes - when the maid servant, who had remained below, heard a shot, succeeded by the falling of some heavy body in the room above; on entering the room she found Mr. Woolsey extended on the floor, near the window, bleeding but still showing signs of life. An alarm was instantly made and the best medical aid procured from Portadown, with as little delay as possible, but to no purpose, the unfortunate gentleman having expired in a short time thereafter. On examination, it appeared that a bullet fired from without, after perforating the glass of the window, had passed through his head, and was found lodged among some clothes in a wardrobe. The police were immediately on the alert. Mr. Atkinson, the coroner, held an inquest on the body on Wednesday, but as yet, there is no clue to the perpetrator of so foul a deed.

PRIESTLY INTOLERANCE

     Father O'Neill of fighting notoriety is once more before the public in another though no less creditable phase of character. His holy oil, more harmless than his "skull-cracker," has lately been in requisition to secure a safe transit form this world for a poor deluded heretic. The reverend minister, however, is not an exception among his brethren. The desire to gain converts is deeply and universally inculcated in the Romish church. The edict has gone forth. By every means and at every point those who have protested against the errors of that church must be assailed; every advantage must be taken and exulted over as a victory achieved. An end is to be accomplished and that end justifies the means and the means are regulated by the circumstances of the times and the country. Nothing is deemed too trifling to gain and therefore we find the priest hastening whenever he can to the unconscious dying Protestant to perform an useless and unscriptural rite, that he may glory over what he considers to be a successful thrust at the Protestant cause. Frequently have instances come before our notice of emissaries from Rome obtaining access through a servant or other friendly person to the bed side of a Protestant in a dying state unconscious of what was going on, and there use the "holy oil" and then claim the dead as a true convert to the Roman Catholic faith; but never have we heard of a more barefaced and unchristian transaction than that recorded by a correspondent of the Sligo Guardian which we here give as an additional instance of Priestly intolerance and as a cautionary example:-
     A Police Constable named Greer, a native of Antrim, and a Protestant, was attacked by paralysis during the assizes and placed under Dr. Homan's care, until the night of the 18th inst. when a sudden fit of convulsions deprived him of life.
     The Rev. Samuel Shone, curate of this parish accompanied the police to the cemetery, and when about performing the burial service, was strangely interrupted by the celebrated fighting priest O'Neill, who followed by a large assemblage of pickpockets and low ruffians, insisted on his right of burying the constable, because, forsooth, on the evening of his death, when inward agony had deprived him of all consciousness, he gave him some holy oil! as a passport to another world, at the instigation of some country girl to whom the deceased had been clandestinely married some time previous.
     The scene that followed baffles all description. The police officer was asked by the priest with that calm dignity and angelic expression of countenance peculiar to the son of the church, "would he dare to stop him," and the motley group shouted out a savage negative-stones were flung, and a constable had to be sent for Capt. Whelan.
     During the interim the light-fingered gentry had a rich harvest from the pockets of the few respectable persons present, and the search for handkerchiefs, shouts of "O'Neill for ever," "save the poor peeler from the devil," only equalled the similar scenes now and then enacted in Dingle. While the presiding genius of the affray, "grinned horribly a ghastly smile," as he awaited the decision of the authorities.
     I cannot tell how it occurred, but brute force was triumphant - a Northern Protestant was consigned to a popish grave, without a single relative near him, and the feeling of his comrades may be learned from the words of one to whom I spoke on the matter. - "Poor Greer, when I was in church with him at the assizes  I little thought a priest would bury him." - Further comment is useless.

POTATO PLANTING

     The preparations which are making in every part of this portion of the province are on a scale far more extensive than any former year within our recollection. Cattle are sold and even several articles of household furniture and wearing apparel at tremendous sacrifices by the poor landholders to purchase seed potatoes. The chief cause of this is obvious, and it affords a practical proof of the ruinous policy of Free Trade in this country. The small farmers, who allowed themselves to be led into the conviction that "Protection" was a curse by those who hated the aristocracy and exulted in anything that might injure the landed proprietors, are now sadly convinced that the export trade of Ireland is ruined - that there is no longer a market for any description of grain. The potato always found a ready market at home and remunerated the grower, so much so that 5 and 6 were willingly given for what was called a con-acre. Potatoes are even now fetching a higher price though they are by no means scarce and have to compete with Indian meal. The price of former years is confidently expected and the success of the crop last year is an encouragement to its very extensive cultivation this year. Should there be such a failure this year as we had in 1846 and '47 the consequences must be fearful, but this there is no reason to dread. In any case, however, it is to be much regretted that the people are compelled in self-defence to occupy the land they are in a position to cultivate with a crop which if successful can only bring temporary relief.
     

 

 


Submitted by cml

 


Ireland Home Page
County Mayo

IMPORTANT NOTICE: All rights to the pages found within this site are retained by the original submitter of the information. Pages may be printed or copied for personal use only. They may NOT be reproduced in any form in whole or in part by any individual or organization for profit.