Published in Cavan, county Cavan
February 2, 1849


(From our own Correspondent.)

Appropos to the above heading, I hasten to communicate to you the intelligence of an inquest held on Saturday the 27th ult., before J. MacFADIN, Esq., M.D., Cootehill, one of our county coroners, and a respectable jury, on view of the body of Bridge LYNCH, who was found dad on the previous day, lying in a flax-hole, her throat and neck partially eaten by rats, in the townland of Furfad, parish of Knockbride. The coroner and jury having viewed the body found it in an advanced stage of decomposition, and the neck considerable mutilated, as if by rats.

Francis REILLY, a relative of the deceased, deposed that he found the body in the manner above described, on Friday, the 26th ult.

Owen REILLY, an uncle to the deceased, deposed, that deceased had lived with himself and the above Francis Reilly for a series of years; that she was always innocent (an idiot); that she was at times serviceable, but ultimately was not worth her food; that she left them and went to the house of Anne BRADY, a cottier of his own, for the purpose of getting qualified for out-door relief.

Anne Brady deposed that she is a cottier of the aforesaid Owen Reilly, that on the 12th day of Christmas deceased came to her place and sat down, prepared some food, and stopped with her without any ceremony until the tenth of January, on which morning she went to the relief depot; did not see her afterwards until she saw her dead. Another witness deposed that she was with deceased on the 10th of January, from the relief depot to Peter DANIEL'S , about a quarter of a mile from where deceased was found; deceased must, therefore, have lain sixteen days dead in the flax-hole. Other witnesses were produced, but as their depositions were irrelevant, and in order to economize a little space for a few remarks, I will not trouble you with their evidences with the exception of one little girl name GAGHRAN, who deposed that she had seen relief administered at the depot by Mr. MAXWELL, the relieving officer of the Knockbride electoral division of the Cootehill union - in fact, !

that she had received it herself on two occasions since the 10th ult., in her name.

The Coroner addressed the jury in a lucid, impressive, and emphatic manner, telling them, that they ought to exercise s salutary control over the relief lists of their respective townlands, that whilst they took care, that no person really destitute should perish; abuses and equivocal cases should not for a moment be countenanced, that these latter, of late days had got to such a height, that the whole property of the country would not be sufficient to meet the rates. A verdict to the following effect was returned:- "

That Biddy Lynch died from suffocation, by being drowned in a flax-hole on Wednesday, the 10th of January, 1949 - whence she had lain until Friday, the 26th inst. - and that the causes of her death were accidental."

Our correspondent commenting on this transaction adds:-

"Biddy Lynch, the unfortunate subject of the above investigation lost her parents when yet very young, and was taken in and adopted by her maternal uncles, Owen Reilly and James Reilly of Furfad, both farmers, holding above eighty acres of land, at the nominal rate of ten guineas annually. She was sent to herd cattle, and as she grew up became tawdry in her manner and coarse in person, which might from her manner of living be expected; from these circumstances, and from her speaking the Irish language solely, she acquired the character of being "Innocent," though I believe on closer inspection she was no more deserving of that title than her more wealthy relatives; but be this as it may, they kept her as drudge, and enjoyed her services for more than twenty years! At length the cold winter of old age came on, and in the still colder and famishing winter of '48-'49, the "idiot girl," was disclaimed, furnished with dismissory letters from her quondam friends to the relieving offer, to be fed by the public, and lay sixteen days drowned and partly devoured by the rats on the very grounds where she so often depastured their cattle! Let an investigation be called for in this case and it will be found my assertion is true, that the persons who recommenced Biddy Lynch for relief were the Reillys themselves.

THE MAGISTRACY. - We are happy to hear of the appointment of William SMITH, Esq., of Drumheel, as a magistrate of this county. His Excellency could not have selected a gentleman better qualified for the office, in regard to activity, efficiency, and intelligence, or one whose appointment will give more pleasure to the ratepayers of this county.

RESIGNATION OF CAPTAIN DUCKWORTH, V.G. - With sincere sorrow we have to record the resignation of Captain DUCKWORTH of the duties of Vice-Guardian of the Cavan union. The gallant Captain has some engagements in England which he could not conveniently attend to and retain his arduous office; he therefore thought better to resign. The Commissioners received his resignation with great reluctance, and in reply thanked him for the zeal and efficiency with which he discharged his duties since his appointment. Captain Duckworth has won the universal good-will of the ratepayers, by his affable and gentlemanly deportment, and by his attention to their wants and wishes, and to the interests of the poor. There is not one in this locality who had the honor of the Captain's acquaintance, but will sincerely regret his removal.

REV. JOHN MATTHEWS, P.P., Ballyhaise: - We are very happy to have the pleasure of announcing the convalescence of this gentleman from a severe attack of typhus fever, caught in visiting his poor parishioners. His life was despaired of for some time, but by the blessing of Almighty Providence he is once again restored to his attached flock.

SUDDEN DEATH - WARNING TO DRUNKARDS. - On Sunday morning last, the body of a man named PHILLIPS, a brogue-maker, residing near Ballihaise, was found dead on the old road leading from Cavan to that town. It appears the unfortunate man was at the market of Ballinagh on Saturday, where he got drunk, and on his return home passed through the town of Cavan at a late hour that night, accompanied by his wife and a neighbouring man. After proceeding some distance he refused to go any farther, and sat down by the road-side. His wife and the man strove to induce him to go on, but in vain; they then went away, thinking he would follow. They saw no more of him until apprised by the police of his death next day. On Monday an inquest was held by Dr. MacFADIN, coroner, when the above facts came out in evidence. Surgeon ATKIN of Ballihaise was examined, and he gave it as his opinion that the man died from drunkenness and exposure to cold. A verdict was returned accordingly, andPhillip's wife received a severe reprimand for her inhuman conduct in deserting her husband as she did.

INCENDIARISM IN THE COUNTY CAVAN. - KILLESHANDRA, FEBRUARY 1, 1849. - Another diabolical attempt has been made on the property of Mr. Patrick GIBNEY of this town, on the night of the 24th, or morning of the 28th of January ult., by setting on fire in four difference places, a large rick of hay. This rick was the central one of three built in a direct line and communicating with each other, the lower of which was raised on beams across his yard, supported on one side by a hay-loft over a range of stables. The flames did considerable damage, but were soon suppressed by the prompt exertions of the townspeople and police, who acted in a most praiseworthy manner. Fortunately the morning was unusually calm, or a great part of the town would probably have been consumed. This is the second, but not the most successful, attempt made by incendiaries on Mr. Gibney within the past two years; he having, on a former occasion, lost property to the amount of £250. It behoves (sic) the magistrates, police, and all well-meaning persons to repress this most cowardly and malicious destruction of property.

February 9, 1849


Feb. 3, the lady of Robert STORY, Esq., of Mountjoy-street, Rutland-square, of a daughter.


Feb. 5, at St. George's Church, Hanover-square, London, Louis Maximillan TIMMERMAN, Chevalier de Legion d'Honour, and late captain in the Corps de Gardo, to SARAH, widow of Sr, G. Marcus D'Arcy IRVINE, Bat., of Castle Irvine, co. Fermanagh.

Feb. 6, John COMISKEY, Esq., of Mullingar, to Eliza Anne, daughter of J. EGERTON, Esq., of Dublin.


February 6th, at his residence in the town of Cavan, after a short illness, John BRADY, Esq., in his fifty-seventh year. He was the most extensive tobacco manufacturer in the North, and presented an upright and benevolent mind, united to talents of no ordinary degree; these together with his integrity, steadiness in friendship, and gentlemanly demeanour, endeared him to a large circle of relatives and friends. He was a kind and generous master, and will be long regretted by the poor, to whom he gave immense employment. The universal esteem in which he was held was evinced by the crowded assemblance of all classes who attended his funeral and the solemn rites preceeding it.

Feb. 4, at Drumcrondra ill, co. Cublin (sic), John Baker, Esq., in his 58th year.

COURT OF COMMON PLEAS - 7th Feb. 1849.

(From our own Correspondent)

The Chief-Justice took his seat on the bench to hear records precisely at 11 o'clock, but the parties and their witnesses in several of them not being ready his Lordship, after waiting with great patience for some time, ordered that they should be struck out of the list.

Malcolm ELLIS and Henry TILSON, a. Patrick BRADY.

On this case, which was No. 6, being called, Mr. James C. LOWRY opened the pleadings, and Mr. James MAJOR, Q.C., stated the case. He said it was an action brought by the Plaintiffs for the use and occupation of certain premises in the town of Cavan, held by defendant under a written proposal bearing date in September 1846; under which he went into possession and paid one year's rent to the Plaintiffs up to 20th September, 1847. That another year's rent having accrued, the Plaintiffs proceeeded for recovery of it in the Assistant-Barrister's court, where the case was defended, and dismissed on the grounds that the proposal should have been stamped, in consequence of which, the Palintiffs have been driven to the expense of bringing their action into this court, to which (said the learned counsel), I cannot for the life of me contemplate what defence he can possibly have, either in point of law or equity, unless he imagines that he will have the same success here as he had in the court below, but I think he will find himself disappointed, as the proposal has been since stamped; although for my part I do not think it required any - and that, he will have by your verdict to pay for his litigious conduct.

Arthur Ellis and Bernard REILLY proved the occupation of the premises and the rent due, after which Mr. O'HAGAN addressed the jury with his usual ingenuity, who, without leaving the box, found a verdict for the Plaintiffs.

Counsel for the Plaintiffs - James Major and James C. Lowry, Esqrs., Messrs. James and John ARMSTRONG, Attorneys.

Counsel for the Defendant - John O'HAGAN, Esq.; Mr. Moutray ERSKINE, Attorney.

NEW QUEEN'S COUNSEL. - The Lord Chancellor has conferred silk gowns on Viscount SCULLY, Richards DEASEY, Thos. O'HAGAN, Henry JOY, Chas. ROLLESTON, David LYNCH, James DOHERGY, and Walter BOURKE, Esqrs.

DEATH OF CAPTAIN JOHN HALPIN. - It is with no ordinary regret we announce the decease, at Berhampore, on the 20th November, of Captain John HALPIN, of the 33rd regiment, and Assistant-Surveyor-General of the Ganjam district.

Chronic dysentery, brought on by exposure in the performance of his professional duties in a jungly country, was the cause of this much-lamented officer's decease; and, truly may we say it, that in Captain John Halpin the Madras army has lost one of its brightest ornaments, as a man of science, an eminent Orientalist, and a first-rate surveyor. The Ganjam Survey Department, which is now under charge of Mr. HOWARD, Deputy-assistant Surveyor, left Barhampore on the 27th ult., to pursue its duties. - United Service Gazette.

February 16, 1849



Captain DENT was sent here by the [undecipherable] Commissioners, to investigate charges of fraud [undecipherable] mal-practices preferred against the officers [,,,] workhouse. The investigation opened in the Board-room at eleven o'clock on Monday.

Captain DENT in the chair.

Present - Lord FARNHAM, Sir Thomas ROSS [...] of the Union), Robert BURROWES, Esq., [undecipherable) House; William HUMPHREYS, Esq., the Ballyhaise House; Captain CLIFFORD, J.P., Robert ERSKINE, Esq., J.P., Rev. Charles LESLIE, [undecipherable]; Dr. HALPIN, J. A. NESBITT, Esq., J.P., [undecipherable] KNIPE, Esq., Abraham BRUSH, Esq., J.P., [undecipherable] Lodge; J. E. VERNON, Esq., J.P., Kil[undecipherable], William SMITH, Esq., Drumheel; Captain [undecipherable], J.P., Glenview; Theophilus THOMPSON, Esq., J.P., Cavan; Rev. W. P. MOORE, Royal [undecipherable] Cavan; Rev. B. CROZIER, Rev. Mr. SKELTON, [undecipherable] Mr. WILKINS, Cavan; Rev. Mr. SKELTON, Ballyjamesduff; Dr. MEASE, Dr. WILLIS and M. [undecipherable], Esq., (Vice-Guardians of the Union), with [undecipherable] gentlemen, and a very large number of rate-[undecipherable] of the farming class.

In taking the chair, Captain DENT stated the [undecipherable] for which he was sent there by the commissioners, and called upon the complainants to proceed at their charges.

In opening the proceedings, on behalf of the [undecipherable], Lord Farnham made a brief and highly [undecipherable] speech, in which he strongly condemned the practice of giving out-door relief to the able-bodied, and briefly alluded to the charges of corruption and neglect which were to be brought forward in the present investigation.

Elliot SMITH, Esq., J.P., stated that he and the taxpayers had applied to the Commissioners [undecipherable] the present inquiry in order to sift the [undecipherable] of the officers of the workhouse, and to put [undecipherable] of the abuses which had made that establishment notorious. On being sworn, Mr. SMITH said he had good reason for believing that it was the [undecipherable] practice in that house to have a number of [undecipherable] names entered on the relief list, and to [undecipherable] rations given out daily as though for those [undecipherable] to the serious loss of the ratepayers. Mr. [undecipherable], one of the Vice-Guardians, counted the [undecipherable] in the house in the month of October last, and found a great discrepancy between their actual [undecipherable] and those on the master's books. The difference, he believed, was 135 or 139. Mr. ELLLIS then counted the house on the 2nd December, and found a similar discrepancy of, he believed, 101. Furth ermore, the master, Mr. MURPHY, had instructed another man to forge a certain return to [undecipherable] and before the Vice-Guardians, falsifying the [undecipherable] of paupers in the Butlersbridge auxiliary workhouse. The facts, which would be substantiated, [undecipherable] the ratepayers in praying for this [undecipherable]. Mr. SMITH concluded his observations by calling on the chairman to have Mr. ELLIS sworn and examined.

Mathew (?) ELLIS, Esq., Vice-Guardian, sworn - I [undecipherable] in the month of October, we, the Vice-Guardians, had the workhouse counted by the [undecipherable] officers, each taking a list of the number [undecipherable] in his electoral division; and on comparing [undecipherable] with the relief list there was a discrepancy of [undecipherable]. On another occasion I counted the house [undecipherable] of night when the paupers were all in bed; the following morning I went to all the out-stations and counted the number in each house, that was on Monday, the 2nd December. When the muster-rolls were produced, I found a discrepancy of [undecipherable]. On an examination gone into by Captain [undecipherable], it appeared that about 80 of the number on the books in this house, and the remainder in Butlersbridge; was present at the investigation called for by Captain HOTHAM when the wardmaster in [undecipherable] of Butlersbridge proved that the return [undecipherable] to th e Vice-Guardians, as being his [undecipherable], was a forgery. On the first occasion a charge was made master by the Vice-Guardians, as they believed he got the count in error when he came to it in March last. He found the names of parties not forthcoming to [undecipherable] on the relief list; some of them were dead for six months to two years, which shewed that the books were in error when the master took count, and that he had got his books incorrectly made up. The master entered into his office in [undecipherable] last. A number of paupers were on the books from October '47 to March '48, who had no [undecipherable]. There are two ways that rations drawn by the master for such parties can be accounted for, namely, his giving, through neglect, over many to the master, or by applying them to his own profit. The home was so crowded ever since the master [undecipherable] charge, that it was not in his power to discharge the duties efficiently, not having sufficient a ssistance, which has since been rendered to him. The [undecipherable] error in the numbers in the house was not reported by the Vice-Guardians for the reasons [undecipherable]; the second was reported in consequence of a statement by the ward-master, BRADY, of the Butlersbridge workhouse.

A slight interruption here took place, by someone coming into the Board-room, after which Mr. ELLIS's examination was resumed - The return on the Butlersbridge auxiliary workhouse, of which I have already spoken, was laid before the Vice-Guardians, and purported to have been forwarded by the ward-master of the house, a man named BRADY, which return was forged by one [undecipherable] at the instance of the master of this house, [?] MURPHY. James O'NEIL was then an unpaid [undecipherable] of Mr. MURPHY's - at least unpaid by the [undecipherable] - and he stated on oath before Captain [undecipherable] that he forged that return by the direction of the master; O'NEIL is now a porter in the fever [undecipherable] attached to this workhouse. The appointment was made by the Vice-Guardians, of whom I am one. I was aware of O'NEIL's statement before Captain HOTHAM, before we appointed him. He swore he made out that return from papers [undecipherable] him by Mr. MURPHY. I reported the [undecipherable] of the return to the Commissioners; and [undecipherable], a reply, ordered Captain HOTHAM to investigate the circumstance. The result of that investigation was, the Commissioners wrote Mr. MURPHY a reprimand; and we, the Vice-Guardians, charged Mr. MURPHY with the deficit. O'NEIL was appointed to his present office about four or five weeks after Captain HOTHAM's inquiry.

A ratepayer inquired why O'NEIL got a situation at the house after committing forgery?

Mr. ELLIS explained the reasons - namely, that O'NEIL was an active man well acquainted with his duties, which he always discharged satisfactorily; [undecipherable] held situations in the house on former occasions; and that the Vice-Guardians attributed the whole blame of this transaction to the master, whose directions the other followed.

L. BARROWS, Esq., inquired if O'NEIL had [undecipherable] authority for signing his name to the return?

Mr. ELLIS replied he was not aware; but O'NEIL was present and could be examined.

Rev. W. P. MOORE said it appeared important to see was the house counted on the two occasions to which Mr. ELLIS had alluded by accident or from affirmation.

Mr. ELLIS said it was in consequence of a report from Dr. COYNE, the medical officer, that the house was overcrowded.

[undecipherable] C. LESLIE, said Dr. COYNE should be sent for, as they were going into matters which would inculcate him.

Mr. ELLIS said he did not intimate there was something in the report to inculpate Dr. COYNE. Mr. ELLIS here read the report referred to, in which [undecipherable] told him the house was over-crowded, the [undecipherable] therefore devolved upon the Vice-Guardians of [undecipherable] all further admissions, if they valued the death of the inmates. I then (said Mr. ELLIS) secured the house, and found that there were 117 [undecipherable] than were entered on the returns. That was in October. The difference between 117 and the number stated, was made up from the returns of [undecipherable].

{undecipherable] W. P. MOORE - Does Dr. COYNE say it was reported to him that the house was over-crowded?

Mr. ELLIS answered in the affirmative.

Chairman - That is no excuse for the doctor at all. The duties of the medical officer are specifically pointed out by the Commissioners. He is to go through the house, and examine the dormitories and all other parts, and see that the whole is well [undecipherable] and properly kept. He should also see that paupers are furnished with proper food and [undecipherable]. If he did not do that, he certainly did not due his duties.

The Rev. C. LESLIE here asked Mr. ELLIS some question, for which the chairman gave him a sharp reproof, requesting the gentlemen to observe regularity, and he would give them every facility in [undecipherable] the [undecipherable]. Mr. LESLIE explained.

Mr. MURPHY, the master, having applied for permission to put a few questions to Mr. ELLIS, which was granted, asked if Mr. ELLIS was not aware that some of the parties struck off the list on the first counting were afterwards forthcoming?

Mr. ELLIS - I am not aware of my own knowledge, but you stated so.

Mr. SMITH observed it was not right to allow Mr. MURPHY to put such questions.

Mr. MURPHY begged Mr. SMITH's pardon, and contended he had a right.

The Chairman cautioned Mr. MURPHY not to put any questions or make any statement that would criminate himself.

Mr. ELLIS to Mr. MURPHY - I know documents were produced at Captain HOTHAM's investigation; some of which I read, but not all. I can state a portion of them were in the handwriting of the late ward-master at Butlersbridge.

The Chairman to Mr. MURPHY - I want to know what you are driving at. It not to the purpose, you cannot occupy the time of this court.

Mr. MURPHY said he conceived the questions he was putting were necessary to vindicate his (undecipherable]. {To Mr. ELLIS) - In what handwriting did O'NEIL state was the document from which he made up his return?

Mr. ELLIS - In penciling, given him by you.

Mr. MURPHY - You swear that?

Mr. ELLIS - I do distinctly.

Chairman - Mr. ELLIS is on his oath, and you must not ask him does he swear his statement. Of course he does, when he is already sworn.

Mr. MURPHY - Was that statement taken down and sent to the Commissioners:

Mr. ELLIS - I believe so; but I cannot state positively.

Mr. MURPHY - Can you say whether any paupers left this house or came from auxiliary workhouses from the time you counted first on Friday evening up to the time of your return on Saturday?

Mr. ELLIS - I was most careful to enquire at each of the out-houses if any paupers had arrived or left there during the time, and I was told not. It is my conviction there did not.

Mr. MURPHY intimated he would put no more questions to Mr. ELLIS.

James O'NEIL called and sworn - I am porter to the fever hospital in this union; I formerly assisted the master in writing; the master was to give me my diet by private arrangement; occasionally I slept in the house, when sitting up late at night.

To Mr. ELLIS - I was ordered on the 2d of December last by the master to fill a muster paper of the number of inmates in the auxiliary workhouse of Butlersbridge for the Vice-Guardians; I prepared it from a return sent by the ward-master of that place to this house; that document was in the handwriting of the ward-master in ink on plain paper; my return corresponded in numbers with that furnished by the ward-master at Butlersbridge; there was only that one document from which I prepared the return - at least I saw no more. The reason the original document was not laid before the Vice-Guardians was this; the return was made by the ward-master on plain paper, as he had no printed forms; I transferred the number to a printed form, and I swear the numbers on both documents corresponded - I further swear I never, at any time, received any instructions from the master to draw up any returns either for that or any other station, that did not correspond with the original documents.

To Mr. SMITH - I had no authority from BRADY, the ward-master, to sign his name to the printed form.

To the Rev. Mr. MOORE - I did not imitate BRADY's handwriting. I swear my evidence now is the same as that I gave before Captain HOTHAM.

Sir Thomas ROSS - The copying of the documents, though irregular, appears to be immaterial. The returns should have been forwarded in BRADY's own writing; but the witness states no falsification took place in transcribing those returns.

Mr. SMITH - If it was stated that you swore before Captain HOTHAM that you took that return from a penciled paper given you by the master, and in his handwriting, would that be true?

Witness - No; certainly not.

Captain DENT - Where is the document you copied now?

Mr. MURPHY - It is before the commissioners.

Mr. ELLIS - I recollect you saying on Captain HOTHAM's inquiry that you copied the return referred to from a penciled paper.

O'NEAL (sic) - I will explain that. I told Captain HOTHAM that on a former occasion long before this, I went to Butlersbridge, by the direction of the master, to get the returns of that place; the ward-master had no printed forms, but he and I went through the house and took down the numbers. He gave them out to me, and I took them down with a pencil. On my return here I copied out the pencil marks into a printed form, signing the ward-master's name to it. I state now on my oath that I copied out that penciled document correctly.

To Lord FARNHAM - I cannot tell what became of that penciled document; it might have been produced before Captain HOTHAM.

To the Rev. C. LESLIE - The ward-master's name was not to the penciled (sic) document; but I signed it by his orders to the printed form.

Sir T. ROSS - Can you swear positively that the return you drew out from the penciled paper was correct?

Witness - I swear it was.

Rev. C. LESLIE - This, I find, was in the month of October, long anterior to the subject now under inquiry.

Sir T. ROSS - Oh yes; it is merely explanatory of the penciled document.

To the Rev. W. P. MOORE - I only went on that one occasion to the out-stations. The master sent me to correct the numbers.

To the Court - I was not paid then by the union. The master paid me by private agreement. I dieted with the master and matron. My name never was on the list for rations.

Mr. SMITH - Did you state to captain HOTHAM that the document produced relating to the 2nd December was taken from the master's penciling:

Witness - There were two documents produced by Captain HOTHAM. One referred to the month of October, the other to December. I stated to Captain HOTHAM that the first one was copied from my own penciling as before stated; the other from the handwriting of the ward-master at Butlersbridge.

Mr. ELLIS - Did you give in evidence to Captain HOTHAM that the return you copied relating to the 2nd of December had pencil marks on it?

Witness - I swear I did not.

Mr. ELLIS - This accounts for the mistake I made relative to the penciled document.

The witness was then sent down.

Mr. SMITH - I have another charge to prefer against the mater - viz., that the provisions and clothes of the paupers are in the habit of being sold out at the workhouse. As an instance, a short time ago two blankets belonging to this house were found in a pit near at hand, by the police, and which were either sold or else stolen.

Mr. MURPHY - I have the missing of the blankets entered on my note-book.

Mr. SMITH - As the thing is admitted, let the master produce his book, and we will not go into the minutia.

The master examined his book, and after some time pointed out the entry.

Mr. J. E. VERNON said the next part of the inquiry would be to shew that when paupers died, their names were not struck off the list, but continued for a long time after, rations being drawn for these fictitious parties.

James REHILL, sworn - In twenty years of age; has the contract for making coffins since the 29th of September last; neither my mother nor myself are clerks, but she marked on a slate the number of coffins sent in; we sent out account down here to be paid, but it would not be allowed, though it was correct. I cannot swear exactly to the number of coffins furnished, but I can go within ten of it. I supplied six hundred and eight coffins to the whole union up to the 20th of last month; I cannot say how many coffins came into this house.

To Mr. SMITH - I send the coffins down as fast as I can make them; I don't wait for the paupers to die; the greatest number of coffins I sent into this house was one hundred and eight from the 12th to the 20th of January last.

Mr. SMITH - Does the master give you a return of the number of coffins you deliver each time?

Witness - No.

Mr. SMITH - So you can send as many as you like?

Witness - I can. (General laughter).

Witness - But I am only paid for what is on the dead-book.

Mr. SMITH - Who keeps that book?

Witness - The man that was over the deadhouse, for a few months.

Mr. SMITH - And why did he stop then?

Witness - That man was removed, and another appointed, who is no clerk.

Captain DENT - Are you paid for all the coffins you delivered?

Witness - I am, all to four hundred and six laughter.)

Captain DENT - What book is there in this house to check the account of coffins delivered in this house?

Mr. VERNON - This is precisely what we want to come at.

Sir T. ROSS asked if his account of coffins was not delivered?

Witness said yes. His account was six hundred and eight, and he was only allowed four hundred and thirteen? (laughter.)

Captain DENT asked the master for his book to show what amount of articles came into the workhouse.

The master said he had none.

Captain DENT called to the clerk for the ledger, as he supposed that would contain the account.

The clerk produced it.

Captain DENT took the ledger in his hands, and after inspecting it, threw it back in anger, saying, he would not forget to report the clerk for his conduct on that inquiry. He gave him (the chairman) evasive answers and threw every obstacle in the way of arriving at a successful solution of the charges advanced. He (the chairman) never saw matters so irregularly managed as they were in the Cavan union.

Mr. ELLIS said all the books ordered by the commissioners were kept; but not the large book referred to by Captain DENT. This book, though not imposed or ordered by the commissioners, was generally kept by all correct masters.

Sir T. ROSS, and subsequently Mr. SMITH and Mr. ELLIS, stated that from what they saw and knew of the clerk, they believed he was utterly incapable of acting in the disgraceful way supposed by th3e chairman. They evermore found Mr. KILPATRICK an active, useful, and upright public officer.

Captain DENT expressed himself perfectly satisfied with this statement.

Mr. ELLIS then satisfactorily explained the mode of issuing orders, checking the returns, &c., &c.

After which Dr. WILLLIS said that coffins and straw were articles which the master had unlimited power to order, by direction of the commissioners. It would not answer very well to have a corpse, that perhaps died of fever, lying in the dead-house until a coffin could be made for it, which might be for days sometimes.

The Chairman examined the book containing the list of deaths, and said that from the 12th to the 20th of January he found a record of sixty-eighty deaths.

Mr. SMITH said the number of deaths sworn to should be received as correct until disproved by the master.

The Chairman said that although coffins were furnished they did not prove the amount of deaths exactly, as the coffins might be lying on hand for some days after.

REHILL, in answer to Mr. SMITH, stated that on the 23rd of January he supplied three more coffins.

The master said there might be several coffins on hand at the time, of a different size to those required.

The witness was further examined, and he gave the most contradictory answers to the questions put to him. He stated he supplied the union with six hundred and eight coffins up to a certain date; that when he sent in his account the Vice-Guardians struck off one hundred and ninety-five off his account, to make it correspond with the deaths on the check-book - that he was paid for the remainder - that he would "live by the loss," only he swore he would look after it - that still he had hopes the remaining coffins would turn up, as perhaps they were sent to the out-stations, and if so he would get credit for them again - that he was paid money for coffins three or four times before, and this his accounts were allowed on those occasions, save the Guardians might strike off one or two coffins off each, but that was nothings - that a man in Killeshandra was paid for thirty-five coffins which he, (witness) made, and which he never received anything for, &c. In answer to further q ueries, he said he always expected the price of the hundred and ninety-five disallowed coffins, for people told him the number of deaths in the Anglo-Celt were more than he got credit for, and that the Anglo-Celt said there would be an investigation. He thought by that it would all come out. His mother is now contractor, but he and his brother work at the coffins as before.

Sir T. ROSS - The former contract was for 2s. 11d. each coffin; now it is for 2s. 3 ½ d. I thought the terms of the contract were already broken through by the contractor, and I advised the Vice-Guardians to issue advertisements for a fresh contract. They did so, and we now get coffins for 2s. 3 ½ d. that before cost 2s. 11d.

Witness - Yes; but the stuff wont (sic) carry a corpse.

Sir T. ROSS - I'll watch you, and be careful how you fulfil (sic) your contract, my man.

The witness, in reply to the court, stated that the orders for the coffins were always given to him verbally; that there was no account kept of the number he delivered, and that he could not keep an account himself, not being a clerk; that his mother kept an account on a slate, but when he came to have his bills paid, he was only allowed for what deaths appeared on the workhouse books. He had the contract from the 29th of September up to the other day, when his mother got it. At first there was a man over the dead-house who could write, and this man kept an account for him of the coffins delivered; when that man was changed the person put in his place could not write, and so no registry at all was kept, until the 8th of this month another man was put over the dead-house, and he enters in a check-book for witness the number of coffins made.

Sir T. ROSS asked the witness how he could afford to be at the loss of 195 coffins?

Witness couldn't afford it; but what could he do. If he was always sent a written order there would be no mistake.

Chairman - I'll take that down.

The witness was then ordered to stand aside.

The Assistant-Master Mr. FINNIGAN, was called - he could not tell when or how many coffins were sent to the out-stations.

REHILL, in answer to another question, said he sent then coffins down to the workhouse, this morning; by his brother. The witness again corrected himself, and said only nine.

The Chairman advised him to get some person to keep his accounts, for he would find it beneficial to himself.

Captain DENT asked how many coffins were in the dead-house at present?

Mr. ELLIS went to the dead-house and on his return said there were 14 coffins altogether - three were full, eleven empty, but three corpses were lying there ready to be cottined (sic).

Pat. FINNIGAN assistant-master, sworn and examined by Mr. SMITH - I have been about six weeks in charge of the house in consequence of the master's sickness, I cannot say how many coffins were received in the house from the 12th to the 20th of January, further than by the deaths' there is no other check but that' there never were forty coffins in the store at one time since I came to the house; I cannot swear that 168 coffins were not sent into the house from the 12th to the 20th of January. REHILL never delivered the coffins to me. If it suited his convenience he came, and left them outside the wall but inside the work-house grounds, so that the country people might carry them away.

Dr. WILLIS - You say the coffins never were delivered to you?

Witness - Never.

Dr. WILLIS - Do you know your duties, sir?

Witness - I think I do. A man named LATIMER has charge of the dead house at present.

Dr. WILLISS - Where is the dead house?

Witness - It is inside and outside the walls.

Sir T. ROSS - Deadhouse inside and outside the walls

Dr. WILLIS - The witness is stupid. The dead-house is like similar places in all the workhouses in Ireland. There is a door opening from it to the outside of the workhouse walls.

Sir T. ROSS - Were you ever in the dead-house?

Witness - I was; but not often. I don't like going into it. I'd be afraid.

Sir. T. ROSS - I believe you; for the other day I when Mr. ELLIS went in you stopped outside (typist note: sentence is typed as it was written in the newspaper).

To Captain DENT - If ordered by the Vice-Guardians to go into the dead-house, I would go.

To Lord FARNHAM - Before I got my appointment the man in charge of the dead-house often sent an order for coffins without acquainting any body. I removed him and have put another in his place, namely LATIMER,

How do you know he did?

Witness - I know it; for I was told so.

To Mr. NESBITT - I can't swear LATIMER (who is a pauper) did not send an order for coffins since his appointment; but I think not, to the best of my knowledge. I send the orders myself; they are always verbal.

REHILL was again called, and stated that sometimes when he got an order for coffins in the evening, and sent them up after five o'clock, the dead-house would then be closed, and the coffins would remain outside until morning.

Chairman - The country people might come and take them away then, which it is likely they did, there was so much distress amongst them?

REHILL - They could if they liked. Next day I would go up and ask if they were taken in, and was always told they were. I put the coffins down inside the dead-house door, as I was afraid to go round. I have a pass-book now since the 8th.

Rev. Mr. MOORE - Is it of this month?

Witness - Yes.

Rev. Mr. MOORE - So you have the pass-book just four days

In the course of some questions put to the assistant-master, it was elicited that LATIMER has been in office only a week.

The assistant-master defended himself on the ground that he could not do all the duty while the master was labouring under fever. Sir J. ROSS told the assistant-master to keep a return of the coffins for the future, and to send written orders for them filled up in his own handwriting.

Assistant-Master - I hope you wont ask me to go into the dead-house?

Sir Thomas ROSS did not hear this question until good-humouredly reminded of it by Lord Farnham.

Sir T. ROSS - Why, my good fellow, I would go into the dead-house as often as necessary, and my life is as valuable to me as yours is to you. The best thing you can do is to tender your resignation in the morning.

Rev. W. P. MOORE inquired what was the largest number of coffins taken from Rehill in any one week, for he was told by a person near him (Mr. TULLY, school-master) that he counted forty-seven leaving Rehill's in one week.

The assistant-master could not tell.

A few remarks were here made by some of the gentlemen, relative to rations being doled out daily for persons dead long before.

Assistant-master - I know one instance, that of a man named KILTY, from Ballintemple, who died and was not entered in the record of deaths. Witness explained how that occurred. He knew the man personally, and knew him to be dead about ten days, and on last night he saw his name on the register.

Lord Farnham - Was the deceased's name on the relief list all the time?

Assistant-master - It was.

A gentleman asked was it possible for a pauper to die in the house, be taken to the dead-house, and then interred, without any record being made.

Witness - Yes, in the cripple ward or in the infirmary.

Mr. VERNON - Where did this man die that you refer to?

Witness - In the cripple ward, over which a man named PLUNKET is wardmaster. He should have reported the death to me, and I would have entered it. But he did not; so he neglected his duty.

Lord Farnham inquired what check of the deaths was kept?

Witness said the wardmaster should report to the nurse, the nurse should enter it, and the clerk or master's clerk should take the return from that entry.

The witness produced the relief book, by which it appeared that rations were drawn for deceased up to Saturday last, that was for a week after his death. Witness further stated that rations were given out for deceased up to and including yesterday (Saturday).

Mr. ELLIS said Ballintemple would not be charged for the rations issued for deceased this week.

Witness also admitted, on being cross-examined by the Rev. W. P. MOORE, that rations were issued for deceased this very day, although the death was known.

Rev. W. P. MOORE - It is rather hard to pay for a coffin and rations for a man at the same time.

Mrs. FARRELLY (nursetender to the infirmary) sworn - Was nurse over the male and female departments of the infirmary only, and has nothing to do with the rest of the house. I did not hear of KILTY's death until this moment. I am not in the habit of visiting the cripple-ward, but I would go there, if told there was any one sick in it. I make a return of the number of deaths under my care every Saturday. I only make a return once a week.

Witness was here sworn, and after producing her book in which she keeps the records of deaths, stated that was a true account of all the deaths she was aware of. I am not in the habit of reporting the deaths daily. The medical officer, Dr. COYNE, allows me to keep the book and give the record weekly, every Saturday, to himself and the master. I send the book itself to the master. If a person dies under my care, I do not draw any ration for him after that date. I send a docket every morning to the master, in writing, for provisions for the day' and if there is any decrease I give the union credit for it. I draw spirits, when ordered for patients, every day; but I get the tea by the week. If a patient dies on a Monday, I don't return the tea and sugar back; but if another patient is entered, I give what is remaining over belonging to the former patient to the new one.

Dr. WILLIS pressed her for an answer to the question, what would she do with the tea and sugar of a deceased patient for the remainder of the week?

Witness could not answer that directly. In such cases she gave it to the nurses to distribute amongst the other patients.

A desultory conversation here ensued about the whiskey and punch ordered by the physician to the sick inmates, and about all the paupers being entered on the books as dying on Saturdays; after which James PLUNKET (a wretched-looking being) sworn - I am a pauper, and have had charge of the male infirm ward for three years; I remember a pauper of the name of KILTY being under my care; he died about three weeks since, to the best of my opinion; he was very stout and supple when he came into my ward, where he remained until he died; he was there about a month; I was about three days absent, on leave, at the time KILTY died; two paupers, named George TIERNEY and John SCOTT, had charge of the ward in my absence; on my return I missed KILTY, and was told he was dead; I cannot say if the doctor visited him before his death, the man was not long lying; when a man dies in my ward, I always report it to Mrs. FARRELLY; I never spoke to her on the subject of this man's death; I cannot sa y I ever sent for the doctor to visit KILTY; I have sixty-one persons in my ward at present; I think rations were not drawn for me in my absence; I never draw any for people when dead, while I was in Macken I was fed there; the woman that made the stirabout gave me some, and the man that cut the bread gave me 1 lb.; it was Mr. FINNEGAN gave me the pass; the pass mentioned two days but I stayed three.

Captain DENT said it would be well to have SCOTT and TIERNEY brought forward and examined.

Mr. SMITH thought they were diverging from the main question, and it was a losing of time, particularly if they intended to go through any more business that night.

After a remark by the chairman, the parties were called.

George TIERNEY and John SCOTT sworn - They stated the absence of PLUNKET and the death of KILTY, as before stated. Dr. COYNE visits that ward occasionally. He saw KILTY before he died, and allowed him rice and medicine.

To Dr. WILLIS - As soon as KILTY died we reported his death to Mrs. FARRELLY.

Sir Thomas ROSS - Mrs. FARRELLY is after swearing she never heard of KILTY's death until to-day. Now will you swear you reported it to Mrs. FARRELLY?

TERNEY - I think I did.

Sir Thomas ROSS - That wont do; you must say positively.

TIERNEY - Well, as far as I recollect, I did report it.

Sir T. ROSS - Will you swear you reporte4d it.

TIERNEY - I will.

Sir T. ROSS - Now be cautious.

TIERNEY - I can't say I did.

Sir T. ROSS - Did KILTY get any medicine before he died? or did the doctor see him?

TIERNEY - He got chalk mixture. The man was confined to bed for a fortnight; he did not besmear his bed, but he went often to the night-chair. I don't think he told the doctor he was sick. When he died we carried him to the dead-house.

Sir T. ROSS to TIERNEY - Do you smoke?

Witness - No.

Mr. SMITH - Now you are all on your oaths; will you state if ever you knew paupers to sell their provisions or clothes?

Witness - Eh

Mr. SMITH - Did you ever sell any of your provisions?

Sir T. ROSS - Allow me, Mr. SMITH. Don't ask that question; the witnesses are not bound to criminate themselves.

Mr. SMITH - Did you know provisions to be sold by the paupers?

Witnesses - Why, a piece of bread might be sold for a bit of tobacco or the like of that.

Dr. WILLIS - That is done in every workhouse in Ireland I believe.

A constable was then examined, who stated he found two blankets in a pit near the house - that he had them in the barracks for ten days, and on hearing they were stolen from the workhouse, he gave them up to Mr. MURPHY. On asking Mr. MURPHY if he had lost any blankets, he said he thought he had.

Mr. MURPHY pointed to the date of the minute to show he knew of the blankets having been stolen before that.

Mr. SMITH said that entry might have been made subsequently.

The Chairman desired the policemen to bring the receipt he got for the blankets from Mr. MURPHY next day.

Mr. MURPHY said the two paupers that stole the blankets, were named James REILLY and Thomas BRADY - they were most abandoned characters, having ran away from the workhouse on different occasions, generally stealing something when going. While in the house they seduced four young girls. Their case was laid before the commissioners, who said the Vice-Guardians had no power to exclude them. They are not in the workhouse now.

Dr. WILLIS - By what authority do you expel paupers, Mr. MUEPHY?

Mr. MURPHY - By the directions of the Vice-Guardians solely.

It being then after six o'clock, the Court adjourned until ten next morning.

Captain DENT opened the court to-day at half-past ten o'clock. A great many of the gentlemen who attended yesterday were present.

The Chairman commenced by calling the attention of the Vice-Guardians to the fact, that the name of Michael HILTY, the pauper who died in the cripple-ward, appeared on the entry-book of the 8th December, and his name still continued on the books of the house; and rations were drawn in his name; he hoped the Vice Guardians would remedy this evil.

Mr. J. E. VERNON said it would be more important to prevent a recurrence of similar acts.

The Chairman said of course the Vice-Guardians would look to that.

Mr. MURPHY, the master, was called, and on appearing, it was apparent he was very ill. He is only getting out of fever, and it was stated on leaving the Board-room last evening he fainted.

Mr. SMITH - Well, I propose going on with Mr. MURPHY's case now, in order to let him away as quickly as possible. The principal charge I have against Mr. MURPHY is, that he took 600 yards of frieze into stock some months ago, of an inferior quality and colour to that ordered. This charge was investigated before Mr. CRAWFORD on a former occasion, when Mr. MURPHY led Mr. CRAWFORD to believe that the contract with Mr. FAY was kept open up to the time Mr. MOORE sent in the goods. The facts are shortly these. The Vice-Guardians ordered a blue frieze for the sick and infirm wards, to distinguish them from the rest of the paupers, who wore grey frieze; Mr. FAY, a shopkeeper in this town, had the contract for supplying the house with frieze, at 1s. 8d. per yard. Mr. MURPHY took the order for the blue frieze to Mr. FAY, with a sample of a very superior cloth; Mr. FAY told him he had none of that quality on hand, but he would send for some, which he did. In the interim, Mr. MURP HY brought the order to Mr. MOORE, another shopkeeper in this town, who was allowed to send a kind of grey frieze, and charge at the rate of 2s. 3d. a yard for it. Mr. MURPHY stated before Mr. CRAWFORD that he kept calling on Mr. FAY regularly for some weeks, until he declined to serve it. The original order sent to Mr. FAY was for 500 yards, and it was dated the 18th of April, 1848. Now I will show, that on the 25th of April, Mr. MURPHY took an order to Mr. MOORE for 160 yards, though he stated he kept the order to Mr. FAY open for a considerable time after. Mr. MOORE supplied this order, and it was neither the colour nor the quality of the pattern. Furthermore, it was sworn here, before Mr. CRAWFORD, on the evidence of the tailor of this establishment and the contractor, FAY, that the article supplied by Mr. MOORE was inferior in quality to another article I then produced, and which Mr. FAY deposed on oath he was selling at 1s. 3d. per yard. I could arrive at the val ue of the frieze in no other way. The Chairman, Mr. CRAWFORD, took up some of the frieze supplied by Mr. MOORE, and on holding it between him and the light said it was a very bad article - the worse, in his opinions, to any then shown.

Captain DENT looked over the books and said he could find no minute of when the original order was issued.

Mr. MURPHY said he was only a fortnight in the house at that time.

Dr. WILLIS pointed out an entry on the books by which it appeared Mr. MOORE delivered the hundred and sixty yards on the 9th of May.

Captain DENT briefly recapitulated the charge against Mr. MURPHY, and called upon him to explain.

Mr. MURPHY - I came here on the 1st of April, and on the 18th I was ordered by the Vice-Guardians to fill an order for five hundred yards of frieze, which order I delivered to Mr. FAY, accompanied by a pattern.

Mr. SMITH - Did you not swear before Mr. CRAWFORD, that you thought the pattern produced was not that given by you to Mr. FAY?

Mr. MURPHY - I did nothing of the kind.

The Rev. C. LESLIE then explained the circumstances of the first inquiry - namely, that a pattern was produced to Mr. MURPNHY, which he swore was that given to Mr. FAY; and on another pattern being produced, he stated he could not identify which of the two he gave Mr. FAY.

Captain DENT - It appears to me Mr. SMITH wants to know why you gave a pattern to Mr. FAY, and took, as Mr. SMITH says, a much inferior article from Mr. MOORE.

Mr. MURPHY - On the 25th of April I was directed by the Vice-Guardians to fill an order for a hundred and sixty yards of frieze, and to give it to Mr. MOORE. I was expressly told that. I did so, and he sent in the article on the 0thj of May, agreeable to the pattern which was handed me by the Vice-Guardians. I heard nothing of the price at the time; I did not know the contract price even. I was master of a union before. When I took the order to Mr. MOORE, he said, as well as I recollect, that he had some frieze similar to what he supplied the gaol with, and that he got 2s. 3d. per yard for it. We are confining ourselves now to the 160 yards. With regard to the 500 yards, which were ordered on the 15rh of June, -- that differed in colour altogether from the hundred and sixty yards, and I think also in quality. The hundred and sixty yards were not examined by the Vice-Guardians at all, as well as I recollect. The order for the five hundred yards was supplied in August

To Mr. SMITH - I will distinctly swear that the pattern which I gave Mr. FAY a portion of, was the same as I gave Mr. MOORE, and the 160 yards supplied by him corresponded both in colour and quality with that pattern.

Mr. SMITH - Now, Mr. MURPHY, will you answer me this. On the inquiry before Mr. CRAWFORD, in this very board-room, did you not swear that a pattern which was thrown over to you by Mr. FAY, of dark blue frieze, was darker than the pattern brought him?

Mr. MURPHY - He produced a frieze, and I said I could not swear positively that that was the pattern I brought to him, as it was out of my possession for a time. I said it might be darker, as I had not the pattern locked up or sealed.

Mr. SMITH - Can you explain the discrepancy between your evidence now and that given before Mr. CRAWFORD.

Mr. MURPHY - I can swear most positively that the pattern given me on the 18thof April continued in my possession up to the 9th of May, until Mr. MOORE supplied the 100 yards; and I can swear that this cloth of Mr. MOORE's corresponded in colour and quality to the pattern then in my keeping. I will not take on myself to swear that the pattern produced in this room on the 16th of December, before Mr. CRAWFORD, was the pattern originally given me by the Vice-Guardians, as it was knocked about the room here for five months. But I had no other pattern, and to the best of my belief that was the identical one. I had no other pattern until I got the second lot of frieze. The blue frieze was the only thing of the kind supplied the house during my term of office. It was not the custom at that time to keep surplus of supply under seal, but it is now.

Mr. MURPHY, at the desire of the court, produced the disputed pattern, and said it was sealed by Mr. CRAWFORD at the conclusion of the last inquiry.

Some of the gentlemen disputed that this was the pattern, and called for a portion of the 160 yards, which was produced made up in a jacket.

Mr. MURPHY to the Chairman - Mr. MOORE never exchanged the frieze he delivered to me. All patterns are now sealed and kept by the clerk.

After examining the pattern and the jacket produced, Captain DENT said they were not similar - the pattern was blue and the jacket was French grey.

Mr. MURPHY, on looking at the jacket, said that was a portion of 87 yards sent in by Mr. MOORE to complete the order for the 500 yards. Mr. MURPHY then went for a jacket of the 160 yards.

In his absence some conversation took place respecting the medical officer. The Rev. C. LESLIE said, the way matters were conducted here was - this medical officer came here and bullied the Vice-Guardians and the officers. He told them, I shall have this and I shall have that, and you dare not prevent me.

The Chairman said, if such were the practice it would appear in evidence.

The master was a long time absent, and on the chairman complaining of the delay, the Rev. Charles LESLIE said the master was putting about to find something to serve his turn and to baffle the inquiry.

Mr. MURPHY here returned with specimens of all the frieze he got from Mr. MOORE, with several of his invoices.

Captain DENT examined the invoices and the books, and asked how it came that an entry was made on the 15th if June as though the 500 yards were then supplied, although the cloth was not delivered until August.

The master explained that the clerk entered the article as if supplied on the day the order was issued.

Mr. ELLIS said at that time and for a while after he came, the books were in disorder, and evidently the clerk entered the thing in that way as a kind of short-cut.

Captain DENT said he never saw such irregularity as was manifested in the way matters were conducted in this union.

Mr. ELLIS - You allude to the past time, before I came here.

Captain DENT took down the dates - the several orders were issued, and when supplied - the rest being on the 18th of August.

Captain DENT inquired how there appeared to be such urgency for the frieze in April and the goods not delivered until August?

The master said this was in anticipation of the opening of the fever hospital, which was expected to take place in May' but from the delay of the builder Mr. HAGUE, the hospital was not opened until August.

Captain DENT - Tell me how much of this frieze was made up and how much remained on hand any time after the opening of the hospital - say two or three months?

Before Mr. MURPHY answered, the Chairman asked Dr. COYNE, who had made his appearance, if he knew anything of a pauper named KILTY, who died in the cripple ward?

Dr. COYNE - I often prescribe for persons in the cripple ward; but they don't come under my care expressly unless put in the infirmary. Disabled paupers are sent to that ward more to keep them quiet than anything else.

Chairman - Can you state if you prescribed for KILTY, or had him under your care, more than in the ordinary ways of the house?

Dr. COYNE looked over his prescription book, and said he saw he had prescribed for KILTY on the 13th of December in the cripple ward. He was generally debilitated, and had a disease that required adhesive straps to be put upon him, accompanied by diarrhea. He gave him some chalk mixture with other things, I saw him on that day. I generally go twice or thrice a week into that ward, and if a change of any description is required, I order it.

Chairman - Can you saw what became of KILTY?

Dr. COYNE - He is not with us now. He was reported as dead.

Chairman - Were you aware of his death before yesterday?

Dr. COYNE - I cannot saw I was; so many die; but I always hear of the deaths on the Saturday after they occur, as that is our return day.

Chairman - I whish to confine myself to this case.

Dr. COYNE - I cannot state exactly when KILTY died, but it is probable I will be able to tell you from a rough re cord we keep daily of the deaths.

Chairman - That is precisely the document I want.

Dr. COYNE went for the record; and on his return said there was no entry of KILTY's death, owing to the absence of the proper ward-master at the time.

Chairman - I wish to know how you manage the dietary of patients that die?

Dr. COYNE - I check off their deaths. Every day we keep a rough record of deaths, and on Saturday I give a return of them. I was not acquainted with KILTY's death, but the master should know all the deaths in his department. I cannot tax my memory with visiting or prescribing for KILTY particularly more than once. I consider I should know of all the deaths that occur in the house. I believe this is the only death on record that was not reported.

Captain DENT - But it leads to suspicion that there were a great many others.

Dr. COYNE - Paupers are generally admitted into the cripple ward on my orders. The day after their admission, if they have any peculiar bodily infirmity, I prescribe for them at the surgery, and order them to the infirm ward, if I think it necessary. Other officers sometimes send decidedly bad cases into the infirm or cripple wards before I see them. KILTY's name does not appear on any of my books at all.

Captain DENT - I want to find out how this man died and nobody knew anything at all about it.

Dr. COYNE - It occurred as I stated, through the absence of the proper ward-master, and the person in charge not giving a return.

Chairman - What check have you for preventing the drawing of rations for the remainder of a week in which a pauper dies; for I find the majority of cases are entered as dying on a Saturday?

Dr. COYNE - I give the nurse a daily record of deaths, which the master should get every day to check the issue of provisions.

Chairman - When a ward-master makes a report of a death do you inquire into the particulars?

Dr. COYNE - If it occur in my department, I do; if in the other part of the house, the nurse invariably does, to the best of my belief. I consider it more her duty. If a person is in a weakly state in any part of the house not immediately under my care, Ii generally order his rice with an increase of milk, and whatever other thing he requires.

Chairman - I want to get at the bottom of this extraordinary fact. Here a man dies, is conveyed to the dead-house by two paupers, and nobody knows anything about it, while the man still lives on the union; his name being on the books up to the present, and rations daily given out for him.

Dr. COYNE - I have no farther explanation to give on the matter.

Chairman - We will proceed to the other charges against the physician; but, gentlemen, I have express orders not to open any part gone into by Dr. PHELAN, a better authority than I am on those matters.

Mr. SMITH said Dr. WILLIS, the Vice-Guardian, should be called on to explain what he thought of the fever hospital, as a medical office, on his arrival here.

After some conversation relative to the propriety of examining Dr. WILLIS, or having him forward his report to the Commissioners in the capacity of Vice Guardian, Dr. WILLIS stated that the only objection he had to the fever hospital was the crowding, which objection he had to all other parts of the house. The over-crowding in the hospital, was caused by a great pressure of sickness, for which Dr. COYNE was not at all to blame. On his word, as a man of honour, Dr. WILLIS had no other objection to make against the fever hospital. He went carefully through the hospital, and examined it for his own satisfaction, and not to criticize Dr. COYNE's management of his patients as a medical man.

Mr. SMITH said the next charge was relative to a pauper named Phil FITZSIMON.

The Chairman said that was already fully investigated and he would not enter into it.

The Chairman then called on Mr. Francis TULLY to prefer his charge. Mr. TULLY made a prosy statement, in which he said a child named Mary MURPHY died in this house, and the parents could get no satisfaction as to whether the child was living or dead.

Mr. ELLIS - I can settle that matter in a few words. The child died on the 10th of December, and about three weeks ago the mother came to me to inquire about her child. I produced the books and showed the child's death, when she went away satisfied. What makes me know all about it - the woman when speaking to the porter called him "his honour," and when he got vexed and scolded, she called him "my Lord" (laughter).

The child's mother was called in, and admitted what Mr. ELLIS stated, but said someone had told her since the child was alive.

The Chairman satisfied the mother of the child's death, who then went away.

Mr. SMITH said he would not press the charge against Dr. COYNE relative to Phil FITZSIMON's death.

Dr. COYNE expressed himself anxious to proceed with the inquiry on that matter, if any one present felt the least interest in it. He was able to prove that FITZSIMON was discharged from the county fever hospital as incurable, and that he gave him medicine from time to time, as he required it, up to the time of his death.

Mr. SMITH - The next charge I have against Dr. COYNE is, that he frequently changed the dietary of the house, which changes were not conducive to the economy of the establishment. One particular item is, that, in last harvest, he frequently urged upon the Vice-Guardians to change the dietary of the house to potatoes, in order to serve Mr. John REILLY of Butlersbridge, he having fourteen acres of potatoes to dispose of.

Dr. COYNE stated he urged upon the Vice-Guardians to change the dietary of the paupers, as he considered it tended to the benefit of their health. At the time he spoke of the potatoes, he was not aware that John REILLY had any potatoes at all for sale. THE Vice-Guardians asked him who would supply them with a sufficient quantity; the Doctor stated he would be on the inquiry, and, in consequence, spoke to several persons on the subject. Potatoes were then a drug in the market, and it mattered not to him who supplied the contract. He considered the paupers could be then fed at a cheaper rate on potatoes than on the diet they were getting. The paupers were anxious for a change, and it was a diet most consonant with the habits of the paupers.

Mr. SMITH said that within the last twelve months potatoes could not be called a drug in the market, and asked Dr. COYNE what they were then selling at?

Dr. COYNE did not recollect, though he made a calculation at the time. He bought potatoes himself at 3d. per stone.

A farmer present stated he was glad to sell his potatoes at 4d. a stone.

The Chairman said if the medical officer thought a certain dietary necessary for the health of the paupers, the duty devolved upon him of having it adopted under the sanction of the Vice-Guardians.

Mr. SMITH wished to have Mr. ELLIS examined.

Mr. ELLIS expressed himself willing to answer any questions put to him. He stated Dr. COYNE ordered a very expensive dietary for the paupers in July last. Previous to its adoption, the Vice-Guardians laid it before the Commissioners, who advised it to be adopted temporarily, and in the meantime they forwarded it to Dr. PHELAM, who was sent here soon after. When Dr. PHELAM came here he wrote a new and less expensive dietary, which he laid before the Vice-Guardians for their adoption. They, in turn, forwarded it to the Commissioners, who sanctioned it, and it is now in use. In Doctor COYNE's dietary I thought it inconsistent to have a large quantity of rice and brown bread issued together, and I stated so to the Commissioners.

Dr. COYNE - You did not intimate that to me - rather the reverse.

Mr. ELLIS - The Commissioners recommended the Vice-Guardians to adopt Dr. COYNE's dietary temporarily.

Dr. COYNE - That was the expression I made use of, when recommending it.

Mr. ELLIS said the change made last week by Dr. PHELAN in the dietary would case a reduction of 3d. to 4d. per head, he thought, on Dr. COYNE's dietary.

Dr. WILLIS stated he considers the gross expense of dietary in the workhouse is enormous.

Mr. SMITH called attention to this statement, particularly when the reduction named by Mr. ELLIS, was taken into account.

Dr. WILLIS said, perhaps the word "enormous" was too strong.

The Chairman called upon the other charges to be made.

The Rev. C. LESLIE said it was generally rumoured that the dietary in this establishment was too expensive, and that it was frequently changed to suit the interests of contractors. He concluded by calling on Mr. James REILLY, hotel-keeper, as a witness.

Mr. REILLY was sworn and examined. He was one of the former elected Guardians; and at one time was on a committee which investigated the affairs of the sick wards. Our general opinion (continued Mr. REILLY) was that the expenses were greater than they should, or then they were elsewhere, and we stated that opinion in writing to the board. This was in 1843 or 1844. I don't think I ever spoke to Dr. COYNE on the expenses, except in the board-room; I made an objection while on the board several times to the expenses. I frequently asked the board who were to defray or meet these expenses. I cannot charge my mind with any answer made on any of these occasions by the physician, Dr. COYNE.

Chairman - Did the doctor ever say to you he would make the landlords pull down their rents?

Mr. REILLY - Not in the board-room; but we had a private conversation in the streets one day on the affairs of the union, in which I recollect the doctor saying, "I'll make the landlords pull down their rents."

Chairman - Which expression did he use, for there is a material difference. Did he say, "the landlords will have to pull down their rent, or "I'll make the landlords pull down their rents."

Mr. James REILLY - I think the former.

Chairman - Can you say which positively?

Mr. James REILLY - I cannot; but to the best of my recollection the words were "the landlords will have to pull down their rents."

Rev. C. LESLIE - Did you ever tell a respectable man in this town that the doctor's expression was - "I'll make the landlords pull down their rents?"

Mr. James REILLY - I might have done so, but I don't recollect.

A farmer present observed that it was not justice to the ratepayers to allow a person behind the scenes, who seemed to know a great deal of these matters, to prompt others and not give his own testimony.

The Chairman reproved this person for his observation; he was not to judge of what should be done by others; but if he had anything to offer himself bearing on this case, he (the chairman) would be most happy to hear them.

Dr. COYNE protested, as a gentleman, that if he had made an observation like that attributed to him, which he did not recollect, it was never with the intention of annoying or injuring the landlords; he would not do so for any consideration.

Lord FARNHAM made a few remarks complimentary to Dr. COYNE.

Both Dr. COYNE and Mr. REILLY then left the court. Subsequently a short time before the court adjourned, Mr. REILLY returned, and applied to the Chairman to have the minutes of his evidence read. The chairman complied with his request, when Mr. REILLY stated the matter was much on his mind since he left the board-room, and he was now of opinion the doctor made use of the first expression - namely, "I'll make the landlords pull down their rents;" at the same time he would not swear it positively. The Chairman said he would take a note of the amendment, and apprise Dr. COYNE of it on the following day.

The next charge was proceeded with - that of Dr. COYNE unduly influencing the issue of orders to contractors.

Mr. SMITH sworn and examined - I think Dr. COYNE exceeded his duty, by mixing himself up with contractors; I was in Mr. HUMPHRY's shop one evening in October last; Dr. COYNE came in, and addressing Mr. HUMPHRY, said --: "HUMPHRYS, were you declared contractor for any things to-day?" Mr. HUMPHRYS said he was, for two or three articles, calico was one, but there is so much jobbing in the house, and added, "I don't think I'll get an order during the existence of my contract." Dr. COYNE, in reply, said, give me a list of the articles you have been declared contractor for, and I'll engage you'll get your share.

Mr. HUMPHRYS was inquired for, but he was not present.

Dr. COYNE then got up, and addressed Mr. SMITH, as follows - "Do you think, Mr. SMITH, if I meant any injury or fraud to the union would I make use of that observation before you of all men?"

Mr. SMITH - I merely stated your words. I made no comments.

Dr. COYNE - I would not, knowing, as I did, that you were so anxious for scrutiny and inquiries of all kinds. But I never meant any fraud, and it is not clear to me if ever I expressed what you say.

Mr. Francis TULLY here interrupted the court by some maniacal gesticulations, as he did frequently during the progress of the inquiry, but he was peremptorily silenced by the Chairman.

On Mr. HUMPHRYS being again called for, it was stated he would not appear, as he had the strongest objection to give evidence of private conversations on anything which occurred in familiar intercourse.

Mr. SMITH understood Mr. HUMPHRYS would have been present, or he would have thought it his duty to have had him served with a summons; but it was then too late.

The Chairman said they should have had their witnesses ready, and not be delaying the court by looking for them when required.

Mr. SMITH had another charge of irregularity to make which would implicate Dr. COYNE, and show that he exceeded his duty by interfering with matters which did not come within his province. In going to these lengths, he (Mr. SMITH) had no object to serve, but the interests of the ratepayers.

Mr. SMITH then called upon John ROGERS, Esq., of Belturbet, as a witness.

Mr. ROGERS said he had been served with a summons to attend, which he thought rather an insult, as he had ever shown himself, both in his capacity of guardian and ratepayer, most anxious to carry out the provisions of the poor-law fairly and economically, consistently with his duty to all parties.

The Rev. C. LESLIE said the summons was filled at his request, not that he thought it necessary, but just to observe the regular routine in those things.

Mr. ROGERS observed - private matter was mixed up with his evidence on this inquiry, and he wished to know would he be at liberty to state the whole particulars, or those only bearing on Dr. COYNE? He was desirous of doing the former, as he would thereby have an opportunity of preferring a charge against the clerk which he had to make.

The Chairman said he would hear him in full, reserving to himself the right of expunging any extraneous matter.

Mr. ROGERS was then sworn and examined - I am agent to John Copeland JONES, Esq.; I recollect the letting of Miltown fever hospital, which is Mr. JONES's property, and the contract then made.

Mr. ROGERS, here interrupted the examination and said - This has reference to my charge against the clerk and will I go into at length?

On being answered in the affirmative, Mr. ROGERS then proceeded - the house was taken from a Mr. David JONES in October last, for a temporary fever hospital; when I heard it, HONES and I came her and intimated to Captain DUCKWORTH that there was a large arrear of rent due on the premises, and that I would distrain for it; JONES then told me that he was to receive £20 from the Vice-Guardians when he would make some improvements he mentioned, and said if I would allow him to dispose of his crop he would hand me over the £20. I consented, and made no further inquiry until I heard that the repairs had been made, when I was informed by the clerk, that Mr. ELLIS had, in ignorance of this arrangement, signed the check in JONES's favour, and that Captain DUCKWORTH declined affixing his signature in consequence of the agreement then entered into. I was most surprised to learn about a week since that Captain DUCKWORTH, when out of office, consented to subscribe a check which he refu sed to sign when in. I accordingly had an interview with the clerk, and on demanding the check from him was informed he could not give it to any other than the person in whose favour it was drawn. I then offered to bring JONES here to have the matter arranged, when the clerk informed me that he might as well tell me the truth, he had given it, to a third party, who advanced JONES money thereon. I expressed my surprise at his one moment expressing his inability to give it to any other than JONES, and afterwards admitting that he gave it to another party, which party is Thomas REILLY. I told the clerk I should report the subject, which I do this day. I bring this forward not solely on behalf of Mr. HONES, but also on account of the ratepayers, who will be deprived of the house by ejectment, and consequently lose the sum already paid for repairs.

Mr. ROGERS applied to the Chairman to be excused from stating his private conversation with Dr. COYNE. The Doctor and he had been intimate friends for a long period, and he thought it subversive of all social intercourse to be compelled to state on oath what passed in private.

The Chairman said he was now sworn, and therefore bound to tell the whole truth.

Mr. ROGERS remarked what he had to say was not worth naming, and he would not repeat it unless coerced to do so.

The Chairman said he found it is duty to compel Mr. ROGERS to state to the court what he was inclined to withhold.

Mr. ROGERS - I will do so; but let it be understood I am under coercion.

Rev. C. LESLIE - Precisely so.

Mr. ROGERS continued - I had a private conversation with Dr. COYNE. I asked if he were intimate with Captain DUCKWORTH. He said he was. I replied I hoped Captain DUCKWORTH was that kind of a man what he would not sign the check now, when he refused to do it at first. Dr. COYNE said he was sure Captain DUCKWORTH would do what was just in the case. I cannot say on my oath whether it was Dr. COYNE or I commenced the conversation first. Dr. COYNE did not intimate he would use his influence with Captain DUCKWORTH in any corrupt way.

Rev. C. LESLIE - Did Dr. COYNE say he would speak to Captain DUCKWORTH at all on the subject?

Mr. ROGERS - He did not. The doctor merely said he was sure Captain DUCKWORTH would do what was just.

Rev. W.P. MOORE - It was better for Dr. COYNE, Mr. ROGERS, that you gave your evidence in full, for if you had withheld it people would be led to believe you had something serious to disclose.

Mr. ROGERS - The only objection I had was, that I did not think it fair to state any private conversation.

The Clerk was called upon for an explanation. He stated that he was in the board-room when Mr. ROGERS, accompanied by Mr. JONES, spoke to Captain DUCKWORTH on the subject of the Miltown fever hospital. He was asked for the written copy of agreement on which the house was taken, and handed it from a press; but paid no further attention to what passed. He did not recollect the matter when subsequently laying this check of JONES's, with a number of others, before Mr. ELLIS for signature. Mr. ELLIS knew nothing whatever of the private arrangement Mr. ROGERS speaks of when he signed the check, nor did I (said the clerk) tell him. I recollected nothing about it from the day Mr. ROGERS was in the board-room until reminded afterwards by Captain DUCKWORTH. During the Captain's absence, Mr. ELLIS spoke to me one day about the check, and said JONES had been speaking to him and made a very poor mouth, and as he appeared to be in distress and could not do without his money perhaps I could get it for him. JONES then came up to the board-room and asked the check, but as he had not a receipt with him I would not give it, but told him I would be at the bank next day and give him the check if he produced a receipt. He met me accordingly, and I applied to the bank to have the check cashed for JONES, saying Captain DUCKWORTH would sign it on his return. I made this application by Mr. ELLIS's orders, although the check had only one of the Vice-Guardian's signatures. Mr. ELLIS told me to go with HONES and perhaps some of the shopkeepers would advance money on it. I went to Mr. James REILLY of the hotel, but he said he could not do it. When leaving the hotel, I met Mr. Thomas REILLY, the poor-rate collector, and asked him. He said he would, and did so, giving JONES the money and taking the check; I telling him I would have the check properly signed on Captain DUCKWORTH's return. When the Captain returned, Mr. Thomas REILLY gave me back the check to get signed, and said he would hold me accountable for it. When I presented it to Captain DUCKWORTH, he reminded me of what had passed, and delayed signing the check for some time, in hope JONES would settle with Mr. ROGERS. Previous to the Captain's going away finally, he signed it, as JONES could no longer be kept out of his money. When Captain DUCKWORTH signed it he had sent in his resignation, but was still discharging the duties of Vice-Guardian, at the request of the Commissioners. When the check was perfected, I gave it over to Mr. Thomas REILLY, as I conceive I was bound to do.

Mr. ELLIS admitted the truth of this explanation.

On being questioned further, the Clerk said the check was drawn on the 6th of December, but Capt. DUCKWORTH did not affix his signature to it until the 29thof January.

On JONES's receipt being produced in court, several gentlemen, who were acquainted with his handwriting said it was not drawn of filled by him.

Mr. ROGERS asked what was he to do for his money?

The Chairman could not inform him.

Mr. ROGERS - I applied to the bank to-day, and found the check was not paid up to three o'clock. If you can stop payment until I am settled with, I hope you will interfere?

The Chairman said he had no power to interfere.

Mr. ROGERS - Well, if I am not paid the ?20, I will distrain the premises, and eject the inmates. The result of which will be, the poor, over-taxed ratepayers must be at the loss of the improvements they have paid for.

The matter then dropped.

The frize(sic) charge was then proceeded with.

Mr. James FAY being sworn, he stated that he was contractor for frieze to the union in the month of April, and that on the 16th of that month, Mr. MURPHY brought him an order for blue frieze, with a pattern. It was not the colour of the jacket now produced. I have a pattern of the frieze produced before Mr. CRAWFORD on the 16th of December. (Sample produced). I presented that at the investigation as the one nighest to the sample furnished with the order. I produce now a sample of the frieze furnished afterwards by Mr. MOORE (sample produced). I recollect two pieces of frieze having been shown to the tailor of this establishment; one was a piece of the cloth furnished by Mr. MOORE; the other was a piece of grey frieze, which I now produce (sample produced). This grey frieze I am now selling at 1s. 3d. per yard by retail. I will sell it to any person. I was a contractor for this grey frieze (another pattern produced), which I was to supply at 20d. per yard. I had not any frieze in stock of the kind required. If the order was left with me, I would have supplied it, at the contract price, but it would take some time to prepare it.

Chairman - As a tradesman give me your opinion as to this frieze (the sample issued originally by the Vice-Guardians).

Mr. FAY - As I am a party opposed here, I do not wish to do so.

The Chairman desired him to express an opinion on the other friezes; but Mr. Charles MOORE, who was present, pressed for an answer to the first question.

Mr. FAY here examined the frieze he is selling at 1s. 3d. per yard and a part of the 500 yards supplied by Mr. MOORE, and he deposed his frieze at 1s. 3d. was as good an article as that Mr. MOORE was paid 2s. 3d. for. Mr. FAY then by the order of the court recounted the tailor's evidence given before Mr. CRAWFORD, in which the tailor swore Mr. FAY's frieze was a better article than that sent in by Mr. MOORE.

It was here stated this case was investigated before ... Mr. CRAWFORD. Mr. SMITH said it was, so far as it affected the late Vice-Guardian, Mr. BATES, but not as it affected Mr. MURPHY.

Mr. FAY said as he would have to go to Dublin that night, he wished to be examined on another charge.

The Chairman desired him to proceed.

Mr. FAY examined - I am contractor for barragon, otherwise moleskin, since the 22nd of September; on the 12th of October I received an order for 200 yards, which I supplied; about this time the clothing of the house was changed from barragon to corduroy, and on my complaining, by letter, to the Vice-Guardians, they wrote me an explanation; the explanatory statement of the Vice-Guardians was signed by both Captain DUCKWORTH and Mr. ELLIS; in my complaint I showed that 2 ¼ yards of barragon at 11d. per yard (my contract price) amounting to 2s. 1d. would make more clothing than 3 ¼ yards of corduroy at 12 1/2d. per yard (the contract price), amounting to 3s. 4½ d.

Mr. ELLIS stated Mr. MURPHY got the barragon changed for corduroy on the 5th of October, by Captain DUCKWORTH, without consulting him. I was present (continued Mr. ELLIS) at the board meeting on the 5th of October; but the order was issued on the 6th of October, the day after board-day. At first I thought I was present when the order for the corduroy was given, and signed the letter of explanation to Mr. FAY in conjunction with Captain DUCKWORTH; but on examining the book afterwards I discovered my mistake, and now offer this explanation to exonerate myself from all blame.

On Mr. MURPHY being examined, he said the barragon was first changed for corduroy in the month of July by Mr. BATES; they continued since that to make the waistcoats of barragon and the trowsers (sic) of corduroy; they occasionally make trowsers of barragon also; the order for 500 yards of corduroy, which Mr. ELLIS speaks of, was signed in this board-room on the 6th of October, in presence of Captain HOTHAM, the inspector; captain DUCKWORTH desired me to fill an order for corduroy, which I did; he signed it; and I had the order sent to the proper contractor, who supplied it soon after.

Mr. SMITH said Mr. FAY was the contractor for barragon, and he complained he was ousted of his lawful right by undue means; and here we have it, stated by Mr. ELLIS, one of the Vice-Guardians, that the change was made without even consulting him.

Mr. MURPHY, by the order of the court, produced his order-book, and on examination it was found the order for corduroy was entered under date 5th Oct.

The Chairman called on him to explain how that occurred.

Mr. MURPHY said he entered the order originally in the clerk's book, by mistake, and in transferring it entered it as if it had been issued on board-day, the 5th of October.

The Chairman ordered him to produce the book in which he made the original entry.

On looking for it, Mr. MURPHY could not find it, but promised to have it before the sitting of the court next day.

The Chairman said he would postpone the further consideration of this case until to-morrow.

The policeman that found the blankets which were stolen, was brought forward and examined. He produced Mr. MURPHY's receipt for the blankets, which was dated the 8th December. The memorandum book was also produced, where Mr. MURPHY made the entry of the blankets having been stolen; the entry was dated the 15th November.

After examining both, the Chairman pronounced them correct.

It being then seven o'clock, the court adjourned until next morning.


The Court opened to-day at eleven o'clock.

Mr. MURPHY produced the block-book in which the seven orders were entered that were issued on the day the barragon was changed for corduroy.

Dr. WILLILS asked if his presence could be dispensed with, as he wished to go to the out-stations to ascertain the duty he had to perform, as he has been only a few days Vice-Guardian.

The Chairman said he could, as he knew nothing of the charges which were the subject of inquiry.

Mr. SMITHY objected to let Dr. WILLIS go, as he had a charge to prefer against him for an expression made use of since he came to this union. Dr. WILLIS stated (said Mr. SMITH) that there was a great paucity of out-door relief here, and he would see that more was given, and the paupers made comfortable in their cabin. Now, said Mr. SMITH, this opinion is most inimical to the interest of the ratepayers.

The Chairman said he would hear during the day any charge Mr. SMITH had to prefer against Dr. WILLIS or any other officer of the union.

Dr. WILLIS said the matter could not occupy many minutes, and he would be happy to answer any question Mr. SMITH would put to him.

Mr. SMITH asked if he made use of the above expression, as alleged?

Dr. WILLIS - The statement I made, and it is the opinion I always held, is - that human life should not be measured by money.

Mr. SMITH said that was not an answer to the question.

Dr. WILLIS stated he could give no fairer answer.

On being pressed by Mr. SMITH, Dr. WILLIS said he never made use of the word "comfortable," as applied to a pauper, in all his life.

The Chairman said that was satisfactory.

Dr. WILLIS was astonished a man of such good sense as Mr. SMITH, could allow himself to be imposed upon by any party with such statements.

Mr. SMITH said he made no statements he could not prove.

Dr. WILLIS - Oh, I heard many statements made here these two days which could not be proved.

The Chairman said that was owing to such occurrences as took place yesterday. The Rev. Mr. LESLIE made a charge on the faith of another person and when it came to the point that person would not appear and substantiate his statement.

Rev. C. LESLIE - I made the charge on the information of a most respectable man, but I pledged my word to him I would not mention his name.

Chairman - That's just it. The man who knew the circumstances could tell you about them, but he had not the honesty to come forward, as he should have done, and verify his statement.

Some one present observed, the unknown person who had made the statement, was most probably present during the investigation yesterday.

Chairman - I have no doubt; that is the way things are generally managed in this country.

The Rev. C. LESLIE said some people had an insuperable objection to put themselves forward in these inquiries, and the only remedy for that was a healthy public opinion.

Chairman - You will never have such an opinion as you require in this country until you break through the present practice.

Mr. SMITH - I felt embarrassingly placed both on this and the former inquiries, from the parties on whose information I acted, refusing to give their evidence when called upon.

The Chairman paid Mr. SMITH a high and well deserved compliment for his tact and skill in conducting the present inquiry, and said the ratepayers were very much indebted - very much indeed - to Mr. SMITH, for exposing the abuses and irregularities of the workhouse.

Mr. SMITH said he thought he was only doing his duty, and he believed those investigations were a safety valve for the expression of popular opinion, as otherwise the people would rise in open hostility to the poor-law.

Mr. SMITH complained of the unnecessarily large number of officers engaged in the Cavan work-house, and pointed out their expense.

The Chairman asked Mr. ELLIS how many paupers were in the house?

Mr. ELLIS said about 1200.

The Chairman said they had 1500 in the Kells workhouse, and the duties were efficiently discharged there with half the staff they had in Cavan.

The Rev. C. LESLIE said that was one very important fact elicited, which he hoped the Vice-Guardians of Cavan would bear in Mind.

After some more general conversation, the Chairman inquired what was the next charge to be gone into.

Mr. SMITH said the next thing he would take up was the barragon affair, which had been postponed from last night.

Mr. MURPHY produced the book he could not find on the preceding evening. On its face there appeared seven orders entered, including one for the corduroy, under date 6th October.

Mr. MURPHY reiterated his explanation of the preceding eve3ning, relative to the alterations of dates and the order having been given by Captain DUCKWORTH.

The Chairman said the alterations of the dates and the entry in the money book did not appear important at first sight' but taken in connection with the fact of the corduroy having been ordered on that day, they threw an air of suspicion over the whole thing.

Mr. SMITH said the charge respecting the change of barragon to corduroy amounted to this - Mr. MURPHY was accused of making the change on his own responsibility. In reply, he states he did it on the authority of one of the Vice-Guardians and Captain HOTHAM; and to prove that, he brings forward a book in which the order for the corduroy is entered. Now, Mr. MURPHY, have you any more proof to show you did it on the authority of these parties?

Mr. MURPHY - I have not.

Mr. SMITH - Did you receive any order from the Vice-Guardians subsequent to the 25th of September, to prefer one article over the other?

Mr. MURPHY explained, stating the dates on which orders for both barragon and corduroy were issued.

Mr. SMITH - What quantity of barragon would supply the place of 2,000 yards of corduroy?

Mr. MURPHY - I think somewhat above 1,500 yards.

Mr. SMITH 00 I have made a calculation of the cost of both articles, and I find the union has suffered a loss of ?43 by the change. The barragon is 27 inches wide and the corduroy 18 inches.

The Chairman asked if this large supply of corduroy was necessary?

Mr. MURPHY - It was absolutely necessary; and I consider it wont (sic) be sufficient.

Mr. MURPHY was called on the produce the clothing book, which he did.

A question was asked as to the relative wear given by barragon and cord.

Mr. SMITH said he had some experience in those matters, and he could state barragon would wear as long or longer than corduroy. The Rev. C. LESLIE concurred in this opinion.

Mr. MURPHY observed the country people economized as much as any party, and they always preferred corduroy.

Captain DENT asked what amount of barragon and corduroy were in stock.

Mr. MURPHY said 100 yards of barragon, and not two pair of corduroy trowsers.

The Chairman asked how came it that any barragon remained on hand at all, when the change was made to the corduroy.

The master said an order for 200 yards of barragon was given lately to Mr. FAY which he supplied.

Chairman - Was that subsequent to the order for the 200 yards of corduroy?

Mr. MURPHY - No; previous to that.

Mr. SMITH - Oh, there it is

Chairman - But why was the union put to the expense of getting corduroy when there was a stock of barragon on hand

The master said because the change was made by the Vice-Guardians.

Chairman - It comes to this, that an under-current of favouritism is carried on in most unions; and this is what the Vice-Guardians have to guard against.

Rev. C. LESLIE - Yes; that is exactly the feeling of the ratepayers.

On the suggestion of Mr. SMITH, he, t5he Rev. C. LESLIE, MR. ELLIS, and the master, went to the store to ascertain the stock of clothing on hands (sic).

On their return, they stated there were four pieces of barragon in store, amounting in all to about 120 yards.

Mr. MURPHY, in answer to the chairman - said the barragon was ordered on the 12th of October.

Mr. SMITH remarked it was high time the barragon was made up, as it was beginning to spoil.

Instructions were then given the master, by the Vice-Guardians, to have the barragon made up immediately.

Mr. SMITH said, in reference to a remark made previously by Mr. MURPHY, he could state the barragon on hand would require washing as little as the corduroy.

On Mr. SMITH being sworn, he stated he had considerable experience in cloth, and that of the two articles he saw in the store, corduroy and barragon, the once could be as easily kept clean as the other, and that the barragon there would not wear as well as the corduroy. At the same time (said Mr. SMITH) I do not think the difference in wear is equivalent to the difference in cost.

This charge closed here.

Mr. SMITH said the next subject was - what check was kept on the receipt of provisions from the contractors.

Mr. MURPHY was ordered to show his check-book. On its being produced, it appeared 3,500 gallons of sweet milk were got for the week ending Saturday last, at a cost of 5½ d. per gallon. In the article of bread, it was stated the brown-bread supplied was very bad, and the white bread was occasionally bad also.

The Chairman asked who were the contractors?

He was informed Mr. John REILLY for the brown bread, and Mrs. BRADY for the white.

The master was asked did he return any of that bread to the contractor. He replied not, as he had no instruction to that effect, but he complained of it to the Vice-Guardians. He was asked did he enter the complaint; he replied in the affirmative. On being asked to show the minute-book where he reported the bread was bad, he replied he did not enter the complaint on the minutes, but he brought a specimen of the bread into the board-room and showed it to the Vice-Guardians.

Mr. ELLIS was asked if the master had ever complained to him of the badness of the bread, he said not.

On Mr. MJURPHY reminding Mr. ELLIS of some occasions, Mr. ELLIS admitted he was complained to about the bread, up in the house.

The Chairman asked Mr. MURPHY again, if he ever returned the bad bread to the contractor; to which Mr. MURPHY replied in the negative.

Mr. SMITH - I wish to know from Mr. MURPHY did he serve out the bad bread to the paupers?

Mr. MURPHY said he did, for he had no other.

The Chairman then read Mr. MURPHY's evidence relative to complaining of the badness of the bread to the Vice-Guardians, and asked Mr. ELLIS what he had to say to that.

Mr. ELLIS replied the master made no specific complaint to him on any occasion of the inferior quality of the bread; but that on board-days he brought a specimen of the bread, with a trayful of other samples, and laid them before the Guardians, in the board-room, without making any comment.

Mr. ELLIS then asked Mr. MURPHY to remind him of any occasion when he was so complained to.

Mr. MURPHY mentioned one or two occasions, and asked Mr. ELLIS if he did not remember the circumstances.

Mr. ELLIS - You might have done so, indeed; but I don't recollect particularly. On the whole, I rather think you did.

Mr. MURPHY said he broke the brown bread and squeezed it to show its inferiority.

Mr. ELLIS - I recollect you doing so on one occasion, and I think on two.

Dr. COYNE here came into the room, and the Chairman immediately called his attention to the amendment made by Mr. James REILLY in his evidence on the preceding evening.

Dr. COYNE briefly explained, contradicting most emphatically Mr. REILLY's amended evidence. The doctor then said he would draw up a written statement of what he had to say on the matter.

The Chairman assented to this proposal.


Rev. C. LESLIE - I must now call the attention of the court to an occurrence which took place yesterday evening, after we left the court, and of which I was informed this morning. I do this, in consequence of the position I occupied yesterday. It seems the medical officer, Dr. COYNE, sent a challenge to a gentleman who was subpoenaed here yesterday as a witness, Dr. JENNINGS, and who was examined before you on a former occasion. I find Dr. JENNIGNS has left town but I have a gentleman here, Dr. MEASE, in whose house the challenge was delivered. Is not that the fact, Dr. MEASE?

Dr. MEASE replied in the affirmative.

The Chairman said he did not see what he could do in the matter. If gentlemen so far committed themselves as to attempt a breach of the peace they should be dealt with by the law of the land in the usual way.

The Rev. C. LESLIE contended, with all due respect to the Chairman, that he was in duty bound to prevent the witnesses in that court from being intimidated. Dr. JENNINGS was subpoenaed to attend here to give his evidence in case he should be called upon; he was not examined yesterday, or the day before, but he may be to-day, and now I find the doctor has gone to Miltown through fear of personal violence being offered to him.

Dr. COYNE - Nothing of the sort; nothing of the sort.

Chairman - I am ready to hear statements on both sides; and if I find the challenge arose out of anything which occurred in this court, I will exercise my discretion in the case.

Dr. COYNE - I will explain the thing in a few words. On going from this the other evening with Dr. JENNINGS, accompanied by Dr. MEASE, in the course of conversation Dr. JENNINGS told me I lied. What flesh and blood could bear that? Did he not, Dr. MEASE?

Dr. MEASE - Yes; he said you were telling an untruth.

Dr. COYNE - This is how it occurred. I thought Dr. JENNIGS had no right to treat me in the manner he did in Nurse BRADY's affair. I had been kind to him on many occasions, and when he saw that woman misconduct herself he should have reported it to me his superior officer, instead of relating it as he did at a dinner table in Cavan; from thence it went to Farnham and Kilmore, and it was spread over the county before I heard it. Dr. JENNINGS misconceived the remark I made when he made use of the offensive expression. I had no opportunity of communicating with Dr. JENNIGS since, until last night, when I heard he was in Cavan. I then sent Dr. BABINGTON to demand an explanation of him, and Dr. BABINGTON remarked at the time he would not be the bearer of my hostile message. You can have Dr. BABINGTON here, if you wish, and he will confirm this statement. The quarrel did not arise out of anything connected with this or any previous inquiry, but as I state.

The Rev. Mr. LESLIE said that, while his opinions were, of course, opposed to quarrelling in every shape it was not his duty or wish to forcibly impose them on others. At the same time, he would call for the protection of the witnesses from intimidation.

The Chairman said the case did not come within his jurisdiction. If a breach of the peace were apprehended, he would advise an application to be made to a magistrate.

Dr. COYNE then left the room.

Mr. TULLY, (starting to his feet) -- Captain DENT, I have to make an observation or two on this subject. I don't wish to be severe on Dr. COYNE; but I can speak from personal experience. Dr. COYNE grossly insulted me in his own house on a late occasion (laughter), and -

Chairman - Sit down, sir. Sit down.

Mr. TULLY resumed his seat, much displeased at the discourtesy shown him, as he thought, by the court.

The Chairman called on Mr. SMITH to proceed with the business of the day.

[The investigation closed on Wednesday evening; but we are obliged, from want of space, to hold over the remainder of the report until next week, when it shall appear together with the report of the Bailieborough union.]

From California the accounts grow more incredible and authentic. As the gold-diggers approach nearer to the Sierra Nevada they meet with gold in larger quantities. A strong man may make a colossal fortune in a week; if he is lucky in a day. But it is 'light-come light-go' with the Californian ingots. Robberies abound, and robbers are so daring that no one knows for whom he may be toiling. We may as well take this opportunity of recommending to our readers "Dr. BURKE's four months among the gold-finders of California.' The work is a simple diary, inartistically written, but so novel are the incidents of which it treats, that it is more exciting than any romance.


The opinion of the law officers of the crown was taken this week by R. M. WILCOX, Esq., R.M., relative to enforcing the collection of poor-rate in this union, pending the decision of the barrister. The result is favourable to the collection of the rate, and accordingly the magistrates at Cootehill Petty Sessions on Saturday last, granted several warrants of distraint. A report of the proceedings shall appear next week.


This case proceeds slowly. The beginning of the week was passed in hearing arguments on a demurrer. Wednesday was occupied with a challenge to the array, which, on trial, was given against Mr. DUFFY's counsel; and yesterday, with empanelling the petty jury. Mr. DUFFY will probably be put on his trial to-day or to-morrow.


Report of the Fever Hospital of Cavan Union Workhouse, for week ending Saturday, 10th February, 1949: --

Remaining last report 177
Admitted since, 71 248
Died 13
Discharged 34 47
Total 201

Report of the Infirmary of Cavan Union Workhouse for week ending Saturday, 10th Feb, 1849.

Number remaining last report 132
Number admitted since 28 160
Died 8
Discharged 47 55
Total 105

Five old men died in the infirm wards; one old woman died in the lodge on the day she was admitted; one old woman died in Swellan, and ten children in the sheds. Total number of deaths, 38.


WANTED for the Workhouse of this Union.


who must bean active, intelligent, and strictly moral person, fully competent to discharge the duties of the office, which will consist in enforcing order and regularity in the house, employing the paupers, keeping the Accounts, and strictly complying with the orders of the Commissioners in all his duties. The Salary is fixed at ?60 per annum, with apartments, rations, and fuel.


for the Fever Hospital, who must be able to read and write, at a Salary of ?12 per annum, with apartments, rations, and fuel.

Candidates to send in written Applications, with testimonials as to character and competency, and attend personally on FRIDAY the 23d instant, at the Meeting of the Vice-Guardians at 12 o'clock. Two Sureties in a join Bond for ?200 will be required for the Master.

(By order),
ROBERT GRAHAM, Clerk of the Union.
Dated February 3d, 1849.



THE Vice-Guardians of the above union, will on WEDNESDAY the 21st instant, proceed to appoint a competent person for the above situation.
The Salary is fixed at £10 per annum with Apartments, Rations, and One Suit of Clothes each year.
Applications, enclosing Testimonials of Character and Competency will be received by me up to Eleven o'Clock on the above day, when the Appointment will be made.
Candidates to be in attendance.
(By order,"
B. M'MANUS, Clerk of the Union
Board-room, February 8, 1849.



THE VICE-Guardians of the above Union are desirous of procuring the services of Competent Persons to fill the above Situations' the Candidate for Master must be a steady, active man of business habits, and capable of keeping the Books and Accounts of the Establishment correctly; Salary FIFTY POUNDS per Annum, with Apartments and Rations.

The Matron must possess a thorough knowledge of the Management of the Establishment, and the details of Female Industrial Employment; she must be of strict, moral character; Salary THIRTY POUNDS per Annum with Apartments and Rations.

Security will be required in the sum of £200 for the Master, and in the sum of £100 for the Matron.

Candidates are to send in their applications, accompanied by testimonials, on or before 11 o'clock on WEDNESDAY, the 21st instant, on which day the appointment will be made.

The personal attendance of each Candidate will be required.

(By order,)
B. M'MANUS, Clerk of the Union.
Board-room, Granard, 8th Feb., 1849.



The Vice-Guardians of the Granard Union will appoint competent Medical Practitioners, as Vaccinators to the following Districts, viz.: --

No. 1 District - Comprising the Divisions of Granard, Abbylarra, Drumluman, and Mullaghoran,
No. 2 District - Comprising the Divisions of Columkile, Gelsha, Scrabby, Loughouna, and Clonbroney.
No. 3 District - Comprising the Divisions of Foyran, Lickblea and Coole.
No. 4 District - Comprising the Divisions of Castlenugent, Street, and Rathmee.

The Guardians will pay One Shilling for each successful case of VACCINATION to the number 200 and Six Pence for each successful case above this number.

Applications for the above District, will be received by me up to Eleven o'Clock on WEDNESDAY, 18th instant, on which day the Contract will be dispersed.

(By order,)
B. M'MANUS, Clerk of the Union.
Board-room, Feb. 15th, 1849.

TO BE LET, for such term as may be agreed upon, one of the best houses in
The house is in excellent repair, not requiring any outlay.
For further particulars apply at the office of the ANGLO-Celt, Cavan.
February 16, 1840.

WANTED by the Commissioners for the Borough of BELTURBET, for a limited period, the Sum of TWO HUNDRED POUNDS, for which Interest at the rate of SIX PER CENT per Annum will be given.
Application to be made to THOMAS CLARKE, Clerk to the Commissioners, Belturbet.
February 12, 1849.

ON Monday, THE 19TH February, INST.
(transcriber's note: this continues with two paragraphs describing caravans, cars, horses, etc.)
Sale to commence at 12 o'clock. Terms - CASH.
BERNARD KELLY, Auctioneer.
Dundalk, February 13, 1849.


Having just returned from the English, Irish and Scotch Markets, solicit the attention of the Inhabitants of Cootehill and the surrounding country to the Cheapest Stock of Goods ever offered to the Public, comprising: --

(transcriber's note: this continues with a long paragraph describing various fabrics in detail.)

R. and W. GRAHAM, beg leave to state that the very extraordinary depression of the present time felt so much by every class of society, at this season of unusual scarcity of money, have enabled them to purchase Goods, which are entirely new, on the most advantageous terms; and they feel assured at that at no former period have the Public had such favourable an opportunity of supplying themselves with Winter Clothing.

They trust by strict attention to their business, which will be conducted entirely for READY MONEY, to gain a growing confidence; by this arrangement their Customers will have the full benefit and advantage of the present unprecedented reduction, and will not be called upon to pay for the losses sustained by a Credit system, as they are determined to sell for such prices as must give entire and general satisfaction.

Cootehill, January, 1848.


NOTICE is hereby given, that WILLIAM HENRY CURRAN, Esq., one of the Commissioners for the Relief of Insolvent Debtors in Ireland, will hold a Court for the Discharge of Insolvent Debtors at CAVAN, on TUESDAY, the 20th day of MARCH next, at 10 o'clock in the Forenoon of said day.

Dated this 23rd day of January, 1849.



TO BE LET, pursuant to the Report of EDWARD LITTON, Esq., for Seven Years pending this Cause, ALL THAT AND those PART of the Lands of DERRINLESTER, situate in the Neighbourhood of the Town of Killeshandra, County of Cavan, and lately in the possession of the Representatives of the late Mr. JAMES FARIS, and their Tenants, containing 70 Acres late Irish measure.

Also, ALL THAT part of the Lands of DRUMCROW, situate in the Neighbourhood of Killeshandra, late in the possession of Mr. JAMES BERRY, and his under-tenants, containing 77 Acres late Irish measure.

Proposals, stating Yearly Rent offered, Names of Two Solvent Sureties, subject to the Approval of EDWARD LITTON, Esquire, the Master in this Cause, will be Received by Mr. PATRICK GIBNEY, the Receiver in this Cause, who will give Immediate Possession after the Tenant is declared - duplicates of which proposals are to be forwar4ded to MESSRS. PATRICK and THOMAS KIERNAN, No. 41, Upper-Gloster-street, Dublin.

Dated this 9th day of February, 1849.


Robert William LOWRY, Esq., Plaintiff.

Humphrey Stewart NIXON, and others, Defendants.

PURSUANT to my Report made in this Cause, bearing date the Third day of FEBRUARY, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-nine, under the 145th General Rule bearing date the Twenty-seventh day of March, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-three, and the 2nd General Order, bearing date the Third day of April, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-seven, I will on TUESDAY, the Twentieth day of FEBRUARY inst., at the Hour of One o'clock in the Afternoon, at my Chambers, on the Inn's-quay, Dublin, Set up and Let for Seven Years, pending this Cause, ALL THAT part of the Town and Lands of GARTBRATTAN, as the same was lately held and occupied by MATTHEW M'LOUGHLAN, situated in the Barony of Lower Loughtee, and County of Cavan, being part of the Lands and Premises in the pleadings in the Cause mentioned.

Dated this 10th day of February, 1849.


The tenant to execute a Lease, and give Security, according to the course of the Court.

For further particulars apply to JOHN ALBERT NESBITT, Esq., the Receiver in this Cause, Killycar, Belturbet, and WILLIAM TATLOW, Esq., Solicitor, 83, Harcourt-street, Dublin.


HOUSES, SHEDS, OUT-BUILDING &c., can be Roofed at less than one-half the ordinary cost, by using the

Who also make INODOROUS FELT, for Lining Damp Walls under Paper in place of Lead.
Samples, directions, and all necessary information sent free, on application to the Manufacturers, or any of the following agents:

Armagh - A. and F. Ford
Bailymoney - Richard Hamilton
Bailyshannon - David Woods
Carlow - Wm. Whitmore, Club-house
Dlonmel - B. P. Phelen
Coleaine - H. and T. Bellas
Cork - Reuben Harvey and Sons
Downpatrick - Arthur Johnson
Dublin - Robt. Morton, Northumberland Arcade, Eden-quay
Dungannon - Thomas Li(lburn?)
Ennis - John Leace and Son
Gorey - John Rad(modend?)
Kanturk - D. and J. O'Callagham
Limerick - Richard Wilson, George's-street
Londonderry - James Osborne and Co.
Nenagh - John B Corneille
Newross - James Gad(aram?) and Company.
Omagh - Wm. Scood(?)
Parvacuntown(?) - H. Davis
Pettigo - Hacket Flanigan(?)
Sligo - Peter O'Connor
Taghanon(?) - T. and J. Bolget(?)
Tipperary - James Harcourt
Waterford - John Nash, 75, Quay
Wicklow- M. (or H.?) Hopkins.

Bailieborough - Henry Maxwell
Ballyjamesduff - Robert Morrow
Cavan - Robert Fitzgerald
Drogheda - Peter Verdon, West-street.
Enniskillen - James Creden, Architect
Killeshandra - Wm. Clemenger
Monaghan - James Alexander Ross
Oldcastle - Thomas C. Goff.

A Model Cottage, Roofed with Felt, can be seen at the Royal Dublin Society's Museum, Kildare-street, Dublin.



John Thompson, 63, English-street, Armagh.

A neatly got up little work, brimful of loyalty, with a share of literary merit. The introduction contains a brief history of Orange men, from which we make an extract or two: --

"The rise of such an institution is worthy of being preserved. That which is now known by the name dates from 1795; but a constitution of similar loyal principles existed long anterior to that period. Contemporaneous with the arrival in England of the Prince of Orange, of immortal memory, an association was formed for the maintenance of the Protestant religion, then doomed by the bigot James. This association was called 'The Orange Confederation,' and in a short time Protestants of high and low degree ranged under its protection. How they acquitted themselves history fully explains. Their valour no less than their fidelity and triumph are testified by the defence of Derry and the victory of the Boyne - events which stamp the institutions with undying honors, and encourage whatever confidence may to the end of time be reposed in their unswerving loyalty."


The Medical Times has published the following paper on the "Contrast between the Conformation in the bones of the skull and face of the Celt and Saxon." By R. Tuthill Massey, M.D., Exeter: --

The cranium of the Celt is ugly, and approaches in form to that of the monkey. The forehead runs back, and is compressed. The temporal ridge on each side is prominent; the temporal region is flattened, compressing that origin called number, and this accounts for the thoughtlessness and want of proper calculation in the Celt. But the organ of constructiveness is in proportion. He is the artist possessing mechanical skill and manual dexterity. His galleries of paintings and sculpture at Versailles, and those of naval design at the Louvre all speak for him.

The Saxon has a broad head. The forehead is large, well rounded, and full towards the temple. The ridge is nearly invisible. Thence comes his great mental calculations, he is the merchant of Britain and Ireland; his parietal bones are expanded, conscientiousness and cautiousness are largely developed. He is careful, prudent, and circumspect, and he respects truth, justice, and probity. The centre of his head stands high, giving benevolence, veneration, and firmness their due position.

The parietal bones of the Celt are not so expansive, consequently those noble qualities are not so marked in his life. Look at his temporal bone; he has a surprising taste for music; noise and chatter are his delight. Above and behind the ear, how large it gets! The region of the aggressive group is swelled out; he is courageous and energetic, irritable and prone to dispute. We have all read of his campaigns in Algeria, consuming and destroying everything, animal and vegetable, man and beast, house and garden.

Self-esteem is large on the Saxon skull; he undertakes responsibilities, and governs.

Love of approbation is large on the skull of the Celt; he is fond of display, and is extremely ceremonious.

The back of the Saxon's head is large; his neck is thick; and the occipital bone is wider than in the Celt, but it does not run so high, so that one has the social group in width, whilst the other has it in height.

Let me now compare those heads by dividing each into three regions, the intellectual, moral, and animal. The animal region is much more extensive in the Saxon than in the Celt; yet it is less used, for his moral region is more developed, and his sentiments are more pure. There stands his intellectual region, filled with thought over-ruling the animal passion, and guiding the moral feelings.

What a massive intellectual region this Saxon has, when placed by the side of the Celt, who has more than doubly lost it; first, by the reclining forehead; secondly, by the large frontal sins (sic); and lastly, by the great concave orbit arching up the brain; and thus he is without the reflective or expressive faculties of the Saxon; he has no order, and is careless and negligent.

I have now and then met a peculiar race scattered through Ireland, with lovely, rich, dark, brown hair, having a golden tinge - the real auburn; the skin is soft and beautiful; the thinking forehead forms almost a line with the straight mild nose; the lips, mouth, and chin are exquisite; the teeth are white and well set' and then that expressive, soft, dark eye contains so much honest love, it really speaks; the whole countenance is expanded and open; such harmony of parts; the curves and softness of the cheek and chin of the Irish peasant girl; the back of the head droops so gracefully, the elastic chest is softly rounded, the abdomen not too full, and the expanded haunches running (.?...) to the knees, again expanding into such a chiseled ankle and foot. This poor girl is almost always a victim of pulmonary consumption.

The man is equally elegant; he has the beautiful head and (.?...) wide chest, straight forehead and limbs; how intellectual he looks? Of this same family there is a fair man and woman with similar conformations, differing only in the blue eyes and fair hair. One of those last girls I saw shot by accident; the prisoner was her lover.

Occasionally you will spot this race doing penance on Holy Island, performing a weary pilgrimage round and round on their bare knees, traveling the rough pathway on the toilsome crag of some holy well.

Those Irish are Saxons; thousands of them are descendants from the army of the commonwealth. I attended one of regular descent from Oliver Cromwell, for a feigned disease. Her head was round and full at the sides; her make (sic) was short and thick. A few shillings had a wonderful effect in restoring this woman to her legs. The highest point in the cranium of the Irish Saxon is firmness.

To return to England. A fine robust man stood opposite a painting, admiring the shrewd eye of "a monk of the olden time." I felt struck with the forcible likeness of my acquaintance and the smooth monk. "In your neighbourhood," I asked, "was there a monastery?" "Yes," he answered, "near where I was born." And it so happens, that, where monasteries were, you always met with robust, shrewd men, with great calculating powers. In the same places are the richest valleys, the best wooded hills, the most beautiful rivers, the finest scenery, and what adds beauty to all, are the incomparable girls - tall, straight, intelligent. About Bath, and on the Wye, where stands "Fair Tintern," there are many beauties may be seen, and in the many monastic parts of Ireland are lovely women and brave men. About Adare and Askeaton, near Quin Abbey, and all the other abbeys, we have but to go and see them.

I have now before me the skull of a female Celt, and one of a female Saxon. Both are centrally deficient, and more so transversely than antroposteriorly. The powers of reasoning are weak, and the powers of love are strong. Man can only guide her by affection. It wins everything in woman. In all her reflections, she falls back on love - her reason.

And now having said so much on the different races in Ireland; having traced the Spanish Celt to the Connemara Mountains, and the Welsh Celt to the Kerry Mountains; and then followed the lovely Phoenician doing penance at the many blessed wells and on the sacred island in Lough Dearg, and having followed the Teutonic tribes, north and south, in the shape of a Scotch Saxon, and an English Saxon, and near the ruins of monasteries, the Romish tribe, and in the city of the Jew, can I now say that race is the cause of the non-union between England and Ireland? no; but the cause is religious disunion and political agitation.

February 23, 1849


  1. Mary and Anne CULLAN - committed on the finding of a coroner's inquest, with causing the death of a male infant.
  2. John M'CARTIN - charged with posting or causing to be posted a threatening notice on the door of Daniel FITZPATRICK'S house.
  3. Thomas FITZPATRICK and Patrick M'GUIRE - charged on the oath of Hugh BRADY, with being concerned in the burglary and robbery of the house of his brother of £5 in bank notes - returned from sessions.
  4. Patrick M'KIERNAN - charged on the oaths of Wm. A. MOORE, Esq., James BARY, and William MAXWELL, for having been in company with another man who snapped a pistol at said Wm. A. Moore, Esq.
  5. Ellen GIBNEY - charged with having murdered her infant child.
  6. James SLOAN, Rich. FITZSIMONS, Patrick LYNCH, W. M'ENARNEY, William DANCEY, Hugh M'DONNELL and Alexander DANCEY - charged with being of an armed party, who feloniously and burglariously entered the dwelling-house of John M'ENERNEY, on the evening of the 13th December last, and did steal and carry away there from 150 in bank notes, and a quantity of goods.
  7. James GAFFNEY - being found concealed in the house of Patrick MONAGHAN, for the purpose of committing a felony.
  8. Mary and Patrick M'MANUS - stealing two geese, the property of Thomas LYNCH.
  9. Eleanor BRADY, alias MARTIN - charged on the oaths of Anne LAWLESS, Mary MONROE, and Head Constable George GRAHAM, with the murder of her infant child.
  10. Connor MAGERTY - assaulting John OCHELTREE.
  11. John REILLY - larceny of cow hair.
  12. Hugh BURNS - stealing a turkey, the property of Robert WIDDIS, and a goose, the property of Matthew JOHNSTON.
  13. Michael, John, Bernard, and Hugh MAGAGHRAN - being suspected of being concerned in the murder of James MAGUIRE of Kilnaglare.
  14. Thomas FLANIGAN - larceny from the person of John KELLETT.
  15. Eliza KELLS and Williams KELLS - eloping and stealing clothes from Cavan workhouse.
  16. Catherine SMITH - stealing one stone of meal from John HORNER.
  17. John VICTORY - robbing William ARMSTRONG of eighty pounds, the property of John ARMSTRONG.
  18. John MARKISON - entering the house of Alexander MORAN, and taking thereout a quantity of meal and wearing apparel.
  19. James LARNEY - stealing a till, the property of John REILLY, containing 13 s. 9d.
  20. Patrick HONRATTY - larceny of clothes from Cavan workhouse.
  21. Catherine ROSS and Sarah CRAWFORD - stealing turf, the property of Charles STEWART.
  22. James KEOGIN - having two goats in his possession that was stolen from Patrick BRADY.
  23. Robert M'CABE - stealing clothes from Mary BRADY.
  24. Jane KING - larceny of a purse containing £2 2s. in silver, from James IRWIN.
  25. Patrick LYNCH - stealing plough chains from Charles MORTIMER, Esq.
  26. Susan M'DONALD - having a quilt in her possession that was stolen from Rose REILLY.
  27. Andrew SMITH - having in his possession two cows that were stolen from Owen M'DONALD.
  28. Farrell LARNEY - having forged notes of the Bank of Ireland in his possession.
  29. Rose M'CUSKER - stealing clothes from Cavan workhouse.
  30. John TINGLE - stealing an ass from Patrick M'DONALD.

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