Ireland Old News




BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, December 5, 1849

MISCELLANEOUS

     Mr. Johnston, revenue officer, is ordered from Sligo to Derry.
     Farms in the counties of Roscommon and Sligo, varying from 50 to 500 acres, are tenantless.
     Upwards of 1800 was invested in the Limerick Savings Bank last Monday by depositors.
     The Knight of Kerry, it is stated, will have the bulk of the property of Lt. Col. R. LaTouche.
     A small collection of unpublished letters by the poet Shelly are now in the market.
     Mr. Goldsmith, solicitor, has recently purchased the greatest number of shares in the Globe newspaper.
     At Belfast Municipal elections all the Conservative candidates were returned without opposition.
     The promotions for the Arctic Searching Expedition, of Sir James Ross and Captain Bird, will be announced on Monday, when the ships are paid off.
     George W. Dixon, Esq. late officer Royal Engineers, now of Dr. Fox's establishment, at Bristol, was declared a lunatic on Thursday last.
     John Singleton, Esq. of Quinville, a magistrate of Clare, has refused to sign the address of Lord Roden, also Sir John C. Carden.
     Mr. W. Murphy, jun., T.C.D., is lecturing upon the national music of Ireland at the Dublin Mechanic's Institute.
     Mr. Ellison, station manager of the Drogheda railway, was killed on Saturday night by crossing the line before the mail train.
     During the last summer 3,550 dogs were killed in the streets of New York, and 6,700 dollars paid at premiums to the killers.
     One gentleman, after the Rev. Dr. M'Neils's speech at Exeter Hall, on Friday, contributed 100 for the Irish Church missions.
     A manufacturer in the West of England announces himself one of the purchasers of the Martin property in Connemara.
     The house carpenters of Galway work ten hours daily, with the exception of Saturdays, eight hours. From the first of January next, they resume their former wages of 1 4s. per week.
     On Sunday last, the banks of the Grand Canal, at Cowerton, within three miles of Kilbeggan, were broken down by a party of men, who tied the watchman to a tree while they accomplished their object.
     In Greaves v. Greaves, the Master of the Rolls has ordered an injunction to prevent the Widow Greaves selling out 8,500 left by her deceased husband to his three children, the lady proposing to marry again.
     The Emigration commissioners have liberally undertaken to give a free cabin passage to clergymen and to the superior class of teachers, to improve the emigrants going to Australia.
     The ship "Mary Bannatyne, " belonging to James Bannatyne, Esq. of Limerick, arrived at Sydney, on the 20th of July, with emigrants from London, after a quick passage of three months and a half.
     Daniel Quilligan, from Kilrush, a destitute outcast, fell dead at Glin on Saturday last, after sleeping in the open air at Birchwood the night before. Verdict at the inquest, that he died of cold and want of necessaries.
     Another gold mine has been discovered at Australia, where a number of women from a workhouse, near London, landed in such a manner as to make the colonists disgusted. It is intended to proscribe such pauper emigration in the colony.
     Mr. Ponsonby Barker, of Kilcooly Abbey, has given a month's provisions to all the distressed tenants on his estates at Ballinamona, county Tipperary. He has also given crops and seeds to all his tenants, and clothes to his labourers.   

THE ARMY
Promotions and Exchanges.
War-Office, Nov. 30

   2d Regiment of Life Guards-Lieutenant Hon. Cornwallis Maude, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Neylor, who retires; Cornet and Sub-Lieutenant John Glencarn Carter Hamilton, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Maude.
     4th Dragoon Guards- Lieutenant-General Richard Pigot, to be Colonel, vice General Sir George Anson, G.C.H. deceased.
     Coldstream Foot Guards-Lieutenant-Colonel Hon. George Augustus Spencer, from 97th Foot, to be Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel vice Milman, who exchanges.
     3d Regiment of Foot- Gentleman Cadet A.L. Coussmaker, from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Lakis, promoted to the 61st Foot.
     17th- Lieutenant R.J. Ross O'Conor to be Captain by purchase, vice Edwards, who retires, Ensign G.T. Brice, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice O'Connor.
     18th- Lieut. J. Swinburn from the 32d Foot to be Lieutenant vice M'Cabe who exchanges.
     21st- Ensign H. Waring Clarke, from 31st Foot, to be Second Lieutenant without purchase, vice Barttelot, deceased.
     22d- Brevet Major F.D. George to be Major without purchase, vice Poole, who retires upon full pay; Lieutenant F.G.T. Deshon, to be Captain, vice George; Ensign F.G. King to be Lieutenant, vice Deshon; Gentleman Cadet Wm. McBean from the Royal Military College to be Ensign, vice Ring.
    31st- Gentleman Cadet A.J. Schreiber, from the Royal Military College to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Clarke, appointed to the 21st Foot.
     32d- Lieutenant B. McCabe, from the 18th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Swinburn, who exchanges; Gentleman Cadet F.G. Stapleton, from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Birthwhistle, promoted.
     37th- Captain and Lieut-Colonel E.C.W. Miles Milman, from the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards to be Lieutenant-Colonel, vice Spencer who exchanges.
     53d- To be Lieutenant without purchase, Ensign C.J. Perry, from 70th Foot, vice Parker, dismissed the service by sentence of a General Court Martial; Ensign F.P. Drought from 65th Foot, vice Ashton, dismissed by sentence of a General Court Martial.
     55th- Lieutenant F.J.T. Montresor to be Captain by purchase, vice McCoy, who retires; Ensign Robert Hume, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Montressor.
     64th- Gentleman Cadet V. Ryan from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Shipley, promoted.
     70th- Gentleman Cadet G.R. Greaves, from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Perry promoted in the 53d Foot.
     94th- Lieutenant A. Campbell to be Captain, without purchase, vice Seale, deceased; Ensign F.D. Wyatt, to be Lieutenant, vice Campbell; Gentleman Cadet R.A. Bootby Tod, from the Royal Military College, to be Engisn, vice Wyatt.
     97th- Brevet Major Wm. M. Hamerton, from half pay, 67th Foot, to be Captain (repaying the difference), vice Seargill, promoted; Lieutenant R. Dillon to be Captain by purchase, vice Hamerton, who retires; Ensign E.K. Jones to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Dillon.
     HOSPITAL STAFF- W.R. Thompson, M.D. to be Assistant Surgeon to the Forces.
     BREVET- Major Wm. M. Hamerton of the 97th Foot, to be Lieut-Colonel in the army.

     STABBING - On Monday evening a Greek sailor had an altercation with a townsman in the shop of a publican named Kennedy, in Michael-street, when the foreign assassin drew a dagger and made a plunge at him with it which he fortunately evaded. The man then seized the Greek and endeavoured to disarm him, but in the struggle both fell, and an almost deadly contention took place- both rolling about the shop like two dogs- during which the hands of the townsman were dreadfully cut. With the assistance of Kenedy the dagger was taken from the Greek, on which he ran away up New-street. Two policemen shortly after arrived, but too late, as the would be assassin had made his escape.-- Waterford Mail.

     THE REV. MR. KENNY'S TURF - NOVEL PROCESSION.- At one o'clock this day (Wednesday) the inhabitants of the town were somewhat surprised at observing a vast number of carloads of turf passing through the streets in a regular line; but all anxiety as to the meaning of such an occurrence was set at rest by the foremost horse and car being drawn up opposite the residence of the Rev. Mr. Kenny, P.P., Summerhill. On inquiry we found that the parishioners of Castleconnell and the farmers of the district over which Mr. Kenny was P.P., for a long time, gratuitously volunteered , as a manifestation of their respect, esteem and veneration towards him, to convey his turf from Castleconnell to Nenagh, a distance of 16 miles. The cars extended from Summerhill nearly to the Market-cross and were about one hundred in number. The most amusing and musical part  of the scene was the procession, being headed, as it entered the town, by an Irish piper playing on the Highland pipes the celebrated air of "Scots wha hae," to which the drivers attempted to march. A real specimen of an Irish piper was seated on the top of a load of turf in the middle of the cortege. He was blind. His name is Mick Connell, and his fame and reputation as "one of the best players in the country" have been well known among the rustic terpsichorians of Castleconnell and its vicinity. Lest he should fall from his elevated position he was "barricaded" on every side by turf, and as he squeezed his old and familiar bagpipe, he oscillated his head and right leg. He played with force and precision, while passing Castle-street, the old Irish tune of "You may go to the devil and shake yourselves." The rear of the procession was brought up by another piper who played much to the enjoyment of the spectators, "The priest in his bows." When the cavalcade halted, the pipers, in military style, marched up and down at either sides of ?????. After the lapse of five hours the turf was housed, the carts were emptied, and the drivers received substantial refreshment from Mr. Kenny. In the evening the parties returned home in an imposing body.--Nenagh Guardian.

     A dreadful tragedy happened at Tipperary on Sunday night, which originated form strong drink and terminated in the immediate death of William Lawlor, from stab of a large knife, given by one of the Pillans, who also inflicted serious wounds on all who came within reach of his knife. The muscles of one man's arm were severed, another had his thigh opened, while a third had his leg tendons cut in the true Indian style. A policeman, the first to interfere, was received with the point of a sharp instrument, which penetrated his arms; however the deadly knife was found by the policeman under Pillan's bed, saturated with blood. Lawlor was not in the row, and only passing, when an old spleen against him by the Pillans was gratified by his life blood.

     FRACAS WITH THE MILITARY - On Monday evening last a party of the Dragoons and Artillery men stationed here, were drinking in a public house with several citizens, when a dispute arose, and one of the military struck one of the civilians, who rose en masse and expelled the soldiers, but not content with their triumph, they followed the soldiers into Stephen-street, where a general row ensued, and an artilleryman named M'Queen was knocked down by a blow of a stone. One of the soldiers hastened to the police barrack and reported the occurrences, when that active officer, Constable Byrne, and his party, proceeded to the spot and arrested three men named Patrick Condon, Patrick Lonergan and Jeremiah Condon, who were brought to the Mayor's office and fully identified. M'Queen, we understand, is now out of danger.

     BERNARD CAVANAGH IN THE SHADE. - The truth of this paragraph will, no doubt be questioned by many, but having heard it from a highly respectable source, we ourselves would feel a delicacy in relying on its veracity. Dr. Langley, as most of our readers are aware, has been in Nenagh jail on a coroner's warrant and in consequence of some favour which at first he was allowed being withdrawn, he refused to eat and continued without food of any description for a period of thirty-eight days- partaking of nothing except cold water!-- Nenagh Guardian.

    On Thursday as the 95th Depot was marching out from Derry, while on their return through the town an immense pig, belonging to Mr. Peter Corcoran, about to be shipped off to Liverpool, burst from the drove, and rushing between the ranks, upset several of the soldiers, and continuing its wild career, finally broke the big drum, which lay in its course, the animal was finally secured.

STATE OF THE HOUSE

Remaining on previous Saturday.................2519
Admitted during the week..........................  255
Discharged................................................    65
Died..........................................................     4
Remaining on Saturday, the 17th, Nov...... 2705
In receipt of out-door relief on 24th...........2275
                  STATE OF THE FUNDS
Received during the week..................... 62 11 3
Paid......................................................  72  1  9
On hands..............................................    0  2  1

BALLINA FEVER HOSPITAL

Remaining in hospital on previous Saturday.....90
Admitted during the week..............................15
Total treated during the week.......................105
Discharged during the week.........................    4
Died............................................................   3
Total in Hospt on Sat. Dec. 1st..................... 98
                     ANTHONY BOURKE, Steward.

 

     The Encumbered Estates Commission Court has given the carriage of the absolute order for sale of the property of John O'Connell and Morgan J. O'Connell in Kerry, to Mr. D. Malone in preference to Mr. Myles Mahoney, another creditor.

     CASTLEBAR UNION- Andrew C. Lynch, Esq. has resigned the vice-chairmanship, and Mr. Kelly has given notice to resign the deputy vice-chairmanship of Castlebar Union.

     DROMORE WEST UNION - We have much pleasure in announcing that Thomas Jones, Esq. has been elected by a large majority to the chairmanship of this union.

     The Rev. Dr. M'Neil, at a meeting of the Church Missionary Society, referring to Ireland said:- The Romanists had long boasted of their millions- their great leader was accustomed to exaggerate their numbers and he used them to influence the government of the day as the pressure from without; but God thinned those millions. He believed that the decrease amounted since 1846 to at least 1,500,000. Other causes co-operate to encourage the spread of the gospel.

     Last week 22 years purchase was tendered for an estate, near Ballinasloe, in the county Galway, which was offered last year for 45 years purchase.

     Major Blackall, M.P., county Longford, and a deputation from Dublin, had an interview on Tuesday with the directors of the Royal Bank of England (the M.P. of Glasgow, chairman), and there is no doubt that a branch of this wealthy concern will be present in the metropolis of Ireland.

 

     ABUNDANCE AND RUIN!- KILRUSH, Nov. 24- This day the town was more than usually crowded with every saleable article. A large quantity of potatoes sold at 3 1/4d. and 5d. per stone-apparently good. Several large cart loads of turnips at 1d. and 1 1/4d. per stone the corn and butter markets were literally thronged. The price of barley and oats has varied very little during the past month. Barley, of good quality, brought from 7 1/4d. to 7 1/2d., and oats much about the same price; but some of an inferior quality sold so low as 6d. At this season turf was never so cheap, here as at present-6d. and 7d. per creel-some years past it might have brought treble the price. It is plain then that the country people are making sale of all they can, and buying nothing that they can avoid. Business of all kind was never so dull as at present; the shopkeeper and artisan lived by the farmer; a common ruin seems now to await all, unless some speedy remedy be adopted. Many of the small farmers her, who were formerly in comfortable circumstances would not be able to till the land now, leaving rents and rates out of question. Others are selling what they can, and putting the money in their pockets, waiting to know what abatement will be given in the land, and if their expectations are not realised, they sail for a foreign clime. Such are the general feelings of the majority of the people.--Clare Journal.

    About three o'clock Friday, a woman named Agnes Moore, who resided at a place called Rungill, about three miles below Carrickfergus, died from what is supposed the effects of poison taken by her whilst labouring under an aberration of the mind. She was the wife of a respectable farmer, and about a twelvemonth ago was an inmate of the Armagh Lunatic Asylum, for some time, and was discharged recovered. She again became deranged and in this state of mind, it is supposed took the poison.--Belfast Chronicle.

     William Duncan, attired in the garb of a pilgrim, of rather venerable appearance, without hat and shoes, was brought up at the Limerick police-office last week, having been arrested as a suspicious character. A sum of 69 9s 6d was found in his possession which he said he intended to distribute in charity to the destitute poor! He stated he was formerly a corn factor in Kilrush and has property in England. Mr. Barron, R.M., ordered his discharge.

BIRTHS.

     The Lady of Denis Bingham, Esq., Bingham Castle in this county of a son and heir.
     At Sweetmount House, county Dublin, the Lady of John L. Wharton, Esq., of a daughter.
     At Sydney Avenue, Blackrock, the wife of Alexander F. M'Crea, Esq., of a daughter.
     At Castlecomer, the Lady of Charles E. Ross, MD, of a son.
     The Lady of the Rev. Samuel Alexander, of Termon Rectory, county Tyrone, of a daughter, being the 58th grand-child of the Rev. Charles Cobb Heresford.
     At Culzeon Castle, Ayrshire, the Marchioness of Ailsa, of a daughter.
     At Chesham-place, Belgrave-square, the Hon. Mrs. Hamilton of a daughter.
    At Eaton-place, the Hon. Mrs. Henry S. Law of a son.

MARRIAGES.

     Edward More O'Ferrall, Esq, brother of the Governor of Militia, to Susan, only child of the late Dominick O'Reily, Esq. of Kildangan, county Kildare.
     At St. Luke's Church, Cork, Capt. James Spens, Bengal Engineers, to Penelope Clarina, daughter of Lieut.-Colonel Westropp.
     Charles Roache, Esq. of Annakishe to Eliza, daughter of the late Henry Rice of Mallow.
     James Beatty, Esq. C.E., son of James Beatty, Esq. M.D., Enniskillen, to Sarah Jane, daughter of the Rev. Henry A Burke, rector of Maghercross, Fermanagh.
     At Lyme Regis, John Carey, M.D., son of John Carey, Esq. officer of law courts, Dublin, to Alicia, daughter of the late Alen Bellingham, Esq. of Castle Bellingham, county Louth.
     At Brompton, Gerald Frederick Henry Wellesly, Esq to Emma Donna, daughter of the late Captain Boyle, R.N. of Bridgewater, Somersetshire.

DEATHS

     At Newcastle, on the 25th ult. Miss Sarah Ashe, at the advanced age of 98, sister to the late Wm. Ashe, Rector of Croagh, and Prebendary of the Cathedral of Limerick.
     At his residence, Tooloobane, county Galway, Wm. Hartley Hodson, Esq.
     At Jeneville, Mount Anville, Lieut-Colonel Henry Pratt, late 18th Royal Irish.
     At Roundfort Cottage, on the 23d November, Mrs. Mary Fair in the 99th year of her age.
     At Hazelwood, county Sligo, on the 27th ult., Lady Anne Wynne.

EMIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA

     In a recent letter the Bishop of Adelaide gives the following advice to emigrants to this great colony:-
     I will now detail what steps are taken in the colony for the assistance of emigrants. Captain Brewer is the emigration agent, whose duty it is to board the vessels as they arrived, and, after examining the condition and discipline of the passengers, to offer such counsel as may be needed for their guidance. In the case of persons destitute of means he is empowered to pay the expense of their journey to Adelaide (eight miles) and the transport of their baggage. There is a row of cottages, built by government, at Port Adelaide, for the temporary accommodation of emigrant families, should they fail to procure situations before compelled to quit the ship. Fourteen days are generally allowed on ship board, after reaching the port, during which they are provisioned. "The Colonial Labour Office" has been established in Adelaide, opposite the Post Office, in King William street, for the hiring of servants and labourers. This is supported by voluntary subscriptions and has been most useful. A secretary is in constant attendance, who registers all applications, leaving the parties to make their own agreements. In case of single unprotected female servants, the protector of aborigines, Mr. Moorehouse, is directed to receive, lodge and ration such as are in want of refuge on their arrival. There is accommodation for one hundred; and at this depot, which is close to the government house and park lands, the Irish orphan girls are lodged until provided with situations. Notwithstanding the late arrival of 450 of the latter, no difficulty occurred in procuring places for all the respectable young females in the Florentia. So many marry that they are always in demand as domestic servants. There is a "Stranger Friend Society," intended to relieve distress arising from sickness among the newly arrived; and there is a fund, dispensed by a government board, for "destitute persons," - widows, orphans, &c. Provided the females and others, who are sent for the House of Charity, are able, willing, and respectable, the "Colonial Labour Office" and the "Government Depot" supply all the assistance they need towards settling themselves. I may add that there is much distress and disappointment felt by a very numerous class of educated persons, who arrive without capital, and with very few pounds in their pockets. Immigration has proceeded latterly at the rate of 1000 per month and above. Unluckily, also, the ships have arrived two or three at a time, instead of at intervals. 500 persons came in last Saturday, and this on the heels of the Posthumous, Florentia, Sir E. Parry, and the Inconstant, bringing 200 Irish orphans. In fact, it is quite wonderful how they have been absorbed and where they are dispersed. Wages still are high, and there is no fear of starvation, with meat at 2 1/2d. the pound, sugar 3d, tea 2s, and bread 1 1/2d. The natives, in fact, live upon the sheep's heads, &c., ox heads and tails, which are given them for any trifling service they perform. Servants of all work, plain cooks, farm servant girls, and nurse girls, are the females most wanted, but people will not engage without seeing. Wages are from 12 to 18. Respectable servant girls are sure to find employment. The government emigrant ships are more respectably conducted than passenger ships, on board the latter the sale of spirits is the ruin of numbers.--Yours faithfully,
                              AUG. ADELAIDE.
Adelaide, July 30, 1849

THE ARMY
(From the Limerick Chronicle)

     Colonel Jackson, Carbineers, is president of the court marital sitting in Dublin for trial of Surgeon Smith, 2d or Queens Foot, for neglect of duty and for unofficer-like conduct.
     The 75th from Allaliabad replace at Umballah the 18th, ordered to Cawnpore. The 87th move from Chinsurah to Meerut and the 96th for Ghazepore.
     The Non-Commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Sappers and Miners gave three theatrical performances at the Woolwich theatre last week.
     The 65th and ??rd are suffering much by cholera in the Bombay establishment.
     The 88th replace the 7th Fusiliers at Halifax, Nova Scotia.
     Private John Ward, 44th, at Malta, is sentenced to 14 years transportation for striking Major Moore in the provost prison.
     Major General his Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge, K.G. has assumed the command of the troops in Ireland, during the month's leave of Sir Edward Blakeney in England.
     Major Lowth, 38th, has landed from Halifax to command the Depot at Castlebar.
     Lieut.-Colonel the Hon. G.A. Spencer gives up the 37th at Ceylon, and exchanges into the Guards.
     Major and Brevet Lieut.-Colonel Sir Harry Darrell, Bart., will, it is said, succeed to the command of the 7th Dragoon Guards, and Lieut.-Colonel Ainslie purposes selling out.
     Sergeant Beech, 23d, at Winchester, is reduced, by court-martial, for embezzling moneys entrusted to him as Caterer of the Sergents' Mess.
     It has been determined to send out to Australia, in the spring of 1850, four companies of pensioners, with their families, on the same terms ad those offered to the pensioners in New Zealand.
     Cornets Heald and Carew, 2d Life Guards, Lieut. Lord Brownlow Cecil, Scot's Fusilier Guards, Ensign Brine, 27th, Ensign Cunningham, 55th, and Lt.-Col. Forbes, 92d. sold out of the service on Friday.
     The 78th has lost its two Lieut.-Colonels, one by death, the other by retirement on half-pay, and Major Hamilton is now promoted to the Lieut.-Colonelcy of the regiment.

MEETING OF GUARDIANS

     BALLINA UNION- The usual weekly meeting of the guardians of this union was held in the board room on Saturday, Colonel Knox Gore in the chair. The other guardians present were, Mr. Howley, Mr. Paget, Mr. Bredin, Captain Atkinson, Mr. Pratt, Major J.F. Knox, Mr. O. Orme, Mr. M'Hugh, Mr. Jackson, Mr. E. Orme, Mr. Knox, Mr. Gardiner, &c. Captain Hamilton, Inspector, was also present.
     A letter was read from the Poor Law Commissioners sanctioning the appointment of Mr. Savage to the office of collector of arrears of poor rate in the Erris district.
     A letter from the Central Board of Health was read stating that an order would be issued for the suspension of the Crossmolina Fever Hospital. It appeared that this hospital was taken by the late vice-guardians for three years in consequence of the outlay necessary in preparing it for the reception of patients, and the present board now decided upon using it as a temporary auxiliary workhouse.
     "The Committee recommend with a view to a reduction of the staff, that relief in future for the poor of the several electoral divisions in the districts of the Messrs. Nolan and John Robinson be issued at their respective offices, and the store and storekeeper be discontinued. We also recommend the issue of relief to the poor of the rest of the union to be removed from Casement's yard to Mr. Joynt's auxiliary store, and the Working Staff to be reduced to one individual. We advise the transfer of the two nurses from the Fever Hospital of Crossmolina to Ballina as there is necessity for such assistance here."
     "We recommend the discontinuance of Gill the tailor as his services are no longer required by the union. Also that advertisements be inserted in the papers inviting tenders from competent persons willing to collect the rates about to be struck, and stating the sum per pound for which they would undertake the collection.
     "We beg to call the attention of the Board to a former recommendation of ours with regard to the salaries of the Relieving Officers, and after a mature consideration of the duties they are now called upon to perform, and the general low condition of the rate-payers of this union, we do not consider the Board is justified in any case to exceed at the rate of 25 per annum."
     A resolution was then passed reducing the salaries of the Relieving Officers to 25 per annum.
     The following report of the Sanitary Committee was read by Captain Atkinson:-
     "Your Committee have gone through the several streets and lanes of the town of Ballina, all of which are in a most filthy state and require immediate attention otherwise the health of the inhabitants is in imminent danger should fever or any other epidemic occur.
     "We have considered deeply the means of cleansing the streets and lanes. There are no Town Commissioners and of course no funds of which to pay for doing so although there are numbers of labourers unemployed.
     "We therefore come to the conclusion to recommend to the Board to employ the able-bodied paupers now in the House, a certain number daily, say 20 between breakfast and dinner, under the superintendence of a steward who will be accountable for their good conduct and not allow them to separate, and will keep a vigilant watch over them till they return to the Workhouse." 

 

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, December 12, 1849

CROSSMOLINA PETTY SESSIONS

     Anthony, Judy and Mary Kelly were bound over to keep the peace for an assault on Honor Kelly of Tayniwaddduff.
     Informations were registered against Thomas, Honor and Sibby Naughton, Owen Murray and Pat M'Donnell, at the prosecution of James Jackson, Esq. of Millbrook, for rescue of cattle.
     Pat and Mary Fairfield were fined 4s. for an assault on Sibby M'Guigan.
     A number of persons were fined in sums varying from 5 to 2 at the suit of John Little, Esq. for illegally fishing in the River Deel.
     Owen Malley was fined 2 or one month's imprisonment, for obstructing a water bailiff in the discharge of his duty.
     Pat and John Hopkins were fined 2 or one month's imprisonment for assaulting Pat Cadin and two other water bailiffs.

ROCKITE NOTICE

     On the night of Wednesday last the following notice was posted on the house of Dominick Franklin, who rents 20 or 30 acres of land in Cuigneleca, about two miles from this town. This land was waste for two years, and is in the possession of Franklin, who came here from Westmeath, only three months:-
     "Sir- Take notice not to et on with any more improvements on this land you must dispose of your stock instantly or if not Ill soon make you dispose of them you are a feeble old lacking man at the latter end of your days that has no business of land so I do not think it a sin to turn you away so my good man whilst you and your cattle are safe make no delay in going or if you do you will soon subsorry your name."
     We are happy to have it to state that the posting of such notices is of very rare occurrence in this neighbourhood and never is attended with very serious consequences.

ILLICIT DISTILLATION

     Lieutenant William Costello and the Revenue Party under his charge stationed at Skreen, arrested several prisoners who were engaged in the distillation of illicit whiskey near Pullagheeny, on Wednesday, and succeeded in making a seizure of more than twenty hundred weight of malt and a large quantity of spirits. The very low prices now offered for grain have deterred the owners from bringing it into market and much of it is now used in illicit distillation, which we trust has received a check from this and other successful exertions of Lieutenant Costello and  his party.

EFFECTS OF THE INSOLVENCY OF THIS UNION.

     There is a startling fact recorded in the proceedings of the guardians of this union at their meeting on Saturday. We allude to the report of the cause of the death of one of the female paupers laid before the Board by their medical officer. It appears that the late executions laid on the goods and chattels of the union and auxiliary workhouses have not only been the means of depriving some of the inmates of the necessary protection against the cold of these nights, but the fear of other executions have deterred the Guardians from purchasing a sufficient supply of bedding. This is a circumstance that should be known to Lord John Russell, together with the recent death from starvation which occurred within a mile or two of this town last week.

REVENUE POLICE
(From our Crossmolina Correspondent.)

     Our very efficient sub-officer here (Mr. Smyth) has succeeded in many seizures since he came here. Amongst the rest may be noticed last week 40 bushels malt and a quantity of whiskey; and, yesterday, at Annaghmore-an island in Lough Conn- one ton malt. Two prisoners were captured.

     UNION CREDITORS - Another execution against the goods and chattels of the Ballina Workhouse was yesterday laid on by the sheriff, at the suit of William Malley, Esq.; jun., for 3,951 12s.3d.

    The Earl of Lucan has resigned the chairmanship of the Castlebar Board of Guardians.

AN EMIGRANT SHIP ON FIRE- MIRACULOUS ESCAPE OF FOUR HUNDRED PERSONS.

     The Tay (with the West Indian mail, the chief intelligence of which will be found in another column,) brings an account of the total loss of the emigrant ship Caleb Grimshaw, Captain Hoxie, by fire, 16 miles SE of the island of Flores, one of the Azores. The emigrants, 390 in number, with the crew, were providentially saved from destruction. he cry of "fire" was raised at about eight o'clock on the night of the 12th ult. The decks were immediately flooded. On raising one of the fire hatches the fire was discovered abreast of the chain locker. The heat was so intense that not one could live below, and the immense quantities of water poured into the ship by the crew and passengers generated steam, and he heat at length became insufferable. But this was the only means by which the ship was kept form being rapidly consumed. The boats were turned astern of the burning vessel for five days and nights, filled with poor emigrants bewailing their fate, while about 60 were on a raft, when a ship was seen bearing towards them; and which proved to be the barque Sarah, Captain Cook, bound from London to New Burnswick, in ballast. As soon as the captain of the Sarah saw the signal of distress he immediately approached the Caleb Grimshaw, but was only able to get on board, during the night of the 17th, three boastful passengers, owing to the wind blowing hard. The next day, the 18th, he got on board about 150 passengers. Night approaching, and the wind still increasing, he was obliged to lay to. On the 19th there was a heavy sea and no more could he get off. On the 20th about ten persons who had escaped from the burning ship, volunteered to return and relieve those were were on board at work, as by this time there was no more water or provisions to be got without raising the hatches. The main mast was now setting down, and the upper deck was working each way. On this day the ship floated to the leeward of Flores into smooth water, and during the night all the passengers who remained on board were got off. Before the last of the crew left they lifted the hatches and immediately the ship burnt into a terrible blaze. The escape of all the persons, 390 in number, was most miraculous. Consider a ship, filled with nearly 400 persons, on fire for eight days and nights and not a single person lost his life! Nothing but the continual flooding the ship prevented her from being burnt to the water's edge and every soul on board perished before relief could be found. The crew and men worked like heroes.

SHOCKING CASE

     A man named Rooneen, residing with his daughter, at Glenade, near Manorhamilton, had a glandered horse in his possession. He refused to put the animal to death, though his neighbours strongly remonstrated with him of the extreme danger, and the risk he ran. It seems whilst attending the animal he imbibed the virus of the disease and has suffered great tortures; melancholy also to tell, his poor daughter, in attendance on her father, received the contagion and both are now, alas, pitiable spectacles! This dreadful disease is so unusual amongst men, always commands our deepest sympathies. The agonizing pains, generally followed by death, and the loathsome character of its symptoms, inspiring horror and dread in the beholder, shows what extreme caution should be used for fear of its dreadful contamination. The decease of the two unfortunate persons is hourly expected.-- Sligo Guardian.

FLAX CULTIVATION IN IRELAND - THE IRISH AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL JOURNAL

     "We have been informed, on, we believe, unquestionable authority, that Mr. Dargan, the enterprising railway contractor, has taken upwards of 2000 acres of land at Kildinan, near Rathcormac, from our county representative, Mr. Edmund B. Roche, with a view to the introduction of flax culture in this county. Mr. Dargan, we understand, is about immediately to commence the draining and subsoiling of the land, and means not only to cultivate flax extensively, but to erect flax mills and all other requisite machinery, on the most approved system, and in short, to establish the nucleus of the linen manufacture amongst us. This, is, indeed, most gratifying intelligence and will be learned with sincere pleasure by every one interested in the prosperity of the South of Ireland.--Packet.

MISCELLANEOUS

    Mr. O'Shea, the new Mayor of Cork, is a native of Newfoundland.
     Ten ships arrived in London on Friday last with cargoes of potatoes from the continent.
     The Marquis of Landsowne was elected governor of the Charter House.
     Government has decided on establishing a penal colony for convicts in Western Australia.
     A poor rate of 12s.6d. in the pound is being struck at Dungarvan union.
     Eighty girls from Nenagh workhouse are to embark at Dublin for Australia this month.
     The Marquis of Conningham pays the rate-in-aid for his tenants in Donegal.
     Opposition cars are running between Thomastown and Kilkenny against the railway and the trains sometimes leave without a passenger.
     Sergeant Lewis, it appears, died of spasms of the heart, by imprudently leaving his warm bed during a severe night, to drink a tumbler of cold water!
     Andrew Turnbull, in custody for the murder of one of Sir James Graham's game-keepers, committed suicide by hanging himself in prison, on Thursday.
     Lord Bishop of Limerick has subscribed 10 to the benevolent fund for the widow and orphans of the late Dr. Cooke Taylor.
    At a meeting of the Irish Church Mission Society, held on Friday, at Exeter Hall, it was stated that 401 converts from the Church of Rome had been confirmed by the Bishop of Tuam during a recent Episcopal tour.

MEETING OF GUARDIANS

     BALLINA UNION - The usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of the poor of this union was held in the Board-room on Saturday, Colonel Gore in the chair. The other guardians present were - Mr. Bredin, Capt. Atkinson, Mr. Paget, Mr. Joynt, Mr. Gardiner, Mr. M'Hugh, Mr. Crofton, Mr. E. Orme, Major J.F. Knox, Mr. A. Knox, &c. Captain Hamilton, Inspector, was also present.
     Directions were given to Mr. Farrel, the Clerk of works, to prepare an estimate on as economical a scale as consistent with reasonable durability, for the fitting up of the premises, known as Casement's yard, for the accommodation of 800 able-bodied pauper girls, to be employed there in industrial pursuits.
     ...Mr. Baxter appeared before the board on the part of Mr. Hymes, who had obtained a decree against them for over 8. The chairman said Mr. Baxter had taken the trouble to wait upon him before he came to the board. He did not appear disposed to act harshly, but as he (Colonel Gore) was determined to act up to the decision of the Finance Committee he could only premise to place him on the same grounds as the other creditors; however Mr. Hymes' law costs should be paid.
     Mr. Wilson applied on behalf of the Messrs. Hugh Gallagher and Co. for payment of a debt of 500 incurred by the local guardians who were in office previous to the appointment of vice-guardians. Col. Gore assured him the board must adhere to the resolution of paying each creditor a per centage on the accounts according to priority. At the same time there was no creditor better entitled to their consideration than the Messrs. Gallagher, who had frequently supplied provisions to the workhouse when there was no one else to come forward and save the inmates from starvation, and they had never taken any legal proceeding against them.
     ...It was resolved that a memorial should be forwarded to the Royal Flax Society requesting them to send to this workhouse a competent person to instruct the female inmates in the Belgium system of preparing flax, and also to solicit the co-operation of the adjoining boards of guardian.
     Colonel Gore, Captain Atkinson, Mr. Gardiner, Mr. Bredin, Mr. Joynt, and Mr. A. Knox were appointed to form an agricultural committee for the purpose of superintending the farm operations of the union paupers.
     It was agreed that 200 pairs of blankets and 200 rugs be hired from Mr. R. Scott, and the following resolution was unanimously adopted and ordered to be placed on the minutes:
     " That it being reported to this Board that a pauper named Bridget Devaney died this day under circumstances which, in the opinion of the medical officer, induce him to believe that her death was hastened, if not entirely caused, from want of covering at night, and this board being desirous of guarding against a repetition of such a melancholy case are determined, at all hazards, to procure sufficient covering for those poor persons who have been deprived of their bedding, owing to the recent sale of the workhouses in this union, under execution. The board has been hitherto deterred from purchasing several actual necessaries, especially in the way of bedding, &c., owing to their dread of fresh executions, but they feel that they would be now acting criminally if any consideration whatever were to be permitted to interfere with their carrying out their duties as guardians of the poor. They avail themselves of the opportunity of expressing their intentions in the most determined manner with respect to any creditors who may hereafter avail themselves of the comparatively trifling amount which the sale of each article as they may now procure may produce. They therefore pledge themselves, as a board acting in the most unanimous manner under circumstances of extraordinary and unprecedented difficulty, to place such creditors upon a completely different footing from those whose forbearance has entitled and will entitle them to the utmost efforts and sacrifices that it is in the power of this board and of the rate payers of the union as formerly constituted to make in their behalf."

     John W. Todd, for felony in the Treasury, at St. Louis, is sentenced to seven years transportation.
     In the Newcastle-on-Tyne court of Bankruptcy the certificate of Mr. Cuthbert Rippon, formerly M.P. for Gateshead, was suspended for 12 months-the judge observing that the bankrupt was open to the charge of culpable extravagance and reckless proceedings. The debts are 150,000; the assets will barely cover expenses.
     Mr. John O'Connell, M.P. for this city, declares he has no connection with the trade or commerce of Limerick, nor any property there!--Limerick Chronicle.
     The agriculturists of Tipperary have signed a requisition to Mr. Maher and Mr. Scully, the county members, to advocate protection for native produce in the ensuing season, or to resign their seats.
     Records for trail at the Nisi-Prius sittings after Term:- Edward Hornsby, secretary to the Commissioners of Public Works, a Ellen Egan, for 400 secured by bond; same a John Martin Sheridan for 400 due the defendant as pay clerk; same a James O'Malley for 300 due as pay clerk; same a Dominick Joseph Bourk for 300 due of James O'Malley, as pay clerk; Robert Culbertson a the Guardians of the Carrick-on-Shannon union for 4754 for Indian meal sold and delivered.
     A correspondent writing from Kilrush says:- I have to inform you that there is only another day's provision for the paupers in the workhouse here. The money and credit of the union is gone, and dreadful results are anticipated.--Limerick Chronicle.
    
Lord Clements, chairman of Mohill union says- "I have no confidence in the Poor Law Commissioners; on the contrary, I entertain the deepest distrust of them. I thus expressed my opinion before the House of Commons, and I see no reason to change it."
     The queen has conferred a pension of 100 per annum from the Civil List, upon Mr. George Petrie, the eminent antiquarian scholar, one of the Honorary Secretaries of the Royal Irish Academy.
     Daniel Hennessey, of Farrany, near Kildorrery, slept to windward of a burning kiln, on Thursday night, and was found dead early on Friday morning.
     It is now settled by the Queen's Bench, that any person committed to prison under the Bankruptcy Act, is entitled to discharge as soon as he shall be adjudged bankrupt, without waiting for any order to be made by the Commissioner.
    The Rev. Mr. Edwards of Killalloe, some weeks since notified to the poor inhabitants of that town his intention to give premiums varying from 5s. to 12s.6d. to such of them as should have their dwellings and premises in the cleanest state. Notices to this effect were posted on the church and chapel gates, and in different parts of town, upwards of a month being allowed for the work of cleaning. Strange to say, but one solitary individual competed for the prizes, although the occupants of most of the poor cabins are unemployed, and spend the whole day loitering about the streets.
     On Thursday as the Rev. J.B. Palliser, Rector of Clonmel, was on his way from Kilmeaden to Carrick-on-Suir, he was stopped at the wood of Mountbolton, by two fellows, one of whom seized his horse by the reins, whilst the other presented a pistol at the Rev. gentleman and demanded his purse, on getting which, Mr. Palliser was allowed to pass on.
    
    
    
    

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, December 19, 1849

THE EXILED STATE CONVICTS
On board the Swift, off the Cape,
September 12th, 1849.

     "We have at length, after two weeks knocking about got thus far; and I seize the first moment of breathing time to give you a short sketch of our voyage, &c. On the evening of the 11th July, we lost of the old Head of Kinsale, and on the 12th and 15th, were tossed about very considerably in the Bay of Biscay. We then passed along the coast of Spain and Portugal, and on the 18th sighted Maderia, with the surrounding islands. We then came close to the Canaries, and Cape Verd Island, holding close on by S. Western coast of Africa, as far as Sierra Leone, whence we struck to S.W. in consequence of unfavorable wind, and crossed the line between 25 and 30 degrees long, on the 11th August. From that we were driven over towards the coast of South America, nearly as far as Rio de Janrio, from whence we got a favourable gale, which will, I trust, bring us safely to anchor in Simmon's Bay tomorrow. On the 22d August we were put on short allowance of water, which, after cooking, &c., left us just a "gill" each, for washing and drinking. I never knew the value of fresh water till now. It has been very indifferent all along, but to be put on short allowance as well is very hard indeed. I need not tell you that the weather has been exceedingly not up till within the last four weeks; but we are now getting a little into the cold; this month counting as the month of March with you.
     With regard to our accommodation, the Captain read for us his instruction on the day we lost sight of Ireland. They were briefly enumerated under the following heads. We were allowed to be on deck two at a time, from sun rise till sun set; and have a marine placed on guard at our cabin door. We were to have cocoa and dry biscuit for breakfast, and tea and biscuit; these allowances, with two gallons of wine each, for the entire voyage, form a bill of fare. We are looking forward, however, for some better modifications on our arrival at the Cape. We are all in excellent health, and just the same spirits as you used to see us at Richmond. For my part I was never better. The sea voyage has much improved me.
                                 Simmons Bay, 18th.
     We got in here last evening expecting to remain a few days to get washing done and a few little necessaries, but in this hope we have been disappointed. We are ordered off at 12 o'clock to day and no communication allowed with the shore. In fact the officers of the ship are as much prisoners in this regard as we are. There is a regular commotion among the inhabitants against making this a convict settlement; in fact they won't submit to it.---Your's.     
                       T.B. M'MANUS.

 

PORT PHILIP-REFUSAL TO RECEIVE EXILES.

     The Randolph, 664 tons, W. Dale, from Westwich, 28th of April, with exiles, and a detachment of the 58th and 11th regiments, arrived at Port Philip on the 8th instant, and notwithstanding an order had been given by Mr. Latrobe that no convict vessel should pass the Heads, the Randolph was anchored at William's Town. Intelligence has arrived via Launcesten, that public demonstrations had been made against their landing, and it was reported that 560 had been subscribed to defray the cost of conveying the convicts elsewhere, and that the ship was proceeding to Sydney.
     During the passage of the Randolph from England to the Cape, the surgeon superintendent, in a fit of insanity, threw himself overboard, and was drowned. She put into Simon's Bay for water and got another surgeon from the guardship.--Hobart Town Courier, Aug. 18.

PLAN FOR STIMULATING EMPLOYMENT IN IRELAND

     Mr. N. Niven, of Clonturk Lodge, has addressed three letters on this subject, to his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant. The following outline of the plan, in his own words, will convey and idea of how the proposed object is sought to be effected.-
     "1st. That for every acre of land by the spade at an average depth of twelve inches, or trenched by the same implement to any depth beyond that, there shall be a drawback or deduction of the current poor rate of the year on, say, three, four, or five acres of said holding as my be best for the inducement of such labour.
     "2. That every landholder, large and small, so dispose to avail himself of such bonus shall lodge a notice as to the acreable extent of his surface so tilled with the board of guardians of such union as he may belong to, and according to such regulations as may be decided on.
     "3rd. That no portion of said spade tillage less than one acre shall entitle the holder to any such deduction, and in all cases the whole surface of each acre shall be so tilled to the average depth above specified.
     "4th. That said deduction shall hold good, and continue to the close of each respective agriculture year; say from January to January, or according to such better regulating as may be fixed on.
     "5th. That for the purpose of inspecting and authenticating such works of spade husbandry as notice may have been given of to the guardians, or their officer, of each respective union, a person practically versant with agricultural operations, the measuring of land, &c., shall be appointed, whose duty may be to superintend the model farm belonging to same, receive and report upon the notices alluded to to the same board of each respective union, and who shall inspect and ascertain as to the extent of surface so tilled, and whose certificate shall be sufficient to verify such claim.
     "6. That for the purpose of facilitating the rate collector's part of the business, column, or columns shall be added in the rate-books, which may thus be headed Spade Labour Tillage- Deduction thereby-Amount of rate payable, &c."-- Dublin Commercial Journal.

BIRTHS

     At Parsonstown, the lady of the Rev. Henry Fry, of a son.
     December 7th, at her residence, Fort Augusta, Arthurstown, in the county Wexford, the lady of the Rev. A.B. Clarke, of a daughter.

DEATHS.

     December 9th, at his residence, Grove-hill, county Cork, John Caulfield Irvine, Esq., in his 68th year.
     December 12th, after a few hours illness at barch-hill, county Dublin, the residence of her son-in-law, Constantia, Henrietta Pellew, relict of Captain Thompson, R.N., and niece of the late Admiral Viscount Exmouth.

APALLING LOSS OF LIFE
FORTY-ONE HUMAN BEINGS DROWNED

     On Wednesday evening, at vive o'clock, intelligence reached the town of Kilrush that a large number of persons, most of whom were paupers who had been seeking out-door relief, were drowned while crossing the ferry on their return to Moyarta. That humane and excellent officer, Capt. Kennedy, accompanied by Dr. O'Donnell, proceeded immediately to the scene of the tragedy, bringing with them each restoratives as are generally used in recovering the drowned; but none of the bodies were washed on shore that night. These gentlemen remained out all night, and the scene next morning (Thursday) was most distressing. No less than thirty-three dead bodies were washed ashore at the northern side of the ferry. They were removed to an adjacent field, and the coroner, Mr. Frank O'Donnell, arriving soon after from Kilkee, an inquest was held on their wretched remains. It appeared upon the inquiry that no less than 43 or 45 persons (for they could not tell the exact number) were allowed to crowd into a crazy and rotten boat, which had been plying on this ferry for the last forty years.  The boat moved on as far as the middle of the ferry, when a sea broke over her stern, and filled her at once, the wind blowing strong from the south east at the time. She upset instantly and her miserable living freight were immerged in the merciless waters, while four (who were actually saved) clung to her until a boat from Captain Cox's men came to their assistance. The verdict of the coroner's jury was as usual in such cases, but imputing gross neglect, and attaching censure to the owners of the boat for permitting such a number of persons into so frail a craft. With the exception of four the rest of the victims were paupers who had frequently come into the town in vain to seek out-door relief, and were returning that sad evening to their wretched hovels in the parishes of Moyarta and Killballyown. The disconsolate relatives of the unfortunate victims came down on the shore bewailing with heart-rending cries the awful calamity, and the bodies of others were recognized by the aid of the relieving officer. Captain Kennedy distributed money to those poor creatures, and sent into the Kilrush workhouse for coffins for the dead. There were two other bodies found on Thursday night and four on yesterday morning, making a total of thirty-nine found dead, and two are still missing.
     The ferry (as it is called) where this most melancholy catastrophe occurred, is an arm of the Shannon extending into the spot called "Turf Yards" by the road to Kilkee, and the peasantry form the western parts of Clare, have made it from time immemorial their shortest way home. It is stated the unfortunate creatures forced their way into the boat, as it grew dark, and that act would appear as if they were reckless of their lives, or as if Heaven awarded them a more merciful death than starvation, by which they probably would have perished in a few days more. They came in many times to Kilrush, seeking for relief, and were crowded in squalid groups around the workhouse gate, the most miserable spectacle that ever shocked the eye of humanity. The doomed beings were obliged for the last fortnight to return to the country without receiving one pound of meal, and the shopkeepers of Kilrush must have been the only means during the interim, together with that of the Roman Catholic clergy, of preserving their miserable lives, and those of many others. The residence of the parish priest, Rev. T. Kelly, Kilrush, is every day beset by such forlorn and destitute creatures.
     The state of this wretched union is almost without a parallel, and only for some humane arrangements by Col. Vandeleur with Mr. M. Kelly, and Manager of the National Bank, the inmates of the workhouse would have had no food during the past week. There are daily meetings of the Board of Guardians, but what can they do when the Poor Law Commissioners treat their appeals on behalf of a perishing multitude with indifference and contempt. A member of the Board went especially to Dublin last week, and represented the deplorable state of the Union, to the Commissioners, but the mission of that gentleman appears to have been utterly fruitless.--Limerick Chronicle.

THE ARMY
WAR-OFFICE, DEC. 7

     10th Light Dragoons- Lieutenant Randall Wilmer Hatfield, from the 13th Light Dragoons, vice Blair, who exchanges.
     13th Light Dragoons- Lieutenant Edward James Stopford Blair, from the 10th Light Dragoons, to be Lieutenant, vice Hatfield, who exchanges.
     1st (or Royal) Regiment of Foot- Ensign Henry Wichcote Turner, to be Adjutant, vice Bidgood, who resigns the Adjutancy only.
     8th- Major James Croft Brooke, from the 31st Foot, to be Major, vice Lumley, who exchanges.
     24th- Ensign Richard Henry Holland to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Selby, who retires; Ensign Charles Petras Genneste, from the 17th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Holland.
     31st- Major Frederick Douglas Lumley, from the 8th Foot, to be Major, vice Brooke, who exchanges.
     32d- Ensign Adam Duff Kirkwood, from the 76th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Stapleton, appointed to the 43d Foot.
     35th- Lieutenant-Colonel Aralander Tennant, from half-pay Unattached, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, vice Benjamin Francis Dalton Wilson, who exchanges.
     43- Lieutenant Dawson Cornelius Greene, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Coote, who retires; Ensign the Honourable Henry Wrottesley to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Greene; Ensign Franels George Stapleton, from the 32d Foot, to be Ensign, vice Lord Lurgan, appointed to the 76th Foot.
     48th- Captain James Webber Smith to be Major, by purchase, vice Brevet Lieut-Colonel Bruce, who retires; Lieutenant George Abercrombie Robinson to be Captain, by purchase, vice Smith; Ensign Richard Morgan Hall, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Robinson.
     64th- Ensign Horatio Glynn Grylls to be Lieutenant, vice Burn, who retires; Lieut. William Bell, to be Adjutant, vice Burn, who resigns the Adjutancy.
     76th- Ensign Charles Lord Lurgan, from the 43d Foot, to be Ensign, vice Kirkwood, appointed to the 32d Foot.
     3d West India Regiment- Staff Adjutant Surgeon Thomas Manners, to be Adjutant Surgeon, vice Deakins, who exchanges.
     Ceylon Rifle Regiment- Second Lieutenant William Joseph German to be Adjutant, vice Clement, promoted.
     Unattached.- Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Arslander Tennant, from the 35th Foot, to be Lieut.-Colonel, without purchase.
     Brevet- To be Majors in the army to the East Indies-Captain George Malcolm, of the 1st Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry; Captain Neville Bowles Chamberlain, of the 16th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry.

SOLICITORSHIP OF BALLINA UNION.

     We perceive by our report of the proceedings of the Guardians of this Union, at their last meeting, that Mervyn Pratt, Esq. gave notice, that he would, on that day fortnight, move that in future occasions for the service of a Solicitor Mr. Peter Kelly be employed. The law business of the Guardians of this Union should not be entrusted to a better qualified gentleman than Mr. Kelly, who is justly held in high repute by those requiring his professional services, as also by his friends and acquaintances; but we must, in a spirit of fair play, most decidedly dissent form Mr. Pratt's opinion, that the services of Mr. Kelly should be substituted for those of Mr MacAndrew, who has been engaged in conducting the law proceedings of this union since its first formation, and has had the entire confidence during that period of each Board of Guardians. We would venture to state that not one of the present guardians have the slightest fault to find with their present Solicitor, on the contrary, we have heard many of them express, in the most unqualified terms, their approbation of him. Why, then, should he be now disregarded? Should it be so, the public must lose its confidence in the men who could net thus. Yet we hope better things of them. If there were a vacancy Mr .Kelly is the last man we would oppose, but we cannot, upon principle, express ourselves otherwise than we have done under the circumstances.

~~~~~~~~

     SOLICITORSHIP OF KILLALA UNION- The mention, of which notice was given a fortnight previous, to rescind the appointment of Peter Kelly, Esq., to the solicitorship of the Killala Union, was lost on yesterday by a majority of seven in a board of seventeen members. The guardians who voted for a continuance of Mr. Kelly were- Mervyn Pratt, Esq, Wm. Orme, Esq, John Fausett, Esq, Ernest Knox, Esq, John O. Orme, Esq, John Perkins, Esq, Thos. Palmer, Esq, Roger Palmer, Esq, Mr. Thomas Conway, Mr. Dominick Munnelly, Mr. P. Corcoran, and Mr. Michael Ruddy.
     Those who voted against him were, Robert Kirkwood, Esq, sen, Robert Kirkwood, Esq, jun., Mr. Pat Bourke, Mr. John Nealon, and James Kelly.

     VALUE OF ANCESTRAL TRADITION - Alas! with all those far reaching memories appealing to the imagination in the older world, how naked and impoverished does America appear!  And the more stirring memorials of an even more recent and yet vanished epoch perhaps excite our sympathies more. Who can describe the emotion produced upon this mind by the first sight of a ruined castle, by an old, gray, battered, shattered relic of the feudal age, even it it be enriched by no special memory, and hallowed by no familiar name? Who can gauge the exact effect produced upon national character, the strength of the conservative feeling nourished by the constant presence of such memorials in lands where every hill top is crowned with its ruined tower, where every valley embosoms its ivy mantled abbey, where fable and romantic legend have lent a name and a charm to every forest, mountain, rock and river? How many bayonets to support the wrong reside in the ballads of chivelry, in the minnesinger's minstrelsy, in the Niebelungenlied, in Walter Scott's romance? Who can unravel the magic web which is woven over individual and national character by these subtle influences, which appeal to the more sentimental and imaginative, although not the least potent principles of human nature, but which have not their vitality except in the lands to which they belong? Chevy Chase, Ivanhoe, and the Orlando Furioso, may be read to-day in Wisconsin; but America reads them as she read Aesop's fables.- The country without a past cannot be intoxicated by visions of the past of other lands.-- North American Review.

MISCELLANEOUS

     The Law of Primogeniture only exists in Great Britain, Spain and Portugal.
     The Londonderry guardians have declared a poor rate of 1s. 6d. in the pound on the union.
     There were twenty tons of gunpowder imported to Limerick last week for private sale.
     The Waterford and Kilkenny Railway Company intend proceeding with their line immediately to the former city.
     Sir R. O'Donel, Bart. has 2,000 person employed in the cultivation and manufacture of flax upon his estate.
     A turnip weighing 19 1/4lbs., grown by Alderman Hall, was exhibited at the Limerick Town-hall on Monday.
     Andrew W. Blake, Esq. of Furbo, late high sheriff County Galway, is appointed secretary to his ally, the Marquis Clanricarde, Postmaster-General.
     A monster eel, weighing thirty-two pounds, was caught in the river Coman the other day. It occasioned considerable trouble to its captor.
     So many as sixty ploughs and three hundred labourers are engaged at Kildiman, county Cork, in preparing the ground for flax, and Mr. Dargan is about to have a steeping machine erected.
     Patrick Drury, murdered near Macroom on Wednesday last, was a rate collector of Cork union, and at the time distraining for rent due to Mr. John Perrier.
     Messrs. Bryer, Laurent, and Dursin who have music and dancing at the Argyle rooms, Haymarket, are held to bail for trial under a true bill against them for such public nuisance.
     Capt. Home has resigned the chairmanship of the Listowel board of guardians. He disapproves of rescinding the electoral rate of October last, and substituting an union rate of 3s. in the pound.
     J. Ryan, formerly milk contractor to the Nenagh union, to whom sums to the amount of 500l. were due by the board, and who was an extensive dealer in cattle, is at present an inmate of the workhouse!
     A notice has been issued from the General Postoffice that newspapers will not be forwarded to the United States unless the postage, one penny, is paid in advance.
     The outstanding poor-rates of Galway union amount to 19,000! The guardians have applied for military and police to collect the rate, as their own officers could not get a balliff, at 10s. a day, to assist them.
     The Clonmel guardians have 2,404 to their credit which augurs well for the union, the rate-in-aid having been paid up in all the electoral dividends amounting to 2,286. Malcomson Brothers are declared contractors for Indian meal, at 7l. 2s. per ton.
     The Poor Law Commissioners have dismissed Rev. Mr. Ryan, R.C. Chaplain of Tuam workhouse, who had been previously recommended by Archbishop MacHale. The guardians have reduced the salary of Dr. Turner from 100l. to 70l. a year.
     The Hibernian Bank has resolved upon closing all its country branches except Drogheda. Denis Moylan, Esq., is elected governor of the bank for the ensuing year, and Mr. F. Farrell vice-governor.
     Mr. James O'Dowd, a briefless Barrister and an ex-editor of the Freeman, is now Attorney-General of Tobago, with a salary to begin with of 800 a year. Mr. Fitzpatrick, who used to perform in Mr. Maurice Leyne's line, is now thriving as an official in the West Indies.--World.
    
On Tuesday, two men, armed and blackened, effected an entrance into the house of Catherine Darmody, near Tipperary, and ordered the inmates to hold down their heads. They then commenced searching, and found in a box 8 in notes which with some silver, tobacco, soap and candles, they carried off.
     The estates of Lords Portarlington and Oranmore are to be sold under the Encumbered property act, to satisfy English creditors. Those of Lord Oranmore being Sir Moses Montefiore and Samuel Gurney; those of the Earl of Portarlington being the Marquis of Lansdowne and an Insurance Company.

     ROBBERY- A daring robbery was committed last week, at the Outerard barracks by the servant of Captain Greer, and another soldier, who have taken 30 in bank notes, with a large quantity of plate and jewellry, from the gallant captain's apartment, and dressed themselves in some of his best clothes, left the barrack at about eight o'clock, and came into this town. They were quickly followed by Constable Bodily of the Outerard police, and arrested in the house of one Colquin, where they were sleeping. All the property was found in their possession, and they have been accordingly committed for trial.- Much credit is due to the constable in thus tracing and capturing the blunderers.--Galway Vindicator.

     The Weekly News says.- There is a deadly (newspaper) feud between Mr. Duffy and the editor of the Irishman, although both are Young Irelanders. So many of these gentlemen repeal any union amongst themselves, that they seem to think it easy to do as much for their country.

     The Waterford Guardians raised the salary of Mr. Doyle, clerk of union, from 100 to 120 a year, but he not being satisfied without an assistant, has resigned the situation.
     Mr. O'Connor, late vice-guardian, has accepted the office of assistant guardian of the Waterford board, taking chance for the payment of services.
     Fifty of the 68th Regt. in Galway, with fifty of the Constabulary, are ordered to be stationed at Moycullen, to protect the poor law collection of rates in that district.

THE CHURCH

     Since the election of the present Bishop to the see of Killaloe, in the 1839, the total number of appointments made by his Lordship has been 53. Of these 33 were clergymen who had been curates in the diocess before the Bishop had any connexion with it, or the slightest acquaintance with any of the parties. The Bishop has promoted thirty-six clergymen since he came into the diocess; of those twenty-three were curates before 1839; nine were curates appointed since that period, but independent of the Bishop; four were introduced into the diocese by his lordship.
     The Rev. Richard Wilson, A.B., T.C.D., recently ordained at Castle-Connell church, by his Lordship, has been on a visit to the Lord Bishop of Killaloe of Clarisford house, before entering on his duties as curate of Clonligad.
     The livings of Ballydnoher and Rathcooney, void by the death of the Rev. W. Beaufort, and valued at 530l., a year, are in the gift of the Bishop of Cork.
     Archibald Henry Mooney, B.A., T.C.D.,, was admitted to the order of Priesthood, on Sunday, by the Lord Bishop of Peterborough.
     At the close of the Divinity Examination in Trinity College, the Elrington Theological prize was awarded to the Rev. Edward B. Rice.

MEETING OF GUARDIANS

    BALLINA UNION - The usual weekly meeting of the Guardians of this Union was held in the Board Room of the Workhouse on Saturday, Colonel Gore in the chair. Among the other Guardians present were - Capt. J. Knox, Mr. Symes, Mr. Bredin, Mr. Pratt, Mr. G. Orme, Mr. Howley, Mr. M'Hugh, Mr. Crofton, Mr. Jackson, Mr. E. Orme, Major J.F. Knox, Mr. Joynt. Richard Bourke, Esq., and Captain Hamilton were also present.
     ...Doctors Whitaker, Fausett, Devlin, Atkinson and M'Nair appeared before the Board to demand payment for their services during the prevalence of cholera in this town and neighbourhood. They had applied to the Commissioners, the Board of Health, His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, and the late Vice-Guardians, in vain, and were of opinion that if application were made by this Board it would be attended with success.
     Dr. Fausett read a letter from the Board of Health stating that their payment altogether remained with the Guardians. A letter was also read from Dr. Dillon, of Castlebar, in which it was stated that money was sent to the Castlebar, Sligo, and Wesport Guardians to pay the cholera medical staff.
     Captain Hamilton remarked that money was remitted here but that it was entirely for the supplies necessary for the patients.
     The following resolution was then passed unanimously:
     "Resolved- That it having been reported to this Board that the claims of the medical officers, for their services during the late epidemic in Sligo, Westport, Castlebar, and other Unions, have been satisfied, while those in this Union remain unpaid, where the disease was of a more aggravated character and continued for a more protracted period, that the Commissioners be requested to procure means from the same fund from which they paid the others and place the same at the disposal of the Guardians for the liquidation of the claims of the local medical staff."

THE ARMY
PROMOTIONS AND EXCHANGES
WAR-OFFICE, DEC. 14

     1st Dragoon Guards-Cornet Robert T. Thompson, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Arkwright, who retires.
     7th Dragoon Guards-Capt. C.W. Thompson, from the 14th Light Dragoons, to be Captain, vice P.S. Thompson, who exchanges.
     12th Light Dragoons-D.F. Gabbett, Gent. to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Durant, promoted.
     14th Light Dragoons-Captain P. Scott Thompson, from the Dragoons Guards, to be Captain, vice C.W. Thompson, who exchanges.
     16th Light Dragoons-Lieut. R. Heaviside, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Coster, who retires; Cornet the Honourable Algernon A.S. Annesley to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Heaviside; C.J. Smith, Gent. to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Annesley.
     Scotts Fusilier Guards- Ensign and Lieut. F. Fortesecue, to be Lieutenant and Captain by purchase, vice the Hon. E.K.W. Coke, who retires; W.C. Keppel, Gent., to be Ensign and Lieut. by purchase, vice Fortesecue.
     2d Foot- Lieut. S.F. Jackson, from half pay, Unattached, to be Lieut. vice Faulkner, promoted.
     4th- Quartermaster T. Knott, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Gordon, removed to the 61st Foot.
     6th- R. Lind, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Dodsworth, who retires.
     17th- R.W. Craddock, to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Helsham, promoted; T.H. Brinckman, Gent. to be ensign, by purchase, vice Geneste, appointed to the 24th Foot.
     27th- Lieut. A.M. Jones, from 75th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Mostyn, who exchanges; T. Maguire, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Gordon, who retires.
     29th- Sergeant-Major E. Carter, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Draper, who retires.
     35th- Brevet Lieut.-Col. J. Flamank, from half-pay, Unattached, to be Major, vice Tennant, promoted; Brevet-Major J. Fraser, to be Major, by purchase, vice Flamank, who retires; Lieut. W.R. Goate, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Frazer; Ensign R.I. Warren, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Goate.
     43d- H. Robinson, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Wrottesley, promoted.
     46th- Alfred Henry Waldy, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Pigott, who retires; E. Lluellyn, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Meurant, appointed to the 63d Foot.
     48th- J. Beddingfield, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Hall, promoted.
     55th- C.J. B. Bedford, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Hume, promoted.
     57th- A.L. Copland, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Bland, promoted.
     58th- Ensign G.H. Wynyard, to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Hay, deceased; Ensign Arthur Cooper, to be Lieutenant, vice Wynyard, whose promotion by purchase has been cancelled.
     63d- Lieut. A.J. LeGrand, to be Adjutant, vice Walmskey, who resigns the Adjutancy only.
     64th- D.M. Murray, Gent, to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Grylls promoted.
     65th- C.A.M. Servantes, Gent, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Drought, promoted in the 53d Foot.
     67th- E.E. Gauntlett, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Dillon, appointed to the 74th Foot.
     70th- Major T. Chute, to be Lieut.- Colonel, by purchase, vice Bigge, who retires; Captain P.F. Edwards, to be Major, by purchase, vice Edwards; Ensign J.A. Ren, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Hennis.
     73d- Lieut. J.T. Cochrane, from the 33d Foot, to be Paymaster, vice Court, who retires upon half-pay.

MR. SMITH O'BRIEN

      Extract from a letter from on board H.M.S. Swift, 20 miles west of the Cape of Good Hope:-
                                   "Sept. 12th, 1849
     "MY DEAR ______ Believing that it will gratify you to hear that we arrived thus far in safety, I write to announce to you our arrival off the Cape of Good Hope- our voyage has been singularly monotonous. We have not even seen a shark, and with the exception of a pretty severe gale which carried away the hammock nettings on our side of the vessel, we have encountered no storm. I have therefore nothing to communicate in the way of incident- and as regards the past and the future, everything is in our minds much in the same state as when we left Ireland- in fact, you probably know a great deal more about our future destiny than we ourselves, as we have received no intimation whatsoever as to what will be our lot in the colony. We have been placed under restriction by the instructions sent from London. As this letter is subject to the surveilance of the authorities in London, you cannot expect that I should write freely to you respecting politics or anything else. Be assured that, notwithstanding all the vexations and sufferings which I have already experienced or which may hereafter be in store for me, I shall never be able to extirpate from my bosom a passionate attachment to Ireland, nor a sentiment of gratitude towards those friends, who through weal and woe, have stood by my side with persevering fidelity. I hope that you will not fail to remember me most kindly to each of our common friends.
     "Believe me, my dear friend, your's always most sincerely,
                           "WILLIAM S. O'BRIEN."

GOVERNORSHIP OF MAYO PRISON.

     The Earl of Lucan has appointed Davis R. Young, Esq., son of M. William Young, Esq. of Castlebar, to the situation of Governor of the Mayo Prisons. From what we have been able to learn of Mr. Young's qualifications we are confident the Noble Earl has made a prudent selection.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     OUTDOOR RELIEF- Within the last few weeks the number of persons receiving outdoor relief in this union has been reduced from 2200 to 500.

     We have much pleasure in stating that for townsman, John Bourke, Esq., eldest son of the late Charles Bourke, Esq., was admitted a Solicitor of the Court of Chancery, and an Attorney of the Court of Exchequer, at the last Michaelmas Term.

      COST OF PAUPERS - Since the present Guardians of this Union came into office, the average weekly cost of each pauper in the workhouse has been reduced from 11-1/4d. to 9-1/2d, and in the Infirmary from 1s. 9d. to 1s. 2-3/4d.

FAMINE YEAR 1847

     In this year of famine, the following amount of money was expended in intoxicating drinks in Great Britain and Ireland:-
20,639,365 gals. of Whiskey at 7s.6d. ...7,739,761
3,329,940 gals. of Rum, at 14s.0d. ...  2,330,593
1,537,762 gals. of Brandy, at 36s.0d. ...2,767,971
28,830 gals. of Geneva, at 30s.0d. ...13,245
6,?10,536 gals.of Wine at 22s.6d. ...7,009,383
613,900,976 gals. of Beer, at 1s.6d. &
5,400,000 gals. Cider, at 1s.6d  ....46,447,575
------------                                         --------------
654,147,409                                    66,428,861
    
This calculation is confined to the drinks which pass through the hands of government officers, and don't embrace the great quantity of intoxication drinks which are smuggled nor does it include the direct and indirect losses which result form their use. It may be further observed that a vast quantity of the whiskey taken, at the average of 7s.6d. is sold in England at 15s. per gallon, which would increase the amount considerably. It must be admitted that hundreds and thousands have broken their pledge of total abstinence, however many, much to their credit, have still adhered. But when men are left without the Gospel, there can be but little if any, advance in their intellectual and moral character.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, December 26, 1849

MISCELLANEOUS

     The Nenagh Guardians have reduced their relieving officers salaries 50 per cent.
     Mr. Robert Kendall, of Hatton Garden, poisoned himself by drinking a flask of vitriol.
     The oil of codfish is now generally applied to consumptive patients.
     In England and Wales 38,000 illegitimate children are born annually!
     The Hibernian bank has drawn 17,000 from its rest, to cover bad debts of the last two years.
     The Primate has given 1090 to Queen's College, Belfast, for the education of clergymen.
     In the year 1835 there were 2,300 voters in the Queen's County, at present there are 247!
     Cork pays more for gas lighting the streets than Dublin, Belfast or Limerick.
     Mr. Joseph Hitier is appointed Counsul, in Dublin, for the French Republic.
     Mr. Julius Coloridge is about to leave the bench to become a lay brother of the church.
     Jenny Lind and Balfe have accepted a most princely offer to visit New York.
     Five cents is the uniform rate of postage on letters in the United States.
     The Cork guardians refused to adopt Lord Glengall's protection petition.
     One of the twelve sailors who deposited the late Queen Adelaide in the Royal vault at Windsor was a black man.
     The Queen sent 100 guineas to the fund for relief of the widows of 20 pilots drowned off the Tyne last week.
     The order is made absolute, with costs, against Lord Portarlington, for the sale of the Portarlington or Damer estates in Ireland, which owe 685,000!
     Samuel Otway, a boy, was last week sentenced by Judge Perrin, to 21 months' imprisonment for having two pistols and gunpowder without license.
     Mr. Andrews, clerk to the Croydon board of guardians and bench of magistrates, shot himself on Friday.
     The High Sheriff of Limerick has convened the county, for its agricultural protection, on the 3d of January.
     Joseph H. Dunne, Esq., a highly respectable merchant, fell dead in Pim & Co.'s shop, in Westmoreland-street, Dublin, yesterday.
     Mr. Corballis, Q.C., has resigned being a Commissioner of the National Education, and also Commissioner of the Board of Charitable Bequests.
     Her Majesty's ship Ganges, 84, has arrived at Malta, after a passage of 16 days, one of the quickest on record.
     Lieut. Church, R.N., is to continue the survey of the Cork coast, undertaken by the late much lamented Captain Wolfe, R.N.
     Alderman M'Kenna intends to move for the reappointment of Mr. Francis Morgan, the runaway Young Irelander, as solicitor to the Corporation.
     The cost of bringing a barrel of wheat from Longford to Dublin market is 2s., while we can bring one from New York for 1s.!
     Ministers have consented to lend the Bandon Railway Company 35,000 for the completion of their line at 5 per cent.
     The Earls O'Neill and Rosse, receive no pension from the State, for the service of their predecessors as joint Postmasters General of Ireland.
     Allen and Henry Brown, and Cornelius Cremin are committed to Cork gaol for the murder of Patrick Drury, a bailiff, near Macroom.
     Mrs. Otway Cave has been dangerously ill in Dublin. Sir Philip Crampton and Sir Henry Marsh have been in constant attendance on her.
     The Postmaster General has requested that letters from the East and West Indies and other warm climates, should be closed with wafer and not with wax.
     Mr. Thomas Gray, of Belfast, was fined 20 on Tuesday for having 2-1/2 tons of gunpowder on his premises, without license, and the powder was forfeited.
     The Hon. Philip Sidney, only son of Lord L'Isle and Dudley, is to be married to Miss Foulis, only child of the late Sir W. Foulis, Bart., of Ingelby Manor, Yorkshire, and grand niece to the Duke of Leinster.
     A painful rumour is current as to the cause of the sudden sale of his commission by Lord Brownlow Cecil (second son of the Marquis of Exeter) in the Fusilier Guards. The embarrassment is said to be a heavy pecuniary one.--Liverpool Times.

     OUTRAGE.- On Friday night two very superior ewes in lamb, the property of Edward Howley, Esq., were killed on the lands at Carrahubbuk, near Ennisacrone, and the carcasses removed by some persons unknown. The sheep were worth, at least, 4 each. We trust the police will be able to trace out the perpetrators of this outrage, and that due diligence will be used by all parties to prevent the increase of such malicious acts.

     MAYO PRISON- Anthony Ormsby, Esq., High Sheriff, on the recommendation of the Earl of Lucan, has appointed Mr. Davis R. Young, son of Mr. William Young of this town, to the Governorship of Mayo Prison, in the room of Mr. Gallogly, dismissed. We have no hesitation in saying that a better and more deserved selection could not possibly be made, as we are confident from Mr. D.R. Young's uniform steadiness, probity and good conduct, that he will do credit to the position to which he has been promoted. Mr. Young has entered on the duties of his office, and has already showed, by his exertion and attention, his capabilities for the discharge of the onerous functions of governor of a prison. Mr. R.J. Nixon has also been elected as Deputy-Governor-of which appointment we also have to express our appreciation.-- Mayo Constitution.

TO BE LET.
THE DEMESNE OF ARDNAREE.
Together with
THE LANDS OF MOSSGROVE.

Lately in the possession of Mr. Culkin, deceased.
     Proposals will be received by Robert Jones, Esq., Fortland, or Mr. G. Creig, Quignamanger, Ballina.
     Ballina, 18th December, 1849.

TO BE LET
For Such Term as May be Agreed On,
ABOUT 200 IRISH ACRES
Of the
LANDS OF GURTEENS,

Nearly all Grass, Situate within half a mile of the Seaport town of Ballina.
     Application to be made to Lewis G. Jones, Esq., Woodhill, Dromore West; or to Mr. Geo. Craig, Quignamanger, Ballina.
     Woodhill, 24th December 1849.

     SOLICITORSHIP OF THE CASTLEBAR UNION - At the meeting of the Guardians of the Castlebar Union on Saturday last, the Earl of Lucan in pursuance to a previous notice of motion, proposed that Myles Jordan, Esq. be appointed Solicitor to the Board. Thirteen of the Guardians present voted with his Lordship, and nine in favor of the continuance of Manus l. O'Donel, Esq.

NOTICE
Of Rates having been made for the purposes of the Irish Poor Relief Acts.
BALLINA UNION

     NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that RATES HAVE BEEN DULY MADE on the property of the above Union, rateable under the provisions of the Acts for the Relief of the Destitute Poor in Ireland- namely:-
ELECTORAL DIVISIONS                     AMT OF RATE
Ardagh                                             3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Ardnaree (North)                            3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Ardnaree (South)                            3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Attymass (East)                              3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Attymass (West)                            3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Ballina                                               3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Ballysokeery                                    3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Bunaveela                                        3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Carramore                                         3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Crossmolina (North)                       3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Crossmolina (South)                       3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Deel                                                   3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Derry                                                 3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Fortland                                            3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Kilgarvin                                           3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Letterbrick                                        3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Mount Falcon                                  3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Rathoma                                           3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Sallymount                                       3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
Sraheen                                            3s. 6 1/2 d. in the pound
     And the Rate Books are now in my custody, and may be inspected by any person affected thereby, at the Board Room of the Union Workhouse on any day except Sunday, between the hours of Ten o'clock in the forenoon and Four o'clock in the afternoon; and the said Rates will be payable from and after the publication of this notice.
     Signed this 11th day of December, 1849.
                     PATRICK M'NULTY
                     Clerk of the Ballina Union.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

NOTICE
Of Rates having been made for the purposes of the Irish Poor Relief Acts.
KILLALA UNION.

     NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that RATES HAVE BEEN DULY MADE on the property situated in the undermentioned Electoral Divisions of the above Union, rateable under the provisions of the Acts for the Relief of the Destitute Poor in Ireland, namely:-
ELECTORAL DIVISIONS.                       AMT OF RATE
Killala                                                    3s. 6d. in the pound
Ballycastle                                           3s. 6d. in the pound
Lacken (North)                                    3s. 6d. in the pound
Do. (South)                                          3s. 6d. in the pound
Kilfian (East)                                        3s. 6d. in the pound
Do (West)                                            3s. 6d. in the pound
Do (South)                                           3s. 6d. in the pound
    
And the Rate Books are now in my custody, and may be inspected by any person affected thereby, at the Board Room on any day except Sunday, between the hours of Ten o'Clock in the forenoon and Four o'Clock in the afternoon; and the said Rates will be payable from and after the publication of this notice.
     Signed this 24th day of December 1849.
                      JOHN PERKINS, Jun.
                      Clerk of the Union.

     Immigration has fallen off a little this autumn, yet the aggregate during the past eleven months is much in advance of last year. Since the 1st of January, 213,654 immigrants have arrived at this port; 189,176 arrived during the corresponding months of 1848.- During November, only 8,298 arrived; in November of last year, 21,919.--New York Paper.

ANNIVERSARY OF THE SHUTTING OF THE GATES OF DERRY.

     On Tuesday evening the members of the Wesley Orange Lodge gave a soiree in the Pillar-room of the Rotunda, for the purpose of commemorating the Anniversary of the Shutting of the Gates of Derry. A large number of the members both of that Lodge and of the "John Knox," "The Nassau" and "The Cumberland" Lodges, together with a considerable assemblage of ladies, were present on the occasion- the gentlemen wearing crape bands in respect for the memory of the late Queen Dowager. Shortly before eight o'clock the chair was taken by Mr. Wm. Battersby, Master of Wesley Lodge.
     The Rev. Mr. De Butts having pronounced grace, the company were regaled with a plentiful supply of tea and cakes. Thanks having been returned by the Rev. T.D. Gregg.
     The Secretary read letters from the Earl of Enniskillen, Messrs. William and Francis Beers, the Rev. Alexander J. Montgomery, the Rev. Dr. Drew, and many others, apologizing for their inability to attend the soiree.
     The Chairman stated the object of the meeting. They had assembled together that evening because they were of opinion that great merits were worthy of being often commemorated, and because they were unwilling that the anniversary of such a day as that which the "Printice Boys of Derry" shut their gates, should be allowed to pass over unobserved.- (Cheers.) The Chairmen then proceeded to give the toasts of the evening.
...
     The Chairman then gave the toast of the evening. "The Memory of Governor Walker and the "Printice of Boys of Derry." He said that in keeping up the recollection of the glorious year of 1698 they were only discharging their duty as protestants, and he trusted that as long as Protestant feeling existed the remembrance of the memorable events of that year would not be forgotten.--(Cheers.)
     Air- "The Protestant Boys"
     The toast which was most enthusiastically received was responded to by
     The Rev. T.D. Gregg, who, in speaking to it entered into a narrative of the progress of Popery in Great Britain, from the reign of Queen Elizabeth up to the present time, with a view to show that the religious and political liberty now enjoyed by the inhabitants of the United Kingdom was altogether due to the triumph of Protestant principles and that all the evils under which Ireland at present suffered were attributed to the prevalence of Popish doctrines. The reverend gentleman was well received, and was loudly applauded during the delivery of his speech.

SHUTTING OF THE GATES OF DERRY
(From the Derry Sentinel)
Derry, 18th December, 6 o'clock p.m.

    The anniversary of this glorious event has not passed off without a becoming celebration of the day.
     At midnight a salute of heavy artillery from the Royal Bastion proclaimed the approach of the commemoration and at early dawn another salute was fired, when the royal standard was hoisted and the banner of the Hon, the Irish Society on the walls. The virgin banner was on the Cathedral and the city flag on the Testimonial, form the summit of which a remarkable fine effigy fo the traitor Lundy was then suspended. The usual cannonading commenced at 8 o'clock, and was continued for a considerable time. Shortly after 11 o'clock the procession of the Apprentice Boss of Derry Club, and the Juvenile, Walker, and Murry Clubs of Apprentice Boys, with crimson banners, the colours of the Maiden City. The desk service was read by the Rev.. B.B. Gough, Rector of Urney, and the anniversary sermon was preached by the Rev. George Smith, the senior curate of the cathedral. The text was taken from Isaiah, xliv.chap., 28th verse, and the discourse, which was a lengthened one, embraced a recapitulation of God's mercies to the Israelites of old, and the successive tokens of his providence in the affairs of this united empire. After the sermons the procession left the Cathedral and shortly after proceeded to the walls with their cannon, and observed the customary formula of rejoicing. Lundy was committed to the flames at half-past three o'clock, in the presence of some thousand spectators. The influx of strangers into the city from the surrounding district has been very great, and notwithstanding the guest addition to the ordinary population, this anniversary has passed over like all those which have preceded it - in kindness, good will and perfect peace.
    

 


    

BIRTHS

     December 21. at the Earl of Crawford's, 21, Berkeley-square, the Lady Saragh Lindsay, of a daughter.
     November 23, at Corfu, the wife of Captain G.J.L. Bouchanan, Royal Artillery, of a son.
     December 26 at Anglesey Barracks, the lady of W.W. Bond, Esq., Lieut. and Adjutant 4th the King's Own Regiment, of twin daughters.

MARRIAGES

     December 7 at Ashbourne Church, by the Rev. Edward Harland, Chaplain to the Earl of Harroby, Sir George Jervis, Bart., of Hinton Admiral, Hants to Fanny, youngest surviving daughter of the late Christopher Harland, Esq. of Ashbourne, Derbyshire.
     December 15, at Saint Mary's-in-the Castle, Hastings, S. Moore, Esq. of Moyne hall, county Cavan, to Louisa, daughter of the late Thomas Nesbett, Esq., R.N.

DEATHS

     December 20, at his residence, Ellerslie, near Wexford, aged 59 years, after a protracted illness, Major William Elgee, of the Royal Artillery, son of the late Venerable Archdeacon Elgee, of Wexford.
     November 2, at Deesa, Bombay presidency, of slow remittent Ghuzerat fever, aged 45, Elizabeth C. Sidley, the beloved wife of Major DeBurgh Sidley, of the 86th Regiment, and sister of Mrs. P. Peacocke, of Limerick.

DEATH OF CHARLES O'MALLEY, ESQ., OF HAWTHORN LODGE.

     It is with feelings of deepest sorrow that we ?????? the death of Charles O'Malley, Esq., of Hawthorn Lodge, Barrister-at-Law, which sad event took place on Wednesday last. The deceased was descended from, and connected with the most ancient respectable families in Ireland, was of high standing in his profession, and would, if his health permitted, have obtained the highest honors of that profession. In private life his manners were bland, amiable and agreeable, he was a good husband, an affectionate father, and a kind friend. His brilliant wit, and recollections of his splendid talents will live for all ages in the hearts and minds of his sorrowing friends and acquaintances. His mortal remains were removed at an early hour on Sunday morning to the family place of interment in Murrisk Abbey, when, at that early hour a number of the most respectable gentry in Mayo and a vast concourse of his tenantry paid the lat tribute of respect to his worth, honour, and integrity.-- MAYO TELEGRAPH.

     DEATH FROM HYDROPHOBIA- A few months ago a man named Brazely, residing in Banagher, was bitten by a large Newfoundland dog, which he immediately killed after receiving the bite. He applied to the doctor, and had the wound dressed, which, after a short time, was healed; nothing further occurred until the 18th instant, when he attempted to burn one of his children in the fire, and upon hearing the screams of his wife for assistance he rushed out of the house in order to catcher her-she, however, succeeded in effecting her escape. Subsequently he ran through the street in a furious manner, foaming from the mouth, and attempting to bite the persons that came in his way, when he was arrested by the police, and brought to his residence, where he lingered until the 20th when death put an end to his sufferings.

THE CHURCH

     The Lord Bishop of Limerick held an ordination on Sunday, at the cathedral, when the following candidates were presented for orders:- Deacons-A.C. Maunsell, John Dickinson, Peter Digges Latouche. Priests- Rev. Isaac Sehle, Rev. Joseph Bouchier. There were also twelve candidates for ordination under letters dimisory from the dioceses of Clogher, Down and Dublin.
     The Rev. A. Maunsell is to succeed the Rev. E. Hassard, in the Curacy of Rathkeale.
     The Rev. P.D. Latouche is appointed to the curacy of St. Munchins, Limerick.
     The Rev. W.N. Wills is appointed reader at the cathedral of Limerick, and is succeeded in the curacy of Corcomohide, by the Rev. Grantly Shelton.
     ORDINATION.- On Thursday the Lord Bishop of Ossory, Fearns, and Leighlin, held an ordination in the Cathedral of St. Canice when the following gentlemen were admitted to Deacon's orders.- George S. Gerrard, B.A. to the Assistant Curacy of ??nge Silva, diocess of Leighlin, S. Quinten, B.A., to the curacy of Rathvilly, Leighlin. F.H. Burkitt, B.A., to the Assistant Curacy of Abbeyleix, Leighlin. Priests' Orders.- The rev. George F.A. Armstrong, curate of Monamelis, Fearns. A very excellent and appropriate sermon was preceded by the Rev. F.R. Sandys. Chancellor of the Cathedral, and the usual oaths were administered by Humphrey Semple, Esq., the Bishop's Registrar.

QUEEN'S BENCH CHAMBERS - SATURDAY.

The Queen A. Langley

     Mr. Martley, Q.C., applied for an order to admit the prisoner in this case, Dr. Charles Langley, to jail. He surrendered to take his trial on a charge of the manslaughter of his wife, and was committed to the gaol of Nenagh, where he was then confined.
     Mr. Baldwin, Q.C., opposed for the crown.
     Judge Moore- My difficulty is, that the grand jury have found bills for murder, after the coroner's jury found one for manslaughter, and the trail was postponed at the instance of the prisoner. When such is the case he cannot complain if he is kept in custody.
     Mr. Martley stated there were affidavits that the prisoner's health was very bad, and much affected by the confinement.
     Judge Moore- I will take home all the documents and read them over, but as at present advised I do not think I can grant the application- if I do the bail must be very sufficient.

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FORM OF NOTICE
To be given where a Rate is prepared and before it is Signed
DROMORE WEST UNION
Notice that the Rate Books are open for Inspection of Rate Payers

     NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that Rates as hereinunder mentioned are about to be made on the property situated in the undermentioned Electoral Division in the above Union, rateable under the provisions of the Acts for the Relief of the Destitute Poor in Ireland, namely:-
ELECTORAL DIVISIONS                 AMT OF RATE
Templepob (south)                            3s. in the pound
Templepob (north)                             3s. in the pound
Dromard (west)                                   3s. in the pound
Do. (east)                                             3s. in the pound
    
And that the Rate Books are deposited for the inspection of any rate-payer, at the Board-room of the Workhouse and will be open for such inspection between the hours of ten in the forenoon and four in the afternoon during the fourteen days next ensuing the date hereof exclusive of Sundays.
     Signed this 14th day of Dec. 1848.
                     JOHN CONMY,
                     Clerk of the Union.
    NOTE: - 6d. of the above Rate being the Rate-in-Aid purposes.

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BELMULLET UNION

     NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that Rates as hereinunder mentioned, are about to be made on the property situated in the undermentioned Electoral Divisions of the above Union, rateable under the provisions of the Act for the Relief of the Destitute Poor in Ireland-namely,
ELECTORAL DIVISION OF                    RATE
Binghamstown North                  3s 6d in the pound 
Binghamstown South                  3s 6d in the pound
Belmullet                                        3s 6d in the pound   
Glencastle                                      3s 6d in the pound 
Rathill                                             3s 6d in the pound 
Goolamore                                     3s 6d in the pound 
Muings                                          3s 6d in the pound 
Bangor                                           3s 6d in the pound 
Barrosky                                        3s 6d in the pound 
Glenco                                            3s 6d in the pound 
Sheskin                                          3s 6d in the pound  
Knocknalower                               3s 6d in the pound 
Glenamay                                       3s 6d in the pound 
Mingnabo                                      3s 6d in the pound 
Knockadaff                                     3s 6d in the pound 
    
And that the rate Books are deposited for eh inspection of any Rate Payer at the Board-room of the Workhouse and will be there open for such inspection between the hours of Ten in the forenoon and Four in the afternoon, during the fourteen days next ensuing the date hereof, exclusive of Sundays.
     Signed this fourteenth day of December, 1849,
                           G. 'BOURNS,
                           Clerk of the Belmullet Union
     N.B.- Sixpence of the above is for Rate-in-Aid purposes.     

STATE OF THE BALLINA WORKHOUSE AND AUXILIARIES

Remaining on Sat. the 10th.........................2906
Admitted during the week..........................   249
Discharged................................................     37
Died..........................................................      6
Remaining on 15th.....................................3172
In receipt of outdoor relief on 15th............    288

DOMESTIC HINTS

A Rich Plum Pudding

     Eight or ten eggs well beaten; a pound of bread crumbs; a pinch of salt; half a nutmeg grated; and as much ginger, or part cinnamon and mace, finely powdered; a pound of beef suet chopped very fine; mix  these well together; one pound of plums; one pound of currants; two ounces of candied citron peel; or part orange and lemon shred and small; two ounces of sweet almonds, blanched and cut in bits. Mix well together, then add a wine-glassful of brandy. Let it boil four hours or more together; served with wine sauce.

Pound Seed Cake

     One pound each of  butter, loaf sugar, and flour, and nine eggs; work the butter to a cream; then the sugar; then the eggs; heat all together twenty minutes; then lightly add flour and one ounce of carraway seeds; mix; put in a tin lined with butter paper. Bake an hour in a moderate oven.

A Nice Family Cake

     A pound and a half of flour; one pound of moist sugar; three quarters of a pound of butter; one pound of currants; a glass of wine; a glass of milk and eight eggs; nutmeg and lemon peel to taste; the butter worked to a cream; then add the sugar and spices, and the flour lightly mixed into it, and last of all the currants. Bake and hour and a half in a tolerable quick oven.

Rich Bread and Butter Pudding.

     Cut slices of roll butter, about an eighth of an inch thick; butter a deep dish; cover with shred roll buttered; then sprinkle a few currants, a little sugar, spice, and candied peel cut fine; then another layer of buttered roll; then fruit, add so on till the dish is filled. Make a light rich batter, not more than a spoonful of flour to five eggs, and a half a pint of new milk; our it over and let it stand an hour or two, that the bread may be thoroughly soaked before putting into the oven. It will take an hour to bake.

Lemon Cheescakes.

     Clarify a quarter of a pound of butter when cold; add the juice and rind of a large lemon; sox ounces of pounded loaf sugar; a little brandy; a few grated bread crumbs; a quarter of a pound of currants, and three eggs well beaten up; put a puff paste in your pastry pans; or you may butter a tart dish and line with paste instead of using pastry pans.-- Dublin Commercial Journal

THE ARMY
From the Limerick Chronicle.

     Ensign Wilson, 74th, in this garrison, has purchased a lien tenancy in the 3d West.
     It is said the West India colonies will be abandoned as a military station, so as to admit of reduction of the army!
     Captain Montgomery, of the 49th Regiment, died at Templemore, of fever, on Friday.
     Lieut. Arkwright, King's Dragoon Guards, Captain Coster, 16th Lancers, Captain Coke, Scots Fusilier Guards, Ensign Dodsworth, 14th, Ensign Gordon, 27th, Ensign Pigott, 46th, Lieut-Col. Bigge, 70th, Lieut. Webb, 97th and Lieut. Addison, 3d West, sold out of the service on Wednesday.
     Officers of some Cavalry regiments in Ireland are continued in drill for two years before they are pronounced competent to be eligible for command in their rank.
     Lieutenant Cochrane, 33d, is appointed Paymaster of the 73d, Lieutenant and Paymaster Court, retiring upon half-pay, after 40 years service.
     The military force in Trinidad consists of Artillery, 1 officer, 25 men; 88th of Connaught Rangers, 8 officers, 150 men; 72d Highlanders, 6 officers, 340 men; 2d W.I. Regt., 3 officers, 100 men.
     The 37th at Enniskillen and the 89th at Birr shortly move to Dublin.
     The War-office has deducted 200 expenses of court-marital from the regulated value which Captain Douglas, late 16th, was to receive for his commission.
     Captain Edwards, 70th, who entered the service eleven years past, has purchased his Majority over the head of Captain and Brevet Major Paschal, A Peninsular and Waterloo veteran, whom Ensigncy bears date 17th March, 1812, and who is in command of a company since 1820, that is 12 years before Major Edwards got his Ensigncy!
     Ensign Draper, 39th, has resigned his commission, to which the Serjeant Major is promoted.
     Lieutenant Oxenden, late 43d, is appointed Barrack Master in Hong Kong.

 

 


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