Ireland Old News

Wednesday, June 5, 1850

     Friday last Messrs. Young and Bond, of the 85th at Mullingar, became rivals for the winning of a large sum, under the following circumstances.- The race was for three miles, a portion of which was to swim across the Royal Canal, afterwards to cross a river almost as wide as the canal, and then on through town to the "Cat and Bagpipes." Mr. Bond met with an accident, by striking his breast against a ditch, by which Mr. Young came in victor.

    Stephen Butt, a pensioner at 5d. per day, who is committed to Maryboro gaol for robbery in the mills of John Dugdale, Esq., Dunamore, lately got his Peninsular medals with seven clasps.

     On Sunday at Tallanstown, County Louth, a policeman named James Clyde, who had after seventeen years service received intimation of his dismissal for intemperance, committed suicide by drowning himself. He has left a wife and five children.

     HORRIBLE DEATH - PORTSMOUTH, MONDAY.- A deplorable accident happened on Southern Commons this morning, by which a private soldier of the 28th regiment, named W. Bruton, a very fine young man, lost his life. A fatigue party from that regiment went out this morning from their barracks in Portsmouth for the purpose of rolling the exercise ground and road. The roller was a large iron one, and heavily loaded. The men were being fast with it and the unfortunate deceased had hold of the shaft. He is supposed to have stumbled and let go his hold of the shaft, for he fell, and the roller passed immediately over him, literally crushing the body into the earth, and completely flattening it. The corpse was immediately conveyed to the hospital by his distressed comrades.

     PROGRESS OF THE TENANT RIGHT MOVEMENT - The tenant right movement progressed bravely in this county, and we have in every publication to chronicle some of the practical results. The following is the latest. Early in the morning of the 25th inst. a threatening notice, of which we subjoin a copy, and having a pen and ink sketch of a very ferocious looking pike, with a Mitchel hatchet and crook attached, as well as two capacious coffins neatly figured beneath, was posted on the door of the house of George Sparling, rentwarner to J. Minchin, Esq. at Boggan, in the parish of Tullaroan:-
    "I hereby give you the first and last notice that if you dont make amends you treator for your interference with mintion advising the villin to starve the poor and persecute the tenants which is well none by your passing acts and publick robbery prepare for coffins and barkers for you, and mintion he wont refuse the snaping of them, if not ye dont no the minute i your friend will call on you."- Kilkenny Moderator.

    Neptune B. Conway, an old and respectable inhabitant of Thomondgate, was found drowned in the river near Barrington's-quay, yesterday morning. It is thought reverse of fortune induced him to commit suicide. His wife died within the last two months.--Limerick Chronicle.

     We feel great pleasure in announcing that our talented schoolfellow Francis G. Joynt, only son of Anthony Joynt, Esq., of this town, and formerly Sub-Sheriff of this county, has been admitted a member of the College of Surgeons of England.

     CASTLEBAR POOR HOUSE - On last Saturday the Castlebar guardians unanimously elected Doctor Barrett as medical superintendent of this establishment, and a better or more judicious selection could not have been made. - Mayo Constitution.

     THE CHURCH - The Rev. Mr. Lynch has been appointed by the Bishop of Tuam to that portion of the living of Ballyhean, in the parishes of Burriscarra and Ballyhean. We understand that the remaining parish, Ballyvovey, has been conferred on the Rev. Mr. Townsend. This living was enjoyed by the late Rev. Mr. Pasley but has been divided by Bishop Plunket.-- Mayo Constitution.

     A fleet of 23 ships with bread stuffs arrived in Cork in two days of last week.

     Mr. Edward Kennedy, the barrister, and late candidate for Cork city, was last week brought up for judgment in the Queen's bench and sentenced his illegitimate son, a boy of tender years. Sergeant Murphy addressed the bench in mitigation for the prisoner.


     At Belmullet, the wife of Head Constable Morell, of a son.
     At Nenagh, on the 29th May, the Lady of J.R. Blake, Esq., 6th Royals, of a son.
     In Sligo, the Lady of Rev. John Dawson, Vicar of Eastkey, of a daughter.
     At Glan Bue?e, near Carnarvon, N.W., the Lady of Walter Hussey de Burgit of Donore House, Esq., of a son.


     At Donnybrook Church, on Wednesday last, by the Rev. Wm De Burgh, assisted by the Rev. Mark Perrin, Rector of Athenry, Giles Eyre Lambert, of Moore Park, second son of Walter Lambert, Esq., of Castle Lambert, county Galway, to Mary Jane, only child of F. Rea, Esq., of Rich View, county Dublin.
     Capt. W.J. Vernon, 21st Fusiliers, to Mary Anne, daughter of the late John Rodan, Esq., Laegham place.


     In this town, on yesterday, of Consumption in the 22d year of her age, Charlotte, youngest daughter of the late Charles Atkinson, Esq. The deceased was a young lady of the most amiable and endearing disposition and her early death has cast a gloom over a large and respectable circle of admiring friends by whom she was deservedly beloved in life and deeply regretted in death. Her remains will be interred in the family burying ground, Ardnaron, at 12 o'clock to-morrow.


- Mr. Marcus Babbington, the owner of the premises in Derry, in which the recent gunpowder explosion occurred, died on Monday in consequence of the injuries he received.
- Brown paper is now manufactured of straw at the Glenville mills, Cork.
- Friday about 600 left Waterford by the Liverpool steamer for America.
- It is said that on the retirement of the Lord Lieutenant from Ireland, Dublin Castle will be converted into apartments for the families of distressed Peers and placed on a level with Hampton Court.
- Mr. Godby has returned to Dublin to hand over his department in the General Post Office to his successor Mr. Cornwall. Mr. Ives shortly retires after a service of 50 years. Several other officers leave the head office on superannuated allowances.
- The Queen's Bench has granted a conditional order against Mr. W. Fitzgibbon of Cork, the extensive mercer, for having called Mr. T. Scallan, of that city, "a liar, blackguard, ruffian and scoundrel."
- Mr. Thomas Bunbury, of Russeltown, is committed to Carlow gaol and his son, Mr. Henry Bunbury, is admitted to bail, both for threatening the life of a sheriff's bailiff and discharging a gun at him.
- Lord Cecil Gordon has taken the surname of Moore in regard to the family of his deceased beloved wife.

Outrageous Conduct of the Paupers

     In our last we gave the investigation at the workhouses, consequent upon the charges of neglect brought forward and substantiated by Mr. Thomas Browne, guardian for Patrick st. ward, against the officers, in connexion with the supply of clothing requisites, and accounts for same. The result of that inquiry, as our readers are aware, led to the resignation of Mr. Scott, master of the establishment. We also published the melee that occurred on Wednesday when the paupers of the central workhouse, with those of the William st., Boherbuoy and Mountkennett auxiliaries "turned out," with a view of demonstrating their regret," with at Mr. Scott's departure, or, we might say, to compel the board, vi et armis, to retain him in a situation, the duties of which he had discharged since the introduction of the Poor-law into Limerick, and the opening of the workhouse in this union. Owing to the outrageous conduct that took place on Wednesday the authorities were obliged to call in the aid of Military and Police to disperse the turbulent rioters, who that evening retired to their respective quarters.
     On Thursday, however, the malcontents, amused by the previous day's "gambols" again revolted, the inmates of the Clare st. auxiliary, in charge of Mrs. Sleeman, having alone stood aloof; and it is worthy of record that to the moral influence of this amiable lady over the females in the establishment, is alone attributable so laudable a proof of her qualifications to fill an office in a more suitable sphere. From an early hour the paupers paraded the streets, rife for mischief and plunder, rather than for the ostensible object of achieving the restoration of the workhouse master; be this as it may, the aspect was alarming and Mr. Barron, R.M., took the necessary precaution of having the Police and Military on the alert, should their services be called into requisition. The central workhouse, at the North Strand, was besieged by from 4,000 to 5,000 paupers, who evinced all the usual symptoms of riot and disorder. On his way to the workhouse, Mr. Barron encountered a "tumultuous mob (about 400) coming into the city headed by a fellow named John M'Mahon, wh carried an effigy, dressed in pauper's clothing, with a sheet of paper attached, displaying the following: "Blind George Gloster- Thomas Browne, the robber (figure of a coffin) - Lynch, the brute - May the devil have them all." Mr. Barron promptly made a prisoner of the ringleader, who as at once handed over to the Police. At the workhouse the paupers behaved most violently, and were it not for the firmness displayed by the authorities, the consequences would have proved fatal. The Mayor, Alderman Watson, Thomas Boyse, Lt. Col. Doyle, and Pierce G. Barron, Esqrs., were up at the scene of riot, with Sub-Inspector Williams, the City Police, and a company of the 1st Royals. The appearance of the force only conduced to exasperate the rioters and volley after volley of stones were thrown, which injured many persons, yet, the forbearance of the authorities was surprising. The Magistrates were hooted and pelted, with the fiendish "war cry" of the women as they shouted vociferously, sounded in all quarters. The Sergeant Major of the 1st Royals received a blow of a large stone in the side of the head, which inflicted a serious wound from the efforts of which he is confined in hospital. Head-Constable Daly was struck with a paving stone in the abdomen and knocked down; Sub-Constable Ryan, City Police, got a blow from a stone on the left side of the face, which was severely cut under the eye, while Sub-Constables Bowers and Gibson received cuts on the ear from missiles. The authorities behaved nobly in such trying circumstances and by their persevering executions, were ultimately successful in subduing the outrageous multitude, and restoring order. In the dispersing the immense crowd the Justices sent the Police through the City, to take up all paupers found straggling and over 100 were committed to the City gaol.-- Limerick Chronicle.

The Rev. M. Conway v. Messrs. John James and John MacAndrew, and Mr. Robert Savage, for wilful and malicious trespass.

     Mr. Conway attempted several times to address the Bench, but in each instance was interrupted by Mr. Savage, who insisted that he (Mr. Conway) should be sworn. This he refused, and called John Gallagher, who was sworn.
     Did you see the defendants' cattle on the lands of Glenturk mannion? Witness- yes.
     Mr. Savage- Can you swear it? Witness-The herd can swear it.
     By Mr. Conway (through the Court)- Didn't you know some of the cattle? Witness- I could not swear to the cattle.
     Mr. Conway (through the Court)- Have you been intimidated from giving evidence since last court day? Witness - Oh, no, sir.
     Mr. Conway - Ask him was he intimidated.
     Witness- No, only Mrs. MacAndrew's son said that I carped it greatly to prove such a thing for the Priest.
     Mr. Conway - Did he offer to strike you? Witness-No.
     Mr. Conway - Were the cattle driven to the mearing on purpose to trespass? Witness- Faith I can't tell.
     Mr. Savage (to the Bench)- He wants to prove the cattle's intentions.
     Laurence Ruddy, examined- To whom did the cattle belong? Witness - I cannot tell.
     Mr. Savage - Were the cattle in it at all? Witness- I cannot prove to the cattle.
     Mr. Savage (to the Bench) - Gentlemen, I am willing to admit what in the end will be agreed to, that our cattle had the intention to trespass, and Mr. Conway knows the meaning of that word in all its bearings.
     Mr. Conway - Were you employed as caretaker at Glenturk? Witness- yes.
     Mr. Conway- Who employed you? Witness - Mr. Fergus.
     Mr. Conway- Now on your oath who does the cattle belong to?
     [The Bench refused to allow this question to be answered.]
     Mr. Conway- Did you see any of the cattle trespass on Glenturk's mannion? Witness- I did not.
     [The poor witness here left the court, muttering, "Sure I could not swear in the wrong."]
     Bridget Shevelan was the next witness put on the table, and on the oath being administered to her, she was observed by the Bench and several persons in the court to have kissed her thumb instead of the book. She was then obliged to kiss the book.
     Mr. Conway - Were you caretaker on Glenturk? Witness - Thay sure..
     Mr. Conway - Did Mr. MacAndrew's cattle or Mr. Savage's cattle trespass on my land? Witness - I don't know.
     Mr. Conway- Come now, I ask you again? Witness (casting a look of mercy at Mr. Conway)- Well, sure I heard it.
     Mr. Conway - Why did you give up possession? Witness- It was not worth my while to herd.
     Mr. Conway- Was there not a mearing? Witness- No, sir.
     Mr. Conway (to the Bench)- Yes there is a mearing and fence.
     Mr. MacAndrew- No there is not.
     Several Voices- No there is not.
     Mr. Savage (to the Bench)- Gentlemen, swear Mr. Conway, for I solemnly assert that for a ???? there is not any appearance of fence, or mark, or mearing, but a stream in one part which is dry in summer.
     The Bench, to Mr. Conway- Have you any more evidence? Mr. Conway- No, sir.
     Bench - Then why bring those parties here? You have neither proved common or malicious trespass. We must dismiss  this case with full costs.
     Mr. Conway - I hope you will direct the defendants to pay one half the expenses of this proceeding.
     Bench- Indeed we will not. You must pay all.
     [Here an altercation arose between Mr. Conway, the clerk of petty sessions, and the poor summons server, relative to their fees.]
     Mr. Savage (to the Bench)- Gentlemen, this is an extreme hard case; but we will ask the Assistant Barrister, at the Belmullet Sessions, for a full remonstration for this vexation and false charge. We shall process.
     At the close, and on the thronged court bearing the decision of the Magistrates, there was a loud burst of applause.
     I feel it due to remark that while in Belmullet I saw one venerable looking clergyman who seemed to feel much at this trial. I afterward inquired his name, and was told the Rev. Mr. Kelly; my informant adding, "Arrah, sir. It's a long day till he would be in the court makin' the like upon people."




Wednesday, June 12, 1850

     VERDICT OF MANSLAUGHTER AGAINST A FATHER. - On Friday last an inquest was held by T. Izod, Esq., coroner at Piltown, on the body of a boy, seven years old, named John Moylan. It appeared that the father of the deceased, who is an itinerant mendicant, and a native of the county of Limerick, called at Piltown police barrack on the previous Wednesday to ask for alms. Mr. Levalle, S.I., observing a bundle on his back, lifted off the covering to see what was stowed away there and found to his horror that it was a dead child. It was proved that the fellow carried the child about whilst in fever, for the purpose of exciting charity, and the jury having evidence that death resulted from exposure and wilful neglect on the part of the unnatural parent, found a verdict against him of manslaughter. The prisoner is committed to our county jail for trial.--Kilkenny Moderator.

     MYSTERIOUS DEATH - On Sunday morning a party of the constabulary from Ballyconnell, being on duty about a mile from that place, and having occasion to cross the canal on a raft, one of the men, named John Healy, observed, on looking into the water, what he at first considered to be a dead dog. On applying the end of his carbine, he ascertained it to be a human body, perfectly naked, which was then removed to the bank, and left in charge of the watchman employed under the Commissioners of Public Works. No doubt is entertained as to the fate of the deceased; he was a young person, scarcely attained to manhood, and must have been a stranger, as no man answering the description is missing from the neighborhood, nor have any been of late accidentally drowned. The most probable conjecture, that he was a hawker or other travelling dealer, who was murdered for his money.- Decomposition to a considerable extent prevailing, the coroner, J. Armstrong, Esq., was under the necessity of ordering a coffin, the body, not being claimed, and no person residing convenient being willing to interfere with the interment, unless paid for so doing.--Fermanagh Reporter.

     DEATHS FROM DROWNING.- A melancholy occurrence took place at Cappoquin on Friday last, the 31st inst., by which two lives were unfortunately lost. The particulars appear to have been these: A private of the 55th regt. named Dunne, went into the river to bathe, whilst in the water, he lost his depth, and was drowning. He was seen in this situation by a sergeant of the same regiment named Lee, who instantly jumped in, and swam to his rescue; but, melancholy to state, the courageous sergeant failed in effecting his object, and both men were unfortunately drowned. After an inquest had been held on the bodies - a verdict of accidental death by drowning having been returned - the bodies were buried with military honours, and were followed to the churchyard by a large number of the townspeople, who thus paid a last tribute to unfortunate but heroic bravery.--Clonmel Chronicle.


     The following extracts are from a letter addressed to his relations by an emigrant who went out to settle on the land belonging to the Potters' Emigrant Society:-
     "Marquette County, State of Wisconsin.
     "Now that we have time to look around, we can tell you a little about emancipation and the far-famed store of Mr. Thomas Twigg. From the letters I had seen in the Potter's Examiner, I thought that it must be a true model of a yankee store; but what a surprise, we found it to be in the fashion of an Indian wigwam, consisting of about 38 trees piled upon each other, and furnished like some of the rag and bone shops in Angel Meadow. It had on the shelves a few cotton balls, a few bunches of matches, and a little thread, about two bags of flour, and a few potatoes, and some little pork at 10d. per lb. and very bad at that price. We find upon inquiry that flour is 3 dollars per cwt, the potatoes 3s. a bushel of 60 lbs. ...[ink blot on several following lines]... At these prices you must bear in mind Mr. Twigg said he could realize a profit of 25 per cent; but the profit will be more than 125 per cent, as they can get flour from the mill at 1 dollar 25c. We had our house by ballot, according to rule; but it was in a bad condition, the roof was not on, and the cement plaster with which the houses were to be plastered is made of sludge, had thrown on with the hand without a trowel, no chimney built at all, and we had to be without a fire in the house for six weeks at first, and then had to give nearly 5l. for a stove. The room floor is not laid yet and when we want to go up above we have to crawl on the logs like cats. I was to have five acres of land broken up, fenced and sown, but I have only about one acre part ploughed, none fenced, and none sown. The other four acres I got is of first rate quality. The upland is beautifully timbered, not heavy, but enough for farming purposes; and the upland is so fine a natural meadow for hay as any in the world. We feel heartily sorry for many that came up here when we did, for the society's allowances has been bread and treacle and coffee, and it is only some times that they can get that; and if they did not go to work for the society before they built their own houses, they would have no credit at all. The society pay in goods for all its work. Rail making is one dollar for cutting the trees and making one hundred rails, and finding their own board. The Yankees pay one dollar and a quarter in each and board you. I went out to  work at my own trade, and built the first brick house west of Jose River. I intend to take up government land to the amount of 320 acres, or what is called half a section. If any of you want to find a good country, this is the place; there will be a deal of work for bricklayers and masons, and there is only one bricklayer besides me up here, and no masons at all. I believe this will be a fine country very soon, as the government is improving the river, and then we shall have market close at home for our produce. We live within two miles of Jose River, and the same distance from the head of Buffalo Lake. If I had gone to work for the society I would have been in as bad a state as the rest, but I went out to work six weeks and I brought home 50 dollars, besides being boarded during the time. I have not been to work for the society yet neither do I intend, for their wages is 6s. a day, and bricklayers are something more independent than that. We have now a couple of barrels of flour, nine bushels of potatoes, some pork and groceries, all paid for in cash, and so few dollars besides. Remember this will be a first rate place for bricklayers, and if any of you come, you must expect no credit, as is represented for you in England. No employment, you must have no meat. If ____ wished to make something handsome of his money, now is the time as land here can now be had cheap, but in a short time it will rise in value as fast as ever it did at Millwaukee or nay other shipping port. If my brother could be any way got out before this spring, we will find him some constant work at good wages. The average price for labourer's here on the farm is from 8s. to 10s. a day in spring and hay time, and harvest 10s. to 14s. a day and board. There is plenty of work for any man here that will work and sure independence in the end. We think it would be a rare change for them to get out of a factory on to the farm and raise all their own provisions free from rents, rates, tithes and taxation. When once we pay one dollar and a quarter an acre the it is our own, and we don't fear anybody. If the society was managed here in a proper manner it would work well, but here, as in the Potteries, it has too many paid officers and bloodsuckers. There are at this time eleven paid officials living at the society's expense, beside wages weekly. We assure you that they have made a poor show for the members out of the last draft of money they got from England.


     ROBBERY OF ARMS - We are sorry to perceive that the desire to possess themselves of arms has not completely disappeared from among the peasantry, even of our own county, where it  indeed but very rarely shows itself. At midday on the 30th of May, 3 men, one of them armed with 2 pistols, walked boldly into the house of a man named Philip Coyne, who lives in a thinly populated part of the country between Ballymote and the county of Roscommon, about 7 miles from the town, and commenced searching for arms; they found a pistol which they possessed themselves of; they also broke open a box with a loy and took a few shillings out of it; also some I.O.U's of considerable value, which they also carried away. The same party then went towards the house of a man named Pat Kilmartin, who lives in that neighbourhood and demanded a gun which was on the top of the dresser in the kitchen; Kilmartin's son instantly seized the gun and bravely told them he would fire at them, as he would lose his life sooner than part with the gun. No trace can be at all found to the persons who committed the outrage.--Sligo Guardian.

     ROBBERY - On Wednesday last, while Mr. Conry, merchant, and his family were at prayers, a servant girl named Mary M'Gowan, left in charge of the house, was discovered in the wareroom, by a gentleman who happened to be on a visit with Mr. Conry- she had effected an entrance by means of a skeleton key. On being informed of the circumstances, Mr. Conry examined his goods and found that he had been plundered to a considerable extent, having lost a valuable watch, silks, &c. The girl on being questioned by Mr. Conry, made some disclosures and returned some of the articles which she had stolen. She named a smith, as an accomplice, who had made the false key, and received and disposed of the goods which she had from time to time purloined. She was given in charge to the police who lost no time in searching several suspected places, in one of which they succeeded in finding an umbrella and a valuable shawl.--Sligo Guardian.


     The Waterloo ball at the Royal Hospital, Dublin, will be on the grandest scale possible on the 18th. The number invited will exceed even those of former anniversaries.
     All the troops in Cork assembled on Wednesday, and had a sham fight, after which they cooked their dinner on the exercise field, and returned to quarters in the afternoon.
     Lieutenant Colonel Tulloch commenced his tour of inspection of the Local Pensioners in Ireland this week.
     Captain Blennerhassett, 71st, at St. Helens, Canada, has received a farewell address from the inhabitants very complimentary to the conduct of his detachment.
     Lieut. Clark, 72d, obtains a company by the death of Captain Angelo.
     The pay of an Colonel of Engineers is 26s. a day. When employed in Ireland he receives 13s. a day extra, 10s. a day as command pay, forage for three horses, with an allowance of 3s. per diem for servants. Ordnance commands and quarters are of the best.


     Bets are made at Dublin, Cork, Limerick and Galway, between the Viceroy and Canada steamers, both having sailed on Saturday, the one from Liverpool and the other from Galway, as to which shall first touch at Halifax.
     John Reardon, a young man, was killed at the fair of Ballinamona last week by the blow of a stone on the head, from a man named Hourigan, who is in custody.
     Thomas E. Beatty, Esq., is elected President of the College of Surgeons, Dublin.
     The Lord Chancellor has been pleased to appoint Charles Wilmot Smith, Esq., to the commission of the peace for Clare, on the recommendation of Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bart., Lieutenant of the county.
     Lord Dunraven is completing the beautiful new Adare Castle. Over the grand entrance on stone are the words "Love God only- Obey the Queen-Eschew evil, and do good."
     A court-martial is to assemble at Plymouth for the trial of Second Lieutenant Charles Pyne, Royal Marines, for having disobeyed the commands of Adjutant Forbes, R.M., his superior officer, in having refused to fall in at sword drill.
     Lord Palmerston is sued for 16l. poor rates by the Sligo guardians.
     There was a partial outbreak of paupers of Mountkennet Workhouse on Wednesday, which was promptly suppressed by arresting ringleaders, who are lodged in gaol.
     Edmond Walshe, for the murder of his near relative, Martin Walshe, at Killmacow, Kilkenny, last month, surrendered himself at Liverpool in Saturday for transmission to Ireland.
     Mr. Joshua Magee, coroner for Newry, has reported to the London Times the circumstances of the barbarous murder of Mr. Mauleverer, with his own very partial colouring of the evidence, a very unusual step with any Irish gentleman holding the office of coroner. Mr. Magee also transmitted a copy of process served on a Winow Larkin, next he charges the murdered gentleman with a malediction uttered against a poor woman for bog money, and concludes his recital of what the writer deems facts, by the too convenient comment, "It may be said this goes to extenuate, if not to justify assassination." This from a judge in his own court of preliminary inquiry?
     OXYGEN GAS A CURE FOR CHOLERA - Doctor Macrea, civil surgeon at Howrah, has, according to the Indian Times, discovered a new and most successful mode of treating cholera patients. He causes them to inhale a certain portion of oxygen gas, which communicates a strong stimulus to the frame, and finally throws the patient into a refreshing sleep. On awakening, he finds himself restored to health, with the exception of the general weakness which always succeeds any physical prostration. Dr. Macrea has tested his mode of practice upon fifteen European seamen, who have been carried to the Howrah Hospital in the last stage of the disease, and the patient has in every instance recovered.
     Edward Ledwith, Esq., of Ledwithstown, has received the commission of the peace for Longford.
     At Armagh, on Monday, W.H. Curran, Esq., Insolvent Commissioner, on ordering the discharge of George Nettleton, by his giving up possession of a farm, said the insolvent by so doing in no way interferes with what is called "The Tenant Right" of occupiers from year to year, the provisional assignee being liable to the insolvent's creditors for his disposal of the farm.
     A young midshipman, named Cunningham, was killed by a fall from the mainmast of her Majesty's ship Arethusa, at Lisbon, last month.
     The Marquis of Londonderry deserves credit for determination that his land shall no longer be cultivated to a style a century behind every well farmed portion of the kingdom. He has intimated to his tenantry that the three-course system at present followed shall be discontinued. The wheat is to be sown with clover this spring, and he insists that a green crop or a drilled or manured crop shall always in future be grown between two white crops.
     Mr. Sarjeant Murphy has started for the representation of the city of Cork.
     Martin Connell, employed on the Midland railway, near Mullingar, was killed on Tuesday by a train which passed over him, severing head and body.
     Nine vessels with "bread stuffs" arrived in Limerick from Wednesday to Saturday.

Ballina, Co. Mayo
Wednesday, June 19, 1850


     Sunday last as Dan Clare, servant to H. Drought, Esq., of Oaklawn, near Kennitty, was driving cows to pasture, he was waylaid and left for dead by five men.
     Dr. Apjohn was on Friday elected Professor of Chemistry in Trinity College.
     Lieutenant Brockman, 58th Regiment, who was missing just before the battle of Moodkee, was murdered by thugs. One of them confessed that the officer was going to a well alone, where they saw him, set upon, strangled and robbed him!
     The Rev. Peter Daly, chairman of the Galway Harbour Commission, states that he had recently visited the south of Ireland and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed there in reference to the establishment of a packet station at Galway! He had received a letter from a gentleman in the bank of Scotland, at Inverness, enclosing a subscription for furtherance of the project, and expressing a hope for its success.
     John Healy, a pensioner, is committed to Roscommon gaol for the murder of James Duffy, near Athlone. Duffy's daughter is arrested as an accomplice in her father's murder!
    The Wesleyan Chapel, Donegal-square, Belfast, was re-opened for divine worship on Sunday last having  been re-built since the fire of 20th Sept, 1849.
     The Lucifer steamer, Lieut. Commander Lloyd, is ordered from Galway to the Isle of Man.
     Mr. Thomas C. Anderson, son of John Anderson, Esq., sub-inspector of Borris in Ossory, has been appointed to a cadetship in the Constabulary.
    A parish priest in Wexford will leave accompanied by whole families, next month for America.
     A family, five or six in number, living in Ballycusiane, near Castleisland, have been arrested on suspicion of murder. A man named Horan, who was servant in the house, got married to the widow of his master, a rich farmer named Kenny, but they lived unhappily, and eventually separated, and twice since Horan's life was endangered, it is said, by his wife's sons. On one occasion he was fired at, and on Wednesday he was sent for by his wife to meet her at another farm. He went, and has not since been heard of. The wife, her sons, and servants are in Bridewell.
     Miss Heany of Mohill, was married in the church of Newtown-forbes on Monday to Mr. Hamilton, and after the ceremony proceeded the their residence in Granard. She took seriously ill on Wednesday evening, and her death took place on Thursday.
     Charles Couch, keeper of the canteen at St. Nicholas's Island, Plymouth, was fined on Friday last, 889l. for having contraband randy on the premises.
     Charles Keane, a pensioner from the 70th Regt., residing in Derry, died suddenly on Sabbath last from intemperance.
     Already 600 enrolled pensioners are settled in New Zealand most satisfactorily and the price of land in the vicinity of the pensioner villages has risen. The guards over convicts now keep up the supply of Pensioners for Australia, and the success of the experiment has been complete.
     Now that the pensioners have been properly armed efforts will be made to place in store almost 60,000 stand of percussion muskets for the militia, and all the flint and steel arms will gradually be replaced in the colonial forces.
     Capt. the Hon. A. Jocelyn, of the Carbiners, is shortly to head to the hymeneal altar a daughter of Sir John M'Neill.



     This highly-gifted divine preached in the Wesleyan chapel of this town on the evening of Friday last to a most numerous, respectable, and attentive audience. He also preached at the Ballyglen, near Ballycastle, on Sunday, on the occasion  of the opening of the new Presbyterian chapel lately erected in that district; and so intense was the desire to hear this great pulpit orator that persons from distances of 12 and 15 miles flocked to the little chapel. The Rev. Dr. preached at Muillifarry in the evening at six o'clock. Collections were taken up towards the completing of the meeting-houses of Dromore West and Ballyglen, which, we understand, exceeded the expectations of the most sanguine. We do not think it is too much to say that all those whose privilege it was to hear this good and great man went away both delighted and edified. On Monday morning Dr. Cooke laid the foundation stone of an agricultural school at Ballyglen and proceeded to Belmullet.

     OUTRAGE- A short time since a labouring man named Gillard, from the Crossmolina portion of this Union, went with a process server to effect the service of a law paper on Mr. Coyne of Heath Lodge, near Bangor, in Erris, when he was attacked by several men and so disabled that he and his family have been thrown upon the rates of this Union. The case came before the Guardians at their meeting on Saturday.


     Magistrates present- D.J. Cruise, Esq., R.M., Chairman, John Perkins and Robert Kirkwood, Esqrs.
     Lieut. Redmond Moriarty, R.N., Emigrant Inspector, appeared to prosecute Mr. Thos. Townley, for allowing a passenger into his vessel after being inspected and completing her number for Quebec. The first case was the suit of John Rielly, for the amount of passage money paid.
     John Regan, sworn- Gave Mr. Townley 3 to bring him to Quebec; Mr .Townley would give no ticket before the vessel sailed; he said, "Give me 3 and you will get provision on board from the Captain; " witness paid 2 to Mr. Townley in his own house, and 1l. in the vessel; got a receipt for the 2l. in part payment.
     Dr. Townley, who appeared for his brother who was at Westport, stated the money was for a passage in a vessel at Westport. The receipt produced is not the regular receipt.
     John Jordan sworn- Went with last witness to Mr. Townley; saw 2l. paid; Mr. Townley told Regan he could not tell him until Thursday whether he could get a passage in the Brig, and desired him give witness the 2l., until he should be able to learn what he could do; the money was however pressed by Regan on Mr. Townley, who took it.
     Lieutenant Moriarty sworn- Recollects the brig "Grace" in Killala; saw nothing of Regan in Killala; took a list of passengers but Regan's name was not on it; the vessel, owing to the drunkenness of the Captain, was driven into Sligo; went on board there, mustered the crew, and found Regan on board; all the passengers told witness Mr. Townley stowed this man away; the Captain and Mate were drunk, and witness had to remove them; the Captain was fined 10l.; Mr. Townley was written to by witness to come to Sligo but he did not come.
     Regan cross-examined- Got no other ticket but the receipt for 2l. produced, and witness gave that ticket to the Inspector; about four or five days before the vessel left Killala he paid his money, and Jordan was present when he paid it; got the ticket now produced; cannot tell whether it was in the morning or evening he paid it, but walked home 10 miles by daylight afterwards; came back the next day to pay the full money but Mr. Townley would not take it, and put him off from day to day; Mr. Townley put him on board the vessel and told the Mate to take him on his list; handed Mr. Townley the 1l. 10s. but he handed him back 10s.
     Mr. Cruise and Mr. Perkins- It seems hardly credible that Mr. Townley would hand back 10s. Why not keep it as well as the pound.
     Cross-examination continued- Mr. Townley told witness he should be placed on the Captain's book and get provision; stayed but two days until the vessel sailed; saw Captain Moriarty when he came on board at Killala to inspect the vessel; was in the boat while that gentleman was inspecting; wanted to go on board but Mr. Townley would not let him; did not go into the vessel while Captain Moriarty was there; Mr. Townley put him on board unknown to the Captain of the vessel; witness positively identified the ticket he received.
     The bench decided that the three pounds paid by witness be refunded and a pound costs.
     The second case of Lieutenant Moriarty against Thomas Townley for taking money from John Regan for a passage to America, without giving him a legal ticket, was called on, and the evidence was the same as above.
     The bench fined Mr. Townley in the mitigated penalty of 5l. and costs.

[Article transcribed as printed- although article mentions first case is suit of John Rielly the suit was presented by John Regan.]


     In this town, on Saturday last, the lady of John H. Thompson, Esq. of a daughter.
     At Millview, near this town, on Friday last, the lady of Charles Hugh Gallagher, Esq., of a daughter.
     At Mount Irwin, county Antrim, the Lady of Wm. G. Irwin, Esq. of a still-born son.
     At Sydney, N.S. Wales, the Lady of Major Singleton, 11th Regt. of a son.
     At Montague-square, London, the Lady of the Lord Bishop of Down and Connor, of a daughter.
     June 15, at Upper Dorset-street, Dublin, the lady of W. Langton, Esq., of a son.


     June 6, in St. Peter's Church, Dublin, by the Rev. Wm. Meter of Bambridge, county Down, Richard Ussher, Esq. of Landscape, New Ross, county Wexford, to Charlotte, relict of Robert Levington, Esq., of Westport, in this county, and daughter of the late Rev. James Metge.
     Garden Wm. Duff, Esq. to Douglas Isabella Maria, daughter of B.C. Urquhart, Esq. of Meldrum.
     In Kingston, T. Kennedy, Esq., of Picton, to Mildred, daughter of the late Wm. Ellison, Esq., Castlebar, formerly Captain 64th Regt.
     May 13, at Washington, Detroit County, in Trinity Church, by the Rev. C.M. Butler, D.D., William Gray, Esq. of Detroit, and of John Gray, Esq. of Claremorris, county Mayo, to Sarah, youngest daughter of Charles H. Stewart, Esq., of Washington.


     June 11, at Lower-street, Dublin, Miss Pasley.
     June 5, Lt. Col. Thomas George FitzGerald of Turlough, county Mayo, and formerly of Maperton House, Somerset, and Boldshay Hall, Yorkshire.


     A case will be tried at the approaching Quarter Sessions of this town in which Grehan, an angler, is plaintiff and the Proprietors of the River Moy Fishery is defendant. The complaint has arisen out of a salmon rod having been seized by a water-bailiff from Grehan, who, it appears, had no authority from the proprietors of the Fishery to angle on that part of the river in which they have an established right of fishing. It is not our intention, while this trial is pending, to enter upon any discussion on the merits of the case, a similar one having been already tried before the Assistant Barrister and disposed of favorably to the defendants, but we make it the occasion of a few observations to show that it is necessary for public advantage, and not alone for the maintenance of private rights which all should respect, that the better disposed members of society should uphold, wherever practicable, the vested rights of this Fishery. Had we in the neighbourhood a factory which gave employment to SEVENTEEN HUNDRED people we would consider it a great blessing to give it every encouragement.- Here we have an establishment equally as beneficial to the country, that number of poor people being supported by the Moy Fishery. Two hundred and eighty water keepers and forty fishermen are employed, whose families, allowing on an average five to each, amount to the number above stated, at a yearly expenditure of 2000. In addition to this distribution of money through the country the Fishery has paid this year 230 poor rates, which not long since amounted to as much as 487 for one assessment. Notwithstanding this the proprietors have been very liberal in their permission to angle on their property without any charge, as is the case on other rivers. They have given permission to every one who has applied for it, provided they were sure the privilege would not be abused; and at present there are here for the purpose of angling several gentlemen whose stay must in a great degree be beneficial to the town. For these reasons this Fishery should have the sympathies of a discerning public and the utmost support the law can afford. The Act of 1842 was deficient in its provisions for the prevention of trespass, a penalty for which could not be obtained except by expensive records. The law in this respect is now different and water-bailiffs have now the right of seizing legal instruments used illegally, and the Magistrates at petty sessions have the power to adjudicate summarily in a case of trespass on a several fishery. The chartered fisheries of Ireland have no to contend again laws not only injurious to the lessees but which, not being framed by practical men, are defeating the very object for which they were ostensibly enacted. It is therefore of importance that advantage should be taken of every section of the Acts favorable to the interests of the Moy Salmon Fishery, which we have shown to be a great public utility, and that in the open season as well as in the close it should be afforded every possible legal and friendly assistance.


Ballina, Co. Mayo
Wednesday, June 26, 1850

     Mrs. Hannah Sparling, a widow, on Monday was awarded 100l. damages against Mr. Thomas Paul of Blackhall-place, Dublin for breach of promise of marriage.
     We have just learned with much regret, that the potato blight has exhibited itself in the vicinity of Dingle and at Glenbeigh, and other parts of Ireragh.--Tralee Chronicle.
     The Tuam Guardians have obtained 1000l. from the Treasury to erect additional pauper accommodation.
     All the pauper girls sent from Galway union to Sydney obtained good situations there, with one exception, and the character of that unfortunate girl was the objection.

     True bills were found by the grand jury against Francis M'Mahon, for the desperate assault committed on the Rev. Edward O'Rorke, and the Rev. Richard Colgan, in the Carmelite chapel, White-friar-street, Dublin. On trial he was found to be insane and therefore acquitted.
     The cost of the poor law unions in Cork county last year amounted to 224,129.
     Miss Pyne, Prima Donna of the operatic company, at the Theatre Royal, Dublin, is considered almost as good a singer as Jenny Lind.
     There were 23 persons sentenced to transportation at the late Quarter Sessions of Rathkeale.
     A fox was observed on Monday morning running away near Douglas, Cork, with a new born infant, deserted by the unnatural parent. An arm and leg had been severed from the body.
     New potatoes are plentiful in Limerick, and selling at 1d. per lb.
     A mere labouring man from Martin's timber yard in Dublin, who left Ireland some months ago, sent home to his family 800l. from California.

(From the Evening Herald)

     With sorrow and alarm we have received from a correspondent upon whose accuracy we can implicitly rely the following announcement of what is but too probably the first appearance of the dreaded blight upon this year's potato crop.-
          "Vicarstown House, 14th June, 1850.
     "SIR-On going to the fields this (Friday) morning, I am sorry to perceive that all my early potatoes which were quite safe last night, are heavily blacken in the tops.
     "I will not as yet affirm that it is the disease, but one thing is certain, that the leafy system is stamped with all the appearance and external characteristics of it.
     "During the last few days, the atmosphere has been heavily charged with electricity, and the wild fire during night had been very vivid, and the disease appears to have been communicated through that mysterious medium.
     "I do not wish by any means to create unnecessary alarm, but it is well that every farmer would be upon the watch; and, in the meantime, I would advise turnip seed to be put between every potato stem; and if  the turnip plants are not required ultimately, they are easily removed. I will again report according to appearances.
          "I am, sir, yours, &c.,
               "JAMES CLAPPERTON"

     DARING ROBBERY - While Mr. G. Davison, of Holywood, was in Belfast, on Tuesday evening, his wife, and an old femal servant went to bed about eleven o'clock. Mrs. Davison was awakened by the opening of her bedroom door. She immediately started up, when to her alarm she saw a young lad with a carving knife in one hand, and a candlestick on the other. He had also a bag strung around his shoulders, which was afterwards found to contain knives and forks, silver spoons, and some table linen, all of which he had got out of the sideboard. He walked over to the bed side and demanded Mrs. Davison's keys. She as so much alarmed that she would not speak, but pointed to a basket on the table, which contained them. He then locked the door after him. He came back in a short time and pointing to a small dressing room, off the bedroom, he said the he must not leave that without a visit. When he entered, Mrs. Davison had recovered her alarm, and rose, and shutting the door after her, locked it. Half dressed she ran to the police station, and two of the men having come with her, they secured the prisoner as he was climbing over the wall, he having dropped from the window of the dressing-room with the booty.

     NARROW ESCAPE FROM DROWNING.-BANTRY. - On Wednesday last, as Mr. Gallagher, practical instructor, was on his way in an open boat to Boresland, in Bantry Bay, accompanied by T.O 'Dwyer, Esq., and a young man named Dunn, from Berchaven, the boat in a sudden squall upset. The two former mutually succeeded in floating the latter, to the vessel, on the lower helm, pivot of which they gave him a secure hold, and then in a desperate sea struck out for land, about an English mile distant, which they had just reached by swimming when taken up by a boat from the island. They then rescued Dunn from his perilous situation.


     At Wolmer, Kent, the Lady of Captain Fisher, R.N., of a daughter.
     At Old Leighlin Glebe, the Lady of the Rev. W.F. Bindon, of a son.
     In Dundalk, the Lady of M. Singleton, Esq. R.M., of a son.
     At Chester-square, the Hon. Mrs. Abercrombie, of a son and heir.


     June 20, in Monkstown Church, the Rev. William Bourke, of Heathfield, in this county, to Henriette Sarah, fourth daughter of Jacob West, Esq., J.P. of Loughlinstown House, County Dublin.
     T.H. Barton Crosse, Esq., eldest son of the late Col. Crosse, of Herefordshire, to Mary, widow of D. Blake, Esq., of Belmont, county Galway.


     At Barley-hill, in this county, Margaret, relict of J. Shower, Esq., apothecary to the forces at Malta.
     June 19, at Peatfield-terrace, Blackrock, after a long and painful illness, Eliza, the beloved wife of the Rev. Edward Nangle.
     At Windsor, aged 71, Calverley Riley, minister of the Wesleyan Methodist con????? forty years.
     At Britannia-gardens, Marleybone, on the 10th last, Catherine Flaherty, aged 110 years, a native of Claremorris, in this county.



      AN EXTRAORDINARY CHALLENGE - A Randalstown correspondent humorously asks us to say - "Mr. Thomas Houston, farmer of Lisnevanagh, Upper Half Barony of Toome, and county of Antrim, who attained his hundred and third year last February, will run, leap, dig or dance any man in Ireland of his own weight and age for any sum!" "This," he says, "is the identical 'ould Tom Houston, whose history appeared in your journal about a year ago. I and others had a conversation with him a few days since, when he said that his health had never been better, and he skipped before us like peas in a frying pan!- Banner of Ulster.


     James Weston, a night workman in the cloth manufactory of Mr. Joseph Harrison, of Rossbrien, was killed on Sunday night, having been dragged under the water-wheel, by his dress entangling in the machinery, while at full work, and he was ground to almost fragments.
     By the death of Mr. Burrows, late solicitor of the Stamp 
Department, an annuity of 1,500l. reverts to the Crown.
     The remains of the late Lieutenant Brockman, 50th, killed after the battle of Moodkee, by the diabolical thugs, were identified by his regimental buttons.
     M'Nally. the car-driver, who accompanied Mr. Mauleverer at the period of his murder, is fully committed to Armagh gaol as an accessory.
     Mr. Henry Talbot of the Leinster Express is appointed assignee to the estate of Johnson and Co., Eden-quay, Newspaper agents.
     Capt. Bentine Doyle is appointed her Majesty's Consul at Santa Martha, salary 400 a year.
     Mr. Michael Doheny is appointed Captain in the 9th Regiment of New York militia.
     The Rev. Mr. Welsh, Missionary of the Bible Society, formerly a Roman Catholic and a native of Waterford, is addressing a large congregation at New York, upon the deficiency of pure scriptural instruction in Ireland.
     Sub-constable Behan, at the risk of his own life, saved a poor fisherman, Richard White, from drowning at Milltown Malbay.
     Second Lieut. Charles Pyne, of the Plymouth Marines, is sentenced by court martial to be dismissed Her Majesty's service for disobedience of orders on parade. He had been tried a few weeks before for female violation and acquitted.
     Mr. Jeffreys, of Blarney Castle, offers to subscribe 25l. towards chartering a first class steamer, to test the alleged superiority of Cork for a transatlantic communication.
     In Listowel workhouse there are 4,600 paupers and 5,000 receiving out-door relief.
     On Thursday morning Thomas M'Carthy, aged 25 years, of Spitland, put an end to his existence in a stable at Garryowen by strangulation.
     Mortimer Kealy, a respectable looking Irishman, was indicted at the Central Court, London, on Saturday, for obtaining by false pretenses from White and Co., in Cheapside and Watling st., 400 yards of silk, value 100t. and other goods. The jury found the prisoner not guilty. The prisoner was again indicted for attempting to obtain goods by false pretenses and found guilty.
     Omagh Lunatic Asylum, the largest in Ireland, will shortly be opened.
     Michael Brennan, a coach painter, fell into a cess pool at Cork on Sunday morning while in a state of inebriety, and there perished.


     You are probably aware that Horan, who was married to the Widow Kenny, has, as stated in the papers, disappeared from this neighbourhood; and that owing to previous events the suspicion has arisen the he was murdered. Having been a person in inferior station, his marriage produced much discontent amongst the wife's family, and it was said that one or tow attempts were made on Horan's life. The whole of the widow's family are now in custody on a charge of having made away with him, and the most active searches have been instituted by the police to discover his body. An additional number of constables have arrived from Tralee to give assistance; and the magistrates are to sit again on Thursday to investigate the subject further. The police proceeded on Monday to Ballincuslane, where it is conjectured Horan met his death. They were accompanied by a woman who said she saw him on the day he was missed in the house where he and his wife lived; that she came there again in the evening about nightfall and she saw four men beating a sheet in which, was something dropping blood; and that two other men were following her. She pointed out a spot where there were marks of footsteps and some signs of blood; but the story is generally considered unworthy of credence, and the witness's character is particularly bad. Her name is Mary Connell, besides which she is known by the nickname of "Moll Last." She is in charge of the police. This neighbourhood abounds in natural limestone excavations, through some of which flow the sources of the river Maine; and in all that could be examined searches have been made without effect by the police. They tried Bailey's Caves, and the Dog's Hole, in Mr. Thompson's land, but found no body. It is quite possible that the man is not murdered at all; but suspicions are entertained strong enough to prevent the magistrates from taking bail for the Kennys, eight or nine of whom are in Bridewell. "Moll Last's" story, certainly does not look like truth, for it is not probable that murder would be done as described by her, in the evening or twilight.--Limerick Examiner.


     On Friday last three of the Revenue party stationed at Crossmolina, with two other men named Knox and Clarke, were fishing in a boat on Lough Conn, opposite Gortnorabbey, when one of them, Mossgrave, having ?oked a salmon, incautiously placed his foot on the planks of the boat which, being unable from their decayed state to resist the pressure, gave way. From Knox's statement it appears that he was the only person who had sufficient presence of mind to work an oar, but not being assisted, which would, in all probability have saved the lives of all, as they were only a short distance from shore, and seeing the boat fast sinking he jumped out and with difficulty reached a rock from which he was a assisted to land by a woman. Mosgrave, with the help of an oar, succeeded in saving himself and one of his comrades. He also held on by his rod and brought it and the salmon to shore. Clarke and Moloy, the other policemen, were unfortunately drowned. They did not know how to swim and the others could not tell what exertions they made to save themselves. The bodies were found on Monday, and we believe, an inquest was held on yesterday at which we suppose more particulars were elicited. It is but just to add that the officer, Mr. Smith, in charge of the party was on leave of absence, otherwise the accident might not have occurred.


     The royal mail steam ship Asia arrived in Liverpool on Saturday morning from Boston. She left that port on the 12th inst., and Halifax on the 14th, consequently making the voyage in the shortest time ever yet performed from the same port to Liverpool, the time occupied in the passage, including the call and detention at Halifax, being nine days, eighteen hours. A New York paper of the 11th gives the following summary of the news of the week-
     The American mail steamer Atlantic, Capt. West, which sailed from Liverpool on the 29th ult., arrived at New York on the 9th, after a run of eleven days and two hours.
     The Canada reached Halifax on the 11th inst., at nine a.m. and the Viceroy, from Galway, on the same day at five p.m.
     This must be very satisfactory to the promoters of the sailing of the Viceroy, they finding that she, a coasting vessel, should reach Halifax in nearly the same time s one of the "crack" Cunard line.- There is no doubt that if she had good weather and fair winds she would have done it under nine days. The Atlantic, that was out the same time as the Viceroy, reports strong head winds (sometimes amounting to gales) the whole of the passage.
     A telegraph despatch was received here on Sunday from Washington, announcing that official intelligence had been communicated to the government of the capture of the American vessel Rolla, with one hundred and twenty-three passengers, bound for California, by the Spanish war steamer Pizaro.

Submitted by cml


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