Ireland Old News

Wednesday, November 7, 1849

     MELANCHOLY SUICIDE- A very sad occurrence happened at Newport, county of Tipperary, on Friday, the 26th instant. A young woman, named Sheedy, committed suicide, by poison, at Killonscully, within four miles of Newport, under the following circumstances:- it appears that she had been seduced by a young gentleman, Mr. B_____, and was enciente by him. On Friday evening she went into a grove adjacent to her father's house, and after remaining there for about the space of an hour, she called a little boy to her and desired him to tell her father that she was dying. The boy immediately delivered the message; the father hastened to the spot, but the daughter had expired before his arrival. No inquest was held on the body, but the doctor gave it as his opinion that he died from the effects of the poison.


     The following Guardians have been elected for the divisions attached to their names: -
     Ardagh, (1) - John Cawley,
     Ardnaree North, (1) - E. Atkinson,
     Do. South, (1) - Simon Bredin,
     Attymass East, (1), Paget Strodgen,
     Do. West, (1) - O.C. Jackson,
     Ballina, (2) - H. Crofton, John M'Hugh,
    Ballysokeery, (1) - Arthur Foster,
     Bunabula, (1) - Wm. Joynt,
     Carramore, (1) - J.V. Jackson,
     Crossmolina North, (1) - George Orme,
     Do. South, (1) - Patt Gallagher, Killeen,
     Deel, (1) - Patt Gallagher, Crossmolina,
     Derry (1) - A. Carolin,
     Fortitnd, (1) - John Knox,
     Kilgarvin, (1) - E. Atkinson,
     Letterbrick, (1) - Walter Quin,
     Mountfalcon, (1) - Patt Quigley,
     Kathoma, (1)- Thomas Kelly,
     Sallymount, (1) - John Farrell,
     Straheen, (1) - Mathew Flynn.


     BALLINA UNION- The first meeting of the elected guardians of this union for the ensuing half year was held in the Board room on Saturday. There was a full attendance of elected and ex-officio guardians.
     The business of the meeting was commenced by Annesley Knox, Esq.; Rappa Castle, proposing, and Thomas Paget, Esq., seconding that Colonel Gore be elected chairman of the board, which being carried Edward Howley, Esq. was elected vice-chairman and Thomas Paget, Esq., deputy vice-chairman.
     Richard Burke, esq., the Assistant Commissioner, in a very lurid manner laid before the board a statement of the affairs of the union up to the present time, and pointed out such things as were considered necessary for their guidance in its future management. The financial state of the union was by no means satisfactory owing to the calamity of the times through which they had just passed notwithstanding the assistance they had had from the very large grants of the British Relief Association and the Society of Friends. He alluded in very favourable terms to the exertions of their predecessors, the Vice-Guardians, in the very trying difficulties they had to encounter, and concluded by expressing his confidence in the present board.
     A Financial Committee, consisting of John Symes, Edward Howley, Thomas Paget, Henry Crofton, and Simon Bredin, Esqrs. was appointed to examine into and report to the board on Saturday next the present financial position of the union.
     Captain Atkinson, Oliver C. Jackson, James V. Jackson, Simon Bredin, Esqrs. and M. A. Foster were appointed as a committee to manage and report upon the industrial department of the Workhouse.
     The usual routine of business being then gone through the board adjourned to that day week.

     CASTLEBAR UNION- MEETING OF GUARDIANS.- The elected board held its first meeting in the board room of the workhouse, on Saturday last. The Earl of Lucan, on the motion of Colonel M'Alpine, was elected chairman; Andrew Crean Lynch, Esq., vice-chairman; and Ignatius Kelly, Esq., solicitor, deputy vice-chairman. The board decided on admitting the Press to all their meetings.

     ATTEMPT AT MURDER- On Friday evening a man of the name of Cornelius Healy, was fired at, and had a miraculous escape of being shot, while sitting near the fire with his family, in a farm house on the lands of Blacklane, within half a mile of Bunkea police station. The shot was fired through the window at him, and the ball perforated the wall immediately behind the spot which a second before the discharge was covered by the region of the poor fellow's heart. His wife called on him to hand her the candle, he stooped forward to do so, and was preserved by an all merciful Providence falling a victim to the well-directed aim of the assassins bullet. No reason can be assigned for this outrage as the man was only in charge of a farm belonging to the Rev. Thomas Westropp, upon the improvement of which a considerable sum had been expended this season, and Healy was simply in the capacity of steward and driver of the lands, and resided in the farm house where he was to near meeting his end. No previous tenant had been ejected from these lands, as the party who had been in possession gave them up a year and a half since, and went to America at Mr. Westropp's expense. This horrible outrage is still involved in mystery.--Limerick Chronicle

     Ten lots of Connemara estate were put up to Auction on Wednesday last, in London, when four only were sold, viz:- House in Market-st., Galway, 95; Killeen townland, 800; Oranhill, do., 400; Awnbee, do., 800; and Corcullen, do., 1,200. The others were bought in. The estates are put up to sale under the Court of Chancery, for the benefit of the Law Insurance Company, which advanced 160,000 to the Martin family.

     At the Commission Court, Dublin, John C. Murray, attorney, was indicted for having written a letter to Frederick Bergin, an attorney, with the intent to provoke and instigate him to fight a duel. The prisoner's counsel said that Mr. Murray was ready to offer an apology for the letter written on the heat of the moment, and hoped that the prosecutor would accept of it and abandon the prosecution. After some discussion between counsel on both sides, it was agreed that the apology should be accepted, and a juror withdrawn, Mr. Murray agreeing to pay 5l. the cost out of pocket incurred by the prosecutor.

     The treasurers of the Wesleyan Missionary Society have received 2500 as a bequest of the late Peter Rothwell, Esq., of Bolton.

     THE POTATO CROP- The digging out of the potatoes have been very much retarded in this district by the unfavourable state of the weather during the past month, but we believe they have not sustained much injury from the incessant rain. The information we have collected regarding the state of the disease in this crop is most encouraging. It does not seem to spread, except in a few instances, so that we may expect to be spared a very fair supply of this food until the next harvest.


     His Lordship sat at one o'clock and heard a few short petition motions, after which he rose and adjourned the court until next day.
      The following is a list of the gentlemen who will be called to the bar on Friday next:
     St. John Chinnery Armstrong, Esq., A.B., T.C.D., second son of Thomas Armstrong, of Temple-Michael House, in the county of Waterford, late Major in the British Army.
     William Gibbings, Esq., second son of Bartholomew Gibbings, late of Gibbings Grove, in the county of Cork, Esq., deceased.
     John Henry Going, Esq., A.B., T.C.D., only son of the Rev. Richard Sherley Going, of Harcourt Terrace, in the county of Dublin, Clerk.
     Andrew Craig, Esq., A.B., T.C.D., only son of James Craig, late of Hardwicke-street, in the City of Dublin, Barrister-at-law, deceased.
     Finch White, Esq., A.B., T.C.D., eldest son of Benjamin White, late of Ratheahill, in the King's County, deceased.

     "LOVE" and "POOR LAWS"- A HIDDEN MOTIVE- The Newcastle correspondent of the Limerick and Clare Examiner supplied the following: "A certain individual entered the Board room a few days since, and demanded of Mr. Devitt, V.G., why a certain widow and her six orphans were not struck off the relief list, and removed to the Workhouse, because, as he alleged, she kept a house of ill-fame. Mr. Richard Walker, Relieving Officer of the district was present, a man of unflinching principle through life, and who has borne his character unblemished through the ordeal of his present trying situation. Mr. Devitt, a religious good man, as is universally admitted, put the question to Mr. Walker. He replied, "because the assertion is untrue, but some gentlemen have a chere amie, whom they nightly visit, near this poor widow's house; her espionage is rather inconveniently rigid, and there fore it is sought to remove her. But hold you an investigation and I pledge myself to establish these facts, and to expose the "heroes of Salmacis." The accuser was struck dumb. Mr. Devitt inquired in the proper quarter, and found Mr. Wallace correct in this, as well as in all other particulars. Unless you throw your aegis over insulted innocence, many may be victims of such machinations. When the local Guardians will have been incorporated, I promise this party to watch him in the Board Room.

     To meet the expected outbreaks in the North on the 5th of November, besides 2000 troops having arrived, the following Stipendiary Magistrates are thus located-Mr. Hunt, from Tipperary, at Banbridge; Captain Warburton, at Rathfriland; Mr. Fitzgerald at Castlewellan; Mr. Tuskey at Tandragee; and Mr. Bermingham at Derry.

     The Constabulary throughout Ireland are at present engaged in filling up returns for the information of Government, of the quantity of stock, poultry, &c., to ascertain the amount of food in the country.

     Clonmel union has paid all the rate in aid except 286 out of 2286.

     The Master of the Tralee workhouse is now enabled to buy food by funds raised on the personal responsibility of a few of the Guardians, else the paupers would be without food for the past week and coming month.

     The Vice Guardians, previous to their departure from office, reduced the debts to contractors and private parties, to under 1,500, leaving also a small balance to credit of the union with the Treasurer.-- Roscommon Messenger.

     The Nenagh police continue in charge of the Roman Catholic Chapel to preserve it from the violence of the populace; and, on Thursday last (All Saint's Day) the bell rang for mass there the first time for a month by order of Rev. Mr. Kenny, and the few who ventured in to attend the ceremony were outrageously hooted by the crowed outside.



     On Monday, the 29th inst., the professors met at twelve o'clock, at the Queen's College, for the purpose of electing the Deans of Faculties. The following professors were selected:
     Science Division- John Mulcahy, Esq., Professor mathematics.
     Literary Division- W.E. Hearn, Esq., Professor of Greek.
     Dean of the Faculty of Medicine- Croker King, Esq., M.D., M.R.I.A., Professor of Anatomy.
     Dean of the Faculty of Law.- D. Caulfield Heron, Esq., Professor of Jursiprudence.
     The four Deans of Faculties with the President and Vice-President, compose the council in which is vested the general government and administration of the college. The council has the power of making regulations in all cases not provided for by the statute.--Galway Vindicator.
The Roman Catholic Dean of Residence is the Rev. Godfrey Mitchell, sanctioned by the Right Rev. Dr. O'Donnell, Roman Catholic Bishop of Galway. The Protestant Dean of Residence is the Rev. Mr. Treanor, sanctioned by the Lord-Bishop of Tuam, Dr. Plunket.
     On Tuesday the following students had entered their names for matriculation:- B.G. Morton, T. Murphy, P.J. Hughes, G. M'Mahon, D. M'Dermott, P.T. Finn, P.F. Forde, J.M. Blake, J. Powell, C. Drysdale, R. Power, J. Richardson, W. King, N. Fitzgerald, C. Duggan, P.J. Comyns, W.H. Comyns, M.T. Comyns and ___ Magrath.
     Supplemental examinations were held on Friday and will be, as candidates present themselves, on days to be appointed by the council.

     DEPRECIATION OF LANDED PROPERTY- The Galway Mercury contains the following statement: - "On the 18th instant, at Athenry, Mr. Thomas Connell, auctioneer, put up for sale by auction several lots of land, the property of Lord Oranmore, in that neighbourhood, but now under the courts. We would here observe, those lands were held by the late tenants at from 20s. to 34s. per acre, for the greater part of which a single bid could not be got. The following is the order in which they were put up:- 8 1/4 acres, knocked down for 3l. per annum; 10 acres, no bidders; 10 acres knocked down at 4l. per annum; 9 acres, ditto, 3l. 3s. ditto; 10 acres, no bidders; 5 acres, no bidders; 10 1/4 acres, knocked down for 2l. per annum; 20 acres, no bidders; 74 acres knocked down for 8l. per annum; 54 acres, no bidders; 35 acres, ditto; 34 1/2 acres, ditto."


     The adjourned inquest on the body of John Mullin was held on Friday last before Meredith Thompson, Esq., Coroner, assisted by Edward Howley, Esq., J.F. and Sub-Inspector O'Reilly. The only additional evidence adduced was the finding of eight shillings and sixpence on the person of Mary Carabine, in whose house the deceased lodged, a half crown of which was stained with blood. A verdict of wilful murder was then found by the jury against Denis Carabine, Mary Carabine, and Owen Clark, who were committed to the Sligo Jail for trial at the end of next assizes.
     Five witnessed were bound over to prosecute.
     The Coroner and jury expressed their very great approbation of the exertions made by Constable Phibbs and his party in bringing matters to light, and more deservedly too, considering the mystery and secresy [sic] in which this brutal murder has been involved.


     At Roscommon, the Lady of Peter Burrowes, Esq. Barrister-at-law, of a daughter.
     At Arbuthnott House, the Lady Jane Arbuthnott, of a son.
     At Richmond, Kilkenny, the Lady of P. Blake, Esq., county inspector of constabulary, of a daughter.
     At Auckland, New Zealand, the Lady of Captain Hardy, of the 58th Regiment, of a daughter.
     October 26, at Longford Castle, the Viscountess Folkestone, of a daughter.
     At Kilmore, the Lady of Christian Wilson, Esq., of twin sons.


     At Aukland, New South Wales, Thomas Ringrose Atkins, inspector of armed police, and son-in-law of the late Colonel Greene, of Kilmainham Castle, county Tipperary.


     On yesterday, in the Presbyterian Meeting-house, Mullifarry, by the Rev. Thomas Armstrong, Presbyterian Minister Mr. David Baird, Cabinetmaker and Upholsterer, to Miss Maria Pugh, both of this town.
     In St. Ann's Church, Dublin, Robert Palmer, Esq., of Castletown, in the Queen's County, to Eleanore, oldest daughter of the late Authony Ffrench, Esq., of Colemanstown, county of Galway.
     At Notting-hill, Ethelbert Henry Blake, Esq., M.D., (Medical Staff), son of Henry Blake, Esq., of Renvyle, county Galway, to Jane Caroline, daughter of the late John Hay, Esq. of the Madras Medical Board.
     At Byculla, Lieut. H.A. Drought, Indian Navy, to Maria Helena, daughter of the Rev. R.B. Eyre of the Glebe, Eyrecourt, county of Galway.


     The 31st of October, 1849, will henceforward be a memorable day in Nenagh, for no doubt one of the most singular circumstances that ever took place in this town, or perhaps in any other civilized country, occurred on Wednesday morning. So cautiously was everything done by the authorities, that all parties were completely taken by surprise. Soon after five o'clock this morning one hundred of the constabulary commanded by Charles G. O'Dell, Esq., S.L. and Head Constable Hayes, took up their positions in the lane leading to the chapel and at the Barrack street entrance, a strong body of police was stationed. At six o'clock the marching down Summer-hill of a large body of the 79th Highlanders, consisting of over 100 men, commanded by Major Ferguson, together with Capt. M'Call and Lieut. Harrison, showed that something decided was contemplated. They were accompanied by M.B. Plunkett, Esq., R.M., and the Rev. Messrs. Kenny and Bowler. On arriving opposite Chapel-lane, the military were extended in open column at either side along Castle-street. Sentries were also judiciously posted, in fact, every caution and all military skill were observed, as if the town were about being besieged. The morning was fine, but there was that chilliness in the air generally felt at this season of the year-but the hardy Highlander, with kilt and philabeg, seemed as indifferent to the cold as a Laplander. Everything being secured, the Rev. Thomas Kenny, P.P. at Nenagh, and the Rev. Mr. Bowles, C.C. of Nenagh, each rev. gentleman armed with a formidable crow bar in one hand, and a stone hammer in the other, proceeded toward the doors, and commenced demolishing the barricades; and after some time the stone and mortar of the Nenagh beligerents gave way before the reverend labourers! but the doors being so firmly nailed, they could not force them open. They pulled out the window of the sacristy, in through which they went, and took possession of the interior of the chapel. They quickly commenced to make the onslaught on the principal door, which, after some laborious exertion, they opened drawing out the immense nails by which it was held fast, and Mr. Kenny took possession of the chapel. At nine o'clock the military were withdrawn but a large body of police remained in and about the chapel during the day. An apprentice boy belonging to the Vindicator office, was sent out to give the alarm but was arrested by the police, and taken into custody.- After a short time, however, he was liberated, and so the matter ends for the present.
     A body of constabulary was placed around the chapel bell for the purpose of preventing any person from ringing it, and cause the alarm to be given; but in a short time it was made known that the chapel was about being forced open, and some of the inhabitants went about shouting out:-"Fire, fire! The chapel is on fire!" This had the desired effect; for a large number of persons immediately assembled at the approaches to the chapel, further than which they would not be permitted to go. They endeavoured to force their way; but the police prevented them doing so, whereupon they armed themselves with stones, and said they would face the constabulary with pike and pitchfork, &c. hand to hand. Mr. O'Dell and Head Constable Hayes peaceably remonstrated with them, pointing out to them the dangerous consequence of such an illegal proceeding, and telling them that they were to perform their duty, from which they would not flinch. The mob then desisted.
     Fathers Kenny and Bowles were vociferously yelled, groaned and hooted. Angry expressions were uttered against them; startling menaces were held forth; they were loudly denounced and bitter invectives were hurled at them as they coolly and calmly held prostate the barriers to the doorways. They were designated "cutthroat priests", "Judases," "government men," who tried to pawn themselves on the people at the point of the bayonet." Were it not for the presence of the police, and the protection which they afforded to the reverend gentlemen, it is probable that the mob who were awfully excited, would have assaulted them. Some persons who were drunk and disorderly were arrested and confined for a few hours. One of the party had a leaded pistol in his possession.
     It may not be amiss here to state that there is an act of parliament on the reign of James still unrepealed which constitutes a felony of the highest class the closing up of any place of public worship to prevent religious ceremonies being celebrated therein, and the offence is punishable with death!--Nenagh Guardian.






Wednesday, November 14, 1849


     Fifth Day Sales- Monday ended the sale-if sale it might be called- of these extensive estates. The vendors, unfortunately met with very little encouragement at any period of the sale whatever. But nothing could well be gloomier than the appearance of the company at the mart on that day. There seemed absolutely no disposition to purchase. Not a single sale was effected. Biddings were, indeed, given for the four out of seventeen lots put up, but they were all, except in one solitary instance, so small, and at so cautious a distance from the marketable value of the land, that the bidders incurred no risk, whatever, supposing they were idle spectators merely, of having two or three Irish townlands knocked down to them. The auctioneer, meanwhile, did his utmost. He described scenery, enlarged upon fertility, spoke of the contents of the mountains, and the riches of the sea, the marble quarries, the mines of ore, the fisheries, all additions to the inexhaustible wealth that lay on the surface of the arable land, and the "highly improvable pasture and bog;" and, despite the obstinate silence of his audience, he even tried to grow warm on the prospects which are opening up for Ireland and Irish capitalists. But when the first seven lots were allowed to be put up and successively withdrawn without an offer, and when, at length, a solitary individual uttered his solitary bidding of an amount so low as to mark his depreciation of some of the finest of the subsequent lots, even Mr. Wainright seemed to lose his professional courage  and perseverance, and to come within the sphere of influence which affect ordinary mortals. he nevertheless persisted to the close of the day.
     The 17 lots, comprising 64,426 acres, which came under the hammer yesterday, might be grouped according to locality, into three divisions.
     Eleven of them, from lot 98 to 108 inclusive, are situated in the Mweenish and Ard Bays, forming the coast land that sweeps round these waters, and comprehending several of the adjoining islands, making an area altogether of 4,463 acres. Nine of these were severally put up and withdrawn without a bidding.
     Lot 105, the island of Croaghnakeela, lying off Bertraghboy Bay, has hitherto been used by Mr. Martin as a deer park, and is now stocked with some 200 head of deer. It measures 142 acres. 100 was bid for this lot without advance, and it was bought in at 400.
     Lot 100, two islands, St. M'Daras and Illaunna-croaghbeg, lying off Mace Head, containing 62 acres, was started with a bidding of 50. There was no advance, and the lot was therefore bought in at 200.
     The next division comprises the great centre district of the Connemara estates, and was put up in two lots.
     Lot 109 is an extensive district on Roundstone Bay, bounded on two sides by the Atlantic, with good natural advantages for a harbour at Roundstone. It comprehends two islands, and on the main land four townlands and the district and town of Roundstone, the latter consisting of upwards of seventy well-built slated houses, with garden and closes adjoining. George IV, granted by charter to the late Mr. Martin, the right of holding four fairs annually, and one weekly market at this town. The lot is in extent 5,485 acres, and there being an advance it was knocked down at 12,000 for the venders.
     Lot 110, increased by lots 90,92,92 and 93, reserved from Saturday's sale, comprised the Ballinahinch demesne, Ballyna Castle, 57 townlands, and 33 islands, and area of 64,426 acres of very fine land, and most advantageously situated, besides the oyster beds and fishing in Bertaghboy Bay, and the Timbeola salmon fishery. The lot was put up, but did not command a single bidding.
     The remaining four lots compose a pretty extensive district of the north of this property, situated with in the barony of Ross, at a short distance to the south east of Killery harbour. It measures in extent 5,370 acres.
     The only portion of the district which commanded a bidding was lot 111, Eudnaviskane, the most northerly townland of the Martin property, within a mile and a half of Killery harbour. It contains 1,593 acres of arable pasture and bog land. Biddings began at 1,500 and rose to 2,600, but the hammer fell at 2,800, the reserved bidding, without any advance.
     Lots 112,113 and 114 passed without a bidding. Thus ended this remarkable sale.
     The following is a result of the five days' proceedings:
Number of acres in the Martin estates...196,540
Ditto, ditto sold...3,982
Average price per acre of the land sold...2 2 71/2
Sum total realised by the five days' sale...12,465.0.0


     The Guardians held their second meeting in the board room of the workhouse on Saturday last. Guardians present-Captain Atkinson, Captain J. Knox, Mr. William Malley, Mr. Paget, Mr. Howley, Mr. Annesley Knox, Mr. John F. Knox, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. W. Gardiner, Mr. J.V. Jackson, Mr. Crofton, M. John M'Hugh, Mr. G. Orme, Mr. John Knox, Mr. Bredin, Mr. Strogen, Mr. Quigly, Mr. Joynt, Mr. Cawley, Mr. Foster, Mr. Kelly, Mr. Gallagher, Mr. Caroline, Mr. Flyn. Captain Hamilton, Poor Law Inspector of this Union, and Richard Hamilton, Esq. of Belmullet, were also present.
     In the absence of the chairman, vice-chairman and deputy vice-chairman, Capt. Atkinson, on the motion of Mr. Bredin, and seconded by Mr. Quigly, took the chair.
     Several applicants sought admission into the workhouse, but were refused, owing to the crowded state of the house. They were, however, directed to appear on the next board day, by which time it was expected ample accommodation could be afforded.
     [Col. Gore here entered the board room and said that his absence was caused by his attending to important business connected with the union. Captain Atkinson having resigned the chair it was taken by Col. Gore.]
     Mr. Robinson, R.O., said several persons had applied to him to have their names placed on his books for outdoor relief.
     Captain Hamilton did not see why outdoor relief should be given in Ballina Union, when it was nearly done away with in Swinford, Sligo, Belmullet, and other places.
     Chairman.- Till we have workhouse accommodation, I think we should give the Relieving Officers power to relieve extreme cases. This of course should be on their own responsibility, subject to deduction in their salaries if they acted improperly.
     Captain Hamilton then read the following letter:-
     "MY DEAR FRIEND.- I have received your letter, and am well satisfied with the application of the money left at Ballina by Sir Edward Buxton and myself. What arrangement can be made for the furniture, actually sold? Can it be purchased, and for what? as I may be able to raise a triffle towards it amongst the friends of Ireland in the city.
     I cannot say I think Mr. Malley has done wrong. His standing in a large degree depended upon his recovery of this debt, and the union had no claim on him for so severe a sacrifice.
     Since I was at Ballina I have often thought of the numerous inmates in the workhouse-especially the children.
     Is it practicable to adopt an efficient system of training? Could a piece of ground be hired to occupy the children upon it in useful and industrious habits?-say 20 to 25 acres?
     Is the want of means the only difficulty? and could private aid be admitted by the board for such an object? All the furniture bought with our money should be marked S.G. and should remain my property legally in case of future seizure.
          "Yours, my esteemed friend,
                      SAMUEL GURNEY.
"W.J. Hamilton, Esq."
     The Chairman said he never heard read a more admirable letter.
     Mr. Malley said that for his part he knew no more of the transaction than a man in the West Indies. He thought, however, that the matter could be arranged by Capt. Hamilton and Col. Gore.
     Mr. Nelson, R.O., said that eighteen families had applied to him within the last week for relief.
     Mr. Paget.- May I ask you Mr. Nolan where are the husbands of these women?
     Mr. Nolan said they were all widows.
     Mr. Paget said he new a man named Kelly who gave over his property to his son and came into the workhouse. He could not however blame the old guardians who were strangers and did not know the difference.
     Chairman- The relieving officers must see that no person dies for want of relief; but it is only extreme cases-life and death-that can be relieved.
     The clerk having read the minutes of last day's proceedings and the master's estimate for the coming week, a long discussion arose as to the quality of food which should be given to the paupers.
     In answer to a question from the chairman, the clerk said the average weekly cost of a pauper was 11 1/2d.
     Chairman- What is the cost in Swinford?
     Captain Hamilton- 9 3/4d.
     The Chairman thought that the expense of this union should be at least as little as that of Swinford.
     Mr. Paget- I am of opinion that Indian meal stirabout is much better than flour for the young children. It is much more wholesome and of course considerably cheaper.
     Mr. Bredin said that as far as possible the use of oatmeal should be encouraged.
     The Chairman then moved a resolution, which, was passed unanimously to the effect that the visiting committees be requested to have meal used in the workhouse as much as possible in lieu of flour.
     Mr. Mahon, one of the creditors of the union, here entered the room, and addressing the chairman said.- Mr. Chairman, I have come forward this day, having full faith and confidence in the gentlemen who compose this board, to make what I consider a fair and liberal proposition. There is a sum of 176 due to me for necessaries supplied and if I get within a month, 40 or 50, I will ask no more for three months and will stop legal proceedings.
     Chairman- We cannot pay money without having it; but I think I may promise, on the part of the Board, that without favour towards any one we will do all in our power to pay our debts.
     After a few observations from Mr. Mahon he withdrew.


     Captain Hamilton then read the following report of the committee appointed at last board day to inquire into and report upon the financial state of the union:-
     "Minutes of the proceedings of the Finance Committee held at the Board-room on Tuesday, the 6th November, 1849.
     Present-John Symes, Thomas Paget, Simon Bredin, and H.R. Crofton, Esqrs. Colonel Gore chaiman of the board, and Captain Hamilton, P.L.I., were likewise present.
     It appears by the document appended (No. 1) that on the 29th day of September, 1849, the sums due to the undermentioned parties were as follows:-
     Contractors and others...18,067  5  5
     Workhouse Officers.......       405 12 7
     Relieving Officers...........       599 18 5
     Fever Hospital...............       245 17 61/2
     Cholera Hospital...........        457 17 21/2
     Overseers.....................          99  6  0
     Rate Collectors.............        594  8  7
              Total...................  20,467  5  9
     It further appears that there are at present outstanding cheques to the amount of 465 12s 10d, a list of which are appended (No. 2)
     The amount of rates uncollected of the rate struck on the 8th of June last amounts to 3987 6s 3d, for which warrants are held by the collectors. These two sums, amounting to 5247l.9s.6d. are exclusively to be applied towards the liquidation of debts incurred prior to the 29th September, 1849, and are not available towards current expenses.
     Your committee suggest that no further cheques be drawn until those which are outstanding (to the amount of 465l.12s.10d.) be paid off.
     With reference to the debts now due, your committee suggest that two bills for clothing supplied for emigrants, amounting to 105l.11s.2d. for which each payment was distinctly promised on delivery, and on which promise a spirited competition arose by which the union very much benefitted, should be next paid when funds become available.
     It appears to your committee that next in order as to prompt payment come those persons who, being charged from employment from the union, are now prevented from entering into other pursuits for want of the arrears of salary due to them being paid, and of this class it appears to press hardest on the Overseers (the sum due to them amounts only to 99l.6s.) Your committee therefore recommend that they be first paid of this class whose claims they recommend to be next considered.
     The class which suggests itself to your committee as requiring payment next in order are the officers of the establishment, both indoor and outdoor; and after such consideration your committee have arrived at the following as the most just arrangement, taking into account the limited prospect of funds which may be at the disposal of the board, viz., that all those officers be paid up to such a quarter day as will not require a greater sum to meet than one third of the entire sum due to them, giving to those officers of the indoor establishment who do not receive rations as additional quarter of the sum due to them respectively.
     Cases of extreme hardship and suffering have come before your committee, where the sums due are but of trifling amount. Your committee asks for authority from the board to investigate such cases and to recommend payment in such precedency as the urgency of the case may require.
     Your committee now come to the consideration of the most serious matter in the financial state of this union, and of those which formerly comprised a part of it. Your committee allude to the enormous sum due to contractors and tradesmen. Your committee cannot see any prospect of having sufficient funds to liquidate the full amount and defray the current expenses of the union, yet they would desire to establish such understanding between the former union and its creditors as would prevent angry feeling and its general attendancies, heavy legal expenses, which in the present case it is quite clear must injure and cannot benefit either party. Your committee therefore strongly recommend that when the board shall be in a position to pay off any of those debts it shall be done in the most independent spirit of justice and equity, by giving a per centage according to priority. But your committee expect that no vexatious litigation will be resorted to to compel them to recommend a decided priority to those who have treated the union with indulgence.
     In conclusion, the committee strongly recommend that the desperate financial position of this union be forthwith laid before the Government, as they fear that without immediate and considerable pecuniary assistance it will be impossible to carry on in a satisfactory manner the affairs of the union, but expressing at the same time the willingness of the board to do its duty as guardians, and rate payers, if they are put in a position to enable them to administer the laws effectually; and to order to prove to the creditors and to the government the anxiety to effect this, after mature consideration your committee respectfully suggest to the board the propriety of striking a uniform rate of 3s.6d. in the pound upon each of the new Electoral Divisions, including 6d for the rate in aid, to be levied in the instalments of 2s. and 1s.6d. with the understanding of not irritating and  injuring the rate payers by striking a new rate in spring, as was done this year, to the very great injury of the union; and lastly, your committee consider it the duty of the board to pledge themselves never again to strike a rate until by a new valuation of the union and adjustment of its liabilities they are enabled to strike a discriminating rate, and one which will be what the proposed is not-a poundage on a real valuation. The postponement of the indoor and outdoor establishment is necessarily postponed to next week."
    Captain Knox proposed and Captain Atkinson seconded a resolution-that the report of the Finance Committee, just read, be approved of and adopted. Carried unanimously.


     It was proposed that a uniform rate of 3s.6d. in the pound be struck on the entire union.
     Mr. Paget objected to a uniform rate, and proposed that the rate be struck according to the wants of each electoral division.
     Captain Knox- For myself I would willingly undertake to support every pauper on my property, but that if I even did so I would be rated afterwards. I feel pleasure in seconding the proposition of Mr. Paget.
     Captain Hamilton thought that unless the 8s.6d. rate were struck the union would be ruined. Already had the commissioners advanced 68,000 for this union, and he felt satisfied that if extraordinary exertions were made by the guardians the commissioners would know how to appreciate those exertions.
     The Chairman then put the question; and the motion that a uniform rate of 3s.6d. in the pound be struck on the entire union was carried without a dissenting vote.
     It was afterwards agreed that the rate collectors receive directions to take the rate from the country people by instalments, as it appeared they were anxious to pay it in that way.
     The following resolution, proposed by Capt. Atkinson and seconded by Mr. Bredin, was unanimously passed: "That we are of opinion and most earnestly recommend to the board that this institution be made, as far as possible, a self-supporting establishment. We therefore advise the recommencement of the different works before carried on in the house, for the purpose of clothing, &c. and we also recommend that a sufficient quantity of ground be taken, that the children may be employed in the cultivation of vegetables, and in raising crops of all kinds for consumption in the house; and, lastly, we recommend the appointment of an agricultural committee to preside over the outdoor work and carry this design into operation."
     The Chairman read a letter from the Rev. Arthur Moore, Protestant chaplain to the workhouse, stating that two younger boys, who had been registered on the workhouse books as Catholics ought to have been considered as Protestants, having been for several years under the ministry of the Dean of Killala, and having always exhibited a desire to continue Protestants up to the time of their entering the workhouse.
     Mr. Moore, who was in attendance, requested that the boys should be sent for and questioned as to the cause of their wishing to change their religion and have themselves registered as Catholics.
     The boys were then brought before the board, when the eldest, in reply to the chairman, said he was fourteen years of age, and had been three months in the workhouse, and that he had been a Protestant up to the time of his admission into the workhouse.
     Mr. Paget-And what induced you to have your name registered as a Catholic when you say you were always a Protestant?
     Boy- I don't know, sir, only that I'd rather be a Catholic.
     A very intelligent girl, about 20 years of age, and sister to the boys, said that they had always been Protestants; that their father had been a Protestant, and that she did not know what could have induced her brothers to leave the Protestant Church.
     Mr. Paget said he suspected that some influence had been at work in the case.
     It appearing, however, that the boys were old enough to decide for themselves, and that some unknown influence had been exerted, they were allowed to remain registered as Romanists, and the matter dropped.
    After having disposed of the other business of the day, the board adjourned.


  Total number in the house and auxiliaries
          on 3d November............................2558
  Ditto receiving outdoor during week
          ending 3d November..................... 2146
               TREASURER'S ACCOUNT.
  Lodged during the week................... 186  1  2
  Paid by Treasurer.............................   166  2  5
  On hands.........................................     19  4  5


     By the returns from the Relieving officer, there appears to be 8000 lunatics at large in Ireland.

     William C. Tute, Esq., has been appointed a master Extraordinary in Chancery, and a Commissioner of Affidavits in the several courts for the town and county of Sligo, in the room of Montgomery Blair, Esq., deceased.

     There was a preparatory meeting of the creditors of workhouses in this and the surrounding counties yesterday, to devise some measure likely to recover the large sums due to provision contractors, &c., amounting in the aggregated of 100,000. The meeting was held at a respectable solicitor's office, and the proceedings were private.--Limerick Chronicle.

     Petitions for the sale of encumbered estates, representing incumbrances to the amount of 900,000 have already been lodged with the commissioners.

     At Drumcar, on Saturday last, Peter Neary, in the services of John M'Clintock, Esq., while chaining up a bull on the farm, was gored to death by the animal.

     On the estate of Messrs. Oliver Gascoigne, Castle Oliver, Kilfinane, there is not an idle hand; they have established manufactories for making drainage pipes, tiles, bricks, &c.; the labourers and small occupiers are all employed in draining, subsoiling and building.

     Monday evening a dispute took place in Nenagh, between Mr Meagher, of Ballybeg, near Toomevara and Mr. Hunt, junr., of Huntsgrove, Templederry. A young man named Crowe, a relative of Mr. Hunt's interfered, when a struggle ensued, which resulted in Mr. Meagher knocking down Crowe.- Mr. Hunt's father then came up, when Meagher took a pistol out of his pocket which exploded in the struggle, doing no further injury than grazing Mr. Hunt's hand. Mr. O'Dell, S.I., arrested two of the principals.

     The Potters' Emigrant Society is now in possession of two estates in America, one named "Pottersville" of 1600 acres, and peopled; the other amounting to 50,000 acres, situated on the Fox River, in the state of Wisconsin, on which 350 families are now located.


    To those who were favourable to the project of the reclamation of Connaught by the introduction of English settlers and English capital, to replace the present race of impoverished proprietors, the all but total failure of the attempt to dispose of the Martin estates in Galway has proved a 'heavy blow and great discouragement.' Persons having an intimate acquaintance with the nature of the property, its advantages and disadvantages, are decidedly of opinion, that many of the lots already sold, particularly the townlands near Galway, would have realized far higher prices had the sale taken place in Ireland; distance and the hopelessness of competing with English capital, having combined to deter Irish speculators from embarking in the enterprise. Be this as it may, the idea of the plantation scheme dating its commencement from the transfer of the region of Connemara into the hands of London companies is now blown off, and public curiosity is directed to the result of Mr. Caird's mission to the west, in hope that so experienced an authority on the value of land may feel justified in recommending the western province as a fair field for the operations of the happy few who may be overburdened with unemployed capital.--Times.


     At Ballymoyer Glebe, county Armagh, the Lady of the Rev. G. Well jun. of a son.
     At Itchenstoke Vicarage, the Hon. Mrs. R.C. Trench, of a son.
     At Gloucester-place, Portman-square, the Lady of Major H.C. Colling, Madras Army, of a son.
     At New Orleans, the Lady of John Moore Norman, Esq., late of Dublin, of a son.


     At St. Peter's Church, George William Dalton, Esq. A.B. only son of the late George Edward Dalton, Esq. M.D. Missionary to Jerusalem to Mary Cordelie, eldest daughter of the late Poole Henn, Esq.
     At Clondigad Church, Robert Gibson Patchell, Esq., son of John Patchell, Esq., Surgeon Royal Navy, Moneymore, to Frances, daughter of the late James Heynes, Esq. M.D. of Ennis.
     At St. James Church, Lieut-Colonel Welleslay, 81st Regiment to Jane Malet, daughter of Captain Hayden, Belle-vue Terrace.
     At St. Stephen's Coleman-street, John Dunn, Esq., surgeon of Scarborough, to Maria Antoinette, widow of Captain Moyle, 18th (Royal Irish) and 66th Foot.
     At Kurrachee Scinde, on the 25th of August, by the Rev. T. Watson, Charles Covell Neame, Esq., 8th (King's Regiment), only son of Captain Neame, R.N. Deputy Inspector of Coast Guard, Ireland, to Marianne, eldest daughter of Captain Hartly, Paymaster, 8th (the King's Regiment).


     At Waterford, Mary, eldest daughter of the late Thomas Boyd, Major in the 16th Regiment of Foot, and sister of the late Thomas Boyd, Major in the Waterford Militia.
     On Sunday, at Whitsley, county Kildare, Mrs. Lynch, relict of the late J. Lynch, Esq. and sister of the Most Rev. Dr. Murry, R.C., Archbishop of Dublin.
     At Simpson's Hospital, Mr. Alexander Cochran, formerly a merchant of Sligo.
      In Lower Baggot-street, Henry Wheeler Esq., brother of the late Alderman George Wheeler Killester.
    At Belfast William Crymble, Esq. aged 74 years, late Quartermaster 64th Regiment.
     Captain Frances Erskine Loch (1814) Naval Aid-de-camp to her Majesty.


     The anniversary of this great Protestant deliverance has come and passed away in Ulster, amidst the most perfect peace, good order, and tranquility. The Orangemen of the north have proved themselves worthy of the honorable name they bear. They have wisely refrained from any public demonstration to commemorate this glorious event so dear to every Protestant heart, and in this we have another powerful proof of their desire to pay obedience to those placed over them, and to cultivate good will and harmony.


    Here not the slightest public manifestation of feeling was exhibited by the Orangemen throughout the day. On Wednesday last a meeting of the masters was held in Walker's Hotel, for the purpose of considering what steps should be taken with reference to the then approaching 5th of November. The attendance on this occasion was very numerous, and after grave deliberations, it was unanimously resolved that there should be no procession. The brethern [sic] of the district therefore remained quietly at their homesteads during the day, and in the evening enjoyed themselves in their respective lodge rooms. The precautions of the government were therefore quite unnecessary. The troops in Ballynahinch during the day consisted of two companies of the 13th regiment, from Belfast, under the command of Major Wilkinson, a troop of the 13th Light Dragoons, commanded by Captain Ormsby Gore, M.P. for Sligo, and Sub-Inspector of Constabulary, a Head Constable and thirty police, from Dublin, besides the permanent local force. S.L. M'Cance, Esq., R.M. remained with the troops in the town during the day. The only excitement perceivable in the minds of the people was that produced by the presence of so many soldiers and police.


     When I entered this town, now so celebrated, I observed a company of the 9th regiment drawn up on parade in the centre of the square. On inquiry I found the troops stationed here for the day to consist of two companies of the 9th regiment from Newry, a troop of the 13th Light dragoons, under the command of Captain Holden, and Sub-Inspector Croghan; Head Constable Reilly and fifty police, from the county of Louth, together with seven of the local constabulary under Head-Constable Wrigth, commanded by Sub-Inspector Janns. Gerald Fitzgerald, Esq., R.M., of Ballinasloe, who was sent down by government, remained with the troops to give his services if necessary. The Orangemen of this district who had not contemplated walking at all in procession, remained at their several houses and attended to their individual affairs, as if there had not been an anniversary that day.


     After I left Castlewellan, I proceeded direct by the old road to Dolly's Brea. To driver a car over this "bone-setting" road is no easy matter, and requires not only a good horse but a skilful driver. Its whole surface is marked here and there with large stone half above the earth, with deep gullies and cart ruts, into which the wheel of the car frequently enters and the shock your entire system experiences somewhat resembles that from an electric battery. When you arrive at the highest hill on the road, your driver informs you, if you have not been there before, that you are just then on Dolly's Brea. From the top you command a most extensive view of the surrounding country. The land on either sides is of a very inferior description-rocky eminences and bleak and barren patches ever where around-and countless multitudes of stone ditches confining their stony fields within the smallest divisions. A few miserable huts scattered here and there, are to be seen, quite in keeping with the land and scarcely a comfortable spot observable, to render the prospect in the slightest degree cheering. When I reached the top of Dolly's Brea, instead of seeing armed bands of Ribbonmen strongly entrenched with murderous intent, to dispute the pass, as to some extent anticipated in Castlewellan, the only living things I could perceive were six policemen, armed, patrolling about, and shivering in the bitter blast that swept over the hill, two very ugly brown goats, and three crows that appeared to be industriously engaged in making experiments on some diseased tubers in a potato field. I left the aforesaid policemen, goats, and crows, to the uninterrupted enjoyment of their respective pursuits; and having passed over Dolly's Brea, proceeded to


     This hill, the scene of the late fatal conflict, is about a quarter of a mile distant from Dolly's Brea. I could see nothing worthy of notice here at all. The scene of the Ribbon encampment both on the morning and evening of the 12th, and the first and second parallels behind which the Ribbonmen were posted, were, to be sure, seen; but this was all. The patrol of police on Dolly's Brea commanded a full view of the Magheramayo hill.


     This town remained in a state of perfect quietness and tranquility during the day. The Orangemen made no exhibition of feeling whatever. Every precaution was taken by the police to guard against any collisions. Sub-Inspector Hill and a number of his men were out all night of the 4th, patrolling the country in various directions, having heard that the Ribbonmen from Cooly, Meath, and Armagh, were determined to assemble on an "eligible sight" to be ready to oppose with pitchfork, pike, and musket, the Orangemen and women, should they resolve of walking. The police returned to barracks after six o'clock on Monday morning, and not having observed any body of people, as they had reason to suspect. In the evening, I understand, the Orangemen assembled in their lodge-rooms and enjoyed themselves most convivially. During the day the town was literally filled with troops, consisting of two companied of the 55th regiment from Dublin, under the command of Major Daubeney, one troop of the 13th Light Dragoons, under Captain Oldham, from Dundalk, sixty constabulary from Dublin, under Sub-Inspector Warburton, and twenty of the local police, all under the command of Sub-Inspector Hill, of Rathfriland. All the military were under arms from eight o'clock in the morning to turn out at a moment's notice. The stipendiary magistrate present was Bartholomew Warburton, Esq., from Baltinglass, in the county of Wicklow.


     As soon as the Orangemen of Hilltown saw Lord Roden's letter they immediately and unanimously resolved not to walk in procession on the 5th. The troops in this town consisted of one company of the 55th regiment, a troop of the 17th Lancers from Dublin, and a head constable and thirty police. The day passed off quietly, not the slightest breach of the peace that I could learn having occurred. The Orangemen enjoyed themselves in their lodge rooms in the evening. The stipendiary magistrate who was temporarily sent down to act with the troops here was Mr. Barron, who had lately been sworn in Dublin as a magistrate for the county of Down.


     This little town is situated about four miles from Castlewellan, on the road to Downpatrick. The Orangemen here also resolved not to walk in procession, and they faithfully carried out their resolution. In the evening they partook of refreshments in their lodge rooms.


     No procession here throughout the day. The Orangemen acted with their brethren in the other districts, and resolved not to walk. The utmost respect and obedience were paid to Lord Roden's letter. In the evening the Orangemen sat down to a splendid dinner in their lodge rooms, in Bridge-street, kept by Mr. Wm. Gray.
     The troops stationed in Downpatrick during the day, consisted of thirty-three men of the 13th Light Dragoons, under Captain White, sixty rank and file of the 9th regiment, and thirty-three policemen, twenty-five of whom, including a head constable, were sent from Dublin. They were all under the command of Major Powell, of the 75th regiment, from Enniskillen. The stipendiary magistrate who had been sent down for the occasion was Neal Browne, Esq., from the Queen's County.


     This place, which is the grand rendezvous for the Ribbonmen on every 17th of March, and well-known as the scene of Ribbon outrage and murder on last Patrick's Day, was unusually quiet on Monday. The Orangemen of the district did not depart from the rule so stringently urged by their brethren throughout Ulster; but in the evening, I was informed, they spent a few convivial hours in their lodge rooms.


     No additional police was ordered to this town on Monday. The small party already stationed here were amply sufficient to discharge the duty. The Orangemen had no procession whatever, and the evening was spent convivially in their lodge rooms.--Abridged from the Belfast Chronicle.


Wednesday, November 21, 1849


     Names of the Gentlemen returned by the Judges of Assize to serve the office of High Sheriffs for the ensuing year:-
     GALWAY- The Lord Dunellin, Portumna Castle, Portumna. William H. Gregory, Esq. of Cool Park, Gort. Christopher Bellew, Esq. of Mountbellew, Castleblakeney.
     GALWAY TOWN- Thomas Persse, Esq. of Newcastle, Galway. Mark Anthony Lynch, Esq. of Mill Lodge, Galway. John Ireland, Esq. of Eyre-square, Galway.
     LEITRIM- William Whyte, Esq. of Newtown, Dromahair. William Johnston, Esq. of Kinlough-house, Bundoran. Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Theophilus Clements, of Ashfield-lodge, Coote-hill.
     MAYO-Robert Rutledge, Esq. of Bloomfield, Hollymount. Charles Mahon, Esq. of Mountpleasant, Ballyglass. William Henry Carter, Esq. of Sheen Lodge, Belmullet.
     ROSCOMMON- Henry Sandford Pakenham Mahon, Esq. of Strokestown-house, Strokestown. Thomas Johnston Barton, Esq. of Merrion-square, Dublin. Richard Grace, Esq. of Mantus, Elphin.
     SLIGO- Bernard Owen Cogan, Esq. of Li?conny-house, Cooloney. John Folliott, jun. Esq. of Hollybrook, Boyle. Joseph A. Holmes, Esq. of Clogher, Ballymote.


     It is desirable that the guardians of this union would follow the example of the Castlebar board in passing a resolution for the employment of some of the able-bodied paupers in cleaning the streets of this town. On many occasions we called upon the late vice-guardians to afford the rate-payers some little return for their money, but their masters, the commissioners, would not permit any paupers to be systematically engaged in removing nuisances from the streets. We suppose the elected guardian must submit to the same controul or walk out of the office forthwith. Here is the secret, let what will be said; and whatever gentlemen have the management of an union they must do as they are bid. But we would be glad to see the guardians act somewhat independently and test the powers of the Poor Law Commissioners in more respects than that which we have now under consideration. It is not necessary for us to enlarge upon the exceedingly filthy state of our town, the offensive nuisances which every where present themselves, and the different irregularities and obstruction in the streets. The guardians must be fully aware of all this, and why, we ask, in the name of common sense and justice is not some attempt made to bring out the able-bodied paupers from their snug corners in the workhouse and make them work a little for the food and comfort they are enjoying at the expense of the rate payers? This, too, would be remunerative employment, for the value of the manure collected would be more than sufficient to support those daily engaged in gathering it, and will be required if the design of renting some land for pauper labour be carried out. We trust that this subject will be brought before the consideration of the board at their next meeting.

     THE OLD ABBEY - After repeated representations of the unfitness of the Old Abbey in Ardnaree being used as a burial ground, a sealed order from the Central Board of Health directing its enclosure for the prevention of further interments was issued six or eight weeks since, but, seeing that no steps have been yet taken towards the carrying out of this important object, we now call the attention of the Board of Guardians to the subject.

     BALLINA PETTY SESSIONS- Captain Atkinson was the only magistrate in attendance yesterday. After hearing a few cases out of the civil book he adjourned the court.


     At Castlecaufield, the Lady of Rev. R. Hamilton, Curate of Donaghmore, of a son.
     At Pembroke-road, the Lady of Josua Bewlew, Esq. of a daughter.
     At Westbourne Terrace, the Lady of Richard Cobsden, Esq., of a son.
     At Kingstown, the wife of the Reverend E.S. Townsend Daunt, of a son.


     Yesterday at the church of Mallsferry, by the rev. James Meehan, William Richey, Esq., proprietor of the TYRAWLY HERALD, to Jane, daughter of John Boyde, Esq., of Carrakelly.
     At Outerard, Wm. Wall Esq., of Lismore, county Cork, to Julia, daughter of Edmond O'Flaherty, Esq.
    Hugh M. Sherry, Esq., to Margaret Mary, daughter of the late P.W. Gallagher, Esq., Dublin.
     In Castlebar, Mr. John Devine, Assistant Master of Westport Workhouse to Mary Ann, daughter of Mr. John Hogan.
     At Kirk-Onchan, Isle of Man, Cornelius Sherlock, Esq., to Jane Rebecca, daughter of the late Rev. James Crawford, Rector of Athleague, county Roscommon.
     At Holme, Inverness-shire, Bernard Brocas, Esq., of Beaurpaire Park, Hampshire, late of Carabineets, to Jane Lillie, daughter of Lieut-General Sir John Rosse, of Holme.
     At Stanford, Canada, the Rev. James Lundy, D.C.I. Rector of Grimsby, to Louisa, Humphry John Tench, late Captain 67th Royal Irish Fusiliers.


     In Castleisland, Mrs. Thompson, daughter of the late Edward Eagan, Esq., Solicitor of Tralee.
     At Belfast, Mr. Thomas M'Kee, of Anaghlona, after having obtained a science scholarship in the new Queen's College.
     Of paralysis, the Rev. Wm. French, D.D, Master of Jesus College, Cambridge.

     WORKHOUSE INDUSTRY- From the Tuam Herald we learn the gratifying information that between the 16th of June last and the 27th ult., there was spun in the Workhouse of the Tuam Union: 2,750 lbs of wool; 1,393 lbs of tow; 488 lbs of flax-which was manufactured into blankets, sheets, bedding, and clothing at an expense of 315 11s 9d. The contract prices for the same quantity and description of goods would be 470 6s 4d: thus a saving was effected of 155 14s 7d, to the Union, as well as keeping the paupers beneficially and profitably employed. -- Mayo Telegraph.

     A DISGRACEFUL OUTRAGE - A carman from Boyle, named John Mullanny, was severely beaten in Drumfin, a few nights ago, by some unknown ruffian, on account of his lodging with John Black, who is a persecuted Protestant, and keeps a carman's stage there. Poor Black has underwent grevous persecution in his native soil those number of years past; he sells groceries and entertains travellers, and his implacable neighbors, who have always acted on the principle of exclusive dealing towards him have frequently entreated the carmen and others who have lodged with him, and compelled his customers to eat the candles, soap, salt and raw herrings, which they had purchased from the unfortunate, obnoxious Protestant man! -- Sligo Guardian.

     A FATAL ACCIDENT - On Friday last as a little boy named Flatly was crossing a plank over Laikagh river, he fell accidentally into the water and before any assistance would be offered him, the creature perished in the rapid stream. The neighbouring people made an immediate search for his body which they found greatly mangled by the large stones and found it passed through half a mile from where it fell in.-- Sligo Guardian

     TENANT-RIGHT MEETING- An immense meeting of tenant farmers was held in Callan on Sunday after last mass. The chair was taken by William Conway, Esq., and the proceedings passed off in an orderly manner. Resolutions in accordance with the object of the meeting were voted with intense enthusiasm and every feature was marked with the firm yet constitutional  spirit by which the acts of such an assemblage should be characterized. The advice of an eminent counsel was taken as to the legality of the resolutions to be adopted.-- Tipperary Free Press.



     BALLINA UNION.- The usual weekly meeting of the guardians of this union was held in the board-room on Saturday. Colonel Gore in the chair; the other guardians present were Mr. Howley, Mr. Paget, Captain Atkinson, Mr. Gardiner, Captain John Knox, Mr. A. Knox, Mr. Pratt, Mr. Bredin, Mr. Joynt, &c. Captain Hamilton, Inspector, was also present.
     ...Mr. Paget brought before the notice of the board the conduct of one of their officers, who was represented to him by a guardian as saying out of doors that the guardians were a set of squabblers.
     Mr. Cawley, the guardian referred to, then told the board that he heard Mr. Robinson, one of the relieving officers, say they were boxing and fighting and would soon be sent about their business, or words to that effect.
     Mr. Robinson denied having said so, and Mr. Cawley pledged his honour he heard him. Then a committee was appointed to investigate into Mr. Robinson's conduct.
     Mr. Howley read the following report of the Finance Committee:
     "Several pressing applications for payment were made by contractors and others to which money was due for a long time, when after a careful examination of the bills sent to, and of the minute book of the late vice-guardians, we recommend the following payments as soon as money may be in the hands of our treasurer:-
Bridget Rogers, nurse to Fever Hospital...7.11.3
Thomas Naughtan, milk contractor...........30.0.0
Michael Foley, boxes for the immigrants...17.6.8
P.M'Nulty, clerk......................................20.0.0
Thomas Hart, master...............................15.0.0
     We recommend to the consideration of the board of guardians whether it is necessary to keep the fever hospital in Crossmolina any longer open, particularly when there are 30 beds vacant in Ballina, where the patients could get accommodations and medical attendance with very little expense.
     We beg to call the attention of the board to the scale of remunerations allowed to the rate collectors which we consider too high, and should, in our opinion, in no case exceed 1s. in the pound.
     We have examined the lists of persons who owe rate above 5., and we recommend that their names be handed over to our solicitor for immediate proceedings in every case where it can be shown that the collectors have made application either to principals or agents.
     We think that the present number of relieving officers cannot be dispensed with; although we have no hesitation in recommending a reduction to the amount of their salaries in proportion to the size of their districts and the duties they may be severally called on to perform."
     Mr. Peter Kelly appeared before the board on behalf of Mr. Bingham, who is one of Mr. Cosgrave's (the last rate collector in Erris) sureties. It appeared that Mr. Cosgrave has 60 on hands of the rate collected by him, and that he left an arrear of 11,000 in his district. Cosgrave was dismissed under the seal of the commissioners, and Mr. Bingham is now being sued for 60. After a good deal of conversation on the subject, Captain Hamilton, on the suggestion of Mr. Thomas M'Andrew, solicitor to the guardians, agreed to have Mr. Cosgrave summoned before the Magistrates of the district, Mr. Bingham consenting to pay the 60 if they do not succeed against Cosgrave.
     It was agreed to pay costs to Mr. Mahon, one of their creditors, and others on condition they stay proceedings, 4 3s 0d. costs were allowed to Mr. Mahon.
     Messrs. Hearne and Joynt were declared contractors for Indian meal at 7 4s 6d per ton; Messrs. Hugh Gallagher and Co. for Barley meal at 6 15s 0d per ton; Maxwell for tins- quarts at 1 5s per 100 and pints at 1 0s 10d per 100; and Murray for beef and mutton at 3d per lb.


Remaining on Saturday 3d. Nov .............. 2558
Admitted during the week ........................    38
Discharged ..............................................  117
Died .......................................................       3
Remaining on Saturday 10th Nov.............  2466
In receipt of out-door relief on 10th .......... 2166


Received during the week......................178 0 0
Paid .....................................................  111 0 0
On hands .............................................   85 14 5


     A meeting of Mr. P. O'Donohue's friends has been held in Boston, at which 123 dollars was collected for the family of Mr. O'Donohun, now undergoing transportation.

     Lord Denman, chief justice, who is paralysed, retires on a pension of 4000 a year.

     There is not one Irish officer on the flag list in active service, and only three Captains of the entire Royal Navy! This is not justice to Ireland in the Admiralty patronage. The junior Admiral, Sir David Duan, is an Irishman, and a very distinguished officer.-- Limerick Chronicle.

     The brig South Stockton, of Newcastle, from Quebec was fallen in with the 5th November, water-logged, the two surviving of the crew in the tops having been obliged to subsist on the flesh and blood of the rest who had died off!

     Sunday night a party effected an entrance into the back premises of the house of the Rev. Warden Daly, Salt Hill, Galway, from whence they abstracted table linen, shirts, carpenters' tools, &c.

     A pensioner named Fitzgerald and his two sons were crushed to death near Glin, by the fall of the gable wall of the house as they lay in bed.

     We believe there is no longer any doubt that Mr. Corry Connollan is about to retire from the office of private Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant.-- Dublin Herald.


Wednesday, November 28, 1849


     We feel great pleasure in being able to lay before our readers the following very interesting documents. It is to be regretted that similar facilities do not now exist for drafting a greater number of our young and intelligent paupers to the colonies. Surely the complete success of the experiment should stimulate to increased exertions for the furtherance of this scheme, though the expense may be a little more than was at first calculated upon:-
          Poor Law Commission Office.
          Dublin, 23d Nov., 1849.
     Sirs- I am directed by the Commissioners for administering the the Laws for Relief of the Poor in Ireland, to the Ballina Union, that the Commissioners have received a communication from the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners from which it appears that the orphan girls who emigrated from that union to "Port Phillip", in September 1848, by the ship, "Lady Kenaway," conducted themselves with great propriety during the voyage, and speedily obtained situations in the Colony, with good wages; and that their subsequent conduct has been spoken of in satisfactory terms.
    I am at the same time to enclose an extract from a return enclosed in the communication which the Commissioners have received from the Emigration Office, showing the disposal of the girls on their arrival in the Colony.
               By order of the Commissioners,
                         W. STANLEY, Sec.
     To the Clerk of the Ballina Union,
     The following are the names of the emigrats; the names and residences of the person by whom they are employed; and the rate of salary:-
     Biddy Browne; Mr. J. Bury, Melbourne; housemaid. Terms not fixed.
     Mary Carden; Mr. J. Kerr, Melbourne; housemaid, 8l. a year and rations.
     Mary Cogan; Mr. G. Rubstron, Melbourne; housemaid, 14l. a year and rations.
     Hanah Coyle; Mr. Caliel, Melbourne; housemaid, 14l. a year and rations.
     Mary Ann Davis; (M. Depot.)
     Biddy Duffy; Mrs. M'Kay, Melbourne; house servant, 11l. a year and rations.
     Biddy Fallon; Mr. G. Groves, Melbourne; house servant, 10l. a year and rations.
     Bridget Gillespie; Mr. D. Houston, Melbourne; house servant, 9l. a year and rations.
     Esther Golden; Mr. J. Harrood, Melbourne; house servant, terms not fixed.
     Catherine Gordon; Mrs. Muir, Melbourne; house servant, terms not fixed.
     Margaret Hughes; Mr. Lee, Geelong; house servant, terms not fixed.
     Mary Knox; Mrs. Pritchard, Melbourne; house servant, 10l. a year and rations.
     Catherine M'Dermott; Mrs. E. Griffiths, Melbourne; house servant, 11l. a year and rations.
     Mary M'Hale; Mrs. C. Brophy, Melbourne; house servant, 8l. a year and rations.
     Biddy M'Clean; Mr. T. H. Sullivan, Melbourne; house servant, 11l. a year and rations.
     Elizabeth M'Namara; Mr. J. Bullen, Meni Creek; house servant, 10l. a year and rations.
     Mary M'Namara; Mr. J. Britten, Meni Creek; nurse maid, 6l. a year and rations.
     Mary O'Hara; Mrs. Norman, Melbourne; house servant, 12l. a year and rations.
     Mary Roan; Mr. T.A. Woods, Melbourne; house servant, terms not fixed.
     Mary Roland; Mrs. Cahnon, Melbourne; house servant, 8l. a year and rations.
     Rosey Rourke; Mr. M. Smith, Melbourne; house servant, 8l. a year and rations.
     Catherine Staunton; Mr. S. Beautreaux, Melbourne; nurse maid, 10l. a year and rations.
     Mary Staunton; Mr. D. Young, Collingwood, nurse maid, 9l. a year.
    Bridget Tighe; Mr. A. White, Melbourne; house maid, 11l. a year with rations.


     At Templeogue, the lady of Frederick Augustus Wynne, Esq., of a daughter.
    In Galway, the lady of Francis Blake Foster, Esq., of a son.
     At Church Villa, Queen's County, the lady of Richard Fenton, Esq., of Harroldstown, county Carlow, of a son.
     At 26, Chesham Place, London, the lady of the Hon. Richard Cavendish, of a son.
     At Chester-square, the wife of Lieutenant-Colonel Vernon, Coldstream Guards, of a daughter.


     Henry E. Redmond, Esq., late 57th regiment, to Mary O'Connell, eldest daughter of Christopher Fitzsimon, of Glencullen, county of Dublin, Esq.
     William C. Evans, Esq., of Dublin, to Louisa Mary, daughter of John Hall, Esq., M.D.
     At Hong Kong, Lieut. J.G. Eddington, 59th Regiment, to Eliza, daughter of the late James Macpherson, Esq.
     At Loughrea, William H. Rankin, Tullamore, to Maria, daughter of the late Thomas Williams, Esq., Sub-Inspector of Constabulary, county Galway.


     At Killala, on yesterday morning, suddenly, Palmer Bourke, Esq., J.P. aged 84 years.
     At Dungarvan, of typhus fever, Mr. George Binns, Accountant at the National Bank.
     At Crossboyne, near Claremorris, Mr. Richard Fitzgerald, at the age of 85 years.
     At Lovehill, Windsor, Augustus L'Estrange, Esq., son of the late General L'Estrange, of Larkfield, county Westmeath.
     At Salterton, in Devonshire, Kathleen Anne Mary, second daughter and co-heiress of the late Wm. Henry Handcock, Esq. of Carrintrily, county Galway.


     This respected gentleman died at his residence, near Castlebar, on Tuesday, after a lingering illness. He from an early age embraced a military life, in which he distinguished himself. He was present in all the engagements during the peninsular campaign up to the period of the battle of Waterloo, where he was so severely wounded that his life was for many months despaired of. Lieut-Col. Browne entered the service in October, 1804, as Ensign; accepted the 4th on the expedition to Sweden, and afterwards to the peninsula, where he served until November 1813, and was present in the lines at Torres, Vedras, pursuit of Massena, action of Redinha, battle of Fuentes d'Oner, siege of Radajoz in 1811 (severely wounded), siege and capture of Ciudad Rodrigo. Served also in the campaign of 1815, including the battles of Quatro Bras and Waterloo.


     The Rev. Henry Murphy, A.M., chaplain to the Bishop of Down and Conner, was collated to the rectory of Dunluce at the palace on Tuesday.
     The Rev. Richard Binney, A.M., formerly Captain 74th, read his assent and consent in the parish church of Bangor, county of Down (having been nominated to that benefice by Lord Bangor, the patron) on Sunday.
     By the promotion of the Rev. Thomas Hincks to the prebend of Carnastle, the rectory of Culfeightrin is at the disposal of the Lord Bishop of Down and Connor.
     The Rev. F. Briscoe, late curate of Stackallen, has been appointed to the union of Kilmessan, diocese of Meath, by the Marquis of Drogheda.
     The living of Kilbrittan, in the diocese of Cork and in the gift of the bishop is void; value 350 a year.


     Captain Wm. F. Martin (1824) is appointed Commodore of the second class, to command the Lisbon, or Channel squadron, to hoist a broad pendant to the Prince Regent, 92.
     The Superb, 80, Capt. Purcell, has entered 130 men since she has been at Cove.


     Wm. Coffee, Esq., Sub-Inspector, for a long time quartered at Dunmore, has been removed to Galway and succeeds John Lynch, Esq., promoted as a County Inspector.
     Constable Townsend Fitzgerald stationed in Clonmel, has been promoted to the rank of Head Constable.


     Meat is supplied at the Listowel Workhouse at 1 3/4d. per pound.
     The Macroom Guardians have agreed to reduce the Union valuation one-third before striking a rate.
     Mr. Thomas Dunscombe is elected Secretary to the School of Design at Cork.
     Bartholomew Carthy, a farm laborer, died drunk at the watch-house in Clonmel on Saturday.
     At Portsmouth municipal election, two Jews, Messrs. Levy and Emanuel, were returned by large majority.
     John Francis, who murdered Thomas Hall, the warder of Millbank Penitentiary, is a Jew.
     The stock of Irish butter in the London market last week was 700,900  firkins, and same period of last year was only 60,000.
     Colonel Chatterton, M.P., patronized an amateur performance at Cork theatre on Monday night for the benefit of the Blackpool weavers.
     The two wealthiest heiresses in the county Limerick are shortly to be married to two sons of Mars who have lately retired from the army.
     The vote of a Roman Catholic clergyman for Colonel Chatterton at Cork, influenced many of the liberal electors to the same side.
     The Midland Great Western Railway require 10,000 tons of Quebec pine for sleepers to extend their line to Galway.
     A number of locomotive engines has just been ordered of Messrs. Robert Stephenson and Co. of this town, for a rail way in Peru.-- Newcastle Journal.
     Thomas Davidson, gamekeeper to Sir Jas. Graham at Bewcastle, was murdered by three poachers last week.
     The dead body of Henry Frier, a native of Cork, was found in Mr. Barton's demesne, near Fethard, on Friday, and a reliving officer's ticket in his pocket.
     Mr. Dargan, the enterprising railway contractor, has taken the contract for the erection of the railway bridge over the Boyne. The span, one arch, is to be 200 feet wide and 20 feet above the high water mark.
      Mr. Thomas Deasy, of Clonakilty, while superintending the workmen in his brewery in that town, on Friday, accidentally fell into a deep vat, and when extricated from it, life was extinct.
     The Cork harbour Commissioners have applied to the Dublin Ballast Board to erect a light house on the Galley Head, the Bull Rock and Foze Rock.
     Within the last few days a tenant of Stephen Charles Moore, Esq., residing on his property at Grenane, county Waterford, and owing to 400 rent, removed away from his farm all the corn, cattle, horses, &c. No clue has been had as to where they are.
     Mr. Michael Murphy, of Cork, brother of Master Murphy, is appointed official assignee in the new Bankrupt Court.
     General Lord Lorton has a charge of 40,000 upon landed property in Galway.
     The Court of Chancery has dispensed with the order for recognizance by tenants taking land or tenements under its jurisdiction.
     The Poor Law Commissioners have appointed the Rev. Thomas Kenny, P.P., Chaplain to the Nenagh workhouse at the same salary, 100, as his predecessor.

(From the Limerick Chronicle)

     Lieutenant-General Pigot, late of 21st Dragoons, is to have the Coloneley of the 14th Dragoon Guards.
     Our distinguished countryman, Col. Hodges, the British Charge d'Affairs at Hamburg, is selected a member of the Commission and to act as arbiter in the administration of the difference between Schleswig Holstein and Denmark.
     The 26th at Cork will embark for Gibraltar early in January.
     Ordnance Engineers have arrived at Carrick on Suir from Dublin, to report on a site for a barrack, to be erected there.
     Major Hamilton succeeds to the Lieutenant-Coloneley, Capt. and Brevet Major Taylor to the Majority, and Lieut. Keogh to the company vacant in the 78th Highlanders by the death of Lieut.-Col. Douglas.
     Lieut.-Col. Charles Wright, K.H. who died on the 16th inst., who has his seat in Hampshire, was one of the gentlemen ushers to the Queen Dowager, and for many years on the staff of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst.
     Lieut. Gordon Evans, 69th Regt., is appointed to command the recruiting department at Gloucester.
     Lieut.-Col. Boileau (of Dublin) 22nd Regt. is appointed Brigadier General in India.
     The 51st Light Infantry exchanges quarters with the 25th, at Madras, preparatory to returning home. The commander-in-Chief and staff left Bangalore for Madras on the 18th October.
     Several of the 75th died since they arrived at Allahabad, where the entire regiment was stationed on the 20th ult.
     Major-General Wheeler presided at an enquiry at Simla, and has reported that the 1st Regt. of Sikh, Local infantry, are free from disaffection.
     Ensign Tudor of the 31st Native Infantry is severely reprimanded for sending an hostile message to Major Richardson, his commanding officer. Captain Tudor, 3d Native Infantry, loses three months rank and pay for leaving his quarters. Lieut. Partridge, 14th Native Infantry, is dismissed for being drunk on duty.
     Private Thompson, 80th, is sentenced to be transported for calling Major Lackhart a swindler.
     Sergeant-Major Charles Johnston, on the staff at Chumar, is reduced to the ranks, for allowing improper women into barracks.
     Private Mossman, of the 1st Bombay Fusiliers, is ordered to be hanged for the murder of a comrade.

War-Office, Nov. 23

     2d Regiment of Life Guards-George Robert Fitzroy, Gent. to be Cornet and Sub-Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Heald, who retires; Augustus Savill Lumley, Gent to be Cornet and Sub-Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Carew.
     2d Dragoon Guards-William Hull, Gent., to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Price, promoted.
     1st Dragoons- Henry Sykes, Gent. to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Davenport, promoted.
     6th Dragoons- Lieut. Edmund Probyn, from 34th foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Dennistoun, who exchanges; John Lavallin Pukley, Gent. to be Cornet by purchase, vice Sir E.S. Hutchinson, promoted.
     9th Light Dragoons- Archibald Semple Young, Gent. to be Cornet by purchase, vice Hunt promoted.
     11th Light Dragoons- Wm Drury Nathaniel Lowe, Gent to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Coote promoted.
     12th Light Dragoons- Robert Herbert Heath Tray, Gent. to be Cornet by purchase, vice Whittingstall, promoted.
     Scots Fusilier Guards- Ensign and Lieutenant the Hon. Wm. Frederick Scarlett to be Lieutenant and Captain by purchase, vice Lord Brownlow T.M. Cecil Who retires; Seymour Lionel William Dawson Damer, Gent, to be Ensign and Lieutenant by purchase, vice Scarlett.
     2d Regiment of Foot-Charles Gibbs, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase, vice Weir promoted.
     12th- John Luman Wilkie, Gent. to be Ensign without purchase vice Tilbrook appointed to the 24th Foot.
     17th- Robert Crutchley, Gent to be Ensign without purchase, vice M'Pherson, appointed to the 8th Foot.
     19th- Lieutenant Cecil Rogers, from the 36th Foot to be Lieutenant vice Cochrance, promoted.
     24th- James Tennent Tovey, Gent., to be Ensign without purchase, vice Kippen promoted.
     27th- John David Downing, Gent., to be Ensign by purchase, vice Byrne who retires.
     31st- Gentleman Cadet Holt Waring Clerk, to be Engisn, without purchase, vice Hutton, appointed to the 61st Foot.
     34th- Lieutenant Robert Dennistoun, from 6th Dragoons to be Lieutenant, vice Probyn who exchanges; Edward Herman Marsh, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Steuart, promoted; Arthur Trevor Leake Chapman, Gent. to be Engisn, by purchase, vice Peel, promoted.
     37th- George William Savage, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Jackson promoted.
     50th- Henry Edgerton King, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase.
     54th- Lieutenant Percy Godfrey Botfield Lake, from the 81st Foot, to be Lieutenant vice Wright who exchanges; Gentleman Cadet William Fermore Ramsay to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Flamank, promoted.
     55th- James Hannay, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Cunningham who retires.
     60th- Rowley Willes Hinxmman, Gent. to be Second Lieutenant without purchase, vice Farnden, cashiered by the sentence of a General Court Martial.
     78th- Lieutenant Colonel Harry Shakespear Philips, from half pay Unattached, to be Lieutenant-Colonel vice Edward Twopenny who exchanges; Major Walter Hamilton to be Lieutenant Colonel, by purchase, vice Phillips, who retires; Captain Henry Hamilton to be Major, by purchase, vice Walter Hamilton; Lieutenant Graeme Alexander Lockhart, to be Captain by purchase, vice Hamilton; Ensign John Simon Francis Dick, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Lockhart; Andrew Cahteart Bogle, Gent, to be Ensign by purchase, vice Dick.
     81st- Lieutenant Alfred Wright, from the 54th Foot to be Lieutenant, vice Lake, who exchanges.
     84th- Frederick Hardy, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Barwell, promoted.
     86th- Gentleman Cadet Joshua Walter Bond to be Ensign without purchase, vice Lewis, promoted.
     92d- Major Mark Kerr Atherly to be Lieutenant-Colonel, by purchase, vice Forbes, who retires, Brevet-Major Archibald Inglis Lockhart, to be Major by purchase, vice Atherly; Lieutenant Hugh Scott, to be Captain by purchase, vice Lockhart; Ensign John Henry St. John to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Scott.
     93d- Somerset M Clark, Gent to be Ensign by purchase vice Young promoted.
     3d West Indian Regiment-To be Ensign without purchase-George Cole, Gent. vice Harley, promoted; Henry Leigh, Gent, vice Furnell, deceased.



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