Ireland Old News




BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, August 1, 1849

     THE CHOLERA- A feeling is becoming very general that some mode of nationally supplying the DIVINE mercy should be immediately adopted, with reference to the pestilence which is now raging among us. It is no longer to be doubted or denied that not in our generation has a visitation of like severity been known. The worst periods of the cholera of 1832 did not approach in extent or intensity to that through which we are passing. We entirely accord with the feeling we have described, and trust that Parliament will not separate without some appeal being made to the heads of her Majesty's Government as to the propriety of such a step. There is something exceedingly awful in the mysterious character of this pestilence. Nearly twenty years has it been a known disease, in one sense, through out Europe; and yet, in another sense, it remains utterly unknown to this moment. Medical professors of the highest attainments are obliged to admit that they known not how or whence it comes; how or in what cases or circumstances it acts; or of what character the remedies ought to be. All the modes of dealing with it are little better than guesses. One insists on brandy, another prefers ice mixed with salt. Chloroform is the remedy here, bleeding there. Heat or cold, stillness or friction, all manner of differing or opposing modes of treatment, are advocated on all sides, and with equal zeal. The plainest facts are called in question. A Doctor H., at Liverpool, declares that in one week he effected 74 cures! All the other doctors of the town assert with decision, that he has effected no cures at all.--Morning Herald.

     Cholera has revisited Cork, and is again very fatal there. The Local Board of Health has been condemned by the faculty and clergy in a memorial to the Lord Lieutenant.

DIED

     At Turlough, near Castlebar, on the 25th ult., Mr. James Lister, aged 73 years, 18 of which he was an elder of the Presbyterian Church in that locality. He was a hospitable and warm-hearted friend, alike respected and esteemed by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. His remains were attended by a large circle of friends to the new grave-yard of Turlough, the family place of interment, all of whom sympathise with his bereaved family and deeply and sincerely deplore his loss. His faith in Christ gave him triumph over death, and victory over the grave. "Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, for the end of that man is peace."
    
On Sunday, the 22d, ult. at his residence, Greenane, in this county, Mr. Wm. Irwin, in the 70th year of his age.
     In Castlebar, on Thursday last, Mr. David Milling, aged 21 years.
     On Friday last in Castlebar, Miss Sarah Harrison, eldest daughter of Mr. John Harrison.
    
In Castlebar, on Monday night, Mr. Edward Walsh, leather merchant, in the 53d year of his age.

CHOLERA

     We are happy to find that the indication of a visitation from Cholera, manifested at the close of the last and during the early part of this week, have not realized the fears that were entertained. We trust that this partial threatening may be the extent to which our locality may suffer; and we are satisfied that there is not the least ground for apprehension or alarm as to the spread of disease. Under these circumstances we doubt not that all fears will cause, and we think it becomes the immediate duty of every individual to inspire confidence in the weak-minded. Fear we know to be a predisposing cause to all diseases, and especially to such as are of a choleric tendency; so that if we would avert the approach of the epidemic, reason and common sense suggest that we assumed a perfectly fearless tone of mind and that confidence which facts and circumstances warrant us alone in holding.
     Prevention is the true way of combating the illness and we have just received a warning loud enough to start us into a state of preparation. We should take advantage of the suggestions which experience has found useful, and, under Providence, by each individual making an effort to be guided by them, and using a little self-denial, our neighbourhood may be preserved in that healthy state for which it has always been distinguished. If the laws of nature were not too frequently outraged in our persons and dwellings, the atmosphere provided by the health-breathing ocean, whose purity is for thousands of miles first broken by our shore, would afford a true specific against disease.
     The Board of Health have given much valuable information regarding cholera, from which we quote.-
     They assert the cholera is not contagious, and, unlike fever, is not re-producing or propagated from one individual to another; so that friends or relatives need not fear attending the sick in their houses. The first symptom of the disease is mere diarrhoea, which may be for a few hours, or one or several days, and if without pain, the more necessary for immediate care. While in this stage the disease is nearly always curable, and hence the importance of losing not a moment in obtaining medical advice. Damp and low situations are to be avoided, and should not be dwelt in; houses and rooms kept dry; windows and doors open, and full ventilation, with supplies of fresh air admitted into rooms during night and day; avoid chills and wet clothes; eat plain wholesome food in a solid form, and abstain from fruit, raw and ill-cooked vegetables, pastry, salted meat and fish, pork, pickles, and everything of a purgative nature, and, as of the utmost importance, from stimulants. Unless perfect temperance in food and drink, and the strictest cleanliness is preserved, and fatigues and excesses avoided, there can be no security against disease.
     We cannot omit advertising to the apathy and want of energy regarding sanatory improvement which has been exhibited by the inhabitants of Ballina during the past months, when disease was hovering over them, and when much good might have been accomplished.- The Vice-Guardians, we have reason to know, were most anxious to put the Nuisances Removal Act in force, and effected considerable good by the steps they adopted; but there was no co-operation. In scarcely one case did they receive, from persons voluntarily, the preliminary notice of nuisances upon which the law requires that proceedings alone are taken. If every filthy spot were blotted out, and proper attention given to drainage, ventilation and cleanliness, and every dirty habit eradicated, we should have little cholera or other diseases of a similar kind among us. We should not have the masses of widows and orphans, who in the dark and filthy lanes of our towns, have lost the stout arm that earned their bread, now swelling the relief list and imposing heavy burden on the tax payers. We should not have our hospitals crowded, neither would we suffer from the moral degradation that fills our jails, and cases a gloom over our land. Let intelligent persons who desire to promote the welfare of their kind, and are possessed of public spirit, try to inculcate sound sanatory principles among the poor - visit their homes, and by advice as well as by bringing the law to bear upon them eradicate filth and foulness. Let the landlord in his capacity forget a narrow-minded policy, and a little expense to him in improving the dwelling of his tenants may be saved in poor rates and in the cost and danger of excesses and outrages. Where there is dirt there is inevitably vice, intemperance, and depravity. The Vice-Guardians are prepared to exercise the powers afforded them under the "Nuisance Act" in full force whenever they can do so by the manifestation of a corresponding spirit on the part of the people.
     We are glad to find that the Vice-Guardians have been able to avail themselves of the professional services of Doctors Whittaker, Devlin and M'Nair, who had much experience in the treatment of cholera during its visitation in 1832, and with the most successful results. We understand ample hospital accommodation exists- medicine and advice are at all hours to be obtained of the Dispensary; and if unfortunately there should be an outbreak of the disease, the means at disposal will be fully sufficient for the occasion, and if in each case immediate application is made for the medical relief on the appearances of the first premonitory symptom, we have strong hopes that the bills of mortality will hereafter present an aspect little more than blank.
     The cases of the disease that have occurred up to the present time we learn are not numerous, and have been confined to the workhouse and fever hospitals, and amongst patients there who were worn down by dysentery and other diseases. We have not heard of any new cases for the 24 hours preceding the time of our going to press.

SALE GOING ON
To Be Sold
BY PUBLIC AUCTION
At the Hour of TWELVE o'Clock on WEDNESDAY the 1st of AUGUST
ON THE PREMISES

     The Interest of GEORGE R. JOYNT, Esq., in the Lease of the House lately held by Mr. M'CAWLY in the Town of Crossmolina.
     The Sale will be subject to the approval of Mr. Joynt.
     For further particulars apply to Dr MacNAIR, Crossmolina; Mr. Wm. JOHNSTON, Moylough, or to G.H. JACKSON, Esq., Fortland, Crossmolina.
     The conditions of Sale will be stated on the Day of the Sale.
     HIGGINS & JONES.
     Auctioneers.
Dated this 23d day of July, 1849.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

NOTICE

     We, the CONSERVATORS OF SALMON FISHING, in the Ballina District, elected this day, hereby appoint MONDAY, the 13th day of AUGUST next, as the first day of a District Meeting of the Conservators, to be held at the Court-House of Ballina, at the hour of 12 o'clock.
               ROBERT NOBLE
               JOHN LITTLE
              JOSEPH ATKINSON.
Ballina, 16 July 1849

THE ARMY
(From the Limerick Chronicle of Saturday.)

     Lieut. Berkeley, 36th Regiment, is appointed Aide-de-Camp to the Governor General of India.
     The Irish soldiers of the 36th at Bombay have remitted 12 to the Dublin committee for the relief of distress in this country.
     A battery of Royal Artillery arrived in Dublin on Friday from Kilkenny.
     The Hon. Captain Foley, first aide-de-campe to the Commander of the Forces, is to be appointed Brevet Major on the Queen's visit to Dublin.
     Lieut. Blakeney, 75th, is appointed extra aide-de-camp to Lieut. General Right Hon. Sir Edward Blakeney, G.C.B.
     The sentence of private Walsh who fired at Lieut. Rooke, 47th near Charleville, has been commuted from death to transportation for life.
     Six officers of the 66th depot at Tralee, have obtained leave to attend Her Majesty's Drawing Room at Dublin Castle.
     The whole of the troops of Athlone garrison, consisting of Artillery; two squadrons 4th Light Dragoons, and 8 companies 31st Regt. also, the local Pensioners of the district commanded by Capt. Ormsby, were reviewed in the capacious barrack square of the garrison on Thursday and performed several manoeuvres much to the satisfaction of Major-General Weymas, commanding and a numerous assemblage of spectators.
     The band of the 4th Light Dragoons under their able director, M. de Ven, and that of the 31st Regt, under Mr. Weisbecker, are engaged performing on the batteries of Athlone, on Sundays and Wednesdays, much to the amusement of the gentry assembled.
     Lieut. Colonel Magennis has taken the command of the 27th (Inniskilliners) at Glasgow, where this fine corps will receive her Majesty on the 15th August en route to Balmoral.
     Friday was the anniversary of the battle of Talavera in 1809 where the 3d Dragoon Guards, 4th, 14th and 16th Light Dragoons cold stream and Fusilier Guards, 3d, 7th, 24th, 29th, 31st, 40th, 45th, 48th, 53d, 60th, 61st, 66th, 83d, 87th and 88th Regiments were engaged.
     The next issue of new clothing to the enrolled Veteran Companies will be of a very superiour description. The pattern will remain the same.
     First Lieut. Richards, Royal Marines, who, we said, was dismissed the "Howe" at Malta, for sending a hostile message to Lieutenant Wolridge, R.M. is also placed at the foot of the list of Lieutenants.
     Gunner Queeny was killed by lightning at Woolwich on Wednesday.

 


     EXTRAORDINARY SUPPLY OF POTATOES TO BELFAST MARKET- The supply of new potatoes to this town since the season commenced, has been unprecedentedly large. From Monday the 16th last., till Saturday the 21st, both days inclusive, there have been 747 loads brought to market, weighing 260 tons 13 cwt. A most gratifying feature connected with this circumstance is, that out of that extraordinary quantity of potatoes, not the least symptom of disease could be discovered in any of the tubers.--Belfast Chronicle.

     Precisely at this time last year unmistaken symptoms of the potato disease were generally visible in our market. At present, we have sincere pleasure in announcing that no sign of any distemper affects the large supply now at market in Limerick.--Limerick Chronicle.

     Catherine Dillon, now under sentence of death in our county gaol, is by no means reconciled to the fate that awaits her. She is still clinging to the hope that her sentence may be commuted to transportation for life. Fogarty remains sullen and silent since his sentence was passed, and Frewen continues frequently to protest his innocence of the murder of Nash. Mrs. Dillon was left 3,000 by her husband whom she got murdered. She is now stated to be penniless.--Limerick Chronicle.

     One of the viaducts on the Great Southern & Western Railway, in the vicinity of Whitechurch, Cork, fell on Tuesday with a tremendous crash. No loss of life, however, occurred. The cost of the re-construction of the viaduct is said to be 800.

     John Ryan (Jack) was tried at Clonmel assizes on Saturday for the murder of Mary Brien at Kilfeacle, on the 10th of May last, by striking her with a sharp iron weapon on the head. A number of witnesses, including her granddaughter and son having been examined, the jury found a verdict of guilty.

     At Waterford assizes, John Brian was sentenced to be hanged on the 7th September, for the murder of his wife; James Kenna, one of the Portlaw insurgents, was sentenced to seven years transportation.

     DARING OUTRAGE- GALLANT CONDUCT OF A FEMALE - On Sunday morning, the 22nd inst., some persons called at the bed-room window of a farmer, named Gilbert Egan, residing near Lisduff, and desired him to get up that all of his property was stolen; upon which his wife got out of bed and opened the door; when four fellows fiercely rushed in, following her into the bed-room where her husband was asleep. One of them had two stones in his hands; and while he was in the act of lifting his hand to strike Egan, Mrs. Egan caught him by the breast, knocked him down and took one of the stones from him. Another of the party then struck her with a large stick on the hands and shoulders, whereupon her husband jumped out of bed, seized the fellow by the throat and took the stick from him. Egan and his wife then armed themselves and beat the party out of the room, and while doing so, Egan received a severe cut in the temple which deprived him of strength. Nothing daunted, Mrs. Egan and two of her children encountered three of the ruffians in the kitchen, but in the struggle she and her children were severely assaulted. She called repeatedly to her servant boy, and a schoolmaster named Cleary, who were in the house, to come to her assistance and make prisoners of the party. This they very cowardly and disgracefully refused to do, alleging they were afraid of being killed! On leaving they told her to make her husband give up the land he had lately taken or they would give him a barbarous death. Two of the party have been arrested and identified and fully committed to Nenagh gaol. --Nenagh Guardian.

MISCELLANEOUS

     James Hall, a Ribbonman, was arrested in Cork a few days since, with seditious papers.
     Coach and horse hire have risen twenty-five per cent in Dublin.
     Peter Glynn, miller to Mr. Bourke, Galway, was drowned on Friday in the mill race.
     Lord Huntingdon has made a reduction of 20 per cent on his rental near Loughrea.
     Cork barracks are to be lighted with gas, where the metal main and piping will cost 500.
     Mr. Fitzgerald's plantation in Demarara, formerly valued at 50,000, has been sold under execution for 1000!
     Chief Baron Pollock has laid down the law that no keeper of a lunatic asylum is authorised to hold any person in custody not dangerous to himself or others.
     Friday night last the mansion-house, offices, and farm buildings at Gainsboro, county Kerry, the property of Pierce Mahony, Esq., were destroyed by fire.
     Mr. Gavan Duffy of the Nation has been on a visit with his friends in Limerick, and was entertained to dinner with Dr Butt, Q.C., by Dr. Griffin on Sunday.
     At the Newcastle Butter market on Thursday, there were 400 firkins in the market. The highest price was 38s a firkin.
     Vast tracts of land in the county of Leitrim, lie unoccupied; in one barony the list of defaulters of county cess and labour rates exceeds 5,000 names!
     Patrick Baylis, private Royal Marines, Portsmouth, is sentenced by court-martial, to seven years transportation for insubordination.
     Thomas Kerrigan and John Tobin, convicts on board the "Medway" hulk at Bermuda, were shot for mutiny on the 3d of July.
     An Artillery soldier of the name of Thompson, is under arrest at Belfast, for bearing a flag in the procession of the 12th of July.
     Mr. Wm. D. Fergusson, of the firm of Avery and Co., tea merchants, Dame-street, was declared a lunatic, the effect of a softening of the brain, in the opinion of the faculty.
     At Omagh assizes, Charles Monaghan, found guilty of the murder of his child, William Monaghan, aged three years, at Kilmore, was sentenced to be hanged on the 15th of August.
     Count Streletzski, C.B., arrived here on Monday from Cork and Kerry, where he has been benevolently distributing money confided to him by Government, among the most necessitous unions. He left this day for Galway.-- Limerick Chronicle.
     A valuable manuscript, the property of Wm. Barton, esq., of Grove, being the actual treaty of Oliver Cromwell with the town of Fethard, in the handwriting of the protector, has been forwarded for inspection to Sir Wm. Betham, the antiquarian.
     The Irish Clergy Daughters School, at the commencement of the year 1848, the number of pupils were 26; the number at present in the house is 28. Of these, five are total orphans, nine are fatherless, and twelve are paid for by the bounty of friends.

POLITICAL ARRESTS

     On Tuesday evening a party of police, amounting to seven in number, under the command of Inspector Dundon, entered the residence of Mr. Joseph Brennan, editor of the Irishman. They exhibited a search warrant, and Mr. Brennan immediately led them to his sleeping apartment.
     The search then commenced; his desk was opened; his private letters were read; all his papers were taken and transferred to the Castle. Mr. Brennan asked if they had a warrant for his arrest, but they answered in the negative. At the same time they declined to permit him to leave the house.
     Truly this is the old system once again.
     We understand that Mr. O'Grady, who was a member of the Irish Confederation, was arrested on Tuesday, near Carrick-on-Suir, and committed to prison in that town, we know not on what charge. Mr. O'Grady was confined to six months in Clonmel jail, we believe under a suspension of the Habeas Corupus Act.-- Freeman.
    
SUSPECTED SECRET SOCIETY- On Friday evening a young man named Hall was arrested in Coppinger's-lane, on suspicion of being connected with a secret society, which is believed by some to exist in this city. Several papers of a doubtful character, but purporting to be merely the correspondence and other documents of an ordinary trade society was found on his person, and taken charge of by the police. Hall was taken into custody, and it is stated, will be detained until the true character of those documents has been ascertained, and instructions received from the authorities in Dublin relative to the course to be adopted.-- Cork Examiner.

     A REMARKABLE CENTENERIAN- There
is now living and well, in the townland of Lisnevanagh, Skiloodan, Grange, a small farmer, named Thomas Houston, who is 102 years of age. He is still as well as well able to manage his farm (about 20 acres) as he was 40 years ago, and can walk to Ballymena market (a distance of seven miles) and back again on the same day, without being over fatigued! His teeth are double and as sound as an acorn. He is full of mirth and anecdote and often says he had a strong notion of courting, at the time Captain Thurot, a French marine adventurer, made a descent at Carrickfergus, in February, 1760! He was twice married and his second wife is still in existence. He has a son and daughter by his first wife, and as may be imagined they are fully out of their "teens." According to his own account, he has always led a very regular life, never indulging in a "fill" of either meat or drink. Indeed, "Ould Tom Houston' as well known to both old and young, for many miles round Lisnevanagh, as "Walker's Monument" is to the citizens of Derry. he called on the gentleman in whose house the writer resides, at a very early hour ( 5 o'clock a.m.,) on the morning of the 8th ult., on business relative to his farming affairs, having walked 3 English miles from sunrise; and, on being questioned by the "governor" respecting his health, he replied that it never had been better, and in a very humorous strain, said he had no doubt of living, barring an accident, till his shins could cut tobacco.-- Derry Sentinel

WAR OFFICE, JULY 27

     1st Regiment of Foot-Staff Assistant Surgeon E.B. Sinclair to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Hoskin, who exchanges.
     4th Foot- Captain H. Balguy, from the 9th foot, to be Captain, vice Balguy, who exchanges.
     13th Foot- Lieutenant G. Wade to be Captain, without purchase, vice Brevet Major Fenwick, deceased; Ensign E. Lynch to be Lieutenant, vice Wade; Lieutenant G.F. King, to be Adjutant, vice Wade.
     26th Foot- Lieutenant E.T. Lyster, form the 50th foot to be Lieutenant, vice Park, promoted.
     38th Foot- Captain J.N. Nairne, from half-pay unattached, to be Captain, vice V.F. Story, who exchanges; Lieutenant R.C. Sinclair to be Captain, by purchase, vice Nairne, who retires; Ensign C. E. Johns to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Sinclair; C. Edwards, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Johns.
     48th Foot- Lieutenant R. Blakeney, form the 75th foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Fetherstonbaugh, appointed Paymaster of the 59th foot.
     53d Foot- Captain T.J. Castleton, from half-pay unattached, to be Captain, vice Brevet Major C.F. Havelock, who exchanges, receiving the difference; Lieutenant J. Shiffner to be Captain by purchase, vice Castleu, who retires.
     62d Foot- Ensign R.A. Wood to be superseded for absenting himself without leave.
     69th Foot- Quartermaster Serjeant M. Clinton to be Quartermaster vice J. Hollis, who retires upon half-pay.
     75th Foot- Lieutenant R.C. Bamford, from half-pay of the 59th foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Blakeney appointed to the 48th Foot.
     77th Foot- Capt. A. Rush, from half-pay, unattached, to be Captain, vice Brevet Major W.J. Clerke, who exchanges receiving the difference.
     86th Foot- Ensign E. Leet, to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Ellison, who retires; Ensign W.H. Bennett, from the 46th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Leet.
     Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment- Ensign H.G. A. Powell to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Lloyd, appointed to the 7th foot.
     Hospital Staff- Assistant Surgeon W.T. Hoskin, M.D., from the 1st Foot, to be Assistant Surgeon to the Forces, vice Sinclair, who exchanges.
     Brevet- Captain T.J. Castleau, of the 53d Foot, to be Major in the Army.
    
    

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, August 8, 1849

     BLACK BARLEY- Mr. Olphreds favoured us yesterday with a sample of this curious barley, which was reaped on the 1st inst. The specimen is excellent, the grain heavy and rich, and as Mr. Olphreds assures us it is but an average specimen, it would be well worth the attention of farmers.- This gentleman has an Irish rood of it, which he sowed in January, at the rate of about eight stone to the acre. The yield has not been very abundant, owing he thinks to the poverty of the soil. He is of opinion that the black barley is well adapted to this climate, as it stands both the winter frosts and the spring rains well.--Sligo Guardian.

    Mr. O'Connell has contracted to supply the Limerick union with wool at 13s. 6d per stone.

BIRTHS

     In this town, on Monday last, the lady of Charles Atkinson, Esq., of a son.
      On the 4th inst. at Ballinville, Castlebar, the lady of William Kearney, Esq., of a daughter.

CROSSMOLINA PETTY SESSIONS
August 1

     Magistrates presiding-Thomas Paget, Edward Orme, and John Walsh, Esqrs.
     Thomas Curragan and several others fined 1 each or one months' imprisonment for hoaking potatoes.
     Informations were taken against James Connor, Mary Ruane, Brian Feeny, John Nealis, Bridget Nelis and Mary Nealis for a rescue of cattle seized for rent due W.A. Orme, Esq.
     Mary Kelly of Westport was committed for stealing two shawls the property of Francis M'Donnell and Bridget Hagerty.
     After disposing of a few other cases of no importance the court adjourned.

MELANCHOLY OCCURRENCE- SIX LIVES LOST

     Charles Atkinson, Esq, coroner, held an inquest on Monday last, at Cooleronan, on the bodies of six individuals named James Healy, Thady Hoban, James O'Hera, Francis Kean, Winny Monnelly and Biddy Dempsey. From the evidence adduced it appeared that on last Sunday evening they were in the act of crossing the Moy near Bunafinglass, in a small flat-bottomed boat, used as a ferry boat, with merely a short pole and a piece of board to propel it. On launching out the water was pouring in at one end of the boat and the party ran to the opposite end, which immediately caused the boat to sink. The entire party, consisting of the six individuals already named, were precipitated into the water, which was about 14 feet deep, and perished in a group, within a few yards of the bank. The Moy is not more than about twenty-five yards wide at the place the accident occurred.

"CONTEMPLATED SUICIDE"

     From a paragraph under this head in the Tyrawly Herald of Thursday last, it would appear that a woman named Catherine Cunningham deliberately attempted to destroy herself. The circumstance occurred the night previous to our last publication, and so closely concealed were the facts connected with it that we could not venture with accuracy on the details. We did not, however, suffer the subject to escape our attention, especially as we are doubted the woman would attempt self-destruction solely from the motive for more strictly speaking the absence of any motive hinted at by the Herald, and from the little information we have been able to collect we consider it absolutely necessary that the matter should be brought under the consideration of a bench of magistrates. Granting that it was a case of contemplated suicide, with which a second person was not immediately connected, the guilty party should be arrested and taken before a magistrate, who, in acting in conformity with law, would be required to order her detention in custody, unless on her entering into a recognizance with two sufficient securities, conditioned that she would not attempt again a similar act.
     This is the proper legal course, and this course we call upon the parties whose duty it is to pursue, and then the real facts of the case will come to light from the evidence of the Rev. James Cawley, "who was passing at the time," and of Constable Phibs, "who was fortunately walking by and immediately plunged into the water and rescued an erring female from a watery grave."  When it is deserving we are always ready to do our part in rewarding real merit, and certainly we cannot now withhold our commendation of Constable Phibbs's conduct on this occasion where a life would have been, in all probability, lost, were it not for his timely and courageous assistance.

TREATMENT OF CHOLERA
(From the Philadelphia Public Ledger of July 10)

     Messrs. Editors- This disease is now among us, and the cases though small, numerically, have been sufficiently marked to show the character of the epidemic, and it differs from the disease in its visitation of 1832, by the shortness of the attacks, and the absence, in many instances, of what are generally termed "prominent symptoms." A few hints at this time may not be inappropriate, and my promise to give you a sketch of the disease will be redeemed.
     First- Cholera if truly a disease of prostration.- Even in in slight cases, there is always a depression of the physical and mental energies- the copiousness of the alvine discharge, with the violence of the vomitings, both alarm and weaken the sufferer by their rapid action and consequent prostration. This season these discharges have not been preceded by any marked pain, but come at once-generally short in the intervals, scanty in quantity, but enfeebling-resembling what is known as the "rice water" discharges of 1832, while in other cases "coffee grounds." Frequently a stitch in the left side (descending colon), or a sharp pain across the abdomen, is the only precursor while again a feeling of wretchedness or "malaire" may be the only announcement of the attack. Again, there may be an "entire absence of pain" (this was observed in the south and west, in a marked degree), and the patient sinks into the arms of death so rapidly as scarcely to feel its pangs!
     Secondly- the treatment- Here the adage will apply, for in the treatment of cholera, "Doctors differ." But, as the writer has no theory to establish (see the exposure of the sulphur and charcoal imposition, the pills giving on chemical analysis a large quantity of morphine), and is only anxious to aid his fellow citizens in using precautionary measures, and to suggest certain means to be used in the absence of medical aid; he trusts his professional brethren will excuse his writing to the people and not to them.
     The first thing to be done with these attacked with cholera is to put them at once in bed, and in a horizontal position. Motion even to bed is very injurious. To allay the thirst, which is intense, put into the mouth small pieces of ice; cold water is rejected, while ice refreshes and is retained.
     A few drops of laudanum, with strong spirits of camphor, on sugar, and given repeatedly with a little cold water; or the remedy given by the writer in the Ledger last week, will allay the vomiting and purging. Hot bricks to the feet, with the enveloping the limbs in bags filled with shot, sand or salt, will allay the cramps, or, in their absence, cloths wrung out of hot water, with warm and dry frictions with the hand or brusher, will give relief. In the meantime secure medical aid and not relax your efforts, even under the most alarming and discouraging circumstances. A gill of clove brandy (made by adding half a teacupful of powdered cloves to a pint of the best brandy) to a tumbler of acid or hot water, as the stomach will retain it, is a safe stimulus. Avoid the use of all "cholera preventatives," whether sanctioned by high medical or other authority; also saline or drastic cathartics and the abuse of either the spirits or gum camphor as they destroy the tone of the stomach and injure the susceptibility of the nervous system.
     Thirdly- Keep the mind and body quiet, use flannel under garments, avoiding undue fatigue, exposure to damp or night air, and the direct action of the sun. Live simply, without an excess of vegetable food; let everything be well cooked and eaten in moderation. Do not work on an empty stomach, as the poison of the disease is then more readily absorbed, neither neglect any disturbances of the stomach or bowels. Consult your physician at once. Rest for a few hours will save many a life. Take no stimulus, either medicinal or spirituous, to keep off cholera; avoid "root beers," similar compounds, as their use irritates the digestive organs and renders persons more liable to irritations.
     Finally- Recollect cholera is not contagious; that we can attend the suffering and dying with impunity; and while we thus render ourselves useful we are not exposed to any direct injury form our benevolent and charitable deeds. The Creator, in inflicting this scourge on mankind, has, in his infinite wisdom, and mercy, taken from the bed of sickness the horror of the "plague of old," leaving to us the painful but Christian duty of affording succour to the departing, without the sacrifices of the living.
            Very respectfully yours,
              A.D. CHALONER, M.D.
          Schuykill Eighth-street, below Spruce, Philadelphia, July 9, 1849.
----------------------------------------------------
     Take of wine of ipecac, and spts., of peppermint each two fluid drachms, Sydenham's laudanum, one drachm, spts. camphor 1/2 a drachm; +Etherial tincture of Valerian 1/2 a fluid ounce.
     Dose for a child, from five to eight drops in a teaspoonful iced water, every half hour to two hours. For an adult, 30 drops to half a teaspoonful at the same intervals.
          A.D. CHALONER.
    + Etherial tincture of Valerian, made by adding two drachms of the fluid extract of Valerian (oft kept in the shops), to one fluid ounce of sulphuric ether.

 

    
    
    

BESSY BELL- A ROMANTIC REPORTER- At the Roscrea sessions, a young, interesting girl of a most prepossessing, oriental cast of countenance, dark eyes, deep fringed eyelashes, raven tresses, enveloped in a large fawn-colored head dress, which gave beautiful shading to the general contour of her countenance, was caught in the act of secreting a piece of tobacco under her cloak, form the shop of Mr. George Faucett. She owned the rude impeachment, and poor Bessy was sent for trial to the ensuing assizes of Nenagh, lamenting, and lamented by all in court.--Leinster Express.

     EMIGRATION FROM PLYMOUTH. On Wednesday last the William and Mary sailed for Sydney with 162 female Irish orphans, accompanied by the proper matrons. - The Navarino, 650 tons, the Nelson, 603 tons, the Success, 621 tons, and the Himalaya, 447 tons, have arrived during the week to embark emigrants at this port. They are chartered by the Colonial Emigration Commissioners.

     DR. LANGLEY- The grand jury of Tipperary have found a bill for the murder of his wife against Dr. Langley. Pound, the man-servant, one of the principal witnesses for the prosecution, has, we are informed, absconded.

     Patrick Cormack was found guilty of the murder of Miss Prendergast, at Portumna, county Galway. The prisoner confessed his guilt. He was sentenced to be hanged on the 28th of August.

STATE OF THE BALLINA WORKHOUSE.
Week Ended 21st July 1849

     Remaining on last Saturday night...3,877
     Admitted during the week.............    48
     Born............................................      1
                    Total.............................3,926
     Discharged........................602
     Died..................................   3         605
           Remaining on the above date.. 3,321
                    P.M. M'NULTY, Clerk of the Union

CHOLERA

     The progress of cholera in this locality has presented no alarming features since our last. The disease has been chiefly confined to the humbler classes, and may be traced generally to the character of their dwellings and mode of life. Each day gives additional evidence of the dangerous consequences which attend a disregard to cleanliness and sanatory requirements, for in the foetid lanes and courts of our town almost alone has disease been developed. We have no doubt that proper attention to the purification of everything around and within our houses would arrest the spread of the epidemic. It appears from the present aspect of the town that the importance of these precautions is altogether disbelieved, and certainly a penetration into the lanes and alleys and premises in every street discloses the elements of epidemics to a frightful extent and not the least effort at improvement is yet manifested.- Unless the respectable and intelligent portion of the inhabitants take an interest in eradicating the filthy places that exist in every part of the town, we can only expect a continuation of disease. With the facilities for cleansing and drainage afforded by our fine river and the ever changing tides, purification might be accomplished with very little trouble; and we know that good air can at all times be obtained by the simple process of opening a window. Each individual should at once proceed to remove every foul spot that may be in his premises, and see that his neighbour does the same, or compel him to do so under the provisions of the "Nuisances Removal" Act, which the Vice Guardians will most willingly assist in carrying out.
     In most cases the disease-so far as it has appeared here-is not of a virulent type, and generally when it has proved fatal, the premonitory symptoms were unattended to, the disease allowed to proceed too far unarrested, or medicine, advice or hospital treatment rejected. It is necessary that the utmost confidence be placed in the directions of the medical men. Not a doubt exists that the disease can be grappled with easily in the early stages, but if there is neglect then, the subsequent stage of collapse is attended with hazard. The successful results of the treatment pursued by he medical officers employed by the Vice Guardians, evidenced by the numerous recoveries, should establish a complete feeling of reliance in medical treatment, and remove every feeling which would induce a moment's hesitation in taking advantage of it.
     A few cases have occurred at Crossmolina and a great number at Killala. The extraordinary course pursued by the people in the latter place, in rejecting in many cases medical aid or admission to hospital, has induced rather a high rate of mortality. This absurdity is conceivable at the first appearance of a n unknown disease as the cholera was in 1832; but at the present time such an absence of common sense and judgment is certainly unlooked for. Doctor M'Nair has been appointed the medical officer at Crossmolina, and Doctor Neilson, assisted by Doctor Townsley, at Killala.  Doctor Atkinson, as rural medical attendant, and Mr. M'Mullan, apothecary, have been added to the medical staff at Ballina; and with the arrangements now made, embracing such extensive hospital accommodation, little apprehension may exist regarding the disease.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     Our Killala correspondent is not correct in all his statements, but because of a few sentenced in his letter we are induced to publish it:-
     TO THE EDITOR OF THE BALLINA CHRONICLE.
     Sir- While you continue to write so elaborately, as you have done in thelast number of your paper, as to the non-existence of cholera, I shall furnish you with the various occurrences that may arise from its existence in this neighbourhood.
     It is, alas, too true, that it has taken a strong hold of Killala, and that the afflicting arm of the Almighty is spreading the disease at either ends of this small town with fearful rapidity; up to the present we have had seventeen deaths, and from the apathy that seems to exist in those whose business it is to afford shelter for the sick as well as the poor, I apprehend that many more will occur before a place will be provided where suitable treatment may be administered.
     While other places have been favoured with receptacles for the sick, Killala has been up to the present neglected, although paying its quota of rent-its poor rate and public cess- fully equal to any electoral division in this every way unfortunate union.
     The Ecclesiastical Commissioners, to whom this town belongs, since the ever to be lamented death of the late Bishop, refused to give a house which was built by public subscription in '32, when cholera first made its appearance in this country, and which would have been leased to the inhabitants, had the Bishop lived a week longer, for a less sum than 5 from May last until November. The Poor Law officials, with their usual economy, could not think of further embarrassing the union by allowing this exorbitant demand; and the would be Board of Health-the acting members of whom are so closely connected with the present poor law business of the day, as to preclude the possibility of differing in opinion- so that the rolling of the ball from one office to another, for the last three months, has placed human life at a discount, despite the unremitting attention of our humane and efficient medical superintendent, Dr. Nelson, whose efforts day and night are unceasing in doing all he can, going from house to house, with his assistant Dr. Townly, dispensing the necessary medicine and advice.
     I fondly hope this timely relief will be at once afforded and an hospital established where medical attendance can be administered with its proper effect.
          I am, Mr. Editor, your obedient servant.
               A SUBSCRIBER.
    Killala, 6th August, 1849.
     P.S.- Since writing the above I find that the 5 will be given by the Guardians, and that the hospital will be given by the Commissioners.
     Killala, 7th August, 1849.

WAR OFFICE, AUGUST 8.

     1st Regiment of Dragoon Guards- Cornet G.H. W. Carew to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Foster, who retires.
     3d Light Dragoons- Cornet F. Chaplin to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Macqueen, whose promotion has been cancelled; Cornet T.C.B. St. George to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Chaplin, whose promotion, by purchase, has been cancelled; Cornet G.T. Rickets to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice St. George, whose promotion on 20th July, 1849, has been cancelled.
     7th Dragoon Guards-Cornet W. Middleton to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Piestow, who retires.
     10th Light Dragoons-Cornet E.J.S. Blair to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Wardrop, who retires.
     17th Light Dragoons-Cornet J.B. Reed to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Anderton, who retires.
     6th Foot-Lieut. The Hon. A.G.C. Chichester to be Captain, by purchase, vice Finley, who retires; Ensign A. Davies to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Chichester.
     12th- Ensign H. Cole to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Persse, deceased.
     23d-Captain H.G. Chester to be Major by purchase, vice Granville, who retires; Lieutenant P.I. Phillips, to be Captain by purchase, vice Chester; Second Lieutenant J.C. Brady to be First Lieutenant by purchase, vice Philips.
     26th- Ensign C.B. Hinchiff to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Count George Rivalore, who retires.
     30th- Ensign M. Pennefather to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Greene, who retires.
     34th- Captain J. Schiffner, from 55d foot, to be Captain, vice Talbot, appointed to the 53d foot.
     36th- Brevet Major W.R. Haliday, from the 23d foot, to be Major by purchase, vice Smyth, who retires.
      45th- Captain I. Elton, from half pay unattached, to be Captain, vice Brevet Major C. Seagram, who exchanges; Lieut W.F. Bewes to be Captain, by purchase, vice Elton, who retires; Ensign C.L. Griffin to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Bewes.
     48th- Lieut. F. West to be Captain by purchase, vice Ross, who retires; Ensign W.H. Cairnes to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Rainbrigge, who retires; Ensign H.G. Bushe to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice West.
     53d-Captain W.I. Talbot, from 34th Foot, to be Captain, vice Shiffner, appointed to the 34th foot.
     55th- Paymaster J.E. Boggis, from the Ceylon Rifle Regiment to be Paymaster, vice Warren appointed to the Ceylon Regiment.
     67th- Acting Assistant Surgeon J. Duff, M.D. to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Blatherwick, appointed to the Staff.
     74th- Captain J. Roberts from half-pay unattached to be Captain vice M'Donald, who exchanges receiving the difference; Lieut. J.R. Barton to be Captain, by purchase, vice Roberts, who retires; Ensign and Adjutant J. Falconey to have the rank of Lieutenant; Ensign W. W. J. Burce to be Lieutenant, vice Barton.
     89th- Ensign W. Drummond to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Williams, who retires; Ensign E.A. Dawes, from 82d foot, to be Ensign, vice Drummond.
     92d- Lieutenant F. Mochean to be Captain, by purchase, vice Gordon, who retires; Ensign C. Campbell to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Macbean.
     93d- Lieut. G. Studdert to be Captain, by purchase, vice Haliday, promoted in the 36th foot; Ensign W.G.A. Middleton, to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Studdert.
     1st West India Regiment- Lieutenant J. Aggas to be Captain without purchase, vice Powell, deceased; Ensign O.G. Stokes, to be Lieutenant, vice Aggas.
     3d West India Regiment-Quartermaster Sergeant A.E. Grant to be Quartermaster, vice Magrath, deceased.
     Ceylon Rifle Regiment-Paymaster H.H. Warren from 55th foot to be Paymaster, vice Goggis appointed to the 55th foot.
     BREVET Captain J. Roberts of the 74th foot to be Major in the Army; Captain I. Elton of the 75th foot to be Major in the Army.
     HOSPITAL STAFF- Staff Assistant Surgeon T.E. Dyce to be Staff Surgeon of the Second Class, vice Heme, promoted; Assistant Surgeon T. Blatherwick, from 67th foot to be Staff Surgeon, vice Dyce, promoted.
     3d Light Dragoons- Assistant Surgeon W. Webb, from 10th foot to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Franklin appointed on the Staff.
     10th Foot- Staff Assistant Surgeon J. L. Holloway, to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Webb appointed to the 3d Light Dragoons.
     HOSPITAL STAFF- Acting Assistant Surgeon J. Duff, M.D. to be Staff Assistant Surgeon, vice Holloway, appointed to the 10th foot.
     The Christian names of Ensign Furnell, of 3d West India Regiment are "Paul Cudmore."

OFFICE OF ORDNANCE.

     Ordnance Medical Department- Surgeon W. Richardson ,M.D. to be Senior Surgeon, vice Fogo, retired; Assistant Surgeon W.A. Dassanville, M.D. to be Surgeon, vice Richardson.

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, August 23, 1849

     Thomas Palmer, jun., Esq. of Summerhill, and Mr. Peter Nolan, of Moyne, are canvassing for the coronership of the North Mayo district, vacant by the death of Charles Atkinson, Esq.

     CLERK OF THE PEACE AT MAYO- The death of T. Gildea, Esq., has left this office vacant. The appointment of a successor to the deceased gentleman is in the gift of the Earl of Lucan.

FATAL OCCURRENCE

     On Sunday last, at noon, John Hamilton, a young man about nineteen years of age, while standing near the river behind the Ardnaree mills was suddenly seized with an epileptic fit, to which he was subject, and having fallen into the water, not more than a foot in depth where he stood, was smothered before he attracted the notice of some people who were within fifty yards of him. The unfortunate young man was son of a miller in the employment of Messrs. Hearne and Joynt.

     CURE FOR CHOLERA- Chalk mixture, 6 oz.; tincture of Cathecue, 4 drachms; Kino, 4 drachms; opium on half drachm. One tablespoon of the above tincture to be taken after each discharge from the bowels. In case of the diarhoea being obstinate let the chalk mixture be made of decoction of logwood.

STEAM TO LIVERPOOL
THE MAGNIFICENT NEW IRON STEAM SHIP
"SHAMROCK"
Is intended to Sail as under:-
Sligo to Liverpool.

     SATURDAY, - 18th August - 5 Morning.
     FRIDAY, - - -   24th August - 7 Morning.

Liverpool to Sligo

     TUESDAY,   - - 21st August - 12 Noon.
    WEDNESDAY - 29th August - 7 Morning.
     Goods and stock to be alongside Two Hours before the time of Sailing.

FARES TO LIVERPOOL.

     Cabin (including Steward's Fees) 1; Second Cabin, 12s; Steerage, 8s.
     Apply to T. Martin, and Burns & Co., Water-street, Liverpool; T. Cameron & Co.; Jamaica-street, Glasgow; J. Rankin & Co. Greenock; or to
                            JAMES HARPER, Sligo.
Sligo, 11th August, 1849.

(From our Crossmolina Correspondent)

     CROSSMOLINA, Aug, 14- This town continues in a state of slight commotion; not that the cases of cholera have been numerous, but that the malignant nature of some of them, together with the filthy state of the cabins, which the patients inhabit, almost defy the skill of the physician or the care of the nurse-tender.
     Famine has done much to introduce this fearful disease into Crossmolina and to jeopard the life of the unhappy sufferer. Oh! I have witnessed scenes!- scenes, such as I have often read in the "newspapers," but to which I never before gave credence. Scenes calculated to harrow the feelings of the most hard-hearted. Scenes, to enlist the sympathy of the beholder. Scenes, to exact from humanity (the only wealth of the poor man) the tribute of a tear!
     I have seen man in his glory-I beheld him not many days since, in the full enjoyment of rude health. I came again- I found him prostrate in the grave of the "Fell Destroyer." How true it is then, that ," In the midst of life we are in death;" and how grateful should we, who survive, be to that Great and Good Being, whose mercy bids us live-live on a little longer, but who whispers, "repent."
     I have seen the victim of destitution, stretched on the damp earth of his hut, writhing in agony; no hand stretched forth with friendly aid-no food to sustain his sinking frame-no heat to invigorate his numbed limbs. I have seen him freed from his dependence on his fellow man resign his soul into the hands of Him from whom he received it; have seen him afterwards borne to his last resting place, unwept, unmourned, unhonoured, unpitied, unattended.
     Such is a faint but strictly faithful outline of the deaths which (thank God out of thirty cases comprised only six) occurred in Crossmolina. Aye, when man has the "will" would that he were divested of the "power" "To make his fellow mourn." Had timely precautions been resorted to, I have not the least hesitation to say, that some lives would have been saved. I speak as advisedly and as confidently as I do publicly.
     It is true, that on Friday evening last, the Court-house had been fitted up for the receptions of patients, and that beds and bedding were sent from the hospital for the patients; but they were arrested on the way by the Canaile and the attempt to settle them there, on that evening, proved abortive. On the following morning another attempt met with a similar fate. So end the matter for the present.
     Now I shall instance two cases to illustrate the above assertion:- Dr. M'Nair, who had a very severe attack, not only survives it, but is fast recovering. A Sub-Constable, Martin, (as had a case as had occurred here) was attacked on Thursday evening last; at four o'clock the following morning he was out of danger, and is now walking about.
     CROSSMOLINA- August 21- The Hearld of Fear and of desolation has disappeared. Cholera is extinct; having bequeathed to the potato crop its pestilential influence. We have had here, in all, thirty-nine cases and fourteen deaths. There are four remaining in hospital, but they are convalescent. I have no doubt that many lives would have been saved had an hospital been established at the commencement of the disease, but the politic "People" successfully opposed its occupancy by the patients for some days. Thus has human life been the sacrifice of ignorance and inhumanity. On Thursday last Captain Hamilton came out from Ballina and was met by E. Orme, Esq. the constabulary were called out, but fortunately had an occasion to act; the gentlemen alluded to having by their remonstrances, prevailed on the crowd to disperse were permitted quietly to effect the object which brought them together, viz. the establishment of an hospital. Ever since cholera has been on the decline, and we are now, than God, fairly rid of it.

     DESTRUCTIVE FLOOD- A correspondent of the Limerick and Clare Examiner, writes as follows from Killaloe:- "I hasten to inform you of the very disastrous effects of the mountain floods or rather water spouts, which burst on the mountain tops of Sluanmedon and Ballycugran, on Wednesday last, about three o'clock, p.m., the respective properties of Colonel G. Wyndham and Mr. Patterson. Having heard so many conflicting accounts of the amount of damage done to the crops in that locality I determined to visit the scene of destruction. I accordingly drove over yesterday. Oh! what a heart-rending scene men , women and children wading above their knees in mire and mud, picking up some little articles of furniture and washing them in the stream; others picking out of the mud turf, potatoes, &c., and carrying the other necessaries. Passing along the Scariff road, and immediately above the cottage residence of Marcus Patterson, Esq., the mountain appeared as if rent asunder, corn fields covered with the debris of the mountain surface, ditches levelled in the course of the flood. Many miles still further on we came to the residence of Mr. Patterson's steward, Foley. The account of the inmates here was truly frightful. The flood suddenly rose, and passing the house, was obstructed by a circular wall in front, where it rushed in through the open door. Here in an instant was to be seen floating about the large kitchen floor, children and cradles, hay, turf, ducks, geese, furniture, &c. The children were rescued by the courage of some present who opened an outlet for the water and at the imminent risk of their own lives saved the children and other inmates. Poor Foley and his wife were absent. Moving on further we perceived the destruction of property was on more extensive scale. An industrious poor man, named Thos. M.'Grath, has lost property to an immense amount, at least 100l worth, consisting of set potatoes, wheat, barley, and  a quantity of hay sound and in 'tram cocks.' His farm lies in the immediate view of the river. Going further we came to where the very pretty bridge of Anscarriga, built only last year, lay in ruins. Here a wide and awful gulf presented itself, ruin and destruction all around. Two very industrious and honest farmers named Daniel and James Cournee, brothers, resided before the bridge, so sudden was the rising of the flood they had not had time to save a single article.- Their furniture, bedding, clothes, butter, milk, and all floating down the torrent. Their all is gone, and the ricks of turf carried from the bog only last week totally swept away by the reckless flood; a vestige of their crops is not left behind. Nothing but stones and mud and gravel where the luxuriant wheat flowered only one hour before. Turnips and oats, wheat and potatoes, all one mess. Several other small farmers also suffered. Two brothers, named Molony, have lost 10 acres of prime meadow land. Taking it all in all, so much destruction of property has not occurred here in the memory of the oldest inhabitant. The appearance of the torrent rushing madly on was terrific, awfully grand-down it came toppling with the noise of thunder, carrying before it horses, cows, mules, asses, bridges, corn fields, hay, &c. into the Shannon.

     There is a new sect springing up in Ballinrobe called the "Sun Worshippers," who celebrate or offer their sacrifices in the unfinished walls of the new chapel; they have seceded from the parish chapel within the last month.--Mayo Constitution.
    
A man named Thomas Hogan, who was in despondency after the emigration of his family, flung himself into the Suir, at Clonmel, on Saturday last, and was drowned.
     Charles Fitzgerald, of Kilshavane (or Kilshavana), near Edenderry, a respectable farmer, in comfortable circumstances, left his own house on Thursday morning, with his gun to ramble the fields, and in about two hours after, his body was found suspended from a tree, the misguided man having put a period to his existence by strangulation with his own pocket handkerchief, which was tied around the neck. Deceased has left a wife and five children.
     On Thursday the body of a man (aged 60 years) named Michael Bannon, who resided near Lisduff, was found in an angle of a field, within two hundred yards of his dwelling in a mutilated state. There were several severe wounds on his head, inflicted by stones.
     The store room, in which the clothing of the paupers of the Thurles Union is kept, was broken open a few nights since by a pauper named Breen, who stole therefrom a quantity of apparel.
     Eight respectable persons and a soldier of the 85th died of cholera on Saturday at Dungarvan, where the Hon. Stewart Knox, 85th, Mrs. Kennedy, and sixty of the upper class are dangerously ill.
     At Roscommon races, on Tuesday, Mr. Irwin's "Novice" won a sweepstakes of 5 sovs. with 30 added, beating Mr. Persse's "Lord George," and four others.
    
 


MARRIED.

     In the Church of Castlebar, by the Rev. W.G. Jackson of Westport, Arthur Thomas, Esq. of Leighlin Bridge, Vice Guardian of the Union of Castlebar, to Jeannette, eldest daughter of John C. Larminie, Esq. of Spencer Park, Castlebar.

DIED

     At Killala, on the 15th instant, of cholera, John Kirkwood, Esq. The loss of this estimable Magistrate and Merchant is deeply regretted by all who knew him.
     At Killala, of cholera, the beloved wife of the Rev. William Bourke.
     In this town, on the 11th instant, of cholera, Charles Atkinson, Esq., coroner. This gentleman was much esteemed by all to whom he was known. and has left behind him a young and interesting family to mourn his loss.
     In this town on the 16th instant, after a protracted illness, the beloved and amiable wife of M.H. Devlin, Esq., M.D. At the same time, two of her children, who were interred along with her.
     In this town on the 9th instant, much and deservedly regretted, the beloved wife of Dr. M'Nair.
     In this town, on the 9th instant, of cholera, the beloved wife of Francis Knox, Esq., deeply regretted.
     In this town, after her confinement, Winifred, the beloved wife of Mr. Thomas Harte, Master of the Workhouse.
     On Monday, the 13th instant, at the Vicarage, Lacken, Helen, the beloved wife of the Rev. George Bermingham.
     In Ballinrobe, on the 17th instant, suddenly, in the 83d year of his age, Thomas Gildea, Esq. Clerk of the Peace for this county.
     August 10th at Killanley Glebe, aged 81 years, the Rev. James Burrows, Vicar of the united parishes of Castleconnor and Kilglass.
     In this town on the 18th instant, Mary, relic of the late George Rogers, Esq. She was sustained throughout a protracted illness by the consolation of the Gospel and her end was peace.
     Of cholera, at his residence in Sligo, on Tuesday last, Thomas Little, Esq., M.D. L.L.D. Surgeon of the County Infirmary. For upwards of 30 years he enjoyed, deservedly, the highest position as physician and surgeon in this province.

     John and Robert Eager, brothers, who had the fatal quarrel in Liverpool, where Robert shot the other, were from Milltown, county Kerry.
     Mr. S.W. Flanagan, nephew of the late Chief Baron Woulffe, has been appointed secretary to the commission for facilitating the sale of encumbered estates in Ireland. Mr. Flanagan is a member of the Irish bar, and at present fills the office of poor law inspector.
     On Friday, as two farmers (father and son) of the name of Grey, who were engaged in farming operations in a field within three miles of Cloghjorden, they were struck by lightning, the father above the knee and the son in the body. The horse, which they had ploughing, was laid prostrate by the electric field.
     In addition to the already accumulating stocks of Indian corn, there were entered at the Custom-house, Cork, Monday and Tuesday, no fewer than 7,151 qrs. for home consumption.
     Over 1,000 paupers left the Limerick workhouse during the last month, and a second of the auxiliary establishments will be closed next week. 5,000 in receipt of out door relief have been struck off the lists.
    Mr. W.B. Magan, one of the representatives of the county Westmeath, is to accept the Chiltern Hundreds. When a vacancy shall arise, Mr. John Ennis, High Sheriff of Dublin county, and a considerable proprietor in Westmeath, is to offer himself as a candidate.
     A magnificent banquet was given at Cove, on Wednesday, in celebration of the change of  name to "Queenstown." The Corporation of Cork attended.
     George Suffern, Esq., late Mayor of Belfast, having taken ill at Dublin Castle, on Wednesday, hastened home, where he died on Tuesday, of cholera. His sister died of the same disease on Wednesday, and since that day, the following have fallen victims to cholera in Belfast:- Mr. David Bishop, Mr. W. Tidd, Miss Jardine, and Miss Scott.
     Sir J. Ribton acquires a considerable accession to his property by the death of the Dowager Lady Ribton.
     Mr. Newenham is shortly to be married to the daughter of the Earl of Mountcashel.

THE POTATO

     A good deal of alarm has arisen within the last week regarding the potato crop in this district. Until the last few days, nothing could be finer than the appearance of the numerous fields around the town; with sorrow, however, we must confess it, that what we now see by no means realizes the fond hopes we had entertained of the character of this year's produce. Far and near the fell disease seems to have descended to crush those hopes and to blight the budding of returning prosperity. So far present appearances go, but we must not despair. It is well known that in very many instances last year, although the stalks were blasted the tubers were safe, and when we reflect upon the immense breadth of land set, we may fairly conclude that, even should destruction take place in a similar ration this season, we shall yet have an abundant supply of the root.
     We could not reasonably expect that the disease, existing as it has done for several consecutive years, should suddenly and mysteriously disappear. If it exists in a modified degree only, we ought to be thankful; and should this be the case, in conjunction with a bountiful return of every description of grain, it will surely be admitted that instead of desponding our hearts ought to be raised in gratitude to the Giver of all good.

     FREE TRADE- On Friday three vessels with maize, Saturday one and Sunday six. Large stocks of Indian corn are accumulating in market-no demand whatever. Best Galatz can be readily had at 6l. 10s. per ton.- Our markets continue to be well supplied with potatoes, free from disease, and really excellent in quality. They were sold as low on Saturday as 5 1/2d. per weight of 21 lbs.-- Cork Constitution.

EXECUTION IN LIMERICK

     Catherine Dillon, John Fogarty and John Frewen, were on Saturday executed in front of the gaol of Limerick. The unfortunate female seemed very weak and was supported to the drop by two of the Roman Catholic clergy in attendance. She wore a black mantle, the same which she wore at the trial. Frewen walked up firmly to the drop; when he made the following declaration of innocence, which he read from a paper:-
     "I most solemnly declare, in the presence of Almighty God, at whose judgment seat I am about to appear, that I am not guilty of the murder of Peter Nash, for which I am about to suffer, nor of any other murder. I was in my own house, in the company of Thady Brien, William Hogan, William Meehan and my sister, at the moment the murder was committed, and only left to carry the murdered man to his own house.
     "I also solemnly declare that I never entered into a conspiracy for the murder of Peter Nash.
     "I never during my life went to take arms, nor joined in any other Whiteboy offence.
     "I wish to state that never at any time, mentioned the name of Stretch as the person who discharged the gun at Nash.
     "I am entirely resigned to the will of God. I unite my sufferings and death to those of my Divine Redeemer, in whose merits all my hopes of eternal happiness are fixed. I freely forgive from my heart my prosecutors, all of whom swore falsely against me; and I pray to God to forgive them for their wicked perjury. I must earnestly beg the prayers of all who read this my solemn declaration.
                (Signed)        "JOHN FREWEN.
     "Signed in the presence of H. Woodburn, governor of the prison; Patrick Roche, John Hickie, Rev. J. Burnton, W. Burke, Chaplain."
     The following declaration was made by Fogarty:-
     "As I am to appear before my God for judgment on this day, I wish to declare solemnly that the statement made by some of the witnesses on my trial, that there was a sinful intimacy between me and Catherine Dillon, is totally false. I never during my life even harboured a bad thought regarding her.
               (Signed)        "JOHN FOGARTY.
     "Wm. Burke, Chaplain.
     "__ Fitzgerald, Gaoler."

     EXECUTION AT TULLAMORE- The execution of Hacket, who was found guilty at the last assizes of the murder of Lowe, near Ferbane, took place yesterday. There was scarcely any excitement in the town. At half past 11 o'clock a company of the 35th, in command of Ensign Moore, was drawn up in front of the jail, and shortly after a strong body of police inside the railing. About ten minutes past twelve the unfortunate man made his appearance, supported on either side by the Rev. Messrs. Cullery and Flood, Roman Catholic curates. He walked up the ladder quite firm, but shortly after became quite weak and nervous. He never spoke; and after Mr. Cullery consoling him, the fatal bolt was drawn, and he was launched into eternity. He died without the least struggle; he made no confession but signed a declaration, forgiving his prosecutors, &c.- There were very few persons present in consequence of the priest having on the previous Sunday stated that it was the wish of the prisoner that none should witness the execution. In less than half an hour the body was cut down and buried within the confines of the jail.- There seemed very little, if any, commiseration for the unfortunate man.--King's County Chronicle.

ADDRESS TO THE REV. MR. BRUSHE

     There appears in our advertising columns an address to the Rev. W.H. Brushe, on the occasion of his relinquishing the curacy of Straid, and it affords us a good deal of gratification to observe among the signatures that of the parish priest and others of the Roman Catholic persuasion. Mr. Brushe's exertions to relieve the distress of all classes of poor in his parish were unremetting during the short period of his residence amongst them, and has been duly appreciated.

ADDRESS
TO THE REV. W.H. BRUSHE,
Lately Curate of the Union of Straid.
___________________

     REV SIR- It is with feelings of the deepest regret that we your late parishioners address you on the occasion of your departing from amongst us. We can never forget your tender solicitude for the wants of the poor, your liberal and conciliating principles, together with your truly christian and gentlemanlike demeanor. Our grief, indeed would be unbounded, were it not that your removal from amongst us had been attended with greater worldly advantages than you enjoyed here.
    We hope that your present appointment may prove agreeable to you in every respect, and we shall always offer up our fervent prayers for your welfare in this life and your happiness in the next.
                            Foxford, August 3d, 1849.

John Fitzgerald, Joseph Atkinson, rev. John Corley, Patrick Corley, Timothy Deane, Eccles Gawley, M.D., E.H. Deane, J.T. Craster, 38th Regiment, C.E. Johns, 38th Regiment, Samuel Strogen, James Greenhalsh, Thomas R. Higgins, Richard Higgins, William Lundy, Richard Lundy, Frank Rutledge, James Rutledge, William Rutledge, John Robinson, John O'Brien (Dick), James O'Brien, John Becket, James Fair, sen., James Fair, jun., John Whitters, James O'Brien, sen., William Robinson, John Stephens, George Stewart, Andrew Robinson, Robert Reed, James Reed, John Hussey, Robert Neal, Samuel Whitters, John Johnson, Robert Strogen.

 

 

BALLINA CHRONICLE
Wednesday, August 29, 1849

BIRTHS

     In Sligo, on Monday last, Mrs. Robert M'Kim, of a daughter.
     In Sligo on the 20th inst., Mrs. W.B. Atkin, of a son.

MARRIED.

     On this morning by the Rev. Mr. Atkins, in the Methodist Chapel, Crossmolina, the Rev .Robert Campbell, Wesleyan Minister to Maria, second daughter of Henry Bourns, Esq. After breakfast the happy pair proceed to the hospitable residence of Samuel Bourns, Esq. Rossport House, uncle to the bride.
     At Hagfield, in this county, Alexander Henry, Esq., M.D. of Shadwell, London, to Maria, daughter of the late Coll M'Donnell, Esq.

DIED

     In Sligo, of Cholera, Archibald Montgomery, Esq., from the Poor Law Commissioners Office, Dublin.
     In Sligo, on Tuesday last, of cholera, Surgeon White.
     On Wednesday last, in Sligo, of Cholera, Mrs. Roy.
     On Monday, of cholera, Mrs. Maveety.

PASSENGER TRAFFIC WITH IRELAND.

     LIVERPOOL, Friday- A document has been issued by the Lords of the Privy Council, enforcing a new code of regulations in relation to the carriage of passengers between Ireland and the British shores. The communication is dated from the Council Chamber, Whitehall, August 7, and contains the following clauses:-
     "1. The number of deck passengers to be carried by a a paddle steamer, having no cargo on deck, shall be one passenger to every ton of the builder's tonnage.
     "2. The number to be carried by a paddle steamer, having cargo on deck, but none of it stowed shaft the paddle shaft, shall be one passenger to every registered ton.
    "3. The number to be carried when cargo (not live animals or poultry) is stowed shaft the paddle shaft, shall be three passengers to every two square yards clear space abaft the paddle shaft.
    "4. The number to be carried when live animals or poultry are stowed shaft the paddle shaft shall be fixed with reference to the arrangement of the vessel and cargo, so as to provide, as nearly as possible, two square yards for every three passengers, in a part of the vessel separate from the cattle and live stock.
     "5. Screw steamers, in which the deck passengers are allowed to go below, and are accommodated with space on the lower deck for one half their numbers, or on that on which the bulwarks are raised, and a spar deck constructed so as to afford protection to the passengers on deck, shall be licensed to carry the same number of passengers in each case as paddle-steamers.
     "6. Screw steamers on which these provisions are not made shall be licenses to carry only one passenger to every four tons of the registered tonnage.
     "7. The properties of the passengers to be carried in the months of November, December, January, February and March, shall be two-thirds the number allowed in the other months."
     Captain Dunham has also addressed a memorandum to the owners of steamers employed in the conveyance of passengers, recommending additional regulations, as follows:-
                    "Custom house, Liverpool, Aug. 10
      "I am commanded by the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade to strongly impress upon the owners of steam vessels employed in the conveyance of passengers the propriety of making some provisions for the health and cleanliness of those on board, by furnishing them with a sufficient supply of tarpaulin to protect them from the weather and from the washing of the sea, and also by providing water closets for their use.
     "Although the Lords have not thought it necessary to make these provisions compulsory, as they might do, by returning certificates  till they should be complied with, they nevertheless attach a great importance to them, and will hear the subject in mind with a view to future legislation, should they find, by experience, that a necessity exists for more stringent provisions to compel the adoption of these reasonable measures.
     "H.M. DENHAM, Captain, R.N.,
      Steam Navigation Inspector."

SALMON FISHERIES

     A meeting of the Conservators of this district was held at the court-house on Monday. The Conservators present were - W.B. Halliday, W. Malley, (Turlow,) John Little, John M'Culloch, Esqrs. John C. Larminie, Esq., also attended.
     W.H. Halliday, Esq., was voted to the chair, when it was proposed by John M'Culloch, Esq. and seconded by W. Malley, Esq., that Mr. Wm. Little be requested to act as clerk for the ensuing year at a salary of 30 per annum.
     There not being a sufficient number of Conservators present, it was thought advisable to adjourn the meeting to a future day, to be yet named, to carry out other matters of importance that will be brought forward on the next day of meeting.

    THE HARVEST- New oats was offered for sale in this market on Monday last, and very soon the sickles will be in full operation. The blight in the potato, the appearance of which we noticed last week, has not increased.

STATE OF THE BALLINA WORKHOUSE.
Week Ended 18 Aug 1849

     Remaining on last Saturday night...3,014
     Admitted during the week.............   296
     Born............................................       1
                    Total.............................3,311
     Discharged........................287
     Died..................................   6         283 [should be 293]
           Remaining on the above date.. 3,018
                    P.M. M'NULTY, Clerk of the Union

BALLINA FEVER HOSPITAL

Remaining on last Saturday night...      100
Admitted during the week.............         5
                                                         105
Discharged, cured      14
Died                            3                      17
Remaining this Sat. 18th Aug, 1849...   88
                WM. KEARNEY, Steward

 

 

     A MAN CONSUMED IN A LIME KILN- On Friday last a fatal and very horrible accident took place at Tulbridbritain, beyond Freshford. A man of the name of Thomas Shea was engaged in burning lime, and having been left by himself at the kiln for some time he was afterwards found absent. it was at first supposed that he had gone to some of the neighbouring houses for a few minutes and therefore no uneasiness was felt till he was found not to have returned for a considerable period. - The horrible conviction that he had been consumed in the kiln then forced itself on the minds of the people present, and upon searching, some calcined bones, and the burned haft of his tobacco knife were discovered amongst the lime. The unfortunate man must have walked across the kiln at a time when the lower stones had been consumed, and the consequence was that the mass sunk beneath him and he met a most shocking death.--Kilkenny Moderator.
    
LOCAL GOLD DIGGINGS- On Saturday evening some labourers employed in knocking down an old house at the corner of James-street and High-street in this city, in the course of their operations turned up some old guineas and sovereigns which had lain concealed in the rubbish under the boards of the former shop. The news of this discovery having gone abroad the lower orders of our social public, who crowded to the site of the gold-finding and proposed to join immediately in the digging. This however, the labourers employed in the work peremptorily refused to permit, being resolved that all the expected treasure should be their property. We believe that the entire produce of this Kilkenny Sacramento was two guineas, one of which was light, and six sovereigns.--Kilkenny Moderator.

     Friday night a man named Robert Ward, twine-spinner, of James's-street, Limerick, while quarrelling with his wife and daughter, took a red hot poker out of the fire, and struck his wife a tremendous blow on the head with the weapon which deprived her of life.

ATTEMPTED SUICIDE OF THE BARRACK MASTER OF ATHLONE

     Considerable excitement prevailed during the Monday night and Tuesday in Athlone, in consequence of a rumour that Mr. Samuel Lamb, Barrack-master and storekeeper in that garrison, had suddenly and unaccountably disappeared. It was with some difficulty that we could obtain the particulars, which may be stated in a few words:-On Monday between seven and eight o'clock, Mr. Lamb left his quarters in the barracks, first having deposited his watch, keys and money (about 15) on his dressing table and dressed himself in a suit of cast off clothes; later in the evening he was accosted on the bank of the canal by an acquaintance, but since he has not been heard of. A number of persons have been engaged in dragging the canal and river, but as yet no clue has been obtained either of the manner or cause of his disappearance.--Westmeath Independent.
    
On this day (Wednesday) the body of Mr. Lamb was picked up on the Leinster side of the Shannon, to which place the current of the river carried it. The body was at once conveyed to the Barracks, until an inquest is holden upon it; and from the variety of strange and conflicting rumours afloat as to the causes which prompted the rash act, we do not wish to enter further into detail until investigation takes place.

INQUEST

     Just as we were going to press, an inquest was held on view of the body by Mr. Edward Lynch. The following verdict was returned:- "We find that Samuel S. Lamb was found drowned in the river Shannon, on the Leinster side of the town, county Westmeath, on the 22d instant." -Athlone Sentinel

     Two swift slave steamers lately made their appearance on the west coast of Africa and succeeded in embarking their human cargoes, and escaping the pursuit of several British cruisers.

EMIGRATION TO THE COLONIES

     The Government appears to be anxious to do something for the Irish unions, by sending to our distant possessions some of the youngest and healthiest of our superabundant pauper population. It is reported that a certain number of young people are to be selected from each union, and that having passed an examination before the Emigration Agent they are to be taken under the charge of the government until provided with employment abroad. We are glad to hear that the Ballina Union has been visited by Mr. Henri, who is appointed to make the selection, and some very fine and healthy girls are expecting to receive the benefit of the grant. Those who have been able to manifest any signs of education have been preferred, and this is as it should be. We have no right to flood our colonies with ignorance and degradation, if we can supply them with individuals who will be likely to prove useful members of society. There would be little likelihood of our youth distinguishing themselves beyond the class of farmservants and labourers if they cannot exhibit something besides the raw material. It is creditable to our youth to witness the anxiety which they manifest to rescue themselves from a state of pauperism and dependence. Although their destination is a far distant land, we cannot help anticipating for them new and better days, where industry and application will win for them character and remuneration. Our Irish youths need not fear to compete with any other nation when their energy and strength are rightly directed. This will be the case in the colonies. A fair demand for labor there must be in all probability, and any of our intelligent girls will soon be occupying a position in life which they never could have expected to arrive at in the west of Ireland, where the prospects, at least for some few years, are not very promising. On the subject of emigration to Australia we should wish to throw out a hint. Why are there not more facilities granted to all classes in reference to information on the subject? No one seems to know how he is to get to Australia, and to whom he is to refer to for instructions. The superiority of the more distant British dependencies over America cannot for a moment be doubted; but there appears an unwillingness on the part of many to encounter extra labour and trouble when the United States can be reached from our own seaports. Why should the poor emigrant be compelled to travel to the distant harbours of England before he can be shipped for the more desirable ground for settlers? Every facility ought to be afforded to the active and enterprising to enable him to turn his thoughts and his talents to the best advantage.


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