Ireland Old News

Wednesday, January 2, 1850


     December 30, at Castleward, the Viscountess Bangor, of a daughter.
     At Queenstown, the lady of Alfred Nepean, Esq., R.M., H.M.S., Ganges, of a son.
     December 25, at the Glebe, Clashmore, the lady of the Rev. T. Power, of a son.


     December 29, in St. Mary's Church, Donnybook, by the Rev. Beaver H. Blacker, brother of the bride, Richard Tipping Hamilton, Esq. Poor Law Inspector, Belmullet, to Anna, eldest daughter of L. Blacker, Esq., Solicitor of Customs, London.
     December 29, at Dundalk Church, by the Rev. James Beatty, Andrew Condie, Glasgow, Esq. to Jessy Newall, daughter of John Campbell Glyde, Louth, Esq., and relict of John Ferguson, Esq., Glasgow.
     On the 27th ult., at Turlo Meeting house, by the Rev. J. Hamilton, Presbyterian Minister, the Rev. David Ferguson, Presbyterian Minister of Bealderig, to Mary, youngest daughter of the late Mr. James Leister, of Turlo.


     October 12, at Lahore, Captain  S. Grant, her Majesty's 24th Regiment, eldest and beloved son and friend of Colonel Grant, royal artillery.
     December 29, of three days' illness, of fever, A.B. Crofton, Esq. of Roebuck's Castle.
     November 18, at Antigua, Charles Dawson, M.D., Surgeon of her Majesty's 54th Regiment. He fell victim in the discharge of his military duties, to the yellow fever, which prevailed in the garrison.  

(From Thom's Almanac for 1850)

     Antrim-Alex. Montgomery, Esq. of Potter's Walls, Antrim.
     Armagh- James Harden, Esq. of Harrybrook, Tanderagee.
     Carlow-Beauchamp Bartholomew Newton, Esq., of Rathwade, Bagnalstown.
     Carrickfergus Town-Peter Kirk, Esq. of Thornfield, Carrickfergus.
     Cavan-Hon. Henry Cavendish Butler, of Lanesborough Lodge, Belturbet.
     Clare- Major William H. Ball, of Fortfergus, Ennis.
     Cork- Sir George C. Colthurst, Bart. of Ardum Inniscarra.
     Cork City-William Wrixon Leycester, Esq. of Cork.
     Donegal-John Fergusen, Esq. of Castle Forward, Londonderry.
     Down- Archibald Rowan Hamilton of Killyleagh Castle, Killyleagh.
     Drogheda Town- J. Chadwick, Esq. of Drogheda, Drogheda.
     Dublin-Robert Alexander, Esq. of Garristown, Ashbourne.
     Dublin City- John M'Donnell, Esq. of Merrion-square, Dublin.
     Fermanagh-Thomas Morris Jones, Esq. of Belloo, Moneyglass, Toome.
     Galway- Wilson H. Gregory, Esq. of Cool Park, Gort.
     Galway Town- Thomas Moore Persse, Esq. of Newcastle, Galway.
     Kerry-Maurice James O'Connell, Esq. of Lakeview, Killarney.
     Kildare- Nathaniel Barton, Esq. of Straffan Colbridge.
     Kilkenny- John De Montemorency, Esq. Castle Morde, Knocktopher.
     Kilkenny City- Richard Smithwick, Esq., Birchfield, Kilkenny.
     King's County- Edward John Corr, Esq. of Ballinolan, Ederderry.
      Leitrim - William Johnston, Esq. of Kinlough House, Dundoran.
     Limerick-Eyre Lloyd, Esq. of Prospect Castle, Castle Connell.
     Limerick City- William Spaight, Esq. of Limerick.
     Londonderry City and County - Robert Peel Dawson, Esq., of Moyols Park, Castle Dawson.
     Longford- John Shuldham, Esq of Moy Ballymahon.
     Louth - Sir Frederick G. Foster, Bart, of New Spring Gardens, London.
     Mayo - Charles Mahon, Esq., of Mount Pleasant Ballyglass.
     Meath- Michael Thunder, Esq. of Lagore, Dunshaughlin.
     Monaghan- William Verner, Esq of Churchill, Loughgall.
     Queen's County - Henry D. Carden, Esq. of Rathmanna, Maryborough.
     Roscommon- Henry Sandford Packenham Mahon, Esq. of Strokestown-house, Strokestown.
     Sligo- Bernard Owen Cogan, Esq. of Lisconny-House, Collooney.
     Tipperary-Lieutenant-Colonel Wray Palliser of Derrybeaker House, Fethard.
     Tyrone - Henry D'Arcy, Esq. of Mescairn Castle, Lowtherstown.
     Waterford-Edward O'Dell, Esq. of Carriglea, Dungarvan.
     Waterford City- Henry Bolton, Esq. of Mecairn Castle, Lowtherstown.
     Westmeath - Sir J. Nugent, Bart. of Ballinlough, Athboy.
     Wexford - Edward Westby Nunn, Esq, of St. Margaret's, Wexford.
     Wicklow-Richd. H. Brooke, Esq. of Castle Howard, Rathdrum.

     COUNTY OF WATERFORD - The estates of the following gentlemen, producing over 12,000 a year, situate in the county of Waterford, will be sold in the month of April next by the Commissioners of Incumbered Estates, viz: George Bennet Jackson, J.P., Glanbeg; Edward Galway, J.P., Duckspool; Jas. W.Wall, J.P., Coolnamuck Court; Richard Duckett, J.P., Tramore; Walter John Carew, J.P., Liskeran; Henry Parker, J.P., Green Park; James Fitzpatrick, Ballydonough; Wm Greene, Kilmahan Castle; Wm N Barron, Ballymacart; James Morris Wall, Clonea Castle; Astil Thomas Welsh, Hacketstown; Walter Ify Mansfield, Sleady; George Boate, Duckspool.--Waterford Mail.

     We feel great pleasure in noticing the appointment of George John Crawford, Esq., L.L.D. of the Connaught bar, to be Chief Justice of Adelaide, with a salary of 1,000 a year.- Mr. Crawford has been known and respected amongst us from his infancy, and as the son of the late Rev. Dr. and Vicar-General of this diocess, and the nephew of our respected Clerk of the Peace. The appointment is hailed by a host of friends in this county.-- Longford Journal.

     The Marquis of Ely, with his usual liberality, had each of his labourers, and many of the poor tenantry on the estate, bountifully supplied with a good substantial dinner on Christmas Day.--Fermanagh Mail.


     BALLINA UNION - The usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of this Union was held in the Board Room of the Workhouse on Saturday, Col. Knox Gore in the chair. Among the other Guardians present were - Mr. Gardiner, Mr. Jones, Mr. G. Orme, Mr. T. Bourke, Mr. Howley, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Symes, Mr. Crofton, Mr. Paget, Captain J. Knox, Mr. Bredin, Mr. F. Orme, Major J.F. Knox, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Joynt, Mr. MacHugh, &c., Mr. Bourke, Assistant Commissioner, and Captain Hamilton, were also present.
     After the reading of the minutes of the proceedings of the last day of meeting, the Relieving Officers books were examined, when the tenders for breadstuffs, &c. were opened, and the contractors declared: -
     Messrs. Hugh Gallagher and Co. were declared contractors for Indian meal at 7 per ton. Their tender was not the lowest, but their sample of meal being better, and their liberal offer not to press for payment until the finances of the Union were in better position, secured for them the contract. They also were declared contractors for barley meal at 6 15s. per ton, and for whole meal at 10 p. ton.
     Messrs. W.O. McCormick & Co. get the contract for American flour at 1 5s. 6d. per barrel.
     Mr. Sweeney's tender for oatmeal was accepted at 9 7s. 6d. per ton and Mr. George S. Malley tender for rice at 7s. per cwt. was approved of.
     Upon the suggestion of Mr. Bredin, oatmeal and barley meal were ordered as alternate weekly supplies with Indian meal, which would not only be as cheap but would encourage home growth.


Remaining on Sat. the 15th......................... 2966
Admitted during the week..........................   249
Discharged................................................     37
Died.........................................................       6
Remaining on 22d..................................... 3172
In receipt of outdoor relief on 22d.............   250


Remaining in hospital on previous Saturday....  118
Admitted during this week.............................    19
Discharged during week................................      0
Died.............................................................      1
Remaining Saturday 29th Dec, 1849.............  136
                    A. BOURKE, Steward.


     There was a desultory conversation among the Guardians, on Saturday, at their meeting, as to the best mode of freeing the town from the number of vagrants with which it is now infested, but no definite resolution was adopted. We trust they will, on the next Board day, take it more earnestly into consideration and carry out the provisions of the Act with rigour and determination, so that the numbers who are daily pouring into the town may seek a livelihood and a home elsewhere than in the streets and purlieus of Ballina.


     1st quere - Is a landlord liable to be successfully sued by a civil bill or otherwise for a rate struck during the time his tenant was in occupation of his land, but which lands the tenant thereafter asserted his right of entry and took possession, by leaving a caretaker in charge of the lands; but did not otherwise occupy them, or did he use them for any purpose or derive any profit from them, his caretaker merely superintending the lands till they could be set?
     2d quere - The above lands having remained unset under the above circumstances, another rate is struck and the landlord is, for such new rate, rated by name. Can payment of such last mentioned rate be legally enforced from him?
     In reply to the first quere, I am of  opinion that a landlord cannot, under the circumstances stated, be successfully sued by civil bill or otherwise.
     In reply to the 2d quere, I am also of opinion that payment of rate, under the circumstances mentioned, cannot be enforced from a landlord because, amongst other reasons, the whole poor law code, in this country, as well as in England, requires that each occupier, to be rated, or to be liable to pay rates, must beneficially occupy. See Ren v. Welbank, 4 Maule and Selwin, 229. Ren v. Suelcoates, 12 East, p. 80, because the 61st, 71st, 79d and 78th sections of the 1st and 2nd Victoria, chap. 56, make a clear distinction between an owner, lessor, or landlord, and an occupier or tenant, which distinction cannot be demolished by the tortuous act of abandonment of his farm by the tenant, or by the legitimate exercise of his right of ownership or title by the landlord, by a lawful entry on the deserted premises; because the words in the 71st section, "by the person subsequently in occupation," it is further clearly explained by the latter part of the 78th section to mean, the beneficial occupation of a subsequent actual tenant.
     As to my opinion on the second quere, I am fully supported by authority of the cases of the King v. Dwyer and Hall, p. 600 and the King v. Morgan and Dayrrel, Justices of Buckinghamshire, 3 Ad. and El. p. 648.
     PIERSE CREAGH, 52, Great Charles st.


     The Ministry, it is said, will repeal the window tax next session. It produces about a million and a half.
     Two children died of sea sickness a few days ago on board a steamer proceeding from Belfast to England.
     The amazingly high rate of emigration from Liverpool still keeps up an average of 10,000 and 12,000 a month-even the higher average latterly.
     The next batch of convicts under sentence of transportation will be forwarded to the new settlement at Perth, Western Australia.
     By the Poor Law Commissioners' Consolidated Order, July 24, 1827, act 88 and 108, all Masters of Workhouses are ordered to receive paupers upon the written orders of parochial overseers.
     It is said that Miss Hayes, the accomplished vocalist, has engaged to sing at two concerts in Belfast, and that she will make her first appearance there on the 19th of February.
     The corporation of London have appointed a committee to report as to the desirability of their erecting public baths and washhouses in London. The example of Liverpool was quoted as being well worthy of imitation.
     Lord Guillamore, a midshipman, in the "Thetis" Captain Codrington, has left the service in disgust, because he was stationed between two guns on the main deck for some time, on temperance allowance, by way of correction.
     The Ship, "Monarch", called from Cowes last week for New Zealand with about sixty passengers, who purpose forming a settlement in that island, and who carried foxes, deer, rabbits, hares, &c. for the purpose of breeding.
     We have frequently adverted to the advantages certain to result from the employment of paupers as farm labourers. We are glad to find that the press in general are favourable to the movement. The Kilkenny Moderator, an influential provincial journal; in noticing the re-appointment of Practical Instructors, strongly urges the Kilkenny Board to take a portion of land for the pauper.

To the Editor of the Irish Farmer's Gazette.

     SIR- Having been commissioned a few weeks since for a visit and report on the value and capabilities of an estate for the purchase of which a London gentleman was in treaty, situate in the half barony of Erris, county Mayo, I availed myself of the half past 7 morning train to Mullingar, arriving at Ballina at 11 o'clock, P.M., on the 9th of October, and reaching Ballina at 9 o'clock in the ensuing morning. I reached my destination at 4 on that evening, having travelled by the high road leading from Sligo to Belmullet.
     I was much gratified on learning, in Ballina, that the culture of flax had obtained place, to a considerable extent, during the past season in that neighbourhood, owing to the encouragement in the way of market, afforded by the establishment of a branch of the new steeping system by the patentees, who purchased up the whole standing crops in the vicinity (as far as I could maintain) which was considered to be a very remunerative price, and I had positive assurances, from a well-informed quarter, that the result of experimental trials on an extensive scale had established the cultivation of flax there as firmly as it had been established at Newport, where the successful effort for its introduction was made by Sir Richard A O'Donel in 1847. I also observed, principally in the immediate vicinity of Ballina, and between that town and Killala, a large breadth of turnips that had been, in some instances, cultivated with skill and care; this, however, was not universally the case, as the crop in many places was insufficiently thinned, and the peat land (with some exceptions where its produce was most luxuriantly laboured under the damaging influence of wholly imperfect drainage, frequently the only relief from wetness being derivable from the dyke-fence, even from which a sufficient discharge was not always provided. In that district, in the few parts where any cultivation was in progress, it was only then the corn was about being drawn in off the stubble fields. The paucity of hands engaged in this useful operation was very remarkable, while the presence of hordes of able-bodied young paupers employed in making a footpath, and improving the roads leading from the town to the poorhouse, forced on my mind the reflection of what great value even a fractional part of that labour could have been in saving, during the fine weather that then presented for the purpose, a crop which had already severely felt from its protracted exposure in the stubble, and much of which must have suffered heavily by reason of the break in the weather which set in previous to my return journey, and has continued, with little intermission, almost ever since. So much has already been written on the clearance system, and its effects on the agricultural interests and the prospects generally of this unhappy part of the kingdom, that an allusion to it, besides being foreign to my purpose, would be travelling over a path already to well beaten. It is merely necessary for description to say, that the general appearance of the country, all along, from the verdant sheep walks of Roscommon, to the swampy floes of Erris, attests in a greater or lesser degree, the extent of the common havoc; but nowhere else are its effects so conspicuously marked as in the space between Ballina and Ballycastle. The recently populous and cultivated arable district around Killala, and between that and Ballycastle, is, (with the exception of a sprinkling of gentleman's demesne lands) reduced to a perfect waste, having scarcely a vestige of evidence of former occupation left on several townlands, besides the prostrate heaps of ruins of the farm home-steads, which in many instances the eye may overlook, were it not attracted occasionally by a solitary; denuded gable-end or chimney-top pointing in the horizon as if it were the monumental relic of a more dense and busy population. So that, with the exceptions I have alluded to, and of a few cultivated spots adjacent to Killala and Ballycastle, the face of the country, stript of tillage, cattle and population-presents a vast panorama of a deserted wilderness; the fading waste grass gone to seed, and assuming wintry garb, blanches the surface of the arable and green lands, and contrasting with the variegated lines of the heather, the withering Alpine grasses and russet masses which clothe the wild wastes and hard mountains of Erris, defines the line of demarcation between the fruitful low lands and the broad highland range which here girds the eastern part of the Atlantic, where the magnificently held outline of wild Alpine scenery is relieved only by the green streaks which denote the fertile, allurial banks of the streams and rivers, and the few patches of cultivated land, on the mountainsides, where human industry displays as counteracting effort by a mode of cultivation and a system of husbandry decidedly the most primitive of any I have ever chanced to witness.
     From about two miles from Ballycastle nearly the whole surface of this hill country, along to Belmullet, is deformed by a dense accumulation of moor on the declivities, and by peat moss, floes of unknown depth, stretching across the valleys. Some of these are wholly irreclaimable; but on the lower verges of the hills; and skirting the streams and rivers, the deep moor, from the facility for discharge, has attained in many localities, and to a considerable extent, such solidity and consistence as to render it convertible into arable peat of much value, at a trivial outlay, to which an abundance of shell sand and sea manure, particularly on the estate where I was engaged would invite.
     I have frequently seen on the west coast of Ireland, crops of corn, potatoes, and turnips as fine as any land could produce, forced from bog of very great depth, even despite the disadvantages of insufficient drainage, by the abundance of sea manure; abut in the part of Erris of which I write the value of shell sand appears to be unknown-indeed, as the peasants observed to me, there is not as much as a boat suitable for its conveyance; even for sea-fishing they only use corrachs, a species of canoe, composed of ribs of hard wood, covered over with horse-skin or oiled canvas; neither is sea weed much used, although it is to be had here in profusion. Yet, there are to be seen, in several places, turnips, carrots, and cabbages thriving luxuriantly on small plots of bog, six fee deep, newly broken up, the manure applied being the ashes of the surface sod, mixed with a small proportion of bluish loam or marl, of which the subsoil of the bog is composed. This appears to be so forcing a manure, that I brought with me a lump of it, which I placed in the hands of Professor Sullivan. In one instance I observed a small plot of green-topped Swedes, of unusual weight, which I ascertained had been transplanted in July, and manured in the manner described above. Much skill and care had evidently been used in the culture, and I was pleased to learn that the humble grower was indebted, both for instruction and seed, to the exertions of the Royal Agricultural Society. The farm on which this specimen (which would secure a prize here) is to be seen, is 190 miles from this, about three miles south by east of Broadhaven Bay. How gratifying it is to perceive, that in so remote a district-in this ultima Thule- the value of vegetable productions, unheard of until very recently, has so soon come to be appreciated, and in a locality where the facility of manuring and cultivating and the consequent weight of yield cannot fail to insure the permanence of so useful an introduction.
     I observed that since a previous visit of mine several useful lines of road have been formed; some of these are gravelled, and if the bridges were constructed, would open much of this interesting country; one of very great utility opens the district from Bangor to Erris to the Killala and Belmullet high road skirting the eastern shore of Carrowmore Lakes, a continuation of it traverses the estate which formed the object of my visit, branching thence to Broadhaven Bay, on the left hand, and in the opposite direction to the deeply indented inlets or bays which form the fishing harbours of Portacloy and Porturlin. Apropros to the subject of fisheries, I wish to remark that if the salmon fishery on the Glenamoy, adjacent to this estate, was earnestly looked after, there cannot be a doubt as to its productiveness and value.
              I am, Sir, yours, &c.
Dublin, Dec. 24, 1849


Wednesday, January 9, 1850


     At Rahassane Park, County Galway, the Lady of T.A. Joyce, Esq., of a son.
     At Fitzwilliam-square, the wife of Alexander C. Lambert, Esq., of a daughter.
     At Ennisworthy, the Lady of Wm. Freeman, Esq., Manager of the Provinical Bank, of a son.
     At Devonshire-place, Mrs. F. Mahon, of a daughter.
     On the 31st ult., at Glinville Glin, the Lady of Major G. FitzGerald O'Connor, of a son.
     At Enniskean Cottage, the Lady of the Rev. Wm. Sherrard, of a son.
     The Lady of C. Blake, Esq., Thornhill, Tuam, of a son.
     At Dunfanaghy, county Donegal, the wife of Wm. Maridith, Esq., Sub-Inspector of Constabulary, of a son.


     In Carrickfergus, John W. Cox, Esq. Captain 13th Prince Albert's Light Infantry, eldest son of Sir William Cox, Coolcliffe, Co. Wexford, to Emma Jane, daughter of the late Capt. Griffin Royal Navy.
     J. Morris, of Rathdown, Esq. to Charlotte Emily, daughter of the late J. Seymour, of Seapoint, Bray, Esq.
     The Rev. John Hewson, B.A., Rector of Kilmore, Erris, son of Mr. Charles Hewson, of Sandymount, to Mary Meares Moran, daughter of the Very Rev. the Provost of Kilmacduagh.

     OUTRAGE AND ATTEMPT TO MURDER.- Thomas Studdert, Esq. of Danganelly house, was waylaid on his return from Kilrush on Wednesday evening by two men, one of whom secured his horse by the reins, while the other inflicted a severe wound on his head with a stone. John Dosty and Michael Honan have been committed for trial for this outrage. It is believed that the miscreants were hired by other parties to assassinate Mr. Studdert, as he has taken an active part in successfully checking abuses and exposing frauds in connexion with the administration of poor laws in his neighbourhood. -- Limerick Chronicle.


     1. January 1 - George, Earl of Arran, G.C.B. His Lordship dying unmarried, the Earldom and Barony of Eden became extinct, but his other titles devolved upon his brother, Hon. and Right Rev. Eden, Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, present and third Lord Auckland.
     2. January 11 - Charles Earl Talbot, succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Henry John, Viscount Ingestre, present and third Earl Talbot.
     3. February 1 - George Robert, Earl of Buckinghamshire; succeeded by his brother, Rev. Augustus Edward Hobart, present and sixth Earl.
     4. March 10 - John. Lord Carteret; dying without issue, title extinct.
     5. March 27 - Archibald, Earl of Gosford; succeeded by his only son, Archibald, Viscount Acheson, present and third Earl.
     6. April 20- Charles Joseph, Viscount Monck; succeeded by his eldest son, Hon. Charles Stanley Monck, present and fourth Viscount Monck.
     7. May 23 - John Earl of Mayo; succeeded by his nephew, Robert Bourke, Esq; eldest son of the late Hon. Richard Bourke, Bishop of Waterford, present and fifth Earl of Mayo.
     8. May 26 - William Aubrey de Vere, Duke of St. Alban's; succeeded by his only son, William Amelius Aubrey de Vere, Earl of Burford, present and tenth Duke.
     9. May 28 - Joseph Henry, Lord Wallscourt; succeeded by his only son, Hon. Erroll Augustus Blake, present and fourth Lord.
     10. June 14 - Henry, Earl of Thannet. All his Lordships titles are extinct.
     11. June 26 - Thomas Oliver, Lord Louth; succeeded by his eldest son, Hoh. Randal Percy Plunkett, present and thirteenth Lord.
     12. August 20 - David, Earl of Airlie; succeeded by his eldest son, David Graham, present and tenth Earl.
     13. September 14 - Paul, Lord Methuen; succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Hon. Frederick Methuen, present and second Lord.
     14. October 4 - Mason Gerard, Earl of Aldborough; succeeded by his only son, Benjamin Viscount Amiens, present and sixth Earl.
     15. October 29 - Richard Wogan, Lord Talbot de Malahide and Furnival. His Lordship dying s.p., the English peerage of Furnival becomes extinct, but his Irish titles devolve on the Hon. James Talbot of Evercruch House, Somerset, present and third Lord Talbot de Malahide.
     16. October 30 -  William Charles, Earl of Albemarle; succeeded by his eldest son, Augustus Frederick, Viscount Bury, present and fifth Earl of Albemarle.
     17. November 9 - William Lord Alvanley; succeeded by his only brother, the Hon. Colonel Richard Pepper, Arden, present and third Lord Alvanley.
     18. December 10 - Henry John George, Earl of Carnarvon; succeeded by his eldest son, Henry Howard Molyneux, Lord Porchester, present and four Earl of Carnarvon.
     19. December 22 - John, Lord Colville, of Colross; succeeded by his nephew, Charles Colville, Eq; present and eleventh Lord.

(From the Limerick Chronicle of Saturday.)

     Yesterday was the anniversary of the death of the soldier's friend the Duke of York, in 1827.
    The valiant General Lord Gough and his amiable family embark on the 7th inst., at Calcutta, for Southampton.
     Mr. Deputy Commissary Moore, from this Garrison, embarks on Wednesday next at Southampton for Barbadoes.
     Ensign F.E. Maunsell, senior of his rank in the 4th or King's Own, son of the Rev. W. Maunsell, of Kilmurry, obtains promotion by the death of Lieut. Brooks M'Carthy, who died of small pox at Portsea, and was interred with military honors.
     Col. Adams, 49th is on leave, and Major Pinckney, 73d, commands the troops at Templemore.
     Major Thorold, 92d, has left Carrick-on-Suir for England, on leave. Lieut. St. John, 92d joined at Carrick-on-Suir.
     Major Tudor, 50th at Dover, is gone on leave. It is expected he will be appointed Governor of Cape Coast Castle. Lieuts. Mount Tottenham, Slessor and Hebbert are gone on leave. Captains Smyth and Carter; Lieuts. Barnes and Purnell; Ensigns Shirley and Hebden have joined from leave.
     We are glad to find that the only son of the late Capt. Wolfe, R.N., Governor of the Shannon, is appointed to a commission in the Royal Artillery.
     Seventeen cadets were gazetted to the Royal Artillery on Tuesday, and two in the Royal Engineers.
     Wednesday Evening, Private Patrick Curley, of the 73d Regt. stationed in Tipperary, shot himself through the body. He is supposed to have laboured under a fit of temporary insanity, being seen drinking on the day previous, and quarreled with a comrade; he died instantaneously. Curley was a native of Clare.
     At Henry-st. Police court, Dublin, on Wednesday, Thomas Tyson, of the 17th Lancers, was charged with having stolen from Lieut. Lane, whose servant he was, at the Royal Barracks, two gold sword belts, and two silver pouches, value for 50. It having appeared that other officers servants had access to the apartments where the goods lay, the prisoner, an old soldier of good character, was discharged.
     Col. Brook, who is serving in India, has granted a reduction of 15 per cent to his tenants in Donegal, who pay a year's rent before the end of December.
    Captain Urquhart, Royal Marines, lately removed form the active list by her Majesty's command, had been appointed to the paymastership of the 59th Regt. at Hong Kong.
     Major-Generals George Bowles, Thomas Bunbury, K.H., and John W. Aldred, have been added to the list of General Officers, not Colonels of Regiments, who are in receipt of the unattached pay of 25 shillings a day and upwards.
     Captain Lord Burghersh, of the Scots Fusilier Guards, has been appointed an extra Aide-de-Camp on the personal staff of Lieutenant General Sir Edward Blakeney, G.C.B. Commanding the Forces in Ireland, during the absence, with leave, of Brevet Major Lord Cosmo Russell, of the 93d Highlanders.
     Lieutenant Lewis Edward Nolan, of the 15th (Kings) Hussars, has been appointed Aide-de-Camp on the personal staff of Lieutenant-General Sir George Berkley, K.C.B., commanding the troops in the Madras Presidency.
     Ensign George Lidwill, of the 19th Foot, has been appointed Acting Adjutant to the Depot Companies of his regiment, stationed at Mullingar, in the rooms of Lieutenant Harris, who has exchanged into the 32d Regiment.
     GENERAL ORDER-HORSE GUARDS, 31st DEC, 1849 - The Commander-in-Chief has received the Queen's commands to notify to the Army, that the mourning of her late Majesty the Queen Dowager, will change on the 6th of next month, when the full mourning prescribed in the General Order of the 6th instant will be discontinued.
     The Officers of the Army will from the 6th of January, were with their uniforms a black crape round the left arm till the 20th of January, when the mourning will cease.
     By command of Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, Commander-in-Chief.
                JOHN MACDONALD, Adj. Gen.

War-Office, Jan. 4

     7th Regiment of Dragoon Guards- Veterinary Surgeon George Edin, from 3d Light Dragoons, to be Veterinary Surgeon, vice Gardiner, who exchanges.
     3d Light Dragoons - Veterinary Surgeon Benjamin Chaning Rouse Gardiner, from the 7th Dragoon Guards, to be Veterinary Surgeon, vice Edin, who exchanges.
     14th Regiment of Foot - Captain Thomas M'Lean Farmer, from 51st Foot to be Captain, vice Blundell, who exchanges.
     15th - Ensign Alfred Todd to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Boyle, promoted to the 80th Foot.
     51st - Captain William Blundell, from 14th Foot, to be Captain, vice Farmer, who exchanges.
     89th - Lieutenant William Boyle, from 15th Foot, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Crawford, who retires.
     3d West India Regiment - Ensign John Hardy to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Roberts, deceased.
     Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment - Lieut. Thomas Charles Bunbury, from half-pay, 54th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Cox, promoted; Ensign John Henry Blake to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Bunbury, who retires.



     During the past year 15 Flag Officers departed this life.
     Mr. Samuel Buck is elected master of Kinsale Workhouse at 75 a year.
     The old barracks of Tuam are taken as an auxiliary workhouse for 600 paupers.
     Caherciveen union has declared a rate of 2s. to 2s. 6d. in the pound.
     The order for transportation to the Cape will be revoked at next cabinet council.
     Private John Kelly, 55th, cut his throat at Smithfield, but the wound is not mortal.
     Mr. H. Grattan, M.P., has dismissed his numerous workmen and laid down his land in grass.
     Mr. E. M'Sweeny's house and leather store, at Killarney, was destroyed by fire on Tuesday.
     On Saturday night Michael Murphy, a bailiff, from Dublin, died suddenly in Roscrea, by excessive drinking.
     There are forty-seven places of public worship in Belfast.
     Friday night the clock and gas chandeliers were stolen from St. Mary's church, Clonmel, by some ruffians who effected an entrance.
     The Marquis of Kildare is elected Vice President of the Agricultural society of Ireland for this year.
     The practiced agriculturists this year for instructing the small farmers, are to receive 8 per month.
     John F. Maguire, of Cork, Esq., is again adopted as a candidate by the Repeal electors of Dungarvan to oppose Mr. Shiel.
     There are 9000 poor rate appeals from the Galway union to Mr. Freeman, at the present quarter sessions.
     The Albert steam packet, from Liverpool with goods and passengers, put into Milford haven in distress, after throwing cargo overboard.
     Fermoy union has paid the rate in aid, 3826, to the Treasury and there is 4666 to the credit of the guardians.
     Mr. Joseph Burke, Poor Law Inspector, met with a severe accident lately in Kilkenny, by which his right leg was broken near the ankle.
     In Sligo butter market this season there is an increase of thirteen thousand firkins over last season.
     Mr. Keays is awarded 80 at Kerry Presentment Sessions, for the burning of the ice house at Killorglin.
     At Downpatrick the union rate for the new year is but 11 1/2 in the pound, including the rate in aid of 6d in the pound.
     The Sisters of Mercy have opened a Bazaar in the Rotundo, Dublin, for the starving poor of Connaught.
     Captain Farquar, of H.M.S., Albatross, has got a certificate for 20,000 lead money, for his late slaughter of the Bornean pirates.
     The next batch of convicts under sentence of transportation will be forwarded to the new settlement at Perth, Western Australia.
     Dr. Power, M.P. for Cork, avows himself an anti-protectionist, and will not vote for a "provision tax." Mr. W. Eagan, M.P., is of the same opinion and says that free trade will lower rents.
     Miss Ann Coote, connected with a respectable family in the south of Ireland, died of excessive intoxication at Gray's Inn Road, London, on Thursday.
     The exact number of matriculated students in Queen's College, Galway, is not eight but twenty-seven, still a most inadequate proportion to the professor's staff.
     Wednesday a large eagle at Blarney, seized upon a well-grown pig, and flew a considerable distance but was terrified into a surrender of his prey by the shouting of the inhabitants.
     The Limerick Canal waters were entirely frozen on Monday last, and the surfaces presented a perfect glacier. The frost abated on Tuesday and on Wednesday disappeared under a fall of rain.
     Scotland, with a population of two and a half million, has eleven universities or colleges, and 3000 students - and Ireland, with a population of eight millions, with (until this year) only one university and 1200 students.
     The Presidency of Queen's College, Galway, vacant by Rev. Dr. Kirwan's death, is in the gift of the Lord Lieutenant. Salary, 800 a year. Mr. Berwick, the Vice President, is likely to succeed the late Rev. Dr. Kirwan.
     The Countess of Carendon distributed blankets and warm clothing at Castlenock Glebe, on Friday, to 220 families. His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant sent a prime ox and 300 loaves of bread to the mendicity.
     Mr. Thompson, assistant to Sir W.B. Hamilton, Astronomer Royal, dissipated the general alarm in Dublin, for the extraordinary high tide of the 29th or 30th, by stating that the flood could not be more than ordinary; unless favoured by wind.
     In addition to the seizure of gunpowder in Mr. Grey's establishment, Belfast, large quantities have also been seized in the stores of Mr. Murney and Mr. Ward, Belfast, and removed to Carrickfergus Castle.
     Profane robberies were committed in the Roman Catholic Chapels of Limerick, on Christmasday, upon the large congregations therein assembled, and by expert practitioners, this contrived with penknife or scissors to cut off the pockets of several females, who did not discover their loss until they returned home.
     On Christmasday, 42 handsome young women, neatly equipped, and supplied with necessaries for a passage to America, left this day by railway to embark at Liverpool. Mr. Ryan, ship agent, of the port, having secured births in a vessel to sail from thence.--Limerick Chronicle.
     Mr. Dillon Browne, M.P., for Mayo, has been appointed to the Surveyor General of the Falkland Islands, vacant by the promotion of Mr. Bailey. A conservative and protectionist will start for Mayo and with every prospect of success.-- Limerick Chronicle.
Edward J. Greene, Esq., Greenmount, has made an abatement of 6s. in the pound on the rents of his tenantry at Graigeanster, which, with other allowances for permanent improvements and poor rate, amounts in full to his own interests in the property!

BRUTAL MURDER - About five weeks since an inhuman murder, and attempt at a second murder, was perpetrated by an old beggarwoman named Catherine Connelly, who lived at Lanaght, within about seven miles of Dunmanway. In the neighbourhood of Lanaght, a family resided of the name of Driscoll- a man and his wife and a female child of about seven years of age. On the day of the murder, Driscoll left home to attend to his field work and his wife, having promised to be in Dunmanway, got the child of a neighbour named Morris, also seven years of age, to keep company with the little Driscoll during her mother's absence. Shortly after the mother left, Connelly, who is about 70 years of age, went into the house with a young man of the name of Hurley, and shortly after Connelly took up the iron tongs and beat the two children on the head until she thought both were dead. She then ransacked the house and decamped, taking with her a piece of frieze and a piece of flannel, and three shillings in silver. In some time after a girl passed the door and saw the two children lying on the hearth and gave alarm to a policeman passing at the moment. The Constable found little Driscoll dead, but the life appeared not to have left her little companion, who under the care of Dr. Donovan has since recovered, and a few days since identified the murderers. For some weeks the murder was involved in mystery, until the little Morris was capable of speaking, when she gave the name of the old wretch. At this time the government offered a reward of 100 for evidence to lead to the conviction, and when the name was disclosed the police were quick in the search, and the murderess was arrested in Gurtnacrona between Drimoleague and Bantry. The prisoner will be committed for trial next week. The accomplice Hurly was turned approver.--Cork Constitution.

     The Rev. Dr. Egar, of Belfast, received 800l. of a Christmas present from his numerous friends there.

     The Rev. Dr Cahill is reported for the Presidency of the Queen's College, Galway.

     Lord Seaham, son of the Marquis of Londonderry, while shooting at Wynyard Park, was struck in the eye by the rebound of shot from a tree, and it is feared will lose the vision.

     Twenty-two females from the Dungarvan workhouse, selected for Australia, left on Wednesday for Plymouth, via Cork, the outfit of whom costs the union 12l. each.

     By the death, without issue, of John T. Bland, Esq. of Blandsfort, Queen's County, the lineal descent from the year 1700 of the family estates has been broken.

     THE CUSTOMS - J. M'Cormick, clerk at Cork, has been appointed Collector at this port in the room of John Jackson, Esq., superannuated.


     There were two candidates for the situation of Schoolmistress: Miss Mary Anne Wallace, who had testimonials from the Rev. Mr. Moore, Rev. Mr. Allen, and Rev. Mr. Armstrong; and Miss Ellen Quigley, from Galway, who had recommendations from the Roman Catholic Bishop and the chaplain of the Presentation Convent of Galway. Miss Wallace stated her age to be 18 years, that she taught a Presbyterian school for twelve months, and had learned the National System of Education. Miss Quigley was 22 years of age, had been engaged for some years in a National School, and said that she perfectly understood the National System.
     Mr. Gallagher proposed, and Mr. Quigley seconded, that Miss Quigley be appointed, which was carried without a dissentient voice.

Wednesday, January 16, 1850


     At Parsonstown, the Lady of Henry Davis, Esq., of a son.
     At the Infirmary House, Roscommon, the Lady of Dr. Peyton, of a daughter.
     In Lower Gardiner-st the Lady of F. Meagher, Esq. Barrister-at-Law, of a son.
     In Galway, the Lady of Edmond Duffy, Esq., of a son.
     At Warley Barracks, Essex, the wife of Captain W.F. Hay, of twin sons.
     At Olive-terrace, Camberwell New-road, the wife of J.P. Murrough, Esq. of a daughter.


     In Portrush Church, the Rev. J.S. Eagar, to Alicia Lecky, only child of Staff Surgeon Kendal.
     At Marble Hill, county Galway, David O'Connor Henshy, Esq. to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Sir J. Burke, Bart.
     At Malahide Church, by the Rev. Wm. Peacocke, of Mount-Temple, county Westmeath, T.T. Magan, Esq. to Louisa, daughter of Dr. O'Grady of La Mancha.
     At Ardlear House, Clifden, county Galway, John Geraghty, Esq. of Ballyowen, county Dublin, son of the late T.R. Geraghty, Esq. of Dungannon, to Elizabeth Malone, eldest daughter of Samuel Jones, Esq. and grand-daughter of the late Colonel John Campbell, R.A.
     John Willoughby, only son of the late H. Cole, Esq. Barrister-at-Law, to Elizabeth Harriet Browne, daughter of the late J.H. Browne, Esq. of Cumber House.
     The Hon. Sarah Elizabeth Copley, eldest daughter of Lord Lyndhurst, to H.J. Selwen, Esq. only son of Mr. Selwen of Down Hall, Essex.


     On the 10th instant, of influenza, at Mountpleasant, Avenue, Dublin, Jane, wife of Captain John C. Peach, Roscommon, and eldest daughter of the late Col Boyle Vandeleur, of Ralahine, county Clare.
     In Mary-street, Galway, Julia, relict of the late Richard Adams, Esq.
     At Frankford Terrace, Rathgar, Henry Creswell, son of J. Shaw, of Blackhall-street.
     At Drumcondra, Ann, wife of T. Graham, late Lieutenant in the Irish Commissariat.
     At his residence, lower Rutland street, T. Brosnan, Esq. of the Poor Law Commission office.
     At Burton-on-Trent, the Rev. James Peggs, formerly General Baptist Missionary in India.
     At Greenock, Duncan, son of the late Duncan M'Dougall, Esq., Wynford.
     At Sukkur Upper Selude, Francis R.B. Napier, Esq., 5d Bombay, N.I., eldest son of the Hon. Charles Napier.
     Catherine, relict of Captain William Colton, late of the 36th Regiment.

(From the Limerick Chronicle of Saturday)

     Lieut. Hutton, late Light Dragoons, has left Lemmington for Athlone, head quarters.
     Lieut. Wortley, who exchanged from the 1st Grenadier Guards with Lieut. Lindow, 74th, is eldest son of the late Hon. Capt. Charles Stuart Wortley, 4th Foot.
     The garrison amateur performance of the non-commissioned officers and men of the Buffs and 74th Highlanders on Monday night, realised 20 for the Christian Brothers poor schools.
     Lieut.-General Charles Nicol, C.B., Colonel of the 68th, died on Monday at Clifton. He commanded the 66th in the Peninsular war.
     New Year's night a soldier named Andrew Lynch, was beaten by civilians in the Main-street of Mallow, and had one of his legs broken in the affray.
     The Army in Ireland is to be considerable reduced; but the rank and file of the regiments abroad are to be kept up to the establishment.
     Major-Generals George Bowles and John W. Aldred are to be added to the list of General Officers in receipt of the unattached pay of 25s. a day.
     Captain Lord Burghersh, Scots Fusilier Guards, is appointed extra Aide-deCamp on the staff of Lieut.-General Sir Edward Blakeney, G.C.B., commanding the forces in Ireland, during the absence of Brevet Major Lord Cosmo Russell, 93d Highlanders.
     The son of Lieut-General Ellice, who has succeeded to a Majority in the 23th Regt. is serving with his father as Aide-de-camp, at Malta.
     The 36th, under Lieut.-Col. Trollope, were in good health at Cephalonia, on the 11th Dec.
     Cornet Bennett, 3d Light Dragoons, tried by court-martial at Calcutta, for intoxication on duty, 48 hours after arriving from England to join his regiment, has been found guilty.
     The late Counsellor Charles O'Malley, of Hawthorn Lodge, Mayo, who died last month, was the original "Charles O'Malley, the Irish Dragoon" in the well known popular tale of Mr. Lever. He was formerly an officer of the 7th Dragoon Guards, which he left in 1847 for the Bar. Mr. O'Malley was son-in-law of the late Anthony Denny, Esq., M.P. for Tralee.
     Lieut-Col. M. Shaw, Bombay Army, one of the most zealous advocates of tee-totalism in India, has resigned the service, and leaves for England by steam.
     Head-quarters of the 26th embark at Cork the last week of this month, in the Hercules for Gibraltar.
     Major-General Henry Goodwin, C.B., has succeeded to the unattached pay of 25s. per diem.
     Brevet-Major Donovan, Cape Rifles, has arrived in Dublin on leave of absence.
     Sergeant-Major Layng and Quartermaster Sergeant Hook, Depot Battalion, Isle of Wright, are gone to Chatham, to be invalided for pension.
   Captain William Hay, Inspecting Superintendent of the London Police, promoted a Commissioner, on the retirement of Sir Charles Rowan, passed twenty years in the army.
     The late Mr. Blennerhasset, of Ballyseedy, Tralee, is succeeded in his estates by his only brother, an Ensign in the 71st Regt.

     The 31st at Athlone expect to move to Templemore in the spring previous to advancing to Dublin. Opthalmia continue to affect several of the men.
     The officers of the 4th Light Dragoons have been obliged to dispense with the gold stripe in the pantaloons (for which red is substituted) and with gold embroidery in their undress caps, jackets and belts, by order of Major General Wemyes, as being contrary to regulations.
     Lieutenant Ellerman and Lieutenant Ashworth, 19th, are on their way home from the service companies to join the Depot at Boyle, the former to be Paymaster and the latter Adjutant, Lieutenant Clendinning, h.p. 6th Regiment, to be Paymaster of the regiment.
     The yellow fever is desolating the ranks of the 54th at Antigua.


The 24th Instant, in Knox's-street, Ballina
At the House Lately Occupied by
(Opposite the Provincial Bank)
A Variety of Household Furniture.

     Comprising Mahogany Chairs, Tables, including Dining Table, finished in the latest style, and made by Gibson and Williams; Sofa and Dressing Tables, Bedsteads, Mattresses, Presses, Desks, Commodes, Carpets, Fenders and Fire Irons, with China, Glass and Delph, together with Harness and a variety of useful articles. Also a superior Piano with additional keys.
     Terms-Cash.  Sale to commence at 12 o'clock.
                 HIGGINS & JONES, Auctioneers.
Ballina, 2nd January, 1850.


     Four candidates are already in the field for Mayo Colonel Knox Gore, Mr. John D. Browne, Sir Wm. O'Malley and Mr. Ouseley Higgins. The first is a Protectionist, and we learn that his canvass is progressing most favourably. Mr. Browne is a Whig, and is nearly connected with the Sligo family. This gentleman formerly represented the county in Parliament. During the late year he took an active part in the proceedings of the relief committee, and went to London to collect the means of alleviating the misery which then pervaded and unfortunately still exists, in the West of Ireland. Mr. Higgins is the nominee of Dr. M'Hale, and Sir William O'Malley also comes forward as a Whig, without any chance of being elected, but having just enough of support to divide the interest which might else achieve an easy victory over the Spiritual Dictator.
     Mr. Higgins has sent out his address, which begins open-mouthed against the church, betraying thereby, the neat Roman hand which really penned it. On the other points he promises to vote for everything tending to disturb the foundations of property and order; but, in his private canvass, he is at pains to assure timorous electors that he does not wish "to go as far as Dillon Browne." That is a pledge which any lover of his country will keep, as long as he can help himself. Further, indeed, than Dillon Browne, it would not be easy, for the most determined progressionist to go, unless his ambition aspired to the honour of keeping a light house at the South Pole, for our expatriated patriot is not to slacken sail till he finds himself a few miles lower down the world than Cape Horn. What his position is to be, when he gets there, seems doubtful. Some authorities dub him a Governor, others only a Surveyor-General; but the probability is that like Alexander Silkirk, he may lay claim to both, for lack of any Christian to dispute the sceptre:-
      "I am Monarch of all I survey."
     A fifth candidate, in embryo, last year appeared in the burley person of Mr. MacDonnell, of Deo Castle. He does not actually throw his hat into the ring, which "delicacy" forbids him to do until the vacancy shall be declared; but he is in now way delineate in avowing his sentiments, which are for "a cheap leaf" It is well enough for gentlemen who have plenty of money, like Mr. M'Donnell to expatiate on the advantages of a cheap leaf. Aregath Shiess goes for now in the West, and, as Mr. Taper says, there is nothing like a good cry, we rede Mr. Higgins looks sharp to that of "Big Joe and the big loaf."--Mail.


     The elevation of Sir Robert Peel to the peerage is an event not far distant.
     The late Loughrea workhouse was insured in the Sun office for 8,000.
     Belfast has 467 registered ships engaged in the foreign and coasting trade.
     Mr. Edward M'Cabe of Cootehill, was drowned at the Canal Harbour, Dublin, on Friday.
     The Rev. John Payne Shaw was discharged by the Insolvent Debtors' Court, Dublin, last week.
     A horse-rider named Noone dropped dead near Ballinasloe on Thursday.
     Two workhouses in the county Donegal and the county Fermanagh, almost sustain their inmates by the labour of the paupers.
     Mr. O'Neill, printer and bookseller, Belfast, was fined 10l. on Tuesday for selling a pack of playing cards without the ace of spades being stamped.
     A young lad named Stewart Beatty was killed on Saturday by the accidental discharge of his fowling piece at Lurgan.
     Miss Adcock, of Laughterton, near Gainsboro', died last week of locked jaw, produced by having her cheek accidentally cut open by a carrier's whip.
     Hannah Boss, of Boswell, sovereign of the gipsies, died in Lincoln union house, on Sunday, at the advanced age of 99.
     In Scariff union all outdoor relief has been suspended during the last fortnight, the Guardians having neither funds or credit.
     There were 23 candidates for matriculation at Queen's College, Cork, on Friday; the Scholarships examination took place on Saturday.
     A woman was robbed of 3 at St. Michael's chapel, Limerick, on Sunday morning, by a person in the congregation, who cut out her pocket.
     On Thursday Lord Clancarty gave his tradesmen and tenantry a harvest home dinner at the Farm Yard, Galbally, Ballinasloe.

     The debts of the Tralee union are over 12,000l.
     Saturday last a poor woman named Bates was fired at by a Poor Rate Collector, at Lucas-hill, near Clonmel, and wounded in the hand.
     Mr. Henry Stratton, clerk to the secretary of the Alesbury Savings' Bank, has absconded to New York with a large sum of money- He was also agent to the Royal Exchange Assurance Company.
     Birr was lighted with portable gas for the first time on Tuesday night.
     The congregation of the Rev. John Gregg, at Trinity Chapel, is not diminishing, bet rather, on the increase. His assistant, the Rev. Mr. Dowling, has become a popular preacher.
     There is a large increase in malt duty in the Limerick inland revenue collection, and a decrease upon the spirit duty.
     Mr. Berwick raised to the vacant Presidential Chair of the Galway College, is succeeded in the Vice -Presidency by the Rev. Mr. O'Toole, a native of Galway, and for many years professor of logic in the Irish College at Paris.
     At Armagh quarter sessions an appeal from the poor rate struck by the board of guardians on Mr. Robert Moore, of Charlemont, was heard by Edward Tickle, Esq., Q.C., Assistant Barrister, who decided an important point that the Crown lands were subject to poors rate on their value. An appeal to the Queen's Bench has been lodged.
     The Galway Amicable Society is being revived under the name of the Royal Galway Institution, for the promotion of science, polite literature, and antiquities.
     The carmen of Dublin are about to present a petition to Parliament to get rid of Omnibuses in the metropolis and they expect the Lord Mayor will give it his support. The application would be preposterous.
     The store of Mr. Purser, of Dungarvan, miller, was broken into on Monday night. Two men who were in the kiln, the robbers contrived to lock up, when they repaired into the office, broke the iron safe and took therefrom 19 and some shillings.
     On the last Saturday of 1848 there were seven thousand and forty-three persons in the receipt of relief in the Tralee union-including 4,861 on the outdoor relief lists; while on Saturday last the numbers were only two thousand six hundred and twenty-six, with no out-door relief, showing a diminution of 4417, or sixty-three per cent.
     The guardians of the Waterford union have reduced their officers salaries 30 per cent on the motion of Sir H. Barron, Bart.


     The Raleigh, 50, Capt. the Hon. G. Hope, with the pendant of Commodore Sir Thomas Herbert, K.C.B., arrived at Rio Nov. 6, from Monte Video, and left Nov. 14 for Spithead to be paid off, having been relieved by the Southampton, 50, Capt. Cory, with the flag of Rear Admiral Reynolds, C.B., the new commander in chief.
     Captain William F. Martin, of the Prince Regent, 92, is appointed Commodore of the second class and to command the experimental squadron ordered to assemble at Lisbon.
     A Court of Inquiry is sitting at Chatham, investigating a charge by a Captain against a Subaltern of Marines.
     Captain John Adams is to command the Gladiator, steam frigate, at Devonport, ordered to the coast of Africa.
     Assistant Surgeon Jack, R.N., who gave wrong medicine to a Marine officer, is released from arrest and ordered to resume his duties by command of the Lords of the Admiralty.


     The Lord Bishop of Down has presented the Rev. C.S. Courtenay, Incumbent of Ballymacarret, to the Rectory of Culfeightrin, vacant by the promotion of the Rev. T. Hincks.
     At an ordination held on Sunday last, in the Cathedral of Tuam, by the Lord Bishop, the following were ordained: - Deacons - Robert Eccles, John Ribton Gore, William O.F. Kennedy, Patrick S. Newman, all of T.C.D., and the united diocese of Tuam and Killala.
     The Rectory of Castlelost, diocese of Meath, vacant by the death of the Rev. Samuel Lucas, is in the gift of Lord Kilmaine.
     Churches in course of erection by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners- Kinnetty, Whitechurch, Ballinderry, Kilcolgan, Ballyhalbert, Croagh, Dromid, and Dromcannon.

     FISHERY AFFAIR - It will be in recollection that a few weeks since the magistrates at county petty sessions, at the prosecution of the Conservators of the Shannon Fishery, convicted Stafford O'Brien, Esq., Patrick M'Namara, John Punch, Joseph Massay, Patt Dwyer, John Hayes, and Joseph Greene, in penalties of 2 each, under the 5th and 6th Vic.,  for having weirs erected in portions of the river not three quarters of a mile wide at low water of spring tide. Against these decisions appeals were lodged, the hearing of which came on this day before the Assistant Barrister. Counselor Graydon appeared for the conservators, Messrs. Gleeson  and Joynt for the appellants. After a full hearing of the case against Stafford O'Brien, Esq., the court affirmed the decision of the magistrates, with 5 costs; and against all the other parties with 1 costs, his worship intimating that the applicants could bring the cases before the Court of Queen's Bench, by writ of certiorari.-- Limerick Chronicle.


     On Monday night a barn belonging to James Brogan, of Rathkip, about two miles from this town, in which were a cow, a heifer and a large quantity of unthrashed barley, was maliciously set on fire and destroyed, together with the cattle and barley. The barn  was on a farm Brogan had lately taken  from Sir Roger Palmer and was about fifty perches from his dwelling. Some of his neighbors did not like his taking this second farm which is the only cause that can at present be assigned for the outrage.


     There were 123 appeals against the poor law valuation tried at the Quarter Sessions now being held in this town. The Barrister generally reduced the valuation 30 per cent. The lessees of the Salmon Fishery at Foxford appealed against a valuation of 30 and got it reduced to 75.


     The Rev. Arthur Moore of this town has been appointed Surrogate for granting Marriage Licenses, &c. in the united dioceses of Tuam, Killala and Achonry.
     The Rev. John Ribton Gore has been nominated to the Assistant Curacy of this town, and has entered upon his duties.

     UNION DEBTS - On Monday an execution for 2,888 17s 11d, at the suit of Mr. John M'Andrew of this town was laid on the goods and chattels of this Union Workhouse. A pretty state the affairs of the union are in.
     We feel much gratified in learning that Robert A. Duncan, Esq., late Vice-Guardian of this Union, has been appointed Poor Law Inspector in Newcastle.


Wednesday, January 23, 1850


     Magistrates present - Daniel J. Curice, Esq., R.M., Mervyn Pratt and W. Orme, Esqrs.
     Martin Cramp was fined 10s. and costs, at the suit of John Little, Esq., for illegally fishing on the river at Keenagh.
     Thomas Gallagher was fined 1 or three months imprisonment, for illegally fishing on the River Deel.
     John Divers, for a like offence, was fined 2 and costs, or six months' imprisonment.
     Pat Hegarty was fined 1 and costs, or three months' imprisonment, for illegally fishing in the river at Keenagh.
     Thomas M'Andrew, a Water Balliff, summoned Anthony Lynn for obstructing him in the discharge of his duty. Fined 5, or six months' imprisonment.
     Bridget Kearney, of Carrecrim, was committed to prison for having in her possession a blanket and sheet which had been stolen from Anthony Keane of Lowvally.
     Informations were received and a warrant granted against John Loftus, of Letterbrick, for robbing Anthony M'Loughlin of four shillings, some wearing apparel and other property.
     Thomas Tighe, of ?????shane, was summoned by Mr. Will...[rest of article under ink blot]

(From our Crossmolina Correspondent)

     On the night of the 20th inst., Mrs. M'Cawley's shop was entered and 18s. together with several articles of shop goods extracted therefrom. A decanter in which was some malt, and which was emptied, and some castor oil, were left under the archway of her house.
     It appears that one of the pins that fastened the shutters was broken, and consequently, not sufficiently long to be checked inside; this, a person who happened to be in the shop late on that evening perceived; it is therefore probable that in that circumstance originated the robbery. The police are on the alert, and from their efficiency there is scarcely a doubt that the robbers will be detected. 


The summit of the Cavehill commands a sweep of great extent on every side; and, on a summer afternoon, when the sun's rays sparkle on the distant waters of Lough Neagh, Lough Strangford and the Channel, yields one of the most superb views in our islands. The busy town beneath, with its river, covered with shops of many flags and every form, gradually widening into Belfast Lough, and the latter losing itself between the Copeland and the Maiden Islands in the Channel, with the Scottish hills in Galloway for a back ground to the east, or the same river, winding its course up the fertile valley to Lisburn, now lost for a long distance, to be again revealed between corn fields or through trees in a narrow line of silvery brightness, and its densely-peopled banks, away from the ocean to its source, studded with little towns and numerous villas, catching the eye amid its many cottages, sometimes clustered round a tall chimney or gathered together at the corners of bleaching fields, that seem, even in July, to have a covering of snow; or over the Castlereagh hills, on the South-east, to Lough Strangford, with its many islands chequering its wide-expanses of water, surrounded by many pleasant villages, so hidden and out of the way of the world as scarcely to be known; or the sharp and distant summits of the Mourne mountains, raised by their Maker like a barrier between the dark South and the black North; or the corner of wide Lough Neagh and the Bann river, carrying away its waters to the North, and the Derry Mountains closing on the scene to the West.

Criminal Information.

     The Queen, at the prosecution of John Jardine, v. F.W. Conway, Esq., proprietor of the Evening Post.

Mr. Whiteside, Q.C., (with whom was Mr. Napier, Q.C.,) applied for a conditional order for a criminal information against Mr. Conway, for publishing certain documents and articles in the Evening Post newspaper, of which he was the registered proprietor. he moved on the affidavit of the applicant, who deposed at great length to the facts connected with the procession, &c., of Orangemen, which took place at Dolly's Brae, in the month of July last, and stated the he believed it was the intention of the government to prosecute him, at the next assizes for the county of Down for joining that procession , and that certain publications, which appeared in the Evening Post, viz., Mr. Berwick's report of the inquiry at Castlewellan, Mr. Redington's letter relative to the dismissal of Lord Roden and the Messrs. Beers, together with various leading articles, were calculated to prejudice him upon his trial, as the newspaper in question was extensively circulated in the north of Ireland.
     The Court granted the conditional order.

     IRISH PEERAGES - We extract from the memoirs of the Right Hon. Henry Grattan, by his son, M.H. Grattan, M.P.: - "The Lord Lieutenant did not wish to leave Ireland under the disgrace of the censure passed upon him. He accordingly waited till the ensuing year, and in the meantime applied himself to all the arts of corruption. It was generally stated the one of the Peerages was sold to Mr. Brown (afterwards Lord Kilmaine); another to Sir N. Lawless, (Lord Cloncurry); a third to Lord Limerick. They gave 3,000l. a piece for them.- This was laid out in a stock purse for the purchase of members in the lower House; and the circumstance was discovered by Mr. Brown quarrelling with Government, because they refused to return his son as one of the members.


     A few nights since William Massy, a blacksmith residing at Castleconnor, was proceeding home from the market of this town when he was accosted by a man who had his face concealed by the collar of his great coat and asked some questions relative to a plough iron the man had in his hand. After giving him some directions about the iron Massy was about proceeding on his way when the fellow struck him with the iron and inflicted a severe wound on his head and robbed him of some money he had in his waistcoat pocket. The perpetrator of this outrage has not yet been discovered.
     On the same night of the above assaults a carman named Lundy from Aclare, was attacked by four men at the chapel of Bunniconlan, and received two cuts on the head and one one the lip. Lundy did not know any of the party by whom he was attacked, but suspects they were in the service of a neighbour in Aclare who owed him a grudge.

     OUTRAGE - On Monday night two houses at Clountha, in the parish of Kilgarvin, out of which John Cawly and Michael Kelly were ejected a few days previous, were set on fire and destroyed. A suspicion rests upon the former tenants as being the incendiaries.


     An alarming fire broke out last night in a small stable belonging to Mr. James Dixon, at the rere of Bridge-street, through the carelessness, and we believe, intemperance of a servant. For a considerable time it raged with fury, having soon communicated itself to two other small thatched houses. Fortunately these houses were constructed only at one end with other buildings which were higher, so that the flames did not reach their roof, which was also of thatch, and the sparks, drifted by a slight breeze, fell on the slated house. Sub-Inspector Fox and all the men of the police parties stationed in the town and Ardnaree were quickly on the spot, together with a number of townspeople aroused by the cry of fire. Every exertion was used to keep down the flames and prevent their extending further. It was impossible to allay the alarm of the inmates of the surrounding houses, who went to much useless trouble in removing their furniture, which must have suffered much damage thereby.

     ROBBERY AND NARROW ESCAPE OF THE THIEF. - On Thursday last a young man named Patrick Casey, stole 30 and some valuables from the house of his aunt, a Mrs. Ellen Commerford, who keeps a public house in Mooncoin. Two policemen immediately went in pursuit, and suspecting the rogue was bound for America, closely watched the packet on the quay at Waterford. Finding Casey did not go on board, the policeman determined on going to Dungannon in the steamer, for the purpose of intercepting him in case he should attempt getting to the vessel on the way. - When at Passage a boat put off, in which, as it approached, the Constables observed the intended emigrant, and were felicitating themselves on the certainty of effecting the arrest, but just as the boat came to the steamer's side, Casey observed some indication on board which did not augur auspiciously for the success of his emigration scheme, and he immediately ordered the boat to be put back in haste, and the constables to their horror, were compelled to look at the pray [sic] escaping from their fangs just as it came almost within their grasp.

    HORRIBLE MURDER NEAR BORRISOKANE. - At half-past seven o'clock on last Saturday morning, as William Ardill, steward over the property of Mr. Falkiner, of Mount Falkiner, near Borrisokane, was passing through his employer's property, a shot was fired at him; the slugs with which the gun was loaded took immediate effect. Mr. Ardill fell dead immediately, having been shot through the heart, his blood flowing in abundance from his wounds and making a large pool where he lay. He left a wife and seven children, and in all respects he was esteemed as honest to his master, civil and obliging to those about him, attentive to his family, and most exemplary in all the relations of life. A deep mystery envelopes this atrocious crime. No clue whatever to the perpetrator has been discovered. It is a startling fact, in connection with this crime, that about five or six years ago a cousin and namesake of Ardill - and employed, we believe by Mr. Falkiner also - was murdered in the same place, and under circumstances of equal mystery, as though some persons were arrested on suspicion and lodged in jail, no evidence was brought forward afterwards sufficient to put the parties on their trail. -- King's County Chronicle


     It is our painful task on this day to record the very unexpected death of the Rev. Charles Elrington, D.D., Regius Professor of Divinity, Trinity College, Dublin, and Rector of Armagh, in the Primate's Diocese.
     Doctor Elrington was a man of profound and extensive learning - a sound and orthodox divine- firm in his character; and in all the social relations of life amiable and highly respected. The Sabbath services of yesterday, in College Chapel, evinced in their melancholy solemnity the place he held in the esteem and affections of the members of that venerable seat of learning, of which he had many, many years, indeed, been a distinguished light and ornament. The chapel was hung in mourning draperies, and the funeral sermon was most effectively preached by Dr. Todd. His demise, which took place at his parochial residence, was sudden and is said to have been the consequence of an attack of gout in the stomach.





     A remarkable brochure on the Poor Law in Ireland, by Mr. Vincent Scully , Q.C., is in the press.
     John Brien, a car driver, was drowned in the Tramore canal on Friday.
     The Cork school of Design is already attended by 100 pupils, including young ladies.
     Mr. John Webb, victualler, of Newport market, was robbed of 2,000 on Thursday.
     After 1st Feb., the Liverpool mail will sail from Kingstown, at 10 minutes after 12 at night.
     Baron Dufferin, an Irish peer, has got a seat in the House of Lords as a peer of the United Kingdom.
     Mrs. Butler, who fell through the ice in St. James' Park on Sunday, but was then got out, has since died. She has left eleven children.
     Lord Seaham has lost the use of one eye, by the late accident in fowling, and the shot could not be extracted.
     The certificate of Bulpin & Co., drapers and silk mercers, Dublin, who failed for 20,000 is suspended by the Bankruptcy Court for one year.
     The Nation pronounces Mr. John D. Fitzgerald Q.C., and candidate for Ennis, to be "an unmitigated Whig," and anti-repealer.
     The Directors of the East India Company have contributed 600 towards Mr. Sidney Herbert's Fund for the promotion of Female Emigration.
     The Tablet R.C. newspaper, now publishing in Dublin, has come out (hot and heavy) upon Sir R. Kane's inaugural address to the Cork Queen's College.
     The total number of miles now opened by Railway in Ireland is 464, and the capital raised by shares and loans actually expended 10,560,000 up to the 31st December last.
     There never was a better take of fish of all kinds on the coast than for the last six weeks, and in consequence the fishermen of Claddagh had a merry Christmas of it.
     The men belonging to the Infantry regiments in Ireland are to carry only 33 rounds each of service ammunition in their pouches; the remaining 30 is to be lodged in store.
     S.G. Harvey, the horse-dealer, who was convicted of an assault on James Dodsley Tawney, who died after giving evidence, was last week sentenced to 12 months imprisonment.
     With the exception of the Marquis of Ormond, one of the first noblemen in the county Kilkenny, in respect to property, is completely destroyed by gambling or other vices. he is connected with the chief Peers in England.
     Lord Lurgan ran a foot race with a poor weaver of Castledawson, on St. Stephen's day, and lost his wager of 5. The distance was eight miles, which Keenan covered in 50 minutes, and his aristocratic rival gave in after 2 1/2 miles.
     Joseph Burke, Esq., Poor Law Commissioner, who some weeks ago broke his leg while on duty, is still confined (although fast recovering) at the club house, Kilkenny.
     On Friday, M. O'Hara, Esq., Sub-Sheriff, sold off the property of Tuam Workhouse, consisting of clothing, furniture, &c., under an execution for 250 at the suit of some Dublin and Galway merchants.
     Louis Joel, who is sentenced to ten years transportation for uttering a forged note of Mr. Clements, late 12th Dragoons, for 1000 is son of Joel, of Parliament-street. This young man for a few years was one of the greatest dandies in Dublin, associated with swells who wanted cash, and in all places of fun and play was the first of the admired.

     ATTACK ON A FARM HOUSE - On the 7th inst., the house of a farmer named Conway, residing near Roscrea, was attacked, the windows broken and a shot fired in through them. The supposed cause of the outrage is that Conway had taken some land from which tenants had been ejected.--Nenagh Guardian.

     AMAZONIAN CONFLICT - As the Widow Laden, of Artrasna, near Lissadell, was leaving this town, about a week since, on her return from the market on a cart with her son, a small boy about 12 years of age, when near Tullyhill a man overtook her and insisted on getting on the cart. She, fearing he purposed robbing her, opposed him, and when he endeavoured to get on the cart, whether she would or not, she threw him off; he then attacked her with a stick, which, she wrested from him, and turning his own weapon against himself, effectually succeeded in preventing him from getting upon the cart. She then belaboured the horse with hearty good will with the stick, which turned out to be a formidable cane sword, and left the fellow far behind in a few minutes. He has not since been heard of. -- Sligo Guardian.

(From the Limerick Chronicle)

     There were 20 paupers enlisted out of the Nenagh workhouse into the 69th Regt. on Monday, and 50 out of the Roscrea workhouse.
     The barrackmastership of Stockport is vacant by the death of Captain Basleigh.
     An action is brought against a field officer of the 7th Hussars, by a peasant who was struck in mistake for a fellow who annoyed the officer whilst in the mall at Kilkenny.
     Capt. Butler, 27th Regt., has arrived in Dublin from Glasgow, on leave.
     Sir Joseph Thackwell is the Colonel of the 16th Lancers, gazetted 19th Nov. last.
     Capt. Holland, 64th, retires to half pay; Lieut. Shute obtains the vacant company by purchase.
     The Quartermaster Sergeant of the 46th is promoted to an Ensigncy in the 1st West India Regt.
     Lieutenant Fenwick, King's Dragoon Guards, and Lieutenant Baldwin, Rifle Brigade, sold out of the service on Friday last.
     In the 9th Regt. Foot there is at present an extraordinary illustration of the uncertain rate of promotion in the army. Two candidates obtained commissions as ensigns, on the 3d and 5th April, 1846, within two days of each other; they have both had a step in a recent gazette; but one has become a Captain (Browne) and the other a Lieutenant (Skinner), both by purchase.
     Major-General Lord Frederick Fitzclarence, commanding at Portsmouth, being desirous of improving the habits and the moral character of the soldiers of the garrison, intends giving them the advantage of a course of lectures on popular and instructive subjects. For this purpose he has engaged the Queen's Rooms, at Portsea.
     The "Bombay," of 1200 tons, after landing the 26th at Gibraltar, will embark the 54th for Trinidad, who replace the 86th and the 88th, embark for Halifax, to succeed the 7th Fusileers, who return in the "Bombay" to England.
     Two Sergeants of the 4th Foot are reduced to the ranks for absence without leave.
     Sergeant William Watson, 81st, Hull, was presented by Lieutenant-Colonel Wellesly, on full parade, with a silver medal, for long and good conduct. Corporal Manley also received a sliver medal for long service and good conduct with the gratuity of 10.
     The private of the 7th Dragoons Guards , and formerly of the 16th Lancers, reported to have come in for 12,000 in Ireland, has been left a legacy of 4,000 only.

     TWO MURDERS IN THIS COUNTY ! - On the night of Tuesday, the 15th inst., Edward Hurly, of Ballinahinch, near Knocklong, was murdered in his house in the presence of his wife and five children. Hurly and his family were after rising from prayers, and directed his son to look after the cattle before they retired to rest. The boy proceeded to the door, and upon opening it observed and armed man outside. The fellow told Hurley's son to go back, and with the muzzle of the gun forced him to the centre of the dwelling, when his father, mother, brothers, and sisters promptly assailed the intruder, who was repulsed; but, alas! the melancholy catastrophe is now to be told. As Hurley, the head of this brave family, was locking the door, the atrocious ruffian fired from without; the ball entered his left eye, carried away the upper part of the skull, and the innocent victim fell dead on the spot! Thursday night, a farmer named Edward Brien, of Duntryleague, returning home from the fair at Mitchelstown, was waylaid on the road and struck in  the head with some sharp weapon, which fractured his skull. He died early on the following day. The only reason assigned for this murder is that he took land out of which others were ejected. -- Limerick Chronicle.


     On the morning of the 12th instant the ship Hattingeur [note difference of spelling], 1050 tons register, John Bursley, commander, from Liverpool, bound to New York, struck upon the Blackwater Bank at 5 o'clock a.m. and made signals of distress. At daylight the perilous situation of the ship being observed from the shore, Mr. J. Agar, Coast Guard Officer in charge of the Morriscastle station, put off with his crew, tow of them being fishermen of same place, at the imminent risk of their lives, in order to render assistance. Another boat called the Zephyr, of Ballinoulart, Philip Mittlen, master, belonging to Mr. Murphy, put off at the same time and we are happy to say that they, in conjunction with the boats belonging to the ship succeeded in bringing to land all the passengers. At the time the passengers left the ship her situation seemed to be utterly hopeless - the hold was full of water and the sea making breaches over her. It was with extreme difficulty and peril that the passengers and seamen were placed in the boats, the sea breaking with dreadful violence on the bank. The passengers were unable to take anything out of the ship except the clothes they had on at that time. - The boats happily succeeded in reaching the shore, although with extreme difficulty, form the length of the sea, and great distance, seven miles or more from the bank to land.
     We are happy to say that the courageous and devoted conduct of Captain Bursley to save the ship, appears to have been successful, as she got off the bank about eight o'clock on Sunday morning, and ran before the wind, apparently for Kingstown Harbour, where it is hoped she may have arrived before this time.
     We received the above account from one of the passengers; but we have since learned that the ship, after getting off the bank, unfortunately encountered a small ridge of sand, about a mile off the shore, near Arklow Bay, where she struck and is at present under water. The most melancholy part of the catastrophe is the circumstance of the noble-hearted commander and the gallant portion of the crew who clung to the vessel, being supposed to have perished, as the last time they were seen was Sunday evening, in the mizen rigging.

     The brig Geister Hdolph, of Berth, 200 tons burden, on her voyage from Koningsberg to Liverpool, with a cargo of wheat, barley and peas, struck at ten o'clock on the night of the 13th instant, at Ballygeary, and is likely to become a total wreck. The master and crew were saved by the exertions of the coast guard and country people. -- Wexford Independent.


Wednesday, January 30, 1850

     THREATENING NOTICE - On the morning of Wednesday, the 16th inst., the following notice was found stuck on the bottom of a plough belonging to James Conboy, a plough man in the employment of a man named Martin Clancy, who resides at Coll????y [ink blot over townland name] :-
    "James Conboy, take notice that if you do not have done with ploughing and all other company with Martin Clancy, you will lose the friendship of the country, and become your real opponent; and, for your good, would be joyous you take this warning." On the same night, the following notice was found posted on the door of a man named Michael Oats, who is also a servant in Clancy's employment, and was evidently written by the same person:- "Michael Oats, you, will not be admitted to continue twenty-four hours with Martin Clancy, so settle accounts and gett off as quick as possible, for no man will be allowed to work with him until he becomes a dupe to the Workhouse." - Clancy has rendered himself obnoxious to the evil-disposed persons of this neighbourhood, in consequence of having lately taken possession of a small farm which he has industriously cultivated to the exclusion of some other persons who put in proposals for it, but were rejected, not being considered as solvent tenants.-- Sligo Guardian


     There are 57 Savings' Banks in Ireland.
     Lord Cole, one of the Earl of Enniskillen, is dangerously ill.
     The port dues at St. Helena on all shipping are raised from one farthing to a penny per ton.
     The Solicitor-General will be the second judge over the Munster Circuit.
     The office of the second Remembrancer, held by Mr. Tighe Hamilton, is to be abolished.
     Under the new act Petty Sessions Clerks in Ireland will be paid a fixed salary.
     The Sanatory Committees at Tuam and Ballinasloe are dispensed with.
     Malignant small pox is very prevalent at Waterford.
     Bernard Rogan, police constable, was accidentally killed, at Portaferry by the discharge of a gun.
     Joseph Gubbins, jun., Esq., of Kilrush, is nominated to an Ensignery in the 28th Regt.
     Messrs. Douglas, linen drapers, Donegal-street, Belfast, were burnt out on Saturday night.
     The non suit at last Cork Assizes, in Crofts v. White Hodges, is set aside by the Queen's Bench.
     Mr. Doheny, the runaway Confederate, threatens "before another year" to invade Ireland with 50,000 Irishmen, drilled and trained in America!
     Registered shipping of the port of Limerick for the year ended 5th Jan. last, 105 vessels, 13,838 tons, 646 seamen.
     Gordon, steward to the late Mr. Bleazby of Glenaul, was committed to Armagh gaol on Thursday on the coroner's warrant, charged with this master's death.
     Government have offered 100 reward for the discovery of the murderer of Edward Hurley, of Ballinahinch.
     Since Saturday last a fleet of thirty sail of shipping with "bread stuffs" from the Mediterranean, arrived at the Cove of Cork.
     In one tract of the county Clare where 20,000 acres were sown with wheat this time three years, not more than 300 are now laid down for seed!
     John Pike, a pensioner from the 18th Royal Irish, aged 80 years, hung himself at Bristol on Saturday.
     Mrs. Rebecca Harwood of Bride-street, Limerick, was choaked on Thursday evening at dinner by a bit of meat which got fixed in her throat.
     The barque Hudersfield, from Bonny and Comeroons, Africa, bound to Liverpool, when off Tusker took from the Isabella of Cork, Drury, master, coal laden, and then sinking, the crew, consisting of four persons. The vessel sunk.
     Since the conviction of Joel, the Jew jeweller and bill dealer, alleged forgeries by him to the amount of 800l. upon another military gentleman, were reported on Saturday at Marlboro'-street, police office.
     The Lordship attached to the Mayoralty of Dublin only dates from 1665, when the title was conferred, and 500 given by the Government of the day in lieu of the company of Foot, to which, exvirtuie officli, that functionary has been entitled.
     The Joel family "do business" in London and Dublin. Mr. Joseph Joel, in returning thanks to those officers who have patronized him, says that he has no connection with any other person of the same name, and that his sole address is 49, Strand, London.
     A young man named Daniel Grace, of Thomond-gate, while labouring under the influence liquor attempted to put an end to his existence, on Saturday night, by strangulation. He fastened a handkerchief around his neck, and then suspended himself from a bed post. He would have succeeded in his graceless purpose, but for the prompt exertions of Mr. Garvey, relieving officer, who cut down the intending suicidist when life was nearly extinct, and applied remedies to restore animation, in which he succeeded.


     Sir Richard de Burgho having satisfied the guardians of this union, (Limerick) on Saturday, that Patrick Mannon had paid poor rate in his own wrong, under a misplaced number in the collector's book, he is ordered to be refunded the amount or get credit for same.
     The Poor Law Commissioners have appointed John Hall, Esq., Temporary Inspector, an assistant Guardian of Galway union.
     The Poor Law Commissioners have sent down a sealed order impounding 10,000, the whole balance to the credit of Waterford union, because the guardians demurred to pay an instalment of 18,000l., relief advanced by Government.
     The Tralee guardians have taken ground for a workhouse farm of Mr. Jerome Quill, at 4l. per acres, after which they allocated 1,500l. among creditors to whom 12,000l. is due.
     Mr. Gannon, a guardian at Tuam, in an angry mood on Wednesday, charged Mr. Commissioner Richard Bourke with hypocrisy and untruth, in preferring a charge against him respecting block receipts. The entire Board repudiated such an attack.


     Mr. John Hudson, poor rate collector, is to be tried at Waterford assizes for wounding with a pistol shot Mary Bates, a defaulting rate payer.


     The repeal of the 77th section of the 1st and 2nd Vic., c. 56 has not a retrospective effect. It only affects cases and agreements made and entered into since the 1st of August last, and in all cases the tenant can insist upon his right to make a deduction on account of the poor rate, if he only take care to preserve that right by the introduction of a proper stipulation in that respect into the lease or contract, to which he may be about to become a party. Let there be no mistake in this poor law matter. All concerned should make well that in any demise or letting to be made for the future, the tenant will not have the protection of the 77th section, but must guard himself from the burden of entire poor rate by express and positive agreement.


     At Island, Wexford, the Lady of William Bolton, jun., Esq., of a son.
     The Lady of Martin H. Burke, Esq., of Warrenpoint, of a daughter.


     At Ardcarne Church, Wm. Wray, Esq. J.P. Oak Park, county Donegal, to Anna, eldest daughter of the late Capt. Johnston, D.C., Brookhill, county Leitrim.
     At Sarsden, Oxford, the Rev. Wm. E.D. Carter, Fellow of New College, Oxford, and eldest son of Capt. T.W. Carter, H.M.S. Caldedonia, to Ellen, daughter of the Rev. ? Barter, Rector of Sarsden.


     At Carrick-on-Suir W.W. O'Donnell, Esq., son of the late Wm. O'Donnell, Esq. of Cottage.
     James, eldest son of O'Connell O'Ferrall, Esq., Comlishmore, county Longford.
     At her residence in Dorset-street, Emily, relict of the late Wm. Manfield, Esq. of York-street.
     At Carrickfergus, the Rev. E. Bruce, eldest son of E. Bruce, Esq., of of Scoutbush, county Antrim.
     At Fairview, near Richhill, county Armagh, Mrs. Reid, relict of the Rev. Wm. Reid.
     Grace, relict of the late Rev. Dr. Chalmers, D.D., D.L.L., at Edinburgh.
     Andrew Porteus, Esq., Postmaster of Montreal.
     At Belvidere House, near Sandymount, S. Butler, Esq., son of the late Hon. Col. P. Butler, M.P. for the county of Kilkenny, and brother to the present member.


     It has not before been our duty to notice with deeper feelings of regret any accident than that which occurred on this day se'nnight to Mr. George Hearne, of Palmyra Cottage, while out shooting at a short distance from this town. It was occasioned by the bursting of the left barrel of the gun into which he thinks he put a double charge. The first fingers of the left hand was completely carried away and the hand otherwise so much injured that Surgeons Whittaker and Neilson considered it necessary to cut if off from above the wrist (not from the elbow, as stated in the Tyrawly Herald,) in order to prevent tetanus; and we are happy to say that he is now progressing as favourably as circumstances will admit. The accident is not regretted alone by those who enjoy the acquaintance of the young gentleman, the regret is general among the inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood. His estimable family, his mild and affable character, his age, (26 years), and his fine handsome appearance have excited the sympathies of all. The gun which burst had been in use for very many years, but was apparently in very good order. It was lent him some weeks previous by a gentleman who took it with him from England about two years since.


     On the night of the 25th, a barn attached to the house of William Henigan of Beaghy, in the parish of Kilmoremoy, was entered through the roof from which part of the thatch was removed, and a quantity of potatoes taken away by some person or persons unknown:- Beaghy is about two miles from this town [Ballina].

    THE NEW YORK LINERS - Liverpool, Wednesday - We regret to state that the accounts received this morning respecting the packet ship Hottinger, Captain Bursley, are far from satisfactory; on the contrary, they hold out no hope of the ship's escape, and what is still worse, it is feared that the captain and part of his crew have lost their lives in their zeal and anxiety to try and save the ship. A letter from the Receiver of Droits at Dublin (Mr. Walsh) to the consignee, Messrs. Fielden, Brothers, was received here this morning. It is to the following effect- that yesterday pieces of ship and cargo were drifted on shore near Dublin. Her masts were still standing, but Mr. Walsh thought she must go to pieces; four or five men were to be seen in the maintop. Every exertion had been made by Captain Bursley to save life; and he, with twelve of his crew, determined to remain as long as there was  a chance of doing so. Mr. Walsh's informant feared that the captain and his crew on board had lost their lives, as he could not hope they would be able to survive the gale and severity of the previous night (Monday). The Guy Mannering is again in  dock, and does not make much water.

     THE LOST AMERICAN PACKET SHIP - As Captain Bursley stood deservedly high in the estimation of all who knew him, and as he was one of the oldest captains frequenting our port, we have gleaned a few particulars of his life, which may not be uninteresting to our readers. The gallant captain was born at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in the year 1798, and consequently was in his 53d year when he died. He seems to have imbibed a desire for a maritime life from his infancy, for before he was twelve years of age he entered the mercantile marine of the Port of Boston, and so quick was his progress in his chosen profession that before he attained his 21st year he commanded an East Indiaman, from Calcutta to Boston. It is now upwards of twenty-one years since he first entered the Mersey as Master of the Dover, a first class vessel of the original Boston line of packet-ships, since when he has been a frequent visitor to our port. At a subsequent period he became connected with the Black Bell or New York line, in which he commanded the Silas Richards and the Orpheus, and afterwards the Cambridge, belonging to the same line. It will be in the recollection of many of our readers that the Cambridge was severely tried, as were also the nautical skill and judgment of her commander, during the great gale of 1839. On that occasion, Captain Bursley could not obtain a tug boat to tow him out of the river, and when the storm arose in its violence and might, his ship slipped her anchors and was driven on towards the Prince's pier. Every exertion was made by both master and men to arrest the threatened destruction of the ship; trusses of hay were lashed over her sides to protect her, hawsers were made fast where available, and when every other inducement failed in procuring a steam-tug, the commander excalimed with his accustomed liberality, "one thousand pounds for a tug." But none would venture, so imminent was the peril. In this emergency the remaining anchors were tried and as they held, the noble ship was preserved, from becoming an immediate wreck. He has often experienced the hardships of a seaman's life. About 14 years ago (in company with Captain Marshall, now of the Republic) he was nearly wrecked in the Orpheus, on which occasion he had to put back to this port for extensive repairs. Fifteen years ago his brother, then captain of the Lyons, was lost off Port Butrick, where he was interred, and a monument erected to his memory by the subject of this sketch. They now sleep in death within 80 miles of each other. At the close of his career with the Black Bell line he took an active part in the organization of Fielden's line, to which he has since belonged, as master of the Hottinger , a fine vessel, about seven or eight years old. No better sailor left this port; and it is affirmed of him, that no man knew the Channel better than he did; and therefore the cause of the calamity referred to remains a mystery at present. We believe that he intended that this, if successful, should have been his last trip; and that he felt delighted at the prospect of enjoying in ease and happiness, amidst his friends and in the bosom of his family, that otium cum dignitate to which a long, laborious and well spent life eminently entitled him. The deceased was highly esteemed by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance as a sincere friend, an honest man, and a good Christian. He has left a wife and children to mourn his loss. -- Liverpool Albion.

(From the Daily News)

     What is to be done with our convicts? When the doors of all our other colonies were shut in their faces, it was believed that an asylum had been opened to them at Swan River. But, no. The Western Australians have been thrown into a fever of indignation on learning that their colony is to be made a penal settlement.
     We will not be accused by those who are in the habit of perusing our columns, of lightly estimating the evil of a convict immigration, or of lacking sympathy with a non-penal colony which resists any attempt to convert it into a receptacle for convicts. But we must be allowed to have a laugh at the virtuous indignation of the Western Australians.
     In February, 1849, they petitioned the Home Government to make their colony "a regular penal settlement." In November 1849, the Western Australians cannot find words to express their indignation on learning that their colony has been converted into a penal settlement. The reason is, that when they prayed the Home Government to send them convicts, they also prayed them to endow it with the "necessary government establishment and expenditure, the whole cost of the transmission, maintenance, and superintendence of all such convicts as may be transported hither being borne of course by the home Government." Ministers, like the heathen diety of old, have
       ______ "Granted half their prayer,
      The other half dispersed in empty air."
     The convicts have been, or are to be sent, but not the money.



     At Island, Wexford, the Lady of William Bolton, jun., Esq, of a son.
     The Lady of Martin H. Burke, of Warrenpoint, of a daughter.


     At Ardearne Church, Wm. Wray, Esq., J.P., Oak Park, county Donegal, to Anna, eldest daughter of the late Capt. Johnston, D.L., Brookhill, Co. Leitrim.
     At Sarsden, Oxford, the Rev. Wm. F.D. Carter, Fellow of New College, Oxford, and eldest son of Capt. T.W. Carter, H.M.S. Caledonia, to Ellen, daughter of the Rev. C. Barter, Rector of Sarsden.


     At Carrick-on-Suir, W.W. O'Donnell, Esq, son of the late Wm. O'Donnell, Esq. of Cottage.
     James, eldest son of Connell O'Farrell, Esq., Comlishmore, county Longford.
     At Carrickfergus, W.E. Bruce, eldest son of E. Bruce, Esq., of Scoutbush, county Antrim.
     At Fairview, near Richhill, county Armagh, Mrs. Reid, relict of the Rev. Wm. Reid.
     Grace, relict of the late Rev. Dr. Chalmers, D.D., D.L.L. of Edinburgh.
     Andrew Porteus, Esq., Postmaster of Montreal.
     At Belvidere House, near Sandymount, S. Butler, Esq., son of the late Hon. Col. P. Butler, M.P., for the county of Kilkenny, and brother of the present member.

     AN IRISH GENTLEMAN IN THE LAST CENTURY - My father, who was born about the termination of the first third of the eighteenth century, was one of the many Irish Roman Catholics who sought, in foreign countries, for liberty to enjoy those privileges of property and talent from which they were debarred in their native land. Very early in life he settled in France, upon a considerable estate which he purchased at Galville, near Rouen; and there my eldest sisters were born. He was not long, however, in finding out that they did not order things much better in France than in Ireland; and that although nominally equal to his neighbors in religious estate, the church made invidious distinctions in the distributions of her honours among the faithful. My father, probably having previously experienced more substantial annoyances, was finally so nettled at the partiality shown by the cure, in administering the honour of the censer to a neighbouring seigneur, whim he though to have no right to be fumigated before himself, that he sold his estate and returned to Ireland, where he conformed to Protestantism, and became thereby qualified to hold a territorial stake in the country. So far the French priest's nationality was a fortunate matter for my father and his descendants. He found a good market for his chateau and lands, the ownership of which, fifteen years later, would in all probability have cost him his head; and he made a good investment of the proceeds to his native country. His first possession in Ireland was the estate and borough of Rathcormac, in the county Cork; but this he subsequently sold to the first Lord Riversdale, and bought the estates in Limerick, Kildare, and Dublin, which still remain in the family. To the active mind of my father, however, neither the duties nor the rights of landed property afforded sufficient occupation, and he accordingly entered, to a large extent to a large extent, and with considerable success, into the banking and woollen trades. He also became a member of the Irish House of Commons, was created a baronet in 1776, and removed to the House of Peers in 1789. This short sketch of may father's career, practical commentary upon the position of the Irish nation during the latter half of the last century. -- Lord Cloncurry's Personal Recollections.


     Respectable families who are not eligible for the government grant, can have 100 acres or more on a lease of 10 years, at a yearly rental of 1s. per acre, with the option of purchasing their allotments at any time during their lease. This land is of the richest quality, fit for the plough, being clear, and with ordinary culture, capable of producing wheat, barley, oats, beans, peas, Indian corn, potatoes, cotton, tobacco, sugar, coffee, arrow root, figs, pineapples, grapes, oranges, and all European fruits and vegetables.
     Oxen and milch cows may be purchased in fine condition, at 4 each in Natal. Sheep, from 4s. 6d. to 7s. 6d. according to the quality of the wool. Fowls 2s. per dozen. Indian corn is brought in by the natives in great abundance at 1s. per bushel and pigs thrive amazingly on this. The bay of Natal abounds with fish. The Mauritius is the market for exporting live stock, &c., where the fat cattle bring from 20 to 30 according to weight and quality.
     In addition to numerous testimonials on the subject of the capabilities, climate, and soil of Natal- the following extract is from a letter received by the agent for this colony, Mr. Young, Sun Court, Cornhill:-
     "Now with regard to Natal, the land, I may say, of my adoption, I cannot well say too much for it; it far exceeds my most sanguine anticipation, in the beauty of its scenery, the uninterrupted fertility of its soil and the salubrity of its climate; none of all these qualities can be too long dwelt upon, nor yet overdrawn. The surface of the country is generally undulating, in no place rising (excepting on the Drakenberg,) higher than 700 feet, and that in a few instances, and even in these, the hills are clothed to the very summit with the richest pasture you can imagine; the richness of it, indeed, is the only fault it has, as young cattle are apt to surfeit themselves on it at first; this fault, however, is soon corrected and is disappearing as the country becomes occupied. I have already travelled over a good deal of the soil in all directions, and in no one instance have I seen cause to change any opinion of the country. Of course some localities are more suitable for the cultivation of certain crops than others; for instance, as yet it is generally considered the vicinity of the sea or within parallel of 200 miles from it, it is most suitable for cotton, more especially, the finer staples of it. The native Natal Cottontree, as well as the American Upland, has been found to do well up the country. This new Colony has none of the great draw backs of the older colonies neither does it, in capability or internal resources, fall short of any of them. Natal is no in its infancy, and only requires to be better known, to induce many hundreds of our farmers, who have hard struggles at home, (in order to make both ends meet,) to come out. There are none of the frequent and periodical draughts here, with which both the old colony of the Cope, as well as all our Australian colonies are scourged.- During the summer and winter there is plenty of water for all purposes. Winter being the dry season here and also the best time for putting in root and pulse crops, it is found beneficial and necessary to irrigate the land, whilst the seed is germinating, for which there is at all times and abundant supply; and from this gently undulating character of the country it is an operation easily performed. Comparatively little advantage has, as yet, been taken of the natural capabilities of the soil; indeed I can scarcely say that any, unless we except the cultivators of cotton. All we are in want of here therefore, is labour and moderate capital; especially the farmer. Send us these and I am justified in predicting, that Natal, in a few short years, would become not only our most flourishing colony, but would also, on account of the suitableness of their soil and climate for the cultivation of cotton, become of immense importance to Britain; as in some measure, rendering her more independent of America, for that article. You have seen, of course, the reports already made on the Natal Cottons, by the Chambers of Commerce at Manchester and Liverpool, where were very favourable. After seeing a good deal of the country; I have at length fixed on a farm, about two hours ride from Pieter Maritzburg, lying upon the Umganie River, it is nearly 6,000 acres in extent, with much valuable wood on it, which can be floated down the Umganie to D'Urban, where there is always a ready sale for it at high prices. It now pays well to transport it thither by waggons, a distance 70 miles and sawn with a pit sawn. The place I have bought is very beautiful, and remarkably rich in pasture. It is situated at the conflex of the Umganie and Kaokloof rivers. The former forming its southern boundary down to the mouth of the Kaokloof, or as it is called in the Ordnance map, the Karhlons, from which point it runs direct to north. There is a pretty good house upon it, and a mill for grinding flour. I mean to commence operations immediately; we have good and pleasant neighbours around us. The Government upset price is 4s. per acre, a real good Government farm seldom fetches less in the neighbourhood that I speak of than 5s."
     Line of packets sailing on the 1st of each month from Gravesend. The rate of passage in the cabin is 39; intermediate is 15 15s.; steerage, 11.


     Some short time since Mr. Robert R. Savage, Collector, made a seizure of sheep for arrears of poor rates due on the lands of Dohoma, Erris, when he was followed by several persons armed with pikes and sticks. He succeeded in bringing the sheep to pound, but the mob increasing showed a determination to attack. Stones were thrown and several of the drivers stuck. The pound-keeper delayed opening the door, evidently with the intention to gain time for the mob. When the door of the pound was at length opened and some of the sheep driven in, one man who was armed with a large stick entered and endeavoured to force the sheep back, and struck fiercely at any who dared to interfere with him. At the same time there were several persons on the walls of the pound throwing stones at the men who were attempting to drive in the sheep. One of the drivers forced his way into the pound, when he was attacked by the man inside, and both then struck at each other. Mr. Savage, when he saw there was no other way of saving the lives of his assistants, directed them to escape in the best manner they could. They were pursued by the mob, which at this time had increased to several hundreds. Mr. Savage to save his life turned his horse on the pursuers, and thus checked them for the moment. The pursuit was renewed, and continued about six miles, when four of the drivers were overtaken exhausted on the mountains by six men who would, doubtless, have taken summary revenge were it not for the timely interference of two gentlemen. We believe this affair is in course of investigation, and is the only instance of any rescue being attempted since Mr. Savage's appointment.


     The Athlone Military District is to be abolished instead of the Kilkenny, and the following special service officers are to be reduced on the 21st March next, viz.-
    Major-General Wemyes, at Athlone, and his Aide-de-Camp, Lieut. Wemyes, 46th.
     Colonel Sir Michael Creagh, Galway.
     Colonel Sir Charles O'Donnell, Kilkenny.
     Lieut. Colonel M'Arthur, Cavan.
     Colonel St. John Clerke, Belfast.
     Lieut.-Colonel Clarke, Kilkenny.
     The Athlone District is to be apportioned to Belfast, to Dublin and to Limerick.
     Lt. Col. Williams, Assistant Adjutant-General, and Lt. Col Johnson, Assistant Quartermaster, General, are to go to Kilkenny.
     One Calvary Regiment, two Infantry, and two Depots are to be taken from the Irish command.


     The 69th Light Infantry, replaces the 3d Buffs in Limerick garrison, in March.
     The 31st moves from Athlone to Galway.
     At Leeds on Thursday afternoon the remains of trumpeter Mannauch, of the Royal Horse Artillery, were consigned to their last resting place by his companions in arms. A troop of the 1st Royal Dragoons, and the whole of the Artillery, along with their band (which played the Dead March in Saul) attended.


     At Tuam Petty Sessions on Monday, the Lord Bishop of Tuam, and Thos. Brerton, Esq., R.M., presiding, a poor man summoned Mr. Edward Concannon, Poor-rate Collector, for having exacted from him, 1s. costs, in addition to his poor rate of two pounds. A man having proved that no distress had been made on his property, the bench fined the collector 3s, being treble the sum exacted, and 1l. costs.

     Wednesday last eight vessels with foreign bread stuffs arrived at Cork.


     The Committee of the Benevolent Society have pleasure in submitting to the Public for their inspection the report of their proceedings for the year 1849. And they feel thankful that they have been enabled in some measure to carry out an object as earnestly recommended and dearly cherished by some members of the Institution who have passed away amongst us. We have been apprehensive for the last three years that owing to the general outcry about the pressure of the times, and oppressive poor rates, we would have been obliged to relinquish this little effort to remove a small portion of that wretchedness, induced by extreme poverty, with which we are surrounded. Unhappily the poor law, instead of lessening the class of objects who in former years used to look to us for assistance, appears to have increased them. The destitute room-keeper, whose claims we advocate, clings to her miserable home with a tenacity that often surprises us. She would rather endure any amount of suffering, than relinquish it. To such, as far as our means will allow, we distribute articles of clothing, and in times of sickness, milk and other nourishment. It remains for the consideration of our subscribers whether they will continue their kind assistance in carrying out the design of this society.
     Subscriptions will be thankfully received by the Rev. Arthur Moore, Treasurer, or by any member of the Committee. The latter meet every Friday at the "Ladies Society Room, for the encouragement of Industry," Knox's street.
                  Subscriptions for 1849.
Rev. J. Verschoyle..........................1  0  0
From Birmingham Relief Fund..........  1  0  0
Rev. Arthur Moore..........................  1  0  0
Mrs. Bonham Carter, per Mrs Joyner 1 10 0
Lady Louisa Lees.............................. 0 10 0
Mrs. Kinkead.................................... 1  0  0
Mrs. Joyner....................................... 0 10 0
Mr. Wm. Malley................................ 0  5  0
Mrs. Whittaker.................................. 0 10 0
Mr. Moore, Cloth Hall......................  0 10 0
Mr. Little, Knox's street....................  0 10 0
Captain Hamilton, being a portion
of  Count Straletzski's grant for the
clothing of destitute children, and
applied by Miss Faussett to that object 5  0  0
                  CREDITOR'S ACCOUNT
Balance from preceding year........... 11  7  11
Subscriptions ..................................   13  5  0
Balance on hands                                  9 13 61/2
                  DEBTOR'S ACCOUNT
Paid Industrial Society for Flannel,
Drugget and Frieze..........................       9 16  0
Poor women, for garments made by them. 1 12 0
Calicoes and materials for work                 4 15 6
Food for the sick                                       2 1  0
Milk for ditto............................................1 3 31/2
Turf.........................................................  6  3  9
Coverlets...................................................0 6 10
Sundries....................................................0  2   4
Shawls...................................................... 0 14 0
Tailor's Work...........................................       5 4
                                                          21. 0. 4-1/2

Of Flannel, Calicoes, &c........................          86
Garments to destitute children.................          76
I.- That a Society be formed, denominated "The Ballina and Ardnaree Indigent Sick Room-Keeper's Society, or Benevolent Society."
II.- That the business of the Society be conducted by a Committee of Ladies, with a Treasurer and Secretary; thence to from a quorum.
III. -That the lowest rate of subscription which shall entitle a person to recommend to the Society for aid shall be Two Shillings and Sixpence; all such recommendations, however, to be subject to the investigation and control of the Committee.
IV.- That each subscriber be allowed to recommend to the full amount of the sum subscribed.
V.- That in no one case shall relief be afforded by a grant of money, but that it be confined to the articles of flannel and calico, clothing, straw, soap, milk, flour and meal; and that these articles be supplied on subscriber's tickets.
VI.- That an application be made to all persons interested in the welfare of the poor of this town, to request their aid and co-operation to carrying the objects of this Society into effect.
VII. Any subscribers not recommending to the amount of his or her subscription before the month of March for the year it is given, the balance on hand shall be at the disposal of the Committee.


Submitted by cml


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