The Freeman's Journal, 28 March 1923
   The Late Mr. Jack King.—The unexpected death, yesterday morning, at the residence of his brother-in-law, Mr. Mooney, Ardeen, Lucan, of Mr. Jack King, of the Phibsboro Picture House, has occasioned intense sorrow to a very wide circle of friends.
   Shot In the Park.—Answering Alderman Byrne, in the Dail yesterday, the Minister for Defence, said that he was aware of the fatal shooting, of William McGowan at the Wellington Monument, Phoenix Park, January 27, and of the recommendation of the coroner's jury. The question of compensation for the dependents of Mr. McGowan was under consideration.
   Tour In Central Europe.—At a meeting of the Architectural Association, held at 15 Frederick lane last evening, Mr. T. J. Byrne, F.R.I.B.A., presiding, Mr. H. L. MacNally delivered an address descriptive of a tour of six months in Central Europe, the principal portion of which was made in Austria and Germany, the language of which countries, he said, the Irish people appeared to have somewhat neglected, in spite of its usefulness. He gave a very graphic and entertaining description of his experiences during his travels at Bruges, Bruxelles, Heidelberg, Baden, Frankfort, etc. The lecture was illustrated by a series of attractive pictures.

   Burton Hall, Foxrock, the country residence of Senator H. S. Guinness, was maliciously set on fire on Saturday night.
   The attempt proved a failure. The fire did not take effect, and little damage resulted. A band of men broke into the mansion, laid a mine in the basement, sprinkled the upper part of the house with petrol and set it alight.
   After applying a match to the fuse of the land mine the raiders beat a hurried retreat. They had not departed long when a party of C.I.D. from Oriel House arrived. Their timely arrival saved the building. The fire, which was just getting a grip on the interior of the mansion, was speedily extinguished.
   The land mine was discovered unexploded, with a portion of the fuse burned. Scarcely any damage was done by the fire. The only part to receive any injury was the stairway.
   For some time past Senator Guinness has not resided at Burton Hall.
   The furniture and other valuables were recently removed from the mansion in anticipation of an attack.
   Burton Hall contained one of the finest collections of books in Ireland, including priceless old manuscripts and Irish pamphlets of the Restoration period, copies of which are only to be found in the great Universities of Bodleian, Trinity, and the Royal Irish Academy. A few years ago his collection had attained such proportions, and he had such a large number of duplicates of famous works that he sent many across to Sotheby's rooms in London, where they were sold at high prices.

Blacksmith Shot During Kerry Round-Up
   Army Headquarters issued the following last night:—
   “Troops from Tubbercurry (Co. Sligo) district operating in the Carracastle area this morning captured three active Irregulars, two brothers named Gallagher, and a local leader named Michael Walsh.
   “In the Cork area troops captured an Irregular, Daniel O'Brien, Mountuniacke, at Inch. Ml. Burke and Peter O'Shea, both of Cobh, were taken prisoners at Carrigtwohill. Burke escaped from Cork Gaol some months ago.
   “An Irregular, Patrick Coughlan has been arrested in the Kinsale area.
   “In the Limerick area troops arrested Ml. Keane and Michael Queally at Murrough. At Gort a man, Patrick Collins, Derrybrian, was taken prisoner. At Carrigaholt an active Irregular, John Keane, was captured.
   “Troops from Castlebar operating in the Glen Island district captured on armed Irregular. Troops from Headfort captured two Irregulars, named T. Carr and D. Kenny. Two Irregulars surrendered themselves to the troops at Tuam on the 26th inst.”
   During a round-up in East Kerry a blacksmith named Murphy, of Knockenagoshel, was shot under mysterious circumstances.
   National troops from Tobercurry arrested at Cashel a man named Brennan, stated to be a “Brigadier” in the Irregulars, and another leader named Ginty, who was arrested in Dublin during the Black-and-Tan regime.
   Government forces in mufti arrested a young girl of 16 years of age at a house in York street, Dublin. The girl, who is stated to be a member of the Cumann na mBan, was taken away in a Ford car.
   Official Cork reports give a list of further prisoners captured. In Castletown, Co., Cork, district troops captured two land mines and 50 rounds .303 and some equipment.
   Over 100 prisoners were removed from Cork Gaol yesterday and sent under escort to Dublin.
   Mr. H. G. Roache, representing the Irish Butter Traders' Association, embracing practically all the butter shippers in the South of Ireland dealing in the butter trade, said there was not a ship that sailed the seas that did not carry the Association's brand to every corner of the earth. The butter was sent as far as Japan and China by the English agents. Their factory butter in the South of Ireland did not require grading, as it was done by the factory experts who spent their whole lives at the work. He favoured the grading of Irish creamery butter at the four principal Irish ports. For home consumption the butter might be graded at the creameries. Many of the farmers made as fine butter as could be found, but there might be some more practical demonstrations in butter-making given in various districts where the quality turned out was not as good as it might be.
   In reply to further questions, witness, dealing with the grading of creamery butter, said it was well known that some creamery proprietors mixed the best factory butter with their own product and labelled it “best or finest creamery.” That was fairly extensive practice in certain districts, though it could never be properly proved. He favoured the creamery butter getting a national brand after inspection at the ports.
   Mr. Wm. Ahearn, who represented the Cork Butter Market Trustees, gave evidence of the system prevailing in the market by which a document issued by the trustees was attached to each quantity of butter weighed there. That docket could not be altered, and there was a severe penalty for tampering or altering it. He suggested that all fresh butter should be bought under some supervision in the markets and in the country towns. Samples should be taken now and then by the Civic Guard or some other authority, and if found deficient there should be prosecutions.
   Replying to Sir John Keane, witness said he would leave the matter of grading a voluntary one. His opinion was that butter should be bought under some supervision, as there was a great deal of bad butter being made in the country.
   Replying to Mr. Butler, witness said there was very little butter sold in the Cork Butter Market at the present time. That was due, firstly, to railway and other troubles, and also to the shippers going about and buying the article in the country markets.
   The Commission adjourned until 10.30 to-day.

See “Disaster” In The Duty On
Pictures From England
   A fully attended meeting of the Irish Advisory Committee of the Kinematograph Renters' Society of Great Britain and Ireland was held yesterday to consider the situation created by the new tax upon films entering the Free State to the extent of 1d. per foot on positive and 5d. per foot on negative films. Mr. Ormsby Scott, of the National Films, occupied the chair. The proceedings were of a prolonged character, and at the close the chairman officially stated to a FREEMAN'S JOURNAL reporter that the imposition of this tax was a most serious matter for the wholesale supply trade.
   “We fully realise,” he stated, “that the whole volume of trade in Ireland is threatened with disaster if this measure goes through. We have appointed a number of our members to go fully into the whole question, and in the meantime we are taking steps to place our views before the proper authorities.”
   Questioned by our reporter, one of the supply managers at the meeting said the tax could not be intended as a protection for Irish-made films, as fully 90 per cent. of the supply shown in Ireland came from outside countries.

   Over 100 children were confirmed at Beechwood avenue Church yesterday by his Grace the Most Rev. Dr. Byrne, Archbishop of Dublin. The assisting clergy were—Rev. D. Ryan, P.P.; Rev. J. Nolan, C.C.; Rev. P. Keane, C.C., and Rev. J. Doyle, C.C. The children were from Muckross Convent, Wigmore Lodge School, and Milltown National Schools.

   Supt. J. Keegan, Civic Guards, while driving his motor car was held up a mile and a half outside Galway by eight armed and masked men. The leader of the raiders was about to direct his band to search the car when Supt. Keegan remarked that they had better hurry up as troops in lorries were following him. The raiders immediately took to the fields and Supt. Keegan drove off.
Submitted by dja
The Irish Times, 29 March 1923
The following changes, ratifications, and promotions are announced in a General Routine Order issued recently at Army Headquarters :—
— Joseph Ahearne to be Officer Commanding, 42nd Infantry Battalion with rank of Captain.
— Capt. James Ahearne to be Adjutant, 42nd Infantry Battalion with rank of Captain.
Submitted by dja

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