Ireland Old News




BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, Oct 3, 1849

STATE OF THE COUNTRY

     On Monday morning last, between nine and ten o'clock as Mr. John Beary, of Derk Cottage, in this county, was walking his grounds, two shots were fired at him from behind a fence, one of which grazed his neck, and the other perforated his hat, providentially doing no other injury. The cowardly assassins had spotted their intended victim with a few yards, and immediately fled from the cover, but were distinctly seen. One of them escaped out of sight. Constable Grace and a party of the Oulah station were in quick pursuit, and arrested the other miscreant near Cullen, whom they found to be the son of a respectable farmer named Thomas O'Brien, of Latten. They next proceeded to the old man's house, in search of his other son, who was not at home, but in a few moments he walked in, not supposing the police were before him, and they promptly secured him also, with a double barrelled gun in his hand, newly discharged. Mr. Beary has identified both prisoners.--Limerick Chronicle.
    
ANOTHER MURDER IN CLARE.- On the evening of Tuesday, the 18th instant, Michael Cleary, a farmer residing in Crossderry, went to the lands of Ballycorick, and seized, upon some corn, the property of John Cleary, under the authority of a civil bill decree. Not being prepared to remove the corn at the time, Michael Cleary, assisted by his son, Simon, determined to watch it until the following day. About eleven o'clock at night, they were surrounded by a party of about fourteen men, who beat them so unmercifully with stones that the old man, Michl. Cleary, who had attained the extreme age of seventy-two years, only survived three days, his sufferings having terminated on Friday last.--Ibid.
    
A house, on the property of Lord Portarlington, near Borrisoleigh, from which a person of the name of Burke had been ejected, and which was taken by another person, was burned on Wednesday night.
     On Monday morning, near Bansha, four fellows with their faces blackened fired at Mr. Baker of Lismacus. Fortunately he escaped without injury and the villains have been apprehended.
     On the night of Saturday last several of Major Ball's tenants, on the lands of Fortfergus, decamped, taking with them every thing which they could convey into money. The worst feature of the flitting is, that these were independent farmers, some of whom had money lent at interest.    

THE ARMY

     Captain Sutton, 47th, commanded a guard of honour at Mallow to receive the Lord Lieutenant on his return from Killarney.
     Lieutenant Ruxton, 7th Fusiliers and Ensign Turner, 69th, sold out of the service on Tuesday.
     Lieutenant Manders, 2d West, is appointed Paymaster of the Carbineers.

BREVET

     List of names of those officers who will be promoted by the Brevet in 1851:-
     Staff Surgeon Gray, stationed in Liverpool, arrived as Assistant Surgeon to the 81st for many years.
     1837- Col. Browne, Com. R.M. Asylum, Chelsea; Sir J.M. Wilson Adjt. Chelsea Hospital.
     1838-Col. W.G. Cochran, D.A.G Ireland; G.A. Wetherall, D.A.G Canada; J. Simson Comt. Chatham; N. Hamilton I.F.O. Belfast; J. G. Baumgardt, I.F.O. Bristol; C.G. Falconar, I.F.O. Liverpool; C.Middleton, Comt. Maldstone.
     1841-Col. Spink, A.Q.M.G. Cork; C.M. Mansel, Q.M.G Ireland; J. Freeth, A.Q.M.G. London; C.R. O'Donnell Staff Ireland; R. Doherty, L.F.G. Leeds; C. Yorke, A.G.M.G. Manchester; J. Taylor Compt Isle of Wight; J. Fraser, D.O.M.G. Ceylon; M. Beresford, A.A.G. Cork; S.J. Clerke, Staff Ireland; T. Weare Chatham.
     1838-Col. Fane 54th Regt, Campbell 25th, Somerset, C.M.R., Dennis, 3d Regt.
     1841-J. Jackson 9th D.G.G.; J. Lovell 15th Hussars; T. Reed, 62 Regt; H. Dundas, 69th Rifles.
     Districts to be vacated-Major-General Sir W. Warre, Liverpool; C. Turner, Cork; H.H. Riddell, Edinburgh; P. Bainbridge, Newry; R. Murray, Devonport; T. Napier, Limerick; Prince George, Dublin; besides India and other Colonial places.

THE CHURCH

     The Lord Bishop of Limerick, Ardfort and Agbadoe held a confirmation at the Parish Church of Killarney on Friday.
     The Bishop of Down presided at a meeting of the Society for propagating the gospel in foreign parts at Belfast on Monday week.
     The Rev. Francis Studdert has resigned the living of Corofin to Lord Riversdale Lord Bishop of Killaloe.
     The Rev. Frederick Keating Craddock, A.B. Assistant Curate of Bray, county of Wicklow, was ordained a Priest on Sunday week, at Lisburn, by the Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore.

CHOLERA

     We are happy to have to state that, through the blessing of God, there has been no case of Cholera in this locality since last Saturday, and the medical officers have decided upon closing the hospital on Saturday next.
     We cannot close this subject without expressing our approbation of the kind and unremitting attention of the medical gentlemen whose services were engaged during the existence of the epidemic. So far as human skill could avail in staying the disease it was carefully employed and attended with a success not excelled in any other place.

ELECTION OF THE CORONER

     Monday being the day fixed for the nomination of candidates for the office of Coroner for this district, the Sub-sheriff, William Kearney, Esq., and the Assessor, Lewis O'Donnell, Esq., attended at the Court House. The preliminaries being gone through, Thomas Palmer, jun., Esq. was proposed by James V. Jackson, Esq. and seconded by Henry R. Crofton, Esq. as a fit and proper person to be put in nomination for the office of Coroner. Mr. Peter Nolan, of Moyne, was then proposed by the Rev. Bernard Egan, P.P., of Belmullet. A poll was consequently demanded and it being necessary a day should intervene between the nomination and polling, the Sub-sheriff will on this day proceed to take the votes of the electors.

THE ARMY
War Office, Sept. 25.

     6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards-Lieut. Thomas Mander from the 2d West India Regiment, to be Paymaster, vice Simon Fitzherbert Jackson, who retires upon half pay as Lieutenant, unattached.
     7th Dragoon Guards-John Joshua Nunn, Gent., to be Cornet by purchase, vice Smyth, promoted.
     1st Regiment of Foot-Acting Assistant Surgeon George William Peake, to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Barron promoted on the Staff.
     7th- Ensign the Hon. Cavendish Browne, from 85th Foot, to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Ruxton, who retires.
     8th- Ensign George Fuller Walker to be Lieutenant without purchase, vice Dowse, deceased; Ensign Frank M'Pherson, from 17th Foot to be Ensign, vice Walker.
     31st- Frederick Simes Attree, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Baldwin, promoted.
     41st- Hugh Rowlands, Gent, to be ensign, by purchase, vice Waters, promoted to 53d Foot.
     62d-Sergeant-Major Joseph Sanderson to be Ensign without purchase, vice Whitehead, appointed to 80th Foot.
     69d- Alexander Garden Shand, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Turner, who retires.
     72d- Acting Assistant-Surgeon Daniel John Doherty to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Hornblow, appointed to the staff.
     77th- Lieutenant John Nicholson, from the 3d West India Regiment, to be Lieutenant, vice Mostyn, who exchanges.
     91st- Assistant-Surgeon Francis Reid, M.D., from the Staff, to be Surgeon, vice Power deceased.
     3d West India Regiment- Lieutenant Robert Mostyn from 77th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Nicholson, who exchanges.
     Hospital Staff- Assistant Surgeon Luke Barron, M.D. from 1st Foot, to be Staff Surgeon of Second Class, vice Hardy, deceased; Assistant Surgeon George Hornblow, M.D., from 72d Foot, to be Assistant Surgeon to the Forces, vice Reid, promoted in the 91st Foot.

 

BIRTHS

     In Cork, the Lady of Quartermaster Blake, 12th Lancers, of a son.
     At Grange, the Lady of Hatton P Conron, Esq., of a son.
     The Lady of G. Clayton Cowell, Esq., Prospect House, Miltown, of a daughter.
     In Catherine Place, the Lady of the Rev. Richard Moore, of a son.

MARRIAGES.

     Mr. James O'Donnell, grocer of Galway, to Winifred, eldest daughter of Mr. Charles Clarke.
     At Bath, John Stanton, Esq., M.D., Clifton, to Jane, daughter of Wm. Burges, Esq., of Hacklestone Wilts.

DEATHS.

     At Clifden, Connemara, of fever, Mary Anne, wife of Geo. Gregory, Esq., C.F. and daughter of the late Major C.M. Graham.
     At Queenstown, Mary Jane, daughter of Thomas B. St. George, Esq.

FIRE AT THE BOHERBUOY AUXILIARY WORKHOUSE

     Between 11 and 12 o'clock on Friday night, it was discovered that the Boherbuoy auxiliary workhouse was on fire. The alarm having been given by St. Michael's Parish watch, a number of persons soon congregated in the vicinity of the burning premises, and the fire engines of the West of England, St. Michael's Parish, 74th Regt. and Royal Horse Artillery, were on the ground in quick time, but could not work for nearly an hour owing to want of water. The fire originated in the straw-house, under the infirmary, and the thick volumes of smoke which issued, nearly suffocated the inmates, who, to the number of eleven hundred, all escaped, having been promptly aroused from sleep in their dormitories, and removed to the open yards. The flames having spread with rapidity through the buildings in the rere, two spacious wings of the establishment were soon burned to the ground, with their contents, consisting of bedding , wearing apparel, &c.- Lieut. Col. Doyle, Colonel Cox, Lieut. Col. Fordyce, with fatigue parties of the 74th, 3d. Buffs, and Royal Horse Artillery, rendered essential service. John Crips, Esq., J.P. and Pierce G. Barron, Esq., R.M., and City Police, under Head Constable Daly, were also in attendance. In order to prevent the fire from extending to the front premises, a quantity of shedding was pulled down, and at four o'clock the flames were subdued. John Westropp, Esq., is the owner of the premises which were insured by the Guardians in the West of England office for 4000. The loss sustained will not exceed 200.

     Mr. Thomas Birmingham, J.P., suggests, "a cure for the carrying away of crops." All proprietors and agents should boldly declare that in no case will they permit a tenant, who fraudulently, on the Sabbath, (thus desecrating the Lord's day) shall cut and carry away crops while the rent is unpaid, to occupy a farm under them; and early next session an act should be passed, giving power to magistrates, upon viewing the permises, and being satisfied that the crops have been thus fraudulently carried off, to declare the forfeiture of the lease, if the rent be not paid in full in one month; in this way the landlord gets rid of dishonest tenants, and in this short process is saved and expensive ejectment-society gets rid of a fraudulent member, whilst by the other measure the honest improving tenant will be remunerated for his outlay on the termination of his lease.

     It appears that, during last summer 7,700 had been sent to the Ennis union, from the Treasurer, advances on credit of the Rate-in-aid fund, which sum had been allocated amongst the various electoral divisions.

    At the recent fair of Abbeyfaile, a man by the name of Roche was struck with a stone by a man named M'Auliffe, which killed him immediately.

     At Birr session, several persons were convicted in penalties of 3 and 5 for breach of the fishery laws.

    By the return, up to the 31st August, by the Chief Agent of Emigration, 10,192 had arrived in Quebec more in 1849 than in 1848; the numbers being 34,000 against 23,908.

    The Queen Dowager has forwarded a donation of 200 to the Association for Promoting the Relief of Destitution in the metropolis, to be applied towards the relief of the widows of those who died of cholera.

     Where Next?-The furniture and other necessaries belonging to the Castlebar workhouses, are under seizure for a debt due to Mr. Quin, the milk contractor. It is said that such is the bankrupt state of the union that a compromise cannot be effected. The "hammer," therefore is the alternative.

     Constable Magolrik, for some time stationed at Belmullet, has succeeded in arresting a notorious character named Keane, who stands charged with having committed a felonious assault on a little girl eleven or twelve years old.

     MAYO PRISON- There are 345 prisoners at present confined in this establishment.

     SLIGO UNION- Number of persons relieved in the workhouse, 1580; number receiving outdoor relief, 1138.

ROSCREA PETTY SESSIONS
PADDY RYAN & THE POOR RATE COLLECTOR
(Before George Fitzmaurice, R.N. and Sanford Palmer, Esqrs.)

     Paddy Ryan was summoned by Newhouse Davis, a poor rate collector, for rescuing and removing a quantity of wheat, seized by him for 8 poor rates.
     Mr. John Smyth, sen., appeared for the accused.
     Tom Hickey being sworn stated as follows:- I was put, your honours, as keeper over a quantity of wheat, seized by me for poor rates, due by Paudeen Ryan, the boy in the dock, whin in the dead of night, as I sot by the fore, dhrawing the last blast out of my dhudeen, I heard a nise, and afore I could say Jack Robinson, eight or tin divils stuck in me and carried me clane into the yard. (Laughter). I thin made parley, and bid them beware how they offended a Queen's man, Never fear said them all, we have too much respect for her name to do you any harm. Well, two of the gang wint into the house, where Paudheen Ryan was snug in bed, and if he was, hey made him get up and driss himself, and then brought him out and handcuffed him to myself, like the polls. So we were kept there for four long hours, with the plovers and philibeens flying about us, until all the corn was gone, and that's the whole of the matter from the peginning to the end.
     Court- Do you know any of the persons?
     Tom- Divil a mother's son iv em baring Paudeen, wid whom I was in a state of conflagration.- (laughter).
     Court.- It was a nice trick, Paddy, to keep yourself out of the scrape.
     Paddy- Is it me, your honours? Ax Tommy Hickey there. I call on him to witness how the villins treated me; on' sure he is an honest man, an a Queen's man moreover. Long life to her blessed Majesty and the young Earl of Dublin- (laughter) Eh, Tom avic, ain't it thrue?
     Court- Did you know any of those villains, as you call them?
     Paddy.- Sorra one, how could I in the dark? Twas thinking of something ilse, not knowing that every minit would be my last-dhrowned perhaps in a boghole, and a big stone tied round my neck, an my poor children left fatherless on the wide world.
     Court.- Ah, me! poor fellow! What a wonderful escape you had Mr. Paddy Ryan.
     Paddy - Why thin, you would say so, your honour, if you only knew the half iv it. Its no joke, and Tommy knows it. Ax him.
     Tom.- Let me alone (laughter).
     Court.- It was an ingenious trick, but we would recommend you, Paddy, to settle the matter by this day week. These shifts won't do to evade paying your poor rates.
     Paddy- Forty years' look and a half to your honours.


    

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, Oct 10, 1849

     THE CROPS- The great bulk of the cereal crops of this district are now safe in the farm yards and may be considered as above an average. The potato blight is not increasing so rapidly as was feared. Some fields have suffered immensely while others are altogether safe or but partially blighted. It is hoped from the sound and firm state of the potatoes, especially those planed early, the disease will not extend itself much father. If so there will still be a very plentiful supply.

     ELECTION OF CORONER- At the close of the poll on Thursday, Mr. Peter Nolan was declared duly elected Coroner for the district by a majority of eight votes, the number of votes for each candidate being:
          For Mr. Nolan ...............21
          Mr. Palmer ....................13

     POOR LAWS- The ex-officio Guardians are now acting in the new unions formerly included in this. Colonel Gore has been elected chairman of the Dromore West board, and Robert Kirkwood, Esq. chairman of the Killala board.

    HENRY BRETT, Esq., C.E.- The promotion of this gentleman to a more lucrative post will be hailed by the majority of the people of this county with much pleasure. Mr. Brett has been selected by his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant to succeed Henry Owen, Esq. as county surveyor for the county and city of Waterford, at a salary of 500 a year.--Mayo Constitution.

     On Saturday morning last, from information received from Sub-Constable Duncan, he proceeded to the quay and entered an old boat on the river, and after some short search he found rolled up in an old fore sheet four pike handles, which he took away. The boat is the property of the Messrs. Pim and had been lying by for some time. Duncan had the Messrs. Pim's permission to make the aforesaid search.--Tipperary Free Press.

     Walter Linn, an Irishman, was murdered at Reston, Berwickshire, last week. Wm. M'Quea, his countryman, has been arrested on suspicion.

     Colonel Chatterton, late 4th or Royal Irish Dragoon Guards, has declared himself a candidate for the City Cork representation.

     The potato crop in the west of County Clare is abundant, though not entirely free from disease.
     The potato blight has manifested itself on the crops in Canada.

     His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant has thought proper, in compliance with the clamours of the Radical press in London, and of the "Loyal" Repealers in Ireland, to remove the name of the Earl of Roden from the Commission of the Peace for the counties of Down and Louth, and to deprive Messrs. Francis and William Beers of the like office in the former county.--Evening Mail.

DIED.

     In Castlebar, on the 7th inst., Edward Malley, Esq. Solicitor at the early age of 36 years.

 

IRISH ELECTIONS IN THE OLDEN TIME- A TREATING BILL.

     I will now deliver a veritable 'treating bill,' furnished at an Irish election, not a great number of years ago, to an Irish baronet since dead; a gentleman whose most respectable and excellent successor is now in the house, a living witness, if necessary, of the authenticity of this valuable document:-
     "My Bill  Bryan Garity  x his mark
"To ating (eating) 16 freeholders above stairs for Sir Marks, at three shillings and thrupence a head is to me  ............................................ 2 12 0
"To ating 16 more (!) below stairs, and two priests after supper - is to me.........................   2 15 0
"To six beds in one room, and four in another, at two guineas every bed; and not more than four in any one bed at any one time; cheap enough, the Lord knows ! is to me........................   22 15 0
"To 18 horses and five mewles (mules,) at thirteen pence every one of them; and for a man which was lost (!) on the head of watching them all night, is to me..............................................    5 5 0
" For breakfast on tay, in the morning, for everyone of them [horses and mewles too, it is to be hoped,] and as many more as they brought, as near as I can guess, is to me...............    4 12 0
"To raw whiskey and punch, without talking of pipes and tobacco as well as the porter; and as well as for breaking the potato-pot and other glasses (!) and delft, for the firs day and night I am not very sure [conscientious fellow!] it  is in all or thereabouts, as near as I can guess, and not to be too particular, it is to me, at the least.... 79 15 0
"' Sir Marks', whoever he was, cannot have resisted payment of this last item at any rate, after so many careful reservations put around to make it safe. But we have not by any means got to the end of this account:-
"For shaving & cropping of the heads (!) of 49 freeholders for Sir Marks [not stated, by the way, whether for dinner or supper,] at thirteen pence every one of them, by my brother, who has a wote [ a vote], is to me..............................   2 13 1
" For a womit [ w in place of v] and nurse for poor Tom Keirnan in the middle of the night, when he was not expected [i.e. not expected to live,] is to me ten hog [Anglice].......................... 0 10 10
         "Signed in the place of Jemmy Carr's wife (!)
                           his
            BRYAN  x  GARITY
                         mark.
          "Sum of the total,
[otherwise "tottle of the null."]
 110 18 7
"You may say 111, so please your honour, Sir Marks, send me this eleven hundred pounds (!!!) by Bryan himself." [it would have been a pity not after his drawing up such a bill for Jemmy Carr's wife] "send it to me by Bryan himself, who and I pray for your success always in T_______, and no more at present!"
     "Note- I don't talk of the piper, or for keeping him sober as long as he was so [another most prudent reservation] this is to me 0 0 0!"--John O'Connell's Parliamentary Recollections.

BALLINASLOE FAIR

     The quantity of sheep which usually poured in from Roscommon and Mayo is greatly limited this year-in fact, with the exception of Mr. Robert Fair's lots, not 100 came from Mayo. This may be a sign of the times. The demand was brisk  when selling commenced, the lots rapidly changed hands, and at figures though somewhat under last year's prices, yet, on the whole, considering the state of the country, not below par. The demand to-day (Thursday) was not for the heaviest description of wedders and this may be a token that some of the long headed men intend to lean quietly on their oars for a while, as the turnip crop and the meadows, perhaps never before returned a larger produce. . They have not measured the fat, but they are dependant on their own skill for the ensuing markets. This is a new one in market statistics. There are a great many dropped heads who calculated on this fair to right their bank account; but many of them have already found that "navigation" will not always be a sure chart-amongst land lubbers especially. The bill trade is gone, those who heretofore on a name claimed the bank's countenance, may now turn the "other cheek," but if the hard metal is not present will get slapped. Nothing will now do but the ready down, and this in itself may give a turn to business-a healthy one, no doubt, but the beetle when money gives the colour, should not be discarded.
     The chief demand was for breeding ewes, which are now sought to supply the garden plots, and homesteads (where they were) of the evicted. The average figures for ewes was, 32s. 6d. to 34s.; but some lots were as high as 40s. to two guineas.
     Mr. Persse, of Moyode Castle, sold a lot of barren ewes, 400 at 34s.; he had no less than 1800 on the green. His top lot of wedders were sold to Mr. Alexander Graydon, at 50s. His second lot, to the same gentleman, was 46s. 6d.; and his third lot changed hands at 39s. 6d. the highest prices obtained for to-day. The demand for wedders was very trifling.
     Mr. R. Taffe top lot wedders 47s. 6d. Mr. Balfe's 49s. Mr. Walter M'Donough's wedders 38s. 40s. may be reckoned as the average of the fair.
     Mr. John Ryan, Kilnahonn, for a lot of 200 ewes got 40s. 6d. Mr. W. M'Donough top lot, two-year-old wethers, 32s. To-morrow does not promise to be better, and you will find that, unless in a very particular lot, the prices will not be higher. The late fairs of Moate and Trim were both slack, but people always expect wonders to turn up at Ballinasloe.
     The return has not yet come; but the sheep are so late in coming out-another bad sign- that I fear we will not get the return this evening. I have kept this letter open till the latest moment.-- Saunders.

 

THE STREETS OF BALLINA

     On this subject the editor of the Sligo Guardian, being an eye witness, could not, as on other subjects connected with this locality over which he stumbled, have made any mistake. The streets of this town are in a very filthy state at present we must confess, and we have frequently taken much trouble to have them cleansed, but, generally speaking, to no purpose. If we refer it to the guardians of the union as their duty we are met with the reply that they have no power to employ any of the able-bodied paupers at this work. If we blame the magistrates we obtain no encouragement there; and if we appeal to the respectable inhabitants they get outrageous and say they should have even that trifling benefit out of the immense sums of money paid for the support in idleness of the able-bodied poor. So that on all hands our efforts are paralized. Altogether it is a disgrace that such a state of things should be permitted even for a day, and the poor law officials, Guardians or Commissioners-Magistrates, and inhabitants, are all to blame.

THE ARMY
War-office, October 2

     4th Regiment of Dragoon-Guards-Cornet John MacDonnell Webb to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Richardson, who retires, Oct. 2
     6th Dragoon Guards-Cornet Francis Richard Hawker to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Brocas, who retires, Oct. 2.
     9th Light Dragoons- Cornet Frederick Ellis to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Atkinson, who retires Oct. 2.
     11th Light Dragoons-Cornet Eyre Coote to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Boynton, who retires, Oct. 2.
     18th Regiment of Foot-Lieutenant Colonel Charles James Coote, from the 69th Foot, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, vice Dillon, who exchanges Oct. 2.
     29th- Lieutenant Carey Handfield to be Captain, without purchase, vice Fraser, deceased; Ensign G. Augustus Ferris to be Lieutenant, vice Handfield, April 30.
     31st- Captain James Croft Brooke to be Major, by purchase, vice Munro, who retires; Lieutenant Edward Andrew Noel to be Captain, by purchase, vice Brooke; Ensign Amyratt Ernie Brown to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Noel; Lieutenant Thomas Searman to be Adjutant, vice Bolton, promoted in the St. Helena Regiment, Oct. 2.
     46- Ensign Dacre Ives Barrett Lennard to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Noel; Lieutenant Thomas Searman to be Adjutant, vice Bolton, promoted in the St. Helena Regiment, Oct. 2.
     59th- Quartermaster-Sergeant Adam McBride to be Quartermaster, vice Macdonald, deceased, Oct. 8.
     65th-Ensign Francis Beaumaris Bulkeley from the 1st Foot to be Ensign vice Radley, whose appointment has been cancelled, Oct. 2.
     69th- Lieutenant-Colonel Francis William Dillon, from the 18th Foot, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, vice Cooke, who exchanges, Oct. 2.
     73d- Brevet-Major George Hankey Smith to be Major without purchase, vice Brown, July 20; Captain Thomas Prior from half-pay, unattached to be Captain, vice Smith, Oct. 2.
     2d West India Regiment- Brevet-Major Wm. Shaw to be Major without purchase, vice Clarke, deceased, July 17; Ensign Richard Plunket Ireland to be Capt., vice Shaw; Ensign Wm. Henry Walsh to be Lieutenant, vice Ireland, Oct. 2.
     Ceylon Rifle Regiment- Second-Lieutenant Charles Cliffe to be First Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Pearson, who retires, Oct. 2.
     Unattached- Brevet-Major John Thorne Weyland, from the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment, to be Major, without purchase, Oct. 2.
     Brevet-Captain Frederick Thomas Maitland, on half-pay Royal Staff Corps. (Town Major of Portsmouth,) to be Major in the Army, Nov. 9, 1846.
     Memorandum- The names of Ensign in the 38th Foot (March 23, 1849) are Frederick Beswick and not Frederick Bailey as previously stated. The Christian names of Ensign Lance, of the 98th Foot are William Henry Joseph.

AWFUL MURDER IN THE QUEEN'S COUNTY

     TOLERTON, SUNDAY EVENING- I have just attended an inquest in a case of murder, compared to which in atrocity that of  the Mannings sink into the shade. The murdered in the present instance was husband, the murderess, wife. She has not only been presumed guilty by a coroner's jury, but has fully confessed to her participation in the terrible tragedy. In order to give the foul transaction in the smallest space, I condense the evidence.
     Catherine Thompson, an interesting peasant girl was wedded sometime ago to a person in her own class of life, named Patrick Moore. The marriage was not a happy one; the wife's prettiness had won her many admirers; and the result was, that a casual separation took place; the husband went to live with a relative of his, named Brennan, while the wife remained with her mother, at Tulla, in the Ballickmoyler district. Moore left for America, but on reaching Liverpool, he could not divest himself sufficiently of his feelings for home to prosecute his voyage; so he returned. On Sunday, the 2d of September, Catherine Moore sent out a young woman named Julia King over to Brennan's to her husband with a message, the substance of which was that she wished to see him  on that evening. He came punctual to the assignation. Between ten and eleven o'clock on that night he was seen by two men leaning against a ditch, at the back of his mother-in-law's house in company with his wife. After this night he was not seen or heard of in the neighborhood; he did not return to Brennan's; but a rumour was set afloat that he had left for America; and the following Sunday Mrs. Moore left Tulla for the ostensible purpose of joining him in Liverpool, in order that they might proceed together to New York. After she left, vague reports were circulated through the village, the people surmised strange things, and asked why the wife did not accompany her husband. These indications of the feelings of the neighborhood having reached H.B. Warburton, Esq., the Sub-Inspector, at Ballickmoyler, that gentleman immediately made particular inquiry into the matter and had the several coal pits in the district dragged but without any successful result.- While he was thus engaged a letter reached from a brother of Mrs. Moore, who resides at Dundalk. It purported that the writer had seen his sister and her husband off from Dublin on their way to America; that they were in good health and seemed perfectly reconciled to each other. This removed any lingering suspicion which remained on the mind of the intelligent sub-inspector. Thus matters remained until word was brought him, on Wednesday evening, that the body of a man, or something like it, was seen in a hole in the centre of the lonely bog of Rossmore, and the dogs had been devouring portions of it. He forthwith proceeded to the place pointed out, on Wednesday night; and in the middle of the lonely and wild bog of Rossmore, he perceived, by the glimpse of the moon, a mangled arm protruding from the depths of the bog-side. A stick was procured, the body was stirred, when a most revolting spectacle presented itself. A human head started out of the water; the nose and one of the cheeks had been cut off, the eyes were gone, and the face was otherwise fearfully mutilated. On examination the limbs were found to be very much mangled, and the body in a state of putrescence and decomposition.
     To remove these hedious remains of mortality was a matter impracticable at that hour of the night with the assistance Mr. Warburton had; so he left his companion to keep watch while he drove off to Tulla, which was seven miles distant, it having struck him that the mutilated body in the bog must have been that of the missing Patrick Moore. When he reached Moore's mother-in-law's house, he made fresh inquiry as to where Mrs. Moore and her husband were; the confusion and prevarication that ensued confirmed him in his idea of  there being foul play. He then secured the attendance of a person who knew Patk. Moore, and could identify the body, if it was his. On returning to Rossmore bog with this man and a reinforcement of police, they raised the body out of the hole; while doing so, it fell into piece meal, and the loathsome members had to be placed in bags. The remains were immediately identified. On being removed towards Tulla, it was met by a procession of colliers, who placed the fragments of the body in a coffin, and bore it onward with marks of deep sorrow for their murdered comrade.
     I omitted to mention that in the morning, a sub-inspector had placed the mother-in-law, brother-in-law and sister-in-law of the deceased man under arrest. A jury having been collected, the body was viewed by them, and after a minute examination by Dr Samuel Edge, it was consigned to mother earth.
     The assistance of the coroner, Thomas Budds, Esq., could not be procured until to-day (Saturday) his duties in Mountmellick and elsewhere having precluded his attendance at Tolerton sooner. The jury having been sworn, held the inquest at Grave's public-house. Several witnesses were examined, and from them were elicited the facts just stated. The most remarkable part of this dark tragedy remains to be told. Never was the mysterious ways of Providence made more manifest in bring retribution home to the heartless murderer in this case. On the morning of the inquest who should return from Liverpool than Catherine Moore; she had come home with a pitiful tale of how her unnatural and brutal husband had deserted her on the quay of Liverpool, leaving her a lonely and unfortunate woman to beg her way home. Her astonishment-her horror, on hearing of the discovery of the mutilated remains of her husband, operated so strongly on her feelings, that she confessed her guilt, and all the appalling circumstances connected with it. It seems Moore's brains were beaten out on the night he was last seen with his wife; and that on the next day this wretched woman and her mother dislocated the limbs, so as that they may be fitted on an ass's car-being concealed by straw, they then proceeded to Rossmore bog, which was seven miles distant, and in the loneliest part of that lonely place they flung their gore-clotted burden into an unclean hole.
     The jury, after some brief deliberations, found a verdict of wilful murder against Catherine Moore and Bridget Thompson, mother and daughter.
     Mr. Budds drew up a committal for them accordingly, and they are to be transmitted to the county jail at Maryborough, there to await for trial until next spring assizes. The principal evidence against these wretched women will be supplied by two persons connected with them by the closest ties of sanguinity.
     In closing this report, so illustrative of how far truth may be stranger even than fiction, it is but justice towards the sub-inspector, Mr. Warburton, to remark that his exertions in pursuing this horrible tragedy through all its dark details, deserve the highest commendation. On expressing our astonishment at the coincidence of the women, after an absence of nearly four weeks returning to the very spot where 12 men were holding an inquest on the putrid remains of the man whom she had murdered, we were informed that Mr. Warburton, not being able to discharge from his mind the impression of Moore's murder, wrote to the man with whom he had stopped during the previous trip to Liverpool, and who had been a friend of his, to ask if he and his wife had arrived safe? and inquiring if he was aware of their getting off to America as the neighbors were anxious to hear of their welfare. Mrs. Moore happened to be at the time and inmate of this very lodging-house at Liverpool; the man read the letter for her. She expressed her uneasiness and said she should return home, as something must have happened to poor Pat. She accordingly left Liverpool for Tolerton and reached at the very crisis when her presence was necessary for the fulfilment of the ends of justice.--Leinster Express.
    
    

 

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, Oct 17, 1849

PAUPER EMIGRATION

     LOUGHREA POOR LAW UNION- In a few days 25 young women, who are at present inmates of the workhouse of Loughrea, will proceed to Portsmouth on their way to Sydney. They will be dressed most comfortably and are qualified to earn their own livelihood. The Loughrea workhouse is one of the very best in Ireland- the cleanliness, ventilation, and all the other internal arrangements of the building would, not be surpassed. The boys and girls receive instruction daily in neat commodious school-rooms and many of the former are taught the trades of the tailor and shoemaker and the work made by their hands supplies the inmates with shoes and clothes. No idleness is permitted in the workhouse; every one is usefully employed. The managers of the establishment are not a board of guardians, but two vice-guardians, and no similar institution with which we are familiar can more justly lay claim to praise for the manner in which it is conducted.

     ARMAGH UNION- The twenty-nine female paupers left the workhouse yesterday for Dublin, preparatory to their embarkation for Australia. They looked healthy, smart and comfortable.- On parting from their companions many of them cried. To most of the poor creatures the workhouse was the only home they ever knew; and such is the force of association and habits, that even on that asylum, so repulsive to many, they cast, when leaving, a longing, lingering look behind.--Newry Telegraph.

KING'S COUNTY - SANGUINARY CONFLICT
From the Reporter of the Leinster Express

     KILLOUGHY, SUNDAY EVENING, OCT 14- A melancholy spectacle greeted my arrival here to-day- one policeman lying dead, two mortally wounded, and two more suffering severely from gun shot wounds. The cause of this sacrifice of human life is owing to the interference of the constabulary to prevent the removal of crops and cattle by a defaulting tenant. The following is a hurried outline of the tragedy:-
     On last night about eleven o'clock, Constable Hall, of the Killoughy joint station, King's County, received private information that a party of men had passed the cross roads in the direction of Clonaslee. In a short time after, his attention was attracted by the passing of a number of cars, on the same road, followed by between 15 and 20 men who appeared to be armed.- This display induced him to send to the Mountbolus station for assistance; and he was accordingly joined by a reinforcement of a constable and five policemen. Between the hours of two and three o'clock this morning, the tramp of an approaching party, accompanied by horses and cars, was heard, this induced Constable Hall to range his small force, leaving six on one side of the barrack, and keeping his own four men in front with himself. The advancing body was now nearly on a line with the barrack, driving on foot about fifteen head of cattle, when the constable called out to the leaders to halt. Upon this, the man that seemed to direct the movements of the party, who was John Keyes of Capparogan near Clonslee, stepped forward and said, "Constable Hall, don't you know me? I am but removing my crops and cattle, which are not under seizure." The Constable, in reply, stated that the transaction seemed very suspicious, and said he was determined, at least, to take down the names of the parties implicated in the movement before he would let them pass. Keyes again expostulated; but the constable evinced a stern determination of carrying out his purpose, when the former exclaimed, "armed men to the front." There was an answering motion, which was immediately succeeded by a volley of fire arms, causing the death of Sub-Constable Patrick Mortimer-inflicting mortal wounds on two others of the party; seriously injuring Constable Balfour, of Mountbolus, on the right hip, also perforating his pouch box with several slugs, and depriving Constable Hall of three fingers of his left hand. Four shots were immediately returned by the police and it is supposed with deadly effect. One of them was discharged by Constable Gleeson, though he had his thigh broken in two places. After the exchange of shots, the assailing party passed off with great rapidity from the scene of bloodshed. It is said that  the party consisted of between 100 and 150, and that one third of them were armed.

APPALLING MURDER- KING'S COUNTY
CHARLES CAGE, ESQ., AGENT TO SIR GORE BOOTH  SHOT DEAD!

(From a Correspondent of the Mayo Constitution.)

     Sunday, October 14, 1849 - This morning as this unfortunate gentleman was riding to prayers on one of the tenants' horses, he was shot dead on the road coming out of Creggan townland, a little above the bridge which divides Ferbane townland and Curraghdown. He fell dead off his horse, and was completely riddled from under his ear down to the lowest rib, on the left side. There were two shots fired at him both at the same instant. It is supposed three men were engaged in the dreadful affair; they were behind the ditch on Ferbace or Corr side, a place well selected for such a villainous deed. There was a countryman chatting him along at the time, and he fell completely over on the man, who being on his right side, received no injury. It is an awful sight. I was out and saw the poor fellow lying on the road just as he fell. His neckerchief was blown into bits, and some of it got in Royston's field on the opposite side.
     As yet (4 o'clock p.m.) no clue to the murderer.- The police are all out. The fellows fled in the direction of Corr or Ballinahown.
     Escape of Mr. Cage was impossible, as he could not have been more than five yards from the muzzles of their deadly weapons; and the villains were so completely concealed behind the hedge escape was impossible. We are all excitement here.

THE ARMY
War-Office, Oct. 12.

     19th Foot-Lieut. C.K. Skete to be Captain by purchase, vice Brevet Major Burns, who retires; Ensign F.C. Ashworth to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Skete.
     24th- Quartermaster Sergt T. Madden to be Quartermaster, vice Price, deceased.
     36th- Capt. H. Lecky, from the 90th Foot, to be Captain, vice Barnston, who exchanges.
     40th-Brevet Major G.E. Aylmer, from the 93d Foot to be Captain, vice M'Gowan, who exchanges.
     44th-Lieut. W. Hammer to be Captain, by purchase, vice Owen, who retires; Ensign G. White to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Hammer.
     56th- Ensign M. Conran to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Ward, who retires.
     60th- Brevet Lieutenant Colonel H.D. Maclean, from half-pay unattached to be Major, vice Temple, who exchanges; Capt. W.F. Bedford to be Major by purchase, vice Maclean who retires; Lieut. G.W. Bligh to be Captain, by purchase, vice Bedford; Second Lieut. R.W. Brooke to be First Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Bligh.
     61st- Captain W.H. Vicars to be Major, without purchase, vice Stephens, deceased; Lieutenant W.E. Deacon to be Captain, without purchase, vice Vicars; Ensign J.H. Lukis from the 3d Foot, to be Lieutenant without purchase, vice Deacon; Ensign T.E. Gordon, from the 4th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Porks, deceased.
     79th- Ensign J. Webster to Lieut by purchase, vice Robertson, who retires.
     83d- Lieutenant T. Spring to be Captain, without purchase, vice the Hon. W. Gage, deceased; Ensign E. Murant, from the 46th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Hall.
     96th-Capt. R. Barnston, from the 36th Foot, to be Capt. vice Lecky, who exchanges.
     93d- Capt. J.A. MacGowan, from the 10th Foot, to be Capt. vice Aylmer, who exchanges.
     Brevet-Captain T. Prior of the 73d Foot to be Major in the Army.
    

 

COMMISSION OF LUNACY

     On Friday an inquiry was made by Mr. Close and Mr. Beatty into the state of mind of Charles Kirkwood, Esq. of Bartra. Mr. Martley, Q.C., appeared on behalf of Mrs. Kirkwood to ascertain whether the supposed lunatic was of unsound mind, and at what time he became insane. After the examination of witnesses jury returned a verdict that Mr. Kirkwood was of unsound mind, and has been so since the 15th of April. It appeared on the examination that Mr. Kirkwood's real estate amounted to 320 a-year, his chattel property was 540, and the value of his railway shares was 10,138. Mrs. Kirkwood desirous to avoid publicity, caused him to be placed in the asylum at Finglas.

COUNTY SURVEYORSHIP

     Henry Brewster, Esq., of Carlow, has been appointed by his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant to the Surveyorship of this county, vacant by the removal to Waterford of Henry Brett, Esq.

STATE OF THE HOUSE- Saturday 13, 1849

Remaining on last Saturday night.................. 2402
Admitted during the week...................80
Born..................................................  4
                                                                    2486
Discharged.......................................155
Died.................................................    4        159
Remaining on Saturday 13th October.........   2327

HILLSBOROUGH DISCUSSION

     The terms of the discussion between the Revs. Messrs. Hodson and Dill upon the important question, whether Protestants do or do not compromise Protestant and Scriptural principle in accepting aid from the National Board of Education, have been at length definitely settled and the time, place, and mode of conducting it agreed upon. We wish merely to call attention to the fact, the subject being one of vital importance to our religious community, and fully justifying the great interest it has excited. And we cannot refrain from expressing our confident conviction that, this being so, the clergymen about to engage in its discussion will carry it on in a calm and dispassionate manner, and without acrimony, seeking only to elicit truth and establish sound principles.--Belfast News-Letter.

     A large portion of furniture, ordered for Dublin Castle from French houses in London, was actually made at the establishment of Messrs. Fletcher of Cork. What could be more illustrative of the capability of Irish workmen, and the value of a name?

     THE TRACY PEERAGE- A new candidate for this peerage has made his appearance in the person of Lieut. Benjamin Wheatley Tracy, R.N. It appears that the life of the defeated claimant, who lately died, was insured for 14,000 which sum has gone toward the liquidation of the costs incurred in prosecuting his suit. The estates attached to the ancient Irish peerage of Tracy are worth 40,000 per annum. The property is principally situate in Gloucestershire.

     The late Dr. O'Brien, P.P. of Slane, county of Meath, it is now ascertained, died worth upwards of 100,000.

     Bishop Higgins, of Ardagh, promises Mr. John O'Connell the aid of his clergy to revive the old repeal association.

     The Midland Great Western Railway Company have under consideration a Railway from Limerick to Killaloe, to facilitate the navigation of the Shannon to Athlone, in connection with the extension Railway to Galway.

     Several privates of the 44th and 58th at Malta, have been tried by court-martial for burglary, robberies, drunkenness, and insubordination and sentenced to corporal punishment with confinement.

     On Lord Portarlington's Irish estates there are debts to the amount of six hundred thousand pounds, and the rent roll is thirty thousand per annum The noble Earl, however, has a large English estate without encumbrance from his maternal ancestors.

     An English capitalist has visited Tipperary, to take land for the purpose of cultivating chicory. He requires several hundred acres of the richest soil, contiguous to a railway or river, as he will export the produce to the English markets. Chicory root is now largely used in the preparation of coffee.

     The cost of a healthy pauper in the Killarney workhouse is now so low as 41d. per week.

BIRTH

October 8, at Gloucester-street, Dublin, the Lady of Sidney V. Jackson, Esq. of a son.

SALE OF
STOCK CROP
AND
FARMING IMPLEMENTS
AT CARRAMORE,

Near Ballina on the Castlebar side,
At Twelve o'Clock on TUESDAY, 23d October, Consequent on the demise of the late
COLONEL VAUGHAN JACKSON.

     The Subscriber is favoured with instructions to SELL UNRESERVEDLY, as above, the following Chattel Property:- 7 Dairy Cows, 25 Heifers, one to three years old, 20 Breeding Ewes, 2 Rams, 4 Farm Horses, 2 Saddle Horses, 7 Carts and Harness, 5 Ploughs, 5 Harrows and Mounting, Sheep Rack, 1 Roller, 30 Acres Swedish and Aberdeen Turnips, nearly 3 Acres of Carrots, Parsnips and Mangel Wurzel, about 25 to 30 Tons of Wheat in stack, 19 Stacks of Oats and Barley, large rick of Hay, 30 Cocks do, 1 rick of Straw, Gig, Tax Cart, Inside and Outside Cars, one set of Carriage Harness, Saddles, Bridles, Horse Clothing, &c., &c., together with several other articles too numerous to mention.
     Terms-Approved Bills at two months for any Sum over 20.
                  JAMES GANLY, Auctioneer.
                  Usher's-Quay, Dublin and Longford.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~

SALE GOING ON
COUNTY OF SLIGO
AUCTION AT KILLANLEY GLEBE,

Three Miles form Ballina, on the Sligo Road,
On WEDNESDAY, 17th of OCTOBER, 1849 AND FOLLOWING DAYS.

     THE SUBSCIBER is favoured with instructions from the Representatives of the late Rev. Mr. BURROWES to Sell, as above, the entire Chattel Property, viz.-

FURNITURE.

     PARLOUR- A set of Mahogany Dining Tables and Chairs, Bookcases and Books, Secretary, Gardevines, Sideboard, Carpets and Hearthrugs, Curtains, Maps, Fire Irons and Fenders; a few dozen red and white Wine, of prime quality.
     DRAWING ROOM- Carpets, Rug, Curtains, two Sofas, Arm Chairs, Tables, Chairs, Bookcases and Books, Work Tables, Window Seats, Fender and Fire Irons, Music-stand and Books; two Palmer's Candle Lamps complete; Dinner Breakfast, Tea and Desert [sic] Services; Bronze Tea Urn.
    
Six Bedrooms fully furnished. Excellent Feather Beds, Mattresses, Palliasses, Looking Glasses, Linen Presses, Household Linen, Blankets, Quilts, &c.

IN THE YARD

     2 Jaunting Cars and Harness, a Bath Chair, Donkey Harness, a Side-Saddle and Bridle, 2 Saddles and Bridles, 3 Sets of Cart-harness, 4 Carts and Cribs, 1 Roller, Lime Screen, Sand Screen and Riddle, Carpenters' Grind Stone, 2 Iron Ploughs and Traces, 1 Double harrow, Beam, Scales and Weights, 9 Hay and dung forks, 7 Ladders, Crowbars and Pickaxe, Oat-bin, Feeding troughs, Three Milch Cows, 2 Heifers and 2 Calves, 34 Sheep and Lambs, a fat Cow, an excellent Jaunting-car Horse, 2 Work Horses and one Poney.
     3 Acres of Wheat, 4 Acres of Oats, two and a quarter acres of Turnips, half acre Mangles, 11 acres of Hay, Nine Hundred of Good Turf, 20 Ton of Old Hay, a quantity of seasoned Ash Timber, 4 Ton of Culm Coal, a small Handmill for Wheat, a 4 Oared Boat, a quantity of Prime Fleece Wool. Also the Garden Implements ,and a fine collection of Green House Plants.
    
A large quantity of Glass, cut and plain, Brass tea Kettles, Heater and Stand, Eight-day Clock, Telescope, &c.
     Terms-Cash, and Purchasers to pay 5 per cent Auction Fees.
                     JAMES GANLY, Auctioneer.
                     Usher's-Quay, Dublin and Longford.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

AUCTION
TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION
WITHOUT RESERVE,
On TUESDAY, the 23rd of OCTOBER,
IN KING'S-STREET, BALLINA
The Residence of
MR. ROBERT GIBSON,
His Stock in Trade,

     COMPRISING Oils and Colours of every description, Varnishes, Roman Cement and Plaster Paris, Painting and Whitewash Brushes; three Double Ladders and Buckets-also a large assortment of Room Paper, suited for Parlour, Dining-room and Hall of nice patterns.
     The above will be Sold in convenient Lots to suit purchasers.
     The Household Furniture will be Sold on the same day, consisting of Parlour and Drawing-room Chairs, Sofa, Mahogany Dinner Tables, Bed-steads, Curtains and Palliasses, Presses, Dressing Tables and Bason [sic] Stands, Fender and Fire Irons, Book Case, a nice Pier Glass and Chimney Ornaments. A large quantity of Delph and Glass suited for Housekeepers, Kitchen Utensils and about 100 Volumes of Books nicely bound, on various subjects, and many other things which would exceed the limits of an advertisement.
     Also on the following day, if not disposed, the interest in Two Houses situate in Knox's-street, adjoining Mr. Donovan's, occupied by two Solvent Tenants, yielding a profit rent of Twelve Pounds yearly; they are in good repair, there are three and a-half years of the lease unexpired, and two young lives, and quite unincumbered. The whole will be disposed of without reserve as the Proprietor is leaving the country.
     Terms-Cash the purchaser to pay Auction Fees.
                  HIGGINS & JONES, Auctioneers.
Ballina, Oct. 17th, 1849.
    

 

 

 

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, Oct 24, 1849

THE CHURCH

     The Rectory of Raymochy in the county Donegal is vacant by the promotion of the rev. James Byrne, F.T.C.D. to the College living of Cappagh, county Tyrone. The appointment rests with Trinity College.
     At the October entrance examination sixty-four students were admitted into Trinity College. The November public entrance will be held on Monday, November 5. Divinity lectures will commence on the 8th, catechetical on the 10th and Tutors' on the 12th Nov. Mr. Michael Roberts, F.T.C. has declined to accept the professorship in Galway College, to which he was nominated by government.
     It is the intention of the Lord Bishop of Derry to appoint an early day, to be observed throughout the diocese, as a day of humiliation and to implore the divine mercy "to stay the plague and grievous sickness which is abroad making many desolate."
     The following is the question under debate at Belfast by the Rev. Mr. Hodson (Established Church) "Does every Protestant Patron of a National School make a compromise of Protestant and Scriptural principle by accepting aid from the National Board of Education."
     The Rev. George Hare, garrison chaplain Dublin, has succeeded the late Rev. Dr. J. Connell as chaplain of the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham.

     MILITARY INQUIRY- An inquiry has been instituted at Armagh, in to the allegation that party tunes were played by the musicians belonging to a company of artillery which recently passed through that city on its way to Charlemont. It was proved that party tunes were played. The officer who was in charge of the company on the occasion is an Englishman, and it was sworn to he was unaware of the party interpretation given to the tunes played. The result of the inquiry is not yet known.

    The extensive estates of the Marquis of Sligo, in the west of Ireland, which are now mortgaged to one of the principal assurance companies of London, will come under the operation of the new act for the transfer of encumbered properties at the first sitting of the commissioner, the encumbrances having made arrangements for asking power to discharge the encumbrances by sale.--Liverpool Albion

     AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE- Some very interesting specimens of green crops, grown at Archer's-grove by Mr. James Cody, steward to George Reade, Esq., have been sent to our office, consisting of immense Swede turnips, which averaged 55 tons to the acre, enormous mangolds of various descriptions which produced seventy tons to the acre. These were accompanied by specimens of the finest potatoes which we have for a long time seen, being American apples, of which 105 barrels were the produce of two roods and twenty perches, Irish measure, thus averaging about 160 barrels to the acre.---Kilkenny Moderator.

     It is rumoured that Mrs. Butler (Fanny Kemble) is about to marry Theodore Sedgwick, Esq., of Stockbridge.

     Intimation has been given by Lord Grey to parties interested in emigration to the Cape of Good Hope that the plan of sending convicts to that colony has been withdrawn.

     ROAD CONTRACTS- Last week we called the attention of the contractor for the repairs of the Sligo road approaching this town; but it seems to no effect, the footway being now in the state we predicted, rendered impassible by the rain. A quantity of clay was laid on to fill up some unevenness without any broken stones or gravel being laid over it; the consequence is that a regular sink is formed, and must remain so during the winter unless the contractor completes his work in a proper manner, and we beg to call the attention of the County Surveyor to it.

     NEW ARRANGEMENTS FOR CARRYING THE MAIL BETWEEN STRANORLAR AND LETTERKENNY- Mr. O'Donovan of this town, proprietor of the Sligo and Derry Mail Coach, has started a car to run from Stranorlar to Letterkenny. The former of these places it leaves at half-past two o'clock, just after the arrival of the Sligo mail for Derry; and from Letterkenny it starts the following morning at a quarter before eight o'clock exactly, and then arrives at Stranorlar before the Sligo mail for Derry reaches that town. This arrangement will be advantageous to the public, as at present letters from Stranorlar to Letterkenny are delayed overnight in Strahane and in fact, all letters from Sligo to that town, and by return are delayed, also from Letterkenny to Stranorlar, Donegal, Ballyshannon, and Sligo. We hope the General Post Office will make arrangements for having letters, &c., transmitted to these places, by this conveyance-upon public grounds; and also, because Mr. O'Donovan is an enterprising gentleman and deserves to be supported.--Sligo Guardian.

     EXPORT OF CATTLE FROM BELFAST- The number of cattle shipped from this port since the 1st of September has far exceeded that of any former season. We would not be overstating the fact, if we set down the traffic in this article of export at treble its amount at any previous period. Every day large and numerous herds of beasts, chiefly store or "stock" cattle, are to be seen passing through our streets on their way to the steam-packet berths. They have, for the most part, been purchased in the county of Derry ,and in the lower part of the county of Antrim, by dealers, who are enabled to pick them up from the poorer farmers at a very low figure, the scarcity of money among that class, and the unfavourable prospects of the potato crop, inducing them to part with young stock they would otherwise have been but so glad to retain. Many of them were the property of persons emigrating at this late period of the season or proposing to do so next spring.-- Banner of Ulster.

THE CITY OF CORK ELECTION- A SCENE.

     The Southern Reporter of Tuesday contains a report of the proceedings at a meeting of the Lew ward, Cork, held on Monday, for the purpose of electing a "trustworthy representative" for the beautiful city, in room of the late Mr. D. Callaghan. The chair was taken by Alderman Dowdes, who briefly addressed the assemblage.
     Mr. Keneally here entered the meeting accompanied by some friends, when the people stood up-some cheering for M'Carthy, others for Murphy and others amusing themselves with catcall and uproar.
     The Chairman called for silence.
     Voices from the Galleries.- Turn them out-pitch into them- three cheers for M'Carthy and Repeal- (Loud and prolonged cheering, whistling and screaming.)
     The Chairman- I want you to determine-(Cries for M'Carthy-Kenealy-Murphy-and Repeal) If you do not keep silence-(Here a regular shindy was got up in the body of the building. Where one party attempted ,by force, to eject another. Nothing could equal the confusion that prevailed-whistling, screaming, cheering, groaning and hissing.)
     The Chairman.- Be silent now and let us proceed. When the resolutions are put it is for you to affirm or reject them.
     A Voice- Three cheers for Kenneally. (Great uproar and cries of "Put him out," "Throw him out.")
     Mr. O'Flynn was about to propose a resolution when a fight took place in the body of the building, and created the utmost confusion, which continued for several moments. At length, through the interference of Mr. J.F. Maguire, who addressed the meeting upon the disgraceful manner some persons present were conducting themselves, and called upon them as men for the sake of fair play to hear every person and then decide like rational beings, silence was restored.
     After a short period, Mr. Alex M'Carthy presented himself and addressed the electors. He was followed by Mr. J.F. Maguire, who spoke in his usual bold and independent fashion.
     Mr. Kenneally next addressed the meeting, referring at length to Mr. M'Carthy's speech by asking. - Is it possible that any true man could one day advocate the cause of Repeal and the next day dine with the Earl of Clarendon?- (Uproar, shouting and groaning.) I believe it to be utterly impossible that any man could be one day advocating the cause of his country and the next be hob-nob with Lord Clarendon, drinking his champagne and claret, purchased with the blood of his countrymen.  (Groans, shrieking and cheering.) When the Habeas Corpus Act was suspended, when the idea of freedom was but a delusion and a mockery, when bribes were given every day to every false and treacherous friend, when the illustrious patriots were juggled out of the country- am I to be told that that was the time for Mr M'Carthy to dine with Lord Clarendon?
     Mr. Fitzgerald- Mr. M'Carthy says it is not true.
     Mr. Kenneally- I am told here by somebody at my back that my assertion is not true.
     Mr. Fitzgerald-Mr. M'Carthy says it is not true. (Cries of "Calumny", "Is it true?" "Perjury" "Lies" "Go down" and groaning.)
     Mr. Alexander M'Carthy- I rise to order, Mr. Chairman- (Cries of hear, hear and "Down with Kenneally.)
     Mr. Kenneally-I'm in possession- (Cries of "turn him out. Pull him down." and great uproar.) Is that fair play? (Continued cries of "Turn him out, silence," groans and hissing.)
     Mr. Maguire-Allow Mr. M'Carthy to say one word (Hear and loud cheering.)
     Mr. P. Fitzgerald- Mr. Keneally denies it. He denies it. (Cheering and great confusion.)
     Mr. D. O'Flynn-Gross calumny. Its false. (Hear, cheers and hissing.)
     Mr. Kenneally again essayed to speak, but was not with groaning, hissing, and cries of "You wont be heard, sit down, take off the specs;" and counter cries of "Hear the Counsellor, go on, we'll defend you, and you must be heard.")
    Mr. Kenneally- "Will Mr. M'Carthy-(Cries of "Sit down, silence," and cheers for M'Carthy.") Will, I say, Mr. M'Carthy come forward (Continued interruption.) Now I will be heard. (Increased uproar which continued for several moments.) Will Mr. M'Carthy come forward and put his hand upon his heart like an honourable man and say it is not true that he had dined with Lord Clarendon? (Hear, hear and cheering.)
     Mr. M'Carthy- I rise to order. (Cries of "Come forward.")
     Mr. M'Carthy then stood on the table, and was received with most enthusiastic cheering. However, he was ultimately obliged to come to the front of the platform where he was greeted with great cheering. Silence being restored he said- He has (confusion) Mr. Kenneally has had the hardihood to assert to you that whilst prosecutions were going on against men connected with the popular party in Ireland I was dining with Lord Clarendon. (Hear, hear and cries of "He lies.") Now I will content myself by saying that it is simply an untruth. (Loud cheers, and cries of "Down with Kenneally") I have never but once--
     Mr. Kenneally-Listen to that. (Confusion and great uproar.)
     Mr. M'Carthy- I have never but once been in the society of Lord Clarendon. (Hear, hear and cries of "Ha,ha.")
     Mr. Kenneally- Do you hear that, free and independent electors of Cork? (Hear, cheering and groaning.)
     Mr. M'Carthy-And that was in the end of August, 1847, on the occasion of his brother, who was an intimate friend of mine---
     Mr. Kenneally- Hear that--"who was an intimate friend"-the brother of Mitchell's murderer. (Loud cheering and cries of "Groans for Clarendon," uproar and confusion.)
     A Voice-Three cheers for John Mitchell. (Enthusiastic cheering, which lasted for several moments, and again and again renewed.)
     Mr. M'Carthy proceeded- Lord Clarendon's brother who was an intimate friend of mine, having come over to Dublin, I-(Increased uproar, and cries of "The man who murdered Mitchell," "Mitchel's murderer.") He has put himself forward. (Cries for Kenneally.) Kenneally has put himself forward as the beau ideal of a patriot, having some extraordinary "divine mission." (Hear, hear and laughter.) To such a mission I do not pretend. (Hear.) But I pretend to this-that I never say anything that is not true. (Hear, hear, cheering.) Wherein he, notwithstanding his "divine mission" has stated that which is not true. (Loud cheering, and cries of "Out with Kenneally."
     Mr. Kenneally again presented himself to address the meeting, and after several attempts, was obliged to withdraw without being heard.
     Mr. M. O'Sullivan was then called to the chair, and the thanks of the meeting being given to Alderman Dowden, the meeting separated, cheering for Mr. M'Carthy and Repeal.
     Shortly after the commencement of the proceedings, a scene of the utmost turbulence occurred immediately within the entrance of the building, occasioned by the unruly and violent conduct of some men of the class known as "collar men and quay porter," who, it is appeared, endeavoured, by noises and assaults on an opposite party of their own description, to raise a disturbance and interrupt the proceedings. The riot at one period was so alarming-it being considered by many bystanders that the loss of life would be the result-that a body of police, under the command of Sub-Inspector Walker, was procured. The police remained in the vicinity of the place of meeting under arms, until the assemblage dispersed.

 

     PERSECUTION OF PROTESTANTS- We have more than once had occasion to allude to the unprincipled hostility to Protestants manifested by some of the "navvies" in Mr. Dargan's employment at the works in the neighbourhood of this town. From the exposures we have made we were in hope that we should have no further occasion to allude to the subject, but a case had just come to our knowledge which we feel it a duty to notice. A man, named Thomas Richardson, from Tynan, who had all the appearance of being a well conducted man, went to work on Monday week at the railway, near the Wellington Inn. When leaving his work in the evening several of the men gathered around him, and asked him was he a Protestant. He replied that he was, and then they told him that he need not come back there again. Thinking they were only making fun he returned the following morning. He had not been long at this work, however, until one of the men came up to him and tried to pick a quarrel with him. "Do you remember the batin' you got me up in Armagh?" said he. "No," said Richardson, "I never saw you before." Without further preface the other lifted his foot and hit him a kick in the ribs, and immediately four or five other men fell on him, the struggle being which should get at him. Richardson, thus driven away from his work, came into Newry, and got a warrant for the man, who is called James Duncan, who commenced the attack on him. Meantime, however, the "ganger" had  heard of the transaction, and he immediately dismissed Duncan; so that when the police got out to the place he was nowhere to be found. He had fled! These facts speak for themselves. It is believed the "navvies" generally are bound by the oaths of Ribbonmen.--Newry Telegraph

BRUTAL MURDER

     On the evening of Sunday or early in the morning of Monday last a most brutal murder was committed in this neighbourhood where for very many years such a crime has not been perpetrated. The unfortunate victim, John Mullin, an unmarried man, rented some grazing land in the townland of Rathkip, about two miles distant from this town, where he lodged in a miserable cabin and was considered to be possessed of a considerable sum of money which he obtained principally by dealing in sheep about a ????? of which and a cow he had on his land at the time of his murder. The deceased was in the habit of watching his sheep and some turnips at night and intrusting them to the care of a young lad during the day; he was known to carry about his person at all times whatever money he was worth, which might amount, it is thought, to 10 or 12 at the time he was murdered. His body was found in a field adjacent to where he lodged about 10 o'clock on the morning of Monday. There were several wounds on the head, inflicted by some sharp instrument, one of a fearful gash near the right ear and two of them desperate cuts on the neck and back of the head. The pocket in the left side of his trousers was turned outside and that in the right cut away. He was in the habit also of carrying money in his hat, but all he was supposed to have about him was taken away except 16s. 16d. found in one of his waistcoat pockets. His murderers could have no other motive for their horrible crime than robbery, as the deceased was a quiet, well-disposed and honest man.
     On receiving information of the murder, Constable Phibbs, an exceedingly active officer, and his party, hastened to Rathkip and used every exertion to obtain a clue to the murderers. They arrested four men on suspicion, and on the arrival of their Sub-inspector, O'Reilly from Easky, further scrutiny was made and five other persons were arrested as considered to be either implicated or to possess some knowledge that may lead to the conviction of the guilty parties.
     Meredith Thompson, Esq., Coroner, county Sligo, attended to hold an inquest and a jury being empannelled and a post mortem examination made by Drs. Faussett and M'Nair, the inquest was adjourned to 9 o'clock this morning at the police barrace, Ardarnee.

THE ARMY
(From the Limerick Chronicle on Saturday)

     The Colonelcy of the 11th Battalion Royal Artillery is vacant by the death of Major-General Alexander Munro, K.H. at Rathmines, near Dublin, who entered as Second Lieutenant, the 6th March, 1795, and served the campaign of Egypt in 1810; Walcherine Expedition; siege of Flushing and New Orleans. The deceased veteran had been 55 years in the service.
     Brevet-Major Robinson is acting Town Major of Dublin since the lamented death of Major White. No appointment has yet taken place.
     Brevet-Major Burns has retired from the 19th Regt. by only the sale of his company. Nearly 40 years he has been on active service in every part of the globe.

THE NAVY

     Lieutenant Timothy M'Namara R.N. (1821) is transferred from the coast guard service to the Wellington depot-ship at Sheerness ordinary.
     The Raleigh, 50, Commodore Sir Thomas Herbert, is daily expected at Spithead from the River Plate.
     The annual promotion for service in her Majesty's yachts have been conferred upon Lieutenant Edward Vansittart, 1842, and Mates Hubert, Campion, Charles T. Jago and Neville C.W. Nicolas.
     The Dolphin, brigantine, Lieut. the Hon. R. Boyle, is expected from the coast of Africa on a change of wind.
     Saturday last was the anniversary of the naval victory at Navarine, in 1827, by Admiral Sir E. Codrington, and Sunday was the anniversary of the crowning battle of Trafalgar 1805, where the great Nelson fell in the arms of victory.

     DISPENSARIES, &c., IN IRELAND- A parliamentary paper which has been published on the motion of Sir Wm. Somerville, the Secretary of State for Ireland, shows that hte number of dispensaries, fever hospitals, and infirmaries for which county presentments were made, in Ireland, in the year 1848, amounted to 773 (against 813 in 1847); the amount of presentments was 83,508 and the amount of subscriptions, 33.393, making a sum total of 116,902. The total amount of the sums subscribed and granted for fever hospitals in Ireland at the presenting sessions, preparatory to the Spring Assizes of 1849, was 7,885. The number of fever hospitals supported by the poor-rates in 1848 amounted to 233 under the temporary fever act, the cost of which was 81,448; and to 80 not under the act, the cost of which was 21,789.

GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS

     W.J. Woodcock, Esq., is appointed Chief Justice of Dominica.
     H. John Glanville, Esq., late Chief Justice of Dominica, is removed to be Chief Justice of St. Kitt's.
     John F. Smith, Esq., is appointed Colonial Secretary of Sierra Leone.
     Mr. Joseph Fadelle is appointed Provost Marshal at Dominica.
     Mr. W.H. MacCoy is appointed Registrar and Secretary and Clerk of the Enrolments at Dominica.
     Mr. E. MacSwiney is appointed a Stipendiary Magistrate for British Guiana.
     Mr. Thomas Edward Lytton, son of Sir E. Lytton, Bulwer, Bart., is appointed an unpaid Attache to the British Embassy at Washington, U.S.
     Mr. Joseph Okell has been appointed British Consul at Stettin.
     The Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands (Hon. Sir Henry George Ward) has been nominated by her Majesty a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, Oct 31, 1849

WRECK OF AN EMIGRANT SHIP
(From the Boston Evening Journal of Oct. 8)

     A severe gale from N.E. commenced on Saturday evening and raged with great fury during the whole of the night and throughout the day on Sunday. Sad, indeed, is the devastation which the gale has wrought upon the coast, and our worst fears are more than realized in the heart-rending accounts which we are called upon to chronicle below-and yet we fear that all has not yet been told. Below we give the particulars, so far as we have learned them.
     The British brig St. John, Captain Oliver, from Galway, Ireland, anchored inside Minot's ridge about six o'clock a.m. on Sunday, dragged her anchors and struck on the Grampus rocks about nine a.m. The captain, officers and crew (with the exception of the first mate) took to the boat, and landed safe at the Glades. The passengers who were saved got on pieces of the wreck and landed near Whitehead, north end of Cohasset harbour. The number of passengers on board was 164, out of which about 145 are supposed to have been lost. There were 14 cabin passengers, mostly women and children. Another account states that the captain took to the jolly boat which swamped and he swam to the long boat and was saved with ten others. The second mate, two men, and two boys were lost. The remainder of the crew were saved.
     Captain Beals of the steamer, Mayflower, give us the following particulars:- He understands that the brig struck on the rocks known as the Sea Ledge, a little to the west of Minot's ledge, light about one mile from the shore, and immediately went to pieces. There appear to be different statements in elation to the number of passengers on board.  The captain says there were but 114 while the passengers who were saved say there were 150. Of those saved and arrived at Cohasset, ten in number, seven were females and three males. Six of them were provided with quarters at the house of Captain Abraham H. Tower, and the other four at Mr. Lathrop's. Two of the women, it is thought, will not survive, one being badly cut on the head by a piece of the wreck. The other woman, it is said, has a husband residing in this city. She had three children on board with her, all of whom were lost. Another gentleman from Cohasset, informs us that the brig first went ashore about half-past six o'clock yesterday morning, and shortly after her masts were cut away to ease her. The captain and ten of the crew then took to the long boat and landed safely near the Glades. Previous to this, however, one of the mates, with two of the crew and several of the passengers attempted to leave the brig in the small boat, but she swamped alongside and all were lost. The brig soon drifted on to the Grampus rocks, and almost immediately went to pieces strewing the beach with fragments. The life boat was manned, and every exertion made to save those floating in the surf, on the wreck. Only ten, however, were saved as stated above. Between 20 and 25 of the bodies of those lost had been recovered this morning when our informant left the spot. Preparations were making by the coroner to have them decently interred. As near as we can ascertain, among the many conflicting stories, there were 21 saved in all-10 passengers and the captain and 10 of the crew who came ashore in a long boat. The number lost is impossible to ascertain. According the to the captain's story there were 120 on board including the crew. If this is true, there were 99 lost. The passengers who were saved maintain, however, that there were 150 passengers on board, which, if true, would swell the number to 143!
     The captain and one of the mates, were are informed, arrived in this city from Cohasset in the noon train to-day. The following statement is from Captain Oliver himself:- "Saturday 5 p.m., passed Cape Cod with a light S.E. wind; weather thick; hove to with head to the N.E.; at 4 p.m. wore ship and stood south; at half-past 6 made Minot's ledge. Not having room to wear ship, ventured to run where we saw a brig at anchor, inside of the light. The violence of the gale and heavy sea caused us to drag our anchors, when we cut away the masts, and held on for a shore time. The gale increased, she dragged again, struck and thumped heavily for about one hour before she broke up. Previous to breaking up the jolly boat was hanging by the tackles along side, when the stern ringbolt broke, and the boat fell into the water. The captain, second mate, and two boys jumped into her to clear her, when about 25 passengers jumped in and swamped her. The passengers, together with the second mate and boys perished. The captain caught a rope hanging over the quarter, and was drawn on board by the first mate. The long boat was got clear soon after and a heavy sea coming on board, cleared her from the vessel, when a number of passengers jumped over to swim to her, but all perished. The captain, first mate (Mr. Cummerford), eight of the crew, and two passengers swam to the boat, and reached the shore in safety.  The others, seven men and eight women, came ashore on part of the deck. The total loss of life, 99; saved 21. Twenty-five bodies have been washed ashore this morning."
     The following are the names of the eleven passengers saved: Austin Kearn, Catherine Flanagan, Betsey Higgins, Mary Keane, Michael Fitzpatrick, Michael Gibbon, Barbara Kennelly, Mary Slattery, Michael Redding, Honora Cullen, Honora Burke.
     Up to four p.m. yesterday, 27 bodies had been recovered, 21 women and 3 men, 3 children. The bodies are to be buried to-day.

     SUDDEN DEATH- Private Walter Crawford, 92d Highlanders, was found dead in his bed in the Infantry Barracks, Clonmel, on Tuesday morning. The deceased was out on picquet the previous night in his usual health. An inquest was held on the body of the above day before Thomas Clayton, Esq. and a verdict of "died by the visitation of God" returned. The deceased was, twenty-two years in the service, and was subject to an effusion of blood in the region of the heart.

     AWFULLY SUDDEN DEATH- It is out painful duty to announce the awfully sudden death of Francis Burke, Esq., of Templeogue House, near Dublin, and formerly of Galway-which event took place on the afternoon of Monday last at Clare View (Salt Hill) where the lamented gentleman had been sojourning. Mr. Burke was connected with the erection of our college, now so nearly brought to completion. An inquest is now sitting to ascertain the cause of death, the result of which had not reached us as we went to press.- Galway Vindicator.

    When the Queen's visit to Ireland was announced, Mr. Christopher Fitzsimon, the son-in-law of Mr. Daniel O'Connell, late representative for the county of Dublin, and new Clerk of the Hanaper, addressed a letter to Mr. Corry Connellan, private secretary to the Lord Lieutenant, suggesting to his Excellency that Lady Jocelyn should not be permitted to attend the Queen to Ireland as Lady in Waiting, as her ladyship's attendance would reflect unpopularly upon the Queen. The letter was dropped from Mr. Connellan's pocket, and its contents were communicated to various persons by the individual who found it. Rumour adds, but we believe without foundation, that Lord Clarendon acted upon Mr. Christopher Fitzsimon's suggestion.-- London Standard.

     A man in the employ of the Norwich post-office named Lucas had been proved to be the heir to an immense property, for years in chancery.

     At Newmarket last week Mr. Meiklam's Raby won the Cambridgeshire stakes of 25 each, 162 subscribers beating a large field. Captain Hervey's Rhesus ran second by a length.

    Mr. John O'Donnell of Limerick, attorney, who was obliged to leave Ireland in consequence of several informations lodged against him as as Confederate Young Irelander, resided for months during his retreat at Constantinople. In the Shannon he lay of f Scattery for 8 nights, and eluded, as we before stated, the search of Col. Vandeleur, and three war steamers-he was very nearly discovered but for the kindly feel of the master he was a board of, being a freemason. The naval officer did not intrude in the search on brotherly kindred being intimated. Mr. O'Donnell expended nearly 600 during his exile.

     The late Captain Ogle's house at Dysart, near Castletowndelvin, was attacked on Saturday night by Whiteboys, and one of the party shot dead by W. Vize, Esq.

     The marriage between Henry Selwyz, Esq. and the Hon. Miss Copley, daughter of Lord Lyndhurst by his first marriage, is to take place early next month.

     Several members of the Great Western Fisheries company are at present in the west of Ireland, making arrangements to commence fishing on our coasts as soon as possible. This will afford employment to thousands of destitute people, and the presence of such a wealthy company cannot fail to create delight.

     John O'Connell, Morgan J. O'Connell, Joseph Walker, and Robert D. Browne, Esqrs. M.P. have all petitioned to sell their estates.

     Tuesday the great estate of the Martin family in Connemara, is to be brought to the hammer in London.

     The Nenagh Guardians are considering the necessity of selling land for non-payment of poor-rates, under the Encumbered Estates Commisison.

     The Vice-Guardians of Thurles require 25 acres for a training school, and the Cashel Guardians are under taking a 25 acre model farm near Castlelake auxiliary workhouse.

     In compliance with the exigencies of the times Lady Charlotte Wolfe has entrusted to her agent, Henry de Burgh, Esq. to pay the entire poor rate on her ladyship's estates near Pallas-green.

     Mr. Rochfort having been removed as Secretary to the Galway Attorney Association, flung a decanter at one of the most respectable senior members of the profession, upon which he was forthwith expelled from that society.

     John Francis Blake, Esq, proprietor of the Galway Vindicator, has been appointed printer to the Queen's College, Galway.

BALLINA FARMING SOCIETY'S SHOW AND DINNER

     This society held its first show of stock, green crops, &c., in this town on Monday last, and the display exceeded the most sanguine expectations of its originators. At five o'clock the members of the society and their friends, numbering about eighty, sat down to an excellent dinner provided by Mr. Henry Lochran, in one of the large rooms of Mr. Gallagher's new houses, kindly lent for the occasion. It was extremely gratifying to see so many of the landlords together and to mark the interest each felt in the proceedings. Colonel Gore occupied the chair, and after the cloth was removed, introduced the several toasts with appropriate remarks, dwelling on the advantages of such societies and the great good likely to result from the bringing together so many of the landed proprietors and tenant farmers. During the course of the evening several very excellent speeches were made in responding to the toasts. Those of Richard Burke, Esq., Assistant Poor Law Commissioner who was the chief originator of the society, Mr. Fetherstone, from the Royal Agricultural Society, Mr. Halliday and Mr. Robert Scott were particularly interesting. Mr. Fetherstone said he seldom saw a better breed of cattle than were exhibited that day, but they were sadly deficient in feeding, and in any of the infant societies he lately visited he did not feel so great an interest as in the Ballina Farming Society. Mr. Halliday read the list of successful competitors in stock, which are as follows:-
                              JUDGES
     Mr. Fetherstone, Mr. Halliday, Mr. Waters, and Mr. O'Connor.
     Best Bull within the district, Fitzherbert Pratt, Esq.
     Prize, Royal Agricultural Society's Medal.
     Best Short-horned Cow in calf or giving milk, Mr. Pratt, Medal.
     Best two-year old Heifer, Francis Knox Orme, Esq., Medal.
     Best yearling Heifer (best in the yard), F.K. Orme, Esq., Hon. Certificate.
     Best Calf dropped in 1849, Mr. Pratt, Hon. Certificate.
     Best Boar, Mr. Hugh Dunlop, Medal.
     Best pen of three Ewes, Edward Howley, Esq., Medal.
     Best Agricultural Stallion, William Mallery, Esq., Large Medal.

SECOND CLASS

     For the best Milch Cow in calf, or giving milk, Mr. Robert Scott, (very fine of her class), 1
     For the best two year old Heifer, Mr. Robert Scott, 15s.
     For the best yearling Heifer, Mr. Thornton Scott, 15s.
     For the best Calf of 1849, Mr. Thomas Scott, 10s.
     For the best Brood Sow, Mr. Robert Scott, 1.
     For the best pen of Sheep (three ewes), no merit.

THIRD CLASS

     For the best yearling Heifer, Matthew Melvyn, 15s.
     For the best fat Pig, recommended, 10s.
     Best Breed Sow, Charles Timlin, 1.
     Best Firkin of Butter, Mr. Bourke.

     Mr. John Hughes, Practical Instructor for this district, and judge in connection with Mr. Ward, agriculturist to J.W. Thompson, Esq., being called upon for his report of the successful candidates in the green crop department &c., said-
     Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen-Having finished our tour of inspection we have to furnish you with a few succinct remarks embodying our opinions of the objects of our examination, and containing our decisions as to the successful candidates. Though it is not necessary to state, we may be permitted to say that we have observed closely, considered maturely, and concluded cautiously. The competitors in the First Class for the best cultivated five acres of root crop are the Hon. Col Wingfield; Richard Burke, Wm. Orme, Mervyn Pratt, Arthur Perkins, Edward Howley, Edward Atkinson, W.H. Halliday, Robert Verschoyle and John Symes, Esq. Each of these gentlemen have a very good-some of them very excellent-turnips; but without waiting to particulars we may inform you at once that for cultivation, regularity, size and value of crop. W. Orme, Esq. is entitled to the medal of the Royal Agricultural Society. To assign the relative positions of the unsuccessful candidates in the order of merit is almost difficult. Edward Howley, Esq. has almost two acres of Mangold Wurzel unequalled among the candidates, and if his turnips were somewhat better we would be necessitated to award him the Medal. Considering the turnips of the remaining competitors in this class, exclusive of any other root crop, we believe that the following is the way in which they will stand in the scale of relationship: Mr. Verschoyle, Mr. Atkinson, Mr. Pratt, Mr. Symes, Mr. Burke, Col. Wingfield, Mr. Halliday, Mr. Perkins. For the extent of crops, Mr. Halliday claims first place, having about 60 acres of turnips; but for management, if it were possible to make a distinction, we are inclined to think that it is to Mr. Symes the credit is due, or rather to his intelligent steward, _____ Ryan. Indeed to notice everything that attracted our attention, and which elicited our approbation at the time of observation would take more time than we have got to spare, owing to the later hour at which we finished our examination. Much praise is due to all for their exertions, their example, and their eagerness to improve the system of cultivation pursued by the tenantry surrounding them. However, it is unnecessary for us to say how high a place they hold in our estimation we will proceed to deliver our decisions upon the competitors as they present themselves to us. As to the drainage, we can only say that for neatness of execution Mr. Tottenham, or rather Mr. Delahunty, the person who conducted his drainage operations, deserves the first notice, but the extent being a great object of consideration we cannot pronounce our opinion until we receive a statement from each gentleman of the quantity he has drained, certified by Mr. Halliday, the inspector, if you think it necessary.
     We have now to consider the Second Class, in which there are but two candidates- Mr. Robert Scott, who has entered for the best cultivated farm, neat cottage, and best cultivated crop of turnips, not less than two estate acres; and Mr. Thomas Scott, who has entered for a neat cottage only. Now no prize being offered for a neat cottage in the second class, there is consequently no competition, and as we have just reason to applaud Mr. Robert Scott's systematic farming, his very neat cottage, with beautiful flower knots before the door ,and well-managed orchard, together with neatly trimmed hedges, we adjudge him the Royal Agricultural Society's Medal. Of Mr. Thomas Scott we could not speak in too high terms, for his large and well-formed manure heap, and his excellent crop of white Belgian carrots, as well as the general management of his farm, but as the entry which he has made does not call for our decision we must take leave for the purpose of deciding on the Third and Fourth Class. In it the competitors for he best cultivated statute acre of turnips are Patt Dooher, Thomas Knight, Richard Fox, Pat Gallagher, and James Watt. To Thomas Knight we award the first prize of 1 and to James Watt the second of 10s. For a rood of root crop, exclusive of turnips, Richard Cox is the only competitor; and to whatever cause it may be attributable, it is so poor a one that we cannot think of adjudging it any reward. For a neat cottage there are but two entries-Richard Cox and Mathew Keane. To the latter we adjudge the prize, which is 1 for the neatness of his home, and the tasty manner in which it is ornamented in front by shrubs and flowers. For the best cultivated farm there is no entry, but we strongly recommend Thomas Knight for the prize in consequence of the freedom of his land from weeds, and its general neatness. Pat Dooher is the only person who has entered for a manure heap. It is a pretty large one, but the proportion of bog mould is far too great, however, for the purpose of encouraging future competition in that line, we think it would be well to give him the second prize, which is 10s. For land drained and sub-soiled, Richard Cox is the only person who has entered and he is decidedly worthy of consideration for the great improvement which he has effected in that respect upon his farm. You will exercise your own discretion in giving or withholding any encouragement, as we do not wish to say he is deserving of so large a prize as you have offered for drainage without having had any competitor. Having now decided upon all cases we were called to pass judgment upon, it is unnecessary to offer any further remark than that we have acted strictly impartial.
     Mr. Hughes's report was received as very interesting, and all the successful competitors severally responded to their Health. The utmost harmony prevailed throughout the evening; and from the interest that has been excited there is every reason for calculating upon the success of the Ballina Farming Society.

  
    

A GOOD LANDLORD

     In responding to "The health of the Landlords, Tenant-farmers, and Agricultural labourers" at the dinner of the Agricultural Society in this town, on Monday last, a remark fell from Thomas Jones, Esq., which, though known by all present to be correct was no less striking. He said, "I have kept all my tenants." And why, in this day of "evictions," has Mr. Jones all his tenants? simply, because he has met the exegencies of the times in the spirit of a "Good Landlord." Better for him now to have tenants paying even half of their original rent than to have his land waste, and, moreover, be obliged to pay county cess and poor rates for it. Well is it for the tenant to have such a landlord; and, doubtless, while both properly comprehend the relation they stand in towards each other the greatest amount of prosperity the times allow must fall to their lot.

THE POOR LAWS-BANKRUPT UNIONS

     Such is the bankrupt state of this union that the entire of the beds, bedcloths, and other furniture in the union workhouse and auxiliaries are being sold off, at a sixth of their value, to satisfy a portion of the demands of one or two of its numerous creditors. On Friday the furniture of the Ardnaree auxiliaries was sold by Robert Christian, Esq., Sub-sheriff for Sligo, at the suit of George S. Malley, Esq., and all the articles removed except the beds on which the sick in the infirmaries were lying. Yesterday the furniture of the union house was sold at the suit of Wm. Malley, jun., Esq.; and on to-morrow and following days the Sheriff's auctioneer will be at work in the Belmullet and Binghamstown workhouses. Such is the creditable state of affairs in these unions, of which the government and its servants, the Poor Law Commissioners, must be exceedingly proud.

STATE OF THE STREET AND FOOT-WAYS.

     The newly elected members of the Board of Guardians of this union while out of office have frequently censured the conduct of the gentlemen whose place they now supply, which affords us some little encouragement that one wish, at least , of the rate-payer in town will be gratified; we alluded to the cleansing of the streets and foot-ways which are at present in a most abominable state- stones lying about, rendering the passage dangerous for vehicles-heaps of filth, offensive to the sight and injurious to the health-and the depth of mud foot passengers must wade through, all of which could be removed by a few of the able-bodied recipients of relief, without their suffering the slightest additional degradation. We have on many occasions called the attention to the magistrates, guardians, and townspeople to this subject, but, to their shame be it spoken, with no good result. We now wait to see what the new guardians will do.

CASTLEBAR UNION-GUARDIANS

     The following persons have been selected Guardians for the above union:
     Castlebar Electoral Division, 4 guardians- James Malley, John Bole, William Walsh, Edward Cannon.
     Islandeady, 1 guardian-Patrick Walsh.
     Turlough, 2 guardians- Edward M'Donnell, John Malley.
    Strade, 3 guardians- Pat Jennings, Andrew Jennings, John Malley.
     Balla, 1 guardian-Martin Barrett.
     Drum, 2 guardians-Patrick Daley, Martin Blake.
    Ballintubber, 3 guardians-Malachy Tuohy, James Tuohy, Ignatius Kelly.
     Ballyheane, 1 guardian-Richard S. Bourke.
     Breaffy, 1 guardian-Thomas Moran.
     21 guardians, 19 elected.

ENCUMBERED ESTATES COMMISSION

     The following petitions were lodged in the office of the Encumbered Estates Commission up to Friday-
     In the matter of Joseph Walker-Owner, Joseph Walker; Petitioner, Joseph Walker; Jackson and Bond, attorneys.
     In the matter of John O'Connell-Owner, John O'Connell; Petitioners, Kean Mahony, Mary Ann Mahony, and James Barry, executors of Kean Mahony, deceased; Miles Mahony, attorney.
     In the matter of John O'Connell and Morgan John O'Connell-Owners John O'Connell and Morgan John O'Connell; Petitioner, Denis Moylan; David and Thomas Fitzgerald, attorneys.
     In the matter of Robert Dillon Browne, M.P.-Owner, Robert Dillon Browne; Petitioner, Charles David Ingham; James Dillon Meldon, attorney.

THE MURDER AT RATHKIP
The Inquest

    On Wednesday last, Meredith Thompson, Esq., Coroner, proceeded with the inquest on the body of John Mullin, murdered at Rathkip on the night of Sunday or the morning of Monday previous. Sub-Inspector O'Reily assisted in the investigation. Before the examination of the following witnesses several were produced but their evidence did not afford the slightest clue to the discovery of the murderers.
     Constable Phibbs examined-On hearing of the murder proceeded to Rathkip between 11 and 12 o'clock on the morning of Monday the 22d; found the body of John Mullin, lying on the right side in an open field, moved it about, and looked at the state in which it was; found the left pocket of his trousers turned out and the right pocket torn off; found the deceased's hat lying a yard or two from the body when he came up; there were no marks of a struggle, the cloths were not dirty or wet though it rained very much that night and morning; if Mullin was out that night as it is said he was he would be quite wet for there is no shelter in the fields; arrested several persons on suspicion.
     The Coroner here called upon Doctor M'Munn for his evidence. It appeared that the Coroner not being satisfied with Dr. Fausett's port mortem examination on Tuesday, sent out Doctor M'Munn to make a second post mortem examination, but the jury were of opinion that it were better to hear Doctor Fausett first, who was then sent for.
     Coroner-Doctor, are you a qualified surgeon, as I believe none but a surgeon can make a post mortem examination at an inquest.
     Doctor Fausett- No, but I am a physician, having taken my diploma in 1797 and I consider myself sufficiently qualified as  medical practitioner of so many years to give the necessary evidence in this case.
     The Forman of the Jury-I think we better examine Dr. Fausett.
     Coroner-Very well. Doctor, take the book.
     Doctor Fausett- Not before I am paid two guineas, the usual fee.
     Coroner-I am not going to pay you now out of my own pocket, so if you will not give your evidence before you are paid we must examine Doctor M'Munn.
     Doctor M'Munn was then examined- Examined the body of the deceased and saw several wounds on the head, especially on the right side where there is a very extensive fracture and extravasation of blood which was the cause of death; the wound was such as might be inflicted by a small hammer generally used in breaking stones for roads.
     Denis Carabine, one of those arrested on suspicion, was next sworn after being cautioned to say nothing that might criminate himself-Deceased lodged in his house since last spring; on last Sunday night Mullen went out about ten o'clock and (witness) went out with him and remained out about half an hour looking after his crops; heard no noise except of some youngsters at a distance; when Mullin was out I never bolted the door; never saw him count any money; he owed me 10s. 6d. for lodging and milk; it was after daylight when I got up on Monday morning, said my prayers and went out to dig some potatoes for my breakfast, I had a few potatoes eaten when a chap came in with an account of the murder. Witness bought a cow on last Saturday but only paid 6d. earnest for it; was to give 2 16s. 3d. for the cow; saved about 3 out of his earnings; used to earn 7d. a day and some times 1s. a-day at job work; lent the 3 to my mother-in-law, Mary Clarke; widow M'Anally, and her daughter, who lodged with him, and himself and his wife were in the house on Sunday night.
     Pat M'Loughlin examined-Lives in Ballina; Denis Carabine was bout three months behind in his employment; was not with him the last fortnight; heard Carabine say he was preparing to go to America; thinks 3s. 6d. a-week would support him and his wife; does not know what means he had to take him to America.
     Widow Mary Clarke sworn.-Is mother-in-law to Denis Carabine; he drove a cow on Saturday last by my house for me to see it; I have none of Carabine's money, but his wife gave me 3; this money was lent to Carabine by deceased, John Mullin; he lent him the money a few days before his death; cannot say what day she got the money; thinks it was yesterday; Carabine's wife gave witness the money in her (witness's) house; it was before breakfast when her daughter-in-law gave her the money; is certain it was this side of Sunday; does not know whether it was on Saturday or Sunday Carrabine's wife said Mullin lent the money; can't say whether Mullin was dead or not when she got the notes.
     Mary Carabine examined- Mullin did not sleep in my house on Sunday night; he went out about 9 or 10 o'clock; no one followed him out; witness went to bed then; her husband could not go out unknown to her; is positive her husband did not go with or after Mullin on Sunday night; no man came into the house before Mullin went out that evening; witness's brother, Owen Clark, was twice in our house on Sunday; Owen Clark lives with my mother; knows of no notes; her mother has none of her money [ The question was then pressed by the jury] Recollects her husband giving her 3 the day before yesterday (Monday); they were pound notes; witness never borrowed money from Mullin; could not say how her husband got the money; he bought a cow but did not yet pay for it; her husband was talking of going to America he was saying he would borrow money to pay for the cow.
     Owen Clark examined- Lives in Ballybolan; knew John Mullin; did not see him since last Thursday; was at Denis Carabine's on last Sunday' was there twice that day; left it in the evening at nightfall; went home straight from Carabines; my brother Michael, my mother and sister were at home; no man was in Carabine's that evening but myself; 8 or 9 o'clock when I was there; Mullin was not there; saw no money given to his mother, but heard she got 1 from Mullin a week before his death; did not hear that Carabine got any money from deceased, but thinks he borrowed money to pay the rent; did not hear that his mother got any money from his sister, Carabine's wife; this is not the shirt witness had on on Sunday; he wore a hat that day and a white waistcoat; the shirt and the waistcoat are now some where in the house; witness's house is about half a mile from Carabine's.
     The inquest was then adjourned to the following day when Mr. Edward Howley, Esq., attended.
     Michael Clark examined- I am son of widow Clark; works with Mr. Grose in Ardnaree, and sleeps at his mother's; on yesterday (Wednesday) she told witness she had 3 in the chest and to get it, he then went and got three notes; his mother never told him she borrowed money from John Mullin; his brother did not tell him where he was on Sunday, but heard him tell his mother that he was at Mr. Irwin's about some money.
     Here the notes which were found with Michael Clark were examined and they presented some slight traces of blood.
     Pat Fury, Michael Fury, Wm. Feeny, Peter M'Manaman, Pat Kearney, and Wm. Neary were next examined but there was nothing in their evidence of any importance.
     Ellen M'Anally-Lodges in Carabine's and was there on Sunday night; knows the two Clark's and saw Owen Sunday morning at Carabine's; [after much hesitation]-Owen Clark came to Carabine's about two hours of (after) night and was about an hour in the house; Clark was not in the house when Mullin came in; at the time Mullin went out we all went to bed; is certain Carabine did not go with him, if he did he was not out 5 minutes; could not say whether Carabine swore the truth when he said he went out with Mullin and remained out about half an hour.
     William Kelly, the lad who herded Mullin's sheep was re-examined but nothing important illicited.
     A shirt found in Clark's house was here exhibited. It was wet and dirty and greatly soiled with soot drops which in one or two places appeared like blood. The white waistcoat and hat worn by Owen Clark on Sunday could not be found by the police. The inquest was further adjourned to Friday next, and Denis Carabine, Owen Clark, Michael Clark, Mary Carabine and Eliza M'Anally were committed to the Sligo gaol.

STATISTICS OF MORTALITY- THE SKULL UNION

     During the awful winter of 1846-7, and the spring and summer which immediately succeeded it, many were the statements put forward, from time to time, in the Cork newspapers, respecting the desolating effects produced by Whig misgovernment and Whig heartlessness in, among other districts of that once splendid county, the devoted union of Skull. Indeed it would seem as as if one of Lucian's pleasantries had been realized in that feted locality, and that from its incredibility the whole story was but ideal, and only fit to be believed in those regions where "Skull, the son of Skeleton, the Native of Ghostland, of the tribe of the Bloodless," has been declared, in amusing fiction, to have pronounced a certain decree. The story, however, has turned out to be terribly true. The mortality, it is now ascertained, has been much worse than any exaggeration had represented it, or the most vivid fancy could possibly conceive.
     The Cork Examiner, in a paragraph we should certainly have noticed on Tuesday, had the pressure on our space permitted, contains a statistical statement in reference to this heart depressing subject, which, were it not for its apparent authenticity, would absolutely stagger belief.
     "The figures in which it is enunciated," observes our contemporary, "come from a party in a position that renders it necessary for him to be accurately informed, and which therefore may be relied upon as of unquestionable correctness. They "tell a fearful tale," but not a whit more fearful than might be told with equal truth of other parts of the country.
     The following is the communication with which the Examiner ushers in its statistics:-
     "SIR- Underneath you will find a statistical account of the present population of the New Union of Skull, taken in the month of September, 1849, which, compared with the census of 1841, shows a decrease in the population of 10,238 persons, caused by famine and evictions. Could there be a more striking account given of the destitution which prevailed in this unhappy district during he past season of famine?"
     We unhesitatingly answer, No-impossible. Here are the figures:-
                  SKULL UNION
_________________________________________
Electoral Division         Population          Decrease
                                1841     1849
_________________________________________
West Skull.............   9719   5527           3422
Kilmoe..................   7234   4778            2446
East Skull..............   8585   5432            3164
Kilcoe..................    2339   1212            1127
        Total............  26887  16640          10239
_________________________________________
    Twenty-six to ten or thirteen to five, excluding fractions, is indeed a frightful decremental proportion in the course of eight years, without making allowance as our contemporary remarks, for the progressive increase from 1841 to 1846. The Examiner's correspondent, it will be observed, imputes a fair share of this depopulation to evictions; yet how could these be avoided, seeing that many of the ancient halls of the Cork aristocracy have been deserted for ever, we fear, owing in a great degree to non-payment of rents (we are not losing sight of mortgages and extravagances,) and many more to terrorists and premeditated roguery?
     It is quite possible, however, nay, almost certain, that on those points our contemporary and ourselves may materially disagree, yet, be that as it may, we are no less pleased to see the case of the Skull Union brought prominently forward before the people of Cork, at the eve of an election. Most sincerely do we trust that the constituency of what is, after all, the second city in Ireland, will seriously ask themselves, to which is the desolation of Skull to be imputed? and act upon the answer which their consciences must give to the important question. Let this be done in a spirit of true nationality, and we think the result of the pending contest between the Whig Mr. M'Carthy-we are far from blaming him for accepting any Lord Lieutenant's hospitality- and Colonel Chatterton, cannot be doubtful. It certainly ought not to be if the Cork electors remember that they have national insults to resent, and a country yet to be saved.--Packet.


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