THE connaught journal
Galway, Monday, November 3, 1823


     RESCUE OF CATTLE, &C.- On Monday last W. Galwey, Esq. accompanied by fur men of this city, (Cork) proceeded to the lands of Knocknacoppul, near Annsgrove, to distrain for rent, when a number of country people assembled and rescued the cattle and other distress taken, and obliged him and his men to depart. Mr. Galwey afterwards returned to the ground with a military party, but could not find any distress, and the tenants had mostly flown. One man is committed for the rescue. This ground is the estate of Adam Newman, Esq. of Dromore, and the distress was made for arrears due to the late John Newman, Esq, his uncle.
     On the night of Friday, the 24th inst., at a late hour, the dwelling-house of a man named Regan, in the village and parish of Skull, in West Carberry, was, in his absence, broken into, and robbed of nearly 4l., together with all the clothes and wearing apparel the nightly marauders (with which that parish is abundantly furnished) could lay hands on, and effected their escape without being known by any of the few inmates then in the house. A party of police are stationed in the same village, and were at the time within a few paces of the spot. It would, indeed, be very desirable, if the police constables, in the vicinity at least, of the respective stations at which they are now quartered, throughout the remote and wild part of the country alluded to, were instructed by those who are entrusted with the superintendance of the police establishment there, to be a little more on the alert, than it seems they are, in these secluded quarters of the country, and not to confine their duty exclusively to the execution of Magistrates' warrants or to the conveying of prisoners from one police depot to the next.--Southern Reporter..
     On Sunday night last, about 12 o'clock, the dwelling-house and offices of Mr. Nash, at Ballyvaloon, about a mile beyond Garrycloyne, in the parish of Grenagh, and barony of Barrets, were set fire to, and the entire consumed. The house was large and commodious, and the more perfectly to complete their wicked intent, was set fire to at each end. There were two men of Mr. Nash's inhabiting the house, who had been placed there by him as keepers on the lands, which he was obliged to take up from tenants, who had possession of it only for a year and a half at a very moderate rent, the greater part of which he was induced to forgive them to get up the ground. The wretches who perpetrated this outrage were not as sanguinary as has been experienced on many occasions, having given intimation to the keepers to prevent their falling victims to the flames.-- Cork Morning Paper.

DROGHEDA, OCT. 20-On the night of the 20th inst. a party of armed peasantry, consisting of more than one hundred persons, with horses and cars, &c, assembled on the lands of Tuterath, in the co. of Meath, and succeeded in carrying off hay and corn to a large amount. Two of the occupying tenants had contracted a large arrear of rent, and had conditionally surrendered their leases, giving up the standing crops, which were cut down by the proprietor, who though it necessary to place keepers on the property. These men were shut up in a house, and threatened with destruction should they attempt to interfere. Informations of the outrage being sworn to before the Rev. Mr. Fisher, a warrant was issued and placed in the hands of Captain Fitzgibbon, commanding the police at Slane, who proceeded to the lands in question, and after a most active and diligent search succeeded in tracing a considerable part of the property to the haggard of a respectable farmer named Burnes, residing in the lower barony of Duleek. This person has been admitted to bail, to stand his trial at the next Quarter Sessions to be held at Trim.- It is to be hoped, that the prompt measures taken by the police on this an similar occasions, will be a means of putting a stop to such disgraceful outrages in the county of Meath.


War-Office, 24th Oct, 1823.

     14th Regiment of light Dragoons- Adam Gorgon Duff, Gent to be Cornet by purchase, vice D'Urban, promoted.
     14th Regiment of Foot- Lieut. Demund Saunderson Prideaux to be Captain by purchase, vice Macintosh, promoted to the 95d Foot. Ensign Matthew Richmond to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Prideaux. Thomas Auhrey Bell, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Richmond.
     24th Ditto- Ensign John Robinson, from the 89th Foot, to be Ensign, vice William Campbell, who exchanges.
     89th Ditto- Ensign William Campbell, from the 24th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Robinson, who exchanges.
     2d West India Regiment- Serjeant Major Daniel Curry, to be Adjutant (with the rank of Ensign) vice Milier, deceased.
     1st Royal Veteran Battalion- Colonel the Hon. Henry King, from half-pay 5th Foot, to be Colonel, vice Major-Gen. Kelso, deceased.
     3d Royal Veteran Battalion- Ensign Wm. Walsh from half-pay 11th Foot, to be Ensign, vice William Chambers, who returns to his former situation on the retired list.

The under-mentioned Cadets, of the Hon. East India Company's Service, to have the temporary rank of Second Lieutenant in the Army, whilst doing duty at the establishment for field instructions at Chatham, under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Pasley, of the Royal Engineers:- Mr. Thomas Seymour Burt; Mr. Wm. Gaven Nugent; Mr. Joseph Frederick Bordwine; Mr. Bradshaw York Reilly; Mr. Chas. Edward Faber.

     Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel J. Keightley, from 33d Foot, to be Lieutenant-Colonel of Infantry, by purchase, vice Lieutenant-General Minet, who retires.

                  HOSPITAL STAFF
     To be Hospital Assistants to the Forces, G. Minty, Gent, vice Kinnis, deceased; Francis C. Huthwaite, Gent, vice Mackay, deceased.

   Office of the Ordnance, 25th Oct 1823
Ordnance Medical Department-Second Assistant Surgeon Charles Tomlin Whitfield to be First Assistant Surgeon, vice Napper, deceased. Second Assistant Surgeon William Frederick Nelson, from half pay to be Second Assistant Surgeon, vice Whitfield, promoted. First Assistant Surgeon Alexander Ogilvie, M.D. from half-pay to be First Assistant Surgeon.  


     In the Cathedral Church of Tuam, on Thursday last, by the Rev. Mr. Potter, Francis Burke, Esq. of Ower, Barrister at law, to Catherine, only daughter of Ulick Jennings, Esq. of Iron Pool in this County.


     Whereas Servants and Tradesmen who were lately in my Employment, are alleged to have received Timber and other Articles for my use, upon credit, without my knowledge, and without the orders of my agent. Now I hereby give notice that I shall pay for whatever Articles I may have occasion for, in Ready Money (as I have always done) and I shall not hold myself accountable for any Articles which shall be delivered to, or contracted for by any of my Servants, without my express orders, in writing or the written orders of J.J. Bricknell, Esq., my Agent.
                  RICHARD GREGORY
Coole, near Gort, Oct. 28, 1823

From the 29th September last, or first Nov., inst.

     Lately in the possession of Mr. Burke, containing from 34 to 50 acres of excellent Meadow, Fattening, and Tillage Land. The Lodge is in perfect order, as it has been lately repaired. The Offices are also in excellent condition. Great convenience of Turf and Water- situate within seven miles of Ballinasloe, and six of Loughrea, and within a quarter of a mile of the Mail Coach Road.
     Proposals (in writing only) to be received by James S. and Thos. D. Lambert, Esqrs, Cregclare, Craughwell, (if by letter post paid)
November 3, 1823.

The House, Offices, Garden, and about 300 Acres of the Lands of

Situated in the Barony of Dunkellin, on the Mail Coach Road, four miles from Loughrea- Immediate possession will be given, and every encouragement to an improving solvent tenant.
     Application to be made to James H. Burke, Esq., Dominick-street, Galway; or Mr. M. Burke, St. Clerans.
November 3, 1823


     In St. Peter's Church, Dublin, by teh Rev. Mr. Lewis, Samuel Hurtley, late of Stradone, Co. Cavan to Miss Anne Darby of Kevin-street.
     At Limerick, M. Sellers, of Trisbane, Co. Galway, Esq. to Lucinda, second daughter of the late Arnold Eggers, of said City, Esq.
At Springfield Chruch, by the Rev. Mr. Wilson, F.R. Drew, Esq. of Drew's-court, to Mary, daughter of Edward James, Esq, of Tallihagh-house.
     In Ennis Church, Thomas Lingard, Esq. of the 25th, or King's Borderers, to Maria, daughter of William Kenny, Esq.
     In Londonderry, John Colhoun, of St. Johnston, Esq. to Elizabeth, daughter of the late John Church, of Oatlands, Esq.
     At Buncrana, Co. Donegal, on Thursday, the 23d instant, by The Rev. Hamilton, Stuart, John Chambers, of Cavendish-row, in the City of Dublin, Esq. to Ellen, only daughter of Isaac Todd, late of Bath, Esq., deceased.
     In the Cathedral of Lismore, by the Rev. George Smithwick, Michael Sceix, Esq. of Kilworth to Miss Philphott, grand daughter of the late Peter Lane, Esq. of same place.
     At Kimbolton, Evan Bailie, Esq. of Dochfoirr, to Lady Georgiana Montague, daughter of the Duke of Manchester.
     At Hamel-Hempstead, Herts, Robert Playfair, Esq. nephew of the late Professor Playfair, to Miss White, youngest daughter of the late J. White, Esq. of Devonshire-place, London.


     Of a decline, in the 18th year of her age, Margaret, eldest daughter of Mr. John Reynolds, bookseller and stationer, Kilkenny.
     At Sierra, Leone, T. O'Meara, Esq.- Also Lieutentant and Adjutant Meyler, 2nd West India Regiment.
      At Perryville, Co. Tipperary, the Lady of Captain Chadwicke, late of the Tipperary Militia.
     On the 19th instant, at his house in Fitzwilliam-sq., Dublin, Thomas Penn Gaskell, Esq. of Shannagarty, Co. Cork, lineal descendant of the celebrated William Penn.
     At his seat, near Lisburn, Captain E. Connor, H.P., New Brunswick Fencibles.
     At Quito, South America, in November last, Wm. Henderson, Esq. son of Doctor Henderson, Physician of Dundee.
     At Sherborne, on Sunday se'nnight, suddenly, whilst at dinner, Sarah Marks. She said to her sister, "I shall die," and expired immediately.
     On the 12th July, Marion, youngest daughter of Mr. George Lindsay Rue, Archer's Hall, Edinburgh on the 5th instant, George Lindsay, his eldest son; and on the 12th instant, Mr. John Jameison, the step-father of Mr. Rue, who has thus lost four members of his family within the short period of three months.
     On Thursday, the 16th inst., after a tedious illness, the Rev. William Cullen, R.C. Dean of the Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin, and for upwards of 50 years Rector of the Parish of Leighlan Bridge. It is a consolation to his friends to reflect that during the long period of this Gentleman's Ministry, the duties of his station constituted his only care. His flock were early taught to look for the confirmation of his precepts in his example, nor were they disappointed in tracing it in the zeal of the Minister of God or the charity of a Christian.
     Miss Catherine Westropp, daughter of the late Alderman Randal Westropp, of Cork.
     Near Geneva, in Switzerland, the only son of Hon. Colonel Butler, brother of the Earl of Carrick.

THE connaught journal
Galway, Thursday, November 6, 1823


     Yesterday, about the hour of half-past three o'clock, the Lord Mayor, on information he received, proceeded to the house of Mrs. Delamour, of Bride-street, corner of Golden-lane, accompanied by Mr. Sheriff Perrin, and in the drawing room of said house surprised a number of men in full committee, all of whom, with their chest, &c., &c. he brought to the Mansion House, where they underwent a long examination, which lasted till late in the evening. It appeared in evidence that those men were bound together by the obligation of an oath; one of them had been sworn about a quarter of an hour before the Lord Mayor entered. The oath was administered by he Chairman, Hart, and instantly put into the fire, according to the usage of the society. The oath is simply in the following words: " I do solemnly, swear that I will keep secret all that passes in this room."


Elizabeth Blake, Widow and Elizabeth Blake, and Maria Blake, Minors, by said Elizabeth Blake, Widow, their mother and next friend, Plaintiffs.,

Sir John Burke, Bart., Meyrick Shaw, and several other Creditors of the late Christopher John Blake, Esq. ,deceased, Defendants.

PURSUANT to the Decree in this Cause, bearing date the 2d day of June, 1823, I will, on Monday, the 24th day of November inst., at the hour of one o'clock in the afternoon of said day, at my Chambers on the Innsquay, Dublin, Set up and Sell to the highest and best Bidder, ALL THAT AND THOSE, the Lands of Windfield and Mulloughmore, with the Appurtenaures, situate in the County of Galway, in the Pleadings in this Cause and said Decree mentioned, or a competent part thereof, for the purposes in said Decree mentioned, said Lands being subject to the Dower of the Plaintiff, Elizabeth Blake, Widow- Part of the Lands of Mulloughmore has been set apart by me for the payment thereof, and which will be sold subject thereto- Dated this 1st November, 1823.
John Wm. Browne, 16 Kildare-street.
Dublin, Plaintiff's Solicitor. Nov. 6


     This is the Fourth of November, and the Statue of Old Glencoe is not decorated. The peace of the City is not disturbed, and the recollections which this foolish and odious ceremony were calculated to cause, have, thanks to the prudence and energy of Lord Wellesley's Government, altogether ceased: and we may be assured that the thing will never be attempted in the future. A few noisy and drunken fellows annoyed the inhabitants by yelling and shouting, and between tow and three o'clock this morning Mr. "Leather-lungs" made a famous speech about the Boyne and William, and "every thing in the world," after which they dispersed.- Dublin Evening Post.


     The Fourth of November ( a day hitherto celebrated by Orange atrocities) has passed off peaceably in the Capital. The Statue, up to the hour of the departure of the Mails, stood unbedizened- the tranquility of the City was unbroken- and old Glencoe appeared deserted by his Worshippers. This is more, than from the preparations which we understood had been made, could have reasonably been expected; and we trust that the insulting and mischievous ceremony having been once prevented, will, for ever, be abandoned. The Twelfth of July and the Fourth of November have long been the rallying days of the Faction; they appear to have been instituted for the purpose of keeping alive the spirit of animosity and disunion. Heaven knows that they have ever been productive of this effect. In itself, the ceremony of decorating and worshipping the Image, might fairly be looked upon as idle and absurd; but when it is recollected, that it became a pretext for the assemblage of the most disorderly and turbulent spirits in our Island, that it afforded to a most obstinate and machinating Faction, a sort of license to commit outrages themselves, and an opportunity of goading a much induring People to acts which they might construe as rebellion- when all this is taken into consideration we say that the Public will heartily rejoice at the prospect of a period's being put to these dangerous orgies.- This protection from a periodical insult is certainly a boon to the People of Ireland, and to whom do they stand indebted for it? To the Marquis Wellesley & his enlightened Government.- Yes, it is his Excellency who extends the shield of his authority over his Countrymen, of all persuasions- who administers impartial justice to the misguided Ribbonmen and to the infatuated Orangemen- and who, we trust, by exterminating both, will restore its long lost peace to his unfortunate Country. His is exactly the genius suited for so grand and hazardous a project. He has already made considerable advances in this great design, and has proved to the world that he is not to be turned from his purpose even by an attempt on his life.- Of such a spirit the hour has need; and it is by perseverance like his alone, that we can expect to be delivered from such deeply-rooted evils. Were the spirits of bigotry and disunion once banished from our shores, a new era would commence in our History and our Capital, far from appearing (as Mr. North expressed it)- "as if some Scythian Barbarian, from the Dansis or the Volga, was heading his licentious troop and triumphing in the heart of the city."- would present an appearance of prosperity and peace, which, until that event takes place, must, in vain, be sought for.

THE connaught journal
Galway, Monday, November 10, 1823


     William Williams and Theophilus Taylor, two Custom House Clerks, were tried at the Commission on Wednesday for robbing the Stationary Stores of large quantities of paper. The Attorney General attended in person to prosecute, and there was a large bar on both sides.
     It was proved and indeed not denied, that a quantity of paper was conveyed away, but the defence was, (to take a description of it from the Attorney-General) that "such was the general system of embezzlement carried on, it would be a hard thing if the prisoners hands were to be the only hands that should into be put into the public stores." It appeared that there were formerly perquisites arising to every officer, (including the Commissioners as well as the lowest Clerks.) from the excess of the supplies over and above any thing that could be demanded by the public service. The redundant stationary was generally exchanged with Sir Abraham King, for money, wax candles, or other articles. The Attorney-General contended that the prisoners could not possibly conceive they had any right, in virtue of these perquisites, to the paper conveyed away, as the perquisites were abolished several months ago. However, the Jury acquitted the prisoners of the capital charge of felony, and they were discharged, having entered into recognizance, in open Court, for 500l, each, to stand their trials for a misdemeanor, for which they are indicted.
     Counsel for the Prosecution- The Attorney-General, the Recorder, Mr. Henry Dean Grady, Mr. Leslie Foster, Mr. Hamilton and Mr. M'Kane.
     Counsel for the Prisoners- Mr. Gould, Mr. Wallace, Mr. O'Connell, Mr. Finlay and Mr. Perrin.

     On Thursday John Campbell was indicted for having uttered a forged Bill of Exchange for 90 purporting to be the Acceptance of Archibald Campbell, of London, with intent to defraud Henry Lanauze.
     The principal question here was identity of person. It was unquestionable that Mr. Lanauze was defrauded, but the prisoner maintained that he was not the person.
     After an examination of witnesses by the Recorder, Mr. Finlay, and others, it appeared manifest that the prisoner was mistaken for another person, and he was accordingly acquitted.

     John Brown was indicted for having, on the 14th September, feloniously stolen four Bank of Ireland notes, of 100 each, the property of Patrick Desmond; and Annie Sallins was also indicted as an accessary  before the fact, in having feloniously counselled and procured the said Brown to commit said felony.
     The prisoners were found guilty.

     Thomas O'Beirne was indicted for having in his possession four notes of the Bank of Ireland, knowing them to be forgeries.

     Patrick Kearn, a rich specimen of native simplicity and shrewdness, but in his appearance a melancholy example of he misery and wretchedness of the Irish  peasantry, previous to his kissing the book, when about to be sworn, he most devoutly marked himself with the sign of the cross. From this witness's testimony, as examined by the Recorder, it appeared that he had been to England with his two sons, "to make a harvest, and on last Sunday was a month landed at the Pigeon-house,, "on his return to Ireland, where he was met by the prisoner, who entered into conversation with him, and attempted to defraud him of his hard earnings, by passing the notes in question in exchange for English bank paper.
     The Jury returned a verdict of Guilty, but recommended the prisoner to mercy. The Court inquired upon what grounds, to which the Jury made no reply.
     The verdict appeared to give general satisfaction.

    On Tuesday, Michael Whelan, or Preston, a youth, was tried for his life, on a charge of highway robbery.
     Patrick Creevy, a servant, swore that at three minutes after twelve, on the 29th October, he was attacked by the prisoner at the bar, and another lad, at the corner of Thomas's-lane; the prisoner and the other came behind and knocked him down, the other held his legs, while the prisoner pulled his watch, chain, and pocket away. Witness saw the prisoner in a public-house he lodged at, a few moments before but he had not been in his company; he was perfectly sober, and hand only drank a pint of porter. The prisoner after robbing after robbing him, was together with his accomplish, about making off when he caught him by the skirt of his coat, struggled, and knocked him down, he arose and got under a car; the witness called out, and a soldier came, and the prisoner was secured. The Jury returned a verdict of guilty.

     John Scanlan, another youth, was indicted for robbing the house of R. Gray, on the Donnybrook road, on the 24th October last.- Acquitted.


     At Ballinalsoe, on the 3d instant, Mr. Hugh MacLoughlin, inn-keeper, much regretted by his long and afflicted family.- The strict integrity of this man's character, was esteemed and appreciated by the Gentlemen who frequented his house, which will be a great encouragement to this children in continuing the Establishment.


     We have New York papers to the 2d ult., and Philadelphia to the 30th, Boston and Baltimore to the 28th, and Washington to the 27th Sept.


     Sickness prevails in this place dreadfully. There are scarcely enough well to attend on the sick.- Not far from this place, on the Muskingum river, within the space compass of two miles, 29 persons have died of the fever. In one house at which I put up, I had much difficulty in procuring lodgings- there were ten sick in the family and four dead.


     The disease is raging with the utmost violence amongst the few unfortunates who still remain in the city. Business is not thought of- taverns all closed- and it is impossible to procure a mouthful to eat except at the gaol. Natchez is now the perfect picture of desolation- her streets are deserted, and a horrid and death-like silence prevails from one extremity to the other. I have entered the city but once since the geberal retreat- but the appearance struck a chill to my very soul; I hasten to leave it. It is somewhat singular, that whilst the physicians declare it impossible to cure a patient in the city, the environs are perfectly healthy. The miasma, whatever it may proceed from, appears to hover closely over our devoted city, without exhibiting any disposition to spread.- Since writing to you I have heard of many deaths, but so many die, that it is impossible to enumerate them. From 8 to 12 per day.


     At a half-yearly meeting of the Amicable Society, held on the 7th instant, the following gentlemen were appointed Officers for the ensuing half-year, viz:
     Colonel A. Ffrench, Vice-President;
     James Costello, Esq, Treasurer;
     Peter M. French, Esq., Secretary;
     Lieutenant John R. Joyes, Librarian;
     Dr. Veitch,              Patt M. Lynch, Esq.
     Lieut. J. Moore, R.N.  John Moore, Esq


     On Thursday last, a servant-maid at Merlin-park, the seat of Charles Blake, Esq. near this town, in the act of proceeding to deliver a message which she received from Mrs. Lawrence, who was then indisposed in the house, ran with so much violence against the banisters as to cause them to give way, by which she was unfortunately precipitated to the bottom of the stairs, and killed on the spot. Every medical assistance and attention was immediately provided, but to no purpose, as the fall was so great as to have completely broken the skull in many parts.

THE connaught journal
Galway, Thursday, November 13, 1823


     At a late hour on Saturday evening, we received a letter by the Western Coach, dated from Skibbereen, at twelve o'clock on the preceding night, stating that on Thursday evening, a boat belonging to Mr. James O'Driscoll, of Crookhaven, having a crew of four men on board, was seen off that place in a most dangerous situation, when Daniel Coghlan, Esq. with whose intrepid character we doubt not many of our readers are acquainted, observing them from the harbour, immediately put to sea in his yacht, taking with him no less that fourteen men, a smaller number being inadequate to perform what he calculated they would, in all probability, be called upon to do, in a tremendous sea and violent storm. Mr. Coghlan succeeded in reaching the boat, and having got the crew on board the yacht, he took her in tow and was making some way, when the line broke and carried away his mast, to which it was made fast. The yacht thus became unmanageable, and was in this state when night came on, leaving those who were spectators from the shore in a state of the utmost apprehension for her fate. On the following morning she could be still discerned, drifting before the wind into the Western Ocean, without any other prospect of relief than that which was afforded by the chance of her having been fallen in with by some vessel or fishing boat; and what adds to the horror of their situation is the fact that there was no provisions on board, no precaution of the kind having been thought of when the enterprise, which had for its object to save the lives of our poor men, was entered on. - Since the receipt of the letter from which we have gleaned those particulars, we have not had any other account from the scene of this very unpleasant occurrence.--Evening Paper.


     Deaths reported in the Army List of this Month.
     Generals- Nisbitt Balfour, 39th Foot, Earl of Bridgewater, 14th Dragoons, Ashride Park, Sir C. Hastings, Bart. G.C.H. 12th Foot, Willesley Hall, Atherton- Dussaux.
     Lieutenant-General- Willington, Royal Artillery, Woolwich.
     Major-General- Kelso, 1st Royal Battalion, Bungay.
     Colonels- Wright, late of the Royal Artillery, Edinburgh. R. Doveton, East India Company's Service, London.
     Lieutenant-Colonels- Andrews, 60th Foot, Kingston, Upper Canada. Lavicourt, half pay 27th Foot, Montreal. Ogle, East India Company's Service, Dijon. Lumsden, East India Company's Service, London.
     Majors- Lynch, half-pay 27th Foot, Ballinrobe.- Macleod, East India Company's Service. Burke, E.I. Company's Service, ireland.
     Captains- Lane, 89th Foot, Wallajabad, Madras- Murray, Invalid. Covell, late 3d Veteran Battalion, Bulstrode, late 5th Veteran Battalion, Brasbridge, half-pay 57th Foot, Naples. Maxwell, half-pay 31st Foot, Jersey. Von Konig, half-pay 60th Foot.
     Lieutenants- Vesey, 29th Foot, Limerick, Kennedy, 30th Foot, Canton, East Indies. Major, 41st Foot, Fort S.t George, Madras. Johnson, 41st Foot, Madras. Drewry, late 1st Veteran Battalion, Lane Ead, Staffordshire. Slater, late Cape Garrison Company, Cape of Good Hope. Jones, half-pay 104th Foot, Belturbet, Ireland. Bagnett, half-pay 4th Ceylon Regiment- Cordner, half-pay York Light Infantry, Volunteers, Hamburgh.
     2d Lieutenant- Robertson, half-pay 4th Ceylon Regiment, Anstruther.
   Ensign- Taylor, late 8th Veteran Battalion, Dundalk.
     Chaplain- Yeomans, late Horse Grenadier Guards.
     Adjutant- Lieutenant Miller, 2d West India Regiment, Sierra Leon.
     Quarter-Masters- Ensign Miller, 21st Foot, Jamaica. Gill, half-pay, 5th Dragoon Guards. English, half pay Oxford Fencible Cavalry.
     Assistant Surgeons- Napper, Royal Artillery, Woolwich. Carter, 8th Dragoons, Norwich.
     Veterinary Surgeon- Nesbitt, 7th Dragoon Guards, Alowick.


                  War-Office, October 31, 1823

     1st Regiment of Life-Guards- Cornet & Sub-Lieut. Hon. Henbry Montagu Upton, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Moseley, promoted. Charles Heneage, Gent. to be Cornet and Sub-Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Upton.
     13th Regiment of Light Dragoons- Captain Henry Heymas, from half-pay 8th Light Dragoons, to be Captain, vice Digby Mackworth, who exchanges, receiving the difference between the full-pay of Cavalry and full pay of Infantry.
     7th Regiment of Foot- Lieutenant Martin Orr, to be Adjutant, vice hay, who resigns the Adjutancy only.
     17th Ditto- Ensign George Farwell, from the 31st Foot, to be Ensign, vice Young, who exchanges.
     23d Ditto- Brevet Lieut.- Colonel Francis Dalmer, to be Major, by purchase, vice Keightly promoted.
     31st Ditto- Ensign George Dobson Young, from the 17th Foot, to be Ensign, vice, Farwell, who exchanges.
     57th Ditto- Assistant Surgeon Wm. Latham, from half-pay, 34th Foot, to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Inglis, deceased.
     60th Ditto- Ensign George Folhergill, from half-pay 85th Foot, to be Ensign, vice William Moore Collings, who exchanges, receiving the difference.
     71st Ditto- Lieut. Alexander Wilton Dashwood, to be Capt. by purchase, vice Roy, who retires. Ensign William Stewart to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Dashwood.
     92d Ditto- Ensign Wm. Prittle Bayly, to be Lieut. without purchase, vice Sutherland, who retires. Wanley Elias Sawbridge, Gent to be Ensign by purchase, vice Bayly.
     Rifle Brigade- Captain George Milne Stevenson, from half-pay 42d Foot to be Captain, vice Samuel Webb, who exchanges, receiving the difference.
     2d West India Regiment- Lieutenant Robert Hughes ,from half-pay 2d Bahama Garrison Company, to be Quarter-master, vice Thomas Dukes, who retires upon half-pay.
     Ceylon Regiment- Second Lieutenant John Henry Lewis, to be first Lieutenant without purchase, vice Burke deceased. Richard Jefferson, Gent. to be Second Lieutenant, vice Lewis.


     Surgeon John Maling from half-pay to be Surgeon to the Forces, vice Clarke promoted.
     Assistant-Surgeon Henry Clifford, from half-pay 68th Foot, to be Assistant-Surgeon to the Forces, vice Peter Finlayson, whose appointment has not taken place.
     Hospital Assistant Michael Gallagher, from half-pay to be Hospital Assistant to the Forces, vice Thos. Lough, who retires upon half-pay.



     LIMERICK, NOV. 8- On Wednesday morning, between nine and ten o'clock, as Sir Wm Reade, Bart, Rector of Tomgrany, was on his way to Killaloe, he was fired at from behind the deerpark wall of Raheen, it is supposed by two persons, as he received one ball under the shoulder and the other in the thigh. We are happy to add neither wounds are considered dangerous. Sir William remains at Killaloe, under the care of the Surgeon of the 25th Regiment. Captain Drought and Police are using every exertion to discover the perpetrators.
     On Thursday, about twelve o'clock, Maurice Bennett, for the murder of Michael Gorman, effected his escape from the County Gaol, by walking out unnoticed with some Insolvent Debtors who were going to the Court-house to be discharged.


     The following extract of a Letter to the Rev. Mr. D'Arcy should, in our opinion, induce Landlords to exert themselves in promoting the Linen Trade in this County more than they seem to do at present. The great source of their distress is the want of a manufacture, and that is now offered to them in the Linen Trade, on account of which alone hundreds of thousands might be annually remitted to us from England, if they would but take the trouble of teaching their tenants to cultivate Flax as it ought to be cultivated. Let them do this, and, as far as human means can go, a remedy will be applied to the diseases of Ireland.- The Letter is from the house of a highly respectable Merchant in Cork. The Rev. M. D'Arcy has received several other Letters, promising an immediate purchase for any quantity of Linens that could possibly be manufactured.
                      Cork, November 6, 1823.
     SIR- In reply to your letter of the 24th ult., we beg to state, that the best encouragement we can hold out, is to offer to purchase your linen, and instead of sending you samples, we will name the description of yarn and linen we would require, which will be sufficient guide to an intelligent weaver.
     The yarn we would recommend you to spin, is two-hank yarn- every two hanks to weigh one pound spun agreeable to law as you can learn from your County Inspector. The linens we require are 27 inch, worked in 6,7,8,9, and 10 hundred set- better known as 3/4 lawns, prices, &c.
     We have the honor to be, Sir, with great respect, your very obedient servants.
                BESNARD & HERNET
      To the Rev. John D'Arcy, Galway.

Apprentice Wanted.

     WANTED an APPRENTICE to the WINE, SPIRIT and GROCERY TRADE. None need apply but a Lad whose morals will bear the strictest investigation, and who can give security.
     Apply at the Office of this Journal.
     Galway, November 13, 1823




BEGS leave most respectfully to inform the Public, that the HOTEL ESTABLISHMENT (lately carried on by Hugh M'Loughlin, her deceased husband) is still carried on by her and family. Respectfully relying on the patronage of a kind and indulgent Public, she humbly hopes for a continuance of their favour, pledging herself that the most particular attention shall be paid to their orders, and every article necessary for the maintenance and comfort of the Establishment shall be most minutely attended to.
     Mrs. M'Loughlin conscious of the preference the Public were pleased to bestow on her late husband, returns her most sincere thanks, and hopes she will merit a continuance of their protection.
Nov. 13, 1823


The Mills of Milview,

     WITH HOUSE and OFFICES, and from one to 50 Acres of LAND, as lately held by Messrs. Blake, and situate within seven miles of Tuam, and in the barony of Dunmore. These Mills command a good supply of Water throughout the year, & are in the centre of an excellent Wheat Country.
     Proposals (if by letter post paid) to be made to Thomas Lewin, Esq., Ballyhera, Tuam.
     November 13, 1823.


The Connaught Journal
Galway, Monday, November 17, 1823


     CORK, Nov. 12- On Sunday night last, at an early hour, seven stacks of oats, the property of Mr.O'Keeffe, of Stream-hill, within two miles of Doneraile, were set on fire by the insurgents ,and totally consumed. The corn had been distrained for rent, and in charge of two keepers, who, being interrogated, say that a great number of men set fire to them; but their representation of the circumstance did not appear satisfactory, and from suspicion attached to them, they and another man found in the neighbourhood were brought prisoners into Doneraile by the Police and Military who were out on patrole.
     On Saturday night, some inhuman miscreants cut the tail off a cow belonging to a poor man, James Ryan, of Ballydole, in the same neighbourhood, whose offence was, his having drawn in his Tithe corn- a sufficient cause with the Rock legislators.
     On the same night, two horses, the property of a man named Buckley, had each an ear cut off, in consequence of his having canted potatoes, which were left by a  man who ran away from the ground, owing an arrear of rent.
     On Monday night a stack of corn was burned on the lands of Knockanethootha, Rock-hill, the property of a man who had taken the ground, after a former tenant had been ejected.

[From the Cork Chronicle]

     We stopped the Press on Wednesday evening to state, that an account had reached town from Bantry, with the pleasing intelligence of Daniel Coghlan, Esq. of Crookhaven, having made a port in safety. Letters received in town yesterday confirm the gratifying information; and it appears that the perilous situation in which Mr. Coghlan had been placed, arose from the yacht having become unmanageable, owing to her mainsail being rent into atoms whilst taking the crew out of the hooker, which that gentleman and his assistants so humanely, and with so much risk, had saved from impending death. This circumstance occurred in the height of a tremendous gale, blowing off the land, and the yacht, with Mr. Coghlan and 13 persons on board, was driven to sea, having no other provisions than a few potatoes, a small supply of water, and without candles; and upon this slender store the entire hand to subsist from  Thursday till Saturday evening, a period of fifty hours, when by great perseverance, skill and labour, they succeeded in regaining Crookhaven. Some idea may be formed of what they suffered in  the mean time, when it is known, that during the time the were out, Mr.Coghlan's share of food amounted to four potatoes, with scarcely a drop of water to maintain them! The result of their intrepidity cannot, however, but atone for their sufferings, as they have the satisfaction of knowing that they have been the instruments of saving the lives of three fellow creatures, who inevitably would have perished but for their timely, though desperate expertise. It is to be hoped that the heroic conduct of the poor fellows who participated in this event, will not be permitted to pass without some substantial reward.
     LIMERICK, NOV 12- On Monday night, Martin Roughan, William Roughan, and William Brady, were apprehended under a warrant from Captain Drought, by a party of the Clare Police, and a party of the 27th Regiment, commanded by Lieutenant Keane, for firing at and wounding Sir William Read, on the 5th inst.; - they yesterday underwent an examination by Captain Drought and Major Purdon, and being fully identified by Sir William, were committed to Ennis gaol. Sir William continues much indisposed at Killaloe.
     Four men, charged with the murder of William Greene, of Alremont, were apprehended on Saturday, by Mr. Miller and the Police of Clanwilliam, county Tipperary.
     A few days back, a man named Lillies, who was resisting the driving of his cattle for rent off the lands of Rusheen, near Drewscourt, in this county, was killed on the spot by a blow of a stone from the opposite party.
     We have it on authority, that the turf burned on Mr. Jackson's land, as stated in our last, was merely accidental.---Limerick Chronicle.


     Mr. William O'Donnell, of this city, China Merchant, while travelling in the Mail Coach from Dublin to Limerick, on Sunday night, was seized near Mountrath with a fit of apoplexy, which, notwithstanding every assistance that could be afforded, proved fatal, and terminated his life at Mountrath early on Monday morning. He was an inoffensive man, and much regretted by his friends- his remains were this morning interred in Killeely Church.
     Thirty-five persons (mostly farmers) were relieved from their debts by the Insolvent Act, at the Court, which ended on Saturday, before Mr. Commissioner Parsons.-- Chronicle.

     MAYO, CASTLEBAR, NOV. 10- A rencontre of a very awkward character took place on Saturday morning, between four and five o'clock, at a short distance from this town, on the Crossmolina road. Major Cormick  was proceeding hither, on horseback, with the intention of travelling from hence to Dublin, in the Mail Coach. He was attended by his servant, who rode with a postmanteau or saddle-bags, well filled. Mr. P. O'Malley, Excise Officer, and two Constables, were in pursuit, at the time, of smuggled tobacco (an article of which there is a most plentiful supply in this country.)-- They approached the servant, and threatened to deprive him of his charge, which they alleged consisted of the contraband commodity they were anxious to meet with. Major Cormick surprised, no doubt, and hurt too, at the extraordinary accusation, and with apprehensions naturally excited in consequence of having about his person a large sum of money, called to his servant to fire at the supposed assailants. The man obeyed, and the consequence was, that the shot grazed Mr. O'Malley, and the ball passed through the arm of one of his assistants. The horse took fright, and ran off in the direction from whence he had been coming, upon the discharge of the pistol, and a blunderbuss was fired at the rider, without effect.- Major Cormick, fearing that his servant had been wounded or killed, rode hastily into town to demand a military party to go in search of him, but before they could be ready, the man appeared at the Mail Coach-office. Major Cormick proceeded instantly to Dublin, on business of importance.- He stated, that he would, on his return, cause the affair to be inquired into.
     The fair of Baal, held on Friday last, was, we learn from various quarters, one of the best, if not the very best, that has been in this county since the commencement of the present year. In some cases, bullocks sold for 30s and even for 2l. more than was offered or could be got for them, at the former fair of the same place. Several buyers from the North of Ireland attended, and the demand was tolerably brisk.
     We learn with concern, that a ferocious spirit of insubordination manifested itself on the night of Monday last, in the parish of Kilbride, barony of  Tyrawly, in this county. About nine o'clock, a party consisting of between 40 and 50 men, armed with swords, guns, pistols, bayonet, and scythe-blades, with wooden handles fitted to them, broke open the house of Anthony Tigue, of Carramore, where Mr.Robert Gardiner, son to Mr. J. Gardiner, of Court-hill, then was, having gone there on business, and having been detained by the severity of the night. The ruffians, immediately on entering the house, dragged Mr. Gardiner from the bed on which he lay, and commenced mangling his body- exulting, at the same time, and taunting him, that he was then far remove from the assistance of Orangemen, Soldiers, or Police. He received a blow of a pistol on the head, and it was afterwards snapped at him. The sinews of his shoulder are cut asunder from a blow of scythe- large gashes have been inflicted on one of his thighs, his leg, and the back of his hand from a reaping-hook, besides other serious ill treatment.
     On the preceding night, a party of about the same number, forcibly entered the house of Wm. Johnson, of Seeghane, from whence they took a musket. In each case, the persons attacked were sworn not to mention what had happened to them.
     Mr. Gardiner was sworn upon a roll, which the fellows forgot behind them, and returned, manifesting some uneasiness until they had recovered it.--Constitution.


     KILKENNY, NOV. 12.- We have received dreadful accounts of the conduct of the Police at Mullinavat. Our letter concerning their state and their behaviour on Sunday evening last, when under the orders of their officer, is absolutely shocking. However, as a Dublin Gentleman, who lodged at the inn that night, and was shamefully abused by them, has pledged himself to lay the case before the Lord Lieutenant, we shall abstain from publishing the particulars. A very respectable carrier of this city, who travels to and from Waterford, and who was even the carrier of the officer of the party, was cruelly maltreated. He had a considerable sum of money in his pocketbook, yet when dragged from his bed, and taken out of the room, he was neither allowed to take his coat, which contained it, nor his hat, in which was his handkerchief. When suffered to return he happily found the money safe, but his hat was minus the handkerchief. And this is called preserving the peace!--Leinster Journal.
    Extract of a Letter from Thomastown.
"Some time back, as three of Mr. Tighe's tenants were returning from a party given by the steward, they were set on, and beat and bruised inhumanely by the constables, merely because they were more cheerful than usual. It was remarked to the Police that the people were Mr. Tighe's men, 'to the Devil with Mr. Tighe,' said they, 'we'd treat him in the same manner.' They confined these men, all bloody as they were, beat them after they were made prisoners, hand-cuffed them, drove them off the next morning to Innistiogue to Captain Power's, thence to Lord Carrick's, who happened to be at home, else the Lord knows what would have become of Mr. Tighe's tenants. Lord Carrick released them from the Constables on condition that they would appear before the Magistrates at Thomastown the following Saturday."--Ibid.


     On Saturday, the 8th inst., in St. Anne's Church, by the Rev. Joshua Darcy, Rector of Laeka, in the Diocese of Kildare, Edward Bateman, of Rosetown, County of Kildare, Esq. to Mary-Anne, eldest daughter of Samuel Dopping, of Lotown-house, County Westmeath, Esq.
     At George's Church, Charles Osborne, Esq. of Ballymagarvy, County of Meath, to Jane, eldest daughter of Nicholas Mingay, Esq. of Mountjoy-square.


     On the 1st inst. at his seat, White-hill, in the Co. of Longford, Alexander Slator, Esq. 35 years a lunatic under the guardianship of the Court of Chancery. The savings of his  estate during that period have accumulated to a large amount- dying without issue, this sum will gavel amongst his nearest relatives, and his estates will descend to his nephew, Henry Bevan Wilson, Esq. of Belville, County Meath.
     In Portarlington, of a decline, Master T. M'Culloch, a boy of amiable manners and promising abilities.
     In Ruthland-square on Saturday evening last, the wife of the Hon. Judge  Jebb. This lady possessed all the amiable qualities that could adorn the female character. She was eminently distinguished for her charity to the poor, and her delicate consideration of the distressed who knew better days. Her death is a source of the deepest affliction to her relatives and numerous friends, and to the many objects of her unwearied benevolence.
     In Kilkenny, of a malignant spotted fever, Mr. J.H. Cantrell.
     At his house at Richmond, near Drumcondra, in the County of Dublin, at an advanced age, Mr. Edw. Hughes.
     A few days ago, at his residence, Hollymount, Co. Leitrim, Robert Algeo, Esq.
     At his house, in the 50th year of his age, the Right Hon. Reenard Diderick Jacob, Baron and Count de Reede Ginekell, Earl of Athlone, Viscount of Aughrim, Baron of Ballinore. His Lordship is succeeded in his titles and estates by his only son, George Jodart Henry, Lord Aughrim.


    On the 5th inst., at Holly-park, County Galway, by the very Rev. Dean Kelly, Henry Joseph Dolphin, of Summer-hill, in said County, Esq. to Margaret Sarah eldest daughter of Pierce Blake, Esq and niece to A.R. Blake, Esq, Chief remembrancer of the Court of Exchequer.


     At Somerset House, the residence of his Uncle, in the County of Galway, on Wednesday, the 5th inst., in the 17th year of his age, George Abbott, Esq.- His amiable disposition rendered him the comfort of a disconsolate Mother in the most trying situations.
     At Rahoon, within a short distance of this Town, James Bodkin, Esq.- Few have been snatched from amongst us by the hand of death, who possessed more claims on general regret and esteem, than this truly upright, humane, and charitable Gentleman.

Extract of a Letter from a Lady, dated Hobart Town, June 2, 1823

     "We arrived there a little more than a fortnight since. I believe we were all heartily glad to find our feet once more press the earth. The town is infinitely larger than I expected to find it; the streets are very broad, but the houses are separated from each other by gardens, and courts or yards. Those recently built and building are of brick.- We are now in Macquarrie-street, and in a very good house. ____has a grant of 400 acres (which he asked for) and will be allowed two men from the Government stores, with rations for six months. Women servants are scarce here; I dispair of finding a good one. Men are employed in houses instead of women; your property is more secure with them, and they are not enticed away as the women are. The country is beautiful. It is now the rainy season, but quite mild. The rigour of an English winter is here unknown. Snow rests on the hills, but does not stay in the valleys. The summer must be delightful. Here are wood, coal, and lime. Coal is used in the interior; wood is more generally burned in the town.
     "Settlers, after a time, make their own candles, soap and beer, if they choose. I have paid 1s. 6d. for moulds, four to the pound; some charge still higher. Colonial soap 10d., and very good for whitening. Mutton is 9d. 8d. and 7d. People complain of a scarcity of wood this winter, and even meat at times, is not to be procured from the butchers. I shall be uncommonly happy to be in my own house once more. We must be satisfied with a rough concern at first, but we shall soon be able to build a better dwelling. Here is excellent free-stone; and the ceder wood from New South Wales is very similar to mahogany and does admirably for doors, shelves, windows, &c. without paint. It is much used. The Huon River has on its banks fine pine, which is in softness and beauty equal to deal. It will light as a candle, & makes a good torch for a short time. Building now is considered as the most secure speculation; but tradesmen of every description do well if they are industrious and steady. It will be his own fault if every shop-keeper, or, as he is termed, store-keeper, does not make a rapid fortune. This place is most rapidly improving. People are quite as smartly dressed as in many parts of England. I have been told lace is exceedingly dear, English silks, &c. I think from the little I have heard, this is an uncomfortable  residence for a bachelor. Servants are scarce, and lodgings are not so convenient or comfortable as in England; rooms are not carpeted. Many of the luxuries of life are wanting. If a person comes here he must make up his mind to find every thing in its infancy, and he will not be disappointed. In the room I have now I burn wood, but I have no fire-irons found me; I have no fender, nor hearth brush, nor carpet. If I choose these things I must purchase them; they come here under the head of luxuries. I have not been out, except to change lodgings, since I came. Milk, butter, and cheese, are uncommonly dear; very little of either is used- Sugar and tea are cheap. Good green at 4s. 6d. to 5s. Lump sugar is dear; moist sugar very good, at 6d or 7d. Work people are very idle. Wages are high, so they earn sufficient in three or four days to support them the remainder of the week, which they pass in idle enjoyment. Tortoishell combs are not to be got readily, and are enormously dear. Porter sells well; so does good wine. I wish we had brought a pipe or two out with us from Madeira and England. Paper is dear, I am told; for the tradesman is not willing to pack our goods in paper; he wants you to send some convenience for it. Government will only give 4s. for the dollar, which has injured many people greatly; but in trade you mostly pay and receive the dollar at 5s. Paper money abounds here.- Tradesmen issue notes payable in dollars at 5s.; notes are for 2s. 6d. and 1s. 6d. We look forward to comfort and independence here; and I think with reason. The soil is deep and rich; sheep produce lambs three times in two years; cows are not good for the dairy; horses are very dear; cattle equally so; ardent spirits are very high, and not well supplied to this town."

[From the Dublin Weekly Register]

     The Rev. Mr. Vaughn, Protestant Rector of the Parish of Ferragh, County Kilkenny, met his parishioners lately, at the Church of Johnstown, to discuss a proposition relative to the Tithe composition. He demanded 2s. 6d. an acre, which, if it was acceded to, would make him worth 500l. a year, in a parish containing only 1000 acres remarkable for the lightness and sterility of its soil. The Hon. Mr. Butler spoke of 15s as the average value of land in Ireland at the present rate of agricultural produce. Some of the best acres of Ferragh are below 15s., and many of them are not worth 5s.- Perhaps the average value is about 10s, and of this it seems "God's portion" should, according to Mr. Vaughn's notions, be not the tenth but the one-fourth. The Rev. Mr. Gregory, (son, we believe, to the Under Secretary) was Mr. Vaughn's predecessor in Ferragh, where, we understand, he was highly popular. The income derived from the parish during his residence there, never, we are told, amounted to 200l. a year. We need not add, that there was no composition between Mr. Vaughn and his parishioners.
     A Limerick Paper informs us that the Rev. J. Pennefather, Rector of Newport, has refused one thousand pounds a year, offered by his parishioners. We hope this gentleman is not in the list of those much to be pitied persons who, according to a new charge of the Protestant Archbishop of Cashel, are but indifferently provided for, notwithstanding all that is said of the "enormous" wealth of the church.
     Mr. Pennefather, we apprehend, is a person who attaches much more value to his labours in curing souls, than Dean Bernard of Leighlin and Ferns. A correspondent informs us that the Very Reverend individual was lately offered 500l a year, and that he also refused the sum-only, however, on the ground of its too great extravagance! He said 300l a year was enough, and he positively refused to take more!! Notwithstanding the designs against the entire property of "the Church" which the new Protestant Archbishop, with less candour or fairness than we could expect from him, attributes to all who write on our side of the question, we do assure him that we publish this interesting anecdote relative to Dean Bernard with pleasure, which we could never enjoy displaying the hideous features of clerical rapacity and uncharitableness which sometimes claim the attention of Journalist.
     In the parish of Swords, near Dublin, the new Bill has been rejected. The composition demanded by the Vicar (the Rev. Mr. Trench) was ten pence above the Hon. Mr. Butler's estimate- that is to say, 3s. 4d. An offer of 2s. 6d. an acre was made by the parishioners, but the Rev. Mr. Trench stated, that the Act of Parliament was imperative, and under its provisions he could not undertake to take one penny less than the average of seven years, which was 3s. 4d. per acre. He also said that the Archbishop of Dublin would not confirm the proceedings of the Vestry if less than the average, as directed by the Act of Parliament, were compounded for.
     It was stated by some one present that Mr. Goulburn intended to amend the Act, so as to make it perfectly legible.
     John Seagrave, Esq. of Newbarn, said if the Vestry entertained the Bill, which was the same as consenting to its provisions, Mr.  Goulburn and Mr. Trench might do what they pleased with the parishioners. The Act was unjust in principle.- Instead of passing such a measure, the Legislature ought to have made considerable reductions in the impost of Tithes. He hoped that an effectual measure would soon be introduced, and that the Legislature would come to a right understanding on the subject, and abolish a considerable portion of the impost.


     It is reported that five Regiments will embark at Cork, within a short period, for the West Indies.
     Colonel Thornton, of the Royal Artillery, has been appointed to the command of the Artillery stationed in Limerick.
     The 93d Highlanders, under the command of Colonel, the Honorable Sir Alexander Gordon, sailed for the Cove of Cork on Saturday last, for Barbadoes.
     Lord Beresford, it is said, has been returned to his old rank of Commander-in-Chief of the Porguese Forces.


     War-Office, 7th November, 1823.
     4th Regiment of Dragoon Guards- Lieut. Neunburg Nash, from half-pay 21st Light Dragoons, to be Lieutenant, vice James B. Smith, who exchanges, receiving the difference.
     10th Regiment of Light Dragoons- Surgeon John M'Roberts, M.D. from the 78th Foot, to be Surgeon, vice R.A. Chermside, M.D. who retired on half-pay.
     12th Ditto- Regimental Serjeant Major John White, to be Regimental Quarter Master, vice Bull, deceased.
     14th Ditto- Lieut.-General Sir John Ormsby Vandeleur, K.C.B. to be Colonel, vice the Earl of Bridgewater, deceased.
     15th Regiment of Foot- Lieutenant Frederick Hammond, from half-pay 94th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Samuel Grayson, who exchanges.
     23d Ditto- Lieutenant Charles Beale, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Dalmer, promoted. Second Lieut. Thomas Matheson, to be First Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Beale. George Beauclerk, Gent. to be Second Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Matheson.
     24th Ditto- George Kimber Tucker, Gent. to e Ensign by purchase, vice Bennett, promoted.
     39th Ditto- Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey, to be Colonel, vice General Balfour, deceased.
     41st Regiment of Foot- Lieutenant George Seymour Crole, from the 11th Light Dragoons, to be Captain, vice Johnson, whose appointment has not taken place.
     67th Ditto- Engisn Alexander Henry Robert Pilfold, to be Lieutenant, without purchase, vice Lascelles, deceased. Lewis Carey, Gent. to be Ensign, vice Pilfold.
     78th Ditto- Surgeon Robert Henry Bolton, M.D. from the half-pay, to be Surgeon, vice M'Roberts, appointed to the 10th Light Dragoons.
     93d Ditto- Major John Allen, from half-pay 10th Foot, to be Major, vice Charles C. Johnson, who exchanges.
     1st Royal Veteran Battalion- To be Lieutenants, Lieutenant Fleetwood, Rawstorne, from half-pay, 10th Foot. Lieutenant James Knox, from half-pay 8th Foot. Lieutenant Stephen Collins, from half-pay 26th Foot. Lieutenant James Fleeson, from half-pay Royal African Corps. Lieutenant Francis Bernard Fielding form half-pay 3d Foot. Lieutenant James Frazer, from half-pay 56th Foot. Lieutenant Henry Nicholls, from half-pay 31st Foot. Lieutenant Philip Johnson, from half-pay 5th Foot. Lieut. Benjamin Thompson, from late 9th Royal Veteran Battalion. To be Assistant-Surgeon. Assistant-Surgeon Wm. Keoghoe, from half-pay 44th Foot.
     2d Royal Veteran Battalion- To be Lieutenants. Lieutenant William Bell, from half-pay 2d Garrison Battalion. Lieutenant Alexander Stewart, from half-pay 95th Foot. Lieutenant Charles O'Neill, from half-pay 83d Foot. Lieutenant Thos. Harrison Kirkley, from half-pay Rifle Brigade. Lieutenant Thos. Harrison Kirkley, form half-pay Rifle Brigade. Lieutenant Goerge Mordaunt Dickens, from half-pay 28th Foot. Lieutenant Thomas Lapp Butler, from half-pay 37th Foot. Lieutenant Alexander Waddell, from half-pay 48th Foot. To be Assistant-Surgeon, Staff-Assistant-Surgeon Rynd Lawder, M.D.
     3d Royal Battalion- To be Lieutenants, Lieutenant John Crofton, from half-pay York Light Infantry Volunteers. Lieutenant William Hamilton Waters, from half-pay 83d Foot. Lieutenant Mathew Thomas O'Reilly, from half-pay, 6th Garrison Battalion. Lieutenant William M'Kenzie, from half-pay 72d Foot. Lieutenant Henry Clarence Searman, from half-pay 67th Foot. Lieutenant Charles O'Beirne, from half-pay 96th Foot. Lieutenant George Meares Bowen, from half-pay 65th Foot. To be Assistant Surgeon, Assistant-Surgeon William Gardiner, from half-pay 53d Foot.
     Unattached- Major Honourable Richard Pepper Arden, from 84th Foot, to be Lieutenant-Colonel of Infantry, by purchase, vice Major-General Chabol, who retires.

The Connaught Journal
Galway, Thursday, November 20, 1823



     A Mr. _______, of this City, well known in the Corinthian circles, had resided for the last few weeks at Ticknock, in the Dublin mountains, having with him a young lady, aged about 18 years, possessing considerable beauty, and passing for his wife, but whom, it is now thought, was his chara amie, and supposed to have been seduced by him. A few days since Mr. W., changed his residence from (it is said) some feeling of jealousy, and placed his fair unfortunate in the house of a person named Cardiff, in the suburbs, on the south side of the City, and having occasion to come to Town on Sunday evening, he left the young lady in the lodgings, who, finding herself lonesome, requested of Mrs. Cardiff to permit her daughter, a young woman of about her own age, to sleep with her that night, to which Mrs. Cardiff consented, and yesterday morning, not seeing her daughter come down for some time after her usual hour of rising, Mrs. Cardiff knocked at the door; after some delay, and not receiving any answer, the door was forced open, when the wretched mother's eyes were struck with the appalling sight of - her daughter and the young Lady lying lifeless!! - A bottle was found in the room, containing a liquid, which has been ascertained to be poison. An Inquest was to be held this morning.-- Evening Post.
     Yesterday morning, about eight o'clock, 88 male convicts, under sentence of transportation, (50 from Newgate and 38 from Kilmainham), were conveyed upon jaunting cars, under a strong escort of the 10th Hussars to the Pigeon-House, and put on board the brig Mary and Jane, which vessel sailed for Cork with yesterday's tide, for the purpose of placing them in the Hulk at present lying in the harbour. Among them were Devereux, who was convicted of stealing calico from the Messrs. Orr, of the Merchant's quay, and John Browne, convicted of feloniously taking four Bank Notes of the value of one hundred pounds each, the property of Mr. Desmond.


John Jack, Lesse of James Kelly, Esq. a. Redmond Mitchell.

     TO BE LET, for 6 months, from the 15th of Nov. Instant, subject to Redemption, "THE MILL" of Newtown, together with Eight Acres of Land adjoining thereto, within five miles of Tuam, as late in the possession of Redmond Mitchell.
     Proposals in writing, to be made to Michael Dowdall, Esq. Tyaquin, Monivea.
     Tyaquin, Nov. 17, 1823.


    The 73d Foot stationed at present in Edinburgh, has received orders to proceed from Scotland to Ireland.
     The order for the conveyance of the 75th from Gibraltar to Jamaica, has been countermanded.- That Regiment is now ordered to return to England.
     The 23d, now stationed in Dublin, is ordered to replace the 75th at Gibraltar.
     The 77th, which recently arrived at Dublin from Belfast, has received orders to prepare for embarkation for Jamaica.


     On Monday week a good substantial dinner, consisting of the best beef, mutton, strong beer, &c, was given to the tenantry on the estate of Monivea, to the number of 500, by the family of Robert Ffrench, Esq., in their return from the Continent. The poor people enjoyed themselves in the merry dance to a late hour in the evening; and the families of distinction for miles round the festive scene, participated of the rural sports. The utmost harmony prevailed. The good people poured fourth blessings on the head of their paternal Landlord and his family, who, not only on that, but on all occasions, seemed to live but for their sakes.- Nay, even toasts were proposed and drank- not, perhaps, with a prefaratory display of eloquent coldness; but certainly with as much sincerity as ever prevailed on a similar occasion. Conciliation too (that word which is so detestable in the eyes of the Orange Faction) was cultivated and cherished by them. They drank to the health of their Priest and Minister, in gratitude to both for their sacred co-operation in feeding the poor people during last year's famine. The King, the Landlord, and "good-will amongst all creeds and denominations," were toasted at this fete champetre, which, in our humble judgments, has set a blessed example of harmony to the rest of Ireland, and gives a happy and cheering picture of the state of things here, and the melancholy reverse which the aspect of other districts presents.
     What a pleasing sight to see the men of stake and rank in the land identifying their own with the happiness of their tenantry; and what feelings must the perusal of these few lines excite in the breast of that man whose whole life has  been spent in extracting from the pockets of his wretched fellow-beings every mite that could contribute to their happiness. In the South, the gentry are flying, or have already fled, from their estates. In Galway, the landed proprietors are returning to the bosoms of their tenantry and mingling with them as with their children. In one district in this unfortunate country the Landed Proprietors cannot travel without escorts of Dragoons, &c., here they are defended by the hearts and love of their Tenantry. And after all this, and with those things before their eyes, people will assert that the Irish are an untameable set of Savages. yes, they are ferocious (and it is not to be wondered at) when the potato is wrested from their own and their childrens' lips. They are untameable, when the Bible is forced into their mouths at the moment when they are seeking for some food to sustain exhausted nature. They are a savage race, when they are goaded and ground down to the earth- far below the level of brutes- by the combined wickedness of luxurious and extravagant Absentee Landlords, tyrannical petit maitre Agents,  and ignorant and avaricious Tithe Proctors and Middlemen. THERE IS NOT SUCH AN UNFORTUNATE RACE OF MEN ON THE FACE OF THE EARTH.


The Connaught Journal
Galway, Monday, November 24, 1823


     The Lady of Thomas Lewen, Esq., at Ballyhora, of a daughter.


Morragh and another, a. Robert Joseph Ffrench, Esq., and others.
     Pursuant to an Order made in this cause bearing date the 22d of July last, I will, on Monday, the 7th day of July next, at the hour of one o'clock in the afternoon, at my office on the Inn's-quay, Dublin, set up and let to the highest [cannot read-black marks], for three years pending this cause, ALL THAT AND THOSE, the Lands of Clogh and Ballincreggy, situate in the County of Galway, part of the Estate of the Defendant in this cause.- Dated the 17th day of June, 1823.          THOMAS BALL.
     The settling of the above Lands of Clogh and Ballincreggy, is further adjourned to Friday, the 28th of November instant, at the hour and place above-mentioned.- Dated this 14th day of November, 1823.
                    THOMAS BALL.
     Application to Richard Annesley Simpson, Plaintiff's Solicitor, No. 2, Lower Gloucester-st. Dublin.
     The tenant will be declared at the setting without further adjournment.


     Bartholomew Fynn has for sale 140 Tons of the best Wiggan Coals, which will be delivered to any part of the Town at 30s per Ton, and in smaller quantities at 2s, per bushel of 10st weight.
     He has also 40 Tons of PRIME OLD WHEAT-well prepared, engaged equal (if not superior) in quality to any in Ireland, which will be Sold on moderate terms, at his Store, Merchant's Walk.
     November 24, 1823.


A Small Neat House,

     Opposite the Augustinian Chapel, in Middle-street, Consisting of a New Hall, Turf, and Coal Cellars on the first floor; a large Parlour, Pantry and Kitchen on the second; three Bed rooms and a Pantry on the third, with three Rooms on the Garret, &c.
     Enquire of Oliver Joyes.
     N.B.--A Stable for three or four Horses, if required.
     November 24, 1823.


     About 30 or 40 Acres of excellent Winter Grass, preserved since may last on the Lands of Kilskeagh, four miles from Athenry, on the Tuam road.- Application to James Burke, Esq. Prospect-Lodge.
     November 24, 1823.

For the Term of Twenty-one Years, from the first of November Instant,
Flour Mills of Killshanvog,

     WHICH consist of most extensive Storage, and Head Water Wheels, with four pair of Stones, with excellent Machinery, of all kinds; all in good repair, with an OAT-MILL adjoining the same.
     Also, the HOUSE and OFFICE, which are in repair, with any number Acres of round from ten to one hundred, with convenience of TURBARY.
     Proposals to be received by Thomas Lewen, Esq., Ballyhora, near Tuam; James Neven, who is at Killshanvog, will shew the premises.
     November 24, 1823.

House & Demesne of Renvile
From 1st November instant, for such term as may be agreed on,

     THE HOUSE AND DEMESNE of RENVILE, the Estate of PHILIP LYNCH ATHY, Esq. The Demesne contains 500 acres, any number of which will be LET with the House.
          Also, COTTAGE-HILL,
     Containing 100 acres, on which there is an excellent HOUSE and GARDEN. The Farm will be let in Divisions, and every encouragement given to Tenants who will reside, and ample allowance for building Farm Houses.
     Application to be made to Mr. Ryan, at Renvile, near Oranmore.
     November 24, 1823

The First Report of the British and Irish Ladies' Society, for improving the Condition and promoting the Industry and Welfare of the Female Peasantry of Ireland.

PATRONESSES- Her Royal Highness the Princess Augusta, and her Royal Highness the Duchess of Gloucester.
PRESIDENT- The Duchess of Beaufort.

     We feel great pleasure in laying before our readers the First Report of the above Society.- It must, indeed, be gratifying to every individual interested in the welfare of this country, to find that the miseries of the Irish Peasantry have at length been taken into consideration by the Nobility and Gentry of the sister island; and that the respectable classes in this country are beginning to feel the necessity of joining in the benevolent undertaking. It will be seen from the Report, that much good has already been effected, the Society in London has opened a correspondence with a number of intelligent individuals here, who have formed District Associations, and have given practical effect to the benevolent intentions of the London Committee. From the statements of accounts, which we annex, it will be seen, that between four and five thousand pounds are at present at the disposal of the Committee, which we have no doubt, will be applied in the way most likely to be of lasting service to the poor.
     We would particularly beg to direct the attention of individuals connected with the Society, to the encouragement of that description of straw-plait which resembles Leghorn, as promising a better return for the labours of the female peasant; than any other manufacturer we know of. Indeed we should hope that much premiums will be granted by the Dublin Society for its encouragement, as will render it a very general source of employment throughout the country.
     For the information of those who may wish to connect themselves with the Association, or to promote its objects, we subjoin its rules and regulations:-


     FIRST REGULATION- This Society shall consist of a Central Society in London, of Cunty and District Associations in Ireland; and of Local Associations in Great Britain, formed for the purpose of collecting Funds, and increasing the general interest in the designs of Society.
     SECOND REGULATION- The following shall be the Rules of the Central Society.-
     1. The Society shall consist of persons of all religious denominations. Every annual subscriber of one pound or upwards, and all persons who shall collect weekly in its behalf, one shilling or upwards, shall be considered as members.
     2. Benefactors of ten pounds or upwards, shall be deemed Members for life.
     3. The business of the Society shall be conducted by Patronesses, a President, Vice-Patronesses, a Vice-President, a Treasurer, two or more Secretaries, and a Committee of 24 Ladies, resident in and about London. The Committee shall meet on the second Tuesday of every month, or oftener if necessary, five members being competent to act.
     4. The purpose of the Committee, shall be to correspond with the Ladies in Ireland; inviting them to form County and District Associations, and thus to draw into combined exertion the benevolence of the respective districts, and secure its operation upon the poor; to communicate any information which may appear to them calculated to assist the beneficent efforts of the Ladies in Ireland; and to use means to procure subscriptions and donations, as well as to encourage the formation of local associations in Great Britain, in aid of the funds of the Society.
     5. The funds so obtained shall, after deducting incidental expenses be employed at the discretion of the Committee, in furthering the object of the Society, by the circulation of useful information; by occasional co-operation with the Associations in Ireland, in affording the necessary materials of work, both for domestic purposes and for simple and easy manufactures; by encouraging the cleansing and whitewashing the habitations of the poor; by supplying means for distributing presents among such as may distinguish themselves by the clean, orderly, and decent appearance of their children; and by promoting the instruction of female children in needle-work, spinning, knitting, and household work.
     6. The assistance rendered by this Society to the Associations in Ireland, shall, as far as possible, be suited to the wants and situation of the different districts,and be placed at the disposal of the County Committees for distribution; and the correspondence of the Society shall be confined to such County Committees as far as circumstances admit.
     7. The Committee shall be authorized to add to the number of Vice-Patronesses; to fill up vacancies as they occur in the Committee; to replace the Treasurer and Secretaries as occasion may require; to employ such subordinate officers as may be found necessary; and to prepare before the meeting in June, an annual report of the proceedings, and a statement of the receipts and expenditure of the Society, which shall be printed for the general information of the members.
     THIRD REGULATION- The Ladies resident in Ireland shall be solicited to assist in carrying the design of this Society into effect, by forming the County and District Associations, whose object shall be-
     1. To visit the families of the poor, and obtain a knowledge of their situation under certain heads of inquiry.
     2. To excite to a sense of virtue and piety, to habits of industry, cleanliness and attention to domestic duty.
     3. To endeavour to procure employment for poor women at their own dwellings.
     4. To visit the sick and provide temporary assistance in the loan of linen, &c. ; also to procure medical advice where necessary.
     5. To encourage the poor to send their children to schools.
     6. To promote the industry and improvement of the poor in any other way which local circumstances appear to require.
     FOURTH REGULATION- That all Associations in correspondence with the Central Committee in London, be requested to send a report of their proceedings every year before the 1st of March.



     The urgent appeals made in behalf of the county of Clare, by a resident correspondent attracted the attention of the Committee at the very commencement of its operations.
     This county was found to be labouring under peculiar difficulties, almost all persons of rank and fortune belonging to it, being absentees, and the residents generally in very distressed circumstances.
     It is needless to enter into the details contained in the first letters received from this quarter. One written in the month of February, a few months only after the plans of the Society were formed, will shew the effect which even in so short a time, had been produced by their adoption. The letters commences thus:-
     "It is now scarcely three months since the British and Irish Ladies' Society became a regularly organised body, and (not to go further than this county) is it not sufficient encouragement to know, that you have called into action the personal exertion of a number of valuable individuals, who were sunk into inactivity, either through hapless despair of being able to meet the daily increasing and widely extended distress around them; or through ignorance of sufferings, which the most benevolent knew not how to bring before them, when they could suggest no remedy for evils they so deeply deplore?"
     "You have already before you a list of thirteen district Associations, to which I have now to add two more, formed expressly for the purpose of providing means for giving occupation to the hitherto idle females. But for your fostering care, though they might on the local subscription raised by each of them, have given temporary relief, they could never have though of keeping up a system of employment with a view of providing for the accumulated distress, to which our poor, if left to themselves, must be exposed next winter. With your assistance we hope to do much in this way, and if you enable the County Associations to extend relief to every part of the count yin which District Associations may be formed, I am satisfied you will see them increase to a very great extent. It is surprising how small a sum, in addition to the local subscription, enables a District Association to give employment in lax, wool, or muslin work, to a number of poor. As yet the County Association has granted but 4l. to each District Association, and this assistance has nevertheless been of the greatest use to them."
     "It is difficult to say respecting any society or institution, what may come to pass, but it seems to me that no society was ever formed, with greater prospect of permanency, than the British and Irish Ladies' Society, under which title, I conclude, both the Parent Society in London,and all the Co and District Associations auxiliary to it in Ireland. If this society proceed on the plan set forth in their prospectus, there is an ample field for their labors, and though the introduction of the linen manufacture will relieve the District Associations, I am far from looking to it as superseding their necessity; it is then I think the most valuable part of their efforts will come into play. At present they are so occupied in giving the means of subsistence to the poor under their care, that they can scarcely attend to their moral improvement. Were they relieved in this respect, they might turn their attention to the higher points recommended in your prospectus; and I do own that I look forward with the utmost anxiety to that period, when we shall be able to ask one another what we have done in promoting cleanliness, good order, foresight, prudence, and above all, education in our respective districts instead of inquiring, as now-have your poor women yet earned flannel gowns and petticoats for themselves and their children?"
     "I know of no circumstances which has ever united the Ladies of Clare in labours for their fellow-creatures as your society has done. Many are now not merely denying themselves, but at the risk of health, going in all weathers, to stand the whole day in an indifferent cottage, to give out work with their own hands; and these persons of delicate habits, totally unaccustomed to such an employment. And when I see this exertion persisted in, week after week, at this inclement season, I cannot but believe, they will cordially and steadily unite, in the more grateful and pleasing labours we shall call them to, as soon as our poor are brought out of that dreadful state of destitution, which English person, who have not been in Ireland, cannot seven so much as picture to their imaginations."



     At Wilton-hill, county Limerick, the Lady of Wm. Pierce Browne, Esq. of a daughter.
     At the North-strand, Limerick, the Lady of Lieut. Miller, Royal Scots, of a son.
     At Kilquane, county Limerick, the lady of the Rev. William Maunsell, of a son.
     In Cork, the lady of the Rev. John Bennett, of a daughter.


     At Paris, much regretted, Captain Hood Knight, R.N.
     On Thursday last, Captain William Judson, Royal Marines.
     At Portsea, after a short illness, (yellow fever) the Hon. E.A. Noel, midshipman of his Majesty's ship Alacrity, and brother of the Right Honorable Lord Barham.
     At Kingston, Mrs. O'Donnel, relict of the late A. O'Donnell, Esq. M.D. of Dublin.

[From the Mercantile Advertiser]

     Sugar- There was not any public sale of Raw Sugar last week, nor much doing by private sale; holders very firm, and the Trade awaiting the sales of this week.
     Ashes-Pot Ashes has advanced, and the Market brisk at the advance.
     Iron has advanced 10s. per ton.
     Tallow- No alteration in the Tallow Market, and little doing; Y.C. has been sold at 44s per Cwt.
     Malt- The advance in Barley has caused holders of Malt to demand higher prices for prime; 36s has been the highest paid.
     Provisions- Beef and Pork have again advanced; the export of live Cattle has been very great, seventeen vessels having sailed one tide with them to Liverpool,-Butter steady, at 2s per cwt. advance on the price of last week.


     Mr. William Frazer, of Dublin, to Mary Caroline, oldest daughter of Mr. John Findlay, Army Printer, Arran-quay.
     Also, Mr. Thomas Murphy, of Dublin to Elizabeth youngest daughter of Mr. John Findlay, Arran-quay.
     At Templemore, William Crewley, Esq, of Knuckarley, King's County, to Mary, daughter of the late James Bennett, Esq, Sorrel-hill, county Tipperary.
     In Drogheda, Mr. Francis Augustus Elliott, of that town to Miss Quinn, of Carrickmacross.
     At the parish church of Coolock, the Rev. William Maconchy, to Anna Letitia King, third daughter of the late Stuart King, Esq.
     In the Church of Hollymount, by the Rev. John George, Thomas Bourns, of Castleconnor, Esq., to Elizabeth, third daughter of David Rutledge Esq. of Tohers, County Mayo.
     In Limerick, Standish Carroll, Esq to Ellen, daughter of Robert Baker, Esq.
     In Rathkeale, I O'Hanlon, Esq. Surgeon and Apothecary, to Miss Ferguson, daughter of David Ferguson, Esq., of that town.
     Joseph Fanning, of Waterford, Esq. to Ellen, second daughter of the late George Reade, of the Three Bridges, in the County Kilkenny, Esq.

War-Office, 13th November, 1823

     3d Regiment of Dragoon Guards- Lieutenant Geo. Todd, from half-pay 8th Light Dragoons, to be Lieut. vice George Towell, who exchanges, receiving the difference. Lieutenant Anthony Bolton, to be Adjutant, vice Towell, who resigns the Adjutancy only.
     5th Ditto- Cornet Sir William Henry St. Lawrence Clarke, Bart., from half-pay of the Regiment, to be Cornet, vice Wm. Cunninghame, who exchanges, receiving the difference.
     7th Ditto- Veterinary-Surgeon William Anderson, from half-pay 24th Light Dragoons, to be Veterinary-Surgeon, vice Nesbitt, deceased.
     1st Regiment of Dragoons- Assistant-Surgeon Edward Tedlie, from half-pay 89th Foot, to be Assistant-Surgeon, vice Hugh M'Clintock, who retires half-pay.
     8th Regiment of Light Dragoons- Assistant Surgeon Joseph Faruden from the 70th Foot, to be Assistant-Surgeon, vice Carter, deceased.
     11th Ditto- cornet Thomas Oliver Partridge, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Crole, promoted in the 41st Foot. Clement Johnson, Gent. to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Partridge.
     12th Ditto- Lieutenant Abraham Lane, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Patton, who retires. Cornet Robert Harrington to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Lane. Wm. Hyde, Gent. to be Cornet, by purchase, vice Harrington.
     1st or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards- Major Honorable Robert Clements to be Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel, by purchase, vice Packe, who retires.- Lieut. John Lyster, to be Lieut. and Captain, by purchase, vice Clements.
     24th Regiment of Foot- Lieutenant Col. Edward Carey Fleming, from half-pay 53d Foot, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, vice Samuel Taylor Popham, who exchanges.
     25th Ditto-Lieut. Edward James O'Brien, from half-pay 22nd Light Dragoons to be Lieut. vice Martin M'Leod, who exchanges. Lieutenant John Millar to be Adjutant, vice M'Leod, who resigns the Adjutancy only.
     27th Ditto- Ensign William Sleator, from the 60th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Michel, who exchanges.
     37th Ditto- Hospital Assistant Matthew Neill, to be Assistant-Surgeon, vice Robertson, appointed to the 70th Foot.
     60th Ditto- Ensign John Michel, from the 27th Foot, to be Ensign, vice Sleator, who exchanges.
     70th Ditto- Assistant-Surgeon John Robertson, M.D. from the 37th Foot, to be Assistant-Surgeon, vice Faruden, appointed to the 8th Light Dragoons.
     71st Ditto- James Barry, Gent. to be Ensign by purchase, vice Stewart, promoted.
     74th Ditto- Lieutenant Thomas William Yates, from the Cape Corps, to be Lieutenant, vice Samuel Herron, who retires on half-pay 24th Foot.
     84th Ditto- Captain Richard Cruice, to be Major, by purchase, vice Arden promoted.
     Cape Corps (infantry)- Lieutenant James William Harvey, from half-pay 24th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Yates appointed to the 74th Foot.
     2d Royal Veteran Battalion- To be Lieutenant- Lieutenant James Naish M'Grath, from half-pay 96th Foot. Lieut. Wm Herschel Griesbach, from half-pay Meuron's Regiment.
     3d Royal Veterans Battalion- Lieutenant David Dickson, from half-pay 25th Foot, to be Lieutenant, Ensign Edward Harrison, from half-pay 81st Foot, to be Ensign, vice Arthur Greenham, who returns to his former situation on the retired list, as Quarter-master.
     Major Honorable John Finch, on half-pay Royal West India Regiment, to be Lieutenant Colonel in the army.
                      HOSPITAL STAFF
     Assistant-Surgeon Edward Magrath, M.D., from half-pay 20th Light Dragoons, to be Staff-Assistant-Surgeon, vice Lawder, appointed to the 2d Royal Veteran Battalion. John Wyllie, Gent. to be Hospital Assistant to the Forces, vice Neill, promoted in 70th Foot.

The Connaught Journal
Galway, Thursday, November 27, 1823


The First Report of the British and Irish Ladies' Society, for improving the Condition and promoting the Industry and Welfare of the Female Peasantry of Ireland.
[Continued from our Last]


     In Roscommon, a County Association has been formed, with the Baronial and District Associations in the Baronies of Boyle and Roscommon. The exertions of an able and intelligent Correspondent have put into activity nine parishes, out of thirteen which the barony of Boyle contains; many of them are very extensive, and without much assistance from the resident gentry. The population is also very great, and the women anxious to assist themselves by honest industry. It is the opinion of those on the spot, that promoting their temporary comforts, will greatly tend to improve the state of their minds, and to foster morality, and submissions to the laws of their country.
     An inquiry was set on foot at Killuken, relative to the spinning of cotton, in consequence of a present of 2006lb. weight of the raw material, having been made to the Committee by Messrs. James Cropper and Sons, of Liverpool, and 300lb. being sent there to be spun by the women, the Committee had the satisfaction of learning tht this grant gave great pleasure, for that many of the women had been in the habit of purchasing a pound of machinery cotton, and having it wafted on the end of a linen web, to make a gown, then colouring it with heath, and making in this way a strong and comfortable garment.


     The first letters received by the Committee from the county of Tipperary, presented a distressing picture of its misery; combined as in the county of Cork, with great want of the means of employment, and with willingness to work; all the women able to spin, both flax and wool, but scarcely one out of ten in possession of a spinning wheel, and many of them incapacitated for work by want of necessary clothing.


     Three district committees have been formed in Galway. One at Galway, one at Ballinasloe, and one at Loughrea.
     The following communication will shew that with good management much benefit may accrue from the most trifling sums of money:
     "The grant of 2 made by your committee for the purpose of purchasing flax-seed was mot fortunate; had I had the least idea that so small a sum would have done any thing, I should have commenced long ago, but I was so ignorant on the subject that I thought it would require a great sum of money to attempt any thing of the kind. The happiness of so materially benefiting our poor was reserved for your Society. I sent round the county to tell the people to prepare their ground, and sent for a hogshead of flax-seed, which I expect to-morrow, to be distributed the day after at five-pence a pottle, that is something more than half the price the retailers sell it for, and any who cannot afford to pay so much, are bound to return the value in spun yarn in the autumn."


     A central association has been established at Carrick-on-Shannon, for the county Leitrim, and district Committees at Carrick, James Town, and Drumsna.


     It has hitherto been found impossible to form a central association in the county Kerry.
     The district of Tralee consists of nineteen parishes, each of these, it is intended, should send a member to the District Committee, each parochial association having a Committee to carry on the detail of the plan.
     Many of the materials for industry are abundant in this county, but they all leave it in their raw state; flax grow to perfection in its rich and productive soil; the wool of Kerry is proverbial for the fineness of its texture, but it cannot be spun for want of wheels, nor woven for want of looms, "I really think," says the writer of this account, "that in the present state of the public mind, a very little assistance would enable us to make a beginning, and the sweets of plenty and comfort arising from honest industry, once felt, every thing good and happy will follow."


     "It is frequently said, that it is impossible to do any thing for a people, so lazy, bigoted and ungrateful as the Irish, but we have seen, that a little sympathy and assistance has invariably roused them from the apathy and listlessness so inseparable from extreme poverty."
     "Our poor dear country people require continually to be reminded of the value of pence and moments (trifles they in general do not thing worth saving) and we endeavour to enforce this in all our intercourse with them." "There is scarcely any compliment the poor Irish are so grateful for, as a visit to their cabins from persons of the higher ranks of life. Even the deluded unenlightened disturbers of Erin's green isle, would give a hospitable reception to any ladies entering their houses. "Wont you take an air of the fire?" and - "pray be seated, your honour"- is the salutation with which they would be greeted."
     The chief object of the British and Irish Society has been, and still is, to draw the attention of the superior classes to the situation of the peasantry; and as far as its influence has extended, the committee have the gratification of seeing that object accomplished, and they trust it will eventually lead to a progressive improvement in civilization and comfort.
     Perseverance will be necessary to enable the ladies in Ireland to carry on the arduous work in which they are engaged. To effectuate at once a general correctness of conduct and a due elevation of mind and manners throughout the native of Ireland is not to be hoped for.
     Yet great indeed, and difficult as the task my be, of reforming the habits and correcting the moral feelings of the great mass of a whole people, the committee cannot but think that their endeavours, through the active and persevering exertions of the Irish ladies, are calculated to attempt many things with peculiar advantage. By the influence of the ladies over the female peasantry in their respective districts, they hope that not only ideas of comfort and cleanliness, hitherto not known, may be introduced and industry excited by the prospect of due remuneration; but that likewise the benefits of a higher nature may be conferred, by the improvement of moral principle and the repression of mean, degrading, and vicious habits; and though the reformation may be gradual, and the immediate change not strikingly apparent, yet every real advancement in the moral feeling, on the part of the future mothers of the families of Ireland, is calculated to have the most extensive and durable effects on the habits of the rising generation. It is from them that their children must derive those early principles and feelings which well or ill-directed, lay, in ordinary cases, the foundation of the conduct of future life; impressions, which, however capable of being improved by subsequent instruction or depraved by bad example, seldom fail to impart a general tone and tinge to the whole term of moral existence, and are peculiarly apt to recur with augmented force towards the close.
     The number of associations already formed, and the dispositions evinced by the Irish ladies to carrying the plans of the society into effect, as displayed in the facts already stated, have afforded the greatest encouragement to the committee, to hope for extensive benefits from the prosecutions of their designs. It is, however, obvious, that the extent to which they can be carried, must in a considerable degree depend on the pecuniary means with which the society may be furnished.
     No people were ever made to receive instruction with more quickness and intelligence than the native Irish-none with dispositions to acknowledge kindness with warmer feelings of gratitude and attachment. To open to such a people all the blessings of civilization, and to make in their improvement such an addition of strength and happiness to the empire at large, is surely an object which calls forth every sentiment of religion, patriotism, and humanity. To hold up this object to public contemplation, and anxiously to walk with others toward its attainment, is the amount (and it is hoped not unimportant) of that which it is the power of this society to contribute towards its accomplishment.



     An Association, comprising five Districts, has been formed for the City of Limerick, and a Central Association established there for the County, in which there are seven District Associations. The ladies who conduct them appear to be most zealous and judicious in their exertions; and the Committee have had the satisfaction of hearing, that one feeling seems to influence them all-the desire of benefiting their fellow-creatures; and that, by giving employment, advice, and assistance, in every way they can devise, they are endeavouring to raise the female peasantry from habits of idleness and vice, to those of industry, economy and virtue.
     In one of these Associations, which was early formed, and which included two large and populous parishes, and idea was suggested by a benevolent and kind co-operator, that a village shop might be established, in which the manufacture made from the yarn, spun by the women, might be received, and the women again employed in making it into articles of female attire, to be afterwards sold to them at the shop, at one-third less than the original cost, for some months, in the hope that industry might supersede the habit of begging, which she represented as too prevalent.
     "I am still," says a correspondent," working on the 10l. the London Tavern Committee sent me last autumn, but the flax is so much advanced in price, and worse in quality, than I am nearly a bankrupt; but the cotton mill set me up again, particularly if a few pairs of cards accompany it, as nothing of that description can be procured here."
     The following is an abstract of a letter to the Secretary:
     "I beg leave to assure you, that if the ladies in this part of the country have been late in directing their attention to the wants of the poor, they seem very anxious now to make amends for this lost time. They are straining every nerve to relieve them, and it must be said on their behalf that they have more to contend with than any English lady, who has not lived in Ireland, can imagine. Should the reformation of the peasantry be ever effected it must be by very slow degrees. If the ladies persevere in the work they have begun, much may be expected from the next generation; the docility and gentleness of the children shew what a superior people the parents might have been, if they had got a tolerable education.
     "We have already set the children about several kinds of work, by which we hope they will in a short time be able to assist their parents, or at least pay for their own schooling."
     In a letter of a later day, the same correspondent writes-
     "We really have, through your friendly assistance, begun to do some good in these tow large and populous parishes; I think I begin to see it. The poor creatures now perceive the advantage of buying our clothes (to which at first they made great objections) and begin to understand the possibility and use of putting by a penny now and then, even though they feel the want of it at the moment.
     "This is doing more than you, who do not know the people, can imagine; my school is overflowing, and the ladies are diligent in their attendance at others."
     From another part of the country-
     "I will not pain you by recapitulating the various scenes of wretchedness I have witnessed, but I was particularly shocked to find persons I had always considered as above the proper sort, in the most extreme poverty, living on potatoes and salt, the children most naked, and lying on straw.- These persons had never asked for relief, nor should I have discovered their situation if I had not gone to their houses."
     A benevolent individual has begun instructing a few girls in the use of the northern wheel, which is not at all understood in the south of Ireland, the perfect use of which will increase the price of their labour, and consequently make an improvement in their condition, at a comparatively small expense.


     The struggle which the North of Ireland has made to raise its own condition, deserves every encouragement. Donegal is a country in which a very slow, though gradual, improvement in the state of the peasantry has been going on for the last 20 years.
     "I cannot say," observes a correspondent, "that our Association has called for the exertions of any one who has not been active before; on the contrary, all who are now engaged in it were long accustomed to make every effort in their power, in order to relieve the distress they witnessed. What I now see among them is a degree of animation and cheerfulness in carrying our plans into execution, which arises from a lately awakened hope that our endeavours may be of some real and permanent benefit to the country; nothing, indeed, can be more gratifying than the spirit of unanimity and good will with which the business has hitherto been conducted.
     "That there is  a desire for improvement among the people cannot be doubted- that their ideas of comfort and decency are different from what they were 20 years ago, no one who has studied their habits can fail to perceive; but those who see them now only for the first time can hardly imagine where the improvement is to be discerned.
     "Long perseverance is requisite to overcome the difficulties the Irish cottage presents to every increase of comfort and order; and a season of scarcity is a great drawback to every improvement.
     "In spite of the progress we have noticed, the distress in many parts of Donegal is very great, and the want of means of industry renders many unable to purchase the necessities of life.
     "One poor woman, on receiving a little warm clothing, expressed the feelings of many, in saying, 'I shall have some heart to struggle now, but I could not get on before, for the cold was so bad, and my clothes were so light, I had no strength, I could not spin.'
     "Seven Associations have been formed in this county, the people are crowding for employment, and working hard to earn clothes for themselves and the children: and sewing schools are establishing very generally throughout the country, to enable the poor girls to make up their own garments."
     Later letters, after stating that much of the illness and misery of the people arises from their sleeping on damp earthen floors, proceed to give us the following pleasing account of the sensible attempt made by the ladies of one association, in the north of Donegal, to obviate the evil. "We have a prospect of obtaining a stock of bedsteads on very reasonable terms. We addressed the gentlemen who had any extensive plantations in the parish ( in number only three) requesting they would give us some of the thinning of their woods, which they most readily granted; we are to employ carpenters to make a sort of rough bedstead, for which their wages only will be charged, probably not three shillings. In this way we hope to remove one cause of the suffering and nothing can exceed the pleasure it seems to give to the poor creatures who are to benefit by it."

HIGH SHERIFF- The Gentlemen named as eligible for the Office of High Sheriff of the County of Galway are-
     John Eyre, of Eyrecourt Castle
     Dudley Persse, of Roxborough- and
     Robert Ffrench, junr, of Monivea, Esqrs.


     Mrs. Nicolas, (late Miss Daly) grateful for the encouragement hitherto afforded her by a generous public, hopes by her exertions for the improvement of her pupils, together with the constant attention of MR. NICOLAS to the French department, to merit a continuance of their favour. She then begs to remark that this School possesses advantages not held out by any similar Establishment in the Province.
     Middle-street, Nov. 27, 1823.

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