The Cork Examiner, 2 January 1846
T H E   F O O D   C R I S I S .
Castletownroche, Dec. 30, 1845    
   DEAR SIR—I take leave to inform you that a meeting of the farmers of the union of Castletownroche and Ballyhooly is to be held in the chapel of Castletownroche, on the 6th of January next, at the hour of two o'clock, for the purpose of ascertaining the state of the potato crop in these parishes, with a view to forward a report thereof to the government, and for the information of all landlords having property in these locations ; also to discover the number of unemployed labourers in this district, and inquire what the farmers could do, aided by their landlords and by government, to avert the evils of certain scarcity of provisions and want of employment during the summer months.
   It is certain, from enquiries already made, that one-third of the potato crop in this district is black, and unfit for human food. At any time the labourers have no potatoes to sell, and now they are selling the diseased portion at three pence per firkin, and the remainder will not hold until the 1st of May, or June, at farthest and then where will these poor people find money and food? At present, the landlords, regardless of the consequences, are insisting upon getting their rents, to which they are legally entitled under ordinary circumstances. The consequence is, that the corn is leaving the haggarts ; it is bought by the millers, and sent over to John Bull, who is only laughing at the privations of poor Pat. When all the corn is gone wherewithall will the people be fed? Supposing that the farmers and labourers had sufficient money to buy food (which I deny), from whence are we to get the food? The potatoes are consumed, and the corn is gone. Are we to get it back from England, or is it to come from America, or Canada, or France? These are questions which the landlords should ask themselves before they demand any more rent at present. Some cannot demand it, because they have received all that was due to them already. Will these refund any of the rent, for the relief of the starving poor on their property? Very little, I fear. In order to guard against such an awful crisis, I would respectfully suggest the adoption, by the landlords, of a simple remedy, which would not trench upon their rights in the least, and the sacrifice would be trifling ; this is,—to leave it optional with the farmers to pay their rents any time before the expiration of nine months. If the landlords of Ireland came to this resolution, they may be as sure of being punctually paid, as if they demanded it at present, and the good done will be incalculable. It would allay the present panic ; it would be the means of keeping the corn in Ireland without putting the government to the expence of storage. The landlords who want money for present use could raise it in the banks. The farmers could pass their notes payable in nine months. Another consequence would be, that there would be a scarcity in the market, though there would be an abundance in the country. The farmers would control the markets, instead of the millers, as is the case at present. They could sell when it suited their convenience, or when they were pleased with the price. We have already several instances of landlords who not only acted upon this resolution, but have made liberal abatements to their tenants. But I am sorry to say there are too many who have adopted a contrary rule, and have put their unfortunate tenants to very serious inconvenience attended with loss.
   It is expected that the landlords will forgive a portion of the rent equal to the loss sustained by the failure of the potato crop, and that they will lend their aid, as well as call upon government to give employment to the labouring population. The time is come when when people in elevated situaations must be reminded of their duties, and the awful responsibility and evil consequences of a neglect thereof. The landlords have been always squeezing out of the land, through the farmers and labourers, all that could be made thereof ; and now that it has been the will of an all ruling Providence to blast the fruit of man's industry and hard labour, the landlord comes to the farmer and says, “come, thrash out your corn, and sell it, no matter at what price, and pay me my rent, and you may live upon rotten potatoes, or any way you can, the remainder of the year.” Must the people starve to pamper a few? We hear a great deal of talk and nonsense about landed interest. I will put a simple case which will clearly show the ridiculous folly of these loud sounding pretensions. Let us suppose that England and Ireland were invaded to-morrow by the French or Americans, and that the English and Irish people stood neutral, leaving the defence of the two countries to the soldiers and the landlords, what would be the consequence? It is easy to see it. I would not give a pinch of curry for the estate of the noble Lord who proposed it as a substitute for solid food. The landlords must have their pound of flesh. There is a gentleman in my neighbourhood, not 100 miles from Anakissy, who let last spring about 250 acres to con acre tenants, at a rent of from £5 to £6 per acre. Each gave an I. O. U. for the rent. One-third of the potatoes are diseased, and notwithstanding he will not make one shilling abatement. He must have his pound of flesh. The number processed to Fermoy sessions is about 200. A poor law guardian living at Walstown is following this edifying example.
Yours,                A FARMER.
T H E   L A T E   B U R G L A R I E S .
IT will be remembered that about a fortnight since the Pawn-offices of Messrs. Hunter, Leitrim- street, and Clarke, Douglas-street, were burglariously entered at night and property to a large amount plundered there-from. Information of the robbery having reached Constable Crowley, that active and indefatigable officer was unceasing in his exertions to discover a clue to the perpetrators of it, but in vain. However, on visiting the City Jail yesterday the Constable's practiced eye fell on two fellows, Whelan and Wood, who are at present undergoing the sentence of the law, being convicted on a charge of aggravated assault, and on examination of whose persons several articles of the stolen property were recovered. On the evening of the same day the Constable arrested two young women associates of theirs, in the neighbourhood of Maypole-road, of the name of Hart and Reardon, in whose possession other articles of the property were discovered. The present is not the first robbery in which Whelan and Wood have been engaged, having, on a former occasion, been convicted of sheep-stealing at Castlemartyr, and sentenced to twelve months hard labour.—Too much cannot be said in praise of the activity of Constable Crowley. There is no man in the entire force who has rendered such efficient public service on every occasion as he has done. He has several times risked his life in endeavouring to protect property in cases of fire ; whilst by his activity and acuteness he has succeeded in bringing to justice some of the most daring burglars that have from time to time have infested the city ; and the present discovery is an additional evidence of the consummate tact and ability which he has ever displayed on occasions of a similar nature.

ON Wednesday last five young men, by name, Daniel Donovan, Garrett Barry, Denis Driscoll, Timothy Sullivan, and Garrett Fitzgerald, whilst proceeding out of Gallycove in a six-oared Yawl to take spillar fish, were upset by a heavy sea, and, melancholy to relate, all perished. Fitzgerald left a wife and four children to deplore his untimely fate.

   The Right Hon. the Earl of Leitrim, Lady Elizabeth Clements, the Hon. Capt. Charles Skeffington Clements, P.L.C., the Hon. Henry Caulfield, the Hon. Mrs. Caulfield, Miss Caulfield, &c., enjoyed the festival of Christmas with the Earl of Charlemont at Roxboro' House, Moy. Lord Leitrim and family remain at Roxboro'.
   Colonel Napier and Sherman Crawford, Esq., are at present stopping at the Palace, Armagh.
   CORPORATION ADDRESS TO THE QUEEN—Mr. Thomas Atkins, Sword-bearer ; Mr. Synnot, High-constable, and Mr. Curran, Mace-bearer, sailed last evening in her Majesty's mail packet, for Liverpool, en route to London. The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, several members of the Town Council, together with the City Marshal, will take their departure this evening, for the purpose of presenting the corporate address to the Queen at Windsor on Saturday.—Freeman.

THE Railway Herald contains a paragraph of great interest to us in the south in particular, but to Ireland in general. It announces that the Montreal papers contain a prospectus of a Company to establish steam communication from the Port of Bantry to Portland, in Maine, United States, to be called The Irish and American Royal Express, Steam Mail Navigation Company, with a capital of £600,000, to pass weekly from pier to pier in eight days. The importance of such a project cannot be too highly estimated. It will have the effect of rendering Ireland the great transit for the commerce of England and America. It will open new sources of wealth and diffuse employment throughout the masses who now need employment too much.
   We sincerely hope that the project may be carried out to the letter and spirit.
Submitted by dja
The Cork Examiner, 9 January 1846

BIRTHS. [partial list]
   On the 6th inst., at Sweetmount House, the lady of John L. Wharton, Esq., of a daughter.
   On the 1st inst., at 62, Lowndes-square, the lady of Herbert Taylor, Esq., of a son.
   At Edinburgh, on the 1st inst., the wife of Capt. Harrison, late of the 4th Light Dragoons, of a son.
   On the 2d inst., the lady of Charles Faunce Thorndike, Esq., Royal Artillery, of a daughter.
   On the 3d inst., at Edgbaston, near Birmingham, the wife of C. F. Gregg, Esq., Enniskillen Dragoons, of a daughter.
   On the 10th Dec., at New York, Betsy, wife of Mr. John Sparrow, late of Waterford, of a son.
   On the 6th inst., at 6, Lower Pembroke-st., the lady of Lieut. Boileau, Madras Engineers, of a daughter.

   On the 8th inst., in Cove, by the Rev. Mr. Murphy, Bernard J. Alcock, Esq., of this city, to Mary, only daughter of the late James Cahill, Esq.
   On the 8th inst., at Ballinamona Castle, by the Rev. John Collins, R.C.C., Jeremiah O'Sullivan, Esq., M.D., youngest son of the late Humphrey O'Sullivan, Esq., of Shinagh House, in the co. Kerry, to Jane Harold, third daughter of Garrett Nagle, Esq., of Ballinamona Castle, in this county, J.P.
   At St. Patrick's Church, Waterford, on the 5th inst., by the Very Rev. Archdeacon Bell, D.D., Richard Walsingham Boyd, Esq., of H. M. Customs, Ross, co. Wexford, to Susan, eldest daughter of John Hodges, Esq., of John's-hill, Waterford.
   On the 23d ult., at the Chapel of the British Legation, Naples, M. Adolphe Auguste de Sturler, of the canton of Berne, Switzerland, to Henrietta Knox, daughter of the late Hon. Lord Bishop of Derry.
   On the 30th ult., at Cheltenham, John Warre Tyndale, Esq., barrister-at-law, to Helen, only daughter of the late Sir Edward Synge, Bart.
   On the 1st inst., at Hackthorn, Gervaise Tottenham Waldo Sibthorp, Esq., eldest son of Col. Waldo Sibthorp, M.P., to Louisa, third daughter of Robt. Cracroft, Esq., of Hackthorn and Harrington, co. Lincoln.
   On the 7th inst., at Mary's Church, by the Rev. Mr. Black, Edmond, eldest son of Samuel Wrigley, Esq., of Dublin, to Mary, second daughter of Fredk. Hamilton, Esq., of Dunforth, in the co. Kildare, and grand-daughter of the late Lord Boyne, and cousin of Sir Henry Piers, Bart., of Tristernagh Abbey, county Westmeath.
   On the 6th inst., in Tralee Church, by the bride's uncle, the Rev. Nathaniel Bland, Edward Chads Hancock, Esq., late of the Royal Regiment, to Barbara, second daughter of the late Robert Herbert, Esq., R.N.
   At Chusan, on the 2d Oct., by the Rev. Geo. Smith, Osmond Cleverly, Esq., of Kilworth, co. Cork, to Ellen, youngest daughter of James Fagan, Esq., H.M. 58th Regt.

   At Sandy Cove, near Dublin, Susan, youngest daughter of the late Rev. Thos. Meade, Incumbent of Innishannon.
   At the residence of her nephew, Wm. Lyons, Esq., Rock- grove Terrace, Harriet, relict of Lieut. John S. Higgins, formerly of the 16th Regt., aged 84 years.
   On the 3d inst., at his residence, Richmond, Surrey, the Rev. Percy Scott Smythe, of Headborough, co. Waterford.
   On Monday evening, at Fairy-lawn, Anne, wife of Bourke White, Esq., J.P., of Craggs, co. Limerick.
   At Mallow, on the 27th ult., John Evans, Esq., eldest son of Francis Evans, Esq., of that town.
   At Lamberton Park, Maryborough, on Tuesday morning, Jan. 7, aged 82 years, the Right Hon. Arthur Moore.
   On Sunday, Jan. 4, in Blessington-street, Dublin, Jas. Wemyss Pope, Esq.
   On the 2d inst., in the 52d year of his age, at his residence, High Park, Drumcondra, after a few days' illness, of disease of the heart, Isaac Warren, Esq.
   A CENTENARIAN.—Died at Reynich, near Killaloe, on Saturday the 3d inst., Mary Vaughan, who had reached the extraordinary age of 115 years. She preserved her faculties to within a short time of her demise.  She filled the situation of housekeeper to Michael Henry Head, Esq., late of Derry Castle, and held a similar situation under his lamented father and grandfather. It was she who lighted the first fire in the splendid mansion of Derry Castle on its completion. This extraordinary woman could up to twelve months ago see to thread the finest needle.

   The Government Commissioners, have issued a new set of queries, from which one of the principal questions contained in the first list has been excluded. This query was to the effect— “What measures would you suggest as remedies for the distress?” The answer supplied in a vast number of cases was —“Repeal of the Union and REPEAL OF THE CORN LAWS.” Those replies were, of course, forwarded to Dublin Castle for the information of government. The result was the cancelling of the first set of queries, and the issue of a new printed form of interrogatories, from which the question as to remedies for distress was omitted altogether. I shall confine myself to the mention of the facts, leaving you to draw your own inferences. —Morning Chronicle Correspondent.

   We are sorry to hear that the City of Shiraz, Captain Marrat, which left Whampoa for Bombay on the 14th July last, has been totally lost in the Mindora sea off the Isle de Negros. Only three Lascars escaped, who found their way to Manila, from whence the news has arrived to-day. We have heard no further particulars. The City of Shiraz was a beautiful new clipper, and having made her first voyage to China was returning to Bombay. We believe that competent judges here considered her greatly overmasted.—Hong Kong Register, Oct. 28
Submitted by dja
The Cork Examiner, 14 January 1846
MURDER.—Last week a most wanton murder was committed at Lecanvy, within a few miles of Louisburgh. It appears that two men named Dolan and Gavin, had a quarrel, and stones were thrown. An inoffensive man named Pat Burns, the father of a helpless family, who was looking on, was knocked down by M. Dolan, and while prostrate Martin Dolan, in the most savage manner, struck him with a stone which smashed his skull. The poor man, in a day or two after, died in excruciating torture. The murderer has fled. John Bourke, Esq., coroner, held an inquest on the body, and the jury returned a verdict of wilful murder against Dolan, after which the coroner issued a warrant for his apprehension.—Castlebar Telegraph.
   The wife and children of Captain R. Cochrane, late Barrackmaster of Tralee, are reduced to a state of pitiable destitution in that town, so that a public subscription is opened for their relief, and to send them to Scotland. The husband lost his situation through irregularity and inattention to the duties.
   The registrar of seamen has been directed by the Lords of the Privy Council for Trade to superintend the operation of the act 8 and 9 Victoria, cap. 116, passed last session for the protection of seamen entering on board merchant vessels, and to exercise a control over the persons licensed under the provisions of the aforesaid act.—Times.
   The ordnance in reference to the costume of the Jews, already in force in Russia, is extended to Poland. From the 1st of January next year, no Jew will be allowed to be distinguished by any particular article of dress.—They are to assume, without exception, the usual dress of other inhabitants, or the Russian national costume.
   The farmers of Ballyheigue and Causeway, Kerry, met after mass on New Year's Day and passed resolutions agreeing to reduce the score rent on their farms—some one-third and some one-half—to the poor labourers around them. This is an example worthy of imitation by higher and richer men.
   Mr. Frederick Douglas, the energetic, zealous, and eloquent advocate of the American negro slaves, was entertained to a public breakfast by the inhabitants of Belfast on Tuesday morning after his week's lectures. W. S. Crawford, Esq., M.P. presided.
   The question of Attorneys reverting to the ancient costume, and wearing their gowns when attending court is again agitated, and a circular has been issued to the profession, urging the importance of it, both as a matter of convenience, and as a mark of proper distinction.
Submitted by dja
The Cork Examiner, 21 January 1846
   Lord Viscount Guillamore, as Vice-Lieutenant of this county, has summoned a special meeting of the Deputy Lieutenants and Magistrates of the county and city of Limerick, for Wednesday next, at the Court-house, to consider the present disturbed state of the district. We congratulate his Lordship, and the Magistracy, as local guardians of the peace, at this prompt indication of right feeling, and we expect that as gentlemen and public functionaries, they will see the vital necessity of responding to the call made upon them, in his official capacity by a numerous attendance.—Limerick Chronicle.

A MEETING of the parishioners of Liscarrol was held in the parish Chapel on Sunday, the 13th inst., (at which the Rev. William Golden presided), for the purpose of ascertaining the probable amount of injury done to the potato crop in that locality ; and to transmit the substance of the information derived, to the proper authorities. The accounts given of the gradual progress of the disease were truly appaling, and to judge from analogy ; the prospects are gloomy, desponding, and deplorable.

   Yesterday six men were marched in here by the Newport police, charged with the murder of Laurence Leahy. Two of them are named Martin and Patrick M'Mahon, two named Michael and Daniel Coffey, with a servant boy of theirs ; also a person named Casey. They are from the County of Tipperary, and near Newport.—Limerick Reporter.
   During the last week two vessels had hairbreadth escapes of being wrecked on the banks, when not a soul would have been saved to tell their fate.
   The brig Lady Mary, of Dublin, Scott, master, from Liverpool to Trinidad, with general cargo, put into Kingstown leaky, having got on the Arklow Bank in the thick hazy rainy weather, so dangerous to navigation at this season. She struck violently and was miraculously preserved by being lifted with a tremendous surf over the bank without loss of rudder ; had she drawn a few feet more water she would never have come off except in atoms.
   The brig James Reid, Alexander Robinson, of Glasgow, from Liverpool to Marichabo, with general cargo, struck on the Blackwater Bank at night, and was equally fortunate in her preservation without damage, although the master assured the writer, hope had almost vanished.
   This bank is most dangerous, as there must be an in-draft which carries vessels on it in dark winter nights, when no lights are seen, and therefore a light placed here would save many poor fellows and valuable ships lost every winter.
Submitted by dja
The Cork Examiner, 23 January 1846
Kildorrery, Jan. 17th, 1846.    
DEAR SIR—Herewith I send a letter of Credit for £13 16s., the amount of the O'Connell Compensation Fund from the Parish of Kildorrery.
I remain, Dear Sir, with great respect.            
Your Obedient Servant,        
   T. Lyons, Esq.
Rev. J. J. Golden, P.P. £1 0 0
Rev. David Sheahan, R.C.C. 1 0 0
Mrs. Carroll 5 0
Messrs. Pat Clancy 5 0
John Fouhy 5 0
Jeremiah O'Keeffe 5 0
A Friend 4 6
Mrs. O'Sullivan 3 6
Mrs. M'Sweeny 3 0
Cornelius Carroll 2 6
St. John Thornhill 2 6
John Clohane 2 6
Wm. Drake 2 6
John Regan 2 6
John Coughlan 2 6
Cornelius Hannan 2 6
Mrs. Daly 2 6
Timothy Noonan 2 6
Wm. Kirk 2 6
Daniel Hannan 2 6
John Walsh 2 6
Thomas Clancy 2 6
Wm. Callaghan 2 6
John Fitzgerald 2 6
John Kirk 2 0
Charels O'Kearney 2 0
James Ahern 2 0
John Hennessy 2 0
John Pine 2 0
Thomas Kirk 2 0
Patrick Hennessy 2 0
Thomas Lee 2 0
James Galligan 2 0
Widow Roche 2 0
   do. Walsh 2 0
   do. Kennedy 2 0
Patrick Hennessy 2 0
Wm. Fouhy 2 0
Patrick Duane 2 0
Tim. Casey 2 0
The remainder in smaller sums. _________
Total £13 16 0
PARISH of LISGOOLD, £20 15s. 6d.—including the following Subscriptions, per Rev. T. BUCKLEY:—
Rev. E. O'Hea, P.P. 1 10 0
Rev. T. Buckley, C.C. 1 0 0
Ed. Barry, Esq. 10 0
Mr. J. Cogan 10 0
A Friend 10 0
Mr. W. Lomasny 5 0
A Friend 5 0
Mr. J. Riordan 2 6
Mrs. Julia Barry 4 0
Mr. J. Cotter 2 6
Mr. J. Riordan 2 6
Mr. C. Flynn 2 6
Mr. J. M'Grath 2 6
Mr. D. Ives 2 6
Mr. J. Brien 2 6
Mr. T. Stack 5 0
Mr. E. Buckley 2 6
   The remainder in small sums.

A FRESH Consignment of these Fine TEAS, so much celebrated in England and denominated Brocksopp, How, & Co.'s HOWQUA'S and MOWQUA'S TEAS.
Bandon    Eliza Vickery, Baker, Grocer &c.
Bantry  R. Vickery, Grocer and Haberdasher.
Buttevant  W. M'Garry, Grocer & Wine Merchant.
Castletownroche  A. Carroll, Grocer, Draper, &c.
Cork Barracks  W. M'Garry, Military Contractor.
Fermoy  Jones Turner, Tea Dealer and Grocer
Kinsale  J. R. Williams, Grocery and Provision Stores.
Kildorrery  E. M'Sweeny, Tea Dealer & Grocer.
Macroom  Nicholas White, Tea Dealer, &c.
Skibbereen  John Loves, Grocer, Draper, &c.
Youghal  E. Purdon, Tea Dealer & Haberdasher.
   To the many who consume our Teas in this neighbourhood, we need but inform them that our Agents are just supplied out of our last extensive consignment, direct from the eminent Hong Merchants, Howqua and Mowqua.
   To the many who have not yet used our Teas, we would say—give them a trial, and you will find three pounds of this genuine Tea, called “Brocksopp, How. and Co.'s Howqua's Mixture” go as far as four pounds of any other Tea, so that you will have the best, the most economical, the purest, and the most wholesome Tea in Ireland at a less price than you pay for the numerous deliterious compounds sold under the name of Teas, the use of such being injurious to health, whilst the first physicians of the day admit that “Brocksopp, How. and Co.'s Howqua's Mixture” is the most wholesome beverage extant.
Submitted by dja
The Cork Examiner, 28 January 1846
   At Macroom, on the 20th instant, to the inexpressible grief of her family, Catherine, the beloved wife of Mr. Patrick E. Foley.  Exemplary in the discharge of her duties as a wife and mother, this truly estimable woman exhibited at the close of her life, a truly pious and Christian resignation to the will of Heaven, thereby imparting to the affliction of her sorrowing friends, the only consolation of which, under their sad bereavement, they are at present susceptible. May she rest in peace.
   On the 14th inst., Johanna Hegarty, only daughter of Mr. Wm. Hegarty of Mulgrave-street, in this city, aged 26 years.
   Yesterday morning, in Patrick-street, the beloved wife of Richard Dennehy, Esq.
   On the 18th inst., at her residence, Strand-road, Brickfields, Mrs. Ellen O'Regan, aged 90.
   At her brother's house, in Skibbereen, on the 20th inst., after a long and painful illness, Mary, the beloved sister of Mr. Jeremiah Crowly, in the 26th year of her age.
   On the 27th instant, at the residence of her father Mr. Wm. O'Brien, North Main-street, Hannah, relict of Mr. John Walsh, late of this city.
   At Passage West, 25th inst., aged 82 years, Honora Cott Barry, relict of the late John Barry.
   At her father's residence, South-mall, Harriet, the beloved daughter of Richard Exham, Esq.
   At Monteal, Mr. G. Browne, painter, a native of Fermoy, co. Cork, aged 80 years.
   At Niagara, Lieut. Col. Wm. Elliott, K.H, commanding the Royal Canadian Rifle Regt.
   At Philadelphia, U.S., Jane, the beloved wife of John Worrall, Esq., formerly of Limerick, merchant.
   After a very brief illness, at the residence of his daughter and son-in-law in Gloucestershire, Isaac Ryall, Esq., M.D, formerly of Dublin, aged 65 years, father of Dr. John Ryall, L.L.D, the lately appointed Vice-President of the Queen's College, Cork.
Submitted by dja

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