BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 2, 1849

     STARVATION- CORONER'S INQUEST- An inquest was held at Ardnaree, on yesterday, before MEREDITH THOMPSON, Esq. Coroner for county Sligo, on the body of a man named THOMAS MUNALLY of Cloonislane. From the evidence adduced it appeared that the deceased and his family, consisting of a wife and eight children, have been in extreme destitution for several weeks; they had pawned their entire clothing, and all other available articles, for the purpose of purchasing food. On last Friday morning the deceased proceeded to join a working party under the drainage, when, after working for a short period, he dropped, down from exhaustion in consequence of want of food, and shortly after expired. The jury unanimously found the following verdict-"Death from starvation."
     By a letter received from a highly respectable and trustworthy gentleman in Ballinrobe, we learn that affairs in that locality are wearing a frightful aspect. He says that if some prompt measures are not adopted, starvation, coupled with cholera, will cut off seven-eighths of the people. "It is not an unusual thing," observes our correspondent, "for three human beings to be huddled into one coffin together, and thrown into a hole, not more than three feet deep." He describes the town, and indeed, the neighbourhood altogether, as being in a most filthy state, heaps of loathsome stuff are to be seen in all directions.

DESTITUTION IN THE WEST-APPEARANCE OF CHOLERA.
(
From the Dublin Evening Packet)

     It is certainly from no wish to excite unnecessary alarm in the breasts of our readers, much less to exaggerate the multitudinous evils that now afflict the humbler classes in the western province, that we so often recur to the distressing subject indicated by the heading of the present article. We cannot, however get rid of it, even if we would. It haunts the imagination in a variety of phases, and forces itself upon the thoughts of every man who has a heart to feel for the woes of his fellow creatures. If this be a weakness, we only share it in common with the humane portion of the public press throughout the United Kingdom.
     Ballinrobe, we fear, is doomed to desolation. In the Packet of Tuesday was inserted a letter from the Rev. Mr. Anderson, descriptive of the awful state of affairs in that devoted locality.- Should any doubt exist as to the truth of that gentleman's statement, it will be removed by a communication from another resident of the same town, which appeared yesterday in the columns of the Freeman's Journal. From this correspondent we learn that, in addition to the other calamities, the unions have been visited by the cholera, and that no preparation whatever had been made to arrest the progress of so awful a scourge. Many weeks since, the writer informs us, the Central Board of Health had been applied to to adopt some measures for meeting the justly apprehended contingency; but though  hopes were held out to the inhabitants that the precautionary steps would be taken under the direction  of the central authorities, nothing has yet been done, and the poor people are left to take care of themselves, as best they may, in a crowded and filthy town. If this representation be correct, and that timely intimation of the coming danger had been regularly forwarded to the gentlemen composing the Board, they will find it a difficult matter to justify their conduct to the satisfaction of the Government or the country.
    But to whatever quarter the blame attaches, the consequence is deplorable enough. The deaths from cholera on Friday last- and it is yet only in its infancy-are enough to show the frightful ravages that may be expected to follow when the disease shall have taken root among a famishing population. We have said that the Rev. Mr. Anderson's statement has been fully confirmed by the letter subsequently received from the scene of suffering. Indeed it is more than confirmed, for whereas the number of starvation deaths mentioned by the Rector amounts only to eighty-seven for the week, it is set down by the second witness of ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-SEVEN! But the discrepancy can be easily accounted for without in the slightest degree impeaching the veracity of either party. The fact is that in order to screen the Commissioners, and keep the public in the dark as to the real extent of the mortality, many of the workhouse officers through the South and West make it common practice to falsify the returns.
     We have been speaking to a most respectable Protestant Rector, not residing very remote from the district in question, and he positively assured us, not later than Tuesday last, that in many of the Mayo Workhouses, so many as three, four, and in the case of children, even more are heaped together in one coffin, and returned as a single death! This may appear altogether incredible to strangers; but we can only repeat that our informant is a gentleman of the strictest probity and could have no more motive whatever for misleading us. Besides, when all the able-bodied labourers find sufficient employment in digging pits rather than graves for the dead, and carpenters are busily at work, night and morning, during the entire week, Sunday not excepted, it is really difficult to ascertain the correct number. Conversing with the same clergyman about the extent of the mortality in Mayo-taking into consideration the havoc of the last three years-we happened to use the term decimation, when he instantly exclaimed- 'What decimation? You may rely on it, every fourth inhabitant is gone! And what can be expected in reference to the dreary future, when, as it positively asseverated, "the Vice Guardians had not one pound of provisions on the morning of Friday last , nor money to purchase any, nor credit nor contractor to keep the life in the bodies of twenty-seven thousand human beings? What wonder then, that the wretched creatures should have already begun to fly form the lazar-houses as they did in hundreds during the past week, and roam about the roads, fields, and ditches, in quest of something to subsist upon!

THE ARMY
List of Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates Killed in Action at Goojfrat, on the 21st of February, 1849, or who subsequently died of wounds received in that action:-

10th Regiment of Foot.

     Killed-Corporal George Mason, Privates Samuel Whitehead, John M'Hough, Andrew Walsh, Francis Kenyon, Henry C. Stagg, George Davies.
     Died of Wounds-Private Patrick Lawlor.

29th Foot.

     Killed-Privates John Gibson, John Sullivan.

32d Foot.

     Killed-Private James Warburton

61st Foot

     Died of Wounds-Privates James Barrett, Thomas Hart.

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CONFECTIONERY AND ITALIAN WAREHOUSE,
AND
COMMERCIAL INN,
KNOX'S STREET, BALLINA
MICHAEL FOLEY,

     Having received very encouraging support since his commencement in this business, respectfully announced that he continues to be supplied with every article connected with the Confectionery and Italian Warehouse Department. The Confectionery is entrusted to the care of a parson possessing first rate abilities and who has had the superintendence of one of the principal establishments in the Metropolis for some years.
     The following is a list of articles, the quality of which cannot be excelled:-

CAKES

Bread and butter pudding,
(Made to order)
Pound cake,

PIES

Seed cake, Rhubarb pies,
Queen cake, Apple pies,
Anglesey cake, Cherry pies,
Penny Plumb cake, Currant pies,
Lemon cake Gooseberry pies,
Chester cake, Mutton pies,
Sponge cake, Lam pies,
Quaker cake, Beefsteak pies,
Toast cake, Mince pies,
Trim cake, (Made to Order)
Currant buns,

JELLIES.

Saffron bracks, Calves'-foot jelly,
Barm bracks, Orange jelly
Bath buns, Italian Cream,
Coffee buns, Blanchmanch,
Cavendish buns, (Made to Order)
Adelaide buns,

PASTRY

Wedding & Christening Cakes Raspberry Puffs, and Fritter's cheese cakes, Tarts, Puffs, &c,&c.
(Made to Order)

BISCUITS

SALLITERNS as bespoke.
Wellington biscuits,

GROCERIES.

Wines to tea biscuits, Coffee in packages,
Lemon biscuits, Pickles and Sauces,
Queen biscuits, Sugar Works of all descriptions,
Rice biscuits, Cigars, Tobacco and Snuff.
French biscuits,

BEWLEY AND EVANS

York biscuits, Lemonade,
Finger biscuits, Ginger Draught, and
Naples biscuits, Soda Waters.
Saffron biscuits,

PERFUMERY

German biscuits,

FANCY BREAD and BISCUIT BAKERY.

Victoria biscuits, Best American Flour
Shrewsberries. Chesuse's Macaroni

GINGER BREAD

Vermicelli,
Italian gingerbread, Keller's Mixtures,
Smith's gingerbread, Gellatine in Packages.
Parliament gingerbread,
Ginger nuts.

PUDDINGS

Orange pudding,
Lemon pudding,
Almond pudding,
Custard pudding,
Rice pudding,
Ground rice pudding,
Chancellor's pudding,
Plum pudding,
Sago pudding,

Best Gloucester Cheese, Hames, Spices, &c.
And Many Others Too Numerous to Mention.

     M.F. respectfully informs persons travelling that he can supply them with Breakfast, Luncheons, Dinners, &c. on the shortest notice. Well-sized BEDS. All orders punctually attended to.

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     Every fiftieth person in the kingdom is a drunkard; one in every 280 is a prisoner; and one in every 700 inhabits a lunatic asylum.

     From the 26th Feb. to the 13th March there arrived in New York about 6,394 emigrants. The deaths on the passage out amounted to 75 in all.

     At the Cork Assizes, Baron Richards said he would stop the salaries of high constables who had not summoned jurors of the proper class. Many were obliged to attend as jurors who were not able to pay their expenses from the country.

     REMARKABLE LONGEVITY IN HORSES- Francis Mulcahy, Esq. of Neddins House, has now in his possession four horses whose united ages amount to over a hundred years and all of which he works and drives daily.--Tipperary Free Press.

     THE RATE IN AID.- The farmers who attended our markets to-day make no secret of stating that, in their opinion, the safe working of he general poor law will be hazarded by any endeavour to enforce the rate in aid-that is, should the iniquitous measure pass the Upper House. Like Corbett, on a former occasion, when the Commons "ran riot," they thank Providence that there is a House of Lords.- Newry Telegraph

     It has been arranged by the mortgagees of Mr. Bell Martin's Connemara estate, that the entire property shall be submitted for sale by public auction, in London, the first week in July; and whatever portions remain unsold, will be put up to competition during the successive weeks at Liverpool, Glasgow and Dublin.

     Mr. Errington, of Kingstown, sent Archbishop Mac Hale 500 last week for the relief of the poor of his diocese.

     Michael Monahan, Esq., the father of the Attorney-General for Ireland, died last week at Galway of cholera.

     THE CONSTABULARY- Constable Campion of the Moystown station, King's County, has been promoted to the rank of Head Constable, vice Johnston, retired on pension.

     The outfit of eighteen female emigrants for Australia sent out by the guardians, cost the union of Dungarvan 100.

     A fiat of bankruptcy was opened in the Newcastle District Court last week against Mr. Cuthbert Rippan, formerly M.P. for Gateshead,and of Stanhope Castle. He was described as a lime-burner!

     Mr. Martin's herd at Tullyra, county Galway, caught a woman of the name of Donohoe killing a lamb on Thursday, and he locked the offender up in a stable while he went for the police, but when they arrived the unfortunate woman had hung herself with her apron! Mr. Martin having heard of the occurrence, turned off the herd.

     Colonel Chatterton, K.H., Grand Inspector General was entertained at dinner, on the 24th inst., by the members of the High Masonic Order of Princes Grand Rose Croix, No. 1, Cork, at the Rooms, Tuckey-st.

     CASTLEBAR UNION- The Rev. M. Curly, R.C.C., Castlebar, having been informed a short time since that the out-door paupers of the Ballyhane electoral division, in the above union, were dying from the use of food distributed amongst them by the Relieving officer, paid a visit to the relief depot, and took therefrom a sample of the meal alleged to be issued, which he transmitted to ENEAS MCNONNELL, a Mayo gentleman residing in London. Mr. MacDonnell submitted the sample to the inspection of several eminent merchants and corn-factors in London, who were unanimously of opinion that it was not only unfit for human food, but that in fact it would not be good for swine! For the sake of humanity were are happy to find that this statement is not altogether correct, which appears from a sworn declaration made by one of  the parties implicated, and a portion of which we annex:-
     "*** Deponent saith that after the distribution of the said meal, a few pounds thereof remained on hand, consisting of the sweepings of the floors, counters, &c, which was placed upon a wooden dish upon a shelf in deponent's kitchen, and from which the sample alluded to was taken by the Rev. Michael Curley, in the absence of deponent, as he had heard and believes. Saith that the sample so taken is not a fair specimen of the meal distributed."

THE CHOLERA

     ENNIS UNION- Every cholera hospital in this union was closed by order of the guardians on Wednesday last. Dr. Cullinan informed the board that the state of the Ennis fever hospital was very unsatisfactory, the greatest disorder and confusion prevailing there. The salary of the Roman Catholic chaplain to the workhouse, in consequence of extra duties in attending the fever and cholera hospitals was increased 20.
     Mr. Kernan, resident magistrate, Galway, is recovered from an attack of cholera.
     Since Wednesday there were 600 cases of cholera and 30 deaths at Galway.
     Cholera has entirely disappeared from Rathkeale,-The following is a return of the entire cases in the workhouse cholera hospital up to Saturday. Admitted, 494; died, 78; discharged, 100; remaining, 100.
     Cholera and fever are spreading through the electoral divisions of Kilfinny and Croagh.
     There have been no new cases in Nenagh during the last few days.
     Kilkee is entirely free from cholera.
     Fatal cases of cholera have appeared in Tralee, Tarbert, Miltown, Killarney and Brosna.

THE ARMY
Promotions and Exchanges
War-Office, April 27

     1st Regiment of Life Guards-Cornet and Sub-Lieutenant Arthur Walshe to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Leslie, who retires; Henry Wyndham, Gent to be Cornet and Sub-Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Walsh.
     14th Light Dragoons-Acting Veterinary Surgeon Alexander Williamson Caldwell to be Veterinary Surgeon, vice Philips, appointed to the 7th Light Dragoons.
     1st or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards-Lieut. Colonel William Nelson Hutchinson from the 20th Foot, to be Captain and Lieutenant Colonel, vice Cunynghame, who exchanges.
     Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards-Lieutenant and Captain Matthew Edward Tierney to be Captain and Lieutenant Colonel by purchase, vice Forbes, who retires; Ensign and Lieutenant Ulick Canning Lord Dunkellin, to be Lieutenant and Captain, by purchase vice Tierney; Sir James Dunlop, bart. to be Ensign and Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Lord Dunkellin.
     7th Foot-Lieut. James John Lloyd, from the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment, to be Lieutenant, vice Dawkins, appointed to the 35th Regt. of Foot.
     10th-Ensign and Adjutant George Thompson Whitaker to have the rank of Lieutenant; Ensign Wm. Henry Peter Gordon Bluett to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Herbert; died of his wounds; Ensign Milo Valentine Maher, from the 66th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Bluett.
     20th- Captain and Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Augustus Thurlow Cunynghame, from the 1st or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, vice Hutchinson, who exchanges.
     22- Ensign Augustus James Beaufort Lochlan Butt to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Carrow, deceased; Ensign Wm Caircross, from the 50th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Butt.
     25th- Quartermaster Serjeant Robert Malcolm to be Quartermaster, vice John Potts, who retires upon half pay.
     38th-Captain James Steadman Hawker Farrer from the 50th Foot to be Captain, vice Anderson, who exchanges; vice Jarvis, who retires; Wm. Maunsell, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Daniel.
     39th-Frederick Charles D'Epernay Barclay, Gent., to be Ensign by purchase.
     40th-Acting Assistant Surgeon John Coghlan Haverty to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Kingdom, appointed to the Staff.
     51st- Samuel Robbins, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase.
     56th- Captain Thomas Anderson, from the 38th Foot, to be Captain, vice Farrer, who exchanges; Thomas John Saddler, Gent., to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Cairneross, appointed to the 22d Foot.
     66th- Florence Nash, Gent to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Maher, appointed to the 10th Foot.
     96th- To be Lieutenants, without purchase-Ensign Octavius Lowry, vice Griffiths, deceased; Ensign Chas. Anderson, vice Lowry, whose promotion, on 29th December, 1848, has been cancelled. To be ensign without purchase-Colour-Sergeant James Menzies, vice Anderson.
     1st West India Regiment-Lieutenant Wm. Sankey, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Olphera, who retires; Ensign Juliuis William Thompson, to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Matthew Fanning appointed to the 64th Foot; Ensign Courtenay Thomas Hammill to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Sankey; Frederick Mares Godden, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Hammill.
     2d West India Regiment- Ensign Thomas Gibbings, to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Wright appointed to the 83d Foot; John Foulks Becher, Gent., to be Ensign, vice Gibbings; Horatio James Wise, Gent. to be Ensign, vice Palacios, appointed to the Cape Mounted Riflemen.
     3d West India Regiment- To be Lieutenant without purchase-Ensign George Sotherby Tyler, vice Amiel, appointed to the 80th Foot; Ensign William Ivers Lutman, vice Grant, appointed to the 96th Foot.
     To be Ensign, without purchase-William Beverley Robinson, Gent, vice Tyler.
     Cape Mounted Riflemen-Ensign Edward Muckton Jones to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Walters, appointed to the 73d Foot; Ensign Frederic Cipriano Palacios, from the 2d West India Regiment, to be Ensign, vice Jones.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

TO BE LET.
A NEAT FURNISHED COTTAGE,
With Large Garden, Stable, and Coach House.
TO BE LET FOR THE SUMMER MONTHS IN BALLINA.

     Application to be made to Doctor Whittaker, Ardnaree Cottage.     Ballina, May 2, 1849.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

FIRST ARRIVALS of SPRING GOODS
The Western Woollen Hall, Knox's Street, Ballina
Alexander Little, Proprietor,

     Begs to return his sincere thanks to the Inhabitants of Ballina and its Vicinity for the very liberal support which he has received since his commencement in business. He begs most respectfully to say he has returned from the different Markets (being the sixth time within seven months) with a Stock of Goods Unparalleled in Ballina for Variety and Cheapness, compromising All the Newest Designs Suitable to the Present Season, and begs to say he purposes visiting the Markets Monthly, so as to select every new style coming out.
     As the unfair principle of making two prices in carried on in a clandestine form in Ballina, The Western Woollen Hall stands unrivalled, having gained the confidence of the public by strictly Best Goods, and selling them on More Moderate Terms than other Houses in Trade; and the Proprietor is determined to retain that name which the House has justly merited.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The Cheapest, Largest, Newest, Best and Most Fashionable
STOCK OF CLOTHING,
Ever Imported to Ballina, now Ready for Inspection.
AT THE COMMERCIAL HOUSE, ARRAN STREET, BALLINA
MESSRS. ROBERT AND GEORGE SCOTT, PROPRIETORS,

     Beg to solicit the attention of the public to this supply of Summer Goods, which is the first received for the Season, all of which have been personally selected by one of the Firm, on the Most Advantageous Terms,, and will be disposed of at prices which cannot fail to command that large share of patronage which has distinguished their Establishment during their long and respectable standing.
     Messrs. George and Robert Scott confidently assert that there is no House in their Trade in this town, of such tried expertice, neither is there another in which the taste and judgment of the inhabitants of this locality can be so well suited as in their Establishment. We deem it superfluous to give a detail of the numerous articles in the various departments, as our customers will find each extensively supplied.
     We beg to direct especial attention to our Stock of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, TWEEDS, and VESTINGS, HATS and BONNETS.
     SHIEL'S AND SCOTT'S BOOTS AND SHOES, IN IMMENSE VARIETY.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

PAINTING, GLAZING, AND PAPER HANGING ESTABLISHMENT,
Top of King Street, Ballina.
ROBERT GIBSON

     Has just received a well-selected assortment of ROOM PAPER, suitable for Parlour, Drawing-room, Bed-room, and Halls, which he offers for sale on the most moderate terms. He also begs leave to state that he is well supplied with WINDOW GLASS, OILS, COLOURS, and PREPARED PAINTS of every description. PAINTING BRUSHES, PLASTER PARIS, ROMAN CEMENT, &c.
     R.G. returns thanks to his friends and the public for the kind support he has received since he commenced business, and hopes from his experience in the different branches of his trade, and his attention to all orders he may be favoured with, to merit a continuance of their support.
     Ballina, 30th April, 1849.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
BAIRD,
CABINET MAKER & UPHOLSTERER,
KING STREET, BALLINA

     Grateful for the unlimited patronage which he has received since his commencement in business, begs to intimate to his supporters, and the Gentry of Tyrawly generally, that any Orders with which they may favor him will be punctually attended to, and engages that all articles manufactured by him will be composed of the best materials, and for

STYLE AND DURABILITY OF WORKMANSHIP,
Cannot be Excelled Any Where.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 

THE CHURCH

     The Lord Primate consecrated on yesterday (Tuesday) the Rev. Robert Knox, D.D., to the Bishopric of Down and Connor and Dromore. His grace was assisted by the Lord Bishop of Kilmore. The consecration was held in the Armagh Cathedral. The Bishop elect of Down and Connor and Dromore will be enthroned in the cathedral of Lisburn, on to-morrow, the 3rd and in the cathedral of Dromore on Saturday, the 5th of May.

     The Rev. John Finlay has been appointed curate of the perpetual curacy of Brackaville, vacant by the promotion of the Rev. Isaac Ashe to the rectory of Baronstown.

     The Rev. William Hall, recotr of Charleville, diocese of Cloyne, has been appointed to the rectory of Kilshanning, vacant by the promotion of the Rev. E.T. Brady.

     The rectory of Cappagh, diocese of Derry, void by the death of the Rev. Henry H. Harte, ex. F.T.C.D., is worth 1500 and is in the gift of Trinity College.

     Ordinations are to be held on Trinity Sunday, 3d June, by the Archbishop of York, Bishops of Lincoln, Bath, Gloucester, Exeter, Ripon, Salisbury, Peterborough, Chichester, Ely, Oxford, and Manchester.

BALLINA FEVER HOSPITAL

Remaining on previous Saturday.................159
Admitted during the week..........................  39
                                                               -------
                                                                 198
Discharged cured.....................................   40
Died........................................................     5
                                                               -------
Remaining this Saturday, 28th April, 1849  153
                                   M. KEARNEY, Steward

================

BIRTH- In this town, on Friday last, the lady of John H. Thompson, Esq., Revenue Police, of a daughter.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 9, 1849

     THE MILITARY FORCES IN IRELAND- Ten regiments of cavalry, twenty-six of Infantry, and nine depots of infantry regiments are now stationed in Ireland, making in round numbers a total of about 31,000 men of ranks. As, however, the 75th foot is now in course of embarkation at Cork for India, and the 50th is to proceed for a few weeks to Hong Kong, the departure of these regiments will cause a reduction of about 2200 men from the above total of 31,000 of all ranks.

     ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND- A meeting of this body was held on Tuesday for the election of Examiners for the ensuing year. The following were elected- Anatomy and Physiology- Mr. Butler and Mr. Tuohill. Medicine and Surgery-Mr. Romley, Mr. Hutton, and Mr. Smyly. Midwifery- Mr. Nixon. Chemistry, Materia Medica, and Medical Jurisprudence-Mr. Morgan.

     In the year 1745 the Penal laws against Catholics were in full force in Ireland, and they were not allowed to carry arms. In that year a Mr. Taaffe turned Protestant in order to fight a duel.

BIRTH.

     On Sunday evening last, in Ardnaree, the Lady of Wm. M'Cormack, Esq., of a son.

MARRIAGES.

     On the 4th inst. by the Rev. F. Cavendish, brother to the bride, Oliver Cuffe Jackson, Esq. son of the late Colonel Jackson to Eliner, relict of the late Walter Burke, Esq., of Killala Castle, in this county.
     On the 30th ult., at Galway, by special license, by the Rev. A. Killeen, O.A., Joseph Evans, Esq. of Flood-street, to Anna, second daughter of the late W. Jordan, Esq., of Ballynowley, in this county.
     In Westport Church, on Saturday last, by the Rev. W. Leahey, Rector of the parish, Thomas Snow Miller, Esq., Collector of Customs, to Mary, third daughter of Captain J. Bews, Paymaster of Constabulary.

DIED.

     On Sunday, the 6th inst., at Westport, after a protracted and painful illness, Mary, the beloved wife of Denis Walshe, Esq., S.I., of that town.
     In Castlebar, on Sunday last, Ross Dudgeon, youngest son of John Dudgeon, Esq., aged two years.
     In the Poorhouse, Castlebar, of fever, Mr. R. Plunket, recently appointed Master of the Workhouse.

    The Earl of Stradbrooke has given directions to his agent, Abraham Coates, Esq. of Ballymacarberry, to give an abatement of fifty per cent to his lordship's numerous tenantry, in the counties of Tipperary and Waterford.
     Lady Headly, last week, reduced the rents on her estate in Kerry one-third.
     ENCUMBERED ESTATES- The Limerick Chronicle says that Lord Devon, Sir Edward Sugden and Jonathan Henn, Q.C., are named as the new high commissioners for the sale of encumbered landed property in Ireland, independent of all chancery control. We (Mercantile Advertiser) have learned that there is no ground whatever for this statement, and that no appointments have yet been determined upon.

     The average weekly consumption of Indian meal for pauper in-door and out-door relief in Limerick union, is twenty-five tons! The quantity drawn out of Limerick market for the unions of  this and the adjoining counties averages one thousand tons per week!--Limerick Chronicle

     Matthew Kilkelly, convicted at the last Ennis assizes of an attempt to murder Mr. Wallplate, suffered the extreme penalty of the law in front of the county gaol on Monday. He appeared deeply penitent.

BANKRUPT

     Joseph Charles Hanly, of Castlebar, shopkeeper, dealer and chapman, to surrender on Friday the 12th inst., and on Tuesday the 12th June.

     Fever is becoming very prevalent in Limerick and there are 175 cases in St. John's hospital.

BALLINA PETTY SESSIONS
                                TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1849.

      The Magistrates presiding were-Edward Howley, Esq., Chairman, Wm. Malley, Esq., and John F. Knox, Esq. Captain Hamilton, Poor Law Inspector, remained on the bench during the entire proceedings.
     Several persons were summoned for deserting the Workhouse without permission from the Master, and taking with them clothes belonging to the Union. Some of them were allowed to return to the Workhouse, and the rest were sentenced- some to 24 hour confinement in the bridewell, and others to fourteen days imprisonment in the gaol, with hard labour.
     One man was sentenced to fourteen days imprisonment with hard labour, for breaking a window and taking off some bread. He alleged he did this through the effects of hunger, but it was shown he made a habit of thus getting his bread.
     Orders were obtained for removing the nuisances from about the houses of several persons in Ardnaree who were summoned for this offence in compliance with notices served on the Vice-Guardians to that effect.
     A complaint was made against Murphy, one of the summons-servers, for delaying the service of a summons thirteen days, and he was very properly ordered to pay the expenses of the person who gave him the summons.
     The other cases which were before the court were of a trivial nature.

     The Ballinrobe correspondent of the Constitution, under date Sunday morning last, writes:- Cholera has ceased in this unfortunate locality; but during its stay made awful ravages, few houses having escaped the contagion. It is wonderful "how few and far between" were the recoveries of persons once seized with the disease. Than God, for the last day or two there has not been a single case in town.

     PETER BOURKE, Esq., has resigned the office of Sub-sheriff for Mayo, and has been replaced by WM. KEARNEY, Esq. of Ballinvilla.

     DESECRATION OF THE SABBATH- It is disgraceful in a professedly Christian country to see men and women carrying about and exposing for sale fish, vegetables, and other articles of merchandize on the Sabbath day, as is the custom in Ballina. In the principal thoroughfares, and even while Divine Service is being celebrated, the passer-by is invited to make purchases. Are the people so distitute of the common decencies of morality as to encourage so obnoxious a practice? If the authorities have any jurisdiction in the matter, perhaps they would take this hint.

     COUNTERFEIT CROWN PIECES- We have been informed that counterfeit five shilling pieces are being circulated in town. The public will require to be well upon their guard as we understand the imitations are such as from their clever execution, are likely to deceive. Several have been passed upon unwary shopkeepers-children having been induced on promise of gratuity, to make small purchases for the forger, who has succeeded in escaping detection.--Belfast paper.

     ARREST OF A SUPPOSED MURDERER- About fourteen years ago a man named Cornelius Crowley was murdered at Union Hall and a verdict of willful murder was returned at a coroner's inquest against a person named Jeremiah Donovan. Donovan, however, escaped from the country, and his name appeared for a long time in the Hue and Cry. A few weeks ago a brother of the deceased man happening to be in London accidentally met Donovan and at once recognised him, and having given information to the authorities, had him arrested and brought before the magistrates at the Thames street police station, who committed him to jail until they could communicate with this country. It appeared that the man had been living in London since the murder was committed. Constable Cudmore of this city accordingly went over to London where the man was given into his charge and brought over to Cork by him. Donovan was brought before the magistrates at the police office this (Monday) morning, and committed to the country gaol.- Cork Examiner.

     FATAL AFFRAY NEAR LURGAN- Late on Sabbath night, or rather at one o'clock on Monday morning, a family named M'Veagh, from Silverwood, near Lurgan, were passing along the road towards Maralin, on their way to Belfast, where they were to embark for America when they were met by some men. Aggravating words having been used by each party, a fight ensued, in which a young man named Mercer was dangerously wounded, and has since died. The following day the  M'Veaghs were brought back from Belfast and a coroner's inquest was held on the body, when a verdict of manslaughter was returned; but as there was no clear evidence to show who committed the deed, the parties were acquitted.--Banner of Ulster.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 16, 1849

     INQUEST- On Thursday last an inquest was held in Killala, before Charles Atkinson, Esq., coroner for this county, on the body of Patrick Walsh. From the evidence adduced, it appeared that the deceased went to work in his field in the morning enjoying perfect health and was a short time afterwards found dead. A verdict of "Death from apoplexy" was returned.
     DEATH FROM STARVATION- The body of a man whose name is unknown, was found on the road side at Renesberack, on Thursday last, and was supposed to have been murdered; but upon investigation at the inquest, held the following day by Charles Atkinson, Esq., at Glencastle, it was found that the unfortunate man died from starvation. A verdict was returned accordingly.

STATE OF THE BALLINA WORKHOUSE
Week Ended 12th May, 1849

Remaining on last Saturday night................3,047
Admitted during the week..........................   279
Born.........................................................       0
                   Total......................................3,326
Discharged.....................................102
Died...............................................   6        108
                   Remaining on the above date...3,218

Return of Persons receiving out-door relief in the Ballina Union, for Week ended 5th May, 1849.

Electoral Division            No.           Cost. .s.d
Ballina (Town)                 1504          30.2.5 1/4
Ballina (Country)               494          14.12.1 1/2
Ardnaree                          855          19.11.8
Baeks                               679          15.4.1 1/4
Attymass                          358           9.14.11 1/2
Kilgarvin                          368           13.12.7 1/4
Dromore West                 315           6.11.6
Easky                              503           11.6.6 1/2
Kilglass                           556            11.11.8
Castleconnor                   371            8.10.10
Ballysokeery                    865           19.0.5
Killala                            1347            30.3.5 1/2
Lacken                          1284            29.11.1 1/4
Ballycastle                       813            9.1.8
Kilfian                            1426            33.19.5 1/4
Crossmolina (North)      1657            39.5.9
Crossmolina (South)      1197            29.19.7
Belmullet                       4163            111.0.0
Binghamstown               2364            62.10.1
Union                             549             9.17.4 1/4
                Total           21,608          525.7.5 3/4

BALLINA FEVER HOSPITAL

Remaining Previous Saturday.....................137
Admitted during the week..........................  36
                                                                 173
Discharged cured......................................  24
Died.........................................................    2
Remaining this Saturday 12th May 1849    147
                             W. KEARNEY, Steward.

THE CHURCH

     The rectory of Killiney, Kerry, vacant by the death of the Rev. Robert Conway Hurly, Vicar-General, is in the gift of the Bishop of Limerick, Ardfert, and Aghadoe, and valued at 300 a year.
     The vicarage of Rathdowney, worth 500 a year, is void by the death of the Rev. M. Monck, and is the gift of the Bishop of Ossory.
     The Rev. Galbraith Fenton, who died at his residence in Balbriggan, having attained the patriarchal age of 99 years, was the oldest clergyman of the Established Church in Ireland. The vacant benefice is in the gift of George A. Hamilton, Esq., M.P.
     The Rev. R. Chester, curate of Cloyne, succeeds to the living of Ballyclough, vacant by the death of the Rev. J. Chester; and Rev. J. White, curate of Fermoy, to the Vicarage of Inchegeela.
     The Rev. Thomas W. Mocran, A.B., of Trinity College, late curate of Youghal, has been appointed to the curacy of St. Mathew's Church, Liverpool.
     The Rev. Dr. Wilson, professor of biblical literature in the assembly's college, is appointed Moderator by the Belfast synod now sitting.

THE ARMY
(From the Limerick Chronicle of Saturday)

     Lieutenant-Colonel Louis commanding the Royal Artillery, left this on Thursday, to inspect the forts and batteries on the Lower Shannon.
     The 71st Regt., stationed at Naas, under command of Col. Denny, were reviewed by his Royal Highness Prince George, on Wednesday.
     Major-Gen. M'Donald made his half-yearly inspection on Wednesday of the 92d Highlanders, 1st (or King's) Dragoon Guards, and Royal Artillery, at Clonmel. The General put the troops thro' a variety of evolutions, and expressed his gratification at the high state of discipline in which he found them. The review attracted a large assemblage, who were highly delighted.
     The death of Lieut.-Colonel Robe, Royal Engineers, at St. John's, Newfoundland, gives promotion to Capt. and Brevet-Major Luxmoore, Second Captain Beatson, First Lieutenant Grattan and Second Lieutenant Rice, of the same department.
     The Coloneley of a second regiment, the 15th Hussars, is vacant by the sudden death of General Sir Robert Wilson, late Governor of Gibraltar, on Tuesday last in London. He was 14 years suspended from his rank for violent partisan conduct at Queen Caroline's funeral.
     The late Lieut.-General Sir Jasper Nicolls, Colonel of the 5th Fusiliers, was a member of the Army Clothing Board. Sir Jasper was commander-in-Chief in the East Indies, from 1839 to 1843, when Lord Gough replaced him.
     Barrack-serjeant Evan Daniell, of Clogheen, who hung himself on Tuesday, was a native of Carmarthen, and had served in the 81st at the battle of Maida, and in the Peninsular war.
     William E. Hughes, Esq. is appointed to a Cornetey in the Lancashire Hussars.

PROMOTIONS AND EXCHANGES.
War-Office, May 11.

     1st or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards-Claud Blexander, Get., to be Ensign and Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Ellison, promoted.
     Scots Fusilier Guards-Ensign and Lieutenant Lord Adolphus Frederick Charles William Vane to be Lieut. and Captain by purchase, vice William Yates peel, who retires; George Grey Dalrymple, Gent., to be Ensign and lieutenant, by purchase, vice Lord A. Vane.
     10th Foot- Captain Stephen Francis Charles Annesley, from the 37th Foot, to be Captain, vice Sall, who exchanges.
     26th-John Stratton, Gent., to be Ensign by purchase, vice Wilson, promoted to the 83d Foot.
     35th-Lieutenant Archibald Tisdall to be Captain by purchase; Ensign James Spratt to be lieutenant, by purchase, vice Tisdall.
     37-Cpatina Henry M'Manus Sall, from the 10th Foot, to be Captain, vice Annesley, who exchanges.
     47th- Lieutenant Henry Meade Hamilton to be Capt. by purchase, vice Skrine, who retires; Ensign Thomas William Woolocombe, to Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Hamilton; Charles John Perceval, Gent; to be Ensign by purchase, vice Woolocombe.
     59th-Lieut. Charles Kendal Bushe to be Captain by purchase, vice Butler, who retires; Ensign Godfrey Goodman Mosley, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Bush; Samuel John James Burns, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Mosley.
     69th-Lieutenant Charles William Parker, to be Captain, without purchase, vice Tudor, deceased; Ensign Charles Gilborn, to be lieutenant, vice Parker, Thomas Henry Charleton, Gent. to e Ensign, vice Gilborn.
     79th- Sergeant Robert Jamieson, to be Quarter-master, vice Alexander Cruickshanks, who retires half-pay.
     83d- Ensign Sylvester, W.F.M. Wilson from 26th Foot, to be lieutenant, by purchase, vice Crowe, who retires.
     91st- Wm. Squirl, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Whitle, promoted.
     Hospital Staff- John Berry, Gent., to be Assistant Surgeon to the Forces; vice William Smellie Johnsten, resigned; Acting Assistant Surgeon Vesey Agmondisham Browne, M.D., to be Assistant Surgeon to the Forces, vice Finley, deceased.

Office of Ordnance, May 7.

     Royal Regiment of Artillery-Second Lieutenant Lambert Henry Deune, to be First Lieutenant, vice G.W. Drummond Hay, removed from the Regiment being absent without leave.

 

 

DIED

     On Sunday, the 13th instant, near Westport, after a lingering illness, Joseph D. Bourke, Esq., eldest son of the late Tobias Bourke, Esq. of Woodville, in this county.
     In Ballinrobe, on Wednesday last, of cholera, Dr. J.D. Pemberton, F.R.C.S.I., for many years medical officer of the Neale dispensary.
     At his residence, Longford House, county Sligo, Sir James Crofton, Bart.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     Mr. James Fagan, M.P. for Wexford, has subscribed 100 for the relief of the starving poor in Connaught.
     James Grattan, Esq., has given 100 to the metropolitan committee for relief of the terrible distress in Connaught.
     The Duke of Devonshire has employed the poor fishermen to whitewash his houses in Dungarvan at 5d per 40s. freehold. The Marquis of Waterford and Sir Nugent Humble have availed themselves of pauper labour for the same purpose.--Waterford Mail.
    
The May fair of Boyle was held on Wednesday last, and the result has proved most disheartening to all classes. There was very little business transacted, and such as sold were obliged to generally, to do so on ruinous terms. We have heard that the prices obtained were, in many instances, below that for which such were purchased in the early fairs. Milch cows from 4 to 8, such as would bring this time last year from 8 to 12. The supply of pigs was small, but a good description met ready sale.--Boyle Gazette.
     CASTLEBAR FAIR-The fair of this town was held on Friday last. It was wretchedly attended, and badly supplied with stock of an inferior quality. Black cattle were in little demand, and milch cows were not looked for. Sheep still maintain their prices, but all other stock were in slow demand and at low prices--Mayo Constitution.
    
The small farmers appear to lose all confidence; many of them, since it was understood that the Government will not advance towards the support of the poor, but oblige the several Vice-Guardians to strike new rates, have determined to dispose of the remnant of their property, and seek a home in America.--Boyle Gazette.
    
There are 1,749 paupers in Boyle workhouse. The number receiving out-door relief exceeds 7,100.
     The Glanworth flour mills, the property of Robert E. Gibbons, Esq., were on the night of the 4th instant, burned to the ground, as is supposed maliciously. The loss sustained amounts to 4000.
     The fair of Clonroad, near Ennis, partook of the depression of Ballinasloe. There were few buyers. Milch cows and springers were sold from 5 to 7; yearlings 35s to 50s; sheep from 14s to 32s; pigs 42s. per cwt.
     Ellen Lyons, servant to Mr. Naylor, of Annagh, was removing a double barrel gun, the trigger accidentally came in contact with some article in the house, and exploded, driving the contents through her body. She was killed on the spot.
     At the Ballinasloe Cattle Fair the poor rate collectors were watching the gentlemen selling that they may be the first to have the grab.
     Ennistymon union owes the contractors, J. Bannatyne & Son, 6,000 for the supplies of provision. The same firm contracted to supply Ennis union two months consumption of bread stuffs, nearly 4,000 and for which no payment is yet made them.
     In the Skibbereen union there are 20,000 receiving indoor and out door relief.
     WHAT ARE THE POOR TO DO?- At Ballydebod fair, county of Cork, last week, good cows were offered for 30s each, and no buyers!- There was a man brought a new milch cow to the fair to sell; he would not get relief while he had her-he offered her for 30s. and could not sell her; he left to go home, and was found dead on the road.
     Such is the frightful depression of trade and business in Carrick-on-Suir, that between 70 and 80 shops have closed this week, they appear in mid-day as if the occupants were in bed-a complete wilderness of shutters.
     A vessel to take out convicts has arrived at Kingstown; a party of the 96th is the escort.
     The Ennis union is in debt to J.M.Russell and Son, of Limerick, the sum of 9,778 for provisions.
     Within the last week 62 paupers died in the workhouse of Limerick.
      The Sarah sailed from the port of Sligo, on Thursday, for America, with 68 passengers.
       There are 3,407 paupers in the Workhouse of Sligo; and 6,549 on the out-door system.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 23, 1849

    

     At a special meeting of the New Zealand Company a series of resolutions were unanimously carried against the introduction of convict emigration to that settlement.
     Twelve hundred applicants sought admission to the Limerick Union Workhouse on Friday, but more than half that number were refused, for want of room, the establishment being overcrowded.
     Fifty cases of cholera out of 100 in Tralee workhouse proved fatal.
     The salaries of the relieving officers in Cork cost the union 500l a year.

     TIPPERARY- The following appears in the last number of the Hue and Cry:- Description of Charles Langley Surgeon, who stands charged with having, on the first of May, at Nenagh, by a series of unnatural and diabolical acts, caused the death of his wife, Eleanor Langley.- He is forty years of age, 5 feet 10 inches high, slight make, dark complexion, black hair, inclining to grey, and black eyes: whiskers shaved off, voice vulgar, very bad countenance, prominent teeth, shoulders slightly stooped, and has a slight recent cut on one shin; wore a hat, black body coat, dark trousers, dark vest, and had a gold watch and chain. Is a native of Clonmel.

    AN EXAMPLE FOR LANDLORDS.- An abatement of 4s. in the pound has recently been made on the Ormsby Gore estates in the counties of Sligo and Mayo. William Fetherston H., Esq., the agent of the estate, allowed the Labour-rate to the tenants of 1847, although not legally due until 1848.--Sligo Guardian.

     Bishop Hughes of New York and Mr. T. D'Arcy M'Ghee, the Irish runaway confederate, have made friends, after their hot political controversy.
     Lord Clancarty was examined before the House of Commons poor law committee. His account of the devastation and mortality by famine in the county Galway was most harrowing.
     The only export of corn or grain of any kind from Limerick for the last fortnight was 1,100 brls of oats for Glasgow. There was no a firkin of butter shipped for the English markets for three months!
     A pension of 500 a year reverts to the Crown by the death of Mr. Hitchcock, late Dublin Police magistrate.
     The inhabitants of Limerick city have got up a memorial to the Lord Lieutenant on behalf of the State prisoners. It is said to be numerously and respectably signed.
     A fleet of 46 sail, laded with bread stuffs, arrived at the Cove of Cork a few days since.
     The flax-seed that Sir Richard O'Donnell gave his poor tenantry in and around Newport, to sow their land, they sold at Westport and Castlebar for half what it cost their benevolent landlord!
     Mr. Thomas Roche, of the National Bank, Cork, died of cholera on Friday.

THE ARMY
(From the Limerick Chronicle of Saturday.)

     Colonel Jackson, 6th Carabineers, has arrived in London from Dublin.
     All the troops in Ireland were under arms at noon this day, and fired three rounds in honor of her Majesty's birth-day.
     A majority in the Kerry Militia is vacant by the death of Pierce Crosbie, Esq. of Ballybeigue, eldest son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel Crosbie, of that regiment, and many years M.P. for Kerry. A company is also vacant in the Kerry Militia by the death of Sir Arthur Blennerhasset, Bart., last month.
     His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant has appointed Colonel Caulfield, M.P., to the Lieutenancy of the county Armagh, vacant by the demise of the late Earl of Gosford.
     Yesterday ,the depot companies of the 75th, under Capt. Hotham, left Cork for Chatham, in the London steamer.
     Arthur Vincent Turner, Esq., of Baggot-street, Dublin, is appointed to an Ensigncy in the 69th regiment.
     Lt. Col. Oldfield, to command the Engineers in Ireland, has arrived in Dublin, and Col. Vavasour proceeds to Canada.
     It is now said that Major-General Brotherton will receive the Colonelcy of the 15th Hussars, vacant by the death of Sir Robert T. Wilson.
     Lieut. General Sir George Anson is to succeed the late Sir Edw. Paget as Governor of Chelsea Hospital.
     An officer of the 40th, on guard in Dublin on Thursday last, was seized with cholera.
     The sergeants of the 1st Royals, Dublin, have presented Serjeant-major John Wilson with a splendid silver cup, after 21 years' service.
     Lieut. Lennox, Royal Horse Brigade, is promoted to a Second Captaincy.

CORONER'S INQUESTS.

     On Yesterday evening, Sub-Inspector Fox observed a corpse being conveyed through this town on a cart, with a piece of sack-cloth thrown over it, and having sent for Charles Atkinson, Esq., coroner for this county, had an inquest held on the body. From the evidence of the wife of the deceased, Murtagh Loftus, and his three daughters, it appeared that this unfortunate family consisted of five members, who were in a wretched state of destitution. The husband, wife, and youngest daughter were in the receipt of outdoor relief, which was twelve pounds of meal weekly, and by selling heath brooms they earned about one shilling a week, for which was bought about seven pounds of meal. In October last they left the workhouse, after remaining in it fourteen days, preferring the outdoor relief. The eldest daughters were considered as adults, and one of them, on application, was admitted to the workhouse about a fortnight since. On Monday last the husband and wife left home early in the day, each with a load of brooms, and separated outside this town, the wife going to Killala and the husband to Bartra, the residence of Captain Kirkwood-these places being about ten or eleven miles from where they lived, the electoral division of Kilgarvin. On yesterday morning, some women who were gathering cockles on the strand between Bartra and the mainland observed  the deceased fall down, and when they came up he was quite dead. His youngest daughter was the first to hear of the unfortunate circumstance, and found him still lying on the strand, and having gone to Killala for her mother, both of them contrived to carry him within about two miles of this town, where a cart was procured to carry the body to its late miserable home. The second daughter stated in her evidence that her father's feet were much swollen on the morning she last saw him alive, and that he had for some time previous to his death been complaining of dysentery. Doctor Whittaker, who made a post mortem examination, deposed that there was not a particle of food in the stomach; and the jury found a verdict of "death caused by insufficiency of food, and exposure to wet and cold."

     A WOMAN BURNED TO DEATH- An Inquest was held in this town, on yesterday, by Charles Atkinson, Esq., coroner, on the body of a woman named Catherine Keane. from the evidence adduced, it appeared that on the previous night, when the deceased was in the act of going to bed (she being at the time alone in her apartment) her clothes caught fire from the flame of a candle.- She must at the time have been in a state of stupor, as there were several persons in the house that would have heard her cries, if any were uttered. The first intimation they had of the occurrence was perceiving a strong smell of burning issuing from her apartment, and on entering it they found the deceased burned to death in a most appalling manner.

STATE OF BALLINROBE.

     Whether it is that the poor of our neighbourhood are more patient under their sufferings than the children of privation and want in other localities, or that they are not so deeply plunged in bitterness as in other places-for instance, the union of Ballinrobe-we confess we are at a loss to conjecture. We have been for the last three years impressed with the conviction that nothing could surpass the dire destitution which the lower, and indeed, many of those who at one time might be ranked in the middle classes in an around town were forced to endure; but when we read the accounts which thrust themselves before us from other quarters, we are, quoad hoc, no worse than our neighbours.
     We are lead to thes3e remarks from the perusal of another heart-rending appeal to the head of her Majesty's government by the Rev. James Anderson, rector and vicar of Ballinrobe, and who also fills the unenviable post of chaplain to the workhouse of that union. Here is an extract from the letter of the Rev. gentleman:-
     "My lord, " says the rev. gentleman, "I have yet other woes to mention, so truly horrifying, that former tales are as nothing in comparison, and possibly they may put an extinguisher for ever upon that left-handed policy, and that base niggard economy, which are gnawing out the vitals of the country. ' Horresco refereus.' Well, then, my lord, in a neighbouring union a ship-wrecked human body was cast on shore-a starving man extracted the heart and liver, and that was the maddening feast on which he regaled himself and perishing family!!! and nearer still, a poor forlorn girl, hearing that her mother was seized with cholera, hastened to the rescue-alas! too late, but with a deep, religious, and filial devotion desiring, at least, a decent interment for her dear, departed parent, was driven to the shocking necessity of carrying the corpse upon her own back, for three long miles, to this very union, if so be she might make her wants known, and simply obtain a coffin from the Relieving Officer!- need I tell you, my lord, the dismal sequel? She herself died of cholera the following day!"
     Is the English exchequer so paralysed as that it can afford no better food for the famine-stricken, emaciated Irish peasant than the putrid hearts and livers of his fellow mortals? or is it really the desire of the government to see the entire population of Ireland "disposed of" in this quiet way? The picture drawn by the Rev. Mr. Anderson, in the remainder of his letter, is certainly a fearful one, but, alas! no less fearful than true. One word and we have done. How long does Lord John Russell intend that such a state of things continue?

HEALTH OF THE TOWN

     It is gratifying to be able to state that the town of Ballina never wore a more healthy aspect than it does at present. We cannot be sufficiently thankful to Divine Providence for this decided mark of His goodness, notwithstanding the many allurements held out by some of our fellow townsmen to welcome cholera or fever. In a recent issue we endeavoured to impress upon the public the absolute necessity of having the yards attached to their dwelling purified, prevention being in all cases easier than cure. In some instances-but, indeed they are the fewest in number-our suggestion has been attended to, while the residue appear to be alike indifferent to their own fate or that of their neighbours.
     Now, this carelessness has a two-fold injurious tendency-first, it invites disease; and secondly, it keeps from our town the numerous English and Scotch gentlemen who formerly found a pleasant retreat, in angling on the beautiful River Moy, and who were not only the means of giving bread to many poor fishermen, but also circulating money through other channels. A very little exertion would entitle the town to the name it bore time immemorial," the best kept town in Connaught."

STATE OF THE BALLINA WORKHOUSE
Week Ended 19th May, 1849

Remaining on last Saturday night................3,218
Admitted during the week..........................   241
Born.........................................................       3
                   Total..................................... 3,462
Discharged...............................41}
Died........................................10}              108
Remaining on the above date...................  3,414

BALLINA FEVER HOSPITAL

Remaining on previous Saturday....................147
Admitted during the week.............................  25
                                                                    172
Discharged, cured........................................   24
Died............................................................     3
Remaining this Saturday May 19th, 1849        14
                    W. KEARNEY, Steward

 

 

    

THE ARMY   

 EXCHANGES AND PROMOTIONS
War Office, May 18.

     2d Life Guards- Lieut Charles Hollowell, Carew, from the 36th foot, to be Cornet and Sub.-Lieut., vice Gwyn, who exchanges.
     7th Dragoon Guards- Lieut. Philip Bunbury to be Capt. by purchase, vice Brevet major Hogge, who retires,; Cornet and Adjutant John Gray to have the rank of Lieut.; Cornet Wm. Stuckey Wood to be Lieut. by purchase, vice Bunbury;' Thomas Edward Dowbiggen, gent. to be Cornet by purchase, vice Wood.
     6th Foot-Major Andrew Armstrong Barnes, from the 25th foot, to be Major, vice Griffiths, who exchanges.
     24th Foot- Staff Surgeon of the 2d Class John Stuart Smith, M.D., to be Surgeon, vice Pitcairn, who exchanges.
     25th Foot- Major John Thomas Griffiths, from the 6th Foot to be Major, vice Barnes who exchanges.
     35th Foot- Charles Robert Tennant, gent. to be Ensign by purchase, vice Spratt, promoted.
     36th Foot- Lieut. Cornet, and Sub-Lieut. Thomas Gabriel Leonard Carew Gwyn, from the 2d regiment of Life Guards, to be Lieutenant, vice Carew, who exchanges.
     62d Foot- Major Henry B. Harvey ,from the 67th Foot, to be Major, vice Shortt, who exchanges.
     63d Foot- Ensign Douglas Ernest Manners, from the 91st Foot, to be Lieut. without purchase, vice William George Landrishe Crowther, cashiered by the sentence of a general court martial.
     69th Foot- Captain George Hughes Messiter, from half-pay unattached to be Captain, vice George Floyd Ducket, who exchanges.
     71st Foot- Ensign Bernard Brocas to be Lieut. by purchase, vice Uniacke, who retires; F.M'Donnell, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Brocas.
     72- W. Whitmore, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Urquhart, appointed to the 75th Foot.
     87th- Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel W.T. Shortt, from the 62d Foot, to be Major, vice Harvey, who exchanges; second Lieutenant J. Peyton to be First Lieut. by purchase, vice Murphy, who retires; E.H.J. Meredyth, Gent, to be second Lieutenant by purchase, vice Pepton.
     90th- Assistant Surgeon R.C. Anderson, M.D., from the Staff to be Surgeon, vice Ellison, deceased.
     91st.- S.T. Sargent, Gent. to be Ensign without purchase, vice Manners, promoted to the 63d Foot.
     Ceylon Rifle Regiment- Captain C.B. Tattersall to be Major, by purchase, vice Martin, who retires; Lieutenant V. Wing to be Captain by purchase, vice Tattersall; second Lieutenant E. Bagnell, to be First Lieutenant, by purchae, vice Wing; F.L. Kennedy, Gent. to be second Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Bagnell.
     Hospital Staff- Surgeon G.K. Pitcairn, M.D. from the 24th Foot, to be Staff Surgeon of the Second Class, vice Smith, who exchanges; Acting Assistant-Surgeon G.S. King, M.D., to be Assistant-Surgeon to the Forces, vice Anderson, promoted to the 90th Foot.
     Unattached- Capt. P.W.A. Bradshaw, from 77th Foot, to be Major without purchase.
    

 

     RECLAIMED LAND IN IRELAND- A return, moved for by Sir R. Ferguson, M.P., informs the public that the total number of acres of land in the county of Donegal, reclaimed from the date of the ordinance survey to the date of its revision, amounts to 32, 434; the number of acres still unreclaimed to 732,615; and the number of acres at present under cultivation to 437,749. The number of acres of land reclaimed in the county of Londonderry amounts to 4,203; the number of acres unreclaimed to 24, 506; and the number of acres of land at present under cultivation to 68, 405.

     It is in contemplation to make retirement compulsory on all civil servants above sixty years of age.

     Quinlin (Cnd.), late of the 84th Regt., who was sentenced to be hanged at Clonmel for murder, is to be transported for life.

     Owen Moran crept into his mother's house and died, the same day his brother Larry was found dead in a field; same day his sister, Mrs. Whelan, with her mother and child, found dead in a deserted forge. The two brothers, the sister, the brother-in-law, and child all dead the same day, of starvation, at Kilimore, county Galway.

     The furniture of Bantry Union workhouse is to be sold under an execution.

     The Tipperary union owes to Messrs. Shaw and Duffield 11,000 for Indian meal.

     The Presentation Convent in Miltown is offered to the Killarney Board for an auxiliary workhouse.

     In the Fermoy workhouse 113 deaths occurred during the past week.

     Four hundred and ninety paupers have died according to the Workhouse returns on the week ending Saturday the 5th inst.

     On Saturday night, the house of the widow Allen, of Gurtfadda, near Ballingarry, was attacked by an armed party; the door broken and a quantity of wearing apparel taken away, together with money which they found.

     The average weekly cost of each pauper inmate of the Cahirciveen workhouse is only 9d; and it was only 7d. until out-door relief was recently adopted.

     Messrs. Rush, and Palmer of Galway, are declared contractors for supply of meal to Tuam Workhouse, the consumption from 45 to 50 tons per week.

BALLINA PETTY SESSIONS- Tuesday

     The magistrates presiding were - Daniel J. Cruse, Esq., R.M., William Mally, Esq., and Edward Howley, Esq.
     The cases were of very little public importance.
     Informations were received against Michael M'Keone and others, for an illegal seizure of part of the property of Miss Jane Culkin, under a decree not signed by the Sheriff.
     Informations were ordered against Michael M'Maniman, for stealing shoes, the property of Sarah Dooher.
     John Hughes was fined 10s. and costs, for fourteen days imprisonment for an assault on Michael Lynch.
     James Howley was convicted  in the penalty of 6 or three months imprisonment, for having three naggins of illicit whiskey in his house.
     Several persons were fined at the suit of the Guardians under the Nuisance Removal Act.
     The Court was adjourned to that day fortnight.

     The "Mozambique" arrived at New York, with emigrants from Sligo, after a passage of 25 days.

     The Mayo Constitution of yesterday, speaking of the destitution of the poor, says, "We have known of the flesh of asses-horses-dogs-carrion-of seaweed and the foulest substances being resorted to for human food."

THE CHURCH

     The Bishops of Down and Cork were entertained by the Fellows of Trinity College at dinner, on Wednesday.
     The Rev. Edward Newenham, curate of Kilworth, succeedes the Rev. James White, in the incumbency of Fermoy.
     The Rev. Dr. Sadleir preached an excellent sermon at Trinity College, Dublin, on Thursday, when full service was performed. The 8th psalm was chanted by the choir.
     The Bishop of Madras attended diving worship in Christ Church, Belfast, on Sunday last.
     The Rev. Samuel Gordon, A.M.; has been licensed to the curacy of Glanmire, county Cork.
     The National Board has had another adhesion to its ranks in the Hon. and Very rev. the Dean of St. Patrick's, brother-in-law of the Duke of Wellington.

BIRTH.

     On the 15th inst., at Bingham Castle, the Lady of W.T. Campbell, Esq. of a daughter.

DIED.

     In this town, yesterday, after a lingering illness, which he bore with christian resignation and fortitude, Mr. Frederick Arbuckle, an old and respected inhabitant.
     On the 11th inst., at her residence, Clifton-place, the beloved wife of R.L. Carney, Esq., of Castlebar.
     In Ennis, Tuesday last, after a short illness, Mr. John Leech, of Church-street, aged 60 years.

PORT OF BALLINA.
Arrived.

     "Betsey", at the Quay, from Constantinople, Indian corn, Loyd, Master.
     "Peace", from Caminha, Indian corn, G. Crispin, master.
     "Theobold Matthew," from Newcastle, coals, M'Jinkins, master.
     "Industry" from Liverpool, Indian corn, Howles, master.
     "Hawk," from Liverpool, Indian Corn, J. Romney, master.
     "Volasia," from Liverpool, Indian Corn, a Stevenson, master.
    
     CHOLERA- A rumour of a very startling nature was prevalent her yesterday morning, to the effect that cholera had broken out in Castlebar with frightful virulence, and that no fewer than six deaths occurred, after, in each case, a few hours' illness. The Constitution of yesterday altogether contradicts this, and adds- "The only place to which we can trace any appearance of disease resembling cholera is to Mayo prison and the auxliary poorhouse." Though the forbearance of a benign Providence, this fearful epidemic has not yet commenced its ravages among a people already much afflicted; and should not this time of reprieve, this staying of the hand of God, be improved by the good people of Ballina, in making those preparations which are calculated, as far as human means and foresight can effect, to check the progress of this disease. We have already brought this subject under the notice of our readers, and we trust it may not be our painful duty, in the midst of suffering, to upbraid them with the culpable neglect of having, in a proper time, used the precautionary measures incumbent upon the more wealthy and influential of the inhabitants.

     Accounts have reached us from Crossmolina, Swinford, Killala and Ballaghaderreen, assuring us that not a case of cholera has appeared in any of those towns up to yesterday. It may be worthy of remark, that in 1832, when this epidemic thinned the inhabitants of nearly every city and town in Ireland, Crossmolina remained unscathed, from which it was since styled, "The Holy Land."

     SLIGO UNION- The board of guardians of this union have struck a new rate, amounting to three shillings in the pound, notwithstanding an arrear of 6,775 of the old rate is still uncollected. The number of paupers in the workhouse is 3,308 and the number receiving out-door relief 7,242.

     The Limerick board of guardians at their last sitting, struck a rate for a year and a half to the 21st December, 1851. The union comprises 19 electoral divisions, in some of which the rate will amount to ten shillings in the pound!

     STAMP OFFICE- We regret very much as, indeed, all who ever had any intercourse with the gentleman, either in business or otherwise must, that Mr. James Higgins has been obliged, in consequences of ill-health to resign the situation of sub-distributor of stamps for this district, an office which he held for many years with integrity, and discharged its duties with the courtesy and willingness to oblige by which he has made many friends. The business has been removed to the office of Mr. John M'Culloch.

     PROVINCIAL BANK OF IRELAND- The Directors have been pleased to appoint Mr. John H. Harding, eldest son of R. Harding, Esq., lat Chief-officer of Coast-guard at Ballycastle, to an office in the Ennis branch.

     LIMERICK ELECTION- A writ has been issued for a new member for this county, in room of Wm. Smith O'Brien, who, as will be seen from our parliamentary report, has lost his seat, having been adjudged guilty of high treason.

     GOVERNORSHIP OF TRINIDAD- We have been informed, upon the best authority, that the Marquis of Sligo has accepted the Governorship of Trinidad, a post which his noble father occupied for many years.

  

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, May 30, 1849

CORONER'S INQUEST

     An inquest was held at a place called Bealderra, in the barony of Erris, on Friday last, by Charles Atkinson, Esq., coroner for this county, on the body of a man named Mark O'Malley, who was found dead in a field very near the house in which he was lodged on the previous night. From the evidence adduced it appeared that the deceased was on the relief list; but it was sworn to that he would eat as much as any three men. He was a remarkably large man. Dr. Bourns made a post mortem examination, and found the stomach was perfectly sound, but without the slightest particle of food. A verdict was returned accordingly.

     DEATH FROM STARVATION- On Sunday, a man was brought into the Workhouse of this town in a dying state. It appeared at the inquest held before Mr. Atkinson, that he was not in the receipt of out-door relief, in consequence of his holding a small patch of land which he was unwilling to give up, and had a little sowing made. He was so perfectly exhausted that he was unable to take any food and died the following day. Doctor Devlin, who examined the body, found the stomach entirely void of any food.

     A respectable farmer, Edmond Kenny, of Annefield, near Ennistymon, in comfortable circumstances, decamped last week for America, owing 12 months rent on three farms which he held, beside several private debts. He left nothing on the land to satisfy his creditors, except four miserable cows, sent to the parish priest of Kilshanny, to whom he owed 50, and a mangy horse, seized under a Seneschal's decree, which was sold by auction on Saturday in Ennistymon, for 25s. He left his wife and children behind, with directions not to give up possession of the lands unless they were paid for so doing!

     At Corofin petty sessions, a ludicrous case came before the bench. A tailor named Cunoole owed 2 10s poor rates, for which a distraint on his furniture sought to be effected. The rate collector, Mr. Kerin, armed with pistols, and accompanied by two bailiffs, entered the house. Snip was at work with a large scissors, and having inflicted some ugly cuts on the bailiffs and collector, drove them out of his house and fastened the door. Mr. Kerin then placed keepers on the outside, but the tailor did not surrender for three days.- He killed a goat which was in the house, and lived on it while the siege lasted, and he would have held out longer only that his provisions were consumed. He then surrendered at discretion, and was committed for trial.

From our Crossmolina Correspondent.

     CROSSMOLINA, 28TH MAY- I regret that my first communication for your columns should savor of bloodshed. You are aware that Adragoole is in the vicinity of the "Holy Land." Well, the inhabitants of that locality are as peaceable as inhabitants generally are, when allowed to conduct their own affairs, without the interference of strangers. However, a Mr. William Corkoran, a poor rate collector, took it into his head to go amongst them on Thursday last, accompanied by a party of Police, under the command of Inspector Fox, for the purpose of levying poor rates. Now, the people of Ardragoole seem to have had some antipathy to Mr. Corkeran, and they raised the cry, "murder Corkeran!" I need not tell you the "word of command" was strictly responded to. Poor Corkoran was assailed with sticks and stones; the consequence is that he is now lying dangerously ill, with a wound on the head three inches in length, with some slight injury to the skull, under the care of Dr. M'Nair. I have seen the Doctor to-day and he says Corkoran is progressing favourably.

     THE FRACAS AT COURT-HILL.- It appears that a Mr. Goodwin had a barrister's decree against Mr. John Gardiner, J.P., Court-hill. From what I have learned, Mr. Gardiner is son-in-law to Dr. Wylie, an eminent surgeon of the R.N., who, when he found Mr. Gardiner's affairs embarrassed, purchased Court-hill, and the stock on it. Mr. Gardiner sends a bailiff, accompanied by his sister's relations and friends, for the purpose of seizing on the property of Dr. Wylie. Now, there is no doubt that Mr. Gardiner is gone to America, and that the seizure was illegal. No matter, the "limbs" use their authority-it is resisted- and the consequence is that the bailiffs come off second best. There can be no doubt but the distraint was illegal, and that it was met with in a similar spirit. The sequel to this catastrophe is, that a couple of fellows have been wounded. There is a great deal of talk about the matter in Crossmolina.

MISCELLANEOUS

     The accomplished Miss Maria Edgeworth died at Edgeworthstown-house, Longford, on Monday.
     Queen Victoria entered the 31st year of her age on Thursday.
     Contraband tobacco is now smuggled into the London market in rolls of Dutch butter.
     The debts of Tralee union have been reduced from 11,000 to 7,000.
     The Limerick Chronicle says that the farmers have great hopes in the success of the potato crops this year, and twice the quantity of last year has been planted.
     No person is allowed to visit Smith O'Brien and his companions, except by a card from Mr. Redington, the Secretary.
     Two hundred orphans from the workhouse will be sent from Dublin to Australia; 150 children belonging to convicts were sent to that colony last week.
     Captain Bindon, R.N., Sub-Inspector Police, Ballinrobe, has resigned after 28 years service, and gone out on a pension.
     On Friday night a party of men broke into the auxiliary workhouse in the village of Clare, and carried away three bags of meal.
     The goods and chattels of Gort workhouse were sold under execution last week by the High Sheriff of Galway, at the suit of the creditors.
     William Lee, a boy of three years, died of starvation on its mother's back, in Limerick, last week! He had been living on water-cresses for several days.
     Emigration to the Cape of Good Hope ,which had been suspended last year, has been resumed by her Majesty's Commissioners.
     Father Mathew, previous to his departure, said that his first act on reaching America would be to enlist the sympathy of the inhabitants of that great country in favour of the famine-stricken poor of Ireland.
     Seventy agriculturist emigrants from the county of Limerick left on one morning for Liverpool, there to take shipping for America. One man had no less than 16 tickets for his family.
     Catherine Byrne, who was on the out-door relief list for Carlow, died last week, and suspicions being entertained that she had money, notwithstanding her apparent poverty, her clothes were examined, when a sum of 23 was found in her stays!
     At Skibbereen Sessions, before James Moody, Esq., Assistant Barrister, there were over four hundred prisoners, the greater number committed on charges of larceny resulting out of destitution.
     Last week some evil-disposed persons cut the ears from off four horses put out to grass on a farm of dean M'Guinness, at Shannon-bridge, from which the tenant had been dispossessed. Two of the horses since died of lock-jaw.

    


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