IRELAND OLD NEWS
The Gazette of the United States
May 12, 1798
Extract of a letter from a gentleman in New York, who arrived from Ireland in
"While we were at Cork, a conspiracy was discovered of great magnitude, Lord Edward Fitzgerald, counsellors M'Neil , Ewett and Sampson, &c. were found in the act of sitting as the DIRECTORY OF IRELAND, with all the commissions for the Navy and Army signed and disposed of, but a week before St. Patrick's day, the day fixed on for a general massacre. Fitzgerald and Sampson escaped, through one side of the coach, while the officers were entering at the other. They will, however, it is not doubted, be apprehended. The others were secured. Nothing further had transpired when we came off."
The above intended business of massacre, is called in the Aurora of this morning, "a general rising of the people."
Greenleaf's New York Journal and Patriotic Register
May 19, 1798
Extract from the Freeman's Journal of the 13th instant.
"Yesterday at eleven o'clock, one of his majesty's messengers, attended by a civil and military power, proceeded to the house of Mr. Oliver Bond, in Bridge-street, upon an information which had been received by Government, that the Provincial Committee of the United Irishmen of Leinster were to assemble there for the purpose of treason.
"A committee of fourteen delegates were found sitting, and immediately taken into custody; and many material papers, containing proofs of a serious nature were found upon them. Mr. Bond was not in the room of the meeting, but papers affecting him are said to have been found in his pocket. We have not yet received a list of the delegates, nor any particulars of their examination.
"At the same time we understand, Dr. M'Nevin was apprehended at his lodgings near the Four Courts; and Counsellor Emmett in Stephen's green, John Sweetman in Francis street, and Henry Jackson and Son in Church street. Warrants are also said to have been issued for apprehending Richard M'Cormick, Counsellor Samson, and Lord Edward Fitzgerald. Lord Edward Fitzgerald. Lord Edward was missed by the person who had the warrant against him, tho' he appeared in many parts of the town - the others are not discovered.
"The murder of Mr. Buckley, a gentleman residing in the neighbourhood of Naas, adds one more to the horrid assassinations which disgrace this country."
The above information is confirmed by private letters, except in the instance of Counsellor Emmet, who has fled; and so has Counsellor Sampson and Lord Edward Fitzgerald.
The following extract of a private letter gives some further interesting particulars:
"We have been in great dismay and consternation during the last 24 hours. Yesterday a party of military searched Leinster house for Lord Edward Fitzgerald, who had been walking in the streets at his cafe only a short time before; but the search was in vain as he made his escape. While the military were searching Leinster house, Oliver Bond, and 16 others, were taken up as they were sitting in council and were conducted under a strong guard to the castle. As the lord chancellor was returning from thence to his carriage, which was in the street, the mob outside who were numerous, closed round him so as to prevent his passing, on which one of the attendants requested him to step into a shop, till the crowd was dispersed. This he refused to do, and putting his hands into his pockets, he drew out a pistol from each and holding them in his hands, declared that he would shoot the man that obstructed his passage. On this the mob gave way, and opened to the right and left, leaving him room to pass to his carriage which he did without further obstruction. About five o'clock his lordship walked through the streets alone, shewing a preference of mind and a degree of courage which has always characterized him.
"Every day brings further accounts of new murders; and the report has been very general here that St. Patrick's day was marked for the destruction of the well affected, and of every person immediately connected with government. The yeomanry corps had charge of this city, while the regulars were in search of the conspirators. But several persons have escaped, and it is feared that many papers that would have thrown a light on the subject have been destroyed. Those who are taken up have also been lodged some at Kilmainham gaol, and others at the Custom-house.
"I am happy to say that Sir Henry Mannix, who was reported to be dead, is recovered and likely to do well.
"It is said that lord Fitzgerald escaped by jumping out of a window, and that he was seen to take the road to Manawar; but it is not thought that he can escape from the kingdom."
On the receipt of the above advices, a council was summoned at lord Grenville's office, which sat four hour in the evenings; and yesterday when the service of the chapel royal was over a council of the cabinet ministers was held on the affairs of Ireland, at which the duke of Portland, earls of Chatham, Spencer, and Westmoreland, the lord Chancellor and Mr. Windham attended. The deliberations (which had been previously discussed the preceding night at lord Grenville's office) continued about 20 minutes, after which the duke of Portland and lord Chancellor had a conference with the king till four o'clock; and in the evening Mr. Hyde the messenger, was sent back to Dublin Castle, with orders to use all possible expedition.
The following circumstances relative to the news from Ireland are sent to us by a correspondent.
The advices are of a very serious and alarming nature, and contain an account of the discovery of a most horrid plot to sacrifice the kingdom to the views of the French republic.
"In consequence of the evidence which has been produced from papers found in the possession of the person now in custody in this country, by which were also implicated many persons in Ireland, government thought it adviseable to direct their apprehension.
Warrants were accordingly issued, and the house of Mr. Bond searched, where sixteen persons were apprehended and their papers seized. Lord Edward Fitzgerald was in the house at the time, but there being no warrant for his apprehension, he could not then be taken into custody, and therefore escaped.
The papers seized are said to be of a most treasonable nature, no less than to give up the country to the French.- The day fixed upon was Saturday last, the anniversary of St. Patrick, which being kept as a festival, it was imagined that advantage could be taken of the inebriety of the people; and an attempt was made to seize all the principal officers of the government.
It was expected that the French would have a force ready to co-operate with the Irish rebels, and thus decided the revolution by a coup de mein.
Mr. Pyle and Mr. Major arrived in town yesterday morning from Ireland, with further dispatches. Lord Edward Fitzgerald had not been taken when they left Ireland.
It was last night currently reported that the kingdom of Ireland was put under martial law.
Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser
June 5, 1798
Cork, April 7.
I sit down to present you with a true, but frightful picture of this distracted province (Munster). My residence the last seven years in Great Britain, gave me, in common with the rest of Englishmen, the same opinion of them of the state of this country; but I shall now endeavor to lay before you a detailed account of the impressions of my mind on contemplating this gloomy and distressing picture.
Various parts of the province are in actual rebellion- and the only thing for me is, to detail the events which are hourly happening, in order that you may form your own conclusions.
At Cashel, a feigned attack was made by a military party; the insurgents were trepanned into an ambuscade; orderly resistance became impossible; several were killed and wounded, some taken prisoner, and some of the military wounded.
The town of Cahir was attacked by five parties of insurgents; no army happened to be in town; it is a large town; the whole place was plundered of its arms, and the insurgents completely successful.
At Clonmell an attack was apprehended of a similar nature; general Eustace made proper preparations; a soldier was placed in every house; no attack was made.
At Cork, last night, several divisions filed off into the country-some under the command of general Myers, others of the yeomanry and military under their respective commanders. The parties took their different routs. The general proceeded with the yeomanry some distance. Three men were brought in, and some fire arms taken.
On the roads, various efforts are to be met in all directions conveying prisoners.. Assassinations are as frequent as ever. The house of a Mr. Sopford, an amiable and much esteemed clergyman, was attacked for arms. There is no house through the country that has not been attacked, where there was left suspicion of arms being found. The Cork assizes are not yet commenced; but hordes are confined in the jails; crouds daily apprehended; and a kind of stern indifference is manifest on the brow of those supposed not unfavorable to the cause of those arrested.
Most candidly do I state the following as my general observations on the whole of our present disastrous and eventful situation. A system of terror prevails on both sides and, to be middle, is to have one's loyalty wickedly and artfully misrepresented by some, though this medium be necessary, not to expose on to attack from the other. The link which united the landlord and his tenant in many places is broken; and a kind of actual avowed co-operation required from every gentleman to the measures of admiration. The great and deplorable calamity of this system is, that society is broken down; and the mild persuasion of an honorable and independent man lost to the wholesome operation of unbiassed justice; and yet who can truly presume to say that the man, who sits with a bleeding heart regarding this horrible scene of devastation, is unfavorable to the cause of regular government, because he declines activity.
The first error of this system is, that the military attacks are absolutely disciplining the peasantry; for, on the rumor of the army coming, they quit their homes, rendezvous, watch their departure; and, when the spies return, they proceed in organizing as before. The peasants are therefore learning discipline.
The second engine of social dissolution is the universal spirit which appears to us to pervade the country, of paying no rents, suffering their lands to be drove, but no person dares to become a purchaser; the corn and cattle are seized, but the purchaser cannot be found.
The third evil is the declining state of the cultivation of the land. - Parts of this country are not tilled, which used to be rich in agriculture.
The military and yeomanry are harrassed and daily exhausted by marches and counter-marches.
The insurgents parade when no force is suspected; and they retreat into morasses where no force can follow them. Mountainous and hilly as this country is, if affords and impenetrable asylum for the cautious, and the unsuspected only, or the innocent are exposed to the fury of a disappointed soldiery.
The risings are not local or temporary; the county of Kerry, which has long been quiet, exhibits the same disposition-and the county of Limerick, which, in the lord chancellor's speech, was considered as one of the peaceable counties, is not proclaimed- two regiments, which served on the continent, are sent against the insurgents, who are said to parade in open day.
A detachment of four troops of cavalry and some foot, proceeded last night under general Myers to lord Barrymore's, some distance from Cork; a suspected man was taken into custody by lord B. but nothing material resulted from the expedition.
These are simple and unexaggerated facts.- Let it be remembered, that the physical strength of the country is the lower orders; let all these evils be examined with candor; let their present and consequent evils be taken into view; let it be recollected that if silence is imposed, conviction is not the necessary consequence; let the danger of the intrigues of faction and of a powerful enemy, be cautiously considered; let the feelings of the multitude, exasperated on their part, by frequent sufferings, exemplary punishment, and still sending men untried on board a tender; let the old abusers in the polity; the calls of placemen, pensioners and courtiers, all be taken into consideration-and let the honest and virtuous supporter of government be found, who can put his hand on his heart and say-Ireland can be tranquilized-terror must prevail.
June 8, 1798
Dublin, April 2
Government in this kingdom had for a long time submitted
to the violence of its enemies and the reproaches of its friends. It contented
itself with adhering to the rules of our constitution, and the forms of our law,
in favor of those who preached up one as a mockery and the other as an
abomination. It rested in an unaccountable reserve, and looked only to positive
statues and established maxims, while magistrates were murdered -while witnesses
were undergoing assassination -while juries were intimidated - while nocturnal
house breaking, pillage and bloodshed, formed the common subject of
correspondence and conversation. It was thus tame and suffered all who wished it
well to suffer in person or in mind until the constitution of king, lords, and
commons, became the common scoff of the vulgar - until no magistrates could be
found to act - until no juries could be found to discharge the obligation of an
oath - until country and town were filled with assassinations, many committed at
noon day - and until, as a consequence of this mistaken clemency, the rebels
were enabled to take the field, and shocking to a standard, to declare against
the King, and in favour of the French.
Gen. Abercromby has headed the Royal Force as commander in chief. It would be indecorous to anticipate the official statements of so able an officer, by reports, however credibly made or respectably authenticated. As yet nothing more has taken place, then deserves the name of skirmishing -but it is certain that the rebels have dared to appear in force, though they have not ventured to risk the consequence of a general engagement. Whenever his majesty's troops have advanced, after a show of hostility, and an exchange of fire for a few minutes, the rebels have retreated in confusion and dismay.
The best effects are already felt from the proclamation issued by government, in consequence of the rebellion; confidence has revived - contracts are entered into - the funds have risen, and the public are generally impressed with an idea, that the trade of assassination, and the reign of terror, are at an end.
July 5, 1798
Dublin, April 18
At a moment so awfully critical as the present, when rebellion has dared to shew its head in various parts of the kingdom- and when the French are openly and avowedly making the most formidable preparations for invasion, the conduct of certain characters might be expected to take an active part on the side of their sovereign and country, is a subject of general speculation. Cold - reserved - inactive, not disapproving by words or deeds the progress of treason to all other men, with the insensibility of muscovites. We do not say that the public have a right to demand an explanation of their motives for so strange a torpor, when every man who means to oppose the rebels, and the French is sensibly alive to the dangers with which we are threatened; but this obvious truth flashes on every mind-if we should perish in the conflict, they will merit eternal and the blackest reproach- and if the constitution of Kings, Lords, and Commons shall survive the storm which is gathering to cover them all with one destruction, they will be entitled to no thanks.
It is said that in Limerick, twenty united men came voluntarily forward and took the oath of allegiance, declaring that they had no arms concealed. - By way of proving their sincerity, their houses were searched, and arms found in them all. This will shew what will be the consequent of lenient measures indiscriminately pursued.
A remarkable instance of the treachery and cowardice of the United Irishmen (a name expressive of every thing which vitiate or degrade human nature) and the gallantry of a private of the 7th Dragoon Guards, occurred on Thursday night, near Philipstown, in the King's County - in a skirmish with 6, he dispatched 2, wounded a third and dispersed the rest.
Herald of Liberty
July 10, 1798
Philadelphia, July 10.
Extract of a Letter dated Wexford, April 18, received by the Draper.
"Our whole country is now like a place of rebellion, as the people in general are fighting against the government, &s severe are the laws against the former, that the military in different parts of the kingdom, nay in this country, are authorized to go into people's houses at night, and if it is their pleasure, to set fire to them and kill the owners, which they may do without being brought to any account for doing."
Wexford is one of the last counties that might be expected to oppose government, being inhabited by the descendants of the English who extirpated the aborigines a few centuries ago, and who until the present occasion, have retained all the intolerance and hatred of the mere Irish, that distinguished their Seven ancestors.
...Letters by the Draper depict the state of Ireland in April as the verge of a stupendous explosion - The following article was stuck on the gates and doors of churches, chapels, court houses, and the seats of the principal nobility and gentry in every part of Ireland in one night, the 30th of April, and caused a dismal state of alarm and suspense - Great rewards were offered for the discovery of any persons concerned in circulating or posting the bills; but without effect:
"O, Ireland! Ireland! The hour approaches; it is time to nerve the arm & steel the heart; the cry of nature will no longer be in stifled; upon their heads be the guilt who first stirred up the peoples hearts - who first pointed out the road to reform, and inculcated its necessity, till their own selfish ends were gained - but now, exposed, blasted, and undone, no longer able to misguide or disunite, who seem determined to light up one general conflagration through the land, and rather than yield to justice and reform, take their own chance to perish in the flames,
"Many a gallant heart must meet the stroke of death; - many an aspiring head must be laid low; many a proud man must be humbled with the dust; many a widow, many an orphan, must deplore their loss; - But the great work of justice will proceed, and the same hand that guided America, France, and Holland, to freedom, will lead, long oppressed Ireland through the boisterous night of civil war, to happiness and peace.
"Irishmen, above all, be true and loyal to your country; and cursed be he amongst you who proves recreant! Death is a debt that one time must be paid. Who would not rather yield his life, with honor for his country, than live some few years of wretched slavery, despised, disgraced?
Tarah, May 1, 630th year of the captivity.
August 2, 1798
ENGLAND - LIVERPOOL, May 24.
LORD EDWARD FITZGERALD.
The Brestford Packet, belonging to Mess. Lake and Brown, arrived yesterday from Dublin, by which vessel we have received papers of so late a date as May the 21st, which gave us the following information.
"Information having been received that Lord Edward Fitzgerald was concealed in the house of Mr. Murphy, a feather merchant, in Thomas street; Mr. Justice Swan, Major Sirr, and the Captain Ryan, went there between the hours of six and seven o'clock on Saturday evening last, with a party of soldiers in two carriages.
"Whilst Major Sirr and Capt. Ryan were placing the guard, to prevent an escape, Mr. Swan got into a small outer office, and from thence into the loser part of the house, and went up stairs, where meeting a woman, he pushed her down, and got into a room on the first floor, where he found a decanter with the remains of some wine, and some glasses on the table, with chairs around it; meeting no person there, he rushed into a back room two stories high, where he found Murphy, the owner of the house, standing in the room, Lord Edward lying in the bed with his coat off, and his breeches and stockings on. Mr. Swan informed his Lordship, he had a warrant against him for High Treason, was sorry for his situation, but he should receive from him every polite treatment suitable to his rank. His Lordship immediately rose up in the bed, darted at him, and he, Mr. Swan, feeling something, as if a pistol was snapped at him saw Lord Edward snatch a dagger from under the clothes, with which he made several stabs at him, which passed through his clothes without wounding him.
"His Lordship then closed upon Mr. Swan, shortened the dagger, and gave him a stab in the side, under the left breast, having first changed it from one hand to the other over his shoulder (as Mr. Swan thinks;) although severely wounded, he was unwilling to take his Lordship's life, and desired him frequently to surrender, and endeavoured to wrest the dagger from him, and in the scuffle, his Lordship made many violent attempts to repeat his blow; finding the blood running from him, and the impossibility to restrain him, he was compelled, in the defence of his own life, to discharge a double barreled pistol at his Lordship, and wounded him in the shoulder, he fell on the bed, but recovering himself, ran at him with the dagger, which Mr. Swan caught by the blade with one hand, and endeavoured trip him up; Capt. Ryan directed by the report of the pistol, ran up into the room and found Mr. Swan bleeding and entangled with Lord Edward; Mr. Swan said to Ryan, "he has murdered me," on which Ryan threw himself upon Lord Edward and Swan, and was then stabbed by his Lordship. On Capt. Ryan's approach, Lord Edward made a strong effort, and forced the dagger from Mr. Swan, and rushing on Ryan, gave him a desperate wound in the belly and several other places.
"Major Sirr then came up, and seeing Lord Edward entangled with Mr. Swan, made at Lord Edward. The soldiers then came up, and would have instantly put his Lordship to death, if they had not been restrained. Here Lord Edward was surrounded and disarmed, and brought prisoner to the castle. Capt. Ryan was so badly wounded he was obliged to remain in the house for some time, from whence he was removed to the house of Mr. Lawrence Tigh, of Thomas-street, where he remains dangerously ill. Mr. Swan, after depositing his prisoner in the castle, was carried to his house, having refused to have his wounds dressed until the surgeons had first attended Lord Edward."
[This Nobleman, who is brother to the Duke of Leinster has greatly excited the public curiosity. On the 11th May, the Lord Lieutenant and Council of Ireland, after a strict examination proclaimed him as guilty of High Treason, and offered one thousand pounds sterling reward for his apprehension.]
Massachusetts Spy (Worcester Gazette)
Aug 8, 1798
REBELLION IN IRELAND
[By Messrs Berksdal and Monkhouse, from London, we have received a small file of the Morning Herald, to June 9. They contain not an article of news from the continent but, we are sorry to observe, are almost exclusively filled with accounts from Ireland, of a dangerous and destructive rebellion having broke out, with increased and aggravated cruelty. At Wicklow, Carlow and Wexford, great destruction has been committed, particularly in the later county, of which the following are some particulars.] Boston Com. Gazette.
From the LONDON MORNING CHRONICLE, of June 9th.
The Dublin Mail of the 4th inst. arrived yesterday, by which we have received newspapers and letters of that date. No bulletin relative to the operations of the army had been published by Government for two preceding days, and from the general complexion of our private advices, we are apprehensive that they were in possession of no intelligence of which would afford any satisfaction to the friends of order and tranquility. There has been no general action, and it is now supposed that the Rebels, conscious of their inability to cope successfully with the King's troops in fair and open combat, mean to confine themselves, for the present, to a ??? of partial and predatory warfare, by which only they can expect to hold out for any length of time, or to supply their grand body with the immense quantities of provisions which they must necessarily consume. In pursuance of this plan, they frequently issue forth from their head quarters, on the Wexford Mountain, and some smart skirmishing has lately been the consequence of those movements. For the most part, victory has been favorable to his Majesty's forces; but in one affair, we lament to state, the Insurgents have unfortunately triumphed, and the defeat of the Royal army has been of the most disastrous nature. A detachment of the military, under the command of the Colonel Lambert Walpole, nephew to Lord Walpole, and Deputy Adjutant General in Ireland, consisting, according to some accounts, of between five and six hundred, but according to others, of only three hundred, with several pieces of artillery, being on their march from the neighborhood to Ross to cooperate with the main army under Generals Eustace, Fawcett, and Johnstone, who had formed a plan of attacking the Rebels in their fastness in three different points, were surprised by the numerous body of the Rebels, who, while they were passing a defile, rushed suddenly upon them, and commenced a vigorous attack. The military resisted with the utmost valour, and an obstinate and bloody conflict ensued, which, painful to relate, terminated in the defeat of his Majesty's troops, and the death of their gallant commander, colonel Walpole, a very deserving and highly esteemed officer, who is stated to have been literally blown to pieces by a cannon shot. The loss of the Insurgents on this occasion, which must have been immense, is not mentioned, nor has any correct account of that Military been yet received. The statements which have come to hand are various and contradictory; some computing it at only one hundred men killed, while others make it amount to three hundred.
The articles of intelligence contained in the Dublin papers speak of new plots, of conspiracies and arrests; And report that some advantages have been obtained over the Wexford Rebels, the grand body of whom are supposed to be completely surrounded by his Majesty's forces. Mr. Baron, an eminent tailor, to whom the rank of Major General in the rebel army had been offered, was hanged on Carlisle bridge on Monday last, pursuant to the sentence of Court Martial. Military Law has been proclaimed in the city of Limerick, and on the whole, the situation of Irish affairs appears to become more dreadful and lamentable every day. We still, however, remain in hopes that the vigorous measures pursuing by government to quell the daring and infamous rebellion will, erelong, prove completely successful. As many troops as can be spared from other parts of the country are on their march toward the insurgent counties of Wexford, Carlow and Wicklow; but as the disaffected state of the North, as well as the South renders it unsafe to draw the military in any great number from those quarters, ten thousand men, including several regiments of cavalry, are immediately to be sent from England, for the purpose of aiding those who are at present on their march to attack the Rebels. No time is to be lost in sending this reinforcement. The insurgents we doubt not, may be speedily subdued, and the country restored to tranquility by a timely exertion of our military strength; but, if the blow is deferred until the appearance of foreign aid to the Rebels, there is too much reason to fear that the whole kingdom will exhibit one dreadful scene of rebellion and carnage.
Aug 8, 1798
REVOLUTION IN IRELAND.
London, May 22 to June 9.
May 22. The affairs of Ireland have at length arrived at the most alarming and melancholy pitch. After the capture of Lord Fitzgerald and the consequent developments of the plans of the United Irishmen, and other insurgents; - (on of which was to possess themselves of the city of Dublin and the castle) government was necessitated to declare the metropolis and other places in a state of rebellion. Hostilities immediately commenced. The rebel village of Lacklan (17 houses) was destroyed. Several bloody fracas took place even in the centre of Dublin. The Parliament addressed the Lord Lieutenant in terms of the most unshaken loyalty.
May 29. Several hundred rebels were killed at Sagara and Naas. In the counties of Dublin, Kildare, and Meath, the rebellion was openly supported; and several severe actions have taken place, in which, although the rebels have fought well, they were defeated with immense laughter. At Dunboyne a party has been dispersed. In most instances His Majesty's loyal troops have conquered.
May 30. Five counties are not in a state of rebellion viz. Dublin, Kildaire, Meath, Wicklow, and Carlow. In the two latter the rebels have lost at Hacketstown and Baltinglass, 500 men; besides many more at Clare, Ballinor, Barretstown, Lucan and Lusk. Kilcullen and a part of Carlow have been destroyed by the rebels; - at the latter place 400 of them "bit the dust;" whole carcasses were left "to taint the wind." Kilkenny, Tipperary, Waterford and Cork are perturbed; and the vicinity of the metropolis is threatened. LEDWICH, KEOGH, Dr. ESMOND, leaders and 18 other rebels have been executed at Dublin. The rebels have destroyed the bridge at Kilcullen and taken possession of a few unimportant ports.
JUNE 1. The rebels have been defeated at Taragh-Hill, 10 miles from Dublin, by the Fencibles and Yeomanry - 35 rebels killed, no quarters allowed. The loyal troops had about 30 killed and wounded. Four thousand rebels at Kildaire have laid down their arms and given up their leaders, who will be hung.
JUNE 4. Sir JAMES DUFF has retaken Kildaire, killed 240 rebels besides wounded. The rebels are in force in Wexford, and have cut off a detachment of the 13th regiment commanded by Lt. Colonel COLVELLE. It is said 7000 insurgents possess Wexford. Col. LONGFIELD has driven the rebels from Rathingan, in Westford county, killing 50 odd of them.
JUNE 5. Gen. FAWCETT with a detachment of the Meath regiment has been surrounded near Duncanon Fort and defeated; but effected his retreat to the fort. Newtownbarry, has been taken by the rebels, but has been retaken by assault, by Col. L'ESTRANGE, 500 of the rebels were killed. A party of them has been defeated at Caslon.- The insurgent camp at Blackmare hill, is broken up, 1000 rebels have been defeated by a 100 regulars. At Goree 140 of the rebels have been killed. At Ballycanew 200 have been slain; and at Rochflung, a party of them who were plundering were defeated.
JUNE 6. The North of Ireland is affected; at Belfast martial law has been declared by Major Gen. Sir CHARLES ASGILL.
JUNE 7. The rebellion still rages in Wicklow, Carlow, and Wexford. Many of the insurgents are killed; and many inhabitants are obliged to fly to Wales for refuge.
JUNE 8. The great body of the rebels is posted on Wexford heigth near the sea. They count 15000 with 8 pieces of artillery and a strong position. They swear to die in the last ditch, or throw themselves into the sea. The city of Wexford is retaken. The rebels lost 900 and the King's troops many from the 4-feet pikes of the insurgents, against which the bayonet was useless. A general action with the rebels is momently expected. An attack was in contemplation when the last accounts came away. In one instance the rebels have conquered. -- Col. WALPOLE, with a detachment of 500 men, with artillery, proceeding to join the main army, commanded by Gens. Eustace, Fawcett and Johnston, and to cooperate with them in the general attack was assailed in a defile and defeated. The Colonel and 300 more were killed, and the party left five pieces of artillery. The rebels live in tents and nightly send out foraging parties to collect provisions. But as they have no arrangements and but small finances, their complete subjugation may be expected;- and the arm of government made strong by the measure. Martial law is declared at Limerick.
Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser
August 11, 1798
LONDON, June 4
REBELLION IN IRELAND.
London Gazette, Saturday, June 2
Dublin Castle, May 29, 1798
Official report from major-general, sir James Duff, dated Monastereven, May 29, 1798.
I marched from Limerick on Sunday morning, with 60 dragoons, the Dublin militia, their field pieces, with 2 curricle guns, to open the communication with Dublin, which I judged of the utmost importance to government. By means of cars for the infantry, I reached this place in 48 hours. I am now, at 7 o'clock this morning (Monday) marching to surround the town of Kildare, the head quarters of the rebels, with 7 pieces of artillery, 140 dragoons, and 350 infantry. I have left the whole country behind me perfectly quiet, and well protected by means of the troops and yeomanry corps. I hope to be able to forward this to you by the mail coach, which will escort to Naas. I am sufficiently strong. You may depend upon my prudence and success. My guns were well mannered, and the troops in high spirits. The cruelties that have been committed on some of the officers and men, have exasperated them to a great degree. Of my future operations, I will endeavour to inform you.
New Jersey Journal
Aug 14, 1798
DUBLIN, May 31.
We are extremely happy to announce that, in
several parts of the country, numbers of the infatuated peasantry are coming in,
surrendering their arms, and taking the oath of allegiance. In the neighbourhood
of Coolock, we hear, no less than 500 have come in in the course of Tuesday, and
the day before, acknowledging their crimes, and delivering up their arms; and
this, we understand, has been in a great measure owing to the humane exertions
of Hon. Capt. Annesley.
Recruits are joining in numbers every day, to the different yeomanry troops of this city, and new bodies also forming, one of which is to be called the Orange Corps, and, it is said, will be very numerous. In the country parts, likewise, the increase of the different corps of yeomanry is going forward with spirit, and the persons chosen are taken from the list of those who have voluntarily come forward to take the oath of allegiance, and indeed, very few will be excused unless such as are incapable of carrying arms, either by age, infirmity or their being employed in some necessary or indispensable avocation.
June 2. This day Mr. Thomas Bacon, of Ship-street, a respectable master taylor, and formerly Major in the Goldsmith's Dublin Volunteers, was arrested in Golden-lane, dressed in female attire, and conveyed to the castle.
Lord Henry Fitzgerald, who arrived here on Thursday, had yesterday a long interview with Lord Camden; but by no intreaty could he procure permission to free his brother, Lord Edward.
Another execution took place this day on the Old Bridge.
A respectable master shoe maker, who keeps a shop in South-King street was yesterday arrested, and, having received 200 lashes to extort a confession of what he knew not, was this day sent home to his disconsolate family, to be cured.
In the affair of Blackmore-hill, six or seven peasants were shot, in their miserable cabins, by the military, after the insurgents had retreated.
The town of Nass is totally destroyed, except a few remaining houses in the centre, occupied by the military.
June 3. Enniscorthy (about 48 miles south of Dublin, on a fine river called Slaney) is in the hands of rebels, who have put every Protestant to death.
Mr. Moor, of Rathangan, having drawn out his corps against the rebels, his lieutenant, who was a Catholic, cried out that "he would not fire on his fellow citizens." - "Nor I. Nor I," ran through the corps. On which Mr. Moor called out, "What I have no loyal men amongst you to ??????" Six or seven men instantly stood forward, who, with Mr. Moor, as instantly lost their lives, and the traitors fled to join the rebels.
In Mr. Burchall's garden, which was dug up in every part, there were found long pikes and 12 muskets., which were concealed under some cabbage-plants; and in his day book was found the following creed in his own handwriting:- "I hold it to be an incontrovertible truism, that no Irish Catholic can be free while a Protestant lives."
The rebels have burnt the bodies of several Protestants in some parts of the country. After the battle that was fought near Nass, the road was so encumbered with dead bodies, for near six miles, as to be scarcely passable.
In the different engagements which have happened up to the present date, I am concerned to state that the loss of the Yeomanry is full 500 killed, besides 12 officers; and the loss of the rebels exceeds 5000.
More than 4000 rebels have encamped themselves on the hills of Tallagh, (about seven miles from Dublin) whole numbers have been considerably augmented by those who surrendered to Gen Dundas. The seven pretended leaders given up by these men, were seven miserable creatures who joined them thro' compulsion, and were about to desert them through fear. The event certainly shews there was no security for the engagements on the side of these rebels, for they fled instantly and joined the rebels at Talagh and Rathangan. And the rear of this army, with which Gen. Dundas had treated, marched off with their arms, fell in with and attacked Sir James Duff and his men, as he was escorting the mail to Naas. But he put to the sword about 300 of them.
Mr. Grattan's steward was one of the principal leaders of the rebellion in the county of Wicklow. He is since taken, and has impeached his master. Dr. Edmond, who was stated to be hanged, was reprieved under the gallows, in consequence of making some very important discoveries.
Houses have been found marked for the purpose of being fired, and the owners assassinated.
Seventeen of Capt. Stratford's corps of yeomanry cavalry, all Papists, have been shot for being off their duty, and supposed to be intriguing with the rebels.
The progress of the rebellion has been by no means so alarming within the last three days as its outset threatened. The county of Clare seems to have been cleared by the king's troops; and, except those who have retired into the fastnesses of the Wicklow mountains, and those who occupy the north-eastern quarter of the county of Wexford, there seems to be no existing force of treason, from which any thing can or ought to be apprehended.
It is said that a messenger set off on Thursday with a warrant for the apprehension of Mr. Grattan, upon charges of the most serious nature.
June 4. On Saturday last, Lieutenant John Clinch, of Capt. Ormsby's company of Rathcoole infantry, was executed at the front of the new prison pursuant to the sentence of a Court-Martial, who tried him the day before. At the place of execution he made an afflicting exhortation to his fellow soldiers, acknowledging the justice of his sentence and desiring that his fate might be a warning to all the cloth.- A boy, not thirteen years old, was taken on the hill of Rathcoole, and being closely interrogated, he gave such information as led to the discovery of a most treasonable conspiracy, in which the unfortunate officer above-mentioned was deeply implicated. The corps was to have joined the rebels the first attack, and murder Capt. Ormsby and his brothers. Others of the company are confined, and will be speedily brought to trial.
This day Thomas Bacon, an eminent taylor and formerly a major of brigade in the old volunteers, was hanged, pursuant to the sentence of a Court-Martial on Carlisle bridge. From the barracks to the place of execution, he was conveyed in a cart through several principal and populous streets, in terrorem to the multitude, and such a melancholy and ignominious fate, attending a man of his rank in life, would in no other person excite more public interest, or have more effect, as he was very generally known. He is said to have confessed that he had knowledge of the conspiracy existing against the government, but was uniformly against suffering assassination to form a part of the system. He denied any knowledge of having been elected a major-general in the rebel army; but admitted that the rank had been offered him, and said he had refused it.- He has left a wife and several female children behind him, the oldest of whom, a very beautiful girl, excited much pity and compassion this day in the castle-yard, where she appeared in all the wildness of grief and distraction.
Prisoners are taking up every day in great numbers. A Roman Catholic priest was arrested yesterday, of the name of Kearns; a Counsellor Bennet was also arrested.
Extract of a letter from Lieut. Col. Longfield, of the
royal Cork militia, to Lieut. Gen. Craig, dated at Rathangan, May. 29
I arrived near this town at seven o'clock, and perceiving the rebels to have taken a position at the upper end of the town, near the church, and that they had in some parts barricaded the streets, and drawn chains across others, I placed my battalion guns in front, supported by the infantry, stationing the cavalry so as to support both, and commenced by firing ????/ with the cannon - after the second discharge, I perceived the rebels to fly in my direction. I then gave orders for the cavalry to charge; which was executed by Capt. Pack and the detachment of the 5th dragoon guards, with the greatest spirits and judgment. Lord Trawly joined me immediately before the action with a serjeant and 12 of the Romney fencibles, and six of the yeomanry cavalry, who assisted with equal spirit in the charge.- To Col. Robinson, of the Perthshire regiment, Major Miller, Captain O'Callachan, and Capt. Campbell, of the 41st regiment, I am indebted for their spirited exertions and assistance. There are between 50 and 60 of the rebels killed.
Aug 14, 1798
Progress of the Rebellion in Ireland
London, May 25.
The village of Lacklow, in Ireland, is burnt by the military. It consisted of 27 houses.
Dublin is declared out of the King's peace.
May 29. The Irish rebels have been defeated at Saggard and Naas. Several hundreds killed.
May 30. The Dublin mail of the 25th inst. arrived yesterday, by which we have received, not only a confirmation of the dreadful accounts given in our last paper, but also some important details of several fresh actions which have taken place between the military and the rebels in various directions. The rebellion is now openly supported in most parts of the counties of Dublin, Kildare, and Meath, and even the neighbourhood of the metropolis has been assailed by the daring insurgents. In some instances they have made a desperate resistance, but in all they have been defeated with great slaughter, while his majesty's forces have sustained very little loss. Near Dunboyne the rebels ????????????? by a small party of the Reay fencibles, as stated in our paper of yesterday, remained undisturbed on the 24th, but on the following day a formidable army was sent against them, who happily succeeded in putting the whole body to flight.
General Grenier, says a Paris paper, is shortly to sail from Dunkirk, with the troops destined for the invasion of England. The corps which were hitherto in cantonments at St. Omer, Bethune, Arras, &c. have marched to the coast.
May 31. By the Dublin mail of the 26th, which came to hand yesterday, we have received accounts of several fresh actions having been fought between military and the insurgents, in the whole of which his Majesty's forces have completely triumphed. The rebellion has extended its influence into the counties of Wicklow and Carlow, so that there are now five counties in an open state of insurrection. The official details of two of the engagements, which took place at Hacketstown, in the county of Carlow, and at Baltinglass, in the county of Wicklow, state that the rebels lost in the former three hundred men, and in the latter between one and two hundred. Battles have also been fought at Clare, Ballimor, Berresttown, Lucan and Lusk, which terminated in a similar manner. The rebels have burnt the town of Kilcullen, and destroyed a great part of the respectable city of Carlow, at which place a dreadful conflict took place, the result of which was, that four hundred of the misguided wretches were slain, over whole mangled carcasses the travellers from Dublin to the southward were for a whole day obligated to pass. Such is the frightful picture which the intelligence of yesterday presents to our view. But this is not all; Our advices from the fourth state, that the county of Kilkenny is in a very perturbed situation; that the greatest apprehensions are entertained in the counties of Tipperary and Waterford; and that in the county of Cork, an open rebellion is hourly expected. The vicinity of the Metropolis continues to be infested with numerous bodies of the insurgents, against whom all the troops in the garrison have received orders to march, and the protection of the city is now committed to the yeomanry, who, form their numbers and activity, appear fully adequate to the undertaking. Two members of the Rathfarham volunteers, Messrs. Ledwich and Keogh, who headed the rebels in an action fought near that place, were on Sunday last, with eighteen others, executed in Dublin, pursuant to the sentences of several courts martial; on the same day, Dr. Esmond of the county of Kildare, also suffered death, for rebellious behavior. The rebels have possessed themselves of some unimportant posts not far distant from the metropolis, and destroyed the bridge of Kilcullen, to prevent a communication with the South.
June 4. The official intelligence which has arrived from Dublin since our last publication, in some measure answers our expectations, and gratifies our hopes. A numerous body of rebels assembled on the curragh of Kildare (amounting to 4000) have laid down their arms, and given up a number of their leaders; that the communication between Dublin and Limerick, which had been cut off by the insurgents, has been restored; and that Sir James Duff has retaken the town of Kildare and killed between two and three hundred of the insurgents who had possession of that place, with the loss of three men killed and several wounded. The Gazette adds, that "the South is entirely quiet." We are sorry, however, our letters from that quarter do not admit us to subscribe to this last assertion. The rebels, we are on the contrary assured, are still in great force in the county of Wexford, and at a late hour ????? informed that a large detachment of the 13th regiment of foot, commanded by lieutenant colonel Colville, which marched from Waterford for that county, on the 8th ult, had been cut off by the Insurgents, who, to the amount of near 7000 men were in the possession of the city of Wexford and its neighbourhood, when the gentleman who states this unfortunate circumstance came away.
June 6. Major gen. Fawcett having marched from Duncannon Fort, with a company of the Meath regiment, was surrounded by a very large body of rebels between Taghman and Wexford, and defeated; the general effecting his retreat to the fort. Official.
The town of Newtown Barry was attacked June 1, by the rebels; they surrounded it in such a manner that Colonel L'Estrange at first retreated to collect his force; he then attacked them, drove them from the town with great slaughter ,and pursued them several miles, 500 of the rebels were killed; the col's. whole force was about 350. Official.
A party of rebels in endeavouring to enter Carlow were defeated. Official.
Yesterday's Irish Mails brought was to June 2. The rebels appear to derive military instruction from their frequent disasters. In the north of Ireland too, which has affected much loyalty, such ferocious indications of revolt have appeared, that martial law is declared there. This was done at Belfast on Sunday last.
It is feared that Toulon fleet has eluded the vigilance of Ad. Nelson.
June 8. Yesterday arrived the Waterford and Donaughadee mails. The rebels, to the amount of fifteen thousand men, are encamped on the mountain of Farth, situated near the sea, about ten miles from Wexford, so advantageous to dislodge them. Their front is protected by a numerous body of horse, and eight pieces of artillery and the sea is in their rear. Here they mean to make their grand stand; they have their apprehensions and are determined at any rate, to sell their lives dearly, and sooner than surrender, to throw themselves into the sea.
Another account states that the rebels have been driven from Wexford, with the loss of 900 men, but that the king's military so experienced great loss, the pikes of the insurgents (14 feet in length) preventing the effectual use of the bayonet. It is said a company of the North Cork militia and a detachment of Meath militia have been cut off by the rebels.
Capt. Moor, of Rathangan, having drawn out his company to engage the revolters, his lieut. cried, he would not fight against his fellow citizens. 'Nor I,' 'nor I,' run threw the corps - when they massacred their capt. and fled to the insurgents.
Sir Edward Crosbie has been executed as a rebel in Ireland.
June 9. The Dublin mail of the 4th arrived yesterday. There has been no general action, and it is supposed the rebels mean to confine themselves to a system of predatory warfare. They frequently issue from their head quarters on the Wexford mountain and have some skirmishes, wherein victory has been generally on the side of the king's troops. On one instance the rebels triumphed. A detachment under col. Walpole, of 5 or 600 men, with artillery (marching to join the main army, with was about attacking the rebels in three different points) while they were passing a defile, were attacked; a severe conflict ensued, which terminated in the defeat of their commander, Walpole. Some compute the total loss at 300, others at a 100, on the part of the defeated. It is said the rebels took 5 pieces of artillery. We hope the most moderate of their accounts is exaggerated.
Mr. Bacon, a taylor, elected maj-general of the revolters, has been arrested, and was hanged on Monday last. Martial law is declared in Limerick; and Irish affairs are daily more portentous. All troops, which can be spared from other parts, are marching to the insurgent counties of Wexford, Carlow and Wicklow; but the disaffected state of the north, necessitates the leaving many troops there, therefore 10,000 men are instantly to go from England.
It is reported, a whole corps of yeomanry (loyal rifles) is disarmed in Dublin, having been discovered in league with the rebels.
The rebels in Wexford, possessing both bays and harbors, it is thought they have already received some aid from France. They hold Enniscorthy, a very populous town.
O'Coigley, a clergyman, has been executed in Ireland, for treason.
Troops, it is said, are sailing from New Castle, Plymouth, Liverpool, &c. for Ireland.
Dublin, May 31.
M'Conn, an apothecary, is apprehended; and his apprentice deposes that he has, within a few days, sold above a thousand ounces of arsenic to various persons, who were servants.
Yesterday, died of his wounds, capt. D.F. Byan, the officer who arrested lord Fitzgerald.
In an attempt on Newtown, Mount Kennedy, the rebels were defeated with the loss of 40.
The rector of Kyle and his whole family, infants and all, have been butchered by the rebels. The families of Mr. Bookey, Mr. Barrington and others have shared the same fate.
The insurgent camp at Blackmoor Hill has been taken possession of by government, and the rebels driven from it, with the loss of their camp materials and 7 of their horde. They were 1000 strong, and were defeated by about 100.
June 2. Among the rebels near Narragmore, was an Amazonian leader. She fired two shot at the col. of the regular troops. She is taken, but the treason act cannot well be literally put in force against her.
It is said a large body of rebels have been defeated at Corce (Wexford county) and 140 killed.
Lieut. Clinch, of the infantry, was executed on Saturday. He confessed his crime, viz conspiring to murder his capt. and desert the army with the company to the rebels.
All respectable families that can are embarking for England, with all speed.
Gazette of the United States
August 17, 1798
The following letter from the north of Ireland, dated 31st
May, was politely handed to us by a merchant of the first respectability. Its
contents are interesting and authentic. -
My dear Sir,
I wrote you 10th current by captain Macey and by the Mohawk, captain Moore, since which the united Irish, without waiting for their good friends the French, have broken out into open rebellion. The plan was fixed for setting on fire the city of Dublin in different parts at the same instant on the night of the 19th current. Persons were to be placed at the houses of loyalists to murder them as soon as they (on the alarm of fire) should open their doors; most of the servants of the city were sworn to assist in this dreadful massacre, and to bring out all the bulky furniture and to lay it across the streets to impede the march of horse and foot, who might attempt to give aid to the sufferers. A bloody night it would have been, had not government received information of the conspiracy some short time previous to the fatal period, and taken every precaution to prevent its being carried to execution. Lord Edward Fitzgerald (brother to the Duke of Leinster, who was to have headed the rebel army, and for whose capture 1000l. reward was offered) having been taken that very evening after a desperate resistance, disconcerted their schemes for the attack of the city, but as the insurrection was to have been general, large bodies of these deluded people well armed collected on the 22d current, and attacked Nags, Dunshoughlin, Dunboyne, Monsterevan, Clandalkin, Kilcullen and appeared in force at Rathfarnam, Wicklow mountains, Curragh of Kildare, Stratford on Shaney, and other places; to prevent intelligence they stopped all the mail coaches leaving Dublin on the night of the 22d, burnt them and the mails containing the letters; and as most of the army is stationed in the south, and south west parts of the kingdom, where we expected the French would land, there were but few forces in Dublin or its vicinity; however these few in small parties, attacked the different bodies of the rebels and in every engagement the latter were defeated and it is computed that above 3000 of them were killed, many wounded and many prisoners taken, but not without some loss on the part of the king's troops by reason of the smallness of their numbers, in respect to those of the rebels, who in most of the actions were ten, twelve and more to one. They have committed many horrid murders, cutting the throats of men, women and children and burning whole families in their houses, following the barbarous example of their brethren in iniquity, the French. They say that the Roman Catholics will never be emancipated until the Protestants are totally destroyed. We have reason to be thankful that none of these insurrections were nearer to us than between 30 to 40 miles. Hereabout and to the northward of this they are at present pretty quiet but it is hard to say how long they many continue so; the whole kingdom is now under military law.
Yesterday's papers inform that 4000 of the rebels in the county of Kildare had surrendered on promise of pardon, they giving up their arms and their officers. I have therefore great hopes that this rebellion will soon be crushed without more blood being shed, and die away until the French invade us, when there is not doubt but numbers will join them. As there are no vessels here for America, and knowing how anxious you would be fore the safety of your friends in this part of the world, on hearing flying and vague reports of the rebellion by ships from England, the half of which would in all probability be either false or much exaggerated, I thought you would be highly gratified in hearing from me what you can depend on for truth. By the next opportunity I shall write you the catastrophe of this shocking business.
Aug 28, 1798
(From the London Gazette of Last Night)
Whitehall, June 12.
Dispatches of which the following are copies, have been this day received from his Excellency the Lord Lieut. of Ireland, by his Grace the Duke of Portland, His Majesty's principal Sec'ry of State for the home department.
Dublin-Castle, June 9.
It is with the utmost concern I acquaint your Grace, an insurrection has broken out in the county of Antrim; and in order to give your Grace the fullest information in my power, I enclose to you an extract of a letter received this morning by Lord Castlereach, from Maj. Gen. Nugent. I am in great hope, from the numbers and spirit of the loyal in that part of the country, the insurgents may be quickly checked. I have the honor to be, &c, &c.
His Grace the Duke of Portland.
Belfast, June 8.
I have the honor to report to your lordship, that in consequence of information which I received early yesterday morning, of an intended insurrection in the county of Antrim, having for its first object the seizure of the magistrates, who were to assemble that day in the town of Antrim, I apprehended several persons in Belfast. I did not receive the intelligence early enough to prevent the insurgents from taking possession of Antrim and I am not therefore acquainted with their first proceedings there; but I prevented many magistrates from leaving Belfast; and many others, being officers of yeomanry on permanent duty, did not attend the meeting. I ordered the 64th regiment and light battalion, and 100 of the 22d light dragoons, under col. Clavering and lieut. col. Lumley, with two 5 1/2 inch howitzers, and two curricle 6 pounders, to proceed with the utmost dispatch thro Lisburn to Antrim. I also ordered from the garrison 250 of the Monaghan militia, with lieut. col. Ker, and 50 of the 22d dragoons, together with the Belfast yeomanry cavalry, with maj. Smith, to proceed under the command of col. Durham, with two curricle 6 pounders thro Carmoney and Templepatrick to Antrim, to co-operate with the other detachment. The dragoons under lieut. col. Lumley having made the attack upon the town without waiting for the light battalion, were fired upon from the windows of the houses and were consequently obliged to retreat with the loss of, I am sorry to add, three officers of that excellent regiment killed and wounded, and the two curricle 6 pounders. Co. Clavering, on his arrival near Antrim, finding the rebels pouring into that town in great force, very judiciously took post on a hill on the Lisburn side and reported his situation to M. Gen. Goldie. In the mean time col. Durham, with his whole detachment, proceeded to within half a mile of Antrim, and after a cannonade of half an hour, drove the insurgents completely out of the town and retook the two curricle guns, together with 1 brass 6 pounder, very badly mounted, of which, it seems, the rebels and two supposed to have been smuggled out of Belfast. The col. then proceeded without the loss of a man, thro the town, (when, for obvious reasons, suffered much) to Shane's Castle and Randelstown, in which direction the principal part of the rebels fled. He remains there still for orders from me. Lord O'Neil, I am sorry to say, is dangerously wounded.
Lieut.-Col. Leslie, of the Tay Fencibles, reports to me from Carrickfergus, that Lieutenant Small, with a detachment of twenty men of that corps, in the barrack at Larne, defended themselves most gallantly against the attack of a numerous body and maintained their post, with the loss of two killed and three wounded, including the Lieutenant. I have ordered them into head-quarters at Carrickfergus. The Glenarm Yeomanry (sixty strong) being also threatened by an attack, in the course of the day took possession of Glenarm Castle, where they will maintain themselves if possible. Brigadier General Knox, having heard of a party of the Toome Yeomanry being made prisoners by the Insurgents, sent to me very early this morning, to offer to march, by Toome Bridge, into the county of Antrim, which I have desired him to do, in order to liberate Colonel Dunham's detachment, and enable them to cross the country on their return to Belfast.
Although the Insurrection has been pretty general in the county, I do not find they have had much success; but I have not received as yet any reports from Ballycastle, Ballymena, Ballymoney, Portglenore, and other places in the Northern parts, in which Yeomanry are stationed.- As my information led to a general rising in the county of Down, I have been obliged to call in all the small detachments of the York Fencibles to Newtown Ardes. Colonel Stapleton has everything in readiness to move at a moment's warning. The Yeomanry are all on permanent duty throughout the counties of Down and Antrim; and have distributed arms to 140 loyal men in Belfast, who will be attached to the Monaghan and Fifeshire regiiments and thereby become very useful. Offers of service are very numerous.
I cannot close this letter without expressing to your Lordship my entire approbation of the conduct of the Troops of all descriptions in this part of the Northern District; their zeal and attention to their duties cannot be surpassed; and I trust that, when occasion offers, they will act in that concert which is so much to be wished for in military service. Lieutenant Colonel Lumley, I am afraid, is badly wounded in the leg; Cornet Dunn is killed; and Lieutenant Murphy slightly wounded; all of the 22d Dragoons, I understand, but not officially, that some Yeomanry from Lord Hereford's estate (I believe the Derriaghy) were with the Dragoons when they made the unsuccessful attack on Antrim; and they retired to Anstrun Castle where they were relieved by Colonel Durham. Colonel Durham deserves my warmest praise for his judicious and spirited conduct. He speaks in high terms of the detachment under him, and particularly the Monaghan Militia.- The Rev. Steele Dickson was taken up the night before last, and sent prisoner here, where he will be confined in a place of safety, as well as many others, whom it is now necessary to apprehend. Your Lordship may depend upon my individual exertions in this unpleasant contest; and as I am ably supported, I make no doubt, that we shall prevent the Rebels from gaining any advantages, and ultimately oblige them to return to their allegiance. I shall write again to-morrow, should any material event occur. I have the honor to be, &c.
C. NUGENT, Major-General.
Lord Viscount Castlereagh, &c.
Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser
August 31, 1798
Particulars relative to the county of Wicklow, extracted from a letter of
major Hardy to lord Castlereagh, dated Wicklow, June 4.
The troops in this county have behaved uncommonly well, especially the yeomen of this town. The Shillelagh troops also acquitted themselves nobly in beating back the Wexford rebels. Our yeomen have been now fifteen days on hard duty, and the last ten nights constantly up; their hour of rest, from three or four in the morning till ten or eleven. The rebels are numerous in our woods and mountains; but from the great exertions made to get up the arms before the rebellion broke out, and the unremitting assiduity exerted since to prevent any falling into their hands, they have been prevented from acting with the same effect as their associates in Wexford. There have been five engagements at different times in this county, and I do believe we have killed above 700 rebels.
DUBLIN, June 8
(From a private letter.)
The battle of Ross lasted upwards of six hours, during
which time the women supplied the rebels with whisky, and kept them in a state
of perpetual intoxication.
There have been five engagements in Wicklow wherein numbers of the rebels have fallen. But Wexford is still in their possession nor can we attempt to reduce it until more troops arrive.
At Rathangan eighteen gentlemen who had armed themselves to resist the rebels, were put to death in the presence of their wives and children.
I am sorry to add, that the Sugar-Loaf hills, (beautiful hills which are seen on entering the Bay of Dublin, and bear the shape of a cone) in Wicklow, were last night covered with armed rebels.
The Derries, the country lodge of counsellor Johnson, member for Hillsborough has been reduced to ashes by the rebels.
Extract of a private letter. Dublin, June 9.
"I am under much anxiety about the north. I am given to understand that the Antrim affair was occasioned by the Roman catholics only - and if so, I think all will be well yet, and I hope soon; but should the republicans be up (i.e. the presbyterians) also, I shall tremble for the event. Lord O'Neil was, I understand, severely, if not mortally wounded. It is also reported that lord Kingsborough was taken by the rebels going in a boat from Wicklow to Wexford - and if so, I think his life is not worth a pin. I hope to have better news for you against Monday.
"The trial of the prisoners is to be put off, on account of the disturbed state of the country.
"Persons of rank, or at least above the vulgar, are taken up every day. To mention names you know would be useless. Dick Dillon, perhaps, you recollected; he is a wholesale linen-draper of fortune.
"Since writing the above, I hear that the rebels in the county of Wexford have been again defeated. I hope it is true; but I have my doubts, as lord M. is now with the army, and I think would have acquainted me."
Another letter - same date.
"We have had another battle in Wexford county, in which we were successful; but we much fear rebellion will not be so easily got the better of as government thinks."
Extract of a private letter,
Dublin, June 9.
"Since the engagement at Ross, the army has not been able to advance, owing to the multitude of rebels that fill the county of Wexford, and I much fear they are better provided with arms, &c. than government are aware of. Several of my friends have been cut off, and it is difficult to say what the event may be."
September 4, 1798
Belfast, June 15.
To the honour of the province of Ulster, only two counties, out of its nine, were led astray in the late disturbances.
The rebellion in this part of the country may now be considered as completely suppressed.
The Insurgents in the county of Wexford now consist, it is said, of 60,000, and are reported to be casting cannon at the founderies in Wexford and Enniscorthy.
All communications between Denaghadee and Port Patrick is stopped for the present. The packet with the last mail sailed from Carrickfergus.
September 4, 1798
Dublin, June 23
I have just got sight of a letter received by a friend of mine, a few days since, from Ross; the part which I extract relates to the first engagement which took place there as follows:-
"After the engagement, the army gave the Rebels no quarter; upwards of two hundred were killed in the main street of this town.
"You may be very thankful you left this place, as the scenes of horror it has presented for some days back, make humanity shudder. Business is totally destroyed; the shops are all shut up, and nothing but dreadful warfare is to be seen or heard. The evening after the action, all the shops in town were plundered, and every person met in colored clothes was shot. A number of the town's people unfortunately fell in consequence; no discrimination was made, and innocent and guilty were equally involved; the colored coat was a sufficient mark of guilt with the executioner. Two hundred and thirty houses have already been burnt ????? some, indeed, were cabins."
September 5, 1798
REBELLION IN IRELAND
London, June 26.
The following official Bulleting has been published at Dublin the 22d.
Extract of a letter from Gen. Larke to Lord Vicount, Castlereagh, dated Enniscorthy, June 21. '98.
"Dublin Castle, June 22, 1798.
"I have the honor to acquaint your Lordship for his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant's information, that the Rebel camp upon Vinegar-hill was attacked this morning at 7 o'clock, and carried in about an hour and a half.
"The relative importance of this very strong proposition with our operations against Wexford made it necessary to combine our attacks as to insure success. A column, under Major-Generals Johnson and Eustace, was drawn from Ross, and began the attack upon the town of Enniscorthy, situate upon the right bank of the Salney, close under Vinegar-hill, upon the right and rather in the rear of it.
"Lieutenant-General Dundas commanded the center column, supported by a column on the right, under Major-Generals Sir James Duff and Loetus; a fourth column, upon the left, was commanded by the Hon. Major-General Needham. To the determined spirit with which these columns were conducted, and the great gallantry of the troops, we are indebted for the short resistance of the rebels, who maintained their ground obstinately for the time above mentioned; but on perceiving the danger of being surrounded, they fled with great precipitation. Their loss is not yet ascertained, but it must be very considerable. The loss on our part is not great, the particulars of which I shall report as soon as possible. In the meantime I am sorry to say that Lieutenant Sandys of the Longford Regiment is killed; and that Col. King, of the Sligo, was wounded, in gallantly leading his regiment. Lord Blaney and Col. Versey, of the County Dublin Regiment, are also wounded, but I am happy to add, that the wounds of these three officers are very slight."
[Here follows the General's obligations to various officers and the men for their courage and promptitude, and the return of 18 brass field-pieces and howitzers taken from the rebels, with stores, &c.]
[Gen. Algill has defeated a party, killed 100. Col. O'Reeley has killed 150 near Bandon. The papers are full of accounts of skirmishes, &c. in which the loyal troops are invariably successful.]
September 5, 1798
FROM ENGLAND - THE LATEST.
We were last evening put in possession of London papers to June 26, brought by Capt. Choate from Liverpool; the following is a hasty summary of the most important of their contents.
The Rebellion in Ireland still rages with violence. Many actions have occurred, in which the loyal troops were generally successful. Most of these were of no consequence, but none have been decisive as to the Insurrection. Numbers of the Revolters are daily surrendering. A French frigate has landed Military Stores; and others, it was said, were ordered, at all events, to proceed from Brest to Ireland. Marquis Cornwallis is appointed Lord Lieut. of Ireland and has arrived there. We see no charge against Camden. An American, the mate of the brig Sukey, got into the midst of a mob, where a person was whipping for treasonable practices, and there uttered many intemperate words---was arrested and sentenced to receive 500 lashes; but afterwards, in consideration of his country was pardoned. Proclamations by certain Loyal Generals interdict the further commission of many excesses which have occurred from the King's troops; but Cornwallis, is said to have orders to behave with increased military energy. Several English Militia Regiments have tendered their services to go over to Ireland, and have been accepted. Addresses in favor of mild measures in Ireland have been rejected in the British Parliament. The Debates are all secret. A Peer is not suffered to be present in the Tribune of the Commons.
September 8, 1798
The Rebellion in Ireland.
Dublin, July 10.
As far as we can learn, the most perfect quiet reigns
throughout every part of Ireland, save Wicklow and its neighboring borders of
Kildare and Wexford; nor does this exception surprize us, when we recollect that
in all rebellions with which this unhappy island have been afflicted Wicklow was
always the county last conquered.
Sept. 8, 1798
London, July 6.
A subscription was opened at Baston's Coffee House for the relief of the Individuals, or of the wives and children of such as have suffered, or may hereafter suffer in suppressing the unfortunate Rebellion in Ireland when the sum of 15,000l, sterling was subscribed in a few days.
This is one among the numerous displays of that spirit of liberality which, to say the least, is a prominent feature in the character of the English nation. Of all public emergencies, and on all occasions of misfortune, either general or local, they are probably much more liberal than any other modern European nation.
September 10, 1798
The Rebellion in Ireland is considered to be so completely crushed, that Marquis Cornwallis has written home that there is no occasion for any reinforcements to be sent to Ireland. In consequence all the Militia regiments either embarked, or under orders, are countermanded and will remain in England.
September 14, 1798
Dublin, July 7.
The official accounts published yesterday evening contained the pleasing information of a signal rout given to the rebels in the county of Wicklow. All our private letters from that quarter agree in every respect with the public account, but mention the number of slain on the part of the rebels, in different ways, some stating them at seven hundred, while others say they amount to nearly two thousand. - Some idea of the number of the rebels engaged in this affair may be obtained by knowing that their army covered four miles and a half of a very wide road, besides multitudes covering the fields on each side; the loss of such an army in a tumultuary flight must be incalculable.
From Kildare accounts are received, which state, that though a great number of the Rebels have availed themselves of the late proclamation, yet the collective force acting against government is very considerable. I have seen a letter from an officer of the Suffolk fencibles, quartered near Kilcullen bridge, which states that the Rebels are encamped near 16,000 strong, within a few miles of them; but they have received orders not to attempt to attack them till a reinforcement arrives.
As far as we can learn, the most perfect quiet reigns throughout every part of Ireland, save Wicklow and its neighbouring borders of Kildare and Wexford; nor does this exception surprize us when we recollect that in all rebellions with which this unhappy island has been afflicted, Wicklow was always the county last conquered.
September 29, 1798
Of the Rebellion in Ireland,
IRELAND, Dublin, Aug 2
The rebel banditti, which, but a few weeks since, were composed of a body at Vinegar-Hill, of nineteen thousand strong; at Linkinstown-Hill, of fifteen thousand; at the town of Wexford and its vicinities, near the sea side, of eight thousand; and at Enniscorthy, Carnew, and other parts of the county of Wexford, of about ten thousand more, independent of the numerous hordes in the counties of Kildaire, Wicklow, Carlow, Meath, the Queen's County, &c. are now reduced to parties plundering marauders, from thirty to sixty in number, some of which have been already cut to pieces, and others separating and accepting the terms of pardon, already graciously proffered - so much for rebellion in its former and present state, and thus are its purposes entirely blasted.
Oct 5, 1798
Dublin, August 20.
Since our last no accounts have reached town of consequence. The wretched rebels continue to be surprised in small parties, particularly in the County of Meath.
The freedom of the city was unanimously voted to his Excellency the Marquis Cornwallis, with a congratulatory address upon his arrival in this Kingdom.
The assembly upon a petition of certain of the Commons, unanimously disfranchised Hamilton Rowan, John Chambers and Napper Tandy, to be considered hereafter as aliens, the two former being accused of high treason, and bills for felony having been found against the latter, and all having absconded.
The rebel prisoners who have surrendered and are now confined at the Royal Exchange, exhibit a just picture of the infernal cause in which they had embarked, in the most immoral and profligate behaviour, by continued blasphemy, and horrid oaths, cursing and abusing the yeomanry, and his Majesty's forces. They appear to be most depraved ruffians, equal to the commitment of any act of desperation.
The great guns which had so long menaced the populace of Dublin from the Castle gates, were removed yesterday, and the Orange is getting fast out of season, it is now picked, and I trust will soon be wholly rotten, all which circumstances are no small indications of returning confidence and established tranquility.
So general is the restoration of tranquility that the Generals of the several districts have written to the commanders of the yeomanry corps, announcing the state of the country to be such that there no longer existed occasion for their continuing on permanent duty. Sir James Duff, on signifying this agreeable intelligence to the volunteers of Limerick, and Nenall, passed high and deserved encomiums on their conduct, and expressed his hope, that they will occasionally assemble, as before the rebellion, for the preservation of that discipline which has rendered them so respectable.
It was yesterday currently reported that in consequence of information, a rebel deposit of one hundred thousand guineas had been discovered.
Oct 11, 1798
Dublin, Aug 11.
Extract of a letter from Kilkenny, August 8.
"The vast numbers of countrymen in this county, who came in last week to profit of the proclamation of amnesty, exceeded that of any former week by some thousands. In some parts the Magistrates appointed to receive their submission, are entirely employed to that happy duty - we have good authority to state that in the neighbourhood of Callin alone, upwards of eight hundred and fifty men have brought in their arms and obtained forgiveness and protection.
The farmers in this neighbourhood have begun to get in the harvest, which, thank Heaven, was never finer or more abundant. The number of reapers who attended on Sunday in the Market place, to be hired for the weeks reaping, were as numerous as in any former time of profound tranquility, and the price of labor more than usually moderate- striking proofs of confidence in the wisdom of government and of perfect recovery from their late frenzy.
On Monday last a general Court Martial was held at Limerick for the trial of Horatio Townshend Orpen, and Samuel Orpen, Esqs. of the county of Kerry, charged with aiding and assisting in the late rebellion. The prosecution closed on Tuesday evening, when the court adjourned to Thursday, on which day Messrs. Orpen were to go to their defence.
Oct 13, 1798
Dublin, Aug. 4
The present state of the country bears the fairest prospect of tranquility, and rebellion seems to shield its head in final oblivion. The armed rebels who appeared in such force and numbers are no longer to be found; vanquished in every battle, in which they had the hardihood to make stand, and their leaders defeated in their abominable views, of universal plunder and massacre; their accursed and baneful influence is in neither the East or West province of this country, and the only trace that can be found of that wretched and unprovoked rebellion, which so lately rent and agitated this country, is that of armed banditties of robbers, who derive a subsistence from plunder, and are composed of blood thirsty miscreants, whom we hope our gallant yeomanry, as best acquainted with the interior of the country, will bring to justice.
October 19, 1798
DUBLIN, August 29.
Extract of a letter from Ballinrebe, Aug. 25.
"Friday morning, at two o'clock, we were alarmed by an express for the Carabineers, the French being about to land at Killala, about 42 miles from hence. Sir Thomas Chapman immediately set off, and found they had really effected a landing, and had taken prisoners the bishop of Killala, his two sons, Dean Thompson and his wife, Mr. Thomas Ellison, &c and had thrown up some istrenchments. Sir Thomas, on reconnoitering their works, was attacked, but after a smart skirmish, had only a few men, about 8, slightly wounded, and a serjeant missing. Our troops killed one of their officers, and retreated to Castlebar, where they are now waiting for a supply of troops, who are hourly passing through this quarter, and it is thought will proceed to-morrow to attack them.
"On Sir Thomas Chapman's retreat, the enemy advanced as far as Ballina (7 miles nearer us) but did not keep it long, having conceived it prudent to return to their first position. They picked up several prisoners, among them Sir William Boyd.
"The alarm occasioned by the appearance of the enemy has crowded this town, a number of families having deserted their habitations not only from the neighborhood of Killala, but from parts within two miles of us. Thank God, there is a considerable body of troops and ordnance in motion, and the common people seem steady and well affected; a few days will terminate the business."
The above letter mentions but 3 French frigates having appeared at Killala.
Friday last the following notice was distributed through Athlone and its neighborhood:
"Brigadier general Barnet has the satisfaction of informing the inhabitants of Athlone and its neighborhood, that the French force landed at Killala is very inconsiderable and that the force already marched against them is sufficient to prevent their moving forward; and the general hopes, in a very short time, to be able to announce their total defeat."
A variety of reports were yesterday circulated; among the most credited were accounts that C. O'Hara, M.P. for Sligo, had, in attempting at the head of his yeomanry corps to check the course of the French, fallen a prisoner into their hands.
By the latest accounts we learn, that the French column had advanced on its way to Sligo as far as the town of Ballina; but finding no aid or countenance from the country people, had retired to Killala in the hope of re-imbarking; but, it was added, that the frigates which brought them had disappeared from the coast.
The landing of the enemy at Killala seems to be a matter artfully designed, so as to have received assistance from the inhabitants of a part of province of Ulster as well as Connaught before they proceeded further into the country; but we are happy to find that loyalty is at present the prevalent principle among the people, and that they have not been joined by any of the inhabitants, and of course, the French forces must either endeavor to escape to their vessels or else soon feel the fatal effects of opposition to the troops of the country.
The spirit which the northern loyalists have ever displayed, has been gloriously manifested by the Enniskilliners - four hundred of them, under the command of cols Cole, marched on Friday evening toward Killala, leaving 700 behind them to protect the important pass of Enniskillen.
Since the above we hear, and hope, the intelligence well founded, that the French have capitulated - and a still more pleasant circumstance, that they were joined but by three of the natives;- these, together with an outpost of the enemy, to whom they appeared to have acted as guides, are said to have been taken by a party of the yeomanry. The French were defended by 16 pieces of artillery.
The marquis Cornwallis's headquarters continue to be at Athlone.
A letter from Killala of the 26th states, that an heavy cannonade was heard off the coast; and the probability is, that one of our squadrons has fallen in with some of the enemy's ships.
From the different counties of Ulster, we receive the best-founded assurances of tranquility.
A letter from Castlebar, under date of the 26th instant, mentions an action having taken place between the enemy and the king's troops and yeomanry, in which the latter sustained some trifling disadvantage; but reinforcements being in movement from various directions, it was hourly expected that the enemy must surrender, or be entirely cut off.
It is with much concern that we present to the public the official account published yesterday, of a check received by the king's forces under general Luke.
The circumstances, as far as we have been able to learn, are as follows:
General Luke, who left Dublin on Saturday last at 2 o'clock P.M. arrived on the next evening at the village near Castlebar, where he had directed the forces of the district to assemble with all possible speed; some of these troops had many miles to march within a few hours, and in consequence at a very early hour the next morning, but a small part of the intended army having assembled (not quite one thousand men) the general was attacked on the very point of rendezvousing by the enemy, who had marched in the course of the evening and night before, in all force from Killala.
The king's troops, consisting of detachments from the Frazer fencibles, Kilkenny and Limerick city militia, and royal Irish artillery, with six field pieces, sustained the attack of the French with great gallantry, and had there been any time for preparation or arrangement would have defeated them; but the fencibles, having given way, and the six field pieces having fallen into the hands of the enemy, the general found it necessary to retreat with the loss of about twenty of his men.
His first retreat was to Hollymount, about seven miles southward of Castlebar, from whence we understand he has since retreated still further southward, through Tuam, in the county of Galway, to which latter place the French troops are said to have advanced.
We have not learned whether general Lake has shaped his course to Galway or Athlone.
Menatime every exertion of vigilance and precaution is adopted to preserve the security of the rest of the country. The county of Wexford, so lately the scene of warfare, is so far restored to peace as to justify the marching of the 2d and 29th regiments toward the province of Connaught - troops are moving from every quarter to the kingdom in the same direction - the yeomanry have resumed their habits of vigilance throughout the country - and in the city of Dublin the regulations which produced such salutary effects during the late rebellion, have been revived.
General Craig, commander of the garrison, issued last night his orders to have strictly enforced the directions forbidding any person whatever from appearing in the streets at a later hour than 9 o'clock - and lord Castlereagh by letter signed to the lord mayor the propriety of causing the inhabitants of this city to continue pasted on their doors the names of the persons residing in their houses. The different yoemanry guards were strengthened and multiplied.
The Herald of Liberty
November 5, 1798
The following MANIFESTO was transmitted to us from the County of Mayo and
said to be published there by the French General.
"Health and fraternity to the people of Ireland.
"The Great nation has sent me to you with a band of heroes, to deliver you from the hands of tyrants, fly to our standards, and share with us the glory of subduing the world. We will teach you the arts of war and to despise the low pursuits of toil and industry - You shall live on the spoils of war and the labor of others. The acquisition of misery, and the enjoyment of ease is glorious; We have made all the nations we have conquered happy by arresting their property; by applying it to the common cause and consecrating it to the champions of liberty! Property is a common right, belonging to the valor that seizes it.
We have already destroyed the unaspiring tranquility of Switzerland! and the wealth and power, and the bigotry of Italy are no more! if then the justice of France has thus extended its reforming vengeance to unoffending nations, consider how much more rigor it will visit you if you shall slight its benignity, fly to our standards and we will free you from spiritual as well as temporal subjection.
November 19, 1798
REBELLION IN IRELAND
IRELAND, DUBLIN, Sept. 25.
From Ballyshannon, Sept. 18:
"The French were on this coast a few days since. A vessel mounting 169 guns, and 200 men, a large park of artillery and a great quantity of small arms and ammunition on board, arrived at Rutland, on Sunday last; they landed the men but finding that the country people would not join them, they re-embarked after pillaging the post-office, and other houses in that town, they sailed thence to the eastward, on the same evening.
"It is confidently said, that James Napper Tandy was the conductor of the above expedition; and from the course she steered from her departure from Rutland, we have every reason to hope that she cannot escape the vigilance of our cruizers on the Cork station."
A mail arrived this day from Dublin, but happy for Ireland - happy for England!- order and quiet are now so generally restored that hardly any other fact is left us to communicate in the way of intelligence.
The Gazette of the United States
November 20, 1798
BALLINA, September 24.
We have been here for some time in the greatest dread of being destroyed by the rebels; but now, thank God, we are extricated from those fears - A sore defeat has been given to the deluded wretches by his majesty's army, in which above 1000 of them were killed between this place and Foxford. In this vicinity they had committed great depredation. On entering houses they first drank any wine they could get, then destroyed the furniture, and even the gardens, and afterward carried off all plunder that was portable to Killala. They were going to hang CALONEL, whose house they plundered. Some of the French who lately landed at Killala were found among them, and are now prisoners.
November 24, 1798
DUBLIN, September 25.
"Holt, it appears by the latest accounts, is moving with a large body up towards Wexford. The daring of this marauder is beyond example. He on Sunday last sent a letter into the town of Arklow, to inform the inhabitants he would speedily be among them; and that he would not spare a single Orangeman in the town.
" A party of the king's county militia were yesterday overtaken at the Blackrock, on their route from Wicklow, where they have been a long time quartered, by two of Holt's emissaries, who sat drinking with them till four this morning, and endeavoring to induce them to break their oath of allegiance, by joining their brother soldiers in Holt's camp. Mr. Justice Bective, who resides there, having received timely information on the subject, had them both apprehended, and they were brought up to town under a military escort, and lodged in Kilmainham gaol.
"Government, it is said, have this day received information from Cork of the appearance of a French fleet off the coast."
"The post boy who drives the Wicklow mail, arrived in town at 6 this morning, with his cart empty, having met on his way a body of about 50 rebels, near Newry-bridge. He says they were all well armed, most of them having muskets, which he describes as quite bright, and appearing as if they belonged to the army. Most of the men wore uniforms. On their stopping him, they bid him prepare for death; he then threw himself on his knees, and continued praying for half an hour, whilst they were securing the letters, &c. which, some of them observed, would be a great acquisition to Mr. Holt, in conveying him intelligence of the designs of the enemy. After they had plundered the cart, one of them proposed burning it, which the rest did not seem willing to confess to. They then permitted the boy to proceed to town, without doing him any injury.
"This day general Lake, accompanied by colonel Meade, arrived in town from Wicklow.
"Military operations have at length commenced against the rebels in the province of Connaught. An engagement had taken place with the rebels at Grange, near Sligo, wherein, it is said, near 150 of these deluded men were cut off. On Saturday last two regiments of militia, a party of the Frazer fencibles, the Castlebar and the Tyrawly yeomanry, marched from Castlebar to attack the rebels, who have yet possession of Killala, Westport, Newport, &c. and are in very great numbers through the mountainous parts of that country. The latter corps acted as guides on the occasion. A report was prevalent this evening, that this army had defeated the rebels and recovered possession of those towns. They had 16 miles of the country to march, before they entertained hopes of coming up with them.
"Nine o'clock - I have just now learnt that the rebels at Killala have suffered a total defeat from general Trench, who commands in the place of general Hutchinson; several thousands are reported to have been put to the sword; no quarter was given except to some of their leaders, who are reserved for a public examination. Killala, Ballina, &c, &c. have been taken possession of by the king's troops. Several Frenchmen were taken and the bishop of Killala happily rescued from the hands of the rebels; his life, it is said, was spared by the interference of a French officer. Such is the report of this evening, which is generally spoken of, and generally credited in all circles."
November 30, 1798
We are happy (says the Daily Advertiser) to hear from Dublin, that tranquility is going on as heretofore. As danger and disaffection are wearing away, suspicion is becoming less vindictive and general in her action; and although some few continue to be taken up, the charges must be well substantiated. The features of martial law are softening down fast; people may walk the streets after 9 o'clock in the evening, without being challenged by a Sentinel, and the Castle has ceased to become a fortress. And so general is the restoration of a peaceable submission to order and the laws through every part of Ireland, that the Generals of the several districts have written to the commander of the yeomanry corps, announcing the state of the country to be such, that there no longer existed occasion for their continuance on permanent duty.
December 18, 1798
Dublin, Sept. 20.
Renewed Invasion of Ireland.
On the morning of Sunday last, the 16th inst. the French
national brig Anacreon, having on board Gen. Ray and James Napper Tandy, chief
de brigade, appeared off the little town and island of Rutland, on the north
west coast of the county of Donegal, a place so utterly unnoticed, save for its
convenience to the herring fishery, as not to be defended by a single soldier.
About 8 o'clock the crew of the brig landed; they were for the most part
Irishmen, and anxiously solicited information concerning the French army landed
at Killala; Nothing could equal their dejection when they were told not only
that the whole French force had been destroyed or captured, but that they had
been joined by comparatively very few of their Irish rebel friends. Tandy was
particularly dejected. The Anacreon was laden with many stand of arms to supply
those who should join the French army; but such was the caution or terror of the
country people that as soon as the French appeared they retired to the
Gen. Tandy endeavoured ,but with little success, to persuade the fishermen of Rutland, that he and his friends came to deliver them from their oppressors.
The general then issued two manifestoes, in order to convey his meaning more explicitly to the inhabitants of Rutland; these manifestoes, written and printed at Paris, had little or no effect.
For Additional Information See:
Joyce, P.W. A Concise History of Ireland, 1916 - "1798 Rebellion"