THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
THURSDAY, JULY 2, 1840

FATAL ACCIDENT

     In a recent publication we notice the serious accident that occurred to two labourers, named Walsh and Loughnane, by falling into a Mash Keive at Madeira Island Brewery, in which they were dreadfully scalded. Although they survived the accident for several days, we regret to learn that both unfortunate sufferers died last week, notwithstanding the unremitting care and medical skill and attention of Doctor Blake of the dispensary.

     ECONOMIST- Michael Kelly, Esq. of Myrehill, in the County of Galway, has refused 150 for a colt loa? by Economist, out of sister to Thunip. Economist is the property of Parsons Persse, Esq. and is at present at Newmarket, in England.

     The Rev. B.J. Roche, P.P., took the pledge of temperance from the Rev. Mr. Mathew last week, in the West Chapel of this town.

     Tuam Quarter Sessions commenced on Monday, before W.D. Freeman, Esq., assistant Barrister, where there were 36 persons registered, the tenants of Major Kirwan, Castlebacket, and Wm. M'Dermott, Esq., Barrister.

Emigration to Australia- On Saturday, at two o'clock, the Jupiter steam-vessel conveyed over 140 persons to Plymouth, who proposed to embark from that seaport, in the fine new ship Lord Western, for Sydney and Port Philip. The emigrants, male and female, were a fine healthy class of people-those designed for agricultural pursuits particularly so. The women, who were all young and strong, and some of them exceedingly well looking, appeared to outnumber the male emigrants. The entire, among whom were only a few children, were comfortably clothed, and seemed properly equipped in every respect for the voyage. Mr. Besnard, jun., proceeded with the emigrants to Plymouth. The Lord Western registers 530 tons.--Cork Paper

COMMISSIONER OF OYER AND TERMINER.

ATTEMPT AT MURDER IN DUBLIN CASTLE.

     James Tracy was placed at the bar, charged with that he, on the 21st day of May last, did willfully, maliciously, unlawfully and feloniously assault one Susan Lloyd, and cut and wound here with a razor, with intent to murder her. He was also charged in another count with having committed the act with intent to disable here and do her grievous bodily harm.
     Mr. Monaghan, Q.C. and Mr. M'Kane conducted the case on the part of the Crown.
     Mr. J. Walsh attended as counsel for the prisoner.
   Susan Lloyd was examined, and described the occurence, as it has already appeared before the public.
     Miss Rochford, the governess in Sir William Leeson's family, corroborated her testimony in several particulars.
     Dr. Riud proved the nature of the wounds, which were not sufficient to cause immediate death.
     The prisoner was found guilty of the minor charge, but acquitted of the capital felony.

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     The 64th Depot has suffered more by desertion than any other in Ireland.

     The body of an unfortunate man named Walsh, from Ship-street, Dublin, who left his house in a state of derangement, was taken out of the Canal, on Sunday evening. We understand the has left a wife and six children to deplore his untimely end.

    SISTERS OF MERCY

     This most valuable Institution lately established her has already commenced its hallowed work concerning the sick and the poor. In addition to the ladies who accompanied the venerable foundress of the order, Mrs. M'Auley, from Biggot-st, Dublin, to Galway, we learn that three other ladies have last week gone through the ceremony of reception: and it is with an ordinary feelings of admiration we announce that the second daughter of Walter Joyce, Esq., of Merview, has entered the Convent of Mercy, on last Thursday, to devote herself to that Heavenly Institute.

     A parcel containing 1500l. in bills and specie given by Mr. Mullins, manager of the Tuam branch of the National Bank, to Mark. J. Blake, Esq. to be put into the Galway branch has been some time missing, and it must be gratifying to learn that the robber has been discovered- he was a servant named Lane, in Mr. Blake's employment at the time, and to him the conveyance of a carpet-bag containing the parcel to the Mail Coach office was entrusted. The bills though lost were paid, and the bank was but minus by the transaction 500l; and finally, in gold, notes and value 200l were found with Lane's wife, the day Father Mathew arrived at Ahaseragh. Lane has absconded and is now in America.

MARRIED

     At Trory Church, John Netterville Blake, Esq., Dowth Hall, county Meath, eldest son of Edward Blake, Esq., D.L. Castlegrove, in this county, to Anne, only surviving child of the late George Nixon, Esq, Nixon Hall, county Fermanagh.
     At St. George's Church, by the Rev. John Gregg, John Price Blake, Esq., Captain 47th Regt., second son of the late Sir John Blake, Bart., Menlo' Castle, Galway, to Frances, eldest daughter of John Drope M'Illtree, Esq., of Belturbet, County Cavan.

DIED

     At Curranrue House, county Clare, of bursting a blood vessel, Henry Allman, Esq., universally regretted.
     A few days since of a decline, Patrick, second son of the late William Lynch, Esq. of Lydican, a young gentleman much esteemed and respected for his amiable and unobtrusive manners, and whose premature death is much lamented by his family and friends.

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     Exract from the Will of the late Robert Hedges Eyre, Esq. of Macroom Castle, county Cork:-'The Macroom estate, precluding the Castle, is left to the Hon. William White, being ordered to take the name of Hedges, under a penalty of forfeiture. The whole of the Galway property, and a large portion of the town, to the Rev. Robert Hedges Maunsell, of Flesk Priory, Killarney, and son-in-law to Eyre Evans, Esq. of Ashill Towers; The Berehaven property to Lord Berehaven, elder son to the Earl of Bantre, and the Tipperary property to Robert White, of Glengarriff, Esq. nil the properties strictly entailed.'

THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1840

     Margaret Shea was tried at Limerick quarter sessions for stealing articles of household furniture from the residence of Mr. Henry Buck, civil engineer. The woman lived as servant in the house, and occasionally found means to convey away spoons, cloths, &c. some of which were discovered in her box by Serjeant Riedy, and identified by Mrs. Buck as her husband's property. To be transported for seven years.
    Adams v. Gerrard, was tried in the Court Exchequer, an action for services as agent to the Limerick marble company, and wharfage of shipment from the Ballysimon quarries. Mr. Staunton and Mr. Hardy, were examined on the trial. Verdict for plaintiff, 1101.

EDUCATION IN LOUGHREA

     The town of Loughrea has been for a long period much in want of a respectable Seminary for the education of youth; and as an establishment so very essential has been recently opened by Mr. Michael Winter, whose talent and literary attainments render him in every respect capable of conducting with credit to himself, and satisfaction to the surrounding gentry of that neighbourhood so laborious and arduous an undertaking. Mr. Winter's School is under the patronage and auspices of the venerable and exemplary Catholic Prelate of the Diocese, the Right Rev. Dr. Coen, and we wish it may prosper, and meet with the liberal support of the public.

ST. NICHOLAS'S CHURCH

     By the recent demise of the much respected and lamented Rev. Henry Morgan, one of the Protestant Vicars of St. Nicholas's Church, in this town, a vacancy has occurred, and we have many gentlemen of different religious persuasions express an anxious desire that the Rev. Robert H.E.  Maunsell would be elected as his successor. In this feeling so generally entertained by our fellow-citizens we perfectly concur-it is a tribute of respect to which the gentleman is well entitled, from the high and exalted position he at present holds amongst us, when, by public improvements and personal observation, he might contribute largely to the advancement and prosperity of the town. In the early battles fought for Galway's freedom and independence we recollect how ardently and enthusiastically his excellent and respected father, the late Counsellor Maunsell, enrolled himself amongst the patriots of that day in opposing Corporation influence and corruption in Galway. For many reasons connected with the welfare of Galway, we hope Mr. Maunsell will be elected Mr. Morgan's successor.

HARBOUR COMMISSIONERS

     Two vacancies are caused amongst the Galway Harbour Commissioners by the recent deaths of the late Robert [name blacked out], Esq. and E. M'Donnell, Esq., and a day will be fixed early in the evening month, for electing two Commissioners to serve in their place. We understand there are no less that six candidates for the vacant offices, namely, the Rev. Edward Eyre, Martin J. Blake, Esq., Thomas Burke, Esq., Menlo' Castle, Robert D. Persse, Esq., Constantine Sloper, Esq. and Randall M'Donnell, Esq. We do not want to detract from the merit of the respectable candidates, on the contrary, we think them eligible to fill such responsible situations; but in our anxiety to consult the best interests of the town we have no hesitation in recommending the claims and pretensions of the Rev. Mr. Eyre, to the favourable consideration of those invested with the power of reflecting. This gentleman succeeds to the large property and fortune of the late Robert Hedges Eyre, Esq. in this town, who was a Commissioner and we think prudence, good taste, and the position he is destined to hold amongst us, as an extensive landed proprietor should, and will suggest the propriety of electing him. Mr. Blake as one of the members of the Town, we think has a strong claim upon the people, which we have no doubt will be admitted by all parties; but as we have every confidence in the good sense and discriminating judgment of the Commissioners, we are satisfied their selections and appointments will afford public satisfaction.

 

The Days of Yore- Forty years ago, young ladies of the first respectability learned music, but it was the humming of the spinning-wheel, and learned the necessary steps of dancing following it. Their piano forte was a loom; their parasol, a broom; and their novels, a bible.

Poor Laws- On Monday last there was an extraordinary meeting of the Tuam Union, convened for the purpose of borrowing the necessary sum for building the poor house. There being none of the chairmen present, John F. Browne, Esq. was selected to preside. There was a meeting of the Valuation Committee on Wednesday.
     Sir George Shea, Bart., has contributed 50l for the relief of the poor of his estate at Dunmore, in this county.

NOTICE

     The several Tenants residing on my property, situate at Galway, are hereby cautioned against paying their Rents to any person or persons without my receipt, otherwise they will have to pay again.
     Dated this 6th day of July, 1840.
     BARTHOLOMEW BASTEROT BURKE
     Heirs-at-law to Rickard Burke, deceased.

DIED

     On Monday last, at the Dominican Nunnery, in this town, Miss Jane Nolan, youngest daughter of Patrick Nolan, Esq.- This pious and exemplary Lady took the veil in the year 1815 as one of the Sisters of the above community, and devoted her whole life to the service of her Creator, and the performance of all those acts of charity and benevolence, which her tender feelings and sympathy for the poor and destitute were sure to suggest. With a generous and humane heart, an amiable and conciliating disposition and affability of manners peculiarly calculated to endear her to her friends and acquaintances, she was universally beloved and esteemed by all who enjoyed the pleasure of her society; and her death is a source of deep regret. Miss Nolan was the younger of three sisters, who embraced religion in the Dominican Nunnery, and was the last survivour of them. After solemn High Mass this day at the West Convent, the remains of this most estimable and lamented Lady were deposited in the family vault in that Cemetery.

THE ERREW MONASTERY

     It affords us much pleasure in announcing that the first stone of this Monastery, intended for the dissemination of a sound religious instruction among the poor children, will be laid on next Tuesday week, the 21st instant, by His Grace the Archbishop of Tuam. The Bishop of Killala will also take part in the ceremonies, and a large number of the Clergy are expected to attend. We have this early notification that those who are kindly disposed towards the establishment of Monastic Institutions in the County may make the necessary arrangements for being present on this interesting occasion, and we feel that we would be acting unfairly, did we not tender our word of praise to the celebrated historian of Galway, James Hardiman, Esq. for his liberal donation of ten acres of land, with a lease for ever, on his estate at Errew, for his monastery.--Mayo Telegraph.

THE CASTLE OF AUGHNANURE,
County Galway

(From the first revived number of the Irish Penny Journal.)

     Not many years since there was an extensive district in the west of Ireland, which, except to those inhabiting in it, was a sort of terra incognita,or unknown region, to the people of the British Isles. It had no carriage roads, no ins or hotels, no towns; and the only notion popularly formed of it was that of an inhospitable desert- the refugium of malefactors and Irish savages, who set all law at defiance, and into which it would be and act of madness for any civilized man to venture. This district was popularly called the kindom of Connemara, a name applied to that great tract extending from the town of Galway to the Killery harbour, bounded on the east by the great lakes called Lough Corrib and Lough Mask, and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, and comprising within the baronies of Moycullen and Ballinahinch, and half barony of Ross. It is not an  unknown region now. It has two prosperous towns and several villages, good roads, and comfortable hotels. "The Queen's writ will run in it;" and the inhabitants are remarkable for their intelligence, quietness, honesty, hospitality, and many other good qualities; and in the summer months it is the favourite resort of the artist, antiquary, geologist, botanist, ornithologist, sportsman-in short, of pleasure tourists of all descriptions, and from every quarter of the British empire; for it is a district singularly rich in its attractions to all those who look for health and pleasure from a summer's ramble, combined with excitable occupations. Of its picturesque beauties much has already been written. They have been sketched by the practised hand of Inglis, and by the more graphic pencil of Caesar Otway; but its hitory and more important antiquities have been as yet but little noticed and consequently, generally passed by without attracting the attention or exciting any interest in the mind of the traveller. We propose to ourselves to supply this defect to some extent, and have consequently chosen as the subject of our first illustration an ancient castle, of which we have presented our readers with a view, and which is the most picturesque, and indeed important remain of antiquity within the district which we have described.
     Journeying along the great road from Galway to Oughterard, and at the distance of about two miles from the latter, the attention of the traveller will most probably be attracted by a beautiful little river, over which, on a natural bridge of limestone rock, the road passes; and looking to the right, towards the wide expanse of the waters of Lough Corrib, he will perceive the grey tower or keep of an extensive castle, once the chief seat or fortress of the O'Flaherties, the hereditary lords of West Connaught, or Connemara. This castle is called the Castle of Augnanure, or, properly, Achaidh- na-n-Jubhar, Acha-na-n-ure, or the field of the yews-an appelation derived from the number of ancient trees of that description which grew around it, but of which only a single tree now survives. This vestige is, however, the most ancient and interesting ruin of this locality. Its antiquity must be great indeed-more than a thousand years; and, growing as it does out of a huge ledge of limestone rock, and throwing its withered and nearly leafless branches in fantastic forms across the little river which divides it from the castle, the picturesqueness of its situation is much as the painter must look at with feelings of admiration and delight. It has also its historical legend to give it additional interest; and unfortunately this legend, though quite in harmony with the loss and melancholy features of the scene, is but too characteristic of the unhappy social and political state of Ireland at the period to which it relates-the most unfortunate period, as it may be emphatically called, of Ireland's history-that of the civil wars in the middle of the seventeenth century. The principle, however, which we propose to ourselves in the conducting of our publication, will not permit us to give this legend a place in its pages; it may be learned on the spot; and we have only alluded to it here, in order to state  that it is to the religious venerations kept alive by this tradition that the yew tree of Aughnanure owes its preservation from the fate which has overtaken all its original companions.
     The Castle of Aughnanure, though greatly dilapidated by time, and probably still more so by the great hurricane of last year, is still in sufficient preservation to convey to those who may examine its ruins a vivid impression of the domestic habits and peculiar household economy of an old Irish chief of nearly the highest rank. His house a strong and fortified tower, stands, in an ample court-yard, surrounded by outworks perforated with shotholes and only accessable through its draw-bridge gateway tower. The river, which conveyed the boats to the adjacent lake, and supplied his table with the luxuries of trout and salmon, washes the rock on which the walls are raised, and forms a little harbour within them. Cellars, bake houses, and houses for the accommodation of his numerous followers, are also to be seen; and an appendage not usually found in connection with such fortresses also appears, namely, a spacious banqueting-hall for the revels of peaceful times, the ample windows of which exhibit a style of architecture of no small elegance of design and execution.
     We shall probably in some early number of our Journal give a genealogical account of the noble family to whom the castle belonged; but in the mean time it may be satisfactory to the reader to give him an idea of the class of persons by whom the chief was attended, and who occasionally required accommodations in his mansion. They are thus enumerated in an ancient manuscript preserved in the College Library: - O'Cannavan, his physician; Mac Gillegannan, chief of the horse; O'Colgan, his standard-bearer; Mac Kinnon and O'Milvahill, his brehons or judges; the O'Duvans, his attendants of ordinary visitings; Mac Gille-Kelly, his ollave in genealogy and poetry; Mac Beolain, his keeper of the bell of St. Patrick; O'Donnell, his master of revels; O'Kicherain and O'Conlachtus, the keepers of his bees; O'Murgaile, his chief steward, or collector of his reveues.
     The date of the erection of this castle is not exactly known, though it was originally inscribed on a stone over its entrance gateway, which existed in the last century. From the style of its architecture, however, it may be assigned with sufficient certainty to the middle of the sixteenth century, with the exception perhaps, of the banqueting-hall, which appears to be of a somewhat later age.
     While the town of Galway was besieged in 1651 by the parliamentary forces under the command of Sir Charles Coote, the Castle of Aughnanure afforded protection to the Lord Deputy the Marquess of Clanricarde, until the successors of his adversaries forced him  and many other nobles to seek safety in the more distant wilds of Connemara. This event is thus stated by the learned Roderick O'Flaherty in 1683:-
     "Anno 1651.- Among the many strange and rare vicissitudes of our own present age, the Marquis of Clanricarde, Lord Deputy of Ireland, the Earl of Castlehaven, and Earl of Clancarty, driven out of the rest of Ireland, were entertained, as they landed n the west shore of this lake for a night's lodging, under the mean roof of Mortough Boy Branhagh, an honest farmer's house, the same year wherein the most potent monarch of Great Britain, our present sovereign, bowed his imperial triple crown under the boughs of an oak tree, where his life depended on the shade of the tree leaves."
     There are several of the official letters of the Marquis preserved in his Memoirs, dated from Aughnanure, and written during the stormy period of which we have made mention.
    The Castle of Aughnanure has passed from the family to whom it originally belonged; but the representative and the chief of his name, Henry Parker O'Flaherty, Esq. of Lemonfield, a descendant in the female line from the celebrated Grania Waille, still possesses a good estate in its vicinity.
 

THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
THURSDAY, JULY 16, 1840

BIRTHS

     At Rock Hill, county Galway, the Lady of William Johnson of the Seven Churches, King's County, Esq. of a son.
     At Paris, in France, the Lady of the Rev. Samuel Medlicott, Rector of Loughrea, of a daughter.

MARRIAGES

     On the 16th instant, at the College Road, Galway, by the Right Rev. Dr. Browne, R.C.B., Henry M'Dermott, Esq. son to the late Dr. M'Dermott, hereditary Prince of Coolavin and cousin german of the O'Conor Don, M.P. to Mary, eldest daughter of the late Myles M'Sweeney, Esq. Droumquin, county Kerry, and niece to Daniel O'Connell, M.P.
     At Lombard-street, on Sunday evening last, Mr. Charles Kain, of this town to Honoria, daughter of Edmond Leonard.

DIED

     At his house in William-street, on Thursday evening last, regretted by his friends and acquaintances, by whom he was esteemed and valued, Mr. Patrick Sheridan.

DEPOPULATION SYSTEM- Upwards of 500 families were ejected at the late session; of Loughrea, off the property of Rahara, which on the demise of Mr. Blake fell into the hands of a person of the name of Knox. Many others on the property of Lord Gort were also ejected.

THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

     The Catholic Clergy of the Archdiocese of Dublin, headed by their venerated Archbishop, have entered on their annual spiritual retreat for one week.
     The spiritual retreat of the clergy of the diocese of Meath will commence under the direction of the Very Rev. Peter Kenny, at Navan, on Monday the 20th inst.
    The Right Rev. Dr. Fleming left Dublin yesterday evening for Liverpool. His lordship paid a visit to the House of Mercy on Sunday and celebrated mass at the convent there in the morning.
     John L.O'Farrell, Esq, on his return from the assizes of Longford, having seen the extent of the foundation of the new Cathedral of Ardah (altho' not a resident of the county) most generously directed twenty pounds as a first subscription, to be paid by his agent towards the erection of the magnificent building.

ST. JARLATH'S COLLEGE

     This excellent and admirably conducted institution is rapidly progressing in public estimation, and we have no doubt that ere long it will rank among the first Roman Catholic Colleges in Ireland. The annual public examinations were held in the last week of June and the correct answering- the intelligence-the religious, scientific & classic knowledge displayed by the young pupils, elicited the warmest approbations and general admirations of all those who were present. A list of the gentlemen who obtained premiums and distinctions appears in our advertising columns.

FATAL ACCIDENT

     A few days since, a fine boy of the name of Walsh, about 13 years of age, and an apprentice to a Boatsbuilder, fell from a scaffolding and having violently come in contact with the end of a plank, received some severe injuries in the abdomen, of which he died a few hours afterwards.

MEDICAL PROFESSION

     We are happy to perceive by an article in the Dublin Evening Mail, that Thomas Whistler, Esq., son of our late much respected and eminent fellow townsman, (Thomas L. Whistler, Esq., M.D.) after being duly and solemnly examined by the Medical Profession of Trinity College & Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital, obtained degrees qualifying him to practice as a physician. This talented young gentleman has prosecuted his studies with great industry and from the perfect knowledge he has acquired of his profession, he promises to be a great acquisition to the medical department of this town.

A GOOD EXAMPLE

     We have been informed that on the servants of Robert Power, Esq., Solicitor, taking the pledge, he gave the sum it annually cost him for malt for their use in addition to their wages. We mention the circumstance not only as being highly creditable to Mr. Power, but as an example worthy of imitation.

St. Jarlath's College
Tuam,

Under the patronage and immediate inspection of his Grace the Most Rev. Dr. M'Hale, Archbishop of Tuam
_______

     At a Public Examination held on the 23d, 24th, 25th and 26th days of June, 1840, the following gentlemen obtained Premiums and Distinctions-
     Dogmatic and Moral Theology- 1st Premium-M'Ginnis and Scully, Tuam; 2d do. Hughes and Gibbons, Tuam; 3d do. Heslin, Ardagh and O'Beirne, Elphin, next in merit-Flood, Meath; Burke, Tuam; Dunne, Meth; Geraghty, Elphin; Morris, Tuam.
     Sacred Scriptures- 1st Premium, M'Guiness and Scully, Tuam; 2d do. Hughes, Tuam and O'Beirne, Elphin and Flood, Meath; 3d do. Dunne, Meath; Heslin, Ardagh; Gormly, Elphin; next in merit-Fitzsimons, Meath; Gibbons, Tuam; Geraghty, Elphin; Browne, Achonry; Morris and Burke, Tuam; and M'Murray, Kilmore.
     Logic and Metaphysics- 1st Premium, O'Brien and Burke, Tuam; next in merit-O'Flaherty and Walsh, Tuam; and Smyth, Kilmore.
    Tacitus and Livy- 1st Premium, Waldron and Fitzgerald T, Tuam; 2nd- Healy, Elphin; Green and Fitzgerald J, Tuam; next in merit-King, Tuam; M'Dermott, Elphin; Whelan and Cavanaugh, Tuam.
     Juvenal and Pe????- 1st Premium, Waldron, Green, King, Fitzgerald J, Tuam; 2nd do, Kiernan, Meath; Healy, Elphin; Whelan, Burke T., Fitzgerald T, Tuam; next in merit-Gibbons, M'Girr, Cavenagh, Costello, Tuam.
     Cicero's Orations- 1st Premium, Green, Fitzgerald J, Waldron, Tuam; 2d do., King, Tuam; Healy, Elphin; Fitzgerald J, Tuam; Kirenan, Meath; next in merit-Cavanagh and M'Girr, Tuam.
     Horace's Satires, Epistles and Art of Poetry- 1st Premium, Kilgannon and Burke, J., Tuam; next in merit-Burke Thomas, Gibbons, O'Reily, Tuam; Carr and Lowe, Elphin.
     Latin Compostion- 1st Premium, Waldron and Green, Tuam; Kiernan, Meath; 2d do., Fitzgerald J., King and Whelan, Tuam; next in merit- Healy, Elphin; Burke T, Tuam; M'Dermott, Elphin.
     Virgil- 1st Premium, Moylan, Dublin; next in merit-Kelly, Killaloe; Corlis, New Orleans; Tully, M'Cormac and Hopkins, Tuam.
     Sallust- 1st Premium, Moylan, Dublin; Corlis, New Orleans; Prendergast, Tuam; next in merit-Kelly, Killaloe; Hopkins and M'Cormac, Tuam.
     Caesar- 1st Premium, Corcoran and Kirwan, Tuam; next in merit-Brenan, Costello, Kyle and Moran, Tuam.
     Swaines Sentences-
1st Premium, Kelly Jasper, Tuam; next in merit-Hartnett and Moran, Tuam.
     Latin Exercises- 1st Class-1st Premium, Corcoran P., and Kirwan, Tuam; next in merit-Brennan, Kyle and Costello, Tuam.
     Second Class-1st Premium-Moylan, Dublin; Corlis, New Orleans; next in merit-Kelly, Killaloe; Tully and Hopkins, Tuam.
     Prosody-1st Premium, Kelly Jasper, Tuam, next in merit-Hartnett, Moran, Kyle Thomas, Tuam.
     Greek- Euripides- 1st Premium, Waldron, green and King, Tuam; 2d do., Whelan, Tuam; Healy, Ephin; Fitzgerald J, Tuam; next in merit-Kiernan, Meath; M'Dermott, Elphin; Cavanagh and M'Girr, Tuam.
     Latin Grammar- 1st Premium, Kelly Jasper, Tuam; next in merit-Hartnett, Moran, Kyle Thomas, Tuam.
     Homer- 1st Premium, King, Waldron, Green, Fitzgerald J, Tuam; 2d do, Kirenan, Meath; Healy, Elphin; M'Dermott, Elphin; Gibbons, Cavanagh & M'Girr, Tuam.
    Longinus- 1st Premium, Green, Fitzgerald J, Tuam. 2d do, King, Tuam; Kirenan, Meath; Healy, Elphin; Whelan, Tuam; next in merit-M'Girr, Tuam.
    Demosthenes - 1st Premium, Wadron and Green, Tuam; Healy, Elphin; 2d do, Fitzgerald J, Tuam; Kirwan, Meath; King and Fitzgerald V, Tuam; next in merit-Whelan, Tuam; M'Dermott, Elphin; Cavanagh and Gibbons, Tuam.
     Xenophon- 1st Premium, Kilgannon; Burke, Thomas, Burke Joseph, Tuam; next in merit-Carty, Elphin; Costello and Hynes, Tuam.
     Lucian-1st Premium, O'Reily, Tuam; and Lowe, Elphin; next in merit-Hession, Tuam.
     Greek Exercises- 1st Premium, Waldron, Green, King, Fitzgerald J; 2d do, Kiernan, Healy, Whelan; next in merit-M'Dermott, M'Girr, Cavanagh, Fitzgerald T.
     Testament and Greek Grammar- 1st Premium, Corlis, New Orleans; Moylan, Dublin; next in merit-Hopkins and Prendergast, Tuam.
    French-Telemachus - 1st Premium, King, O'Brien, Burke J, Tuam; 2d do. Fitzgerald V, Whelan Tuam; Healy, Elphin; next in merit-Cavanagh and Waldron, Tuam; Kiernan, Meath; and Green, Tuam.
     Sciences-Globes and Natural Philosophy-1st Premium, O'Mealy, Tuam; 2d do. Browne, Achonry; Cummins, Green, Burke M, Cavanagh, Fitzgerald J, O'Riely and O'Brien, Tuam; 3d do, Costello, Keary and Hession, Tuam; Corlis, New Orleans.
     Algebra - 1st Premium, Whelan and O'Brien, Tuam; 2d do. Kirenan, Meath; Fitzgerald J, Tuam; 3d do, Cavanagh, Tuam; Tormey, Meath; Ingoldsby, Clogher; Walsh, Tuam; Healy, Elphin; King, Tuam.
     Geometry -
1st Premium, Whelan and Green, Tuam; Kirenan, Meath; O'Brien, Tuam; 2d do. Cavanagh and Cullinan M, Tuam; Burke J, Costello J, Tuam; Ingolsby, Clogher; Tormey, Meath, O'Riely, Tuam, Kelly, Killaloe.
     English Composition - 1st Premium, O'Brien and Burke J, Tuam; 2d do., O'Reily, Tuam; next in merit- Healy, Elphin; Waldron and Fitzgerald, Tuam; Lowe, Elphin.
    Elocution - 1st Class-1st Premium, O'Reily, Tuam; 2d do, Burke J and O'Flaherty, Tuam; Carr, Elphin; next in merit-Tormey, Meath; O'Brien, Tully and Kligannon, Tuam; Moylan, Dublin; 2d class- 1st Premium Costello, Tuam; 2d do, Kirwan and Brennan, Tuam; next in merit-Moran, Daly, James, Keary and Kelly Jasper, Tuam.
     Ecclesiastical History- 1st Premium, M'Gennis, Scully and M'Gough, Tuam, 2d do, Fitzgerald J, Whelan, Tuam; Ingoldsby, Clogher; next in merit-Cavanagh, Burke Thomas, O'Reily, Kilgannon and Waldron, Tuam; Tormey, Meath; Costello, Tuam and Moylan, Dublin.
     Sacred and Profane History - 1st Premium, Burke J, and O'Flaherty, Tuam; Healy, Elphin; 2d do, Fitzgerald J, Whelan, Tuam; Ingoldsby, Clogher; next in merit, Burke Thomas, O'Reily, Kilgannon and Waldron, Tuam; Tormey, Meath; Costello, Tuam;and Moylan Dublin.
     English Grammar - 1st Class-1st Premium, Burke J, Tuam; Tormey, Meath; Green Tuam; 2d do. Waldron Tuam; Snyth, Kilmore; and Healy, Elphin ;next in merit-O'Reily Tuam; Fitzgerald, Tuam; Carr, Elphin and Ingoldsby, Clogher; 2d class-Costello and Hession , Tuam; 2d do, Hartnett, Cullinan, Moran Kirwan, Tuam; Corlis, New Orleans; Keary, M'Cormac, Kelly Jasper, Kyle J, Tuam.
     Geography - 1st Class-1st Premium, Hughes, Waldron, O'Brien, M'Gough, Tuam; Flood, Meath; 2d do, M'Guiness, Morris, Scully, Costello, Green, Tuam; next in merit-Healy, Elphin; Browne, Achonry; Whelan, Cavanagh, Hynes, Tuam.
     2d Class-1st Premium, Keary, Costello, Hession, Tuam; 2d do, Moran, Cullinan I, Tuam; next in merit- Corlis, New Orleans; Kelly Jasper, Kyle Joseph Brenan, M'Cormac, Tuam.
     Mensuration- 1st Premium, Cullinan M, Tuam.
     Arithmetic - 1st Premium-Cullinan M, Tuam; 2d do, Costello, Hession and Keary, Tuam; next in merit-Cullinan, T. Kirwan, Hopkins and M'Cormac, Tuam.
     Writing - 1st Premium Murray and Hopkins, Tuam; 2d do, Kirwan, Brennan, M'Cormac, Tuam.
     Spelling - 1st Premium-Costello, Cullinan and Kirwan, Tuam; 2d do, M'Cormac and Hession, Tuam; Corlis, New Orleans, Kyle J. Brennan, Hopkins, Tuam.
     Catechism- 1st Premium-Corcoran, Tuam; Moylan, Dublin; Corlis, New Orleans; 2d do. Hartnett, Tully, Kirwan, Tuam; 3d do, Hession, M'Cormac, Tuam; next in merit-Hopkins, Kelly Jasper, M'hale, Costello, Kyle Joseph and Daly James, Tuam.

     WILLIAM CULLINAN,President
July 4th, 1840
     Vacation will end on the 15th of August.

THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
THURSDAY, JULY 23, 1840

THE IRISH IN 1644
AS DESCRIBED BY A FRENCHMAN OF THAT PERIOD
(From the Irish Penny Journal)

     We are indebted to our talented countryman, Crofton Croker, for the translation of the tour of a French traveller, M. De la Boulfaye Le Gouz, in Ireland in 1644. Its author journeyed from Dublin to the principal cities and towns in Ireland, and sketches what he saw in a very amusing manner. The value of the publication, however, is greatly enhanced by the interesting notes appended to it by Mr. Croker and some of his friends; and as the work is less known in Ireland than it should be, we extract from it the Frenchman's sketch of the habits and customs of the Irish people as they prevailed two centuries back, in the belief that they will be acceptable to our readers.
     "Ireland, or Hibernia, has always been called the Island of Saints, owing to the number of great men who have been born there. The natives are known to the English under the name of Iriche, to the French under that of Hibernois, which they take from the Latin, or Irois, from the English, or Irlandois from the name of the island, because land signifies ground. They call themselves Ayrenake, in their own language, a tongue which you must learn by practice, because they do not write it; they learn Latin in English characters, with which characters they also write their own language; and so I have seen a monk write, but in such a way as no one but himself could read it.
     Saint Patrick was the apostle of this island, who according to the natives blessed the land, & gave his malediction to all venomous things; and it cannot be denied that the earth and the timber of Ireland, being transported, will contain neither serpents, worms, spiders, nor rats, as one sees in the west of England and Scotland, where all particular persons have their trunks and the boards of their floors in Irish wood; and in all Ireland there is not to be found a serpent or toad.
     The Irish of the southern and eastern coasts follow the customs of the English; those of the north, the Scotch. The other are not very published, and are called by the English savages. The English colonists were of the English church, and the Scotch were Calvinists, but at present they are all Puritans. The native Irish are very good Catholics, though knowing little of their religion those of the Hebrides and of the North acknowledge only Jesus and St. Columbo (Columbkill), but their faith is great in the church of Rome. Before the English revolution, when an Irish gentleman died, his Britannic majesty became seised of the property and tutellage of the children of the deceased, whom they usually brought up in the English Protestant religion. Lord Insiquin (Inchiquin) was educated in this manner, to whom the Irish have given the name of plague or pest of this country.
     The Irish gentlemen eat a great deal of meat and butter, and but little bread. They drink milk and beer, into which they put laurel leaves, and eat bread baked in the English manner. The poor grind barley and peas between two stones, and make it into bread, which they cook upon a small iron table heated on a tripod; they put into  it some oats, and this bread, which is the form of cakes they call harann, they eat with great draughts of buttermilk. Their beer is very good and the eau de vie, which they call brandovin [brandy] excellent. The butter, the beef, and the mutton, are better than in England.
     The towns are built in the English fashion, but the houses in the country are in this manner: - Two stakes are fixed in the ground, across which is a transverse pole to support two rows of rafters on the two sides, which are covered with straw and leaves. They are without chimneys and make the fire in the middle of the hut, which greatly incommodes those who are not fond of smoke. The castles or houses of the nobility consist of four walls extremely high, thatched with straw; but to tell the truth, they  are nothing but square towers without windows, or at least having such small apertures as to give more light than there is in a prison. They have little furniture, and cover their rooms with rushes, of which they make their beds in summer, and of straw in winter. They put the rushes a foot deep on their floors, and on their windows, and many of them ornament the ceilings with branches.
     They are fond of the harp, on which nearly all play, as the English do on the fiddle, the French on the lute, the Italians on the guitar, the Spaniards on its castanets, the Scotch on the bagpipe, the Swiss on the fife, the Germans on the trumpet, the Dutch on the tambourine, and the Turks on the flageolet.
     The Irish carry a sequine [skein] or Turkish dagger, which they dart very adroitly at fifteen paces distance; and have this advantage, then if they remain masters of the field of battle, there remains no enemy; and if they are routed, they fly in such a manner that it is impossible to catch them. I have seen an Irishman, with ease accomplish twenty-five leagues a day. They march to battle with the bagpipes instead of fifes; but they have few drums, and they use the musket and cannon as we do. They are better soldiers abroad than at home.
     The red-haired are considered the most handsome in Ireland. The women have hanging breasts; and those who are freckled, like a trout, are esteemed the most beautiful.
     The trade of Ireland consists in salmon and herrings, which they take in great numbers. You have one hundred and twenty herrings for an English penny, equal to a carolus of France, in  the fishing time. They import wine and salt from France, and sell there strong frize cloths at good prices.
     The Irish are fond of strangers, and it costs little to travel amongst them. When a traveller of good address enters their houses with assurance, he has but to draw a box of sinisine, or snuff, and offer it to them; then these people receive him with admiration, and give him the best they have to eat. They love the Spaniards as their brothers, the French as their friends, the Italians as their allies, the Germans as their relatives, the English and Scotch as their irreconcileable enemies. I was surrounded on my journey from Kilkinik [Kilkenny] to Cachel [Cashel] by a detachment of twenty Irish soldiers; and when they learned I was a Frankard (it is thus they call us) they did not molest me in the least, but made me offers of service seeing that I was neither Sezanach [Saxon] nor English.
     The Irish, whom the English call savages, have for their head-dress a little blue bonnet, raised two fingers-breadth in front and behind covering their head and ears. Their doublet has a long body and four skirts; and their breeches re a pantaloon of white frize, which they call sers. Their shoes, which are pointed, they call brogues, with a single sole. They often told me of a proverb in English, ' Airische borgues for English dugues' [Irish brogues for English dogs] ' the shoes of Ireland for the dogs of England', meaning that their shoes are worth more than the English.
     For cloaks they have five or six yards of frize drawn around the neck, the body, and over the head, and they never quit this mantle, either in sleeping, working or eating. The generality of them have no shirts, and about as many lice as hairs on their heads, which they kill before each other without any ceremony.
     The northern Irish have for their only dress a breeches, a covering for the back, without bonnets, shoes, or stockings. The women of the north have a double rug, girded round their middle and fastened to the throat. Those bordering on Scotland have not more clothing.- The girls of Ireland, even those living in towns, have for their head dress only a ribbon, and if married, they have a napkin on the head in the matter of Egyptians. The body of their gowns comes only to their breasts, and when they are engaged in work, they gird their petticoat with their sash about the abdomen. They wear a hat and mantle very large, of a brown colour [ coleur minime] of which the cape is of course woollen frize., in the fashion of the women of Lower Normandy."

Outrage- A House Demolished and a Horse Killed.- At ten o'clock on Wednesday night last, an armed party attacked the house of a respectable farmer named John Finn, and demolished the doors and windows. Having effected their purpose at the dwelling-house, they next proceeded to the stable, and killed, by repeated stabs of a sharp instrument, the beautiful sire Rainbow, and animal of great value and well known in this county. They next tore down a portion of the out-offices, after which they retired, in obedience to the command of a leader, and it is supposed re-crossed the mountain. Finn was in attendance at the Wexford sessions when these outrages were committed on his property.--Carlow Sentinel

THE CHURCH

     On Friday, the 10th instant, the Lord Bishop of Clogher consecrated the church recently erected and endowed by the late General Archdall, in the parish of Derryvullan, county Fermanagh.- His Lordship was attended by the archdeacon of the diocese; his domestic chaplain, the Rev. R. L. Tottenham; and Dr. Robinson, of Armagh- and was met, at the entrance to the church, by a considerable number of the neighbouring clergy who assisted in the solemn service appointed for the occasion. A most appropriate and impressive sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Millar, the talented rector of the parish.
     The Rev. Brabazon Ellis, A.B., lat Perpetual Curate of Turlough diocess of Tuam, has been appointed to St. Paul's Church, Longport, Staffordshire-patron, the Rector of Burslem.

THE ARMY

     The Royal Artillery at Ceylon were attacked by severe cholera. The heat of the climate was almost intolerable.
     The late ensign Polk 32 l, was interred with military honors at Cove, on Monday, attended by his Brother, Lieut. Polk, Royal Dragoons, as chief mourner and followed by the officers 32 l, 48th and 69th depots.
     Capt. Unett's company 67th depot, from Galway, continues on detachment at Ennis.
     Lieut. the Hon. C.S. Hare, 7th Fusileers, brother of Lord Listowel, has left Tralee on a visit to Henry A. Herbert, Esq. Tore Cottage, Killarney. Lieut. the Hon. J. Keane, is also on leave to see his father, Lieut.-Gen. Lord Keane.
     The warrant reviving the Lodge in the 38th regiment, has been sent back to the Grand Lodge in Dublin, by order of the military authorities, but the Duke of Leinster, grand master, intended applying to Lord Hill on the subject.

HARBOUR COMMISSIONERS

     We insert the subjoined letter from Robert D. Persse, Esq., in which he declines coming forward on the present occasion, as Candidate for a Harbour Commissioner, & very creditably to his feelings, ??? his reasons for not wishing to interfere with the claims of M.J. Blake, Esq., M.P., or the Rev. Mr. Maunsell. The pretensions of these gentlemen are strong and admitted, and we have no doubt they will be unanimously elected. Another vacancy, however, has since occurred by the demise of the Rev. Sir Francis Lynch Blosse, and as Mr. Persse is in every way eligible, we have no doubt he will be elected as the successor of that deceased gentleman.
     To the Editor of the Connaught Journal
    Dominick Street, July 22, 1840.
    
My Dear Sir- I will thank you to state in your next publication that it is not my intention to offer myself as a candidate as a Harbour Commissioner, though deeply interested, as I consider were I to oppose Mr. Martin J. Blake and Mr. Maunsell, that I would not have the interest of this town at heart, as from their large property here and also their anxious desire at all times to benefit Galway, they are much more eligible than any other candidate that could be returned.
      Yours most faithfully,
             ROBERT D. PERSSE.

~~~~~~~~~

     Mr. Burke, the Editor of the Galway Advertiser, was assailed on Wednesday, and this day, as he was passing thro' town, by a crowd of persons, and his personal safety would have been most probably endangered had he not taken shelter at the police barrack. We must deprecate any attempt at violence or outrage, and the persons engaged in such proceedings act very imprudently, for they will only subject themselves to punishment, and be visited with the inflictions of the law. We hear Mr. Burke has indicted some of the parties who attacked him.

POLICE INVESTIGATION AT SPIDDLE-REV. MR. FAHY

     We give today a most singular ave, a most positive refutation of a Tory lie- a lie refuted by a full bench of magistrates, and given up in the face of the gentry of this county. our readers recollect the Packet of the 18th of June, in which appeared a letter from Galway, stating that the Rev. Mr. Fahy, parish priest of Spiddle, had on Sunday, the 7th of the same month a guard of police and others on the Chapel entreating money from his parishioners, driving them away from the door, and otherwise maltreating his flock. This letter was not forward with the usual fulminations of the Packet; and what was more strange, the Editor concluded his remarks with a flourish of trumpets stating that his correspondent was a writer, "who would not pen a word on light grounds, or at all without knowing the truth."
     At about the same time a complaint was forwarded to the government by James Martin, Esq., of Ross, J.P. and Barrister-at-law, charging two of the police with being employed on the day and occasion above alluded to, in keeping the people from their place of worship and collecting money for purposes not recognized by the laws of the country, &c. The police denied the charge and put in a statement in their defence with their sub-Inspector; but this not being thought sufficient, an investigation was ordered, and the following is the result.- Never were men less guilty than the police, and never was priest or clergyman more triumphant than the Rev. Mr. Fahy.
     About half-past twelve o'clock, on Monday last, the following Magistrates were in attendance: Patrick Burke, Esq., Janesfield; Anthony O'Flaherty, Esq., Knockbane; Andrew W. Blake, Esq; Burbro'; James Blake, Esq., Tully; Nicholas J. Ffrench, Esq., S.M. and Martin Morris, Esqrs.
     Mr. Browne, Woodstock and Mr. Blake, Inspector, were also present.
     The Rev. Mr. Fahy having arrived, with Bernard Murphy, Esq. of Galway, as his legal adviser; and Mr .Burke, of Danesfield, as the senior Magistrate, being voted to the chair.
     Mr. Martin, the gentleman by whom the report was originally forwarded to the government, stood up at the end of the table, where the Magistrates were sitting, and appeared exceedingly embarrassed. he said he felt shocked, and scarcely able to proceed in consequence of the intelligence he had received since arriving. Here, Mr. Martin sat down apparently in tears, and placed his hands on his face, in which attitude he remained for a considerable time. In fact, so serious or remarkable, did his embarrassment become, that several of the Magistrates requested that he should have a glass of wine, and others proposed an adjournment of the investigation to another day.
     The Rev. Mr. Fahy insisted on their proceeding.
     Mr. Martin said he had but little to say-he merely made the complaint as it was told to him by two or three persons, and he did it in the discharge of his duty-it might be said that his motives were different, but those who said this he cared but little about their opinions. All the Magistrates would allow that the duties of the Police were onerous enough without their being employed to sanction the keeping of the people from their places of worship. This was the charge against them. If it were disproved he should feel very happy-if not he was sure the Magistrates would make their decision.
     The report was forwarded to the government by Mr. Martin and then read, in which the Police were charged with having been employed on Sunday, the 7th of June, at the Chapel door, forcing the parishioners to contribute for purpose not recognized by law, and thrusting them out on their refusing to give money, and in fact, many other allusions as given in the Packet.
     Mr. Blake, Inspector of Police, handed in a statement from the men charged, denying the allegations made in the report. He forwarded this statement to the proper quarter, but is appeared that it was not considered satisfactory; and therefore, and investigation by the Magistrates of the county was ordered. Mr. Blake read the statement.
     The Chairman next called on complainants to prove their charge.
     Martin Morris, Esq., J.P., said two or three persons, one of them the man who serves summonses, first gave the information.
     Mr. Murphy, Solicitor, wished to know how they intended to proceed, or what course the Magistrates intended to adopt.
     The Bench-Mr. Martin, will of course, call the witnesses to prove his charge.
     John Clancy, one of the men who it was said first gave an account of the proceedings at the chapel to Mr. Martin and Mr. Morris, was accordingly brought forward, but it appeared he was also summoned as a witness for the police.
     Mr. Martin-if the witnesses do not prove the charge, of course if falls to the ground. This man stated the matter to him, but if he now, on his oath, contradicted what he told him (Mr. M.) he should not ask to proceed. There was no more about it.
     John Clancy was then sworn- Was at the chapel on the Sunday in question; saw the police there; did not see the police prevent the people from going in or demanding money; was speaking to Mr. Morris on this subject; did not state to Mr. Morris or Mr. Martin that the people were prevented from entering the chapel by the police; Mr. Morris asked him (witness) who called upon him, who called upon the clerk, and asked him did he see the police interfere, and witness told him (Mr. Morris) that he did not; is sure as to that; there was a man standing by, John Folan, and Mr. Morris asked him, "who turned out your son-in-law."
     John Folan was then called, but he not having appeared, Clancy's examination was resumed.
     He remained in the chapel until prayers were over; he was between the police and the door; they could not push the people without his knowledge; witness was collecting; the police did not collect that day or any other day; heard upon son impudent to the clergyman; that man was let in; Mr. Fahy thought he would throw in his three pence; but "go in said the priest and don't be arguing with me."
    Mr. Murphy wished to put it to the witnesses whether Mr. Fahy acted in any way contrary to his duty as a clergyman.
     Mr. Blake- This is a charge against the Police, there is no question as to Mr. Fahy; but when the police have done, you may, then perhaps go into that subject.
     Mr. Murphy- But, Sir, Mr. Fahy is charged indirectly.

     Mr. O'Flaherty- We should be sorry to erect ourselves into a tribunal to examine into Mr. Fahy's conduct.
     Mr. Murphy- We are quite willing that you should do so.
     Rev. Mr. Fahy- Yes, Sir, I wish for an opportunity of vindicating my character as a Priest, as we are constantly made the subject of calumny, called surpliced ruffians, and other epithets. He had been grossly assailed in the Evening Packet by whom time would develope, and he there called on Mr. Murphy, as his friend, to take legal notice of that article.
     Mr. Murphy- They were charged with having collected for purposes not recognized by law, but unfortunately the thousands dwindled down to three pence (laughter), there was only three pence collected in the whole. He would allow that the purpose was legitimate, and would leave it to the Magistrates to say if the Clergy did not do these things what was to become of them.
     Mr. O'Flaherty-There could be no doubt as to the legality of the collection.
     Mr. Martin had no idea that the collection was illegal.
     Mr. Murphy- What was the meaning of "purposes not recognized by law," as stated in the report.
     Mr. O'Flaherty, believe that Mr. Martin did not intend the words in the sense in which they should appear to be taken, and he, as a Catholic Magistrate, was anxious to give him an opportunity of explaining their meaning-the expressions were not indeed the most select.
     After some further observations Clancy the witness was again called at the suggestion of the Chariman, and stated that he got on orders to keep the people out of the Chapel or to let nobody in; saw no man taken and thrust out by the neck.
     Mr. Martin- Either the Police did or did not do that with which they are charged, and the only question is whether they were employed contrary to their duty.
     The Rev. Mr. Fahy wished to ask a witness one or two questions-first, whether he at all on that day violated the voluntary principle.
     Mr. Murphy- It cannot be supposed but that Clergymen are right in making collections.
     The magistrates wished to confine themselves to the charge against the police, and put further questions to Clancy. He (Clancy) told Mr. Morris nothing but what he before stated-he and Folan were coming from the barrack, and were asked three questions by Mr. Morris. Having come to Mr. Morris on private business, Mr. Morris asked him did the police interfere, and witness told him he did not see them interfere at all.
     Mr .Martin-the witness made a different statement to me, but he now swears on his oath to the contrary. If I am sworn, I am ready to prove that my report was according to his conversation with me; but he is now on his oath, and if the magistrates believe that his first account of the transactions was false, and that he has now stated the truth, of course, the whole matter falls to the ground.
     Mr. Fahy wished to put a few questions to the policeman Kerrigan.
     Mr. Martin- What Folan and Clancy told is contrary to what they now swear, and consequently there is nothing against the police.
     Rev. Mr. Fahy requested to be allowed to put a questions or two to Kerrigan, policeman; he was indirectly charged and attacked (as having acted in a manner unbecoming a minister of the gospel), and he would wish now to exculpate himself from these charges.
     The policeman, Kerregan, was then sworn, and Mr. Fahy put the following questions:-
     What as the state of the chapel at Spiddle during your time in this district?
     Kerrregan- Unfit for divine service.
     Mr. O'Flaherty-This may be good evidence Mr. Fahy on the trial of your action, but here it is not relevant.
     Mr. Fahy proceeded- Did I directly or indirectly ask you or any of your men to assist me?
     Kerregan-No.
     Did you find the chapel comfortable or not previous to your coming to the parish?
     Kerregan- I was often obliged to bring in two stones to kneel on.
     Mr. Fahy- Do you think the chapel creditable to the gentry connected with this part of the country?
     Mr. James Blake- O, Sir, every body knows it is in very bad state.
     Mr. O'Flaherty- There is nothing against the Police, and I do not think that as individuals the Police do not lose their right to act in a civil capacity as citizens in their houses of worship; as a body or under command, it might be different.
     The Magistrates having unanimously expressed their conviction that there was nothing against the Police; that they were not guilty; and neither Mr. Martin nor Mr. Morris having dissented, Mr. Murphy observed, in conclusion, that this case should be a lesson in future to all persons, and show them how cautious they should be in founding reports on very frivolous rumour.
     We heard a suggestion from the chair concerning a vote of censure to be passed on the originators of so false as report to the Government, as tending to mislead them and destroy the good feeling which should subsist between all classes of her Majesty's subjects. But the appearance of those gentlemen (?) who seemed to feel deeply and sensitively the opinion of their brother magistrates upon their conduct, tended to excite more indulgent feeling and prevented the court from proceeding to the extreme measure which in the opinion of many was loudly called for.
     The pleasure of the country people whom Mr. Fahy was said to have ??, was apparent in the countenances of all on their being made acquainted with the result. During the trial they remained in crowds at back and front of the sessions house, anxiously listening at the doors and windows & and the whole scene was crowned or rather rendered picturesque by the appearance of several of the fishing boats of Claddagh drawn up on sea near the village, the owners having heard by some chance that their former priest, whom they loved so much, being on his trial for some cause. Nor did they pass on until completely satisfied with the issue, and the Mr. Fahy had full redress.

 

Names of the Subscribers to the Galway Relief Fund
June 11, 1840

                   .s.d
P.M. Lynch 20.0.0
John F. Kelly 1.0.0
John Coleman 0.10.0
James Rush 3.0.0
Edward Good 1.0.0
Norman Ash 1.10.0
A. O'Malley 0.10.0
John French 0.5.0
Thomas Tallon 1.0.0
Dermott Duggan 0.10.0
Rev. L. O'Donnell 1.0.0
Messrs Mullen & Kyne 1.0.0
Mark Lynch 10.0.0
Henry Comerford 1.0.0
Michael Walsh 0.2.0
John Murphy 0.5.0
John Holland 0.5.0
Patt Redington 0.5.0
Michael Blake 1.0.0
R.N. Sumerville 5.0.0
Rev. J. M'Grath 1.10.0
Captain Atkinson 3.0.0
Francis Fitzgerald 3.3.0
L. Machlachlan 20.0.0
Edmond Duffy 0.10.0
James Fynn 3.3.0
Messrs Rush and Palmer 15.0.0
Timothy Murray 5.0.0
Thomas Bodkin 1.0.0
Rev. Mark Finn 3.0.0
John Tierney 1.0.0
George Cappaidge 1.0.0
Thomas Commins 0.10.0
Mrs. Flatley 0.2.6
John Mulloy 0.5.0
Miss Connolly 1.0.0
John Considine 0.2.6
Pat Bermingham 0.10.0
John Harrison 1.0.0
Thomas Delany 0.10.0
William Alley 0.10.0
Mrs. Dea 0.5.0
William Costello 1.0.0
James Walsh 5.0.0
St. Jones, R.M. 2.0.0
John Donolan 0.10.0
Patt Smyth & Son 0.10.0
James Martin 0.5.0
Henry Clements 1.0.0
Richard Burke 1.1.0
M. Claugherty 0.10.0
Patt Rony 0.5.0
Messrs. Graves 5.0.0
Michael O'Brien 5.0.0
James Mahon 2.0.0
Rev. E. Burke 1.0.0
Patrick Holloran 1.0.0
Patt Martin 0.5.0
Joseph Grealy 1.0.0
R. Commins 0.2.4
Patrick Commins 1.0.0
John Grealy 1.0.0
Martin Carroll 1.0.0
John Reed 0.10.0
Edmond Blake 1.0.0
Walter Joyce 10.0.0
John Burke 1.0.0
J. Lynch, Castle 1.0.0
Evans & Son 1.0.0
M. Cobhold 0.10.0
D.W. Resset 1.0.0
Thomas Hollaran 1.0.0
Thomas Cory 1.0.0
Daniel Considine 0.5.0
Andrew Blake 1.0.0
Provincial Bank 10.0.0
National Bank 10.0.0
Bank of Ireland 5.0.0
Denis Kirwan 1.0.0
J. & A. Ireland 10.0.0
P. Tirnan 0.10.0
R.M. Lynch 20.0.0
A.H. Lynch 20.0.0
M.J. Blake 20.0.0
John F. Blake 5.0.0
Rev. John D'Arcy 3.0.0
Warden Daly 5.0.0
Patrick Fynn 1.0.0
Charles F. Lynch 2.0.0
Michael D'Arcy 1.0.0
Doctor Gray 1.0.0
Doctor Browne 1.0.0
Patrick Hughes 1.0.0
Michael M'Donogh 1.0.0
John Cullinane 1.0.0
Martin Morris 3.0.0
James O'Doherty 1.0.0
James Considine 0.10.0
Doctor Colohan 1.0.0
Henry Townsend 1.0.0
Total                 286.19.4

     In returning thanks on the part of the indigent for the above sums, they beg to state that the demand upon them for relief have encreased in consequence of the late bad weather which has retarded the ripening of the potato crop, they therefore earnestly request that the person who have kindly allowed their names to be put down as Subscribers will send in the amount of their subscriptions without delay. They also beg to state that the amount of the fund now at their disposal is quite inadequate to meet the pressure caused by the advanced price of provisions they therefore trust that those persons who have not yet had an opportunity of contributing will come forward and assist the object which the Committee have in view-namely, to keep down the price of provisions until the new crop comes, which they trust with the blessing of Divine Providence, will not exceed another fortnight.
     Signed in behalf of the Committee,
          JOHN IRELAND, Treasurer.
July 22, 1840

BIRTH

     On the 20th inst., in Flood-street, the lady of James Costello Esq. of a son, christened Albert.

MARRIED

     On Tuesday se'nnight, William Edward Donellan, Esq. M.D. to the beautiful and accomplished Ellen Lavinia, eldest daughter of James Hanly Esq. of Ennislodge, in the county of Galway.
     On Saturday, last at the Church of St. Nicholas, by the Very Rev. Warden Daly, Captain Clune, 5th Fusileers, to Sibbella, youngest daughter of the late John Burke Esq. of Annagh, in this county, and granddaughter of the late Thomas Lynch, Esq. of Ballinagalla and Kildromin, county Limerick, and grand niece to Lloyd Apjohn Esq of Linfield, county Limerick.

DIED

     On Tuesday morning last, of fever, the lady of John Kilkelly Esq. of Monfort. The sudden demise of this amiable lady had been the source of deep regret to a numerous and highly respectable connexion, to whom her many excellent qualities had endeared her.

~~~~~~~

     It is not true that Major Orange, of the 67th was severely reprimanded for allowing the band of his depot to play at a meeting of the Temperance Society in Galway. Military bands accompanied and played at processions of the Teetotallers through the streets of Dublin, not only without censure or reprimand, but with permission.--Limerick Chronicle.
    
Letters received at the Limerick Chronicle Office from Madrea, announce the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Wakefield, 39th regt., of fever at Kampter, on the 17th of May. What aggravates this domestic calamity, was the death of Mrs. Wakefield, a few days before only. The gallant officer served at Waterloo, and had been 25 years on active service. Major Walpole succeeds to the Lieut. Colon?ey; Capt. Fitzgerald a Peninsular officer, to the Majority; and Lieut. Griffith to the vacant company. Captain Fitzgerald has been in five general engagements, in two forlorn hopes and was severely wounded in the late war.
     Archibald Campbell, a half-pay Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, who has lost his left arm, was charged with being drunk and disorderly, and endangering the life of his wife and family. He was ordered to find bail at Lambeth on Wednesday, for his good conduct for three months, and in default was sent to prison.
     Mr. Joy, Queen's counsel, died suddenly at his villa, Brompton, on Tuesday week. The learned gentleman had just sat down to dinner.
     The Hon. Charles W. Forester will leave London to join the 12th Lancers, in Dublin this week.

THE 67TH DEPOT

     On Monday last the 20th instant, a Draft marched to Oranmore en route to Cork to join the Service Companies in Canada, consisting of 1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 1 Ensign, 2 Serjeants, and 69 rank and file. The Officers names are Captain Hon. A.G. Stuart; Lieut. Locke and Ensign Dawson. The 67th Regt. now only want ONE man to complete to 830 Bayonets.

~~~~~~~~~~

     Mr. Maxwell intends giving up the representation of Cavan, and Colonel Clements, a staunch conservative, will succeed him.
     Government are obliged to refund the Roscommon grand jury 673l, an overcharge upon that county, for advance for the gaol, &c.
     On Friday morning, between the hours of nine and ten o'clock, a man in the employment of Mr. Ryan, in Limerick, on his way to a market near Tipperary, was met by four men with their faces blackened, who robbed him of one hundred and thirty pounds in bank notes, which he had to purchase butter.
     The four senior judges on the Bench are Johnston, called to the bar in 1785; Burton 1792; Bushe 1793 and Pennefather 1725. The first named is father of the judicial bench.
     Number of Irish barristers on the Roll amount to 11000-there are 1750 Irish Attorneys registered.
     An idle, mischievous ruffian wantonly and deliberately dashed in the shop window of Mr. Guest, watchmaker, Limerick, on Monday evening with a great stone. A valuable watch was shattered, a time piece broken, and a second watch thrown into the area by the violent concussion, beside the disorder and damage to several private articles of plate and jewellery in the window. The fellow, who never offered to escape, was apprehended close to the spot. His name is Henry Galwey.
     Several fortunes were made last week by the rise in sugars. Many dealers in teas have suffered by the sudden changes in that indispensible domestic commodity.
     Patrick Horan, pensioner from the 94th regt. who came to town on Thursday to receive this quarterly pension, was arrested by Sub-Constable Cornelius, for bigamy. Three of his reputed wives are here, and the other was sent for to Cahircanlish. The active policeman, who discovered such a reprobate, has been ten years in the establishment, arrested with his own hand six murderers in the county Clare, but though one of the best working men in the force, still remains without his reward.
     A circumstance of a novel and amusing nature occurred on Friday in the County Court Limerick, before Mr. Sergeant Green, while trying an appeal from a decree obtained by a person named Margaret O'Brien v. Keating, a minor. Mr. Freeman was engaged on the part of O'Brien the applicant, and having been handed his instructions in Court, conceived he was employed for the other party, and accordingly shewed that the defendant was a minor, and consequently liable not liable to be decreed. His Lordship agreed with the learned counsel, and the rule was about to be taken down, when he was informed by Mr. Darcy, the Attorney for O'Brien, the he had been "in the wrong box," and amidst the laughter of the Court, in which his Lordship joined, he very gravely commenced upsetting his own argument, and quoted several cases in support of his new position. He had, however, done that business too effectually in the first instance, and his client was accordingly non-suited after a very entertaining scene.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~

NEWCASTLE COALS
P.M. LYNCH

     Has just received per the JANE, from Newcastle, a Cargo of very fine Coals, which he will Sell ex-Ship, at a reasonable price.
     Back-street, Galway, 23d July, 1840.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~
COMPANY OF UNDERTAKERS
FOR
IMPROVING LOUGH CORRIB
1 and 2 Wm. IV., Cap. 57.

     Notice is hereby given that the services of Frederick Gamble, last assistant Clerk in the Offices of this Company, have been dispensed with, and the Public are cautioned against taking any Shares or other Security of the Company, except from the Committee, or the Secretary and Register, Mr. O'Shaughnessy.
          Dated this 14th day of July, 1840.
     Recorder, Charles Staunton Cahill, Deputy Chairman.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~

THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
THURSDAY, JULY 30, 1840

MR. O'CONNELL-REPEAL OF THE UNION
(From a Castlebar Correspondent)

     There was a general demonstration in favour of the Repeal of the Union on the green of Castlebar on Sunday last, there were at least 40,000 persons present. Sir Samuel O'Malley, Bart. in the chair; several gentlemen addressed the meeting. The powerful and unanswerable speech of the Liberator was received amid cheers that were echoed through the town and neighbourhood of Castlebar, and the might multitude shouted "Repeal of the Union" while they were peaceably disbursed.

PROGRESS OF TEMPERANCE
(From our Correspondent)

     The Very Rev. T. Mathew arrived at Castlebar late on Saturday night. On Sunday he preached a delightful sermon at the Parish Chapel-there was a grand high mass on the occasion. The Very Rev. Dean Burke, celebrant; Rev. Mr. Roche, P.P. of Galway, deacon; Rev. Mr. Prendergast, sub-deacon. The Apostle of Temperance, immediately after the sermon, administered the pledge in the chapel yard; and continued on Monday and Tuesday engaged in the same laudable work; on the lowest calculation the pledge was administered to 73,000 on this occasion, among those to whom it was administered, there were several respectable ladies and gentlemen, and the following: Rev. J. Morris, P.P.; Rev. Richard Walsh, P.P.; Rev. P. Burke, O.S.F.; Rev. T. Keveny, C.C.; Rev. Mr. Higgins, C.C.; Rev. Mr. Cogglan, P.P.; Rev. Mr. M'Cullagh, C.C.; Rev. Mr. O'Dowd, C.C.; Rev. Mr. Reynolds, C.C.; Rev. Mr. Flannery, C.C.; Rev. Mr. Nicholas, C.C.

 PETTY SESSIONS - July 24.

     Magistrates on the Bench, John Ireland (Chairman) Mark Lynch, and Sylvanus Jones, Esqrs.
     Mr. James Patrick Burke, Editor of the Galway Advertiser, was called to answer the complaint of Mr. Thomas F. Cronolly, for a violent assault.
     Mr. Cronolly said that himself would admit all that Mr. Malone could prove if the case was allowed to be proceeded with, he admitted that he told Burke that he was living on apostacy and calumny, and also that he was a _______and could prove it to their satisfaction.
     (The court ordered a Policeman to proceed to Mr. Malone's house, and try to procure his attendance.)
     Mr. Burke said that he had on his part a complaint against Mr. Cronolly and one Guinane for a riot, which being a separate case form first, might be entered on during Mr. Malone's absence.
     Mr. B. Murphy, Solicitor, on behalf of Mr. Cronolly, said this is a trial of a set off against Mr. Burke's attempt to strangle my client, but to save the public time I have no objection to let it go on in the first instance.
     Mr. James P. Burke, sworn-On Wednesday last, a short time after the public meeting, was about returning from his office in Crossstreet, to his lodgings  on the Salt Hill road, on an outs side jaunting car, on coming near Mr. Killian's corner; saw a crowd of persons who shouted at him, and followed him shouting; on turning from Crossstreet to Bridgestreet they flung stones at him by one of which his watch was broken in his fob; saw Cronolly act as a leader; Cronolly had his cravat off, and was winding it in his hand encouraging the mob; saw him in the attitude of flinging stones; saw Guinane in Bridge-street, but did not see him flinging stones.
    Crossexamined by Mr. Murphy-This happened in the day time; was driving fast as he could get the fellow to drive him; drove through the crowd at the corner of Crossstreet; saw Cronolly in Bridgestreet; he was a principal leader of the mob.
     Mr. Murphy- How do you prove he was a principal-come, Sir, if you have any regard for an oath will you swear he threw stones?
     Burke- I am firmly convinced that I saw him in this position (winding his hand)
     Mr. Murphy- You have sworn already that he had his cravat off, and winding it in his hand, which now do you mean?
     Burke-I cannot say to a certainty that his cravat was off.
     Mr. Murphy applied to the Court for the information sworn by Burke on the preceding day, and from which he read an extract, alledging that Cronolly had thrown several stones, and did other sets which were not sustained by evidence. Mr. Murphy observed, this information is not supported; he identified no one, he saw no one but Cronolly, and you hear how he swears, you are not (turning to Burke) a Teetotaller.- (laughter)
     Burke- No indeed, nor do I think yourself one either.
     Mr. Murphy- You have not the grace to be one.
     Mr. Murphy- Produce the Watch that you say was broken?
     Burke- I sold the case of it as broken silver for 5s.
     Mr. Murphy- What charges do you have against Guinane?
     Burke- I saw him there.
     Where?
     In Bridge-street.
     Mr. Murphy- Did he fling stones?
     Burke- He did, I think I am greatly deceived if he did not.
     Guinane- You are improving, you said a while ago that I did not.
     Burke- I have no doubt in my mind but you did, for you told me last week at Patt Rooney's shop, that if any harm should occur to the Major of the 87th, in consequence of what I published about his band playing party tunes for the tee-totallers that I should suffer for it.
     Guinane- And is that the reason you now swear against me for doing nothing?
     Mr. Murphy- Have you any witness to prop up your case, Sir?
     Burke- No; I don not look for a summary  conviction in this case; all I want is that the magistrates will take my informations and I call upon them now to do so.
     Mr. Murphy- I guessed he was seeking for a set off-sit down now, Sir, until I show what your case is.
     Patrick Halloran was then examined on the defence by Mr. Murphy-Knows the parties; recollects the day of the meeting; saw Burke; was going home to Balla Bridge and delayed a little at Bright's forge in Bridge-street; saw Thomas Cronolly coming from towards Mr. Rush's mill to Bright's forge; heard shouts in the other direction; some person asked what the shouting was for and Mr. Bartholomew Sullivan who was present said, it was "Brunswicker Burke"; Burke came towards Bright's forge immediately after on a car and the crowd after him, they passed over the big bridge, Cronolly did not  go with them; witness asked him to  go, but Cronolly said "I will not go for I have summoned the fellows for an assault and he might swear against me; Cronolly remained at the forge and witness went home";  Cronolly did not join with the crowd nor did he fling stones, and to the best of his opinion his cravat was on him as it is at present; did not see Cronolly wind his arm with his cravat in his hand, nor does he believe he could have done so then without his knowledge.
    Cross-examined by J.P. Burke- Was not in Cross-street, but was in Bridge-street, at Bright's forge, when you passed: Cronolly came from the opposite direction; he could not be throwing stones or rioting without the knowledge of the witness.
     Bartholomew Sullivan was called, and on mounting the green table, Burke charged him as one of the rioters-this disenabled him from giving evidence.
     The Court ordered Sullivan to be kept in custody by the police. Mr. Murphy observed, if he can charge persons in this kind of way and get his informations, we are reduced to a pretty state. Sullivan, however, appealed to the bench in a strain nothing short of that fervid but natural flow of eloquence to which his innocence gave impulse. "What, your worship, " said he, "is it come to this with us last in Galway- are we brought back in real earnest to the year 1796, and have we got another Jemmy O'Brien on the great table? Are men who come forward to give evidence in a court of justice to be marked and picked as in the time of the infamous Jemmy O'Brien, not only to break down the testimony but to make them the victims of the testamentary assassin? Let this wreckless renegade produce but one respectable witness to prove that I have committed a breach of the peace against him and I shall humbly submit and give bail but until then you cannot commit me." This appeal had the desired effect, and the Court dismissed Sullivan from the charge, but his evidence was lost to Cronolly.
     Simon Larkin was then called and sworn- Mr. Murphy observed this young man is a friend of Burke's and works at the forge of Burke's friend, Bright-he is, therefore, an impartial witness; he was working in the forge when he had heard the shouting; looked out of the window toward the bridge and saw Cronolly coming from towards Mr. Rush's mill; he then looked to the left side and saw Burke coming on the car, with some persons shouting after him.
    Mr. Ireland, J. P. said, that as the Court did not intend to decide in a summary way, he thought there was sufficient evidence.
     Mr. Murphy- But the Court must know that it is too bad, after having indictments of the prosecutor to throw a cloud over the proceeding, by stopping the defence.
     Mr. Ireland- He has produced evidence and your are producing to rebut it-were we to decide we should be erecting ourselves into a jury.
     Mr. Murphy- Where would have been the use otherwise of giving a power to magistrates of investigating and deciding the difference between truth and falsehood? I always understood that magistrates sat to decide, after hearing evidence on each side, whether they ought or ought not to receive information.
     Mr. Mark Lynch, J.P.- We can decide whether the case is one for informations or not.
     Mr. Murphy- Just so; it is a great hardship for men to be dragged into Court in this way; if the Court take this course of holding persons over to abide trial at sessions or assizes upon unsufficient evidence or contrary to good evidence, all that should be wasted in future it seems will  be an admixture of hard swearing and something else.
     Mr. Burke was about to make some observations when Mr. Ireland the chairman said, "you need not enter into any argument, Mr. Burke, the Court is with you."
     The Court received the information of Mr. Burke against Mr. Cronolly.

    

Mr. Thomas Cronolly against Mr. James P. Burke

     Mr. Thomas Cronolly, sworn and examined by Mr. Murphy-Witness said that his name having appeared to the requisition for convening a public meeting, with a view of repelling the misrepresentations of the Galway Advertiser-as he was passing the office of that paper on Wednesday, an hour or two prior to the meeting, Mr. Burke, the reputed editor, came out and said, "Cronolly, why aren't you at the meeting?" "Why, said I, what is that to you." Because, says Burke, I was to have some muscles and potatoes for you when you come back." "Was it muscles that you got when you were in parson O'Rourke's kitchen," says I, (laughter) "I'll make," says he, "some of those who signed the requisition pay for it, and shew them up in the Advertiser." Alluding disrespectfully at the same time to some of my most intimate friends, I then said, "sure they do not live in apostacy at any rate like you" (laughter) "You are a renegade, and I am credibly informed you are a _____________ also" (much laughter.) I said more your worships' which I will tell the Court if Mr. Burke likes; he (Burke) then came and took me by the cravat in this manner (giving his head a turn) and squeezed me so severely that I was disabled at once and forced to cry out;  Mrs. Conolly then threw herself between us, and Mr. Malone pulled Burke's hand out of his hold; I should tell your worship's that I had been on friendly terms with Mrs. Conolly and family before even Burke had any thing to do with the establishment; I was in the habit of giving them the harbour news; and when Burke came there first I went bail for his lodgings; and after all he would try and irritate my feelings by squeezing to his lips and kissing an orange lily saying "how I love you," which he did a few days ago. Burke, (sneeringly) aye, and I would kiss it now too.
     The Court-This is not a part of the case.
     Mr. Murphy- I beg our pardon; take it down; it will shew the country what he is.
     Cross-examined by Mr. Burke- Went into the shop to buy paper; was not ordered out by Burke until he was first laid held of; he (Burke) had no right to put him out; did not say that if he remained in town until ten o'clock he would get a blow that would settle him, but on the contrary, there was a man outside when witness came out of the shop who said that he would give him a dead blow and witness prevailed on him to desist.
     The Court (Mr. Ireland and Mr. Lynch) gave an excellent character of Mr. Cronolly, but referred the case for trial to the Quarter Sessions, and held Mr. James P. Burke to bail.

SECOND DAYS ALLEGED RIOTING

     John Waldron, Edward Waldron, and John Swift were charged with rioting and shouting at Mr. James P. Burke.
     Mr. Burke went to the B. Stephen's Shop; the crowed surrounded it, and cried turn him out, &c.
     Mr. Murphy- Were there any stones thrown at you?
     Mr. Burke- There were not stones thrown; on going out the police protected him; one fellow followed him and spit in his face; could not identify any one; it was Jameson the Policeman that saw them and swore the informations.
     Constable Jameson- Saw Waldron and Swift, they were using threatening expressions; one man said it was a bad town to allow him to live in it, another said if he was in Tuam he would be torn to pieces.
     Mr. Murphy- And may be he would; was the shouting of such a nature as to create terror; was it not laughing the people were at Brunswicker Burke?
     Jameson- It was calculated to excite terror.
     Mr. Murphy- Yes, you were terrified; I dare say you are a nervous gentleman, but others are not so; laughing at Burke and crying out Brunswicker Burke they were; was that terrific?
     Jameson- Does not think Burke called on the Police; he witness was going up and heard them shouting; did not see the Butchers leave the Gate; they were in the mob; this man (pointing to one of the Waldrons) was in it.
     Mr. Murphy-Considered there was no riot, and read from Archbald, page 537-in support of his statement. Here the whole thing was a matter of laughter. If the Magistrates called this a riot they might spell anything into one.
     Burke-Did not want to prosecute if they would let him alone he would dropt it.
     Mr. Murphy- You commenced by threatening the Magistrates to compel them to take information, but now you wish to drop it, we will proceed with our evidence, and and show what a lad you are.
     Burke- I will not drop it on that ground.
     Mr. Murphy- I shall now examine respectable witnesses who saw this alleged riot.
     Mr. Ireland- To what does their evidence tend?
     Mr. Murphy- To show that I do my duty and to let others then do theirs.
     Mr. Doyle was then sworn, and stated that on his way from William's Gate to Mr. James Fynn's Shop he saw a crowd in the street, in front of Rowland Stephen's Shop, saw Brunswicker Burke, as he is called, at Mr. Stephen's Shop door, standing in an attitude of defiance and exciting the people by making wry faces at them; saw seven or eight Butchers in a group near the Gate of the Meat Market, or rather between the Gate and Michael Peter's Shop, at the rear of the crowd; the men now charged were positively in the group and seemed quite ineffensive, several persons amongst the crowd shouted at Burke; others laughed at the curious names that were applied to him, as well as the extraordinary distortions of his countenance; the little boys in the street were calling out "Horse head, Brunswicker, and turn him out, &c.," witnesses having been partly "the stock in trade" of Burke for a considerable time did not wish to supply him with materials to implicate him in what was going on, and turned into Mr. Evan's, where he sat a short distance in side the shop door until all was over; could see from thence all that had had happened in front of Mr. Stephen's door; saw Burke retire from the threshold and return to it again several times, whenever he withdrew the shouting ceased but when he reappeared he provoked the shouting; saw the Policeman Jameson come up; was there a considerable time before he came; had the people been disposed to be violent they could have done mischief prior to his arrival; nor could he, singly have prevented it unless the people were quiet; the Policeman had only a slight rod in his hand, and yet the crowd receded before him in the street without showing any disposition to oppose his authority or to commit violence; altho' the witness did not think there was any cause for alarm or terror, he observed that Jameson changed colour, but did not suppose it could have been from a feeling of fear; a man might change colour from a very different sensation; when Burke came away from Mr. Stephen's Shop, as he turned down William-street, he raised the skirts of his coat and exhibited his shapes to the crowd; this of course renewed the excitement; there were no stones thrown nor any assault committed; nor any thing done that night to amount to a riot in his knowledge.
    Mr. Lynch, J.P.- You mentioned Mr. Doyle that you had been sitting in Mr. Fynn's shop; pray then how could you see what had happened out side?
     Mr. Doyle- I was placed in such a position as to enable me to observe all that occurred in front of Mr. Stephen's where Burke was; I saw those who were in the street; no one attempted to assault Burke; no one ever crossed the channel in front of Mr. Stephen's; the accused men did not come down within my view after I first saw them on my way to Mr. Fynn's.
     Mr. Ireland said that Mr. Doyle's evidence was perfectly consistent.
     Mr. James Hogan, sworn- Was there from the whole time; went up with Mr. Burke; did not see any person at first only small boys about him; Burke was going in and coming out, laughing at the mob; witness did not see these men (the prisoners); the people were shouting and laughing; it was small children that began it; witness was laughing himself; there was no riot or assault committed.
     Mr. Stephen Congreve sworn-Was at his stall and so were the Waldron's when they heard the noise, and came out from the Meat Market, but they never stired from the Gate; one of the Waldrons was laughing, but the  others took no more part in it than to look on; neither of them stirred off the path way or shouted; Mr. Stephen's shop where Burke was is on the other side of the street; the accused men were 80 or 100 feet from that.
     The Bench decided in sending this case also for trial to the Quarter Sessions, and held the parties accused to bail. Some observations having been made by Mr. Finnerty (an officer of the Temperance Society) as to Mr. Burke's attempt to connect the riot with the Temperance meeting.
     Mr. Ireland said that he thought it a foolish thing to mind him at all, or for the people of Galway to think that their Loyalty could even be suspected.
     Mr. Lynch thought it so too; the reason why he did not sign the Requisition was because he thought it too ridiculous to notice him.
     Mr. Finerty said that many sensible and respectable men in Galway differed from their opinions, the source of the calumny was not referred so in other places when it became wide spread through the medium of the public press. It was their duty to repel the calumny, and to unmask the calumniator.


 SHIP NEWS

     On the morning of Saturday, the Brig John, of Youghall, Joynt, master, struck on the west reef of rocks close to the Light House, it was blowing a strong gale of wind from the westward, with a thick fog at the time, and on being perceived from shore the Master Pilot put off, & succeeded in boarding her through the breakers, and with the assistance of Lieut. Hooper & the Coast Guards and the master and crew of the Lesly Alexander, now in port, got the Brig off the shore, and had the good success to get her as far as Nimmo Pier, when she sunk close along side the Quay. The exertions of Mr. O'Halloran and Lieutenant Hooper and Charles Harris were beyond all praise and it is hoped they will be rewarded for their prompt exertions.

INSTITUTION
OF
MERCY
Lombard-st., Galway
________
A BAZAAR

     In aid of this Institution will be held on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 18th and 19th of August.

PATRONIZED BY

Honorable Mrs. Mullins, Knockbane,
Mrs. O'Flaherty, Knockbane,
Mrs. Redington, Kilcornan,
Mrs. O'Neill, Banowan Castle,
Mrs. Handcock, Carantvilla,
Mrs. Kelly, Newtown,
Mrs. MacDermott, Ramore,
Mrs. Joyce, Merview,
Mrs. Blake, Cregg Castle,
Mrs. O'Kelly, Tycooly,
Mrs. A. O'Kelly, Gurtray,
Mrs. Lynch, Barna,
Mrs. P. Lynch, Renmore Lodge,
Mrs. Blake, Shantalla,
Mrs. J. Brown, Back-street,
Mrs. P. Lynch, Moyne Hill,
Mrs. Lynch, Nile Lodge,
Mrs. Mahon, Balle-ville,
Mrs. R. Lynch, Seaview,
Mrs. J. Lynch, Dominick-street,
Mrs. Lynch, Black Rock,
Miss Lynch, Black Rock,
Mrs. Cobbold,
Mrs. Lynch Lavally,
Mrs. Ellard, Renmore Cottage.
     The objects of the Institution are the general instruction of the poor-the visitation of the sick, and the protection of the distressed young women.
     At the Bazaar, a beautiful kiosk is to be Raffled for.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

MISSTATEMENT

     C. Lemon, Esq. of __________, near Eyrecourt, in this county this day called at our office to correct a misstatement which has been circulated through the Irish press. We copied a paragraph from some of our contemporaries stating that this gentleman was fined 7l. 10s. at Petty Sessions, for having permitted a young lad, his servant, to set a dog at a poor person demanding alms. Mr. Lemon feels much aggrieved and indignant that such an unfounded statement should have been circulated as no such fine had been imposed, and he desires us to state that he discharged the boy on hearing that he was guilty of such conduct. We had not the pleasure of a previous knowledge of Mr. Lemon, and we appreciate his feelings and his anxious desire to vindicate himself from an imputation of being guilty of such conduct. We have, however, perfectly satisfied Mr. Lemon, that the misstatement did not originate with us, and that the paragraph copied was culled from another paper.

GALWAY ASSIZES

     The very excellent and popular High-Sheriff of the County, Lord Ashtown, arrived in town, on Tuesday last, and proceeded to the Court House where Patrick Fitzpatrick, Esq., Clerk of the Crown, swore the following respectable grand jury before his lordship:-

1. Honourable Admiral W. Le Poer Trench, Foreman
2. Hon. Thomas Ffrench, Castle French
3. Sir Valentine Blake, Bart, Menlo' Castle
4. Sir John Burke, Bart, Marbleshill.
5. Sir M.D. Bellew, Bart, Mount Bellew
6. A.F. St. George, Esq., Tyrone
7. Denis Daly, Esq., Dunsandle
8. James S. Lambert, Esq., Cregclare
9. Dudley Persse, Esq., Roxborough
10. T.N. Redington, Esq., M.P., Kilcornan
11. W.H. Handcock, Esq., Carantrilia.
12. Edward Blake, Esq., Castlegrove
13 Burton Persse, Esq., Mayode Castle
14. J.H.Burke, Esq., St. C'erans.
15. Andrew Browne, Esq., Mount Hazel
16. Walter Laurence, Esq., Belview
17. Denis Kirwan, Esq., Castlehacket
18. John A. O'Neill, Esq., Bunowen Castle
19. Robert D'Arcy, Esq., Woodville.
20. James D'Arcy, Esq., Newforest.
21. A. O'Flaherty, Esq., Knockhane.
22. Charles Lynch, Esq., Petersburgh
23. James C. Mahon, Esq., Beech-hill.
     The grand jury immediately repaired to the jury room, and commenced the final business, which was finished at an early hour today. On Tuesday, there was a long discussion about the appointment of a successor to the late lamented Doctor Veitch, as Surgeon to the County goal, and upon the jury dividing, there appeared to be 18 in favour of the election of Henry Blake, Esq., and five for Andrew Veitch, Esq. Doctor  Blake was declared the successful candidate.
     From the crowded state of our columns we have not room today to notice the fiscal proceedings of either town or county.
     The following gentlemen were sworn on the town grand jury, but the Clerk of the Crown, before Samuel Stephens, Esq., one of the Sheriffs of the town:-
1. Thomas E. Blake, Menlo' Castle, Esq., Foreman
2. Nicholas Lynch, Esq.,Barna.
3. P.M. Lynch, Esq., Renmorelodge.
4. Pierce Joyce, Esq., Merview.
5. Robert J. Martin, Esq., Bushy Park.
6. Michael Blake, Esq., Frenchfort.
7. Michael P. Browne, Esq., Carcullen.
8. Richard M. Lynch, Esq., Seaview.
9. Francis Fitzgerald, Esq., Back-street.
10. John Ireland, Esq., Eyre-square
11. Denis Clarke, Esq., Eyre-square.
12. William Kelly, Esq. Barna-lodge.
13. Arthur Ireland, Esq. Eyre-square.
14. Samuel Stone, Esq., Upper Dominick-st.
15. Thomas Cummins, Esq., Ballybritt.
16. James Fynn, Esq., Victoria place.
17. John Redington, Esq., Dungan's house
18. H. Comerford, Esq., Merchants'-road
19. James Costello, Esq., Flood-street.
     Baron Richards arrived in town this day, and proceeded to the County Hall about five o'clock, when the county grand jury were re-sworn before his lordship.
     Baron Richards addressed the foreman and gentlemen of the grand jury very briefly, and stated he had not to call their attention to any particular subject, and congratulated them on the lightness of the calendar, and as they could dispose of the indictments in a short time, they would be very soon discharged from attendance.
     On the Town Grand Jury being re-sworn before Baron Richards, his Lordship addressed them, and said he felt great pleasure in informing them, which they would dispose of in a few minutes. His Lordship then proceeded to list the Town presentments, and had a town petty jury called to try the only case at our assizes, which is highly creditable to the character of the town, proverbial as it always has been for its loyalty and peaceable conduct.

~~~~~~~~~~

TO BE SOLD
THE FAST SAILING YACHT,
ISMENA
LATE OF DINGLE,

     She has Superior accommodations, all her Material are new, and composed of the very best quality. She will be Sold cheap.
     For particulars apply to Martin O'Malley, Esq., Isle of Arran.
     July 13th, 1840.

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TO BE LET
Two Large Yards,
AT MERCHANT'S ROAD
With Fronts Leading out on the New Docks,

     Each Yard about 60 feet in Front and about 180 feet in depth, or the Interest in the Lease of Ground being for lives renewable for ever at a low yearly rent, will be sold.
     Applications to be made to Francis Fitzgerald, Galway, July 9, 1840.

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TO BE LET OR SOLD,
THE EXTENSIVE
Stores and Premises
On
MERCHANT'S ROAD
OPPOSITE TO MR. COMERFORD'S, AS LATELY HELD BY JOHN KELLY &Co.

     If Set the Rent to commence from the 29th September next, and immediate possession to be given.
     Application to be made to Charels Gaussen, Esq., Solicitor, 70-Eccles-street, Dublin, or P.M. Lynch, Esq., Back-street, Galway.
     Galway, July 9, 1840

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GALWAY UNION
PARISHES OF
Killanin & Kilcummin
TO VALUATORS

     The Board of Guardians for the Union of Galway, will receive proposals from competent persons, for the valuation of the parishes of Killanin and Kilcummin, in the barony of Moycullen, which have been recently annexed to the Galway Union.
     The tenders to state the sum per 1000 Irish acres, including all rateable property, and also a gross sum for the whole of the Two parishes which contains 111,000 statute acres or thereabouts.
     The Valuator employed will be required to have all necessary surveys made, and to attend all appeals against the rate at his own expense, and to state in his proposal the period at which he considers that he will be able to have the valuation completed.
     Tenders to be addressed to the Clerk of the Board of Guardians, on or before twelve o'clock, on Wednesday, the 19th August next, at which hour on that day, the attendance of persons proposing will be required at the Meeting of the Board of Guardians, Galway.
     Ample security will be required for the due execution of the work.

~~~~~~~~~~

VOTE OF THANKS
TO
BERNARD MURPHY, ESQ.

     At a full Meeting of the Mechanics Institute, held on Sunday evening, the 26th instant, in their Rooms, Mapleguard street,
The Very Rev. THOMAS AGNEW, President in the Chair,
     The following resolutions were proposed by Mr. Stephen Cosgrave, and seconded by Michael Grady, were unanimously adopted:-
     That the grateful thanks of this Society are eminently due and hereby tendered to our respected fellow citizen, Bernard Murphy, Esq., Solicitor for the honest zeal, determination and ability with which on the recent investigation he advocated our cause and sustained our principals, while he defended one of our members against the dangerous machinations of a public and notorious calumniator.
     That the foregoing Resolutions be published in the Connaught Journal and in the Pilot Newspapers.
     VERY REV. T. AGNEW, Chairperson.
     PATRICK FIELD, Secretary
     Mr. Cronolly being the individual alluded to in the first Resolution, came forward and spoke at some length, descanting chiefly on the ability and zeal of Mr. Murphy, but we regret that a press of other matter prevents from giving it insertion.

 


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