Ireland Old News
Irish Catholic Chronicle And People's
News of the Week
Saturday, 2 November 1867
October 26 at 68 Harcourt street, the
wife of William Jameson, Esq., of twin sons.
October 26, at his residence 70
Thomas-street, Mr. John Kean, jun.- R.I.P.
FENIAN PREPARATIONS AGAINST CANADA
Queenstown, October 29- The City of Baltimore has just arrived, with New York dates to the 19th inst. The Toronto Globe reports the probability of another Fenian raid into Canada during the New York elections, to be held next month. Both political parties are courting Fenian support. The Canadian Government is in possession of full and complete information, and is prepared for any contingency. The commanders of military ports have received their instructions and all are on the alert. Four thousand stand of arms recently arrived at Potsdam. They were restored to the Fenians by the United States Governments having been seized during the former raid.
So far does the Fenian craze appear to have extended in the sister country that everything Irish in now regarded with suspicion, and not even our only National Volunteer Corps had been an exception to the rule. We are informed that when the corps assemble at Somerset House for drill, detectives are sent to watch the proceedings; and when on Friday last the regiment marched out, a considerable number of police accompanied it.-- Irish Times.
CAPTURE OF SUPPOSED FENIAN PRIVATEER.- The Glasgow Herald published the following from its Greenrock correspondent:- "Intelligence has been received in town from H.M.S. Lion, presently stationed at Lough Swilly, that a few days ago a suspicious looking craft being observed in the offing, a boat from the war ship was promptly manned and went in chase. Coming up to the craft, a request was made by the officer in charge of the Lion's boat to the person in command of the unknown craft that she should produce her papers. The request was declined, and intimation was given that the first man who dared to set foot on board would be thrown into the sea. Upon this the strange craft was promptly boarded by the blue-jackets, and the crew, nine in number, of the craft being seized, they were put in irons and taken on board the war ship, where they await orders from the Admiralty. The vessel has also been detained. Details are not given as to the cargo of the captured craft; but as she had no papers on board, and is suspected of being a Fenian privateer, considerable interest is attached to the result of the investigation now being made.
THE MANCHESTER SPECIAL COMMISSION
The Special Commission for the trial of
the twenty-six Fenian prisoners charged with being concerned in the murder of
Police Sergeant Brett, was formally opened on Saturday by Mr. Justice Blackburn
and Mr. Justice Mellor.
MONDAY, SECOND DAY- The
twenty-six prisoners charged with the murder of Police-sergeant Brett were
brought from the New Bailey Gaol to the Assize Courts, at eight o'clock this
morning, under a strong escort of the 8th Hussars and the 72nd Highlanders, who
remained in the building until the close of the proceedings. Arrangements for
the maintenance of order were very complex. The public were admitted to the
court with the same facility as at ordinary assizes. Precisely at ten o'clock
Justice Blackburn and Mellor took their seats and the usual formality of
swearing in the grand jury was gone through. Mr. Justice Blackburn, in charging
the jury, said the special commission only differed in that it was confined to
such crimes as arose out of, or related solely to the outrage recently
perpetrated in that county. Having described the attack on the police van, his
lordship said the grand jury would see a variety of crimes had been committed
beside the assaulting of the police when in the execution of their duty. There
were shots fired, which, although most of them had not taken fatal effect, was
in itself a great crime; but the chief crime was the causing the death of
policeman Brett, and it was this crime which the grand jury would have specially
to consider. He need hardly say that each of these different crimes implicated
the whole of the persons charged-that the persons guilty of the crime of murder
would be guilty of the other crimes; yet each crime would be brought forward
separately, and ???? must be found in accordance with the evidence bearing
on each case; but he would repeat the main point was the murder of Brett. There
was but one shot that was fatal, and but one man could have fired that shot, yet
every one who aided in the attack was equally guilty of the crime of murder with
the person who fired the shot. It was not for the grand jury to direct their
attention to the consideration of which individual prisoner was guilty of that
act, but whether they were convinced from the evidence that the prisoners were
aiding in the act which resulted in the murder of Brett, although they did not
individually fire the fatal shot. He must explain that it was not necessary, in
order to constitute the crime of murder, that the main object should be to kill
a particular individual. Murder was killing by malice aforethought, as it was
called, but it was not essential that there should be the intention to kill one
particular man. The law had always been so laid down, and common sense said that
it must be so. When men associated for the perpetration of an unlawful act
involving violence, which it must be known will be dangerous to human life, if
death ensued from that violence that was the crime of murder, although there
might be no wish to kill the particular individual man was was slain in the
present case. The grand jury could not doubt that every man concerned in the
act, whether in shielding those who made the attack or actually breaking open
the van, or in the act of stopping the van, was party to the unlawful design of
rescuing those prisoners. Then, the fact of the death of Brett showed that there
was the intention to use violence. It was scarcely possible that any man could
have joined in that attack in doubt as to whether resistance would be made on
the part of the police. Further than that, when it was found that these parties
were armed with firearms, the evidence was additionally strong against them. A
man did not commonly use a pistol merely to ward off a blow from himself; its
possession could, therefore have only been with the intention of doing injury to
others. Again, there was the fact that after the discharge of the firearms, the
prisoners still continued to attack the police. He did not mention this a s a
matter of law, but as a matter of practical common sense. There were a
considerable number of prisoners who were not taken on the spot, but at
different periods afterwards. In those cases there was the possibility, of
course, that the witness might be mistaken, as to their identity, but the grand
jury had only to consider whether the men should be put on their trial. If they
thought the evidence against any one of the prisoners was too slight, or if they
were not satisfied that there was no reasonable ground for putting him on his
trial, then, so far as regarded that individual, they would not find a
bill. It was of great importance to the prisoners, and it was also a point
of great importance to the public interest that the evidence should be
dispassionately considered in each case without either weakness in favour of the
prisoners or any feeling of passion as against them.
| The Dublin Commission was
opened on Friday by the Chief Baron and Judge Morris (locus tenens for
Judge Keogh) when the former delivered a charge to the grand jury, who found
true bills for treason-felony against Generals Halpin and Fariola, Colonels
Warren and Nagle, and a number of others. The trials were postponed to Monday,
but in consequence of the continual absence of Judge Keogh were further
put off till Wednesday. Unusual precautions seem to be taken to guard against
any attempt to rescue the prisoners; the outer gates are kept closed and are
strictly watched and guarded, and inside the court almost every second man is a
policeman. Colonel Warren was the first put on his trial, he declared himself an
American citizen and protested against the jurisdiction. His counsel withdrew
from the case.
A SCENE IN COURT
Manchester, Tuesday Evening- This court
proceeded with the trial of five men against whom the grand jury found a true
bill on Monday. Their names are Allen, Larken, Gould, Maguire and Shore. In
reply to an application for the removal of the trail to their Central Criminal
The Transatlantic steamers Scotia and Erin were searched thoroughly at Queenstown on Monday, it being suspected that some Fenian leaders had secreted themselves on board. The search, however, was fruitless.
ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF TWO POLICEMEN
A most daring attempt at assassinating
of two members of the Metropolitan Police was made at a late hour on Wednesday
night at Eustace street, under the following circumstances:- Between twelve and
one o'clock Constable Kenna, 167 A, was on duty at the corner of Wellington-quay
and Eustace-street, when a man came up to him carrying a bundle under his arm.
As he was passing the constable stopped him and was interrogating him respecting
the bundle, when the man suddenly produced a revolver pistol and fired at the
constable's breast, lodging the contents of the barrel in his chest. The
constable fell on the ground. His murderous assailant proceeded up
Eustace-street, towards Dame-street, but before he had proceeded far he was
encountered by Sergeant Kelly, 19 B, who having heard the shot, was hastening in
the direction where it was fired. The sergeant challenged the man, who,
instantly presented and fired his revolver, and shot the sergeant in the breast.
Sergeant Kelly fell and the perpetrator of this double attempt at assassination
made his escape, and has not up to the hour at which we write here, been
arrested. Some women who found the policemen lying bleeding and helpless upon
the street, gave the alarm at the Exchange-court station, and a number of
constables at once proceeded to the scene of this frightful outrage, and as
quickly as possible conveyed the sufferers to Mercer's Hospital where they
received prompt attendance from the medical gentlemen. Dr. Butcher, the eminent
surgeon, was sent for, and speedily arrived. Having examined the men, he
expressed his opinion that the would are likely to prove mortal. The men, on
learning that their lives were in peril, expressed a desire to receive the
ministration of their clergy. The Rev. Mr. Crotty, of the Carmelite Order,
Aungier-street, immediately answered the call and has since remained in
attendance upon the sufferers.
Irish Catholic Chronicle And People's News of the Week
Saturday, 9 November 1867
THE MANCHESTER SPECIAL COMMISSION
MANCHESTER, WEDNESDAY- The trial of the second batch of prisoners was concluded to-day. Mr. Justice Mellor's summoning up occupied two hours and a half. He carefully pointed out discrepancies in the evidence, telling the jury that the testimony of two of the witnesses, Kate Riley and Beck, the railway clerk, could not be accepted. The jury were absent nearly four hours, and returned into court with a verdict of "Not Guilty" against all the prisoners. They, however, remain in custody on one of the minor charges. At the close of the judge's summing up in the above court, Mr. Justice Blackburne sat alone, and another batch of Fenian prisoners were placed in the dock. Their names are Henry Wilson, Thomas Scatley, Michael Joseph Boylan, Michael Maguire, and Wm. Murphy. The Attorney General intimated that in the exercise of his discretion, he should for the present withdraw all the evidence against the prisoners now in the dock except Wilson. The others might be proceeded against hereafter on one of the minor charges. The other prisoners were then ordered to stand down. The court was occupied for the remainder of the day in hearing witnesses against Wilson.
MURDER ON THE ROXBOROUGH ROAD NEAR LIMERICK- A man named John Donovan, a steward of the late Rev. Richard Dickson's was killed yesterday (Friday) by the blow of a stone, inflicted by a man named Whelan from Kilteely, who is arrested. Great praise is due to the workmen of our worthy Mayor, who gave chase to the murderer, apprehended him, and gave him up to the police. The murdered man leaves a wife and four children, the farmer of whom was in his company on the melancholy occasion.--Southern Chronicle.
PICKING THE POCKET OF THE CHAIRMAN OF COUNTY LIMERICK.- John Leahy, Esq., Q.C., Chariman of the county Limerick, concluded the business of the county and city on yesterday, and left by the 4 o'clock train. Before leaving, a respectable-looking man was apprehended by the police for attempting to pick his worship's pocket at the terminus.--Southern Chronicle.
THE WAY THE POOR RATE IS EXPENDED.
The Dundalk Democrat in an article with this heading says:- The poor-rate for the current year, struck on this union, a few weeks since, will amount to the enormous sum of £5,800. As the average number of poor in the workhouse during he year is about 260, one might think this large sum would make them pretty comfortable, as it would afford each the sum of £22.6s per year, and the expenditure for the maintenance of 260 paupers, at that rate, would be £1,690, which, if deducted from £5,800, leaves a balance of £4,110. It is no wonder that many persons cry out against the lavish expenditure entailed on the country in this manner. The cost is enormous, considering the small number of persons relieved. There are on an average about 160 persons on the out-door relief list, and they cost only about £500 a year; and we are certain that the greater portion of he inmates of the workhouse could be supported in the same manner and that they would be better satisfied. The workhouse is an unhealthy place for old and young; and, unfortunately, lazy and not inclined to work. They lead an idle life inside, and when they go out to work they soon get tired and wish to return to the place again. Two years' poor rates would build a factory which would give more than double their number employment. They would then become useful members of society and earn their own bread instead of being quartered on the hard working ratepayers of the union. Indeed, almost the best thing that could be done with the Irish workhouse at present would be to convert them into factories leaving a wing of each for the infirm and the infant children.
Irish Catholic Chronicle And People's
News of the Week
Saturday, 16 November 1867
November 11, at 41 Victoria Terrace,
the wife of Mr. M.J. Leahy, of a son.
November 12, in the Church of St. Laurence O'Toole, Robert Rogers, of Garristown, to Mary Teresa, daughter of the late Mr. Patrick Monks, of Sheriff-street, in this city.
November 10, at the residence of his
father, 151 Pembroke-road, William Francis Camac, aged 27 years. R.I.P.
THE TRIAL OF THE FENIANS AT MANCHESTER
On Friday the trial of John Carroll,
Charles Moorehouse, and Daniel Redden, for riot and misdemeanor was proceeded
with, and the evidence having concluded, the jury, after an absence of town
hours, convicted all the prisoners. The authorities have not relaxed any of the
precautions surrounding the removal of prisoners to and from the court-house.
They are still escorted, as heretofore, by infantry and cavalry; and so severe
have been the duties entailed upon the 57th and 72nd Regiments, in providing the
necessary guards to the court, the gaols, &c., that the men, it is stated, d
not get more, on the average, than two nights rest a week, and are obliged
during a greater part of that time to take their food cold.
FUNERAL OF CONSTABLE KEENA
The body was taken from Mercer's
hospital on Saturday morning at 11 o'clock for transmission to Mullingar where
the family of the deceased reside. While the hearse was waiting about six
hundred police of the several divisions under their respective superintendents
and inspectors, formed along William-street and when the body was brought out,
the large crowd respectfully uncovered. The cortege then moved on in the
following order - A troop of mounted police cavalry under Inspector Ward and
Sergeant O'Callaghan preceded the hearse, which bore white plumes, and
succeeding this was a mourning coach contained the father and sister of the
unfortunate deceased. The members of the various divisions who were off duty
followed in procession in alphabetical order, Colonel Bake and Mr. O'Ferrall,
the Commissioners, and Dr. Nedley, followed in carriages, after which were a
number of cabs. The Lord Mayor was also present. The funeral was moved along
South King-street, down Grafton-street, Westmoreland-street, Sackville-street,
and Dominick-street to the Broadstone. As the force marched in twos the cortege
occupied a great length. Six representatives from each division accompanied the
remains to Mullingar.
Irish Catholic Chronicle And People's
News of the Week
Saturday, 23 November 1867
A CELEBRATED TRAVELLER
Father Molloy, O.P. has lately visited
this remote part of the country. As an antiquary, and to enjoy the genial
properties of Dingle, during his stay of seven or eight days in this town, he
has visited several places of importance to an antiquarian - namely, the
beautiful and far-famed Vestry Harbour, where, we are told, there was once
"for a whole year a terrible slaughter;" Slea Head, from which he had
a full view of all the Blasket Islands, the magnificent, the magnificent bay of
Dingle, the Skelleg Rocks, and Valentia Island; St. Monaghan's grave, which is
thirteen feet long and at its head stands a high "monumental pillar,"
with its Ogham inscription; St. Brendan's house; Keelmalchedar church; the
celebrated Oratory at Gallarus; the historic Fort of Gold, called by the
Spaniards by whom it was built in 1569, Fort-del-Ore; the crumbling ruins of
Ferriter's Castle, the principal seat of that once famous and illustrious
Catholic family who had fought hard and manfully against superior numbers of
well-disciplined soldiers and all that for their creed, for their religion, for
their country and for their God; and several other places of interest but too
numerous for insertion here. After having spent seven or eight days in this
town, and having visited several places of both importance and interest, the
respected Dominican crossed Dingle Bay to enjoy the romantic and picturesque
scenery of Caherciveen and all that district called "South Kerry".
OPENING OF THE MISSION OF CROSSERLOUGH - On Sunday last the Rev. Fathers Alphonsus, Joseph, Leonard, and Clement, of the Order of Passionists, Harold's cross opened a mission in the parish chapel of Crosserlough. The happy scene presented was the source of much joy and consolation to the holy missioners, as well as to the immense concourse that were fortunate enough to obtain admission to the sacred edifice. -- Anglo Celt.
THE BLACKROCK SHOOTING CASE - A man named John Walsh was brought up on Saturday at the Head Police Office, charged with being of the party who fired at Reilly the crown witness on Sunday the 20th ult. He was also charged with having fired two shots at a policeman. Evidence was given and the prisoner was remanded.
At half past nine on Saturday morning the seven men - John Carroll, Charles Moorhouse, Daniel Redden, Thomas Scalley, William Murphy, John Brannon and Timothy Fetherstone, who were convicted at the Special Commission of assault and riot in Hyde-road, were removed from the Salford New Bailey to Millbank convict prison. Their removal was effected very quietly and expeditiously.
Two men named Fe?thy [note: may be Felthy] and M'Garry were arrested on Sunday on suspicion of Fenianism, the one in Lurgan-street and the other in Blackhall-street. They were subsequently lodged in Kilmainham goal under a warrant of the Lord's Justices.
ARRESTS AND SEIZURE OF ARMS IN DUBLIN - Five young men, named Stephen John Hanrick, William Hopper, John Keogh, John Quinn and John Kelly, were charged on Wednesday before Mr Dix at the Head Police office, with having arms in a proclaimed district. The prisoners were arrested in a public-house on the Coombe, on Tuesday evening, and behind the counter the police found eight revolvers loaded and capped, two pistols, and a quantity of percussion caps and ammunition. The three first named prisoners were remanded and Kelly and Quinn were discharged.
LAMENTABLE ACCIDENT TO FATHER LAVELLE - On Friday evening last the dwelling of a poor man in the vicinity of the Rev. Gentleman's house was observed to be on fire, and with that courage and devotion to the cause of the poor which have been so characteristic of his whole life, Father Lavelle was the first to render aid in rescuing whatever he could from the flames. Whilst thus engaged a heavy bar of iron fell from the blazing roof, striking the Rev. Gentleman on the left eye, and forcing it nearly two inches out of its socket. The injury inflicted on the temple and jaw bone is also very serious and there is, it is to be feared, great danger that the use of the eye will be lost. The lamentable event has cast a deep gloom over more than his own flock.-- Connaught Ranger.
THE FENIANS IN AMERICA
The London Times correspondent at Philadelphia writes: "The Fenians are again appearing on the surface. They have made complaints to the government at Washington that Mr. Adams, the American minister, has neglected to urge the British government to release John Nagle and John Warren, held as Fenian prisoners in Ireland. In connexion with this matter, it is announced from Washington that upon suggestion made by the President, Sir Frederick Bruce, just before his death, recommended to his government the release of these men. It is also announced that the United States has appealed to the British authorities to grant an early consideration to the cases of all Fenian prisoners claiming to be citizens of the United States, and the discharge of all against whom no valid charges can be substantiated. Counsel have been employed by the United States government to defend Nagle and Warren at their approaching trial."
THE ORANGE AND GREEN
In union commingle the Orange and Green,
When war spread its wastings with sword and with
Let dissension and discord submerge in the past,
And, oh! glorious that day that our country shall
Then pale! ye passions that flame in the bigots'
Hurrah, then hurrah! for the Orange and Green!
November 15, at Kilrush, county
Kildare, the wife of P. Maher, Esq. of a daughter.
At the Cathedral,
Marlborough-street, John Quinn, Esq, Philipstown, King's County to Eliza,
daughter of the late Patrick Fitzpatrick of this city.
November 19, Luke Connolly, Esq, of
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN DUBLIN
Shortly after eight o'clock on Monday night a fire broke out in the premises of Mr. Waters, bookbinder and machine-ruler, 6 Crowe-street, which was of a most destructive character owing to the quantities of books, paper and other ignitable materials that were in the workshops and stores. The fire brigade, with engines, was promptly up, but owing to some repairs going on at Cork-hill, the necessary supply of water was delayed until the Vestry water from another district of the city had to be turned on into the locality where it was much needed. The flames raged with great violence and fears were entertained that they would extend to the large stores of Messrs. Woods of Crowe-street, said to contain £20,000 worth of sugar, tea, spirits, wine &c., and also to the house of Mr. Percival, jeweller, Temple-lane. As it was found thqt nothing could save the premises of Mr. Waters, every effort was directed to prevent the flames extending to the adjoining concerns, and these efforts were successful. The fire was got under at eleven o'clock, but not until the premises in which it had originated were reduced to a heap of ruins. The cause of the fire has not been ascertained. One of the policemen on duty, while striving to keep back the crowd, was struck with a stone on the head and cut severely. Men of the Fire Brigade remained on duty during the night, and from a hose attached to one of the mains of the Vestry supply, a column of water thirty feet high was kept playing on the debris of the fire, and on the heated walls of the adjoining premises.
FIRE AT MESSRS. GUINNESS'S BREWERY - On Monday evening a fire broke out in a quantity of hay stored in one of the yards of Messrs. Guiness's brewery, James's-gate. The engine of the establishment was soon set to work, and extinguished the flames before much damage had been done.
DUNDALK AND ITS PEOPLE - Anyone who remembers Dundalk some twenty years ago, and contrasts its appearance then with its present appearance, cannot but be struck with pleasure and surprise. This change is not alone remarkable in a commercial point of view, but it is particularly so with reference to its progress in building splendid houses of worship. In this respect we venture to say in all broad Ireland there is now provincial town that can be compared with Dundalk --- Dundalk Express.
THE ESCAPE OF KELLY AND DEASY
The New York sun has the following:
Captain Deasy gives a humorous account of his escape from Liverpool. Having
packed up his trunk with the aid of Colonel Kelly, and disguised himself so as
to defy detection, he proceeded on board the steamship City of Paris, in company
with the colonel, the latter dressed as a porter, and carrying the traps on his
back in the most approved fashion of the fraternity. As soon as they reached the
deck of the vessel, and passed the long lines of detectives without attracting
attention, Captain Deasy gave Colonel Kelly a shilling for his trouble, but the
assumed porter refused to accept such a small amount for so much work, whereupon
the regular porters were called upon to act as referees, and decided that the
ill used confrere was entitled to eighteen pence at least. Kelly was so
demonstrative that the police threatened to arrest him if he did not accept the
shilling and go away, which he thought it better to do, after exchanging a
knowing look with his quondam employer. At Queenstown the captain put on a
careless exterior and passed round among the detectives, discoursing freely
about the emigrants, and making inquiries generally respecting the objects of
the wretched Fenians in keeping up such hopeless crusade against her Britannic
Majesty. In the course of conversation as a matter of course, the daring rescue
of Kelly and Deasy was alluded to and condemned. One of the detectives remarked
that he'd be ____ if they would get away from him if he had them once in his
clutches. In connexion with the escape a very interesting letter had been
transmitted to the Irish People by the man who planned the rescue. he says that
Colonel Kelly and Captain Deasy were returning from a private meeting when they
were suddenly pounced upon by four policemen, and dragged off before they could
draw their revolvers and show fight. When the arrest was made known to the
officials of the Fenian Brotherhood, a vigilance committee was instantly
appointed to prevent their identification by Corydon. Men were posted at the
railway station, the jail, and all the places where the informer was likely to
pass through, but by some chance, owing to the want of identity, he was
permitted to enter the jail. The arrangements for the removal of the prisoners
to jail were duly chronicled at the Fenian headquarters, and eleven trusty men,
well armed with revolvers, were detailed to frustrate them. The moment the van
left the courthouse a cab shot out of the adjoining street containing the
commander-in-chief of the party. It drove along in front at a rapid pace until a
point was gained where the object could be carried out with facility. Not one of
the men who did the work was captured. As soon as Kelly and Deasy arrived at a
given place they parted company, and took temporary refuge in the house of an
old Irishwoman. Kelly disguised himself in a few minutes, started out by another
door and mixed with the crowd. An omnibus passed along just at the moment and he
got into it in presence of half a dozen policemen, who were in the act of
arresting two men on the top of the vehicle, believing them to have been
connected with the rescue. Further on he encountered another batch of policemen,
and waited to learn full particulars of the affair from them. Later in the
evening of the same day Kelly and Deasy returned again to Manchester, and took
up their quarters at the house of a tried friend. Another correspondent from the
same city, also a Fenian, says that Colonel Kelly has concluded to remain in
Irish Catholic Chronicle And People's
News of the Week
Saturday, 30 November 1867
November 22, at Westminster,
Grosvenor-road, Rathmines, the wife of R.O. Anderson, Esq., of a daughter.
November 29, at the Roman
Catholic Church, Borris-in-Ossory, byu the Rev. J. Bi9rch, P.P., William
Delany, Esq. of Rathdowney, to Winny, second daughter of James Farrell,
Esq., merchant , Borris-in-Ossory.
November 24, at her residence 4
Merrion-avenue, Blackrock, after a long and painful illness, borne with
Christian resignation, in the 68th year of her age, Mrs. Mary Jordan,
relief [sic - relict?] of Richard John Jordan, much regretted by her
family and friends. May she rest in peace.
THE MANCHESTER TRAGEDY
The earnest and persevering efforts made to save the lives of the Fenian prisoners at Manchester having unfortunately failed of success, the last sentence of the law was carried out on Saturday morning at eight o'clock on the three prisoners Allen, Gould and Larkin. the crowd was very much smaller than was anticipated and all was quiet. Extensive arrangements had been made by the authorities to insure the peace being preserved. No attempt, however, was made to disturb it, and the number of those who assembled to witness the sad scene was much fewer than was expected. The mayors both of Manchester and the adjoining borough of Salford issued notices urging the people to abstain from being present on the occasion and all the Catholic clergy impressed similar advice on their flocks. We give the following details which will be read with melancholy interest.
THE CONDEMNED MEN
The boat and train which brought me here yesterday morning also conveyed the sister and cousin of Allen, and two sisters-in-law of Larkin. When I got to the prison at ten o'clock I found these poor women seeking admission for the last time to those ill-fated and unhappy men. Inside the iron gate set Larkin's wife and children - mere babes. They were soon joined by his affected mother and a more heart-tearing scene I never witnessed. Words have no power to convey the blank despair - the wild but speechless mercy of these poor women. They were possessed by that dumb, hopeless grief, whose expression was the big unhidden tear that rolled down the wan and emaciated face. But the eloquent and ominous silence twas broken by the presence of young Allen's almost distracted affianced whose low piteous cry and frequent bursting sob compelled the sympathy of all, and made even strangers turn swag. For reasons I daresay unknown, and certainly never to be explained, this miserable band were refused even the hope of admission, and after clinging to those iron bars for hours, they were sent away by authority. Subsequently a message was sent to Allen's mother that she would be allowed in, and his sister, cousins and his youthful betrothed were denied that last interview for which they had come so far. Of Larkin's relatives, his mother, his wife and baby child were permitted to see him. Larkin's mother was greatly excited in the corridors and she approached the cell in which lay her unfortunate son; but she and her companions in misery were soothed by the Rev. McGadd, who had been in continual and immediate attendance on the men since their conviction. He told them to allay their fears, and quiet the expression of their sorrow- that their unfortunate relatives had received in meek submission the never-failing consolations of religion. The reverend father administered the Holy Communion to his charges every alternate morning for the past ten days.
LETTER OF THE MARCHIONESS OF QUEENSBURY
I happened to meet at the jail,
yesterday morning, a young gentleman who was the bearer of good news to
these unhappy men and their afflicted relatives. He came from the Dowager
Marchioness of Queensbury, of ancient Catholic lineage. he was the bearer
of a letter to Father Gadd, in which the noble lady enclosed £100
to be distributed as his reverence should deem proper. Subjoined is the
letter, which is certainly one of the most beautiful ever written-
NIGHT - THE STREETS
About ten o'clock large crowds
began to gather in the streets immediately in the neighbourhood of
the scaffold, but the outer barrier arrested all further progress, and
then these Englishmen sat down. The peculiar characteristic of the nation
was fully displayed by the lively disputes concerning the purchase of hot
potatoes which were being cooked in enormous quantities by machines
resembling fire-engines. Around these were squatted those chattering,
swearing, obscene; but eating assemblages to be found nowhere but in
England. Wrangles and jokes were settled and laughed at, and politics and
Fenianism warmly and energetically discussed. Cans of beer and lumps of
cheese; hot potatoes and squares of bacon; steaming pies and odorous
onions- hodge-podges of marvellous and heterogeneous confusion were
discussed and consumed with a gusto that only the eve of an execution can
bring to the enlightened Englishman. Females sat in these gatherings, and
joined in these disgusting festivals as confidently as if that were the
scene for woman. Young lads and girls sported in high glee in front of the
glaring gas jet that told of the beer-cellar and youthful lips rang out
the ready oath that spoke the culture of degraded parents. A strong
contrast was found in the stolid, stupid, besotted mass that leaned
against the barricade; it stirred not, breathed not, spoke not- but
patiently awaited the chance of improving their position, and with
unruffled and bovine quiet, stayed out the weary night to witness the
strangulation of three human beings. Just before the barricade a wall of
policemen prevented the possibility of entrance. Those who had tickets
forced a difficult way through the crowd that hoarsely shouted in reckless
blasphemy, or roared a line of drunken song, or warmly disputed the
possession of food, or hotly quarrelled for the right to drink, and were
then blocked by that immovable barrier of stolid savages through whose
compact gathering passage was impossible. It was pleasant - if one could
be pleasant then - to know that "the mere Irish" were not of
these brawlers, that the never failing charge of riotous uproar must this
night be laid to the account of the uncouth sons of Lancashire. I learned
on inquiry that the Catholic clergy had inculcated peace and moderation to
their people and especially requested them to absent themselves from
Salford and its neighbourhood during the night of the execution. This
commendable injunction was strictly obeyed and there was no Irish element
in the motley crew whose ugly shadow was thrown in grotesque outline
across the feebly lighted streets. At last I made my way to the Albert
Hotel, a house standing almost fifty yards from the scaffold on the
opposite street. I had learned that 'the fourth estate,' was there and
there only; and soon I found myself in presence of some fifty press-men
from every port of the United Kingdom. At intervals during the night we
dropped out in couples to see the streets, but there was a general cluster
when a Manchester gentleman brought in a copy of an anonymous letter which
had been received by Calcraft, with the pithily illiterate rejoinder of
that worthy man! - "If you hang any of the gentlemen condemned to
death at the New Bailey Prison, it will be worse for you; you will not
survive afterwards." Calcraft immediately sent the note to the
visiting justices of the jails, with this comment - " I have received
the enclosed letter. It seems a serious job. I hope you will look after it
that I shall get home safe again." It seems that the executioner was
in some say worried; and in truth if preparation could ease his mind, he
must have been content. About twelve o'clock the police entered every
house, and took the name and address of all persons who did not
permanently reside therein. It is rather lucky Mr. Calcraft was not shot,
or else we might all have been put on trial on the capital charge in that
"constructive" spirit which marks the administration of recent
law. About two o'clock the fog was dense and bitterly cold. An hour later;
vocalism became popular, and the ringing tones of "John Brown"
from a hundred throats pierced the thick "blanket" of the
night." And thus, in eating, and drinking, and singing, and dancing
,and talking, and swearing, and marching, did these Englishmen hail the
morn whose first light heralded coming and certain death to three men
As the moment drew nigh there was a
stillness in the crowd that might be felt. The jail clock rang out eight
in sharp cold tones, and the units were repeated by the anxious multitude.
At the moment the cap of the officer commanding the Third highlanders
inside the jail appeared above the wall, and soon the gleaming guns moved
briskly towards the scaffold. At two minutes past the hour the door was
opened and Allen appeared. By those who looked up and saw that young but
distorted face, it will never be forgotten. he stepped firmly on the drop,
his wan and convulsed countenance raised to the sky; in his pinioned hands
he clasped the cross, and in agonizing tones fervently cried, "Jesus,
have mercy on us; Jesus, have mercy on us." Calcraft was by his side
instantly, quickly drew the close-fitting white cap over his head, and
threw the noose round his neck. Allen continued to pay loud and fast. The
executioner just touched his hand and turned to receive Gould who
boldly stepped on, raised his bound hand, and laid it on Allen's; he then
kissed him on the cheek, and immediately joined in prayer. At this moment
Larkin stepped on and looked collected, but almost immediately reeled,
staggered, and fell with bent knee and helpless body slightly against
Gould and fainted in the arms of a warder. Gould turned and looked on
Larkin, who was held up while Calcraft with rapid hand adjusted the cap
and noose. A dull crash was heard, and the three ropes sprung to their
utmost length. Allen's was perfectly still, Gould's quivered for a moment,
Larkin's had a rotary motion, and then all was still. The clergymen
continued to repeat the prayers for the dead, standing uncovered over the
suspended corpses. For three quarters of an hour the prayers were
repeated, and then all retired. At seven minutes past nine the door was
re-opened and Calcraft appeared to remove the bodies. He looked a comely
old man, with a large, flowing white beard. He wore a velvet travelling
cap and stood right firmly on the scaffold. With one hand he held the
single portion of the rope, while, with the other, he undid the knot which
ran round the beam. he then held in his two hands the rope from which was
suspended the body; and so on to the end of his foul work. He was assisted
by a young man who is practicing this vile trade in Chester ,and who is
styled in a Manchester paper, " a manly fellow."
The Times says - "When at nine o'clock the bodies were cut down, hardly any persons but those on duty round the spot were present. The remains of the culprits were at once carried down the ladders leading from the scaffold, and taken across the prison yard into a little soil, where they were laid on benches. The straps which had bound them were then removed. and the surgeon came and certified formally as to their deaths. Singularly enough, as far as the expression of their features might be judged, Allen seemed to have suffered most, through he died earliest and apparently without a struggle. The features of Larkin, who jerked the scaffold itself in his convulsive struggle, were as placid as though he had merely fallen asleep. The remains of Gould, too, showed equal signs of tranquility in death as those of Larkin. The hands were opened wide; those of Larkin were merely folded together; but with Allen, who had apparently never moved, the finger nails seemed almost dug into the flesh. About the middle of the day the bodies were buried, without form or ceremony, in the jail passage where Burrows the murderer is laid, the only murderer - indeed, the only other criminal- that has ever suffered death in Salford jail.
| PROFESSION AND
RECEPTION - On the festival of the Presentation, the Convent of our Lady
of Mercy in Ardee was the scene of an interesting and edifying
demonstration, the profession and reception of two young ladies. The Most
Rev. Dr. Kieran, Primate of all Ireland, officiated on the solemn
occasion. the young lady professed was Miss Pally, of the county of Down
and the lay sister was Miss Mary Callan, youngest daughter of Mr. Thomas
Callan, of Shanlis.
LAUNCH OF THE STEAM-SHIP "MULLINGAR" - On Wednesday this magnificent steamer was successfully launched from the building-yard of the enterprising firm of Messrs. Walpole, Webb and Bewley, Northwall. She has been built for the City of Dublin Steampacket Company.
Lady Esmonde, widow of the late Right Hon. Sir Thomas Esmonde, whose death is recorded, has bequeathed the sum of £30,000 to the board of Trinity College as Trustee, for the purpose of building and endowing a classical school in the county of Waterford.
A man named Thomas Francis was arrested on Monday morning at New-street, on suspicion of being a Fenian Centre, and he was conveyed under the Lord Lieutenant's warrant to Kilmainham Prison.
BREAD RIOTS AT BELFAST
On Saturday evening a serious bread riot occurred here, and although it lasted but for a comparatively short time, there was a considerable amount of damage done. A few weeks ago the journeymen bakers of the town made a demand for higher wages, and threatened to go on strike if their employers did not grant it. After some consultation, the master bakers decided to give an increase, and about the same time they raised the price of bread. This course excited general dissatisfaction among the working classes and proposals were freely mooted in the newspapers and elsewhere for the establishment of one or more bakeries on the co-operative principle to enable householders to purchase bread at a cheaper rate. the employers in several of our large foundries and mills held meetings, at which resolutions were unanimously passed condemning the increase in the price of bread as unjust and oppressive, and pledging the people not to purchase any more bread from the bakers until they could obtain it a lower rate. No general public meeting however, was held and yesterday afternoon, when a large assembly of persons met at Carlisle Circus, a piece of waste ground on the Antrim road, to consider what steps should be taken to reduce the present tariff. The meeting lasted about an hour, and on breaking up portions of the crowd attacked the model bakery. Not more than two or three panes were broken when a small force of constabulary arrived, and drew up in front of the building. The crowd then rushed down the road and did not halt till they came to the bakery of Mr. Trueman, T.C., having broken the glass in the windows, they made a sweep of all the biscuits, confectionary, &c, exposed for sale. By this time all the constabulary in town were on duty, and the mayor and resident magistrates were most active in their exertions to preserve the peace. A cry was then raised, "To the public bakery!" (in Church-street) and accordingly to the public bakery they went. A volley of stones through the windows announced their arrival here. Thereupon some one inside fired among them. They then went to the steam bakery, a large establishment belonging to Marsh & Co. and having smashed the glass, took all the bread they could get.
THE MANCHESTER TRAGEDY
Contrary to our most recent hopes and prayers, those of the Fenian prisoners
at Manchester - Allen, Larkin and Gould (or O'Brien) have been put to death,
nominally for the murder of Sergeant Brett, but really for the successful
rescue of the Fenian leaders Colonel Kelly and Captain Deasy. The political
scaffold has thus, after the lapse of half a century, been once more raised
in England. It is well understood, and will be dearly remembered hereafter,
that these men were put to a horrible death because they were Irishmen and
because they strove to the best of their knowledge and power to win their
country's independence. Had that country been England - and not Ireland,
their reward had been, not the gallows, but the Spectator tells us
"something very like admiration and sympathy." It is not a
question for discussion - blood is thicker than water, and millions of
Irishmen feel that a great public crime has been committed, not the less
odious because of its base hypocrisy. Had those men or any others been
tried, convicted, and hanged for treason, the curse of the British
government, however cruel and unwise, would at all events have been
straightforward. But public hypocrisy has ever been a great British talent,
and in this case the utmost advantage has been made of it. The common sense
of the world will, however, scout with contempt the false pretence that
three men were executed for murder. Mankind indeed will be apt to
characterise by the foul name of murder, not the casual death of the
policeman, but the deliberate and dastardly slaughter of the Fenian victims.
At all events Irishmen and have but one feeling regarding this odious
crime, and all who have committed, advised, abetted, or rejoined at it. Nor
is it a feeling that will quickly pass away. In that miserable five minutes
on the scaffold of Manchester a deed was done that has sundered Englishmen
and Irishmen for this generation.
WILLIAM PHILIP ALLEN
a brief sketch of the life of this unfortunate young man previously to his
departure for England. The circumstances of his untimely fate, will, we
presume, render the few facts here submitted interesting to the reader. W.P.
Allen was born in April, 1848, in a well-known village near the town of
Tipperary, and was about three years old when his parents removed to Bandon,
in this county, where he was brought up in the Protestant faith, which his
father professed, while his mother was a good Catholic. At Bandon he was a
constant attendant at the training school conducted under the auspices of
the Hon. Mr. Bernard, for the education of young men designed to fill the
office of district parochial teachers, at the same time, however, attending
the morning and evening schools conducted in the same town by Catholic
masters, under whom he learned the branches of algebra and drawing, being
remarkably proficient in the latter acquirements. While at school young
Allen made himself conspicuous by his intelligence and application - these
qualities attracting the notice of many persons of station. Allen was from
his childhood of thoughtful and studious habits, very imaginative,
exceedingly gentle in his disposition and a great favourite with his
companions, to whom his pleasing manners endeared him. On the occasion of
the visit of some Catholic missionaries to Bandon, Allen frequented the
sessions and religious exercises which marked the mission and his natural
acuteness, aided by the teaching of his pious mother, convincing him of the
error of the creed in which he had been hitherto reared, he became a convert
to the true religion and was received by the Rev. P.P. of Bandon into the
bosom of the church. This was about four years ago, and since his reception
Allen has been a strict and exemplary Catholic. His only sister, now
married, and living in this city, influenced by the arguments of her
brother, followed his happy example and became also a Catholic, his four
brothers, among them a brother Joe, for whom the poor fellow entertained a
particular affection, being still Protestants. Allen was, while yet a youth,
bound apprentice to Mr. Preston, a respectable master carpenter and timber
merchant in Bandon, but from circumstances of a painful nature, which
it is charity now to refrain form publishing, but in which the young
convert's faith was at stake, he felt himself compelled to leave his master
before the expiration of his time, and coming well recommended to this city,
was employed by Mr. Barry M'Mullen, with whom he remained for six months,
when he once more returned to Bandon, whence he proceeded to Manchester, on
the invitation of some near relatives of his residing in that city. The
following affecting letter, which has been entrusted to us for publication,
was entrusted by Allen to his aunt in Manchester, with directions to forward
it to his sister in this city:
MICHAEL O'BRIEN, ALIAS GOULD
Michael O'Brien was born near Ballymacoda, the birthplace of the ill-fated Peter Crowley. O'Brien having reserved a good average education, served his apprenticeship in the establishment of Messrs. Arnott, Grant, and Co., and afterwards spent some time at the Queen's Old Castle. He left that firm for America, where most of his friends reside, some of them in affluent circumstances. O'Brien seized with the pervading ardour of the time, joined the Northern army, and served with distinction through several campaigns. When the regiment to which he was attached was disbanded at the conclusion of the war, he returned to Liverpool, where he got into trouble in connexion with the Fenian movements. The accusation then brought against him fell to the ground and he came to this city, where he obtained employment at the Munster Arcade, where he remained till Shrove Tuesday night when he disappeared and was not hears of again till he turned up at Manchester on the recent melancholy occasion. It will be remembered that on the trial of Co. F.X. O'Brien, who was tried and convicted at the last special commission in this city, frequent reference was made to another Col. O'Brien, who is supposed to have been identified with the deceased. At that trial also a receipt was produced for certain arms taken from the residence of Mr. George Wyse, Newcastle, signed "F. Lomax, Colonel Irish Republic, Sough Cork Infantry." At the trial a man named Kemn swore this signature was the handwriting of Mr. F.X. O'Brien, but the prosecution declared it was not, and it is now supposed the receipt was signed by Michael O'Brien. The Irish police were on the track of deceased since March, but without result. It is supposed that he formed the fourth in the party at Kilclooney Wood, which was completed by Peter Crowley, M'Clure and Kelly on the memorable 18th of September. Deceased was a person of genteel appearance and attractive manners.
LETTER FROM ALLEN
The following letter, the last it is understood that was written by the
ill-fated Allen, previous to his execution last Saturday, has been forwarded
to us and will, were are sure, be perused with a painful interest:-
Submitted by #I000525
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