Ireland Old News




BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, July 4, 1849

EMIGRATION

     A letter, dated from Melbourne, 29th December, 1848, addressed to her mother by one of the girls who were sent from this union workhouse to Australia in August previous, is before us. The writer, in fulfillment of her last promise to her mother, sends a letter by the first ship that sailed after her arrival. "My dear mother," she writes, "I only want you, my brothers and sister, to complete my happiness. We had a lovely voyage, a real good captain and doctor, and only 3 months at sea"- the shortest passage, as the girl remarks, ever made to that colony. She and her companions, were very kindly treated by the Governor, and were not hurried off into places, though there was a great demand for them. The poor girl had a wish she frequently expressed to her mother gratified, that of being with a good mistress who is willing and able to make her a good servant.- The character she got was "that she was one who would rather be below, cleaning and sewing, than on deck." She advises her sister and brother to mind their schooling, and concludes a very nicely written and affecting letter by sending her blessing to Mr. and Mrs. Hart (the Master and Matron), Dr. Devlin, the School Mistress, and others in the Workhouse to whom she felt attached.
     This letter is highly creditable to the training of those girls. The habits of industry to which the younger inmates of this workhouse are brought up, and the useful education they receive, are sure to make them good members of society, and it is to be regretted that a greater number of them have not been sent to the colonies.

REPORT

     The Select Committee appointed on Irish Poor Laws, who were empowered to report their opinion on the Minutes of Evidence taken before them from time to time to the house, have further considered the matter to them referred, and have agreed to the following resolutions:
     1. That the boards of guardians should be instructed to employ the able-bodied paupers on such useful and productive works of a public character, as the commissioners may sanction, avoiding all interference with the ordinary independent industry of the country.
     2. That all technical difficulties in proceedings at sessions and before magistrates in respect of the collection of the rates, should be taken into consideration with a view to their abatement or removal.
     3. That boards of guardians be empowered to send young persons who shall have been over one year in the workhouse into private service, with power to control as in cases of apprenticeship, and also to place them in the land or sea service.
     4. That persons obtaining relief under false pretences be subjected to the same punishment as provided for a vagrant under 10 and 11 Vic., c. 48.
     5. That it is desirable that the tenement valuation under the 9 and 10 Vic., c. 110, be introduced into each electoral division as the valuation is completed; but that the proportion of the establishment charges and those on the union at large shall be divided among the electoral divisions according to previous valuation of each.

     A NEW TRAINING SCHOOL- We have just been informed by a person of unquestionable veracity, that a school has been formed in a certain quarter of this town for the purpose of training pick-pockets in the light fingered art of that respectable profession. Considerable ingenuity is manifested in the plan adopted by the talented professor, for perfecting his pupils in the different branches of the trade. A pair of trousers is stuffed with hay, and suspended from a cross beam by a cord in the centre of the class. The different pupils approach in their turn and thrust their hands alternately into a pair of tight pockets, left purposely in each side of the trousers. The test of proficiency is that of putting in, and withdrawing the hand with the least motion to the artificial legs. If we hear any more of this matter, we will give locality and names next week.-- Sligo Guardian

    A MODEL EEL CATCHER- One morning this week a boy went a-fishing up the shallows of the river which runs through this town. A few perches above the Victoria bridge he captured an eel about a yard long. He held his slippery prisoner most tenaciously by the centre; but the fish made such use of its extremities as was likely to give the juvenile adventurer the worst of the battle. In the moment of extremity he had recourse to a plan which, we presume, will not have many to imitate it. The urchin, rather than loose the eel, actually caught its head in his teeth, and ran thus with it to the bank of the river, to the no small amount of several persons who were at the time looking on.-- Sligo Guardian.

THE WEATHER AND THE CROPS

We have the most favourable accounts from all quarters of the state of the crops. From Crossmolina, Swindford, Killala, and the rural districts they are of a very cheering character. The late rains have fallen when most needed and have done infinite service to the country. The potato crop never looked better. and the same may be said of the wheat, corn, barley and turnip crops.
     A rumour was current, during the past week, that the potato disease had made its appearance in the beautiful farm of our respected and enterprising townsman Mr. William West. A few of the stalks looked withered, or "curled," in the garden belonging to that gentleman, in the early part of last week, but they have since, owing to the late rains, assumed a healthy and luxuriant aspect.
     Some very excellent new potatoes, grown on the property of Mr. Ormsby, of Runagry, were sold here on Monday at 1s 8d per stone.

THE CHOLERA

     It is our pleasing duty to continue our favourable report respecting the sanatory condition of this town. Cholera, whose approach is so much dreaded, has not made its appearance here or in any of the neighbouring towns, and malignant diseases of any character are by no means prevalent.
     We were not a little alarmed the other day by a report, which rapidly circulated, that a boy had died of cholera. It appears that this person ,who was about 14 or 15 years of age, was suffering from diarrhoea, and, after imprudently going into the water for amusement, and remaining wet for some time, was attacked with cramps and come apparent symptoms of cholera. he died within a few hours after, but if of cholera, it was the first and happily the last case.

COMMISSARIAT

     The "Elizabeth" arrived here on the 27th ult. from Belfast, with 925 bags of biscuit, weighing 112 lbs. each, from the commissariat department, consigned to Assistant Storekeeper Fraser, and was distributed to the following temporary Poor Law Inspectors:- Captain Hamilton, for this Union,500 bags; Captain Farran, Castlebar Union, 225 bags; and Captain Hanley, 200 bags, for the Swinford Union. On Monday last the "Visitor" arrived here from the same place with 430 bags of biscuit consigned to Mr. Fraser, and was handed over to Capt. Hamilton, for the use of the union. Some of this biscuit has already been given for outdoor relief.

THE RATE IN AID

     In pursuance of an order from Mr. Power, Poor Law Commissioner, a sum of 322,552 is to be assessed upon the several unions in Ireland, in proportion to the annual value of property rateable to the relief of the poor, according to the present valuation. We subjoin the amount in each union in this province:- Ballina, 2,228l.; Ballinrobe, 2,130l; Ballinasloe, 3,384l.; Boyle, 1,983l; Carrick-on-Shannon, 1,425l.; Castlebar, 1,249l; Clifden, 499l; Galway, 2,272l; Gort, 1,162l; Mohil, 1,451l; Roscommon, 1,838l; Swindord, 1,154l; Sligo, 3,705l; Sligo, 3,705l; Tuam, 2,114l; Westport, 975l.

BALLINA QUARTER SESSIONS- Friday
FELONY
The Queen at the prosecution of Daniel Madden v. John Barret.

     In this case Barret was indicted for having feloniously taken between 5 and 6 from the house of Mr. Daniel Madden, of Ballycastle.
     Margaret Madden, a child about thirteen years old and of very great intelligence, being sworn stated that before Christmas last she gave the 2s. to Barret, a National School teacher, at Miss Johnston's school where he attended; he said he wanted it to purchase some books and that he would give witness her choice of them; she afterwards gave him one pound note; she got it in a box where there were 40 her mother had for insurance as she learned from her sisters; this box was locked, and the room it was in was also locked; she got the keys off a bunch; told Barret where she got the money; he induced her to take 2 out of the box after this, then 3 and again 5, and subsequently 1; all tis she gave to Barret at miss Johnston's School where he was instructing her in writing figures and spelling; she also gave him two silk handkerchiefs, he induced her to do all this by saying he would not beat her or tell her mamma of her whenever she had not her lessons. After Christmas Barret came to her father's house to instruct her; about this time he asked her if she heard if the money was missed and she told him it was not; he then asked her if she would get him some money out of the shop; she told him she would try, and as she and her sisters were in the habit of attending in the shop when ever she received any silver she only put part of it into her mother's pocket and kept the rest; Barret thinking this too slow a way told her to take money out of her mother's pocket under the pretence of putting some into it; the pocket was sewn to her mother's dress and it was into this whatever money was received was put; whenever she got any money in this way she went up stairs and locked it in a press; on the Wednesday before the prisoner was arrested she gave him, in her father's house, and her father's money, about 5 15s. in sliver; this she collected principally while Barret was three days in Ballina at an inspection; witness told the prisoner she was afraid the money that was taken out of the box would be missed; he said that if it was missed it would be left on the shop boy; the first intimation her mamma had of what was going on was by an anonymous letter; her sisters then spoke to her about it, when she confessed all she could remember except what money she gave Barret at Miss Johnston's school before Christmas. The day the prisoner was arrested she gave him four shillings which were marked by the police sergeant; she was told to give the money to him as usual; it was on the Wednesday week (the 12th April last) before he was arrested that she gave him the 5.
     This witness's evidence could not be shaken on the cross-examination.
     Constable O'Connor- On the 20th of April last marked two shillings; these, with two others to prevent suspicion, the child was desired to give to Barret; the child had made some disclosures before this; witness was sent for by Mrs. Madden about 6 o'clock on the evening of the day on which he marked them; Barret was in the parlour at the table; asked Mrs. Madden if she charged Barret with having money feloniously on his person; arrested him then and cautioned him not to say anything that may incriminate himself; found on his person two half crowns, and four shillings, two of which were marked; after searching him the child came in and began to enumerate several sums she gave him; Barret hesitated at first, then said the truth was best to be told; he said he did get money, and bought a pony for 6 of it; and for Mrs. Madden to send for the pony and it was here; Mrs. Madden said she did not want the pony and that it was dear at 6.
     Mrs. Madden examined- Missed 12 out of the chest where she had 40 for her life insurance, but not until her child acknowledged having taken it; on the market day before Barret was arrested she had got a ton of meal nearly all of which she sold, and also sold a good deal of other articles, so that she considered she had a good market; her daughter in the evening said they had a good market, but when she (witness) counted what money was received, she had only 6 which made her very uneasy, as she could not tell what became of the rest, for she knew she should have received more money; after this she got an anonymous letter and sent for the police sergeant; witness was in the habit of putting whatever money was received in the shop into a pocket in her dress, as she had detected some persons stretching over the counter and putting their hands into the till; her daughters assisted her in the shop and received money from customers.
     Cross-examined by Mr. R.P. Bourke- Did not prosecute Barret when he was first arrested because she did not like to expose him and he gave her the pony and an I.O.U.; Barret afterwards processed her for the pony and 1. When Mr. Madden came home and learned of the transactions he ordered Barret to be prosecuted.
     James Martin examined-Attends in Mr. Madden's shop; was present when the constable marked two shillings; he went into a closet adjoining the school room to hear the conversation between Miss Madden and Barret; heard Miss Madden ask Barret was it five or six pounds she gave him last; Barret said it was five.
     All the witnesses for the prosecution were cross-examined but nothing was elicited to invalidate the direct testimony.
     Owen Tighe was then examined for the defence; he gave his evidence in Irish-He and Mrs. Madden had a conversation about Barret; Mrs. Madden told him if he would prove anything against Barret about the money she would give him a cwt. of meal.
     Mrs. Madden was here again brought forward and swore she had no conversation with the last witness on the subject of the money, but that he (Tighe) came into the shop and began to curse Barret for causing him to be deprived of the out door relief.
     John Fausett, Esq., J.P., was examined as to character, and stated that he, until the present, heard nothing prejudicial to the prisoner's character.
     The Assistant Barrister in charging the jury summed up the evidence in a most lucid manner, and the jury after a short deliberation returned a verdict of guilty.
    His worship then addressed the prisoner, dwelling for a considerable length upon the enormity of his crime in making use of his influence over an intelligent pupil whose moral training was equally incumbent upon him for the basest and most degrading purposes, and sentenced him to seven years' transportation.

  

 

PROSECUTION OF A PRIEST FOR MARRYING A PROTESTANT AND ROMAN CATHOLIC

     At the Petty Sessions of Achil, on Saturday last, the Rev. P.O'Malley, R.C.C. was summoned by the Rev. Charles Seymour, the Protestant Rector of Achil, for having celebrated a marriage between one of the Coast Guard service, who was reputed to be a Protestant. and a Roman Catholic girl, contrary to the provisions of the 7th and 8th Victoria, cap. 8. It appeared in evidence that Mr. Seymour, hearing of the marriage having been celebrated, thought it his duty to make inquiry into the matter, in order to have the law put in force, when, fearing the coast guard should be tampered with, he sent for him, and he voluntarily signed a declaration of his being a Protestant, and of the celebration of the marriage by the priest, whereon Mr. Seymour caused a summons to be served on the priest, to attend at the petty sessions on Saturday last, when the case came on before D.J. Cruise, Esq. R.M., and W.C. Moroney, Esq., R.M.
     The prosecution was conducted by Mr. N. Davis, and the defence by Mr. I. Kelly.
     On the prosecutor being called, some time elapsed previous to his appearing, but at length an application having been made to his officer, who was in court, he made his appearance, and, after much hesitation, was sworn. He detailed the circumstances of the marriage by the priest, and the marriage fee having been paid. Stated his being an Englishman, that his father and mother were Methodists, and that up to the time of his being married he was a Protestant but that on his marriage in January last he became a Roman Catholic; no particular ceremony was then gone through as to his change of religion, but a fortnight ago he did, at the request of the priest, go through the form of conforming to the Roman Catholic religion; could not state what necessity there was for his doing so if he considered himself previously a Roman Catholic; attended a lecture given by Mr. Seymour in April last, and then told him of his marriage, and, at his request, put his mark to a declaration that he was brought up a Protestant but did not state that he was then one. (The statement was then read, setting forth that he was brought up a Protestant, was then one, and never changed his religion or intended to do so.) This the witness swore was never read to him.
     On cross-examination by Mr. Kelly he stated he signed a declaration, when he was married, of his being a Roman Catholic; declares himself to be a Roman Catholic from the time of his marriage.
     The Rev. Mr. Seymour and the Rev. Mr. Lowe were both examined, and stated the reputation of the man being a Protestant and that declaration given in by them was read and explained to the former witness, who voluntarily signed it. At the same time he requested Mr. Seymour to marry him according to the rights of the Protestant Church, to legalise his marriage.
     Mr. Kelly, on the part of the defendant, relied on the failure of proof given by the prosecution. He stated his regret at such a case being brought forward, or such an attempt made to revise the penal laws.
     Mr. Davis replied, by stating that the declaration which the priest had got the witness to sign and his having a fortnight since got him to go though the form of conforming to the Roman Catholic religion, showed that the priest was satisfied of his having done an illegal set in performing the marriage ceremony.
     The magistrates took some time to decide as to their taking informations, and after some consideration stated that they, however, could not adjourn the court without expressing their approbation of the very proper manner in which the prosecution was brought forward-that Mr. Seymour had a perfect right to carry on the prosecution, and that nothing whatever had occurred to give rise to the animadversions made use of by Mr. Kelly; and whatever conclusions they might come to on the subject, they hoped no unpleasant feeling should arise from the law being merely carried out as laid down into the statute books.-- Mayo Constitution.

MISCELLANEOUS

     The Earl of Lanesborough is the new representative Peer for Ireland, in place of the Earl of Mayo.
     A murrain has broken out amongst the black cattle in the east of the county Limerick.
     Lord Cardigan was robbed of his Hussar uniform, value of 150, at Hounslow, on Thursday.
     Major General Conyers is appointed to command at the Ionian Islands.
     The Queen Dowager has contributed 420 to complete the dormitory of the London Sailors' Home.
     Col Henry White has reduced his rents, in Longford, 30 per cent.
     The price of Irish butter at Jamaica is further reduced to 8d. per lb.
     Sir Robert Bateson of Belfoir, Bart, pays the rate in aid for his tenantry in Derry and Down.
     Old Jamaica and Barbadoes rum is selling in Cork at 6s. the gallon.
     The wife of Dr. Dartnell, 53d regiment, was killed by lightning at Simia on the 20th, April.
     Thursday was the anniversary of the capitulation of Buenos Ayres to the late Duke of York in 1793.
     A sturgeon, in length seven feet ten inches, and in circumference four feet, was taken in Mr. Foley's fishery at Lismore on Tuesday.
     The Earl of Erne reduced the rent of his estates in Fermanagh 25 per cent, and besides will pay the rate in aid for his tenants.
     Alderman Lawrence, cordwainer, and Mr. Nichol, tailor, and inventor of the Paltot, are to be the new Sheriffs of London.
     John Halley and Wm. Walsh, Irish labourers, were killed at Leith, on Monday, by a fall into the new ditch constructing there.
     Mr. Jenkins, chief boatman of the Padstow Coast Guard, and one of his crew, were drowned on Tuesday, by the upset of the pinnace.
     The congregation of Mary st. Presbyterian church, Belfast, on Friday, presented Dr. Cooke with a horse, car, and harness as a mark of their esteem.
     On Tuesday, Colonel Chatterton was installed Provincial Grand Master of South Munster, by the Grand Masonic Lodge of Turkey-street, Cork.
     The body of Michael Dooly, a starved man, was half devoured by hungry dogs in a cabin near Roscrea, where he lay in a dying state on Friday last!
     The turnip seeds distributed by the Poor Law Inspector to the poorer farmers at Caherciveen union have turned out a failure.
     Richard Connolly, of Kingstown, Cork, a tall, gaunt Irish beggar, was apprehended at Bedford by the police, who found 1 10s. in his dress, after declaring he had but one penny in the world!
     William Hamilton, sentenced to seven years transportation for shooting at the Queen, escaped the punishment of flogging at the express desire of her Majesty.
     Latham C. Warren, Charles Cheyne and Edward Baliol Scott, engineers, are at Ballinasloe, engaged in marking out the lines of the Extension of the Railway from Mullingar to Galway.
     Patrick Breen, a private of the 13th Light Infantry, and his wife, were crushed to death under a sand bank near Belfast, on Friday last, the very day of their marriage.
     Colonel Jones has lately presented to the Royal Irish Academy five antique gold rings, or bracelets found in the Board of Works excavation at Strokestown, Roscommon.
     Mark Fethergill was lately refused re-admission as an attorney by Lord Chief Justice Denman, on the ground of having been found guilty of an open falsehood, which disqualified him.
     The midsummer eve bonfires on the anniversary of St. John were "few and far between" in and about Limerick, and en passant, considering its heathen origin, the custom, " is more honored in the breach, than in the observance."
     In H.M.'Knight v. R.D. Kane, and action against a solicitor for neglect of duty to his client, tried last week in the Queen's Bench, the jury could not agree to a verdict. In Thompson v. Thompson, a similar action, there was a verdict for the defendant.
     The Postmaster-General has decided that from the 6th instant all letter receivers in towns are to receive none but stamped and unpaid letters, and that there will be a general revision, and in most cases a reduction of their salaries in consequence.
     Sir Andrew Agnew, Bart. of Lochnaw, is following in the footsteps of his deceased father, in the Sabbath observance question. He is to preside on the 16th of July, at a meeting in Stranraer, at which prizes are to be awarded to successful competitors (working men) for an essay on the Sabbath observance.
     Tuesday a young child was barbarously murdered by his brutal father, named Keeffe, at Freemond, near Kanturk. He deliberately took the child, a boy about nine weeks old, tied a stone round its neck, threw it into the river, and then coolly walked on the bridge till he saw the child drowned. The was fully committed for trial.
     Catherine Carey, Bridget and John, her daughter and son, were recently brought before Mr. Brown, J.P. of Clonboy, by Sergeant Perkinson, of O'Brien's bridge to answer a charge of killing an ass, the property of Denis Mullins, of Ardatagle. They acknowledged having killed the ass for the purposes of eating its flesh. They also declared that they killed an ass, the property of John Kelly, of O'Brien's bridge, and another property of Michael Daly, of Ardtagle, and eat the flesh, though want.

THE ARMY
WAR OFFICE, JUNE 29.

     3rd Light Dragoons-H.F.G. Coleman, Gent. to be Cornet, by purchase vice Townsend who retires.
     2nd Regiment of Foot-Gent. Cadet W.H. Grimston from the Royal Military College to be Ensign without purchase, vice MacCarty, promoted in the 4th Foot.
     11th Foot- To be Ensign without purchase, Gent. Cadet W.D. Napier, from the Royal Military College vice Crooke, promoted  in the 69th Foot; Gent. Cadet W.H. Clarkson, from the Royal Military College, vice Simpson, appointed Quarter-master.
     20th Foot- Gent. Cadet C.E. Parkinson from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign without purchase, vice Robinson promoted in the 73d Foot.
     47th Foot-Gentleman Cadet E.R. Simmons, from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Nangle, promoted in the 67th Foot.
     51st Foot- Major-General Sir T. Wilkshire, Bart., and K.C.B., to be Colonel, vice Lieutenant-General Sir B. d'Urban, G.C.B., deceased.
     54th Foot-Gentleman Cadet W.H.D. Clarke, from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Caulfield, promoted to the 44th Foot.
     65th Foot-Gent. Cadet J. Radley from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Thelwall, promoted to the 86th Foot.
     69th Foot-Lieutenant E. Bowen, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Bewes, who retires; Ensign J.L. M'Clean to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Bowen; M. Bell, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase, vice Maclean.
     79th Foot-Gentleman Cadet H.H. Stephenson, from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Chalmers, promoted in the 36th Foot.
     97th Foot- Ensign T.E. Jones, to be Lieutenant, and Adjutant, vice Bindon, deceased; Gentleman Cadet A.H. Thistlewayte from the Royal Military College to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Jones.

     Died-In this town on yesterday, Mr. Francis Loftus.

    

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, July 11, 1849

     THE LINEN TRADE- It is satisfactory to learn that the Irish linen trade is, at present, in a more prosperous state than it had been for some time past. Our mills and manufacturing establishments are generally in active operation; and the exports are considerably on the increase. Commensurate with this state of the linen business, we find preparations going on for the further extension of one of its branches. Messrs. Corry and M'Blean are now erecting extensive buildings at Crescent-field in the immediate vicinity of Belfast, adjoining the Botanic Garden, for the manufacture of damasks of the finest quality. The works will be on an extensive scale, extending to 360 feet in length by 90 in breadth." The designs and drawings which we have seen of the buildings are very elegant, and the works will prove an ornament to the locality in which they will be erected. Mr. Corry has added very much to the beauty of this portion of Belfast, by the handsome houses he has built at Crescent-place; and this new undertaking will still more enhance the attractions and value of the vicinity. The employment of the hands required for the buildings and the manufacture will also prove a source of additional benefit to our population.--Northern Whig.
    
MURDER- One of the most cruel, cold-blooded murders that ever disgraced humanity was perpetrated last week within three miles of Clogjordan, on the borders of Tipperary. As Mr. Daniel Egan of Ballydonagh, a most respectable young man, 24 years of age-the unfortunate victim in this case-was proceeding on his way to mass, to Barna, in the company of his father, mother and two sisters, it appears he stopped some few perches behind them. The 'mass path' led to a narrow lane with a high ditch on each side, through which they had to pass. He had not gone far in the lane when a pistol was discharged from behind the ditch, and on his father turning round when he heard the report, saw his son tumble in the lane a lifeless corpse. He received two large slugs; one entered his side, immediately opposite his heart, and the other a few inches lower. An inquest was held on the body, hen the usual verdict in such cases- 'Wilful murder by some person or persons unknown' - was returned. On examining the lane it was found that the assassin had a hole bored through the top of the ditch so large as that he could take deliberate aim. The deed was committed by one only; he was seen running from the place after the shot was fired. The only reason that can be assigned is this:- his father is a middle landlord and bound to pay the head rent, though he had not for the last two years even so much from his tenants, and in consequence was obliged to have recourse to harsh measures to recover it.

DISGRACEFUL FRAUD

     A relieving officer, of the Castlebar union, and his assistant were convicted at the Ballyglass petty sessions last week, in the penalty of 1 each, for using a fraudulent weighing machine at the food depot. It appeared from the evidence of Mr. Sheridan, Inspector of Weights and Measures, that the unfortunate recipients of out-door relief were defrauded of about 33 cwt. of meal weekly.

    EMIGRATION- The brig "Granville," Browne, master, sails from Killala for New York on tomorrow with ninety-five emigrants.
     SUDDEN DEATH- On Friday last, the wife of Samuel M'Cleary, water-bailiff, suddenly died as she was returning from a well with some water.- It is supposed the rupture of a blood-vessel was the cause of her death.

THE ARMY
War Office, July 6

     Royal Regiment of Horse Guards-Cornet W.J.H. Gambler to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice the Hon. L.A. Grant, who retires.
     Scots Fusilier Guards-Lieut Col. C. St. Le Malet, from half-pay Unattached, to be Captain and Lieut.-Col., vice the Hon. G.A.F. Liddle, who exchanges; Lieut and Capt. C. Tyrwhit to be Capt. and Lord R.C. Taylor, to be Lieut and Capt by purchase, vice Tyrwhitt; F. Baring, Gent. to be Ensign and Lieut by purchase, vice Lord R.C. Taylor.
     2d Regiment of Foot- Capt. A. Lesky, from the 86th Foot, to be Captain, vice Thornton, who exchanges.
     17th Foot-Gentleman Cadet D.E. Kirby, from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign without purchase, vice Payne, appointed to the 61st Foot.
     19th Foot-Ensign E.K.V. Arbuckle, from the 84th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Peacock, appointed to the 84th Foot.
     21st Foot-Capt. E.D. Dunbar, from the 22d Foot, to be Captain, vice Johnson, who exchanges.
     22d Foot- Capt. A.L. Johnson, from the 21st Foot, to be Captain, vice Dunbar, who exchanges.
     23d Foot-Lieut. J. Connolly, to be Capt. by purchase, vice Roebuck, who retires; second Lieut. E. Crofts to be First Lieut. by purchase, vice Connolly; F.P.R.D. Badcliff, Gent. to be second Lieut. by purchase vice Crofts.
     42 Foot-Ensign E.C. Cunningham, to be Lieut by purchase, vice Clavering, who retires; G. Fraser, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase vice Cunningham.
     49th Foot-Lieut. J. H. Biggs to be Capt. by purchase vice Fulton who retires; Ensign W. Bellairs to be Lieut. by purchase, vice Biggs; W.B. Young, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase, vice Bellairs.
     50th Foot-Ensign B.F. Foster, from the 64th Foot, to be Ensign, vice M'Mahon, appointed in the 84th Foot.
     56th Foot-Gentleman Cadet J. Martin, from the Royal Military College to be Ensign without purchase, vice Sadler, appointed to the 81st Foot.
     58th Foot-Lieut. R.P. Lloyd to be Captain by purchase, vice Dickenson who retires; Ensign S.R. Chapman to be Lieut by purchase, vice Lloyd; W.A. Kerr, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase, vice Chapman.
     61st-Lieut. H.H. M'Kensie Fleming, to be Capt. without purchase vice Burgh, deceased; Ensign T.H. Harrison o be Lieut. vice Fleming; Ensign E.R. Berry to be Lieut. without purchase, vice Lewen, deceased; Ensign T.G.D. Payne, from the 17th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Berry.
     62d Foot-Ensign H.S. Adlington to be Lieut. by purchae, vice Mansergh, who retires; E. Daws, Gent to be ensign by purchase, vice Adlington.
     73d Foot-Ensign J.W. Barnes to be Lieut by purchase, vice Hoghten promoted; A.H. Booth, Gent to be Ensign by purchase, vice Barnes.
     84th Foot-Ensign G.T. Peacock from the 13th Foot to be Ensign vice Arbukle appointed to the 19th Foot; Ensign J.M'Mahon from the 50th Foot to be Ensign, vice Foster appointed to the 50th Foot.
     86th Foot-Capt C.K. Thomson from the 2d Foot to be Capt. vice Leeky who exchanges.
     1st West India Regiment-A Bravo, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase, vice Fletcher who retires.
     Ceylon Rifle Regiment-T.W. Marten, Gent. to be second Lieut. by purchase, vice Hayward whose appointment has been cancelled.
     Brevet-Capt. S. Hawkins of the Royal Marines, to be Major in the Army; Quartermaster W. Hume Town Adjutant at Gibraltar to have the local and temporary rank of Lieutenant while so employed.

     SHAMEFUL PROCEEDINGS- It has seldom been our duty to record more disgraceful proceedings than that which was allowed to take place on Wednesday last, in St. John's churchyard, while the remains of a young man named Murray, one of the Scots Greys, stationed in town, was being interred. No sooner had the Rev. Mr. Shepherd commenced the burial service (which appears to have been the signal), than a set of ragged urchins mounted the tree which overhung the grave, and commenced hooting, shouting, throwing clods, &c. to the no small annoyance of many respectable parties who attended the funeral, and who did everything in their power to check the disturbance but to no avail. As this is only one of the many scenes that from time to time occur on such occasions, of which the inhabitants cannot but be well aware, we deem it at present unnecessary to say more than merely direct the attention of the authorities to the matter, who, we are sure, will at once put an end to such ruffianism, by making one or two examples, which, we are inclined to think, will have the desired effect. We may here add, marriage parties are treated in a similar way whenever they visit the church.--Sligo Guardian.
    
    
    

BIRTHS

     On Friday, the lady of William F. Ham, Esq., Woodbine Cottage Ardnaree, of twin sons, one still-born.
     July 6th, at the Glebe, Hollymount, the lady of the Rev. R.D. Falkner, of a son.

MARRIED.

    On Sunday last, by the Catholic Bishop, of the Diocese, at Milkview Cottage, the seat of his brother-in-law, John McHugh, Esq. to Kate, third daughter of the late Edward Howley, Esq. of Belleek Castle. After the ceremony the happy couple proceeded in their carriage to Kinnaird Lodge, the seat of James Paget, Esq. wehre they spent the honey-moon.

DEATHS.

     In Castlebar on Wednesday, the 4th inst., at the residence of her son, M.L. O'Donel, Esq., Mrs. Margaret O'Donel, relict of the late J.M. O'Donel, Esq.
     At Rathmines, Dublin, of decline, Judith, youngest daughter of the late Lewis O'Donel, of Ross, in this county, Esq.
     At Little Island house, county Cork, William Pennefather, Esq., senior, aged 88 years, formerly Surveyor General in Ireland and Collector of Cork, one of the few survivors of the late Irish Parliament.
     At Togherstown House, county Westmeath, the residence of her son, William Thomas Dillon, Esq. at the advanced age of 97 years, Mrs. Dillon, relict of Thomas Dillon, Esq., and only daughter of Sir Thomas Barnwell, Bart, deceased.

GALLANT CONDUCT OF A COASTGUARD
(From a Correspondent)

     THE PARSONAGE, BELMULLET, JULY 3- On last Tuesday, about two o'clock, P.M., a poor woman, named Williams, while gathering dillisk on the shores of the Atlantic, was swept away by a wave and carried out to sea by the reflux. No person was near except a little girl, who ran about helplessly shrieking. Hearing the cry the coast guard (Henry Abraham) who was on duty about a quarter of a mile from the place, rushed to the spot, and without hesitation plunged into the ocean. The woman, meanwhile, supported by her dress, was struggling in the water nearly 100 yards from the shore, and when Abraham reached her she was sinking through exhaustion; he caught and gallantly bore her towards the land, but with his helpless burden sunk twice in his efforts to regain footing. At length he succeeded in grasping and getting on the rocks, still firmly holding the poor woman, who, I am sorry to say, died subsequently from the cold and injuries, and want of means at hand to effect resuscitation.
     This is the second time this brave man within the last eighteen months has risked his life in the preservation of the lives of others, and his conduct is not only deserving of the highest commendation but merits the particular notice of those appointed to reward acts of such devoted intrepidity. This instance is one of many reflecting much credit on the admirable and efficient body of men composing the coast guard of this district.

BALLINA UNION
RELIEVING OFFICER WANTED FOR THE BELMULLET EASTERN DISTRICT

     The Vice Guardians of the above Union will on Saturday, the 21st instant, proceed to appoint a properly qualified person to fill the situation of Relieving Officer, in the above district, vacant by the resignation of Mr. Pat Howley.
     The salary is fixed at 50 per annum, and the person appointed will be required to reside in the district, and to devote his whole time to the duties of his office, the nature of which can be learned on application to me at the Workhouse or to the Clerk of the Erris District at Belmullet.
     Application in the handwriting of the Candidate, accompanied by his Testimonials, and naming two Solvent Sureties willing to join in a Bond in the penal sum of 200, for the proper performance of the duties of the office, will be received by me up to 12 o'clock, a.m., in the above date, when Candidates will be required to attend at the Board Room.
                   (By order.)
                         PATRICK MacNULTY
                              Clerk of the Union.
Board Room, Ballina Workhouse.
10th July, 1849

BALLINA FEVER HOSPITAL

      Remaining on previous Saturday.......   149
     Admitted during the week.................       6
                                                                 145
       Discharged, cured..........................      15
       Died..............................................        3
     Remaining Saturday July 7,  1849         137
                           W. KEARNEY, Steward.

MISCELLANEOUS

     Mr. Hampton ascends from his balloon at Cork on the 16th instant.
     Mr. Henry Williams, first class head constable at Cahir, ahs been promoted to the rank of Inspector.
     A Cork paper states that Sir Emanuel Moore, Bart. is appointed a turnkey in the county gaol.
     Mr. John Gibbons of Cork, and Lord Massy, have made a reduction of 25 per cent in their rents.
     Mr. Wm. H. Poole is appointed revisor of Ballinasloe union, at a salary of 100.
     An extensive engineering firm in Belfast are executing an order for a number of large iron houses for California.
     Tuesday was the first of the dog days, which terminates on the 11th of August, and so called from the emergency of Syrius or the Dog-star.
     Mr. Joseph Bourke has contracted to make the Killarney Railway from Thomastown to Knockwilliam, includeing the Nore viaduct.
     It is not the intention of the Monks to abandon Mount Mellery-but to extend its usefulness to the New World-Limerick Chronicle.
     The late Episcopal Palace of Elphin and Lissadurn-house are taken as auxiliary workhouses, in the union of Carrick-on-Shannon.
     The salary of the Rev. Mr. Wyer, R.C. Chaplain of Carlow workhouse, is raised from 70l to 100l a year by the commissioners.
     In the Carlow workhouse by the substitution of soup for buttermilk in the dietary, there is a saving of 12l weekly, and the expense per head is reduced to 1s. 4d.
     Richard Tobin, woodranger to Simon Lowe, Esq., Spring House, is committed to Clonmel gaol for the manslaughter of Michael Rahilly.
     Mr. Hemmings, C.E., under whose superintendence the railway from Athlone to Galway is to be constructed, has arrived in Galway.
     Richard Blanchard, Esq. is appointed Governor of Vancouver's Island, in he territory of the Hudson's Bay Company.
     Alderman Forristal and Mr. T. Purcill of Waterford, had to pay 300l. as joint-sureties for a defaulting poor-rate collector.
     A chime of three bells, which weigh 20 cwt, 3 qrs. and manufactured in Dublin has been put up at the Franciscan Convent, Galway.
     Robert Johnson, a disbanded soldier, was sentenced at Athy quarter Sessions, last week, for ten years transportation for sheep stealing.
     The Rev. Walter Cantwell, 21 years Roman Catholic curate of Tramore, has left Waterford, per the "William Penn" steamer for American mission. The Rev. Mr. O'Donahoe, of St. John's College, Waterford, proposes going on a similar mission in a few days.
     William Smith, Esq. of Carrickfergus, has received from the general central relief committee of Dublin 10l by which he has 28 able bodied paupers clearing trenches daily at 6d per day, and 13 young women, not receiving poor relief, at weeding and other works suited to them, at 3d per day.
     Two excellent farm houses, the property of Roger and Byran Sheehy, Esqrs., were maliciously burned down on the lands of Kilkeedy, near Newcastle, county Limerick. They were occupied by herds and in one of them a large family narrowly escaped being burned to death.
     Messrs. M'Donnell, Nash, Edwards, and Wheeler, butter merchants, of Limerick, have consigned last week, 2100 firkins of butter to London.
    

 

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, July 18, 1849

ASSIZES INTELLIGENCE
CLARE-ENNIS, Friday, July 6.
Important Case.

     It will be remembered that Mr. Hugh Palliser Hickman, of Fenloe, in this county, was, in October, 1846, made the object of a brutal attack. he is a gentleman of a very large property in the county, and was at that time giving a great deal of employment, but left the country in consequence of the outrage, and has since resided in England.
     Five men were this day put on trial for the offence- namely, Mortimer Collins and T. Collins, two very wealthy farmers of herculean frame, and three laborers, named John Hannon, Denis M'Mahon and John Roland, and they were given charge upon two indictments, one of which was for demanding arms (under the Whiteboy Act, the 10th of George the 4th) so as to endanger life, and to do grievous bodily harm.
     Mr. Butt with Mr. O'Hea, appeared for the prisoners, and required the crown to put by all jurors from the locality, there being a general prejudice upon the case, and he having no power of challenging upon misdemeanour indictments. This was not agreed to; but two gentlemen named Blood were, at their own request, put aside.
     The galleries of the court-house were densely filled by fashionably-dressed ladies.
     Mr. Bennett, Q.C. (with whom was Mr. O'Gorman) appeared for the prosecution, and stated the facts as they afterward appeared in evidence.
     H.P. Hickman, Esq., examined- I live at Fenloe, in this county. On the 15th of October, 1846, my house was attacked on the evening of that day. It was after six o'clock, just duskish. I was sitting in the dining parlour, after dinner; my mother and wife were there also, and a Miss Cosby; an armed party came to the house; there were nine or ten men; they were all armed with guns and pistols, and had their faces blackened; they came in by the kitchen door, and rushed into the parlour; they cried out___" deliver your arms; " they struck me with their guns; I told them my gun as at Mr. Studdart's of Newmarket; they would not believe me; they put me on my knees and beat me violently on the head; my face was streaming with blood; one of them called out to shoot me; they continued beating me five or six minutes; one of the party found my gun-case and broke it open; they took from it a double-barrelled gun-(identifies the gun produced;) they also took a shot belt and some powder and shot; I am confident that shot belt (produced) is the same; they left the house taking these articles with them; I was confined to bed, under medical care, during a fortnight afterwards, and as soon as I was able to travel I broke up my establishment and went to Tenby, in Wales, where I am since residing; I was at that time building a house to reside in, but have, of course, abandoned it; I would not know any of the men; I am very near sighted.
     Michael Connell examined- I know the five prisoners; (names and identified them); the witness detailed the circumstances under which the attack was originally planned, and proceeded- we were to meet at the bog of Dunmullen; I went there at five o'clock, and took a gun with me; I met there Tom Collins, Mary Collins, John Boland, Denis M'Mahon, and a man named Liddy, who is since gone to America; James Murphy and Pat Connell came there; they also they also are gone to America; their faces were all blackened with powder. How do you know was it powder? It must have been powder for that was the general rule among us; we went from Drumullin to Mr. Hickman's; every one of us had eit her a gun or a pistol; we went to the back of the house and saw two women coming out; we lay down until they passed; we all then went in by the kitchen door except Murty Collins, who remained outside; we went into the parlour; there was a lady there (Miss Cosby,) whom I struck; I made her turn her face to the wall, and remained guarding her; Mr. Hickman was dragged into the inside room (a bed-room) and I remained guarding the lady; I heard a great noise while they were beating Mr. Hickman; they got his gun, and were demanding more arms; after leaving the house we separated.
    Patrick Connellan sworn- I am a soldier in the 51st regiment; I am quartered in Edinburgh; at the time in question I lived with the Collinses as a servant; on that night I remember seeing Hannon and M'Mahon at the house; they went about nightfall with Tom and Murty Collins; they returned about eleven o'clock; I was sitting at the fire when they came back; one of them said to the other, "this chap is up yet, we can't bring it in." They made me go to bed; I saw their faces; the appeared wet as if just washed, their hair and whiskers were wet; in three or four days afterwards I found a gun concealed in a haycock in the haggard; I took it away and brought it to my father's house; Tom Collins discovered that i had taken it, and one day he knocked me down and swore he would have my life if I did not give back the gun; Denny M'Mahon was with him; I told him to send M'Mahon for it; my father gave it back to him afterwards; my father is dead; I was brought here from Scotland last week; when I came I described the gun  I described the gun to Mr. Donovan the sub-inspector, and I knew it when he showed it to me. This is it (gun produced.)
    Mrs. Sophia Hickman, (wife of Mr. Hickman) described the transaction in the same manner as he had done; she identified Tom Collins as being the principal actor in the transaction. She was cross-examined to show that her state of alarm at the time would have prevented her making an accurate observation, but she stated distinctly that she was not in the least alarmed; she never saw the man before; was brought to the jail a few days ago and pointed him out amongst sixteen men.
     Some other witnesses were examined, and Mr.Butt and Mr. O'Hea addressed the jury for the defence.
     The prisoners were found guilty and sentenced to transportation for 15 years. Thomas and Mortimer Collins moved in a sphere of life above the peasant class prone to outrages of this description and were reputed respectable farmers in the district of Fenloe, there being no less than a sum of from 400l to 500l to the credit of each, in the bank!

THE STATE OF IRELAND
To The Editor of the Times

     SIR.- I have now added three more unions to the list of those I have visited in the west of Ireland-viz., Scariff, in the county of Clare, Limerick and Mallow, in the county of Cork. The very different features of these several unions seem to me to deserve some notice, as tending still further to show the "working of the Irish poor Law." Scariff is a very poor union, and of course one very much embarrassed. On the 31st of May last, exclusive of Government grants, its liabilities were 15,118l.; it had received in  Government grants, 20,008l.; from the British Association, 9,826l; from the Exchequer Loan Commissioners, 7,800l. I need hardly say that it has had its periods of bankruptcy.- In May no supply could be obtained beyond three days' food for the workhouse; for at least one day's distributions to the outdoor paupers it failed altogether. The numbers in the house and auxiliaries, as furnished me on my visit, were 1,493; out-relief list, 19,173. It unfortunately so happened the day I was there, that all the authorities connected with the union were avoidably absent; however, the matron and a clerk of the board accompanied me over the whole female department, the fever sheds and hospital; and I saw the males at their dinner. Like other embarrassed unions, it is easy to see that the guardians are placed in a condition of great difficulty. The sheds and wards containing the sick were more crowded than I could have wished. The females, adult and children, generally seemed healthy. Amongst the sick of all ages and both sexes were many distinct "famine cases," and there were not a few who looked to me as fast passing on to the sick list. I did not go into any of the auxiliary houses but, if the one of which I saw the outside is a type of the rest, I can only hope that their exterior may belie their interior. The inspector and one of the vice-guardians kindly waited on me the following day. Their account of the state of the people and of the affairs of the union was sad indeed; thought, to my own eye, the people I  saw looked less generally starving than they do in the do in the other places I have visited.
     On Sunday last, after attending service at the Cathedral, I visited the union houses at Limerick, in company with the clerk of the union. In the union houses itself there were 3,341 paupers, in one of the three auxiliaries there were 1,042, in another 308, in a third 938- the total of indoor paupers relieved, 5,629. Every department of the parent house was on a scale and in a good order, which, I am satisfied, is not surpassed by any public establishment in England. The dining hall is lofty, of very large dimensions; at one end of it there is railed in an altar, &c., for the celebration of the service of the Catholic church. I was told that this was entirely the work of paupers; it far surpassed in appearance any I have yet seen. The bakehouse, laundry, kitchen were all on  the same scale. The hospital and the wards for fever and for chronic cases were quite as good as in any of our  best English public hospitals; there was also a very neat, lofty separate building, with large ascending gallery, for the infant school; a separate yard, with proper cells for idiots. I saw no room anywhere for improvement, except where it is in the course of being affected,- i.e. in the matter of sewage. When shown in to the yards and day rooms in which the various classes of inmates were collected, there was immediate proof that the arrangements were not to extensive for the number of occupants. It was a succession of monster-meetings of men, women and children; and there did not appear to be a greater supply of  accommodations for the sick than was absolutely required.
     A medical man has a neat comfortable dwelling within the walls; I have seen nowhere such evident attention bestowed on the sick; nothing seems spared which could be desired; large as are the numbers, none are allowed to be idle; every trade teachable, every trade from which profit to the union can be derived, is carried on. If it is frightful to contemplate such evidence of pauperism, it is really wonderful to me that a board of rate-payers can be found with the courage and liberality to meet it in the way I here beheld it met; I am bound to say, if one the one hand there is an evident endeavour to force work and to uphold discipline, there was also abundant proof, that towards those to whom the application of any mere testing power would be cruel, nothing is extended but an attention to everything which in reason the most charitable could ask for them; no relief is given to the able-bodied, but the numbers on the list of out-relief of other classes were 10,852.
     The union is worked by a board of which Lord Clare is the president; but, unless I am wrong in my surmise, I believe the gentleman who accompanied me at least shares with that nobleman, in the general direction of all the details. I was shown a shed or dormitory of 247 feet in length, 15 feet broad, and 10 feet high; in it each night repose 180 adults. It was as clean and well ventilated as any room in any private house could be. The general appearance of the mass of paupers was more healthy than any I have seen; many of the women and children had that just claim to a handsome personal appearance for which, it is said, Limerick is celebrated; I here saw very few "famine cases."
     I have now described a bankrupt union-house, struggling against surrounding embarrassment; a gigantic solvent establishment of the same sort, but with evidence of a lavish expenditure, I do not say to be reprobated, I hardly like to say, to be admired, but I must say calculated in every ways to surprise;-go with me now, Sir, to my last inspection of these places of refuge from hunger and disease. On the following Tuesday I was met at mallow by the chairman, several active guardians, the medical officer and clerk of this union; they here give no out-relief whatever; there are 7 auxiliary houses, including 3 hospitals, the total numbers 2,898. On the building of this house certainly no great pains have been expended, still it answers its purpose; there is an utter absence of all attempt at anything  beyond what is strictly necessary. Coming fresh from Limerick, it looked very poor; compared with the house of that union, it was so; still, with the sole exception of one part of a temporary fever shed, there was nothing to offend eye or nose; the accommodation for every class, was, I am satisfied, far superior to what the majority of the ratepayers can ever, or have ever, aspired to. The auxiliary houses here, as elsewhere, were very ingenious attempts to meet the great pressure of pauperism by temporary expedients; large corn stores and other buildings of a like nature are hired, whitewashed in every direction, fitted with beds, &c., and thickly peopled with pauper occupants; to expect in these auxiliary houses the same cleanliness, neatness, and scarcely be reasonable; it is satisfying to perceive the endeavour made to make the best of them. There were some "famine cases" in the houses of this union, but not many; it has an hospital, which is well supplied with accident cases from the railway works now going on in the neighbourhood; throughout, great attention is paid to ventilation; the long fever shed, like all others I have seen, was filled with cases, the evident result of a protracted struggle with want. It is a matter which to me admits of some doubts whether the policy has not been best which has, as in this instance, kept the general accommodation and tone of the building nearer to the character of the accommodation which would be, under the favourable circumstances, enjoyed by the labouring class, if unpauperized, rather than to receive them when pauperized into buildings superior in tone and accommodation to any which those of their class could ever hope to inhabit. I cannot but think the health and comfort of the indoor paupers could be provided for at a much less cost than that which it seems is almost universally expended in the Irish unions, and yet every means provided for the upholding proper discipline.
     In a former letter I showed that I had then visited unions containing a total of 12,719 indoor paupers, and 105,201 outdoor recipients of relief, giving a total of 117,920 individuals supported y the poor-rate; if Sir, you add to these numbers the sum of those I have given in the three unions of Scariff, Limerick and  Mallow, the amount will be as follows: - 22,739 indoor paupers, 135,226 "outdoor;" or a total of 157,965 individuals in eight unions; let be also borne in mind that to have a true idea of the condition of this population there should, if it were possible, be added the many thousands who have died of want in the so-called "independence," as well as those who have died on the poor-rate from disease produced by previous want. Before I left England I had read speeches in which it was stated "that thousands were huddled and herded together in the workhouses only to die at once on the straw crowded with them." I have admitted, Sir, that there is some unavoidable crowding in the fever wards and sheds, but I deny that it is at all equal to the general crowding of the peasant's cabin or cottage, be it in Ireland or England; they have died in thousands on straw but it was on straw enclosed in good ticking or sacking, with the addition of blankets, sheeting and a counterpane; nay, "they have died in great numbers in mere sheds, but let me tell the English public, that these so-called sheds are buildings, wooden it is true, but far more commodious and clean and weather proof than very many of the quarters in which soldiers live-God knows the case is altogether bad enough, it wants no mere rhetorical embellishment.
     I have spoken of what I call "famine cases;" this may appear to need some explanation. A few days such experience as that I have now for some weeks had will enable any one to unerringly distinguish the characteristics of "famine" as a disease. In the young it shows itself, not merely in that attenuation of feature which it gives to all of every age, but the hair quits the head in clean patches, gets thin everywhere; a species of thick "down" or soft hair appears on the cheek bones; the eye sinks into the head, and has a most peculiar character; the complexion is cadaverous; the skin hangs about the arms, while anasarea swells it out about the ancles; the feet have a blueish appearance; with the very young children the stomach is either unnaturally protuberant or as unnaturally sunken; the mesenteric glands at first are like knots, then seem almost altogether gone. In the aged there is very generally dropsy in some shape or other, very frequently sloughing of the extremities. It is mot remarkable how difficult this disease makes it to hazard any opinion as to the age of the sufferers; the girls and women bear it better than the males; the most piteous class to look upon are the children from 4 to 10 years of age- they lie so quiet, and seem so patient, in their mere skin and bones; I seldom heard one cry; as soon as they become confined to their beds you scarce ever find them in anything but a half-dozing state; those who look at them must suffer-they themselves seem beyond it. I never shall forget the groups I one day met, on their way to an out station of the Ballinrobe Union. There were donkeys looking decently fed-thistles abound; on the sides of these animals they hang the  turf panniers, and in these they put the very young children; it looked as if skeletons had bred in wicker nests, and that their young had become marketable commodities; the women and men driving the animals who carried their wretched offspring were in perfect character-the first step of the child's pedigree needed no other herald than the eye of their beholder. Some way behind one of these travelling groups of Lazari there was a boy of about 12 riding a donkey; he looked within a week of the grave; he could not kick his steed,  for his feet were blue and frightfully swollen; he had no strength to strike so as to be felt, with his shrunken hands and arms; a donkey for once was master of a boy; it leisurely walked form side to side of the road as it chose; in vain, in his evident agony at being left behind, did he scold it; I realized that it would have been charity to have beat that beast the miles it had to go before that wretched boy could get the order which would admit him to die in the union house. I do not know how to account for it, but one man you see dragging on "out of the house' evident "famine" you see 10 women or children. The groups at and about the out stations waiting for the relieving-officers are really awful to contemplate; many have come foodless an in pain many miles, unfit to travel at all, the whole journey in many an instance undergone in one continued struggle of mind, whether to return, and die, or go on, and get a meal and an order for the hated union. I have spoken, Sir, thus again of the aspect and condition of this people. I must in justice add, that no one who has witnessed it can form any judgment of the magnitude of the attempts made to them that torrent of misery and death which is day by day dragging within its own circle those who are trying to arrest it. Indeed, Sir, we in England are wrong in thinking that the Irish whom we have so generously aided have not made attempts to aid themselves. It is easy to stand on the shore, and tell one who has fallen into a deep water to be cool, strike out, and he will be saved; bystanders are, after all, but poor judges of the difficulty of self-possession in the case of those who are at the moment overwhelmed with the urgency of their present danger. I attended the board day at Castlebar, and utterly bankrupt union; it was bad enough to see the groups who came before the board as they stood separated from the crowd without- to look from the board window, and behold that crowd, that assaulting army, whose uniform was rags; whose march had been in the slow time of the step of the famished; who came to carry by force of misery and entrance into a place they abhor to enter, or to receive as a boon an out relief on which all knew life must still be a struggle with the gripe of death; this, Sir, was to my mind enough to daunt and drive to despair all who from duty or for pay undertook the task as a matter of business of working the machinery which is to guard the interest of the ratepayer with proper deference to the destitution of the paupers.- There are doubtless exceptions but as a rule I deliberately assert my opinion that the Irish have made a stand as ruinous to all property as it is creditable to effect of one of God's worst visitations- a continued famine. We should not judge of this nation by the many unhappy specimens they import for our mistification and their own detriment.
     With regard to the question of out-relief, I believe no rule can be laid down to apply to all unions; in fighting famine the need to be sought is how in the end to save the greatest amount of life. In minions where there are resident landlords, or a peculiar condition, from the vicinity of public works or other legitimate sources of productive employment, to give out relief to the able-bodied is to seriously interrupt the course of industrial employment, you cannot adjust your relief  as to secure that those only who cannot yet work as shall be relieved; you are in danger every hour of hampering employers, by alluring away their men to the different theatres where the stone-breaking farce is performed; you damn the zeal of those employers, by a very natural jealousy that they who are striving to employ will have to pay rates to support the poor of their neighbour, who cannot or will not give employment. You open an immense field to deception, for at these working outposts it is impossible to secure vigilant superintendence. Again, feeling as I do the evident danger of promoting habits of dependence where you want, as your first attempt of hope, to provoke or enforce habits of industrial independence, I am not surprised that those landlords who  most reside; who most improve, who are best acquainted with Paddy's habits, should, until driven by force of necessity, stand up against out relief. Still, Sir, there are unions in such a helpless condition at present, that you would have to barrack the whole population did you not give out relief. There is no employment, or next to none; the employers who have not fled the country are themselves mere paupers, on the indoor relief list of their creditors. AS a question of philanthropy, at present there is no great choice between the two systems. The allowance of dry meal from 1 pound to 1 1/2 pound per day, for an ablebodied man, who is to walk perhaps four miles, and work  eight hours for it, is a boon in his opinion, perhaps as compared with an order for the house; but it is a favour gained, I believe, with far greater suffering and danger to life than the worst regulated auxiliary house would expose him to. I repeat here my conviction, that the allowance of food to the out door ablebodied is far too small; it is given out uncooked, scarce ever really cooked by them, often eaten raw. The quantity is not enough to support. The sustaining quality of the food is seriously affected by their inability to cook it properly; and yet, Sir, take only one union, Ballinrobe, increase but 10 per cent the quantity given to their 40,000 out-door list, and see the fearful figures which would rise up.- It is ever to be borne in mind, that the number of lives saved at the moment may be at the cost of destroying all future source of employment. Let the present drain on the property of Ireland continue long, or sensibly increase, and day by day you will permanently close more and more of the few existing fields for independent industry.
     I commenced this letter in Dublin, I finish it in Bangor. I cannot take leave of Ireland without expressing warmest thanks for the kind way in which I was in every way and everywhere treated; from the highest in rank in that kingdom, through every gradation of rank, civil or ecclesiastical, Catholic or Protestant, I met the same kind spirit, all were willing to aid me in my work. I admit, Sir, I have heard England subjected to severe attacks; never one word of unkindness have I heard against "the English." I wish I could induce many Englishmen to do as I have done, go out and see for themselves; they may travel with as much safety there as they can on any road of their own land. I do not say that they can export all of the luxuries of English travel, but there is all a reasonable man can wish for. The car of the country posts you at 6d. the Irish mile-14 of these to 11 of ours. No turnpikes or scarce any. The hotels do their best for you, their charges are most moderate. The scenery in places most beautiful. There is excellent fishing for those who love it, as I do, though I found no time to indulge but for one half day. Those who would turn over and read for their own good a lesson of practical instruction should go where  I have been, they will be past teaching if it is thrown away upon them; they will see enough by the road side in perfect safety if they like not to do as I did, walk over miles of housed misery and disease.
     It is, I see, said that my visit was of a cursory nature. It was so; but not so was my inspection of the union-houses. I can safely appeal to all who met me, whether I ever left one spot in their several establishments unseen from which I could gather any one source of information. No one who has not tried it has any idea of the amount which can be seen and learned in three weeks even, on one subject, by a man who devotes his whole mind to that one single end.
     In addition, Sir, to what I have now described in our columns, I visited, on my way through Dublin, two lunatic asylums, an infirmary, and a cholera hospital.- On my return many kind friends determined to feed my curiosity to the last, took me to an orphan asylum and (my Dorset friends may rejoice to hear) a hospital for venerables. All these were well regulated, but their details would be foreign to my purpose in these letters.
     Once more, Sir, I must trespass on you. I fear to give offence-but at all events, to speak the real truth as to what I feel as to "Ireland's future." Her case is desperate, but far from hopeless.
                                 S.G.O.

  
    

BIRTHS

     At Tralee, the lady of William J. Neligan, Esq. of a daughter.
     At Bartra, Dalkey, Mrs. Elizabeth Blake Knox, of a son.
     At Richmond-park, Lady John Russell of a son.

MARRIED.

     At Clanmellon Church, Benjamin James, son of the late Sir Thomas Chapman, Bart., Kilrea Castle, county Westmeath, to Maria Sarah, daughter of the late Richard Fetherston, Esq. Rockview.

DEATHS

     This morning, in this town, Mary, wife of Mr. John Layng, at the advanced age of 76 years, after a protracted illness which she bore with Christian patience. She departed in the hope of eternal life through the merits of her Redeemer, on whom she trusted.
     At her residence in High-street, Sligo, on the 8th instant, Mrs. Rebecca Griffin, relict of the late Wm. Griffin, Esq.
     At Carnarvon, North Wales, after a few hours illness of cholera, Susanna, relict of Wm. Lloyd, of Castlerea, county Roscommon, Esq.
     11th July, at Mountgordon, Castlebar, Patrick Boyd, Esq, in the 70th year of his age.

DEATH FROM DROWNING

     CROSSMOLINA, 16th July 1849- On Sunday morning last, Charles Atkinson, Esq., Coroner, held an inquest into this town, on the body of a deaf and dumb man named Michael Barrett. It appeared from the evidence of Robert Cadden, of Crossmolina, that the deceased, accompanied by a companion, also labouring under the same infirmities, left the Relief Depot, about half a mile from this, where they had been to procure meal, and went in the direction of that part of the river called  the "Pigeon Hole;" of small dimensions, but fearfully deep. Some time afterwards Cadden saw a crowd of people and learned from some of them that the "Dummy" was drowned. Having repaired to the spot, and obtained a very very long pole with a gaff affixed  to an end of it, he, assisted by another man succeeded in landing the body which was taken to Crossmolina, put into a shell and locked up in a waste house. This occurred on Saturday evening last. There was a woman examined, but her testimony only went to show that the two "dummies" had lodged with her for the last fortnight.
     The principal, and the most intelligent and intelligible witness I ever saw give testimony was the "Dummy who witnessed the fate of his comrade. When the book was handed to him he indicated by signs that he was perfectly aware of the nature of an oath, and from his manner of procedure no one could doubt it. He then, by crossing the street, shewed the extent of the fatal spot; he described the manner in which deceased had launched out, and progressively his swimming, his struggles, his despair, until, seized with cramps, he sank to rise no more, with an accuracy not to be misunderstood. Whilst giving this pantomimic evidence, grief and emotion were evidently depicted on the countenance of the unfortunate deponet.
     Dr. M'Nair's evidence was, that deceased came to his death by drowning. The jury returned a verdict of accidental drowning.

     DEATH BY DROWNING- Last week Patrick Fitzgerald, a private of the 39th Regiment, while bathing in the Moy, near Foxford, where a detachment of that regiment is stationed at present, was seized with cramps and was drowned before some of his comrades, who were looking on, could render him any assistance.

     VAGRANCY- Jeremiah Buckley, a country beggarman, remarkable in the streets for his piteous and continuous appeals for charity, was brought before the presiding magistrate and compelled to submit to a rigorous search, the result of which was the discovery of a savings' bank book in his own name, for 26l., together with 32s.6d. in silver. He was sentenced to be imprisoned under the vagrancy act, for one month, and maintained at his own expense.--Cork Examiner

     Mr. Kernaghan, the late eminent ship broker and miller, was so greatly excited at the sale of some of his property in Enniskillen Leitrim and Ballyshannon yesterday at the Commercial buildings, that he dashed his watch to pieces on the ground, and in a frantic paroxysm attempted to strike Mr. Murray, the solicitor. Kernaghan said that after the sale of the Enniskillen lot, he would never return to his family there.

     The Marquis of Ormonde has presented the Rev. T. Uniacke Townsend, to the vicarage of Kilsheelan, diocese of Lismore, vacant by the death of the Rev. Robert Shaw.

     The cholera is committing havoc among the aristocracy. Judge Coltman of the Common Pleas, died yesterday of the sad visitation.

MAYO SUMMER ASSIZES

     On yesterday the High Sheriff, Anthony Ormsby, Esq. entered the Court House, accompanied by his Under Sheriff, William Kearney, Esq., and handed the grand panel to the Clerk of the Crown, by whom the names were called over. These gentlemen to whom names figures are prefixed having answered, were sworn on the

GRAND JURY

1  A.C. Lynch, Esq., Clogher, Foreman-Carra
   Colonel A. Knox Gore, Belesh Manor-Tyrawaly
   W.H. Carter, Esq., Shean Lodge-Erris
2  Sir William O'Malley, Kilbogne-Marrisk
   C.L. Kirwan, Esq., Dalgin-Kilmain
   Sir R. Lynch Blosse, Bart., Athavally-Clanmorris
   H. Sharp Brabazon, Esq., Brabazon Park-Gallen
3  Sir Richard A O'Donel, Bart., Newport House-Burrishole
   B.H. Taaffe, Esq., Woodfield, Costello
   R.D. Browne, Esq., M.P., Glencorrib
   G.H. Moore, Esq., M.P., Moors Hall
   Sir Roger Palmer, Bart., Palmerstown
   Lord John Browne, Westport-house
   Hon. Geoffrey Browne, Castlemacgarrett
   Sir Compton Domville, Bart., Prison
   John Knox, Esq., Castlerea
   Col. C.N. Knox.., Castle-Lacken
4  Valentine O'Connor Blake, Esq., Towerhill
   Thomas S. Lindsey, Esq., Holymount-house
   Maurice Blake, Esq., Ballinafad
    St. George Cuffe, Esq., Deel Castle
   Mervyn Pratt, Esq., Enniscoe
   Annesley Knox, Esq., Rappa Castle
5  Oliver V Jackson, Esq. Curramore
6  Robert Rutledge, Esq., Bloomfield
   Col. John Browne, Breaffy
   Col. Thomas Fitzgerald, Turlow-park
   James Knox Gildea, Esq., Clooncormae
7  George Ormsby, Esq., Rochlands
8  H.J.H. Browne, Esq., Rehins
9  Thomas Ormsby, Esq., Knockmore
10  James Cuff, Esq., Creagh
     John Symes, Esq., Ballina
     Martin D'Arcy, Esq., Houndswood
     Thomas Phillips, Esq., Clonmore
     William Atkinson, ESq., Rahins
11  Charles Strickland, Esq., Loughglyn House
12  Parsons Persse, Esq., Newbrook
13  H.W. Knox, Esq., Netley
     John Lindsey Bucknell, Esq., Twin Castle
14  Barnard M'Manus, Esq., Barleyhill
      James A. Browne, Esq., Brownhall
15  George G.O' Malley, Esq., Newcastle
16 John C. Garvey, Esq., Marish Abbey
     Isidore Burke, Esq., Curraleigh
     Denis Bingham, Esq, Bingham Castle
17  John Walsh, Esq., Castlehill
     Thomas Elwood, Esq., Strandhill
     John Knox, Esq., Greenwood Park
     William Orme, Esq. Owenmore
     John F. Knox, Esq., Mountfalcon
     William H. Orme, Esq., Abbeytown
     Henry Martin Blake, Esq., The Heath
     Thomas Paget, Esq., Knockglass
     Colonel James M'Alpine, Windsor
18  W.M. Fitzmaurice, Esq., Lagalurn
     Major John Gardiner, Farmhill
19  David Watson Rutledge, Esq., Annefield
     James Browne, Esq., Claremount
     Courtney Kenny, Esq., Ballinrobe
20  Charles O'Donnell, Esq., Ross
     Joseph M. M'Donnell, Esq., Doo Castle
21 Geofrey Martin, Esq., Curramore
     Francis B. Knox, Esq., Springhill
     Edward Orme, Esq., Ballycorroon
      Roger Palmer, Esq., Carramore
     John Lynch, Esq., Par?ry
     John Cheevers, Esq., Carnacum
     Charles Blake, Esq., Merlin Park
    George Rutledge, Esq., Togher
     Thomas Jones, Esq., Castletown
22  Charles Lynch, Esq., Ballycurrin Castle
     Thomas Palmer, Esq., Summerhill
23  Robert Fair, Esq., Bushfield
     Charles Coyne, Esq., Massbrook
     Benjamin Jennings, Esq., Mount Jennings
     Robert Kirkwood, Esq., Greenpark Lodge
     Edmond G. Bell, Esq., Streamstown
     John Bollingbrook, Esq., Oldcastle
     Edmund J. Nolan, Esq., Loghboy
     Edward Howley, Esq. Belleek
     William Malley, Esq., Ballina
     After the Grand Jury had been sworn, Henry Brett, Esq., read his half yearly report, and the Grand Jury proceeded with the fiscal business.

COLLISION BETWEEN THE ORANGEMEN AND RIBBONMEN

     It is our painful duty to have to record another of those deadly collisions between the Orangemen and Roman Catholics similar in character but more distressing in its results, to that which occurred at Crossgar, on the 17th of March last. The scene of this unhappy affair was at "Dolly's Brae," within a short three miles of Castlewellan, in the district of Banbridge. The circumstances are as nearly as possible to the following effect:-This place, called "Dolly's Brae" has from time immemorial been considered the stronghold of the Roman Catholic party, and, until the late Twelfth of July, the Orangemen did not think it safe to go in procession by that route. Unfortunately, their leaders, form some miscalculation or other,  thought they might pass it on this occasion, unmolested. They did so certainly, in the morning, when on their way to Tollymore Park, the seat of Lord Roden, where the Orangemen of the surrounding district met by appointment, and, we understand, by special invitation from Lord Roden. All passed over quietly enough on their way going over this "Brae," although k o s here and there of the opposite party were to be seen on the rising ground above this hill, evidently preparing for their return, as the sequel, alas ! too lamentably testifies.
    
On their return in the evening, the Orangemen reached "Dolly's Brae," about seven o'clock. For some time there was no appearance of any of the hostile party; but after they proceeded a certain way on this hill, two shots were discharged at the Orangemen from behind a fence, at a short distance beyond the "brae." This appears to have been the signal for an onslaught and in a few seconds both parties were at it with pikes, bayonets, and guns; the Orangemen leaped over the fence and pursued the Catholics who lay in ambush, in various hiding places on the face of the mountain.-Fire-arms continued to be discharged in quick succession at each other, until a party of Police (who with a troop of Dragoons were stationed for the day at this unfortunate place) came up, and with difficulty got between them. Even now they did not cease, and the police, under the direction of Mr. Tabiteau, R.M., were obliged to charge the Ribbonmen a considerable way up the mountain. During this time the Orange party took advantage of the absence of the enemy, and deliberately set fire to a number of the Roman Catholic houses on the face of the hill, and about thirteen of them were consumed to ashes. As soon as possible after the killed and wounded were picked up, as far as they could be found, at that late hour of the evening.
     The following is a list of the killed-four in number-viz., a lad named King, about fourteen years of age, shot through the chest and abdomen.
     John Sweeney, head bruised in a shocking manner as if by the but end of a musket.
     Patrick King, killed by a bayonet would in the groin.
     Nancy Trainer, shot through the chest.
     There are five persons lying in Castlewellan Dispensary, four of whom are mortally wounded, viz., two men named M'Graddy and Saye, and one woman named Mary M'Gin, all shot directly through the chest; a man named Ward, shot through the hip, and another man named Murphy, shot through the elbow joint.
     The killed and wounded above named all belong to the Roman Catholic side. We are informed that there are several of the Orange party killed also, but they were carried off as they fell. A Dragoon Officer saw one of the Orangemen shot through both knees, and instantly carried off.
   
We are sorry to have to add, that Sub-Inspector Hill has received a severe wound in the arm from a pike.
     Such is the distressing narrative which we have on this 14th day of July to lay before a Christian public. Would to Heaven it were otherwise.

THE ARMY
War Office, July 13.

     Royal Horse Guards-Lieut. R. Sheffield to be Capt., by purchase, vice Hood, who retires; Cornet E. Breedon, to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Sheffield.
     6th Dragoon Guards-Cornet W.B. Phillimore to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Manders, appointed to the 2d West India Regiment R.C. Tichborne, Gent., to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Phillimore.
     7th Dragoon Guards-Capt. A. M'Geachy Alleyne, from the 36th Foot, to be Captain, vice Butler, who exchanges.
     9d Light Dragoons-Assistant Surgeon V. Webb, from the 10th Foot, to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Franklin promoted on the staff.
     16th Light Dragoons-Lieut. F.L. Dashwood, to be Captain by purchase, vice Shelby, who retires; Cornet B. Goff, to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Dashwood; F.F. Collins, Gent. to be Veterinary Surgeon, vice Kingsley, whose appointment has been cancelled.
     17th Light Dragoons-Cornet J.P. Winter, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Webb, who retires; G.C. Morgan, Gent. to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Winter.
     2d Foot-Capt. J.D. Morris, from the 80th Foot, to be Captain, vice Studdert, who exchanges.
     10th Foot-Staff Assistant Surgeon J.L. Holloway, to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Webb, appointed to the 3d Light Dragoons.
     14th Foot-Lieut. W. Blundell to be Captain without purchase, vice Brevet Major J. Smith, who retires upon full pay; Ensign G. Slater to be Lieutenant, vice Blundell; Gentleman Cadet R.P.W. Elwyn, form the Royal Military College to be Ensign, vice Slater.
     35th Foot-Lieut. F.G. Elkington to be Captain by purchase, vice Buchannan, who retires; Ensign F.L. Digby, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Elkington.
     36th Foot- Capt. A.S. Butler, from the 7th Dragoon Guards, to be Captain, vice Aleyne, who exchanges.
     53d Foot- Lieut. R.T. Parker to be Captain by purchase, vice Tyler, who retires; Ensign E.D. Fenton to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Parker.
     66th Foot-Ensign J. Walker to be Lieutenant by purchase ,vice Kendall, who retires; A. Tottenham, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Walker.
     68th Foot- Lieut. W. Hadley, form Quartermaster half-pay 2d Foot, to be Paymaster, vice M.R. Campbell, who retires upon half-pay.
     80th Foot-Capt. C.F. Studdert, from the 2d Foot, to be Captain, vice Morris, who exchanges.
     2d West India Regiment- Lieut. E. Manders, form the 6th Dragoon Guards, to be Lieutenant, vice Dumaresq, who retires.
     Ceylon Rifle Regiment-E.S. Jervoise, Gent, to be second Lieut, without purchase vice Inman promoted.
     HOSPITAL STAFF- Staff Surgeon of the Second Class G. Home to be Staff Surgeon of the First Class, vice J. Moffitt M.D., who retires upon half-pay; Assistant Surgeon H. Franklin, from the 3d Light Dragoons, to be Staff Surgeon of the Second Class, vice Home, promoted; Acting Assistant Surgeon J. Duff, M.D., to be Staff Assistant Surgeon, vice Holloway, appointed to the 16th Foot.
     UNATTACHED- Lieut. D. Green ,form the 1st Foot, to be Captain without purchase.

     SLIGO GRAND JURY- Edward Joshua Cooper, Esq., Markree Castle, foreman; John Wynne, Esq., Hazelwood; Thomas Jones, Esq. Castletown; Joseph A. Holmes, Esq. Clogher; John Ffolliott, Esq., Hollybrook; William R. Ormsby Gore, Esq., Parkington; William Phibbs, Esq. Seafield; Sir William Parke, Dunally; R. Jones, Esq., Fortland; John W. King, Esq., Tanragoe; James Wood, Esq., Woodville,; G. Armstrong, Esq., Chaffpool; John Ffolliott, Esq., Jun, Hollybrook; William Weir, Esq., Lakeview; Lewis G. Jones, Esq., Woodhill; Jemmett Duke, Esq., Newpark; John  Fenton, Esq., Dromore House; Jermy Jones, Esq., Tubberpatrick; Knox Barrett, Esq., Rathanna; Bernard Owen Cogan, Esq.; Liscanny; Chas. Gore Jones, Esq., Roughboy; Robert Young, Esq., Cummin; Godfrey Brereton Esq., Easkey.

     Walter, the youngest son of the Rev. William Waller, fell from a window at Castletown on Wednesday, and was seriously injured. The boy is since convalescent.

     A fleet of eighteen ships arrived in the Shannon two days last week, with bread stuffs from foreign ports for Limerick.

     It is proposed to give the Cove of Cork the name of Queenstown in honour of her Majesty's visit.

     Electricity is now used successfully in the treatment of cholera.

     Mr. Alexander of Rathfriland, has bequeathed one thousand pounds to the fund for the support of the Church's Home Mission.

     John O'Brien (Kent) committed to the Nenagh gaol on a charge of whiteboy offence at Garrykennedy lead mines, had not been more than a couple of days in prison when a registered letter from Australia was received at the Nenagh post office, directed to him, and it contained a bank draught for 70l., forwarded by his brother, with an intimation that his passage to Australia had been paid, and directing him to proceed without delay. The brother emigrated from Garrykennedy about seven years ago as a labourer.

     The Rev. Dr. Finn, P.P., of Irishtown, near Dublin, whose death took place a few days since, officiated at the marriage of the late Daniel O'Connell, M.P.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, July 25, 1849

CONVICTIONS AT THE MAYO SUMMER ASSIZES

     Edward Padden, common assault, 5 months imprisonment from committal.
     Peter Walsh, Patrick Walsh, William M'Eveela, Anthony Walsh, William M'Hugh, John M'Hugh, appearing armed by night, 8 months imprisonment from committal.
     Patrick Purcell, assault, 1 months imprisonment from committal.
     Martin Maclean, assault, 1 month.
     Patrick, Maclean, assault, 1 month.
     Ellen Connelly, larceny, imprisoned till the 20th July, inst.
     Michael Toohey, larceny, 3 weeks hard labour.
     John Fallon, larceny, 1 month hard labour.
     Anthony Feeny, sheep stealing, 12 months hard labour.
     Thomas Kevil, larceny, 3 months hard labour.
     John Manning, sheep stealing, 4 months hard labour.
     Anthony Heraghty, larceny, 3 months hard labour.
     John Stanton, larceny, 4 months hard labour.
     Patt M'Donnell, cattle stealing, 9 months hard labour.
     Anthony M'Greevy, larceny, 2 months hard labour.
     James Currid, sheep stealing, 6 months hard labour.
     Patrick Brehenny, sheep stealing, 9 months hard labour.
     Anthony Walsh, cattle stealing, 6 months hard labour.
     Michael Noone, Jas. Howley, cattle stealing, 6 months hard labour.
     Anthony M'Dermot, sheep stealing, 3 months hard labour.
     Owen Brogan, murder, sentence of death and execution awarded for the 6th September next.
     James Dea, larceny, 1 month hard labour.
     John M'Hale, larceny, 2 months hard labour.
     Catherine Conway, larceny, 1 month.
     James Daly, burglary, 12 months hard labour.
     Manus Henry and James Canavan, burglary, 6 months hard labour.
     John Walsh, larceny, Patt Rogan, sheep stealing, 3 months hard labour.
     Pat Fellon, larceny, 2 months.
     Thomas Bourke, John Malley, burglary, 12 months hard time.
     Francis Henaghan, stealing from dwelling house, 10 years transportation.
     Pat Kelly, larceny, 3 months from committal.
     Pat Cosh, sheep stealing, 7 years transportation.

    AWFUL DEATH- A respectable farmer named Stapleton, who resided at Ballyanny, within a mile of this town, came by his death under the following melancholy circumstances:- On the afternoon of Saturday, while returning from Nenagh, he went to look at his cows which were grazing in a field convenient to his residence, whereupon his bull, whose ferocious nature was aroused by the annoyance of flies and intense heat of the day, rushed fiercely at the ill-fated man, knocking him down, gored his body in a frightful manner and killed him on the spot. When he had not arrived at home on Saturday evening, his wife and family became uneasy, an they caused messengers to go look for him to this town, thinking that he might have delayed with a friend. But they could find no tidings of him. On Sunday morning, as the deceased's wife was going to early mass, she observed the bull coming towards the house, and having blood on his horns, at which sight she was struck with horror. She then faced towards the field, where she found her husband's mutilated body, which was deeply pierced in several parts by the savage animal's horns. On Monday the unfortunate man's remains were followed to their final resting place by an immense number of friends and neighbours.--Nenagh Guardian.

INQUEST ON THE BODIES OF THE PERSONS KILLED AT MAGHERMAYO

     CASTLEWALLEN, MONDAY, JULY 16- At half past ten o'clock this morning the district coroner, Dr. Tyrell, proceeded to take evidence as to how Patrick King, John Sweeney, Anne Trayner, and another person, came by their deaths at Maghermayo, on Thursday last. The depositions were taken in the case of Patrick King; but the coroner intimated that the evidence would embrace a general investigation into the character and circumstances of the whole case.
     The following magistrates were on the bench with the coroner:- Mr. Tabiteau, R.M., Mr. Cance, R.M., Captain Skinner, J.P., Mr. Shaw, J.P., Mr. J.B. Quinn, J.P., Mr. Magennis, J.P., Mr. F.W. Beers, J.P., and Captain Hill, J.P.
     Mr. Tabiteau read the following letter, which had been received from the Earl of Roden:-
                            "Tollymore Park, July 16, 1849
     "Sir- I regret extremely that having been confined to my bed almost the whole of yesterday, and my medical attendant, Dr Hunter, enjoining me to continue in bed to-day, I am quite incapable of meeting you and the other magistrates at Castlewellan this morning, for the important investigation which you will be engaged, and at which I feel so strongly it would be my duty to attend had it been possible. I shall, therefore, be much obliged to you to state this cause of my absence to the magistrates attending; and with every sincere wish that your enquiries may tend to demonstrate who are really the guilty parties in this melancholy affair-and that they may be punished.
                    "I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
                                    "RODEN.
     "To- Tabiteau, Esq., R.M."
     Messrs. Murland and Murphy, solicitors, appeared on behalf of the next of kin of the deceased.
     The jury, consisting of 21 of the townspeople who were sworn on Saturday, having answered to their names, the first witness called was
     Major Arthur Wilkinson, C.B., of the 13th Light Infantry, deposed that he came to Castlewellan, on the 10th inst., by order of the major general commanding the district. He had been directed to take command of the troops, and to place himself in communication with the local authorities. About nine o'clock on Thursday, the 12th inst., he left Castlewellan, in company with Mr. Tabiteau, R.M., and Mr. Skinner, J.P. They were accompanied by a troop of the 13th Light Dragoons, a company of the 9th Foot, and a body of constabulary. On arriving at Dolly's-brae Pass they found it unoccupied, and immediately took possession of it by posting part of the constabulary on the upper hill to the right, and the remainder of them on the lower plateau, commanding the road entrance. The company of the 9th Foot were placed on the hill to the left and also commanding the road entrance. The company of the 9th Foot were placed on the hill to the left and also commanding the road entrance. The troop of dragoons were placed under the infantry in a small field by the road side. The pass was thus completely guarded. Shortly after this a large body of men were seen approaching. On coming nearer they turned out to be Ribbonmen, all armed, wither with pikes, pitchforks, muskets, or some description of weapons. Witnesses knew them to be Ribbonmen, because they were not dressed like Orangemen. In fact, they were the opposite faction, whatever that is. They appeared very much astonished at finding the pass pre-occupied. They were about 300 or 400 in number. They took up a position on the right of the troops, and then went across the fields about 150 yards from them. After that their numbers began to increase. Soon after two Catholic clergymen came up, the Rev. Messrs. Morgan and Mooney, and said they hoped nothing unpleasant would occur, but that they feared their influence was not sufficient to prevent a collision between the two parties. We (witness and the magistrates) requested them to go and use their endeavours to induce the people to refrain from anything of the sort, as we were confident the Orange party would not commence the attack unless provoked. It appears the bone of contention was the pass. Mr. Morgan said he hoped the Orange party would not go that road (by the pass)- The clergymen then went back and spoke to the people and returned again. They said they still hoped no collision would take place. We then saw a troop of dragoons who preceded the Orange party coming over the hill. The Orange procession came immediately after them. Mr. Morgan then said, "I will go again and see what influence I may have over these people." When he returned to me he said the people had promised not to fire unless fired on by the Orangemen. The Orange party marched on through the pass towards Castlewellan. Witness then said to Mr. Morgan, "As the Orange party have now gone through the pass, I think their leaders would have no difficulty in getting them to return by the other road." Mr. Morgan seemed to think the  might then return the same way. The troops continued to occupy the ground, and during the day the Ribbon party were constantly "blazing away" with their arms; but no breach of the peace occurred. Towards evening they commenced some manoeuvres, deploying and forming into columns, seeming as if they were being drilled by some one; in fact, they had a regular field day. Between four and five o'clock i the afternoon there was a small flag waved, and they all filed off to the left, and took up a position on the hill about a mile beyond the pass. The Rev. Mr. Morgan again made his appearance on the hill, and mentioned that the people said they were going away but he could not tell. I did not think they were going away. About half-past five the Orange party returned through the pass, and on they went. They were all armed to the teeth. Some gentleman, who was there, and appeared to have influence amongst them said "Now, my boys, no firing, not a shot is to be fired." They replied, "Not a shot," and there was not a shot fired. I should say the Orange procession comprised about 1500. There were Orange women as well as men (laughter). Every one was armed but the women and the drummers; there were women of the other party shouting out along the road to the Orangemen, "Oh, you'll catch it before you pass the hill." They used very irritating language. After the Orange procession had passed, the police, the magistrates, and the troop of dragoon guards followed them. Major White of the Inniskillings, commanded the dragoons. The police officers were Mr. Hill and Mr. Towers. As I did not like appearances, Mr. Tabiteau and I thought it as well to follow the procession with the force under my command. Before any firing commenced, the Rev. Mr. Morgan said, "I'll ride ahead of the Orangemen, and perhaps there will be no firing." I met him shortly afterwards, and he said when I asked him why he did not ride on as he promised, "I sent Mr. Mooney on." We met Mr. Mooney returning, who said, "It is all right, there will be no disturbance." We continued on, and as the dragoons were going up a hill, there went bang a shot in front, but I did not know where it came from no more than the man in the moon. At once there followed a succession of shots from both sides; it was a regular blazing away; helter skelter, and the gentlemen on the hill pitched into us right and left (laughter). I could scarcely believe at first they would think of pitching into the military. The bullets flew about, and tore up the ground under my horses feet, and about me and the men. Our men did not return the fire. Mr. Tabiteau then gave us orders to load. These shots came from the gentlemen of ribbon notoriety on the hill. The police dashed up the hill after them, nad sent them scampering off to the left. The police fired upon them. They (the police) were under a heavy fire; one of their men was host through the cap. The Orange party pursued those people in front. On advancing we found several houses on fire. The houses appeared to have been fired by stragglers of the Orange party, who left the main body. Some of the 9th went and took charge of prisoners who had been captured by the police. I pushed on a party of the dragoons to get the Orangemen out of the way, and prevent their return. We did the best we could to put out the fires, which were all about, or save property. We brought in wounded persons on carts, and 30 or 40 prisoners were sent on to Rathfryland. I heard there were persons killed, but I did not see them. There were certainly more persons wounded than were seen. I conceive the police fired in defence of themselves when they and the military were pitched into. The police charged up the hill in very good style.
     The inquiry was then adjourned for an hour, in order to have Mr. Fitzmaurice and the police officers (who were escorting prisoners from Newry) in attendance to be examined.
     In about an hour the court resumed the inquiry.
     Henry Dalrymple White, Esq., sworn- I am major of the 6th or Inniskilling Dragoons. I came to Rathfryland on the 10th inst., in aid of the civil power. I was on duty on the 12th between Rathfriland and Castlewellan, and at a place called Dolly's brae. I had a troop of the Dragoons with me under my command. I found a troop of the 13th Light Dragoons and a company of the 9th infantry at Dolly's brae. On the left of the road, about a half mile from the brae, I observed some people drawn up in a line in a field; there were five or six hundred; most of them were armed with guns or pikes; they seemed to be watching the Orange procession. I should say the generality of them were armed. The Orangemen passed quietly over Dolly's brae, and without any molestation. I went on with the troop accompanying the Orange procession through the park to Lord Annesley's stables. We remained in the park till about five o'clock when we left to return. By order of Mr. Fitzmaurice we fell in rear of the Orange procession as they were returning  through Dolly's brae from where they had been. The procession passed over it. All was quiet up to that time. I consider the Orange procession extended three-quarters of an English mile. I saw some of the people whom I noticed in the morning on the hill farther along the road. I should think they numbered 1200 or 1400. They were behind banks and fence, but not concealed. They allowed the procession to almost pass them; I then heard a shot fired; I cannot swear where it came from but my impression is, that it came from the head of the Orange party; I thought it came form the road because I was looking at the hill at the time, and saw no appearance of it there; almost immediately it was returned from the hill, and then from the Orangemen on the road, very generally along the whole line. The Orangemen stood to fire;  I should say the first hot was not a shot that contained a ball; it was more like a squib; the police then began to act; part of them ascended thw hill and the Orangemen still continued firing; the people on the hill began to retire directly as the police advanced; the fire of the Orangemen lasted a long time, for they were firing in all directions; the firing of the other party lasted, I should say, two or three minutes; I did not see the police fire until they began to go up the hill; the persons on the hill ran off, pursued by the police; some of the Orangemen ran up the hill also, and mixed with the police; the general encounter was then over, but the Orangemen continued firing; I saw two person wounded but none killed; I saw houses fired; I thought it very probable that some collision would occur when I saw two armed mobs; I heard no threats.
     To Mr. Morland- Part of the Orangemen united with the police to roust the Ribbon party up the hill.
     To Mr. Hill, S.I.- I should say some balls were fired in the direction of the police before they went up the hill; I heard balls singing in that direction; I think almost all the procession had passed the hill before fire commenced; I can't say who the bullets were directed at, but they came in the direction of where you were; I saw some of the Orangemen firing in the field, but I can't say exactly if it was where the police were; they were on the same hill with the police.
     To Mr. Scott, J.P.- I did not see the party on the hill taking up any other position after the police went up the hill.
     To a Juror- I saw a volley fired from the Ribbon party before the police went up the hill.
     The Juror- Did you see any houses fired?
     Major White- I did, but the coroner says I had nothing to do with that.
     The Juror- Well, we don't think so.
     Examination in chief continued- I pushed my troop on after that, to prevent the Orangemen doing mischief.
     The Coroner- The only duty we have to consider is what led to the death of these persons. The firing of the houses is matter for inquiry elsewhere.
     George Fitzmaurice, Esq., sworn- Is a stipendiary magistrate, and came to this neighbourhood on Tuesday, by order of government. I accompanied the military and the police and the procession to Dolly's brae, on Thursday, the 12th inst. We observed a large body of men drawn up in a field, apparently armed. I went on to Tullymore Park, and returned through Dolly's brae about six o'clock, in front of the dragoons, and immediately after the procession. We passed over Dolly's brae without anything particular occurring. On coming down into the townland of Maghermayo, I observed a large body of men on a hill, behind a ditch, also apparently armed. As far as I could judge, there were from 1000 to 1500.
     Major White, who had been reading over his evidence, here stated that he wished to observe, that when the firing commenced the police were drawn up in line on the road facing the hill.
      Mr. Fitzmaurice, in continuation- When I saw the party I got off a car I had been on, and ran up to where Mr. Hill was in front of the armed party; the procession had nearly passed on, and Mr. Hill had scarcely ordered his men for forma and march, when I hears a squib; my impression was that it proceeded from the front of the Orange procession, but the second was so indistinct that I could not say positively; immediately after two shots were fired from the party on the hill, towards the road, and then a heavy volley from the hill; the moment the two shots were fired, I desired the police to take shelter behind the fence, and to be steady for a moment and at the same time I said, "Our only plan is to take the hill; I then ran down the line to where Mr. Tabiteau was to consult with him, and as I returned I saw Mr. Hill and the police returning up the hill, and joined them, and ran up with them. There was over thirty policemen with him. We were between two fires- the Orangemen were firing from the road, and the other party from above. I observed that several of the Orangemen fired, and I did all I could to prevent firing. I said "Don't fire on the people; they are running." It was to the Orangemen I addressed myself. When I got up to the field I saw the police make prisoners, and I saw Mr. Hill going along a fence and a man on his knee presenting a musket at him. A policeman was going to fire at him, and I shouted "Don't fire." That man was made a prisoner of. There was still a heavy fire form the road by the Orange party; the balls were whistling over the heads of the police.- I saw Captain Skinner on a horse and I called out to him. "These fellows will destroy us; they shoud be prevented." Captain Skinner said "The should." I then said "Give me your horse and i will ride down." He did so, and I rode down but they did not stop firing then. When I got to a turn on the road I observed a part yof Orangemen attacking a house and I rode at them and got them away from it. I then saw another house being attacked. As I rode at those fellows I saw one man killed on the road. He did not appear to be an Orangeman. I said to them "There's a man lying on the road; go back perhaps he's not dead, and afford him some assistance." The roared out. "He's not one of our party." This appeared to make them still more violent, if it was possible. I then joined the military at some distance, and saw nothing more. The Orangemen said they were fired at from some houses, but I knew nothing of that.
     Serjeant Sutcliffe, of the 6th Dragoons, and sub inspector Hill corroborated the foregoing testimony.
     A woman was examined who swore that the shot by which King was killed came from the Orange party.
     Her husband (one of the prisoners) was next brought up, but it appeared that the poor creature had received a bullet in the face from a gun fired by the Orangemen, and that it still was lodged there without being extracted, or any attention being paid him..
     The Coroner then charged to the jury, and they retired to consider their verdict at five minutes past seven o'clock. Upon return they gave the following verdict:- "The deceased, Hugh Kelly, died of a gunshot wound  inflicted on him by some person or person unknown of a party procession on Thursday, the 12th inst. The deceased, Patrick King, John Sweeny and Anne Traynor, died on Thursday, the 12th of July, by certain violent injuries inflicted on the aforesaid day by some persons unknown to a party procession.

 

 

     HORRIBLE- A CHILD PARTIALLY EATEN BY PIGS- On Monday an inquest was held by T. Izod, Esq., coroner, in the churchyard of Clonamery, near Innistioge, on the body of a child four months old, belonging to a farmer named Richard Mylott, of Coolnamuck, which met its death on Thursday evening, under the following circumstances. It appeared in evidence that Mrs. Mylott put the child to sleep in a cradle in the kitchen, and leaving to mind it another child aged nine years, went out to assist her husband who was engaged in trenching potatoes. In a few minutes she heard the eldest child scream in great alarm, and on running to the house she found that two pigs had got into the kitchen, taken the infant out of the cradle, and were then dragging its body each from the other, and tearing it with the utmost ferocity, the voracious brutes being stained up to the eyes with blood. Life was not at the time quite extinct, but the unfortunate infant was soon after released from its sufferings.-- Kilkenny Moderator.

     HORRIBLE- Mr. Gilbert Lloyd of Millview, Kanturk, made an application to the magistrates, last week, to have the dogs of the neighbourhood logged, as he stated that his men found the leg and arm of a corpse near his house after being devoured by dogs, and he in person was compelled to force away some dogs yesterday form another corpse, after devouring the head and neck and destroying the entire body. The workhouse burial ground is no Mr. Lloyd's farm, from which they were rooted; but there can be no blame attached to the vice-guardians, who have done all in their power to prevent a recurrence of such profanation.--Cork Examiner.

     Limerick assizes have been fruitful in retributive judgment, at the criminal side of the court this summer. Wednesday last John Frewen, a farmer, was found guilty of the wilful murder of Peter Nash, a land bailiff. On Thursday, John Fogarty was convicted of the murder of Daniel Dillon, a farmer in good circumstances, and yesterday, Catherine Dillon was found guilty of conspiring, siding and abetting the murder of said Dillon, her own husband! Peter Nash was shot dead on the high road at Garden-hill, near Castle-Connell, and the assassin who stole behind his unsuspecting victim to fire the deadly shot, in a few minutes after helped to raise the dying man from the ground, like a friendly neighbour, which he assumed to be, commiserating the fate of the innocent man he had basely murdered!- Daniel Dillon, a man of honest character and good position in life, was inveighed out of his own house in the evening near Cappamore, by four of his acquaintances, and as he was crossing a ford they knocked him down and murdered him on the spot, with blows of stones on the head. One of the principals in this outrage, John Fogarty, the false friend of unfortunate Dillon, was found guilty; also, Catherine Dillon, the instigator of this monstrous deed; the faithless wife, and as the evidence yesterday disclosed,  horrible to think so, the confidant and paramour of Fogarty, her husband's murderer! This day, Thomas M'Cormack stands at the bar of justice, arraigned for the same atrocious crime.

     DR. LANGLEY- Dr. Langley arrived in Nenagh in a coach and four from the Queen's Arms posting establishment, Templemore, on the morning of Sunday, accompanied by his brother-in-law, Mr. George Jackson, and after driving through the town, proceeded to the county jail, where he surrendered himself to Mr. Rock, the governor of the prison, to bide his trial at the approaching assizes of Nenagh.--Tipperary Vindicator.

SLIGO ASSIZES
CROWN COURT- TUESDAY

          Abraham Lawson and Archibald Lawson were indicted for the wilful murder of James Callaghan, at Ballymote, on the 18th of June last, by stabbing him  with a knife, and thus inflicting a wound of which he afterwards languished and died. Messrs. French, Walker and Close, Q.C.'s appeared for the crown. The prisoners were defended by Messrs. Keogh and Blakeney with Mr. Pollock of Ballymote, as agent.
     Mr. French on the part of the crown applied to have the trial postponed, as a third party named in the informations was not made amenable. Messrs. Blakeney and Keogh on behalf of the prisoners applied to have them admitted to bail.
     Baron Lefroy, after some discussion between counsel on both sides, refused making any order leaving the parties to apply on affidavit to a judge in chamber, and so the matter terminated.
     James M'Grath was indicted for having stolen two five pound bank post bills, the property of Michael O'Connor, the Postmaster of Ballymote.
     Michael O'Connor deposed to having given his brother four notes to get changed and identified a note produced by Michael Kelly, a policeman, the brother of the postmaster, and proved the loss of two notes. On being cross-examined, by Mr. Pollock, he admitted the prisoner told him he found the notes, and had returned the amount. Mr. Pollock examined two other witnesses, who gave the prisoner a good character.
     The jury acquitted the prisoner.

RECORD COURT- TUESDAY
Phibbs v. Phibbs

     This was an action of replevin brought by Thomas Phibbs against Burton Phibbs, his landlord. The jury found for the defendant. A point was reserved for the court above.
     Counsel for plaintiff-Messrs. Keogh and Woodroof. Agents-Messrs. Dayton and Davis.
     Counsel for Defendant- Messrs. Walker, Walsh and Robinson. Agent.- Mr. Mostyn, Crown Solicitor.

MISCELLANEOUS

     There are only 300 vacancies in the Tralee workhouse, and not a month since, 1,000 paupers were begging for admission, but no room then. The new potatoes are now in general use, and the looks of the labouring poor, a Kerry gentleman assures us, are so improved, that a man who had been out of the country for a month, would scarcely recognized his poor neighbour under so gratifying a change.
     The hotels of Killarney are already crowded with tourists from all parts of the world, visiting the lakes.
     Captain Wynne's and Greer's companies, 68th, left Galway on Wednesday for Ballinasloe.
     Captain Lumsden, 34th, has moved in command of a company to Sligo, from Boyle, on detachment.
     The Post-office will start running a four-horse mail-coach between Mullingar and Sligo next month.
     Lord Gough has sent over 70,000 for the purchase of an ancestral estate in Ireland.
     The Roscommon races will take place on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 14th and 15th of August.
     There are only nine prisoners for trial at the county Down assizes.
     John Robert Hudson, Esq., has remitted 25 per cent to the tenants on his estates in Foebena and Tooluban.-- Western Star.
     The "Swift," with the Irish state convicts, will call at the Cape, where most probably, they will find John Mitchel before them.
     The site for the aged and decayed Freemasons Asylums at Corydon has cost 529. Brother John Hodgkinson, Esq., is appointed joint treasurer with Dr. Crucifix.
     A country-fellow last night, with a stone, broke the dial of the regulator clock over the shop door of Wm. Glover, Esq., George-street. This ruffian being arrested immediately, after the outrage, told the police, with a sneer, that "he did it for fun." The executive should devise some remedy for this very common trick of reckless vagrants, by which the property of the citizens is destroyed, and the offenders, as a punishment, are maintained for some days in prison on a better dietary than the workhouse paupers.--Limerick Chronicle.
    
A nefarious systematic robbery has been detected in the Post-office of Tipperary, by Constable Reid, of that town, who, on Sunday last, arrested a young man of the name of Tobin, daily carrier of the mail from that town to Galbally. A countryman of the name of Flahavan, expecting a money letter from America, called at the Post-office of Tipperary, on Sunday, morning and was told there was a letter for him, but which the Post-master, Mr. Molloy, was not able to find as he expected, though certain of its arrival the day before when Tobin had been the only person with him in the office. Suspicion arose, and Constable Reid having been told of the loss, went to search Tobin's house where he discovered over 150 in half notes and post bills, a great number of letters opened, the envelopes or covers town, also a sum of 12 in cash. This Tobin was paid 7s. a week for running on foot the daily post between Tipperary and Galbally. He soon bought a post horse, and fitted up his house comfortably, by examining daily the Post-office bag, and helping himself to the money-letters, then sealing up the bag with a fictitious fac simile stamp, to deceive the Post-master. It is only surprising this robbery was not detected earlier. The fellow is now a prisoner, and we understood that several persons suffered in that neighbourhood, to whom remittances were made by their friends in America and the sister country, but did not come to hand. The consequence was, frequent complaint and disappointment, now apparently accounted for.--Limerick Chronicle.

(From a Correspondent)

    CROSSMOLINA, JULY 24- I regret to state that in this little town, hitherto exempt from the awful scourge, there is at present a case of cholera. A man of the name of Leydon was attacked by it at a very early hour on yesterday morning; the disease set in with the strongest indications of terminating in immediate dissolution. Dr. M'Nair was in prompt attendance, and administered the necessary medicines. The patient, at the moment I pen this paragraph, 11 o'clock a.m. still lives; he is, although free from cramps, in a perfectly collapsed sate, and no hopes are entertained of his recovery.
     At a place called Belleckmaha, a mile and-a-half from this town, two cases of cholera occurred; the first on the 20th instant, the second on the 23d. The victims were brothers of the name of Judge, comfortable farmers and healthy men. The one lived eleven hours, the other nine.
     Mr. Duncan, Vice-guardian, arrived here yesterday evening from Ballina, on his usual rounds; he went to see Leydon, and directed Dr. M'Nair to make reports to the Vice-guardians and to the Board of Health in Dublin, should the disease further develop itself in this locality, in order that proper arrangements may be made for its suppression. It strikes me that something of the kind should at present be resorted to here, as there is scarcely any other medical charity extant than the fever hospital, the funds for that support of the permanent dispensary being completely or nearly exhausted.

     The "Jessie" leaves the port of Sligo on Saturday, with passengers for New York.

     At Enniskillen assizes Thomas Wilson, Thos. Kerr, and Robert Cathcart, convicted of the wilful murder of John Wilson, at Glencurry, were sentenced to be hanged on the 19th of August next.

BIRTHS

     In this town, on Tuesday, the lady of James A. Porteus, Esq. of a daughter.
     July 17, at Victoria's Terrace, the lady of R. Hoey, Esq., of a son.

MARRIED

     Edward Kittson, Esq., Surgeon, Nenagh, to Miss Short, sister to Richard Short, Esq., Ballyvandrum.

DIED

     In this town, on yesterday, aged one year and eleven months, Daniel, son of Daniel Moran, Esq.

 

 


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