The Cork Examiner, 3 February 1847

A meeting of the Soup Committee was held on Thursday to receive the resignation of Mr. Wm. Fitzmaurice, Secretary, and to audit his accounts. Present—Rev. S. A. Hamilton, Rector of Mallow (chairman) Rev. D. M. Collins P.P.—Rev. Justin M'Carthy, Rev. John M'Carthy, C.C. Rev. P. A. Going, Clk. ; Messrs. J. Bourke, T. Roche, R. Winn, James Roche, R. B. Barry, M. Ahern, Robert Barry.

Proposed by Rev. D. M. Collins P.P. and seconded by John Bourke Esq., and carried unanimously— Resolved—That the best thanks of the committee are due and hereby given to Mr. Wm. Fitzmaurice for the satisfactory state of his accounts and for his attention to the onerous duties of Secretary. A vote of thanks on the motion of Rev. Mr. Collins was also passed to Sir John M'Neil for his very liberal donation of ten pounds. Sir John has no connection whatever with Mallow.

M A L L O W .
   MALLOW, MONDAY NIGHT.—To give you some idea of the mortality in this neighbourhood, I will quote you the words of Mr. Winn, P.L.G., this day, at the meeting of the Town Commissioners.
   He said, that “on Saturday the dogs rooted up a corpse in the graveyard and were eating it—that people came by night, and bury their friends by stealth—that in many cases, the coffins are not two inches below the surface.”
   As for Coroners Inquests, Mr. Jones is out every day.
   About 6 o'clock this evening, the bodies of five paupers were brought on the Workhouse Cart to be interred in the graveyard. This graveyard is in the centre of the town. What a pleasant reflection for the inhabitants of Mallow during “the dog days.”

Y O U G H A L .
   On Friday last, D. Geran, Esq., Coroner, held an Inquest at Youghal, on the body of a boy seven years old named Wm. Miller. The corpse was taken by the Police while exposed for sale. The following jury were summoned upon the occasion. William Walsh, Thomas Dee, John Forde, John Annour, Leonard Parker, Thomas Treacy, Patrick Brien, Edward Kelly, William Cunningham, Thomas O'Neill, Edward Condon, and Thomas Garivan.
   Mr. John D. Ronayne being sworn, deposed as follows. I am an Apothecary in the town of Youghal ; was in my own shop about one o'clock in the afternoon of Wednesday, the 27th inst., a man, now in Court, whose name I don't know, came into my shop, and asked me did I want to buy a corpse ? I asked was it a man or a woman ? He first said it was a man, and then that it was a boy. I asked the age, and he said seven or eight years old ; asked was the boy coffined and buried ? and he said he was ; asked where the boy was from ? he said from the West, asked was he his own child ? he replied not ; at this moment I was called into my house, and on my return back to the shop the man was gone. In the interim, I saw a Policeman passing bye ; I called him, mentioned the circumstance, and desrcibed the man who was in my shop. In about ten minutes after the Policeman returned with the prisoner, and asked me was that the man that offered to sell the body ? and I said it was. In about three hours afterwards, on the same day, I saw the body of a boy about seven years old in the Police Barracks, Youghal. I never knew anything of the kind to have occurred in Youghal before, nor even knew of the sale of bodies there.
   Mochael Mangan, Sub-Constable, sworn.—I was passing the town of Youghal at midday on the 27th inst., another Sub-Constable gave prisoner in charge to me ; observed a woman, now in Court, standing close by—she had on her back a basket and her cloak over it ; asked what was in the basket ; she said “nothing ;” removed the cloak, and took a little straw out of the mouth of the basket ; and there found, doubled together, the dead body of a boy, about seven years old ; the man and woman were arrested, and brought back to the Barrack ; did not know them ; while under way to the Barrack the male prisoner wanted to state something to me ; cautioned him not to do so, as I would bring it in evidence against him ; on coming into the barracks ; took the basket, with the corpse in it, off the woman's back ; the male prisoner began to state a second time why he brought the child for sale ; was cautioned against doing so, but perservered. He stated that the child was sickly some time before he died ; that it was want that compelled him (prisoner) and his wife to offer for sale the dead body ; admitted the child did not belong to himself ; that he was an illegitimate child, belonging to a sister-in-law of his ; and he reared the child for the last six years, and that his mother went to England.
   Richard Ronanyne, Esq., M.D., sworn—On Monday last was called on to make an examination on the body of a male child, apparently between 7 and 8 years of age—went to the Police Barrack at Youghal, was pointed out the body, doubled up in a basket, and covered with straw ; there were no marks of violence on the body ; on opening it I found the contents of the chest and abdomen perfectly healthy, but there was not a particle of food in the stomach or intestines, nor a particle of adipose or fatty matter ; from all these circumstances, together with the extremely emaciated appearance of the child, is of the opinion he died from hunger.
   The Coroner asked was there any more witnesses, and none appearing, Thomas Miller, the person charged, asked permission to say a few words. The Coroner cautioned him against saying anything that would criminate himself.
   Miller, a poor emaciated looking-man, who was in custody of the police, then came forward and stated —I lived with Mr. Gaggan, of Greenland for the last ten years ; and since the potatoes failed I got 8d. per day, and that was not able to support my family, being six in number. When the public works commenced Mr. Gaggin [sic] knocked off all his men but two. I went then to the public works, earned about five shillings a week, and that would not give my family a meal a day when things got dear. I had to break off from work from want of food ; I went to beg for food among the neighbours, and sent my wife to be taken, in my place for a couple of days at the works —she was refused. I went back to the works again on the following Monday, and was without food from Monday morning till the following Thursday on the works ; I used to take a drink of spring water sometimes and faint every night with weakness, and then turn into bed, not having light or fire, and I left the work on Friday to go a second time a begging. I went to Ballymacoda, to the relief committee, the gentlemen were coming out, I saw there Mr. Fitzgerald and Mr. Egar, the rector of the parish. Mr. Fitzgerald asked me why I was not at work ? I said I was not able, Mr. Egar looked at me, and said “I was not able to work from starvation.” Mr. Egar rode on, and told me to follow after ; I followed, till he came to a house where he sold bread at half price, at Ballymacoda ; he told me to rap at the door ; the woman came out, and Mr. Egar ordered me 2s. worth of bread ; I got it and went home. Having so much bread to share among my children on Friday, I went to the works on Saturday. I was paid my wages on the following Wednesday, 4s., and of this I had to pay 3s. 6d. to Pat Griffin, of Ring, who passed his word for meal for me the week before. I had only 6d. left going home, and took with me the worth of it in bread. I shared the bread among my children, and God knows how little of it I left myself ; the day following I saw the children had nothing, till my wife went when the tide was out to cut Doolamaun (sea weed) off the rocks ; she brought it home, boiled it, put a little salt on it, and on this we were living for days before the child, William Miller, died. I went to work again, on last Tuesday morning and on returning in the evening the child was dead. This statement I am ready to make on oath ; and if you doubt me, ask the Rev. Mr. Egar of Lisquinlan, or Mr. Fitzgerald of Ballykennely, and with the exception of the charge now against me, nothing was ever laid before to my charge.
   The prisoner's wife, a wretched care worn looking woman, with an infant at her breast—said—The reason I was selling the child was from want, and I would do anything to keep the life in my children and in myself ; and this I shall publicly say, however I may be punished by law. A couple of days before the child died, I went to my master's son, John Gaggin of Greenland, for a few turnips to eat ; he said the last of them were in the [illegible] for the horses ; I went then and stole a few [illegible] of boiled turnips for the children ; Mr. Gaggin saw me, and told me never to do it again. I was not able to sweep the house from weakness, and would eat the cat through hunger.
   The Coroner addressed the jury, and told them that exposing for sale a dead body was an indictable offence that would come before another tribunal. It was for the jury to enquire how, and in what manner, the boy Wm. Miller, came by his death. The principle evidence was that of the Doctor, and upon his testimony the jury should return their verdict.
   The jury, after a short consultation, returned a verdict—Death by starvation.
   Same day, inquests were held on the bodies of Margaret and Patrick Croneen, mother and son, who died at the Windmill, near Youghal. It appeared on evidence that the parties lived for days upon turnips, and latterly on the putrid remains of a pig, that died on the premises of a neighbouring farmer, and for days before death they had nothing to eat.
   The Jury at once returned their verdict, finding that Margaret and Patrick Croneen died from starvation.

St. Mary's, Stonehouse, Plymouth
Jan. 27, 1847
DEAR SIR,—I herewith enclose three Post-office orders for £12 10s. to be distributed amongst the poor of Cork, this sum, is the contribution of my poor Congregation, who principally belong to Cork County. I have therefore sent the small sum, which I wish was 600 times as much to you for the benefit of the famishing poor of Cork.
                                          I am, dear Sir, your humble servt,
                                         HENRY RILEY.
The sum so benevolently contributed by the congregation of the Rev. Mr. Riley, has been disposed of as follows:—
Society of St. Vincent de Paul....................£2 10  0
Fever Hospital.............................................2   0  0
£2 to each of the four Soup Depots..............8   0  0
                                                                £12 10  0
The money was distributed in the City, as destitute creatures from all parts of the country throng into Cork.

In the Queen's Bench's on Friday, their lordships gave judgement on the writ of error in the case of Patrick O'Brien, who had been convicted at the last assises [sic] for the county of Clare for the wilful murder of his wife.  It has been argued in support of the writ of error, that the counts were inconsistent in ascribing the death to three causes, which were, it had been urged, contradictory. The Chief Justice gave judgement (which was concurred in by Judges Perrin and Crampton), confirming the judgement of the assize court. The prisoner was then re-committed to the custody of the gaoler of the county Clare, and will be sent back there, sentence of death and execution having been previously passed on him at the assizes.
   DEAR SIR—In my former communication I attempted to direct your most earnest attention to the extreme and wide-spread destitution which prevails in this locality— and promised to state some facts illustrative of the sad and sickening scenes of starvation, pestilence and death which are making a frightful progress. It would be unwarrantable to trespass unnecessarily upon the already crowded columns of your journal. I shall therefore endeavour to be plain and succinct.
   All our calamities can be directly traced to the want of timely and extensive employment. I am in a position to prove that in the parish of Rathcormac, exclusivley of Gurtroe, there are 4,000 human beings entirely depending for subsistence upon daily wages. Work for 337 men has been obtained on roads—and as I remarked in a former letter, there is not a man engaged in the fields. Starvation, pestilence, and death are and must be the inevitable consequence. The melancholy truth is frightfully exemplified in the following cases :—
   John Walsh of Knocknilboulig, with his wife and four children, all attacked with dysentery. The Rev. Mr. O'Donovan, P.P., found them stretched on some filthy moist straw, with no covering beyond the remnant of an old rug, and the wretched rags which they wore by day. When first seen they had been thirty-six hours and tasted nothing but cold water. The floor from the nature of the disease they were affected with was in such a state that too minute description would be downright disgusting.
   James Mackey of Barrynihash, whose wife was sick of fever, complained of headache—his legs all swollen and numerous small blisters on them—was one of a great number of men, who in consequence of a line of road being closed, were thrown out of work, and several weeks elapsed before employment could be obtained for them. Being in the mean time obliged to subsist upon small quantities of turnips and other very inferior food, their constitutions were so worn, that when work was obtainable they became totally unable to struggle against the bad weather to which they were exposed on the roads.
   Denis Sullivan of Glenigaul was similarly circumstanced —for five weeks he supported himself, his wife and six children by begging—five of his famishing children got sick of low fever—three died within seven days—the fourth is not likely to survive many hours—a greater picture of human misery could not be seen than their father, scarcely able to crawl, with his legs all swollen, supporting himself with a spade handle, bearing on his back, tied with a suggaun, the wretched coffin which contained the remains of his child, to the nearest churchyard.
   The Widow Doyle, of Readothigh, is another instance, though unfortunately not an extraordianry one, of the starvation and pestilence which actually threaten to desolate the district. The Rev. Mr. O'Donovan found her and her four children in burning fever, huddled together in a rotten sop of straw, nearly naked. The rain came down in torrents through the thatch. There was not a spark of fire in the miserable hovel. They had not tasted food for three days. The dread of contagion frightened the neighbours from visiting them. The father of this family was the very first victim of starvation in the parish.
   These are a few amongst several melancholy cases wtih which I have been acquainted. They will suffice to convey an idea of the condition of the peasantry. I could adduce one hundred other cases, equally mournful, and resulting from a similar cause. But the misery and degradation which they would depict, could present no distinguishing features from those I have detailed. There is famine and disease almost in every house. The fever hospital, which was built to accomodate fifteen patients, has thirty creatures crammed into it ; fifty or sixty have been sent to our alarmingly crowded Workhouse. It is impossible to predict where the calamity is to terminate.
   Our local exertions, the contributions of Landlords connected with the district, and the efforts of the Relief Committee to alleviate the awful distress, are interesting subjects, which I trust will be elucidated by some other pen.
   I remain, dear Sir, most respectfully,       P.
   Rathcormac, Jan. 31st, 1847

C O R O N E R ' S    I N Q U E S T .
ALTHOUGH it has been our sad duty to record numerous “deaths from starvation,” which have of late given so awful a notoriety to the south and west of the County of Cork, still we have not, ere the present time, in the performance of our melancholy avocation, been compelled to chronicle the fact that two deaths from the want of the merest necessities of life, have occurred in our city within the few preceding days—the undoubted and unimpeachable verdict of a Coroner's Jury attesting to the truth of this startling and truly horrifying fact. An inquest was held on Monday last at one o'clock, in the Shandon Guard House, before Mr. Coroner Jones and a most respectable Jury, on view of the bodies of two young boys, named Denis and John Crowly, who were found dead on Sunday morning in a garret, situate near the Old Market Place, off Mallow Lane, in our City.
   Mathias Crowly, a ghastly and famished-looking poor wretch, about 40 years of age, and apparently once of large and robust frame, but now reduced by hunger, and cold, and other privations, almost to a skeleton, was sworn and examined, and deposed as follows :—Denis and John Crowly, the deceased boys, were his children ; they were aged resepctively three and five years ; before he came to Cork lived in the parish of Glountane, near Mallow, in this County ; had left it more than three months ago for want of anything to earn and came to Cork from hearing the report “that there was plenty to earn there ;” held no ground in Glountane ; his wife and four children two of whom are since dead, came with him to Cork, and was some days without eating a meal ; his wife and children had no means of support except from him, or whatg they sometimes picked up by begging ; after he came to Cork his wife and children went into the Workhouse ; but she stopped there only for three or four days, as Denis Crowly was ill when she went in, and was threatening to show the small pox, and the women there told her if she did not remove them “that they would all die upon her ;” that was more than three weeks ago, since which time he did not get a day's work, and for the three months that he was in the city, only was employed for 7 days ; his son John, after bein removed from the Workhouse, shewed the small pox ; a doctor came to see him one day, but told his wife that he could not do anything for him ; the wife was not able to go out to beg for some weeks, as she had to mind the children, who were so ill ; used to get, after being out all the day, only three half-pence, and sometimes two pence, with which he bought bread to feed a family of six in number ; upon his oath did not get one good meal for the last month, before the one he got the previous night from the police ; seldom got even a bad meal more than once a day, nor did his wife or children get enough to last ; often stinted himself, so that the children should have the more ; Denis was recovered from the small pox more than a week before his death, and was able to eat if he got it ; the other child had the same disease previous to his death ; frequently heard deceased saying “they were dying of the hunger ;” had no bed, and all slept together ; had no covering except an old thin quilt ; had to lie down on the floor upon a little sop of straw ; Denis died on Friday morning, and his brother died on the following morning.
   Dr. W. Beamish being sworn, deposed that he had examined the two bodies ; the younger one had some small pox pustules out on him ; they both presented the appearance of emaciation to the greatest extent he had ever witnessed ; there were no marks of violence on either body ; made a dissection of the younger, and examined the stomach, which he found contracted, and totally destitute of every appearance of food ; the intestines presented no appearance of disease ; the omentum was completely deficient ; and there was not a particle of fat to be discovered on any part of the body ; from the appearance had no doubt in his mind that the cause of death was from starvation.
   In answer to the Coroner, Dr. Beamish said that although he had not made a post mortem examination on the other body, yet from the external appearances, he had no hesitation in saying that the death of the second boy was caused by the same as the other, namely, want of proper food.
   Dr. Beamish further added, that of the two children yet living, one was afflicted with the small pox, and the other was very emaciated, and that something should be done for them quickly. In conclusion, the learned gentleman stated that in the whole course of his professional career, where he was often necessitated to visit the most wretched abodes of misery, that he never saw anything he could compare to the sight that met him on entering the miserable place where the bodies lay.
   Head Constable Ewen Porter, of the Shandon station, in compliance with the wish expressed by the Jury, was next sworn and examined, and deposed as follows—On Sunday morning at half past ten o'clock, a man came to the station, and informed him that there were two children dead, near the Old Market Place, and enquired of him how he could procure the price of a coffin, as he was totally destitute ; went up to the place and saw the two children dead ; it was in a wretched garrett, in an old house, about nine feet by seven ; there was not a stick of furniture to be seen ; neither was there fire nor a single particle of food in the place ; the two children yet alive were lying on the floor on a sop of straw covered by an old quilt, the head of one of them being in close contact with the feet of its dead brother ; the dead children had only their day clothes on, which were in a most ragged state ; the man who called on him at the station, was present with his wife and whom he knows now to be the father of the boys ; enquired of him whether he had any food and he replied not, and stated that he, his wife and the four children were obliged, for warmth, to sleep together on the same little handful of straw ; brough the man down to the Lower Shandon Soup Depot, and got him 7 quarts of soup, giving also one shilling to the wretched wife to buy bread ; a gentleman, who was there at the time, Mr. James Hegarty, gave her some money also the Rev. Mr. Russell visited the place also with him and remarked to him, on coming out, “that no such case occurred even in Skibbereen ;” acting on the advice of the Rev. Mr. Foley, he attended on the previous day a meeting that was held at the Shandon Station, and the gentlemen present subscribed money very liberally, with which he relieved on that day over 180 persons ; never saw such destitution in his life ; but in all cases they were from the county ; thought it right, from the awful circumstances atending the present case, to call the Coroner's attention to it.
   Sergeant Gale also detailed several cases of the most fearful destitution, which had come under his own observation, and Mr. John Gallway requested of him to inform him of the names and residences of the parties, that he might bring the cases before the Society, to which he belonged—he meant the admirable Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, which he knew, although they had but limited funds, would endeavour to mitigate such fearful misery.
   The Coroner briefly summed up, calling their attention to the nature of the testimony of the Doctor, when the Jury, without the least hesitation, returned the following verdict :—“That we find that the said Denis and John Crowly came to their deaths from the want of the common necessities of life.”
   The gentlemen comprising the Jury, who expressed several times during the investigation, their anxiety that the details should go fully before the public, that something must be done to arrest such fearful destitution as that elicited before them that day, subscribed most liberally before they retired, for the relief of poor Crowly and his family, and the Coroner made an award of Ten Shillings for the same charitable purpose, the money to be entrusted to Sergeant Porter.

Submitted by dja

The Cork Examiner, 12 February 1847

T R A C T O N .
The following circular, written by the Rev. Mr. CORKRAN, and intended to be sent to friends in England, will afford the reader a painful but correct picture of the state of his unfortunate parishioners :—
Ballyfeard, Carrigaline, Cork, Jan. 26, 1847.   
   May I beg your charitable and energetic interference with your Relief Committee in favor of the starving poor of the Union of Tracton, barony of Kinalea, County of Cork.
    The district subject to the Ballyfeard Relief Committee, of which I am a member, comprises a territory of three miles radius (ever remarkable for the cultivation of potatoes,) it contains 1200 destitute subjects for relief, each on average having five in family. Of these 700 are employed on the public works, earning from 4s. to 6s. per week, and paying 2s. 9d. per stone for Indian Corn Flour. Life thus sustained is but a protracted death.
    The destitute unemployed on the Public Works, are in a state of appalling misery, which I will not, because I could not, describe. They are to my own knowledge frequently without tasting food for 48 hours, and then glad to get raw turnips, cabbage, or sea-weed, which they greedily devour.
    Some sustain life by visiting in troops the houses of the gentry, some by casual charity, some by plunder. Our Union Workhouse is full. The weekly average of deaths in my parishes, from slow starvation is four ; three such cases occurred this day, namely—Denn, of Faranbuen, Cummins, of Ballinvulling, and Lyons, of Ballingarry. The last (an able-bodied young man, aged 27) applied to our committee yesterday for work, after a hard competition he succeeded in getting it, went home, and died of starvation, (since I wrote the above, a Coroner's jury has declared it starvation.) I have established two soup kitchens in these parishes, which I must speedily close for want of means ; if your committee aid me to support them they may save the lives of hundreds of their fellow-subjects, who are not without claims on British benevolence, and whose terrific misery is not of their own creation.
   I have the honor to be, yours very truly,
Union of Tracton.    

   SIR—I beg leave most respectfully, through the medium of the columns of your very impartial paper, to call the earnest attention of the Mayor and chief Authorities to the awful position of this locality (Douglas Street) is at present placed in in consequence of the burial of upwards of 140 bodies from the Workhouse, in St. John's church yard which are interred in pits containing each 40 bodies as I am informed from unquestionable authority.
   The consequences which will ensue not only to Douglas Street but the whole city are awful to contemplate—A pestilence must arise if interments continue thus almost in the heart of the city on such a wholesale scale unless the most instant and stringent measures are adopted by the Mayor to remove these awful proceedings from the city.
I am, Mr. Editor, respectfully,
MR. BARRY, the box-keeper, whose courtesy and attention are so well known to, and appreciated by, frequenters of the Cork Theatre, will take his benefit on Monday night, under the patronage of Jeremiah Stack Murphy, Esq., High Sherriff of this City ; on which occasion a military band will attend. Mr. Barry has also been fortunate enough to obtain the patronage of the Officers of the garrison. Mr. Barry is so well known, and so much liked for his obliging disposition, that it will be superfluous on our part to do more than call attention to the fact that his Benefit will come off on Monday night, to ensure, what he deserves, a "Bumper."

ROBBERY OF A BANK PARCEL.—A parcel of Bank notes, containing £1,520., forwarded by the manager of the Tipperary Joint Stock Bank of Nenagh to Limerick, per the small coach on Saturday morning last, was extracted from the place where it was deposited in the coach before its arrival in Limerick. The coach has been driven for some time back by a man named Silk, in consequence of the illness of the regular driver (John Corboy). There were three persons inside, one of whom was a young man named Corboy, son of the old driver, upon whom suspicion has fallen, and who, we learn, has been apprehended in Limerick.—Nenagh Guardian

In Clare-street, Limerick, the lady of Mr. Charles Hall, of a daughter.
At the Mall, Waterford, the lady of John Strangman, Esq., of a daughter.
On Monday morning, at Fleming's-lane, Baggot-street, Dublin, the wife of James Moore (a man in the employment of Messrs. Wright and Stanley), of three children, all alive and doing well, which makes seven in three births, having had twins twice before.
Feb. 6, at Manchester, the lady of Capt. Pitcairn, Staff Officer of Pensioners, of a son.

Feb. 9, by the Rev. Dr. O'Carroll, John G. Reynolds, Esq., co. Sligo to Anna Maria, second daughter of David Daly, Esq., Fitzwilliam-street, Dublin.
In Christ Church, Cork, Arthur Doyle, Esq., to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late Mr. Taylor, both of Dublin.
On Sunday morning last, at the bride's residence, Dominick-st., Limerick, Mr. Patrick M'Nulty, George's- street, to Miss Leonard, only daughter of the late Mr. P. Leonard.
On the 8th inst., at Christ Church, Waterford, by the Rev. A. Seargent, Edward Lawlor, Esq., Solicitor, of Tralee, co. of Kerry, to Ellen, youngest daughter of Wm. Lawlor, Esq., late of H. M. Customs, and niece of Commander John Longchamp, R.N.

On the 31st ult., at the house of her mother, 159, Duke-street, Limerick, in the 22d year of her age, Mary Anne, eldest daughter of the late Capt Wm. Turnbull (merchant service,) of the city of Cork.
At the age of 21, Charlotte Mary, daughter of the late Richard Jeffers, Esq., of Springmount, near Belgooly.
Feb. 9, at 20, Kildare-street. Dublin, aged three years, Catherina Anna Maria, second daughter of William Roe, Esq., of Rockwell, co. Tipperary.
At Bath, Mrs. Fitz-Gerald, widow of Edward Fitz- Gerald, Esq., of Caragran, in the co. of Clare, and mother of Sir Willam Fitz-Gerald, Bart., in the said county.
On Tuesday, in Mary-street, Limerick, rather suddenly, Mr. Henry O'Brien (chandler).
On Thursday evening, at his residence, Ballysimon, Mr. David Kelly, deservedly regretted.
At Drommin Lodge, near Delgany, Frances, relict of the late George Maunsell, Esq., of Milford, Collector of Limerick.
Submitted by dja

The Cork Examiner, 15 February 1847

   The Rev. D. M. Collins, P.P., Mallow, and his respected curate, Rev. Justin M'Carthy, start on to-morrow (Tuesday) for London, in accordance with the resolutions of the clergy of Fermoy.

B I R T H S .
   On Thursday last, at Callinafercy, county Kerry, the Lady of Wm. Miles, Esq., of a daughter.
   On Wednesday last, the Lady of Hugh Power, Esq., of Carrig Castle, co. Waterford, of a daughter.
   On Monday morning, the Lady of Richard Hayes, Esq., T.C., Merchant's Quay, Waterford, of a son.
   On the 10th inst., at Belfast, the Lady of Richard John Moore, Esq., Supervisor of Excise, of a daughter.

M A R R I E D .
   On the 13th inst., at Christ Church, by the Rev. Wm. E. Williamson, Arthur A. Boardman, Merchant, to Mary, youngest daughter of the late George Wood, Esq., of this city.
   On Saturday morning, in Tralee, by the Rev. Robert Eagar, brother of the bride, and subsequently by the Very Rev. John G. M'Ennery, VG, P.P., Henry M'Mahon Eagar, Esq., 90th Light Infantry, eldest son of Jeffery Eagar, Esq., to Kate Avice Spring, second daughter of James Day Eagar, Esq., of Prince's-quay.

D E A T H S .
   At his residence, York-street, last evening, Mr. John Seymour, after a short illness. He was a devoted husband and father, a good friend, and an honest man.—May he rest in peace.
   On the 10th inst., at Clonmeen, Miss Sheehan.
   At her residence, 4, Welton-square, Dublin, Maria, the beloved wife of Nicholas King, Esq., M.D., deservedly regretted by her respectable friends in the co. Kerry.
   At Laccamore, co. Kerry, on the 8th inst., Catherine, the beloved wife of Mr. Denis Shanahan, sincerely and deservedly regretted by a numerous circle of friends.
   On Friday night, in Georges-street, Limerick, from the effects of gastric fever, Catherine Anne, the beloved daughter of Edward Bernard, Esq.
   On Friday, in Limerick, Michael Bevan, Esq., late of Camass, near Bruff.
   DEATH OF HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND.—We regret to state that his Grace the Duke of Northumberland, departed this life at an early hour on Thursday morning. The melancholy event took place at Alnwick Castle, Northumberland. His Grace had been suffering from a slight attack of influenza, but there was nothing to excite the suspicion of his friends. About seven o'clock on the morning in question, on one of his servants entering the bed-room, he found his worthy master, as he supposed asleep. Having spoken to him, but without receiving any answer, the servant became apprehensive that his Grace had expired, and upon calling for assistance such was found to be the fact. His Grace was in his sixty-second year, and was universally beloved by all parties.
Submitted by dja

The Cork Examiner, 17 February 1847

   SCOTCH HERRINGS. 14s. 0d to 16s, per barrel ; Norway, do 00s
   NEWFOUNDLAND DRY CODFISH, £10 0s to £12 0s per Ton.

B I R T H S .
   February 14, at 1, Upper Pembroke-street, Dublin, the Lady of Richard Augustine FitzGerald, Esq., of a son.

M A R R I E D .
   February 12, at St. George's Church, Dublin, by the Rev. W. H. Krause, Major John Rowley Heyland, 35th Regt, to Jane, eldest daughter of W. P. Lunell, late of Great George's-street, Rutland-square, Esq., deceased.

D E A T H S .
   This morning, at his house, in Shandon-street, Mr. Cornelius Sullivan, a man of the purest mind and heart, of the strictest morality, and so entirely esteemed for the stainless integrity of his conduct, that he numbered amongst his sincerest friends many of those, who were most opposed to the opinions he conscientiously maintained.
   Last night, at his house, North Chapel-sreet, Mr. Wm. Holland.
   On Monday, at his house, Patrick's-quay, Mr. William Power, a respectable and patriotic citizen, at the advanced age of 73.
   On Sunday last, at the residence of Jeffrey Eagar, Esq., Tralee, of paralysis, Mrs. Charlotte Eagar, relict of the late Rowland Eagar, Esq., J.P., Collector of Excise for the county Kerry, and daughter of the late Henry Blennerhassett, Esq., of Dublin. Mrs. Eagar was in her 85th year when death put a period to her earhtly sufferings.
   On the night of the 11th inst., of fever, at her father's house, Square, Dungarvan, in her 19th year, Ellen Mary, the eldest and beloved child of Mr. Michael Mahony.
   William Beamish, Esq., late of Dinan, France, aged 63.
   At Rathcormac, on Saturday morning, 14th instant, after a lingering illness which he bore with christian resignation, Mr. Richd. Evans, greatly deplored by a large circle of relations and friends.
   On Sunday, at Glanworth Glebe, the Rev. John Brinkley, elder son of the late Bishop of Cloyne, aged 54 years.
   At Rose-hill, on the 10th instant, William Peard, Esq., in the 76th year of his age.
   At Summer-hill Cottage, on Friday, the 12th instant, Catherine Morris, eldest daughter of the late Nathaniel Evanson, Esq., of Four-mile-water Court, in this county.
   At his residence, Kingston Cottage, Mitchelstown, on the 8th inst., Mr. Edward Bury, at an advanced age of 84 years.
   On the 31st ult, at his residence in Upper Bedford- place, London, Benjamin Winthrop, Esq, in the 81st year of his age.
   On the 7th instant, at his residence, Erkindale, in the Queen's county, Edmund Boyes, Esq. late of the 45th Regt, and eldest son of Colonel E. F. Boyes, of the same Regiment.
   February 9, Lieutenant Colonel Ratcliffe, K H, late of the Iniskilling Dragoons.

   NOVEL APPLICATION OF ETHER.—On Thursday ether vapour was applied to a vicious horse, the property of Mr. G. Hughes, of Godstone, whilst it was shod, an operation which it had been found impossible to perform otherwise.
   One hundred passengers have secured berths in the Undine, of this port, which sail hence for New York, on the 15th instant. The fare for adults in this splendid schooner is £4, and the majority of those about to emigrate are small farmers and servants, from Tipperary, Clare, Ballingarry, and Pallaskenry—Limerick Chronicle.
   John Molony, victualler, Newtown market, Limerick, has purchased three Kerry heifers, fed for Lord Clarina, at £60 10s.
   REPRESENTATION OF NEW ROSS—It is stated that this borough has become vacant, in consequence of the resignation of the Hon. Captain Gore.

T H A N K S .
   The Very Rev. Thomas Barry, P.P., of Bantry, gratefully acknowledges 10l per John F. Maguire, Esq., from the Order of “Odd Fellows” of Cork, on behalf of their generous brethren in England. Also 21l from Maynooth College—viz., Rev. Dr. O'Riely, 5l ; Rev. Mr. Farrelly, 5l ; Rev. Mr. Tully, 5l ; Rev. Dr. Callon, 5l ; Anonymous 1l. Also 1l from Daniel O'Brien, of London, a poor working man, but a native of Bantry. 10s from Mr. Henry Reed, North Main-street, Cork ; 20l from the Men employed in London Gas Works, Vauxhall, the greater number of whom are Englishmen ; the sum was handed by Mr. Barnes to the Rev. Mr. Cotter, St. George Chapel ; and 1l from Right Rev. Dr. Clancy, Bishop of Oriense.
   The Committee acknowledges the following sums :—Sir J. J. Guest, Bart, M.P., London, for food for children in Embroidery School, per Mrs. Paul M'Swiney, 5l ; The Very Rev. Theobald Mathew per do 1l ; George Mazon, Esq, South Terrace, per do 1l ; Robert Bailey, Esq., per do 1l, from the “Odd Fellows” Society of England through their brethren of Cork, by John F. Maguire, 10l, William Baird, Esq., Rose Mount, Ayrshire, for food, per Mrs P. M'Swiney, 1l.
   Richard Quin, P.P., Four-mile-water, has received through John Gould, Esq., of Cork, for the relief of the distressed in my parish, 10l, a portion of the sum transmitted to him by Messrs. Jones &c., for distribution in the poorest localities.
   The Rev. T. Waggete has received from the Right Rev. Dr. Murphy, per Rev. R. Taylor, PP, 10l ; James Howe, Esq. 1l, Hibernicus Scott, Esq. jr., per Richard C. Pratt, Esq. 1l ; Messrs. O'Callaghan, 2l, for the Kilbrittain Soup Kitchen.
   Hirwaine, Feb. 9, near Murthyr Tidpil—My Dear Sir—Having received a circular from the Cork General Soup Relief Committee, I find your name, I have taken the liberty of addressing this with its contents for the Committee through you. I am only sorry we cannot make more to meet the wants of your poor. Your acknowledgement per return of post will oblige, yours truly, David Davis. D Davis, 5l ; Mrs Davis 5l ; Colliers at Bally Glass 1l ; do, at Blain Guaren, Steam Colleries 2l ; P Taylor, Esq 1 ; J Watkins, 10s ; Mrs Ann Shaw 10s ; W Shaw, jun. 10s ; J H Sirly, 10s Collected at Wesleyan Chapel, 2l 13s 9d ; do at Baptist do 3l 8s 3d—22l 2s. To R. Gould, Esq, Cork.
   Head Constable Condon received 1l from Archdeacon Kyle for the houseless poor ; 5s from J Walsh, Esq. and 10s from William Biggs Lane, Esq, Glanmire, for same purpose.
   Mrs. Nicholas Murphy gratefully acknowledges the receipt of 10l from the Countess de Chatauvilliard, and 2l from Mademoiselle de Chatauvilliard, Paris, for the relief of the poor, which she has thus allocated—4 Cork Soup Houses 8l ; Sisters of Charity 2l ; Sisters of Mercy 2l.
   Mr. P Pennington thankfully acknowledges the receipt of 10l, the donation of John Croall, Esq, Edinburgh, for the relief of the destitute poor of Cork.
Submitted by dja

The Cork Examiner, 19 February 1847

T H A N K S .
   The Sisters of Mercy beg to acknowledge having received 1l from the Countess of Chateauvilliard, Paris, per Mrs. N. Murphy ; 1l from Miss Hayly, Tuckey-street, per Rev. W. Cunningham, and 5l from the Society of “Odd Fellows”, per Right Rev. Dr. Murphy, for the relief of the poor.
   Rev. Edward G. Jones has received for the poor of Kilmurry—The Duke of Devonshire, 15l ; the Earl of Bandon, 5l ; the Right Rev. Dr. Murphy, per Rev. James Daly, P.P., 4l ; Charles Beamish, Esq., £10 ; the Society of Friends, 10l ; and a boiler from Sackville Street Association.
   John T. Beale Treasurer Moviddy and Kilbonane Relief Committee, thankfully acknowledges the receipt of 4l from the Right Rev. Dr. Murphy, by the hands of the Rev. James Daly—also two boilers from the Irish Relief Committee, 16, Sackville-street.
   Head Constable Crowley begs to acknowledge the receipt of 1l from Jeremiah Stack Murphy, Esq., High Sherriff, for the relief of extreme cases of destitution.
   Very Rev. T. Mathew gratefully acknowledges 115l from the Citizens of Paterson, New Jersey, United States ; from Lynchburgh, Virginia 10l ; from J. R. Bayley, Esq., New York 2l 4s ; from [illegible] Grant, Esq., “Morning Advertiser,” 5l 5s.
   The Sisters of Charity most gratefully acknowledge the have received 5l from an English Convert, for the relief of the poor, through James Minhear, Esq.
   My Dear Sir—With most sincere pleasure I forward to your care ten pounds, to be distributed amongst the different Constabulary Stations in the City and Suburbs, to enable the Police to procure a night's refuge for the houseless poor. The children who are left thus exposed, rending not only the air, but our hearts, with their piteous cries, are to be the peculiar objects of your solicitude—loss of limbs, and probably of life, will be the fatal consequence, unless those helpless orphans, will be rescued from exposure to the wet and cold of this rigorous season.—I am, with high respect, dear Captain Walker, yours most sincerely, Theobald Mathew.
   Mrs. Donovan acknowledges having received 60 yards of strong calico, for distribution amongst the poor of Clonakilty, from Miss Calnan, Charlotte- quay, Cork.
   The Treasurer of the St. Patrick's Orphan Asylum, thankfully acknowledges the receipt of 1l from a Teetotaller, per the hands of the Very Rev. T. Mathew.
B I R T H S .
   On the 16th inst., at the Glebe-house, Passage West, the Wife of the Rev. W. T. Day, M.A., of a son.
   On the 14th inst., at his residence, Prospect-hill, Limerick, the Lady of William Burrows Humbly, Esq., of a son.
   On the 12th inst., at Knocknanaffe-house, the Lady of R. G[illegible] Creagh, Esq., of a daughter.
   On the 6th ult., at Primrose Cottage, Toronto, Canada, the Lady of T. R. O'Dell, Esq., of the Grove-house, Ballingarry, county Limerick, of a son.
   On Thursday last, at Callinaferdy, county Kerry, the Lady of Wm. Miles, Esq., of a daughter.

M A R R I E D .
   On Tuesday morning, in Denny-street, Bryan Purcell, Esq., of Kilrush, Solicitor, son of Edmond Purcell, Esq., Trallee, to Hannah, only daughter of the late Wm. O'Leary, Esq.
   February 12, at Nonington, by the Rev. Charles T. Plumpire the Rev. Algernon Coote, Rector of Marsh Gibbon, Bucks, third son of Sir Charles H. Coote, Bart., M.P., of Ballyfin, Queen's County, to Cecilla Matilda, eldest surviving daughter of John Plumpire, Esq., M.P., of Fredville, in the county of Kent.
   On the 13th inst., at St. George's Church, Hanover- square, London, John Philpot Curran, Esq., of the Inner Temple, Barrister, to Margaret Grace, youngest daughter of Capt. Hayes, R.M., of St. George's-Terrace, Hyde-park.
   On the 16th instant, in Tralee church, by the Rev. W. A. [illegible] and afterwards by the Rev. Dr. M'Ennery, P.P. and V.G., Edward, eldest son of Mr. Richard Pitts, of Newcastle, to Anne, third daughter of Mr. John Poyntz, of Tralee, apothecary.
   At Keelmalkeader church, county Kerry, by the Rev. [illegible] Blakely, David Monks Neligan, Esq., eldest son of William Neligan, Esq., Dingle, to Fanny Pierre, fourth daughter of Mr. George Ward, Ballydavid.
   On Tuesaday, the 16th inst., at Rincurran church, by the Rev. Richard Graves Meredyth, Alexander, eldest son of James Roche Dean, of the Cove of Kinsale, Esq., to Elizabeth, only daughter of Charles Newenham, of Snugmore, near Kinsale, Esq.

D E A T H S .
   On the 17th inst., at his residence, Barrack-street, in his 71st year, Mr. Daniel Sullivan.
   At Cove, on the 16th inst., Frances, daughter of the late Rev. Edward Herbert Kenney, Rector of Kileen, in this county.
   At Mitchelstown, on the 17th inst., aged 5 years, John, the beloved child of Mr. John Scannell.
   On the 10th inst., in Dingle, of paralysis, Mr. M. M'Donough.
   At the Canal House, on Monday, John Blair, Esq., for the last 30 years, Pro Collector of Excise in Limerick.
   We regret to announce the decease of the Countess Dowager of Shrewsbury.
Submitted by dja

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