The Cavan Observer
Published in Cavan, county Cavan

July 11, 1857

THE CAVAN OBSERVER Vol. 1 - No. 1, Cavan, Saturday, July 11, 1857 Printed and published by Charlotte BOURNES, Main Street, Cavan On the mornings of every Saturday

TO OUR FRIENDS AND SUBSCRIBERS. A vacancy for a new journal has lately occurred in the County of Cavan, which we have succeeded in filling up after some exertion and unavoidable delay. That want was occasioned by a melancholy event, which deprived the public of a faithful journalist, and, at the same time, the youthful proprietors of this paper of a fond parent - we mean the orphan children of the late Mr. WALLACE. . . .

In presenting our readers with the first number of the OBSERVER, we can have but little difficulty in expressing in general terms the course of policy we intend to pursue. We shall strongly advocate the preservation of existing institutions, and steadfastly guard vested rights and interest, believing that the stability of government is the surest bulwark for the protection of the life, liberty, and property of the subject, and that revolutions or sudden political changes are generally unjust in their operation, mischievous in their tendency, and of precarious existence . . .

The interests of the agricultural class will command the special attention of the CAVAN OBSERVER. The proceedings of such agricultural societies as are at present in existence will be fully reported, and the establishment of new ones in districts where they may still be wanting will be strenuously urged, not only because such societies are calculated to advance the most useful of all sciences, but because they tend to encourage a friendly intercourse and a mutual co-operation between the owners and the tillers of the soil, which cannot fail to promote the best interests of society at large . . .

The miscellaneous news of the week will be carefully selected so as to meet the tastes of all classes of readers, and to render the OBSERVER an interesting Family Newspaper . . .

We cannot conclude without expressing a hope that the kind consideration of our friends will induce them to make due allowance for the difficulties attendant on the establishment of a new paper, and to overlook whatever faults of omission or commission may be apparent in this, our first number.


A meeting of the Landed Proprietors and Farmers of the County of Cavan and adjacent Counties, was held in the Court House of Cavan, on Wednesday, the 1st inst-as convened by public advertisement, for the purpose of taking the necessary measures to have the Great Cattle Show for 1858 held at Cavan.

The Hon. Col. MAXWELL in the chair.

Proposed by Anthony O'RIELLY, Esq., D.L., J.P., and seconded by J. REILLY, Esq., Butler's Bridge.

"That it is the opinion of this meeting that it would prove highly advantageous to all classes in this County to have the Great Annual Cattle Show of the royal Agricultural Improvement Society for Ireland, for the year 1858, held at Cavan.

The second Resolution was proposed by Joseph STORY, Esq., J.P., and seconded by M. NETTERFIELD, Esq. Resolved -

That we pledge ourselves to use our best exertions in our several localities, to carryout the views of this meeting, and to procure the funds requisite to bring the undertaking to a successful termination.

The third Resolution was proposed by William TATLOW, Esq., and seconded by J.H. ADAMS, Esq., D.L., J.P. Resolved-

That the Committee appointed to promote the foregoing object be empowered to enter into the requisite guarantee with the Royal Agricultural Improvement Society.

Carried unanimously.
J.P. MAXWELL, Chairman.


The Guardians met in the board-room of the workhouse on Tuesday.
Other Guardians present - Abraham BRUSH, John ROGERS. Hugh BRADY, James M'CAFFRY, David F. JONES, Robert FEGAN, John Garnett TATLOW, Peter and Thomas SMITH, Esqrs.

State of the house for the week ended 4th July: -- Remaining on previous Saturday, 231; admitted during the week, 18; born, 1; discharged, 20; died, 1; remaining on Saturday, 229.

Balance against the Union £208.10s. 5d; general average cost of a pauper, 2s; do. of a healthy inmate, ls 71/2 d; average cost in infirmary, 2s.2d; do, in fever hospital, 3s.2d.

(from the Farmer's Gazette)
Conditional Orders

BURMESTER, John William, and others, owners and petitioners.
Solicitors MORROGH and KENNEDY, 5 Great Denmark Street

CAMPBELL, James T., owner and petitioner.
Solicitors BLACK and CUNNINGHAM, 74 Mountjoy-street

COLLIS, Stephen E., owner and petitioner.
Solicitor Edward de MOLEYNS 58 Upper Mount Street

DAUNT, William Thomas (the assignee of) owner; William M'NAMARA, petitioner.
Solicitor Thomas F. WHITE, 13 Upper Ormond-quay

HAMILTON, Charles J., owner; Edward DOWLING, petitioner
Solicitor, Sydenham DAVIS, 36 Summer-hill.

HILL, William (the Rev.), owner; Edward DOWLING, petitioner
Solicitors, MURDOCK GREEN and Co., 52 Lower Sackville-street

MACRUM, James M. and others, owners; James WALLIS, peitioner
Solicitors, Charles GAUSSEN and Co., 17 Gardiner's-place.

MULLIGAN, Edward, owner and petitioner.
Solicitor Mark BENTLEY, 3 College-green.

ROBERTS, Richard M., owner; Catherine MacMAHON, petitioner.
Solicitors, FITZGERALD and WALKER, 2 Eustace-street

STAPLETON, James and others, OWNERS; John KELLY petitioner.
Solicitor, William K. CLAY, 23 College-green

WHITE, David, owner; Andrew VANCE, petitioner
Solicitors, PEEBLES and SHIEL, 9 North Frederick-street


The following petitions were lodged from Friday, the 26th of June, to Thursday, the 2nd of July, 1857, both days inclusive: --

BROWNE, James, owner and petitioner. Property in the county of Galway. Yearly value £255 17s 4 d: incumbrances, £4,514 11s 9 d. Solicitors BLACK and CUNNINGHAM, 17 Mountjoy-street.

BOYLE, James (the assignee of) owner; John CUNNINGHAM, petitioner. Property in the town of Bray, county of Wicklow. Yearly value, £83 16s; incumbrances £616 1s 11d. Solicitor, William T. DANIEL, 9 Eustace-street.

WALLACE, Horatio Nelson and wife, owners and petitioners. (Supplemental petition). Property in the counties of Mayo and Sligo. Yearly value, £150 13s 7d; incumbrances, £5,405 16s 6d. Solicitors, T. BILLING and Co., 36 College-green.

ANDERSON, John C., owner - petioner. Solicitor, James CRAMSIE, 28 Eccles-street.

John, Margaret, and others, owners (transcribers note: no surname given); James E. BUTLER and another, petitioners. Solicitors, MURDOCK GREEN and Co. 52 Lower Sackville-street.

M'CARTIE, William, owner and petitioner. Solicitor Thomas F. O'CONNELL, 71 Lower Gardiner-street.

NASH, Thomas J., and others, owners; William CROFTS (The Rev.) and another, petitioners. Solicitor John ORPIN, 17 Dame-street. O'CONNOR, Henry, Owner - petitioner. Solicitor George FITTON, 17 Upper Gloucester-street.

WALSH, John A., owner and petitioner. Solicitor, Frank KIERNAN, 43 Dame-street.

BROWNRIGG, John, owner and petitioner. Day of Sale, 3rd November. Solicitors PERRIN and POLLOCK, 90 Harcourt-street.

DUNCAN, William (the assignee of) and others, owners and petitiioners. Day of sale, 5th November. Solicitors JOHNSTON TEEVAN, 50 Middle Abbey-street

FIGGIS, Maria, and her trustees, owners; Henry FLAVELLE and another, petitioners. Day of sale, 6th November, Solicitors, James and J.H. ELLIOTT, 1 Foster-place.

IRVINE, Edward T., owner and petitioner. Day of sale, 17th November. Solicitor Henry P. WOODROOFFE, 30 Upper Mount-street.

(Signed) C.M. ORMSBY
Statistics Office, 3rd July, 1857


The ordinary weekly meeting of the members of this society was held at their rooms, William-street, Dublin, on Wednesday.


The following members attended: Messrs. Owen M'GIVNEY, William KILMURRY, M. BURKE, John NIXON, Daniel O'HARA, Michael CAREY (President), Henry KAVANAGH, Thomas CARROLL, P. CULLEN, William CADE, Denis FLANNAGAN, Felix NUGENT, John BYRNE, J. REILLY, Bernard BRADY, &c. &c.

Mr. B. D. BRADY, Secretary, handed in one year's subscription from Mr. John M'GUINNESS, Cross-Guns, Phibsborough.

Mr. John NIXON handed in renewed subscriptions from Mr. William M'GUINNESS, Dollymount; Mr. E. RYAN, Marlborough-street; Mr. MULLIGAN, Poolbeg-street; Mr. CRANSTON, Temple-bar; Mr. James MURREY, Gloucester-street; and from A. B., North-wall.

Mr. Owen M'GIVNEY begged to hand in his renewed subscription.

The Secretary had also to hand in the year's subscription of Mr. Charles McGAURAN, Fownes's-st.

Mr. CAREY handed in the subscription of Mr. Patrick CAHILL, who fully approved of their proceedings and had every confidence in the society (applause).

Mr. Felix NUGENT handed in the renewed subscription of Mr. Thomas MONKS, Charlemont street.


On Monday last the residing magistrates were Mr. THOMPSON and Mr. M'FARLAND,


Constable Thomas TALBOT summoned Mrs. LUNDY, Mrs. MANNING and John MOLLOY, proprietors of public-houses and tents at the Strawberry beds, for having their premises open "for the sale of spirituous liquors at times prohibited by law, to persons not being travellers, inmates, or lodgers on the evening of Sunday the 28th June last pursuant to the provisions of the Act, 14 & 15 Vict. Cap. 93".

Constable Thomas TALBOT was sworn, and proved that he was in Mrs. LUNDY's house at five minutes past nine o'clock on the evening in question and saw a number of people; they were principally from the city. He was also in Mrs. MANNING's house, at ten minutes past nine, where there were a great number of people; and in Mr. MOLLOY's house at a quarter past nine, and saw a great number there also.

On cross-examination, the constable admitted that he saw no liquor sold, no person drunk, nor no rioting or misconduct of any kind.

The gentleman who attended for the defendants urged on the bench that as the law permitted proprietors of licensed houses to see to their customers drink up to 9 o'clock in the afternoon of Sundays--and, as a great number of persons must necessarily be on the premises up to the last minute, it was but a national interpretation of the law, to allow the proprietors a short time to clear their houses, and hence the police regulations of the city of Dublin, where the houses are allowed to remain open until half-past nine, for this purpose. The magistrates, however, thought otherwise and fined the parties 10s. each--being the lowest penalty in the Act.


(From the "Farmer's Gazette.)

The following petitions were lodged from Friday, the 26th of June, to Thursday, the 2nd of July, 1857, both days inclusive:--

BROWNE, James, owner and petitioner. Property in the county of Galway. Yearly value £255, 17s 4d; incumbrances, £4,514 11s 9d. Solicitors, Black and Cunningham, 17 Mountyjoy-street.

BOYLE, James (the assignee of), owner; John CUNNINGHAM, petitioner. Property in the town of Bray, county of Wicklow. Yearly value £83 16s; incumbrances, £616 1s 11d. Solicitor, William T. DANIEL, 9 Eustace-street.

WALLACE, Horatio Nelson, and wife, owners and petitioners. Property in the counties Mayo and Sligo. Yearly value, £150 13s 7d; incumbrances, £5,405 16s 6d. Solicitors, T. Billing and Co., 36 College-green.

July 18, 1857



In the Matter of the Estate of James BRIEN, Geo. BRIEN,
Edward BRIEN, and Francis BRIEN, Owners

Isabella CRUMMER, Petitioner

THE commissioners having ordered a Sale of the Lands of Shanadaragh and Curnagunlogh, Cullegh, Drumlohgher, Drumledin, Sananaragh, and Drumledin, and Corlough, situate in the Barony of Tullyhaw, and County of Cavan, held under lease dated the 10th April, 1718, from the Bishop Raphoe, for lives renewable for ever, and which Lands are included in the denominations of Ballymagord, Owngally, Gortneglough, Drumedin or Ballylennin, in said lease mentioned:

All parties objecting to a Sale of the said Lands, or having claims thereon, are hereby required to take Notice of such Order.

Dated this 6th day of July, 1857
ARCHIBALD COLLUM, Solicitor, having Carriage of Sale,
50 Middle Abbey-street


The thirty-fifth report of the Inspectors-General of Prisons, on the state of the prisons in Ireland in 1856, has just been presented to parliament. We glean the following particulars from it, relative to Cavan jail:--Average daily number of prisoners--males, 42; females, 25. Punishments for prison offences for the five months, from 1st January to 27th May, 1856--males, 34; females 17; total, 51.

William FARRELL, an Irishman, was shot during the Washington riot with an ounce ball, and after the fight the ball was found cut nearly in two and flattened against his skull, while the man was not seriously injured.

July 25, 1857


As the judges advance through their circuits, the assizes seem to lose the quiet monotony that characterised their commencement. As Judge MOORE was moving towards Belfast, he was debating with himself about the most felicitous language in which to convey his congratulations to the Grand Jury of Antrim, upon the tranquility of their county, when lo! within a few days of the opening of the commission, a series of the most violent and disgraceful riots occurred, which altogether changed the current of his thoughts. There peace reigned undisturbed for a long time previous to the twelfth of July, when a wicked madness seemed to have taken possession of the people, producing hatred, strife, and bloodshed, and involving some fifty persons in the meshes of the law. It is thought that the annual repetition of these "wicked and unmeaning riots," to use the words of the learned Judge, in some district of the north, is the natural result of the leniency with which similar acts of violence have been heretofore treated. On Wednesday last, the Grand Jury found true bills against all the parties said to be implicated; and, without intending to say a word calculated to prejudice the full, clear, and impartial trial of the accused, we trust that the most stern means will be resorted to against the originators and ringleaders to warn others from indulging in such pernicious ebullitions of bigotry for the future.

At the Queen's County, Mayo, and other Assizes, several women were indicted for election riots. On pleading guilty, they were discharged with a caution from the learned Judge "not to interfere again in electioneering affairs." Can it be that the soft sex are induced to take this striking interest in the election of legislators by the bills lately introduced into parliament peculiarly relating to themselves? If so, and as they have no votes, is it not too bad that they should thus be prevented from giving some proof of the anxiety they feel in the matter?

At the King's County Assizes, on Monday, Denis GROGAN, found guilty of poisoning the Rev. Dr. ALEXADER, by negligently selling arsenic for arrow root, was sentenced to six months' imprisonment. The counsel said it was an inconsistency in the existing law that none but licensed apothecaries could sell medicines, while any one might sell poison; and the Judge suggested that it should be made a serious offence for any grocer to have poison near the other articles in his shop.

An accident of an alarming nature, but we are happy to state unattended with any serious result, occurred on last Tuesday. As a jaunting car on which were seated Mrs. KNOX, wife of the Rev. Arthur KNOX, and her son, was proceeding down the Barrack Hill, the horse became restive, and ran furiously through the town. Fortunately he was stopped without any serious result having ensued, save the shock that Mr. KNOX must have encountered in having been thrown from the car, the shafts of which were broken; the animal also sustained a few slight bruises.

VISIT OF PRINCE NAPOLEON TO BELFAST.--On Saturday evening, His Imperial Highness, Prince Napoleon arrived in the Imperial yatch (sic), La Reine Hortense, in the Carrickfergus roads and travelled by rail to Belfast, where he was received by Adam DUFFIN, Esq., Consul of France, who conducted his Imperial Highness to the many places worth visiting in the town. After a three hours' visit the Prince (who travels "incog."), accompanied by his suite, which was very small, and Mr. DUFFIN, left for Cultra, where he embarked and sailed at once. La Reine Hortense must be in Cherbourg by the 3rd of August, to convey the Emperor, Empress, and suite, to Osborne Castle on a visit to her Majesty.




James CASEY, Thomas MURPHY, James GILDEA, Michael CARNEY and James WELSH were indicted for a riot and affray in the town of Castlebar on the 7th of July last, and also for an assault on one John GANNON, so as to endanger his life.

The case excited great interest, GANNON being one of the witnesses examined before the committee of the House of Commons as to threats held out to him for voting at the last election for Colonel HIGGINS.

From the evidence of GANNON it appeared he arrived from London on the 6th of July, and on making his appearance the following day in Castlebar, he was hooted and shouted at wherever he went; as soon as he got near the bridge the crowd became very great; stones and clods were flung at him; he then tried to get into COOLEY's public house, but was thrust out; he then ran for a forge kept by one Michael GAVIN, under a shower of stones and missiles; when he got into the forge he ran on the loft; stones were thrown up after him; MURPHY and CARNEY were two of the boys in the forge; did not see any other of the prisoners there; only observed them among the crowd at the bridge; MURPHY got on the stairs and struck him with a stone; CARNEY struck him on the arm with an immense shovel; Michael GAVIN then came up to protect him; there was a hole in the floor near them; heard GAVIN call out stop that work, and when he stooped to look what it was a rod of iron was pushed up and struck him in the eye; he has lost the sight, and has ever since been quite blind.

On cross-examination, he denied having given any offence to the people, or that he had given false evidence against the priest; his sister was the first person who attacked him that day, and accused him of having perjured himself and disgraced his family; the crowd chiefly consisted of women and children; could see none of the prisoners do anything but the two boys, CARNEY and MURPHY; he is generally known by the name of Lordy GANNON; got no blow that day that marked him, except the thrust in the eye; if he had not looked down close to the hole he might have escaped it.

The smith and his son gave the same account of the general row....Dr KNOTT proved the injury GANNON received in the eye, which appeared in a desperate swollen state, and gave it as his opinion that the chance of his recovering even partial sight was very weak indeed; at present he was quite blind; admitted there was no mark on any part of him except the injury to the eye.

Some witnesses having been examined for the defence, John MURPHY and Michael CARNEY were found guilty, the other prisoners being acquitted.

After the above case had terminated eight persons, named Anne M'HALE, Catherine CULKEEN, Thomas BLEWITT, John JORDAN, Honora KILROY, Mary KIRKWOOD, Patrick COLMES, and Michael M'HALE, were charged with a riot and affray at Killala on the 7th of April last.

Head-constable GRANGER stated that he is stationed at Killala; he was in Ballina on duty on the 7th of April last and with Constable CONNOR and sub-constables PALMER and DURCAN, he escorted from that place, Mr. Daniel MADDEN, of Barley Castle, one of Colonel Higgins's voters; when they arrived at Killala the prisoners, Catherine CULKEEN and Anne M'HALE, with others, hissed and groaned them, and flung stones; to avoid the mob they proceeded along a bye road round the strand to Barley Castle, but they were still followed by a crowd of about 150 persons of both sexes, amongst whom were all the prisoners except Mrs. M'HALE, shouting and using threathing (sic) language and gestures; some called Mr. MADDEN a disgrace to his creed and country in voting for Colonel Higgins; others said he sold his vote, and asked what he got for it; the violence of the mob increased to such an extent that the police were compelled to fix bayonets, in order to protect Mr. MADDEN; the mob then began to fling stones, and the prisoner BLEWITT said he would meet Mr. MADDEN when he would have not police to guard him.

The jury acquitted Michael M'HALE, and convicted all the other prisoners on the indictment charging them with an affray.



Denis GROGAN was charged with having caused the death of the Rev. James ALEXANDER, L.L.D., at Killigally in the King's County.

The facts of the case were these:--The deceased took ill on the 13th of last March; on the 15th he became worse, and Dr. FRY was called in; on the 16th a messenger, Charles QUINN, was sent to Ferbane to procure in the establishment of Mr. Edward WHITFIELD a pound of arrowroot. The messenger gave what he received to the butler, who gave it to one of the daughters of the deceased, by her it was given to her sister, and by that young lady handed to the cook. A portion of the matter purchased at the shop was given to the reverend gentleman, and he was suddenly seized with vomiting. This occurred on the 16th of March, and on the 2nd of April Dr. ALEXANDER died. The stomach of the deceased was analised by Dr. GEOGHEGAN, of Dublin, and he, with the other medical men who attended the deceased, was of opinion that, though sixteen days had elapsed, the death of the deceased had been undoubtedly caused by arsenic.

It came out in evidence that some arsenic had been kept in a bottle in an open office which was in the same yard as that in which the kitchen stood, but there was not any proof that the fatal event had taken place through any negligence in the house of the deceased.

The Chief Justice, in charging the jury, said he felt it his duty to lay down the law on the subject, in order that the public might be protected from the negligence of shopkeepers, who chose to sell food and poison in the same shop, and to make profit thereby. His observations were equally applicable to apothecaries as to grocers; and he held the law to be, that if a party sold poison when he was asked for food, and death ensued, even though the acts were unintentional, he rendered himself liable to be charged with manslaughter. The law did not require that there should have been gross negligence--all that was necessary was to show that there had been such criminal inattention or culpable negligence as to cause the act which led to the death of the person to whom the poison was administered.

The jury found the prisoner guilty, and he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment.


The first stone of the new Roman Catholic Church at Clondalkin, Dublin, was laid on Sunday, 5th July.

The Episcopal Free Church at Kingstown is to be remodelled--plans furnished by Mr. J. McCURDY, architect, for that purpose having been selected.

An additional building is being erected to the Presentation Convent, Clare, and the first stone was laid on the 22d of June. Mr. Robert FARRELL, of Lombard-street, is the builder.

The foundation stone of St. Mary's new church at Athlone, was laid on the 29th ult, in presence of a large number of spectators, who had come from Dublin and elsewhere in witness the ceremony.

We hear that new National Schools of a comprehensive character are to be built at Omagh and Londonderry, these being the first designed by the Board of Works officials since the agricultural department of the Board of Education was transferred to that body.

The District Model National School, to be built at Newtonards, will, at least, in an artistic point of view, be the most creditable for any yet executed; however, as we propose describing this building fully hereafter, we content ourselves for the present with a mere reference thereto.

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