THE connaught journal
Galway, Thursday, October 2, 1823


LATE DISTRESS IN GALWAY
______________

The duties of Mr. HANNEGAN, the Assistant
Commissary-General, have fortunately ceased in this District, and that much-respected Gentleman
is now in the Metropolis. Mr. HANNEGAN was expressly sent down here by his Majesty's Government for the purpose of superintending and Dealing out its supplies for the relief of our poor people; and it is not extravagant in us to say, that no Gentleman could have been appointed to the arduous trust, possessing those feelings for the poor objects by whom he was surrounded, or more zeal or efficiency in carrying into operation the objects of his benevolent superiors. We have ourselves observed him labouring with the closest assiduity in his professional pursuits, and we were sorry to find that he was near falling a victim to disease, caught in his unreserved attention to the wants and misery of the lower classes, at a time when they were afflicted by an epidemic, which forced the great part of our respectable population to removed far from the seat of disease. Men should be rewarded even for doing their duty, especially now-a-days, when so many are inclined either to relax in their exertions, or altogether to outstep the line of their business. We know of no man who deserves better of the town of Galway than Mr. HANNEGAN- the public has seen his worth- we are persuaded it knows how to appreciate his exertions.

_____________

     Since writing the above, we are rejoiced to find that we have been anticipated by the unanimous voice of the Public, which will be found in our advertising columns; and we have been reluctantly obliged to omit more than half the signatures which have been handed in for insertion.

PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE

     CORK, SEPT. 26- The information which we communicated on Monday, relative to the detection of the worse than savages implicated in the murder of the unfortunate and unsuspecting family of the Franks, was perfectly consistent in its details. The younger Sheehan who sat in conclave when their doom was sealed, but who denies having been inside the house when the murderous edict was executed, as the only atonement he can make for this atrocious outrage against the laws of God and man, has furnished the information, which has been followed up with promptness by Major Carter, and has led to the apprehension of six of these concerned in as wicked and wanton a murder, as any that has been committed within our recollection. They were brought in to Doneraile on Wednesday, and lodged in the Bridewell, preparatory to their transmission to the County Gaol. The female clothes, in which the ruffian leader acted so conspicuous a part, have also been secured, with traces of the blood of the victims on them, and other proofs which will further assist, should any be wanted, in establishing the guilt of the parties in custody.
     It is rather a remarkable circumstance, and perhaps not inappropriate to notice here, that at the period of Sheehan, who was prosecuted by the young Mr. Franks, having received sentence of transportation, Mr. Franks addressed a Gentleman who sat near him in Court, in the following emphatic terms:--"Now I may go home and make my will as speedily as possible."--Constitution

     A circumstance of a very painful nature occurred yesterday at the barracks, which we are sorry it has fallen to our duty to record, particularly as the regiment it has taken place in, is remarkable while in this garrison, for the gentlemanlike deportment of the officers and the remarkable good conduct of the men. A private of the 12th Lancers, of the name of M'Cann, who had been slightly reprimanded, as we are informed, applied for a Court of Inquiry into his conduct, which was granted, and the reprimand confirmed. Not satisfied with this decision, he applied for a Court Martial, which was as promptly complied with, but while it was depending, and a verdict grounded on the two former decisions likely to be returned, he repaired to the stables provided with his pistols, and had been there a short time, when a Lieutenant of the regiment went in, whom he fired at; the ball passed close to the body, and most providentially missed him, the unfortunate man then presented the other pistol to his head to commit self-destruction, in which we regret to state so far succeeded as to mangle it in such a manner as to leave little hope of his recovery.--Ibid.

     Another instance of resistance to the laws, accompanied with outrage, occurred yesterday within five miles of this city. The facts are these:- Mr. Hewson, High Constable, accompanied by Mr. Whitney, Peace Officer, and about twenty men, including keepers, went to make a distress on some lands about eight miles from this city, on the Bandon road. They arrived there at ten o'clock in the forenoon, and Mr. Hewson having made known his business to the proprietor, they took several head of cattle in charge, which the lawless rabble perceiving, they attacked the keepers with stones, but Mr. Hewson having remonstrated with them on their conduct, they desisted, and the keepers drove off the rabble towards town.
     About an hour and half afterwards, a man came riding furiously towards them, and addressing one of the drivers who was in the rear, said he had a Magistrate's order to regain the cattle, to which the man replied that he had better present it to Mr. Hewson, instead of which he gallopped off a considerable distance, hallooing, and calling on all he met to assist in retaking the cattle.
     In a short time a great number assembled, who, the sooner to arrive at the spot, got some two and thee on each horse; when Mr.Hewson, perceiving the danger his men were in, he told the man who first rode up, and who seemed to be their leader, that if they were determined to rescue the cattle, he would not prevent them, but requested that no injury be done to his men. The cattle were then rescued, and when at some distance off, the people commenced a dreadful attack on the party with stones; beat some of them in a cruel manner, and obliged the entire to seek their safety in flight. Some of the men were much cut and bruised with stones.

~~~~~~~~~

THE DUBLIN BLACKSMITH, or GRIEF AND A WATCH HOUSE.

     On Wednesday night, at ten o'clock, five persons, advanced in years, and filled with "dire revenge," lay perdue in the Straw-market, Smithfield, and perceived that arch sans culotte, Cupid, stealing softly towards the apartment of a certain matrimonial blacksmith- in his hand he bore a half-lighted hymenal candle, and was followed by a pretty little Milkmaid, with sparkling eyes and a rosy complexion. Her lover ran by her side, urging on the wanton god to stir his stumps, and join him in holy marriage him and his enamoratta, who had flown on "love's light wings" from Mount Venus, near Rahtfarnham, for "stony limits cannot keep love out." Just as they had reached the very porch of Hymen's Journeyman, the above five grave personages, viz. the parents, and uncles of Madame Cowslip, uttering a dismal roar, scared Venus's urchin, who fled away in a trice. The hoarse guardians of the night advanced and seized the Bridegroom, who in lieu of slumbering in Elysian groves had to content himself all night in durance, and sigh through the churlish bars of an envious lock-up room. The disappointed Cowslip, while the big drops chased each other down her burning cheeks, was most unwillingly removed to her quandam abode and  was obliged to return to Mount Venus once again.
     The following day the disconsolate lover, whose name is Jem Brien, followed by his Privy Councillor, one Mistress Margaret Fitzpatrick, attended by a Mister and Mistress MacCormack, appeared at the principal seat of Magisterial authority in this Metropolis, and underwent a long examination before the Sitting Magistrates.
     Miss Catherine Madden, of Mount Venus, near Rathfarnham, the young Lady who intended to become Mistress Jem Brien, appeared covered with blushes. She, hereself, was charged with having taken 13 in Bank Notes, from Mount Venus, near Rathfarnham, together with some house-linen also. After the customary prelude to articulation, such as twirling her apron-strings, she cast a pitiful  glance at her tristful swain, over her right shoulder; he stood transfixed by her side, looking like the Gentleman described by Billy Shakspeare, who drew "Prism's curtains in the dead of night," and softly said he was not to blame as much as Mistress Margaret Fitzpatrick, her father's servant, who had "gone between them very oft," and advised her to take the young man - by no means an ugly fellow; also said, "put money in your purse, make you low bow now or never."- At her instance she said she came to Mrs. MacCormack, the Lady of a Watchman in Kevin-st., on Wednesday morning, and offered him the 13 as a fortune; he refused taking her with all the rhino, generously declaring he would only have himself and 2 of it. He ultimately handed over the money to an ex-valet, who was present, who prudently remarked that he would deposit it in the Savings' Bank; he went out for that purpose, but whether he went to deposit it in the London or American Savings' Bank, has not yet been discovered, for he has vanished. Mrs. MacCormack recommended that the wedding should be solemnized at the hour of ten on Wednesday night.
      The MAGISTRATE- Did Mrs. Fitzpatrick advise you take the money from your Father?
     Intended Bride- She did, Sir.
     Mrs. Fitzpatrick- your Worship, it is a lie! I only told you, Miss, if you took the money from home you would ruinate your people- yes, your Worship.
     Intended Bride- Indeed, Sir (gaining confidence) she bid me take my lob, now or never, and I gave the Notes to Jemmy, who said he would have nothing to do with more than two of them.
     Mrs. MacCormack said, "The Couple Beggar will wed you both in a great hurry for 5s and when you go home he can take the wedding off, and the Priest will put it on again."
     Informations were taken against Mistress MacCormack, who stands in an unpleasant situation for a Privy Councillor, for by a late Act of Parliament Persons urging Minors and Apprentices to such conduct, as above described, becomes liable to a severe punishment on conviction.
     The Lovers have thus been separated, and their ardour cooled by the icy arm of the law.

DUBLIN POLICE

     Tuesday, a number of persons assembled round Usher's-quay Police-office, attracted by the arrest of a young Gentleman, whose appearance and manners were of the first respectability; his former life had been always considered so, and as he was taken off to be examined, the spectators could scarcely credit the evidence of their senses, when apprised that he stood charged with robbery or shoplifting. From the evidence produced at the investigation which took place before the Magistrates a few moments after he had been arrested, it appeared that his name was George Devereux; he has been for some time on intimate terms with the Messrs. Orr & Co. of Merchant's-q and received from them the most particular attention at all times; he was Mr .Orr's guest- received kindly at his  table-introduced to his friends, and most ungratefully has he repaid his hospitality, if the statement against him be supported. He is owner or director of a vessel now in this harbour, and has been for some time speaking of sailing to Portugal or Spain, on a mercantile adventure. he called often at the ware-rooms on Merchant's-quay, lounged about, talked over the news of the day, and made visit after visit- indeed it is now remembered that he was wont to make visits to the Messrs. Orr's establishment seven or eight times in the course of even a day. Latterly, property to some amount has been missing, and the proprietors ere for some time quite at a loss to account for the circumstance; at length, suspicion was created that Mr. Devereux was not acting perfectly right. Tuesday, shortly after 12 o'clock, while he stole carelessly about Mr. Orr's premises, a young man named John Munrow, in the employment of the Messrs. Orr, ascending the ware-room gallery, cautiously concealed himself behind a curtain, and watched Mr. Devereux's proceedings. He was not so long employed when he observed him snatch up some pieces of calico, and imagining that he was unobserved, secreted them about his person; he then went away with them, and returned in a quarter of an hour, when he took three more pieces of calico, and left the house, but was followed by Munrow and others, who came up with him at the end of Winetavern-street, never having lost sight of him from the moment he took the last pieces. Two of the patrol of Usher's-quay were passing at that instant, and secured him; he was brought before the Magistrates and examined.
     One piece of calico was discovered in his hat, which being full, merely stood balanced on his head; the other two pieces were skillfully swathed round his body; hanging down behind his knees, they were fastened round his waist with twine, and just concealed from observation by the skirts of a fashionable frock coat. He said little in presence of the Magistrates, but appeared to have recovered from his frightful infatuation, and to be fully conscious of the situation he stood in; he shuddered and looked much embarrassed. He referred the officers to Winetavern-street, where he deposited some of the property; there were three pieces of Mr. Orr's calico found there; the owner of the house, Bridget Kavanaugh, was brought into custody by Peace Officer Samuel Campaigne, and held over for further examination. Mr .Devereux was committed to Newgate for further examination. He begged permission to go in a coach, which was allowed. He had been married a short time since to an amiable and respectable woman,and on his return from Oporto, whither he declared his intention to sail from Dublin in a few days, he was to have brought home seventy pipes of wine, and the freight of which the Messrs. Orr would have given him. His dealings with the Messrs. Orr were some time since very extensive; leaving this he has frequently purchased their manufactured goods to the amount of 15 or 1600l.
     A crowd of person followed the coach in which he was driven off to Newgate.

RESOLUTION OF THANKS
TO WM. HANNEGAN, Esq.

Assistant Commissary-Gen.,
FROM THE TOWN, COUNTY OF THE TOWN, AND COUNTY OF GALWAY.

________

WE, the undersigned, agree to the Address to WILLIAM HANNEGAN, Esq. Assistant- Commissary-General, who was sent here by the Government last Season, to distribute Food to the Poor of the County of the Town, and County, &c. &c.

James Hardiman Burke,
James Daly, Warden,
Thomas Coffey, Clerk,
J.H. Blakeney (for the East part of Galway)
Robert Martin, Ross, (for the West part of the County.)
Matthew Thomas Smyth,
William M. Smyth,
John Kelly,
Martin Kinneavey,
Michael Kelly,
James O'Flynn,
Godfrey Mitchell,
John Blakeney,
Edmund Burke,
Redmond Comins,
Francis Mahon,
 Patt Joyce,
Henry Cannon,
James O'Dogherty,
Anthony Lynch,
Coll Kelly,
W. Hanlon,
Thomas Mahon,
Henry S. Persse, sen.
Richard Winston
Andrew Lynch,
William Persse,
Martin Hughes,
Richard Adams,
Patt Fynn,
Bartholomew Fynn,
James Fynn,
Patt Joyes J.
John Moore,
Joseph Seaver,
Charles O'Hara,
James Comyn,
James Duggan,
Charles Verdon,
T. Foppleton,
John Clayton,
Patt Clayton,
Oliver Ormsby,
John O'Shaughnessy,
Nicholas E Browne,
Thomas Bodkin,
William Costello,
Thomas Costello,
Richard Pearse,
James Mitchell,
Adam Barlow,
David Mitchell,
William Murphy,
John and James Burke,
John Burke,
James Blake,
John Blake,
Henry S. Persse, jun.
Patt Martin,
Walter Staunton,
Austin Quinn,
Joseph Dickenson,
Andrew Blake.

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ON THE CAUSES OF THE NUMERICAL INCREASE OF ROMAN CATHOLICS IN IRELAND AS COMPARED WITH THAT OF PROTESTANTS.
[From the Belfast News-Letter]

     That the Roman Catholics of this Country have increased in number during the last century and a half is a much greater ratio than the Protestants, is known to every man acquainted with the statistical affairs of Ireland. We shall, however, lay some proofs of the fact before our readers, and then proceed, without further preamble, to investigate the causes from which such a remarkable disparity proceeds.
     It appears from certain records of the Manor of Newry, that in October, 1756, Lancelot Watson, High Constable of that town, made a census of that part of it which is situated in the County of Down, and found there 2430 Protestants, and 1249 Roman Catholics.--So that the Protestants were to the Roman Catholics in nearly the ratio of two to one. At present, however, the Romanists of this very district vastly exceed the Protestants in numbers.
     Further- We learn from Ware's Cesta Hibernorum, page 181, that on the 8th of August, 1644, a census was made of the citizens of Dublin (that is, the adults) and there were found to be 5541 Protestants, and 2608 Romanists. At present the Romanists of Dublin far exceed the Protestants in number.
     Further- About fifty years ago, it would have been a very difficult thing to find 300 Roman Catholics in Belfast and its neighbourhood. At present, at least 3500 of that persuasion attend the two Chapels in this town.
     Again- We find by a census recorded in the Hibernian Dominicania of the accurate De Burgh, that in the year 1731 the inhabitants of Ireland amounted to 2,010,221 of whom 700,453 were Protestants-1,309,768 Roman Catholics; so that there were not in all Ireland two Romanists to each Protestant.
     At present the population of this Country, as found by the late census, amounts to 6,846,849. The relative number of Protestants and Catholics may be approximated in the following manner: By a return of the number of all the Presbyterian Congregations in Ireland, which the Editor of the News-Letter has taken some pains to procure, and that number fairly multiplied by a proper average of families, and these again by the individuals which they consist, the amount is found to be 530,440 or thereabouts. The other Protestants, including the Members of the Established Church, the Independents, Methodists, Quakers, Baptists, & others, may be estimated at 720,000, so that the Protestants in all may be considered as amounting to 1,250,000, leaving 5,596,849 as the number of Romanists in Ireland, that is betwixt four and five to each Protestant.
     And now we shall briefly investigate the causes which have produced so marked an effect.
     First then, There has been in the course of the last 120 years, a vast emigration from Ireland to North America. At first the Emigrants were almost exclusively Protestants, because the aborigines of the country have perhaps a stronger affection for their native land, and a higher opinion of its advantages than the inhabitants of any other region on earth.- They have even a local attachment to the very soil, and will cling to it and divide and subdivide their fields amongst their respective families, whilst their remains even a rood of partition.
     Now, Emigration from any Country rapidly increases its population, because it leaves its Non emigrant youth more a their ease, and thus encourages marriages and the multiplication of families, for which improvements in agriculture afford, for a considerable time, a corresponding support; till an over pressure of population becomes again an inducement to spirited and adventurous persons to change the scene. Thus the Counties of Armagh and Monaghan, from which Emigration has always been brisker than from any other part of Ireland, have so vastly increased in population, that there is not one acre for the support of each inhabitant. Yet this is the very district, where sums of money to keep the People at home, lest this country should be left a desert.
     It is therefore evident, that an emigration solely Protestant, must have tended mightily to increase the Roman Catholic population which remained to fill the vacancies thus in the first instance produced. In latter times, some Romanists have emigrated- but their number is to that of the Protestant Emigrants as on to thirteen, as we found some time ago by inquiries which we made from year to year, in Newry harbour, where many embark for the United States.
     2dly- The Protestant youth, who are chiefly the descendants of English and Scotch families, will pause before they marry, and will make previous inquiry whether there be any prospect of their being able to support their expected families with some degree of comfort. On the other hand, an aboriginal Irish peasant, if he thinks he shall be enabled to procure potatoes for the food of his intended wife and hoped for offspring, and the coarsest kind of covering for their clothing, will marry without further thought, & commit the sequel to Providence.
     3dly- When intermarriages take place betwixt Roman Catholics and Protestants, in nine instances out of ten the issue is educated in the Faith of Rome- for the Romanists generally believe that there is no salvation out of the pale of the Papal Church- whilst the Protestants, entertaining a more liberal idea, thinks that his or his consort's soul may be saved without any change of religion. Hence, the zeal of the one infinitely exceeds that of the other, and as it borders on intolerance, a corresponding effect is produced. The facts of which we now speak are glaring, and must be open to every man's observation.
     4thly- Doctrinal opinions are inculcated much earlier into the infant minds of the children of Roman Catholic than of Protestants. As soon as they can speak, they are taught to repeat Ave Maria and other prayers, and habituated to the splendid ceremonies of their Church. They are also taught orally, either by their Parents or their Clergymen, to recite Catechisms even before they can read and write. In the very first dawn of the understanding, they are led to believe that their Church is an infallible guide in religious matters, and that it would be impious to question any of its decisions. Thus, the doctrines of the Roman Church make a part of their earliest and most durable impressions, They are identified, as it were, with their mental existence, and associated with the most interesting recollections of their parents and friends, and of all on whom they had implicitly relied in the helplessness of their tender years. Their very intellects are prostrated before the power of a Church, the infallibility of which they never dared to doubt.- Their imaginations, also, are amused and captivated by the pompous and imposing ceremonies of he Romanish Church, and they look upon the more simple forms of Protestants as comparatively stupid and uninteresting. They are, therefore, shielded as far as possible, from proselytism, or from the adoption of opinions which an authority that they may deem divine has pronounced to be heretical, schismatical and damnable.
     On the contrary- Protestants hold the right of private judgment, and will not submit to the mere dictation of any Church, nor adopt its doctrines, further than they deem them to be founded on the Scriptures. They are, of course, not precluded from the change of opinion.
     5thly- Political disabilities affecting the Roman Catholic body are felt by all, and united them all in one common cause. They excite a powerful and perpetual re-action; and whether they be the result of judicious or injudicious laws, they keep alive l'espirit de corps, and render the Romanists peculiarly anxious to guard and increase their present privileges, and to augment their numerical strength.
     Whilst we have thus adverted to the great increase of the Roman Catholics of Ireland in numbers, we have made no reference to the rest of the United Empire. In Great Britain, the Protestants are so decidedly superior in numbers to the Roman Catholics- their wealth so immense- their influence so extensive and the power of the State by which their religion is supported so irresistible- that even if the Roman Catholics of Ireland were inclined to  make any effort to separate the two Countries, or to subvert the established Constitution, the struggle would not be of long duration. They would be crushed in the vain attempt. This was an undertaking which Napoleon, aided by the Continental Monarchs of Europe, was not able to achieve, even in the very zenith of his power.

 

THE connaught journal
Galway, MONday, October 6, 1823

PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE

     LIMERICK, SEPT. 27- On Wednesday last, as a man named Daniel Mahony was cutting rushes on a mountain called the Commons, in the Parish of Killeedy, an altercation occurred between him and his partner (Richard Roche) in the farm, respecting a right of boundary, when, melancholy to relate, Mahony, who was armed with a scythe, instantly struck a blow, which literally divided the body, and laid open the bowels of his unfortunate opponent, which deprived him of life. An Inquest was held on the body by John Cox, Esq. Coroner, and a verdict given accordingly. The delinquent has as yet escaped justice.

     The Police stationed at Cappagh, in this County, have for a length of time been on the look-out for a noted offender, named Michael M'Donnell, alias Sowney, who never was to be found at his residence. They patroled that neighbourhood last night, and visited the house of this noted delinquent, who was still absent. The party sat down in perfect silence, keeping the inmates within, until six o'clock in the morning, when Master Mick walked into the net. He is fully committed for trial under the Insurrection Act.

     CORK, SEPT. 20-In the last week, as Mr. Dodd, who was Steward to the late Brook Brazier, Esq. was returning from Bartholomew Fair, near Rathcormack, he was attacked about half a mile at this side of the fair place, at the early hour of five o'clock, by six ruffians, who dragged him off his horse and beat him with stones, one of which struck him in the mouth, split his lips, and knocked four of his teeth out, and only for some persons who were coming up at the moment, it is thought that they would have killed him.-- Cork Chronicle.

     An attempt was made at an early hour on Wednesday night to set fire to some stacks of corn, on the lands of Kilcow, the property of ______ Dunn, Esq. within one mile of Kinsale. Information having been received by William Newman, Esq., Sovereign of Kinsale, of the occurrence, he forthwith called on the Cavalry Police of the Barony, under the command of Captain Lawson, who in the short space of ten minutes were on their road to the place, where they found the greater part of one stack of barley burned, and some scattered about the field. Several houses were searched, and some persons examined, without being able to trace the perpetrators of the outrage.--Morning Paper

     OCT. 1.- The following threatening notice was posted a few nights since on the gate of Mr. Davies, in the Parish of Grenagh, and written in a good hand:

"To James Davies, Esq."

     "We earnestly desire and peaceably request that you will cashire and discharge the strange and deluded foreigners that youre Collecting and Keeping as it were in opposition to the law of our country, now be certain that we are fully bent and determine to allow no such proceedings in this neighbourhood like all other places, Now dear Sir dont look upon this with contempt or indifference or if you do you will most affirmatively rue the consequence. "We are your inveterate enemies.
                      "JOHN ROCK & His Men"

     On Friday night, about ten o'clock, the out-offices of Captain Phillips, of Mornies, near Monkstown, were perceived to be on fire. Fortunately the night was calm, and after great exertion, the flames were got under, with only the loss of one out-house. That the above has not been produced by accident, is proved by the circumstance of coal-cinders having been found in one of the out-offices, near a window, which had been fastened at night, but from the side of which some stones had been worked out of the wall, for the purpose of conveying the kindling into the house, in which some furze had been placed. From every inquiry we can make, we have the satisfaction to state, that there is no reason to consider this burning as connected with any general system of disturbance in the neighbourhood where it happened.--Morning Paper

 


TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION,
At RENVYLE, on FRIDAY, the 24th OCTOBER and the following Day,
THE ENTIRE
FARMING STOCK,
OF HENRY BLAKE, ESQ.,

     Consisting of High-bred Durham and Devon COWS, and BULLS and HEIFERS, of all Ages, South Down SHEEP, Suffolk Punch HORSES, and FARMING UTENSILS of every description.

TERMS AT SALE

     Good accommodation to be had at Clifden, Westport, and other Places in the Neighbourhood.
     October 6, 1823.

 

MELANCHOLY OCCURENCE

     Yesterday morning, two of a number of wretched beings, who from want of a home take shelter for the night in the lime kiln at Loug-lane, Kevin-street, were found suffocated; one of them, named Grumly, was found on the lime in the kiln, and is supposed to have fallen in off the rim (where they lay) when struggling with the suffocation. A third man was discovered in time to have him removed to an hospital, and it is expected he will recover. Within this past year there have been five persons discovered suffocated in the same kiln, and we have before observed upon the necessity of the Police or the Proprietor adopting some method to prevent this waste of life. Mr. M'Carthy, Coroner for the County, held an Inquest on the bodies, when the Jury returned a verdict that the deceased were found suffocated.--Freeman's Journal

ROBBERY

     Early on the morning of Sunday last, the Shop in Cross-street, belonging to Mr. Barlow, painter and glazier, was forcibly entered through one of the windows, and cash to the amount of 1 taken from the till. No precise opinion can as yet be formed as to the miscreant who affected this robbery; but it is strongly conjectured that some person in the neighbourhood who had been present when the cash was paying, must be either principal in, or privy to it. It has not as yet been ascertained whether any further damage has taken place.



NOTICE

THE PROPRIETORS of the MADEIRA ISLAND & NUN'S ISLAND BREWERIES, beg leave to acquaint their Friends and the Public that they are under the necessity of advancing the prices of their Malt Liquors from this date.
         ALE to 2 5s 6d.}
          BEER,    1 5   0  }       per Tierce.
     And thereby pledge themselves to make these Articles of such Strength and Quality as the Prices of Malt and Hops will enable them to do.
Galway, October 6, 1823.


Dissolution of Partnership.
----------------

THE Public are requested to TAKE NOTICE, that the Firm of ADAMS, CANNON & Co., late of New-Castle, Brewers and Co-partners, has been Dissolved by mutual consent, on the 29th September instant. All persons indebted to the Establishment are requested to pay the amount of their Accounts to Mr. H. CANNON; and the empty Vessels due, if not forthwith returned, will be charged in account.
     Galway, September 30, 1823.


MONEY-OFFICE
LOMBARD-STREET.
_____________

O'DONOVAN, Pawnbroker,

     Informs the Public that he does still and will continue to Lend MONEY at his Office, Lombard-street, on his Established System. Any report to the contrary is FALSE, and grounded only in MALICE and ENVY.
     O'DONOVAN takes this opportunity of returning his sincere Thanks to the Hon. Martin Ffrench for his very zealous and active conduct on the night of the 30th of September, in the protection of his and the public property.
     Galway, October 6, 1823.


TO BE LET
And Immediate Possession given,
THE LARGE HOUSE
IN DOMINICK STREET,
Lately occupied by MR. BROWNE.

     CONSISTING of a PARLOUR, DRAWING-ROOM, FIVE BED-ROOMS, KITCHEN, & KEEPING PLACES.
     In the rear is a good GARDEN, STABLE, and Extensive OFFICES.
     Application to be made to John Kean on the Premises.
     October 6, 1823.


County of Galway
TO BE SOLD,
By Public Auction,

     In the latter end of the Month of NOVEMBER, in the City of DUBLIN, by direction of the Grantee of an Annuity charged on the Estates and of Trustees appointed to secure the payment, pursuant to express and full power given for that purpose, ALL THAT AND THOSE, the Towns and Lands of GRALAGHDUFF, otherwise MARNALL'S-GROVE, containing 163 acres- CORLACK, otherwise CREGANE, containing 53 acres.
     The above lands are situated in the half-barony of Ballymore,and county of Galway, and are of a superior quality.
     Due Notice will be given of the Day and Place where said Sale will take place.
     For further particulars apply to Thomas Burke, Esq., Solicitor, 10, Stafford street, Dublin, or if before the first day of November next, at Ballydugan, Loughrea.
October 6, 1823.

THE connaught journal
Galway, thursday, October 9, 1823

MILITARY PROMOTIONS
________

War Office, Sept. 26, 1823.

     9th Regiment of Light Dragoons- Thomas John Fitzmaurice, Viscount Kirkwall to be Cornet by purchase, vice Lascelles, promoted to the 67th Foot.
     13th Ditto- Lieutenant John Gunn Collins, from half-pay 21st Light Dragoons, to be Lieutenant, vice Meunbury Nash, who exchanges, receiving the difference. George James Christie, Gent, to be Cornet, without purchase, vice Elton promoted.
     2d Regiment of Foot-Serjeant Major _____ Littlejohn, from the 72d Foot,to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Munday, promoted, (and to act as Adjt.)
     10th Ditto- Lieutenant Charles Collins Blane to be Captain by purchase, vice Rudsdell, promoted. Ensign William Henry Goode to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Blane. Robert Dampier Halifax, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Goode.
     51st Ditto- Thomas Irving Gent. to be Ensign without purchase.
     55th Ditto- Captain Wm. Lloyd Peacocke, from half-pay 36th Foot, to be Captain, vice Thomas Goodricke Peacocke, who exchanges.
     60th Ditto- Lieutenant Francis Coghlan, Gent. from the Royal Military College, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Creagh, appointed to the 81st Foot.
     64th Ditto- Lieutenant William Jull to be Captain, by purchase, vice Elliot, who retires. Ensign Alexander John M'Person to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Jull. Benjamin Dickinson Speke, Gent, to be Ensign, by purchase, vice M'Pherson.
     70th Ditto- Ensign Matthew Benjamin G. Reed, from half-pay 4th West India Regiment, to be Ensign, vice Robert Blake, who exchanges, receiving the difference.
     73d Ditto- Lieutenant F.T. Williamson to be Captain, by purchase, vice Watts, who retires. Ensign P. Primrose to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Williamson. Henry Seymour, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Primrose.
     75th Ditto- Lieutenant Hon. George Augustus Browne, from half-pay 70th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Phineas Chas. Cockburn, who exchanges, receiving the difference.
     77th Ditto- Deputy Assistant Commissary General David Scott Kinlock Maclaurin, from half-pay, to be Paymaster, vice Heacock,deceased.
     81st Ditto- Lieutenant Knox Montgomery, to be Captain, without purchase, vice Pilkington, deceased. Ensign John Browne, to be Lieutenant, vice Montgomery. Ensign Giles Vandeleur Creagh, from the 60th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Browne.
     86th Ditto- Lieutenant John Holland, from the 89th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice John Doyle Carrol, who retires upon half-pay of the 1st Foot.
     89th Ditto- Lieutenant Thomas Paul Williamson, from half-pay 1st Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Holland, appointed to the 86th Foot.
     93d Ditto- Captain Alexander Fisher Mackintosh, from the 11th Foot, to be Major, by purchase, vice Brice, who retires.
     2d West India Regiment- Captain Richard Bullock, from half-pay 103d Foot, to be Captain, vice James M'Lean who exchanges. Assistant Staff Surgeon Beresford Tedlie to be Surgeon, vice Duigan, deceased.
     1st Royal Veteran Battalion- Captain Pierre Toussant de Barralier, from half-pay 101st Foot, to be Captain, vice Thomas Wm. Poppleton, whose appointment has not taken place.

GARRISON.

     Lieutenant-Gen. Martin Hunter to be Governor of Pendennis Castle, vice General Buckley, deceased.

NATIVE SIMPLICITY

     On Saturday last, one of those wretched beings whose squalid face, emaciated form, and almost naked person bespoke him as an Irishpeasant, waited upon Mr. Charles, in consequence of having heard that he (Mr. C.) could, at command, transfer any article from the possession of its owner to wherever it should be desired, and having that day got a letter written to his wife, at Ballinaderrig, County Sligo, acquainting her of his arrival in Dublin, from a reaping excursion in England, with four pounds five shillings, and a new shawl for her, "he hoped his honor (Mr. Charles) would make the letter go to Biddy, without any postage, which would be a great saving to a poor man like him." To this reasonable request Mr. Charles replied by endeavouring to assure the poor fellow, that he (Mr. C.) never exercised the wonder of Azmodeus to any greater extent than within one mile from the place of performance. To this information honest Timothy O'Loughlin required an explanation, for he said, "that one Flanagan, a carman's factor, in Thomas-street, told him that his Honor, Mr. C., did one night that week borrow a handkerchief from a Lady, and that upon desiring it to be left in her room at Portobello, where her brother went for it, he found it there, and if his Honor could do that, sure he might be after sending the letter to Biddy, to save a poor man the postage." Facts are stubborn things; and as there was no denying the circumstance of the handkerchief alluded to by Timothy, and after some enquiry respecting his family, Mr. Charles satisfied the faithful husband's affectionate anxiety, by taking the letter, and assuring him it should reach its destination without any cost to him or his Biddy, and dismissed him with an addition to the four pounds five shillings.

ORIGIN OF THE WORD YANKEE

     Yankee is the Indian corruption of the word English- Younglees, Yanglses, Yankee, and finally Yankee. It got in general use as a term of reproach thus: - About the year 1713, one Jonathan Hastings, a farmer at Cambridge, in New England, used the word Yankee as a cant word to express excellence- as a Yankee (good) horse, Yankee cider, &c.- The Students at the College having frequent intercourse with Jonathan, and hearing him employ the word on all occasions when he intended to express his approbation, applied it sarcastically, and called him Yankee Jonathan.- It soon became a cant phrase among the Collegians to designate a simple, weak, awkward person;- from College it spread over the country, till, from its currency in New England, it was at length taken up and applied to the New Englanders generally, as a token of reproach. It was in consequence of this that the song called Yankee Doodle was composed.

LIMERICK, OCT. 4.

     On Friday last, a number of men, armed with sickles and hay-forks, assembled on the lands of Ballyphilip, near Kilmore, in this County, held by persons of the name of Duggan, under Mr. Nathaniel Simeux, on which previously a distress for rent had been made, by authority from a receiver under the Court of Chancery, and though the care-taker came forward and cautioned this banditti to desist, they, by force, maliciously cut down several acres of unique oats, and drew off the lands a quantity of same. Next day they dug the potatoes growing on said farm, and drew off some of the corn cut the day before. Mr. Richard Yielding, jun. whose father has an estate on said lands, having heard of the outrage, came up in support of the care-taker, in order to prevent the corn from being removed, but to no effect, as the fellows dropped their spades, and with hay-forks, forced away the corn, and also grossly abused Mr. Yielding- six of the party were apprehended early on Sunday morning, by W.R. Yielding, Esq. and a party of the military from Kilmore, while in the act of conveying away the remainder of the cow. Several hundred persons were assembling to destroy and carry off the remainder off the property with horses, cars, &c., but on the appearance of the military they fled in all directions.

THE connaught journal
Galway, MONday, October 13, 1823

PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCES

     LIMERICK, OCTOBER 4.- On the night of Wednesday last, a valuable horse was houghed on the lands of Ballynacariga, the property of Mr. J. Enright; another of his received many cuts on the hinder parts. A notice was found posted next day on a house on the same farm, signed Captain Rock, threatening Mr. Engight if he did not drop his late undertaking, that of Agent to the property of Mr. Dawson, an end would be put to his life. A horse belonging to Stephen Tinsley, of White Forge, had his ears cut off last night.

     LIMERICK, OCT. 8- At the Rathkeale Sessions, Michael Coghlan was charged with having been, with others, unlawfully assembled at Moturriagh, on the 19th of September. Mr. Nunan, who had prosecuted others of the same party on a similar charge on Friday last, was examined, and repeated his former evidence; he added, that he had not seen the prisoner since the day he was attacked, until he had appeared in Court as a witness, and that he recognized him the instant he appeared, as the person who began the attack, and pulled him from his horse.
     The prisoner examined two witnesses to prove an alibi- but the facts they stated appeared to be quite consistent with what the prosecutor had deposed to, and it was manifestly possible that the prisoner, after taking part, as the prosecution swore, in the beginning of the attack, might have made his way to the place where the witnesses saw him at the time they stated.
     Mr. Blackburn, at considerable length, addressed the prisoner on the enormity of his offence, and concluded by saying, he was one of that wicked band who, in contempt of the law, and in defiance of their Creator, had come forward on Friday to defeat the justice of their country; he confessed he was amazed, that in any christian country such as a body of persons should be found, ready and willing to hazard the safety of their souls by such audacious and impious practices.
     He was glad to say, that their conduct had attracted the attention of the Roman Catholic Clergy, and that yesterday, in this and some adjacent Parishes, it had been reprobated and condemned from the Altar.
     The Limerick Session were adjourned to the 28th October.
     On Wednesday night last, at eight o'clock, a party of insurgents set fire to a large barn on the land of Ballinacahara, in this County. The only reason that can be assigned for this outrage is, that the proprietor (Carrol Naish, Esq. of Ballycullin) expressed an intention of drawing to it, on the following day, the corn of some defaulting tenants.
     On Saturday night, a quantity of hay was maliciously set on fire, and consumed on the land of Cor?ss, near Newport, County Tipperary, the property of Philip Ryan.
     Two cows were houghed, and a third maliciously mangled on Wednesday night, in the neighbourhood of Kildysart, County Clare. The land, held by a man named Chambers, is at present on the ground by the Landlord.
     Captain Drought, commanding the Police in this City (Limerick) is appointed to command the Police of the County Clare, vice Major Warburton promoted Inspecting Magistrate of the Counties of Clare, Galway, Mayo and Sligo.--Chronicle

     BELFAST.- About four o'clock on Thursday evening, the schooner Thomas, laden with coal, got under way at Carrickfergus road, for Belfast, with a Pilot on board, and being about two miles W.S.W. of that place, with all necessary sail set, was in a moment struck with a violent gust of wind, by which she was immediately sunk, in the sight of many spectators, notwithstanding every exertion having been made by the Captain and the crew to save her. The Pilot, Captain, and four others, who had the good fortune to be on deck, were saved; but Mrs. Clements (the Captain's wife) William Jack, the Mate, a female passenger and her two children, being below, unfortunately perished. The name of the poor woman with the two children is unknown, but to one of the crew she stated that her husband was a shoemaker, who had died in Scotland, and that she was returning to her friends in Maghera. Shortly after the schooner had sunk, she righted, and her two masts are now visible about 12 or 14 feet above the surface of the water in which she now lies, on a bank of sand called Carrick bank. It is presumed that it will not be difficult to raiser her.

     TRALEE, OCT. 4- A shocking outrage was committed a few nights since in the parish of Kilmolly, near Ballyheige. The house of herdsman of Thomas Quill, Esq. of this town, was broken into by some ruffians well armed and disguised, who inhumanly beat and cut the herdsman and his wife, and a young boy who was in the house, whom they wounded in eleven places. The only cause which can be assigned for this barbarous outrage, was that the lands having been abandoned by the tenants, those persons shewed every fidelity in protecting whatever property had been left for their master.

    CORK, OCTOBER 6- We understand that an official communication has been received by the proper officer, directing that the Bandon Sessions, which were to have been held this day- the first in the West Riding under the new Act- should be adjourned from day until further orders. Speculation is very high as to who will be appointed to the vacant Chairmanship, and many names are in circulation for the situation.
     At a Vestry Meeting, held at Cork, on Friday last, the Mayor of the City stated that the Rev. James Meara, the vicar of the parish, but who had not visited it for the last six years, possessed no less that fifteen Vicarages, three Rectories, one Prebendary, a Glebe-house with 40 acres of land, and two or three Churches!
     Murder of Mr. Franks and Family- It will be recollected that on the Coroner's inquest, the servant girl that lived in Mr. Franks's house was examined, and also another female, dwelling near it; they have, as necessary evidence to be hereafter called upon, been held under special protection; and, we presume, for some very important reason, were, on Tuesday night, sent forward from Fermoy in Dublin, accompanied by Mr. Smyth, Chief Constable of Police, and a subaltern of that body, probably to appear before the higher law officers of the Crown, that their narrative may become the subject of renewed and deliberative investigation. The six men whom we visited some time ago to have been apprehended and lodged in the Brideswell of Doneraile, remain in custody, but as yet they have not been committed to the county gaol.

KILKENNY, OCTOBER 8- We are sorry to learn that there are some misguided wretches, even in this peaceable county, who dare to issue threatening notices in the name of General Rock. One such notice, as a letter on business for his brother, who resides in this county, was left at the house of a Gentleman in this city on Sunday evening. we are persuaded that many notices are written by persons not at all connected with the Ribon System, for the purpose the most base that can well be conceived. The one to which we have particularly alluded, we believe to be of this number, as mot of those, which were written in this county at the beginning of the last year unquestionably were.- Our people have hitherto set an example of virtue, under suffering, which does them honor. In this line let them persevere. Whoever may be the adviser of an opposite line of conduct is their enemy and the enemy of Ireland.
     Mr. Williams, high Constable of this city, having received information from Ambrose Shearman, Esq. a Magistrate of this county, that a gang was forming for the purpose of killing sheep in the co. and city liberties; and, on private information, having discovered that they were to make their first attempt on the stock of Mowlan, at Glandine, near this city, he proceeded thither, accompanied by Messrs. Plymouth, Read and Bible, Peace Officers, and, having concealed themselves, they succeeded, between nine and ten o'clock on Monday evening, in arresting two men in the act of killing a sheep. Their names are Patrick Ryan, and Tobias Hanlon, and are utter strangers in this neighbourhood. The breaking up of this newly formed gang is a matter of great moment at this season of the year.
     On Sunday night a considerable quantity of wheat, oats, and hay, with some household furniture, distrained for rent by the Receiver under the Court of Chancery, adjoining the demesne of Three-castles, in this county, were forcibly taken out of the possession of the keepers, by a numerous party, and conveyed away in the direction of Kilkenny. The fellows tied the keepers, but, we believe, offered no further personal violence. The name of the tenant in possession is Jefferey Purcell.--Moderator
   

We regret to state, that an outrage of a most serious nature has occurred in the interior of our County. A large barn, containing a quantity of hay, oats, and several valuable implements of husbandry, the property of Walter Joyce, Esq. of Merview, was on Saturday, the 11th instant, maliciously burned to the ground. We are happy to say, however, that this outrage is not the offspring of any system of Ribbonism, but was the act of some wretches instigated by private malice. We trust that the perpetrators will be brought to justice. Mr. Joyce has lost no time in adopting the proper course (and, as will be seen by our advertising columns) has offered a reward of 50 to any person who will come forward and prosecute to conviction. This is the first instance of outrage we have had to record as committed in our county for a considerable time, and for the credit of the county we trust that the perpetrators will be given up.


COUNTY OF GALWAY

REWARD

Whereas on the Night of SATURDAY, the 11th OCTOBER inst., or early on SUNDAY Morning, a BARN, belonging to me, situate at Corgary, in this County, containing several Tons of Hay, Oats, and Implements of Husbandry, and various other Property, was maliciously set on fire and totally consumed by some Persons or Persons unknown. Now I do hereby offer a Reward of FIFTY POUNDS sterling to any Person who will, within six calendar months from the date hereof, come forward and prosecute to conviction all or any of the Principal Person or Persons concerned in the said Outrage; or one half of said sum of Fifty Pounds for such private information as may lead to his or their conviction within the last-mentioned period.
     Given under my hand, at Merview, this 13th day of October, 1823.
                          WALTER JOYCE

THE MONKS OF THE SCREW

     When Lord Avanmore was a young man, better known on the Turf than at the Bar, he founded a Club near Newmarket, called the Monks of the Screw; the rules of which he drew up to a very quaint and common Monkish Latin verse. it was on this model that a still more celebrated Club of the same name was afterwards established, under his Lordship's auspices, in Dublin. It met on every Sunday during the Law Terms, in a large house in Kevin-street, the property of the late Lord Tracton [or Traeton] , and now converted into a Senescha?'s Court. The reader may have some idea of the delighted intercourse this Society must have afforded, when he learns that Flood, Grattan, Curran, Lord Charlemont, Bowes Daly, and a host of such men, were amongst its Members. Curran was installed Grand Prior of the Order, and deputed to compose the charter-song. It began thus:-

     When St. Patrick our Order created,
     And called us the Monks of the Screw,
     Good rules he revealed to our Abbot,
     To guide us in what we should do.

     But first he replenished his fountain
     With liquor the best in the sky,
     And he swore by the word of his Saintship,
     The fountain should never run dry.

     My children , be chaste, till you're tempted;
     While sober be wise and discreet;
     And humble your bodies with fasting
     Whene'er you've got nothing to eat.

     Then be not a glass in the covenant,
     Except on a festival found;
     And this rule, to enforce, I ordain it
     A festival-all the year round.

     Saint Patrick, the titular saint of the Country, was their patron Saint; and a statue of him, mitered and crosiered, after having for years consecrated their Monkish revels, was transferred to Curran's convivial sideboard at the Priory. Of the hours passed in this Society, Curran, ever afterwards, spoke with enthusiasm. "Those hours," said he, addressing Lord Avanmore on the occasion, as a Judge, and wringing tears from his aged eyes at the recollection, "which we can remember with no other regret that that they can return no more:-

     "We spent them not in toys, or lust, or wine,
     But search of deep philosophy,
     Wit, eloquence and poetry,
     Arts which I loved, and they, my friend, were thine."

THE connaught journal
Galway, Thursday, October 16, 1823

DUBLIN- OCTOBER 14.

     On Friday the Lord Mayor was most actively employed in visiting the markets and bakeries from nine o'clock in the morning till eleven at night, while in Clarendon market he was greatly insulted by a butcher named Kean. On Saturday morning the Lord Mayor again visited Clarendon market, and apprehended Kean, and when proceeding towards Clarendon-street with the prisoner, a considerable number of persons rushed upon the Lord Mayor's attendants whom they beat severely, particularly the two staff-men, Graham and Bradshaw, and would probably have killed them but for their having fortunately obtained shelter in a public house. Kean, the prisoner, was actively engaged with several others in the riot, all of whom have absconded, but three men, the father and two sons, named Devoy, who are now in custody. Bradshaw, the staff man, had his forehead dreadfully cut, and some of his ribs broken. Peace Officer Manly, of the Head Police Office, living near the market, immediately heard of the riot, and procured a troop of horse police, and several of the patrol, with whom under the command of the Lord Mayor, he returned to the market, but all those concerned in the riot had absconded, save three in custody.

     Mr. Johnston, late Private Secretary to his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, sailed for England yesterday, to take his place as Commissioner at the English Board of Stamps. He is succeeded in the appointment of Private Secretary by Colonel Meyrick Shaw, who lately arrived in this country, and who, we believe, was employed in India during the Governor-Generalship of the Marquis Wellesley.

     ROBBERIES

     On Saturday evening, the house of Mr. Bellingham, of Upper Rutland-street, was robbed of several articles of wearing apparel, by some persons who concealed themselves in the house, who must have entered while the hall door lay open.
     The same night, Crumlin Church was robbed of the cushions, surplices, &c.
     And also on the same night, the shop of a huxter in Barrack-street, named Smith, was attempted to be robbed, by means of taking down the shutters, but fortunately, Smith heard them in time to prevent the purpose being carried into effect.
     Between the hours of seven and eight o'clock on Friday evening, the room door of a man named Devereux, lodging in Nixon's court, was opened by picking the lock, and his trunk robbed  of three guineas in gold and six sovereigns, besides several articles of wearing apparel.
     Some villains entered the house of Mr. Magin, in Stephen's-green, on the same evening; by the drawing-room window, but when commencing operations were heard by the servants, who coming up, alarmed the fellows, when they escaped.

THE ARMY

     The 1st division of the 62d (or Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot, which arrived on the 18th ult., at Portsmouth on board the Vibilia transport, from Halifax, sailed for Dublin, for the purpose of embarking there.
     The head-quarters and the 2d division of the 62d Foot, arrived on the 6th instant at Portsmouth, on board the Loyal Briton transport, from Halifax.
     The Loyal Briton, after taking provisions on board, is ordered to convey the head-quarters and the 2d division to Dublin.
     The third and last division of the 62d is daily expected to arrive at Portsmouth on board the Cato transport, from Halifax.
     Some limited service men and invalids are shortly expected to arrive at Portsmouth, on board the Fanny transport, from Halifax.
     Two companies belonging to the 65th (or Second York North Riding) Regiment of Foot, one of which is quartered at Carlisle, and the other at Tinmouth, have received orders to move from their respective stations to Hull, where they are to arrive on the 24th inst.
     93d Highlanders- The head-quarters division of the 93d Highlanders marched last week from Mullingar to Athlone, to be replaced by a small detachment of Veterans from Birr. It is said that Mullingar shall no longer continues to be the head-quarters of a regiment.
     Isle of France- Lieutenant-General the Honourable Sir G.L. Cole, G.C.B., is gone out on a reduced salary, to take the command at the Isle of France, the civil governorship having, by a recent arrangement been done away; and the Major-General Darling is by permission, on his return to England.

DEATHS

     In Gloucester-street, on the 9th instant, after a short illness, Mrs. Selina Purcell, wife of John J. Purcell, Esq. in her 22d year. Her life was spent in the exercise of benevolence and virtue, and he death, full of hope for a glorious eternity. In her society has lost one of its brightest ornaments.
     In St. Andrew-street, Mrs. Anna Maria Greene.
     On the 26th ultimo, the Rev. Michael Egan, who had been many years Curate of Summer-hill. He was a Dominican Friar, and a man of great learning; in him the poor have lost a great friend.
     On the 7th instant, in the 24th year of his age, at Clonfineen, in the county of Roscommon, of a typhus fever, which he caught while in the discharge of his pastoral duties, the Rev. Richard Prendergast, R.C. Curate of the parishes of Templetogher and Buynagh.

 

DIED

     At Cottage, in the County of Galway, on Sunday the 12th instant, in the fiftieth year of her age, Mrs. Power, wife of David Brandon Power, Esq.
     At Corondon, in the County of Galway, on Friday last, after a tedious indisposition, Richard Tighe, Esq. His death is a subject of much regret to his relatives and friends, to whom he has endeared himself by his affable and conciliating manners. 

MILITARY PROMOTIONS

War-Office, 3d October 1823

     2d Regiment of Life-Guards- Lieutenant and Adjutant John Maples, from the 45th Foot to be Lieutenant, vice Hort, appointed to the 8th Light Dragoons.
     6th Regiment of Dragoons Guards- Major Edward Wildman, to be Lieutenant-Colonel by purchase, vice French; who retired. Brevet Major William Ruttledge to be Major by purchase, vice Wildman, Lieutenant Augustus Langley, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Ruttledge. Cornet Thomas Jervis, to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Laniley. Cornet and Adjutant Charles Short, to have the rank of Lieutenant. Gentleman Cadet James Richardson Hay from the Royal Military College, to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Jervis.
     8th Regiment of Light Dragoons- Lieut. Richard Hort, from the 2d Life Guards, to be Lieutenant, vice Taylor, appointed to the 48th Foot. Veterinary Surgeon Lawrence Bird, form half-pay, 19th Light Dragoons, to be Veterinary Surgeon, vice William Sholter Rickwood, who exchanges.
     10th Ditto- Lieutenant Francis Godolphin D'Arcy, Marquis of Carmarthen, from half-pay of the Regiment, to be Lieutenant, vice Sir John Trollope, Bart., who exchanges, receiving the difference.
     14th Ditto- Lieutenant John Samuel St. Leger, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Barrett, who retires.- cornet Wm James D'Urban to be Lieut. by purchase, vice St. Leger.
     15th Ditto- Lieut. George Hayward Lindsay, from the 37th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Mangles, who exchanges.
     12th Regiment of Foot- Lieutenant Joseph Jones, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Milne, who retires. Ensign Julius Stirke, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Jones. Robert Alexander Cuthbert, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Stirke.
     15th Ditto- Henry Joyner Ellis, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Finch, deceased.
     17th Ditto- Surgeon John Heriot, M.D. from half-pay 6th Foot, to be Surgeon, vice St. George Ardley, who exchanges.
     26th Ditto- Ensign Alexander Calder, to be Lieut. without purchase, vice Maxwell, deceased. Gentleman Cadet George Pigott, from the Royal Military College to be Ensign, vice Calder.
     31st Ditto- To be Ensign- Ensign Samuel Brandham Boileau, from half-pay 29th Foot, vice Henry Brown, who exchanges, receiving the difference.- Ensign Charles Montague Burrows, from the 34th Foot, vice Foskett, who exchanges.
     34th Ditto- Ensign Joseph Foskett, from the 31st Foot, to be Ensign, vice Burrows, who exchanges.
     41st Ditto- Lieutenant J.K. Taylor, from the 8th Light Dragoons, to be Lieutenant and Adjutant, vice Maples, appointed to the 2d Life Guards.
     47th Ditto- Lieutenant Edward Codd, from half-pay 1st Bahama Garrison Company, to be Lieutenant, vice Egerton Charles Isaacson, who exchanges.
     53d Ditto- Lieutenant George William Mangles, from the 15th Light Dragoons, to be Lieutenant, vice Lindsay who exchanges.
     57th Ditto- Lieutenant George William Mangles, from the 15th Light Dragoons, to be Lieutenant, vice Lindsay, who exchanges.
     64th Ditto- Lieutenant Adam Duncan Boyes, to be Adjutant, vice Jull, promoted.
     85th Ditto- Lieutenant Henry John French to be Captain, by purchase, vice Charleton, promoted in the 92d Foot. Ensign Alexander Butler to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice French. Alleyne Sacheverell Bateman, Gent, to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Butler.
     87th Ditto- Lieutenant Mars Murphett, from the 53d Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Cates, who exchanges.
     92d Ditto- Captain Andrew Robert Charleton, from the 85th Foot, to be Major by purchase, vice Wilkie, who retires.
     1st Royal Veteran Battalion- Assistant Surgeon John Marriott M.D. from half-pay 82d Foot, to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Gill, deceased.
     3d Royal Veteran Battalion- Brevet-Major William Gray, from half-pay Royal African Corps, to be Captain, vice Hackett, deceased.
     Unattached- Lieutenant John Gallwey Mosely, from 1st Life Guards, to be Captain by purchase, vice White, who retires.
     Staff- Captain Graham Henry, from the half-pay to be Sub-Inspector of Militia in the Ionian Islands, vice White, who retires.

 

THE connaught journal
Galway, Monday, October 20, 1823

RECORDER'S COURT

ATTACK ON THE LORD MAYOR'S SUITE

     Yesterday Malachy Alton was put on his trial, charged with having been concerned in the riot which took place in Clarendon-market on Saturday last; and also with an assault upon Bradshaw, and another staffman, who had attended the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor on his visit to that market. He was found guilty without a moment's hesitation.
     The Right Hon., the Lord Mayor addressed the Court very emphatically, recommending the prisoner to their humane consideration, on account of his character having, until this transaction, been unimpeached.
     The sentence of the Court therefore was, that Malachy Alton should be imprisoned six months.- four upon the first, and two on the second count of the indictment.

MR. DEVEREUX.

     This unfortunate man was brought up for trial yesterday, and, upon being asked the usual question, whether guilty or not, he appeared stupified and so much agitated as to be unable to speak; he at length communicated to Mr. Bournes that he pleaded guilty, and threw himself upon the mercy of the Court. The Recorder requested of him to consider his plea, and the consequences of it; and a considerable time elapsed before he had explained himself to Mr. Bournes, during the whole of which he was in tears. At length it was communicated to he Court that he had not consulted any Attorney or Lawyer, and expected there would be no prosecution. The Recorder said that he would not put off the trial upon the prisoner's request, but if the prosecutors wished, he would put it off at their request. The prosecutors then humanely begged the Court to put off the trial, which the Recorder did to the next sitting day.

    Martha Mansergh, an elderly woman, whose air, and particularly her address, bespoke her having mixed in genteel society, was indicted for having stolen some childrens' wearing apparel, the property of Catherine Griffin. The prisoner had lodged in a room in Copper-alley, with some of the Mendicants, where also the prosecutrix lodged, who was an interesting looking brunette from the "Kingdom of Kerry," she appeared on the table with an infant in her arms, but could not speak a word of English, and the celebrated Lewy O'Halloran was sworn as interpreter.
     The case was proved against the prisoner by the prosecutrix and two other witnesses.
     The replies of the prosecutrix to some questions were strikingly characteristic of national peculiarities, and the naturally poetic and figurative idiom of the Irish language. When asked the cause of her visit to Dublin, she replied, "to seek the father of this child of whom I'm the wedded mother, two years ago." From further examination, it appeared she left Kerry on her way to England to seek her husband, and her money being run out on her arrival in Dublin, she sought shelter at the Mendicity Asylum, in a room of which the prisoner lodged, who took every article of the mother's and child's, except what was on them. The prisoner is the wife of a Gentleman holding a situation in a public office, and has an allowance of tenpence per day, and two pennies on Saturday, which she spends on drink.- Guilty- To be imprisoned three months.

MEETING AT CASTLEBLAKENEY

By our advertising columns it will be seen that a Meeting of the Barony of Tiaquin has been summoned for Thursday next, to take into consideration the late outrage committed on the estate of Walter Joyce, Esq. in the destruction of his barn. We lament this should have been necessary. We had hoped that, for he credit of their County, the well-disposed in the Barony would have immediately delivered up the perpetrators to the hands of justice; for it is hardly possible to conceive, but that several are privy to the transaction. As, however, they have not done so, it has become necessary for the neighbouring gentlemen to exert themselves in the detection of the offenders. They are coming forward as they ought- their activity will probably be the means of preventing a repetition of such outrages for the future, and of ensuring a continuance of peace to the County.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~

We the undersigned, request a Meeting of the Gentlemen of the Barony of Tyaquin, on Thursday, the 22d instant, at Castleblakeney, at the hour of One o'Clock, to take into consideration the best plan to be adopted in consequence of the late Outrage, committed at Cargary, in that Barony.

James Daly, Dunsandle
Christopher D. Bellew, Mount-Bellew
J. O'Rorke, Moylough
Thomas Abbott, Mount-Bellew Bridge
Francis Davis, Hamstead
Bernard Browne, Mount-Hazel
Edward Trench, Monivae-Castle
Michael Browne, Moyne
James Blake, Waterdale
M.J. Blake, Brook-Lodge
Hubert Thomas Dolphin, Loughrea
Joseph Nolan, Cloverfield
Walter Joyce, Merview
Walter Joyce, Jun. ditto.

PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE

     CORK, OCT. 15- On Friday last, as Jas. Hill, a comfortable farmer residing at Sauroo, was returning from the fair of Clonakilty, in company with his wife, brother, and servant, he was waylaid by a part headed by a man named James Hayes, and murdered. There was a dispute between Hayes and the deceased, in consequence of the latter having taken a farm form which the former was evicted, which, to all appearance was made up, and Hayes with his friends were going in the same direction, when, we should suppose, the old feeling was re-kindled, which terminated so fatally. Hayes, who is the head of a quarrelsome faction, that has often disturbed the neighbourhood of Rosscarbery, has absconded. He is the fellow who had the audacity to draw a sword through the hand of Lord Carbery some few years ago, when his Lordship, much at his personal risk, interfered to quell a riot, which would have been attended with bloodshed, at the fair of that town, in which the above party were the principals.
     On Monday night, at so early an hour as eight o'clock, seven stacks of barley, the property of P. Walsh, an industrious farmer on the lands of Kilmoney, within six miles of this city, on the old Mallow road, were set on fire and entirely consumed. There were parties of Cavalry & Infantry stationed within a mile of where the outrage was committed, who immediately repaired to the spot, but the diabolical insurgents concerned had eluded their viligance, notwithstanding that they commenced a rigorous search.---Constitution.

 

THE connaught journal
Galway, Thursday, October 23, 1823

PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE

     ROSCOMMON- It is to us a source of regret, that a spirit of insubordination & outrage has begun to manifest itself near this town, in the Co. Westmeath. Last week the house of a man named Grennan, at Cappabrack, in the parish of Colry, within four miles of this town, in said County, was maliciously set on fire by a party of incendiaries and the inmates with difficulty escaped.
     On last Friday night, eight sheep were shorn of their wool, in the same parish, and their fleeces carried away.---Athlone Herald

     CORK, OCT 17- We understand, from a respectable source, that on Wednesday last, the Churchwardens of Rathcormuck, attempted to prevent the interment of an elderly gentleman, (Mr. O'Flanigan) according to the usual form and ceremonies of the Catholic burial. It is stated to us, that the Churchwardens, on being interrogated as to their authority, declared, that they acted on the express order of the Lord Bishop of Cloyne. We are happy to learn that the unchristian attempt was frustrated by the cool determination of the Roman Catholic Clergymen, who, regardless of the impertinent interruption, proceeded in their pious prayers for the repose of the soul of their deceased christian brother.-- Chronicle

CORK CITY SESSIONS.

     Eleven were indicted as being idle and disorderly persons, in being absent from their dwelling on Sunday, the 5th October instant.
     After several witnesses had been examined against the prisoners, and some for the defence,
     Rev. Peter M'Swiney examined by Mr. Connel.
    
Is Priest of the parish in which the prisoners reside, and know eleven of them; they are peaceably disposed men, of good moral habits. It would be impossible to have any combination in the parish without his knowledge. At the commencement of the disturbances in 1821, he was spoken to by Mr. Wilks, an active Magistrate at Balliacollig, as to the necessity of bringing in the army to prevent disturbances. Witness mentioned to his parishioners the intention, but that if they gave up their arms the army would not be brought in; the consequence was that he got up some stand of arms; and no occurrence has since taken place until the present to call for any harsh or rigorous measures. And as an instance of the good conduct of the people, he stated that evil-disposed persons got into the parish to corrupt them, and they were reclaimed by his parishioners.

Cross-examined by Mr. Scannell.

     Witness confined his observations about the arms to Whiteboy business, but could speak generally to their moral habits and general attention to their religious duties.

Examined by Mr. Blacker.

     Q. When you say that there could not be a combination in the parish without your knowing it, do you mean to extend the observation to Parish Priests in general, or to confine it to your own case? - I mean it to apply to my own particular case.
     Q. Why is it to be confined to your own particular case? - Because there could be no combination of an extended nature in the parish without my knowledge.
     Q. Do you mean, the knowledge you attain by your duties as a Clergyman? - Of course as a Clergyman.
     Q. Have not other Parish Priests the same opportunity of being acquainted with any disturbances or combination likely to occur in their parishes as you have?- Most certainly.
     Q. You don't mean to say that you have greater power in your regulation of your parish than they have in theirs?- No: unless by paying more attention to the people, and visiting them, and thro' that means becoming acquainted with their concerns.
     Q. Have not other Parish Priests the same opportunity of getting acquainted with their concerns? - Most certainly; but from the temper and dispositions of the people they may form combinations and habits which other Priests may not be able to get acquainted with, in consequence of advanced age or activity.
     Q. Could not those habits and dispositions affect your parish? - No; for I attend to it more particularly.
     Q. It then comes to this, that any Priest, who would lay himself out for it, could obtain information? - Yes he could.
     Q. An aukward dilemma then arises out of it; a Catholic Priest does not do his duty or he could make himself acquainted with the disturbances; or having done his duty and obtained the information required, he supresses it. - Yes.
     The cross-examination was resumed by Counsel for the Prosecution, but nothing material was solicited.
     By Sir A. PERRIER- Did not know of the intention of the people to commit the present outrage; it might be formed in a day.
     By the RECORDER- If you had heard of such a crime being committed, would your evidence be the same? - It would be next to an impossibility that any combination could be formed to commit an outrage of the kind without his knowledge.
    Bryan Cunningham deposed to his having sent one of the prisoners for tackling to M'Donell's house.
     Timothy Scannell deposed to his having lent a butt to his sister, who lived some distance off, and which he required to be returned on the night the prisoners were taken in.
    George M. White and Martin Hayes gave the prisoners an excellent character. The latter said that he would give bail to any extent for the three Fahys.
     The Defence here closed, and the Magistrates retired for some time, and on their return,
     Mr. BLACKER addressed them at some length in a forcible strain of admonition, during which he dwelt on the evidence as it bore in favour of or against the Prisoners; also on the audacity of a mob or population taking into their heads to oppose themselves to the strong arm of the law. He said, that the system which had taken such deep root in this and the neighbouring Counties, should be put down, cost what it would; for unless it was crushed, the Country would not be worth living in; and concluded by saying that any alteration or mitigation of their punishment did not rest with him; and as they put themselves in hostile army, they should abide the consequences of the Act of Parliament, under which eleven of them were found guilty by the Magistrates, and it only remained for him to perform a painful duty, that of sentencing them to transportation to such of his Majesty's Colonies as should be thought proper, for a period of seven years.
     When the sentence was passed, the Court resounded with the shrieks and lamentations of their friends, who were most numerous, and which continued throughout the streets on their way to the gaol.--Constitution.

GALWAY INDEPENDENCE.

     At a numerous Meeting of the Friends of Independence of the Town and County of the Town of Galway, held on Sunday, the 24th January instant.
     MARTIN JOS. BLAKE, Esq. in the Chair.
    
The following Resolutions were proposed by Patrick M. Lynch, Esq seconded by Edward E. Maunsell, Esq. and unanimously agreed to:
     Resolved- That we have at the request of Valentine Blake, Esq. our Representative in Parliament, investigated his conduct in the last General Election and subsequently, and are decidedly of opinion that he has not, in any manner, surrendered or compromised the Rights of the Inhabitants of the Town and County of the Town of Galway.
     Resolved- That Mr. Blake has, by his past conduct in the management of our Cause, entitled himself to our sincerest Thanks, and the he possesses our entire confidence.
                MARTIN J. BLAKE, Chairman.
     The following Friends of the Cause were amongst the most respectable of those present:
     Martin Joseph Blake; Robert Joseph Ffrench; James S. Lambert; Edward Eyre Maunsell; Colonel Anthony Ffrench; Doctor Henry Blake; Thomas S. Lambert; Counsellor Coneys; John Lynch Alex.; Thomas P. O'Flaherty; Patrick M. Lynch; John Moore; Catpain T. O'Flaherty; James Val. Browne; Captain W. Trench; Charles Blake; Richard Martin; Francis Fitzgerald; Jas. Joyes; John Ireland; Charles Browne; Dr. Burke; Patrick Joyce; Wm. Galway; Stephen Burke; Capt. Hutcheson; George Sumers; Anthony Perrin; Captain James Marshall; Duncan Cameron; John M'Auley; Patrick Stevens.

DEATHS

     On Tuesday last, at Ballymore, in the County of Galway, the Lady of Richard Rathborne, jun, Esq.- A stroke more unexpected, or more sincerely deplored has seldom fallen on a devoted family. Cut off in the bloom of life, she has left a place in society which will not be easily filled up. In her were united every quality which could render woman beloved and she exercised through life an uncommon talent in unremitting endeavours to ameliorate the condition of the neighbouring poor. By her death society has been deprived of its brightest ornament- her equals have lost a sincere friend- her inferiors a condescending and humane protectress- and her husband and family the best of wives and the most affectionate of mothers.
     In Dominick-street, on Monday last, Miss Mannion- a lady of the most amiable and agreeable manners.
     On the same day, near Oran, in this County, Mr. P. Ryan- a man of unsullied character, and who possessed the strictest integrity in his intercourse with society.

THE late JAMES HUGHES alias BERNARD M'CANN.

To the Editor of the Connaught Journal

     SIR- The enclosed is the Letter which I mentioned to you a few days since, with a wish to have it published in your widely circulated Paper. Most of your readers are already acquainted with the history of the late James Hughes, alias Bernard M'Cann, the butcher; at least so far as his having committed a foul murder in the County of Down some ten years ago; that he had fled to this town, and marrying, here resided till lat month; that he was then recognized, apprehended, and transmitted to Down Jail, where remaining for four months he was tried, and being convicted on the clearest possible testimony, was executed on 31st July last. I saw the unfortunate man the day after he was condemned, and can vouch for his being perfectly in that tone of mind which would dictate such a letter; and I need scarcely add, that during his confinement he had had frequent opportunities of hearing the Scriptures read to him with benefit; and he had also the assistance (and more particularly in his latter moments) of the respectable Roman Catholic Ordinary of the Jail. His sufferings, it will be remembered, were very great- the rope broke, and several minutes transpired ere it was replaced; yet his firmness, and that religious hope so well expressed in the letter which he had just addressed to his Wife; did not desert him. He assured me when I saw him, that he felt much happier in his mind than he had at any time for the ten years before.
     The circumstance of my being a party to the 50, so liberally promised to his distressed family, accounts for the latter's coming into my hands. His Wife, who received it by post the second day after his death, presented it to me on my return here, when having it in my power to confirm the grant, by assuring her that the money should be vested in three Trustees, and lodged in our Savings' Bank for the joint benefit of her and her children, she consented to the letter's being published, in order to its being, she hoped, of service to others, as it had been to her the greatest consolation.- It surely cannot fail to be of use in proving the comfort to be derived from the Scriptures, in the greatest human extremity.
          I am, Sir,
                   Your very obedient Servant,
                               J. Lushington Reilly.
West House, Galway, 20th Oct 1823.

~~~~~~~~~
"Downpatrick Jail, July 31st. 1823.

     "MY DEAR WIFE- This will the last you will receive from me:- endeavour to bear it up as well as you possibly can when I tell you this day is appointed for my execution. A number of evidences came against me I had no expectation of. I forgive them and I trust so will you. I am resigned to my fate. I trust the Almighty will have mercy upon my poor soul. As for you, my dear wife, I would have you look to the Almighty for a blessing upon your own soul, and likewise upon the Children. God says, " I will be a father to the fatherless, a husband to the widow, the orphan's stay ,and the stranger's guide." I do beseech you to rear up the Children in the tuition and admonition of the Lord. "God is set against them that do wickedly." I do see "the wicked to not unpunished." Do not allow them to take up with bad company- that is, such as would lead them in the way of sin- have them taught to the word of God which is able "to make them wise unto salvation." Tell them the ey7es of God are over them- he sees their actions, and that he keeps a Book of Remembrance of their actions, and again the Day of Judgment the same Book will be opened, and they shall  be judged by these actions, whether good or bad. Be careful in the due observance of the Holy Sabbath. God says, "Remember it and keep it holy."  Teach the words of Jesus- Luke's Gospel, chap. 13th verse 3d. "Except ye repent ye shall all likewise perish!" Tell them what Jesus Christ told Nicodemus, "Except a man be born again he cannot enter the Kingdom of God." - John 3 and 8.- And the words of Paul, the Apostle to the Hebrews. "Without holiness no man shall see the Lord." Without these blessings we my live, but without them we cannot die happy in the love of God. Be faithful in the discharge of these important duties. Call upon God for the aid of his spirit to assist you, and do not rest satisfied in your own mind until you see the fruit of your labour- until you see the appearance of an inward change taking place, which is a change of heart. If you could think of parting with any of the Children, my Brothers would do for them, but satisfy your own mind. I could wish you to let Johnny be your husband. I trust he will be faithful one, and will abide by your direction. Any thing I sent with Billy Kelly you will keep them safely for Johnny. Lord Down promises to remit you 50 pounds by Mr. Rily for the benefit of you and the Children, which you may call upon when you think proper. My time is now nearly expired- the Bridegroom is fast approaching- my glass is far run- the night of Death is at hand. My the Almighty give me to experience redemption in the blood of Christ, the forgiveness of my sins. May he clothe me with the wedding garment, without which I cannot sit at the wedding supper. I cast my soul upon the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ- I look to him as my God and Saviour- and trust he will send a convoy of his Heavenly Angels to escort my poor soul to a mansion in the skies, to dwell with him for ever. My blessing and the blessing of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, be with you and my Children for ever. I die in peace with all men- I pray that all may come to a knowledge of the truth, and be saved from sin in this world and from Hell in a world to come.
     May the Lord have mercy upon my soul.
                               BERNARD M'CANN

     It will be perceived that we give the above Letter at the request of Mr. Reilly. His motive, for wishing it to be published is certainly a fair and creditable one; but we apprehend that all persons will not draw as pious a conclusion from it as that respectable Gentleman has done. Alas! we think that the commission of a horrid murder by a person so well versed in the Bible, only proves that a man may be depraved in heart who had the Scripture in his mouth.

THE connaught journal
Galway, Monday, October 27, 1823

THE ARMY

     A few days since the 39th Regiment marched from Tralee for Limerick. They are to be replaced by the 29th Regiment. On the departure of he 39th Regiment the following handsome testimonial was presented to that Corps from Major-General Sir John Lambert, as to their praiseworthy conduct while quartered in Kerry:

A.A. General's Office, Cork, Sept. 23.

     Major General Sir John Lambert cannot allow the 39th Regt. to leave the District under his command, after a period of nearly two years & a half, during which, circumstances had called for increased vigilance and much harrassing duty, without expressing his perfect satisfaction to Col Sturt, the officers, and corps generally, with the zeal and correctness the duties on all occasions have been performed. (By order)

     (Signed) CHARLES TURNER,
                  Lieut.-Colonel & A.A. General.

 

     We are much gratified to have to state, that the son of our respected townsman, Dr. Veitch, who received his education under the Rev. Dr. Whitley, at the Galway College, obtained the fifth place out of 150 boys that entered our University on the first Monday of this month.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

GALWAY
BLUE MANUFACTORY.

     The first ever attempted in this Town ,ad the only one in the Province of Connaught erected on an improved plan.
     The machinery is connected to a water-wheel, which encreases its power, lessens the expense, and executes the works in a superior style of perfection, enabling the Proprietor, JAMES P. MORRIS, to sell much cheaper than any other Establishment of the kind in Ireland. He has now ready made and offers for sale, at hs old established flour-mill and Starch Manufactory, Upper Dominick Street, a quantity at different prices.
     A single purchase of which will prove the extraordinary advantage offered to the Public and to Retailers in particular.
Galway, October 27, 1823.

NOTICE.

Notice is hereby given, that we appointed John O'Flaherty, Esq. of Headford, Agent to receive all Rents and Arrears of Rent due on our Estates.
         THOMAS REDINGTON
         CHRISTOPHER REDINGTON.
Dated this 23d Oct. 1823.

THE connaught journal
Galway, Thursday, October 30, 1823

PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE

CLARE-ENNIS, OCT 25.- Yesterday a party of Captain Drought's mounted and dismounted Police attended the Rev. Mr. Murray and two persons appointed by him to value Tithes, in the neighbourhood of Miltown Malbay; the dismounted party, with the valuators, entered a field some short distance from the road, where they were attacked by a riotous assemblage of persons, who were armed with reaping-hooks, clubs, stones, &c.; one of the mob placed a reaping-hook round the neck of the Police, swearing that he would have his live and the whole of the party, if they did not quit the lands; the Police retreated to a considerable distance, but were pursued and pelted with stones by the mob, who had by this time assembled the party and who acted with every degree of forbearance and precaution on this occasion, ordered his men to fire over the heads of the mob; this only irritated them the more, and they became so determined in their attacks on the Police, that the latter were obliged to fire in their own defence, and, we regret to say, that one woman was shot dead, and two men, who were principally concerned in the attack, were wounded. These are the only particulars of this unfortunate transaction which have yet come to our knowledge.--Advertiser.

     LIMERICK, OCT 25.- This morning, about an hour before day, a shot was fired through the bedroom window of Edward Barry, at Kildimo, in this County, in the direction of his bed. The shot luckily did not take effect. Three bullets were found in the room at daylight.
     A few nights ago, the houses of Mr. T. & J. Bindon, both of Ballycasy, near Kildime, in this County, were attacked and entered by a number of well-armed ruffians, and both the Bindons severely beaten. The former was ordered to part his wife and with which he was obliged to comply.
     Tuesday night last, several large stacks of straw, one car, some empty bags, and farming utensils, were consumed on the lands of Newcastle, near this city. Whether the burning was accidental or malicious, remains to be ascertained, but the owners are seeking compensation under the latter.
     On the night of Wednesday last, the house of Mr. Wm. M. Saunders, near Scartaglin, County of Kerry, was attacked by a banditti of Whiteboys, who having, by threats and menace of fire and destruction to the house and family, obtained admittance, immediately presented a gun and bayonet at Mr. Saunders, and demanded his arms; he answered he had none. They seemed well aware he had a gun some time before, and insisted on getting it. Mr. Saunders told them he had left it at this father's house. Not satisfied with this, they minutely searched every part of the house for arms, and on going away, said, it was a mistake to suppose they were put down, for that they would be found worse (or more terrible) than ever. They then proceeded to a farm belonging to Mr. O'Connor, of Cork, (the brother-in-law of Mr. Saunders) in order to promulgate Rockite law to two new tenants on these lands, named Green & Brosnan. Green was not at home; but Brosnan they caught, flogged him soundly, swore him to quit the farm within a week, to send his flax to the late tenant, and not to presume to dig any of his potatoes- all this under pain of death.
     In consequence of an order from Government, the Police Magistrate of this County had 497 guns, which were taken up by the Police, within the last year, sledged down at Rathkeale, on Wednesday, under his own inspection. They are to be converted into shoes for the Police horses.
     The slaughtering of black cattle for the Provision Contract commenced here yesterday.
     The fair of Newport, on Thursday, was a miserable example of the state of the Country. Bullocks, which would have fetched a few years since from twelve to fourteen guineas, were sold at 610. There was a good supply of all kinds of stock, and but few bought.
     This day 353 of the 1st Rifle Brigade, with staff, under command of Colonel Norcoft, arrived here from Rahtkeale, and on Monday will proceed for Dublin.
     The Tread Mill in the County Limerick Jail, capable of affording employment to 36 prisoners, will be at work in a few days.

     WEXFORD.- On Tuesday night last, the 21st, a large party of men assembled on that part of the lands of Booby-Hill, in the Parish of Fethard, Barony of Shelbourne, held by Patrick Cullen, who dug up and carried off about twenty barrels of potatoes, that were under distress for rent. Cullen having abandoned his farm and taken off his corn, these potatoes were seized for rent and arrears.- Cullen's father, having come near these nightly legislators, was compelled to retire. Caesar Colclough, Esq, being apprised of the facts, immediately ordered out a division of the Police, but their search proved fruitful.
     A Notice was lately posted on the gate of a field belonging to Mrs. Bolton, threatening her with the loss of here mare if she did not give it up, and cautioning her not to put any thing more on the land. The field is only a short distance from town.

REGISTRY OF FREEHOLDERS

     A very extraordinary report relative to the registry of some Freeholders for Mr. Maunsell, has reached us. We are not sufficiently in possession of the facts to enter fully upon the subject this evening, but if the rumour be true, we shall, certainly revert to it in our next publication. We shall feel much obliged for any intelligence on the subject.

~~~~~~~

     The public are requested to suspend their opinion respecting the arrest, for an alleged debt, made at the suit of Mr. Michael Browne, on the affidavit of Mr. Charles Edington, of the Gentleman who had been here in his official capacity, on the behalf of the Crown, as it is intended to remove the cause of action to a superior Court; the particulars of which will be published, at which period an impartial opinion of the legality or injustice of the proceedings can be formed.- Connolly's Hotel, Monday, Oct. 26, 1823.

~~~~~~~

JAMES O'DOHERTY
MAIN-GUARD

Most respectfully informs his Friends and the Public, that he has just got into the Grocery, Wine, and Spirit Trade, and that there has arrived to him 13 carloads of Groceries, including:
     Port, Sherry, and Cape Wines;
     Old Dublin Malt Whiskey, Rum and Brandy;
     Foreign Fruits;

TOGETHER WITH

     Lamp Oil;
All of which he selected under his own inspection, and bought for Bank Notes, which enables him to sell at the most reduced prices by Wholesale and Retail.

Terms-CASH.
Galway, October 30, 1823.

===========

INSOLVENT DEBTORS' COURT  

Notice is hereby given, that JOHN PARSONS, Esq., one of the Commissioners for the Relief of Insolvent Debtors in Ireland, will hold a Court for the Discharge of Insolvent Debtors at Galway, on WEDNESDAY, the 19th day of NOVEMBER at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day- Dated this 29th day of October, 1823.
       By the Court,
       PETER BURROWS, Chief Clerk

=========

     On Friday night a small quantity of Tithe hay on the lands of Drumsilla, near Enniskillen, set apart for the Rector of the parish of Rossory, the Rev. Mr. Auchinleck, was set fire to and consumed. On the following day, as Mr. Auchinleck's Collector went to the lands in order to remove the Tithe corn, agreeable to notice served for that purpose, he was threatened and assaulted by the owner, a person named Leith, against whom Informations have been lodged for the offense.
     The misunderstanding which exists between the Bishop of Kildare, as Dean of Christ Church, and Dr. Spray and Mrs. Smith, is likely to produce a public trial in the Ecclestiastical Court, where it is rumoured his Lordship means to cite them forthwith. The most able Civilians are, it is said, engaged.--Dublin Papers.

~~~~~~~~~

     The New Zealand Flax Plant, which was the cause of the first plantation of our convicts at Botany Bay, in 1787, is found to be an indigenous plant of the South of Ireland, growing there luxuriantly. A sample of this hemp or flax has been sent to London.
     SALMON?- It is not generally known that this fish, when out of season, is often productive of very serious complaints, among the most frequent of which is cholera morbus.


    

 


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