Ireland Old News

Wednesday, April 3, 1850


     The following is taken from the American Citizen and Emigrant Advertiser of March 2nd, 1850, published at Philadelphia and New York:-
     1. Before making any arrangements for a passage, apply in person, or by letter, to the society at the port from which you design to sail, for advice and assistance in obtaining a ship, procuring provisions, &c. If there be no society or accredited agent in the port, then apply to the government emigration agent.
     2. After your ship leaves the port, your name and residence can be sent per steamer to the secretary of the Philadelphia society, and be received - so that your friends in America will have tidings of you before your arrival; but for this you will have to pay one shilling, the price of advertisement.
     3. Previous to leaving port, you will do well to procure a copy of "Hints to Emigrants," which will be an interesting book to read on the way, and will give you much valuable information and advice.
     4. Read carefully the annexed laws regulating emigrant ships, and see that everything on board is as the law directs.
     5. If your funds do not exceed 10, bring out the amount in new sovereigns, requesting the Captain to take charge of it during the voyage. The money should be sealed up, with your name, number of your berth, and the amount written on it. The frequent cases of money lost on board makes this plan desirable. If your funds exceed 10, deposit it in any banking house transacting business with the United States; bring with you a letter of credit, leaving a duplicate with some friend.
     6. If your port is New York, you will find on reaching quarantine, an agent distributing a handbill, headed "Office of commissioners of emigration." Read this bill carefully.
     On arriving at the wharf do not be in a hurry to go ashore. Leave your luggage in safe hands (do not trust a fellow passenger unless you know him), and go to the office of the American Citizen, where you will find suitable boarding houses advertised, and all other information that you may need. - Boarding houses advertised in the American Citizen, will generally treat you well, but to be secured from imposition, you must remember that the law requires the price of board and lodging to be hung up in the house; nothing is said about luggage, and a common method of swindling emigrants is to charge exorbitantly for storage, as it is called; make your bargain separately for this; you will pay nothing unless it is a large quantity; in that case have the agreement in writing. Unless otherwise directed under our authority, by our agent, or by the government agent, you had better purchase an inland passage ticket until you arrive in America.
     7. If you travel into the interior, take specie, and not bank bills. Purchase also what provisions you may need on the route, before you start, as you will often be charged exorbitant prices on the way.
     8. When you get settled in your new home, write to the office of the American Citizen, stating the particulars of your situation, prospects, &c.
     9. If you wish to get employment, go to the British Protection Society's Office, in Greenwich-street, or to the Irish Emigrant Office, in Spruce-street, or to the Commissioners of Emigration, City-Hall.
     10. Heed no one accosting you and offering you advice, either on board ship (save the commissioners agent), on the wharf, or in the street; especially avoid such persons as are very gentlemanly in appearance and profess great regard for you. Suffer no stranger, under any pretence whatever, to accompany you to an office, either at your port of embarkation or debarkation; if any one insists on accompanying you, give him in charge to a police-officer or let it be known at the office that you have not employed him. His object is to get commission at least, and this may come out of your pocket.
     11. If thus advised, you let the land sharks - the runners, get hold of you, it will, remember, be your own fault.
     The society's agent in Liverpool is Mr. E. Jones, 25, Union-street.


     "B.C., a Constant Reader," thus writes to the Farmer's Gazette - "A new-married couple being desirous of going to America, wishes to know through the medium of your widely-circulated journal, the fare from Liverpool to New York or Boston, or which is the best place for such to go, or what is the least sum they would want after providing every thing for their passage. - The fare of emigrants is constantly fluctuating; last week the price was from Dublin to either New York or Boston, via Liverpool, 3 15s., with a certain allowance of rations; this week it is up to 4 12s. and 5. The rations are: - 2 1/2lbs. bread or biscuit, 1lb. wheaten flour, 5lbs. oatmeal, 2lbs. rice, and 1lb. pork (in all 11 1/2lbs.) with 2oz. tea, 1/2lb. sugar, 1/2lb. molasses, and 21 quarts of water per week. In addition to this passengers will require to take with them some little extras- say a little more tea, sugar, &c., some coffee, a little bacon, a few eggs, &c., the quantities of with they may easily calculate, by laying in sufficient with the above for a voyage. The ship provides berths to sleep in, three feet six inches wide for two persons, and others four feet six inches (adapted for families with young children). Passengers have to find their own bedding, and such small cooking and eating utensils as they may require. Tin ware will do and can be got cheap here or in Liverpool. The best information about America, &c., is to be had in the Emigration Guide and Almanac, price 4d., which can be sent to the country postpaid, on receipt of sixpence, or postage stamps, on application to any of the emigration agents.

    SERIOUS ACCIDENT - We deeply regret to announce that on yesterday afternoon, as the Rev. Marcus M'Causland, the highly respectable rector of this parish, was returning from visiting the auxiliary workhouse in Castle Gate, and the rev. gentleman was severely injured - his leg having been fractured in two places. He was conveyed on a car to the rectory. - Medical assistance was immediately procured, and we are glad to learn that he is going on as favourably as can be expected. -- King's Co. Chronicle.

     DR. LANGLEY - Dr. Langley, having been acquitted of the charge of murdering his wife, was, by directions of the Court, removed to prison, there to remain till the termination of the assizes, but he has not yet been discharged from custody, as he is ill in the hospital of the jail.--Nenagh Guardian.

     Mr. Jones, late 18th Royal Irish, has contracted with the Nenagh Guardians for the supply of beef at 1 1/2d. per lb. and mutton at 2d. per lb for six months.


     It will be seen by the annexed communication that Government has spared the life of John O'Grady, under sentence of execution in the gaol of Limerick, for the murder of his wife and servant girl, at Martinstown: - 
                     "Dublin Castle, 29th March, 1850.
     "Sir - I am directed by the Lord Lieutenant to transmit his Excellency's warrant commuting the sentence of death passed on John O'Grady, prisoner in the gaol of the county of Limerick, to transportation for the term of his natural life. - I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient servant.
                                         "T. N. REDINGTON.
     "To the High Sheriff county Limerick."
     When this intelligence was communicated to Mr. O'Grady by the Governor, he evinced no apparent gratification at escaping an ignominious death on the scaffold.

     DIABOLICAL OUTRAGE  - On the night of Saturday last, or on the morning of Sunday, some miscreant of human shape, set fire to an outhouse at the Four Roads, within six miles of this town, belonging to Mrs. Donlon, of Cloghan Castle, and in which ten heifers, the property of that lady, were being housed, all of whom were utterly consumed, no one being there at the time to give any alarm; and so surely did they go about their business that they placed a quantity of straw outside the door, and then set it on fire least any one should get into their relief. Three tons of hay were also consumed. We have not heard of any reason assigned for this revolting deed. -- Roscommon Messenger.




     Out door relief is discontinued in Galway union, and most of the others in Connaught.
     Patrick Forbes, an Irish labourer, murdered his wife at Newcastle on Saturday.
     The coronership of the county Galway is vacant by the death of Mr. Wm. Kenny.
     Dr. Madden is appointed secretary of the Irish loan fund.
     Thomas Fury, of Clifden, is committed to Galway  gaol, for the murder of his wife last week.
     Mullingar workhouse pays 400 a year for flax, to employ the inmates at industrial work.
     The Waterford guardians are sending out 160 paupers to North America, at a cost of 800 to the union.
     The town of Buttevant has its name from "Boutez-en-avent," the ancient war cry of the Barry or Barrymore family.
     Mr. James Page of Lynn, was poisoned on Wednesday, by arsenic, mixed up with sugar, served up at breakfast and dinner, also his son.
     James M'Donald and Wm. Darcy were sentenced to transportation for life, at Carlow assizes, for the violation of Anne Delany, a married woman.
     The petition of Sir Thomas E. Blake, Bart., of Menlo, Galway, late Stipendary Magistrate, is adjourned by the Insolvent Debtors' Court for six months.
     Henceforth seamen of the Royal Navy are to be paid wages by the calendar month, and the grog allowance is to be reduced one-half, the difference to be made up in pay.
     Mr. Kenealy, the barrister, has commenced law proceedings against the Times, for its reports of the charges made against him at the police court of ill-treating his child.
     We understand that the Corporation of Drogheda are about reducing considerably the rents of all the tenants holding land from them. This is as it should be.-- Newry Paper.
     At Naas Assizes the late Mr. Ferguson's executor, obtained a verdict for 100 against Mr. E. Ruthven, both well known on the turf, price of a mare, called "Humming Bird's daur" sold him.
     The ships Governor, Jesse, Lady Peel, Primrose, Energy, Polly, Waterford, Hugenot, Thorney Close, and Caledonia, are taking in passengers at Limerick port for Canada and the States.
     Her Majesty has been pleased to appoint Jeremiah John Murphy, Esq., to be one of the Commissioners of Charitable Bequests and Donations in Ireland, in the room of Richard Corballis, Esq., resigned.
     Mr. Patrick Kelly is elected chairman of the Tuam Town Commissioners, in place of the late Mr. Morgan. Mr. Tully, of the London gas works, has informed the board that 1,700 will be the cost of materials for lighting the town.
     On St. Patrick's day, the "David", of Galway, lying there, hoisted a green ensign with a red border, which at once attracted the eye of Commander Lloyd, of her Majesty's steamer, "Lucifer," who sent a boat's crew, and had the flag seized and taken away.
     Primate Cullen, of Armagh, thus expresses himself about the Queen's College: - "What shall I say of the many systems of education in which snares are laid for unsuspecting youth, and a spirit of error or a fatal indifference to every religion is installed into their minds before they are capable of distinguishing truth from falsehood, or right from wrong? Alas! every art is employed against the one only true church, and Catholic truth is assailed in a thousand different forms."

     THE POTATO - Nothing like the absolute rage for potato sowing which now prevails throughout the South of Ireland has been remembered by that extraordinary being to whom reference is so often made - namely the oldest inhabitant. It seems to be a universal principle to sow as much land with the treacherous esculent as possible. We have heard of persons sowing five, and six, and eight and ten acres, who, in the most prosperous seasons, never sowed more than half an acre in any previous year. In Clare the breadth of land down is most extensive. In Tipperary it is equally so. In Waterford it is the same; while in Limerick the name of an enterprising gentleman has been mentioned to us who has already no less than twenty acres under potato seed, partly, for the purpose of raising pigs! Should the root come to a prosperous maturity, potatoes in good sooth will be as plenty as blackberries about the middle of July.-- Limerick Chronicle.

     EARLY MUSHROOMS - On Thursday and Friday last, in a field belonging to Mr. Peard Cooleabbey, a dish of remarkably fine mushrooms was picked. What renders the growth of these mushrooms singular is, that the grass had been closely eaten down by cattle.-- Cork Constitution.

     - The universal determination of the Irish people seems to be, that the potatoes must grow. They will listen to no intimations or premonitions to the contrary. Since the year 1845, so large a quantity of potatoes has not been planted in any one year as are already committed to the earth. It is a desperate venture, in every way to be deplored; for, be the immediate result what it may, it cannot come to good. Should the crop flourish, there is an end to the agricultural improvement of Ireland.--Mail.

     EARLY VEGETATION - In a garden belonging to Mr. William Ellis, at Carramote, some potato stalks may be seen shooting over the ground. This is very early, considering the severe weather experienced during the past fortnight. The potatoes were planted in the latter part of January. The same may be seen in Mr. Little's garden, at Iceland Cottage.

     NOVEL IMPORTATION - Some day last week a small hooker from Killybegs in the county of Donegal, put into the quay of Killala with a cargo of potatoes called "Rattlers." They were sold out in small quantities at 2s.4d. per cwt.; and a gentleman from that neighbourhood who purchased some of them describes them as the best of the sort he has ever seen. They were intended for this town, but owing to the severity of the weather, the vessel was unable to clear the bar.


     The following detachments of the 49th move to Fermoy to be stationed: - The company under Capt. Biggs from Tipperary on the 2d. prox.; the company of Lieut. Beresford from Clogheen on the 2d. arriving same day; the company from Cahir on the 3d.
     First Lieut. Lord Madden, of the Rifle Brigade, has purchased a Cornetcy in the Blues.
     Lieut. Col. St. John Quentin, 17th Lancers, is about to exchange with Lieut. Col. Lawrenson unattached formerly of the 17th.
     The first division of the 9th has arrived in Dublin from Newry.
     A new and lighter bayonet is being constructed for the Infantry.
     Sergeant Metcalf, 49th, has published a set of plates on Light Infantry drill, dedicated by permission to his Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge. The merit of the work is that it conveys, at a glance, the system of light drill, as laid down by Capt. Mitchell, late 60th Rifles.
     Lord Gough offers to hear the extra expense of continuing the bearskin cap to his gallant regiment the 67th.
     Lord Lurgan's next move is expected to be a Lieutenancy in the 7th Royal Fusiliers returning from Halifax.
     Lieut.-General Sir Stephen R. Chapman appointed Colonel Commandent of the Royal Engineers, vice Lt. Gen Durnford, deceased.
     Lt.-Col. Franks, 10th Foot, has left Mooltan for England, also Brevet Major Kennedy, 18th, from Calcutta.
     Cornet the Hon. P. Sidney, Royal Horse Guards, Capt. and Brevet Major Hanmer, Inniskilling Dragoons, Capt. D'Aguilar, Grenadier Guards, Lieut. Greathead, 41st, and Captain Whittuck, 83d, sold out of the service on Friday.
     Cornet and Sub. Lieut. Fitzroy, of the 2d Life Guards, has exchanged to the 41st with the rank of Ensign.



Wednesday, April 10, 1850


     Mr. Buchanan, chief agent for emigration at Quebec, states, in his report for 1849, to the Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin: - The adult passengers on board the whole number of vessels (447) were 31,145. The 134 ships from England might have legally carried 16,569 passengers more than the number embarked; the 59 vessels from Scotland might have carried 8,212 more than they had; the vessels from Irish ports were 150, and these were filled to within 3,852 adult passengers. The average passages were - from England 45 days; from Ireland, 45 1/2; from Scotland 41 1/2. The emigration of 1849 shows a considerable increase in the mortality in comparison with that of 1848. The deaths from cholera on board three vessels from Limerick arrived in May - the Lady Peel, the Jane Black and the Jessie - carrying 1,018 passengers, were 103. These on board the Jane, from New Ross, with 372 passengers, were 33. These on board the Sarah from Sligo with 280, were 81. The greatest proportionate mortality occurred on board of vessels from the ports of Newry, Limerick, Dublin, Liverpool and Greenock. Among 851 persons from Newry, the deaths were 61; those among 7,285 from Limerick were, 353; of 2,274 from Dublin, 91 died; of 4,405 from Liverpool, there died 99; of 625 from Greenock, 79 died. The brig "Hannah" from the port of Newry, was lost in the ice on the night of the 29th April. It appears that she sailed with 176 passengers; 14 persons went down with the vessel, and 35 perished subsequently from exposure. The other vessel was the brig, Maria, from Limerick, with 111 passengers, and a crew of 10 seamen. She foundered at sea on the night of the 12th May, in consequence of her coming in contact with sunken ice. Only nine passengers and three of the crew were saved. The total loss by these two disasters amounted therefore to 151 lives.


In the matter of Benjamin  } TO BE SOLD BY
  Wilson, of Ballina, in       } PUBLIC AUCTION
  the County of Mayo       } before the Commissioners
Shopkeeper, Dealer and  } of Bankrupt in the Court
Chapman,                       } of Bankruptcy, DUBLIN,
      a Bankrupt                } on FRIDAY, the 19th
___________________ }day of APRIL, instant, at
the hour of TWO o'clock in the afternoon., ALL THE ESTATE, RIGHT, TITLE, and INTEREST of the Bankrupt and his Assignee in and to All That And Those, THAT PLOT of GROUND, which is 45 feet in front, 59 feet in the rere, and 164 feet from front to rere, and is situate in VICTORIA PLACE, IN THE TOWN OF BALLINA, AND COUNTY OF MAYO, held by lease renewable for ever, subject to the yearly rent of $15 and a renewal fine of one pepper-corn on the fall of each life.
     On the above plot there were erected by the Bankrupt, at an expense of upwards of 1,300, two excellent DWELLING HOUSES and OFFICES, one of which is in the possession of a good tenant, and at the rere there is a large building, part of which is occupied as a Presbyterian place of Worship.
     A statement of Title is posted in the Court of Bankruptcy.
     For further particulars apply to MICHAEL MURPHY, Esq., Official Assignee, 10 Mountrath street, HUGH MOORE, Esq.; Trade Assignee, 57 Capel-street; or WILLIAM NEILSON and SON, Solicitors, 104 Abbey-street, Dublin.


     Terence Mulherin, the elder of the brothers charged with the murder of Jennings, lately committed near Killala, has been arrested under the following circumstances: - A woman from this neibhbourhood, to whom  the Mulherins were known, received a letter in Liverpool, where she has been some time living, from an acquaintance, wherein was mentioned the murder, and that a reward of 50 was offered for such information as would lead to the arrest and conviction of the Mulherins. - The day after receiving this letter she happened to meet Terence Mulherin in one of the streets of Liverpool, and having engaged him for some time in conversation about her people in Ireland, gave him in charge to a policeman. He was then, upon the woman's information, transported to the Castlebar gaol, where he was identified by one of the Killala policemen, and now remains in custody for trial at the next assizes.


     On the night of the 1st inst., three strolling beggars entered an out-house belonging to T. Kelly of Dooeaghny, about three miles from this town in the county of Sligo, and carried away a sheep which they killed in a waste house adjoining. The perpetrators of this outrage were two men and a woman, named Lavelle, from Newport and Achill. They were arrested on the following day (Tuesday) by Constable Phibbs and his party and brought before Thomas Jones, Esq., J.P., by whom they were committed, and on the next day sent to Sligo. The Quarter Sessions were then proceeding in that town, and the parties being brought before the Barrister on the following Friday were found guilty and sentenced - the two men to seven years transportation each, and the woman to six months imprisonment and hard labour. 
     At the same sessions Michl. Kelly, who stole a sheep from Anthony Muldoon of Rathmel, near this town, was sentenced to 12 months imprisonment with hard labour.

     DARING RESCUE - On Friday last, Patrick Glynn, Esq., Sub-Sheriff, with six of the Westport constabulary, proceeded on official duty to Erriff, where, after an obstinate and dangerous resistance, he seized some sheep, and while proceeding with them to some particular destination, crowds of persons assembled in every direction of the locality, and immediately commenced to rescue. All remonstrances were disregarded and so determined were the rescuers that they appeared as if careless of life. Mr. Glynn perceiving this, felt impelled by humanity not to persevere, as, if the constabulary were ordered to use their arms, the consequence would have been a great sacrifice of human life. Great credit is due to this officer for his steadiness and forbearance under so trying an occasion. The offending party will, however, be brought to justice.


     April 4, at Clifden church, by the Rev. Wm. H. Brushe, William Sidney Smith, Esq., of Wilmore, county Dublin, second surviving son of the late Ralph Smith of Milford, county Tipperary, Esq., to Louisa Bagot, youngest daughter of the late John D'Arcy, of Clifden Castle, Esq.


     In this town, on yesterday, of typhus fever, Margaret, eldest daughter of the Rev. W. Hamilton, Baptist Minister, aged 23 years. She trusted in the Lord Jesus Christ alone for salvation and was entirely delivered from the fear of death.
     In Castlebar, on Monday morning at the advanced age of 85 years, the Rev. Henry Pasley, Rector of Ballyheane. The Rev. Gentleman is deeply and  truly mourned by his afflicted family and all who were privileged with his friendship.


- The number of licensed brewers in Ireland is 96.
- Lord Monteagle is appointed Fellow of London University.
- George Bailey, parish clerk of Spalding Church, hung himself in the vestry-room on Thursday.
- The engines of the Caldeonian railway company are seized for debt, and the credit for coke is shut up.
- One bank has lost 76,000 by the late mercantile failure in Cork.
- Five officers of Portsmouth garrison are under arrest for maltreating a brother officer.
- There are 64 clerks to be reduced in the government office in Dublin.
- The Midland Great Western railway line from Dublin to Galway, will not cost 10,000l. a mile.
- The Hon. James Hewett, declares that his wife did not die a Roman Catholic, nor was she attended by a priest.-- Freeman.
Sir Wm. Somerville has brought in a bill for the better distribution, support, and management of medical charities in Ireland.
- At the Cork city registry sessions, closed on Friday, the Liberals and Conservatives counted 200 each.
- A farmer named John Chambers of Aylroe, committed suicide on Wednesday by drowning himself in a trench behind his house.
- Dr. Bell, late of York-street, Dublin, cut his throat at Sandy's-well Park Asylum, Cheltenham on Sunday.
- Gunner J. Telford, Royal Artillery, was crushed to death at Woolwich on Saturday, by a load of coals which fell on him in carriage to the arsenal.
- Lieut. D'Aguilar, R.N., is dismissed the Firebrand steamer, for assaulting the second master, Mr. Tapril, at Malta.
- The small pox, which is raging in Dublin, was imported by a Russian vessel, which lay at the North Wall some time.
- Mr. Kirke, of Dublin, is completing a magnificent statue of the late Master of the Rolls, Sir Michael O'Loghlin, Bart, to be placed at the Ennis court house.
- The brig Grace of Newcastle, Thompson, with corn from Alexandria to Cork, was totally wrecked at Ardmore, on Saturday night, when nine out of eleven on board perished.
- A Connemara man was robbed at the new Chapel, Galway, on Good Friday, during the Passion sermon, preached by the Rev. Mr. Daly, of 2l.10s., and on the following evening a silver candlestick was stolen from the sanctuary.
- The assault case at the suit of the Rev. David Mylotte, Roman Catholic Priest, against the Rev. John O'Callagan, at Mam petty sessions, and sent for trail to the quarter sessions, Galway, on the 8th April, is removed by certiorari to the Queen's Bench. Mr. Keogh, M.P., is retained as counsel for the plaintiff.
- At Clifden petty sessions an important case came before the bench. The Victoria, of Clifden, Michael Lyden, owner, was engaged by Mr. Levingston, of Westport, to convey meal from thence to Clifden. The crew sold a quantity of the meal, and placed salt in its stead, to make up the weight! For this fraudulent act, the magistrates sentenced the parties to a fine of 5 each, or imprisonment for two months.
- CRUEL DECEPTION - James Fullerton, a soldier of the 18th Regt., was convicted at Armagh assizes, of having procured a person, named Barry, to act as clergyman, and of having had a false ceremony performed, whereby he deceived a girl named Brown, into a belief he had married her. He obtained possession of her little sayings; and she is now pregnant. She has resided with her mother since the supposed marriage. The girl is a Protestant and the soldier a Roman Catholic. He was sentenced to six months imprisonment.
- A gang of sheep and cattle stealers, nine in number, were arrested on Wednesday night last, by the police of Cragbrien, and Ballynacally, under command of Constable Odlum. This nest of freebooters had done incalculable injury in that neighbourhood in the winter and spring. The information which led to their arrest, was received by Constable Odlum, to whose zeal and discernment society is indebted for the breaking up of this nocturnal band of depredation. One of the party named Nihill was absent when the police called at his residence, but the Constable ordered some of the men to lie in ambush, and behold! Nihill returns bearing a side of beef on his back, having the hide attached to it, which was identified by the owner.-- Limerick Chronicle.


     It will be seen by a report which we give elsewhere that in all cases of appeal against poor rates the appellant must be a party to the recognizances which the law requires to be entered into in such cases. It has been generally supposed that an agent, appointed in writing by a principal, had authority, under a recent statute, to sign the notices and recognizances in his own name; but, the question having been raised by Mr. McAndrew, on the part of the Guardians of the poor of this union, at the late Sessions at Swinford, upon an ejection made by him to the validity of a recognizance signed by the agent of Sir Roger Palmer, it would now seem that the authority of the agent merely confers upon him the right of signing the name of the appellant to the recognizances to which, it would appear, that the appellant himself must, of necessity, in law, be a party. We think the Assistant Barrister has taken a very fair and a very reasonable view of the question, for we consider that it could never have been contemplated that the Guardians should, in such cases, lose the security of a principal for recovery of costs to which they might possibly be unnecessarily subjected. Besides, it is not opposing any difficulty to the bringing of appeals, nor does it interfere with the due facility which it was intended should be given for this purpose, to hold that the name of the principal should in all cases be signed to the recognizances, as it is quite as easy for the agent to sign the name of the appellant as to sign his own name. We believe the question had not been raised before. The decision upon it is important, and, in our opinion, reasonable, and in accordance with the spirit and true interpretation of the law upon the subject.


     These sessions commenced on Wednesday last. There were about 800 civil bills entered for trial, of which there were a great many for recovery of poor rates payable to the Guardians of the Poor of the Ballina, Killala, Swinford and Castlebar Unions.
     There were about fifty appeals against the rate in the Killala Union, of which eighteen were brought by Sir Roger Palmer, in each of which the valuation was reduced at the rate of from 25 to 30 per cent.
     There were also 12 appeals against the rate made in this union on 11th Dec. 1849. One of these appeals was brought by John F. Knox, Esq., of Mountfalcon; one by Mr. Wm. Joynt, of Crossmolina; and ten by Sir R. Palmer.
     John F. Knox, Appellant; the Guardians of the poor of the Ballina Union, Respondents.
     In this case the appellant complained principally of being overvalued. The Valuator, Mr. Cunningham, admitted that in some cases he had been valued too highly, and the valuation was reduced in conformity with his evidence.
     Wm. Joynt, Appellant; Same, Respondents.
     In this case the appellant complained of being overvalued as occupier. On reference to the rate book it appeared that the rate of which he complained had been charged against him as Immediate Lessor. The appeal was accordingly dismissed.
     Sir Roger Palmer, Appellant; Same, Respondents.
     Mr. Thomas MacAndrew, on behalf of the Respondents, said- I object to the right of the appellant to be heard in this case. I rely for the support of my objection upon the insufficiency of the recognizance, which I content should have been entered into by the appellant either in person or by his agent. The recognizance in the present case has been signed by the agent in his own name, which I submit is bad. I refer to the 22d and 23d sections of the act 12th and 13th Vic, cap. 164. I submit also that in respect of property for which the appellant has been rated as occupier, he has no authority to appoint an agent for the purpose of an appeal, but should himself act in person.
    Mr. O'Donel, on behalf of the appellant, argued in support of the recognizance, and contended that the known agent of a party, duly appointed, was authorized in law to sign the notices  and enter into the necessary recognizances in his own name, and that the introduction of the name of the appellant, in such cases into the recognizances, so as to bind him therelly, was not required by law.
     Court - I think the objection raised to this recognizance is a good one. The party appealing is required to enter into a recognizance either by himself or his agent, and I think an agent duly appointed to bring an appeal has authority to sign the name of the appellant to the recognizance; but where the agent signs his own name instead of that of the principal, he thereby releases the appellant, as far as the recognizance is concerned, form all liability as to costs, which I think was not intended by the act, and there is then no compliance with that part of the law which makes it necessary, for the appellant to enter into a recognizance. I must therefore dismiss the appeal.
     Nine other cases of Sir Roger Palmer's went off upon the same point and were accordingly dismissed.
     Mr. O'Donel applied to the court to have the cause of the dismissal of the appeals entered as a matter of record in the books.
     Mr. MacAndrew opposed this application and stated that if any particular reason were assigned upon the record for the dismissal of the appeals, and that appellant afterwards removed the proceedings by certiorari to the Queen's Bench, the respondents might be concluded by it, and might be deprived of an opportunity of raising any further object to the notice or recognizance which he stated that, if necessary, he was prepared to do.
     The Assistant Barrister refused to allow the cause of the dismissal to be inserted on the books but said that although his own opinion, on the subject was still, in order to allow the appellant an opportunity of referring to any decisions upon the point which he might suppose to be in his favor, he would allow the cases to remain open until the June Sessions of Ballina, when he stated he would confirm the dismisses if no cause were shown to the contrary.
     These cases therefore stand thus for the present.

Wednesday, April 17, 1850

     This week more persons have left our port, destined for America, than any other during the season. Yesterday (Friday) the "Mars" and "Foyle" Liverpool steamers, carried a large number. The following vessels called this week also: - The "Medina", a beautiful superior brig, with accommodations of a first rate character, for Quebec, with 109 passengers; the "Countess of Durham" for Quebec, 76 passengers; the "Sophi" for Halifax, 79 passengers; and the Eliza for New York, 79 passengers. The great majority were of the better class of farmers, and there were also a great many artisans and others from this and neighbouring towns. -- Waterford Mail.

     Emigration from this neighbourhood still continues. The coaches which run between this town and Belfast are frequently crowded with passengers on their way to America.-- Downpatrick Recorder.

     EMIGRATION - Two days last week the following vessels cleared out at the Custom-house of the port of Limerick - For New York, the Charles Richards, 97 passengers; for Quebec, Caledonia, 126 passengers; for New York, Waterford, 101 passengers; the Lady Peel for Quebec, 305 passengers. Total - 631. -- Limerick Chronicle.


     IMPORTANT TO EMIGRANTS - Michael Griffin summoned Mr. Richard Hogan, shipping agent at this port, to Messrs. Shaw, of Liverpool, to recover 7 15s. amount of passage money paid by him for self and wife to proceed to New York in a vessel which sailed form Liverpool on the 15th of March. To go into details would occupy too much space - suffice it, that the complainant reached Liverpool between one and two o'clock on the day announced for the ship to sail, produced his register, and was told she had gone off that morning. The question at issue was whether an emigrant arriving at the part of embarkation at any hour on the day specified for the ship to sail was entitled to a passage. Mr. F. Spaight, the most extensive ship owner in the south of Ireland, and in which vessels more emigrants have sailed than from any port in Ireland, decided, and in his decision was upheld by Mr. Richard Russell (also a large ship owner) and Mr. Barron, R.M., that complainant was entitled to a passage, no matter at what hour he arrived at Liverpool previous to 12 o'clock on the night of the 15th March. The Bench ruled that Griffin be refunded 7 15s. and receive 1s. a day for sustenance, from 15th March to 12th April.-- Limerick Chronicle.


      On the night of Wednesday, the 10th inst., as Arthur O'Donnell, Esq., of Denrynalicka, was returning home from his herdsman's house, he was met on the road within a few perches from his own house, when he was murdered with stones, and some other sharp instrument, the upper part of the head was nearly severed by a blow, as if from a hatchet, his brains were besmeared upon the road and the body had several large wounds. Such an appalling murder the records of agrarian outrage never chronicled, and his body was so disfigured that it was some time before the inmates of his own house were able to recognize him, and his head was so lacerated that it appeared one mass of piecemeal. The supposition is that this deed was committed by recipients of relief whom Mr. O'Donnell was wont to strike off the lists at the weekly revision by the Board of Guardians in Kilrush union. The murdered gentleman was son of the late John O'Donnell, of Ennis, banker and brother of Capt. O'Donnell, formerly of the 25th. A man is arrested on strong suspicion.


     Ballina Union. - The usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of this Union was held in the Boardroom on Saturday, Edward Howley, Esq., in the chair. The other Guardians present were, Mr. Pratt, Mr. Paget, Mr. Symes, Mr. Malley, Capt. Atkinson, Mr. M'Culloch, Mr Joynt, Captain J. Knox, Mr. G. Orme, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. J. Jackson, Mr. Gardiner, Mr. A. Knox, Mr. Wills an d Mr. Cunningham, &c. Capt. Hamilton, Inspector, was present.
     A letter from the Commissioners was read in which they declared their intentions to issue their order for a supplemental election for Guardians for the Ardnaree South and Fortland Electoral Divisions.
     Mr. Quigly, one of the Guardians, brought into the Board Room two jackets and two waistcoats, the property of the Union, which he had taken off a pauper who had absconded from the workhouse.
     A pauper, who stated that he had worked as a labourer for about four years in the Sallymount division, and having partly lost his sight, begged  in that neighbourhood during the three or four following years, applied for admission into the house. - Mr. Paget objected to his being placed on the Sallymount division and insisted upon taking the sense of the Board on the subject, when it was decided by a majority of 10 to 9 that he should be charged to the union at large.
     Another pauper who was born in the Ardagh division but lived as a servant in the Ballina division for two or three years was placed upon the latter.
     Mr. Beaty objected to another pauper and his family being placed on the union at large who were born in the division of Ardagh but had been strolling about during the last four years. The sense of the meeting was taken when there appeared to be a majority of four in favour of charging them on the Ardagh division.
     There were 80 paupers admitted.
     The following letter from the Commissioners was read on the previous day of meeting but its consideration was postponed for a fuller board:- 

                                "Poor Law Commission Office,
                                 Dublin, 3d April, 1850,

     "SIR - The Commissioners for administering the Laws for Relief of the Poor in Ireland have had before them answers to the usual queries respecting Mr. Henry Joynt, who has been appointed Valuator to the Ballina Union, form which it appears that Mr. Joynt is Surveyor and Clerk to the properties of Colonel Knox Gore and the Earl of Arran in the Union, and I am directed to state that before sanctioning the proposed appointment the Commissioners think it right to inquire whether the Board of Guardians have duly considered how far the circumstances referred to may operate in diminishing the confidence which it is important that all classes of ratepayer should feel in the impartiality of a person entrusted to the duty of valuing the property of the Union.
                             "By order of the Comjmissioners,
                                    "W. STANLEY, Secretary.
       "To the Clerk of the Guardians of the Ballina Union."

     Mr. Malley considered that it would be time enough to make objections when the valuation was made as there would then be an opportunity for doing so, as the books would be open for inspection, and moreover, the valuator would be obliged at his own expense to defend appeals.
     Mr. Cunningham wished to disclaim having made any statement to the Commissioners about Mr. Joynt, as was reported of him. The letter of the Commissioners, he said, was of itself evidence that he did not do so.
     The Board appeared to be unanimous in their opinion of Mr. Joynt's integrity, and passed the following resolution:-
     "In reference to the Commissioners letter with regard to the appointment of Mr. Henry Joynt, as valuator of the union, it was unanimously agreed to by a full Board of Guardians, in reply to the Commissioners remarks, that he does possess the full confidence of the Board, and as such we request the immediate sanction of his appointment."
     Catherine Boland, one of the inmates of the Workhouse, appeared before the Board in reference to a change in her religious denomination. [ This woman was before the Board at a late hour on the last board day, and expressed a wish to have her registry changed from Protestant to that of Roman Catholic, but any decision on  the Subject was postponed to next meeting, when there would be more guardians present.] She stated that she was born and bred a Roman Catholic. She was two years in the workhouse, during which time her name, according to her own wish, was entered as a Protestant. The Sunday before last she went to mass, but on the last Sunday went, as she said to church, and after coming from it was called a "turn coat" by Betty Sweeney and other paupers. She now would remain a Protestant. She told Colonel Gore on the last day of meeting that she would become a Catholic again, but she now wished to be a Protestant.- She had nothing to say against the master or mistress or any of the other officers; Mrs. Hart, the mistress, sent for her to go to church, and neither she nor any of the officers had ever called her a turn coat or wished her to go to mass.
     Mr. Pratt remarked that he felt called upon to say that the statement of this woman was highly creditable to the officers  of the house.
     The Master reported that he had Betty Sweeney reported for punishment.

     Sub-Constable Thomas Crane, charged at Mountrath with forging additional figures and letters in orders for cash given by the Clerk of the Peace to crown witnesses, for their expenses in prosecuting larceny cases, is committed to Maryborough jail.

     MOST EXTRAORDINARY EVIDENCE. - That fact is stronger than fiction, is fully verified in the  following true case of Irish ingenuity, in which the ferocious and the absurd are curiously blended. At the present sessions now holding in Mallow an unhappy wretch was indicted for stealing turnips from the field of Mr. Leader of Millstreet, in this county, the principal witness being the watchman, known familiarly as "Mad Tom Eagar." The attorney who defended the prisoner as "the length of himself," but upon being further pressed he coolly said - "Didn't I know what the attorney would be at, and what he'd try to make me swear! Faith I did so, and when I caught the prisoner I knocked him down and took out my knife and cut off a piece of his ear, that I might match it, next day." This terrific statement was mournfully corroborated by the prisoner in the dock, who turned his mutilated ear to the bench, crying out at the same time in a piteous tone - "Oh! wisha, me lord, sure enuf he did crap me!" The worthy assistant-barrister, who was justly horrified at the act, vented his indignation in the strongest terms, and expressed a wish that he had the witness in the dock, but the witness seemed to look upon this startling mode of procuring conclusive testimony as entitling him  to a civic crown instead of meriting a judicial reprimand.-- Cork Examiner.

     Mr. St. George, M.P. applied by letter to the Galway Guardians for permission to pay his rates, which were very large in amount, by instalments of 50. The chairman said the board had no right to interfere with their collector, and Mr. St. George ought to be written to by the clerk to say that they could not interfere but that if he and the collector arranged it, they had no objections.

     Extract of a recent letter from a settler near Adelaide, South Australia - "Boys are greatly wanted here. We pay a little fellow to mind cattle and bring them to milk morning and evening, 2s. per week and feed him; he is a mere child, and does not look more than six years old. We also pay 8s. per week to a stout boy. If some gentlemen would interest themselves in sending them out, hundreds would get employment. The writer of this had hired as servants some young girls sent out from the Skibbereen workhouse.

     Serjeant Major Goerge Kirkman, 88th Depot, who marched through this garrison, en route from Kinsale to Castlebar, committed suicide at Tulla in his billet on Saturday morning last, after the detachment halted there, by cutting his throat from ear to ear. The cause of this desperate act is unknown to the officers and men unless that he apprehended censure for symptoms of inebriety. An inquest was held on Sunday, verdict - "Temporary insanity." The deceased was a native of Bolton, Lancashire.-- Limerick Chronicle.


     The Workhouse of Limerick contains no fewer than 7,500 paupers.
     John Barton and John Barlow, Esqrs., are elected Governor and Deputy Governor of the Bank of Ireland.
     Father Thadeus O'Malley has offered himself as a mediator between the Irish Alliance and the Repeal Association.
     The Marquis of Ormonde has given his large school-house at Kilcesh, diocese of Cashel, which cost him 500 to the National Education Board.
     Saturday and Sunday last a fleet of thirty-three foreign bread stuff vessels and eight more sail with foreign sugars arrived at the Cove of Cork.
     The Waterford Town Council have agreed to apply 500 towards baths and wash-houses for the labouring classes there.
     Mr. Robert Shearman, of Kilkenny, a reduced gentleman, dropped dead near that city on last Monday.
     Circulars are again issued calling upon the pensioners to register their names for services as Guards for convict ships to Australia.
     Florence Donohue, a pensioner, and porter to Mr. Herbert, M.P., at Muckross, Killarney, dropped dead on Sunday last.
     The Roscommon Workhouse is refused relief by the Poor Law Commissioners, with 2,500 paupers starving.
     Islandmore in Lough Dherg, determinedly resists every attempt to pay poor-rate in Nenagh union, not having sent a pauper to the workhouse.
     Private H. Harris, 43d, died on Thursday at Carlow, of the effects of intoxication while on the march.
     There has, since New Year's day, been an accession of forty-six ships, and increase of nearly 13,000 tons to the port of Shields.
     Major Anderson, Sir John McDonald and Sir Archibald Galloway, who attended the recent complimentary banquets to Lord Gough, died each in successively a day or two after the occasions.
     The range of stables adjoining the Hibernian hotel, Killarney, was burnt down on Monday morning, and five horses of Mr. Killiher, the landlord, perished in the flames. James Walsh, waiter at the Kenmare arms hotel, was crushed to death under a wall on Saturday.

     OUTRAGE - A few evenings since eight or ten idle ruffians assembled outside the residence of Captain Hamilton, the Inspector of this Union, and in the absence from home of this gentleman, commenced to throw stones through the windows and were proceeding with this work when they were stopped by Mr. William West who happened to be going by at the time, but not before they had broken several panes of the glass. Some, of them were given in charge to the police and committed to bridewell, their only excuse being hunger. The truth is that they were too lazy to work; though stout fellows and considered that they would succeed in compelling the Government or the Guardians to support them in their idleness by attacking Capt. Hamilton's house, not that they could have any personal enmity towards this gentleman. Yesterday, also, two fellows came towards his house with no good design, as was evident from their taking to their heels the moment they saw Captain Hamilton approach the door with a stick in his hand.

     EARLY POTATOES - We have seen a small dish of potatoes, called Ash-leaf Kidneys, grown in an open garden belonging to Mr. Robert Scott, on his well-managed farm at Scott's-grove, near this town. They are of a tolerable size, about thirty drills of which Mr. Scott expects will be fit to dig out for general use in a few weeks.

     SWINFORD UNION - The first meeting of the newly-elected guardians of this union was held on the 10th instant. Charles Strickland, Esq. was appointed chairman, E.P. MacDonnell, Esq., vice-chairman, and G.J. O'Malley, Esq., deputy-vice-chairman.

     ARREST OF PICKPOCKETS - A gang of pickpockets, made up of persons from different counties, found their way into this town on Monday and commenced, their trade of picking pockets and shoplifting. Head Constable Dillon and Constable Lougheed, to whom much credit is due for their alertness in the matter, kept a close watch upon seven or eight suspicious looking characters, and had four men and two women arrested immediately after they heard that 2 15s. was abstracted from the pocket of a woman who had just received it for a pig she had sold. Some shop goods belonging to Mr. Little and Mr. Nealon, were found on their persons. We also heard that silver had been stolen from Miss Hamilton of Newpark, while making purchases at Mr. Nealon's. The party was brought before the magistrates on yesterday and committed for trial at the next Quarter Sessions. Had not these persons been arrested early in the day there can be no doubt there would be many more victims.


     On Sunday last, the 14th instant, the Rev. Samuel Stock, A.M., was installed in the Cathedral, Killala, as Prebendary of Kilanley, and preached his first sermon for the year.
     The Rectory of Ballyhean, near Castlebar, vacant by the death of the Rev. Henry Pasley, is in the gift of the Bishop of Tuam.

     WESLEYAN MISSIONS - The annual meeting of the Wesleyan Missionary Society of this circuit was held in the Wesleyan Chapel of this town on yesterday evening, the chair being occupied by John Faussett, Esq. After the reading of the report by the Rev. N. Bass, the meeting, which was very numerously attended, was addressed by the Rev. W.O. Croggan, Superintendent of the Home Missions, the Rev. John Thomas, late Missionary to Western Africa, and other Ministers, and a collection made in aid of the funds of the society.


Remaining in hospital on previous Saturday.....146
Admitted during the week............................... 19
Total treated during the week.........................165
Died..............................................................  19
Remaining in Hospital Sat. April 13, 1850.......149
                        WM. KEARNEY, Steward



     On Saturday we stated that a memorial had been forwarded to the Lord Lieutenant on behalf of Matthew and Wm. Gavin, under rule of execution in the County gaol, for the murder of John Ryan, at Cappamore, praying his Excellency to commute the capital punishment to transportation for life. To that application an answer was received on Sunday from Dublin Castle, stating - "His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant sees no grounds for interfering with the execution of the sentence of the law, in the case of William and Matthew Gavin."
     The Governor of the gaol received another communication from Dublin Castle yesterday morning stating that the Lord Lieutenant has had the case of the Gavin's again brought before him, and sees nothing to make him change his former decision, and that the law is to take its course.
     The final letter sealed the doom of the wretched young men, and in pursuance of the sentence pronounced by Serjeant Stock at last assizes, the ill fated brothers were executed this day at 3 o'clock in front of the county gaol. The scene was affecting as they embraced and bid a last farewell to each other in this world, with an earnest prayer to God that they may be united in the next. They made no public declaration on the scaffold. They were attended by Rev. William Bourke, R.C. Chaplain of the prison, Rev. Messrs. Bunton and Quinlan. The city police, under Sub-Inspector Williams, were on duty in front of the prison.
     The wretched young men, previous to execution, declared in their cell, to the Rev. Wm. Bourke, that destitution, consequent upon acts of oppression and cruelty towards their brother by John Ryan, for whose murder they were condemned to death, urged them to do the commission of the deed, which was the result of sudden anger and not premeditated, on an occasion when they accidentally met the deceased on their way home.
     A concourse of spectators, amounting to some thousands, mostly females, attended to witness the spectacle and though horrifying the scene, the "light fingered" community were busily engaged. Two women had their pockets cut off, while several of the male sex were relieved of their pocket handkerchiefs! The only surviving brother of the Gavins mingled in the crowd and witnessed the execution. Matthew died in agony - William ceased to exist after one convulsive struggle.
     The bodies having suspended for an hour were lowered from the gallows, and removed for burial within the precincts of the gaol.
     Ages of the two culprits - Matthew Gavin, 19 years, William Gavin 17 years.--Limerick Chronicle.

     HORRIBLE MURDER OF AN INFANT - Thos. Denny, 32, was tried at Kingstown on Tuesday, for having murdered an infant by sticking an awl into its neck. The prisoner had been a shoemaker but was at the time of the occurrence a farm labourer. He had a son by a deceased wife. He cohabited with a young woman named Ferrant, with whom and his son he lived in a loft. On the 16th of August last the girl Farrant was delivered of a child. The prisoner took it from her and stuck an awl into its throat, which caused its death shortly afterwards. The prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced to be hanged.

     There are only four persons receiving outdoor relief in Sligo union.

     PAUPER INSUBORDINATION - On Monday morning the female paupers at our workhouse broke out into open rebellion against the authority of the officers, and refused to eat the stirabout supplied for breakfast, alleging that it was too thin for human food. The assistance of the police was called in, and the constables acting under the personal direction of the Mayor quelled the riot, which, however, did not proceed at any time beyond shouts and threats. Six women were arrested, and committed as examples to the others, to city jail for three days, with hard labour. The make portion of the inmates took their breakfast without evincing any sympathy in the insurrectionary spirit of the women, but one of the men was expelled by the board in consequence of its having been discovered that he had joined in the conspiracy, and had issued orders to contractors not to supply the milk which was required to be used with the stirabout in the house.-- Kilkenny Moderator.

     SHOCKING OCCURRENCE - A MAN SHOT BY A CARETAKER. - On Monday morning an unfortunate man, named Hendricksen, met his death at Sandford's Court, near this city, under the following circumstances, as nearly as can be ascertained at present:- It appears that a man named Phelan was placed by Mr. J. Cahill, of Sandford's Court, to watch his farm by night, in consequence of some thefts which had recently taken place upon it. Hendricksen 9who was a person in most miserable circumstances endeavouring to obtain outdoor relief, but disqualified in consequence of having a few acres of land) came to one of the fields and was pulling turnips which were there growing; on the approach of Phelan he ran away, and the latter pursued him with his gun in his hand. Whether the weapon was accidentally or intentionally  discharged is uncertain, but be this as it may, Hendricksen was shot dead on the spot. Phelan absconded immediately. The unfortunate deceased has left a wife and seven young children.--Kilkenny Moderator.

     EXECUTION AT TULLAMORE - Tuesday being the day named for the execution of John Ryan, who was found guilty at the last assizes for the murder of Serjeant Grant, a large concourse assembled in front of the jail to witness the awful spectacle. At five minutes past twelve the unfortunate culprit tripped up the ladder with a light step, accompanied by the Revs. Messrs. Cullery and Flood, Roman Catholic curates, and were it not for the appearance of the jail and its officials, the demeanour of the unfortunate man would not impress the spectators that it was an execution - for never did a man walk up that fatal ladder with more apparent less concern. He turned his back to the people just as he stepped on the drop, while the executioner was adjusting the rope and putting his cap over his face. He never spoke - and in a few minutes he was let off and died in great pain and agony, struggling for a long time. At the usual time he was cut down and buried within the precincts of the jail. His brother was under the drop witnessing the scene.--King's County Chronicle.


Wednesday, April 24, 1850


     Ballina Union - The usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of this Union was held in the Boardroom on Saturday, Edward Howley, Esq. in the chair. Among the other guardians present were - Captain Atkinson, Mr. Jones, Captain J. Knox, Mr. Malley, Mr. Paget, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. Gardiner, Major J.F. Knox and Mr. Wills.
     The following return of the staff of the workhouse with their respective salaries, was held before the Board agreeably to Mr. Paget's notice of motion:-
     List of Officers at present employed in the Ballina Union, together with the dates of their appointment, Salaries per annum, &c.:
     Rev. A. Moore, Protestant Chaplain, 16th June, 1849, 20l. no rations.
     Rev. Dominick Madden, Roman Catholic chaplain, 8th May, 1849, 75l.; no rations.
     Mark H. Devlin, Medical Officer, 19th April, 1847; 100l.; no rations.
     James M'Nair, Apothecary, 7th December, 1846, 50l.; no rations.
     Patrick M'Nulty, Clerk of the Union, 12th April, 1847, 100l. including all assistants; no rations.
     Thomas Hart, Master, 1st August, 1842, 80l.; rations and apartments.
     Mrs. Catherine Hart, Matron, 22d. December, 1849, 30l.; rations and apartment.
     Miss Kilkenny, auxiliary matron, 29th September, 1849, 30l.; rations and apartments.
     Anthony Bourke, auxiliary master, 4th February, 1848, 20l.; rations and apartments.
     Jeremiah Lonigan, auxiliary master, 30th March, 1848, 20l.; rations and apartments.
     Joseph Cullen, schoolmaster, 21st Dec, 1846, 20l.; rations and apartments.
     William Johnston, assistant schoolmaster, 12th January, 1850, 10l.; rations and apartments.
     James Gill, master tailor, 30th Dec, 1848, 26l.; apartments and rations.
     Miss Quigley, schoolmistress, 5th Jan. 1850, 15l. rations and apartments.
     Jane Bourke, assistant schoolmistress, 27th July, 1848, 10l.; rations and apartments.
     James Hart, master's clerk, 11th Nov, 1848, 20l; rations and apartments.
     Wm. M'Loughlin, porter, 28th April, 1849, 15l.; rations and apartments.
     Catherine Grehin, infirmary nurse, 4th Feb, 1849, 15l.; rations and apartments.
     Eliza James, infirmary nurse, 27th Jan, 1849, 10l.; rations and apartments.
     Ally Toohill, infirmary nurse, 17th Nov, 1848, 10l.8s.;rations and apartments.
     Ann Malley, infirmary nurse, 17th Feb, 1849, 10l.8s; rations and apartments.
     Total amount of Officers Salaries..........716 16 0
     Add cost of Officer's rations for a year...232   0 0
                                     Total.................     948 16 0


     Annesley Knox, 7th January, 1848, 25l; no rations.
     John Anderson, 30th March, 1848, 25l; no rations.
     Michael O'Malley, 16th August, 1847, 25l.; no rations.
     John M'Hale, 16th August, 1847; 25l.; no rations.
     George Robinson, 8th June, 1848, 25l.; no rations.
     John Peter Nolan, 27th Oct, 1849, 25l.; no rations.
     John Robinson, 21st July, 1849, 25l; no rations.
                                           Total.......... 175  0  0


     Doctor William Whitaker, medical officer, 91l.5s.; no rations.
     Dr. Robert Atkinson, apothecary, 54l.12s.; no rations.
     William Kearney, steward, 20l.; rations.
     Mrs. Rodgers, matron; pro tem, 12l.; rations.
     Catherine Barrett, nursetender, 10l.8s.; rations.
     Bridget Rooney, nursetender, 10l.8s.; rations.
     Mary M'Nallin, nursetender, 10l.8s.; rations.
     Letty Reynolds, nursetender, 10l.8s.; rations.
     Margaret Gardiner, nursetender, 10l.8s.; rations.
                               Total.............  229  17  0

Gross total from the Three Classes.............. 1353  13  0
NOTE - The foregoing is the Return moved for by Thomas Paget, Esq., on last Board day, and which return Mr. Paget moved should be printed for the information of the Guardians and Ratepayers of the Union, preparatory to his bringing it before the Board on next day of meeting.
     By order,                   PATRICK M'NULTY,
                                      Clerk of the Union.
April 20, 1850.

     CONVICT SYSTEM - Earl Grey moved the [ink spot] reading of the Convict Prisons Bill in the Lords on Friday, when Lord Monteagle hoped they would not overlook the effect which transportation had on criminals. With regard to the great mass of Irish criminals transportation was dreaded more than death. As regarded the benefit to the colony and to the criminal, he might refer to the evidence of an individual witness, Lieut-General Sir R. Bourke, late governor of Australia, who stated in a memorandum, now in the Colonial office, that the effect of the convict system had been within fifty years to convert the wilderness of New South Wales into a prosperous colony, and that its effect on the criminal had been a moral improvement equal to any system of prison discipline would have produced. The condition of the criminal population was most deplorable. In the gaol of the county of Limerick, with which he was connected between 100 and 200 prisoners were placed in cells provided only for the accommodation of 15. If it was found inconvenient to remove prisoners who were sentenced to transportation, it was the bounden duty of the government to provide adequate accommodations for them at home. Earl Grey did not deny that the number of persons sentenced to transportation in Ireland and confined in the prisons of that country, was overwhelming; but the Lord Lieutenant had done everything in his power to increase the means of disposing of convicts. A large establishment had been provided at Spike Island, where from 1200 to 1400 convicts were confined. Not fewer than 48,000 persons who had passed their sentence of transportation in the Australian colonies were now living there, and a large majority of them were obtaining an honest livelihood; but if they had remained in this country they would, almost in spit of themselves, have been compelled to continue criminals. The bill was read a third time and passed.--Limerick Chronicle.

    FLIGHT OF THE TILLERS OF THE SOIL - Several hundred emigrants left our quays on Saturday by the Nimrod and Albert steamers for Liverpool, to take passage for America. The deck of the former powerful steamer was densely crowded with men, women and children, the greater number of them comfortably attired.--Cork Constitution.

    PICKING POCKETS - On Wednesday week, in the market of Elphin, a poor country woman, named M'Donogh, was eased of a few shillings and sixpence, by a man named Brenan, (one of the lightfingered folk that infest most of our country towns;) but fortunately for her Richard Stafford, Esq, happened to be convenient, and arrested Brenan, when he found on his person the foregoing amount in a purse, which she, Mrs. M'Donogh, identified to be her property. The money lies in the hands of the Police and Brenan has been committed to abide his trial at Strokestown Quarter Sessions. It appears from inquiry that this Brenan located in Elphin about three weeks ago, and that he sis from the neighbourhood of Ballaghaderreen, or French-park.--Sligo Guardian.

     Bernard Bradly and Pat M'Govern were apprehended on Tuesday, charged with having, when in prison in Roscommon, declared their determination to shoot Head-Constable Henderson, of Boyle, by whom they had been brought to justice for robbery.

     At the court-martial assembled on board the flag-ship, Ocean, at Sheerness, for the trial of Assistant-Surgeon James Campbell, of the Wellington, ordinary guard-ship, for drunkenness when on duty, he was found guilty and dismissed the service.

(From the Malta Mail of March 30)

     On Sunday last, notice was given in the Roman Catholic Churches, that for the future no Intermarriages would be permitted between parties, one of whom professed the Roman Catholic and the other the Protestant faith, except under a solemn premise that the children to be born thereof should be brought up in the Roman Catholic faith. On the same day public notice was given from the altar of the Cathedral church of St. Paul, that for the future no banns of a marriage would be published, or the solemnity performed between parties as above, of opposite religious faith, if either had sworn, in the court of the Roman Catholic Bishop, to bring up the children in the Roman Catholic faith. His Lordship the Bishop of Gibraltar concluded, and we think with much reason, that the parents who would consent to such a sacrifice, had better themselves embrace the profession to which the children are thus by parental weakness, so unceremoniously condemned.

     A very singular case, which occupied the attention of the Commissioner of Insolvents now holding his court in this city, is suggestive of serious ground for reflection. We allude to the case of Mr. John Joseph Tangney, a solicitor, who, unhappily for himself, as it has turned out, and not fortunately for others, united to his professional avocations the trade of bill discounting. The moral of the transaction has been read in the court of insolvents- Although Mr. Tangney charged an average of 46 on every 100, and frequently (according to the evidence of Mr. White) received 100 for every 30 which he advanced to some desperate claimant for a loan, the result is--the insolvent court! His case is adjourned to next commission. But Mr. Tangney, the solicitor, is not the only victim of his own usurious money dealings; Mr. White, a member of the same profession, bitterly regrets that he ever entered upon the crooked path, and abandoned the legitimate road. He also had his golden dreams, his Visions of wealth; and he is now living in the jail of this city, after having lost 1000--Cork Examiner.

     At the Dublin Police-office, on Friday, Thomas Seamon of 11 Dame-street, was fined 5 for having a lottery at his bazaar, the magistrates staffing, if her persisted, he would in future be mulct in 100l.

     Mr. Litton, Master in Chancery, is dangerously ill.

     Dysentery is prevalent in the gaol of Ennis, which is overcrowded, and two prisoners died of the disease this week.

     William Blood, Esq, son of Bindon Blood, Esq, is appointed to the chair of Civil Engineering in Galway Queen's College.





     The Lord Bishop of Derry distributed silver medals to the most proficient pupils of Foyle College on Saturday.
     The tenantry on the Colebrook estate, Fermanagh, have determined on sowing a large quantity of flaxseed this season.
     Lord de Vesci is assisting his tenantry in the Queen's county as much as possible in the growth of flax.
     William Summer, a drunken labourer, hung himself in Manchester on Sunday last. He left behind him a piece of paper referring to a verse in the Proverbs, which declares that the drunkard shall come to poverty.
     On Sunday sub-constable Clinchy arrested a daring ruffian named William Sheahan, in the act of picking pockets in the Dominican chapel, Limerick, during the celebration of mass. The policeman found 26 handkerchiefs with the prisoner!
     On last Wednesday night an attempt was made to murder Mr. John Robertson, land steward to C.B. Lisle, Esq., of Glasslough, Monaghan, by a gun-shot. Three of the slugs passed through the window and two lodged in the bed where he was sleeping.
     A barbarous murder was on Friday night perpetrated on Patrick Egan, a pensioner, residing on the townland of Clonasera, King's County, the property of Mr. Usher. The poor man was in bed at the time of the attack. One of the assassins struck him with a pistol and then leaped so violently on his chest that he expired in ten minutes.
     There was a seizure made of the goods of the Newcastle workhouse on Saturday under a civil bill decree at the suit of Thomas Ambrose, Esq., medical doctor. When the pauper inmates became aware of it they rose against the bailiffs and would have severely handled them only for the officers of the house.
     The Galway guardians are offered wooden shoes for the Workhouse paupers at 6d. per pair. A Galway Town councillor and Poor Law Guardian lost several of his teeth from the blows of a guest at his hospitable table last week, originating in a dispute about the gentility of their respective families!
     The following is copied from the Jersey Times of the 12th inst.:- Drowned in the Royal Adelaide, on her passage from Cork to London, the 30th March, Anthony Le Ber, Esq., and his family, consisting of his wife and six children, three sons and three daughters, the eldest 16, and the youngest eight, leaving behind one daughter.
     Respites are received at Cork for two men named Dineen and Linehan, against whom death was recorded for sacrilege. Linehan, convicted of robbing both church and Roman Catholic chapel on the same day, has had his sentence commuted to transportation for life; and Linehan to be transported for seven years. [Transcriber note: Linehan and Linehan mentioned for sentencing and Dineen was not.]
     The iron bridge intended to cross the Shannon at Athlone, for the railway to Galway, will be commenced in a few days by the eminent house of Fox and Henderson, of Birmingham. This will give a great deal of employment. The materials will be landed at our quays, and conveyed by canal to Athlone. Over 1,100 tons of iron will be used in the magnificent structures which will be 700 feet in length.--Limerick Chronicle.

     "Exchange is no robbery." While America is sending us her corn, we are sending her our people. Those friendly offices are likely to continue. She will save us the trouble of sowing and reaping, and the hands which lived by the labour they afforded, must betake them to the soil whence the new supplies is coming. There they will raise the crops which they are no longer invited to raise at home and as they produce will increase with the encreased labour and with the enlarged area constantly brought under cultivation, we may every year look for more numerous shipments, and these must depreciate still further the value of land and labour in Ireland.--Cork Constitution.

     The jury under the commission of lunacy against Richard Warren, Esq., of Skibbereen, have returned the following verdict:- "We find that Richard Warren is not an idiot, nor a lunatic, nor a person of unsound mind, so as to be incapable of managing his own affairs." The costs of this trial will exceed 1000 - the principal portion of which must be borne by the petitioner, William Warren, brother of Richard. The enquiry lasted eight days. The counsel on both sides received near 200, the jury 96 guineas, and the commission 64 guineas.

     Mr. Timothy Dwyer, an aged farmer, presided at a numerous tenant right meeting, held at Kilcommon, Tipperary, on Sunday last, when the chair was addressed by the Rev. W. Lanigan, Rev. J. Molony, P.P. - who denounced Mr. Sheil as an exterminator, and Sir Timothy O'Brien, M.P., as a barefooted and barelegged adventurer. Lord Clarendon, he said, had legally slaughtered the people of this country and cut the nation's throat, but like Castlereagh, he may yet cut his own! (cheers and laughter.) Rev. John O'Dwyer, Rev. Mr. Mullaly, Rev. Mr. Ryan and Rev. Mr. Meagher, P.P., who addressed the meeting, which passed resolutions in accordance with the objects of their assembly.

     At Ballinasloe Petty Sessions on Saturday, Michael M'Guiness, Thomas D'Arcy, and Mary D'Arcy, preferred a charge against Francis Blake Foster, Esq., for firing a loaded pistol at them when on their way to Kiltormer on the night of the 9th inst. The case having been proved to the bench, was sent for trial to the Quarter Sessions to be held at Loughrea.

     On Tuesday 29 persons were dispossessed by the sub-sheriff, out of the property of Viscount Chabot, in Thurles, and 22 persons were evicted from the property of J.B. Fennell, Esq., near Caller.

     EMIGRATION - Our town was thronged this week with persons proceeding to Donegal and Derry to embark for America, from this county and the counties of Leitrim and Fermanagh; most of them appeared to belong to the respectable class of farmers and traders; the numerous cars of excellent furniture which they were taking with them proved that they were in comparably comfortable circumstances, but dreading the further distress of Ireland, they resolved on leaving their native county before all was gone. -- Ballyshannon Herald.

     DEATH FROM DESTITUTION - On the 14th inst., the inanimate, fleshless and apparently poverty stricken body of a man of the name of Michael Ryan, was discovered on the road side near the town of Borrisoleigh. An inquest was held on the body and it appeared that the ill fated deceased had been for some time begging about the district, and that nothing could compel him to enter the workhouse.--Nenagh Guardian.

     On the morning of Thursday, the 15th inst. as George M'Kay, gardener to Viscount Doneraile, was in the act of discharging a gun in the garden, at Doneraile, it unfortunately burst, or rather, the breach flew out and fractured his skull so severely that he died in a few hours. Mr. M'Kay was a man of excellent character and a very skillful gardener.-- Cork Constitution.

     At Parsonstown Quarter Sessions, on Wednesday, John Slevin, and Michael Mear, for assaulting the habitation of Mr. Redmond Scully, Ballyshane, on Saturday night, the 7th April, were found guilty and sentenced to be transported for 14 years each.

     GOOD ADVICE - When you visit a theatre or go into a crowd, always pick your own pocket before leaving home. If you fail to do this, the duty may probably be discharged for you by a stranger.

     From a return just made to parliament, it appears that 300 sailing vessels and six steamers were wrecked last year.

     NEWPORT WORKHOUSE - On Monday there was a meeting of the Guardians of the above union. - Those present were H.J.H. Browne, J.C. Larminie, Edward Malley, and Francis M'Mannon. The Board unanimously elected Mr. and Mrs. Edward Johnson as master and matron of the Workhouse and declared Mr. Glanville contractor for repiaring the auxiliary house.--Mayo Constitution.

     The principals in the murder of Mr. O'Donnell, of Knock, were his domestics, who are now in custody. A female servant was the person who opened his desks after the deed was perpetrated, and paid the murderers of her master who was in the habit of keeping large sums of money on the premises.- The male and female servants concerned intended leaving for America. After committing the robbery one of the murderers went back to the dead body and replaced the keys in his pocket. There was other property stolen which was found buried in a dung pit. As yet no money has been found.

     Sunday night, through the exertions of George Fitzmaurice, Esq., R.M., a party of the Shinrone constabulary arrested Timothy Cantwell of Ballingraun, near Moneygall, charged with the murder of Mr. Daniel Egan, of Ballydonagh; he is identified, and committed to abide his trial at the ensuing assizes.

     On Thursday last 96 paupers, male and female, were sent from the Edenderry Workhouse to Dublin, for embarkation to America. Each is to received 1 on arriving at Quebec. Their maintenance in the house and outfit cost the Union 700. Among the male paupers was a son of Edward M'Donnell, who was executed for the murder of the Rev. Mr. Hewson, of Feigcullen Clebe, county Kildare.

     INCENDIARY FIRE - We regret to announce that the house of a man named John M'Manus, of Colbeg, was maliciously set on fire, and totally consumed by some evil-minded person. He had very recently obtained possession of it, and envy at his success is said to be the the cause of the destruction. - Head Constable Hay and party were promptly on the scene, but their exertions to discover the perpetrators of the outrage were unattended with success.-- Sligo Guardian.


     On Thursday between the hours of three and four o'clock in the afternoon, our city was visited by a terrific thunder storm, accompanied by a perfect hurricane and fall tempest, the most fearful in its violence, and the most disastrous in its effects on property (considering the short life of its countenance), that has ever occurred in the memory of the oldest who witnessed it. In fact this terrible convulsion of the elements partook in a very slight degree of the characteristics ascribed to storms in these temperate latitudes. Its phenomena were rather those peculiar to the sudden snow gales of the Baltic, the fatal Mediterranean white squall, or the disastrous and the often unforeseen and unprovided for West Indian hurricane. The conflict of the elements burst upon the city with a suddenness and violence that smote the inhabitants with terror and dismay. We have taken some trouble to ascertain the principal facts attainable concerning this sudden visitation, both as to the very singular atmospheric peculiarities observed at its commencement, as also the extent of injury done in our city and its immediate vicinity, and it gives us no small pleasure to be able to state, that so far as we have yet learned loss of human life is not to be reckoned with in this latter category.
     The enormous size of the globules of hail was a subject of intense wonder, and even curiosity, scarcely repressed by this terror of the awe-stricken people. We ourselves saw hailstones fall near us considerably larger each of them than the largest grape-shot. But we have authority for stating that congealed balls of frozen fluid were dashed in through windows in some more exposed places, the size of each mass being nearly that of an egg. This enormous size of the hail-stones was not, of course, in general, and we have heard the greater size of some of them accounted for by the very natural supposition of several separate hail-stones being congealed together at a great altitude whilst falling. It is clear, at all events, that the hail was of sufficient size and driven with sufficient force to destroy the glass of an estimated fifth of the windows in the city.


     lying north and south, and its houses being so very high and close together, did not suffer so much as other parts more exposed. Several houses, however, suffered greatly, particularly those of the western side, on which the force of the storm struck obliquely. The upper windows of the Sackville-street Club, and of nearly all the splendid houses on the same side of the street were dashed to pieces. The traders and shopkeepers hastened to close their shops; all business was suspended; the streets were deserted, save under the Post-office piazza, where crowds, surprised by the fearful suddenness of the storm, shrank cowering in terror from the repeated flashes of forked and vivid lightning that heralded the deafening peals of thunder that seemed to split the very sky overhead. The windows of the Prince of Wales's and Abbott's hotels in Prince's-street, near the Post-office corner, were almost totally shattered and the glass in all of the houses, from the corner of Prince's-street to Mr. Chancellor's, near Carlisle-bridge, presented a scene of demolition and ruin. The hail as it fell congregated in enormous heaps on the pave, and at each point where it was driven by the fury of the wind; and as the congregated masses dissolved, the entire street became flooded with water. The crossings then became impassable in many places. The thunder was at one period absolutely deafening, and the drivers of the equipages assembled at the Rotunda flower show could scarcely restrain their horses from bursting away with affright. The animal attached to one vehicle, a one-horse phaeton, sprung away, and galloped with alarming speed down Britain-street, and turning up Dominick-street, ran against the area railings of Mr. Lentaigne's house, which were driven in by the concussion. The horse was severely hurt and the carriage broken.
     Such parts as faced the north and east presented in their entire extent a scene of desolation and injury to property - windows broken, and everything at all tangible injured or destroyed. In Mountjoy-square trees and shrubs were blown down, and at Summer-hill the houses on the side facing the storm all suffered. In some, the glass of the windows was literally blown out of the frame; in short the streets presented the aspect of what we read of a city after a siege.
     The Round Room of the Rotunda suffered fearful damages and the hail and rain found its way into the body of the room, the serious personal inconvenience of the large crowd which thronged it. The room had several inches of water on the floor, inundated from the garden.
     The Show Yard of the Royal Dublin Society was devastated. The temporary sheds were prostrated  - the poultry coops scattered about and their gathered inhabitants sent flying abut terror-stricken. Leinster lawn looked to be a field after battle. A servant of Lord Plunkett's was so injured by the fall of the sheds as to be obliged to go to Hospital. Several trees were blown down.
     A great number of persons sought shelter at Johnston's the silk mercer's, in Sackville-street. The whole of these extensive premises are covered in with glass, the smashing of which caused the greatest consternation, and many ladies fainted with terror from the lightning. At one time a strong smell of fire increased the alarm which speedily subsided. The destruction amounted to about a thousand panes of glass.
     The Mansion House, the ancient seat of civic authority, experienced in an unusual degree the severity of the hurricane. The two fine old elm trees, in the lawn, near the statue which stood since the reign of Charles I, and contributed so much to beautify and ornament the building, were blown down by the violence of the storm, and in the space of a few minutes torn up by the roots and completely given asunder. The Mansion House itself received considerable injury, the roof being stripped, and almost all the windows broken.
     A most extraordinary scene was presented in the Law Library of the Courts, at four o'clock, when the hailstones burst over it. There were sixty or seventy barristers writing in the inside room which is almost entirely lighted from the roof, when a sudden flash of lightning was succeeded by a shower of hailstones some as large as grapes. Instantly every pane of glass was shivered and the fragments dashed down on the learned heads. The wig proved itself a helmet, but notwithstanding this protection, briefs, books, and bills were instantly deserted - the narrow gallery afforded but little shelter. Some were protected under the old folios, spreading these capricious volumes over them, whilst others wrapped their gowns turbanwise round their heads, whilst the hail pelted in and the glass flew about in every direction; but when the storm passed over the destruction was visible, and many a forsaken wig had received the contents of folios of drafts which were wholly washed out and obliterated.
     In the course of the evening two patients were admitted into Mercer's Hospital, who had received injuries in consequence of the storm, one and old woman, whose temple was severely cut by a fall on the street, and the other a woman, who was crushed by the fall of a ceiling in  one of the houses in the Liberty. Seven elm trees in the College park were prostrated, and a part of one was broken off.
     The destruction of glass will amount to several thousand pounds.
     GLASNEVIN - The storm appears to have raged with much greater violence here than it did on the south side of the city. The devastation it has made on the roofs of the conservatories is indiscribable; scarcely a whole pane in some of the houses remain. The roofs of the new range have not suffered nearly as much, but altogether the spectacle is a very melancholy one at present, and the damage done very extensive.
     Trinity College suffered a great deal of damage, a great deal of glass was broken, and several trees were blown down. In the squares also, or wherever else the houses were exposed to the fury of the storm, the amount of injury was considerable.
     In Aungier-street, the upper part of a house was blown down, and several  in other streets, besides a large number of chimneys, &c. In one district, in the neighbourhood of the Meath Hospital, twelve or fourteen houses were completely unroofed.
     In portions of Merrion-square, Stephen's-Green, Nassau-street, and other streets in this district, a vast amount of damage was sustained by the smashing of glass, particularly in greenhouses in situations exposed to the fury of the gale. - We regret to stay that almost every pane of glass in St. Vincent's Hospital (Stephen's Green) was shattered to pieces. Some roofs of houses were more or less stripped of their slates, and the chimney of a house in North Frederick-st., corner of Molesworth-st, blown down on the flagway, but fortunately without personal injury to anyone. Houses in Bolton-street, Britain-street, Summer-hill, and places in that direction have also more or les suffered by the severity of the storm.
     However, it is needless to advert to the appearances presented by the several streets - the description of one is that of all. The effects of the storm were unparalleled, considering its short countenance.---Dublin Commercial Journal

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