The Cork Examiner, 2 October 1846
   STRANRAER, SATURDAY.—Yesterday afternoon intelligence reached this place of a dreadful collision occurring in the Irish channel, about ten miles off Troy Islands, on the night of the 25th instant, by which a large vessel ran into and foundered a schooner, named the John Lloyd, belonging to Belfast. The particulars are reported to be as follows:—On the night in question the schooner, which was heavily laden, was beating up the north channel for the Clyde, from Archangel, when about 12 o'clock a large vessel was observed making downwards. Whether the ordinary look-out was kept on board the vessels is not known, but it appears the position of the schooner was not seen until she was close under her bows, and ere she could be brought round the collision took place. The schooner was struck nearly amidships, and was cut down to the water's edge, her foremast and mizenmast going over at the same moment. After they had parted the ill-fated vessel was found to be sinking, and in a few minutes she went down in deep water. Three only of the crew were saved, the remainder, who, it is supposed, were asleep in their berths, were either crushed to death or drowned in their hammocks. The survivors escaped in the boat, which fortunately had been clear of the wreck. The crew of the ship, which has been ascertained to be the Lord Dufflyn, of Belfast, were for some time after the collision fearful that she also sustained serious damage ; and before they had ascertained the extent of injury, the wind and the tide had carried her some distance from the spot of the accident, which will account for their not rendering assistance to the schooner. The ship put back to Belfast to make good her damage ere she could resume her voyage to New Orleans. The survivors of the schooner remained in the boat for twelve hours, and being perceived by the Julia, of Greenock, from Calcutta, they were taken on board. The poor fellows were much distressed, and the treatment they met with from the crew of the Julia is spoken of in the highest terms. They were landed at Greenock on Wednesday, and being furnished with the necessary means, were forwarded to their respective homes.

   The great fair of Ballinasloe will open on Saturday next for show and sales commence on Monday.
   Judge Torrens offers premiums to all his tenantry in Derry, to grow a crop of rye.
   Quantity of potatoes to Limerick market in the last week, 317 carloads, which is less by 111 than the week before. The supply is of the worst quality, and the highest price ; they average 6d. to 8d. per stone.
   The blight is become very general in the potato fields of Belgium and Prussia, so as to cause much alarm.
   The Lord Chancellor has been pleased, on the recommendation of the Earl of Bandon, to appoint Joseph Coghlan, Esq., of Ballygarvan, to the Commission of the Peace for the County Cork.
   The Earl of Fingal is to be the new Knight of St. Patrick.

   A SKIBBEREEN correspondent, Mr. J. O'Callaghan, has supplied the following particulars with respect to the state of labour on the Public Works lately commenced in that district:—
   On Wednesday a number of labourers, who had been employed in this town during a few days, appeared in a state of considerable excitement, and protested in a body against the remuneration they received at breaking stones for the purpose of macadamizing the streets. Mr. Gaynor, assistant to the county surveyor, appeared in the crowd, and said it should be done in future by contract. The men declared it was totally impossible for them to do more work, as the stones they were breaking were as hard as anvils (large field stones). They were unanimous in saying that death by starvation was preferable to what they were suffering. They then ceased to work, and joined a number of unemployed persons who were patrolling the streets in search of employment, forming a very large party.
   On the same day, a little child was brought before the magistrates court, L. J. Fleming and M. Galwey, Esqrs., presiding, charged with stealing one turnip, the property of Thomas Morris, Esqr. The child was placed on the table, when the Bench, after minutely investigating the case, dealt most mercifully with the young culprit. After a lengthened and paternal admonition he was discharged, having been cautioned never again to be guilty of a similar offence.
A DONKEY, which is the property of a gang of locomotive tinkers at Blackpool, after being liberated from work on Saturday, commenced disporting himself in a manner quite unbecoming the gravity of his race. After performing several feats, with almost the agility of a roebuck, apparently for his own amusement, “Neddy,” charged at a ditch, which he cleared in sporting style. This achievement brought him into a field, where a little girl was stationed who, observing the singular gambols of this eccentric customer immediately ran off, and was hotly pursued by the animal. She was soon overtaken by her pursuer. The brute seized the child, threw her down, and deliberately descending on his knees, he commenced to tear the skin off her head. A man named Patrick Murphy, seeing the occurrence from a distance, hurried towards the spot, on which the donkey relinquished his hold of the head. Before Murphy could prevent him he again seized her by the arm, and, after throwing the child to a considerable distance, retreated with astonishing sagacity to avoid the retribution which awaited him. The girl was removed, with the blood streaming profusely from her head, to the Infirmary, where she at present remains. On the first examination the Physician in attendance stated, that if the animal's tooth had penetrated the eighth of an inch lower down, death would have been the instantaneous result ; but at that time he expected she would recover from her injuries.

   THE PEERAGE—ASSUMED NAMES.—The Duke of Wellington is not a Wellesley ; his real name is Colley ; his grandfather, Richard Colley, assumed the name of Wesley (now modified to Wellesley), without having a particle of the blood of that family in him, but merely because he succeeded to the Wesley estates, under the will of a distant relative. The Earl of Clarendon is not a Hyde ; his only connexion with that noble family resides in the fact that his grandmother was the grand-daughter of Henry Hyde, the last Earl of Clarendon of that line ; paternally the Noble Lord is Villiers. The Duke of Northumberland is not a Percy ; his real name is Smithson, and his ancestor paternally was Sir Hugh Smithson, who took the name of Percy, and received the honours of that house under a new creation, solely because his wife's grandmother was a Percy. The Marquis of Normanby exhibits a still wider excursion in search of a title, which seems ancient, but is not really so. His Lordship has not a particle of the Mulgrave or Normanby blood in him. His great grandmother, when she married Mr. Wm. Phipps, was the widow of Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, who was also Marquis of Normanby and Baron Mulgrave ; thus Constantine Phipps, her son, contrived to get a re-creation of a title belonging to his mother's first husband, whom he had never seen, and whose descendant he was not. Lord Stafford is not a Wentworth ; Lord Wilton is not an Egerton, although he has assumed that name. Lord de Tably is not a Warren, which designation he now assumes ; nor a Leicester, which name he bore a few years ago ; he is, in truth, the descendant, paternally, of a certain Gregory Byrne, of the Queen's County in Ireland, whose successors, having married two or three Cheshire heiresses, seized upon the name of those ancient houses. The Duke of Marlborough is not a Churchill ; his real name is Spencer ; and he is only connected with the great military commander by the fact that his ancestor married the celebrated Duke's daughter. Earl Nelson is paternally a Bolton ; his father was Thomas Bolton, and his grandmother was the immortal Nelson's sister. The Marquis of Anglesey is not a Paget—his father's name was Bayly. The surname now used by Earl de Grey is the same as his title ; a few years ago he called himself Weddell, but his real name is Robinson.—The Topic.

   CANAL TO THE SHANNON—The Rev. Nicholas Power and Mr. P. Meara, chairman of the Nenagh Town Commissioners, have waited as a deputation on the Lord Lieutenant, to induce the government to make a Canal from Nenagh to the Shannon, and we are glad to say with perfect success.
   The schooner Lyra, a Liverpool trader (Mr. Orr), with wheat to Mr. Comerford of Galway, is wrecked on the coast of Spiddal.
   The packet-ship Shenandoah, from Philadelphia, brings back upwards of one hundred returning emigrants.
Submitted by dja
The Cork Examiner, 5 October 1846
Monday the bakers increased the price of their bread in several parts of the metropolis. The price of the 4lb. loaf was increased to eightpence-halfpenny.

   On the 1st inst., at Rye Court, in this county, the lady of Richard Tonson Rye, Esq., of a son and heir.
   On the 2d June, at sea, the lady of V. J. Maires, Esq., of the Royal Engineers (daughter of the late Poole Gabbett, Esq., of Limerick), of a son and heir.

   On the 29th ult., at St. Mary's Church, Youghal, by the Rev. J. Alworth, Walter, eldest son of Richard Giles, of Closhadonnogh-house, to Jane Maria, only child of Joseph Dickinson, of her Majesty's Customs.
   At St. Thomas's Church, Dublin, by the Rev. J. W. Molloy, and afterwards at the residence of the bride, by the Rev. Mr. Pope, of the Church of Conception, Robert Henry Copperthwaithe, of 10, Lower Gardiner-street, in this city, Esq., Solicitor, to Anna Maria, second daughter of the late Matthew Dunne, Esq., of Punchestown-house, co. Kildare.
   In the Church of St. Nicholas, Galway, by the Rev. J. Treanor, the Rev. J. Garrett, of Hull, Yorkshire, to Georgina, youngest daughter of Major Fry, of Limerick.

   At Caher, Mr. John Slattery, brother to the Rev. Mr. Slattery, Catholic curate of Ardfinnan.
   On the 30th ult., at her husband's residence, on Patrick's-Hill, Cork, in the 79th year of her age, Jane, the wife of William Adams, Esq.
   September 29, at his residence, Leeson-street, Dublin, Thomas Quinan, Esq., formerly Chief Examiner of her Majesty's High Court of Chancery, Ireland.
   On the 16th ult., aged 38, at Laurel Vale, co. Antrim, Thomas Smyth, Esq., Solicitor, 58, Lower Gardiner-street, Dublin, and brother of the late Rev. William Smyth, Foyle College, Londonderry.
   On Thursday evening in this city, Walter Nugent, Esq.
   In Ennis, on Wednesday night, at the advanced age of 83, Frances, relict of the late Thos. Saunders Knox, Esq., for many years Proprietress of the Clare Journal newspaper.
   On Thursday, Jeremiah Enright, Esq., of Russell-cottage, in the co. Limerick.

   FATAL ACCIDENT TO MAJOR BEVAN.—On Wednesday evening, as Major Bevan, of this city, was returning from a shooting excursion on a car with three other gentlemen near his father-in-law's, Mr. Brew, of Wilbrooke, County Clare, he had his loaded fowling-piece with the butt end resting on the footboard, and the barrels between his legs, while he was smoking a cigar. By some accident or other the fowling-piece was slipping off the car, when he stooped forward to snatch it, when the hammer, which was unfortunately down, coming in contact with the foot-board, one of the barrels exploded, and the contents passed upwards, into the cavity of the chest, carrying away a portion of the heart, and proceeding between the sternum and lungs, came out under the windpipe, and entering again under the chin, went through the head. He had only time to say “Stop ; Oh, God ! I am shot,” and falling forward, he vomited a quantity of blood, and immediately expired without a groan. He is the author of a very interesting work, “Field Sports in India.” —Limerick Reporter.

M R .   C A L L A G H A N ,   M. P.
A CORRESPONDENT communicates an instance of generous liberality, on the part of this gentleman, in this season of difficulty. Eighteen poor persons held con-acre ground from Mr. D. Callaghan, M.P., at Ballivolane, near this city, whose joint rent amounted to sixty-four pounds. In consequence of the failure of the potato crop, he (Mr. C.) have directions to his Steward, to allow those poor people to dig out their potatoes, and to acquaint them, that, under the circumstances, he would require no rent from them. Such an action reflects much honour on our representative, whose station also must lend an extensive influence to his example.

FOR some time past there has been a very large take of herrings in our harbour. There were between thirty and forty boats of them at our quays hourly for a few days. In some parts of the bay the shoals were so thick that women with baskets have been observed taking them near the edge of the water. A dozen of good herrings may be had for a penny at the quay. Six-pence a hundred is the average price. We hear that an immense quantity of them has been shipped for Bristol.
T H E   P R O V I S I O N   T R A D E .
“Dublin Castle, Sept. 21st, 1846.    
   “I have the honour of receiving your letter of the 17th inst., and the copy of the resolution lately passed at a meeting of the West Muskerry Relief Committee, stating that since the Government had declared their intention of interfering as little as possible with the trade in provisions, except in special cases, that the price of Indian meal had materially risen. I have submitted these documents to his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, as well as similar communications which I have received from other places.
   “I hope the memorialists will do me the justice to believe that I feel the most sincere anxiety to mitigate, by all practicable and legitimate means, the pressure of the calamity that has befallen this country ; but I am satisfied that if the Government had undertaken the task of supplying generally and on a great scale the markets of Ireland, they would only have aggravated the evils which they desired to alleviate. It is obviously impossible for any length of time to maintain prices here at a lower level than prevails in the markets of England and of the Continent of Europe, with which there now exists an almost unrestricted trade in the main articles of food, and an attempt to do so must speedily recoil in increased scarcity and deranged mercantile transactions.
   “These considerations will not preclude the Government from continuing to take such precautions as they may consider absolutely necessary with regard to the supply of food in particluar districts of Ireland. But our main reliance must be on private enterprise, conducted through the ordinary transactions of trade, and any measures that have the effect of discouraging its exertions must soon produce the most fatal consequences.
   “I have desired that a copy of your memorial should be transmitted to Sir Randolph Routh, the Commissary- General, who will be able to judge whether any special circumstances may require particular interference in your instance.—I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient servant,    (Signed)
   “Edward Ashe, Esq., Macroom.”

   SCARCITY IN IRELAND.—At the Privy Council held on Saturday, at Windsor Castle, the Archbishop of Canterbury was directed to prepare a Form of Prayer for the relief of the distress and scarcity now existing in parts of the United Kingdom.

Oct. 2—Wind N.W.
   ARRIVEDHilton, Williamson, Quebec, timber, orders, 35 days ; Metoka, M'Larne, 21 days out, from Liverpool, for New York, laden with a general cargo and passengers, put in having met a severe gale which carried away foremast head, fore-topmast, bow sprit head and cut-water, swept decks, &c., &c., on the 1st Sept. lat. 47 9 N., lon. 28 W.
Oct. 3—Wind S.
   ARRIVEDHarbinger, Meredith, St. Johns, deals ; Dryden, Main, St. Mark, mahogany ; Susan, Gray, Liverpool, ballast ; Patriot, Campbell, Stornway, herrings ; Romane, Hego, Llannelly, Mirimachee, ballast ; Ceres, Brown, Orkney, herrings ; Hesperian, Morgan, Patagonia, guano ; Vanguard steamer.
   SAILEDHilton, Williams, Lancaster, deals ; Phoenix, Liverpool, ballast ; Nimrod Steamer ; Blarney Screw Steamer
Oct. 4—Wind S.S.E.
   ARRIVEDWyse Regis, Maidus, Wallis, N.S., deals ; Juliet, Haydon, Placentia, fish ; Le Leberal, Headen- brooke, St. Johns, timber ; Cork Packet, Young, Lisbon, India corn ; Susan, Smith, Quebec, ballast ; Anne, Lyder, Lagona, logwood ; Royalist, Hob, Labrador, fish ; Sabrina and Sirius Steamers ; 18 Colliers.
   Put back—The Swan, of Cork, Capt. Robertson, 24 day out, from here for Quebec, in ballast, having met with a severe gale, in lat. 48 46 N., lon. 36 W., which carried away fore-topmast, swept decks and carried away bulwark stanchions, &c.

   PORTSMOUTH, OCT. 1.—The government having determined on increasing the military force in Ireland, the Admiralty have received instructions to send a battalion of marines hither. Two hundred men will be sent from each of the four divisions, with a lieutenant colonel to command them. The Dee, Rhadamanthus, and other steam transports will be employed in conveying the troops.
   It is understood the local companies of pensioners in Ireland will be held in readiness to support the civil power during the ensuing season.
Submitted by dja
The Cork Examiner, 12 October 1846
   FALMOUTH, OCT. 8.—The Rattler Steamer, Carter, from Cork, for London, put in here to-day, full of water, having sprung a leak on the 7th inst., 30 miles off Cork ; will be laid on the ground.—Passengers were taken off in the Carrack Roads.
   The Eliza, of Waterford, was lost at sea on the 19th ult. ; part of crew saved by the Lord Sandon, from Quebec to Liverpool.
   The Rose Steamer, for Bristol, came to anchor outside the spit buoy in consequence of the heavy sea running in the chaps of the harbour, and remains.
   The John S. Dewolf, Captain Read, from St. Johns, N.B., cargo of timber and deals for orders ; 20th Sept. fell in with a heavy gale from S. W. to N. W., lost main and foremast, boats, bulwarks, and deck load, and Mr. Allen, mate, in lat. 42 48 N., lon. 45 West.
   It has been blowing a dreadful gale all dayand continues with every appearance of a bad night, the Captain of the Rose, however, has taken the wisest plan to remain in the harbour for the present.
   The Britannia Steamer, Hewitt, from Boston, at Liverpool, sailed 16th, and from Halifax 18th Sept. On the 23d in lat. 48, lon. 44, fell in with the H. M. Sinnott, Connor, from Tralee to Quebec, dismasted, and on her beam ends, and with nine feet water in her hold.
   WATERFORD, PASSAGE, OCT. 5.—The Victoria, Capt. Clements, brought in 23 persons, being part of the crew and passengers of the barque Apollo, Captain Walker, of and from Dundee, for Quebec, which vessel, with the exception of a boy named George Walker, who was lost.
   PASSAGE, OCT. 6.—Captain Stagg, of the Liverpool, reports that yesterday 30 miles off the Lands End of England, he saw a brig, with her colours flying, go down, and that he immediately changed his course and bore down towards the spot, and saw a boat with eight persons in it, but before he could reach her she went down.

P R I V Y   C O U N C I L .
   A Privy Council sate on Thursday at Dublin Castle. The Privy Councilors present were—His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, the Lord Chancellor, the Earl of Meath, the Bishop of Tuam, Lord Cloncurry, the Chief Secretary, Judge Perrin, Judge Keatinge, the Attorney- General, Alex. MacDonnell, Commissioner of Education. An order was issued that the Lords Archbishops and Bishops now in town do prepare a form of prayer to Almighty God for relief from the dearth and scarcity now existing in parts of the United Kingdom, owing to the failure of some of the crops of the present year. This form of prayer to be read in all the Churches and Chapels in Ireland on Sunday, the 11th inst., and during the month.
   FOOD IMPORTS.—LONDON WEDNESDAY—Further purchases of Indian corn are reported in the near Continental ports, for shipment direct to Ireland. A grave question has to-day been mooted in the city among the importers of corn—a report which gained ground, to the effect that the government contemplate importing food and thus entering into competition with the trader. We believe we may give the most unqualified refutation to this rumour. We have the best reason to know that the government have determined most firmly to resist any solicitation which may be made to induce them in any way to interfere with the free course of commercial transactions in one way or another, of in any respect to assume the character or functions of the trader. Merchants may feel the greatest assurance of this determination being rigidly adhered to.—Morning Chronicle.
D I S A S T E R S   A T   S E A .
   KINGSTOWN, OCT. 9.—Report of the brig Torrens, put back to Dublin dismasted, bound from Wexford to Quebec ; Met with heavy gales, 19th, 20th and 21st ult. On the 20th she was struck by a heavy sea which nearly cleared the decks, and carried away wheel ; cut away mainmast to get her before the wind and prevent her foundering. On the 22d, the gale having partly subsided, spoke the ship Victoria, of and from Belfast, bound to Quebec, dismasted, and on beam ends, and rudder gone ; lay by her until next day ; in the interim the crew was taken out by brig Trafalgar, of Maryport, bound to Quebec ; on the 23d boarded the Victoria, and took from her sails and provisions which enabled us to proceed for the nearest port. Same day boarded the brig Violet, of Belfast, from Liverpool, with decks swept, loss of sails and jib-boom ; she had on board seventeen of the crew of the ship Emerald, of and from St. John's. On the 24th spoke the brig Belize, of Dundee, for Quebec ; had on board the crew of the brig Cushlamachree ; same day saw a large ship dismasted, steering to the eastward. Sept, 30, in lat. 49.7 N, long. 22,31 W ; at 10 p.m., passed close to wind-ward of a large vessel, on fire, burned in parts nearly to the water's edge, and from the appearance of her sharp bows, short bowsprit, two tier of stern windows, and irons amid-ships on both sides, still standing, Captain Boache is of opinion that she must have been a large steamer.—Saunders.

   Such is the panic in the families of country gentlemen, and the fear of popular commotion and violence, that several this week sent into Limerick their plate and private papers, for security from a multitude excited by want.—Limerick Chronicle.
   Mr. Kearney, county surveyor, has resigned the office he held as surveyor of works under the Board of Public Works, in consequence of an attempt on his life at Hospital. It was supposed that Mr. Kearney had imposed task work, whereas such is the order of the Board of Works, and is general throughout the country.—Ibid.
   The quantity of potatoes received this week at our markets was 242 loads, averaging 35 loads per day. The price of cups and minions is 9d. per stone and 10d. per bucket. At this time last year 613 loads were brought in during the week—the price of which was 3½d. per stone for cups and 2½d. per stone for whites. The number of diseased loads this week is 141.—Ibid.
   Flour has advanced 1s. 6d. to 2s. a bag in price since Wednesday.—Ibid.
   EXPORTATION OF PROVISIONS.—Within the last few days there was cleared out at the Custom-house of this city for England, 2,400 barrels of oats, 90 barrels of wheat, 1,790 cwts. of flour, 1,400 flitches of bacon, 682 live pigs, and 112 head of cattle.—Waterford Freeman.
   DUNGARVAN RIOTS.—On Thursday 26 persons were lodged in the County Gaol, by a troop of Scots Greys, for having been concerned in the late riots in Dungarvan, who, together with the nine previously arrested, are to stand trial at the Quarter Sessions, which opens here on Monday next.—Waterford Chronicle.
   Trinity College, Dublin, owns nearly one eighth of the Kingdom of Kerry. The conduct of the University as a landlord, at this trying crisis, is anything but satisfactory.

F A S H I O N A B L E   I N T E L L I G E N C E .
   The Hon. Robert Boyle has, we believe, been appointed a Groom in Waiting on her Majesty.
   We understand that Mr. Justice Erle will go to the Queen's Bench, and Mr. Vaughan Williams to the Common Pleas.—Sun.
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