Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Monday, Aug 4, 1823

Married.
On Monday last, John O'CONNOR, Esq of Lanesbro', County Longford, to Anne, second daughter of the late Thomas COSTELLO, Esq. of Gurtine, County Sligo.

At Clon?ilon Church, Maziere BRADY, Esq, Brrster [sic] at Law, to Eliza Ann, daughter of the late Bever BUCHANNON, Esq. of Dublin.

APOTHERCARY BUSINESS
M'HUGH and Co.
Beg leave to inform their Friends and the Public, that they have just received from the First Medical Establishments in the Metropolis, and Extensive Supply of Genuine Medicines, which they selected with the greatest care, will be sold at the usual reduced rates.

EXTENSIVE BREWERY CONCERNS
TO BE LET
From the 20th Day of September next,
The Extensive Brewery and Concerns at Newcastle, Galway, situated on the banks of a River by which Corn, Fuel, &c. are brought to the Stores from whence the Boats, in return, take Malt Liquors up said River, to the extent of 40 miles, supplying several intermediate Towns. It has at present a considerable and advantageous Trade, which could be much increased by a Person understanding the Business, with a command of Capital. The Proprietor will treat with any Person that understands the business for one-half or one third with a moderate Capital.
Proposals, post paid, received by Burton PERSSE, Esq., Persse-lodge, Craughwell; Robert JEN???, 2l Peter-street, and William WOOD, Esqrs, Dublin.
The above Concerns could, at a very moderate expense, be converted into an excellent Distillery.
August 4, 1823

TO BE SET [sic?]
Until the first day of May next,
About 100 Acres of the lands of Limnough, joining the Demesne of Mr. SKERRET, of Ballinduff, and within three miles of Headford. The Land is remarkably sound for Sheep and good Winterage.
Applications to be made to Walter BUTLER, jun. Esq. , Seamount, near Kinvara.
August 4, 1823

LOUGHREA FREE SCHOOLS
Under the immediate Patronage of The Countess of Clanricarde.
The Annual Charity Sermon will be preached by the Right Rev. Doctor COEN, on Sunday next, in the Parish Chapel of Loughrea at the hour of half-past one o'clock in the afternoon when a collection will be made for the support of those most useful establishments, where more than Two Hundred Children, of both sexes, and of every persuasion are educated without the slightest interference with their religious principles.
Loughrea, Aug 4, 1823

ROYAL MARBLE
B. MIDDLETON
Informs the Public, that he has Five Hundred Pounds worth of Work finished, in the best manner, for Chimney-Pieces which he will sell at a very reduced price.
To be seen at the Royal Quarry, Merlin Park, July 28, 1823.

STATE OF THE COUNTRY
LIMERICK COUNTY

Baron PENNEFATHER, in addressing the Grand Jury, referred to the state of the Calendar before him, and which, not withstanding the examples that were made, presented a great assemblage of crime. It was, however, to be reckoned a favorable circumstance, that many offenders had been brought to justice, and there was consequently some consolation in having them removed from the Country. He impressed on the Grand Jury the necessity of duly and diligently executing the duties of their situation. He need hardly remind them of their duties, as many of them had served upon the Grand Panel before. They would be satisfied in their minds that the evidence that would come before them should be clear and uncontradicted- for it was of the utmost importance that no persons should be put on their trials without such evidence as would appear strong and sufficient; no person should be put forward upon probable or contradictory testimony.

James LEAHY, Maurice LEAHY & David LEAHY, for the abduction of Miss COLD, who had been out upon their own recognizances since last Assizes, now came forward, and Baron PENNEFATHER being made acquainted with their case, he told them that they were now discharged from their recognizances, and at liberty. The omission of a single error "then and there," in the form of the indictment, had saved their lives, which had been forfeited to the law. He was happy to hear that their characters were good. To the Law of their Country they were indebted for this mercy, and he hoped such lenity would be a lesson to them for their future conduct. Such was not the code, his Lordship emphatically remarked, that they would bring on the Country.- The Clerk of the Crown was directed to record their appearance, and they were accordingly discharged. The Traversers appeared very thankful and bowed to the Court.

TIPPPERARY

On Tuesday last, Mr. BLACKBURNE, K.C. held a Sessions at Rathkeale, under the Insurrection Act.

Dennis CONNELL was tried for having ammunition concealed in the thatch of his house, but was acquitted, it having been proved to the satisfaction of the Court tht it was put there maliciously, unknown to him, by some person against whom he had sworn information.

Patrick GREENE, for delivering a threatening message.- Acquitted.

The Isabella, Medina, and Castle Forbes, convict ships, are daily expected in our harbour, to take 520 male convicts to new South Wales.- There are at present in the Convict Prison of this City, 350 convicts; and in the hulk Surprise, at Cove, 300, making a total of 650. Of these, about one hundred have been convicted under the Insurrection Act.

COUNTY MEATH ASSIZES

Commenced at Trim on Thursday morning, at nine o'clock. The Chief Baron presided in the Crown Court.
ROBBERY OF THE DERRY MAIL
Friday the following prisoners were put to the Bar, viz:-
James KELLY, Patrick M'CORMICK, Michael SMITH, John REILLY, and Matthew DONOVAN charged with having, on the 8th of April last, at Sarsfieldstow  in the County of Meath, feloniously robbed his Majesty's Derry Mail, travelling from Dublin to Drogheda, and with murdering a man of the name of Alexander MACKEY, one of the Guards of said Coach.

Michael TOOLE, an approver, examined by the Recorder,
Witness stated that he lived on Shahan's road, in Garristown bog; known all the prisoners, and  identifies each; they live in and about Garristown bog; Witness was met by M'CORMICK and REILLY, and asked to rob the Derry Mail Coach, to which he agreed; Witness and REILLY afterwards examined the road to fix on the most convenient place to attack and rob it; the party were all to meet on Friday, but they did not go to the robbery on account of wet weather, until the Tuesday night following; they were to go to Garristown singly to the Moat of Micknanstown, where they were to remain until the whole party assembled; having met on Tuesday night according to appointment, they proceed to a place fixed on for the robbery; the road was narrow at the house of M'KENNA, a farmer, at Sarsfieldstow; witness with M'CORMICK and REILLY, took M'KENNA's two drays, a car, a gate, a plough, a ladder, and formed a barrier across the road; they also got two sledges from a smith's forge near the place; when this was done, it was near the time the coach was to pass; shortly after they saw the light of the coach at a distance, and took their station behind the ditches, four at each side of the road; when the coach came up, witness fired at the horses, one of which was shot; M'CORMICK and REILLY were stationed next witness; when they fired, one of the guards fell, and the coach was stopped by the barrier; they then robbed the coach; witness robbed the inside and threw out the money, after which they brought home the plunder, and buried it in the bog of Garristown on the following night; it was about eight miles from the bog, and they arrived at home at first light in the morning; brought the plunder on the following night to the house of John SCAHAN, on the bog; saw all the prisoners there except SMITH, who received a hurt leaping a ditch the previous night; each man's share was about 70l; there was about 140l in large notes not divided; they heard the police were coming, and left SCHANAN's [different spelling]  house, but came back again and finished the division of the money; SMITH's share was sent to him by one of the party; they were all armed in the robbery; witness was taken prisoner by Mr. ARMSTRONG, Chief Constable of Drogheda; gave SCAHAN 3l for the use of his house.

Cross-examined by Mr. WALLACE.
Were you ever at any robberies before that of the Mail Coach? Never, before the Belfast Coach robbery.- Did you ever hear of one CARBERRY being shot in the shoulder? Yes- By virtue of your oath did you not shoot him? No; I did not hear of it for one or two days.- How many were at the Belfast coach robbery?- Eleven- How many were at the Derry? Eight- Did the Gaoler ever ask you any questions?- Yes- Did you ever tell him all you knew? - No.- Did you ever tell anyone all you knew?- Yes; I told Mr. ARMSTRONG.- So you told all the truth to Mr. ARMSTRONG and only half to the Gaoler; why did you do so? As I had already told all the truth, I was desired not to be holding conversation with any one; I could not tell any more.- Were you the Commander at the Derry robbery? No; M'CORMICK was.

John MATHEWS, another Approver, being examined a part from TOOLE, never deviated in the smallest degree, but corroborated TOOLE's evidence most minutely, in the planning and effecting of the robbery, dividing of the plunder at SCAHANs, the absence of SMITH, payment of SCAHAN for the use of his house, and amount of large notes, &c.

Cross-examined by Mr. BETHEL
Had you any conversation with TOOLE since your confinement? Never- What is your trade? A weaver- How many robberies have you been at? I never robbed for money before the Derry coach. What do you mean by not robbing for money? I robbed for arms, but I settled that with Major SIRR. Do you expect a great reward as well as your life for prosecuting the prisoners? No- Why then do you prosecute? To save my life- At what did you take aim? At the coach- Did you feel any contrition for the crime you committed? I did; I made confession to Mr. DONOVAN, a clergyman.

John SCAHAN stated, that TOOLE came and told witness they were to divide the plunder of the Derry mail coach in the evening at his house; M'CORMICK, REILLY, and TOOLE, came and shut witness up in a room; smelled something burning; came out of the room after they went away, and saw some bits of paper scattered about; did not ask them why they shut him up in the room; was afraid of his life; they chose his home for dividing the booty because he was an old man without a family.

John M'KENNA examined
Witness is a farmer, and lives at Sarsfieldstown; recollects the night the Derry Mail was robbed at his house; heard people taking cars, drays, &c out of his yard; asked what they were going to do with them? they answered he would know it in the morning, and said, if he went out they would blow out his brains; does not know any of them.

----NUGENT, coachman of the Derry mail, described the attack, the shooting of the horses, murdering of the guard, plundering of the coach, &c.

Mr. SMART, Governor of Trim GAOL, examined.
Was told that SMITH,one of the prisoners, wished to see Mr. ELLIS, Chief Constable of Duleek, as he had promised him his life if he would tell him all he knew; witness then saw SMITH, and informed him Mr. ELLIS had done very wrong in promising him his life, having no authority to do so, but that if he felt any weight on his mind respecting any matter he wished to disclose, or property he wished to give up, he, witness, would to with him, but could make him no promise whatever; the prisoner having consented, he went to the bog of Garristown, and delivered him the two guns and 781. 10s. in bank notes, which he said was his share of the plunder of the Derry Mail.

Mr. John ARMSTRONG, Chief Constable of Drogheda examined.
Identifies the prisoners of the bar; apprehended them at the bog of Garristown by order of Ralph SMYTH, Esq, a Magistrate in the county of Meath; knows TOOLE and MATHEWS, the Approvers; apprehended them also. (Witness here produced two double-barrelled guns, a pistol and a sword and also the wreck of the mail bags, robbed from the Belfast and Derry coaches, together with 661. 10s in bank notes, given up to him by TOOLE, and 75l.10s given up by MATHEWS)- did not find any arms or money on any of the prisoners.

Mr. ELLIS, Chief Constable of he County Meath Police, examined.
Knows KELLY, the prisoner at the bar; he attempted to make his escape from the party; he and some of his men pursued him a mile and a half; when taken into custody he had no clothing on, except his shirt and great coat; the other prisoners were all in custody, in a house on his return, where they were identified by TOOLE and MATHEWS the Approvers; he asked KELLY whey he ran away, he replied it was better to run away than be taken.

The Jury retired and after two hours deliberation, returned a verdict of Guilty against all the prisoners.

Anthony DONOVAN and Edward FLOODY, pleaded guilty to the indictment for the robbery of the Belfast Mail on the 3d of January last. Lawrence CAFFRY, who was in custody, charged with the same offence, died in gaol two days previous to the Assizes.

By the events of this day the County has got rid of this notorious banditti, whose nocturnal depredations and daring outrages had made them the terror of the neighbourhood.


Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Thursday, Aug 7, 1823

ANTRIM ASSIZES
Curious and laughable case of  Pocket-picking

Margaret BOYD, for stealing Bank Notes at Belfast, the property of Messrs. HENRY, on the 7th of April; and John LENNON, for receiving the same.

Pat HENRY examined- Witness lives in Portadown in partnership with his two brothers in the grocery line; was in Belfast on the 7th of April, when he met the prisoner; it was the first time he had seen her; he had got a glass or two of whiskey,and he declared before God and his Lordship, up to that minute he had been "innocent of any thing of the sort," but he would  "tell all the consarn, just as it happened." the prisoner coy'd witness and tuck him into a house; it was a wee bit o'place, and your Lordship will persave (said the witness) that there waurn't a ha'p'orth intill't to stand or lie in an under any body; but a grain of straw in a dark spot; there was a boy in the place, and he sat on a stone; witness  had then in his left small clothes' pocket 220l in large notes of the bank of Ireland, "rowled up on a bit of brown paper;"- witness and prisoner were retiring to the "dark spot", when she made a snatch at his money, and when he "lucked, it was clane gone;" she ran out of the house; the boy on the stone (LENNON) followed her; witness "as soon as he was gathered, made off after them, for he had not done a ha'p'orth." [ Here the witness again, in the most earnest manner, with uplifted hands, renewed his protestations of his innocence.] Witness, assisted by others, searched the town till nearly midnight and could not "make them off;" advised by James DUNWOODIE, he went to Jeanie LAW's in Hudson's entry, and got the prisoner (BOYD) there; as they entered, LENNON escaped out of a back window; they searched, but got nothing till they were coming away, when one of the party turned up the ashes in the pit under the fire,and the first thing that appeared was a 50l note; then another, and some small notes, till 150l were "turned all up out of one consarn. Your Lordship maun think (said the witness) that I was not right glad;" the prisoner (BOYD) was sent to the watch house; the next day wintess met two flag-walkers, and it struck him that they could "put him on the lead;" witness gave them a crown, and they "tuck him till the same identical house, Jeanie LAW's;" there witness found LENNON, who denied all knowledge of the business; witness, however, took him and "wrought him a cruel time."

His Lordship- "What do you mean by that?"
Witness- "I tuck him; please your Lordship, and I thumped him hartily and tould him (says I) "if ye don't give me my money, I'll have ye hanged"- I wrought him this way until the third day."
His Lordship- "Well, how did that strong argument succeed?"
Witness- "He turned out another 15l of my money- then I went back to Jeanie LAW's again, and searched, and got- where do you think I got my watch?- it was curious enough, I got my lady untill a geranium pot- sly enough, sure.- I took another flag-walker up, please your Lordship, and "wrought her till"-
His Lordship-"What, in the same manner you used Lennon?"
Witness- "Sure, I tuck and I tould her I would hang her too, if she wouldn't give me my money.- She tuck me away up behind the poor-house, where I got 15l among some stones and dirt. I got all my money in this way except 3l. 15s. or thereabouts."

Prisoners called no witnesses- But BOYD pleaded here unfortunate situation, having been left without parents when very young. She said she had not taken Mr. HENRY's money. He was tipsey when she first saw him and she lent him a penny to make up the price of a glass. He had been in other bad places before she saw him.

The Jury found the prisoners both Guilty.- Each to be imprisoned one year; at hard labour; in the House of Correction.

GALWAY ASSIZES- COUNTY CALENDAR

Roger CONOLLO, for attempt at rape, one year's imprisonment
Patrick WARD, burglary, death, but recommended by the court.
Peter CONRY, larceny, three month's imprisonment.
Bridget GLYNN, like, three months.
Eleanor NEVIN, stealing a heifer, six months.
Mary MANNIN, larceny, three months.
Edmond DIVANNY and Patrick BARRY, sheep-stealing, twelve months each.
Lawrence KELLY, like, twelve months.
Bridget LEARY, stealing child, six months.
Martin GIBBONS, manslaughter, twelve months.
William SKERRETT, larceny, three months.
James SILK, forgery, death, but recommended to transportation.
Patrick FOLEY, conspiring to pass base coin, six months.
Patrick PRENDERGAST, larceny, twelve months.
Six prisoners for misdemeanour.

TOWN ASSIZES.
Three unfortunate Persons were this day convicted in the Town Court, on a criminal indictment, charging one of them with a Rape, and two others with aiding and abetting in the same; and they were immediately sentenced to death, sine die, by the Hon. Justice TORRENS, who, in a salutary admonition, of an hour's continuance, on the awful punishment which the Law awarded to their crimes. The names of the persons are- John M'DONNELL, (generally known by the name of BULLOCK) Penelope BURKE, and another unfortunate woman, to whom the excellent Judge communicated some feint hopes of mercy. The persons did not at all seem affected with their awful situation.

EXECUTION OF M'CANN AT DOWNPATRICK

On Thursday last this unhappy man paid the forfeit attached to his crime; he appeared on the scaffold, in front of Downpatrick Gaol, about 20 minutes before 2 o'clock; and, after addressing a few words to the assembled multitude, stating, in substance, that he was about to suffer justly, and that quarrelling had brought him to his untimely end, he knelt down in prayer with the Catholic Clergyman who attended him; and, after ten or twelve minutes spent with apparent fervor in his devotional exercises, he arose and stood quite erect- when the Clergyman retired, he pulled the cap over his face, with apparent firmness and self-possession, and a short time after, the fatal drop fell but from his extraordinary weight, the rope broke, and the miserable wretch fell upwards of twenty feet; from his hands being pinnioned, he immediately fell back, and by the surrounding spectators it was hoped he was either dead or senseless. The soldiers, with rapid humanity, immediately carried him inside the gaol gate, and we are informed, that in a few minutes he sat upon his own coffin, and asked for a draught of water. After the period of nearly an hour and a half elapsed, he walked up the stairs leading to the platform; he was brought out again; knelt down with the Clergyman with  apparent firmness, and, as stated by those immediately beside him, appeared as much, or more afraid of a second fall, than of his approaching dissolution. He was launched into eternity at a quarter past three, and the sensation excited by the first fall sent a rumour through the assembled multitude with the quickness of lightning, and through every part of the Town, that the rope had broken a  second time, which, fortunately, was not correct- After hanging the usual time, the body was cut down, pursuant to the sentence, and taken to the Infirmary, escorted by a party of the 77th Regt. who attended as guard during the execution.

The unfortunate Culprit, who had escaped the punishment due to his crime for so long a period and who had in the interim (as we understand) married a respectable wife in Galway,  maintained, for the last ten years, an unexceptionable character- he had a family of five children, and also an independence not often found in that rank of life; he was supposed to be worth at least fifteen hundred pounds of capital, and had twenty acres of land, nearly rent free for ever; with all these apparent prospects of happiness and comfort, he had besides a frame of the most Herculean structure and symmetry, being only twenty-nine years of age, and upwards of seventeen stone. Thus, we perceive, that the train of circumstances collected and put together by very extraordinary exertion, and every effort of human ingenuity, were evidently directed by the ???? and Just Power, which, in so many places in the Sacred Volume hath shown us that the Murderer shall not escape, and that who so sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed.--D.E. Post

STATE OF THE COUNTRY

LIMERICK
August 1- On yesterday (Thursday) the most important Trial which has occurred since the commencement of our Assizes, came on to be tried between Baron PENNEFATHER, in the County Court, when Richard MOLONY, Michael RYAN, William CASEY, Thomas MOYLAN, Dabr [or Dahr] CONWAY, and Thos. MEADE, were capitally arraigned for attacking the house of Henry HARDING, Esq at Derawlong, in this county, on the 19th of May last, and robbing it of arms and ammunition. Mr. HARDING, with his three Sisters, deposed, that their house was attacked by eight armed men, at ten o'clock in the morning of the 19th of May last- that they entered the house by bursting in the lower windows, when one of the prisoners rushed into Mr. HARDING's bed-room, and demanded his arms and ammunition. Mr. HARDING fired at, but missed him, when another of the Gang fired at Mr. HARDING, but without effect- they then plundered the house of whatever arms and ammunition it contained. The six prisoners at the bar were identified as forming some of the party. The Trial lasted from twelve o'clock in the morning till nine in the evening, when the Jury retired for a quarter of an hour, and brought in a verdict of guilty, but recommended them for mercy, as they committed no evidence of violence on the family.

The Learned Judge then addressed the prisoners, and, after expatiating on the enormity of the crime for which they were convicted, said, that it was his painful duty to pass upon them the awful  sentence of the law, but that he would give them a long day, so as to forward the Jury's recommendations to the proper quarter. They were then conveyed from the Court to the Gaol, accompanied by the heart-rending shrieks of their afflicted friend, and relatives. They were all young men.

Our Assizes are not yet concluded- and, from the number of prisoners that remain to be tried, together with the waiting the arrival of Mrs. HARE, to prosecute the murderers of Major HARE, her husband, it is expected that the Assizes will be adjourned for a few weeks.

CLARE
Ennis- July 31- W.N. M'NAMARA, Esq. has committed to the gaol of this town a man named BARRY, charged with the murder of his wife and child.

The house of a farmer named SEXTON, in the barony of Bunratty, was robbed in his absence, on Saturday night, of gold and notes to the amount of thirty guineas, by two ruffians, whom neither humanity, nor the fear of contagion, were sufficient to prevent- the entire family of SEXTON being at the time labouring under a typhus fever.

On the evening of Friday last, between the hours of nine and ten o'clock, some fellows were drinking in a public-house in Boyle, with a soldier of the 19th regiment, when, on some disagreement taking place, they dragged him out, took off one of his boots, and with a hatchet, chopped off his toes; at the same time telling him he would hunt no more for poteen.

ILLEGAL CELEBRATION OF MARRIAGE
ARMAGH ASSIZES

Thomas MYENS was indicted, for that he, "being a Popish Priest, did unlawfully celebrate a marriage at Newry, between John TIMMONS, a Protestant and Bridget MEEHAN, a Papist, they not having been previously married by a Protestant Clergyman."

Bridget MEEHAN- Lives in Newry; witness was married to John TIMMONS, about three years ago; the marriage was celebrated by Mr. MYENS, at his house in Newry; TIMMONS then lived in the service of Capt. OGLE. Witness was bred a Catholic, but cannot say what religion she now is; she was willing to go with her husband whereever he went; he goes to Church. Captain OGLE's gate-keeper, W. DUNLOP, and his wife, were present at the marriage; Mr. MYENS gave her a written paper as a certificate of marriage; she can neither read nor write; gave the certificate to the Rev. Mr. STUART. Witness did not collect what ceremony was gone through- Mr MYENS asked TIMMONS if he would have the Church service read; there was either a ring or a  key used; it was put on her finger and on TIMMONS's.

Cross-examined- She has two children to the man she called her husband; the eldest is about two years and a half old; the youngest was about a fortnight old.[ this infant she had then at her breast.] - There had been no great disagreement between them, and she had no desire that the marriage should be broken. She could not swear positively that the paper she gave Mr. STUART was the same as had been given to her by the prisoner, as she could not read it; she had always carried it in  her pocket.

Rev. A.G. STUART produced a certificate of marriage, which he identified as the same that had been given to him by the last witness. He added that he had been anxious to bring the case forward, on account of the frequency of similar pretended marriages of Protestants, and Protestants & Catholics; his object was to protect the community from the irregular marriages of  the prisoner, and whose conduct was reprobated as well by every respectable Catholic Clergyman, as by the Ministers of the Established Church.

John TIMMONS- Is a Protestant; was married to Bridget MEEHAN about three years ago; the marriage was celebrated by the prisoner in his own house, in Monaghan-row, Newry; witness went to the prisoner to marry him, in order to free himself from a promise he had made to the woman; remembered the ceremony; the prisoner put a ring on witness' finger; Walter and Ann DUNLOP were present; witness paid 9s 2d to Mr MYENS for performing the marriage.

Cross-examined- Witness did not think himself married; the woman said she was his wife, but the witness thought otherwise; he thought the ceremony a "compound;" witness never lived with her as her husband; she had two children to him; did not want to get rid of her; was not tired with her; admitted that he wanted to marry another woman; was called in Church for that purpose about three weeks ago; Bridget MEEHAN forbade the bans the second time;  she was delivered of a second son about a fortnight ago; he wanted another wife, after the ceremony the woman asked for her marriage lines, and he set down and wrote a paper which he gave her.

Trevor ?????. Esq.-  Knew the prisoner, who was a reported Popish Priest, but understood he had been degraded from his office; never before heard he was married. In consequence of repeated complaints against the prisoner for celebrating marriages between Protestants and Catholics, the present action had been brought to a stop to this highly injurious practice.

The prisoner was found guilty.

There was a general commiseration for shown for the unfortunate woman who had been deceived by TIMMONS, and the effrontery he displayed, while giving his evidence, excited the disgust of all who heard him.

The Learned Judge lamented the necessity of the case, as the law had virtually dissolved the marriage of the parties; he suggested to Mr. STUART (the Curate of Newry) the propriety of taking the advice of Dr. RADCLIFFE, respecting the course to be pursued, and hoped that in the mean time he would not celebrate marriage between TIMMONS and any other woman.

Mr. STUART assented.


Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Monday, August 11,  1823

LOUGHREA RACES

These Races commenced on Thursday last- the weather was very favorable, and a vast concourse of spectators was assembled., comprising the wealth, beauty, and respectability of this great County.- Among those whom we observed, The Marquis and Marchioness of Sligo, Countess of Clanricarde and Daughter, Earl Clanricarde, Lord and Lady Gort, Sir John BURKE, Bart., Lady BURKE, and Miss O'CONNOR, Arthur F. ST. GEORGE, Esq., Lady Harriett and Daughters &c, &c. The running was excellent and well contested.

Thursday the 7th August.
Sweepstakes of 20 guineas each, 10 guineas forfeit, with 60 guineas added by the Stewards- Two mile heats.
Major KIRWAN's Prince Hohenlohe, 2.1.1
Mr. BLAKE's Dimkellin, 1.2.2
Marquis of Sligo's Condor and Mr. KNOX's Pinguin paid forfeit.

Same Day
Sweepstakes of 5 guineas each for half-bred hunters.- Two miles heat.- to be rode by Gentlemen.
Mr. George LYNCH's Troubador, rode by Mr. Michael BLAKE, 1.1
Mr. ELWOOD's Sunflower, rode by Mr. Edward M'DERMOTT, 2.2

Second Day- 8th August
Lord Clanricarde's Plate of 50, for all horses, weight for age.
Major KIRWAN's Prince Hohenlohe, 3 years old, 1.1
Mr. Henry BLAKE's Rode de Mour, 6 years old, 3.2
Mr. Martin BLAKE's chestnut filly, 3 years old, 2.3
Lord Sligo's Condor, 3 years old, 4 drawn

Same Day
Sweepstakes of 5 guineas each- 25 guineas added by the Stewards, for all hunters qualified, leaping a four foot wall and a ten feet drain, previous to running.
Mr. HEARNE's Pantaloons, 1.1
Mr. ELWOOD's Sunflower, 2.2

Third Day- 9th August
Beaten Plate.
Mr. BLAKE's Dunkellin, 1.1
Mr. Henry BLAKE's Rose de Mour, 2.2
Sweepstakes of 10 guineas each, with 30 guineas added by the Stewards- half forfeit for two years old colts, 8st, 3lb, fillies, 8st, 2 year old course
Mr. KIRWAN's filly, 2.1.1
Mr. BLAKE's colt, 2.2.2
Lord Sligo's filly, 3.3.3
Major KIRWAN's colt, 4. 4-drawn

MARRIED
This morning by Special License, at St. Nicholas's Church, by the Very Rev. Warden DALY, William Kelly WILLON (or WILTON), Esq. of Caherhenry, County Galway, to Mary, second daughter of Anthony Crosbie MARTIN, Esq. of Dangan, near this Town.

REPORTS
To the Irish Government on Public Works for Employment of the Poor
[Extract from Mr. NIMMO's Report on the Western District.]

'The plains of Connaught are in general numerously provided with roads; indeed these seem to have been multiplied in a degree which the country, on the present system, is hardly able to support, a great many of them having got into bad repair. The Counties have confined their expenditure latterly to the leading post roads, and are endeavouring to form those of broken stone. In Sligo this art is well understood; in Roscommon and Mayo they are very indifferent; and in Leitrim execrable. Materials of the best description are, in general, in abundance- but the original construction of the roads having been exceedingly unskillful, both in direction ???????level, and the repairs carried on by a class of persons who make a trade of it, as a market for the labour of their poorer tenantry, there is no attempt at operating a permanent improvement; the less labour bestowed on the road, the cheaper the work can be done by  the perch, and the easier for the persons actually employed, who are not, properly speaking, paid for what they do, but have the amount of the presentment allowed by their landlord, as a set-off against the rent of their holdings; as in order to account for the presentment it is necessary for the overseer to swear that he has expended the money- and as it cannot be expected that persons will  fake all this trouble of obtaining presentments, and overseeing workmen gratuitously, the only way left for the gentlemen overseer to indemnify himself, is to charge as high a rent as possible for his land, and get the tenants to make the road as cheaply as possible, that he may the more readily obtain presentments from the Grand Jury. Besides, if he be a person of tolerable credit, he may, by paying a discount of ten percent to the county treasurer, obtain the amount of his presentment in advance, as soon as passed; and then his only trouble is to get the road made in some way or other so as to be ready on the day of the assizes or accounting sessions. Or, indeed, what will answer just as well, he may get the working overseer, who is named with him in the presentment, to swear that the road is made and the money expended. It is remarkable that there never is any scruple about swearing to this last clause, but often a great deal of difficulty, where the road is any where less than twenty-one feet wide, as that breadth at least must also be sworn to; ingenious men, however, found a mode of getting over this, by leaving out in the road the portions where the road is too narrow; if there be much of it together, the repair must stand over until some one be found with a conscience sufficiently pliant to get through the difficulty.

"It is painful to think, that the precautions taken by the Legislature to discourage peculation in this matter should have only tended to promote a system of perjury, which has thrown the public works into the hands of persons of little or no principle, and deterred every honest man from undertaking them; some simple system of audit could surely be conceived, that would sufficiently secure the interest of the public, without all this swearing; and in that case respectable men would be encouraged to make or repair the public roads in a solid and economical way.

"In the county of Galway I found nearly all the money presented at spring assizes had been issued in the way I have above stated; so that, to have had the repairs of the road executed by any other persons than those originally contemplated in the presentment, seemed only a means of adding to the general distress, by preventing both tenant and landlord from fulfilling their engagements.- I endeavoured to improve the system, as far as the public was concerned, by giving a few simple directions for making the road of a proper shape, picking out stones, cleaning the drains, breaking the new materials properly, and combining them with the old, and established a system of inspection to see that this was done; and on the other hand, took care that each labourer sould be paid his wages in person, leaving him then to settle with the landlord as he might think fit.

"The custom of jobbing roads is so inveterate, that we could seldom get the work properly done by day labourers for the sum granted by presentment. The peasantry are not trained to those habits of industry, which are always the result of regular payment.

"For these reasons, the presentment roads have been mostly executed by the perch, under the original overseers; but ina few instances it appeared advisable that an additional sum should be laid out for work not contemplated in the presentment, in order to have the road completed in a proper way. Of this kind, the road from Tuam to Galway may be instanced; being, after the mail coach lines, the most leading road in the province, and which would have been left very imperfect, if the presented portion only had been repaired.

APPLICATIONS TRANSMITTED FROM THE TOWN OF GALWAY
Robert MARTIN, of Ross- Galway Market-house- 1200l- Report favorable- part granted- work in progress.

Chamber of Commerce, Town of Galway- Docks and Quays, Canal to Lake, &c.- 30,000l - Report favorable, but expensive- Breakwater recommended on the Slate- Docks and canal deferred; 1000l, granted for Breakwater- Breakwater on the Slate in progress.

Fishermen of Claddagh, Galway- Completing the Quay- 300l- Report favorable- granted- work in progress

LYNCH and others, Galway- Oughterard Road- sum not stated- report favorable- granted- and completed.

C. BLAKE, Merlin Park, Galway- Small Boat Quays, -60l each- deferred- one of them partly made for use of No. 2.

Mrs. BLAKE, Merlin Park- Quarry- sum not stated- unfavorable- Nill.

George PRENDERGAST, M.P.- Repairing Roads- sum not stated- Considerable sums have been expended by the Committees in the repair of roads near Galway; and I have made two roads, viz. to Merlough and Cluniff, on Lough Corrib.

Marcus LYNCH, Barna- Fisbery Pier to rebuild- 800l- report favorable- 100l applied to this Pier; and 300l more has been agreed to by theFishery Board.

Valentine BLAKE, Menlough- Deepening River of Galway- 1000l deferred- See No 2

Ditto, Ditto- Employing poor of Menlo' generally- sum not stated- a road to Menlo' is in hands, which employs many of the tenantry.

Gentlemen of the Committees, Galway- Completing Bridge over Back River- 800l- unfavorable- deferred.


Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Thursday, August 14,  1823

TRIAL OF JAMES HUGHES FOR MURDER
DOWNPATRICK ASSIZES, JULY 29

Patrick M'CANN, otherwise Bernard M'CANN, otherwise James HUGHES, was indicted for the Murder of Owen M'ADAM, near Lisburn, on the 26th July 1813.

John WALKER examined.
Lives in Culcavey, near the Canal bridge, above Lisburn; recollects the 26th July, 1813; he took a man out of the Canal that morning, who he was afterwards told was Owen M'ADAM; he was much bruised and blood on the shirt; there had been a great struggle on the bank of the Canal; had seen a man along with deceased the day before, who had a fustian jacket on; there was nothing in the pockets of the deceased but a button mould and a bit of ginger.

Cross-examined.
Is not sure that the prisoner is the man; the deceased's coat was down off the shoulder to the elbow; a man likely to be drowned would naturally endeavour to get his coat off; a man had been drowned there accidentally since this happened; the same coloured coat was upon the man Witness took out of the water, as he had on the night before; saw the deceased the night before and  the man with the fustian jacket go downwards the Warren-gate, and there is a bye-road from that to Lisburn; the one stepped on, and the other followed, leading a horse; it was the deceased that was leading the horse, and asked witness if he could get him a customer for him; he was a grey horse with a long tail; never found or heard where the horse went to.

Francis M'DONNELL sworn.
Lives in Hillsborough; has done so  for sixteen years; kept a cook-shop there ten years ago; was called upon to attend a Coroner's Inquest upon the body of a man who was found in the Canal; he was dead; it was about a mile from Hillsborough where the inquest was held, on the road to the canal; saw the body but did not examine it; saw that person in her own house the day before; he was dressed in a lightish-coloured blue coat; it was the Sunday after the Maze races, and it was after Divine Service; he first came to himself, and afterwards went out and brought two men with him for some refreshment; they all took their dinner; one of them was a young smart-looking man, with a light-coloured coat, which witness believes was fustian; he took witness his name, and gave himself the name of M'CANN, and said his father lived in Newtownhamilton; they had two quarts of ale after their dinner; the other man, whom witness did not know, and the deceased,  had some words, and the deceased asked witness "Mistress, is it fair that, when we have gambled for our dinner, I should be asked to pay for it?"- He afterwards pulled out a parcel of 6l notes, and a piece of ginger came out with them; witness asked him what he dealt in, and he said he dealt in horses- thinks they left witness's house about 4 o'clock in the afternoon; was called upon the Coroner's Inquest the next morning; the coat was more off the shoulders than it ought to be; he was swelled in the neck; knows the last witness, Mr. WALKER.

John CHAMBERS examined.
Was present at an inquest held in July 1813; had seen deceased before that time on the Maze Course the day before, and saw him dead on Monday morning; he was dressed in a sky blue coat, and his shirt neck open; on Friday there was a man with him who appeared to be buying horses; saw him again at witness's own house with B. M'CANN who had a fustian coat, with stockings, and buckles in the side of his shoes; one of them was on horseback; deceased was riding a grey colt with a middling long tail; there were words, of course, passed between them, but there was more the next day; the deceased's name was Owney M'ADAM, and the man in the white jacket was Barney M'CANN; went to Hillsborough with them on Saturday night, about dusk; went into Jemmay COMACK's with them; staid about a couple of hours; another  man, named GILLESPIE, had offered deceased 13 guineas for the horse, and invited him and a Mr. M'CANN to go with him; they left CARMACK's to go with him; deceased and M'CANN came to witness's house on Sunday evening again, about five o'clock; the grey horse was with them; witness had bid thirteen guineas for the horse before, but the horse had got a bite over the eye, and witness would not give a sound price for an unsound horse; M'CANN urged deceased very much to sell the horse to witness; M'CANN urged deceased to make haste, as he would be late enough going to Lisburn, to get his clothes where he had been baking; deceased pulled a watch out of his pocket, which witness saw distinctly; there were four soldiers upon the dial-plate- (the watch produced) - and witness never saw any watch, either before or since, like  it, but will not swear positively it is the same; it was between five and six in the evening when they went away; witness's son, Joe CHAMBERS, was there  when they were there; was examined on the inquest, and was the person who brought deceased out of the canal.

Joe CHAMBERS, son to last witness, sworn.
Saw deceased the evening before in his father's house; there was a man with him, whose name was M'CANN; they had a grey colt with a long tail; M'ADAM seemed to be the proprietor, and was selling the horse; thee was a blemish on the eye of the horse, and they did not agree; M'CANN desired deceased to come away and fetch his colt with him, as half the money was all a nonsense of a bargain; and also said, if he would go to Lisburn with him, till he would get some shirts and clothes, he would go up to his country with him; heard M'CANN say he was living in Lisburn, and was a baker; was in Hillsborough with them an hour and a half on Saturday evening; saw them before the same day on the Maze Course; went with M'ADAM from the race-course to Hillsboro'; M'CANN had a white fustian coat, and was well-looking, and lightly dressed; the shoes had a strap and buckle on one side; will not swear positively that prisoner is the person.

James ROONEY examined.
Lives beside Lisburn, at Blaris; was at the Inquest in 1813; saw the deceased the night before at witness's house with another young man, and they asked for some grass for a grey pony with a switch tail; they left the pony in witness's stable till they would to into Lisburn; they had a glass a-piece before they went away, and they had half a pint when they came back; there was another man with them who would not come in; witness was in bed; the young man filled a glass for deceased, who was tipsey, and afterwards filled a second for him, and witness objected to his taking it, when the young man said it would sober him; they went away together with the pony; it was very dark;  the young man told witness he would see the deceased safe into Hillsborough; don't know the young man, but  recollected the deceased very well when he saw him.

Adam SLAIN sworn.
Lives in Lisburn; is a baker; recollects a person named Bernard M'CANN, who lived with witness ten years ago as a journeyman baker; he lived with witness from May till the time of the races; the inquest was held on the Monday following; M'CANN would go to the races against witness's will, and that was the reason he left witness's employment; he came to witness's house after ten on Sunday night for his clothes; he had a clean handkerchief on, and his light fustian jacket; he generally wore his shoes buckled on one side; he told witness that he was going back to Mr. MACKIN's, in Dromore, to work; he took away a grey great coat, with a large cape, and the pockets outside, and a pair of drawers, and what other things he had; heard of the inquest on Monday; prisoner is the man who wrought with witness, but he is lustier and his hair rather darker than it was then; he said his people lived in Newtownhamilton; gave him 6s 6d a week; he was about tweny years of age at that time; cannot say what he saved as he paid him weekly.

Cross-examined.
He was with witness about nine or ten weeks; he is a good deal changed in his appearance to what he was then; said his family lived in Newtownhamilton; thinks he can safely swear positively to his identity.

James MACKIN sworn.
Recollects Bernard M'CANN living with Witness in Dromore as a journeyman baker, about six weeks- it was in the year the man was murdered; he never came back to Witness's to work, or to ask for work, after the time Witness heard of the murder; believes and positively thinks that Prisoner is the man who wrought with Witness; saw him afterwards in the employment of Mr. SLOAN, of Lisburn.

William MILLS sworn.
Lives at Red Cow, between Lurgan and Portadown, on the road from Lisburn to Newtownhamilton; the fair day at Richhill, a man called at Witness's house early in the morning with a dark grey horse, and wanted Witness to buy the beast; he was sleepy, and staid about half an hour; would not know the man again, as he did not take much notice of him.

James VANCE sworn.
Lives in Cordraine, near Tanderagee; it is in the line of road from the Blue Stone to Newtownhamilton; Richhill fair is on the 26th July; on that day, in 1813, a person called at Witness's house, having a dark grey colt, with a switch tail, and a blemish on one of his eyes; he asked Witness for grass for a month for him; was to pay a pound note, and gave 2s 6d in hand; agreed with Witness to show the horse into the Bann fair; he said he lived in the County Cavan, and his name was M'KEE; he had a grey coat with a large cape, what they call bang-up; he was a young man, well looking, and about 20 or 21 years of age; he left the horse and never came back for him; cannot swear positively to the Prisoner, but believes he is the man; he had a remarkable watch, which he had for sale, with the pictures of soldiers on it; believes the watch produced in Court is the same he left the horse with witness, and he kept the horse till he hears he was stolen, and then went to a Magistrate, who desired him to bring the horse, and he did so, and two men came afterwards and claimed the horse, and Mr. M'CONNELL gave  them the horse upon the their making an affidavit; there was a slight cut upon the man's forehead, broad but not deep, nad he said he had fallen from his horse.

Patrick M'ANALLY, sworn
Lives at Derrynoose, County Armagh, about five miles from Newtownhamilton; knew Owen M'ADAM about nide or ten years ago; sold M'ADAM a horse, two years old past, rising three, dark grey, and a switch tail; was to get 17l; but only got a guinea to hand till he would come back; never saw him after; saw the horse about nine or ten days after near Tandaregee; had been looking for his horse in consequence of an advertisement in the papers; went to a man called James VANCE; M'ADAMS father went to Witness; did not find the horse; went to the next Justice of the Peace, a Mr. M'CONNELL; Paddy M'ADAM and Vance went to the Magistrate's house with Witness; - swears that the horse he got at Mr .M'CONNELL's was the horse he sold Owen M'ADAM.

Alice SHEALS, sworn.
Was married to Francis M'ADAM, brother of the deceased; he is dead; got the watch produced on the table from the husband before he died; he got the watch from Paddy M'ADAM, the father of the deceased; gave the watch to her brother, and afterwards gave it to Mr. HAMILTON.

James CASEY, sworn.
Lives in Castleblaney; knew Bernard M'CANN since he was a small boy; served his apprenticeship to Patrick QUIGLEY, a baker there; has seen him at his father's place in Newtownhamilton; it is well on twelve years since Witness saw him; is certain Prisoner is the man; he is a good deal taller, and weightier, and fatter; he believes he was then between 17 and 18 years of age; his father still lives in Newtownhamilton; Prisoner lived there before he went to Castleblaney.

Patrick WATERS, sworn.
Lives near Newtownhamilton; knew Bernard M'CANN; he lived with Witness as a servant boy about half a year; thinks he would know him; the Prisoner is the same boy who lived with Witness.

Daniel SHEVLIN, sworn.
Lives in Castleblaney; has lived there  thirteen years; knows a baker there named QUIGLEY;- knows Prisoner; knew him for twelve months; it is about eleven years ago; he lived with QUIGLEY as an apprentice; has not the least doubt but Prisoner is the same, though he was not so lusty then; saw him at Newtownhamilton after he left QUIGLEY's.

Andrew PRESTON, sworn.
Lives near Newtownhamilton, where he was bred and born; knew Bernard M'CANN a good while ago; he had been away for about ten years; believes and is sure enough Prisoner is the man; his hair is a little altered; he is lustier; Prisoner's father lives near a mile out of Newtownhamilton; Witness makes his wife work, and will make her work; does not work himself, except putting in his crop; and the reason he does not do any more, because his wife has too great a regard for him.

Rev. William BAKER examined.
Is a Magistrate of the County of Armagh; lives near Newtownhamilton; recollects going about the latter end of July, 1813, to search for a person named Bernard M'CANN, accompanied by a Constable and another; had never seen him; gave the Constable directions to go to a certain home for him, but he did not find him; knew a person named JOYCE, a watch-maker, who lived near Newtownhamilton then, but believes he is now in America; went then and asked for a certain watch; got it, and believes the watch produced to be the same; a paper writing produced; witness  wrote it on 17th August, 1813; the watch-maker's name was BENTLEY, Liverpool, and the number 17, 562.

James H. BURKE, Esq., Mayor of Galway, examined.
Knows the prisoner; has known him several years in Galway; his name there was Jas. HUGHES, and he was a butcher; took him into custody a few weeks before the last Galway Assizes; went to the meat-market, and asked HUGHES out to speak to him; he followed witness, and witness told him he had a very unpleasant charge against him, and if he did not clear it up to his satisfaction, he would have to commit him; he denied it, and said it was all spite; he said he never was in Newtownhamilton, but came from the county Tyrone; he also said, when told of the charge, that if he had been drinking with deceased; nobody could prove he murdered him; he told witness he was married in 1812, in Galway, shortly after he went there; recollects him eight years; he denied that he ever went by the name of M'CANN; knows his father-in-law; he is an old infirm man.

John Lushington REILLY, Esq, examined.
He has been in Galway four years; is Collector of Galway; knew prisoner the greater part of that time as a butcher, with whom he had dealt; saw him in the gaol after he was taken; Mr. MOORE, of Drumbanagher, was with witness; said to prisoner he was sorry to see him there; he appeared to make light of it, and said he was charged with a murder and robbery down in the North, and witness asked him, with some surprise, was he from the North? and he said he was, and had told him as before, when witness replied, that he was certainly mistaken; he then told him he lived within a mile and a half of Dungannon, on the Cookstown road, and had served his time there to a baker; asked him several questions, and among others, did he now the name of NORTHLAND or KNOX, and he said he knew a Hugh KNOX; witness knows all the KNOX family, and there is none of them of the name of Hugh; prisoner said he would write to his brother, and get certification of his being born and baptized; asked him if he had been in either the counties Down or Armagh, or ever having attended the Maze races; made a remark to witness that if they even could prove he had been in company with the man, nad drinking with him, that would not prove he murdered him; witness said certainly not, and turned away from him; witness had not mentioned the nature of the charge.

Hugh MOORE, Esq, examined.
Is a Magistrate of this county; prisoner was brought before witness and the Marquis of Downshire; witness examined him as a Magistrate, and took down his answers in writing; he stated that he was from Dungannon, and had two brothers living in the neighbourhood of it, Thomas and William; the one a weaver, and the other a cloth jobber; and stated that he had received a letter from Thomas in Galway gaol; he did not know who kept the Head Inn in Dungannon; not the names of any of the Magistrates of the town; he knew none of the names of the townlands adjoining the town, but stated- Witness here corrected himself, and added, that the prisoner told him the name of the inn-keeper was REID, and the name of the Catholic Clergyman was GILL, and the Protestant Clergyman was MAHER.

Hon. and Rev. Edmund KNOX, Dean of Down, examined.
Knows Dungannon since he recollects any thing; never knew any person of the name of REID to keep the Head Inn; Doctor CONWELL was the Parish Priest; never heard of any Priest named GILL; witness was himself fifteen years Protestant Clergyman; Mr. VESEY was witness's predecessor, and Mr. BALL succeeded him.

DEFENCE.

Joseph MOORE, examined.
Lived beside Newtownhamilton, in 1812 and 1813; knew Barney M'CANN well; would not wish to swear whether the prisoner was he or not.

Sarah WILSON, otherwise DONAGHAN examined.
Lived within five miles of Armagh in 1813; was different times in Newtownhamilton; saw Bernard M'CANN when she was about fourteen years old, in her father's house; would not take the world and swear the prisoner was Barney M'CANN; he was very slender with a white skin and fair hair; had seen him different times.

Charles GALLAGHER, examined.
Remember seeing the man who was drowned on the Friday of the races; he was with a soldier and two women; he was very tossicated and his shoe was torn; the whole four went into a tent, and they were all put out again for their bad behaviour.

Thomas ELLIS, examined.
Lives in Galway; knows James HUGHES, the Prisoner; has lived there for twelve or thirteen years; he has resided in Galway all that time; Witness's employer has made shoes for him.

The Learned Judge commenced his Charge to the Jury about half-past five o'clock, and commented at great length on the various points contained in it, and their relative situations and hearings. He concluded his Charge at half-past seven, when the Jury retired, and after deliberating about an hour, returned a Verdict of Guilty; but recommended him to mercy, on account of his subsequent good conduct. We understood the Learned Judge said, that under the circumstances of the case, their recommendation could not have any effect. His Lordship, evidently agitated, and under the influence of the most compassionate feelings, commenced passing sentence upon the wretched man, who, (during the long and interesting investigation, which so completely established his guilt) evinced a firmness and unconcern, occasionally  intermixed with a levity, and even gaiety, totally inconsistent with his situation. During his Lordship's pathetic and affecting address (of which we can scarcely attempt an outline) the utmost silence prevailed amongst the numerous auditory, which was only interrupted by the exclamations of the unhappy criminal for a long day, in order that he might be enabled to see his wife and children, and the stiffled sobs and tears of many of the persons present, upon hearing the awfully impressive and pathetic address of Judge MOORE.

EXECUTION OF FIVE MEN
Andrew SULLIVAN, Patrick HENNESSY, sen., Patrick HENNESSY, jun., John FINN and David MAGNER, were executed this day (August 9) at Gallows-Green, (Cork) pursuant to their sentence at the late Assizes- for setting fire to the mills and dwelling-house of Charles HENNESSY, near Castletown, in this County, on the night of the 24th of April last. Nine men, it will be recollected, were convicted of the offence, of whom four have since been respited.

The unhappy sufferers were visited in the Jail, previous to being taken out for execution, by several Gentlemen, in whose presence and hearing they declared themselves ready to submit, in the most christian and submissive manner, to the sentence of the law. Their sentiments were of a most humble yet firm character, and their cool determination to die with fortitude, strongly exemplified the power of religion to reconcile man to bear the severest trials which Providence may appoint.

On their arrival at the Gallows, to which they walked with a firm step, and apparently with a spirit of great resignation, they expressed a desire to address the multitude, and to avow themselves guiltless of the crime for which they were about to suffer. Lest the declaration might disturb the peace of their minds, their Clergymen prudently interfered, offering to be the medium of their declaration of innocence to the Sub-Sheriff, and the surrounding people, which for more public notoriety they had reserved for the scene of their execution at the Green.

Accordingly, the Rev. Justin F. M'NAMARA, within the hearing of the unhappy men, and in the presence of the Sub-Sheriff and the multitude, spoke, as well as we could report, in perhaps  precisely the following words: "These men now about to die have severally and individually directed me to say, what in their presence I now say, that though they die with respect for the laws of their country; yet, in justice to their own characters, they think themselves bound, to declare as before God their conscience enabled them to do, that they are innocent of this single transaction for which they are about to suffer."

SULLIVAN moreover added that SHEEHAN, who had been respited, was not at the burning of HENNESSY's mills.

The unfortunate men were soon after launched into eternity. They died with little pain or struggle. The Clergymen in attendance were the Rev. Messrs. J. FOLEY, M'NAMARA, O'CONNOR, and BEECHER.---Southern Reporter.

*****
On Monday last, the caravan which plies between this city and Dublin, was upset within one mile of Montrath, in consequence of the horses taking fright, by which one man was killed on the spot, his neck being forced into his body, and two others most seriously injured; one of them (Mr. MARTYN, a teacher belonging to Montrath) had his arm broken very badly.-- Limerick Chronicle

The sentence of death pronounced at our last Assizes, on Richard MOLONEY, Michael RYAN, Thomas MEADE, Wiliam CASEY, Jeremiah CONWAY and Thomas MOYLAN, for attacking and taking arms from Mr. HARDING's house, has been commuted in transportation for life; and, on Thursday, and order was recited by the High Sheriff to send them off forthwith, to be embarked on board the bulk, Surprise, at Cove.--Limerick Chronicle.

MURDER.- At an early hour of the morning of Wednesday last, the body of a man, named Wm. HICKEY, was found on the road, about two miles from Freshford, in the direction of Johnstown, with the skull dreadfully fractured and the brains beaten out, apparently with stones. The deceased has been in the employment of Mr. ST. GEORGE, of Kilrush, as a woodranger- and was taking care of timber when he was thus murdered.--Kilkenny Paper.

MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT- On Thursday evening, Mr. Patrick ELLIS, a respectable victualler and dealer in cattle, residing in Kilkenny, was on his way to Waterford, from the fair of Clonmel in order to charter a vessel to take a cargo of pigs and sheep to England, when he was thrown from his horse near Moincoln, and there being no assistance at hand to extricate him from his perilous situation, it proved fatal to him.

On the night of Sunday last, between the hours of twelve and one, the house of a man named DUGAN, residing at Cregane, near this town, parish of Drum, Co Roscommon, was maliciously set on fire by a party of incendiaries. The poor man and family were buried asleep in bed, at the time, but were providentially awakened by the suffocating impressions they were receiving from the smoke, and escaped without injury. Their house and little furniture, however, fell prey to the flames. This and former outrages, are the emanations of a system, which, lurking in the neighbourhood, gives, by intervals, manifestations of its existence, without being as yet discovered.---Athlone Herald.

BARRACKS
Office of Ordnance
Dublin, 9th August, 1823

The respective Officers of his Majesty's Ordnance hereby gives Notice, that they are ready to receive Proposals for performing the following Services, and supplying the Articles after stated, at the various Army Barrack Stations in Ireland, commencing 1st September next, and ending 31st December 1824 viz:-

For SWEEPING the CHIMNEYS of all occupied Rooms in the several Barracks, once in every three months or as often as they may be required by the Barrack Master. The Proposals to state the Price per Funnel; and the Service to be paid for Quarterly after the 31st December next, upon the joint Certificate of the Barrack Master and Commanding Officer, of the number of Funnels swept during the Quarter.

For EMPTYING and REMOVING the PRIVY SOIL, ASHES, and OLD STRAW of the Soldiers' Beds, from the several Barracks. This service to be performed once every three months; and to be vouched and paid for in the same manner as for Sweeping Chimneys.

And also for supplying HEATH and BIRCH BROOMS of good quality, stating the Price of each per Dozen. Those Articles to be delivered monthly, on the written Requisition of the Barracks Masters, and to be paid for on their accountable Receipts; the first period of account to be made up to the 31st December 1823, and the payment for the ensuing year, upon quarterly accounts ending 31st March, 30th June, 30th September and 31st December respectively. Each Proposal to be sealed up, endorsed, "Proposals for supplying Brooms, Sweeping Chimneys or Cleaning Privies," (as the case may be) directed to respective Officers, Dublin Castle, marked "Barracks" on the left-hand corner, and delivered at this Office before twelve o'clock on Thursday, the 21st inst. after which day no Proposal will be received.-- By Order, August 14, 1823.
John HUGHES, Sec.

MADEIRA ISLAND
Ale and Porter Brewery
The Public are respectfully informed, that the Ale and Porter Brewery Establishment at Newcastle, will be removed to Madeira Island on the first day of October next.
Richard ADAMS & Co
Galway, August 11, 1823

The Ironmongery Establishment
William-Street, Galway.
Redmond COMMINS
Respectfully takes leave to return his sincere thanks to his numerous Friends and Public for the liberal support he has received since his commencement in Trade; he now begs to acquaint them that he has just received a large assortment of the newest and most fashionable
Hanging and Bordering Papers
Together with every article in the above line. He also has a great variety of
Gunpowder
Patent Shot
Oils and Colours, &c.
And will be constantly supplied with
New Garden and Grass Seeds,
For every Season, which will be disposed of together with every other article he has for sale, on the most moderate terms so as to insure him a continuance of that favour he has hitherto experienced.

To Builders
The Committee appointed for the Establishment of the New Free School hereby gives Notice that they will receive on or before Monday, the first Day of September next, Sealed Plans, Specifications & Proposals, for the erection of a School House, on the Lancasterian System, at the Lombard Barrack Premises.
Reference to be made to the Very Reverend Doctor FFRENCH, College-House
Galway, August 14, 1823

THE GALWAY AND LIMERICK DAY CARR,
Will start from the Commercial Building's lane, at 7 o'clock, A.M. on Friday next and every succeeding Monday, Wednesday and Friday having Two Seats each day, from this for Ennis; Two for Gort, and Two for Galway; and also the same day, Two from Ennis to Galway or Gort, and Two from Gort to Galway; and in case of Vacancies, places may be had to Six Mile Bridge, Kilkishen, Tulla, Spancel-Hill, Crusheen and Clarin-Bridge, &c.- The Carr will arrive at the Grey Horse Hotel, Galway, at 7 o'clock each evening; and return at 7 o'Clock next morning, having Two Seats each day for Gort, Two for Ennis, and Two for Limerick; or in case of Vacancies to, or from any of the intermediate Stages, where the Fares and Charge on Parcels may be known.
The Proprietor is preparing Covered Caravans, which will be soon ready to convey Passengers daily to and from the several places mentioned; and he rests his hope of encouragement for the present limited Establishment on the Public Utility of the Undertaking; as the Fare from this to Galway will be little more than half the present expence of travelling from Ennis there, and as the strictest attention will be paid to the safety and comfort of the Passengers.
N.B.- A Carr will leave Stamer's Hotel, Ennis, at half-past 10 o'Clock every Friday, Monday and Wednesday, with Passengers, for Galway or Gort, and return before 12 from Spancel-Hill with those from Limerick; and also, at one o'clock on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, with Passengers, for Limerick, and return at three o'Clock with those from Galway or Gort.
The Proprietors of the Galway and Ennis Papers will please to publish the above for one post, to be paid for where the Carr stops.
Limerick, August 12, 1823.


TIPPERARY- At the Assizes for this County, Thomas M'GRATH was tried for the Murder of William DWYER by a blow of a stone, on the 14thd day of May last. The deceased had, in a scuffle, received a blow of a stone, which was the cause of his death.
There was but one witness for the defence, called Sally FOGARTY, to prove that neither the prisoner nor his party were the aggressors. Mr. LANIGAN turned her to good account in her cross-examination- the Court was convulsed with laughter when he asked her, "if she ever bled herself to Death!" meaning, we suppose, that she was a stitch. She was quite indignant at the insinuation, and answered, "never"; she was then asked how many children she had before her marriage, when she exclaimed, in a loud sharp voice, "three".
Mr. LANIGAN- "Oh! go down, go down."
Just as she was going off the table, she turned round, and with considerable vehemence cried out "that she had the Children by an honest father and mother's son- that she had neither eat them, killed them or smothered them, but had reared them honestly- not so with other people, "and snapped" her fingers in token of triumph as she mingled in the crowd.
The prisoner was convicted of Manslaughter.


Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Monday, August 18,  1823

MARRIED
A few days ago, at Headford, in this County, by the Rev. Edmond JENNINGS, Roderick RABBITT, of this town, linen and woollen draper to Catherine Matilda BODKIN, daughter of the late Dominick BODKIN, of Trasferna, Esq.

At Christ Church, Cork, R.F. FREKE, Esq, of Baltimore, in that County to Mary Anne, eldest daughter of Doctor BERKELEY, of Skibbereen.

At Elgin, A BREMMER, Esq. (late of the 3d Regt. of Foot) Surgeon in Keith, to Eliza, eldest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel A. GRANT.

DIED.
At Ballinasloe, on Friday last, where she was removed for the benefit of her health, Honoria M. DONELLAN, second daughter of Hyacinth DONELLAN of Hillswood, Esq, on the County of Galway. The indisposition of this amiable and interesting young Lady, which was tedious and protracted, she endured with a degree of fortitude and resignation. We feel ourselves inadequate to describe the character of this Lady- to those who were intimately acquainted with her it is unnecessary, for they knew and appreciated her amiable and humane disposition- Her career in this life, though short, was devoted to the amelioration of her sufferings of the wretched and destitute, to whose wants she felt pleasure in administering- in her character was combined those traits which endeared her to all classes- to her family her premature death must be a source of the most inconsolable grief, and those of her acquaintance and friends a subject of extreme regret.

In Dominick-street, Dublin, to the inexpressible grief of her disconsolate parents and family, Jane, second daughter of Benjamin LISTER, Esq, formerly of Wakefield in the 14th year of her age.

On Monday last, in Cork, Mrs. Susanna JOHNSON, wife of James B. JOHNSON, Esq. of Killeagh, in that County, on half-pay of the late 95th or Queen's Own Regiment. This Lady's death was occasioned by fright received from an attack on her house, on the 14th of April last, by a party of the Whiteboys.

ATTEMPT AT ROBBERY
Saturday night some ruffians, no doubt with the intent of robbing, attacked the coach-house door adjoining Dr. Henry BLAKE's residence, in Dominick-street. From the marks on the door the following morning, it was evident these miscreants had utensils well calculated to enable them to accomplish their intentions; but, fortunately, the coach-house door was so well secured, that all their efforts to gain admittance were ineffectual. We were, indeed, very sanguine in our hopes, that from the convictions at our late Assizes, we would not, for some time, have to record any acts of depradation or burglary. But in this hope we have been deceived; nor does it surprise us much that repeated acts of robbery should be attempted, when we consider the great extent of the town, its vast and impoverished population, and our complete want of that internal security, as in other well regulated towns, which a nightly police or patrols would afford.- Taking these circumstances into consideration, we would not be astonished to find a more frequent repetition of these crimes. We hope the offenders will be detected and punished.

TO BE LET
And immediate Possession given- or the Interest in the Concern to be Sold,
The House Called
Bermingham Lodge
(Most eligibly situated)
With offices, well-cropped garden, and 26 Acres of well-enclosed Land, situate within one mile of Tuam.
The House is in excellent repair, fit for the reception of any Gentleman.
To Be Sold,
At a Valuation, on the Premises,
The Crop in Ground;
A quantity of well-saved Hay;
Some Sheep and Lambs;
With some Year old Calves, two Horses and Carts and several other useful Articles;
Either to the Purchaser or a Tenant.
Applications to C. O'HARA, Lombard-street, Galway.
August 16, 1823.

Committed to the county gaol, by S. GRADY, Esq. John HETHERINGTON, charged upon his own confession with the Murder of Richard CROFTS, Esq, near Buttevant, in the County Cork, on the 5th June last.---Waterford Paper.


Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Thursday, August 21,  1823

The Special Sessions of the Peace was held at Rathkeale yesterday. Fourteen persons were tried for offences against the provisions of the Insurrection Act; two of the number, Patrick GREEN and John O'BRIEN, were found guilty- they appeared to be men of the worst character; and to have been engaged in the system of outrage which has been so prevalent in this part of the country.

On Sunday morning last, as Andrew BATEWELL, Esq, a Magistrate for the county Cork, was riding his avenue at Bowen's-court, he was fired at from behind a hedge of one of the plantations, by some cold-blooded assassin, fortunately without effect. This is the second attempt upon the life of this active Magistrate.

STATE OF THE COUNTRY
MELANCHOLY OCCURENCE

On the night of the fair day of Ballinakill, Queen's County, (the 12th instant) a very melancholy occurrence took place. In the course of the evening of that day, a number of constables from the adjoining village of Abbeyleix, reached the town with the avowed purpose of assisting the party stationed there, to preserve the peace and tranquility of the place. About the hour of ten o'clock, the Constables proceeded to clear the different public houses of their visitors; in the performance of this duty, some delay having occurred on the part of three countrymen, (the remainder of the house being cleared, and ten of the constables present at the moment)- on of the unfortunate countrymen, named Richard M'DANIEL, a comfortable farmer, occupying sixty acres of land, a man of most excellent character, of perfectly sober and remarkably quiet habits, received from the party twelve bayonet and sabre wounds on the head, and a number on the body, a bayonet wound through the orbit of the eye, that reached the brain, is supposed to have caused the poor man's death. The coroner having held an inquest composed of some of the most respectable and intelligent gentlemen of the neighbourhood, the result has been, that six of the constables are committed to Maryborough gaol to abide their trials at the next Assizes for the murder of the deceased. It is a remarkable feature in this dreadful transaction, (and admitted on all sides) that the house wherein it happened, was perfectly quiet prior to the entrance of the constables, and that the melancholy catastrophe took place in less than ten minutes after. The country people had no weapons of any description. The Magistracy have been laudably occupied in investigating this business.- The friends of the deceased, and people of the neighbourhood appear satisfied with the proceeding had upon it, so far as they have gone. Under all the circumstances of so very distressing a case, it is gratifying to learn, that party had nothing whatever to do with the affair.

LIMERICK, Aug 16- On Tuesday last, the Right Hon., the Earl of Carrick, and the Honorable Edward MASSY, proceeded to visit their extensive estates in the western part of this County, where they were received by their tenantry with the most gratifying expressions of joy. His Lordship and Mr. MASSY have re-set to the occupying tenants, in moderate farms, for rents, offered by the tenants themselves, proportioned to the times, thereby relieving them from the intervention of a middleman, and affording them an immediate interest in the soil. Their agent, Daniel GABBETT, Esq, has been instructed to distribute a liberal donation amongst the poorer classes of the tenantry, and to provide them all with a handsome entertainment.

Thursday, the Archbishop of Cashel held his visitation for that Archdiocess, at the Cathedral of Cashel.

The Bishop of Killane will hold his visitation at the Cathedral of Killaloe on the 28th instant, the same day on which the Archbishop of Cashel is to have the triennial visitation of Killaloe.

WEXFORD- August 16th.- On Monday se'nnight a calf  was killed, and the hide carried off, the property of William ADAMS, of Ballyheight, in the parish of Castle Ellis.

On the same night, two horses had their manes and tails completely stripped, and a sheep was killed on the lands of Garrynisk, in said Parish, the property of Tobias and Thomas ROCE.

Also, on the same night, a mare had her mane cropped, on the lands of Ballynocken, the property of Thomas REILY.- Herald.

The Clonmel Advertiser says-"On Wednesday morning last, while yet the Bench of Magistrates were administering the laws under the Insurrection Act, in Cashel, as J. CARROLL and Edmond FAHY were valuing tithes in the parish of Newinn, between that place and Cashel, they were attacked by fourteen fellows, with their faces blackened, who were armed with scythes and other offensive weapons, who beat them most unmercifully giving CARROLL twenty-one cuts in his head, and also wounding him in every part of the body. FAHY has several severe cuts in his head, and in many parts of his body also. After leaving them in this mangled state, the party had a consultation to cut off their heads, which would have been put into execution were it not that the valuators swore they would never again come to value in that parish.-- The two poor men are confined to their beds in a very dangerous way, particularly CARROLL."

On Thursday last, John HETHERINGTON, one of the persons concerned in the murder of R. CROFTS, Esq. and who had turned approver, was transmitted under charge of a constable, by the Cork and Waterford mail-coach, from this city to Cork.-- Waterford Mail.

 

MARRIAGES
At Fortane, the seat of her father, on Wednesday last, Ellen, youngest daughter of James MOLONY, Esq. to Thomas ARTHUR, Esq. of Castle Connell.

At the Friends' Meeting-house, in Limerick, Geo SHECKELTON, Esq. of Baltitore to Hannah, daughter of Joseph FISHER, Esq.

At Glanmire Church, Cork, by the Rev. Dr. COGHLAN, Joseph HARVEY, jun. Esq, Limerick, to Eliza, daughter of Reuben HARVEY, Esq., Cork.

At Cambleton, North Britain, Mat LANGLANDS, Esq of Limerick, to the daughter of William WATSON, Esq., Chief Magistrate of Cambleton.

Mr. Michael CARMODY, of Clonncooravaun, Limerick, to Serah, daughter of the late Mr. James BARRY.

On the 16th inst., Thomas VAUGHN, Esq. of Mount Merrion, to Charlotte Elizabeth PLUNKET, of Middleton, County Dublin.

On the 14th instant, at Carragallon Church, Co Limerick, by the Hon. and Rev. James AGAR, Archdeacon of Kilmore, the Rev. Thomas FETHERSTONE, son of the late Sir FETHERSTONE, Bart. to Adeline, only daughter of the late Colonel GODLEY.

On Saturday, the 16th instant; at Tawney Church, by the Very Rev. the Archdeacon of Dublin, D. BASTABLE, of Bettyville in the County of Cork, Esq. to Harriet, third daughter of Henry SIRCE, Esq. of Gloucester- street, Dublin.

DEATHS.
At Randalstown, on Wednesday, the 6th inst., in the 38th year of his age, Mr. Bernard MULHOLLAN, inkeeper, a lineal descendant of the family of the MULHOLLANS mentioned by Mr. STUART in his History of Armagh. He possessed an inexhaustible fund of ready wit and repartee, and highly respected by the rich as well as the poor.--Irishman.

On the 13th, inst., at Great Charles-street, Dublin, Mrs. HUGHES, relict of the late James HUGHES, Esq. and younger daughter of the late Rev. John BROCAS, Dean of Killala

Of a lingering illness, at his house in Bantry, on Wednesday morning, Mr. Samuel PIDDELL.

At his house, in Peter-street, Waterford, Mr David GLANVILLE, Carpenter.

On the 5th inst., at Bath, very suddenly, Lady Palliser, widow of the late and mother of the present Sir Hugh PALLISER, Bart.

In Leeson-street, Dublin, on the 11th inst., Thomas VICKETS, Esq, aged 59 years. In him society has lost an upright and independent member and his family an affectionate and devoted protector.

At Cove, Anne, eldest daughter of John PURCELL, Esq. of Rathamaher, County Cork.

At Deere Lodge, Middlesex, Francis, Lord Napier, of Merchistoun, North Britain, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Selkirk, and one of the sixteen Representative Peers of Scotland.


Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Monday, August 25,  1823

IMPORTANT PUBLIC INSTITUTION IMPROVEMENTS

It is a cheering task in these times and in this place to head and article in this way. This pleasing duty has now fallen to our lot; and, if our need of praise, our voice or assistance, can be grateful or useful to the worthy promoters to aid their progress or laud their generous designs, with very sincere pleasure will our columns be devoted to their service. In fact, great credit is due to the individuals promoting such valuable institutions and improvements as we now beg leave to notice, commenced within the last few months, without mentioning those of a year or two back; such as the Presentation School, where some hundred poor female Children are brought up and instructed in mortality and virtue- nor the Fever Hospital, chiefly promoted by the talented and benevolent exertions of Doctor WHISTLER, and which proved of so inestimable value in the last season of sickness, we now speak of institutions more recently formed such as

THE DISPENSARY,
Which was begun by Subscription less than a year ago- the Annual Subscription amounted to near 700 from the fund of the London Trustee, the interest of which is likewise to go to the support of the Dispensary. Thus, from a small beginning is this most necessary and useful institution likely to become flourishing and permanent. Like the others, it only needs a continuance of the same active and fostering attention that first established it.

THE TRADESMENS' FUND
This Fund has proved of very great use to poor Tradesmen, to whom small Loans are given on good security, and hitherto with so much attention and good management, that no less has, we understand, been experienced, while extensive good has been done to the poor and industrious classes. Great credit is due to the Reverend Gentleman who originated and chiefly conducted it. This Fund amounts, we believe, from 100 to 200, given by the General Committee, or Committee of the Town, last season, and 200 procured more recently from the London Trustees.

SAVINGS' BANK
This Bank is now regularly established. In this or the next number we hope to give an outline of it, the Trustees, &c.- His Grace the Archbishop of Tuam has taken an active and laudable part in it. Of the vast utility and general principles of such an institution it cannot be necessary to speak. Like all others of the kind, it is, of course, regulated by Act of Parliament. The security is the best, the money being remitted to the Bank of Ireland, as the Act directs; and accounts, interest, &c, most regularly arranged.- Mr. Mark LYNCH is Treasurer.- Upwards of 200 is, we hear, already deposited.

LINEN AND WOOLLEN BUSINESS
Here, as in other parts of Ireland, the exertions of the Gentlemen & Ladies' Committees are likely to be most beneficial. Their Meetings are open and public. His Grace, the Archbishop of Tuam in general presiding at the former, and affording every assistance that can arise from his benevolent advice or influence. Mr. BLAKE, of Merlin-park, (whose exertions are most useful & praiseworthy,) presides at the Ladies' Committee, of which there are frequent Meetings at the Assembly-rooms.- We understand the improvement is already very considerable, and we invite all our fair countrymen to assist in this most useful and charitable work. It is the more easy and desirable, since it now seems reduced to a very narrow compass; for we understand all that is wanted (it is ascertained on the best information from the Linen hall) is to get the yarn spun more fine, namely of 2 to 21/2 hank, and regularly reeled, according to law, to ensure a most extensive and permanent demand both for yarn and linen. This is very simple, and we would, with great respect, call the particular attention of all concerned to it.

NEW FREE SCHOOL AT THE LOMBARD BARRACKS.
This important establishment will crown all, by infusing into the rising generation the light of useful knowledge, and giving their young minds an early bent to industry, and beneficial pursuits, of service to themselves, to their families and the community. It is thus that a useful and intelligent race of men will be trained up for the various grades and occupations of life. Of this the Scotch are a very signal example; for similar Schools have changed their habits within the last century, and made them an industrious and thriving people, without half the natural advantages possessed by Ireland. From similar Schools, many a poor Scot has found his way, with honour to himself, to the highest distinction in the various departments of talent, exertion, and industry, not only in these Kingdoms, but all over the world. Our Boys will no longer be seen idle nuisances in the streets; genius will be discovered- laudable emulation encouraged- industry promoted; - nor can we conclude without observing, as one of the most pleasing features in the whole, the marked respect for Liberality and Conciliation. No religious discussion is to be allowed; but the Boys, after School, according to their Persuasions, to be under their respective Clergymen- thereby presenting all collusion on this point, which has proved so fatal to many Schools, and ensuring the support of the liberal and enlightened of all persuasions.

We can only add that, by such exertions, we may soon hope to see a material change in Galway, and the condition of our extensive Population will be gradually and powerfully amended.

SHIPWRECK
On the morning of Thursday last, a large masted vessel was perceived drifting towards the Brannaghs, an uninhabited island, situate within a mile of the large island of Arran-shortly after which, she struck, and immediately went to pieces. Her cargo consisted of American pine timber, and some spars. From the appearance of the vessel, it is supposed she must have been a considerable time at sea, and for some time deserted by her crew, previous to striking. We have not been able to ascertain her name (as there were no papers found) from whence she sailed, or her intended destination. The cargo has been protected through the vigilance of the Water-guards, stationed at Arran and Golden Head, under the command of Lieutenant STERNE. We are informed that Lieutenant STERNE's party was assisted by the resident gentlemen on the island, Patrick O'FLAHERTY, Martin O'MALEY & Digby DEVENISH, Esqrs.

THE ELIZA ANNE
The American Ship, the Eliza Anne, which sailed from this Port, on the 4th of June last, has arrived safe at New York, after a good voyage, with her Passengers and Crew all well.

DIED
On the 18th instant, in North Cumberland-street, Dublin, after a tedious illness, which she endured with christian resignation, Catherine, the wife of Doctor O'BEIRNE, Surgeon Extraordinary to the King. The premature death of this lady has deprived an affectione husband of the object of his tenderest regards; and her relatives and friends will long deplore the loss of one who endeared herself to them by the most amiable and conciliating manners.

NOTICE TO COOPERS, &c.
The Subscriber wants Six Coopers qualified to manufacture all descriptions of Casks. None need apply but the best Workmen, who will meet encouragement.
Brewers can be supplied with Tierces, Barrels, and Half-barrels, on reasonable Terms, at the shortest notice.- Several Hundred Butter Firkins to be sold cheap at my Cooperage, Spanish Parade.
John MIDDLETON, Galway, August 25, 1823

A poor labourer, named John CARTY, was killed on Thursday evening, at the County Gaol, Waterford, by the falling of a brick arch, which he and another man were taking down.


Connaught Journal
published Galway, Ireland
Thursday, August 28,  1823

STATE OF THE COUNTRY
It will appear by the following paragraphs, that the State of the Country, notwithstanding the occurrence of a few outrages, is rather improving.- The Assizes of the City of Cork, dreadfully disturbed as the District has been, proved maiden!

Extract of a Letter from Mountmellick, dated August 12, 1823.
"On Sunday, the 2d inst,, about twelve o'clock, this town was very much agitated by a party of Police Constables, who are stationed here for the purpose of maintaining peace and good order, under the pretence of searching for a quantity of firearms, which they said they were informed were secreted in the different houses; seven of these peace-preserving gentlemen first searched a Mr. MURRIN's trunk, he being at his place of worship; they could be prevailed on not to break it open until his return- however, on his arrival they searched the trunk, found a powder horn which they took with them; the tossed all his clothes, read his letters, and from thence they proceeded to Mr. CLENNAN's house, some remained below, the rest proceeded to the upper part of his house, where they tossed every thing they met with- they asked him if he had any firearms, he said he had a gun and a pistol, which every person in the town knew of; they answered, they were not what they wanted; they went to read his letters, which he refused allowing them to do, but offered them to their Constable, one or two of which he read; on their not finding any thing they were in search of, their officer abandoned the party, and left them to use their discretion. They then proceeded to the house of a Mr. GORMAN, who happened to be in Dublin, and after ransacking the house, they proceeded to his desk, the keys of which he had with him-they said they would break it open, and after a good deal of remonstrance, they allowed Mrs. GORMAN to send for a smith to open the desk, which, when opened, they examined even what money it contained; they tossed, and said they would search it whenever they pleased; they then proceeded to the house of Mr.KING, his wife only at home, they ran up stairs where she was dressing; not content after diligently searching his house, but proceeded to examine her soiled clothes, even her pocket, and they then threatened if they had her husband to send him to gaol.

The party afterwards proceeded to the house of Thomas DONNELL, thence to Daniel ARMSTRONG's and Bernard LALOR's, all of which they searched, and treated in the same manner. On their return, two of the most violent of the Peelers entered the house of a Mr. MADDEN- having locked his door, no person in the house but his sister, they examined all his house, read all his letters, and tossed every thing they pleased, when on finding nothing, they exclaimed, if they went to the devil he had them; his sister answered them, and said he was no party man, and that he defied them. They then used some very threatening expressions. As soon as this Gentleman hears of their conduct, he replied to their Chief, asked if he had any information against him or his house, or of his having secreted firearms, or whether he went to search his house? He said, he had no such thing, and if his house was searched, it was without his knowledge or orders. Application was then made to the Magistrates, who called a meeting. Six of these Gentlemen met on Saturday, the 9th instant. The several persons concerned were sworn- their depositions were taken down- the Constables were present- the Court was cleared in order to give time for deliberation-but, what was the result? They declared it to be illegal- no satisfaction whatever was given.

"On Monday, the 4th instant, they broke open the house of Mr. Henry DAY, and entered it with fire arms, and used very insulting expressions, which was also proved.

"It is hoped as no satisfaction can be obtained here, that his Excellency, the Lord Lieutenant will be graciously pleased to cause an Impartial Administration of the Law, and a more minute investigation of these facts, as neither lives nor property can be safe, if such acts as these are allowed to be committed within a few yards of the house of a Magistrate."

KILKENNY, Aug 23- Before day-break, on the morning of Saturday, last, the 17th instant, nine persons went to the house of James BRENNAN, farmer, at Sart, in this County, and rapped at his door. He inquired what they wanted, on which they demanded to know why he took the farm of Ballyntarsnah, telling him that his stock was driven off it, and that if he drove them back again he would not get them so easily another time. BRENNAN refused to open the door, on which one of them broke a pane of glass, and put in at the window a threatening notice, of which the following is a copy:-
"James BRENAN
"You shall immediately resign the farm of Ballyntarsnah Or it will be the mains of Burning Your House and place unto ashes and you deceiver of man Kind will be Shot without mercy So Now loose no time or Blame Yourself."

BELFAST, Aug 22,- On Wednesday, the 20th instant, five cows and two horses, the property of John KYLE, a tenant on the estate of Hugh KENNEDY, Esq in the town land of Carroreagh, on the mail coach road from Belfast to Newtownards, were maliciously houghed.

On Friday, the 15th instant, the Tenants of Lord Mandeville entertained him at dinner in Tandregee, on the occasion of his first visit to his estates in Ireland. The company, which was numerous and respectable, was received by the excellent band of the 31st Regiment, who played some choice pieces of Music in a very superior manner. The party sat down about six o'clock, at two tables, covered with every delicacy of the season, and with a profusion of the choicest wines. The Rev. Leslie CREERY presided at one- Dr. KIDD at the other. On the right of Mr. CREERY sat Lord Mandeville- on the left the Earl of Gosford.

CORK, Aug 21- The City Assizes terminated on Tuesday evening, and yesterday morning Barron PENNEFATHER left town, escorted by a troop of the Lancers and some of the mounted Police, and accompanied by the City Sheriffs. Before his Lordship left the lodgings, he was addressed by Sheriff SAUNDERS, who, after some appropriate introductory observations, said, on his own and his brother Sheriff's behalf that they were extremely happy that the occasion offered during this year of office, of presenting his Lordship with a pair of gloves, indicative of the City Assizes having proved maiden.

At Cork Assizes on Friday, William ALLEN, Esq. an active Justice of the Counties Cork, Limerick and Kerry, brought an action against John MINTON, Esq. for calling him to Mr. CROSSLEY, "an infamous scoundrel, and a most corrupt Magistrate."- Verdict for Plaintiff 100 Damages and Costs.

CLONMEL, August 20- On the night of Thursday last, an armed Rockite party of about six broke into the house of John SCULLY, a respectable farmer, residing on the land of Peahill, within three miles of Caher, and on the road to Mitchelstown. Having come in, they asked him why he dared to keep his nephew (also named John SCULLY) in their house, contrary to their known regulations, as he had been brought from Gurteeshal, about five miles distant- which they would not suffer; they then dragged the young man (John SCULLY, the nephew) out into the yard, where they knocked him down with a blunderbuss, repeatedly struck him with their arms, and wounded him severely. They then returned into the house, and searched for his Uncle's Sister-in-law, who had lived with John SCULLY, as housekeeper for some years, and gave preemptory orders that she also should leave the place, as well as John SCULLY, the nephew, on pain of another visit.

IRISH MARRIAGE
At the Lancaster Assizes, a woman named Charlotte REILLY was prosecuted for having intermarried with Frederick William SAUMARIEZ (an individual it seems of weak intelligence) her former husband being alive. The marriage with the former husband was fully proved by the Protestant Clergyman (the Rev. J.H. STUBIN) who solemnized it at Dundalk, in 1815; by George HOWARD, his servant, who was present; and also by the Rev. John THACKERY. it appeared, however, that it took place, not in a Church, but a private house, as often happens in Ireland, and the Judges (BAILY and HOLROYD) held that it was illegal, and therefore ordered the Jury to acquit the prisoner- who was a woman of interesting appearance, and seemed much affected during the proceedings.
The opinion relative to the illegality of the Protestant Marriages solemnized in private dwellings, has necessarily caused a powerful sensation in this country. It is supposed that of all the marriages which have taken place these 50 years, not the one half was solemnized in Church; and, therefore, if the law be correctly stated by the English Judges, property and legitmacy are in a curious predicament.

The Isabella, convict ship, sailed from Cork on Thursday, for New South Wales, with between three and four hundred culprits.

The Hope, from Belfast, with passengers, &c., for St. John's, was lost on Sable Island, on the 2d June, when the following persons were drowned: John M'RANNELL, parish of Killead, seaman; Eliza WILLIAMSON, from Belfast; and Margaret and Jane MOORHEAD, of Monaghan, passengers. There were 155 passengers on board.

NEWFOUNDLAND
Arrived on Monday, the transport ship, Loyal Briton, Captain PEWTRESS, thirty days from Cork, with the detachment of the 74th. This arrangement was changed by an order from the Commander-in-Chief, hence the transport, after taking in some ordnance store, will proceed to New Brunswick with the troops she brought out.

HALIFAX
The head-quarters of the 52d Regiment arrived here in the Cato? transport on the 15th from Cork, and was followed on the 16th by a second detachment, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel ROWAN, in the Vibelia; both ships sailed again on the 19th for St. John's, New Brunswick.

When the several changes have taken place, the 52d Regiment will occupy New Brunswick, and take all the detachments, as well there as in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's Island, while the 74th and 81st Regiments remain unbroken in the garrison of Halifax. These arrangements will delay the return of a part of the 62d some weeks, by employing the transports destined for their conveyance.

DIED
At Loughrea, universally regretted, Lieut John MULKERN, of the 65th Regiment

Mary, wife of Michael CHESTER, Esq of Stone-house, county Louth, in the 27th year of her age.

At Mallow, of a consumption, John, eldest son of Matthew MURPHY, of Ballyellen, county Carlow, Esq.

In Dublin, Miss Temperence WOOD, daughter of Thomas WOOD, Esq, late of Sligo.

At Summerhill, in the county Tipperary, aged 68 years, Richard BOURKE, Esq.

In Patrick-street, Cork, Margaret, the wife of Mr James O'DRISCOLL.

In Corofin, at an advanced age, Miss Mary O'BRIEN

In Brussels, the Lady of James FINUCANE, Esq. late Major in the 30th regiment and daughter to the late Judge FINUCANE.

At Sierra Leone, on the 3d of June, Edward FITZGERALD, Esq.- He was a victim of a malignant fever, which had for some time visited the Colony. He held the office of Chief Justice and Judge of the Vice-Admiralty of Court, and also was Commissioner of Arbitration on the  part of his Majesty, under the Treaty for the Prevention of the Slave Trade. Mr. FITZGERALD was a native of Ireland, and well known in the Metropolis at the Editor of the Pilot, and Evening Paper, which has been extinct for some years. He was mild in his manners, but of a spirited and liberal disposition. His character was highly respected by all who had the pleasure of knowing him and in his legal capacity he blended mercy with justice.

MARRIED
At Bermuda, Rear-Admiral Fahie C.B.K.S.F.Commander-in-Chief of his Majesty's ships and vessels on the North American station, to Mary Esther, daughter of the honorable Augustus William HARVEY, M.D., one of the Members of his Majesty's Council of that Island.

At St. Mary de Load, Gloucester, by Rev. Mr. MURTLOW, Noah John Neale BUCKLE, Esq, youngest son of William Hill BUCKLE, Esq of Chacely House, Worcestershire to Penelope, eldest daughter of Captain Thomas MARTIN, of the Hon. East India Company's Service of the Wellington Parade, in that city.

At Thurlew House, Clapham, Achilles FOULD, Esq of Paris to Henrietta, daughter of L.A. GOLDSCHMIDT, Esq.

At Marylebone Church, Captain FRANKLIN, R.N. to Eleanour Anne, youngest daughter of the late William PORDEN, Esq. of London.

At Grotton Church, Suffolk, by the Reverend Mr. LAWTON, Mr. Thomas HASSEL, of Dublin, to Margaret, youngest daughter of Mr. WYNNE, Surgeon, Boxford.

At Grena, the seat of John O'CONNELL, Esq, by the Right Rev. Doctor SUGRUE, Denis M'CARTHY of Headfore, in the county of Kerry, Esq. to Catherine, only daughter of the late Daniel O'CONNELL, Esq of Tralee, Attorney, and niece to Counsellor O'CONNELL.

At Belfast, Mr.John WILLIS, Professor of Music, to Anne, third daughter, of the late Mr John KENNEDY.

Mr. Robert BOYD, of Belfast, to Miss DRAKE of Bellaghly.

In Ennis, Mr. Oliver BIRMINGHAM, Officer of Excise, to Margaret, youngest daughter of Mr. Patt RYAN, writing master.

At Saintfield, Lieutenant SIMPSON, on half-pay to Florinda, youngest daughter of Francis LOUDEN, Esq of Maghera.

At Marylebone Church, London, by the Rev. Wm BAKER, William MILLIGAN, Esq., M.D. of Sloane-street, London, to Elizabeth Sybil, second daughter of the late Colonel LANE, of the Hon. East India Company's Service, and of Lanesville, County Dublin.

At Douglas Church, by the Rev. J.H. MADRAS, Mathias SMITH, jun., Esq of Blackrock, to Anna, daughter of the late Thomas WARREN Esq. of Prospect-villa, county Cork.

IMPOSITION OF A FINE FOR REFUSING TO TAKE A JUDICIAL OATH

At the Cork City Criminal Court, on Saturday the 16th inst., Mr. CONNELL, a Pawnbroker, was called on the trial of three noted thieves, to give evidence respecting some stolen articles which had been pledged to his shop. On being put into the witness's box, he declined being sworn on the ground of religious scruples.
Baron PENNEFATHER- Are you a Quaker, Sir?

Mr. CONNELL- No, my Lord, but I have a scruple relative to the taking an oath

Baron PENNEFATHER- The Court will recognize no such scruples- a Pawnbroker should be the last person to have scruples for taking an oath, when so much depends on him in his line of life to detect persons.

Mr CONNELL appealed to the Rev.Dr. QUARRY, who was sitting near his Lordship, and that Rev. Gentleman replied that they knew him to have those scruples, and knew him before to make objections.

Baron PENNEFATHER said he must commit him for contempt of Court, unless he gave testimony, as he had no idea of having public justice defeated in such a manner.

Mr. CONNELL said he would be sorry to treat the Court with contempt, but would respectfully submit to whatever punishment his Lordship thought to inflict.

Baron PENNEFATHER- Instead of committing this person let him be fined 100l.


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